Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 10, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 10, 1848 Page 2
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rr- ? ? - NEW YORK HERALD. I >'orth-wfst Corner of Fnlton and Nassau sti. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. tKSh.Y HERA1. >>- Bvrry diy, (Sunday in*luiti.) 1 1 mtt per V ZSr r a**nm-tu the United ?'?<*?. K'tropean subtcribfrt, $14 Pc anium.to include the t>w j " F.'KLY HMKJILD-Evr* Sat*rd*m?tU cents rt civil?tJ I t% ftrr annum??n the Ignited Statu. t?u r>' v " f t?mi? to incl-i ie the niitnii. . .?n edition (in the French ns well at in the English lan- \ guate.) Vtll be published on th? day of I he. departure of . irh tt'amcr ftr any port in Europe, with intelligence from all parts of the American ointment to the late it momci' J 'crrpttont mi ndeertiiements received try Miters, i, .' < . mi ' f iw ntn?ni??, Parit: P. L. Simondt, 18 c r ' Hi, fd J ikn iUiUer, bookseller, Uenrittta ttreet, 2.i>-i don liESWF.XTLAL HERjiLD-Every Tuesday-One Doll ? for the Campaign. 1> I'Elt VISE MErfTS (n?u> every morning} at teatnncbie prices; to he irrxtten in a plain, legible manner ? 7'r.e ?j"TiTi>ffi- not r'tpontible for errors in mmmcrxpt. PRINTlNti of mil kindt executed beautifullyund with ietpalcS. Orderi rece red at tht Publication Office, corner of Fulton oni! Nnssou ntreeti JU L LETTERS by n.n.t. for tubicrtplioni, or ieith advertisements. to be pott paid, or the postage wilt be deduced from the money remitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important newt, solicited from my quarter of th* world? an t if need, tnli be liberally paid for. VO A'lTICF. can be taken of aitpnymout 'u??. '? kcteterii intended toi insertion must be authenti:- {(' by the ?cme and address of the icriter ; not necessarily foi publication, hut ns a guaranty of his f und faith M> 'fin- undertake to return rejected commuuifUoKt. tlLL PAYMENTS to be made in advance. AVUPEMRNT8 THIS EVENING. PAHK THEATRE.?S.mil* L*nt & Co'i America* CiRcrs, ic thrir rariotit prrfnrnnncf*. 80*"i HT THV" *TN t1. Bow#*-??Aimodei's?The Virui.N'i Mi'mmv-Victorikk?A Tomfkin* Blve. *M THEATRE, ('h?tha?n etr??t.?Metamor.*; or. Ti p ' auofthr PollrwoRi?Living Picti-res?Admits i.s Veiik PALMO'3 OPERA HOUSE, Chamber* itrett ? Model Artists BROADWAY OPEON. Broadfriy.?Comic Binoico, Stc ? Viodel Artist ?. MECHANICS' HAT.L, Bm?dw?v;near Broome itreet? v.. u n..... .? ... PANORAMA HALL. B'Mdway, ? *.' Homton *t-Bin<-r tmi Mmiinrp' Bm.Mr.TTi'i Modki. of v:nt Ji:ni*?*i.em?Two e* hib'ti ) ?. *t 2 aid 7U o'c'n V, P. M. Srw > oik, riturarlny, Kebruary 10, 1848. ADVERTISEMENTS received for one insertion only. The Electric Telegraph. Our telegraphic summary to-dav, comprising the proceed'nss in Congress and in the State Legislature, miscellaneous and commercial matters, &c , although not of a highly important character, will be found very interesting. In the Senate. Mr. Dix, of New York, presented resolutioes from the legislature of his State, instructing the senators and representatives in Congress from New York to vote for theWilmot proviso, in application to all territory that may hereafter be acquired or annexed to the Union. Mr. Niles continued and concluded his speech on the Ten Regiment bill. In the House the feature of the day was a debate on the eighteen and a half million loan bill. This bill bids fair to take up as much time in the House, as the Ten Regiment bill has done in the Senate. The same ground will have to be gone over, and probably a malority of the representatives will take occasion to express their views for or against the loan ; and also on the policy of the administration in relation to the Mexican war. But read the telegraphic column. The business transacted in the legislature consisted of debates in the Senate on bills for appropriations for the State Prison, Normal Schools and the State Lunatic Asylum, and the nassnsre of an amendment to the act author '.zing banking. In Assembly, the bill to reduce \he capital ol the Equitable Insurance Company, was passed. Air. Clay and General Taylor. The position of Mr. Clay and Gen. Taylor, as candidates: for the presidency, is very curious. Some insinuations have been given of late, that Mr. Clny wished to decline in favor of Gen. Taylor. Others think that, whether he should decline or not, Gen. Taylor will equally get the nomination oi the whig convention. There is a good deal of mist aud fog in these matters at the present moment. Mr. Clay and General Taylor stand towards each other, and before the whig convention, much in the same relative position in which Mr. Clay and Gen. Harrison stood towards each other eight years i'go. It may be thought doubtful whether Mr. Clay aud his friends will consent to play the Bame game which they played at that time. At all events, we have been informed of some very curious facts which have occurred at Washington, bearing on ihis point. It seems that at the first caucus held by the whigs of Congress, 102 were present upon the vote for holding a national convention. Of these, ninety voted in the affirmative, and eleven or twelve in the negative of that question. It is perfectly well known at Washington that this vote is an indication of the respective numbers of those who are in favor ol Mr. Clay and of those who are against him. The Taylor men go against holding any convention; the Clay men go for one. According to this vote, end the understanding with which it was made, it seems, therefore, that General Taylor hasten or twelve members of Congress in his favor among the whig ranks, rnd Mr. Clay, on the other hand, about ninety. Jt appears from this fact that Mr. Clay has the best chance of receiving the nomination of a national convention. The friends of General Taylor do not give up the ship, but are determined to run him, nomination or no nomination. In the interval between the meeting of the convention, they will do all thfv can to procure his nomination by a majority of the convention. If they fail in that, they will run him as a third candidate, in the expoctation that the election will be brought into the House of Representatives. la the House, the friends of Mr. Clay think that their man will have the best chance; while, on the contrary, the friends of Genera' Tj^lor believe that he will have the best. in mis positiun 01 un urs, me contest Deiween ("lay aotl Taylor becomes exceedingly interesting; and upon the decision of the convention, to meet the 7th ol June next, in Philadelphia, will hang the result of the presidential canvass, completely tind wholly. At present, ell is doubt and difficulty. Printing of TIIE corporation ? Prokable Violation or the Law.?It is well known that, according to law, none of the alderiflen or assistant aldermen of the corporation, can participate in any of the profits growing out of the corporation contracts for work done, of any description. During a few months past, the Tribune has been publishing several long advertisements of I special character, for which we believe the j corporation pays a pretty high price Alderman McElrnth, one of the proprietors ?f that paper, j I ^rticipates in the profits of the iobs given to that j ;ourna!. but how can he whip the devil around ttu-stump, aud, while he is an alderman, accept J those profits,in the teeth of the law forbidding him to do to 1 We should like to be relieved froir our doubts on this subject, for certainly, at the present time, 1 ? e are in a dilemma, and we trust some mem- I ber of the common council, of any party, will make a motion to enquire into the matter. MAti-s roR EtjRori?.?The steam ship Acadia i will leave Huston on Saturday next. Her mails will close m this city at 3 o'clock to-morrow ! afternoon. The tVeekly I/tral<l for Europe will be ready at 10 'clock to-morrow morning. KrnoritA* Niw?.-Wf may now begin to extract to receive wiit?? newt (rctn Europe bv ih# aloft sands amj Hiberm* J L The M Accepted. ! On the subject of the circulation of the Herald and Tribune, and the discussion which grew out of the post office printing, which, in consequence of our larger circulation, has been taken from the Tribune and given to this journal, we find that Greeley & McEIrath have screwed themselves up to the sticking point, and published the following in their paper of yesterday:? The Htrald ha* ekulkei, in we knew It would, from our proposal to have the total circulation of the tco papers r<*?p?otiveiy icT*-?tig*ted by impartial person*. duly aiteated. and published und?r the editorial bead of each ?the one having the let* number to pay the expense of the scrutiny, and give 93(10 to the two orphan asylum* ot r>ur citv. The Herald pretend* to understand that we have acoepted It* "b?t," and ?ay? It is ready to "t??t the two bets," " our respective b -t*," be , when we di*tinctly and utterly refused to have anything to do with it* sckeme ot picking out here and there ?m.h a ward or suburb of our oity. a* is beet suited to its purposes, and compare circulations in them All that is of not the least publto Importance, nor ind?ed of auy importance at all. except to certain of onr respective carriers , We are ready, willing, anxious, to enter upon the sorntlI ny we bare iuvited. and thatonly. The Herald dare not niebt it, knowing well that we have more subscribers and buyers than it has. ? Tribune. In reply to this we say, we dare meet their proi position, and tee hereby accept it, and are ready to enter into the investigation as soon as they please?say to-day. On our part, we have appointed Mr. Daniel II. Mkgib, of the house of Messrs. Persse & Brooks, No. 65 j Nassau street, as an impartial person, accord! ing to their definition, to enter into this j investigation; and we now request the Tribune I to appoint another impartial person on their side, and commence the investigation immediately. We promise that overy facility shall be given on our part in this matter, and that we shall agree to all the propositions respecting the circulation of the two journals; and if tee lose, cheerfully pay over the two hundred dollars to the two orphan aiyiums tn inis cny. In accepting this proposition, we have no fears for the result. It has been made an object of accusation against the Herald by many of our contemporaries, that its circulation was principally among the grog shopi, and other low places about town. Before this investieation shall have been terminated, we shall show that the circulation of the Htrald is much larger in the respectable and intel!igent wards of this city, than that of the Tribune, or any other journal now published. Tuke, for instance, the fifteenth ward, the principal whig ward, and inhabited by our most wealthy and respectable merchants in this city; our circulation in that ward we shall show to be far before that of the Tribune. The same may be said of the first and third wards, the lattar being the very ward which is represented by one of the proprietors of that paper in the common council. We shall also show that the circulation of ttie Herald out of town, and throughout the country, is far beyond that of the Tribune, or pay the penalty according to the terms of the bet?two hundred dollars. To our amiable Fourierite contemporary, we, therefore, say, ia the language of the law?proceed. Thk Catholics in the United States?Their Church Government and Influence.?We give in our columns to-day, a very curious and remarkable article, exhibiting some of the features of the church government, as it now exists among the Catholics of the United States. Its revelations are surprising. We had no idea of such a state of facts as this article represents, and, no doubt, represents correctly, for it comes from a highly distinguished clergyman of that eminent church. The existence of such a tyranny and violation of canonical rights, on the priests of the Catholic church in the United States, as is now revealed, will awaken the attention of the laity, and every other sect of re| ligionists. I The Catholics of this country, according to | the most authentic statements, exceeded a mil| lion of church members a few years ago, and probably at this time, they reach a million und a half. There are no other sects that exceed them, except they be the Methodists and the Baptists; but both of these j sects having been divided by dissensions, the j Catholics are now the most numerous, comI pact, and most influential sect in this country. | This immense number of Catholics employ 919 priests, 24 bishops, and three archbishops; but the Church government, as it is now i exercised by these bishops and archbishops, is in entire violation of the canons of the holy Catholic church, a violation and a tyranny which we shall not fail to represent to the propaganda at Rome, and to his Holiness the Pop:, in order to have it remedied as soon as possible. I At no time in this country has any distinguished individual arisen among the Catholics, with talen*. sufficient to control, to influence, or to guide this remarkable sect of Christians, such as is now presented by the Cafholics. The Catholics and the Catholic church possess, perhaps, from their compactness and their unity, a greater amount of influence than any other sect in this country. 01 recent years, Bishop Hughes, who possesses talent of a certain kind, has indicated on some occasions an idea of the importance' of wielding or attempting to wield such an immense influence as that of the Catholic church, but his isolated efforts and agitations have brought him frequently in bitter conflict with other religionists of the country. This policy may arise as ! much from the peculiar insptn . ? of Bishop Hughes, as from any other cause. He has great talent, but seems to lose the power to use it with the greatest energy and effecf. Ot late, however, a distinguished individual, of immense intellectual power, has gone over " bag ai l fi icm the Protestant to the Catholic church?one wh? may yet create a great noise in this country provided he reach a bishoprick. We allude to Mr. Brownson, whom we already designate in advance as Bishap Brownson, of the North Bishop Brownson, that is to be, mustb* acknowledged to ba a man of great talent,of great power of eloquence, of remarkable energy, and with all he would be decidedly in favor, in the Cnthnlir ^hiirrh amvprnmprif r\( nivinif ihs nr'noio their full rights, and in that respect be something of a democrat in the church. We have grea1 hopes, therefore, looking from this point of view, and the materials of the Catholic ehureh, that some man of signal genius, like Mr. Brownson, i will yet arise, if Bishop Hughes do not assume the attitude to giv* canonical rights to the priests, I and introduce other reforms among the clergy and laity, so as to keep pace with the march of intelligence of the present age, and not remain | stagnant and brooding over maxims that were promulgated five or six centuries ago, among the semi-savages of Europe. We are about to add to the Catholic church of this country, by the annexation of Mexico, four or five millions of Catholics, with a clergy probably the richest in the world; and hereafter the Catholic church, the government of the Catholics, on this great continent, and their sayings and doings, will hnve more effect than all the other religious sects put together If Bishop Hughes understood his position he would now ally himself to eve-y great movement ; but we doubt whether he understands it or lias courage sufficient to meet the crisis. Goino Aiikad.?The JVtut York Herald contains an off-hand review ot the changes wrought in political action by the wonder-working power of steam, electricity and the uress, during the last six months It contain* naily full intelligence from all the principal ineatresof action in (Ilia republic, of nil e\ent* not only as they occur at distant points, but th'' thoughts, opinions and promises ot e<ch section. Out of such a juxtaposition of American events and opinions, it is enabled to get a glimpse of the goal towards which our country is tending. It sets down the timidity manifested by Clay and others, to their failure to keep up with this remarkable age.?6t/.vuil t'mvn, Jan. Frxz Discussion?Candidates for th* Pessidinct?Both the leading journals at Washing' ton?the Inttlligtne?r and the Union?complain of the respective journals and factions in New York, belonging to each party, on account ol their discussions, dissensions, and diequisitioni upon the eubject of candidates for the next presi dency. The Inttlligtnctr gives great credit to the talent and enterprize ot the whig presp, bui thinks they exhibit a great want of tact and sounc discretion in entering upon discussions upon the prospects and merits of Mr. Clay and General Taylor. The Union, in a similar strain thinks very highly of the vote of New York, anc of its weight in deciding the next presidency but takes to task the democracy of this State for its quarrelling, its contentions, and discus sions upon different party matters. The ideas entertained by the journals of Wash ing'on of the management of newspapers, mus be very different from that which prevails in sue! a spirit-stirring, populous place as this city or this State! In Washington, every move ment of both parties must be carried 01 in secresy and intrigue, with deception ant falsehood, an affectation of gentlemanly man ners, but with intentional dupery. The con tests between the two sections of the whigpartj in Washington, hardly break out into open da] there, because Washington is not the place fo liberal discussion or manly freedom of deoate unless it be on the broad party grounds. Thes< remarks will also apply to the democracy there as regards the candidates for succession to Mr Polk. In fact, the freedom of the press, breaking forth out of the shackles of party despotism, cai only be practically displayed in great and popu lous cities and States such aB New York. Bu this freedom is one of the greatest benefits an< advantages of journalism in a free country The whole question between Mr. Clay and Gen Taylor?the merits of the different candidatesthe probabilities of success?will be fully discus sed, settled, and determined upon, and th< public mind enlightened, by the independen New York press, long before the conven tion meets in Philadelphia. Such a coursi of discussion is, no doubt, of great ad vantage in a free country, and in a lurg< populous region, however disagreeable i may be to the little cliques of a narrow place such as Washington, or to the leaders offaction and coteries. It is manifestly absurd and ridicu lous to witness the dignity and gravity of th< Washington journals, when they plume them selves upon their superior dignity over the Nev York press. They live entirely by pap; they an paupers upon the public purse ; they are des titute of all spirit and enterprise; yet the] have the impertinence and folly to set them selves up, as advisers and censors, above jour nals whose circulation and influence ib ter times that of theirs. We sav to the independent press of all parties go on and discuss the merits of the candidates We will back you. Do not submit to any cliques We'll see that you have fair play. Ascertain b] public opinion, who is the best and most popu lar candidate, fix him in the public mind, am your game is certain. Go ahead?hang the ex pense. An Historical Parallel.?It is really quit entertaining to witness the sudden and arden zeal for good faith, honor, and political morality which is exhibited by the English journals, ii the lessons which they are daily reading to th French upon these virtues. Abdel Kadir ha at last been taken captive. The tgreat enemy o the French in Algeria, who haa defeated so man] armies, and been a terror to their colony so man years, is now a prisoner in the hands of th French, and is safely housed at Toulon?pei haps by this time is in Paris, exhibited as spectacle of triumph to the spectacle-lovin; Parisiens. When he delivered himself up to th< Due d'Aumale, he stipulated that he shpuld b< permitted to retire in safety into Egypt,or to Acre in Syria. His captors, without any authority t< make stipulations, and without any necessity too, for he was thoroughly hemmed in, and couli not escape, agreed to the terms he demanded Now, then, it is, under these circumstances, ths the Eoglisti journals come out with their lesson of good faith, and teachings of honor, to th French. They " hope most earnestly, for th sake of the French character for good-faith an honorable conduct, that Abdel Kadir wil be permitted to proceed in safety to the countr of his own selection, and not be detained prisoner by the French, in contravention ot th stipulations agreed upon," fcc. &c. What paltry hypocrisy ! what a canting exhi bition of verbal virtue, by those who in actio trampled virtae under their feet in similar cit cumstances, when it suited their objects an policy. Have the English forgotten their treat ment of Napoleon 1 These didaetic strains these lessons of good faith and honorable actio towards an unfortunate and illustrious prisonei come with singular bad grace from the English Unlike Abdel Kadir, Napoleon was not a prisonei and needed not to have become one. Franc was open to him, his army was concentratei upon the Loire, deputations were daily waitin{ upon him, requesting that he would again pu himself at their head. He was not hemmed u by the English as Abdel Kadir was by the French he might have avoided coming into their power Abdel Kadir, on the other hand, had no means o escape; no exit, no issue of any kind was lef open for him. When, therefore, Napoleon gav himself up to the English, it was an act of hi own ; it was purely voluntary; he was in a situ ation to demand stipulations. He nobly reliei upon the generosity and magnanimity of hi former enemies. The sequel is too well known The English, unmindful of the duties of hospi tality, of the dictates of honor, of the demands o integrity, instantly made him a close prisoner searched him like a pickpocket, stripped him o his property, drove away his friends from him and shipped him offj like a transported criminal to a burning hot, narrow, sickly little island 01 the coast of Africa! How different, now, the; preach to and exhort the French, in the affair o Abdel Ka^ir! Perhaps, however, we ought to take thes high-toned lessons of political virtue as intend ed to be evidence of sincere repentance for th act of perfidy, cruelty, and baseness, which dia graced their own government in its conduc towards Napoleon. If so, we accept it as a gooi omen of the return of our English brethren t just sentiments of honesty and honor, in nations political transactions. At all events, the two cases afford a singula and interesting historical parallel. II will b curious to observe what the French will do witl Abdel Kadir. To our view, both officers wh< took him, whether dukes or corporals, deservi to be cashiered, for making unusual stipulation with a prisoner who Miad no power to enforc any demand; a prisoner in spite of himself hemmed ap on all sides, and having no means o sortie or escape. Should M. Guizot keep hin as a prisoner, it would not be a violation of gooi faith and hospitality at all comparable to tha which the English were guilty of towards Na poleon. And we ore bold to say that if he ii kept a prisoner, he will be better treated thai Napoleon was. He will not be separated violent ly from his family and friends; he will not b< transported to die a slow, lingering, and torture* death, in a dreary, sickly,and inhospitable clime ArPOINTMBNT ?V Tilt (jOVIRNOII ANn SlU ATK ->?l> t.-Jwaphi York.of N? York, sotory fubllo rlM Jobs S York, Una ?s?lrN. ' TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. 1 Murderer Con^fcted. ' Baliimokk, Feb. 9, 1847. ' The trial of Lewis Cumniiaga for murder, (?1' luded to in my letter to the Herald by the mail,) has resulted iu a verdict of manslaughter. The Weatlier. t Albany, Feb. 9, 1848. [ The weather is very cold?ihe thermometer , ranging below zero this morning. 1 THIRTIETH CONUHESS. j FIRST 8KSSION. 1 ! t WaSHINOTON, Feb. 9,1849. Senate. OrrOIITION TO THE war. Mr. Hale, of New Hampshire, presented a memorial . against the further prosecution of the war. j the wilmot frovko. i Mr. Dix presented resolutions passed by the Legislature of New York, instructing the senators and represents' tires of that State in Congress to vote in favor of tbe appiioation of the Wilmot Proviso to all territory here1 alter annexed to the Union. They were ordered to be 1 printed. m1m0uri and arkansas. The House bill confirming the boundary between Misf sourl and Arkansas was passed. f the ten regiment bill. r The Ten Regiment Bill was then taken up. Mr. Nilei addressed the Senate in reply to Mr. Bell's ' accusation against the demooratio party, of being actuated by a reckless desire for the acquisition of territory ' by conquest. He blamed both parties for their oonduot In regard to the war. The country deslrea peace. He would rapport the bill only to strengthen our military ? petition for a abort time. He was in favor of negotia1 tion, and with that view he had no objection to vote for . this bill, with the hop* that it might hasten the termit nation of the war. The government of Mezioo desired j peace, on term* not unreasonable. Now 1s the time to make peaoe. There 1? no justification for prolonging the war. Hostilities ought to be brought to a close, whleh could be done on the basis of our original claim to the Rio Grande as the boundary, and receiving as indemnity * laud now in our possession. s Adjourned. t House of Representatives. provisions roa discharged soldiers. e A bill appropriating $600 000 for discharged soldiers, . who disembark at New Orleans, or other places, was read g three times and parsed. ^ quarters for troops. A bill to provide additional quarters for troops of the ' regular and volunteer force going to Mexloo, was read 8 three times and passed. A bill to establish a territorial government in Oregon,

e was, on motion of a member from Indiana, msde the special order for Monday, 14th Maroh. r the war loan bill. e The war loan bill was then taken up. Mr. Fiiher, of Ohio, addressed the House against the r bill. He reviewed the history of the annexation of Texas, and contended that annexation was the original eause of the war, while the immediate oause of hostilities was the marohing of the United States army across I the Nueces to the Rio Grande. He asked how Texas owned the territory she claimed west of the Nueoes?? , She must have obtained It in one of two ways, by oonquest or by purohase. Texas never conquered it, beoause nine months after the annexation of that State y to the United States, it was obedient to the government of Mexioo. He oentended that the United States com j menoed the war against Mexioo, and that even now, if a fair treaty of peace were offered, Mexico would aooept it. But it was not offered. The President urged on the war unneoessarily. It was against the prinolples of democraoy and republicanism for one nation to interfere e with the national management of other oountries. He t wenld not advocate the taking of more territory from * Mexioo than may be necessary to oancel the indemnity Q due to our oitisens. e Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, followed. He alluded to g the power of the President to use his discretion In giving , or withholding oorrespondenoe in all oases, as well as in the oase of 811dell. He ridiculed the idea of the whigs ^ voting men and money on the 11th May, 1846, and now y calling the war no constitutional and unjust Allusion * had been made to the revolutionary rights of Texas ? i Let them go baok to the history of this oase. In 1h36> j a Texas deolared her Independence. Who was not j g aware that the boundary cf Texas was then defended j e at San Jacinto, where the Texans fought and oaptured j . the President of Mexico ? An effort was then made to i negotiate a treaty. Texas claimed to the Rio Grande, i ' and Mexioo claimed the whole of Texas. He read several copies of letters and documents to prove that the Rio V Grande was the tine boundary, and oonoluded with an d appeal in behalf of the widows and orphans of those ' whose blood had been shed in defence of the country it He accused the whigs of voting against their oonsolenoe. 3 His (the demooratic) party would support their votes e with their lives, if necessary to sustain the honor and e interests of the oountry. ^ Ths House went into oommittee of ths whole on the II state of the Union, and transaoted some unimportant business. ^ Adlourned. a e NEW YORK LEQISLHTDRE. Albant, Feb. 9, 1848. Senate. n appropriatioks for the state prison. Mr. Hall reported a bill making appropriations for the * Sing Sing Prison. likn LAW roa MECHANICS. " Mr. Fox brought in a bill for a lien law for mecha'? nies. q appropriatoins for state normal schools. Mr. wilein.offered a resolution for raising a select com' mittee, to report on the expediency of oontinulng appropriations to State normal schools. ' srooeltn orphan asylum. '' The bill in relation to the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum " was passed. g RANKING BUSINESS. it A bill to amend the aot authorising the business of p banking, was presented by Mr. Ayrault, and passed. [a pre-emption rights, &c. A bill to amend the act relative to oertain pre-emption j. rights, real estate, and ohattels real, was passed in committee, and ordered to a third reading. 1 state lunatic asylum. e A bill to amend the aot authorising a State Lunatio 9 Asylum was taken up and deliberated on. 1* local bills. d A number of looal bills passed through the Committee 8 of the Whole, and were ordered to a third reading. Assembly. the office of chancellor of the supreme court. if Mr. Ratmond reported against the petitions to continue the oSees of Chancellor and the old Supreme f r.nnst frt Vnl IftiU I the rq' iTi?i.r. ikii'iinci coMrim. ' A bltl wm passed to rsduoe the capital of the New ' York Equitable losuranoe Company. ii itatk l1hoi. ^ The bill to amend the revised statutes relative to ' State lands by foreclosure or partition rails in New York, King*, Richmond and Westchester counties, was e rejeoted. The object of the bill wm to allow commit. aionera Instead of sheriffs to sell the lands. The bill was e supposed to be an iodireot attempt to getround the eon!. stitutlon, abolishing the office of matter in ehanoery. j comm iMionrn i or dekpi aftu not a riki. j The Committee of the Whole took np the bill authorising the Common Council of oitics to appoint com" mlseioners of deeds and notaries publio. A motion to strike ont notaries was debated and oarrled. Mr Pawn moved to give the appointment of notaries 1 r to supervisors ; but no question being taken on the me- | p tlon, the committee rose, and the House Adjourned. 1 Ularketa. 0 New Oslkans, Fee. 3d, 1849.?Cotton is active to-day ; e at full prices, but the sales of Sugar have been very 8 small, on account of the rain. Prime Molasses goes off e at 19 cents Flour is very dull Freights?Too engage merits made at Liverpool. Exchange* Rates are de- ! ? clining f Baltimore, Feb 9, 1848.?The flour msrket to-dsy is j 1 firm ; 8*0 barrels were sold at 79. Corn meal is dull I 1 Sales of 8,000 bushels of wheat were made at previous j t quotations Corn- Sales of 10 000 bushels were made at | . Ml to A3 cts. Whiskey is without change in prioe. 1 Shipping Intelligence. 1 N*w Obi.kaks HMi s? rr ?hip? U?ioi. sn-l Avalanche, j fom New York; Cairo from Boatnn; end hark Indinia from Philadelphia' '/Id, ships Aluto. and Aikatizai, >nS b?>k Hio. ; for Boitou; bsik Cisirmont, brif Florence, aud ?chr Montreal, ! for NYork. 1 j 3 ! 1 Gov. Shirk's Ijxnrss.?We learn from Harl rlsburg, with regret,|that the health of Oov. flhunk Is much enfeebled by the wasting effects of a nhronic dya1 sntery, and his friends eutsrUln serlons apprehensions , j m to ?l? ultimate reeovwj.?PMlodrlphto ,VerfA | fen, M. 9th. POSTSCRIPT. T o'clock, A? M. ARRIVAL OF THE PACKET SH'P ISAAC WRIGHT. THREE DAYS LA ER FROM IU"0PF. die. Ac. The magnificent packet snip Isaac wrignt, commanded by that extraordinary skipper of the seas, Cnptuin D. G Bailey, arrived early this morning from Liverpool, whence she sailed on the 18;h ult. We have thus received three days later news from Europe. Our t'me will only permit us to say that to the 18th there was a slight advance in cotton, and a decline in grain. The steamship Ilibernia from New York had arrived at Liverpool. The gold was accummulating in the Bank of England. MARKETS. Lomdon Money Market. J**. 17?Two o'clock?Oar stock market baa worn rather a heavy appearance, although we have bad an active business in console at 87 to X for money anil time, in the early part of the morning. Prioes are now better, at 87% to X. but wi'L fewer transactions. The funds come lower both from Paris Had Amsterdam, whlrh if) one cau?* of the dulness of the market here Reduoed Threes. 87% to % Three and a quarter per oents, 88% to Exchequer Bills 25s to 27s premium Bank stoobs 194 to 7. Liverpool Cotton Market, Monday,Jan 17.?The aocounts brought by the steamer have had little effect here on our market. Sales are estimated at 6000 bales to the trade, and in the middling and inferior classes there is perhaps an advance of %d. on Friday's rates* Liverpool Corn Market, Monday, Jan 17 ?The Oraln Market has been very inactive during the past week. The recent sales of wheat have been at a reduction of 2d per bushel on old, nod 3d per brnhel on new, from the rates of Tuesday left. Flour hk* likewise declinep 6d. per barrel?oats 11 per tiiubfl. ml Indian corn Is per quarter. Little ohai jo Lis occurred In the vrloe of baTley, beans, or peas. London Corn Mabket, Ja* 17.?Our market was tolerably well supplied with wheat by land oarriage samples from the near counties: the condition of many wss. however, very indifferent Selected parcels wt-re salea hie at a reduction 01 is per <jr. upon an; inierior ana uui- of-conditloned lots were a vary dull sale, at a decline of folly Un per qr. Sales of foreign proceeded slowly, at an abatement of Is. p*r qr. for all but the choicest qualities Barley was dull trade, but cannot be quoted lower. Oata were in moderate request, at previous rates. Brans and peas were unaltered in value. ^ Theatrical and Musical. Broadway Odeon ?Tbe ccmic singing, Grecian exercises, and though last, not least, the Model Artists, at this place of amusement, attract great numbers of visiters every evening. The spirited manner in whioh their entertainments are produced will keep up, we have no doubt, the suocess which has hitherto attended the Odeon. Christy's Minstrels.?The usual variety of song*, dances. &s., by these eccentric geniuses, and the usual concomitants of a crowded room and great applause. They may be fairly looked on os fixtures in New York now?the people won't let them go itaeems. We do not believe that any troupe of performers, have ever attained suoh f im? in ane single kind of performance, as these Minstrels have. Burtis's Cibcus. ?An excellent company of equestrians, under the management of Mr. Burtis, have been performing in Newark, and are to open on Monday evening mext, at the Bowery Amphitheatre. Brunetti's Ancient Jerusalem ?We oan recommerd this beautiful model to tbe attention of all, young and old, learned and unlearned We are glad to hear that it has been well patronlzsd since it has been exhibited. As tbe proprietors do not intend remaining long in New York, an early visit is advisable. Miss Marin's and Mr. How's Concert?These blind musicians are making great preparations lit their tenth semi-annual concert Being unfortunately de prived of the blessing of sight, they have peculiar claims on the public, besides whioh they are fine musicians, and Mr. Hoyt is the composer of many beautiful places of muslo. Complimentary Concert.?Among the many compliments which it has beoomo a custom to pay at this season of the year, we know of Dons more richly deserved than that which we are pleased to learn is intended to be bestowed upon the Reverend Moses Marcus. This exsfcllent gentleman, most of our readers, wa presume. are aware, is rector of the Free Church of St. George the Martyr, and missionary to poor British emigrants, offloes which he has filled with a self-sacrificing spirit of devotion well worthy his noble aim. We trust that this will truly prove a tangible benefit as a slight meaauie of reward tor his faithful and untiring exertions, and that duties so arduous, which are dally performed, will meet with reward beyond a bountiful, yet empty praise. We have ample evidenoe that the position of tbe reverend gentleman is one of high responsibility, calling into service abilities of the best order; and we oan testify, not only from our own observation, but from "common report,"?how well bis duties have been performed. Many of the most distinguished vocalists, both male and female, have volunteered their serviots; and the concert, which will take place on tbe j evening of Thursday, Maroh ad. will doubtlesa be one of the beet which has yet been given. City Intelligence. Singular Attempt at Suicide.?Considerable excitement was occasioned yesterday afternoon, in conse. quence of a young German gentleman, of highly respectable connections, from Germany, by the name of Charles Grammla, having attempted to commit suicide with a pistol. It appears tbat Mr. G arrived In this country on Thursday or Friday of last week, and on the'same or f< Uowlng day, became acquainted with a young lady of e*sy vlriue, residing at the house of Mrs. Sweet, No HO Church street, and in whose company he was almost constantly, until Tuesday evening, when he found her otherwise engaged, which circumstance appeared to annoy him very muoh Mr. G made the be?t of it he oould ; and aooept'd of an invitation to remain all night. Yesterday he agsiu souzht and enjoyed for n while the society of the object of his fancy, on which occasion, as we understood, he propose l j to har ia i.roniiAil with him immc(liat?lv In ri?rinAnv. nf which proposition she refused to accept, setting fdrth that she preferred tolremaiu in New York. Shortly after this interview, and during a momentary absence of the female in question, Mr O di*eh?rg"d the loaded pistol at his breast. The house *u Instantly thrown into onnfusion, and officer llorton sent for. On repairing there with offloer M'Coy, Mr O was found lying on his back on the floor, wit*! the pistol near bis right side, and calling to his favorite beauty to oome and see him die. On the offloer endeavoring to raise him from the floor, he requtsted that he might be allowed to die like a hero ; and desired thst a pillow might be placed under his head, as he oould live but a ziinute or two. The officers, howerer, In the performance of their duty, and with ttie view of saving life, if possible, removed >lr. O. to the City Ho?pital, where, upon examination, it wm discovered that the ball bad passed through bis body, on th? left side, a short distance below th? heart, the barrel of the pistol having been lowered In pulling the trigger; which droumstanoe Mr. G. appeared to regret very much^ stating that he bad lived long enoupb ; the id a of having committed the act in a house ef unenviable notoriety, on account of what might be said, also occasioned Mr. G. some regret After glvlcg some directions respeot|ng the disposition cf his watch and money found upon his person, he was forbidden to hold any further conversation with his friends; and, at a late hour last evening, his situation was Ueemed a very crllloal one indeed A dubanrni. Accident, *i*n, Pos?ibi.t, Fatal.? Yesterday evening, about half-past six o'clock, a gray horse, attached to a kind of grooer's waron, came running furiously along the sidewalk in BroAway, and when nenr the corner of Leonard rreet. dirrctly in front of tbe St. I Charles Hotel, struok the lamp post, knocking down three females and two or three men The horse at this time was kioklng about In a furious manner. The three females were tak?n Into the hotel, dreadfnlly bruised and mangled. One lady was taken to her re/ldence, whosu nsme we oonld not learn ; ths other two were at ouco conveyed to the City Hospital. One was a young woman about eUhteen years ot age. by the nanie of Agnes Thompson, employed by Beebe St ; Costar. hatters, whose ribs werefrsctured. ami it Is supposed that the Interoal li/juries will prove fatal, as ahe was perfectly insensible upon being picKed up, and remained so up to a late hour last nl^ht, at the hospital ? The other female's name Is Mary Hughes, a woman ! about thirty years of age. who ssys she was born at Pougbkeepsle. The head of this unfortunate woman was dreadfully out and bruised, all her upper teeth having been knocked out, her lips and nose awfully lacerated, and her right eye-brow, together with several other bruises about ber body She is sensible, but much confused tn mind, as to bow the accident happened, as In all probability they wer* passing up Broadway, and ths horse coming up from b?lilnd, they were knocked down without knowing by whom or In what manner ? Ws were unable to learn who owned ths horss and wagon Moar. Mv?t>:av.?Officer Waylan.of the Sth ward, while pas*ing through Beach street yesterday afternoon, discovered the body of a newly bor* mule child, secreted behind some bo.irls It did not appear to have been there more tb?n a day. and had most probably been thus disposed or by some unnnMiral mother, in orderslo conceal her own eb*w<?. ...... ? Ahicad or tiik Ma.l.-Ws are da. / Indebted to Mr McGregor, of the Housatonic railroad, and to Weil* fc Co for Albany papsrs ahead of ths mail. Also, lo Adams k Co , Gay * Co.. and H?rnd*n it Co.. for Bostan papers. Also, to Kwin It Co. for fro vide a OS pspsri. an4 to Moaros It bo. f?r Now Bsdfwd rapsrs !- !. t Olay Meeting. A meeting of voting whigs favorable to the nomination of H'-nry Clay to the presidency, on th?* palmam qui meruit ferat principle, whs held last evening at the Broadway House, corner ol Grand street and Broadway, at half-past seven o'clock, and Was attended by some thirty Pfrsons. After it was called to ordT, thts Hon. Willis Hall was requested to address the .meeting, which he did in a speech of an hour's length. He commenced by referring to the paRt history ot M*. Clay?his nomination at tli* lust presidential contest, and his defeat, vhich, he said, broke ihe heart of the country. His long life in the service of his country, and his eminent servic< s as a statesman, eminently qualify him to fill the executive chair, and to be at tha helm of state in the present crisis of our national nflairs. Though defeated in the election of 1844, the whig party were not inclined to out him off, neither was be lessened In their estimation one lota After pronouncing an elaborate eulogy on Mr. Clay, he said that he was not as yet a candidate of the whig party, but he had no doubt th.t if that party signified its desire to him to be its caidld&te, he would again stand for the office and again be their chosen standard bearer. The only prominent oandi Jate as yet before the people was General Taylor, and it is a matter worth* of s?rious consideration whether that distinguished soldier was qualified for the high office to which his friends would elevate him. Ha is undoubtedly a man of the highest order of talent as a soldier?he had no deair* or wiah todetraot from his well earned renown ?he was undoubtedly the first general of the age, and had taught the world a lesson of the capability of th? United States in the art of war; but it required more than that to qualify him to b* President. The functions of a President do not require that be should be a military man. The most tntrioate questions that oan arise iu tbe government of a nation, both in its internal and external relations, are frequently decided by the executive as the appeal in the last resort, and we need not say that It required a man of a general and comprehensive order of intelleot to deoide upon them. There is no more reason why ws should select a man at our President becausu ho had displayed great science and intellect us a soldier, than that we should ssleot a man distinguished na a navigator It would be as well for us to select a man for nwn stature, as is uone dy oaroirous nations; hch uisidns it would act an a precedent, which. If f >llow?d up, would lead to the mosh disastrous reeulta By and bye, after Mexloo aud Canada were conquered, the auccessful general, as ia the case in M*xioo. would turn hi* attention to our own couutry, and direct hia military kill against hia fellow-oitizena. If be were aure that tbe remit of hia auccesa would be the presidency. No aooner wnnld he be placed in the executive chair, than anme other ambition* general possessing military akill likewiae. wonld turn hia attention to the aame game, issue a p.-onimeiamento and if sueeessful, depose hi* predecessor, to be himself ousted by a successor. Such would bv> tbe reault of making military greatness an J ruccess in battle, a paaaport to the presidency. Again, General Taylor baa atated oyer and oyer Spain. thai he will not be tbe candidate of any party Thw ia another matter worthy o? serious consideration. Wherever freedom exists, there mast b* parties, and it ia right that there should be. When the people ef Kngland really began to enjoy liberty, viz. In 1678, they were divided into partiea, which were alternately in power and ruled tbe destiuiea of that country. Thus the toriea under the Walpele administration were in power some forty or more yeara, and they were ousted by the wbigs who were again ouated by the toriea. So it was that the existence of parties by the oheck which they exerted over each other was favorable to the preservation of liberty. Again, it may be aaid, and it haa been aaid, that even were not Heneral Taylor qualified to occupy the high poaltlon of Prealdent of the Uplted States, he would have an able and capable cabinet, by whose advice on all national questions he would be directed and guided This might do very well for European countries,where the monaroh is to all intents and purposea a nonentity, and irresponaible for the aots of government; but that is not an American dootrine. Where la tbe one case the monarch's cabinet is responsible in th a country the President is responsible to hia conat 1 tu?nts ;an dif the oaae should demand it oan be impeached for malfeasance inottlciv There must be partiea, too, for the preaervation of principle Win n a man is eleoted as the candidate of a particular parry, he stands pledged to carry out the principles of that party as far aa he can. Hi* party knows how be standi, and what principles hia policy will be based on. How would it be with man, who, like General Taylor, says he will net be the candidate of any party, nnd who coufers'B that, from its habits aud dutits. ho has not had the requisite leisure to investigate the prinoiplea and measures which' are at. Issue between the two great parties in this oountry? He (Mr. Hall) had no doubt of General Taylor being a whig; be haa expressed himself suoh on many cccaiions; but, la case of his eleotion, wh*n he informed himself of those measures and principles, he might arrive at a different conclusion to that advocated by the whig party and sen what consequenoes this would lead to. When the whig* elected Mr. Tyler, they eleoted him under the impression that hn was a whig ; but surely, his administration did not justify the confidence which the party reposed in him. And why iait that Mr Clay, now In the evening of hia life, after faithfully serving hia country for mor? than lorty yeara, should be set aside? Is not bis patriotism as s'rong as ever-hia aspirations as patriotlo as ever?his adherence to principles as steadfast aa ever? It has been argued by some seeming friends of his, that his eleotion is an impossibility, in oouaequ6nce of his speeoh and resolutions at Lexington, in Nvoember last What are thcao resolutions? (Heads them) Is there anything unpatriotio in.them ? Does he not give the advioe which a father, on hia dying bed. would give to his children ? Hn does He f-els that be has been honored by hia country during a long and remarkable cause?he known he has occupied a seat in tbe affections of the Ameiican p.-ople. atd row, in the decline of bis life, he gives those resolutions af, nd?icn to his countrymen, in return for the houor ucd coi.flJi i.ee which they have so long reposed in him. There is no mau in the country that would have dared to apei>k such sentiments, and to propose suoh resolutions, as that distinguished statesman speks and proposed at L?xln,'ton. on the thirtieth of November last, than Henry Clay He cared nothing whether they would be popular or not? he cared not whether they would piessn this man or that man; he knew tbey were right, and hn expressed them, Irrespective of any benefit or iqjury that might result to him personally. Such is the ohuraoter of Henry Clay, the distinguished statesman of Kentuoky, lor tbe promotion ef whom to the Presidency, the present meeting of Ashianders was called Mr. flail concluded, by wishing the Aslilandcrs "God speed'' in the work they had undertaken. The meeting was afterwards addressed by a gentleman named l)elafl?ld Smith, and it adjourned at about half-Dast nine o'olock. Police Intelligent*. Doingt before Jtutiee Drink>r ? A Mim young man, of small stature and rather genteel appearance, wearing a cloak, and calling himself H. Osborne, wae brevgbt before the magistrate yesterday morning, by offloer Smith of the 8th ward pUloe, on a obarge of being drnnk in the public street Magistrate?Wall, offloer, what obarge do yon make against this young man oailing bimself Osborne? OrrioitR ?I found bim stupidly drunk at ft o'olook this morning lying In the gutter in Walker street; and whtn I took bim to the station bouse, I found on his person $4 in bank bills, and some small Changs, together with a gold watoh and chain; it was fortunate for bim tbat 1 found bim as soon as I did, for in a sbort time bo would bare been robbed. Magistrate?What liars you to say to this charge, Osborne? raiioNKR?I can only say, Judge that I have been with some friends supping, and have been ratber imprudent, I ooatess, but from the obaracters I hare met here, having been place J unionist thieves and vagabonds, you can easily imag'nu What my feelings have suffered?all I oan say is, I was on my way home, and oannot think bow I was so impru ient. Maoutratk? I am sorry. Indeed, to see a young man like ynu so far forget himself, as to be found lying In the street drunk at that early hour in the morning. There la no excuse for such conduct; you know bvtter, it is not from Ignorance, butfrom theeffrctsof bad and dissolute habits, contracted by associating with a class of young men who nightly visit eysttr cellars, eating, drinking and spre-Mng, night after night, which ultimately terminate* in tho loss of their situations, and finally they became sots, and vagabonds JJutof all classes, you ht* the class who oiv,ht to know belter. The poor man who works alongshore, of noeduoatien, thero is some little sxouse for him under the pUa of ignorance; 1 ut for you th're is none, and all who comt before me I shsll crtainly make an example of, in order, if possible, t? deter others At this last remark poor Osborne looked towards the Judge, and, still laboring strongly under the , ffeots of liquor, sal i. with large tears of repentauce rolling from his eyes, ' Are you desirous. Judge, of making an exam jiio ul iuMaoiitratk No, I am not desirous of making ?n ? ample of you; all I wish is to see you understand your pnaltlon. and to make such an impression upon your mind as will deter you hereafter from drinking liquor foolishly, and tbuR brooming lutoxloated about tb? streets; it la for your welfare, and I slnoerely hope you will profit by thin lesson Hero you have h-en lb nut HinonirRt thlevei and v% /abondsof the worst description, merely because you have not sufBHent nerve to refrain from taking lienor. Asihlsls tho flint time of your oppraranco befor* me, I will only don you >1. Priio.ikh?Oh, it in not the money that T care about, but to be associated with such a horrible set of orea- ? tur'P mh I have b?eu placed amongst- that's what hurti my feelings vl*i;nrn<te ? So much the better; th? impression madti upon your mind will be stronger and have a mora lilting effect Vou hare to thank the officer for tha preservation of your propsrty, whioh waa handed to * him by the justie.e. minus the ha paid for his fine. But instead of being thankful for the care taken of himself and property, no began to nbuse the rOoer and , magistrate, using language of a very unbecoming nature so much bo that the Justice ordered him into custody, and was just making out a commitment, when he stepped up to tha bar and said, " Judge, If I hare been gull- S ty of any Impropriety of language. I sincerely beg your } pardon " Upon tbla acknowledgment, and as he was j still laboring under the > If ds of liquor. tha magistrate I gave him another reprimand, and told him to go, which I he did as fast as Ms legs oo?:d carry him jt Singular Charge of l.nrciry In Novemher isst, f a (Jerman by the name of Joseph Smith, keeper of a boarding house on the corner of Albany and Ur??nwleh stieets. mnd? a complaint hafOTe Justice Timpson. of the 8d district police, that a woman by the name of Margaret Vanden Kden, who was a housekeeper In bis employ, bad abnoonded from the premises, tsklng with her money and other property, valued nt ?1 von Alter a few weeks he ascertained t'lat she bad evidently made her course for New Orloans; and upon the strength of thli Information afH lavlts were prepared hers and sent on by Hmith, who followed on Immediately after, and upon arriving at New Orleans, found the i hject of his search, recovered the property, and brought the woonan called Tanden Kden bank again to New York, arriving here a tew days ego and plaued her a?;aln In his own house Suspicion, however, was created !>y the som?u being kept locked up In a room and li?r meals sent up to her The offlners here, upon the return rf Smith, li i|iiired whether he had seen Margaret In New Orl< ans, to which he said he wan unable to find her. This st?ry was not credited, and a warrant wn if sued by Justin Tlmpsou, for her arrest on tha former affidavit l b* door waa broken open, at Smith's house, and Vlar^arst arrested tharafrom. T^pon the partlea being taken be ' ' M