Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1848 Page 1
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Whole No 0CI5. THE DEMOCRATIC STATE CONVENTION. TRB 8ECOMO ANO LMV DAY. Ao. dio. Ams. n*. r j 7 Utica, Feb 17, 1843. My first letter from this city gave you a narratire of the first day's proceedings of the Democratic State Convention, down to9o'clock, P M.p at which time Mr. John Van Buren was engaged in reading the address, which I sent you, in part, yesterday. When the reading of that argumentative and sarcastic address was concluded, there were loud cries of " Van Buren," " Van Buren but that gentleman was too much exhausted to make a speech. Mr. Hathbun, of Cayuga, was then called for, and that gentleman rose, in answer to the call He alluded to the chairman ot the committee on military ail'airs, (Cass) as a man unworthy of the confidence of any individual or party ; and said, that, before he would vote for that man for President, lie would vote for a whig, or for a man whose principles were not known?an honest man. Mr. Floyd?Who is that ? who do yon mean 1 Mr. Ratkbpn?Zachary T?] lor! (Tremendous cheering.) He (Mr. It) would give his vote to this old hero, before he would give it for such a man aaCass, for whom he entertained a profound contempt. Mr. It. referred to the course of Mr. Cass in relation to the Wilmot proviso; he accused Mr. C. of haying deliberately promised to vote for that proviso, and then of having deliberately violated his promise. In criticising the senatorial career of Mr. Cass, Mr. It. was exceedingly severe. He is declared to have used ur> the chairman of the committee on Military Affairs, in a very effectual manner. Mr. Rathbun was followed by Mr. Nye, of Madison, who entertained the convention with a laughable impromptu Bpeech, a sketch of which it is out of my power to give ; and the convention adjourned till to-morrow morning at ten o'clock. The address read to the convention by Mr. Van Buren, a part of which I sent yesterday, concludes as follows :? ? ????? Fellow citinsns ; Having that, to yon, or in your name, exprrsed the sentiments in regard to national affaire, whioh we deem the ocoasion demands, let ns briefly call your attention to the position and history on State politics. The first refleotion that naturally rises in this connection to the mind of one familiar with the relation New York has borne to the Union, is a recollection of the vast dleproportion between the honest aid oar demooraoy have given to the demoeratio party of the Union and the returns that have been made. From the great overthrow of federalism in 1S00, until the final oonteat of 1844, the demonraoy of New York have been true in their allegiance to their brethren of the Union, and their strong arm has favorably given the victory to the demoeratio cause; and yet, duriDg tt at long period, how rare have been the instances when, from some nndetinable cause, influenoe at Washington was not wholly wielded bv eltisens of our State, destitute of standing or weight at home ? Yet this mottifylng experlenoe will not be without its use, if it teaches those who take a higher and deeper interest in political aetion than the love of offloe can inspire, the undeniable truth that onr own great 8 Late presents a field for politieal progress far more enoouraglog and worthy of Improvement, than that to which their attention Has been, heretofore, so largely dlreoted. With a population outnumbering that of many European nations?identified in feeling and interest to a degree far rxoeeding those of the Union?rich, prosperous, and free?an opportunity is here presented to advance the true principles of oivil government abundantly adequate to satisfy a reasonable ambition. The democratic fabrio, indeed, Is at present in ru ns?prostrated by the great viotory of 1844; but we are need to Kdversity, and sohooled in ita uses All that the indomitable demooraoy of New York want, to enable them to rise with renewed vigor and strength from their fall, Is a fair field, and no false friends. History is philosophy teaching by example; and of all history, that of the democratic party ot New York ia most instructive in this wise. Springing from the revolutionary War, and connected with the feuds that had arisen in the fieroe civil oontests between the great families of the State, it bceame, in no small degree, the sharer of contests in which personal feelings, friendships, and antipathies had as much, if not gTeater weight, than a desire for the establishment of just and wise political principles. Mauy views whioh could not now be regirdedaaln any sense Liberal, were still adhered to, because they were In favor, under the monarchy, and Wad formed no part of the issues whioh produoed the war But tbe glorious spirit whioh gaveiise to the revolution, and which is, by its natnre, at war with all abuses ia government, constituted the oorner stone of what was first ths whig "then the anti-federal, afterwards the republican, and now the democratic party. 1U working* were embarrassed and its advance obstructed by old association* end anwise hebtts of thinking on the pert of m*ny of its most seslous advocates; but it worked on Slow et first, it was nevertheless developed, is now developing, end will continue to develops its powers until our political regeneration is as oorapleteas the most ardent friends ef the rights of man could desire. Kven a rapid revitw of our party history through the long lapse of years that has intervened since its formation, cannot fall to prove instructive, especially at a moment lite the present Powerful as it has been, and can be again, no adequate opportunity fur the display of the beneficent efface which the spread of its principles Is oapablt of producing, has yet been afforded. The attention of our leading politicians has been too much diverted by temp ations from abroad, a tendency to whl"h we desire to fix mere reasonable limits for the future In seeing what has already been accomplished. we may Infer what may hereafter be effected by a steady and disinterested perseverance in enlightened and virtuous political e.rtlou The obstacles, which have for euch a series of years, retarded the advance of the principles which sbuulj govern a party that is democratic in its faith, as well as In its name, are : Fiist. Its connexion with the banking system of the State Hosts of our firmest friend* have been soduoed by the temptation of b-lng able by its means to live with< nt labor, and have been rendered. through its influence, dteloy 1 to their professed principles aud hare, for t he most part, become in the end, alike worthless, as well to their party, as to themselves We, by tbis connexion also made our party responsible for th- extent to which ihs representative sytftem was degraded by legislative corruptions, through bank Infiu-noe.and lor the plunder of the working dorse* by the banks themselves, through a worthless psper circulation. It was difficult for the ma?ses to rrtaiu confldeuce in profssed democrats, who lieoam* parties to euch schemes, and cur cause suffered through this venality, or indiscretion, or botn Secondly. The support tor so long a period given by the democratic perty to the protective poltcv in the extent te wnich it was carried, has been another source of ' wcakuers; the truth uow so prevalent, that under the fraudul-nt disguise of an intention to promote the prosperity of the farming nnd mech.- nio cla?*es, w .8 concealed by the Initiated; the design and effect of making the rich liober aud the poor poorer, was woll understood by ilie demosrstio masse* before it w*o appreciated bv their lenders The numerous princely fortunes which have within a few years been accumulated by the favored few, whilst the business operations of all other classes w*s unproductive, have at last opened the eyes cf all unprs jaaiccu i?urrr?vin. Thirdly The concentration of ths power of appointment to offli'i' ut the sent of government, ?u for a long Mice a prolific pourco of popular distrust and discredit, springing from an undisguised distrust of either the intent <ooofl or ho tasty of the people: Us existenoe was a n?ns*) ofoffcnoo to them, whilst U afforded to ths intrlgueiog p- liticlo.n and thn vr n?l csurtler rewards and honors, wnicb. under wiser regulations, would bays been giyen to the virluous and deserving citizen. Fourthly. Speilal and exclusive legislation, one of the worst and most dangerous abuses of political power, flourished Mtnost us much under a nominally democratic as ur.dav '? federal sway Fifthly, Appearances, false In fact, but plausible in their nature, barn for a l;ng succession of years xposrd the drar>cra'.lo party of this State to the lmru'ation of being the abettors ol tinman slave ry." The yuln rable chiraotcr of Its condition In this reep?ct has, of course, not been left unimproved by our opponents, an 1 year after year has tbls consideration deprived us of thousands of friends who, before this deI: slon tnr.lt possession of them, were sincere intelligent, and devoted democrat* , but who, fi mlly. sanlc Into ths fanatlosl ranks of abolitionism. 'These counteracting 'dements, and others that might bs adverted to, have hern constantly at work to retard the onward maroh of the democratic party. But how successfully have they been met aud overcome by the spirit of liberty which gave it birth aud watches over Its growth Two suooes etve n'w constitutions have been framed and adopted, t he scramble for bank charters no longer disgraces our halls of legislation Trade is freed from ths the shaokles which bound it, and the treasury of (he people, declared and made Independent, and ths central,ration < f power at the capital is destroyed; special privileges and immunities have given place to acta of general legislation. Uy a fertunato accident, or a special providence, the assumption by slaveholders of a new and indefensible position on the subject of slavery, has enabled democrats to stand forth in their natural and atie attitude, as the champions cf human freedom ; and better, lar better, than all or either the advocates and bene9ri?rlvs or all these abuses and obstructions, have f jrutahy, and in a body, abandoned the deinooralle party nu t set up fur tbemselvrs. Of all the displays which < be vital principle of freedom has exhibited, the last is lbs most striking and grateful. The democratic party c.f Mew Fork moves on without the letters upon lis action that selhrh and sinister Influences have hitherto o rased It Invites to its ranks the just, and virtuous, end true. U will weloonie them to a standard wbioh is uuinrleU, after rare defeats, with redoubled energy, and t he hope of more rnduring ascendancy On it ars inscribed ''Free trade, free labor, free soli, free speech, and free men " A brilliant future opsus upon our prospect. A oonvei.tlon to freine a now constitution-the cherished obj-ot era lotg struggle?eventually secured the support of a vast m?jorlty of the <>l*etersof New York The t ew oonetltutlon to which It geve birth, eeoured most of the ea.ueble reforms for which the demo orate labored, and became the organic lew of the State, with the hear* I# am eat cf the people. The war which we an sow E NE NEW engaged commands the lupport of all trua patriots, and In tbla State, notoriously. U not tha subject of party division. Tha saorsd principle of oonseoratlog fraa soli to freedom. enlists the warm support of our electors, with insignificant exceptions The great principles of tha demooratto faith, having thus s?oure<i a warm and general approval, the measures to give them praotioel application having thus signally triumphed, who ventures to doubt that on the first presentation hereafter of the great principles of frsedom, in the persons of oandldates truly representing them, the people of this gr-at State will, with their accustomed power and fidelity incline victory to the democratic standard ? We should gladly unite with our brethren of other States, when union is practicable, upon just and'hooorable terms; but without | their asaiatanoe, our own unaided energiea oan eeoure to the democratlo party a dominion, which for extent, re sources, cultivation, and enllghtsn*d constitutional liberty may well be styled an euioire of freedom Thus the address concludes; a portion oi if, which adverts at great length to tue schism in the democratic party, has been necessarily omitted. It is altogether a remarkable document for this age; it defines, in a most distinct and thrilling manner, the great principles to which this section of the party will firmly cling through all vicissitudes.* The convention re-assemhled at 10 o'clock this morning, when several delegates, just arrived, were admitted to seats. Mr. Doolittlk, chairman of the committee, appointed to prepare and report resolutions for the consideiation of the convention, announced that the committee had instructed him to present the following resolutions as the result ot ther dclib erations : Resolved, That the democracy of the State of New York bold to a strict construction of the constitution of the United Siat?s, and of this State, the independent sovereignity of the several States in all their reserved rights?eternal vigiltnoe against anyenoroaohment by thgeneral government upon the rights of the States, or by the State upon the equal and natural rights of the individual,?free labor, fTee soli and free trade ?freedom from publio debt?freedom of worship?freedom of speech and freedom of the preas?an independant treasury?a revenue tariff?no distribution of the proceeds of the publio lands among the States, and no monopoly thereof by land speculators?praoe with all the world, eo long as ft can be maintained without a eaciifloe rf the national charaoter?a vigorous prosecution of the existing war with Mexico, until we obtain an honorable peace upon a just and sufficient indemnity-and they deMre the preservation of the nationality of Mexioo, and no incorporation of its populous States as a part of the American nation, without their consent?and they are prepared to resist the introduction of the European dootrine of the balance of power upon the North American oontlneat, cost whatever it may, of treasure or blood. Resolved, That a public debt is the strong fortress behind whioh the money power seourely raises ltael f to the supremacy in the State, and wields a soeptre more potent for misohtef, beoause unseen, than the Roeptre of kings over the interests of the public; and that tno republican system, though existing in form, beoomen a mockery and a dolus',on when the agents of the people, in the halls of legislation, or ih the oablnet, are subjected to the influence of tne money power, whether it be in the form of corporate usurpation, profusion of expenditures, or a government exobequer: and that we have witnessed with profound gratification the efforts of the people of this and other States to stay, by the interposition of constitutional barriers, the lurther progress cf this dangerous usurpation of the rights of the people to self government Resolved, That the measures of the general government, osloulated and designed to establish commercial freedom, equal taxation, end the constitutional currency of gold and silver, are entitled to the strong and abiding approval of the demooracy of this State and nation. Resolved, That these measures of salutary reform should not only be maintained by the best efforts of the democracy, but others proposed and carried out whioh shall secure a retrenchment of the expenses and patronage of the federal government, the abolition of all unnecessary offices and salariss, and the exercise by the people of the right of electing all looal officers in the servioe of that government, so far as the same may be praotloable. Resolved, That in the opinion of this oonventloo, it is the duty of Congress, during its present session, to provide a territorial government for the people of Oregon, and to organise suoh other territorial governments as are neoessary to proteot the rights of the American citizen who has abandoned the home and friends of his you'h to oonquer the wilderness of the far west, and carve out Inheritances for the rising generation R'solved, That while th-t democracy of New York, represented in this convention, will faithfully adhere to all the compromises of the constitution, and maintain all the reserved rights of the States, they declare?sinoe the crisis has arrived when that question must be met? their uncompromising hostility to the extension of slavery into territory uow free, which may be hereafter acquired by any action of the government of the United States Whereas, The Presidentof the United States, in his last annual message, has reoommended the establishment by Congress, of territorial gov-rnment, over the oonqueredMexican provinces if New Mexioo, and the Cdliiormas, and the retention thereof as an Indemnity, in which said territories, the institution of slavery does not now exist. ThereforeResolved, That our Senators and Representatives iu Congrtss be requested to use their beet efforts to Insert into any act or ordinance establishing any and all such provisional or territorial gtvernment or governments, a fundamental article, or prevision which shall provide,declare, and guaranty that slavery or involuntary servitude, exeept as a punishment for crimt, whereof the party shall hare been first duly convicted, shall be prohibited therein, so lODg as the same shall remain n territory. Resolved, That the distinguished purity, the unselfish fidelity, the noble sense ot honor, and the superior mental qualities, with the many oth.r eicellenotes of the late 8il?a Wright?presenting, in his character, a corabi nation] of moral worth and intelleotual power unexcelled in tee i lements ot true greatness, and of whioh erery particular united, in singular harmony, to increase the admtrabie beauty of the whole.?as well is his long oareer of high public servioe. and tho patriotic zeal and devotion whioh marked it, are richly deserving of tbs love, gratitude, and respeot of the people, to whose servioe he gave his life. Resolved, That while the democracy of New York feel oalled upon by their regard for principle and oonvietion of duty, to reiterate this emphatic declaration of their sentiments and wishes, they have not now, nor have they ever had, a desire to prescribe a test In the 1 1'resideniinl canvas.?, which might prevent the union ot all who sustain the general principles of the democratic oread, that they deeply regret that any of their Southern orathreu should have unwis?ly laid down a platform inconsistent with that union, and lneviteb'.y tending to break up a national party into sectional divisions. Resolved, That the Hon. John A. DU, ot the Senate of tha Unit-d States, by his high and noble bearing in that distinguished body, has bsoome justly endeared to the democratic party in this State, and throughout the Union, and tee rejoice in him as a most worthy suooessor of the late lamented Silas Wright Resolved, That Major Ueneral Zaohary Taylor, by his masterly correspondence with the war department, no lees than by bis heroic conduct and Indomitable coolness and courage on the field of battle, has shown hlmre f to be not only a distinguished military chieftain, but a man of great mental and moral power, and hose whole life has given evidenoe of n strong head, an nonest heart, and a republican simplicity of oharacter. Resolved, That the achievements of our armies in Mexico have proved the extraordinary mliUry skill and iatclligenos of their officers, and the indomitable valor of the common soldier, both regular and volunteer, and have added imperishable lustre to our fame In arms Resolved, That we recogn'z* the State central committee, duly appointed for the term of two years, by the democrat c State convention, held at Syraousc on the first day of Ostobsr, 134U. as being still the State oentral coiumicttee of the demoorstie party cf th s State. Resolved, That this convention will not withhold the expression of its confidence in the civil wisdom and publio and private virtue of T-os H Denton, of Missouri Uy his powerful snd uniform support of the principles ol J- (Tereonlan democracy, throughout a long and Illuitrlons senatorial oateer, characterized by unparalleled Indus try and devotion to the interests of the country, he has won a proud pro-erainence among the statesmen of his day, and endeared himself to the masses of the American democracy. Resolved. That this convention are in favor of and recommend the holding of a democratic State convention, tc be composed of one delegate from each Assembly dietilot. for the purpose of nominating candidates for electee of President and Vloe President, and such State officers as are to be chosen by general ticket at the next fall election. Resolved, That this oonventlon are in favor of and recommend the calling of such democratic State convention by the democratic members of the legislature, according to the uniform democratic usage But in esse they should omit to make such call, we recommend that the democracy of the State meet in convention, to take such measures as may be necessary to avoid the danger of being without candidates for their suffrages, which will then have arisen ; and that the State central committee designate a time and plaoe for the assembly of suoh oonventlon. Resolved, That the delegates to the national oonventlon be, and they are hereby empowered, to All any vaoancy caused by the absence of both the delegate and alternate appointed by this convention. Resolved, That the death cf the Hon. Goo. P. Barker, the late Attorney Oeneral of this State, is an svent 01 the most a filleting nature, and oalla for the warm expression of this convention of its respeot for bis memory,and sympathy with all to whom he was near and dear ; and that thereby the State has lost ons of its most promising and raluabls oitfJens, society one of Its brightest and most cherished ornaments, and tha democratic cause one of its most able, vigorous, sinoere, and devoted supporters. The above resolutions were adorned in the form in which 1 send them to you. They having been read by Mr Doolittle? Asdbkw J. Colvis, of Utlca, rose and said thst this convention had mst at an Important crisis in the affairs of oar country; we were not enly engaged in a foreign war, but a war of oocquest and ojoupatlou; it was uot a def<-naive war ; the question ot the oocupatiou of Mexico would be the great question which in bis judgment would determine the Issue of the next eleotlon. This question would he brought into the oanvass, and It oauid net be kept aut i already we had Rut candidates fe? the Freoldeuey? thoee candidate* were Cms, But hahas, Dallas aad Wttttvr '* * found that MW?Mi?wwwaWM ?l I ?H?>II wi? W i O r YORK, SATURDAY MO tbesa candidates would oome out ln\favor of tha annexstlou of Mexico?General Cass^wes already nearly committed -these candidates were opposed to the resolution just rend In regard to free territory. They bad assumed this position with a view of getting the vote of the South; at all events, these men were opposed to the principle of t h Wi mot proviso-a principle which we hold dear, and ny w'nloh we are willing to ataud or fall. Woodbury, in his judgment, could not get the vote of any State but New Hampshire. What State could Buohanao carry iu the Baltimore Convention? Why, he oau carry Pennsylvania; lie did net believe he could oarrv the vote of a single Southern State; nor could Lewie Cass get the vote of any Siate except Ohio and Michigan Who, then, would he the nominee of the Baltimore convention? Why. In his opinion, the delegate* la that convention would be ins ruoted peanoably, if they can, and forcibly If they must, to vote for James K Po'k; he (irmly believed that James K. Polk would be the nominee of the Baltimore conventtOD fur the presidency; he expected to be elected on the atreugth of the war question; he expected to go in upon that issue bat he would Qod himself mistaken; he was eleoted In '44 upon a similar issue?the annexation of Texas?and this leads us to the great question ot the annexation of Mexico; we would be obliged to corns to that question In the next presidential canvass; these presidential aspirants would not suff-r it to rent; he looked upou the annexation of Mexino not only as a possible but mi an Inevitable event Mexico was already oonquared. What is there left of Mexloo ? how are you ?<oiD|{ to get rid of the responsibility you have Incurred In overrunning that country? Where was the shadow of a government in Mexloo. and how oould we make peaoe with her ! Why, it was pvrfectly idle to talk of treating with a nation without a government. The very moment you withdraw your troops, nnnrehy reigns there. Mr. Polk would never make an antl slavory treaty with Mexico, bt-causs that would deprive him of the votes ofthe South ; you oou'.d not get a treaty with the Wiloiot proviso embodied in it. Then, how were you going to make a treaty ? He could not see how we oould do it; be oould not see how we oould rid ourselves of Mexico. We had got her and mast keep her. He should be sorry 10 see a single province, or town, torn from Mexloo ; it was contrary to the genius of our iustitutioos to acquire territory by force. In bis opinion, tbs time would speedily oome when the Mexican States, one after another, would be knocking for admission into this Union. He did not believe that a single State of Mexico oould oome in except it oame in as free territory; with the potential voice of the East and the West in favor of it. he did not see how the Wilmot proviso was to be trampled down. It seemed to him that this territory must inevitably oome, and that its coming in free would be the means of ciroumsoribiog human slavery The honorable gentleman, in adverting to the propriety of more military appropriations to complete the conqueet of Mexloo, declared himself opposed to a revenue tariff and In favor of direct taxation to procure means to prosecute the war, and he waa therefore rejoiced to hear of the resolution lately introduoed into the IIousu of Representatives. by Mr Wilmot, in favor of resortlcg to direct taxation. What led, (he asked) to the insolent, aye, insolent, remark of the Washington Union, that the democracy of the Union could do without the vote of New York iu the next oanvass ? He believed that the Cabinet at Washington were under the false impression that they oould succeed upon the great slave issue before us; but they would find themselves mistaken. Mr. Van Buiikn followed Mr. Colvln, in answer to the ories of " Van Burcn," which letusd from all parts of the House. He said it was his desire that the proceedings of this convention should bo united and harmonious and cordial, in order that its proceedings might be favorably viewed abroad. The resolution just read embodied hie views generally ; they were eminently such as a demooratio convention should oonour in. It was imphatically proper that this body should speak with eare ami deliberation. He, as an individual, felt authorised to express his own private views with perfect freedom, and without refdrenoe to their endorsement lythe convention. However muoh others might apprehend dangers and diffloulties in the declaration of opposition to slavery, whioh had been oalled the " corner stone" of the demooratio party, be was unable to perceive that any dangers or troubles oould arise from it, whioh the demooratio party ought not to be willing to enoonnter. Mr. Van Buren, after an exordium of burning elcquenoe, during whioh he was loudly cheered at the rnd of almost every sentence, proceeded to give us one of those rapid, and masterly, and thrilling ipeeobes, whioh have made him so distinguished as a pleader; his personal appearanoe was, as usual, imposing and neglige, and his delivery was more hurried and more humorous than usual, lie has, as you are aware, a habit of saying brilliant things with the most imperturbable gravity. He thundered his anathemas against what he called the fraudulent conservative organization existing here. He assailed that organization with the most withering sarcasm. He reviewed with ability and fluency the rise and progress of the divisions in the demooratio party. Before be would con sent to figlit to extend the area of slavery, or before he would abandon bin position upon that question, which position he believed was approved ty Heaven and bv all liberal men throughout the civihsed world, no help him Uod. be would join the Mexicans : not only that, but he would pledge himself to reorult armies to oppose It, while the kingdom of Polkdom was recruiting uien. In reference to the action of this oonventlon, Mr Van Buren said he was glad to see that it would not reoommend any oandldate for the ('residency ; at present we would be unable to do so with entire unanimity. In allusion to the address and the resolutions of Henry Clay delivered at Lexington, Mr. Van Buren romarked, that iu bit judgment they could never receive the assent of the people of this State He anticipated that the delegates to be sent from this convention would undoubtedly be received at Baltimore, and hat those''elevates would steadily and stern'y d-olaro the views of the democracy of this State ; they might thereby secure the nomination of a candidate for the Presidency who would receive the unanimous and cordial support of the whole democratic party ; but if the Baltimore convention should attempt, through our delegates, to insult the democracy of this State?If it should attempt to draw us down to the grovelling, sectional positlon'they occupy?tbev would find themselves peculiarly and particularly mistaken in regard to their ability to accomplish th'lr purpose. But if the delegates wtiiob we now proposed to send to Baltimore, are not admitted to seats in the national convention, they would mcri-ly have to return home, with the assurance that tbe democratic patty is disbanded, and that the nominee of that oonventlon will not be supported by the northern demooraov ; if these delegates are rejected, every State must take care of itself The Albany which has lately printed in its columns what purports to be an engraving of a Meiicau guerilla fl *g, was next the object of the bitter Irony of the speaker This, he said, was the flag of the conservatives, and they had printed upon It the words ' no quarter^' Ibis was a curious device for them; they bad no quarter to give 11 tney wanted to give any. This flsg, tha duplicate of whloh Mr. CrosweU had naively said, w\s in the War Department, was the guerilla flag of the oonservativee; the eleotoral ticket printed under its folds would not receive the vote of a single true democrat in this State. 1 regret that I am unable to give to-day n lull reportof the speech of Mr. Van Buren. It was logical and irresistible in its scope, and it was delivered in a style of simple sublimity which is a characteristic of the efforts of great speakers. We look upon Mr. John Van Buren as the impersonation of tne genius and progress of tins age, and as a man who is getting a strong hold upon the affections of the people. The speech of Mr. Van Buren having been concluded, a conversation of some length occurred in regard to the propriety of 111 iking a formal declaration of opposition to a revenue tariff, and of a like declaration in favor of a resort to direct taxation to defray the expenses of the war. The resolutions were finally amended as above inserted, and unanimously adopted. Mr. Bokee, [from the committee appointed to select and report _ thirty-six delegates to attend the national nominating con ventuin, then reported the following us such delegates, and their alternates :? ma it imi.K?iAi i;s Delegate!. Alternatn. Churohl!l C Cambreleng. Andrew H Miofcle, Ured Wilson. Atbsrt Lester. m*t Viit. 1. riatt Willette, 1. Samuel Philips, 3. Mlnthorne TomjKins. 3. 8 K. Johnson, 3, John A. Kennedy, 3. Geo. H Purser, 4 Robert H. Maclay, 4. Flljah F. Tardy, 5. Wo F Hevemeyer, 5. Mark Spencer, 8 Bsm'l J. Tilden, ti. Amos F. Hatfield, 7. R?y Tompkins, 7. J. C. Bleuvelt, 8 O Ksmble, 8, Henry DowniDg, 0. i'obt. Dennlston, 9. Merrft II. Cash, 10. J. D Ortrtnder, 10. Rolnry A. Chlpp, 11. John T. Bsekman, 11. James Powers, 13. John J. Viele, U. Keiily Loomls, 13. N. Hill, Jr. 13 P. Cogger, 14. Cornelius L. Allen, 14 Jos. 9. Whallon, 1# Amos A. Presoott, 18 Walter Oeer, Hi Plott Totter, 1U. Abm. Y. Lansing, 17. Wm. C. Craln, 17 Arphaser Loomls, 18. I'reston King, 18 Wm. Collins, 19. Alpheus 9. Green, 19. Jas F. Starhuok, JO. Ward Hunt, JO. John Dean, 31 Lyman J. Walworth, 31. David Kldrldge, iJ. Ollrcr C. Crocker, JJ. 11. H. Saokett, J3 Jas. W Nye, 33. Leander Babuook, 34. Wm. Fuller, 34. Horaoe Wheaton, 34. Thoa. Y. Howe, Jr. 34. Unn l H. Tltu?, 30. Jno. W. Wlsner, 38. It tl. Williams, 37. Jas C. Smith. 37. Addison T Knox, 38. Usury R Balden, 33 8. P. Gould 39. Jm. 8. Wadawortb, 39. Wm C Dryer, 30. Martin Groyer, 30. A G Chatfleld, 31. Wm H. Tew, 31. Wm ( ilvllls, 33. Jno. T. Hudson. .11. Horatio Seymour, Jr. 3.1. Jas. R* Doollttle, 33. Dean Richmond, 34. Geo. H. Mtone. 34. Robert H Stevens Tliis list of delegates was unanimously accepted by tlie convention, and, then, alter the passage of a resolution of thanks lo the ['resident, tile convention adjourned tine die. An Inhuman Family.?On the 3d instant, Jas. Goodwin, u resident on the Ottawa river, near Montreal, was tried in that oity for the murder of his wlfs, to whom he had been twenty year* married, who was the mother of his seven children, and against whose oonduotor iheraoter nothing whatever appeared, except that her brutal partner had beaten and ill-treated i her, until she Is supposed to have become partially In- 1 ana This poor sufferer was eilc wed by bet sitter sad bar ehildrsn la reseats three months la pi?-psn, aim : ones ciseaed, la lbs midst of Canadian winter, lbs

netdbbon knowing tad aUewUg It. i RNING, FEBRUARY 19, BY OVEltUKU KXP1IK8S. flighty Interesting Intelligence. PROiPECT OP' ANOTHER BATTLE WITH THE MEXICANS. [From tho N O Picayune, Feb. 11.] By the last arrival from the Brans wn hn? reoeived several private l?t'ers, from which we glean e number of items of interest Miat bare reached us from no other souroe, end wh ah we have not s-fn elsewhere. Information bad been received across the country at Saltlllo, which would Indicate some little work ahead for the American troops s?nt from Santa Ke to take possession of Chihuahua On tho I Mil of December, they were encamped at El Paso, from which It wes understood they would march about the utter part of January The Mexlcara In that rart of the oountry, are mak'ng every effort to oppose their maroh. with a strong force At fliit they d'.J not, Intend making any reala ance whatever; but, emboldened by the long d?lay of our troops at F.l Pfts">, tli-y set to work in good earnest, and have now a considerable numerical 'oree. and twelve piece of cannon Should our troops continue on their maroh. they will probably haye a seoond edition of the battle of Saor.unento. CAP'HTRE OF AMERICANS. Our readers will doubtless recollect that some months sinoe, our correspondent, J. E D , with Gen Wool's oolumn, mentioned that Mr James Collins, commonly known te '' 'Squire Collins," who was Interpreter to Col. Doniphan's command and behaved with the greatest gallantry at Sacramento and Bra/.ita, had started acrosa the oountry in company with Col Ward and a email party of less than a dosen, for Santa Ke. The expedition was regarded aa extremely hazardous, both on aooonntof the Indiana and Mexicans: but the old Squire nil hi* veteran oompaniin* who la eighty-four yarn of sgo, were undaunted and determined The parly were heard from a abort time einoe; and we regret to aay they were taken prisoners at Presidln-del-Nort*. by the trea" oherou* >*oaiiuct of a Meiioan naJre. When n?ar a plaoe called Han Carlo*, on the Rio-dsl-Norte, they encountered four Mexl lana out on kd expedition after Camanohe boraea. and inquired of tbem the diatanoe to Han Carlo*, where they wiahed te purchase proviaiona. The Mexicans represented the diatanoe aa very short, and offered to guide them thither On arriving at Han Carlos, they were unable to satisfy their wants, and wera advised to proceed to the Presidio del-Norte?.the Mexicans telling them that there was no garrison there, and that they had nothing to fear. The Squire and party determined to follow their adrioe, and set out; but in the meantime, aa afterwards appeared, the Mexicans had cent off a courier to Presidio, with the inlorroatlon that a party of Americans were on their way to that place. Ignorant of this circumstance, they In due time arrived at the Presidio - were kindly reoeived by the old padre, and considered them at'lvea perf-otly aafe. Dir.ner was prepared for them, and a table opread at one end of a large ' tala," their arms being deposited at the other While quietly appeasing their hunger, a party of Mexioana rushed in, seized their arms, and took the whole party prisoners.? The oil priest appeared to be quite delighted with the success of his nue. but reoeived anything but bleseings from the party, who regarded him asaseoond Judas Isoarlot. The Squire and companions were all oonveved to Chihuahua, and incarcerated in prison, where they still remained at last accounts. Old Col. Ward was very 111, and some of the foreigoers In the plaoe offered to become his eeourlty ; but the Mexican authorities inhumanly refused to release hiiu. MILITARY EXECUTIONS. A member of l apt. Meara'a company of Mounted Volunteers was shot for mutiny in th* latter part of December. He bad threatened his captain's life, and had made many attempts to execute his purpose. lie was tried by a oourt martial, and sentenced to be ehot Ills captain, notwithstanding the solemn threats of the men, addressed a let'.er to the commanding general soliciting a reprieve, as a personal favor; but he very properly replied, that unless some extenuatiog circumptances were shown, the man must meet his sentence. He was taken from the Provost Guard, perfeoHy cool and oolleoted, and placed wi.hin eight of all the troops, who were paraded to view the exeoutlcn. The guard fired, but only two balls took effect. He raised himself up, and asked for water, which was givsn him, and a roserve guard was then ordered up, and the sufferings of the mutineer were ended. Another execution took plaoe in Ssltillo, on the 10th ult, at 11 o'olook. The criminal's name was Alexander Neuson, and be was also a member of Capt. .Hears' company. He was sentenced to be hung by a military commission for wilful murder in shooting a Mexican in Calle Real, at the quarters of the revenue guard. The scene of the execution is represented as having been extremely revolting Irom the oondition of the culprit. The gallows wae erected in the main plana betwen the fountain and the jail. Ail the town garrison wore para<Jed and formed into a square. At about halt past 10 o'clock a wagou drawn by four horses, esoorted by a mall guard and followod by two priests, drove under the gallows. When it stopped, a figure, clothed in white, slowly raised itself from beside a coffin?apparently very we>-.k and feeble?it was the]oulprit, and in a state of beastly intoxication. At the apoointei time, Captain Duggau, North Carolina Volua taers, officer of the day, adjusted the rope, while two men held the wretched man up, as he was too a run* err stamifij Memiif Oa Mas tsktd If he had any thing to say, he replied in a low voToe to the officer of the day, that ne had killed the man, but in the discharge et his duty, and that be would die like a man: that his real name was not Alexander Neusoti, and but two men In tbo brigade knew what It was, and that if he ever heard It mentioned, not to repeat It for Ood's sake He died a Catholic, and when he paid the penalty of his crime and bren cut down, his body was handed over to tha priests for interment. Three priests, with burning censors, perfumed the funeral servloa over bis remains, and proceeded with it to the C impi Santo, preceded by three alter bays, bearing a cross and candle each, and followed by sn immense orowd of " greasers " Singular to say,the Mexicans wore much affected by the execution, and their sympathies were in favor of the criminal?the women shed tears at his fate, and the men looked sad. EXCITINO NEWS FROM THE FAR WEST. [from the St. Louis Republican, Feb. 7th 1 An express bos arrived at Fort Leavenworth from Santa Fe, by the way of Fort Mann, bringing us letters to the lfith ultimo. From these we learn that news had besn received from Col Oilpln's camp, at Fort Dent, of on exuiting charaoter. An express arrived on the morning or tlis 1.1th. with orders for oompany F.,and one seotion of the artillery oompany, to b* fitted out with the least possible delay and take the line of march for his camp, as urgent causes reqnlied this movement Intelligence wss received at the same time that a oombleed force of Cammcbes and Mexloans was gathering, about two hundred end fifty mil" s south of his station, preparing to attaok bim For this attack, Col Ullpln was desirous of being la readiness, and, indeed, to be the sgtreesor himself, and that too by the 12th or 18th Fe bruary. This news produced great exoitement in ths gsrrleon at Fort Mann, and an express was immediately despatched to overtake Lieut. Tuttle, and ten or fifteen men, who had left three days previously for Fort Leavtasrorth, with a view to eeours their return. In th s they were not successful, ss Lieut. Tuttle has reached the fort. One of our letters says : ?" The greatest difficulty now Attending the execution of this order from our colonel Is, the want ot teams to oarry provisions and artillery, as II of our horses, some seventy-live In number-have died, except about a doxen, and they are barely able to stand upon their feet. Of one hundred nud forty-fonr mules which we brought here with us, not more than six or eight head can be produced As to the cattle, I no actually ashamed to say that of the eight hundred that came out with cur trains, only seventy-five or one hundred head remain, and the wt Ives are daily devouring them. What arrangements will be made I am hardly able to say at this tlm?, but it will be a very difficult matter for us to leave, under these circumstances. Another let ter, dated " Upper Arkansas, 8 miles above Kent's Fort, Jan 7."'says that a detachment, to which the writer belonged, left Fori .Mann on the 14th of December. for the purpose of escorting the sutler's train to the camp of the cavalry, under the command of Col Gilpin; that on the night of the 231 December, the ?ffl?er In command, Lt. O'lUra, ordered hie men to en' oamp, whioh order they refused to obey, and to a men deserted him. The officer remained on the ground, but proceeded n-xt day to hm6*4nUWrt, where he reported the iccte to Colonel Gilpin The oolonel Immediately ordered a court martial tor the trial of the offenders, but at the time of writing, the court had made no deolsion In the ease. " The cavalry detachment Is. at preaent, In a bad condition, there being no provisions In the oountry, excepting some bsef and corn. A ration of corn- is one pint per day. In the oourse of a month, the oolonel Intends moving the oomtnand into the heart of the Camnnche country, but unless s< me arrangement to get previsions Is made, it will be Impassible to movo frrm the river. Mr. Bent haa lent an express to Taos to obtain provisions, but lt Is understood that he failed to obtain them If so, there Is a prospect of our having rough tlmea ; there Is not a horse in the battalion fit for servioe. Persons here are asking 9100 for their mules. We are waiting patiently for ordtrs from the government. The health of the battalion Is good. We have bad but two deaths since our departure from the States Capt. reiser, with a portion of the artillery, and Capt. lloltsohelti*r, with a portion of the infantry, are to garrison Fort Mann " N ) PR03PECT OF PEACE. A correspondent of the ff. O D-lia, writing from Vera Crus, Jan. 24th, says: M \n express arrived on 8tturdy lest, from the city of Mexico, by whioh General Twi'gs and Mr. Dlmond, the Customhouse Collector, received letters In one of the letters reoeivsd by Mr. D , from General Worth, he says that there is no mote prospect of peace at present than there was at the beginning of the war. This opinion, coming from such a source, cannot fell to be of great interest, M there are continually reports afloat about negotiations for peaos. Another from Mr. Trlat doss not make the least mention of the subject.'' FOR VERA CRCZ The U. 8 steamship Edith, whioh sailed yvtt rday (or Vera Crus. loaded with government stores, took over the following named passengers Col Stainford, Col Walton. Major ritoher, Capt. Martin, Llwwt. 8 imuel C. Soott, Osorge D. Foster, Henry C. Trumbul', Sergeant lleed and wire, and Captain Martin'j o'rrk.?.v. O Picayune, Ftb, 11. ARMY OFFICERS At HOME. Major W. W. 8 Bites, who Is now in Lebanon, N H , partook of a publln dinner there a few days ago, and upon being toasted, gave a modest bat thrilling narration of the looldente of the great battle of Bueua Vista. Mr. Hatoh, of the Lafkyette House, prepared the ent rtalnmest, to whioh gentlemen of both part lee were In* elted ? tultn jPesf, ftb l(i\ KAVAL :?TlLU?*hCI ? _ The V. B. ifclp flew?ww, Csw?1st m>Ula ? ?mwsei??mmmwwsxe? ? mi mmm iiiMit ;>? I "R "R A I. jOJI ,*V .f%. 1848. Buchanan. arrrived at Norfolk on the 16th In*' from the Gulf of Mexico, via Havana. having on board the remains of a number of our gallant countrymen who pe rlshed In Mexloo Among them, those of Col. Watson and Major Twiggs, of the marina corps; Lieut. Chsunoy. Dr Kearny, Smith, Bates, and Midshipman Csrmlcbael, of the navy; Lieutenants Morris and Rosers, of the army The Gsrraentown had been to the northward of Cape Hatteraa for twelve days, and experienced a succession of heavy gales, blowing at times with the violence of a hurricaue, and accompanied hy a terrlflo sea But the alnop has borne herself gellantly throughout, suffering little damage exoept the loss of quarter boat w shed away by the violence of the waves, Comman ler, Frank lin Buchanan; Lieutenants. A L Cass and A A Holr.nmb; Surgeon, Newman Pickeries; Purser. John O Bradford; Master, John Julius Ringle ; Passed M d ship nan Thomss L. Vane#; Midshipmen. Thomas H Looker. Joseph t. Breeso Kellx Grundy; Commander's Clerk. Arthur Dorssy; Boatswain. Wm Blank; Gunner, Win C Thompson; Sail maker, Geo. l'arker; Purser's Clerk, John Bpackman Tlteaincai mm musical. Park Tiikatre.?The time of ths departure of the Circus comnaov helm? so near at baud, has created quite an Influx of visiter* during tbl* week. Loat night the house was quite filled and all the various feats of Germanl, Walter Aymar, and Mostly, and the rest of this talent?d troupe, obtained the usual amount of applause The performances were for the benefit of Gardner, the clown, and of course he and his comic associates laid themselves out in their funulest jokes and witticisms. The downs at the oircns are quite features In the performance Their fun serves as a goo 1 foil t.o the brl llant equestrian and gymnastic ring scenes Today, an extra performance Is si sen in ths afternoon, at Hf o clock, for the accommodation of lamlties The I usual evening performance will also be given. This Is i the last Saturday that the Circus remains here, and therefore the chance of taking the Utile folks to see them to-day ought not to b> let slip. Bowkry Thkatsk ?In consequent of the sudden It" disposition of Mrs rhlllips, the play of "Love, or the Countess and the Serf," was not performed here last evening. ''The Gamester" was substituted, Mrs. Shaw playing the part of Mrs. Beverly, to Mr. Barry's Beverly, and Mr. Clark's Stukely, being her third appearanoe In this dllBonlt character during the past week. We oould witness her powerful personation again and again, and see new beautlss, new points In her acti'-g. In the Interview with Stukely, (Clark) she was particularly hspSy, and her withering rebuke in vindication of her hueand's honer, when accused by Stukely of inflehty, was at onoe scornful and dignified. The dishonorable approaches of the same wily and practised plotter of her own dishonor and her hnsbands's ruin, were also frowned down with a lofty and repulsive Air of oonactous honor and Insulted pride, which told with muoh effect upon the auditory, and elicited bursts of applause. Mr. Barry's Beverly was a most creditable piece of acting, and Mr. Clark's Stukely was equally well performed. Indeed, the entire dramnlit person,r. acquitted themselves most respectably. ,l Therese, or the Orphan of Geneva," succeeded. This evening will he performed the " Love Chase," in which Mrs. Shaw takes the oharaoter of Constance. The " Woodman's Hut," and the " Lady of the Lions." being a comic piece, will also be presented. The bill will be found highly attractive, and a jam hoc* will no doubt be present to witness the entertainments of the evgping. Chatham Thkatric.?The attendance at this theatre, last evening, was middling, and the performances passed off with the greatest eclat. The drama of the ''Assassin of the Books," wss the first piece, in which Miss S. Deain as Julian llie peasant boy, was excellent. Brandon, as Montaldl, sustained the character of the murderer well. The parts of Olympla and Alberti were also well supported, and llosalie, by MisaK. Denin was cleverly represented The Model Artists next succeeded, and were as usual received with cheers The Brigand's Son followed, and we must say, Miss I) en in, aFortunnto Falcone, reaped new laurels. She Is exceedingly clever. The Scotch danoe, by Miss Deloralne, wan encored, and the amusements concluded with the farce of "Nix, tha Cabman," in which Winans, as Dlok Nix, from his ccmio action, and gonuine Yankee songs, kept the house in roars of laughter. Sutherland, as Frank Freeling, acquitted himnelf very respectably?-he improves every day. There was great regularity In tha stage management?no delays, whloh seem so tedious? and this is owiog to the great attention of Mr. llleld, whose knowledge of stage businers is exoellent. Circus?Bowkry Amphith^atcr.?The curious and astonishing fdats of the Holland family, the NIxods, Carroll, tho Ethiopian harmonists, Sic., nt this house, have caused amphitheatre stock to rise, and the audiences are growing more numerous every evening. That feat of one of the Hollands, of standing on his head on the top of a pole some fifteen feet high, surrounded with fireworks, is a most exciting and astonishing one. Burtlss has started with good luok, and we dare say it will continue with him to the end of the season, at he will not let any thing likely to amuse the publio go past without engaging In it. Talmo's Ofrra Hoots:?There was a full and fashionable audlenoe at this house last evening, and the tableaux were of the most interesting character. The performances were for the benefit of Trince John Davis and officer Gourgas, who took part in the entertainments i of the evening, and amused the audienenwith their l speeches. The principal point In the speech of Prince I John was, the announcement that on Monday the I prices for admission would be reduced to twenty-five I cents to all Darts of the house: aud the r.lst of the re i marks of officer (Jourgua was, the fact that an Italian ' artist of great celebrity ba'l been engaged to oonduct i the tableaux hereafter. Judging from the number of ladles present, we should think these exhibitions were rapidly becoming popular with the softer eex.^Tbe performances this evening are for the benefit or Mr Jas Murphy, the machinist of the establishment, on whlnh occasion the Sable Brothers will appear, they having kindly volunteered their services. We trust his friends will turn out strong, aad give him in reality a benefit. Broadway Odkom. ? The model artists here still continue their triumphant oareer, aod the house is filled every evening to witness their admirable delineations ? The other amusements here are also attractive. Christy's Minstrels - The singing of these jovial fallows Is something like the music of Orph*us of old?it draws every thing after It ; but, better than that, it also draws in a fins sum in oasb every week. To day they give an extra performance at 3 P M. and also the usual evening one at 8 o'olook. Of course, both will be orowded. Dastard's 1'anora.ma?The getiuls of Banvard has oreated a painting which will always bs an honor to A merioa, besides which It. pourtrays some of the most beautiful scenery in the lrnion. The publio fully appreciate this exhibition, as it is orowded every evening that it is shown, as well as on Wednesday and Saturday atternoons. when it is shown at S P. M , as well as in the evening. Hiohi.akd Protective Society.?A grand oonoert will be given at the Taberaaole nextThuieJay evening. In aidjgf the obarlty fund of this society. A loag list of eminent artists are engaged, vis: Signora Pico, Miss Brienti, Mrs. Jameson and Miss Kirkbam, Mr. Manvers and Signor de Begnls The American Musical Institute have volunteered their services, and a grind orchestra will also perform. The whole will be under the dlreotlon of Mr. Loder, and will doubtless gootf well. Brijnktti's Gallery.?Monday evening next Mr. Malrne llaymoud will give his musical noted* nment. called ''An Hour In Ireland" It will be interspersed with musio of the Emerald Isle and other nations. He will give sketches cf Irish characters, Irish wit. repartee, anecdote, bo., and from the high cbaract r given in the English papers of the musical abilities of bis family, being taught by the most eminent European masters, we have very little doubt this interesting aod amusing entertainment will be well patronised. The programme is replete with beauiiful trios, duetts and solos. Mrs. M. Raymond will preside at the piano forte Colli.h, the Irish comedian, has concluded a very successful engagement at the St Charles Theatre, New Orlears He cleared $*ro at his benefit He Is now playing at Mobile with ritual success It Is now pretty well established, that he is the b?st representative oi Irish character living, and In hie line, as a vocalist, be has no equal. We hope to seo htm once more on the Park boards, where he will meet with a warm reception. Barney Williams Is playing at the Athecwum, Pittsburg. Dr. Collyer and his Model Artists have been engaged at Pittsburg There Is coneiderable objection raised against the exhibition being made la that oily. Several papers are out against it. The Mayor of Richmond. Va , has denied an appliesI tlon made by a company of " Model Artists" for all! c?u?e to exhibit themselves la that city. Mr and Mrs E. S. Connor are playtug at the Arch | street theatre, Philadelphia. Mr. Haokett is playing with great meo es at the Boston theatre. SignoraCloooa is fulfilling an engagement at the Howard Athena-urn, Boston, where, also, are these very olsver children, the Misses Heron. Mr. Jamison is at the Amerloau theatre, New Orleans. The Ethiopian Serenaders are giving concerts at the Melodoon, Boston. Tte V iennoise Children concluded an engagement at Mobile on the 10th inet. The Italian opera troupe, from A*tor TIrcc, are to make their appearance in Philadelphia this evening (tilth) lu the opera of" Oemm* di Vergy. ' Edwin Koireet is playing at the American Theatre, New Orleans rrofeeeor Risley and his bona are giving " Aerial Plights" and 'Classical Tmcs" at the St. Chailes, New Orleans. Madame Ablamowicz and the AlIeghsLira arc alao at Naw Orleans, giving cccotrts at different places. Levi North, with his bores Tammany, are In tha Crescent City. Tbty perform at the National. Mice C. Werajsa and Mies Julia Dean arc both playlog at the Walnut street Theatre, Philadelphia. Madaran Auguiit*, who titrj aeaerablaga before which ah* danoea, wan to inaka h< r ap[i>ar*ao? at the Charlaaton Theatre ou the evening ot ih? I f.h inat. Jaiia Tarnbgii hu teen itowug at tha BalU?cr? Muaaum. Mn, Ch. JMNkn baas playtng a vary neeeaafaJ ??????.? .. I _ LD. ntM fwt OMlli Mnuagemsut at the (Mymplo Theatre, Washington City. : Mr Bim. lata of th? Park Theatre,In this city, is playing at Charleston, 9. C. We laat heard of the Montplalslsr troupe of daansn form Naw Orleans Mr II rianlda ban been playing an engagement at the American Theatre, New Orleans Mrs Hunt and Mr. Chippendale have been for MB# time pest playing at the Mobile theatre. Law Inteillgcnrw. st'PKKioa Court? Before Judge Vanderpoel ? Cernslis H. Liuimict vi Jamti MuUr ?This la an aotlon for a quarter's rent, due 1st May. 1847, nut of premises 441 Broadway, formerly owned by Isaan Lawrenoe. the husband of plaintiff Mr Lawrenoe died In July, 1441. In Insolvent circumstances Boon after, proceedings were ios'ituted iu the C'>urt of Chancery, and plaintiff had her dower assigoed to her by that eourt. amongst whtoh was tbe premises in question Afterwards, tba administrator of Isaac Lawrence obtained an order of tbe abrogate, directing tbe sale of tbe real estata of th? intestate to pay hie d?h s. and In pursuance of snoh order, i hs premises in queetlon were sold on the 3d of K-hruary,' 1817, ?nd bought by Mr Mortimer? Miller ihe defendant. being at the time a tenant of the pi InttfT After the deed wu given to Mortlm?r, Millar took a lease from him and paid rent to plaintiff up to that time. (February 23d, 1817 ) ! Plaintiff insists that the assignment of dowar by tha i oourt of ohanoera la onnoluMve; that by It she has obj tained a Rood title for life In the property assigned Dai fondant, on the other hand, inside that aa tha revised . statutea direct the sale of the whole rotate, and make provision fur the dower out of prncsda of the eaie, tha ; tiile of the widow muot yield to that of tha purohaaar j under the surrogate's order Defendant farther inflate that the proeeedtnge In ohanenry were franduleat. and wore aft egainaf the creditors of Mr. Ltwrenoe, and offered to go lufo evidence of that faot. Tbe Judge refused to go Into the Inquiry, holding that the eonrt wbloh had assigned the dower wai the only tribunal that eottld go Into that Investigation. A verdlot waa taken for plaintiff for the amount claimed, eubjeot to the opinion of tha oourt In banc, on a oase to be made. It appeared that the property was aold for 917,000, and tha surrogate reserved one-third of the proceed* to be inveated for the dower of Mrs Lawrenos, wblcb she has refused, and claims to bold the lands undsr the decres In ohanoery lor the term of her life. Before Judge Oakley.?Ruotell Cor rt Sayre, Town srnJ ami Clark ?This was an notion of troveiTto recover the valus of a quantity of hardware, consisting of boiler bottoms, te kettle bottoms, Ico. A person named Jsred Pratt applied to defendants for tha loan of $657; they agreed to lend him tha money npou hi* note, provided ha lodged the goods In question as a collateral security. Tratt gave the note, deposited the goods, and obtained tha money. The note, when It oame to maturity, was paid, and P' ntt sold the goods to plaintiff. The defendants refused to deliver tha goods, alleging that they were not only deposited as a security for ths payment of the note, but that there was an agreement between themselves and Pratt to trade them for other goods. Verdict for plaintiff for 9677. Superior Court.?Both branohos of this Court affjourued yesterday morning, no buslnees being ready. Circuit Court?In this Court only one oanse was tried yesterday It was sn sotion to rsoover a bill of costs,and Involved no question of Interest. Court or Commow I'i.k.as ?The February tana of this Court commenoes on Monday. There are four hundred causes on the oalnndar. United States District Court.?Ths oause of tha United States vs. Marseille, is set down for Tuesday next. Court ok Over asm Terminer.?The oause of ths People vs. Dunlap, Indicted tor ths murder of MoNeill, in Aun street, tu November last, Is set down for Tuesday next. Court or Genrral. Sessions, Feb. 15th?Before Recorder Scott and Aldermen Adam* end Croliua ? Trial for Poisoning Horiti.?A young Irishman named Edward McCaffrey, was placed at the bar for trial at the 1 opening ot the Court this morning, on an indletmsnt 1 charging him with administering poison to three horses, valued at 91.600, the property of Kdmand Jones. On the pert of the proseoution, the eomplnlnsnt testified as follows: ? I em i he proprietor sf * livery stabl* at tb* corn *r of Bowery anil Bayard itraat; I took tne prisonor Into my amploy as an ostiar, but after being with a* a few days, 1 found that he would not suit me, nnd therefore discharged him; he, however, kept arooa4 the stables for some dsvs. One day, on going to the stable, I found three or the boraoe quite eiok, and instantly sunt for > veterinary surgeon, who discovered that the horses had been poisoned, and administered an antidote to them; their mouths were aaoeh swollen and the horses refused to eat On charging the prisoner wlih having poisoned them, be admitted that be had tubbed a quantity of oommou yellow soap in their ineutbs, because I had discharged him, as he said, without cause, und that he was determined the herses should not be well under the care of the person who had taken his place I subsequently became satisfied that aaap only was used by the prisoner, and do not now think that he intended to kill the horses, but make them siok for a while, in order that I might become dissatisfied with the ostler 1 then had in my employ. John Ryan, on being examined, testified as follews:? f am In the employ of Mr Jeaea; 1 knew the prise nee; 1 had some conversation with him about <be bowse being slow: he said that ho bad robbed eome yellow soap in their mouths, so that they would not do well. The jury found the prisoner guilty of a misdemeanor, i a a malicious mischief only, and the court sentenced him to he Imprisoned in the pecltentisry for 8 months. Trial jut Petit Larceny ? Charl-a Black, oolored, was th?n called to trial for a petit larcsny, was found guilty, and also sent to the penitentiary for sis months. Plea of Guilty.? Dennis Mo Jauley. alias Moore, and George Hare, alias Smith, indicted tor burglary In the ;ll degree, In having on the night of the 8ih of January last, broken into the premises of Sylvester Tuttle, and stolen therefrom a qnsntity of olothiug and S3 in sao> ney, plead guilty to a grind laroeny, and the court sentenced MoCauley to 3 years and 3 months imprisonment in the Stute prison, and Here to 3 years and 8 months No other cases being ready for trial, the eourt then adjourned. Court or General #e?iioni, Keb id?Before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Croltus and Asams. Trial far Grand Larceny ?Alexander Marston, Indicted for grand larceny, In hmvlDg been concerned with Kdward K Burbsnk in stealing $600 from Patrick Kelly, at a porter house in Walker etreet, on the 3d of December lest, was called to trial, at the opening of the oourt this mornlnr; Patrick Kelly, on being examined, on the part Of the prosecution, testified as follows:?I was in the oyster saloon, No. 131 Walker etreet, about 3 o'olook, Id the morning of the 3d of December last; a man was there who offered to make a bet with rae, and took out a 9100 i bill for that purpose; I then took out my pocket book to get the money to bet with him; my money, amounting (o 9600. was done up in packages of 9100 each; I asked a p? reon by the name ot John M'lntyre, who was with uie. to hold the stakes, which he refused to do. Shortly alter this I missed my money, 'when M'lntyre said that every person in the saloon should be eeaiehed. Some policemen were railed in. end all the persone who were in the saloon, Including the prisoner, were taken to the statton-hou?e. The money and pocket book now pro Juoed are the same that were taken from me. Kiiwibd JoHfio*, examined?i woo in ine employ or Edward Uurhxnk on the morning of tin 4th of UecemImr last. I know Alexander Marston. 1 first saw him at Cnrbank'e oja'er saloon. H earn* in whore I wh at work, about 4 o'clock in tbe afternoon Soon after, another roan o.'.me Id, and after remaining awhile, tbey went off together. Maraton returned in about half an hour, with a new rbirt In hie band; he put It cn in cue of the j apartments of the saloon, then went away agelu I raw him again at about 10 o'oloek; He came to tbe saloon wl bout a hat, and borrowed a cap from ue; called tor a stew, and after disposing of it, wrnt aoroei the way to Molntyre'e ealoon; I Miortly afterwards raw Maraton In one or the boxes of tbe SiUoou with Burbank; be was counting out some money; I took hold of the door to open It. when Mars ton held it fast so tbat I could not enter; I howaTsr got tb> door open, and raw a $4 bill in tbe left haud of Marston; I ?Iso observed a pilo of money la the other hand; I then w-at and gave information to an effloer, who accompanied me to Mclntyre'a saloon, where Marston was arrested On rearcbing him, only about three Joilars in money weie found upon him In order to prevent the prisoner, Marston, from suspecting me of bar leg caused his arrest; I previously requested tbe off errs i? search me, as well as Marston; also to pat me In the cell with bim, so that I could get something out of hlni; on eearohing Hurbank's cellar, the offlo?r found conceal'd Mr K-l;y a pocket book, containiug $llf> In inouny, besides s number of receipts and bills, with Mr Kelly's name on them The officer found In Btubank's saloon the f4 bill identified by Mr. Kelly, and wbtob bad besn previously seen in Marston's band Johv Uri rv, policeman, on being examined, cerobo rates the testimony of Johnson. On the part of thu defence, several witnesses wers celled, to prove that Johnson was a man of had charac ter and could not be believed, Tbe jury, alter a brief absence, fuu id the accused guilty. Hmtenoe deferred until the olose of Burbank's trial. The court th-n adjourned. Covet Cai.kndar ?This D*y?Ciertt.f Caurl? 9, 111, IS, 18, 19, ill, J3, '14, IS, ?, 19, 31, 30, 40, 41, 41, 43, 44, 4S, 48. SutRKMK Cci kt or ihi U.mtkd Statxi, February 18, 1848?No. 4 llenry Mathswson, appellant, v$. W. W W'etmorw'n administrator. Ou appeal from the circuit court! United States for floods Island Mr. Justice McLean d.liyered the < pinion of this court, reversing tin dtcree cf the said circuit court, with costs, and re inandiDg iLn cause with directions to said court to enter a Stoves in conformity to 'be opinion otthts oourt No 38 C. MoMioksn, plaintiff In error, vs. Amos Webb ft si The argument of tbls cause was continued by Mr. Jou?s for defendants In crrcr, and concluded by Mr Coxs for the plaintiff in error. No. 37 The Bank of Metropolis, plaintiff iu errcr, vs. the Nsw England Bank, l'he argument of this cause was commenced by Mr Loxe for ibs p.atntiff In error, and oontinued by Mr Bradley ior the defendant In error. SuracM* Covar ok ihi U.vitkd Statxa, Feb 17 ? Kiohard Eltige-aid, K?q.,of Connecticut, wni admitted an attorney and counsellor of this oourt No. 37 Batik of Matrop--.lls. plaiuMtl In error, vs the New England Baak I he argument of this cause was continued by Mr Bradley for the defendant in error, and concluded by Mr. Coxs for the plaintiff iu error No I JO. John Tyler, plaintiff inrrror, v? Jobs H Hand st al. This cause was submitted to t be court, on priatsd arguments by Messrs Eaton and Foot for ths defendants m error ,>'o is Jf r. BbsHon appellant, vg Tiffu and hW A lit aigumtnf cf ib.s exnr* ?? eomsssossO by Mr M e'anss for ths appellant