Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 19, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 19, 1848 Page 2
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I ? - N KW YORK HERALD. Nortli-wesl Corner of Pulton and Natian it>. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. P4JLT HElLtLD-Every day, l*?nda* included.) per f r?? ' IS**" ???"* ~in '*? Vn*M4 ntoteo. * ??t ope en ouboenbert, $14 per ?nnu*. ( inc.ude the nota\rE *KLP HER.iLD-F.Trm Saturday-** ernU I pt c?vr-S? l?H per anm/urn?in t\t United SUit*. 8u- i " . ntat! fibterihere, fh per annum (o incl'i it fAt portage i .<? "iiltvn (in (At French ai well at in the Englith language ) will he published on (At iic? ?f (At departure of Oaca ileum* r fin any port in Europe, with intelligence ft on oil prli of (At .fmmcan ron/i-.?n( (o the latent mom-ent Subscriptions n l ad irrtieementi received try Meiers Hehgnam, II rvt Kuitnnt, Paris: P. /.. II (itmWIi, ?n<; JeA* St-.Her, tookeeller, Henrietta otreet, Jomtoo FHESJDENTI.IL HE1U1LU?Every Tuetday?One Do .lei for the Campaign. .J L'b Pli TISEJaENTS (ntw every morning) at reme-'nabisprteeei to be written in c plain, legible manner ? 1 The proprietor not rreponeitle for err ore in manuscript. PnlliTJNO of all kir.ii erne cniei beautifully and with iiepau A Ordert received at the Publication Offlct, corntaof mutgnand Nassau ttreett ? LL LETTERS by mail, for out ecrxpttons, or with ?.;? or tisemenis, to be poet paid, or the postage will be de< '?}*d/*i'm_tke nittiey remitted > Ui-LA JJIKX LOKKESruxUKNUE. r on tattling iiuportant newt. inticiteJ frtrt o??y quarter af the world? * id if u?ed. will be liberally paid for. rO NOTICE ran be taken of anrr.ymonr ecnmuiii?t ??. Whatever it in/ended for insertion mvit be anthentileiecf 4* the name and addrett ef the writer ; not necetta y for publication, but at a guaranty ef hit food faith 5+ Cannot undertake to returnrejectedcomnu-,.-atlt. ?t ' L L l'J!Y IJENT& to he made in advance. AMUSEMENTS THIS DAY AND EVENING. >iK. THEATRE.?Hand*, Lcut fc Co ' AmakioaCi*''u?. >" tL?" rnr.oua perforahocaa, two exhibitions, rii: at 2H and 7, f M. BOWK.KY THEATRE "-wAry.?Lorn Clltil-liDT or t*e Lioist? Wooomar'a Hct. ' n ATri AM THEATRE. < haiham street?Warderi Bota?Fltiro Dctchmar? Model Artists ? N? w York Miumiii. CIRrU'R?BOWER Y AMPHITHEATRE, Bowery.- 1 .E^c>*triawi|M, Postlriku, Gtmwa?ti??, K.THloriAR : ka amorists,wc. PALMO'S OPERA HOUSE?Sable Brothers?Model j AtTIITfl BROADWAY ODF.ON. Krondwat.?Musical Glasses, Griciar Exercises, kc?Model Artiata. MEfHAN1CB' HALL. Broadway, near Broome?Chria tt'a Minstrels ?etmoriai* Smorao-Bur i.aann Dancirc . kc- Two perforuiAnees ?i?: at Saudi. P M. 'AVOKAMA HALL, Broadway, tear Ho">"? At ?Bar or the MiAiiAAier'. Two exhibitions Tit: Rl a and 7*. P M. Now * orfc, Bator day, February 19, 1848. ADVERTISEMENTS received for one insertion ?nly. Th* Electric Talegraph. We received over the wires, la?t night, our usual summary of passing events at Washington, Aibany, and elsewhere ; but apart from the pro. ceedings in Congress and the Legislature, and transactions in th? markets in the different commercial cities, nothing further came to hand. In the Senate, Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, submitted a series of resolutions, having for their object the settlement of the claims of American citizens against Mexico, and to have the je/enues, itc , collected in that country, appro printed to that purpose. The ten regiment bill underwent another silting, Mr. Greene taking the matter in hand; after which, there was a bill paused allowing Mr. Black, late Charge des Affaires at the city of Mexico, the amount of a claim iaid by him against the government, for i services rendered; and then the Senate adjourn- i ed to Monday next, la the House of Represen- I tatives, .the day was principally occupied with | the considerction of the bill for the relief of the heirs of Paul Jones, which was finally passed; aud the House aleo adjourned over to Monday next. From Albany, we learn that Governor Young has signed the Manufacturing Bill. In the Legislature, both branches were busy, hammering away all day on a variety ol subjects; but on examination of their labors, we find nothing that will add lustre to their reputation as law makers and repairers. "The Presidential K lection?Fate of Mexico. We are in the midst of an important revolution in this republic?a peaceful, quiet, goodhumored, eloquent, constitutional, political revolution?a revolution that will develope itfell in meetings and conventions up to next November, when a decision will be made by >he votes of f >ur millions of people, at the ballot box, thereby determining who shall be President tor the next four years, and what shall be done with Mexico. The President who is to be elected, will be our king, our emperor, our czir, our sultan, only tor four years; but, during that space ol time, he will possess a power greater than that of any single sovereign in Europe?a power to expend and give away nearly one hundred and fifty millions oi dollars, in various ways. Of course, such a contest, or peaceful revolution, involves great excite ment; but it is a natural aud constitutional xcitement, and nothing like the bloody revoution9 in the old world. In fact, it is mere fun. Two important points will be determined by this election?"what is to be done with Mexico!" is one ; and "who is to be our President!" is the other. According to all appearances, the question of tue annexation of the whole of Mexico will becom?* prominent befora three months are over. The annexation of the whole of that country will be put in issue by the administration, or democratic party, when they put forward their candidate; for that seems to be the only issue of great importance which can arise in the coming - >u?*et. With regard to the men who may be n iminated by each convention, there is great < 'ut>t. The whigs seem to adhere to Mr. Clay, and at this moment the chances are decidedly in his favor. Yet Gen. Taylor may become prominent, and may run independently. This will disturb ttie movemeuts of the other great parties, and more especially injure the whigs The candidate of tlie democratic, or administration, party, is eoen more uncertain than is that of the whigs. The probability seems to be increasing in favor ?' u rttn ?i a f ' r? r? M r I'/xllr nnrl rnnninrr li im - .v? "IS ? ?'") """ ??? ?* ...... . .in,on the issue of the annexation of all Mexico. as he formerly did on Texas and Oregon ? If Mr. Polk, on the one side, and Mr. Clay on O". er, should be the candidates, the contest will nvflve the annexation of the whole of Mexico, and ih* fate of that country will be decided, one wiy .r ths otrier, as the four millions of voters shall determine. Gen. Taylor may run inde}>rndent.y, and injure Mr. Clsv; but even this is not c-rtain. While ttKse ini[?o- int movements, meetings and conventions, ej itir.g on the public mind in reference to the nc\* presidency, are going on Hinong the people, both houses of Congress are b sy, legislating in public, and intriguing in private, for the same objects. The loan bill, crea*.<n - a fresh addition to the national debt, of sixt ? n millions, has pabsed the House, and will rrubably soon pass the Senate The ten regit bill, to increase the army ten thousand v a m Mexico, still hangs in the Senate, and ' . merit probably be passed by that body, and > ..i soon he in the House. Of Us fate m the lioute, there is less certain'y. Ti as we see that legislation and popular pronuurfm-nto* for the next presidency, are all mixed up together; bl-udtng, also,with the great i js" of tue annex itiou of the whole of Mexico to rits country. We have Mexico nt this moment?we can get no treaty of peace. We cannot g* i t id of holding her?we cannot get out of our j resent diiemma until the presidential election in d> terminrd. The ides of November will decide all ? y A ft- m newspaper is that Evening Po?t. It I uhUshes, yesterday afternoon, the news from 1'iiri, by telegraph, which we gave two days ?;<>, ?ai does not vecm to know thai the ad. * ? .. ?? ?)>'? in 'hr Hm *id rsstsrday Th? L?n Prohahla NtpUaUon. There is s great deal said about the government loan?about the national debt?the stringency of the money market, and various collateral topics, ia Washington, New York, and elsewhere. Rumors are circulated day after day, sometimes that Mr. Walker is willing to modily the sub-treasury system, provided the banks will take the loan. ThiR is followed up by another, that Mr. Belmont, the agent of the Rothschilds in New York, will probably take the whole loan ; aud others assert that the Emperor of Russia has also turned financier, and is willing to take a slice. These rumors about Rothschilds and Russia are undoubtedly the idle talk of the day. The Washington Union, the organ of the government, has contradicted the first?the last is too absurd to believe or repeat. During the pendency of the last loan, when every body was wondering who would take it, one of these financiers in wan street, who nave since iauca, ana cannot pay 20 cents in the dollar, thrust his hands into his empty breeches' pocket, and sagely remarked " I'll take the loan?the government need not despair?I'll take it " " Yes," some one replied, "110 doubt you will take it?you'll take anything you can get, but who the devil is fool enough to give it to you." Probably many of these loantakers are like this broken financier. Yet there seems to be a great deal of confusion, both in Wall street and in Washington, about the loan?about the debt of the United States? about the probability of negotiation, and about everything else connected with the financial action ol the American government. Some members of Congress seem anxious to represent that the Mexican war will entail adebt of $100,000,000 in less than a year, on the finaaces and revenues of this country, and are ready to cry out b&ukruptcy of the government and destruction to ita credit?others think the increase of the debt will help the manufacturing system, and cause an increase of the tariff laws. There is one view, however, of the present financial system of the government, in its connection with and relation to similar positions of the governmentsot Europe and capitalists, which we have very seldom s?en taken by any newspaper or statesman in this oountry. We will explain. About eight or nine years ago, before the first State repudiation took place, by Mississippi, in this country, the Rothschilds, of London and Paris, had made arrangements all over the continent, to negotiate vast amounts of American State stocks in every large capital in Europe. They engaged a very eminent financier ol this city, who was well acquainted with the German and French languages, polished in his manners, and a capable man of business, and sent him on a mission through all the principal capitals of Europe, for the purpose of preparing the way, in every mode, for the sale of American State stocks, which were to be purchased and contracted for here by them, and sent there by their agents. We have been given to understand that twenty or thirty millions of dollars, in State stocks, would have been sold in the various monpv murkptc nf Fnrnnp fhrnnoh thin nrrnnor#. ment made by the Rothschilds and their agents, on the continent; but unfortunately for this grand operation, Mississippi repudiated part of her debt, other western States followed her example, and the whole thing was blown to atoms, and never more heard of. Before that explosion, Rothschild, on London 'change, advised every one asking his advice?" invest in American stocks." During last winter, when we resided in Paris, we became acquainted with several financiers connected with the Bourse ot that great metropolis, and who associated intimately with the capitalists of Pans, London and Germany, and were acquainted with the financial operations of Europe and the United States. On several occasions, we heard it suggested that the probability was, if another revolution should take place in France, or any part of Europe, it would create a general revolution throughout the continent, and embrace in its vortex, principally,Germany, Italy, France, and England ; and in the event of such a popular outbreak, where railroads, and eteam, and all the other improvements of the aga were gradually extending, it was stated that the first shock would be against the credit of 'hose governments, by which an amount of property equal to nearly five thousand millions of dollars, being the gross amount of the respective public debts of the various States oi Europe, exclusive of Russia, would be rendered almost worthless, and those who depended on such property, would be reduced to penury and want. Now it is well known that the Rothschilds, and the Barings, and all the great capitalists of Europe, own vast amounts of public stocks of the different governments. In fact, beyond the furniture of their houses, and the small amount of gold and silver they retain for balances^ in their offices, the most of the wealth of the great financiers of the old world, consists of the public stocks oi the various governments. During a season of peace and prosperity, the interest on those stocks are regularly paid, and of course their value is kept up; but in the event of any popular disturbance, leading to a revolution in those countries, taking place, or the death of Louis Philippe, which may bring about that, we have frequently heard it suggested, that, in such case, there would be no stable government in the civilized world, on which such capitalists could rely, but those of the United States and Russia. In this view of the matter, it was supposed probable that the time would soon come when the H othschilds, the Baiings, and other great capital lets, would gradually withdraw their property in the different government funds in Europe, and endeavor to transfer it to the United States. It is even now said that Louis Philippe lias agents in this couatry investing property for him, in case his family should, after his death, be driven from the throne ot France, and we liavs heard it estimated that it is probable a million of dollars is invested in various ways, in houses and etocks, in this country, in anticipation of some outbreak in France. At that time, about a year ago, in Paris, the Mexican war was in mid-career, and it was feared that it would compromise the United S ates, either with Europe or Mexico; that we would be defeated, and therefore those reasons weie given by the capitalists of Europe for not trying to get the loans by which the war was to be carried on. The matter, however, is now changed?the war with Mexico has been successful; that country is held by the United States, and probably will be retained; the whole ot its mines will come within our sphere of action, and we would not be surprised to see an ' tire change come over the capitalists of Europe, in regard to the public stocks of this country, and that in a short time, the United States stocks would rise bevond snv th'Dg we have any conception of. It is not, therefore, a hazardous conjecture that Mr. Belinont, or eom? other reputed agent ot the Rothschilds, may, sooner or later, be directed by his principals in Europe, to negoti te some of our loans,or purchase aom* of the stocks issued by the United States government. If the British parliament should reluse to admit Jews into the House of Commons, such a fact might give edge to the motives of the great capitalists, to take a slice in A mcrican loans. That house and that time-honor* d race, is willing always to turn a penny or a million in cotton, corn, quicksilver, or old clothes, and their eyes may be directed (O the mines of Mexico and the stocks of the | 1'oited Hiatfs sooner ill in some suppose J he i <ii?tmuU<m between *t9ck? of the gcaeul vernment, and those of mere States, is well understood by the financiers of Europe, although the newspapers there confound them together, and make them the ocersion of a great deal of abuse against this country. Indeed, in the event of a revolution in Europe?in England, France, Germany, or Italy?for a revolution in any one ! of those countries would be a revolution in Europe?those classes of society, and the prin- I cipal financiers, who depend on the faith of the ' governments there, and live on the interest of their stocks, would have nothing else to look to but to the United States, for safety and protection. The sale, therefore, of vast amounts of government stocks in Europe and transfer to the United States, is highly probable during the next few years. This country is probably the most stable in its government, in its institutions, and in its trade and commerce, of any country in the civilized world. The election of our President, which would tear out the entraiU of any other country, produces nothing but a few amusing disturbances, as amerences 01 opinion, an in perieci good numor, just as it was seen at the Taylor meeting in the Bowery, the other evening. The credit of the government can't be impaired,whatever party may be in the ascendant, nor will Congress dare to do anything to sink its credit or destroy the confidence which financiers have in the integrity of its engagements. The United States are going up?up?up. Europe is going down?down ?down. Position of tub Taylor Party.?It is time for the friends of General Taylor to examine their position calmly, and see whether it would not be the best policy for them to organize an independent movement, without reference to the whig or democratic conventions at all. From the meetings already held in this State, it is very evident that General Taylor has little chance of getting the whig vote of the State of New York, in the Philadelphia convention. If there was any possibility of introducing him into the democratic convention at Baltimore, and of procuring his nomination, no doubt could exist of electing him against Mr. Clay, or any other man. The candidates of the democratic party?Mr. Polk, General Cass, Mr. Buchanan, and others? would never countenance such a thing, for they mean to keep the party together for their own purposes. It is, therefore, necessary for the friends of General Taylor to consider whether it is not time to organize themselves into an independent party, to nominate electoral tickets in every State, and get as many votes as they can the first heat, on the principle that he will beat the whole field, four or five years hence. Revolutionary Widows and Orphans.?A correspondent asks us "why it is that our representatives in Congress make prevision for the widows and orphans of those who fell fighting in Mexico, whilst the few remaining friendless orphans of our revolutionary fathers are left to the mercy of the world 1 Many of them are females in delicate health, unable to earn a support, and consequently must depend on others for their daily subsistence ; whereas, if the half-pay allowed their mothers (when living) were allowed them, it would greatly contribute to the comfort of their few remaining days." In reply, we can merely say, "the only reason why provision has not been made in this way is, that as the old proverb has it: "Eaten bread is soon iorgotten." We do not know, however, of a more appropriate time to urge this matter than the present, and we hope the subject will be laid before Congress. Canada.?Republican symptoms are increasing every day in Canada. The Canadian journals are even discussing the question of ultimate secession from Great Britain, and of annexation to the United States. Articles on this subject are admitted into the government, or conservative, journals there. Even her public men are beginning to change ground. Not long ago Sir Allan McNab was iu litis city. During his stay at the Astor House, in frequent conversation with our citizens, he freely admitted the probability of the ultimate secession of Canada from Great Britain, and its probable annexation to this country. Among many of the leaders of both parties there, the same sentiments are beginning to prevail. The new parliament in that colony will present some singular developments, before the first session will have terminated. From tub Wbst Indiks.?We have files of the Aurora dt Matanza* to the 29th ult., but find nothing in them later than received by way of Havana. We are greatly indebted to Captain Atwood, of the bark Hecla, for his attention in forwarding our p&; era with such promptness; and also to the captains of the steamers Dart and Hercules. Thi Steamer Washinoton.?This vessel will leave her dock at eight o'clock to-morrow morning, lor Europe. She is in first rate order for the voyage, and great success is anticipated by her commander. American Newspapers in Europe.?We find the following notice in the "Bruttth Herald," published at Brussels, Belgium:? The English Club.?The following arc ths newspapers already subscribed for:?The Times, Daily .V'v?, Sun, Illnelrated London Nttot, Ohiervnteur /ran f tie (of London.) Brunei) Herald. I'Independance, Moniteur beige. Dtuttche Bruntler Zeitung, Journal ie la Have, Jlmeter darmche Courant, Afeio York Herald, and Malta Mail. Biz new members were eleoted during the past week. It Is In oontemplatlon to proonre some of the leading Parisian and Oerman journals, as well as English and foreign literary periodicals, magaiine. ha. Americans travelling in any part of Europe, will always find the New York Herald (and hardly ever any other American paper,) at every leading reading room of the principal capitals, all over the continent. City Intelligence. The Weather ?Yesterday was anether of the beautiful and pleasant days with which we have been blessed through the winter, the only thing rendering It disagreeable being the dense clouds of dust with which the street* are constantly tilled Kibe ?A lire broke out about 7 o'clock, on Thursday eveulng. in the beaement of bouse No. 73 West Broadway, wbleh was extinguished with very trifling damage. Sen Accident - A little boy, aged about twelve years, by the name of Eugene McUrath, while playing in a wood-yard in Perry street, near Hudson street,on Thursday afternoon, had bnh ot hie legs horribly mangled by a large pile at w*od. containing some Ave or dx eorde, falling on bim. He was taken to his lather's reslJenoe, No. A6f) Hudson street, where he lie* in a very orltieal situation. It will, in all probability, be necessary to amputate both lege to save his life Indian Affair*.?We are informed that an official report has just been received from the specUl agent for the Indians In Texas, from which it appears that the depredatlane upon Captain Button's ranging eompany.ashort time since.extensively netted In the papers, were committed by the Tenna-wleh Indians, a band of the "Upper Cnmanches;" end that as soon as the friendly chiefs beard of the rolbsry, they went to the camp of those Indians and reoovered all the stolen property they could And. They sent In six horses ?all that were able to travel?and have the reet ot the property recovered ready to be delivered up whenever required They sent "talkt" to the agent, expreeeing ' their Intention to observe their treaty with the government in good faith, and to do all in their power to preI vent the "opper bands" from moleating the settlement* | and our citizen*. They deeired the egent to visit them Immediately, to receive the property taken, and to bear the' talks" of the upper bands, so as to be able te satisfy the government that they were not to blame. The agent atatee that all the smaller binds of Indians in Texas are perfeotiv quiet and friendlr. In relation to the reported battle between the Delaware* and Cumanebee, an account of whieh has recently circulated extensively In the newspapers, the egent says ha ie unable to learn anything aboat It from the Indians, (the Delaware!.) a considerable party of whom were then at the trsdlog-honee, direot from the Comanche oountry. They give no Intimation of a misunderstanding between them and the Cumanehee, or any other tribe. From this, it would appear that the acoannt above referred to must have been without any foundation ? Waekington Union. A lady of oonslderabla wealth and high connections, was brought befoie the pollee court yesterday, charged with tba larceny of three silver spoons from a hotel where abe boarded. The spoons were offered to a broker for sale by the lady, with the owners' Initials uneffaeed. This led to a dateotlon and consequent exposure. A I fine of BIO and eosts was promptly paid by the delln| quent, who is In nosseeelnn of an income of aontiderabia amount Her mind, however, is said to have been wa?ksued by Use immodei eu use ci deittertai* dnwe i ti-iton Ttanlltr, Feb. |?. -J - -- - --1 - -JJ TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. < Tbe Hnnufactarlng Bill. Albany, Feb. 18, 1848. The Governor, to-day, aigned the -iianufacturins bill.. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. first session. Senate. Washinoton, Feb. 18,1848. mexican claimant!. Mr. Baldwin submitted resolutions that the revenues and contributions oolleoted in Mexioo, be appropriated for the payment of Mexican claimants. He said there was i no constitutional power vested In the President, to appropriate any moneys to support the army, without the authority of Congress. The President should also bs re ! quired to oommunleate partloular accounts of all 1 moneys oolleoted in Mexloo. Resolution ordered to be printed. j A short debate took place relative to the relief of the 1 widow of Col. MoRae. j Mr. Niles opposed the principle, as dangerous. Mr Benton defended the bill, and gave a history of ' MoKae's services, and other remarks. . The bill was passed. the ten regiment bill. ' The tea regiment bill was then taken up. ' .Mr. Grebne opposed it, and said the character and ob- ' i jeot of the war had been entirely changed, and was now carried on oontrary to the constitution. The oonquest , of the whole territory was inexpedient, and it would be dangerous to hold any part of Mexioo. payment tor services as consul. Mr. Mason next gained the floor, and brought forward a bill for the relief of Mr. Black, our former Consul, and for some time Charge at the city cf Mexioo. Mr Sevier explained the allowanoe required for act- 1 ing as Charge des Affairs, and the bill wss passed. The Senate then adjourned till Monday. Homo of Representatives. patina travelling expenses or volunteers. i Mr. Bcree, of South Carolina, offered a joint resolution for defraying the travelling expenses of Colonel Curtiss regiment of Texas volunteers, and Indemnity for the loss of horses sustained in their inaroh .from San Antonio, In May, 1847, from the traesury. The resolution was opposed by Mr. Henlet and | others, and its consideration postponed until Tuesday I next. railroad to fensacola. Mr. T. B Kino, of Georgia, presented a report from the Committee on Naval Affairs, appropriating certain lends In Alabama, Georgia and Florida, to the purpose of

a railroad to Pensaorla. After considerable disousslon, in which the jurisdiction of the Committee of Naval Affairs to recommend suoh an : appropriation was considered, and disapproved of, the 1 question was referred to the Committee on Publlo Lands. tme heirs or paul jones. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on j ths State of the Union, and the oase of John Paul Joaes was taken up for consideration. Mr. Bowlin, of Missouri, spoke at considerable length 1 against the olaim. Mr. Putnam, of New York, and Mr. Rockwell, of ! 1 Connaotiout, followed, and defended the claim. Mr.Rockwell replied to the charge, and contended 1 that the captured vessels were glean up by Denmark to England, and proving that when those vessels went Into the Danish port, they were in the possession of an American prise agent, and that John Tanl Jones had nothing * to do with the surrender. The committee then rose and reported the bill. Mr. Bowlin, of Missouri, offered as a substitute, that . the sum of f 24,000 be given to the heirs of Jones in full for their alleged olalms. The vote was then taken, and the substitute lost by a vote of 76 ayes to 106 noes. The bill was then passed to a third reading, and put to vote, reoelving 99 ayes and 77 noes ; so that it was final' ly passed by a majority of 93. Adjourned till Monday. NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. Albany, Feb. 18,1843. Senate. the otnekal bailwat bill. Mr. Johnson reported the general railway bill, it being a digest of the various general provisions whloh are oommon to all charters of railroad companies, ana which was accompanied by a special charter for the Albany i and Cohoee Railroad, giving the right of eminent domain j limits, and making a reference to the canal beard neeesear/ to determine the route, &e , &o. ArraoraiATioNi fob sing sing fkison. The bill making appropriations for Sing Sing, was debated on its final pe ssage; but debate on the question was out off by the Senate going into executive session Soon afterwerils the Senate adjourned. Assembly. the genebal bailboad bill. Mr. Sfaulbing gave notice of the general railroad hill. jurors in new york city. Mr. Camfbbll introduced a hill to repeal the law of 1847, in relation to jurors in the city of New York. evening schools. Mr. Bowie introduced a bill to have the Board of i Education in New York, establish evening schools in 1 that olty. | east biyeb fire insurance company. Mr. Bbown introduced a bill te amend the charter 1 of the East River Fire Insurance Company. new york and albany steamboat company. Mr. Benedict gave notice of a bill having for its object the ohartering of a company, to be called the New York and Albany Steamboat Company. bvsiness for the sheriff, fcc Mr. E. C. Benedict gave notice of a bill to authorise the Sheriff of New York to provide rooms for convlots He alse made an inquiry in relation to the fees and compensations received by oertaln officers in New York. the riot question. The committee of the whole took up the bill to make ; 1 cities, towns, and villages responsible tor all damage that may be occasioned by riots. The question was on Mr. Coe's amendment, to maketh bill prospective in Its j | operations, hnt which that gen leman now withdrew | The amendment, however, was again renewed by Mrj Prujn, who eald he did not wish to embarrass the bilf with the question connected with the destruction o the buildings in Queen's oounty. Mr. W. 8. Smith contended that hie constituents had not been fairly dealt with; and he protested against the claim of Mr. Niles. and the attempt to throw the burthen on the town of Newtown. No question was taken, and the Assembly adjourned Markets. Brrrano, Feb II, 1848.?Flour?The market was firm ?sales of A00 bbla of Ohio were made, including three brands, at $4 7A Wheat was Irm at lOflo for Ohio.? Corn was dull at AO cents. ProrUlooe were inactive,and but few sales reported. High wines were steady at 90c. Boston, Feb 18 ?Flour?Salts of 1A0O barrels were I made, including good Western brands, lots of Genesee at !8 13>{ a $? 36. Corn?Sales of 7000 bushels were made, Inoluding Western mixed, at AO a A7o. OatsSales ot 3000 bushels were made at AOe. Rye?Bales of 000 bushels were made at 8Ac. Provisions--No change. Freights inactive. Police Intelligence. Seen*i at the 7 eeiA*.?Yesterday morning officers Bryan and lUng, of the 1st ward, brought'hefore Justice Os; born, a square built, powerful looking German sailor, by I the name of Heory Arnoldt, together with Ann Arnoldt, I bis wife, who carried a fat, rosy looking child in her ; arms. Two other women, oalled Roiannah Godfrey and Ann Cushman. were likewise arrested in the same party, both of whom were trish, of the lowest order MaaiiTSaTK?Well, this is a pretty looking party. Who makes the ohargeagaiuat them? Orricaa?Now, judge, you see this woman there, (pointing to tte wife holding the chile.,) you know her, don't you?and she * the very same woman you had a spell ago for stealing a shawl, and snre they are a hard lot Maoist batc.?Well, don't talk so muoh; let me know the charge you make against them. Orricaa ? Oh, Judge, they are all the time fighting and drinking, in a little den ofaoellar in Thames street, near Greenwioh, and keep a kind of a bar, and sell rum They have three decanters of rum put on a shelf, just over a litter, or bed. where they sleep, and when they wake up, they drink more rum. and they fight all the time Last night, this woman had a large hammer, slashing the door and window; swearing she would kill the first man who cms In. Indeed, Judge, this plaos is a terrible den. and aught to be broken up; it la a nui- ! sanos to Iba whole neighborhood At this statement of the officer, Mra Arnoldt felt vary indigtiant The teara were streaming down h<r dirty faoe, making a whits streak from hsr eyvslo her ohin: her hair j was disordered in every which way over her beck and sbouldars; bar under garments were almost as visible as her outer ones, and she was bare-fouled besides, and in order to give full elfeot to her appeal to the magistrals, site threw the child Into the lap of her husband, wrung hsr hands, and oommsnosd thus ; ?And by tba blessing of i God, dser Judge, 1st ms go to my poor little placs. Oh.' dear ' ds .r 1st ms go, and you shell never see ms hers again on your books; ob dear,good Judge, and tha Lord will ever oleta you . take pity on my poor orphan oftlid- ' U has no father this is mt second husband oh 1 mat *1 mercy I am li my We net hv th? Maeatag of >od. No. Judge, 1 don't keep no bod karaeteri In my ilaoe ; 1 don't trouble no ene; thor oomoa Into me, I ion't troublo them; sir, my poor husband li sixteen ?ora ntaeo. and neyer In your books befora Oh ! de*r udge, the Lord will blees you. do lot ma ho to my poor Ittle plooa " Hera the husband got up, roaring Ilka a tull, with taara running down bla cheeka, and made bia ppoal to the magistrate in broken Knglish, mixed up rltb tears, ships, rum, dirt, and Dutoh. inauob a incomirabanaibla manner, that the Judge waa unable to antral n what ha said, or any one else present. The appeal leweyer, although intended to be yery effeotlre. bad but ery little effect, aa without some punishment that will nake aoma impreaaion on the mind* of these people, it s of no use to uieke any arrest, as they only return again o their old habits immediately. Therefore, the comilaint was taken, and the magistrate locked them all up or flye days each in the city prison, as a prelude before Jlackwell'a Island. Tha next prisoner waa a tall, straight looking Irishnan, by the name of Jebn Lynoh, who appeared to place rimself upon his dignity and defy the polioemen, Judge ind all. He was brought In by officer Gardner, of the Gth yard. Magistrate?Well, what charge do you make against ;bie msnf Officer?This man, Judge, was yery disorderly last light, in a bouse on the Five I'olnte. and 1 told him to ;o away, and go home; instead of which, he turned round iai demanded my star and club, and beoanse 1 would lot give them to him, he took me by the throat, and then I irought him in and locked him up. Magistrate?What hays you to say to this Lynoh? flow long have you been in this country ? Lynch?I have been tlx months here; and what the >fllcer says, is not so. Magistrate?You ought to be yery oareful how you tbuae the effloera of authority, as you may become a member yourself, before the spring eleotion. Officer do you want to make a complaint against him for the aslault? Or Kir kr ? No, I don't oare about making any charge. Magistrate?Then, the officer l'eels willing to let you (O this time You can go. " Thank your honor," said Lynch, " I'll abide by the sourt," and off he started out or court, as fast as his legs 30uld carry him Malls for Europe, THE WEEKLY HERiLD. The Weekly Herald, in French and English, will be lamed at nine o'olock thia morning. It will oontain all the newa of the week. Those desirous of sending this paper to Europe by the steamship Washington, oan obtain copies in wrappers, ready for mailing. The mailbags of the W. will olose this evening at six o'clock. Portable Shaving Cases?The most portable, and 'he most complece article now manufactured. having every requisite lor a gentleman's toilet, and as a travellinn companion, invaluable. For sale at O. Saundeis Ik Son, 177 Broadway, a few doors above Conrtlandt street Fins Cutlery?The subscribers Invite attention to their assortment of Pen. Poeket and Sportsmen's Knives, warranted Kaxort, and polished sieel goods, Ice. Also, for the couveuience of their customers, they hare made arrangements for the repairing of all kinds of ntlerv; having engaged superior workmen, the will be enabled toexecute all oiders in a manner that will give satisfaction G. Saunders It Son, 177 Broadway, opposite Howard Hotel. Ssvs Your Money?To those of our Frlsnds who wish to reduce their boot bills we cheerfully recommend them to call on onr friend JONK8, 4 Ann street, as he sells the first quality of French calf dress boots, at $4 SO; second do. 14 00. He also sells a very nice pair at $3 30. His best French patent leather boots only $7 00. and as for his French water proof and cork sole boots, they are not to be beat in quality or priee. Gold Psns?Pries Reduced 50c The great redaction of 30 cents in the priee of Gold Pens, just made by Beers It Clark, 23 John street, (up stairs,) seems not at all to pleate some ol their rivals; but we can assure them that their customers like it. We know of no good reason why we should he compelled to pav inch enormous prices for gold pens. With the low prices of Beers It Clark, the gold pen will soon come into general nse. and all dealers in the article will gain more by the increased demand than they can lose by reducing prices. Gold Pens repaired, exchanged or repointed. The "Richelieu" Diamond Pointed Gold Pen, S2 only.?The fact that these Pens are invariably warranted, isthn best guaranty of their excellence, and the unexampled popularity they have obtained, justifies the attertiou "that thav are the beat and cheapest Pen in the world " Sold only by B E Watson It Co. 43 William ft . one door below Wall it-, and J. Y. Swage, 92 Fulton st. Gold Pens and Caseeof every deecription, wholesale and retiil, at the lowest prices. Gold Pens at SI, tl 23 and $1 30. Gold Pens repaired or exchanged. The Saturday Kvenlng Spanish Class for Profess irs. by Senor Vingnt, will commence thia afternoon, from 4 to 3 o'clock. The book to be used in the class,is Senor V.'s own grammar upon Ollendorff system, which is publishing in nnmbers. the first having appeared yesterday. The work is published by Clark Ik Austin, 203 Broadway, and sold by all the principal booksellers. Notice?Of all the Bootmakers, the only one that sells boots really cheap, including r.steand duiability. is onr I'rirnd Young, opposite our office; he sells his b?st French calf boo's, for gl 30, sold in other stores for $6 and $7; do fine calf sewed boots, his own make, for S3 30. Patent leather boots and gaiters are equally low Mark?the great reason whv he can tell so much cheaper thin other stores is because he sells for cash, sod sells from twenty five to thirty pairs a dev. Well, then, those of oar friends who want a good pair ol boon, should tt'Te him a call, corner of Fnltou and Nassau streets. THE DOCTOR. Dlibrow'i Riding School has not removed from its old location. Tne name of the street haviiift been changed from Bowery to Fourth Arenne, changes hia address accordingly. Hereafter nis address will be No. 20 Fourth Avenue, on Astnr and Lafayette Placet, where he will be haopy to receive the calls of the Ladies iu the mor ing, and uents in the evening. Liver Complaint ?Tht following la from at respectable mercnsnt and it potitire evidence >hat Dr.Town end'a Hmaparilla tithe mosteffective remedy ever known for e.sdicating disease. Dr. Thwing is s bioihtr of Messrs.!:. and F. W. Thwing,etchange brokers, 17 Will street, who, if necessary, will vouch for the facta contained in the certificate , There is no mistake; thousands and ihousauds of cases ofdiaease are continually cured, and by the uae of this medicine ' Naw York. Sept. 9, 1847.?Dr. Townaend: Dear Sir?I am conatrained, aa an act of juatice, to publicly acknowledge 'be gieat benefitsl have received from the use of your Sarsaparilla Being in town abour two rears since, in a ve-y weak and debilitated state. My disease was a chronic inflammation of the liver and stomach, and, as many thought, consumption. 1 was so reduced, that 1 hid but TC'y little hope of recovery. Hearing and rea ing considerable of the effects ?f your medicine. 1 resolved to try it, tiough 1 entertained a prejudice against adreitised remedies. 1 hid taken the madieine but a short time, and began to reeever gradually, and continued to get better, and am now well. Indsed, I am so much improved that my friends scircely recognised me when I leturued to the city. You are at liberty to publish this, if you think it will extend the use of your excellent remedy ? FRANKLIN THWINU." Principal office, 126 Fulton street, and sold by the druggists generally. Rheumatism, Bronchitis and Dyspepsia.? Tht followirg letter, narrating s rtmarhaole and later case of thsse distressing afflictions, is from the Rev. Mr. Landis, a clergyman of tne State of New Jersey, of distinguished attainments and reputation. Its publication, though not, aa the reader will see, asseuted to bv the ?uihor, is yet giveu from a sense of duty to those similarly afflicted, wilh the hope that these motives will plead an apology It IS believed tnnt the nnuais of science can give no more convincing proof of substantial merit than is here produced. The facts speak for themselves, and the letter may he seen on application at the Agency, 182 Broadway Hionxv, New Jersey, July 12, 1847. Mr D. C. Moorheid?Dear Sir?You wish to know of me what hatbren the result, in tny own case, of the application of Dr. Christie's Oalranir. Belt and Necklace My reply ii as follows For about twenty years I had been suffering from L)yspe,.sta. Kvery year the symptoms became worse, nor could 1 obtain permanent relief from any course of medieal treatment whatever. My physicians were skilfnl and excellent men?but here their prescriptions failed About fourteen ytart since, in consequence of frequent exposure to the weather in the dischar.s of iny pastoral duties, I became subject to a severe Chrome Rheumatism, which lor year after year caused me indescribable anguish In the severe paroxysms, the skill of my physicians sometimes afforded me gceit relief; but this reilef was only temporary. Farther?in the winter of'45and'46. in consequence of preaching a great deal id my own nud various other churches in this legion, I wui attacked by the Brouchitis, which soon uccamc so .severe as to re^nre au immediate suspen.s.oii of my pastoral labors. My nervous system was now thoroughly prostrated, and as mv Bronchitis aecame worse, so also did my Dyspepsia and Rheumatic affection?thus evincing that those disoider* were connected with each other through the medium of the nervous system. My sufferings were milted tewre, and 1 had no prospect other than that of beu.g entirely laid aside from the discharge of those duties and the performance of those labors in which my soul h is ever louud the highest of her joy* ? But reasoning from effect to emit, 1 conceded that the cer vous system mn't be reached beiore auv hope rould be indulged ol' nty obtaining relief from their didii dutresiiug malidiei. In the whole Pharmacol oeia there tecmfd to be no remedial agant whi-h enold reach and recuperate my nervoua system; everything that I had tried for th> t pnrpoae had completely failed. Happen i g to call on a friend who had a galranic cattery, coustmcted on the o'd nrincii le, I con"lnded to try the effect of th> int odnction of the galvanic tluid into the ayatem. The affect was too violent, and the introduction of the fluid too andden lor my proatrated nervee ; bat from the Ultimate reaultof the eiperiment, I waa led to inftr that could tha fluid be brought into the nervoua ayitem more giadnallr, the e ffeet would De kniidal, 1 hia Ltaiu of reasoning led me 10 ei iinina the articlea prepared hy L)r < hriane, and (though with no very aangnine hopea of their effieienrv) to revolve to try the elle< t of the application of the (ialvamc Belt and Necki" e 'j nil waa in Juue, 1846 To my great aa onialcnent in two (lav amy dyep>ptia had gone ; in eight daya I waa enabled to resume my paaioral labora. nor have 1 aince omitted a air g|e aervice on account of the bruichttis; and my rheumatic aff*cti-n alio '-eased to trouble me If time permitted. I could fi<t a abeet of piper with t le particular!. bu> I can now only finish thin brief aliatract. My alvapenaia haa never returned ; the iheuraatiam one* in a while viaite me, bat not aeverely. and ia easily arrrated, aud ia manifestly being driven froin ita hold upon my ayatem, and my bronchial affection ia entirely cured. Bneh ia the wonderful and happy result of the eiperiintnt. I have reeommendhd Or. Orisiiee'e articles to reauy who have been likewise euffering f.om neuralgic affrctiona. They have tried lhem, with happy reaulta, I believe, in every cine. Though I have not written this for publication, I am peilectly willing that vou should ihow the letter in manuscript to i-ny who mav desire to see it. lam. dear nr. very lesprctfully youra, KOBfcKT w. LA,N DIS. 'X he public are resptc'fuliy apprised that the only place in New Vork to obtain Dr Christie's grnui >e (falvaoic articles, ia at 1M Broadway, brtaeen John street and Maidru lane Bole agent in New Vork, D C. Mo itchesd, IA2 Broadway. For full pari icnlara on this inblecu the reader ia referred to Dr Christie's work on 'Uilvauism and its application sa a (.e medial 41 tat" g brief and interealing treatise which ia earnestly recommended tj ihe attention of ell, and which may he obtained gratis of any ol the authorised agents, or will be sent bv mail upou application, postpaid. Authorised Agents, of whom t hristte's fieuniue articles can he pr icured ? New York. D. C. Moorhead. 1(3 Mroadway: Philadelphia, T B. Peterson, ?8 < lieenut street; Bolton Mrs K. Kidder, li)0 i ourt meet; Baltimo.e, B 8 llance. 1(l? Baltimore street} Washington D. M H Ftevena, I and 2 Brown's Hotel; Richmond Va . Ales Duval, 147 Main street; Petersburg, Va . Rnsser Ik Audfrxoi. Liiuggit a: Charleston, 8 C., Dr. I'. M. Cohen 19 flayua vtreet; Mobile, \la., Mosrlv & Tucker, comer Royal and Dauphin; New Orleans. (Juion, Causl street; Cincinnati J D. Doughty, corner Fifth and Main streets; Pittsburg, ra , W. W. Wilson corner Fonrlh and Marker ifeets; Cnuitville. Ky , Oen W Noble, C4 Fourth street, Navliville, Tenn MO ficovil. North sole rublic aiyuarr; Br Louis, Mo., "VlondSt Wheatou, cor 4th and Cheenut llewar- >- t . int-rfrlfk?Tne great celebrity -o-l success nl Dr Chr,st e's Oilvmir articlea h n caused them tube counterfe.te'i by unprincipled permits To guard the public igsuiit deception, there is but ore auihoriaed agent ai IKiinted in r ich cityortiwn. from whom alone the genuine uticles can be obtained. All sold elsewhere are apitrious and worthless. No pedjan or carolliug mama will. on any *csoiin:. ht employe! All applications r*4t?t?l'ttg Oiriliir inlqi- i met on, or regarding buvtli*'4 with Of- Client!#, should ba ad. reseed eo D C MOOHHRAO. Agggt 0#l.?fa| far lilt I kl td Bee see, R? \m Bieedwav. Rf ?T wk COMMERCIAL- AFFAIRS. MOUBY HURKBT. Friday, Feb. 18-A P. M. The market to-day wee aotso buoyant, aadprioee for the fancies fell eff elighUy. At the trst board Treasury Notts advanced per oent, United States 6's, 1887, K, Ohio 8's 1, Reading Mortgage BondsX, North Amerioan Trust Penn. 6's dsollned \ per oent, Morris Canal >?, Canton M, Harlem >4, Reading Railroad 1. All others closed at prioes current yesterday. The transactions were not to any great extent, and the market was by no means firm. Sterling exohange has been in moderate demand today, for remittanoe by the steamship Washington, the psoketof thedOth Inst., Sunday; and sales have been made at 10 a 10^ per oent premium. Eleven per oent premium has been offered for British government bills. There is a full supply of bills in the market, of seoond rste oharaoter. We quote bills on Paris, at 8f.28X * 6f 35; Amsterdam, 39X a 40; Hamburg, 36)j a 35Jf; Bremen, 77X a 78. The annexed statement exhibits the amount of duties received at Oswego on importations from foreign ports, in eaoh of the past live years Duties on Imfobts into Osweoo. 184 3 $8 807 52 184 4 7,778 63 1846 7,013 48 1#40 11,710 23 1347 22,807 63 To tbe collections for the year 1847, might fairly be added the sum of (33,294 08, paid at the oustom home, New York, on oargoei of wheat and flour imported Into Oawego from Canada in that year. Thi* would exhibit the duties on aotual Imports at that port, for the year 1847, at $57,992 61. It will be seen that Oswego Is but little in the rear of Buffalo, and at the rate of progress will soon be far ahead of her. The foreign export trade of Oswego Is ten fold greater than that of Buffalo; and this must neoessarily.ln time, materially, affaot the lm* porta. We annex the quotailona in this market for the prln' eipal government and State stooks for three periods Pricks or Stocks in thk New York Mabkkt. Redeem- 1847. IBIS. 111! Rate. able. Dec. 14. Jan. 13. Feb 18. United States 8 1867 102 alOV2 99 V a 99V l(?Xaiei a 1882 98 s98V* 98 a 98V lOOfcalOl " 6 1836 102 al02V 91Va 97k 99Va 99V " 5 1853 93 a 94 91 a 9iV 33 8 92V J'rea'r Notes 6 99V* 99V 99Va 99V 100 a 190V New York, 7 18t9 101 al02 IMValOOV lOOVilOOX " 6 1850-34-60 - a ? 100 al??V 100 alOl 6 1861-62-87 102Val02X 101 slOIV 101 al02 5V 1860-61-85 ? a? 98 a 99 ? a ? " 5 1846-7-8-9 ? a? 95a 96 97 a98 " 5 1850-1-3 96 a 97 93 a 93V 95 a 95V " 5 1855-8 ? a 97 ? a ? 94V> 95 " 5 1859-60-1 96 a 97 93V* 94 91 a 94 " 4 V 1819-58 . 95 a 94 ? a? ? a ? Ohio, 8 1850 99V?10O ? a ? 97V* 37V " 6 1856 60 99V*10O 95Va 35 97Va 97V " 5 1850-58 88 a 90 ? a? ? a ? " 7 1856 ? a ? 101Val01 102 alOtV Kentucky, 6 ? 98 a 96 98Va 99 97 a 97V " 3 75 a 77 80 a 83 84 a 85 , Illinois, 6 1 870 37X'38 41 a 41 44 a 44V ludiana, 5 23 years 35 a 36 36 a 37 34 a 38 Arkausas, 6 ? a ? 31 a 33 31 a 32 Albania, 5 58Va 59 60 a 61 60 a 60V Pennsylvania,5 7l,Va 71V 70\a 71 72V> 71 Tennessee, 6 ?? 100 a- ? a ? ? a ? N.York City ,7 1857 101 al94 ? a ? ? a ? " 7 1812 ? a? ? a ? ? a ? 5 1850 ? a? ? a? ? a ?., " 5 1858-70 83 a 85 90 a ? 91V* 9>X Bk Co'm N. Y. full 89 a 90 88V* 89 88Va 88V " scrip ? a 92 91 a ? 90 a 91 N. Y. Life Ins It T'nst Co. ? a ? ? a? ? a ? Farmers Loan It Trust Co. 25 a 35V 35X* 38 89V* 33V Ohio Life Ins. It Trast Co. ? a ? 85 a 88 88 a 90 Bank of U. 8. in Pannsyl'a. 3V a SX 3 a 3V 3V* 3V N Jersey R R St Trans. Co. 103 al04 103 a 103 101 al04 Mohawk It Hnd'a Railroad. 67 a 68 06 a 67 78 a ? UticakSeherecwdy Bail'd ll5Val>6 117 a? U8Vall9 Syracuse k Utica Railroad.? a? ? a? ? a ? Auburn k Syracuse Kailr'dl04 al07 1'5 al 16 116 all6V Auburn fc Rnchoter , 99V%100 103 alOl 92 a 93 Reading Rulroad, 37X* 58 59 a 59V 44V* s5 Delaware k Hudson Canal, 80 al90 187 a ? 170al7oV* Iteadinf Railroad Bonds, 88V? 09 65Va 65V 63 a 61V Reading Railroad Mix Bdi, 63 a ? 68 a 61 59V* 39X Dividend off. There has been qnlte an Improvement in prieea, compared with tbooe ruling on the l>th of January laet. This we attribute entirely to the relief In the money market, and to the greater abundanoe of oapltal aeeklng employment. We see no reason why onr really good State stooka, and thoae of the general government,ahonld range below par at any time; and those wbloh do oo now, 4. ,k.l. ?l?l 14 ?iii k. perceived that Treasury notes and government sixes of 1967, are quoted above par, and we expeet to aee those ot 1866 and 186.2, soon tn the same plaoe. Treasury notes are the favorite investment of oapitallsts, as they are available for payments due the government, are transmittable, in the shape of exohange, from one point of the oountry to another, and are convertible at any time into a funded stock, payable in 1667?a twenty year investment. The passage of the new loan bill through the lower house of Congress, will have a favorable ir.fluenoe upon the market value of Treasury notes, as there will be no more Issued than authorised by the aetof January, 1647. The new bill authorizes a stock loan at six per cent, for sixteen millions of dollars, and prohibits its negotiation uoder par. This makes the bill null and void at onoe; and unless a further Improvement is realized in the money market, or some change is made in the independent treasury aot, whiob, by all means, should be avoided, a mote liberal bill will have to be passed, or an issue of Treasury notes authorised for the full amount. We are decidedly in favor of a stock loan, and if there appeared a possibility of negotiating a six per oent government stock at par, would advocate it as strongly as possible ; but such a method, at present, is not feasible, and should, therefore, be abandoned. One of the most important features in the oreed of any political party, is the tact and judgment to never propose any measure not at the time feasible, however much it may agree with its principles, as a measure may at one time break down a party, and at another time give it strength and solidity. The wblg party Is opposed to the Independent Treasury system, and for the pnrpose of breaking down that eystem,orto embarrass the government in its finances so that it will recommend a modification of that aot, the leeue of treasury notes is prohibited, and the government compelled to mske a stock loan at par, or go without the necessary funds to carry on the war. At any other time, this party would flood the oountry with paper Issues; and its oourse lately has been in direct opposition to its well known principles, solely for the purpose, as it appears to us, of giving the Exeouttvo and the Seoretary of the Treasury as much trouble as possible. It may be very well, as a party movement; it may be that the chairman of the Committee of Ways end Means, and his folk) were.may sucoeed in accomplishI log the object they have in view, but it Is our impression that the effect will be more disastrous to the opposition party than its leaders Imagine. They are like the dog In the manger?they cannot do anything themselves, and they are disposed to prevent any one else doing anything. It is so inconsistent for a party so notorious for its paper money principles as that in power in the lower house of Congress, to refnse authorizing an issue of treasury notes, te enable the government to carry on its financial operations sucoessfuily. It is sufficiently well known that the government is decidedly opposed to paper money, in any shape, and particularly opposed to the treasury department becoming a department of issue; hut in time 01 war, measures must be adopted calculated to meet existing exigencies, ..nd some sacrifice must be made to party principles. This the administration bare done; and In doing so, the principal object has bieu eoonomy of expenditure. On the other band, the opposition party has sacrificed its principles for the purpose cf embarrassing the government as much as pcssible in all its disbnrsemsnta on account of the war it is a deipercte game they are playing, but Ihe motive is so palpable that it can be easily fixed upon the right shoulders. There is no donbt but that this loan bill will pass ths Senate at onoe, rsosira the signature of the President, and become a law. In accordance with its provisions the Secretary of the Treaanry will l.'sue proposals for bids, and a few weeks will settle the question. As the loan must be mads at par or abovs, no bids will of oourse be msde below, and the Secretary of the Treasury will soon know what proepsct there is of encores. Should Kuropean capitalists view the terms of this loan In n fa vorable light, it is not improbable but that bids may be received from the other side, and we lo?k upon tliij as the only chance of its being taken at par The statements made relative to the Rothschilds, are something more than mere rumors, as the circumstances connected with the financial operations of that house in Mexico are sueb as to make It a very great inducement to take the whole or that part of this loan which would be required within the limits of Mexico Other European capitalists may become large purchasers of Uaited States stocks from ssoond hands, and our capitalists r-Iisvrd In this way of muoh of the burden; but the Rothsobilds must come in as bidders for the loan, if thry wish to make their funds in Mexico available tor th? purpose of payment. Ro long as we ret.! in possession of that coantry, so long will Ihe restrictions continue upon the eiportatlon of specie, and so long will the funds o the Messrs Rothschild, or any other house, bo snbjeot o the payment of the duly fixsd by the Secretary of the I Treasury. It therefore appears that the only way for that house to make their Mexican funds available, to Inks tbs lean of tbs Uaited Slates, authorised by tba bill (totally passed and If Wet did art wish to hold ? whot# o? mj part m it ewsbasM* could b* oasWy

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