Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 21, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 21, 1848 Page 2
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I - in 7 NEW YORK HEBALD. flnrth-west Corner of Fulton and Na&saii ?U. J A TIES GORDON BENNETT, PKOPKI1CTOH. rjltLY HKHALO-Erery iay, {Sundn intludsd.) 'nts r*r r<i"t?IT jJ per a?n\.m?>n the Untie* Itmlet 1 ; iiypeaH rutscriArrs. tl* pit ?-iau?, (j include the oof . SfEKKLV HE HALO?Ever* Saturday?4% cenis ! f*- fjrtr? *? US, per nnn"<n?tn the United States. Eu ?.p<e? ^ i ?#'to int l'i le the onstage Ji edition (:'n iAr French rs well as in the English lant-uc-te ) will be puhlishrd on the day of the departure aj '.ich steamer for any port in Europe, with intelligence fiv? al parts of the .Hmnriran cunlinetil to the latest mo ient Mj ' ici ipit j-it md ad rertisements received by Utssrt It i ne K?'?;?nn?, Pars : P. >;aionai. II Corn/till, and J. Kn osil/er, bookseller, Henrietta street, Ltnr on. ."KBSIDE.VTML HKKJ1LD-Every Tuesday?One no ,- tfor the Campaign. 1 Ul EK7 I8KMEtfT8 (renewed every morning) lit rtes -no'le prices: to be written in a plain, legible wanner, i r.t j/f yf- .rtor not rrrv nsiblt for errors in manuscript. PKISTJAfO nf all kinds t me cut id beautifully and with vspauk. Orders received at the Publication Office, cor IfT Of iWil WiiMMtlit. itrrrfa .11./. l.KTTKUS by tahi for rubccnptioni, or with I ? >. ertitern.-nti, to be pott pud, or t\e pottagt icill bi dt- | ?Hf tedProm the money remitted ruLr\T*1UV COKHESPOSUKNCS. confining | ?. ??, toLiciteJ fr?m any quarter of Ikt world? ; *'td i fated. vh'.I be liberally paid for. AO S 'tTICK Lin tcken of <? >nymout l? '? IPhaterer ii intended for intertion mult be muthenti- ! -. *<i by the mwr and aildrett of the waiter ; not ntcetta i y t91 r'-'blicatinu. but at c guaranty sf bit good faitk. | 't'i r ;ms / undertake 11 return rejected cownunitationi. j s rgtokc mad* in advance. AMU8RMENT3 THIS EVENING ! ilX THE Vl'UE.-^ndi. L?ai h Co.'i Amhioir rirrn,ii th?ir ysjsoba perforinspcci. y.RY THEATKK, Bowtry - H* w* r VIII-Fi.tiwo Dl'TCHMAff. < M ATH KM THEATRE. (' hathim ?treet-THt Hbik at Lau ?MrtUKL Arti?t? ? I hk Whiitlir. (. IRCUS? BOWKBY AMPHITHEATRE. Bowery.<i'nti:um-M, tec., Fakir or Ata, (Jvm^a?tic? Fkati, &c. PALMO'B OPERA HOUSE, Chamberi itrcrt?Moori. Art hi*. BROADWAY ODEON. Broadway.?OnKO* Miputreli ?Modal. Artuta. i' vNOUAMA HALL, Broadway near Homtcm at ?BanftkD't I'aiohama or thr Minrat'rrr. Mr. Mai.onk'? Muiical Entertainment of An Huuh in Isiland. BROOKLYN T^KOOKLYN INSTITITTE. Waihuigtmntreft.?c hiiutt'i .Vit.ttTKKLt?Ethiopian Sirroirin?Burli?<ju* Dabcino. the. N?w > nrk, Monday. February Ml, IMS. ADVERTISEMENTS received for one in?er- I UULl BlilJ . Tlit rr?iMcntlnl Election? Vtie Preparations for the Contest. On and after to-morrow?the anniversary of the birtii of Washington?the great civil revolution in the United S'ates, which will decide who is to be our next President for the next four years, will commence in real earnest; and from that day forward, until the month of November next, the whole country, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, will be in a state of effervescence, turmoil and agitation. The interest which is tiiksn by our people, from the highest to the lowest, in the election of our presidents, is not greater than the importance of the subject demands, nnd is the best guaranty we can have of the permanence and prosperity of our free institutions. There is no man, no matter what his situation is, who has not a direct interest in the result of our presidential elections; and he who, throueh apathy or from any other cause, neglects to fulfil his duty in this r?spect, is unworthy of being a freeman. From the position in which the United States are now placed in regard to Mexico, the approaching Presidential election, will be of more importance than any that has preceded it. On former ocasions, matters of purely a domestic character?such as high tariff and low tariff, the bank, &c., &c.?divided the parties, and were passed upon and decided by our people; but in this instance, our relations with a people numbering over one-third as many as ourselves, and with a soil unequalled in fertility and minerals, are to be settled and shaped, for all time to come. From the present con anion in inose relations, inere is every probability that tho question of annexing the whole of that vrist and rich country, with its eight millions of inhabitants, will be the issue on which this election will be decided. Of ceursc, all other things will sink into insignificance in comparison i with it. This issue will arise from the necessity of the anomalous condition that this country is now in. Mexico is conquered and beaten. She lies piostrate at our feet, unable to organise an urmv, and divided bv factions. Yet she will not make peace. We cannot get rid of her?we cannot tret out ot the position we now stand in towards her. Meanwhile, the seeds of permanent occupation are being sown broadcast, and the project of annexing her, entire, to the United States, is discussed by our citizens and by the Mexicans themselves. The question has made itself?shaped itself?without the agency of politic' us It will be forced on the people, and must be decided by the people at the approaching election. It is this, then, that makes the approaching l l^'clU' lidO-i cirtuuu nn'rr iui|iuiiaiu man nuy that has preceded it, and it will be viewed in this lieht by foreign nations, as well as by ourselves. The annexation of such a country as Mexico, will place us in an entirely new posit an as regards the old world. We wouid ecquire by it a vn^t accession of the cotton growing oilot tli world, vast mine3,and hold in our hand ; controlling influence over tWe financial operation# of the whole world. We would obtain j os Von of the means of connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific ocean, thereby giving us cintroi over the commerce of the East. The benefits ol such a change in our position are p tinted in the most showy and gorgeous colors by ilie friends nnd udvocate3 of the measure, while there are not wanting those who prophe&y, from such a consummation, the worst evils that could befall a nation. Several of the States have already taken the n iii.tive in thecoming contest, which may lead to this great result. The following States have held State conventions, and nominated their candidates:? The Di.t i ikitiop of State Contentious already held, ForZ?chary Taylor Iowa Illinois. Alxhuma i:?ury CWv Hhodo Island. For ln.m>l Web?t?r Mnasacbusetts F r ).<*?>? Ca-g Michigan. . , Indiana. Ohio. Conventions will !> held in the following n <med ^late.-, during luis month a'?d Mirch:? State Conventions ro *e Held *.late. Town. Orm Taylar. Whig. Virginia. Hlchiuond, K?b. 95, F*b 22, Feb 23. Kentucky, Frankfort, Mar. 16, ? Feb 23. Lmisiaua. N?w WrUans, ? Fsb 22, ? V <'?rrllua. R?leigh, ? ? Feb 32. Miwouri. J?-ff?r*on, M?r. 37, ? ? leuneyl*'*. Harrigburg. ? Feb 33, ? following iiam^d .States have, through 1. r legislatures, declared in favor of certain candidates-.? Tin. Drn.Aiii ioki or th* Rtati LBOIILikTCaci. ( or h?ry Tmylor Virginia Tenaemee. Florid*. l r Jamrx iluoh?o?D Pennsylvania. h'jr Michigan. \nd festivals and inaig meetings are to be held to-morrow, id favor M General Taylor forth? 1'residency, " the following places : ? Mill mbKTISOS AKD fmtihi.I to BR HELD. I or Zsehary Taylor N?? Votk Ciry, F'b 23. " ? L?k1b Mo., Feb. 22, " " Philadelphia, Feb 22. << " Cincinnati, Feb. 2 J. Thue, t ien, it appears that the great contest, if not already begun, will begin in earnen to-morrow, in many ol the Stales. Mi . meetings, and conventions, and fe?. 1 u dtfligned to operate on "he nominating ( a' each' of ?bt two great partit?? | nees of those conventions, no ene can sty at ! present. Matters are shaping themselves in fa* vorotMr. Clay as the whig candidate, and in c*.se he be regularly nominated, the principles set forth in the speech delivered by that distinguished statesmen at Lexington, a few weeks since, will be the chart by which they will steer their course. If our relations with Mexico remain unaltered up to the tinio of the election, the probability is that the opposite party will make the annexation of the whole ol Mexico the issue. This is the first time in the history of the world, that the fate and nationality of one country depended on a peaceable and quiet election by tiie citizens ot anomer; ana 11 is very eviaein thai the question whether Mexico shall be numbered, hereafter, ns a constituent member of the family of nations, or become an integral portion of these United States, is now in th? balance, and will be decided at the ballot-box, before the year 1848 shall have run its course. Tayloh Dbmonstation.?To-morrow evening is the time selected Jfor the grand mass meeting and popular demonstration in favor of General Taylor as a candidate for the next Presidency, and the place selected is Niblo's Garden. It is to be hoped that more order and decorum will pre vail than what were exhibited at the meeting at Military Hall; and it is to be hoped, too, that tnose wno aaaress tlie meetmg will not tire out the audience with their reasons for abandoning this candidate, or that candidate, or refer, tor an hour at a e>tretch, to'the old issues which once divided parties in this country. Let them, on the contrary, keep their egotism to themselves, whom it most concerns, and let them display the brilliancy and glory of General Taylor's heroic deeds, and the simplicity and purity of his character. Now, Col Baker wearied and tired the audience at the meeting at Military Hall, by his hum-drum allusions to old issnes. Since the battle of Buena Vista was tought and won, the United States have jumped a full half century further towards the end of time than they were before it; and the twaddling ot twaddling lawyers about facts, aud measures, and issues, which are buried in the past, are entirely out of place at meetings called for supporting Gen. Taylor for the Presidency. Who cares what induced Prescott Hall to leave the Clay standard! No, there should be no lawyer's twaddle at these meetings; but reasons and arguments should be adduced, to show that Gen. Taylor would make a capital President. What do the Bowery boys care about the reasons that induced this man, or that man, to rally in support of Gen. Taylor! His having done so, is sufficient. Let ' those " talk up" the hero of Bu^na Vista. Again, the Clay cause will be seriously injured it that portion of the whig party allow their orators to assail Gen. Taylor. If ever there was a man against whom nought can be said, that man is General Taylor, and any attempt Jo injure him in the estimation of the people, will surely recoil on the heads of those who make it. At the meeting at Castle Garden, the other night, such an attempt was made by one of the speakers, and we rather think that the cause which he upheld will be more damaged than benefitted by what he said on that occasion in disparagement of General Taylor. What is the Effkct of Emigration on the American Republics 1?If some of cur countrymen and legislators, blind to the interests and prosperity of the country, and incapable of seeing and understanding the causes of our wonderful advance and progress in national wealth, set their faces against the inpouring of emigrants into our back woods and wildernesses?if, unconscious of the real cause of our greatness, and the mighty strides we have made above all other people, they set themselves to decry, revile, and depreciate the new comers, and affix distinctive names of opprobrium and reproach upon I them, because they are born in another country ?other nations and people of the new world, witnessing our prosperity, and perceiving the real cause of it, are waking up, are casting oft their prejudices, and are inviting the tide of European emigration to roll upon their shores. They are inviting this by every species of liberality and encouragement extended to the new emigrants, by liberal aid and advances made them, and by conferring upon them liberal grants of land, together with other civil privileges and every possible inducement. 'Hub is as it should be. wnat can lead mort I to enrich a country than a laboring, agricultural I population, drawing from the bosom of the un; cultivated wilderness the rich, but buri?d, pro. ducts of the golden harvest, and filling the wild and uninhabited desert with a rich, numerous, and flourishing peoplel What are lands?what ' is a great country?without a people fo over! spread and cultivate it? We have been led to these remarks by some I documents and papers of an official character, which have been transmitted to our office from Bogota, the capital of the beautiful country of New Grenada. By these documents and decrees of the government, we perceive that New Grenada has commenced a determined and active earner in emulating the advance and progress of the United States, and is doing all in her power, by the most liberal enactments and provisions, todrawth<Tstream of emigration upon her rich and beautiful shores. There is an elegant and pretty song, by Thomas Moore, the celebrated Irish poet, and friend of Byron, which ends a1 every verse with the words : "And Mid I If there'* p??re to be found In the world, The heart that's oontentad ra?y look for It here." \U.. K*1 ( ...ok a <h.nn oo peace to be found in the world, if we may judge by our own experience, and the pertinacity with which we see it fly from all who pursue it; but really ifit is to be found?if there is a rich, beautiful, and romantic country, where a man might enjoy himself, it is this of New Grenada; and it is to this fine country that the emigrant is now freely invited, by the most liberal ofl'ers of the government. The documents before us have been published by the government of New Grenada. They consist of ihe decrees and laws passed by the legislature, relating to emigration, and coiitain an invitation from the Executive to all those who desire to emigrate, to address their propositions, by means of the agents and consuls of the government of New Grenada, to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs at Bogota. Great inducements ar* held out in these decrees, and by thin invitation, to all who shall undertake to bring a certain number of settlers, either Europeans or Americans. They mubt be mechanic*, or farmers, or miners, or work'ngmen in general. To them the country is open, and every privilege and liberty, both civil religious, which a free man can desire, is proffered them, and is secured by law. The communications and proposals upon this subject must be made and addressed to the proper authority, on or before the thirty-first day of October next, of the present year, 1848. On the arrival and settlement of a party of fifty emigrants of the above named description, the Executive wilj repay back the expenses of the voyage and equipment, at so much per head? The contract lor settlement will be made with the consul of New Grenada, in the country from whence the emigration proceeds, ?nd a certain quantity ot land will be immediately awarded, together with other considerable privileges, and un a!lo*'6iice for the support of the emigrants for the first year after their arrival. Here is a liberal ofier, and a fair chance ,to the numerous enterprising people coming to our shores The consuls of the republic of New Grenada are authorised to enter into the neces! Biry arrangements, and <r?m whom every rni{ nute and necessary information u,cn thi# j f-sung subject ttifV fcs ol/isined The Steamer Washington. This steam ship did not sail yesterday, in consequence of the dense fog that hung over the bay throughout the day. She will leave early this morning, if possible, Health or thb City?The Gas Houses.? HavenottheGrand Jury or the CommonCouncil, the power to do something in relation to the gas houses, in the heart of the city. The charter, it is understood, will expire in 1850, and * i *i j J : iwo long years arc uius reserved, auriii^ wuiuu the health of the city, it ia expected, will be in a somewhat precarious condition, from the vast influx of immigration and epidemic diseases. Many of our citizens have already fallen victims to ship fever, both physicians and clergymen. Indeed, within the last few days, no less than two distinguished clergymen have been cut off by this dre&dful scourge. We have taken occasion to call the attention of the Board of Health to many prominent parts of the city, where nuisances of every description abound; and suggested the propriety of a free use of the Croton water, as an effectual remedy, to cleanse these "Augean stables" of filth and infamy. The gas houses, however, in the very hfeart of our city, are a species of nuisance sui generis ; and it is only to be wondered at, how such a dangerous and destructive source of sickness and ill-health should have been so long tolerated in this populous part of the city, blighting, like the upas tree, the very atmosphere that surrounds it, and diffusing its noxious vapors through an immense area. The approaching summer may be very unhealthy, in consequence oi the mildness of the past winter, there being little snow or frost to purify the atmosphere, so that it is doubly incumbent upon us to devise every possible means of guarding against the frightful ravages of epidemic disease, that unquestionably will reach our shores in foreign vessels. Viewing the question, therefore, in, every aspect, and taking into consideration the fact that the gas houses being built for the company, in a suitable location in the suburbs of the city, are far advanced towards completion, we would urge upon the consideration of both the Common Council and Grand Jury the necessity for taking speedy and effective steps to rid our city, .U;? /.niinn mil. I saner; for never were they more imperatively called upon to take action upon the matter than at present. The great spirit of improvement, in the building line,has been impeded a good deal in this quarter of the city, in consequence of the continuance of the gas houses here; and where the liw so expressly defines the nature and character of nuisance?where it places it in the power of a f*w inhabitants to uproot such tactories as are used for the manufacture of bones, soap, &c.,? we cannot see how any body of intelligent men can hesitate to apply it, in all its vigor and efficacy, in a case so aggravated as the one we present. The very appearance of the part ot the city in the immediate neighborhood of the gas houses, is a reproach to the city government, and an additional argument in favor of the immediate removal of. the gas houses ; and if they were removed, in one year, we feel assured we would have new blocks of buildings quickly run up, in every quarter in their immediate vicinity. Both boards will meet this evening, and we trust that some member of either board, will, in his place, remind the city fathers of their duty to the city in the approaching emergency, and call their attention to our suggestions in relation to the Croton water and the gas houses. If something is not done on the subject, and that quickly, our citizens will have to desert every street, lane and alley the next summer, should pestilential disease creep m amongst us. Our Ferry.?We have waited patiently for some ufiir, wlhi mc nope iiio-l me wuixiuiuu Council of this city would have taken some proper action in regard to the appplication of the Jersey City Ferry Company for a renewal of its lease of the slip foot of Courtlandt street, and tbat we wou'd not be again under the necessity of referring to the matter. We have, however, been disappointed in our hopes; and so far from the Common Council having shown any disposition to establish the principle that our slips and docks should be leased at auction to the highest bidder?the principle which we desire to see prevail in all cases, but especially in our ferries?they have leased slips in different parts of the city to individuals, in the old'clandestine and corrupt manner. Now we would ask, solemnly and seriously, have our city councillors any idea of renewing this lease, or the lease o? any other slip to be used for ferry purposes, to a private company, at a rent below what could be obtained for it at public auction, thereby depriving the city treasury of part of its receipts 1 If they have, all we can say is, that they are unworthy of the places they hold,and if they carry it out,will inflict a direct injury on the city. We hope, however, that there is no such intention on the part of our CommonCouncil, but that their tardiness to act in the matter, may be construed as an evidence that they are investigating the subject thoroughly, and wish 'o arrive at a just and proper conclusion. If this has been the cause of the delay, we will be much pleased, and we will entertain no doubt of the result to which they will arrive. We can assure the Common Council that the public are looking forward with great anxiety to the issue of this matter. For years past, our citizens have been imposed upon by some of our ferry monopolies, and their rights and accommodation totally disregarded. The time has arri ved when a remedy can be applied to the abuses, and they will be very much disappointed if the Common Council fail in their duty to tjiem in the matter. We know that the application of the Jersey City Ferry Company, for a renewal of their lease, is backed by a powerful moneyed influence, and the is?ue may be taken as a test, whether such influence can succeed in depriving the city of New York of part of its revenues, and subjecting her citizens to extortion and inconvenience. We shall see what we shall see; but we are determined to watch this matter closely, and if possible, prevent any imposition being inflicted on our city. Later from YrcATAN.?The arrival of the brig Mary Ann, from Sisal, has put us in possession of files of La Union, a Merida paper. The latest number is dated the 15th ult. We find Henry Clay's speech, made at Lexington, on the 13th November last, translated at full length in the columns of La Union. The only editorial remarks on this speech, that are made, are in a paragraph on the situation of the two republics? Mexico and the United Statee?where it is stated thai peace seemed as far off as ever, notwithstanding the speech of Mr. Clay, who had lost much of his prestige and popularity from the expression of his opinions on the war; which opinions have, says the Merida paper, *' not met any response from the people, and will probably deprive him of many votes for the office of President." The editor of La Union announces, that by way of contrast, h? will forthwith publish all that part of Mr. Polk's menage which relates to Mexican affairs. The Indian troubles still continue in Yucatan. The following places were in a state of warfare with them, vix: Valladolid, Yaxcaba, Peto.? The troops, and the Yucatecocs generally, were, however, doing much towards putting.them down, and in all ot^er farts of the State, everything ? a a to a perfect ?tate of order and trtn quiliity. Boa&o or Ebuoation.?Its Expiuditumm.? We have already referred to a debate of the Board of Education, in which there w?re some inklings given to the public of extravagant expenditures made by that body of men, in mattera connected with the public schools of this city. From what we have heard ol these debates, and what we have seen in our own experience, we cannot resist the conviction, nor do we think can any sober man, that a great deal of extravagance and wasteful expenditure has been sanctioned by the Board, which ought to be narrowly examined into by the Corporation, before they pass the money over. We have made some inquiry into this subject, and have -procured the following extraordinary statement of expenditures, many of which are required to be sanctioned by the Corporation in voting the supplies, and we believe to-night, when the Common Council meets. Cotl of Situ for School Houses. let ward. 1ms? and lota, annual rent $600. .. .$10,000 00 4th ward.. 10,000 00 11 th ward 6 633 80 12th ward 3 435 00 13th Ward 0 360 00 14th ward 10 000 00 16th ward 8 898 00 16th ward 3 800 00 $40,893 60 Coit of Building and Fitting Up. 1st ward?building $13 136 00 Fitting up 3 780 00 Extra work ... 3 014 70 $17,849 70 4th ward?Building $11,444 00 Fitting up 2,640 64 Extra work 676 63 $14,861 36 13th ward?Building. $10,000 00 Fitting up 3 ooo 00 Extra work 1.300 00 $14,300 00 13th ward?Building $13 400 00 Fitting up 3 670 00 Book* 1,000 00 Extra fitting up. ..... 1,400 oo $18,470 00 16th ward?Building. $18,600 00 Fitting up 3,437 00 Wall 660 00 Extra work 137 33 Book* 1,000 00 $18,884 38 14ih ward?Contract* for building.. .$8 960 00 Fitting up 3 000 00 Extra work 616 76 Plumber's work 98 30 Books 767 76 Painting 848 16 $13,790 98 17th ward?Contract! for building. .$9,690 00 Fitting up /... 1 306 00 " " 1,103 00 Extra work 314 80 Subsequently, Repairs and additions.. 334 76 41 " .. 948 87 $13,384 93

What we particularly call the public attention to, is the extraordinary expenditure made under the name of putting up some extra work in the different wards. A few years ago, and in some of the lower wards, two or three thousand dollars were sufficient to fit up an/ school; but now, in some of the upper wards, and all over the city, this item has swallowed up some four or five thousand at least. This may be all right and proper, but verily it looks very much like extravagance, and sometimes resembles mere jobs. The education of the young generation particularly, deserves the highest attention of the Board of Education and the Common Council. Yet, we are irresistibly led to the firm conviction that the opinion of Napoleon upon the education of youth, was founded upon sound common sense. Give the rising generation good manners, and half the battle is won. Let them have good teachers and good mothers, and the next age in the United Stales, will surpass in intelligence and high moral sublimity, any age in the past history of man. Extravagance and waste, and making jobs for favorites, if sanctioned by the Board of Education, will never bring about that object, and therefore, the Common Council ought to look before they leap, and examine before they vote the supplies. Fashionable Charity?The Italian Opera? Appeal to the Vulgar.?The charitable appeal made to the public by the Astor Place Opera Committee, is now before this fjreat city?before the United States, including Mexico?and before all the world, and before the beginning and end of time. This appeal for a sort of charity donation, by taking saats at three times their value, in order to fill up the chinka made by the extravagance ot the committee, without reference to the poor artists, haa been presented to the ilite, and as yet numbers only about forty or fifty subscribers, including ouraelf. This is rather a poor show to be made by the sublime aristocracy of New York, l including ourself; but the aristocracy of New York, including ourself, are not so very generous, unless we can make a shave by our charity, or pocket a little balance in the way of difference. In this emergency, we shall have to appeal to the vulgar and democratic of the Bowery, Hudson street, and every where about town, out of the faahionable squares. Will not the honest and wealthy tailors, shoe makers, and barbers, including Jem Grant, and the butchers, and all other people who are making money slowly, and whose grand-daugh! ters may be the Hitt of fashion in the next half century?will they not come forward and subscribe, and take some of those seats at three times their value, for the purpose of filling up the "gala nights" on Saturday at the Astor Place Operal They can put up the price of beef, mutton, shoes, and shaving, to meet it. The 6litt, the beau monde, the aristocracy, including ourself, want very much to make a show, and to be extremely generous, if it do not cost us much; but many of us have a great many expenditures to nleet, some differences to pay, the expenses of large parties and soiriet to defray, to sa> nothing of horses and carriages on tick; and we can't very well afford to pay three times the price of a ticket, merely to fleet the deficiencies ol the committee, while not a cent of it goes to pay off the old debts, not forgetting the debt of five hundred dollars which the management yet owe to Madame Pico, and perhaps debts due to some J others. It will be a sad thing, indeed, if we can't find | among the unfashionable people?the plain sixes I and sevens of New York?sufficient verdancy | and weakness of intellect to be induced to help the subscriptions, and to make those gala nights particularly full and fashionable, at three timet their value. Only think ! Three dollars for a ticket will admit the lowest people round about town, from the Bowery and Hudson street, into the same theatre, to breathe the same atmosphere, to listen to the same music, and to look on the came lights, which are looked upon by the beau monde of the fashionable squares up town,in the same theatre, which they have erected foi themselves exclusively; but who, being unable to support it, have to make an appeal to all those who have money?no matter how they have got it, what their mode of life, or what the sty e they live in. A subscription paper, edged with black crape, will h? npfrmrprl nnH hnncr nut Ht nnr nfficc. for the purpose of taking subscriptions, at three dollarn each, for those gala nights. Important Legal Dioision.?We give in out columns to-day a full report of an important law suit, recently decided in the Superior Court. Ii was an action commenced against the Corporation, to recover the amount of a judgment recovered against the public administrator of this city, and waa the first of the kind in this State. The principle involved is very important, nud the decision, if confirmed by the Court of Appeal, will form part of the common law of ^iia State hereafter. Tb* rtU?*? Pol ton. on th? rlt*i, twtaAj ?Um ftpai Ujnem?. h?e, aocor4iag to a r??|l nhw apoyniatt? ?f ??M Theatrical ud Musical. Th? Huon U creeping along, and iprlog will soon be } upon us; meantime, the various placo* of amusement hold p thair own, end are wril attended The ttrangeri, who are n now coming In daily in great number*, doubtless add (( much to the treasuries of the different hougfe; but bf- 0 ides that tha regular theatre goar* are, by po means, a tirad with their winter's amusements At the Park, the horses remain a faw nlgbts longer; ? Wednesday we believe is the last day. After that Old a Drury will ba left dark and lonely, until tha opening of I ' the spring^Mason, when It is waispered that great at- | * traoiiiuuB win 00 pr^Mnwa At th? Bowery, Mrs Shaw has been performing Id her round of tragedy characters, auoh as Ladv Randolph, Mrs. Beverly, Ion, &o. She is undoubtedly one of the finest actresses now on the stege. This evening she will appear as Queen Catharine in -Henry VIII,?* which is to be put on the stage, in splendid style. She will 110 doubt be received by a orowded bouse At the Chatham, light farce, melo drama, model artists, ke., have been the staple amusements, and Mr. Winana, and the two Misses Denin. have given greet satisfaction. To-night the fine comedy of the' Heir at Law" will be performed, with Winans as Zekiel Homespun, and the strength of the company in the other obaraoters. A new drama, called "The Whistler," an adaptation from Scott's story of the Heart of Mid Lothian. has heen got up with great e?re. and will be performed as the after-p'ece. The Cireui, Bowery Amphitheatre, has done tolerably well, and will continue to do better when its formidable opponent has left. The miicellaneous exhibitions, concerts, model artists, ko. fcn. about town, are all making money ; at least they have full houses nightly. Bkoadwat Theatre.?The comedy of "Old Heads and Young Hearts" is to be presented, for the first time, at the Broadway, this evening The pleoe has been prepared with great oare, and will no doubt be put upon the stage la a manner which oannot fail to receive the ap" I probation or tne audience. td? scenery, jurniiure, ana all the (tags appointments, are new The principal character is to bo sustained by Mr. W. H Blake. To those who are fond of theatrical entertainment, we would reoommend an evening, and this evening especially, at tha Breadway Theatre, where they can enjoy a comfortable seat and the play at tha same time. Holland Protective Society.?Tha grand concert which Is to be given at the Tabernaole next Thursday evening, In aid of the charitable fund of this society, will be one of the features of the week's amusements SUnora Pioe, Miss Brienti, Mrs. Jamieson and Miss Kirkham.Mr Manversand Signor de Be?nis are ail engaged, and the Amerioan Musical Institute have volunteered their servicaa Mr. Loder will have the management of the whole, and It will undoubtedly all go off well. Steyermarkiiche Mosical Society.?The Btllimore Sun, speaking of this unrivalled band, says that Brown's Saloon is every night orowded to hear these charming instrumental performers, whose dulcet strains have recently delighted the musical dililanti of this city. Afollonboni ?On Friday evening next, the admirers of genuine musical ability will be delighted in listening to the sweet strains and scientific efforts of these beau I/..I I iftlo Anno Maria la & boat In herself. City Intelligence. The Wsathsr.?Yesterday id a very disagreeable and unpleasant day,a drizzling rainhaving*fallena'l day, and a dense fog set In, during tbe early part of the day, whioh continued to grow more dense as the day advanced. At night the clouds were thick an<! heavy. and presented very much the appearance of a protracted term. Tub Stbmts.?During all the very favorable weather which haa jut passed by, the streets hare been so neglected, that now. after a sbort rain, they are almost impaaaabla; even the side walks being covered with mud In many plaoee in tbe Bowery, and the lower part of I Broadway, there are large holes, whloh have remained in the same condition as they now are, for more than two months, and not the slightest attention is paid to them In Fulton street, in several places, the dirt Is several inches deep, for want of cleaning, and though very little repairing Is going on, it looks In many plaoes as though the contents of a newly dug oellar had bi?n soattered about. Falsb Alarm ?The false alarm of fire, yesterday morning, was oaused by the burning of a chimney, in Lexington avenue. Run Otbb ?A man, whose name we did not learn,was very seriously injured on Saturday evening, by being knocked down and run over by a horse and oart, in Qretnwioh street. He was taken to the City Hospital. Common Council.?The Board of Aldermen holds a special meeting this evening, for the purpose of takirig uo the new polioe bill, reported on Menday evening last. The Board of Asssistants also, holds forth this evening, for regular business Police Intelligence. Doingt at the Tomk$.?At the return of the watoh prisoners yasterday morning, before Justice Drinker, officer Clifford brought in two Five Point thieves, young chaos about 1ft veers of ?cre. callinir themselves Patrick ! Gallagher and John Turner, on a charge of robbing a i countryman, by the nam* of Martin J. Norton, of his watch, valued at *40, and (14 In mouey. M?oistrati?What charge do you main against these boys ? Norton?Well, your honor, 1 want in company with theae two chapa, a few nights ago, and parted with them a spell, and after a little while they met me again, and walked with me some distance, and hugged m? around the waist, and said they were sorry to part with me; but a short time after they left me, I found my watch and money was gone, which I am sure they took from my pocket while they were hugging me. Orrioca?When 1 searched them, I found betweem $7 and $8, and the watch is pawned by them at Goodman's pawn-shop One of these boys was tried the other day at Jerrey City, with two or three more, on a charge of burglary; and this chap, it seems, was acquitted. Maoiitratb?Yes; I know them both. We hare often had them in h?re tor stealing They are old thieves, although young In year*. I shall commit them both on this charge?take them down The next prisoner was a young English sailor by the nam* of William Beyers, who was brought In by officer Hickey, one of the MtiTepolloeman of the first ward, on a | charge of assaulting a young woman by the name oi Ursula Pagan. Maoutratk?Well, officer, what charge have you to make against this sailor, as Ursula Fagan don't appear to be in oonrt to substantiate the complaint OrricBR?Judge, be knocked the yonng woman down. Maoiitbatk?Did you ?ee him knock her down ? OrricKR?No, sir; I got her up. Maoiitratb?Well, that's as mnch as she could expect you t? do. What hare you to say to this charge, Bsvera? Knocking down women in the street will never be permitted in this country. Sailor?Your worship, this woman threw a lot of soft soap in my faoe and eyes, and I gave her a push and she | fell over. Maohtkati- Yes, in other words you knocked her | down What ship do you belong to? Sailor?I am goind a whaling, your honor. I hare \ signed articles at an offioe in South street. Magistrate?You ought to hare a " whaling" now. for I such an unmanly act as to strike a woman, and I feel ; much disposed to look you up; bnt as the woman don't ' appear acainst you, and as you have been locked np in i the station bou-e all nlnht, which In noma punishment, therefore 1 shall let you go this time; but be more oarej ful In fnture, and above all don't strike a woman ? Officer Bennett next brought a small boy, of only 9 ' year* of age, by the name of Michael MeVfana, who asid ! hid parent* resided at No. 49 Christie street. This boy l the offloer arrested In Washington market, havlnp In i hla possession a lot of pocket knives, whioh he waa offering for sal* at 3 oents a piece Upon bis arrest he told the officer that he and two other boy a itole thre? packI ages of knlvra from a store uptown Justloe Date looked him up, in orUer to send for his parents 1 A black f?llow, called John Dsbolse, was next brought up by offloer Torbu'h, of the 5th ward, on a charge of breaking the glass door belonging to Henry Sifke, who keepa a grocery store at No 41 Anthony street The negro waa loeksd op for the disorderly conduct \nd the offloer next made a ebarge against Sifke, for k?eping a disorderly bouae or grcoery and liquor shop, which is kept open atalitimsa, day and night. Sundaya include ', \ where negroes, prostitutes and loaf?rs reaort; upon this 1 complaint Sifke waa held to ball In the sum of (500, to . i answer the charts at court Justice Drinker remarked . that nine tenths of the drunkards brought into tb? polio* office, were occasioned by thr evil practice of allowing grocery stores to rail liquor. ranking the corner of almost every street a rend?s?ous for rowdies and drunkards; and if tbe city authorities wi*h to improve the morals and sobriety of the Inhabitants, they must refuse all grocery stores tbe privilege of selling liquor. Ditordtrly Hov tn ?John Montgomery was again arrested on a bench warrant, hehavirw hue* indioted for keeping a disorderly house, at No. 38? Water street. He wis held to bail In %f>00. for trial at court. Political Intelligent*. The election for member of Congr-rs from the sixth ' district, Pennsylvania, (composed of the oouotlfs of Busks and Lehigh) to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of the Hon. Mr. Hornbeck, will tak* place on 1 Wednesday ne*t. Col. Samuel A Bridges, of I,?hiph, Is the democratic, and l)r Tretler, the whig candidate Hnnar Cur inn his Pitthitbo Friends.?At the Clay meeting i? Pittsburg, on the 1st of February. a 1 committee was appointed to invite Mr. Clay to a public dinner The Invitation was sont, but Mr. Clay deolittes, for tbe present. I Another Letter of Uanernl Titylor. i In tlie Washington Daily Globe, February Ifltli, 1840, under the head ot "In Senate, Fe,b.l7th, 1840," among communications from .I R. Pom sett, Sectetary of War, to Hon. T II. Benton, i Chairman of the Committee on Military Allaire, to which were r?ferrrd the memorials on the subject cf employing bloodhounds in the Seminole war, was the following:? Head Qiartkri, Ahut or the South, ) Fort Brooke, July 'JBth. 1839 i Sir :?I have the honor to enclose you a oommnnica tlon, this moment received, on the sul'jeot of procuring bloodhounds from the island of Cnba, to aid the army In Its operations against the hostiles In Florida I am decidedly In favor of tbe measure, and beg leave again to urge It, as tbe only means'of ridding the oountry of the Indian*. who iri now brok?n up into imiu p?rviw um take *helt?r In iwamp* and hammock* an the army ?pproaehe*, making It Imp'**lbla for ni to follow or orertaka thaui without th? aid of *uob auilllarla*. Should tbl* raaa*ure mint the approbation of tha Da partment, and tha neo??*ary authority b? |i;rant?d. I will opou a oorra*pond*noe on tha *uhj?ct with Mr Kvartaon, through M?Jor Hunt. A**l*tant Qiwrtar Mas tar at Davannab, and will author!*' him, If It ocn ha dona on remnBabl" tarin", to employ a law dog*, with person* who nnd?r*t*nd tb'lr tuAu*K?n)<<nt. I wl?h It diatlnoily und?r?tond, thus iny ohjact In amploying dog* In OD,T "Hartal* wh?re the Indian* oan ba found, not to worry them I hara tba honor to b?. your obadiant ?<-rvant, (glgned) Z TAYLOR, Bt. Br Oan U. 8. A , Commanding To Oan. R Jot*?, Waahlngtcn D. C i Curiae tha waek i.dlog with February |?th, th?r< H (Hiki la Hfflfd - A Law Intelllgrnc*. Edvttrd C. Ma h'wt t>? The Corporation of Hew rark ? A mm, involving the question of liability on the art of the Corporation, for the aot? of tha Publio Adilnistrator, waa decided at tha last tern of tha Superior ourt, in which, fiom the importance of tha principle etermined, wa have been at soma pain* to procure tha pinion of the court. The incta. an wt have ascertained, rere theseIn the year 1843, William A. Matthew*, j\oi Intestate, William M. Mitchell, who waa than Pubiti Administrator of the olty of New York, w?s appointd by th? Surrogate to administer upon hie effasta. An .ction of trover wa* noon after commenced by the publo administrator against Edward C. Matthews, ih < broher of the deceased, on a charge of converting to hi* iwn un the effents of the latter. The ?uit seem* to have >een commenced without a ehadow of evidence, and waa lever brought to trial; but, after having been pending ibout a year, wa* virtually abandoned, and judgment, i* in ca?e of non-suit, wa' entered egainst the plaintiff. I'he Supreme Court, on motion, awarded coata agalnat he public administrator, in the uaual form, to be ooleoted of the assets of the intestate, or, on failure of these, o! the pr. perty of William M. Mitohell personally. When the judgment for the cohU was entered, it was found that the assets of William A Matthews had been tntirely exhausted, a lar^e part haying been paid for irosecuting the suit in question, to attorneys of the pubio administrator's own selection. It thus appeared that :he party was first sua I on a groundless oharge of appropriating his brother's effects. and these same effects were then expended in prosecuting the war against him. E. C. Matthews finding that nothing remained of the estate, and the publio administrator,who brought the suit, baring no property whioh could be reached, petitioned :he Common Council for the amount of costs due him ? rhe petition was referred to a committee, who, after keeping the matter under consideration several months, Unally reported against the claim, under the advice, as was understood, of tbe former counsel for the Corporalinn An action was then ontnmenoed against the Corporation to test their liability, under the provisions of the revlfed statutes The dciendants demurred to the declaration, assigning various special oauses of demurrer, and among others, that the Corporation were not liable for th* acts of the public administrator of the character charged in the declaration The demurrer was ably argued by Wm. 9. Rowland, Esq, on the part of Matthews, ?nd by Hon. Willis Hall, for th? Corporation Bv the Covar ?(Judire Vandnrrioel 1 ?The causes of demurrer stated, art* numerous; but the main questions are : 1st Is the responsibility on tho part of the eity for the aots of the pnblio administrator direot, or is it collateral ? 3d. Can the fiction of debt be sustained T Sd. Was it necessary to aver that application was made to the Surrogate for leave to issue exeoutlon ? The Mayor. Aldermen and Commonalty of the city of New York, in Common Counoil convened, from time to tlmn, and as olten as a vacancy in the oflloe shall occur, may appoint a publio administrator in the eity of New York, who shall hold his office during the pleasure of the Ommnn Counoil.?3 Rev. Stat. 118. Seo 1. By the 43d section of the s>ma statute, page 137, it is provided, " that the Mayor, Aldeynen and Commonalty of the oity of New York, shall, iu ?U eases, be responsible for the applloation of all moneys received by the pub' lie administrator, acoording to law, and for the due and faithful execution of all the duties of his office " The 43d seotion gives the same remedies against the Corporation, for all persons aggrieved by any unauthorized acts or omissions of the public administrator, as they oould have had against acy exeoutor. The 44th seotion provides ' th,?t it shall and may be lawful for the Common Council of ssid city to glv>* such directions, and make such rules and regulations for the government of the said publio administrator, as they may from time to time deem necessary and proper to onrry into effeot the provisions of the article of the statutes which provides for his appointment and prescribes his duties The statute makes the defendants absolutely and unconrt tionally lia*?l?> for the application of all moneys reo<ived by the publio administrator aooording to Ww, aud for the due and faithfal execution of all the duties or his office. This would seeem to be a direot and primary liability, and not a collateral and secondary one. The pnblio administrator is the oreature of th? defendants, under the statute. They appoint him, and take from him a bond to them, with such sureties as shall be approved by them The 44th section, above cited, elves the defendants a general supervisory power over the publio administrator, and looking at the whole scope and purview of the statute, we think hs stands in the light of an agent of the defendants, rather than that of agent of the State. The defendants are. therefore, direotlv responsible to any person aggrieved by the nets or omissions of the public administrator. for the due nod faithful execution of all the duties of bis offloe. The obvlom intent of the statute wis to extend tbe liability of the Corporation to every oase where a party if prrjudioedby the improper offloial acts of the public administrator, and to give the party injured a remedy against them, when t'r a right of action has accrued against tbe public administrator, through any violation of the duties of his office. 31. Is the form of actioti right? Can tbe plaintiff maintain debt ? We can perceive no valid objection to t.Lls aotion. Chitty says (1 Chitty's PI 98), that debt is, in some respects, a more extensive remedy for tbe reooverv of money than assumpsit or oovenant. It lies for legal liabilities, or for moneys due on simple contract, whenever the demand Is tor a sum certain, or is oapable of being readily reduced to a oertaiuty The declaration here goes for a sum o?rtain,vl?: tbe costs of the plaintiff in the suit against him by the public administrator. Regarding the responsibility of the defendants .<sdlreot and commensurate with the oflloial delinquency of the public administrator, we see no good objection to the action of debt 3d. The objection that the declaration does not Stat* that the judgment for costs was given on n special application to the Court, is equally u tenable. It is enough that the judgment of thr Court be stated, and it is not necessary to set fortb all tbe preliminary proceedings ? in making up tba record it oannot be necessary to state that the costs were awarded on a motion made at the special term of the Supreme court. The judgment of tha Court, and tha persons! liability of tba public a iminls ra'or for costs, are sufficiently set forth in tbe declaration. Tbe crrounds of demurrer now noticed, ere the nost prominent among those taken by the defendants, and or' those apparently mo<t relied upon by them on the argument. Without recapitulating tbe others, it is enough to say that we have given them full oonsidera tion, and think them untenable There must be judg ment for the plsintitr, with liberty to tne aeienaanta 10 plsal on the usual terms. [We understand it In the intention of the Corporation to carry the cause to the Supreme Court ] To the Editor of the New Yore Herald? Model Artist*?When thin species of Amusement was first introduced In t->i? city, every precaution was taken, by drapery, &o , in order that nothing offensive to modesty or opposed to the principle* of morality should b? exhibited; but from the character of the audi no*a that attended, being miscellaneous, and composed of high ind low, moral and immoral, a dissatisfaction soon became apparent, and hisses from all quarters, evinced the depraved taste of "cries ferni drapery." The respective managers, peroeiring the feelings of those who patronised tbfin begun, by degrees, to m-et their wishes; crowds flocked from all quarters to behold the deseoratlon of humanity, and it baa instigated almost * *'7 loafer and dissolute character ta establish similar exhibitions throughout almost every lane and alley of this city This I grant, was foreseen by you. sir, and an article appeared in your excellent and truly independent journal, decrjinn such indecent exhibitions, and. at the s*me time, Instancing the similar iiro<ression of masquerade balls. 810 ; but it has not, up to this period, resulted in the Legislature xnaoting a law to prevent outrages upon the feelings of the moral and religious people I of this city, who are sensibly alive to the bad impressions ,ind evil consequents resulting to tho young and un! (uat led members > f society Every clergyman from hie I pulpit?every father who loves t.h? honor and virtu* of 1 als family?every member of the Legislature.whois bound I to enact laws for the moral government and well beinf >f his constituency should raisa th'ir voices In deprecation of such unholy pursuits and brutal actions, j *hicU are infinitely more barbarous than aoy thing ever ' nrrsenled in tbn Roman amrhlthes'.re. With a hope, sir,through yonrextensively circulated paper,that theee ob<er?atlons may reach those to power, unJ atop this odious exhibition. I nrnain yours Civis MKXIOAN MOVEMENT.-I. Extract cf a letter to a gentleman in Wniliingtnn. furnished to a correspondent of the \ u< York Herald. Tuipaw, Jan 17, 1S17. Dear Captain ?I herewith send you a" pronuucianien to," issued at this place and the neighborhood, wbieh 'how* the disposition of the people better than any ' hlnfl else 1 cm send you If you think proper yon cat 1i*th it published There are at Tamignn about BOi Mexican troops, and they are rising ail oyer this sec tiou of the country. Santa Anna i? supposed to b< ut Or'iubs; th place is forMfled. nnd an expedition ii now Suing out to tek" it. Vou will no doubt hear of I pretty fi rht. 100 sailors, tiini-r the command of Lieut vWynard. are to go with the expedition. They hara i :leld piece attached H [Translation.] PRDM'NCIAMKNTO. Oon a n 11 llhcrty At the t'lwn of Tantayuca. and ou tba bill oalled St Domingo, District of Tsrapico. belonging to the fre state of Vera Cms, the oiMsens whi.ih form II latlonal gUird, by invitation of the Subprefect < Tehu*ntep-o. John L Llorento. in meeting for the pot pose of procuring a'.l tbe oonT?nl'nce to re establis T'ler r.nd public tranquility In all th? towns, as well s til tfie necersaries for thi d?f?nce ot national terrttrr; iOT?d-?d unjustly by the force of the United Stater taking into consideration the sfate of inaction to whic it ii reduced, our government baa sgreed with tinanim tr, an I n* a sol- remedy for our had public condition, t tBW IUllOWIUf? RrnOI'B) ?" ? lit In coneequenoe of the government of the Unite Statm a'pirlrg to th? oonrjufit of our country, all Mex ^^B hdii mI'm InTit-d to defend i'. ,-jj |a order to exeoute the foregoing article*, a ^^B ho Mmieans h*ve to contribute with their j>?rii& iiiij property, lit proportion, and justly," m oirouir ^^B -tHnrc* ef the war will require. ^^B 84 Supposing the war, which the American* are mi inn upon uk, ha* the object of dominion, and trippinn 1 of ctir territory, whioh cannot he recovered without t) uldof all the Mexican*; belt enacted. that all the pr perty of the territory thai I be that of couimonal to ell tha oltlfens of the repuMio. 4til. In oon??<iueaoe UUNftn, after the publioaMi I H and adoption of thia plan, the owanri of tald land eh not recover any amount on whatever motive or pretr: from thone who are known, until now. by the name farmer* at rent, neither from tlione who may hereafi like to make u?e of the land (>tta. The loyal and political government of the towi will continue, according to the *xi*tln? diepoiiih ^^^B inming from the anttial fy?!?m; and therefore, the oli of the forces, pronoun-?4 for thin plan, will elrct t ^^^B Ki .turalaa >ml nlvil nil ?klnh nr. nnnfurrari l? t superior anthoitty. (Hh During tbn war of -nnc. which coram' "I-* Croin thin d?y, will b? Mi?prnd*d th? direct contrit lion* and Intfltlnr dull-*, m. l lik?wl?e on tobacco. stm .uper, nn'l other articles, roinaln'tm onlr ?h? ilutKn mini -ipall 1 y Hi?. JIJ \N LLOllKNFO Hr. L>oMitno, T*n*<yuc* Jan. 7 1-^IH. Hugh O'Brien, an old a-id reipeoUd oitirnn of Lenin, and hi* wife, recently d'ed of ship ferer, whl they oontract <! aa fnlliwi; Bi?if?r room ctlor" vlr O'fl , for whom h? had ?ent to Ireland, arrived * I ?eeh? uro, hewing thn ?M"t? of kbe ril?r?*? with I"1 ! hej were tftHeij ( O'B * h I white U>ey ?i* all >oiaainlOR. h? and bla wiia bar# <*> Wttau to Um pMtUwc?. 1 1_J