Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 24, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 24, 1848 Page 2
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> \KW YORK HERALD. *ortb-wfst Cororr of Follon uml Nauaa sU. JAIttES GORDON BENNETT, PKOPRiniXlB, *UJ' KBUJZi v- Cw\ I?mdftr w???7 8fo ?nnum?n <*? 9%b$cribrr9. fU F* 1 I# i?* iMW#* irK-'riy <?* - * ???< Vir ewv?6 ilk ? m ? * ' . ?1?i r-li.icn {in thr >V?i.* ? nrfWul inrtf /itft ion? .?rr ) v.i < < f> -h.n.d o? ?*' ' af lilt drfrtw of rr.d /?r ,.if / '?'?J? ?o?fi tnle(ii*?*c? from all r urti oft A? .imerif-i . ? i-.-nttoihe late't mv ntfht Sit/itsr.?ttont >ud jd eertilcmentt i 'ceivtd by Mettri. 4ia.'?>r i-?, IS i t'i-iti ?'. I'arn , I' L. ,bimondl. 11 r^rt^kin, /-* ? a. nr, bookttlltr, Henrietta itreit, fKESrDBNTIJIL Hr.UJ>LP?Kvtry T\ietday?One />,'?#? ft* tke CtMM'n. .1P*'KHTISE3Ji'.V7"S tt?n*u><4 etery morning) lai rrai *ableprirei- to be 1-1 tn a plain, legible manner Ihe Tr fmetrr t retVontibl* for rrri>ri in manuicnpl. FJlWrWS ?</ klndi executed t ec.-jtxtuily end iritk Ordert received at :he Publication Office, >f f%W"n cud Alarum streett LETTERS Ky man. for n:'j?crtf>h?ti?, or wtrfc r.rfriufr end to 6c potl paid, or tke pottage tpiU bt aedueled fr<m the motley remitted VOLUNTARY COHHESPONDENCK, containing important newt, toticite* frim CTjcuar.'ii 0/ (H< ?i>uW?<? ?r.i 1 f ?? (<. toiJ/ 6t liberally paid for. SOU OTIC* emit* taken of ancnymont tommuniea ?-> "?n il intended for insertion mutt be autkentiisled by the name end addrtre of the vnter ; not necetta V ? public alio' , f t<f at a runranfy hit good faith. ' V -(in*.!/ undertake to return reject ea communieationi. i L i'-JJ /fJEJVTS fo le r\cdt in dvancc. AMUSEMKVTS THIS EVKNIM* ' OWK"S? K Tii&ATitK, Bow?rjr.?Henby VIJI?Willum Tell. ' HATHAM THKATHK. Chathsm ?tr?? - rio?o thi Obi-el?'Thimble Hiu ? Model Abtuti-Jack Ho?in?on AM) MM Monkey. Cincus-BOWPRY AMPHITHEATRE. Bowcir ? knCE?-IBlANi?M,?VACLTINO Sit TALVOTi OPERA HOUSE, Chambers ?tmt?Model AkTIITf. BROADWAY OPKON. B.cadway.?Odeos Minitkei.i ?\1OD?L AhlHTI VECH < NIC8' H ALL. Broadway. u??r Proome ?ChdiiTl'l MlMIlltU- ETHIOPIA* S.RUIMi?Bl'RLKt^VE Dancinq, be l'ANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near HonatoB ?t.?Bant? n'-. Panorama of thk M??it??ir?i. Brlkbtti's Model or Ancient Jeri'ialem. TAKERS 4CLE,-. Broidwivy?Holland P*ot?cti?? toritTt'i Coi?cr?t. New Vnrh, Thursday, K?hniarjr )ti, IMf,^ ADVERTISEMENTS renewed every morning. Nrwi from Kurope. The Britannia, from Liverpool, will be duo at Boston, on Saturday, with two weeks' later inlelligcnce from Europe. The Electric t elegraph. The Southern telegraphic wires became de. ranged last night, some where between Philadelphia and Washinston, soon after ouridiapatches commenced coming through ; and, as a consequence, we are deprived of a greater part of the lcportof events made up by our reportera in Washington and elsewhere, to a late hour in the day. From Philadelphia, we have a report which contains the sad intelligence of the death of the Hon. John Quincy Adams. He is said to have died at about nine o'clock last night. From Washington we have the proceedings in the Senate, from which it appears that several messages were received from the President, one of which was supposed to accompany the treaty with Mexico. No action was taken on any of them, es Mr. B*nton moved an adjournment early in the day. Previous to adjournment, however, Mr. Allen, of Ohio, proposed to offer a resolution, directing the judiciary committee to enquire into the expediency of framing an act to imprison persons holding official intercourse with foreirn natiocs without authority. He also made a proposition to transact executive business hereafter with open doors. ?The Northern, Eastern, hnd Western lines gave us the proceedings in the State Legislatur , the doings at the Taylor meeting held at Cincinnati on the 22d, mnrkp? reports from several cities, &c., fcc. Ccutrnl Anient u Mud Ux- Urltlsti Government* The news from Central America, which w? published yesterday, describing the encroachments made by the government of Great Britain on the territory of San Juan de Nicaragua?one of the States of Central America?has produced some sensation in this community. Despatches have been received from the government of that country directed to tho United States goveram"nt nt Washington, and it is supposed that those despatches contained something very important relative to such encroachments. We doubt, however, tho rumor that the proposed annexation of that country to this, is at all founded on fact. It is much more likely that the government of San Juan deNicarauga has asked the interference and protection of the American government against the encroachments of the British government,which, under the name of taking possession of territory claimed by a band of siveges called Mosquitoes, want to get a very important geographical position in that region. Whatever the purport of these despatches may be?whatever the request of the Central American government may be?we hope that our government, now that they have nearly closed their affairs with Mexico, by the negotiation of a treaty which is before the Senate, will take that bold and decided stand which was first promulgated by President Monroe, and reiterated by both Presidents Jackson and Polk, of limiting the encroachments and pretensions of European powers on this continent, north and south. We have frequently given detailed accounts of the Hate of thing? in Central America, and on the Mosquito shoro, and described fully the encroacbmonts made by the British agents cn this territory, contrary to right and to law, under the pretext of being the aliy of a Mosquito king. These encroachments are not without a motive, and a strong one. It it now generally believed, as a settled fact in geography, that the lake of Nicaragua, with its outlets on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, it the only place where a ship canal can be formed, nniting these two great oceans together, in that part of the world. If the British government, under the name and authority of being an aily of Mosquito king, or rather a Mosquito savage, hould get possession of the outlets of that lske, they lay claim to, they would possess control *vsr the only feamble ship or water communication between the Atlantio and Pacific oceans, whhin the tropics Now this isclaimed by Central America, against British pretension; but in such an unequal coiiiest, the asks assistance and aid of the American government, to render those claims successful against the arrogant power o England. We trust that Mr. Polk and his Cabinet will fceriouply deliberate on this position of things, and take the side of right?the side of CentraJ America?boldly and calmly, and at all hazards, and in face of all the opposition that may be presented by th? British government Now is the time to draw a line and take firm ground. Tnc Tecent devrlopements of military courage, on the field* ot Mexico?of talent and genius in war oi all kinds?are beginning to make a proper im predion on in* worn out ana nnj?gara govern rnente of Europ# Ournavsl power, during tbes? lecent event*, ha* had no me..n? of showing it? capacity, ita couragr, or ita Renins; bat we hav* do doubt that tf the nec-asay should arise, there m not a hetui or a hand connected with the naval arm ?>f the United State*, thut would hesitate a moment to mea?ure ita strength tnd feelinpa wuh those of any powc.r in Empt?British ?<r any other? in detene* of (he right* and privileges belonging; to the republics of this continent, in amity with the government at Washing on Sow or never is the time to tnke a sund Kvery pn??ipt?, and avery moral "in the wel tsttown labia*of Mbop," iuw?rt usinthii A 1 gkker^l. tattx>j?'? iixmo.?tfw wvll known i fable of nevtr produced greater effect in any community thun did the letters ot Genera' Taylor published yesterday in this journal?letters describing liis position in the contused state of political afi.iirs throughout the country. Neither the whigs nor the democrats know exI acily what to say, or what to think of them. In this dilemma, we think it would be well for ' them to read cireiully over the well known j tables ?f i?jop. General Taylor's lett rs have ( not satisfied, and will not sitibfy, the politicians of any of the organized factious; yet, from that very circumstance, we are disposed to believe they will please the great mass of the people, who are not Dolitw>innB! nnd ullhouull thev vote sometimes as whigs and sometimes as democrats, they are liberal and independent, and more 1avor.\ble to the constitution than to party. The General calls himself a sort of a whig; but in feeling, in character, in dress, in costume, in manners, we think he is more of a democrat than a whig, even by his own showing; aad he would be a most capital candidate to bo taken up by the Baltimore convention in May. It i> very evident that the whig politicians?many of them> at least?merely dupe the public by pretending to be in favor of General Taylor. They mersly use his name to ainuac the people till their secret arrangements are mature for some other. hey are afraid that the Baltimore 'convention might take hold of him, and therefore they represent him as a whig. If that convention should nominate a weak man, it is probable, lrom appearances already developed by the various whig factions, an attempt will be made to bring forward General Scott, who, under such circumstances, would nrnhitblv be elcctpd President of the I United States. The only thing 'hut can save the J democrats, is to follow the !*ad of John Van | Buren's radical convention iu Uuca, ind that is, ! to tike up General Taylor, and curiy him against all odds, and all candidates. There will be no more mass meetinga or great efforts, probably, belore the meetingof the two conventions; and all in the way of electioneering, will be done through the newspapers, and privately among the politicians. Much is yet to be dona. First go, and read over carefully " the well known fables of .Hsop." Plank Roads ?The improvement of highways is n subject of the first importance to farmers, and in fact, t? all persons who live at a distance from market. Railroads and canals can, of course, pass immediately by bat comparatively few farms, and through only a few towns and hamlets. Before the very great improvements by steam were effected, our worthy | citizens used to think that turnpike roads were .i.. ..... ?c . I iuc ?ri jr jjci'tttiiuu wi i/uuiui j uiuivu^uiftico , but bs railroads and telegraphic wirss hare successively developed new enterprises, all requiring speedy communications, th?>y have also shown the necessity of better roads; and at the present time, the favorite project seems to be that of building them of plank. Quite a number of companies have already been formed, and a nnmber of others are about formiag. The advantages of this kind of road, over those now in use, are manifold ? They are cheap, costing only about $1,500 per mile; the carriage glides over it as smoothly as over an ordinary floor, or over the Russ pavement, and a team can draw about double the weight on this that they can on the ordinary turnpike ; and it is said that the tolls will be lessthanthat charged by the old "pikes." The "Salina and Central Square" road is al reaay completed, aua, aiso, we Deueve, me roaa from Rome to Oswego, which last is the longest at present projected in the State. The Northern Plank road, extending twenty-two miles north from Utica, is also under way. The Buffalo and Aurora Company are actively employed, and will, no doubt, expedite their enterprise. Another > road is to be builtfrom Syracuse to Oii Orchard, i and another from Schenectady to Saratoga Springs, and it is proposed to continue thia to Whitehall. The width of the plank track is about eight feet, and is usually formed of hemlock planks, four inches thick, laid on stringers. The planks require no fastenings, and it is thought they will last about eight years. On one aide is a well graded gravel track, level with the flanks, furnishing room to turn out, and in dry weather, forming an admirable ground road. The past year has produced most of the projects whioh we have mentioned; and as enterprises of this kind grow numerous when successful, we hava no doubt but another twelve months will bring forth many new ones. Good roads are great blessings; poor roads are great nuisances. Italian Opera in Philadelphia.?According to all accounts, both by our correspondence and by the newspapers, that section of the opera troupe sant from this city to Philadelphia, and which opened in the Chesnut street theatre last Monday, in "Gemma de Vergy,' seems to have met with comparative failure in some of the most essential requisites of success. Patti is estimated as possessing many qualifications, in pretty much the same way as she was here. The others are execrated, down to the orchestra, with the exception of the tenor, Arnoldi, who seems to have given some hopes of future success, although he has little chance of it as yet. We are sorry that ihe opera in Philadelphia has given so much dissatisfaction to the people there; but we can't help it. We eouid not afford to send the best portion of our l oup* from New York?such as Benedetti, Truffi, andRapetti; but the time may come when the Philadelphians may have a taste of these distinguished artists ? At the present time, even these are badly managed here?there is great difficulty in getting along. No doubt exists that there are materials ' in the present troupe, with proper management, for an admirable and successful opera in this country ; but it is most melancholy to see such fine talent sacrificed by incompetent managers, imbecile directors, and superlatively foolish rritiquti, critics and clique*. Modil Artists.?We publieh in another part of this day'a paper, a very interesting and important document,viz.: the preaentmentby the Grand Jury of the ubove exhibitions, as a nuisance. We are glad of thia. It wan time tliat tht? perversion wan put an end to. In the same document, it will be seen that the Grand Jury present a* a nuisance the number of small ehildren sent out to beg or to pick rags. We ars glad of thia too. (t ought to have been put a atop to long ago. It might have been by the Corporation. Now we hope it will be. Lastly, we will notice what is firat in order in the above document. Here ia something singular, anomalous, and startling. The Grand Jury actually have presented the laws of the land aa a "public evil and nuisance;" we mean the "usury 1 laws " Now, while they eziat, they are the law of the land. Much may be said on both sides. Whatever is said is only opinion, and the jury confees that thrir presentment is "an opin1 ion," while they Tather erroneously call some mere comments " specifications." It may be the case that some of our laws are nuisances? some people undoubtedly think they all are?but really a judicial body ought to be very alow in . anu a( tlifm n mi Ml/* rtinaunns An. (IIUUUUI.l.ll.c ? proving cordially the othor parts ol thin document, in thm matter ulono we think the jury kttve been rather too fa8t. Pctir Sk*!* ffmith ?In our report of the Tay1 lor demonstration in yeiterdav'e paper, we jfHve ? . ?*n?r?J Swiff ?r*dit fer speech, wh*n the rtt? l*??M klT* tWM IMM. ! LJ1 ' ' ' ' Qa?, Qtas, Gas?The vttirurtUe, the stubborn iminovahilitv, of large masses of body, is axiominic in physical philosophy. AIho in the social system, there is an inertia, a pride, a neglect, a spirit of exaction and injustice, together with a careless apathy, utterly imperturbable and insensible to all remonstrance,which characterises great bodies or corporations It would almost g'em to be a fixed law in human folly, that wrong doing augments in its intensity, nud becomes bolder and more heedless in action, in proportion as tn<* parties who perpetrate it are larger and more massive. Where, often, an individual would blush at doing an injustice, a company of individuals lose all sense of shame and power of blushing, and act as if they were entitled to do as they pleased, without rendering an account to, or caring for, any on*. These remarks, belonging, as they do, aa general truths, to corporations, and companies in geral, are singularly applicable to the companies which pretend to supply this city with ijas No individual tradesman would venture to treat his customers as these companies treat the public- Their exactions as to the prices they charge, are no longer endurable. It is a disgrace to reflect what enormous sums are paid to them, nnd what little light they give for eo much money. The sam with which they assess the city for the Beiall quantity of light they supply, would be enough to pay for illuminating either London or Paris brilliantly throughout, yielding a fair and handsome profit besides. Three times the area of light ought to be given for the same amount of money which is now paid to Kp m fft* th* 11 m t f a/4 a r n with urhinU fh?v r?nn _ descend to bless us. Every lane, street, alley* and hidden reoess of New York ; every manufactory and workshop established in the city, might and ought to be well lighted up and illuminated brilliantly, to the great comfort, honor, and well being of the city( for the very same expense, and tor the very same charges, which they now extort from consumers, for dealing out, scantily and miserably, in a few corners of the city, the niggard rays of their impure and parsimonious distillation. We hear corpplaints, loud and increasing, on all sides, and our own experience, as a minute particle of an injured public, fully confirms and goes with these too well founded complaints. It is time that something should be done to vindicate the gas consumers from the most unconscionable extor* tion, to rescue them from the grasping fangs of these over fed and over paid corporations, and to obtain a better and more extensive supply of gas for our city, so cheap that there may be, every night, a cheering blaze of light in all its workshops, and in its remotest recesses. In those cities where gas is largely consumed being abundantly and cheaply supplied, the profits made by honest and moderate gas companies, in furnishing a eood and cheap material, are very great and highly remunerative. What, then, must be the profits of our gas companies, which supply us stintily with an article far from being the best, and at a most extravagant charge 1 In the former cast, the profits so derived from just and fair dealing in a good article, supplied at moderate charges, are honorable, however great they may be ; but on the other hand, those profits which are derived from work badly done, and from extravagant, enormous, and unequitable charges, are a direct fraud upon the public. Such is precisely the state of the case as regards the supply of gas to this city, by the ga9 corporations orcompanies. What, then, is to be done! The extortion, avarice, and meanness of these bodies, in exacting from the public too much for too little, and in not rendering to consumers a bona fidt quid pro quo, is only equalled by the long patience and quiet endurance of the public. It is high time that this endurance should terminate This patience, lfcontinued any longer,will cease to be a virtue. Let, then, the consumers of gas in this city, without exception, great and small, rise up as one man, and resolve to submit no longer to the grievous imposition ander which we labor. Let a meeting, without delay, be called, and some vigorous and effectual measures be immediately adopted to bring these insensate and arbitrary companies to their senses, so that we may have a greater supply, a better supply, and a cheaper supply of this light-yielding imponderable. We want cheaper light; we must have it; and if the public interested will wake up, wa shall speedily have it. Agitation turns sour cream into sweet butter. Agitation produced Catholic mancipation Agitatioa produced the repeal of the corn laws. Agitation, combiaed, active an determined, will produee the so much aeeded reform in tha extravagant gas system of our unenlightened city, and lead to a supply of gas s* cheap and so abundant, that New York city, from being the darkest, may become what it ought to be?the lightest and the brightest city in the world. Rktts and Tkmants.?We give in another column, a report of a meeting which took place last night, called by an anti-rent league, the purpose of which is to unite tenants throughout the State against landlords and that class of men called sub-landlords, a species of jobbers in houses, who lesgue together, hire houses by wholesale, and rent them again at retail at high rents, tothe greatmjury of the middling and lower classes of the people. We understand that some of those rent jobbers and house jobbers, make ten and fifteen thousand dollars a year, by hiring houses of landlords, combining together in the spring, and letting them at high rents, to the middling aid poorer classes, who are compelled to take them or go without house room entirely. This is a grievance which ought to be remedied. Both landlords and tenants ought to unite against these jobbers. Portrait of tm Emperor or Russia. ?There is to be teen in one of the saloons of the Astor House, a full sized bust portrait of the Emperor of Russia, in his military dress, aid which is said to be a very superior likeness of this great man. It is a copy from an original presented by the Emperor. It is placed in a beautiful frame* surmounted by a crown, and ia in all respects in keeping with the character of the Cur. This portrait was presented by Mr. Durrows to John R Peters, Esq., for assistance afforded by that gentlemnn to Mr. B in 1861, in enabling hiinto send to the Emperor his corvette, now the Prince of Warsaw. Accommodating ? Greeley says, if he can't get Clay, he will take Tom Corwin?if he can't get Tom Corwin, he will take Mr. McLean?if he can't get Mr. McLean,he will take General Scett Webb says, if he can't get General Taylor, he will take General Scott; so that both of these philosophers, after walking over their grounds, have come to the same standing point?the one by four short steps, the other with tw# long strides. Elictko Ma??n*tic Or* Separator,?The newly erected machine used at the Clinton prison, for pinking out the partloWs of Irea from among thaorunh*4 romim of atone, Is said to be a great onrionHy. ' The coquetlWb treatment which the ora receives from these eleutro masnata la rcallv amuiinc The ora. (Dread in a sheet, la moving Id one direction, while the el/ctromagnets, without charge, are quietly moving In an opposite on*. On eight of the ore th??e hitherto pa*iire bit* of iron b*com*.in*Untly eleetrlflel, when the ore and magnet* embrace eaoh other with all the ardor of l*ng ab sent lovers Thus unlUd they mov* a ihnrt dlstano* together, when the eUctro magnet*, ** If cloyed by the embrae*. or se'ssd with new caprice. suddenly lone their attraction and drop th* too confiding ore, which then, like n disappointed lorer, pluogta into the stream, where it* sorrows are drowned Some y*ars ainoe steel magnet* were tried for tb* same purpose, but the persevering obstinacy with which they clang to ttia embrae* with the or*, made it so difficult and laborious a task to part th?m, that their dm hae he en generally abandoned. But Mr Cook's mnohlne obviate* ail dtanulti**, in thert U b?b*v?a m 4 It was nitre aa? perteetiy u^hiIoq^ wkot H WQ0 *mm'M&a J^pMvv* T?* hmiHDMM or tks Shris? ltfHT? A Poutical Lemon.?A. correat judgment of the real political position of any country or people, is much better formed from a few bimple facts, than it can be gathered out of many elaborate comments. We are about to state a fact relating to Switzerland, which will, we believe, enable our readers to form a more correct estimate of the state of that republic than a volume of comments or speculations. Switzerland is an inte resting: country, and claims the peculiar sympathy of the people of the United States, from the circumstances that it is a country possessing institutions, and & form of government, identical with those under which we ourselves now flourish. The fact t? which we call the attention of our reader! is the following:? The civil war ameng the Cantons, or States, b? ing happily terminated,ttieSwiss Congress assembled to deliberate upon the affairs and state of the republic. Beingthusassembled, Sir Stratford Canning, the British Minister, addressed, on the 10th of January Inst, a memorandum to this Diet, or Congress, of the Swiss cantons, la this memorandum he reads them some lessons, and gives them some advice. He gives them warning to avoid triumphing over a subjugated party. He recommends them to decree and publish an amnesty for the past, &c. In a word, he reasons, argues, talks, dictates, and advises, like a father 1 to his child, or like a governor to his pupil. We find no fault with thia. We do not dispute the wisdom of his remarks ; we even eoncurin thejustice of his recommendations. But we say?what a picture of humiliation! Suppose, for one moment, the English or French minister, or the Russian, or any foreign ambassador, were to send a messng? to *?r Congress, advising them what to do, and counselling them what policy they ough1 to pursue ! Wo repeat it?this simple fact ex - _i i_ .i i * iiiuiis mure cicany inc rem suuiuun 01 owiucrland, and its humiliating dependence upon foreign powera, than a volume of comments or speculations could do. England does not stand alone in this diotatorial position with reference to Switzerland. The other great powers of Europe assume, also, the same right to interfere with her domestic affairs, and to counsel and advise. But can such a country be tailed free 1 Can a nation so situated be called independent 1 Let us now ask what useful lesson of political wisdom may we draw from these things 1 We put this question deliberately, because we read history to very little profit?we make ourselves acquainted with passing events to very little purpose?if we do not learn some lesson of experience which may render ua wiser, and enable ns to avoid tha same shoals and quicksands on which so many, both among nations and individuals, have before made fearful shipwreck. The world is much deceived by names. A people may possess the name and forms of liberty without possessing th* substance ; a nation may be called republican without enjoying the liberty of a republic. Witness Mexico. For twentyfive years past, that unhappy country, under the name of a republic, has bee* groaning under the most absolute despotism. Witness ancient Rome. While absolute power of life and death resided in the emperors, who disposed of all offices at their pleasure, she still, for ages, kept up the name and form of a republic?her consuls were elected every year as usual, her Senate met as formerly, and nothing, in fact, was changed in name; while in stern reality, she presented to the world a picture ol absolute power on the one hand, and unmitigated extinction of all her liberties on the other hand. The same thing might happen with us. We might retain all our forms of national organization; but if the power and patronage of nnp mnn cIiaiiM pv?r nr*nnn^orata mrm fiKniil/1 have the name only of a republic, aud nothing but the empty boast of being free. But to wh&t are we, in the main, to attribute the dependent situation of Switzerland 1 The answer is present; it is owing to the vicinity of neighbors more powerful than herself. Such being the fact, the wisdom of that policy which would prevent the establishment of any European power in our neighborhood, becomes apparent. If ws were to suffer a foreign power to obtain the control of Mexico, we should blindly expose ourselves to a most imminent danger. The political issue to which we have now come, is thisEither we must be masters of Mexico, or some other power will take her under its keeping. Those stateraen, therefore, who advise to withdraw Irom that country, and leave her to herself, betray a most extrordinary, and we may say, a most culpable short-sightedness. Marin* Affairs. Tna N?w Ship Caleb Urimiraw.?This is the name of a n?w Tassel that has mad* her appearance within a few days at the wharf, and whieh, among the au; that have also oorae ont for pnblle favor, nona we are sura, deserves mora netiee than the Orimihaw. The general appearance of this vessel, as she lies in a clutter or beautiful ships, is strikingly noble, and the effect produced upon the pum by, it heightened m muoh by her wel1 proportioned and grsoeful *pars, as by her exquisite model. She i< a Urge chip, of eleven hundred tone burthen . built In this oity by Webb, of the beet material the country afford*, and le seasoned end ventilated through her frame by the moet approved air tubes. On her main deck is a oabin, as In the paekets, whieh extends at far as the main mart and is about 1% feet high, having bulwarks three feet high around, and a neat rail In front, supported by stanchions, and line brass ralllngn leading down the spacion* stalroase to the main deck. Under this deck there are two cabins; the first, or main cabin, Is oomfortably, and even elegantly, furnished; It Is wainscoted with highly polished mahogany, and the celling enriched witn burnUhtd gold mouldings It has six spacious state rooms, furnished with sofas I toilets, writing desks, and each calculated to accommodate two passengers. There are also la this cabin one large family room, whiob, from the elegant and comfortable manaer in which It Is arranged and furnished, gives evldenoe of ttie great experience and good taste of the gallant oaptain in domestio matters; for, in this room, a family may enjoy eqtry comfort a home effords. Near this is looatcd the captain'# private room, which is by no means neglected, nor at all inferior to the one Just alluded to. The second oabin Is separated from the first by two bulkheads, about three feet apart, la wbloh are placed water olosets for both cabins, but entirely disconnected This oabin Is fitted up with state rooms, as la the first, although less expensively; It Is, nevertheless, fully in comfortable, and will conveniently accommodate seventy-feur passengers The entrance 1s from the mil < deck, and passengers are at liberty te u?e the quarter or poop d*ek, aa far as the vertioal light ovei the cabin, whieh 1s almost hsif way between the main and mlsou masts. On the after part of the poop, there is a well built and substantial house, about 30 by 25 feet square, which protects the steering apparatus, and contains spacious rooms for the officers, Innumerable lockere, a lounging or smoking room ovsr the stair case, and the entranoe to the main saloon. The top-gallant forecastle is some 7 feet In height, and extends aft as far as the main hatch. The deok, howe ver. Of tblS ipirimiai rNOIil iiniw an, uinnriDK iu? fore hat oh, cabin and ilteri[( galleys The fqgeoastle Ik one cf the finest and best arranged we barn seen, *n> will accommodate thirty men, eaeh one having hii lookMr and ether fixing*. There ara, aleo, tables ingeniously arranged for tba una of the crew, and a iter*. wbloh inaj be need or not, a* may baet suit the atmoaphere, or the feeling* of the oocupants This drak cover* a rarfaor sufficient to work tba fore part of the ship, and la supplied with a aplendld oipttan. the arma of the wlndlaa*. and every other r?qut*lle The main-deek Is thereby perfeotly free from encumbrance, and the steerage pat anger* ara at liberty to louage at will, without at all interfering with tba man. The between or lower dork li fluih, fore and aft. The arrangement* hrre for steerage passengers are permanent, el>gant, and well eoneelved. All the entraneaa to thla deok are proteoted above It It lighted by the item windows and nnmerom eide lights, whioh oan be opaned 01 closed at iilrature. Tba galley far the ateerage is admirably arranged, so that In all weather It la protected, and the oonvsnienoe* so extended that there can be no difficulty In the way of oaoktnc I All otbsr departments of this fine ship are In perfeot keeping with those de*orlbed There is nothing wanting in any aparimxnt All, from tba captain to Jaok, are aomfortably provided for. Hhe 1s really a credit to New York, and to her owners and captain. Hha la owned by Messrs Bemuel Thompson k Nephew, and Captain Hone, who will command her She Is designed as a regular leader between tbla port and JLIverpooLort wfll Wf* * >er tiat Tare** la abaa* tan 4*7* j TELEGRAPHIC IWTKLLHjEKfF. RepurM DmU) or tlM Hou. John <iulnay AduM. PHiLADiLrMi4, Feb 93?11 o'alnck, night. It la undtntood here tUat the Hon John Qulucy AdIM died tboat 9 o'clock this evening. The Southern Hue being broken, prevent* the receipt of Diipttchee. The Cincinnati Tajrlur Meeting. Cincinnati, Feb. 22,1848. There was a large attendance at the Taylor meeting at Cincinnati. N. A. Pendleton, Esq , ITesidrnt. Resolutions reported Dy committee to advocate General Taylor hs an independent no-party candidate, were adopted. Col. Johnson eulogised Gen. Harrison, and was in favor of Taylor ; but he must be submitted to the whig national convention, where he will, no doubt, be nominated, as he is the most available man. Mr. Tuylor, editor of the Signal, now speaking. HrMiklngthe Ice at Albany. Albany, Feb. 23, 1848. The ferry boat Bostop succeeded to-day in opening a passage in the ice, from this city to Euut Albany. THIRTIETH CONUUES8. first session. Waihington, Feb. 33,1448. Senate. MKilAOCJ FBOM THI rHESIOCNT. A message was received from the President, announobia signature to certain acta of Congress, among which waa one providing additional quartern for troops at New Orleans. Another was, to an aot supplementary to an aot regulating appellate jnrladiotion of Ihe Supreme Court. He also transmitted a message, believed to oont&ln the nsw treaty with Mexloo. Mr. Allen rose to offsr resolution. Mr. 8itiek hoped that the Senate would go lato executive session. Mr. Allen asked Mr. Sevier to withdraw hi* motion, as he (Mr. Allen,) wished to take up tbe special order ot the day. He wlahed to know whether an armistice had been oonoluded with Mezioo; and if so, under whet agency or authority! He also proposed to offer a resolution directing the judioiary committee to inquire into the expediency of framing an act to Imprison persons holdlag oScial intercourse with foreign nations without authority; and also another, declaring that the Senate shall hereafter transact executive business with open doors. Without aotlng upon any cf the above, on motion of Mr. Benton, the Senate adjourned. NSW YUilK LKOliililTUaBl. Albany, Feb. 33, 1848. Senate. statin ib i. and steam perry ooupast. Bill reported to incorporate Ne* York and Staten Island Steam Ferry Company. bbidsc companies. The general bill to incorporate bridge companies was passed. the wax resolution. Mr. Wilkims concluded his remarks on tha war isolation. Mr. Cornwall will speak tomorrow. afpbopbiatisns FOa sino sin a prison. The bill making appropriations for tha A lag Sing prison was agreed to in oommittee. Adjourned. Assembly. damage by riots. Petition of W. W. Nile*, detailing particulars of the Queens county outrage, and asking for a select committee. Refused, and petition sent to committee on grievances. EEDUOTION or FABE BKTWEKN iLEANT AND BtTFAI.O. Mr. Upham reported for consideration of the house, the bill to reduce the fare from Albany to Buffalo. This bill allows the Mohiwk and Hudson Railroad to charge fifty e*nts for eaoh passenger with ordinary baggage The Utica and Sehenectady, $1 83 ; Syracuse and Uttoa, $1 10; the Albany and Syracuse, 80 cents; Auburn and Rochester, $3 35; the Tona wanda, >1 30; the Attica and Buffalo, 90 oanti. For intermediate distances not OT?r twenty milts, not more than 30 cents; dUtancri beyond that at a rata in proportion to the rates for through passengers. BILLS PASSED. The bill waa passed to authorise owners of land in Brooklyn to erect piers, Sco ; and also one for the relief of the New York Guardian Insurance Company ; also, one in relation to riota. BILLS INTRODUCED. For paalshment of seduetlon. For thefsnpport of emigrants in Oswego county, from the passenger fond. notices op bills. bill relative to railway statistics. For the Incorporation of insurance eompanles. PLOOfllNO IN the watt Mr. Bowie's resolutions, nrglag on Congress the abolition of flogging in the navy, were agreed to. SABATOQA AND WAIKINOTON BAILROAD. Debate was renewed in committee on the bill to mend the chartsr of the Saratoga and Washington Railroad Company. The question pending was on a motion to oarry freight, on the payment of the usual eanal tolls. The bill was debated at length, bat laid ver. commission ens or dbcds and notabibs fcblic. The Honse in eommittee rejeoted the bill for the election of Commissioners of Deeds and Notaries Fubllo. Adjourned. Market*. Cincinnati, Feb. 33.?Flour?Sales of only 100 a 200 bbls. were made at $4 26. Whiskey? Sales of S40 bbls reotifled were made at 17o. Sales of tallow were making at firm prices. Sales of ISO bbls. New Orleans molasses were made at 36o. Wheat?No ohange. Corn?Sal** of 810 bushels were made at the landing at ?0e 60 hhds New Orleans sugars sold. The market showed no change. Pork?Sales of 600 bbls. olear. were made at $S 76. Lard continued Arm. No obange in hogs. I'Pittsbvbom, Feb. 28.? Flour.?Sales of AO 'bbls. were made, at 94. Wheat?Small sales 'were mad*. Oats?Sales 100 bushels were made, at 20a. Molasses? Sales J00 bbls New Orleans, terms not stated. River in in fair boating order. Boston, Feb. 3S ?Flour?Sales of 3000 barrels were made, including Michigan, Oswego and Genesee, at (f 12Ka0 96. Corn- Sales of 7u00 bnshels were made. Including western, at6Sc , with yellow at 66s. Oats?Sale* of ltM bushels were made at 60e. Provisions steady and freights inaotlve. Thealrlcal and miulcni. Pake Theatre ?The closing evening of the circa* company's peiformances attracted a very large audience to the Park last evening, the house being quite ful'j boxes, pit and gallery were all orammed. The bill was an excellent one. and everything went off as well as it has done throughout the entire circus season. Well, the horses are now gone, and Old Drury remains vacant for the next customer Wo hear that it will ebnrtly be opened attain for the performance of the legitimate drama, and that great things will be done. As for Sands. Lent h Co 'soiroui company. Boston Is the field for their exertions for a short time. They will be sure to bcoome favorites down east. BawERv Tkeatbe ?The bouse was filled last night to overflowing, on oooasion of the benefit of that deserved' ly admired and talented aotress, Mrs. Shaw. On this occasion the lovely *?nificitirt had selected fer the ev nlng's performance, Sbakspeare's fine old play of "Henry VIII." It is delightful to see the revival of these famous old eleseical places at oar theatres ; and the delight with which they are hailed by the people peak* highly In favor of the good taste, and, we may ay, feod aenie of the publia. While now in F.nglitn4 the genuine old drama li filling into decadence Hhakapeare himself almost forgotten, and tiiokary and Masai are resorted to by the managers there, to fill their theatres and drain the desultory crowd of their loos* rush, In oar happy land--we mean relatively only?thr more solid and literary resources of the drama hkd to be called for and highly relished by the people This Ik an Indication of great good taste. To see a good literary,olaMioal drama, 1* a mental feaat for the spectator, hut to lo?k at mera mechanical performances and artlstlcal tricks, Is the entertainment of children It werr needless to repeat our former remarks and critleisu> upon Mrs. Shaw's performance of the character or i Queen Katharine; it was beautiful Out wa have sore centiy given oar opinion in full upon this almost perfect pitoe of hlstrlontfc effort, that It would be idle to repeat it Wa will anly say, this talented and popular lady more than sustained our previous crifl.M?m, and justlft") oar former enncmluas by her acting last nitfbt. Kb* ^ 1 -1.1^ ka * V>. w?b, mm uu hit n>rmi*-r ? ?o*niun, nuij niinmninu uj i?>< nompanv. and r?c?lved ?unh a b-n?(U ?* we hop* wil atlefy ner utmret antMpatlon* We nerer e*w the bou?e filler. " Mmry VIII " will be r?pe?t?d this err nlr*. end tbetn.|[f ly William Toll " *111 atno b< r?petted. Chatham Theatre ?" ]>dio thJ Gioel" *ii performed hern Iwt tvulng by an lira Irnt oant, imbric iDg much of the talent of the itook company attaohfrt to thl* popular theatre. The part of Manuel Froqulll' *u bumeromly ruitaln'd by Mr. Wlraoi. In hU tltte Mt aad mott aoala *??le. Mr Brandon, a* Co* Padre, aad Mr 0. Taykw, m Don Far die*! d Hwnrt. M<jult ' ' 1 * trd (b*m?lTM ac?t >niK?Hy ; ud the w> cA* pi-oa went off with dooIi succeaa. Tit* "Thimbu Rig or Where's the Little Joker." next aaoaeeded, Mr. Vfin?na playing the put of John Winger, In wbteh he wm equally effective, ns in the former piece Indeed. ha is a ho?| in liinietlf-and bia ' roatl ooaaio bumor in b i pleoea is always Hur?" to tall wi'h effeot upon tb* audienca Tha Model Artist* war* n?xt introduced The bills nightly put forth here cannot fall to draw good h?ua-a. Tha bill for this evening will ba found highly attractive? Mr. Winaoa appearing attain in the humorous characters^? John ?iiug?-r, and Kroquillo, th* cobbler Cincut - Bowery A MrniTiiiiTHK?Thia housa will now baveall tb? Held to listlf, nod we expect will do a fine business this spring, as It is under able and enterprising management. To-night Mr Nixou takes* benefit. and be puta forth a One bill, as be baa been fortunate enough to obtain the assistance of several of tha ucuiuvin vi iuo ittiR uuuijJBuy ior 1018 ttT?aiD|. Among them are Lithrop and Uirlner; jth? clowns au<l tiermaai, the frtmoui French rider; the Aorobat hrot> ?rs, Carroll and Madauie Carroll, tumbling. Sweet, &o Sto , are,all together, enough to fill the amphitheatre twice over, if n?ceitary. We dare fay tbey will fill it full ?<nou gh to-night chbiitv'i Mijutrei.s?th-10 inimitable harmonist* are poiijg. with both wind and tide in their favor, aloi j t be stream of iicr ^KBi are making a long voyage of It, too; but it Is not half finished yet, a* nothing but crowded house* and lots of applause, are the rule now at Mnchsnios' Hell. PtLMo't OrKRi Hovsk.?The reduction of (rices at this house has answered well during the week, and Signer Montelllls's arrangement of the varions tableaux evinc?s taste uad juJgment. Many of the group* aid truly beautful 15roadway Ohi o-/?The Odeon Minstrels and Modej Ar ?ts, at this pi ce of ausnrement, are all ths rage In Biuadwyy, as both the en'ertainments are well irotup. 'I be pinning is ver, good; the posturing and grouping are udmirablx TIiom who *re fond of viewing rymmutrical figures will be p'.etrsd with a visit to the Odeon. iirunwiti Ualiurt, Broadway ?The second of a series 01 pdkihii uem, onieu ua rjour in irtiaoa," comprising a d?l ;htful m-langt of anecdote. legend, reminiscence. bal' ?d. bo . camp off lot evening at i#8 Broadway. Th- ' J naming that " variety la charming," was trnly Tended In the amusements ol last night. Nothing eculJ lie mora pleasing than the transitions from th? histories! witty stories of the lri-h peasantry, to brilliant displays of musical fioieno? is trios on tbe pianoforte, charming duetts, and some of the molt plaintire an# soul inspiriting melodies of Ireland; It was a continued suco-sdon of f>atbetio and humorous songs, iuUrsperstd with the funny stories, lively wit, and truty laughable reiniuigoenoes Mr Raymond is very happy in his delivery, possessing every requisite necessary ta th? task h? has undertaken The du tt' In the Morning of Life," was sweetly executed by Mrs. and Miss Malone Raymond; and from the olsrr notes and beautiful harr.ony of their united voices, in the duett of "Alley Croker," it was en'ored with reiterated cheers. Miss M. Rajmond. in tbe Tyrolean, displaved great power and swteta-'ss of voice. One very plea?ing feature in tbeir slugicw is, that every word is distinctly heard Upou the whole, the amusement of last evening must have afford?d great pleasure and delight, to the admirers of vocal and in'trumen'al mnsio When the abilities of this Mgfaly gitted family bfoome wfII known, there be little doubt butthtthey wt.l bepatrcnioa as largely as th?ir splendid talent deserves. Tnr.Hoii.iNo Protsctivk Sociftv's Concert this eveniug must not be forgotton Tn* prooenls will b? devoted to tbe charity fund of the sooi< ty. who do an lmm-cse d?nl of giod amomr tbe poor Hollanders, who are in want and u?tr*sa. We havo already mentioned tbe various attractions in the programme; w-* need only repeat that with gignora Pico. Miss Brienti. Mrs. Ijineson Ml?s Kirkbam. Mr. Man vers, and S:gaor de B?gnis, besides tbe American Musical Institute, who have volunteered their servists. thu musio of Ad<m, Hoaslnl, Bellini, Auher, Haydi. Donnisett, &o. will be most admirably rendered. Mr. Loder is the mu?iral director of the evening, and there is c grnnd orchestra engsgi d. The Tabernucle ought certainly to he fill'd This Apollomcani give an instrumental and vocal concert at the Tabernacle t> morrow evening This family of young musicians will become stars in tbe musiesl world, ws have re doubt, as they are already universal favorites Thsir programme for to-morrow's ooncert ii unusually fuii and inierestirg Brunswick's Statuary is exhibiting d&Ilv at S98 Broadway. It is very beautiful, itud veil worth the visiting. Artists aad sculptors who have sren it, all speak of it in tbe highest terms. Hutchinson Family.?Tbis celebrated band ofvccalists will give two concerts In this city; the first of which will take place on Monday wet k at the Tabernacle. Bohawwan Family.?A company of vooallets, under this title, give a oencert, this evening, at the Minerrn Rooms. It will consist of quartettes, glees and songs. Mr. O W. Smith was In town yesterday afternoon, having Bade a vary sucoeseful tour in the South. The Steyerniarklsohe band ere now performing in Washington. Captain Donnavan I* getting up, r.t Cincinnati, n panorama, embracing all the promiunDt fe*tur?? nf scenery, &c.inth* lines of opera'inns of OeueraM T*ylor and Scott Absut one mile of the panorama is already completed. Mr i>.T?d Mrs. E S. Conner are playing at the Front street theatre. Baltimore. Miss Julia Dean is at the Baltimore Museum. Tow Thumb **< exhibiting his diminutive person at Matanius on the 8th inst. Ma*srs. Here and Sirorl were also at Mataniae on theSth. Their performances were received with admiration. Mr. Collins is playing at Mobile, where he draw* good houses The Misses Heron are still at the Howard Atkrassvm, Boston. Sands, Lent, and Co. are to open at the Howard (Boston), next Monday. Mr Bass was still at Charleston, S.C., at latest aocounts from there. The performances of the members of the Opera troupe from the Astor Place sompany, at Philadelphia on Monday evening, appear to have given but poor satisfaction. Probable Failure. Fiiit Tun or thi Onii llocit, ) Cheinut jtuikt. Phi1.4dbi.phia, > Monday, Feb 31, 1848, 10 o'elock, P. M ) The great, the important evening, for whioh fashionable eyes have so long luoked with double barrelled lorgnHte$ ; for which fair flirts have sentimentally sighed ; and for whieh delicate dandles have confessed manly longiacs?has at length arrived. Once more the oity of the Quikers rejoices in aa Italian Opera Already do the carriages roll np to the door of old Drnry ; old Drury. one* again the temple of fashtoa ; old Drury destined. a* ia days or old, to De graoed Dy the ?trulgence of a brilliant aristooracy. Th* stream of b*aaty and sets strongly toward th* portal* of the tbeatr?, whlph nra guardvd by that grim Cerberus, Master. Now, indeed. there is agitation ; b?hold tha snperioiity which the subscriber lor the season. who has paid hi* til for tb? privilege, arrogates to himsalf over tha ohanoe purchaser whosa contribution to the causa of music baa. as yet, amounted to only $1 Mark bow th* snbsciibers who have drawn eligible seats, smile trinmphantly at those whose luck was uafavorable Thar* Is, undoubt*dly, much mugniAcenc* h?re, ana the ladle* are richly dressed. but their labora la adornment lead only to TAultr x nd vexation of spirit ; for. through tha dim and dingy light which is thrown over the sceaa by the few dlniiy gis-bnrners with whieh economy ha* blessed this bouse. It is Impossible to see mush , and h*nce there is flae room for tha imagination But wa will drop these reflections. The opera Is about to eorrnmence ; and the waving of fans, tha rustling of silks, and the hum of Toiees, are overpowered by the preparatory tuning of fiddles, squeaking of hautboys, and rattlingofdrum* Th. re. - liemma di Vergy" is going to oommencti Adieu, for the present. Well, the first act Is over ; and upon every face thsr* is * look of blaatc dismay. The casual purobaser now smiles superiority over the regular snbsoriber ; for it it clearly apparent tbat the latter ia regularly so d Such mueio ! Spirit of St Cecilia ! that aver such an ab?ml> nation should be tatleavcred to be p*lmed off as the composition of the lively Uonniaettl. Alas! bow have th* hopes of the eager throrg fallen ! Where is now tha ravishing mel.idy. superior to the music of the spheres, which each one anticipated ? Let us rise, and, peering round the gloomy horlion, endeavor to read the astonished faces of the hocuised audienoe There ia tbat box, sits the amiable family of the aristocrat!* murcfc?>i4e <f?t merfei, who, ceeting aeid? haberdashery, baa subscribed to this affair, in order to oullivatethe musical taste of his chlldreu Upon his fees amscement sits, Tbis ao opera ! That en opera company ! What an ontrsg* upon everv sensibility ! Close by him, see tha amiabl* patriarch of magaa nists. with hla fa r lady : to biai the tailare afford* aiDUsameut.forbe oan laugh wltU his companions In tulefortune. Tbat gentleman who I* leaving ttie gay and restive scene, acoouipanied by a fair young girl, evidently his daughter, Is Professor John K. 'Mitchell a poet aad an elegant rausioal amateur ; tli* disc ord < f the lad*p*ndent orchestra, and the waring of the piebald oborus. are entirely too much tor his (in* ear, aad he is aaxions to leave the hall* of dsti log light. In vain w* peer through th* dark net* visible, and endeavor to scaa the ftoe* of the disappointed audience. All it doll end dingy ; and, *av* the manly fo:m of our tall friend, Richard Welliug, which Is dimly seen am*.d th* ohsotlc mass, crowded in the parquett* ; and tha elegant figures of thoa* ladles in th* third bsx on lb* east side, whose norabtuntien ? f charms ar* illy displayed ! th* glo*m, all Is chaotic and oonfused lut the preparatory not* ot th* orchestra herald* th* criameaoeuient of the second aot. Her* let us ait, and endeavor to observe something worthy of commendation. Worn* and worse! Wa* there *v*r aay thing so wretched? The Astor ll*use management must hav* had a very contcinptlbl* opinion of our (sate It they Imagined they could feiat up*n as *uch a oompauy a* thl*, without *oaiplaint, and with meek forbearance upon our part. Every thing la shoeki*gly an*g*d?wltnees th* tall of th* curtain in th* middle of th* second act Ev*rv Ana sat In cold llatleeaneas, bearing th* infliction with tha itolctHB io nonaa'ary upo? auoh a aclanaholy oocaalon. Tha na? tenor, Arnoldl, who paraonaUa Tamaa, gWra prowlaa. and appear* to ha th? only good likely to com* oat of thlc Naeareth of a oorapaay. Iig. noi a larllt Pattl hai an exeeileo'. knowledge of stage ?tfrot, aad ! a good aetraas; but bar *olo? i* among tha thing* tba* were. Ida, by Mlgaora Amalla Patti, It a lamentable peraonattan ; tba want* sweetna** and ooa>riata; her tonaa era piping and weak. Higaor R/ai h?r? ng a oeld. waa ao hoarirly tioarae that nu aatlmate oaa b.i ciad* of hla prop?r oallbre Tha reat w?rr all laathar and pruni lla Whllat tba unfortunate artiilu wara end*nToring to *taiu tba torr nt of dlaapprohatlon, It waa a muring to watoh tha varied expreaalon upon tba oouutonnncra til thnaa praaent. L w murmurs of dlaaatlifaotlon elroled from bo* to box. "How wretched :>>?l,linw miserable' ' - " what a farot!"?"a tremendou* fallura." reaounded through tba h <ur*. Ono", In tba i? eoud act, tha aa4ixnca wi>m warmed up a little, and applauded faintly ; tha whlRper thru ran. " I.a turning. Ita tornIng"?" tha tide obb*'' " ?? ahall aoon haar pomathlng good bnt alaa '.It waa all imai(itiation. It'* enough to eramp onva rvery enargy to alt h?ra Let ua taka a turn la tha lobbifi. Hear tha acclamation* of thoea who ara auntarlog up and down. Ah, tharaU our friend o?0. W Edward*, Hakes to bta laugh, aa ba aoadoiaa with a Nbaaftbai who baa p?i4 ip tor hi* ft*a wM *>r the ??.

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