Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 25, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 25, 1848 Page 1
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^ 9 r h j WboJa Ro OO^t, Our Helallona with Mexico. THE TREATY OK PEACE. [From thti N -?r Otlenna Delta, K?b. 16 ] Our correspondent having been. unfnr'unntely for u?, elected M b;r.r'r of derpatcbea to W??l;ingtOD, has omitte.1 to write us, and we are therefore deprived of c ar a?it reliable touroa of information reepjotlrg affaira In Mexiuo. W? axe happy to leirn that Mr. Freaner arrived at Moli lc iu good tirae on Saturday, and li now on his way to Washington From other quarter* we learn that there is 10 doubt thut ho I" the bearer of a treaty of peace. uc.roil?t?d by Mr. Triut under tbe ?anotion anil appro-el of tj>n Sookt. with tbe gcvvrcaent of Pre?ldea^ fen.t y Trna Tbe Congrea*. which wan convoked a". Q<ure'e-ocn tbe 8th 01 January, had probably a qunrum about the l*8t of January, and from the ohaiactur and known f-tlinj if tbe mombera returned, there was no doubt thut tbey would ratify a treaty as aoon as it whxoontlud-d by tbe Kxaoutive. The menbtri who went from the city if Mexico, were kuown to be favorah'e to p*Bce, and bad, previovt to thtir depm lure for ^, htlti comul'ations with Gin Seitt, *nd teceivtd paamortt from him. From f*ola which have come to cur knowledge, we are satlrtW thit th.i treaty which hud been previously agreed on between the Mexloan Cr-mmifsioners end Mr Trlit, his received the approve! of the Mexicea Congress, and is cow on Its wuy t? Washington. We have no very distinct or eutbeutie information of the character or term r f thit treaty, but have some reason for belli virig t.het it lr very e'm'le.r If ret identioa), with the provisions of the project tubuitted by Mr Trlst in the negotiation* at Teonba;*, lert August. In this treaty they ced? to us all the territory this tide of the Rio Grand*, or rather agree that that river shall be the bouudftty line betwceH tbe two countries; theaoo north, elong tbe southern limit ef New Mexioo, to the Ntate of Sonera, uutil it strikea the river Oila; thenee down the Oi!a to Its junction with the Colorado; thenoo to the TaciSo below the Bay of S&n Diego. This will include all the S: ate of New Mexico, and nearly all of Upper or Alti^^ifornla, not, however, including tbe important llay^^kp Frnneteon, hut rveervingto the United States the establish a shipping sgenoy or depot ef <uppl!'>R^^Ht. place. In return for these ooaoeeelcns, oar (torerBPbt, of its owa will and oholoe, tenders to thiHejnbna of Mexico, the sum of three to five millions of doflarl, mrre to enable the Mexican government to organise and ooiry th? treaty into effect, than as t compensation fur the territory acquired. Suah are the outlines ot the tresty which Mr. Tlist b.y negr.tMed with tbe iMexioan government It metlt, *>* art aKaurfd^tcith the cpyrovul e/ Getter,ill Scott, Butler nnd Smith. We are iaduoed to brieve that the government and , Cotjgrjts have approved this treaty ; that this approval his Deeti c?>mmucici<ted by special express, and Is now on its way to Washington The fact of Its approval, and iudeud the fact that Cecgress had assembled a quorun at Queroftiro, wero not known in tbe oity of Mexico, as will be eeea by our correspondence, at our last advicM. The present government, we nre assured by persopi frl'y informed in regard to afTa'rs in Mexioo, is the etrougeet that li.;s be?n established in Mexioo for many years, and la (ally adequate, without even the aid of General Scott and ef our army, to enforoe any peaoe it may conclude. It has eoiWoted around It the strongest in?Min tbe oountry, who are pledged to uphold it In its efforts tobring about a peace. It U believed that tbe pr?s*nt is a favorable opportunity, the most favorable which hu presented itaeif sinoe the oonnneacoment of this war, or that is lituly to ooour, for the oonolurlon of a sa*.i!f?otr>ry and practicable peaae. The evidence ot the inclination of tho Mexloa* government to peico, is to be found in the address of President Tena y Pona, through bl<i Minister. Luis de 1* Rosa. in reply to tbe w of the State government of $au Luis,in which he layt thtt: it ii the pulity of hit govtrnmtnt to inik* a peace?/hit hr intends tu do to, and that the United St alt t tire taiilinc tu accpt termt honorahl: to both par>ie?. Th? opinion which we *xpreased a few d?ys aeo. rj;*inet the projebkUty that the other Statea that bad li-on appealed to by the very bell loose Governor and Counml of Jm Lula Potosi wouldFyapnthizr or oo-opere^e In tM* pr.mumi^mi'nto, h?? been fully oonflraed Tha addrese of Rtmon .Adune hu had no responaa from any ?I the dtetes ol Mexi.o. whilst the government ol Pma y Pena has grown so brld aad strong as to threaten to arrvat and punish the Goveraor ol the dia affroteU and incendiary Stato. The Petoeieoa, aa a couuiar-blaat, appeal to Saata Anna to hapten to tbeir state, and, plarirg blmselt at the head of their urmy, to rescue the Republic from disgrace and ruin. We have befor? ns a Lumber of La ^tm irftra, of Old Jtn , published nr. a-u Luis Potoel, which is fall of Mexicas blus t?r and big wordy and appeals to Seuta Anna to make witr ege'ast the tiaicroua friends of the Yankees, to thiir ut'er overthrow, and the annihilation ot the "tipar 8eott " To strengthen these resolves La Jlfmoiftra publishes letters frem various Generue, who volaataer to support Governor Adame The wonder ia th\t theae Generals who are now ao va1 ant, thoald have kept an quiet heretofore, when thare were so meny and euch favorable opportunities for the display of their patriotism and beroiein. The anly qnar ter fioat whioh the movereant of the State of 3*n Luis has ta<i?ived any aid or enoour?g?ment, ia in the rich and well peopled State of Oajaoa ia the South, whlah haa seat dclagatea to the Congress, who are atrongly committed to the fortunes of Santa Anna. But it ia by no mean a oertam that Santa Anna ia sincerely oppose J to the war, er that ha haa determined to aooept the invitation of the Poiasinoa te place himself at the head of the anti-peaaa party. Thia wily politiolan will puiaar bia owa inter?BM. withnat regard to hia pledgaa or to the tafety and honor of hia ccuetry. Having aa old grudge iweiast Pena v Penu. far boldlnir on to the Presidency ?fter he hei expressed hie deeire to retraot hi* resign* ti"n nnd resume th? ProsMential fuietlons. from whloh he bed temporally withdrawn in order to impr*(* lk< Mexican* with a hum ot hi* importano* and Tain* to the Swtta. Sunt* Asm will oatlt no opportunity to embarrass and disffraae th* administration cf Ttub j Pen* Buiweooubt if he will MRftll opposition to th* ot?ni of defeating the pete* movement. He will no doubt bide hi* time, end without ooun*ntlng himself in any manner with th* n*K"tifvtl<Hif, will, when a peace li oancladvd. ololm rsueh consideration and honarior bin refaeat to participate ia anjr snoh "treasonable ooncesBtoas " Should he. howtver, pursue a dlffereat aonrte, und iKildlj throw himself into tbj nnti peace pnrty, ho will, ia oar opinion, rally a pretty strong fovea around hiw, and renew ail th* diSoaltl** of thin war. Sueh U the prcmnt aspsot of affair* In Maxieo?rash are the okaaoe* for the contamination of the treat j of peaee whieh ha* bean eeneluded between ft'r. Trist and th* government of M*zioo. [From the M*xie* Amerioan Star ] One cf aur fri'nds out of the city?an officer of great intelligence, at Faohusa? closes a reosnt letter with the fallowing queries : " I hop i you will not fall to writ* me all th* new* Ar>i the Mexieaas talking any thing about peaa* thtse daya ? What is year opinion in relation to that matter ?' gimUareaerisA are put to us every day " What about pcaoeT Will nrgotiatioaa bs ooacltitfeil ?" W* ar* aot ia th* secret* of th* American eomtnisii*atr. and, therefore, cannot speak authoritatively on tba sabj^et It Is well known, nowever, that Mr. Trist ha* for same time keen ia conference with the Mexican ooumisaioaers, who ar* acting under the authority of the supreme government at (i-iar*ta*o. The nature of these malerenoee, aad of th* terms proponed by th? American commissioner. am at prr*?nt v*ry properly kept acavet by lb* parties representing the two governiomdM \V* may here remark, fer tne information of cur ftlendi out of th* city, that the flrst official notice we have had that negotiation were going forward, it prtsenied in the rcoent eiroular of the Minister ef Relation. in regwd to the abortive revolatlanary outbreak in San Lut* ATe (are our reader* a *ynop*l* of that docsmcnt yaaterday, and dlrneted their attention to several pas*ag?* touching the relation* between Mexico and th* Uslted States. W* regard the declaration* made in vhia circular, by authority ef the euprome government, aa by far mora important than any thing In relation to tta^i interesting and exciting ?u*j?at which bat yet come to our knowledge We are informed by the Mlnlater of Relation*, that negotiation* have been going on between Mr Tnat ant tbe Mexican commissioners; and what is of far mora Importance, we ara told that the term* offered by the Amerloan oommiaaloner are s**h a* Mexico oan aeeept without dlagrace or dia heuor Thla la a veiy Important aJaiiation by Paoa y Pena, aad the govaenneut which he adminiitera. It doea not appsar that there ia any diffdrono* of opinion among thr uilniatera on the aubjeo'.. They are a unit onihs qaestlun. *asu belag the case, the question naturally arise*. why a treaty i* not ooncludod, If the terms oi the United State* government are honorable, Hod bo little liable to ahjeetlon? Tbe mlnlater, whose despatch we publiahed yesterdey, doe* not snswsr the quettion any further thaa to iay, tbat reatoaa of State will not allow of a dlreet answer atthli moment. Wi ara aa'Uied with the rea*)ning of tha M inlatar of Ralatioua on tbii point It Is enough for u* to know that the representative* of th* two government* ara in oonference, with An earnest desire to bring about an amicable clise to existing difference*; aad that the prospect 1* f,ivorable to tbe negotiation of an honorable and luting p*aen. As the two parties in dlploaaoy appear to be in ^cod temper, we have reason to pradltt the beat uad most auspicious re*ult*. We oertalnly ara of opinion, that at no perio 1 *luoe the army marched into the vtlley of Maximo, have all the Indication* of peace been so favarable as at this m oment If we had not tha declaration* contained la the olrouiarof th* government t" whtcb w j have referred, yet the fact that Mr. Trl*t continues in the oapic*l,l* InUireot evidence that there Is good hooc that hi* overtures will be accepted. We a*y, therefore, to tbe friend* ef peaoe?whether Mexican* or A uerloan*?ba prepared to sustain your governm In their endeavors to put an end to the existing n it Mhtuld a treaty be concluded between the commissioners, It muit bs laid before tha Mwxloan Con awvif ; auu mf o*uiw vt cuw v. u,v,u j S ate* mo?t glva It their aanotlcn We eannot l?elle?e f>nt any ??rto*e opposition will be mw'f??te<l by either ] of th<?e l*?itlatl*? bodlae to an honorable p'ao*?one tha: the UaUei State* government. can honorably make, I d'l'l that of Met loo at honorably softept ?It th? d?*ir? of all There m ?y be a few tnrbulent eplrlta Id thli repalino, who will make mini nhiw of opposition; bat ?oco uian are ?aU?fled with nothing that ooLfltcta with their own prraon?l and political advancement. A T*ry Urge m?J. rity, It I* bulleved, of the Mexican people, deelre an I will with the go*?rn?<)nt In Im effort* for the aco.impltihraerit of that object.. W,. ?>i?u look with lufrre?t to Qneretaro fer further reflation* on thU Important mihject The proceeding* of i^DfrrM, In partioalar, If tt ever onmee together, will h i r <? J with Intorwit, *o far aa they relate to the <l<i**tioo of peao>i, anil to the election of a new Prealu?at, whoeepolioy May hare tome bearing npon It. The ekle* look brigh al preeent, and we hope tot the be?t reauu* iota the negotiation! bow going oa. U ttm ke any o beta tie la the war *f ?gotUwwM, It la the # | NE1 unnroeaftarj rupli:en*n of the membare of ronrrrca. who refuae to coma together, either from edaatre to ?bift responsibility from th?)r own ohnnlJara or some ieaa p?trlotlo motive. We Bincvrely trust t> at thx reoant appeal of the President, in Ma address upon rerunning the ohair of State, to the members eleot, will cot go unheeded. fFiom the N O Tlm?a, Feb. Id ] Thu fnlln tvimr l?tt * frntr1 Afio r\F Aiir hvlf 4nf^m?il ( sourcea in Mexico, goea far to oooflrra tbe p*a>? reports that were reot-ived by the steamer New Orleana "V??a Cnut, Feb. I, 181S - Clentlemen?The w conveyacce by which I addressed you having been detain* d until do*, i am nnab'ed to give you a later date, with r.ews from tbe city to the 31 inst. stating th?*, peaoe had been rlgned; and to enable the government at Queretaro to exist until such time aa tbe approval oon m from Waabtnaton. tbey have obtained a loan trcm Davidson (Retoachlld'a agent.) of one million of dollars?aay 9100 000 eaah, and tb? remainder by Instalment* of $300,000 par month. This, it is presumed, to be guaranteed by th? Americana, otheiwise I do not think Davidson weuld have given a dollar. Amongst; tha conditions for peaoe, it Is said that all the California are oeded. and that the Americans are to psy twenty millions of doiWrs. at tha rate of Ave millions annually f r four yaa-a; aid alar, that United States troop* are to rtmai'u in the country. We are aDxiously looking fos nows froa Washington in reply to the above reporta " Another latter, from an equilly reliable authority, Bays There ia every probability of a apeedy pea-e beta een Mexico and tbe United States. It is as good as ooneluded?v> far, at least, aa the former government ii ooncerned." [From the Washington Union, Feb 33 ] It Is rather too early in the day for us to enter into any speculation on the President's message, or the treaty accompanying it. They ware laid before the Senate today, wltn certain doeumenta The version of tha treaty wmca we fifty* lean tiaDiItn* a in the Fxea^nt, may not be etriotly ourr?et; bat If the boundary line* specified la that paper have b?ea accurately drawn, they substantially oorraapond with the instruotiona whiob were originally given to our oommlaslaner lu April last. [From the National Intelligencer, Feb 34 ] The project of a treaty, aigned by Mr. Trist, acting as with full powera from the President of tha United States, and three Mexican commisjlonera, with full powers from the government of Mexico, tor establishing a treaty of peaee, and amity, and boundary, la understood to have bean laid before the Senate, confidentially, yesterday, by meaaage from the President The Senate aat for the purpose of reoelring it, under oironmstancea (of Mr. Adaaa'a continued deoedenon within the walla of the capitol) which would probably have prevented their entertaining any propoaitlen of a leaa momentous character. The reader will perceive, in the propositions yeaterday, submitted by Mr. Allen, of Ohio, evid?noe of a feeling in that quarter, which clearly indieatea the charactea ot the bualnesa which was about to oooupy, (a conclave, the attention of the Senate. THE CONCLUSION OF A TREATY OF TRACK BY MEXICO. [From the New Orleans Delta, Feb IS I The following lettera and extracta from the American Star reached ua after the publication of our Sunday's edition. We hasten to lay before our readers the lmBortant Intelligence which they oontain It will be seen sat the American Star confirms the report of a treaty having been concluded between Mr. Trist and the Mexfoan government. The most Important and conclusive proof of this fact Is oontained In the letter of Seuor Rosa. Secretary cf Foreign Affairs, in anawer to the Governor of San Lnia Potosi, who had pronounced agalntt the government. Thia eddreaa ia a very able, eloquent, ana lengthy document. We rpgret we cannot give it entire, aa it fl'la one aide of the Star of 31st January. After ehowlog the unconstitutional and reprtbenaible cbarac ter ef the movement at San Lula. the address proceeds to consider the subjeor. of the r?lation between Mexico and the United States, in the following language : ? The fffivernaietit. ii nhc.rorud In thn mknlfVatn with not. having oontlnued th? *? It ha* b?en censured still .tre strongly for not having concluded a peaoe. The minister than asks, what hu been and what ought to b? the aoaraa of the government in regard to the war? This is pronounoed to be on* of thoso questions of deep policy whioh cannot be answered with impartiality until the voice of pawion li bushed by time, and the troth can be presented without disguise or keeping anything baok. The present generation, in the midst of its sufferings and misfortunes, cannot judge impartially, and do juetioe to the efforts of those individuals who ?stabl'she<t the government when the nation was without a head and who sustained the national unity in the midst of diffloultles and dangers wbleb can be understood only by those who have surmounted them thus far, or by thos<who bare seen them near. Prsierity, it 1* added, will do them juitice, and perhaps will do them honor. The national honor (tba Minister proceeds) demands that all the oauses which have weakened the action of the government, almost paralysed It, and deprived it ot powtr to oarry on hostilities against the enemy, should not be made known. Many of the causes, however, are notorious He then proceeds to say, that after the oo enpatloa ot th> capital, the greater portion of the army was left either prisoners, or was destroyed and dlspers ed. The few ml?*raH? w?w of that ami were dlvidtd, by order of the CJeneralla chief, into two parts? one of which was marohed to Fnebla. and the other to Qatretaro. by order of the same chief, who found great dlflonlty in preventing its complete dispersion The government thought proper to withdraw from General (tanta Anna the oominand in chief of the t roops In the neighborhood of J?uebla That general surrendered the command, hut at the same time ordered that a part ot the forces should repair to 'Queretaro. others to the south of Mexico, to report to Oen Alvarez A portion of the troops at the seat of government remained at Tolnoa and Its neighborhood, subsisting upon the rents oollacted at those points. The army was thns reduced and thm stationed ? some other small detachments guarding a few places In the Interior, and various gn? rllU partita operating upon invaded point*. What was the government to do with an army whose ofBoera and soldiers were almost naked?without arras, and discou ra?ed by tbe result of battles in the environs, in which they took part ? It was to clothe apd feed them, to prevent their dispersion at whatever ooat. to arm them, and reorganise them into bodies fit for aervloe. The government has disoharged this duty to tbe extent ol its sseaas? olethlng the soldiers, seantily. It i* true, and feeding them, thoagh not so abundantly as ooutd be deaired It has omitted no pains to collect arms. The greater part of the prodaots of tbe rents have been devoted to the payment of the eredtts and property of the army. In regard to tbe reorganisation of tbe army, the republio has seen the orders and decrees issued on the autject, and the proportion of men assigned to the States Tbe Minister than adverts to the ports being blookadod, the smuggling whioh was inevitable In oonsequenoe ? that ths tobaoeo rent, formerly received by the government, is almost annihilated?that the Status invaded do not pay their contingent to the government, or other contributions?that commerce is paralysad, and , that some government*, which should have contributed to tbe gessral expenses, have called upon the Union for means neeeseary to enable them to saatain themselves.? The government is ready to give an acoount to tbe aati?_ *./ l>. ..4 lr will bi seen whether It has been done with legality, eoo norny, and honesty of purpose Bat to return to h1a principal purpose?he declare! that the government canaet ba uburged with disappointing the national will. We translate some Interesting passages in regard to the war: The war U the universal wish of all hearts whloh love their country?of all Mtxiaans. For, what Mexln?n dors not desire triumph and glory for his oonntry ? Who la ba wboae heart would not over tow with pleasur* if ha ahonld sea the tii-eolor standard floating an the shores of the Sabine? But there are wlshee, however noil* tbay may ba, whieh sometimes cannot ba realised. There are exalted paaaions, which, notwithstanding their nobla origin, It sometimes becomes neoesaary to repress, to listen to reason and to look forward to tha future In a word, profound calculation and thought are essential to those who look to tha bast Interests of the people in tha administration of pnbllo affairs. Tha uovernment, then, has not only bad to attend to tha universal wish to continue the war, aran if It oould be dona with a suoaasaful laaua, bnt likewise to consult itaresouroea for oentiaulng tha O'inteat with vigor?without waiting, as it is pretended, for the enemy to evacnate the territory before listening to propositions of pesoe. Tha government understands very clearly how it can oontluue the war, If the Invader, demanding disgraceful conditions of peaoa, should exasperate the republle, and place It under tha neoiasity of fljhtinc even to extermination and death Th?n there weuld be no middle course between death and Infamy. Then the coldest would feel their bosom burn with valor to flgl\t with heroism." Again Senor Rosa continue as follows : "But tbla extremity baa not yet arrived, and the government must say In frankness at this time, that up te this period tha Invader has not demanded any conditions for peaoe which would ba dlsgraoeful to tha repub lto Tha Amerioan government naa thua far treated with Mexico aa the governmenta of independent nations are accuatomed to treat. Undoubtedly th? pretensions of the United States af America, if psaoa is made, will render great sacrifices neoesaary, Inn never, never, tho saorlflee of the national honor. The losses of Mexico in no case wonld be without corresponding eompensa'ion The statement and insinuation, then, of the revolutionists, that an ignominious treaty of peace haa been condoled, la a calumny. It Is a calumny to assert that the uatioaal government baa humbled Itself to send proposi Hons or peaoa to tha Cabinet at Waahlngton, or that it haa offered, In order to terminate the war, advanUgea wh'oh the aame Cabinet did not axtot. Ills axcetlancy, tbe President, authorises me to give the lie to theae ca lumniee, and to aeaure yon that In tie midst of the misfortuaea of tbe oonntry, the national honor has not o?en tarmsnea, and will not be under the present government, even should the condition of the republic beoune wore* than it 1*. '' " The government, then, hu understood the national will In relation to the war. It brieves the republic Is r?sol?ed upon ?u?UIoI?k the war at every peril, if the Invader extcts conditions of peace ignominious for Mexico. But it Is also rrroljnd to make peace, If the national honor oan be reconciled with the neorsslty cf putting an end to the calamities of bloody and disssI roue contest, whioh has been eo long eontlnued- a conteat of whioh the frightful ovlls have thuii far fallen principally upon Mexico, but which by an immutable principle ef the eternal law* of justioo whioh govern nation*, muit one day be felt In nil their end eonsequenoes, by the United States of Auarloa. Will It be aaked, then, why the fuprems govorament has not yet concluded a treaty of p'aoe. If it believes It can be don* without dlagrao* to Mexico! To demand an answer to tble question, would demand of the government a revelation of dlalomntio n*gotlatiun*, and of the eeoreu ef thi iMte In mo 10WU7 offti wwl4. howovor llbml Ut tautlttrtiMi, 11NM fa BagUa4, m* tt ftMN, M? W i O N YORK FRIDAY MOR] la th? farneUnlUd States of America, is tb? portmroent ?r*r ?:illi>d upon to yltilit* th? uterroy of its ill|>lomttf" negotiation*,and to glv? UTuvai'onHli'.o publicity t<> what from its Ttrj niturr, '? miJ oui( it to b?i kept with th? nmsc ngorou* nocrvry n country aione II till* s-oreoy called the Jar* dol gs of the government, a fact which proves that unfortunately the knowledge of tb<> simpleet principles of the P'htieil and constitutional right of na'ions hns cot become g>'tier?l nnotn ourb?*1tp?. It will suffice, then. for the government to any at th!? time, that in wlmterer it h<*s done or may <lo. In Its measures conc-rning negotiations of peace, it has , pursued and will continue to pursue a court* strlotly constitutional ; and il it ylves i's nanctlon to a trua'y. It will submit it, a? it Is its da'y to di, to ti)o ratifloatlon or rejection cf Congress. All men of good filth, then, should nvold accusations against the government, and especially the minister or ministers who were responsible. It will then be kuowu also, whether the government hag obeyed cr not, the wishes of the nation in Its nu-Muree rttipfctirg the war." There sre a few other p*ss?ges In the circular routing to the Stn L?lt movement, and the duty of the States and the people la regard to It. But we havo given our readers a good account of the contents of the important portions of the document, and here we leave the n.atter, with the remark that the sentiments In it In regard to the relations between Mexico and the United States, st.ike us as being sound, judicious and honorable to the government of Pena y Pena The S(ar has the following remarks upon the peace prospects: ? Notwithstanding tho preparation* now bring mad* at home to proatcut* the war to h speedy clogs, and notwithstanding the ooonpation spirit which l?stalkln; abroad, our people are ready to receive and to give doconsideration to any propositions for an Adjustment which may oomn from Mexico. The Hotspur spirit of the few who talk, loud-mouthed, of the destruction of the nationality of Ma* loo, meet* with little re?pon*e. Ttas p-omioeut men of both poiitloal parties would be J pleased to fee oar government at peace with Mexico, If t can be effected with honor and satisfaction to our 1 oountry. The motto i?, ' lV*ce and indemnity;" awl if the first cannot be obtained soon, the Mexicans may rent insured that we will hare th? second Tho I'residejtoftha United SUt.'?, the Hon. Lewi* Cass, an'I many other Influential men, who, we presume, will not be culled traitor*, express strong language against the annihilation of the nationality of Mex^po, and they would be glad to lire in terms ef amity with Mexico Bg?in; but. to obtain such an end, they will rupylloato no more, and whilst they are ever ready to reo?ive propositions from the country with whon they are at war, they will rtlax no effort In the meantime to oonqner a pe^o*. We Infer, from the tone of the Minister of Relations, that a better spirit is pervading the people, and, in all probability, the sober second thought may induoe them to look Into the present state of sff.klrs, and to search out a remedy?and the only plausible one that can present itsilf, wilt be peaca with the United States, and the re establishment of the oonstitntion of '31 It needs only a few men like Tens y Pena to demonstrate this to the peopl" Notwithstanding the disposition tor peaoe we see evinoed at Queretiro, there is an Insiguilloant party h?re, and in other plaots, attempting to stave >t off These parties are composed of men who oare nothing for the fate of Mexico, but who are influenced bv the almighty dollar which drops from the Yankee pockets. Foreign adventurers, who have no affluity with either government, with a few unprincipled Mexicans, actuated by the same sordid view, contemplate a peace between the two powers with horror, and hence they blow for war, ooonpation, and even annexation. The causcs which lead to this coarse on their part, must be apparent enough to all, without any explanation from us-they with the American army to stay here to proteot and to enrich them. gelSshness is the reigning passion with them An* will the Mexicans listen to these upstarts, and thereby jeopardize thei* existence as a nation? W? hope not. Wo trust they will cast tlielr eyes towards Qneretaro. and catching a glimpse of the peaceful Are which is kindling, blow it into a mighty bias* If they do not this, they will soan flad all their princlpr.1 cities oooupied by our troops, and sooner or later we will havu peacoani indemnity. THK SAN,LITIS MOVEMENT. Under this head the Star observes:? The Afentfer, of yesterday, has some further notice oC what has baen done-referring particularly to the reosption of the yrpn'inci*t*-n;o by different States The Governor ot Zicateoas says, 'it emails of Sintt Annaism," and he will have nothing to do with it. The Governor oj Guan-ja.4io wilUe :-"Thls ) not right. I shall adhere to my pUn of oo.litlon, and will write to Jalisco, proposing it " The Governor of Miohoacan immediately wrote to the Minister of Relations, iu strong opposition We also have a long letter from Gen. Burtainente. who had been offered the command of the force* of S?o Luis He declines the houor, deolarin^ that bn could not accept the appointment without making opeu opposition to the supreme government to which Ui' owes his allegianoe. On the whole, the San Lais revolution does nat promise to be very successful. It was undertaken in cop<e>)ti*ura of dka^iisfactloit at the eoune pursued at t^uerrtaro ia the prosecution of We doubt, however, vnoinfr ?un iBt'iuvi-rtimw, ? ?-- 1 _ . resources ef any hind, will be able to make any headway In tbia part ioulur. ag&intt the existiog authorities. The latt*r Deem determined to pat it dovn at all Brent* The Siqt of lot February ban the following intelligence, the Terr latest from the Capital:? Col N. S Clarke, or the 8th infantry, learns thin morning fbr Cutrnevaoa, to ocoupy thai town. The f Toe hu taken with bim is the 1st Infantry, under VUjor Miller, the lfl'.h infantry, under command of M?jf?r Woods, Lovell's battery, and the Georgia mounted w-n Cuernevaca la about fifty miles couth-west from thin It?, and contain* a population of about 8000 souls? Colonel Clarke was a long time Governor of Matamorae, and so administered Us government as to give satisfaction to the Amerlcaus end Meiic its We commend him to the oititeos of Cuernevaoa. Bom* time since the Ayuntiamiento reqaesteil Gsn. Bcott to hav? a level sutvey cf the city, made by Amerlosn engineers, in order to ascertain If the o?ur?? of the water was d,reefed properly, and the General appointed Lieut* M. L Smith and Hardcastle, to mak< the survey. After the survey shall have been made, we are told that the Ayuntamiento will set to work at onoe The /Janitor of yesterday says it has good authority for stating, tbat an express from tha American ooramandsr ln-shlef bad left for Queretaro, to the effect tbat if a treaty of peaoa were not concluded witblu three i d?ys, the Amsrloan troops would proceed ta ocoupy otber points in the Republic We give the rumor for what it is worth. The Monitor probably has its information from Mnloan sources. it was late on Sunday evening last, before the Pasen was much crowded. Major Gnus Sutler and Tatterson were on the drive. It was a matter of regret tbat tbe ntif*<i HtitA wai tmf antlnliUil anH tliA t > r i 11/?i f^nn. Uia being dry did not give that placing sspeet it is wont to wear. Ottns Roraulo D)a* d? la \>|?% and Jot j Mnli Jarero were reoently invited by Oen. Scott to dins with him The Monitor ssya they were treated with the groateat urbanity and distinction. CHIHUAHUA. El Faro, of the 11th uit, nays the new* rooeivsd from Faeo, goes to show that an expe'iltU.n of 600 Americana, with two small howlters, bad left that plaaa for Chlhuahna, and that there ?m a greater foree atill in El Paso, though It had beta slightly diminished by the departute of30ft men for Sinta Ke, with the view ef asidatlai? tho ?;arrlson of that plaee. whioh had been threatened by a oree of Mexicans and Indiana The editor la n^t able to Hive, with aay certainty, the object of the moTnn?nt against the oentre ef the State. Urn Urrea, Comuiundante of Darango. had addressed a letter to the Governor of Chihuahua, In whloh he had promised to employ all the resources of the State to aid him in oaae of neoea ally Tat?, he says, la in conformity with orders be has reoetved from the supreme government, and he fulfils them with pleasure, beeause It ia pleasing to him to fight for the right* of the Rspnbiio, eto. HAN 1.UI9 DK VOTOSI. The pspers to Jan. 36th, are too much ooonpied just bow with the nnuniiamtntt, to pay attention to anything lee; nor do they contain anght else. The Atmaiftru to tevere upon tr.e governmebt at Queretaro. for Its criminal aparny-abandoning everything to gratify the wished of a Ministry d spoeed for peace. The same paper has a ourious list of declare'ijna In faror of '' war and Ssnta Anna," making use of capitals to expreaa it* indlgnitiou at the cooduot of the government at ^aeretaro 'l orlea, "war to the traitora frleuda of the Yankees," and proclaims Saota Anna the " on y man who oan save the nation." The Almotfora is a new paper, and seems to breathe, in troth, the "atmosphere1' of trsason and revolution. The Monitor etatea that both Oovernor Olagulbsl and Al&a, Prefect of flultepeo, are at liberty again; they are at Tenanango. Of ooutee, the atory about the death i f the Oovernur ia unfounded. vkra cruz. The people at Popantl* h?T8 etarted a ftanwneiMunf?being diuatkefleJ with the present order of thing*. Who If ad* the movement we are not told It appear* to hava extended to Toepan and Teealntla All thcte piece* are in the northern part of the State of Vera Cms. TAMAUMPAS. The Atm?$ftra, at San Lul* Potoai, of tha 30th January, itatee thet the OiTernor of Tamaulipa*. D. Franoleoo Vital Farnandta. ha? *o Hotted tha proteotlon of tha government at Washington, In hia plan of annexing that State to tha United State* of the North. THH EXECUTION Of JOSK DS LA LVZ VKCM, Who a a* non rioted of enlioing American aoldter* to d*aart, an i who e .? sentenced to be xhot i**t week, and the axeoution of the eentenee sn'pmded until the 1st last.?hat been, according to E'. Kc? Hil Ctmercit, further reaplted until the ?th That paper contain* the following pec l ion from hia family to Geo 8?ntt: To hi* Etsellenoy Mnjor Oan. Winfleld Seott: Sie?A mother keg* you for the life of her loved ?on; the little ohlldren, in tear*, without nroteotlon in the world, raqueat your olrmeney to pardon their f?th?r, JopedeULua Vega. who hue been rondeoinnd to b? xtiot You a:e a father, air ; and w? pray br ?be aaereil narnn of father; and by th? 1ot? that you hare lor your children, that yon will b? raerelful wltn thli unhappy man. If your heart I* moved by our teara. and your olemancy mil aare Vega, yon will receive the raward la heaven by the hand ot (Jod. We are. Sir, with raapeet, Your obedient aerranta, Jo?? aa la Lus Vboa'i Familt. THK DISPOSITION OF Til* AM&KICAN TRuOPS. A? thla la the fliat number of the fPrtkiy Star lor the United atatea, It nay be wall fox us to m; a word, for tke Information of aw heme reader*, |? regard ta tb? > r i - ?"ZTT" 7 4, M J J' 1 'liii li NING, FEBRUARY 25, 18 Ave or si* welts sinoe, organizsil thj troops, for the r*?s?'it, in o brig?d>?. l?t (Jen .Viil'h'ii Urlgad*, ooniprlslng the Mounted Ilillemen. 31 Artillery, 7tb,lith ft a 4 I Hh lnf.ictry.ts stationed ?'< th s city. There have Wn rumors that this splendid w.s about the o'tr. but we cannot learn that tuere Is any fouudation let tae state merit 'lil Bri? Oen. ('adwaia>|rr's Brigade, consisting of the 4tU Artillery lot, titti 8'h and 11th Regiments of infantry, is 'lull med at Toluca and Ltrma some five leagues this rid# of Toluca The assessment upon tb* 8Ute of Mexico, of which Toluct U the gnat of government. In dun nt the ciommeneem<>nt of tha oomin* month The Governor ton.e d'-tys since, refused to aid la oollecting tU-? nsiouot'lor the benrflc of the Amsrioan cu'borltirs. and we do not know what measure* hare bean taken in reference to thn matter. The Legislature appears to b# disposed to aid In the cclUotion of tlje revenue, and we presume Oeu. Cadwalader will not hive any great difficulty 1a collecting Ihu mount, In some shape The 9th Regiment of Infantry, Col. Withers, commanding, belonging slso to (Jen Cadwalader's Brigade, 1* stationed at C?chuca, with a detachment of dragoons. Col. Withers It Governor of the plaoe. and the regiment is at present in command of Lieut Col Clemens. Pachuoa is a few mites from Real del Monte, wbere there are extensive silver mints worked by an Knglish company. A detachment from this command reached the oity some weeks since, with between one and two hundred thousand dollars in bullion Auotber detaohment. from the same place, is expected here during the present week About ninety of the troops at Tachuca made an expedition to Tulan l ingo, a few days sines, and, we understand, made some further collections Jarauta and his three hundred followers, hearing of their approaob, left the oily the night b'fore their arrival. 3d. iirev Col. lliley's BrUade, comprising the 3d Artillery, the '21, 4'.h and &Jh Infantry, and the Voltlgeurs. is at facubaya The Held batteries are attached to the different brigades. Uea Cashing, with the volunteers?the MassaohuMow Un.,tk ? ?I?-t? I) gimeuta?ia at H.?n Angel. The Indiana, Tennrsnee, and, we believe, the Kentucky Volunteer*, ar# at Molino del Kay. The lftt!? Rnglmrntof Infantry ia atatloned at Chapultepec. It ha* garriaoned that fortress lino* Its capture In September. (Jen. Lane, with Col. Ilaya and the Texas Rangers,ha* pon? upon an exploring expedition, In the direction of Orlztba. He hna alao with him four oompanie* of the 3d Dragoon*, under Major Polk. Thar* are strong and effloient garrisons at Puebla, Perot*, Jalap*. and at Vera Crus The 3d Ohio Regiment la at Rio Frio. This, in briel, i? the present disposition of the troop* in occupation They are all within (upportlng dlstano* of each other, and thej will see that the revenues and rents, ordered by the American government to be paid ovr to its representatives here, are colleoted aad disposed ef for the benefit of the army. This it the policy to ba pursued, until Mexioo sues for peaoe and a treaty ii negotiated between the two governments Wo will only add. that our letters from the different stations represent the health of the officers and men as being good. NATIONAL EXIGENCIES. Under this head, El Ecu del Comtrcio has the fol lowing: The quick reunion of Congress. The establishment of tbe National Guard. The quiok termination of the question with tbe United State* The true reform of the Army; and Tbe evangelical reform of the clergy. If they will plaoe the National Guard upon the same basis as our militia system, we ef the Star will say amen. There wa* little news of importanoe at Vera Crus The 6th regiment from Tennessee, nnderCol. MoClellan, bad reached that, plaoe, and tbe Alabama battalion had also arrived. Tbe latter corps was stationed at Sau Juan, and is oompoaed of neblelooking mm The following are the officers of the battalion : ?Major J. J. rielbela; Robert A. Hardaway, Adjutant; John G. Barr, Captain Company A; Lieutenants Caddell, King ana Mood; Thomas IC Irby, Captain Company B; Lieutenants J. Boyle. A. Boyle and Lynoh; Daniel Oibba. Captain Company C; Lieutenants Moon, Woods and Cleavelaad; '1'eanent L'max, Captain Company D; Lieutenants Copelaad, Hardaway and Clanton. At Jalapa are stationed the Baltimore and Washington regiment, an lilinola battalion of Infantry. Tilphman't Liaht Battery, and Wheat's mounted company On tbe 10ih, two soldiers were assassinated near one <f the gates Col Hugb<s bad been to (|uatrpro with u ptrt of bis oommaud but icund no enemy at that plaoe The sick in the hospital were fast recovering. At I',.rote. Lieut. Col. Seymour haa everything In ship-shape order. The gartlnon is smalt but effective The following lia Hat of tbe ufflsers garrisoning the place : ? J. G. Seymour, Lieut Col Georgia battalion of Infantry, governor f dep.irtrn-nt and commandant of the castle; J Hamilton, J J Lieut 3d Artillery, A A A G; F. M. L*visoa. 1st Meat C?. D, and Adjutant Georgia Infantry; A A Hunt, l?t Lient. Co A, Georgia In I faiury, q?arterma*ter, <kj ; 8 M. Milea. AminUut 8urRe'Hon', *C*?pfafn' dlT.~Tt;~tltergtc Walker, 3d Lieut.; J L Clay, 3d do; A. J. G?ulden, i Captain Co. B; B J. Smith. lit Lieut ; A. 8 W?/, (on leave) 2d do; J Griflln, 31 ao; J. 8. Fain, 3d Lieut Co. C; A M. Hunter, 3d dn; C. f. Harvey, Capt. Co. O; A Jaerton, 2(1 Ll?iut (on Iruve); E. 8 Heole. 3d do; J H Foster. Capt. Co E; Philips, 1st Lieut ; llild-n, 3d do; Wella,31do; Cbannrey Brown, 3d Lieut 1st Pa. Vol* , oouiaaDding Co. A, SI Art ; Wyatt B. Stapp Opt III. Mounted Vol* ; J H Mitchell, 31 Lltut. do; Paull, Muss Vols , Captain convalescenta. Ia Pnebla, Col. Child* la m euergetio at ever. Hl? troop* are well dlapoeed in the city, and la a One date of dirolpllne. The road 1* pretty well cleared of guarrilloroa, as the safe pt.ssage ot the mull from Vera Cru* to this pUoe, accompanied by frca twenty to thirty men, will testily If we had a i>m?ll garrison at Ojo dJ A /ua partlea of three or four men would be ecabled to go through with but little risk. Col. Dt mlngaex waa in Nopa'.ucan on the night of the 3 let. It waa underatood that one houae in Vera Crni had paid $30,000 to get back their goeda from the guerrlileroa. Capt. Montgomery, A H M., oame up with the mall . aa far aa Puebia. He will be In the olty In a day or two. The Monitor sta es that Gen. Cadwalader had addieiaeJ a note to the Governor of the State of Mexloo, asking for the State'a portion of the revenue, aaseeted upon It by the AmnrloaQ anthorltlea. The Governor rer.lUa fhat tiAiihnll navar Und Kla rtA.nnarafinn tn nhtftin it. The legislative assembly addressed a note to his Kxoellency, exprvsslrg a wish that lome aotion should be bad npon th* subject. Wear* indebted to a friend lo this city Tx the following letter, wbioh is of the very latest date from the city of Mexloo : ? City er Mexico, Fab. 1, 1848.?The present position of affair* In this republic is curlone in the extreme You have probably been ad7iBed. era this, of what Is termed the 9an Lnla movement. The rioe Governor of that 8tate; It seems, had oonoelved a great plan for a pronunciamento against the. federal government, wbich, as soon as oonsummatad, wan pronounoed, and sent off to the different States for their oo-operatlon San Luis waa tke first State, in June last, to propose the ooalitlcn in Ltrgoa, to adopt measures to oarry on the war with vigor against the Americana ; and Guansjaato, Zaoateeas, Durango, and others, having readily joined, the vloe governor entertained the hope tnat they would as readi 1/ ooncur in bii plan agslnst the federal government? but he was mistaken. Up to this lay there is not a I single State that has echoed the sentiments of Ban Luis, aad those who coneMved the mighty design stand soil tary and alone It is somewhat diflfoult to divine what motive actuated these Plates In keeping aloof from their sister, and fitny of them even condemning her action in the premises It was natural to suppose that their general antipathy to the yanquit$ would have lnduoed them to support the revolutionary State In that article relative to a further proe-outlen of the war ; but it did not. On the contrary, when the Minister rf Relations addressed the Scales, deprecating the movement In question, it met with general approbation, and several of the States endorsed the circular, notwithstanding the minister took oooaslen to say, lu his circular, that the federal government waa lo treaty wltb the commissioner of the United State?, and that that commissioner had ever made a proposition that It would be dishonorable for Mexloo to acaept. I allude to those things now, In order th\t you mny drsw your own oonolusions with regard ta tUo prospects of peace, as tbe question agitate* the publlo breast no little at this time, in faet, there is soaroe an hour in the day that some one doei net ask the question?"Is there any thing new from Queretaro te-daj"Weil, what la the ohanee of pea?e?" "Have they a quorum in the Mexican Congress?'' ko., ho. The Mexloana talk more of peace, and bave more belief in Its early consummation, than any others, and msny of the mo:l intelligent airoog mem speak or it as a matter Deyona quesnoa.? Til* Uselare'ioii of the Minister of Relations, that our Minister is In conference with duly authorized agents of tba suprtna? government, and that no proposition! had been made that Mexico could not accept with honor, might well Induce ona to think that an amioable adjustment waa at hand: but (till there ar? numerous obstaoles in the way. A quorum of tba conferees that should bare commenoed Ita session on tba 8th qlt. has not baen obtained, and unless members show mora alacrity in coming together,will not, In all likelihood, be during the next lix week* Forty six membara only had reached Queretaro en tha 37th nit, to whioh add tha loarteen wbo left tha olty to-day, and yon hare sixty. It takes, I think, seventy deputies to form a quorum, and deduotlug sow* twenty senators from the seventy, and fifty U all that oan be reckoned, and II Is near a month slnoe the meeting should have taken place. AllowtWna quorum now, it you will, and peace does mot follow; for nten admitting tbat eongresa is disposed to treat, they in?y not have time to do so before some military chieftain may raiae hla atandard; and now that there is no army to oppoen him, march with Mi hasty levied numbers and overthrow thi government So you see tbe linn* Ant^rUliiarf hw (ha fr.?*!.< r\t ****** fa n/tt an hriffhfc alter h11 1 oaanot,for the Ufa of me.tell whU Mr. Triat la doing h'M. Th" rrraMent, in lila (aid that he bad been recalled ; tha Union reltaratea It, anil (till he tarrie*. Can ha have burn reoallrd without tha abrogation of bia pnw*r? Ha la etlll looked upon by tba Mextcana aatlie Jul* authorial diploma tint from our government, and ha takea no trouble to do away with tha belief that he 1* ao. It looks etrange to ma, butprrhapa It la all right. The idea of a apeedy peace la received by Amertaana and f">relgrer? hare aoeorUlngly aa they ara rlreuwitaaeed. If a man to Cat brake, ot haa Jtwl twaneW i E R A 48. fthareof the loave* an 1 fi?h*n. he let# thing* take thelf onurtt*v without io'erp >*ing one way or another. All the forrl^u m> rohfcnla, with tba exception of the Kngliab, would be gU4 to ?*? the war ooutluuxU till doomiday i for they nevermiw fuch time* b?fore.anii m<tny Vlexloan* who have uomoroinieed tb?m*ilv*a with ns, wi?h iho present ntai* of thing* to oontlaue for their p?rnonal ?? onrity; but thin latter oUm are not very nura?roui. M o?t ,f iVw _l.k .......... .... 1 - t..m. v. I, many would begUd to htvaour army remnia here until they could re-eetabli?b the ennntltation of H91 A Max- 1 lata p?r?r her* hts at tha head of it* columns, " A qui ok ; settlement ot th" <|ue**|vn with the United States of the North-a ijulok reunion of Cougre** -the true reform of the army? im evuntr*llual reform of the oWgy," 4m., all of whloh pWlnly Indicate* tint the aentrai must bp done away with Tha jtyuHtivmrnto, th* new city oonncll of Maxlco, oppone a peace very violently. They disobeyed th order* of the supreme government In accepting ortiee, and their only hope for the future la In the American*. They gave a dinner to Uen. Hcott on Saturday last, at wh ich many patrlotio toaat* wore given hy them, aud one by the Aloade wan vry atronp:? 'D?ath to prleatoraft ; and military deipotisin ?May the blood of thoae who up- i bold theia flow i,5 frosty a* the wine*." You may plain- I ly s?e how the oat jumps there. Feb -J ?The mall oatue in laat night from tha interior. S*n l.uli flndln* herself alone, has boldly daolared herself for Santa Anna, and fays that he Is the only man that oun save the Republic, and drive from it th* North American* A snvill ptrtv In liaerst^o support* them, though not too opeti-raou'hed. Althouga advice* from Queretjro up to the 'i9th have been received, no ment'on I* made of Congress or tha government, aud we aro all In tha dark as to what 1* doing Oejaoa ha* elected her member* for the aecond time, and it is said they will now haa'.ea to the oapltal. Konr Senator* and eleven Dsputie* were ohosen, bat they are Santanlsta* to tt<e oore The health of the armv U not no irnnil as f nnnM wlnh' and many a poor fellow la drummed off to hit long home dally. Thx measels au.1 a disease similar to the blaok tongas prevail to some extent. MR. TRfST?T1IK ARMY?TIIK MEXICANS, ETC. [From the N. O. Bulletin, Feb. 16 ] The following letters are front liitfh and Intelligent souroes, and though not of so lata a data ?i other advlom, we hive them, as showing the riawa and oplntona ?jtartained in the army. It will be ?een that not muah oonfldenoe waa entertained in Don Nicholas, or in the favorable result of his negotiations. We have no doubt bla suooess will be a mattor of general surprise la the army, and also of disappointment to a considerable partion of It, particularly to the officers, who are generally anxious " to play out the play":? Mexico, Jan. lfltb, 1349 ?I am now in the " Halls," and regret to say, that the floors are not sliver, nor tha walls gold, nor is there marble ball, floor or doorway In the beggarly oonoern. The elty itself Is not by any means equal to Fuebl*. The churches of both oitiea are rich beyond my powsr of description. Those who have oharga of the souls of these poor people, have taken good care of their own Interests. Nevertheless. 1 would not touoh a rial of their property, exoept under equal taxation. We are waiting to hear what Congress will do?our effeotlve force is about 11 000 men, most of whom have had hard marshes and duty, and are willing tJ take more. Our division (Gtn. Patterson'*) is in fine condition, and when oalled upon, will do their duty. I could give yon some strange and startling faots, but a sense of duty, as well as general orders, restrain me. I think there is no peaoe ahead?all Mexloans agree, that if they do not make peaoe, they will lose their country; but you cannot find in this rude land one hundred pnblio men who have moral ooorage to make peace. Mr. Trht, however, t.< yet here, and notwithstanding his reoail la still in communication with the Mexloan authorities, though i anticipate no favorable re-ult front his negotiations Mexico, 16th January, 1945.?Riley's and Cnsblng's brigades have moved into the country, to make room ter the reinforcements. The termer has gone to Taoubiya, and the latter is at 8an Angel. Cadwallader may be required to move out to 8an Au/uetln These dispositions look more like going Into winter quarters, than extending our oooquesta into the Interior. A prrjeot. bow?ver, is on foot, to throw forward a oolumn of 4C00 to 0000 men, in the direction of Queretaro, San Lola, &c., to take possession of that portion of the country, and to open a communication with Tampioo In whatever light we view It, It will be one of the most important movements that can b? made daring tne war, both in its executirn and results In the first place, we enter Into the very heart of Mexico, as It regards population, wealth, resources, and character of the people, kc By reference to your map. jou will find that wnen the oilumn reaches Gumsjuattv, there will be no less than five caplt.aU, numbeiing from 40,000 to #t*,0fl0 souls eaoh, all of which are within a lew marohae of thai capital, to say nothing of the d#nse population which fills up the country bntween We bave already learned thU they have twenty pieces of artillery at Onnnejuaca. and that they are busy, both there and at Kan Luis, in manntaetariog small arms powder, etc , but what has more lnflaenee with me than li me ?fnr:rcier- ?vWit ^tlnx resistance in that quarter, miners. tnd nt oourse freemen, and where tnat is tne cane, we most look for a better olsss or men than wbere we have been end. indeed, the history of the country eon Arms the faot, as three-fourths of the battles that have been fought since the conquest, have bean on those fields. . A Those who most desire peace, say that peaoe will ensue. Gen. Scott says, If the demands of our Government are not enhanoed, we shtll certainly have peace. iUak however,does not carry Inlaillbtlity. 1 think, la the first pitas, that our demands wilt he enhanced ; and sscondly, i tot (ling good can come from the hinds of Don Nicholas 1' Trlst. A lingular fatality appears to attend all that he touctea . Inste-td of going home when ho was reoalled, lis remains here, and the Mex.oans are all laughing at his continued corresponneuee wua lu-ir juftiuueni, ?ci pay hie pretended recall was alt a rute, and it was never intended that be should return. There has bee . general mismanagement throughout the whole affnir, both in the military and diplomatic movements If the battle of Cerro Gordo bad b?en promptly followed op, tbere would Hata been no fighting in tbia ralley. The present negotiations with Trist, ren If brought to any point, will afford no guarantee of a definite settlement. The army are all anxious for extended and aotiTe operations, but at present I see but little prospect of either. MILITARY lTntM.IGE>ICK. [From the New Orleans Delta, Ftb It ] We learn that tapt. Hoberts, of tbe Rifles, who arrived here iu the New Orleans, on Saturday last, was tbe bearer of a present to oar elty from Gea. ferslfor F Smith. It oonslsts, as we are told, of a view of tbe cathedral. the national palace, and tbe grand plata of the olty of M*xloo, of which Oan Smith is now the governor. Tbe present is offsred by Gea Smith as a memorial of his regard for the oitisens of Nsw Orleans, and his appreciation of the patrlotlo servloe she baa rendered tbe country during the war. The oorrespoadence will in due time be laid before the public. 'l-? ?swalfh anfvna^ait hm rdntlflJ hi Rnh?rf> of hia own regiment, to mark hli imm of the hkch da aerta of that effloer, whom ha would eemmend to theapplanaeaf bla ccuntryrnm We warn about to r? in ark upon tba different engagement* In whloh Capt. Kabarta diatingulahed hlmaelf, whan we reoelred tba aubjolned cAmmnnioatlon front a frienJ, to whloh wo gladly give place In your paper of Saturday, containing a liat of ortloera arrlTMl from Mexioo, the nana ot this dlatlnguiahed o?pt ?iu (Capt B. 8 Roberta) waa omitted. The part h? haa borne in the oampaign, from Vera Crua to the oapit*l. haa plaoed hla name ao eoaaplouonily before the world, that oommendatioa and praiae would aeem to be unoalled for. Erery American will weloome home the aeidier who haa been prominent in a regiment that haa fac?d tbe battle atom and borne the brunt on every Held, from Vera Crni to tbe very laat flght in the street* of Mexico. In the closing operation* before the city of Mexico, the name of thia ofiner baa been more prominently plao'd befuru tbe public. He waa aelaoted by General Smith to command the atormlng party from hla brigade, and lei US picked men and ofll.jera In tlia aaaault upon tbe atrongeat polltion at Chapnltepeo. Hia aarrioea In thla deaparate aaaanlt were ao dlattnguiahsd, that (len. (Quitman in hla report aaya. he ''aalected Capt Roberta wno had p.reatly distinguished himaelf In leading ti? advanoad atormlog party at Chapnltepeo to pisnt tbe atar epangled banner of oar oqwntry on tbe national r?l>M >' 'l hit aomnlinmnt waa nut an unmeaning one. and had been richly ?arr?d by Capt. Roberts Tbe honor of planting the Hrst flag of our eountry upon the national palace of M?xiOO, and of having been the first Amarican oflloer to enter the Halia of the Monte auaaa. will be a purport for life to the hearts and gratitude of hi* oountrymen. Although this offloer has been prominent In every battle fought by hi* own regiment and selected by Oen Smith for every poaltlon where skill and courage ware moat do maaded, ha ha* tbus tar esoaped without ft wound. At Cerro Oordo mora than half hla com pan t were killed and wounded At Contreras he led tbe advanced guard and began that glorious action At Cburitbunoo he also escaped. and although 64 of tha 146 of his storming party at Cbapultepec were killed and wounded, he was untouch d. Besides his hair-breadth escapes wh re his regiment has been engaged, his good fortnne has faiorsd him in several of the most nocesalul and daring attacks on tbe guerillas At Puerto Dal Madia, near Vera Cms. he was speoially noticed by Hen. Smith for bis tkld and aaUantry. At Man Juan de los llannos. he commanded the main storming party, and was specially commended by Cape. Ruff, who com inand'd tkeeipeJltion. He attacked the guerillas, Rea and Torrejon, at Tolascala, and reoapturel a train va lued at S?0 0?0. tbev bad stolen from Mexlean merchants. This attack was one of the moet daring and nuace/sful of tbe war Capt. it. bad but 120 man, and charged toe tewn held by 600 lancers and guerillas, capturirnr tha trala and a large number or borers and mule*, bafora ttaa arrival of a large Infantry f roa, under I (}*u. Lane. had oom? up 1 be general, In bia report, I commend* C?pt R tn the hlgTieu terms An offlaer whoee merit aua xalUnlry *r? Muni??r??lIJ cmicaied, and whin# hqoormm bar* Imd ?o rapid and d ttlogalfttie), In returning to hi* family, would ream to be entilled 10 the warm wetroma of Amarloana An old aaar.-Alat* ana friend of ( apt It., I bave watobed lil? ea war with pride, and thin iinparKot and batty notice , fle.ami u> be doe on accojnt of aa'd langajne, whiob military aaacoiatea never lorgat. The ehlp New Jeney, arrived at New OriMMn tha Mth Instant, brought aa pa*a?a<ar? Major ? V. Sum? ?, M Majw C. A- Watla, ilk lafMtni Cay. KflTEl" SS *?SS,??TkaJS? til 'ill 11 - - - - rr~? L O. I *rtwm Wwm OuM, die; Opt J W. Andtnov; IJcut L. D Vanhook r<<pk I. I.Ixot J A FoU; Dp n Otn; E? ?i*n J II Hi-lp"; l)f J M Dualrl; Eoniga D. L. Adatft, and 171 iiiifiliArjuii anMUn an/1 t+m.matarfl The reeraUUg ntttcir at liuffalo, ha* been ordered not to enlist any men lor 'during tbe war," but flr* years. Uw Intelligent. Supkbiuk Coot. February '.'l. -d 'for# JgdM vll> dei-poel ? Martin A Ilaio'U rt ai 11? Mtiinui W*rfl4 ? This was en action on * JuJgmini for $380. Thi (Uf*no? wh? two fold flr>t th*t d?r*nlmt had obtained bis discharge In bankruptcy; aid secondly, that he had paid tli* amount of Ihojudrtineut. To tbis, the plaintiff replied tint tha disaharrf* ia bankruptcy wm fraatoleutly obtained The Judje, in o*<ariiln? the jury, recapitulated the evidence ia relation to tha manner ia which tbe defendant' obtained hi* dliaharge, and told them that If they were Mtlsflcd from the evidence that It wm fraudulently obtained, the pUlntilT would be entitled to a rerdiot Verdiot for plaintiff, $507. Before Judge Oakley I'. Delmtnieo v$. Tht H"yor, tfC Lf W'w T?rk.?Ik this owe, which tt.h an aotlon of trospaea for uadi>rmlaiDf{ the plaintiff's raulla in front of hie hotel iu Hanover street, in consequence of wbioh, it fell in and destroyed a large quantity of llquer, the jury rendered a verdiot for plaintiff for $700. Hohrrl 11' I.vtoSrr tu. Jac*f> T.t Hay ?This WM KB action for the recoviry of $b 300. the amount af two promissory notes. It appeared that plaintiff and defandant, and one of the defindent's sons, entered into partnership in February, 1345, in tha manufacture of l?id pipe The defendant put in f2i,000, and tha plaintilT owned the machinery The partnership want OB until April, 1H10. when It was round to ba a losing eoacern, and It was dissolved; the plaintiff taking the machinery that he put Into tha conoern; Mr. La Row Uklng the rest of the e?sets, and agreeing to pay th two notM above mentioned. A new partnership w?4 then formed, coaslstlng of Thotnas Otts La Roy an# D?vld Smith, who entered iuto an arrangement with th* plaintiff to mmufantnre lend pipe. kt. for them, and for no other parson. The plaintiff alleges that Mr La Roy afterwards refused to take np the notes, and that ho bad to take them up himself Tha defenae set np wm, that the inaohinery for whioh the notes in question ware given, was a rolling mill and angina, wbioh w?ro ordered to ba obstructed by the old Arm of Lowber St. La Roy, and did not iorm a part of tha machinery originally brought Into that firm bv the plaintiff, Robert Lowber ; that upon the dissolution or tbe firm, they were handed over to Jaonb Le Roy, as part of tbo aiaets ; that he immediately after sold them to the new firm of Thos. Otis L? Roy M:?; that they again sold tbera to plaintiff, who gave tbe latter firm a mortgage oa them a> seourlty ; aud that Thomas Otis La Hoy & Co. afterwards took up the notes at maturity, on aononnt of J Boo b La Roy. Adjourm-d te to-morrow (this morning ) For plaintiff, Mr. Cutting; for defendant, Messrs. Ketcham and Oerard. Costmov rum, Feb. 34? Before Judge Ulshoeffer? Maurice Dujf y ami wife ? . S it mi ft Hi (it.?Aotion for aMault and battery. Tbe plaintiffs let premlsea ia Pearl street to defendant ; they afterwards ejected him under the summary proceedings act; the assault ud battery was al.eged to be oommltted when defendant was leaving the prrmises 8ealed verdict. For plaintiffs, Mr. Shaffer ; for defendant, Mr. Allen. Court or Oereual. Suasions, Feb. 24.? Before Recorder Soott and Aldermen Adams and Crolius. Trial for ^rton concluHrd.?Ta^ttM of Mary Jane MoClanghey (oolored), en an Indictment obarglng her wiiu uitTing net uro 10 me premises 01 nr. ioar?eo, in Ninety-third street, ?ureturned this morning. when the following additional evidence was adduced on the part of the prosecution? William Davidnon examined?On the 6th of February, 1847, I met the accused between three and four o'clook ia the afti'moon, n-ar the house of Mr. Couraen. She nppeared to be Intoxicated at the lime, and said something about having been arrested for stealing eggs ; but I held no conversation with her The ouso wns then submitted to the Jury, who, after brief consultation, found the prisoner not guilty, and she wa? discharged. The Court ihen adjourned until to-morrow morning. Coi ?t calctnaa?This day ?C>rctiM Court?39, It, 99, 37, 30. 47, 16, S3, 33,14, 33,31, 00. 61, 53. 6S, 64, M, SB, 67. 327 Superior Court-3, 83. ??, 31. 46 114. 103. 103. 115, 173, 140, 14R 163, 164. 104, 130, 167, to 316, Inclusive. Common Pleat?I it part?66,57,69,01,07 , 94. 3d part- 53,64. 65,50, 67,827. Trial or the Tustw-ooT Wcathi ?1The examination of the oase of thn weavers who we mentioned Inst week had been arrested riot, oommenoed on BltVd?y, and has taken up most of the week. A large number of witnesses?some eighteen to twenty?have been exatnlued far tho government, end about the tame Dumber tor tbe de'eroo.? tall River Monitor. Pnlfilul liiiellltfeno*. NcwJtuit DtMocitTic Sum (Jontc*no?1The democmuo toetubers uf the Now Jers-y Legislature, h*ve rioomui?ri'J?U the 11th o( May. na u dnj f ir holding a Butte coorrotloa to nomlaat*) 7 d*leg>it*R to the Baltimore eoaventio a Tbe Whig State convmtiua of North Carol!a* ultl Rtlolgh Imi Wedneid*y, and nominated iui it? aaodlUlirm mauijr, mij , nauncuau iwy "? and bvlOTad. whose nomination is enough to fecore hi# election ?National Cincinnati, Feh. 18, 1848. Money Matters?Failure?College Hall?Rem. T. }{ Storl-l<m ? Uatholir Fair ?Free Schools? Fire?Frankenstein's Madonna. The pressure la money in uters grows worse ev?*ty auy; the downward tendency of produce, and particularly pork, operates severely upon the business ot (his city. The packing season hae closed, more thau tour hundred sn?l fifty thousand of the swinish multitude having heen ed to the daughter house, und there cruelly butchered, sine*.- 11 ecommencement of winter. It has requir -.ii immense capital to do this, and now, whe i i < speculator hoped for a return of the money invested, there is comparatively no market. Tue ellects of this can readily be seen. One oi the heaviest produce houses in the city failed yesterday. The liabilities of the firm are said to be about #200,000, but the members are men of high integrity and unconquerable energy, and it u believed they will pay every cent thejr owe. (Jollece Hall has been substantially repaired since the accident at the Taylor meeting. Oa Tuesday night it was crowded, to its utmost capacity, l>y one of the most fashionable and intelligent audiences 1 ever saw in Cincinnati. The immense throng Ind gathered to hear u lecture [> fore tue Voung Men's Mercantile Library Association, by Rev. Thomas II. ytocklon; he in wrll known throughout the Union, and is regarded by many as one of the most eloquent divines on the continent. Mr. .Stockton resided many years in Philadelphia, where he was much esteemed by all who knew him. Recently he has been called to this city by the Methodist Protestant Church, where he will make his future residence, j fear, however, his stay among us will be brief. His health has been leeble for several years, and his hold upon . earth extremely uncertain. His lecture the other uight was one of the most beautiful that ever thrilled the heart of man. His language is pure, his figures arranged with great care, and his thoughts poetical in the highest degree. It is like listening to the sweetest strains of music, to hear him speak. Just as he was about reaching the gist of the lecture, however, and when the audience were raised, as it were, to the third heavens, his strength failed him, and he was compelled to sit down. Mr. John F. Frankenstein, a joung aitist of this city, has just completed a splendid painting of the Virgin Mary. The conception is fine, and the execution equal to the conception. He is the same artist who painted Christ Mocked in the Prcrtoriuni, and Uaiah and the Infant Savior, both of which, I believe, were exhibited in your city last fall. Mr. Frankenstein is a true Senius, and, if lie perseveres, his name will book "fill the world's sar." A fair, got np by the Catholics, has been nccessfully progressing during the week, in th? largo Melodeon Hall. It ha* been attended by immense crowds every evening. The young, and the homely, and the fair, have been there, all gay and lively. There is nothing, however, in a fair, as ordinarily conducted, to attract much attention abroad, and I shonld nut have alluded to this, but for the tact that the obiect tor which it was projected gives it more tnan comtnou importance. The Catholics here hav? declined to participate in onr public fres sahoola. Th-y have religious scruples, which, whether well founded or not, nre entitled to respect. They, however, cannot Hvoid the payment of taxes by which the schools are sustained, and their refusal to send their children to theee institutions produces no evil effect. It is their right to have those over whose destinies they are placed, educated iu that manner which they conscientiously htnk best. They have never asked the Stale for a separate school system ; but rather than stir up those bitter controversies which ?uc-h a step would produce, they rely upon individual effutt; and the fair now in progress is * ** 1 mma rt a f K*v kavi. U lie Ol l?r Iduua w.v. J. ed to establish a tree Catholic school tu Cincinnati. That buccees will attend their ertorta (here can be no doubt. The ext. naive carriage factory of J & D. Bruce, on Walnut street, was consumed by tire tins morning, about 4 o'clock A number ot valuable v< hicies were U^atroy d, and 11 w.i? wuii difficulty that the tine t.iuiily carriage belonging to the widow of Genera! M .rrixon. und the <?nie which was prese tted to the lamented patriot by the young men ot Baltimore, w<.s s?v. d. It h<ta been itrlt wuh Measrs. iirucs tor sale, tha netea* situs ot Mrs. Harrison being such as tu compel her to dispose of it W?tb*?

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