Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1848 Page 2
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? 1 N . v\ YORK HERALD. *ortb-WMt Cornrr of Fnlton and Hassan st*. _____________ JAMES GORDON BETOETT, PKOPHIKWIU i/ ?.'?# H&t~A ' . ~h\ "? ??r, -m I' Jt r?? ?'"i v' 'I" M ?< ?? ntbf t'* 1** ? * '** " u*' ** **?' ^Ni'K JTZ-I* V.i/! ?- *-?-r f~.i V* ? r-i?il )? r #j?. .i iu i* r j t- - <i - f > i?. / 'e ??? #? .* . tkr A' >wA > trtll as . the ' "mr/itfc Ianfiu.'r.) / ?. it ) ?( '?? ?/ "i* ,re itf t i . it n.>> ' :n hlu itve . lit. \titr llim.rr . t: vurtt . f Ihr i?nnJ' fnUiiiirtl<tmt la'til mar. ? " m ?.? *?? *!? fry Mrttt* H .if a '<< . Htnnt, Pmit ; r i. ytmo'Utt 1? t; (??! ;i >.0 '? ? ?:rr, booktelitr, Henrietta It eet ' "'uK<t?K\TiJtf.. HKfUlhft-Krtrv Ti.eidov-Onr D? Urn for the ('ammim 'H'r 'ilnKfliKV'rs (rrnctpfti cTirr^ -ni-rwin/r) ?e r?>i? .c ii-ft. - ? 1 vltin, 'jtgi'iw 1*1 mrr V . n --- 1 f ' 1 ' f Vf *' u u.u -i-*i( -.?? -.,iifr. received at ' Pufil-.eV4<w. Oftiit. ?? ?t<? Vi'x .;ii i A' uau itreett. -H.L L i ?"r? ({.< y j i cub itrtt hone, ?r *? '<*? 1 vfrtiremen-1, to he / <>?. f> jr itefoi(<f< w?4? ^ 4ucie<i at flte KPvy rnr;i-(c>r? )1.VNT~1KY C(tK UHf-FOXDEUCB. cvnlaimi* ' t-ini ne\. t, lotiri.'fii frtm <t<.y juatter ?f the xearid? ?"? >/ Md wii; Ik* i? f*liy jvwit for HO NOTICE emi be . iMtn at imMMM < ?.r ? 1 I'lfnc; ! ' ># tflfriiori ?.?*; he authenti n'.' "" I'-itaT.'n'-eiioftht writer; not neee.tti* w r r i , o? a ff 1 iiy *f A?? *""<? .Wtk f 4*. .r, 1* . r, v ?<i V>U-* , TO"! KKOV\ v. 1 J :?'J r ? . t \ MUCl l.tE ?OlLDItHOY. OH- ' '. * 1 huthaw ?tr*e'-?London tviAsct-THKHKIK. i l Hf'ITS?po W K .? Y \V"HITHEATttK.? JC?jvi?tui> UTM^ilTll'l, l'*"?TOMIME, fclO r ?.LMO'S Of K'<A TOUSK, Chambers AtTliTI. broadway odkon -moiwl i K1RA.V A HALL, P-Hoo?to? Bah ? i"i ? I*?IM ma IT Tin .m?. m4?.oit? iiavmomj'* mui ca kntehtainmiht? Irish Etk<H?I)?. !D??r Xurb. Sunday, f*'?l>r?u?rjr %Z7, 1848. ADVERTISEMENTS renewed every morning JTi ,\fW( from fe.urope. The Britain,i.% \?'th two weeks' liter intelligence from Kur< ,> , in in her fifteenth day. She goes to Bost<*i, i?iid w e may hear of her arrival there at any inonr r.t. ^^.lectrlc Telegraph. ^ . The Mqnr>h lu*t night put us in possesion ol the fun*jlJ ceremonies attendant on the entomhment?p the Hon. John Qnincy Adnms, ?t Washin;;t^fr Business of ev? ry kind was suspended, the city literally clad in sab|jjF The proc#W*on wns extremely large and ^mfw*sing. PolHcnl matters were, of course, it a stand still; and we have no further intelligence of interest from the south, except our usual Soarket r? port. ^ ?. < From ^bany, it will be sern thst the Legislature wMJBKtgaged in the disoussion of various railroatOfflfs, and on other business of ATiief import " Gent rut #?yljr'i Position and t'raipeoU. lIavinjt>Pen the first journalist in this country to plckcpjhe name of General Tavlor iff connection with the presidency, it maybe supposed that we a little interest in the prot>rfc8? ?f his prospHjs, from time to time, and in th?e.s> tion h" occupies at this moment, particul.iflr. * During the last few months, various Movements hav*+een made, both by democrat* ?:.d whig*, Hf^'ioL' for their object the elevu^JpJj ot th.s distinguished man to tin' chief magi#tmc*; but tne two most important movements, la'e, are, nufci'V'btedly, ihe resolutions passeetiin his favor kiy the Utica democratic conversion in this Sta*t?, and tlie recommendation ol Iflm by th? Vifirftna whiir rnnv^ntinn in Ri r? hniAii'rl nu ? _ - ? ? "" a candidate to the whig national convention to b? held in Philadelphia. 1q g'nncing the mind's eye over the expanse ol the last ev.'a history, we fina that General Tay. *. */ it ? V*HTTons, committees, and ill kiudis of nnsses of iwd, almost equally belonging to the twivcr^njzed parties throughout the country?wbigsand democrats. In the south-western Statea, large j onions of both parties support his pretension*. In Virginia, the whigs are most prominently in his favor; but the democrats are also favorable to him. In Pennsylvania, an equally double movememof sections < rbo:h parties indicates iheirdesire tor General Tuylor; mid in the great State of New York, an important branch of the democratic party ail but nominated him, cotempor*neously with the important public meetings in the eity?t New York and elsewhere. General T.tylor is, therefore, brought before the country as a ea-idid:it??, different from the rnjnner in which any other man was brought forward, with the ? \rep?ion < f General Washington and ?' ; r.i J-cf; ?n, both of whom were s upported in the beum* 1. jtr by large masses of nil parties into which ie country was divided. In this position of things, we think it is but fair to uig' General Taylor on thf democratic national convention which is to meet at Baltimore, i h tli^.r best, mo?.t distinguished, and most available candidate, lie it* as much a democrat as he is s whig, and perhaps inure of the former than he n < f the '.utrrr. It is i/ue that a cert in porum of ilie whiL' party wirh to represent him as r. W ;r. r.\cli'sivelv! bill llna i<4 itnn. Ir,im Jlo. honest motives, uuJ 1 ->r deceptive purposes. Tney wish to preven' the democratic national contention from looking on him in the light rf a democrat. It that convention, in the multtplit ty of ilif candidates that may be brought before tin in, ard in the difficulty of making a selection, should fall on tht? noininati*n of Gen. Taylor, jt would Rive a b-ase of |*>wer to the democr *ic party of this country, that would l?st for twrntv-five years or more. The whig convention could bring lorth no r ndidate, with any cnance of success, against l im ; and if G?n?ral Taylor were elected under such influence. we are |>er8Uaded his administration would be st democratic as that of General J-.ckson, and far more so thin thos* of Van iiuren. Tyle > .d P 'k? thre^ men who may be .ced before th world, and in history, as the positive,comptr tive, and ?upi rl jtive, in weakness aud imbeci ity. The nomination of General Taylor by the Baltimore contention, would demolish th? whig party lor thirty yei?;n to come, ?nd also all the. whij; tltqur* throng .ut the country. His election, ? hatevermay i ? the result of the treaty of peace now before the Senate?whatever may be the objret of the British government in rtferenc* to Mexico?whatever may b* the issue of the pre sent anomalous relations of this country with that republic?the election of (General Taylor would ii ue this country tW?re Kurop* and the rivi !i? d world hb one of the strougest and monten?w:-etir nations?the wisest and moil sugacioua? th,;t lifts it? head between heaven Mnd earth, and favor our elevation to a futurity of greatnrsp und i;r*ndfur unparalleled in the history of the 1 hum m r-iee. General Tuylor was the first military ?niusof irmiscendent power, modesty and sublimity, fqiuliy united, who gave and orig n ted the impulses which have covered this country ? it li glory a id honor. He has given a moral, politic tl and military power to this republic that will l>e respected by the nations of Europe for a century to come. Let the dem< crate in the imore convention, therefore, cast away their prtty (liquett their pet.y d viai(.an, and rpt,y men, and boldly and fi/mljr nominate General Taylor, and the que?tii i: c.U e | r" < 1 c{* 1.1 y%r<l.l be settled from that day, aud the supremacy of th? democratic p*rty M/HJ tft for th# nntf ftulf feiHttrf, HinoiT Tuk Police Department ?We hare read tho majority report of the Committee on Folic, Watch and Prisons, in the Common Council, to whom wan referred so much of the Mayor's message as relates to the polics department of this city ; and, also, the proposed act of the L* ?isl*ture amending the present system ; and wt are constrained to Bay, that in our opinion, it is sadly defective, and contains provisions which will be an Iruitful of corruption as are those of the old hyfift-m, which they ere proposed to re* iiif-'iv, ud fbp-cially so, as far as the appoint-* in nt of the polic- is concerned. Tue proposed system provides that the captains and assistant eiptains of each district shall he nomiuatcd by the alderman and assistant alderman thereof; and the watchmen und dav-Dolice shall be nominated by the alderman and assistant of each ward, and appointed by th<- Mayor. Now, we are satisfied that a great deal ot the inefficiency of the present system, und a great portion of the corruption , growing out of it, are th? result of the manner in * hich the policemen are appointed; and the mode of appointment in the proposed system is the s ime. Thtre is so much profligacy in our municipal government, and so much trickery and deceit used by the candidates ot each party to ensure thejr election ks or assistants, th it there is no means they will not resort to to accomplish their ends. The nominating of policemen has swelled these means, and w? arc eatiHfied that it is used to a great extent, and that there ar* members now in the Corporation who owe. their election entirely to the exertions of candidates. A mail is suddenly inspired with : patriotism, and feels desirous ot serving the peoJ pie as en alderman or assistant alderman, and w> >le he serves the people faithfully, he thinks, j !? hi* is not paid for his services, that a few pick incs and stealings for himself would not be am ibs. His patriotic intention is intimated to a score or two of the hangers on at the polls?the pot housa.politicians?who are ready to accept an office, even if it gave them but fifty cents a day; the larger the fees, however, the better. These men, if they exert themselves to secure a candidate's election, can do so in a great many ways, by summoning their relatives to their aid and getting them to vote for their friend, or by bullying respectable people out of their rights as voters. And how easy is it not for a regular understanding to exist between those hirelings and the candidate?, by which the nomination as policemen and the e'ection of the candidates would ba settled ! With the nominating power fixed in this way, the very worst classes of our people would, in a majority of cases, be appointed as guardians of the peace of the city, and protectors of our property and lives. Another sec'ion of the proposed system authorizes the policemen appointed in this way, of course, to prevent all disorderly and suspicious persons from mingling in public bodies, brought together tor lawful purposes. Now, we cannot conceive anv objection in the police, under any system, exerc'sing the power of preventing "disorderly" persons mingling in public meetings: but w* do see great objection in authorizing them to prevent "suspicions" persons, because it gives them discretionary power to arrest all who, in their opinion, are suspicious persons; and what the opinion ot men who cannot read or write their Rames is worth, we leave for the committee who drew up the proposed sysu m to determine. Our own Opinion, judging from what many of the present fore* of police are, is, that such a discretionary power could uotbepl ced in worse hands. Besides, it will not do; and American citizen^ who pride them selves on their rights, and who on every occasion bIiow a determination to maintain them, will not submit to be dictated to, or have those rights abused, when in the opinion of a policeman they are suspicious persons. Thsre is, however, on^ good point in this prolyl t t\4i'eel to the police or watch dap&rtment shall receive, directly or indirectly, any gratuity or reward for the arrest of nay prisoner, or the recovery of any property, or for any service growing out of his official capacity, unless the same shall have been gratuitously offered ; and any officer who demands or asks any gratuity in this manner, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. This is, perhaps, the only good point connected with the proposed n*w system; but it cnn never be carried out, unless the appointing power is altered. We hold that, in the nature of things, it is uurea?onable to expect that the police department will ever br filled with competent and respectable men as long as their appointment or nomination rests with the aldermen | or assistant aldermen of the several wards. Let tlie nominating and appointing of the members of that important department of the city government be continued as it now is, and as it is proposed So be continued by the new system, and the police department will be nothing but a vast political engine, to be UBed by ambitions and aspiring men, who, when elected, will be bound to nominate and procure the appointment of those men who assisted, or perhaps en*ured, their election. Purely our municipal elections are characterized sufficiently already with corruption and profligacy anion a all parties; and why shsuld we make ad itlon to this corruption, especially when it w.iuld be made to the entire destruction of the police nystern, as an arm of protection and aafetj to the lives and property of our citizens? The membera of the two boards may talk as ri ici' as they please ; but we never shall have >kii efficient or pure police until the appointing u w? r is placed in the hands of a board of re-pecmble citizens, without regard to party, whose duty it would be to receive applications from all who ar? desirous of being appointed to the police, to ex iminc critically into then characters, and on tinding th? rn to be honest, industrious, and moral men, to recommend their appointment. Laws Relating to Landlords and Tenants. Notwithstanding the tact that so many thousands of our citizens are so deeply interested in the re?i>ective rights and liabilities of landlords, tenants, and sub-tenants, it i? undeniable that but very few indeed are conversant with the laws reI ft f n ? One reason why our citizens in general arc not better acquainted witli the laws on this subject, may probably be a'tnbuted to the tact that before one act of the Legislature becomes properly known and understood, a new law is enacted ; and being printed only in an expensive pamphlet form, or newspapers of limited circulation, the public plod along in comparative ignorance, so far as regards the existence o( the new law, and consequently are led to commit acts, the r?*ult of which proves to be any thing but azr* eable or profitable to the parties concerned. The. present laws of this State appear to be very unjust in some re pects, particularly so as regards the landlord's inability to eject a tenant from his premises, who imy b" wilfully injuring the property, provided the latter only pays the rent promptly as it beco es due ; leaving the landlord to obtain redress for damage sustained by in-tituting a civil action. A novel ease recently came up in one of our ward courts, which is reported at length in another column, and will be found quite interesting to thote perrons who may he similarly situated. Tiik Tjikatv ?The official or^an of the administration denies the President's agency, either directly or indirectly, in the treaty projtl forwarded by Mr Trist, and taysthe whole urgoi iaumi whh ulimiWMjrizru ny ini* ifov^rn- ! im-Bt That journal, howwer, ieernB to joolinr li.vorahiy lo t!>f t*rm? of the tr<Mty, but intimat** <'Vction? to it r-D trroMut of M? orifi#. I Propcsid Laws on Seduction and Ad?lti*t. ? We perceive that the Fourierite section of the House of Assembly has betu buaily engiged, for the last few weeks, in introducing bill* forth? punithment of the crimes of adultery and seduction. This is a mere revival of one of he numerous iimi that have mirked the career of a certain contemporary in this city, and which forma but a small item in the budget of blunders and inconsistencies, that attach to this veritable journal. The crimes of adultery and seduction enn be appro-ii hed uuder the ordinary laws of the coun try ; anil while every moral citizen denounces, end would punish, such Crimea With the utmost rigor of the law, our Solona in the Legislature should lie careful lest they open a door which would flood the i^tate with a new species of crime, and invade the freedom of the citizen to such an extent as would eventually turn out a serious evil to the community at large. There are no classes of crime less susceptible of legal proof than that of seduction and adultery. The very character of the ofl'ences, and the history of every trial had in our courts on the subject, atTord couclusive evidence of the danger that would result by placiug the liberty of the citizen at the mercy of every female who might choose to lay a snaVe to entrap some such unsuspecting victim. We do not mean to throw any unjust imputation upon the high moral rectitude of conduct and character that distinguish our fair citizens in general; but as long as the world i? a world?nay, down Irom tne uay? 01 Adam?history has recorded, and will record, deeds of erring humanity in this shape. Take, for instance, one of our wealthy millionairet % upon whose fears or timidity some practised courtezan should wish to speculate by threatening a prosecution. Would not the fears of exposure, or of bringiup the name of the party, however guiltless, before the public, induce such wealthy person to give any sum of money, in order to escape notice! The same will apply to all the different relations in society ; and when both parties are the willing instruments in crime, it would be unjust to give either a power which could b? wielded with such undue advantage, and withall the worst passions of the human htart. f n ru/?in? iin tViia anortiaa nT wlliph abounds to such a vast extent in th? community throughout the land, the truth ol iht matter is, that it is to be attributed, in a great measure, to the Fourierite doctrines promulgated by some of our journalists?to the pulpit teachings of some of our clerical gallants?to the camp meetings?the Millerite delusions?and the loose manner in which religion, so called, is paraded through the land, making a very Babel of Christianity itself. The shameful spirit of bigotry that still prevails among many of the sects? their bitter denunciations of each other?the secessions, and the loos negj ard latitude that are tolerated in the intercourse between the different members of congregations in many of the churches?these are the sure foundation for this species of crime. The wild and conflicting elements of religious discord, the secessions, the pulpit denunciations, the criminations and recriminations?all produce bitter fruit; and when the mind wavers amid such a storm, true religion soon vanishes,.like an empty phantom? in idle dream. This is the irue history of much of the crimes that are fastened upon the body politic?the dissensions in our chureheB, where we find the different clerics, in the words of the old ballad :? "Fighting like d?In for eonolllation, And bating uoh other for the love of Ood " The Fourierite pulpit declamations are particularly injurious in this regard. Without the sfrn and ordinary restraints of religion, what fanatic can declare that the passions of the human heart or the human mind, can be curbed in such communities as those which the Fourieritea propose to found! We shdvld like to i-ee this new law in fn,i -r?i..u _r.~. ? twelve months' existence; and when we gravely examine the question, and read the teachings of our Fourierite philosophers, we incline to the opinion that these bills have been introduced to substitute criminal law where gospel teachings necessarily can have no restraint in such communities as our Fpurierites, Millerites, and every other Ue, that runs rampant in the land. We would again repeat, and warn our Solons in the Legislature at Albany, to be careful in framing such laws as we refer to, in relation to adultery and seduction ; and many of the cleri cal brethren themselves, belonging to every sect, who have figured before the world for the last few years, will thank us for these suggestions in relation to punishment of those crimes. We have had a case recently in our courts, in which a young female, knowingly and willingly became a parly to this oflVnce, and under circumstances which at once, in the eyes of a jury, deprived her of all sympathy from twelve ol her fellow citirens, or the laws of the country. This decision of a jury in New York, should give our representatives at Albany an insight into the general tone of public feeling on the subject here, and we might add,everywhere. The present laws could be judiciously amended, or ao modified as to steer between the ! old system and the newly proposed law. This I wnnlf) nnau-^rall lli?nnmn??? A ... . I days of advanced civilization, steam and electricity. Canada.?Ia our journal of yesterday, the important fact was related of the triumph of the liberal party in Canada, in theelection of Speaker of the Canadian Parliament. This may he hailed as the commencement of a new and great movement soon about to shake all Canada, and likely materially to change lt?r destiny and relations. The policy and conduct of a parliament, in English politics, are always indicated, marked out, and settled upon, by the election of a Speaker. If Sir Harry Va?e had not been elected Speaker of the Long Parliament,we may certainly say the great revolution of England would never have broken out; and since M. Morin is now elected Speaker ol th?- Canadian Parliament, we may almost a* cert inly predict that at all ev*nta momentous times and great changes ar? goon about to burst forth in a blaz? which will light up the horizon ol Canadian politics with distinguished interest. Since the late abortive attempt nt revolution in Canada, things are wonderfully changed on both sides the St Lawrence. Then the English' government could boast of far exceeding us in military power and resources; but now, we are become the military people, and the prntigr alone of our arms will run before and prepare unfought victories for us. The result, therefore, of any movement like the former, which may break out in Canada, will be a3 different as the relative position of things is now different from what it then whs. Such i* great movement, in the nature of thincs must occur, nooner or later, in Canada; and that it will occur very shortly, th? success of the liberals in getting the. Parliament into thei*" own hands, is a strong indication and an unerring prognostic. The great interest which has kept the public mind so long in tension, and directed it towards the South,will soon, therefore, no doubt be transferred to fresh scenes of the onward motion of the humnn race in the North. May good be the md of all these things? happiness and peace among men the result. Til* Philnirlfhia Rullrtin has s??n a latter from Bt. Th<>maa, whlah stataa that tha Philadelphia Mint dafaultar, Naadall HtttehlnioB. bad arrived on tba Island a f*w lays previous, tad would le?v? shortly for Prvrt aa f rlnoa, Anotief Msnit MM ? WM abOU* t? nil ftf FMMetplll*. HIQHLY IMPORTANT FROM THK REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA. TERRIBLE MASSACRE OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS*Anticipated Revolution. We have received c ime hi "lily important intelligence iroin Wnezut^a. It reached us by last night's mail irora the south. * According to our despatches, the schooner Susan Ludwig, Captain Doty, arrived at Norfolk on the 24th inst., from Laguayra, whence she sailed on the 1st inst. 4 She was chartered to brinjj despatches to the government at Washington j and our atteutive correspondent took advantage of the circflmstanc, to forward letters to the New York Herald. We learn thaf'Capfain Doty proceeded ithme-', diately to Washington with the despatches. There have be>-n some terrible scenes enacted at Caracas. The Venezuelan Congress met on the IMtfi tilt., wan overwhelmed by the populace, set on, it is tid, by the President, and several ot the members horribly massacred. It was expected that a i' volution would immediately breuk out throughout the republic. The greatest excitement prevailed when the Susan Ludwig sailed. We have received several accounts of the scenes, one of which we annex. Another, written by a member of the Congress, who was an eye witness to the whole affair, will be given in tA innrrAur'ti Hpv.thl 8pkcui. despatch to the new york herald. Caracas, 27, 1848. *1 herewith send you a hasty sketch of the present fctate of thie city. About one year ago, Gen.Monarg&s was placed in the Presidential chair by tha party called Oligarquis; the choice was a forlorn hope at the time, as he was the only person to oppose the candidate of the liberal party. On the arrival of the President elect at La Guaira, Gen. Paer met him o* terms of friendship, (although many year? o ( dis gun to had existed between them) and after a cordiul embrace, they came up to C iracaa.? Paez used4)is influence and advice to form the cabinet* wi<h some of our best citizens. The government started quietly, and confidence and nope animated the public. A few short weeks put an end to our expectations ; several of the cabinet retired in disgust, and the Pr??ident kept the breach widening, by the appoiatment of a number of offenders against the lormefgovernment. Many influential men, and^ among them Gen. Flores, end avored to heal the breach. Meetings were held ; remonstrances and threats from the press poured forth in volumes : finally, it was determined to impeach the President before the Congress about lo meet. In the meantime the President disarmed the mtlitia activo, and placed arms in the hands* of the melilia resema, known to be niosi lavorable to the liberal party ; all ihe old liberals were invited to return, aud many were placed in office, some not being entitled to citizenship. Commerce became crippled, and confidence (festroyed: the government hobbled on with an empty treasury ; large bodies of troops were preparing, near Caracas; and, on the 24ih of this month, whwi thert were scarcely members enough to fornj a quorum in the House ?f Representatives, there were 4,000 troops in and near the city.? On the opening of Congress, serious disorder cormnenc-d between srveral members; high wop-ls drew a sreat crowd ; daggers were drawn, and, it is said, a member from the city? Hon. Henieregildo Garcia?stubbed a member from- Mar^cnibo. Hon. Antonio S,i!as. The pcene which ensued was terrific; thos<? that could, fled ; and when the alarm reached the strs?et, the citizens fled in terror. A body of soldiers rushed in front of the hall, firing several vollies indiscriminately into the windows. Several m< nib era reached the door, and were cut down like dogs The wounded member, bleeding, was not rfcognized by the soldiers; they feii on him?his lett cheek and ear ware ?hot awav?a severe cut over the he?d, pnd his heafl nanny rancu r.oni nis ooety, und nis (tody terribly maujJed with bayonets. The Hon. Julian Garcia, of Caracas, wag shot through the head? the ball entering one ear and passing out at the othy?all the fingers on the left hand cut olF, and sixteen wounds in other parts of the body ? The Hob. Juan Garcia had a sword run through his body, and fell dead. Col. Smith was badly wounded with a bayonet?several others killed, and soma wounded. Tho&e who could not escape in front, wrenched off the iron bars of a back wiudow, and, by means of a settee, made a bridge to the top of a wall, where a few poles were found: and with these they escaped over several walls, torn and brui.??d. The whole square was soon surrounded by the troops, and the honorable members were made prisonerssome with scarc-ly clothes 011?some without hats, boots, or indispensables ; some few shared a better fate. The crowd rushed into the hail, destroying the furniture, and cutting to pieces a large portrait of Bolivar.? In half an hour, thousand* of vagabonds were parading the streets with all kinds of weapons; every house was insumly closed; all the foreigners who had fligs, unfurled them tor protection; none but those who happened to be out were iu the streets; every tew minutes the harsh challenge, quen viva, or the rush of c*valry broke on tlte ear; night soun clased in darkness, and u deathlike stillness prevailed during the night. On the morning of the 25th, the citizen* crept cautiously ant. About nnou the dead were inter*d without ceremony. At one o'clock the .itemhers were escorted to the hail aud compelled )>er force to pass several resolutions. A b<tn4o was proclaimed, requesting the citizens to resume their business, with an assurance of protection. On the 2(>th, the members inet "gain, the President and his guards being in the hull with the members, while several resolutions were passed exonerating the executive from all censure and ft general amnesty proclaimed. In the mean tune,the first day's butchery ia spreading to the interior, and tne question ia asked in an undertone, wnlGen Paez cornel All eyes are now towards the plains It the great cniel comes with two or three thousand Llanaros and the soldiers have courage enough to lace their swift horses and sharp luiice, we ahall have some bloody work among us. The President is now raising 1000 horsemen. A few days must determine Saould annth'-r opportunity offer, I will advise you ol what is to come P. 3 ?An embargo his just been laid on vessels not cleared. Th0 following, taken Irom one of ourexchange papers received yesterday, anticipated the whole difficulty Wa h*r? d?t?a from ("araeai, the aaat of gevarnment of VontauMa, to Janutry U2 CpDgrnia Una muaaiblad at the capitol. but bad nat organix-d ia ooa?<>^tj?nr? of not lining able to jortn a qqorutn. Au organisation it wan i>uppo?ed, bowevrr. won) 1 b? afTactrd, a faw dajril at'^r tbe above date. Tba >r?*aD'. tamlon It i* pradletad *111 pmra a vary ?toro. j one, as tha auirUi of laap*??bm?nt against tha Fraaidrnt, which war* iniroduoad la*t aaialoo, will be brought uo ngaiu, nud should they p.aa, of whleh ;h?ra la * probability, thu le^lalaiur* will bu brokan up by tba minions of iba < xaootiva, and a aanguinary collision will taka pi.iof ln>tw??u tbem aud iba rapuhlicana Bunlnaaa at Lkgiwj r? waa vary dull; tba aa* crop of coffae was ooming in very (low, and prices rul*d high. Later from Valparaiso.?We are in receipt of ttirs ot ?./ wtrcurto, pnoiisneu -t Valparaiso, up to the 13th November last. The crisis in England hud been felt in Chili, in the shape of a urent drain of specie from that country; and the Mtrcurio laments much the state of affairs, which, it feara, will prove ruinous to the republic, if not soon remedied. " Within tha la*t racrttii." (ay* tha editor, " no than from 70,000 to SO #00 doubloon* In gold, ($1,380 000,) have baan sport-.! from Chili, and lb* *pom ara (till continuing Tha iattars from Cnropt* all call fur r?mltt?ae?.i la gol.J, a* tnin kind of rrtnru ia aoat advantagcou* ; and (hay nail urganily far thin mital. In prafaranca to aay o:h*r kind of raoittaaaa " An electro magnetic tele^nph apparatus had arrived at Lima, Peru, and the account of it, and the various Hetnils of this great invention, are copied into th? Mtrcurio from the Peruvian papers. It in proposed to erect a telegrap'i line between Lima and Callao, and tha Rleirurio recommends the Chiliaii government (o establish lines between the principal cities. It is Morse's telegraph which is now in Peru, and the eccount of it gives him full credit for the invi ntion. W> do not find any political inielligpnc* in thnac jiaparn, nor anything regarding th* p'ndi&g diiagrMfnont Mw?w> H?ru and Molivlft, j TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. FUNERAL OBSEQUIES T t or THE |( HON. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. J Ac. ?kc Ac. 1 Washington, Frb. 26, 1843. ti The funerdl obsequies to the sage, aluteMinn m un?l patriot?Hon. John Quincy Adams ?hav?* j been the engrossing event of the day; anil will tl renumbered by ull who witnessed the " impoung ceremonies. m Thffphurch bells of the city commenced tolling ^ at an &rly hour, and continued throughout the e day*, f?e public offices, stores, and houses, were all cloqjd, and business of all kinds suspended? t numerous public buildings and private edifices a exhibited signB of mourning?and the avenues through * which the procession passed were ? thronged with a sorrowing and grief stricken u people ; afod nearly every house throughout the lt jine of thfc procession was dcply hung in black. ' '.The Senate and House of Representatives met y -at 12 o'clock, and vust multitudes of people sought ^ admittance, who were excluded, for the want ol toom, both houses beinsj liiled aa soon as their doora were opened. As soon as the reading of the journals was finished, iu both houses, the Senators and Representatives joined in the funeral ceremonies, which took place in the House of Representatives. ' The President of the United States, the Heads of the Departments, Officers of th^ Army and Navy, Foreign Ministers, together'with numerous distinguished citizens and strangers, were among the mourners who were present on tlic occasion. The services commenced with th* reading of the scriptures, and prayer, by a reverend gentleman ; after which, Mr. Gurley, the Chaplain of the House of Representatives, followed with a feeling and eloquent appeal to the Throne of Grace. Then the choir sang, " See her? what the voice from Heaven proclaims!" Mr. Gurley then rose and delivered a sermon, replete with touching eloquence and deep so- i leinnity, which wrought with marked effect upon the audience. His text was from the Book of Job, 17th chapter and 11th verse?" My days are past?my purposes are broken oil"; even the thoughts of my heart." , After the conclusion of the cervices, the funeral procession was taken up. It was about a mile in length; and altogether,, it was one of the most imposing and solemn that ever took place in the city of Washington. , ? . A:.1 i NEW VOOK LEOISLAWRE. Senate* agricultural collcqc. Mr. Buih reported a bill authorizing the American Institute to establish an agricultural college and experimental farm. ouakdiatf insurance c^kfait. Mr. Tamblin reported a bill for the wliefof the Guardian Insurance company. r *. thr mexican war rcsolvtion. .vir. iiawlet uporij ?>n me itiex'can war resolution, and ha occupied ih-? Seuate until time for it* adjournment, with his opinion* ou that subject. Aaaemtriy. new track fOK a ba1j.road. Mr. Toll gar* notice of a bilf to require the Saratoga and Soheaectady Railway Company, to relay the track with heavy rail before the 1st of December. albany amu ichrnbctadt baii.boad Mr Rose offered a resolution, wliloh was laid over, calling ob the Albany and Schenectady Railroad Com pany, to send in their contract #lth Iiaao Newton, for transportation of emigrants. Mr Ufham laid on the table a reeolntion calling on the Comptroller to report if any legislation was necessa ry In regard to the registratlcft of bauk Botes. S ALABIES er count? clebb*. Mr. Prat give notice of a bill to regulate the salaries of oounty clerks hereafter to be eleated. BceULATieBS . Mr Totter gave notice of a bill te regulate the quarantine establlshineBt. savings bakes. Mr. Phbnix offered a resolution, which was adopted, directing inquiry into the expediency of repealing the act in regard to deposits ia savings banks. betersion or tbe tonawarba railroad. Mr. UmAM reported a bill to authorize the Tonawanda Railroad Company to extend their road to Lookport. fbeb scboolt. Mr. Prvtr reported a bill for the establishment of fro* schools. bboobltr hoi pita l^jitc. Mr. Ransom reported a btllfelatire to the Brooklyn . Hospital Also, a bill in relatisil to Jki* Seamens' Fund and Retreat. % enebal bbid Mr. Pbat roDortad the UeneralBridra hill. kailwav The committee of the whole reported progress on tot- i ml railway bill*. The committee of the whole resumed the considera- i tlon of the bill to amend the charter of the Svatoga and j ! Washiagton R&ilroa 1 The pending question wee the I proposition to prehlblf, the road from carrying freight j taring all (easona without paying toll). Mr. Butkich mid tbe qu<*ticn to b? daoided wai, | whether freight should be carried during the suspension . ' of canal navigation frea of toll. In this waa involved ' the question whether Boat on waa<(0 osrry off the trade. Mr. Mrnai opposed the motion, And it waa supported by Messrs. Fenn and Coe. Mr. Brooks opposed the met ion at length Mr. jflrAULomn replied to Mr Brook*, snd waa sup- j ported by Messrs. Bened'ot and Coe. Mr. Brooks followed briely in opposition to the amendment, when the question waa taken, and it was j agreed to by a vote of #0 to 31. The bill waa then repoged to the House, and that j body adjourned. Marksti. Pittsburgh, February 2# ?Cotton -No change. i Floor?The sale* footed up about 610 barrels at M a i $4 12X Com?Sales 300 sacks were made at 83o | Ilya?Small *ale* of 100 a 300 bu*b?ls were made at 44o. | Oata-610 bushels were sold at 23c. Lard?Small sales in kegs were making at b%o There was no change in 1 whiskey. The river has nine f?e t of water iu I ho j ohanntl. BALTiMeia, Feb 8? ? Flour?1The market was firmer, [ with mere doing, and we uotiea ulea of abovt OftO bbla ; Howard street at $6 M* a $ MX. Whsat-Sale* of 1 | 300# bushels were main, including Maryland rods and ! white, without change in prices Corn Wrf.i Inaetlva. and transactions light, without change in quotation;.* | nwvi u w?ib^juu?? rrovimur, i w*ra dull. Rye? Wo change. Boa-ron, February Si.?Flour?Tha market wait firm tbeogh transaction* were light Haled of 6'K> bbl* ware mtde, Inoludiag Oeneeee and good brand* of Wcetern at $4 37X Kye?Salae of 600 bu.?hel?, wore mid* at Data? Salea of. 350? buihala wars riaad*> at 60o. Cora? i Hale* of 10,(10C buahela wara made iaolndlog mix?<l at tfto and yellow at *7o. Provislone wara Heady. frelgata I ? No change. i JM HlWg? Cheap Peat ago. Mr. Biituktt:-A* yenr'a appear* to be the only pa- I per In our ally that ha* ventured to espcaa our mlafra- ; ble p?it*ge ayeten, I bopa yu will allow me, through i your oalutnn*, to anggeat a faw graat yet uneipetiMTe i Improvementa. In Kugland, where nil lattera are pre- I paid, every houaa la provided with a letter hot Tlie 1 poitman haa only to ring, drop tha letter, and pa.?? en. 'hereby deliverl?i; twenty, perhaps forty,time* the number of letter* which our carrier* ran distribute iutha fame tlma. being obtljed, aa they are, to collect two cent* on every letter In England, gneirnment paya the oily . carriers Ancther and graat reform may be made et urrolnal ooet, which la to have, aay Ir'ai treaty Ave to ona hundred atatlona In all our large rUIra lor letter hoxaa, for tha reception not only of city letter*. bat letter* Intandad for tha malla Tba atatloBH could he vl*l(ed at alated time*'each day. by poat rfllea agent* for that purpoae, or tha penny po*tm?n could perform that 1 duty Hundred* af tbouaand*. perhep* raltlloaa, of let- I t... _kl..l, U . - I w?-*o wiiiuii mw r? |u uj priTMlfi liklHJ, or priTHf ?*|?rrrp, or do not go it all, would, by tha plan propoa?<3, flud thrfrwmy Into tba mails I r.*?d did no: bit % ?* rrgnrdi tt* e<nraniano*. aipaclkllr to tha treat maim, with wt'om "tlmi in mou?y." A. W. Mall Failnrcii Tha Km tern nail ttWni at Mobil#, Fab. IS a?d 17, " " " Auguptft, " It. " " " No.ioik, " as Hlnna tha cominlMionera bara lootttad tha track of tht> Hndioa Rlrw Railroad. <h* pfojtla along tha Una 110 uaktPi ?xtantlr? prtpkr?tioiu for ?BUr|tSf btwlnw gwij.i toMu[?.?. nm m(l iwi #?a. wmi ? II < n?rlM AflWn. ElHIIMIITUTKIOr T*r. HuaMKR UftlTCnSTATK* iiia large u4 elegaxr. ateainaiiip, unJjr Capt .in Hackiff. left Uer wharf in the t.aat River, yeaterday mornig. and run oat u Ur aa Handy Hook. Aa thla trip w n i?:e y to gir? the engineers an opportunity to examine it flrat mcTementa of bar engiaee, no notioe was given, odbut a tew gentli-men, and'thnae immediately iotareat 1, ?*re preaent The affiir,although wholly unexpected iruml out v.ry inteie-'lng, imuiuuih aa the perfarmbch of tha v.pael during t".o day axoaedad tba horea tf r Tvafu^ett friend*, not only ia point of pp-ed but in 1? pert'eet arjd wary moveuunt of he- engines From He rnomeut t(.ey vera lim uor d by aiaim uot'i they -tf atepped y?starday,r.o kamaiar ur theMightMt aif.ei Ul??titro?*M, they worited wick ai m*e*i preoision ana *se us though they were months In iervioe. The ship, as we have frequently stated. is about tweny three hundred tons burthen, fall model, bat her lines re *o sclentlfieaiiy drawn that the water part* on eaeh ide ot her tut water as clean as It doea from the bows fa pilot boat. In order that the publlo may 'ifcve facts ipou which they ma/ form their opinion* m to her abiltie*, we hare taken a memorandum of the time made n passing orr'.ain po'.nts. At Dhstm.left Sscor'e wharf, loot of 0?h street; at h 47m pasied Fort William, Governors Island , at lUh lm was off Fort DUmoud; and at llh dm Sandy Hook Igbt b<re wouth. The dlst.tnc* from Kort William is ieli ved fall elghte.-n miles, wbieh, according to theeo acu, was perform? I in one hour and eighteen minute* lemming, met th ? H'.beruU^t Quarantine givuod, ouuded under her quarter, and run out seven miles, saving her one astern It la but proper to state hat no more than ordinary eiettiou was made to aucomilish this, the eng ne making, but fourteen and a half evolution*; six of be furnaet doen were open, and we ire sure her blow*-* had not been turned during the lay. She had 1M# torn nf et al on board, a quantity suf icient to carry h#r threagh two trial trip! and a passage icroae tbe Atlanti^, and win also laboring uod?r the lisn.Wantages arising from tit* stilfuesr. ot ooginss ih?.t iad mivdo but few rtvolntioaa proriou* to this trip. From the greit leogth ?f tm) ?h? lay ;.t tUo wharf, h :r jot turn bad beoorue "very foul, baring no oopper to 'bield her frem tb? fllth which always aouumulates She waa built by W. H Wobb, of tbia oity, meetly of Ive oak, for C. H . Marshall, Esq., to be employed, we relieve, between this oKj aud Ilarre; she will, howerer, make ber flrat passage to Liverpool. The enginea are jjpoia the establishment of Meaara. Secor k Co. ? i* 'fhtfitrlvai niHl Musical Bowkrt Tiika grand historic)! play of 'Henry the'41i;;ht*,'* was agxin repeated lieraJsat evening, beiore a crow40dVNM*, au'i after a very successful run during this week*' This piece will be suoceedud on Monday evening, f^fhakspeare's celebrated tragedy of 'Cymbeline," in yfilch Mrs Shaw tasoa tbe part of Imogen Mrs. personation of the difflnnU character of Queen Keta>?ine, in "Harry tbe E'ghtb," has won her addttiettft Isarels. and the enthusiast,io re caption gnu has mxnL with at th? Bowery, sirce hrr noragement, hu Unt ft-uikt tribute to her high qualities as nr. actress whose Just conception thy difficult cha- * racters introduoel the works ?f the great bard of Avon, entitles her to ever, mark of f*rour and applause, from an atamng uudWcoe. Mr. Marshall, as ilarry, ucquittto bimseif most oredltably, and the entire oast in th|HUlMult piece, performed throughout Che week with Infnit# ability. As Mrs. Shaw plays the part of lme. en to,morrow evening, the many tdralrers of her high tal ^Uirill be preseat to witness her performance The tnrilliug drama of ''Gllderoy" will conoiode the areniag's entfrtaium >nt. Chatham Tmif aa.--Xlier* was a crowded hoa?e at this^heatrn Ia?t ui^ht, for the benefit of Mr. K.e ohtr, tUe late proprietor? Th? thrilling drama ol the u Wilis',* l?r, ortl e Lilly O^St. L?o ard's," was performed, In whloh Mrs. Wiitlaion appeared as Laoy Stauntoa, and, t In her usual efVle, played her part moit successfully, 1 b ' th In the ehirreAter of wile and mother Mlea 8. Denla appeared as the *Vfb!stler, or the Wild Boy, who had in iafaaoy baee (Helen and reared among savages, iu % amoit b?autlfal)4id affeetiTe wacTifr Mr. Djcky Dutton. wae fml of fu?. The ' Model Arii?t?" ma<le their last appearance The * 8'alpwrecked Mariner" w?s also played; in vbl'h Mr. Fletcher took the part of Jack Kotonson. a retired sailor, and S!g Uonito, that a monkey, a part whicj ho plijs in true monkey *t%le. 'fV "performance oo< eluded with " The tiolden .Wamatr, or^ell, Vot of It," Mr. Chanfr.tu as th-j farmtr. a part *hM he plays in urmrpmsed style. Mr. C'hanfrau t?k*e xharge of tleCuatham on Monday Bight next, *h-4l'Rr Wolcott and Miss Clsrke will appear Before that time, tho bonne wi'l be . thoroughly pair, ted, sad the seats jeuewed which, tossth?r with the other Improvements to b?i made ty Mr. Ohenfrau will rerderthe (:hat!">m as gofJl, if n*>t 'be mo?t desirable plaae > sDiur?iaei<t in the city. We would ??v to ull on to th" ('b i'hi.r-j on Mondiiv >?ud wi'.b th?i ?np"vi?r corys < f prrforirers, k? 8i? , you o?hoc fail to be pleased. uad du'.ersaiuo to go again. Circus?Bowrrv aiipkitrtttki ?We visited this , house last evening, and found quite a large audience la attendance. and all enjoying themselves rreatly with tbe varied and ra?y aMMnent) which were going on iathe riag There in an doubt tbatr the managers do ail vhey ean to keep up the reputation of the Amphitheatre. Those clowns are funny fellows He with tne farbeIowkJ p-aie, however, seeiosto g?t sadly belabored and hamboosled by bis active compralon, who, by the way, is a gr.-at hand at turning a somerset, aad all tbe gymnastic leafs which tbe trnvpr of raulters go tbreugh , with. The eqacstrlsB aad other performances are all well worth teeing, and the \aph'tti?atx? is suo 1 a well Ootidu ited house ibat it in really a plea?uro to visit it Christy's Miritrei.i.?The exeitement k<?eps on incr<-?siug; ereryboiy, Hd ?c ] young, goes to b?Rr them; ?U'-' what; Is equally triuvohant for tn-ro, tbey sneoend In accomplishing h feat hitherto d?en*d impog.ible, vis: ptFHilug everybody On Tueadav, tb?y return to >le-. tfiaeics' Hall for the week. No baud or Ethiopian Minstrels has ever attained the eMebrity of CbrUty's Minstrels, and they fully merit all the fat*.they bare Palmo'i Opcra Hodsb?The model-?rtl*ts house, have n?t drawn very erowded hoaies lately. Thoy perform to-morrow evealag, for theUsttiase. B>o?>vir Odiioi.?(ireely is determined to keep up the character of the CMeon, both for amusement and al?o a due regard to dececev. He takes ?very care to P'odnoe noae but reod-st end el?gat;t tuileavM vivanli. crsirhimbntirt Concrrt to Ret. Mo?ks Marcus.? This esQniable gentleman li to bare a complimentary orneeTt given ti hhn on rbursdl7 aveniag uext A great many ef our Most respectable oillsens hay* taken the affair inVpntf. aid a long list of eminent artists have volacktarily teedsred thei' servic?* Tbeyare Mrs E Loder. Miss?s Wat?on. Brieuti. Delace, and Klrkham, Meters Men vers 4rtbuiscu and Leaob, Mr Joseph Burko the V'olouist, and tbe charming littla Apolloaoons With all this taunt and the peculiar natur > of tbe ena^ert, we have 10 doabt tbere will u a crowded house ' a. Mai.ons Rirutnt'i Irlth Rvning* hare been faT^rably reoeired. and there is no doubt th*t they will ha^e as lung mil auocessral run us th? y had in London. v hem lie gar* tbeiu to eery large uuilUnct* far on* hundred uight* is succession Mr. M It Is a gentleman lull/ ^cMitvd to delineate Ifcw p*?n'.i*rlti?n *n,d eharacUristlc point* of Ik* Iri.'h people ; aal with hif grntUraaijly beariut ai.d auper'er latelltot, he add* a new inlen-rt to hi* *ubj*ot. The ladi?a of th* fem ly art b. th raflned ard in tboir manner*, and evidently have reoaivai a aplaudid aauiioil education, which enables tL?M to use their in* yo'coa to the baft advantage- and their inatruinental performanara aru fatly eqnal to their vocal on< s Another t!" tbssa delightful Irish eveninga will be given to morro w night. mm m J uliniii in Ma. Ornn i A IIott, the blind mnaiklan*. CiTu tkeir If nth >emi-ennual ctccrt nt toe Minnrva Ko< ma. on I'hurtday evening it,. We shall take oro4*ton to rater again to this eoueer: before Iti conurr?no?, and we linoeteiy hop* It will Ik- fully patronixed. This weak in to be a gala weak al the Lafayette laiaar. Signor BllLa i? performing aeoromaiiay at tba Muiaam, Philadelphia Tiin oofDMluionera cf Bprirg Oardeo, fhllade^pbla, bar* passed ?a ordiaance | rcbtMllbg the exhibition ef * 4*1 art'*t* In t.b*ir d!?tn. t. Mr. Col lie, the eele rat.d d'll eater of Irhh character, ts p<r'o.n.'?| ct VI wb?:a alio la ilr Chippend?'<* | |Mr. Anderacn, the trg<dlan, la fulfllliig an enaagem< nt at lb* Kiebtrn a I ' jatr j, where be la upprecl, ?d a* a actor of r'flncd tteu aud gr^at abilay. ri? la, lu ah< rt, *uoo*sr>ful. Miaa Matfctw* ic playing a aacoeeafnl ergeg??eat at tha Alhaiiy Museum Dan Marble la engage* at the Broadway Theatre. Albany. Baraey WKHame, the Irlah ooaedlau, cnwatenaea an eniatfeuieat in Baltimore, to-morrow evening, alter whieb ho proceed." to Waabington to fulfil an *agt[? there. _ ItcnU-May-IJay. Mb F.oitcr?-I have rtad wi'h attention the proceedings and resolution*, adopted at. l Ik* late "Tenant"#" meeting in lliia city Many of the r< -olutlona are vague; aoui* of them do aot bear at hII upon the objec^ of the nesting, aiid, geuerally, tbey appear to be indrfliiite arid poorly calculated to produce any practical result I tin ttfttooiahed (hat th<- main cause cf hluli r*nta In New Vork. shoBld tare been so entirely orerlooked, 1 mean tbe alcard. iidioulona. Inconve >lent, iioaecesairy cuat.^ra. of moving 011 May day, and (.f letting a l hma*s on t'\? first of F'>l'ru?ry, fbree n:ontbs before th?y can be occupied, and b"'ore they Tacated If lunanta. as a h dy. wish to reduce rents kt them bring nhoitt a reform in this particular, and ray word for it .the tenant* at. least will be bem-fltted In no ether State < f lh* Unlca. doe* tliVi absurd. *?id 1 may say opp'e *; * ?n?t"tr?pre\r?U. Why should not heuae* be let at any and H1I n< ur' un wiunjwii * inn w^ru f?ui'en*J uroo ui fcytha tnarorbl fynum L< t t*inanta cult cimllug nu<l talo mfr.mtc. f> procar* ftultabla no ion Dy oui ol'j auUiorltiea i n.l lt>t no i?ran*. an<trapailally bo poor h?ko, Tola ft tlis fnnan < hartar c'aei Ion inr any on* ?*ho will &ot n pW dfa to a(T? ta raform. and th? thiiu will b? <|ooa at one*. W. Hon llanry Wh?aton, lata minlatar to Truasla, ia r?r'outly III at thu I'ramont Mpii?*, Boston It U?a(i] that ha haa baan by h!a phycioi ma to Hbaiain for 4 faw moatbi from all unnaoartar/ oopflnamaot and axrrtloo, ?n.| dmt* faimwlf to tb* etrn c( hi* batith ll wiil arrnrdlr-ily ha OHt r?i hU pow?* to ontmano# tity iwrturM ?t < 4wrtM MWHiWm wnm #

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