Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1848 Page 1
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..' 1 " . "I I Wtutla Bo, fr 30. Herald Foreign C'orreip^nileni'e. Livkkpool, Jan. 80, 1818. . ? i-'rs,temrnt Produ.eed.bu the ... ? Duke of IVeUinu ton's Lcttert on the National Defence?The Church Excitement?The Church Question?The Coast Defence*?Meeting* to Reduce the Duties on Tea, Sugar, &c ?Lawless Conduct of the "Jfavvies"?Death of the Earl of Poicxs?of the King of Denmark?The Jew Question in the Upper House in Danger from the Bishops? Dr. McSale's Answer to the Earl of Shrewsbury''s Lettei?The Repeal Association in Dublin?The United Irishmen?Condition of Ireland, Ijrc, fye. If a stranger were to jud^e of the condition of public affairs in these realms bv the articles and intmnuceiru'ntii whicti appeir, from lims to tinv, in The public journal.", he would almost imagine th if Great Brit tin w-.is nt present undergoing a complete revolution in itspolitirnl, civil, and ecclesiastical aspects. The excitement attendant uonti th^ publication ot the letters of the " Iron Duke," Lord Ellfsmere, and others, with regard to the ntitionil defences, had barely subsided, when the noiee and din of warfare were heard in th^ church militant; and so eerioushas the struggle in this quarter become, that inauy ot ihoa* who, in former years, would have beeu Ir AC Ktr tliifl t i m a f/y r I K f* am n j r r*r?. I conflict which commences in a fortnight or bo, nre intensely looking at the struggle in the Queen's Bench, hs Iflife and deathliung on theis? e; arid, perhaps, not without renson. A quention?iuvolving in its train so many and so lmv portant consequences to the established church ?has, perhaps, never before, certainly not in the present century, heen originated or discussed.? In my last letter I noticed the confirmation of the Bishop of Hereford on the 8th mutant. On the 14th, Sir F. Kelly applied for a mandamus to restrai the Archbishop ot Canterbury troin the act of consecration ; and on that occasion he obtained a rule to show cause. The case was resumed wi ?.rfttnio 011 the 24th inst . since which time it has continued from day to day to " drug its slow leng'h alon'j." The arguments, pro. et con., hav been concluded, but no decision has been given It will be announced on the 1st proximo. It is confidently expected by the Puseyite pirty, who, in this case, hre the real opposrrs to Dr. Hampden, that the rule will be made absolute. A question then arises? ' What will be the next step 1" Will the Premier withdraw his favorite, and thus give a triumph to the popish party in the church! or will he recommend her Majesty to persist in perfecting the appointment, anil brave the consequences! It is generally supposed the latter course will, if necessary, be adopted. Poor Dr. Howley, the primate, la in a considerable fix in the ma'ter. It the rule be made absolute, be will cot, it is to be presumed, dare to show contempt ol the court by refusing to obey their injunction; if lie consecrate not within twenty days from the period ol confirmation, (which time expired yesterday) the act of Henry VIII arms the Premier with the power of issuing a pramunire against him?resistance to which involves, 1 believe, as certain and has heavy punishment, us disobedience to tho Queen's Bench. " Under which Kmg.Bezonian!" his Grace may now inquire; but in vaiu will he wait for a satisfactory repiy.? "Between two creepies," an old saymej runs, " men must come to the ground." And it may he, that amidst the glorifications and exultations of*the Jesuits, within and without the chnrch, and the sneers'and contempt of dissenters throughout the kingdom, the lall of this meek aud Jowly (though not impoverished) successor ofthe upostles, will but predicate the more signal, complete, and not far distant prostration of that princely establishment ot which hu is at once the head and oraament. To fur< ther the object, the Anti-Church and Slate Conference is working vigorously, and, in most mI stances, effectually, as far as concerns the getting up expressions of popular feeling previous ' to the assembling of Parliament. Although the defence of the coast and nation 4^. h is HimnKf lost its interest on tins side ot the rmanuel, and is only brought before our attention | by an occasional sally from our facetious friend Punch, it seems to have taken the bull by thr horns completely in France, the journals and popu ace there having called for new tortificatit.us hi Havre and elsewhere on the coast, it appears, aiao, that vary lately, Hsveral French engineers and soldiers have been at Alderney, in ih* channel, reconnoitring. What his grac?of A|>sK*y House may think of the latter circumstance <vill uot probably transpire until the meet >ng of Parliament, when, no doubt, a solution ot the puzzle " why his grace and others had mooted the subject at all," will appear in an increase ot the army or navy, or a reembodying; of the militia?something, in short, which will enable the nobility and higher ' claa?? s of England to provide berths wherein to stow away some of the useless lumber of their families. Whatever chances of the lion's picking* tney may have had hitherto in the church (and theae were neither " few nor far between") ii ip evident, from late appearances, that they are now gone?quite gone?and the little morsel of hope inrowu out by the whigs since Wellington'* Inter appeared, in the shape ot some additional corps of artillery, instead of satisfying, has only given a relish tor more aggrandisement. Meantime, ihe people of England nre beginning to look to themselves, whilst the Waterloo waichmau is listening most anxiously Hud utten tively tor the fust crow of the * Gallic cock," thereupon to rou*o Unions from their thirty years' slumber; whilst Ilarry ot Exeter holds his inkoottle clenched mlia .d, like another Luther, prepared at any moment to fling it at the head ot the nerctodox spirit, should henaveihe courngr \ to reapp?ar aim the present legal ordeal; whilst even John O'Connell is waiting patiently for h convenient opportunity of contributing to the peace and prosp-rity#of his beloved fatherland, by dying easy in its behalf on the floor of _ aa "alien"_ Housa of t/otnmons? John null is endeavoring, lionesuy, iearicssiy. and peiseveringly, to maintain, us tar r.s in hun lies, ihe first law of nature?self-preservation, by demanding the abolition of the tea and rum duties, aud oy opposing the contemplated reuuinptionof the sliding scale. the increase of the income tax, and the renewal of the duty on foreign and slave grown sugar. Meetings have been held for these purposes, also against the increase of the army or navy, in lavor ot the abolition ot capital punishment, and of sanatory reform. These have taken place in the larger cities and towns ol the empire, and although, in liiunv matinees, numerously attended by men ot all classes and shades ot politic*, resolutions u accordance with the several objects in view hjve been unanimously pansed with acclamation I'ne enure tendency ol the age, in England, in progressive, and I may quote tlie words of one of the foremost progres8istas,^)r. Maekay : " There's a piod time oeming, toy*, A good time coining," Tiie nUteof tradeisconaiderably improved, owing to the partial iesioration of confidence, cud to luge quantities of specie having arrived lrom America nnd elsewhere. Th^re have not been any considerable fiiluresol late in England,and things arc looking much better in the manufacturing district *. On tne whole, prospects are cheering. Indeed, the only exception seems to be in an article of modem importation, and consequent upon the progress ot railway enterprise. It is well Known, that in that immense army who o* n George Hudson ns king, there ia a certain ?:usj called "names"?(not ihe best conducted e v i ? ? i I people, oven in ttie best 01 times;;?mo long us railways and railw.iy speculation iiad the Bteam up nnrl were going ahead, these fellows were inglected and lelt unattended to. Now, when the machine is ot a stand still, they must he doing a little for themselves, though it should be, b?umes, greatly to the inconvenience of others. Ample proof of this has been lately afforded in Manchester, Liverpool, fcc., where they have in the moet cool und daring manner helped theineelvea to the spare casn of several gentlemen, who either were unable or afraid to resist thein. It is high time king George was framing & coercion bill for hia subjects. The death of Mr. D'lsraeli, the celebrated author of " Curiosities of Literature," and still more celebrated, perhaps, from being the author of that most interesting curiosity, ' Young Ben ot Bucks," the protectionist advocate, has ocr uioned a void in the literary world, which I am atratd Waldo Emerson, who, without the md of chloroform or mesmerism, is sending us all asleep in this country, will hardly fi'l up. flie Earl of Powis, a zealous friend of the established r.hureli lieie. famous for hia <-n>>rir?iir> I unci HiicorwHhil op|i<>sitiou to the consolidation of ihe eeea of Hatigof and Ht. Asaph, uud more I :t?ly from Ins d-teat in the content with Prinre /\Ibert i??r ihe Chancellorship of Cambridga Univ< rmiy, lias been finally and fatally worsted in tn^ last dread conflict with our universal enemy. E NE1 N was shot accidentally by the younger, nnd died duoii iiivrr. News h:ts just reached of th<* death of the King ol Denmark, Christian XV'llI. Speaking of Princa Albert, h. rumor in abroad of his laboring at present in consumption, and of a celebrntecfphysician having,in consequence, been sent for to the continent. The THmes pronounces this, and other rumors of a "court" interest,''mere gossip." It is possible the story may have been mooted to excite the sympathy of the rate payers of Windsor, who complain loudly of the nonpayment of his highness's portion of poor-rates, and amongst whom, owing to his niggardly disposition, he is about as treat n favorite as is Baron Rothschild with the bench of bishops. Poor Rothschild! h^ is another of the Premier's stumbling blocks There is yet a doubt that, notwithstanding all the enlightenment of the nineteenth century, their mitred lordships will decide the question of the remov il of tliJewish disabilities in the Upper House, by rejecting'he measure introduced by the Premier, in which case we will likely have a genera! election. Bishops in geieral are a meddling class of people, and if there be heights, or rather depths, in tueir orticiousi'ess, John of Tuam his decidedly reached them He tieats, dead hollow, the "dove of Elphin " (Dr. Brown), the " raven of <?>erry " (Dr. Mauinn), the " lamb of Meath," (Dr. Uantwell), "him of Ardasjh (Dr Htggins), Archdeacon Lafftn, Father McDermoit, and the whole tribe! Aye, even Philpotta himself, by a long chalk. And if at any time more than another, it is impossible for Herod to out Herod himself, "the lion of the fold of Judah " has done so in his reply to Lord Shrewsbury. It occupies nine mortal columns of the Weekly Freeman, and for biting irony, eloquence, thundering, and almost excommuni caiory munintuorn, is as yt-i uusurpaairu even by the choicest of his Grace's former productions. In fact, every topic is taken up but the one alluded to in the Eari'a letters; and lent toe growlof the hierarchical animal should not cause a speedy enough retreat of ihe noble ranger back to his Alton Towers, whole posses of the minor whelps aud cubs have rushed from the demesnes of Westport, Doylr-, Claremorris and Killala, and are eayerly snuffing th>! air in the expectation of the game, part of which, however, no doubt, will be claimed by John, of Conciliation Hall, as a reward for his share in the yelping. John's cat-call would no doubt have been much louder, had not his parental aflection a stronger and more paramount demand on his attention. For?" tell it not in (rath, publish it not in Askelon" -the Muyor of Dubliu?the Mayor of repeal Dublin?the repeal Mayor of repeal Duhlin?at his inauguration dinner, at which were present the " alien" Viceroy of the island and all the authorities?this man, who owed all the " blushing" honors he that night sustained, to the Lioerator, neglected to give his benefactor's memory Such an omission was unpardonable; and his lordship came in for some severe castigations from the Repeal Association and the Corporation ; however, he has redeemed his conduct with the Corporation, to a certain extent, by apologizing, on the score of accidental omission ; and five pounds will settle the matter as far as Conciliation Hall is concerned. Some of his lordship's friends, however, indiscreetly hinted that at the lust civic feast, Mr O'Conneli's health had been omitted. This wa? more than the Ex-Mayor, Mr. Staunton, coul.j have been expected to endure, and he therefore gave it a fiat contradiction. Had it not been for this colloquy, the world would have remained in ignorance of this fact?all important though it be?for Michael is one of those retiring men who betimes ' Do good by sUalth, and blath to find It However, as it was, the discussion was useful on two grounds In the first instance, the expla" nation afforded by Mr. Staunton gave him a greater claim on the confidence of the municipal electors of his ward, and also on the support of the subscribers to the Register; aud in the second inste.nci*. it furnished John O'Connell with at least one topic wherewith to diversify the interest,unrl I occupy the tlmoat entire time,of two meetings ol the aesoci ition. Had it not been that the subject opportunely turned up, he would have again felt the renewal of his old complaint. " A want of c coapatlon is not rnt; A mini quite vacant is a mind diatriss'd." John, by the by, is about to give a holiday to England, having been invited by Count Montalembert to a dinner in Paris, on ttie occasion of the oration to his father's memory, in February. The rent for each ot the late weens in the association has been above ?100. The next steamer will probably bring you a new importation from this country?a complete rara art*?a united Irishman. This singular production is anofiVhoot from the Nation, but differs from branches in general, inasmuch as its roots will strike deeper in the soil than the parent stem. Seriously, the young Irclanders mean something when they fall out Mmongst themselves. There are no bottles of smoke with tuem ; they have a spice of the Scotch in th*m, (pardon the comparison to " aliens.") John Mitchell and Devin Reilly hav? not yet parted company with Gavan Duffy. They are determined to act cotemporaneously with him in the field of repeal, and feeling that the Nation is lagging in the good work, they have put a shoulder io the wheel, which receives us new impetus on Saturday week The United Irishman is to be a thorough-ultra-phyBical-iorce-and-no-mistakerepeal-g;>-a-head-journal, advocating the right of every man to carry arms, and also to know how and when to use them. Alphaoet Smith, were he now attorney general, would have work cut out tor him, H?d trie castle g-.tet would probably receive th- ir oil for o her purposes than permitting; carriages and valets to pass backwards ?nd forwards without censing, as they did ou Wednesday l?ist. We ure truly anomalous beings ! Who would imagine that yon " Vain man, drMtnd la a brief authority." who to-night mingles, it may be, in the mazy dauce, and enjoy* himself and dispenses pleasure all around him,woul.i be found next morning, us if the night scenes had been dreams, dispensing warrants of death, and hurrying fellow mortals, pleasurelesa, at the best, in this world, into the presence of that Maker before whom he may, at no dmtant period, perhaps as soon us they, be culled apon in judgment? Yet so it is; und whether the Viceroy ot Ireland has actually despatched the warrants or no, certain it is, eleven unfortunate men have been left for execution by the judges at the commissions at Ennis and Limerick, while above iluriy have b en transported. And this has been tne entire positive Iruits resulting from that silting of 1'ariiameut in November and December, which had been looked forward to with much anxiety by those who naturally expected that, whilst the political rights of Jews were insisted on, the inalienable right of Christian subjects and fellow men to a support from the soil they lived or starved upon, would not be forgotton. The negative results arising from that pirt of the St'gPlOU uuouuy I'aoi, m oitu < ? ... an adjustment of the law between landlord and enant, whirh is still being greutly agitated throughout Ireland, and in tne horrifying and heart-rending details of destitution, disease, nud death, filling the journals of the MUttl and West. The government have done, will do, nothing; and severe as were the sufferings of the past, notwithstanding the liberality ot America and tlngland, and gioomy the reminiscence of those sutlerings, 1 believe there is yet a greater trial to come, and that no effort will he put forth to stay the avenger, until, perhaps, the dread of contagion, which will spare uor rich nor poor, will compel the cold and clenched hand ot uolitic.il traflicers in their lellows' blood to relax, and unloose their long-hoarded and almost rotten bounties. Th6se paragons of whig lashioning?the poor law commissioners ? are managing thin?a so cleverly in Ireland that almost one-sixth of the unions have had their guardians dissolved, and p*id ones appointed in tneir places, and this notwithstanding that there is scarcely an union lothe ??m nf d?ht What their nirtti ves mav i;uuii 11 j wuk vi .. .... ..... ... be it in hard to divine, although some people are ready to draw lome shrewd inferences about bo inauy paid offices being created. Should the English militia not be enrolled, or some expedient be devised to make room lor ttie overplus and unprovided scions of the aristocracy, if they would but lower their pretensions a trifle, these places might suit them. It would iiIbo be useful in causing a commixture of the Celtic and Saxon blood, aad disseminating the bu*ine.?g habits so peculiarly the characteristic of the English aristocracy, amongst the liuest " pisantry" of the world. But a truce t? this bandying. The pros1 pects of Irelnud ure bleuk, cheerless and disconj solate. There may be hope in a quarter and at a ! time we dream not now of; but it seeins to me J " a long look forward, and the distance hides it " KojIUIfUi. EW YORK, SUNDAY M( Lisbon, Jan 12, 18-18. Port of Lisbon?Climate?Interesting Description of Lisbon?Internal Policy of Portugal?Effects of Bad Government?Commerce?A griculture? Habits of the Portuguese?The Earthquake, LisboD, viewed from the river, ia one of the most beautiful cities of the world. It is built on the northern bank of the Tagus, on threo gently sloping hi I!h; and its domes, turrets and ?oofs, rising in rows above each other, like the seats in a vast amphitheatre, give it an elegant and imposing appearance. The river, from itn mouth to the city, is of immense width, and can give shelter and anchorage to the fleets of the world. Ov- ing to this advantage the harbor is splendid, and so formed by its position that ship* of the Invest class cm enter or depart without being towed, for the wind and tide permit either object. This port was once the crowded mart of the Brazils and Indies, una no colonial produce could be exported but Iroin here. Wnile this ayst in lusted, Lisbon rivalled London. But now ih'* scene is changed; her commercial greatness is gone, and the tew vessels engaged in trade can easily be counted. The climate oi Lisbon is delightful; for months we have the s une clear blue sky, and not a pusstag cl.>'id dtriiens it a gentle oreeze is constantly blowing across the river, and as the city ri?e8 ubove it, it freely circulates through tlie streets. In the evening tl\e breeze b-comes cooler, and wuh the rich light of the netting sun we admire the beauties of the noble Tagus. Its banks, however, have not the rich, wild, luxuriant verdure of those of the Mississippi; but viewed from Buenos Ayres, there are many spot* of charming beauty ; the scene is rich, mild and elegant; for it is the land of the orange, the olive and the vine. In the terrible earthquake of 1755, the part of the city bordering the river was nearly all destroyed. Churches, convents and houses were scattered by it* force hs chair before the wind ; and the thousands crushed bentath the ruins. were washed, with the shipping, which parted Us anchors, one against the other. Thousands', to nvoid being crusned by falliug huildings, took refngs on the quays; but the T?gtis rose rapidly and with gre it force?the quays were overturned, nnd the thousands on them drowned- The part of the city destroyed was the most densely populated quarter, and the number said to have perished varies irum ten to thirty thousand. No defiuite return has ever been made; but the higheat estimate is not beyond the probability of truth. This event occurred on the festival et All Saints' Day; the churches were thronged ; and, even now, we may dread to allude to the appalling shrieks of the" victims crushed by the falliug of their massive walls. This part of the city has siace been rebuilt. The houses are of stone, colored whit? or yellow; the mason work is built in wooden frames, so as to give ihe buildings an elasticity to resist luture shocks. The style is uniform, and very substantial. All the houses have balconies, which are always more or less occnpied by owners, o! jet black eyes, for the ladies seldom go out. They spend their time in these aerial boudoirs, reading or sewing, or keeping a watchtuleyfe on wayfarers. The only objection to this arrangement is that the darkeyed ones can see without being seen. Tne lower part ot the capital is well paved, and tolerably dean. The arsenal, the custom House, the exchange, the Ministerial building*, and Black Horse square, are situated here. Intersecting these, aud running back into the city, to the theatres, and to the Rocio, a beautiful public garden, are several well built,level streets, the houses in uniform style, and their balconies alw.ys more or less occupied. The rest of the city is hilly and extremely nlthy?narrow lanes that seem as if they were never swept, yield nameless odors, and the yelling of miserable dogs, and the importunities of beggars, almost sicken the stranger. Here begging is a trade, and those having a striking deformity, or a loathsome disease, have a source of income. The able-bodied heggar*, hr>?vev?r, ar? far more nnoying, for they solicit with an obstinacy that will not take a refusal, aud if you^io not give them chari'y, they send childreu to torment you. On the seaward suburb of the city rise the hills, which, irom the delightful breezes t- at constantly prevail there, are called Buenos Ayres. Tnis quarter is occupied by the ministers ot foreign powers, and their respective arms are over the entrauces to their nouses. How my thoughts turn homewards, for I see the American eatjle, lookiug bold, proud, and vigorous, as if it knew that us children had conmi<> < thp ntnina ot Mexico?those ttlorious victories which have astonished Europe. The arms of the United States are over the residence of Mr. Reneher. our chargi. Every Americnn who m*y Btray this way, is sure ol a warm welcome to ins house, and his amiable and scconipliehed lady will make the stranger feel himself at home. The children speak fluently several languages, and it is amusing to see three little creatures discussing m a foreign tongue the menus of getting a cak'* or a lump of sugar. The country, notwithstanding its natural advantage*, is wretchedly poor; the resources and finances, owing to wurs and revolutions, are in the most neglected condition. The interest on tiie public d' tt, the salaries of public offices, and even tlie wa^es of the laborers, are not regularly paid, or wncn paid, it is one-third in depreciated bank paper. The roads to the interior are bad, and transport oh tnem Jor a short distance is more expensive than sending ihe same goods to America. The duti s on imports even of ne essary articles are enormous, and sou]) und tobaco are monopolies, whicti charge for the most inferior articles, exorbitant prices. Bat notwithstanding her present position, Portugal has yet the means of becoming an influential nation. Of the immense possessions she once h^d in every part of ttie globe, uirrc yci irinniin nunu.icm, it uuUv? ?m ?uiu ?nu i energetic administration, to give her au importmt (ila.ee among niaratnne powers. Lisbon if admirably situated tor a tree port, and the national wealth might be greatly increased by abolishing the tariii. The country is ruined by its restrictive laws, and the scarcity of precious metals yearly Increasing, shows that capital must be taken from the country, instead ot ha productions. On both there are export duties. Were the tariff abolished, the activity it wonld produce ia many branches of business, would yield more revenue than can he collectcd under the present system. Portugal, however, in c mmereiol mutters, is centunes behind ttie age, and is behind itself, compared with what it wad three centuries ngo. Then its king and ministry were the m.jst enlightened, and its hardy mariners were t e tirst to show to Europe the route to India, and to commercial greatness. The country has not kept pace with the march ot im rovement, und the people seem wedded to their ancient customs, Here every thing is done iu the moat primitive manner, and no pt-rsuAHion or inducement can producc a change. In the country, rigriculture ts carried on with rude, unwieldy instruments, and the consequence is that as the soil is not properly assisted D y science or art, its produce is inferior to what might be had unaer a better system. Proprietors have introduced improved implements, and have offered rew?rda tor their use, hut the Ijeasantry would not work them, or they took the lirat occasion they got to destroy them ; not Irom any fear of reducing their wuges, because the soil yielding better enabled the laudowner to pay better, but becausc th? y wished to do things us their fathers had done for centuries before them. These prejudices are not confined to the country people. In this ctty, with a population of three hundred thousand---the capital and principal seaport of the kingdom?the laboring Classen are ns much opposed to improvement as their brethreu in the interior, la a port of the importaioo that Lisbon once had, we might suppose that commerce would have introduced some mean*of accelerating it* operations; but such has not been the case. Here there is not a cart or dray tor the transport of merchandize in the city ; at the custom house i tie t e may be a wheel-barrow, or a truck, but the heavy burthens that elsewhere are considered loads (or horses, are carried by men, on poles across their shoulder?, from which, with ropes, the article is suspended. It is sometimes a box of sugar, weighing nearly & ton, or a pipe of wine, weighing nearly half a ton. The height of the men ih otten very unequal, and this, with the jolting over a rough road, throws the weight unequally against the necks ol the smaller men. It ia olt<*n a painlul sight to witness this operation?sometimes I have feared that their heads would be jerked, olF their shoulders, or their eyeB buret from their sockets. I have seen their faces purple front over exertion, and have heard the printing breath as if their loads were crushing their hearts. This severe trial procures them bat a DRNING, MARCH 5, 1848 k meagre diet of fiah and fruit. But you cannot change their habits; were you to get them even cartp, they would not use them. Lisbon, with a few changes, would be a moat delightful residence, lor the people ?re boupinble and kind hearted. But 1 leave this topic, with K<v*r?l ntlirra fur mu n?.*t l.tlor \A\?i\ I ? M. Cincinnati, Feb. 26, 1&48. Close of the Catholic Fair?The 22J in Cincinnati ? Great Taylor Meeting?Melancholy Death from Chloroform Amusement? Kentucky Whig Convention, frc. $c. The Catholic fair, mentioned in my last letter, closed on Monday night, with a grand toirte, at the Melodeon. Tickets were sold at one dollar CQph, and seven hundred were tak*n in by the door-keeper. IIow many were sold and unused I do not know; but I suppose the proceeds of the entertainment were nut Less than one thousand

dollars The number of ladies present was large, bat rath'-r " mixed " I noticed many beautiful and well-dressed ladies in the dance; but by their puis were the rough, yet honest, faces of Erin's qnui'hters, and the flaxen-haired, blooming rrjaidfiiis of Holland. Every tiling, however, was conducted with strict propriety; all present seem ed to be delighted. " Tuke it all in all," the " 22d in Cincinnati" was a glorious day. In the afternoon, the native Americans had a procession, which numbered, I think, about two hundred persons? Alter inarching through several of the principal streets, to the great delight of the crowds of little boys, and those children, of a larger growth, yclept men, they repaired to College Ball, which was densely crowded with ladies and gentlemen, assembled to witness the proceedings. These consisted of a prayer, by Rev C. B. Parson, music, by the Cincinnati brass band, selections frt>m Washington Farewell Address, and an oration by Dr. J. F. White, late of Philadelphia. The oration was well enough for the occasionj but I am inclined to the opinion, that the doctor's platform is too narrow for the expansive mind und progressive spirit of young America. In the evening, there were two brilliant balls ?one at the Melodeon, complimentary to W. F. Richards, a "youth" of seventy-four, who is f imiliarlv known here as " Uncle Dick."and an other at the Assembly Rooms, given by Mr. White. But the great feature of the day was the Taylor maps meeting at the Court House. At an early hour in the evening, that capacious edifice was crowded to overflowing. Hundreds went away, unable to get into the house. Hon N. G. Pendleton presided, assisted by sixteen vice-presidents. The committee appointed at the previous meeting, reported a scries of resolutions norninatin';,401d Zack"forthe Presidency,which were adopted by acclamation. In these resolutions will be seen another triumph of the no-party doctrine?not the least allusion being made io them to either whiggery or lecofocoism. The meetiog was addressed by the President, J N. Taylor, Esq , and Mr. H. B. Brown, of the ChronicIt. The greatest enthusiasm [irerailed, and the crowd dispersed with three eheersforthe '"Hero of Bueua Vista." A most melancholy circumstance occurred in this city on Wednesday last?one that makes me shudder while I record it. Mrs. Simmons, h most worthy lady, and who was :n the bloom of life and healili, went to Dr. Meridith's drntal office on Sixth street, to have several teeth extracted. Chloroform was administered to produce insensibili<y, and the teeth ex meted; but, alas! that insensibility is eternal. Just as the operation was closed, her head fell back, her body slid forward, and it was at oucc Been that death had done his work. Her husband and two female friends were present, and witnessed the heart-rending scene. Prof. Mussey and other eminent physiciaua were called in, aud every meuus r. sorted to which great medical science and skill could suggest; hut it was all in vain A. post mortem examination has been deferred, in consequence of her body yet retaining animal heat, two full days since she inhaled the chloroform. It may be that life is not extinct, and thatshe will yet be restored to her heart-broken husband and weeping children. God grant it. Amusements have been quite lively during the past week. Clms. Dibdin L'itt has been playing to full houses at the National, and he appears to take well with our theatre-goers Rockwell's circus draws crowds, and will continue to do so us long as the company remains, if it be till dooms day. A circus " takes" amazingly in this "Quen of the West." At the whig State convention of Kentucky, which assembled at Frankfort last Tuesday, I am assured by one of the delegates, and a very sensible man he is, too, Gen. Taylor had a decided majority in his favor for the Presidency, and nothing but a deep respect and unfading love enieriaineu oy me wnigs ot uiai eiate tor Mr Olay, prevented them trom nominating " Old Zack. Tney did not wish to wound the feelings of " Old Harry," and consequently recommended both Mr. Clay and General Taylor as suitable candidates. The two State delegates to the national convention?John A. McClung, E=q , brother to Colonel A. McClung, of Mississippi, and Judg'; Campbell?are out and out Taylor men. The convention nominated Mr. Crittenden lor Governor, because the conteat between tlx* two rival aspirants?Hon. W. J. Graves and Lieut. Gov. Dixon?had become so hot as to endanger the will? cause in Kentucky, in ihe event of the nomination of either ot thos?? gentlemen Mr. Crittenden, I understand, will accept the nomination, and resign hi* seat in the Smute at the close of Me preeeut session of Congress. The convention, I learn, was boisterous, and marked by no little ill feiling C M. Clay figured conspicuously. He is a warm Taylor man. After the convention was adjourned, n fmht occurred between Lieut. Gov Dixon and Major Thos. Turner, of Richmond, Ky ., at the breaklast table of the Weisiger House Dixon charged that intrigue had been used to defeat his nomination. Turner replied, that if any had been used, it was by Dixon's friends; which was followed by the lie and a blow from his " excel lency," together with a "dunce of the* dinner platen," a la Signor Blitz. The difficulty was afterwards amicably aojusted. Wtio says the days of chivalry are gope 1 Not I. Westrrk. Santa Tkrkasa, February 10, 1848. Affair* in tht Valley af the Rio Orandt. You will perceive by this that I have changed my location, and very probably you will at once begin to look upon a map to find the town of Santa Terrara, which I presume you will search iu vain. SuHico it to sny that it is nothing more k than a collection of ranches, ut a good wateriug place on the San Fernando road, sixty miles from Matamoras, and at the junction of several other roads from Stlinas, Cidaretta and Linares, and at a point at which the Mexican commissioners and guerillas have had their quarters more than a year, exacting tributes arid taxes upon traders going and coming from Mat unoras. For ihe purpose of breaking up this business, Col. Davenport has stationed Capt. Dunlap's company of cavalry here, and now the communication is open to Matamoras, the guerillus having retreated towards San Fernando, when ihey heard ol the movements against them. The Mexican citizens here are well pleased at the movement, and now feel jecure in their persous and property. They have, for years, been harrassed and annoyed by ladrones of their own country, who always exacted what they haw proper, without remuneration, and it the sutler* era complained, their lives inost generally paid the torleit, the next chance that offered. Yon can scarcely travel a mile throughout the whole department of Tamaulipas without finding crosses erected to mark the spot where some one has been murdered. The mors I see of Mexicans, and study their character, the more (uily am 1 impressed with the truth often advanced, thatthey are unworthy the country they hold. How strange that where nature has strewn her ohoicest favors,there mankind are corrupt and debased. There cannot be found better soil thau the country uround here; yet a little corn is all that they attempt to cultivate. Cattle, horses, and mules constitute all the resources of the people. We are but filteeu miles from the Gulf, and numerous salt lakes. The country sbouuds in all kinds of game, such as deer, antelopes, turkeys, and wild cat, and thousand* ot fish and oysters are found in the lakes uear the Gulf. Notwitstunding all these resources, th?* Mexican lives with lets comforts ot lilc than the slaver of Louisiana nud Musit-sippi. JUmiii :era: CODE OF PROCEDURE. AN ACT To Simplify and Abridge ttio Practice, P1?p<!Inita, and Proceeding* of tile Court* of Hi I* State. [continued ] C H Ar IKK II. irtKALs to the coubt or ArraaLS. See. 28J Aa appeal may b? taken to the oourt of eppeals, in the caata mentioned in Motion 11 8eo. 283 To render an appeal effectual for any purpose, a written undertaking must b? exeouted, on the part of the appellant, by at least two auretiea. to the tir of, that the appellant will pay *11 costs and damages which may be awarded against him on the appeal, not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars; or that sum must be deposited with the clerk. with whom the judgment or ordtr wm entered, to abide the event of the appeal Heo 294 If the appeal be from 1 judgment direction: the payment of mooey, it shall not stay th? execution of th? judgment, unless .? writte . undertaking b* ex?rti*.ed on th? part of th? appellant, bv at least two suretlea. to the tfT-ict. that If thn judgment appealed from, or any part thereof, be allirmeil. the appellant wtli p*y Ih amount directed to be paid by the judgment. or 'he part i f such amount as to which tlie Judgment shell be affirmed, if tt be tfflrm<rt only in part, and all daman*" wbieh skull be awarded against the appellant, upon the appeal. Sec 385 (f the ju l/ment appealed from direst the assignment or delivery of documents, or p<-rsonal property, tbe execution of tbe judgment shall not b? stayed by appeal unWs the thiogs required to be assigned or d?llvered b<* brought into oourt, or placed in the custody of suoh cfflcer or receiver aa the court abali appoint, or ntiiesa in und rtaklna be entered into, on the part ot the appellant, by at leuot two sureties. at.d in such amount as the oourt shall direct, to the effect that tbe appellant will obey the order ot the appal ate oourt, up^.u tho appeal. Seo 2P0 If tbe judgment apnealM from direct the execution of ? conveyance or other instrument, the exe cation of the jug,nent shall not be alayed by the appeal, until thn instrument ahull have been executed and deposited with the clerk with whom the judgment is entered, to abide the judgment of the appellate court Jfro '297 If the judgment appealed from direct tbe Rale or delivery ^possession of real property, the execution ofths same snail not be stayed, unless a written undertaking be executed on the part of tbe appellant, with two tn I h~ uffonf t lint H,,rln,r I I, u property by the appellant, he will not commit, or siiffir to be aommltted, any watte thrr? on. and that it the judg merit he affirmed, be *111 pay the value of the u*n and occupation of tbe property, In m tile time < f the appe. i until the delivery of possession thereof pursuant to thu juduiH'-nt, not exceeding a IU to be fixed by a Judg? oftheoourt by wbioh judgmmt was rendered, and wbloh (ball be specified in the undertaking When tbe judgment la for tbe sale ot mortgaged premises. and tbe payment of a d"flcleney arising upon tha sale, tbe undertaking shall also proylda for the payment of aueb defl oienoy Sec 299. Whenever an appeal shall ha perfected, a* provided fcyseotiona 294. 29ft, '286, and 297, It ah*U atay all further proceedings In the oourt below, upon the ju4g mei.t appealed from, or upon the matter embraced tnerein, but tha oourt below may prooeed upoi any other matter Included in lbs aotlcn, and not affeoted by tbe judgment appealed from. Heo 289. Tl?* undertakings praacribed by sections 293, 284, Mi and 237, may be in me instrument or several, at tha opt ion of the appellant. 8ro 290 An undertaking upon an appeal ahall be of no effect, unless It ba approved In the first Instance by a judge of th>< court below. The respondent may, however, exct pt to the euflloletsoy of the auretlea, within ten days aftei notice of the appeal; and unlesa tbey or other sureties justify, butore a judge of the court below or a county judge, as prescribed by aaetiona 170 and 171, w>thla ten days tberealtar, the appeal shall ba regarded as If no undertaking had been given. The justification shall be npon a notice of not less tban five days S?o 291 In tbe oaf** not provided for io sections 284. 290 290, 287 and 293. the persisting of an anpeal. by giving tbe undertaking mentioned in section 283. shall htay proceedings in tbe court btlovr, upou the judgment appealed from, excer c that where it directs tha sale of perishable property, t^e court below irt-v order the property to be sold, and toe pro<veda thereof to be deposited or invested, to abide the jadguinat of the appellate court. Heo. 293. Tha undertaking mast be filed with the clerk, with whom the judgment or order appealed from was entered. CHAPTER III. arncALa to thi scphemk court from are mrKRion COURT. Sec. 293. An appeal may be taken to tha rupreme eourt, trom tha judgment rendered hy a county court, or by the majors' mat ot either of the ci.iesot Albany, Hudron, Troy and Hosheeter, or by tha reoordeis' oouri of either af tbe cltle? of Buffalo and Utlca. Sec. 934 Security nauet ba given upon such appeal, In tbe same manner, and to the same extent, as upon an appeal to tbe oourt of appeals. See. 396. Appeals In the supreme court shall be heard at a general term, ?itn?r la toe diatriot embracing tbe county where the judgment or order appealed from was entered, or in a county adjoining that county, except that where tbe judgment or order was entered In th? city and county of New Vork, the appeal shall be heard in the first district. Sec 298 Wnen the appeal ia heard in a county other than that where the judgment roll ia tiled, the judg ment upon the appeal shall be certified to tbe olerk with whom the toll la filed, to be there entered and docketed. numa nr. ArrEALi in THr sufreue court, Arte tub it.rr.aion COl'RT AND COURT OF COMMON TLiAl OF tmk CITT Or new TOUK, FROM A IINULE JUDGE, TO THE OKFIKRAI. TERM Sec J97. In tbe supreme court, the anpurior court of tbe city of New York, asd the court of common pleas for tbe city and county of New York, an appeal, upon either tbe taw or the foot, may be taken to the general term, from a judgment given by a single juJge of tbe same court, beourity must be given upon suub appeal, in tbe same manner as upon an appeal to the oourt ot appeals. In tbe supreme oourt, the appeal shall be heard in the same manner as if it were an appeal from an interior court. arc. -J98 Upon such appeal, the deelslon upon the faots shall be nnal. Seo 390 An appeal may in like manner, and within the same time, b-> taken from au order made by a alnglo judge 01 tbe same court, acd may be thereupon reviewed, in ibe following easel : 1 When tbe order grants or refuses a provisional remedy O Whan tf InvnlvM fit* ftf lh> antinn nr mm* part thereof. Bat uo Hpposl, under thin flection, ?h?!l be taken, unle? judge of the eupretr.e court certify, that, (n bis opinion, it le proper ihat the qneetlon arising on the appeal rbould be decided before i he judgment 810. 300 The Unt s?otion rhall Inniadn an order made out of oourt upon notice; but In such ca?. tbe order mai>t be first entered with the clerk. And for the pur pone of an appeal, any part?, effected by inch order. in*y r?qulr? it to be entered with the ol*rk, and it (hall be entered accordingly CHAPTER V. arrraL ro thk icrraiie court or thc citt or i*. yore, OH TO A COU.htr cot' IT. r>OM AN INFtaiOK COURT Sec. SOI ?. Ilstaiutrs now in force, providing for the review of Judgment* in civil cases. rendered by courts cf justices ot ibe peace, by the marine oourt of the city of New Vork. by th? assistant justices' oourts in tbe city of .New York, bv the muoioipal ooutt of the city of Brooklyn, and by the justices' courte of the citlea of Albany, Troy and Hudeon. and regulating tbe practice In relation to such review. are repealed; and hereafter, the only mode of reviewing such judgments shall be an appeal. a? prescribed by thin chapter ." n. 3(U When the judgrnnntshail have been renrfared by tba m?rloe curt ot the oity of New Vork. or by an assistant justice'* court In tbat cl'v. th? appeal (hall b* to the superior court of tbe oity if New York; and when rendered by sn7 of the other oonrt* enumerated tn the l?et flection, to the county couxt of tbe county where the judgment waa rendered Sen .103 The appelant ehall, with'n twenty day* affer the judgment, make, or cause to be made, an ?njavlt stating the anbs<anca of the testimony and proceeding* before thee art below, and the ground* upon wbioh the appt al Is founded. Seo 3i>4 A copy of the affidavit shall, within tbe same k. aaww^.l tU. a(MN.Ian? if h* h? rMiiftnt fit the city or coanty.or If be be not * reai<let)t., on the attorney or a^enf. If any, who appeared for hlra on the trial.or no tue juatice; with a notice, etatlng that the ppallant appeal* from the judgement, anil that the appeal will be heard by the appellate oourt, at a time and pUce therein deelgnated, either in or on* of term; which copy and notioa (ball be tarred at leaet aix duja btfori the tim? for hearing the appeal Sec. 30.V If the appellant deaire a atay of execution of the judgment, he ahall preaent the affidavit to e judge ot the appellate oourt, who may, thereupon, in hie discretion, make an order (liat all proeeedinga on the judgment beetayed. upon eeourlty being given, a* provided in the n<-xt section. 8*o 30d The lecurlty ahall be a written undertaking eiecut-d by one or more auffiolent auretiea, approved by the j ujge making the order, or by the court below, to the afloat that if judgment be rendered againat the appellant, and exeoutlon thereon be returned unaatiefled, in whole tr in part, the eur?Mes will pay the amount anaatitfled Seo 307. The delivery of tin order and undertaking to the oourt belew. ahall a.-?, th? laeuingof execution; or if it have been laaued, l.h? service of a aopy of tbn order and undertaking, eartifUd by the oourt below, upon the offlner holding the execution, with paymeut f t hi* fee*. a"j*ll atay furthei pic?; -dlnwa thereon S-c 308. Where, by reaoun ot the death of a justice of the peaee, or hia removal from the jouuty. or any other oauae. the order to &t*y and the undertaking on th; app*al cinnoi be dvUrert 1 to him, they ahall b* filed with the clerk of the appM'nte court, ar.d notlre thareof glren to the respondent They fha.II, th<r* upon, have the *.law effect, a* if delivered to thejuMlc*. j Seo 309. When the affidavit and notice cf eppee- j hell hav< Ve?n aerved, the respondent may stpr'y or < oorreot. materiel o?l?aiom or mlaitateroenta therein. by i an affidavit on hia pert; a oopy cf which ahall be on the attorney, If any, who proaeoutee the app-al, or If thire lie none, on the appellant, or on the attorney or agent, if aay, who appeared for him on the trial, at leaat oue day before the t'me for hearing the appanl Sao 310 The appellate court ahall pronead to h?ftr the appeal, at the time end place mentioned in the not) e, or to wtiloh the hearlaj may be adjourned, end raiy d?citie the tame upon the affidavit*; or if they be contradictory or defective la material point*, may order the LD. frt? ** OlMi oourt b?low to iraltp * r?tnrn of tlw? tri'.Imony ?d4 pio- * codings b?ff.r<? It, within t?n 'Uv? *lt?v tho ?#r?le?o< tb? crilff an 1 ?(!ii|*Tit*. or of eoplw thereof S?o ill I '1 fc? c un bdlor tborrupon, within th- tlmo by th? onl?r, auk* ? return to th? ip peltate court. of the testimony. proceedings and Judgnient en J file the *?m? with the order and nffldavlta. la the appellate c urt; end may b>i compelled to do to by attachment II ut no J .stici of tho peace (ball be bound to make a return. unless the l-? prercrlbed by the laat Motion of this chapter, bn paid en set vice of the order. See 811 When a justice of tha peace. by who* judgment. appealed from mm rendered. Khali have gomm out of office before a r?'urn is ordered, be shall, neverthai"*, make a return, in the nam* manner, and with tha like effect, a* If ha were till in cfflne. Heo 313 If the return b? defective tha Appellate court may direct a further or amended return. ?? often a* may b? necessary. and may oorapel a cmplianoe with 1U order, by attachment [ I'o be eonllnu?d ] Vtty Intelligent e. TntcurwDOt't ConrmieATiow ?A fl'? broke cut about 4 o'clock yesterday mornlrg. <n a cabinet shop, rear of 136 Mulberry street, rorupti d by a German, whoa name rr< couid not learn, which, together with the stock on hand. w?a entirely dfllroy?l The "atn** ooojmunlc ted to a larsr* th'en ?toiybilck bulldicg in the rear of No 119 Mott itr<*et. belonging to Mr Dooly, which wp.? occupied by nine poor families, the mott of whom barely escaped with tlieir life, losing ail tb'ir furnU turo and clothing Tlx r? wae a email iniuranre on tl>? huilllnir, beside* wh'ch there was a loss of J3100 A small wooden building rear cf 134 Vott St-ert occupied by two f.mlllea. wna also dtst cje'l Two lerfe three siorv and attic brick b u?s-. In >ii<i tear of 133 Mott etrei t, belonging ?o wr Y^ung. were entirely destroyed, together wl'.li the furni'ure of i?o famiUee who ooow- ' pled the hulldiugs A two story frame houee In tie rear of No. 181 Hester street. belonging to Mra Williams, w?* destroyed Thern wai a sintll Insurance on tbU building and tha los* la estimated at >700 Two large two atory fiacne buildings in tha rear ot N<w. 183 and 18#, beloDglog to Mr. R*dman, were al*n destroyed. but we |e?ra fully injured They were occupied by teveral families, wbo loot h whole of their fnrnlture The whole loss, independent oi the insurance, will rot fall ehoitef 000 Tha eight was indeed most fldable. More tbsn on- hundred person* were driven Into tha street, with sooroti a sufll-.lency of clorbln? to coyer them Mothers w*re *hr,?Ma^ and running Id every direction, ia search (f <h?ir children, some of whom w>re in the burnirg buildings. One woman we* per* fer.tly frantic; and ou being asked wnat she wished, (aid that her little b< y ooly four months old, was *CtU In tha house, end the tl?u?* had a heady taken bold cf tha room in wbijh it was sleeping. A gentleman standing by, heard her tele or wo?, and rushed toward the room where the child lav. but was repelled by the flame and smoke. Determined In hi* purpose to save tha child, ha m.tde auoth*r bold tt?mpt. md ascended the burning stairway, and toon returning, bore in bis arma to the distracted mother the ch<ld whom she had given up for lost In one of the other houses, a Are man dl?oovored a very infirm ?nd denrepid old man. who w>fi orying (or heirt. and unable to move from bla perilous position. With a magnanimity oharaeterlatio of bis corps, be took the old man upon bl? shoulder and horn biiu In safety to the street Thirty or forty children w-re runniDg in tho street, with scarce a tblrt to shelter thorn from i he cold, and without shoes, avarshlog in vain for some place^y shelter, and In many oaaea without a paternal hand to lead th'tu The scene waa truly appalling; aucb a one ha* not been witnessed for y.-ara In tula city Many of thoes who were that tnrown, in an hour, a* It were, upon the world, without clothing, and without a home, hovered in small group* around the rulna, that they might thereby keep warm until morning ; not knowing then where they should fly for uocor. All thu earnings of years which had been 1*14 out in the purchase of a rufflclenoy of furniture, were in an hour awept away by the besom of des'.ruction. The fire broke out in a place which was orowded with buildings, und but fjr tfce great and untiling exertiousof tbe firemen and oitiz?ne, it la more tban probable the whole block would have been destroyed. It in said to have originated through the carelessness of a nifht ecaeen ger, who left a candle burning against the tide of tha cabinet shop, which first took Era AsoTHt R conklauiiatio!* - Ol?E Ml* DuBMI-d T3 Death.?A (Ira broke out aiai>, atv>ut on* o'clock >e?te. day moruinr. in a three story brick huiidirg la 'i'hirtyfiist street, near Seventh are us, whieh %a* entirely destroyed, together with It* content* A man who, from old age and infirnil'y, was uq%b'e to tlee from tho burning building, pnhM in th? flsrnea The 'wo home* adjoining w?r? also deHtroyed The tbree k ill Iings were occupied by a number of German fam'.' ?, whose furnitnre was entirely destroyed. The hottsea, it is said, w*re partially Insured. Tuk WtATHiu.?Tbe weather, for the mo*,t of t*?a day josterday, was delightful. The sun rose in olond11*? iji nil mimwfl ilia wmmiiwHiliniilil. im tji a I tliatiug cloud, until h? sunk behln.l the western horlII The wann'h ot the sun slmost entirely removed the s"owf'Otn the it'eet*. wbfeh were rendered very disagreeable for ir?v. I.iog Toward* evening the air became quite cold, and tbe itreete were covered with hard cruat. Thus far. Marcb ha* truly firoven it* fickleness *f chiraoter ; fou/ daya only havog passed, which brought more than m many changer. The Sidewalks ?Sritiot s Accident.? Tbe sidewalk* were yesterday morning in a moat dangernu* condition, from the down trodden snow having become frosen, rendering tbem exceedingly hard to walk npon without danger to life and limb. An elderly lady, by the name of Mrs William*, residing in Seoond avenue, on *tapping cff"hor stoop, on her way to the market, with bar basket on her arm, *ii(p>d and fell upon the sidewalk, by which her right hip was disjointed She waa Immediately taken into her re*idenco and a physician lent for, who, alter a great deal of labor, ruoceeded In replacing It, though lam yesterdey afternoon sto wss still sufferlog the moat intense paiu. It I* thought that from bar ola sgs, she will, in alt probability, b? maimed for Ufa. The Rkmaini or E?-President Adam* will arrive in thla olty on Wednesday. The National Committee, consisting of *<. ma thirty or forty gentleman, have ordered *pi/ropriate apartment* at the Astor House Cabelessmes! ?A gentleman tiding on horaebaok, la Thompson street, on FriJay afternoon, waa rnn into by the pole of a sleigh, driven most furiously, which klllea his horse ou tha spot, itr.d narrowly ercaped with hia own life. Sleighing is certainly, with some, a very pleasurable amu'emeur. but there were inatiy on Fridav driven at such a rate of speed, that bad the proper officers been euabied to get hold of tbe drivers, they would bave had to answer fi r drivlDg at a rate of mora tbaa Dvr miles pur n ur. me rate allowed or tue jaw. a ?ery spirited horse, lilt s'anding to aaleigb in the Tblid if?dui, wt'.h no one iu but a little boy, took fright tod ran off TuruiDg one of tbe cr< as rtreets, toe slelith was np?et aad th?- little felow thrown into a bank of anoir, ? bcti it la likely whs the only thing that saved hie hie. ( "ink: ix 11 noon i vi - A flr? \,r> k? out at IU o'oloek onFrf* 1 day uiKhc, lu the tiry goo If si ore of Mr James Hubbard, ululated a' tbe corner of Main and Prospect atieeta, which, together with h'S furniture, waa entirely consumed ilia lo-? in aaid to be nearly f'JO.i 00 upon which thaie was an inauianne in (tie Howard K re Insurance Co. ot Ibil city and the Kirga County Inaurauce Co , to the pui'/un' ot MO UiO The house adjoining. occupied by J .vlrlntoah, aa a tin and copper ware faotory. was Very aeri'iualy oairntgeil by water, h ? bcuse having been cotii' 1-telj a loded 'l !?ia is said to ba i he most destructive fire that hasoacumd in Brooklyn for aevernl years. Mr Hubbard was ont on a sleigh rids, with hia family, a' tbe time bis premises took Ore, and was not aware of tha Ote until be returned and found It a heap of raJna. U is not yet known how the fire originated Oeneral Tayloi'a P.ilUlcs?l'h? Quest'on Isttlad. Tha Cineinat'i Chmn'Llt puMlahs* the following 1st* ter from Oinsral T>ylor, to bis fdend, Col Mitchell It will he ae?n by the U?te that It was written bnt twenty dija sine-:? F\tok Rocc?. La , Feb 13, 1948 My Dear t'olonsl Your very Kind communication, and tbe accompat^ylng newapaper, havo duly reached me. In reply to fha olnalng remar>s (f your lett*r, I havo no heaitai ion in aUtlrjr, aa 1 I ato stai> (i on former oooaaions, that 1 am ? whig, though not un r'tra one; at.4 I that / hatr no driiit to c mrtal ibii fact from any par ; ttun <J tKt p ?p<? ?/ ih' (/mlfil Hiate$. I deem It bat I MtJIJ, bowever, to add, lb?t if the whU party de*ire at li. next presidential *l<-otiou, to oast tl.vir TOt?? for me. they aunt Jo It on their owa responsibility, and i without any pledges from me. , Should I be elected to th?t office, I ebculd derm It to 1 be my duty, and should moKt oertainly cliim the r'ght, I to lo k to lb* constitution nod tb? high l&teiesis of our , common country, and not to tbe principles of a party, or my rule* of aetion With my ninenreet thank* for your eipres'ien of I friendship, aud my best wishes for your tuccras tbroojb Ufa, I remain, Tsry truly, your friend ?nd rbedli-ot servant, Z. TAYLOR. Col A. M. Mitchkli., Cincinnati, Ohio. MlMcllaiicani. David k?nri?on, one of the stueivor* cf the famr.ua party who mads a dish cf tea la Bo*f n harbor, U living in Chicago. Ill , at the ?dfanned a<? of "* year*. Hl? memory of the doing* of the t>*? party aud of lb* event* of the revolution is (till very <il-' laot. A day or two s^" a man Heir? on the northern border of our county, ill^d <*f hydrophobia I tie oholy affair, we learn. Is alreiviy follow* 1 by tha horrible discovery of symptom* of the name deplorable mala* dy In on* of bis son*. '? appear* that boca wero hitteu recently hy a rat Id d<\*. Tb? Kcotest'r Ufticrai ??? that tha story of t:?* college dlflJnuicir* at Schenectady w.? a :.oa*. Snow SronM ?A snow storm brgsn hcr<i little bef?rr rnidn11{lit on Thursday night, ?nd y?sterJ?j rocmiog the ground was coverri to a ri?c:h of **T*re.l inen** We 1-arn hy Ulejraph that tb<? I sturm es'etided to New York and Wi>ibia|M> It had I tha <<tr<fOt cl tmtruing ina ,>?w tor* ^riiurn, *u Dulthrt th? Ncrwls n uor S;oulLgton tr Jc? arrlwd bar* until fVfclrg. Thx railroad*, howcri-r. lo tb? ftuuth no 1 H>? w*r<? not i>b?'ruct?d, t.n I tb? Albany mall of y**trrJay mofulrg, aulv-d at u??r!y tb# usual bocr.-? MIM ?MH , JNF, r, ^ I Snow Stobm ?Ourcitv nnd neign!>orhc>od r.ijwrlencd hn rty ?n<'<v utorin vrsterdiy, (ntlog t 1" any ounf ijiifnc# during to* wlutcr.) w.iti'h oomiueun'vi la' tba f i -nooa and eontinucd to a lata hour at nlcbt Tbafoow, on an aT*ra??, *? ?upCto to b? at ln>t !* leoh*" dfp. Th# mail* all t nlg*lt, own g, i." dt nht, lo th* in.1 ptilinubtj to tratrl o?ui??'l bv tfco ??io?r ?Nmianul fiutlligmrtr, | Msrtk a

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