Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD.! Norlh-\mt Corner of Fultoo and Nassau its JAIdES QORDOrC B&N,\ETT, PROPRIK rOR. I DAtl.T HER.1LD- El"* day (Sundmy included.) , J cg+ts f-ff ff>ry-?7 25 p'? annum ? tn the United Statu K u ,'ptan tut> rxbtrt % 14 per annum, toinclude the pat* **HrEEKLY HER.QLD-Errry *aturf*V^\i crnti pe % per onnum-it the United >ta'r? ? ,'h. eiiheit.fbpe* annum t* include the p?tage Jit td.fn'i ?n tht ch ?is u*el> ns i nth' t.ngluh language) XBill t>r j u>-hs' ed on the d.iy of the departure of I a tic A t earner f+r any po-t tn Eur pf with tnteilx fence from nil r rf' *f f*r 4 continent .'?? the tmtlit MS ! me-it .'* 6%. > ipttariM a>% ' advertisemente received V ,TJ??rrt (; .,gH an true J i,i?n >ie Put.?; P I. Si m nd , | 11 / . ? l M.llr, luiiKWI.r I L"pf?E*IDF.XTIAI. HER-1LD?Every Tuesday-One Dollar fur the Cirmpngn J1DVERTI+EMEXTS (renewed tviry min ing) at p'*ct ; lii 6- written in it plain ligihle manner 'S'hfpt m rirtor not responsible for errors in ntunujirrijil. < t'HJSTI^'G / all kinds execute* beautifully and isith d'Sf tr *i Orders received at the Publication Ojfice, cornet . t / ' ' ? .V->tfau streets. .ILL LETTERS hy mail fir subscription!, or wilh ii tuemr'ilv in be pot paid, or the pottage will be d? v;: i 'ed 'r-'tn t^e u?nr? remti'ed rOLVST.inr CORRESPONDENCE contain,ng imp > hint ni w solietlrd ft m any <juai ter of the world? r> I if m i il mil be li' eratly p tid for , A"0 \OTICE can b. t,ikm ?f rnonymous communicMfi?:> M hater, r it intended frr 1 wrrti on must be authentic a'td f y 'hr amr and adilrtM of the wri tr; not nere?sa IU lo> ,"'i' 1 cat nn but at a guaranty of his good 1aitn. n , c inno/ ,i < if Kf to return rejected communications. .ILL PAYMENTS t > be made m advance. V."| >' . TO-MuKHOW I VIN'^U r\KK Tin \TKE.?Aro?TAT? ?Mktamoka, the L.a?t C> THE PoLLYWVOI BOWEHY . R..?#r? ?Rattle or Mexico? Catherine akp Pktbvchio?BAMrooELino. ('HA rri * V ?; A .".-I. isji nr?l - HamlitNATAL EfOAI.LMI M ?. C R'"US?BOWERY AMI'HITHKATRK, 5ow?ry ? IITIIiNKM, PANTOMIME, VAULIISO, SlC BK').' ;WaV CHiKO>, Uro?dway.?Moi>BL Aitiiti. AL'iAMBRA., Bro^dwar, ff*r Priuc* The Vir miA Hahmomiti?PicTunrsq"? t'oseKRTt?THE Kaair or V?a V ii V 'A .U (T?v,i.**rliorilo??'.?Ea*v^iu'? t' * ^? M-*?tMurri. BHOOKTTYN. BROOKLYN' INSTITUTE. Washing:'H st.?Crriitt's Miuvhh,! VTHioriA* > - msa. Bi'Ki.KsqVB Da ?< ink. the S?w turk, Suutiny, Mtrrb 9, (irciiUt'iiii or the Heraltl. DaIIt Herald, y*?l*rd?y, March 4 . .18 000 copies Lirr* H-r?ld. ' March 4 1 6-jO " W?6klyHcralil 1 March 4 .11.040 ? TofhI y#?t*rd?y 80,730 (r?u<> of last w??lt 143 453 P: i icitlon eomniiiiii?i! at W na?t 4 o'clock fit tahad Ht 8 " Intelligence by Kleitrlclty. By the hid of the electric telegraph, we were yesterday f.ivored with an unusual amount of highly interesting and important intelligence? foreign pud domestic. The full and comprehensive report of the newsrecfived by the Britannia, will command the attention of our readers. Our despatches from Washington inform us that the vote upon the treaty was not taken by the Senate yesterday, and the probability is, that it wilt not be. before Tuesday n^xt. The opinions respecting the final action of the Senate npon this important measure, have undergone a vnr ety of changes since it first occupied th attention of that body. It seems now to be the prevailing impression that the treaty will be confirmed, but, as we have before intimated, in n modified form. The proceedings in Congress were not marked bv any particular event of interest. The Senate was occupied by the ordinary routine of ublic i ?-in>"ss; while in the House, the bill to uppiy deficiencies in the appropriations, was made the ir -iruinent on which to hinge speeches upon pr?r?-, war, finance, politics, religion, and buncombe. sylvania ass-.mbled at Harrieburg yeserday. We present a full report of its proceedings Delegates favorable to the nomination of J^r. Buchanan for the Presidency, were chosen, by an overwhelming majority, to represent the State in the Baltimore convention The other caud'.datea wer- Dallas, C ss and Van Buren The proceeding? throughout were distinguished by unwonted excitement. The legislative summary, market reports, and an unusually varied and interesting epitome of the other events of yesterday, will be found in our columns this morning. The ftnglUh Newa-Tti* Mexican Ktvrt. The news from England received by the Britannia yesterday, at Bobton, and by telegraph from Boston to New York, will be found in oor columns to dny ; also, some important news from Mexico, relative to the position of things in that region This news?that from England and that from Mexico?will help to illustrate each other. The English news, in a business point of view, is favorable to the revival of commercial affaire. According to the circular of the Bar'ng-, there is a general revival in the prices of nil staple artic *?, with perhaps the exception of breadstuff* Cotton seems to be a little better, arising, it is said, more irom the apprehensions of a diminution of the crop than trom any increased consumption in the manufacturing districts. The j diminished prices of breadstuff* may spring from i two causes?the great crops of the present year, and the absence of all attempts to inflate prices *1 _/ vy in* cry 01 fiamo. Th* ini?littrence from Ireland is distressing. So doubt starvation and famine, in that country, livejin.tHS gient as they* wire last year, when 1 tKtre was such a made about it. Ireland is tiuly in a lam?utable condition?almost on the ?ve of a revolution?a revolt, blood, murder, and ever/thing monstrous. The British government | have procured & rescript trom the Pope, which j Las been read in sll the Catholic churches of Ireland, and which is calculated to put down pcH'icJil u2itau; n. This is u very singular fact n the present day. H< nry the Second, King of England, in tin- year 1154, (s"e Maturin's new novel, "Eva,") obtained tr< m Pope Adrian the Fourth, a bull authorising him to conquer Ire- j land; and newthe British government are adopt- I a the same old method of interlerence, to pro- i cure st int kind of a government for that devoted coui.try It is strnnge to sec the Protestant country of England asking Rome for help to gorein Ireland. Another point of merest in the news, is the jrrbuole success of the bill enfranchising the Jews by the British Parliament. It 1ms been rend a secoi.d time in the Hou*e of Commons. It will pass tli^r'-, i.nd will, no doubt, pass the Lords. The Jcwii-ii capitalists of London have too much influence in the money market for the bankrupt lords and peers of Kngland to i res' nt any opposition calculated to defeat the v, ishss of the Hebrews. Such in the amount of the English D'ws which we ?'ve this morning Our paper to-morrow ? will contain additional details. The news (rem Mcxico, received also yester. d?y, i- exciting and interesting For the first tui.a we l >ive disclosed to us, by the Mexican t'oir-f ,'OudMit of n New Orleans paper, the various fiimm .-.l movements and intrigues which have bei n gi/mg on iu Mexico, by the agents of j the gr? at capitalists, calculated to influ- i < nee or n ki mon< y out of our relations with that uofortnnate country. The Rothschilds, through tli' ir ag< nts, t*ern to be as powerful in Al'xico, in it fiiiMtn in1, and diplomatic matters, as tbey appear to be in the hritich Parliament, cr on the London 'change. Tn<- remarkable fact it devi i >|.< (f, thai Mr Be'mout, ol W?il street, the highly accomplished and tulented correspondent and sg?nt of the Rothschilds in this couu. try, ii s assured the President and cabinet at Washington of the friendship of that eminent hens* for th? guvtrntueiit ti ih# l mtfd Hturs ' tnd cfltrsd u?nr \u U?? ny wf biflkrrs, j brokers, or financiers, :o &.asif>t them in the preneiit crisis with Mexico. We now feel easy. Il'rhis intelligence be correct?and we have no reason to doubt it?it shows that the rumors recently circulated, staling that the Rothschilds would be interested in the government loan, are not founded on nothing. In fact, tins news gives realization to the idea we have already put forth, that !h? Rothschilds and other great capitalized London ar?- casting their eyes towards the mighty movements of this republic, and are bfu.tiing to think better of the United States, as an organised nation, possessing great military, naval, and financial ability. These eminent financiers appear to be leaving the London and other markets of Europe in a state of repose for the present; and ml their genius, energy, and enterprise appear to be directed towards the United States and Mexico, and the position of those two republics negotiating with each other. More money can be made in these negotiations than m corn or cotton. In this aspect, the news from England and Mexico illuetrate, explain, and elucidate each other. A new state of things is approaching, and the predictions we have made on these points will yet be realized. We hope, however, that the Opera won't burst after the 'Fancy Ball. Mission to Romk?The only opposition to the mission to Rome, we have yet heard of in Congress, is Mr. Levin, the native representative from Pennsylvania. This gentleman made a splendid speech the other day in Congress, which really contains a good many good things, expressed with remarkable pungency. Mr. Levin seetns to have caught a bit of the mantle of the late John Quincy Adams, or a spark of John Randolph, and he mtikes the most of it that any ordinary mortal could do. It is amusing and interesting to read his speech: but it does not convince us that a mission should not be established to Rome. As to the Pope,we think Mr. Levin's opinions regarding him entirely erroneous. His present Holiness is probably the most liberal and en iigmrnea ponun nag occupiea me cnair or St. IVter for the Inst thousand years. All the frightful things about the Pope, the Jesuits, and other things Catholic, are only fit for amusing children?not for men of the present age of intelligence. Mr- Levin begins his role well. Such epeeches will give some relief to the awful stupidity of the House of Representatives?and so will the Fancy Ball, if the Opera should burst up afterwards. General Scott coming Home.?We have the best reasons for believing that General Scott will soon be in the United States. The conduct of the administration towards him will yet receive a terrible overhauling. In the correspondence between him and Gen. Worth, the opinion is beginning to prevail that the latter was the most in fault, and that the court of inquiry on General Scott, founded on such correspondence, was very harsh. On the arrival of the ordrr sent from Washington to Mexico, General Scott will most likely return to the United States. This will be the signal for a terrible war in some quarters. Gen. Scott has many friends in the whig party throughout the Union, and he will yet be a most prominent man before the whig national convention. A demonstration has already been made for him in Pittsburgh, Pa., and several more in other towns of the same State, such as Snowden, St. Clair, Eiizabeth, Jefferson, Versailles, Peebles, &c. Fun is brewing among the politicians?and also among the fashionables, more especially if the Opera should burst up after the Fancy Ball. The New York Express and Southern Doctrines?We congratulate the South on the liberality exhibited bv the New Ymk Exoress to wards a free dissemination of the doctrines of the South. This journal yesterday commenced the publication of a capital speech delivered by Senator Yulee, of Florida?a speech which gives a fair view of the pclitical doctrines supported by the South, and presented to the North for their concurrence. The Erprest hitherto has been very hostile to Southern principles, and full of the ultra and illiberal notions of the abolitionists of the North. Wheth jr this change in its policy h-isbeen caused by truth or tin, we shall not inquire. I( is somewhat of a considerablo accession to the cause of national harmony and union between the < ifTerent sections of the country, and we say, "go ahead." We now feel safe, especially if the opera don't buret up after the fancy ball. Crisis or the Model Artists.?These exhibitions during the past week, have been worse and worse?more nakedness and less drapery. There are five or six places now open every night, one of thern being for colored artists, or the exhibition of naked negroes, in Laurens street. The Grand Jury have invoked the Corporation to put a period to this outbreak on decency?the Corporation, the Mayor and the authorities, remain inactive, under the belief that they have no power The police h?ve received over 9200 to let them alone?and of course do so. A new element of moral power is beginning, however, to ehow itself, and that is among the rowdies. A terrible riot took place at the exhibition in Canal street, on Friday evening, and th^ whnlp nf th#? inferior nf fhaf patflhlmhm^nt i was demolished; the model artists driven off the stage, and into the street, without a rag on their backs. It is threatened that similar riots and row# will take place at some ol the others. Only think of the extent ot the indecency now indulged in?women almost naked, advertised to dancc the polka, minuets, he. fcc. ! We understand that the audiences nt some of the highest priced exhibitions, are composed of highly respectable gray headed old scoundrels, about town, who are very rich, and who merely indulge in imagination, what they were in their youth. It is really astonishing how these exhibitions are crowded ; all the regular theatres are nearly deserted. Satan was never so rejoiced?particularly if the Opera should burst up ufter the Fancy Ball. Newspaper Circulation?Two or three journals make some remarks on the statement we published, giving the aggregate circulation of the daily press of this city. The Globt is angry and conceals, the Sun makes sad misrepresentations, and the Eiprt??, singularly enough, is rather fair, and probably represents its circulation within the mark. We sh:ill return to this subject in a few days, with additional information, correct our former table, and give an interesting history of the progress of the New York press for the last twentyfive years. Ma s'-'t'eradh at the Park theatre ?Why don't liiey attempt to get up a splendid masquerade bnl. at the Park theatre ? The tine is only five hundred dollars. Let them put the tickets at three or fivr dollars, throw open the theatre, appoint a committee of respectable people to manape it, and th^y might easily get up a splendid one. A similar affair was recently got up in Aibany?the fine paid next day?and every thing l><4S6ed ofl v< ry well. So will the Opera, if it don'l burnt up alter the Fancy Ball. From Honduras ?Tin* brig Marian Gage, Captain Read, arrived yesterday, with advices trmn Belize to the 6th lilt. Our files of the Obxfrm reach the 29ih of January. They are < c- | >'ii ! w,th reports of public meetings, having! ? " t*oulv ic local affair*. *il<i Cl" Be iflW't . TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. ( ARRIVAL. or THK STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA, , AT BOSTON. Opening of the British Parliament, Improvement in the Cotton market. DECLINE FNTHEGRAIN MARKETS. Anticipated Trouble between Xing'-' land and Austria. Improvement in Financial Affairs. The Transatlantic Post Office Arrangements One Failure Only. AFFAIRS IN IRELAND. THE POPE AND THE TRISH CLERGY. | SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE, &C?? The steamship Britannia, Capt. Lott, arrived at Boston at eight o'clock yesterday morning. She sailed from Liverpool on the 12th of February, and therefore bring# two weeks later intelligence from all parts oY Europe. She arrived at Halifax on the 2d inst , at 11 30 A. M.j left on the same day at 3 45 P. M., and arrived at Bostou at 8 A. M. She experienced heavy weather. The news received by this steamer is of con- | siderable interest to the merchants. Cotton is 1 up, and corn down. Annexed is the decline in j corn:? The raises or Ba??DSTvrr? in Liverpool. Jan 38. Frb. 12. Amerioan Wheat 79k 89 6 6a 86 Indian Corn 80 0 a S3 0 28 0 32 6 Indian Meal, , 14 0 a 14 6 12 fl a 13 0 American Fleur 27 0 a 29 0 27 0 a 27 6 The British Parliament had reassembled, and the first debate of importance arose upon a motion for a select committee to inquire into the condi- i tion and prospect of the West India colonies. The appointment of a committee was acceded to, but upon the express understanding that no change would be made in the policy of government, other than that already announced. The Jewish disabilities bill, for enabling them to sit in Parliament, has been read a second time. The sugar duties bill, for the gradual assimila- 1 tion of import duties upon colonial and lo- ! reign articles, is to be maintained. We have before stated, explicitly, that the duties will be charged on all grain which arrives after the 1st March; and that any exception that j must be in such cases, as on a memorial being presented to the treasury, it must appear to the authorities that sufficient grounds exist for relief. The refusal of the'American Postmaster General to accept the terms offered by Great Britain for a better system of international postage, has caused the utmost dissatisfaction in England. The proposals of reciprocity made by the latter country are universally regarded as being as liberal as they possibly could be, and it will be harsh and reprehensible in the extreme, if the interested public on both sides of the Atlantic are made to suffer through the unreasonableness of the American official. This is the English view. On this subject the following correspondence has been published. It was read in Parliament on the 3d ult Mr. Bancroft states:? The American reciprocity, in the widest sense, is held by the American government, as the only thoroughly appropriate basis for intercourse between two great nations. The prohibition of the indirect trade has but restrained enterprise. It has done no good to either oountry. To abrogate it would at one* set free dormant commercial wealth, without injuring any one. Should Her Majesty's government entertain similar views, the undersigned is prepared, on the part of the American government, to propose that the British may trade from any port in the world to any port in the United States, and be rsoeived and protected, and in respect to charges and duties, treated like American ships, if, reciprocally, Amerioan ships may, in like manner, trade from any port in the world to any port under the dominion of Her Rrit^vtnlrt Maisatv Lord Palmerston, in reply, states? This question had already engaged the serious attention of her Majesty's ministers, and we observe with pleasure that the sentiments which we entertain with regard to it, are shared by the government of a oountry with which we are so closely united by the ties of an extensive commerce, and of a common origin; we de not, however, think that we should be justified iu advising the orown to enter into engagements which would be at variance with some of the most important principles of the existing navigation laws, without the previous sanotion of Parliament; but it is our intention to propose to Parlia. ment, without unnecessary delay, measures which would enable us to place our commercial intercourse in regard to the matters to which your note refers, on the most liberal and oomprehenslve basis with respect to all countries which shall be willing to aet in a corresponding spirit towards us. The venerable Archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, died on the morning of the 11th ult., in the 82d year of his age. The enquiry into the state of the national defences has ended in the determination of government to double the artillery force and embody 150,000 militia. The country at large is opposed to tne measure. The Pope's rescript has been received in Ire land, demanding from the bishops whether the alleged charges of altar denunciation* and political intermeddling by the priesthood be true.? It administers a stern rebuke. It was addressed to some, if not all, the Catholic prelates of Irelaud, requiring an explicit exexplanation of the charges alleged against certain members of the Irish Catholic body, of having incited outrage by denunciation from the altar. This letter admonishes the clergy? That the church of God should bi the bouM of prayer, not saeular conoerni, or the meeting place politicians; and the ecclesiastics should recollect that they are ministers of peace?diipensers nf the raysteriM of Ood? men who should not lnrolTe thmnfelT** In worldly mattars?in a word, men who shouM abhor blood and vengeance. The olergy are required to aatiify the solicitude of a sacred congregation respecting the report* which have reached His Holiness and are desired to sedulously apply tbamaeves to watoh oyer tha spiritual interests of tha peopM, and in nowne to mix themsrlvM up with worldly affair*. i i lutnnU nl tlip Tuffi Sst/iilipl ul Lnnlk triumphed over the kiri?. A form of constitution has been Agreed to, founding a liberal legislative representation. The Roman Cathoiic religion alone will be tolerated. Lord Paimeraton has signified to th? Austrian court that any further armed intervention with the Papal States will be considered by (ireat Britain as a declaration of war. France is in a somewhat more tranquil condition than heretofore; but angry discussions continue to take place in the Chamber of Deputies Reform banquets have been denounced as iile. gi\, and are to be prohibited for th? future. The hei!th of the king has improved. The news from France is of little interest. The King'a health"is good. Le Cimrrier Francau says it has been arrtnged lhat Ab-del h'adcr, accompanied by four members of his family, shall come to Pari*, on a vi?it totheKiQ? Thr exI imr v ill ihen 4<uf fh'* PBpitil, Hiivj fix his resi 4?MC? iR 01 ll?C Iftwns Pi FrMCf ?V The some journal says that Ab-del Kmlcr has not renqunced the terms on which he made his submission, hut has consented to postpone, for the present, his demand t? be sent to the East. The netvg from Switzerland does not posses*, much interest. The Diet is firmly resolved U maintain the rights of the coun'ry, as a frte ant! independent State. Tlie accounts from Ireland are truly distressing; deaths from starvation are stated to have taken place throughout the land. Political strile runs lnghbetweenihethree national paitiesthere The subdivided party from the young Irehnd ar?' vehement ill their incitements tor an immediate appeal to arms asainst England, but reprobated by the others. The overland mail brings intelligence rather more satisfactory than that received by the previous mail. Trade was still depressed in India; but no additional failures of English houses had taken place. Tiie dates from Calcutta to the 21st December, and from Bombay to the 1st of January. The political intelligence is ol less interest than usual. The directors of the Union Bank of Calcutta, reported at a public meeting, that about half a million sterling had been advanced to firms now insolvent, exclusive of large amounts which the bank would be compelled to pay on the return of disJwnored bills from London. The directors express a belief that the bonk is solvent, and after paying all losses will yet possess a working capital. All exchange transactions have been stopped, and the establishment is being reduced; but the directors, at present, do not contemplate a winding up. . Mrs. Maury's new work, "An English Woman in America," has just appeared. It is chiefly devoted to the humane measure of having surgeons appointed to attend emigrant vessels, and will, doubtless, be most favorably received in the States. Official announcement ha? been made in England, changing the days of sailing of the English steamers. The sailing days from America, of nn<l MnW Vorlc me r.uuTC Diramrip, iium uvo vit uuu ?? * v.?, will be changed from Saturday to Wednesday, commencing on Wednesday the 5th of April, instead of Saturday the 8th. No alteration will Uke place in the Bailing daya from Liverpool, which will continue to be Saturdav. The weekly sailings will commence from Liverpool on the 8th of April, and from America on the 4th of May. The steamer Hibernia?68 hours from New York?arrived at Halifax on the 29th, at 8 A. M., and left for Liverpool at 11 30 A. M. The Circular of (lie Bn rings. London, Friday, Fob. 11,1S48 ?Our lift advices were dated 38th nit. During the past fortnight, a more general and decided Improvement has taken place in moet artieles of prodnoe, and markets have exhibited considerable activity. Parliament re-assembled on the 3d instant. a*d the annual flnanoial statement will be made by Lord John Russell on the 18th instant. In the meantime, the government have decidcd on making no change in the sugar duties, but propose to allow the admission of molawes into distilleries. From the manufacturing districts, the accounts are more encouraging, though hitherto the improvement has been to a very limited extent. Money continues very abundant, and Is not worth over 3 per oent per annum at call; the minimum bank rate remains at 4 per oent. By the overland mall, whloh arrived on the 1st instant, we have dates from Bombay to the 1st of January, and from I Calcutta to Deo. 31st. No further failures had occurred 1 at the latter Presidency, where they had received our ' letters of the 7th. Now the tendenoy of both freights i and exchange id downwards; bat not muoh doing in shipments. Ashes quite nominal Brandies remain Arm 1 at our late quotations. In Coohineal a large business has j been deing. and though it was hardly so firm yesterday, present rates are rather above those current on the 38th. The sales consist of 4M> bags, chiefly Honduras Silver grain, 4s 7d to 6* 4i; Mexican silver 4s 6d and 4i 8d; and a few black grain at As 3d and 5s 4d. Cocoa is quiet. Brazil brings 3fis to 36s; white Ferdinand | ranges from 43s to 49s. as in quality. Coffee improved j steadily, with a brisk demand from the home trade, and | prices have advanced 4s to As for standard qualities.? | Native Ceylon, too, is fully Is dearer, being now worth | 34s. For export kinds, also, there is more inquiry. There buyers of^Padang at 37s; Company's Java at 43s, while Costa Rica has benn taken at 33s to 3Ss., | and Braiil from 3Sa a 39s for good ordinary The posi1 tion of the article on the Continent is healthy Present stooks are moderate, and aggregate supplies the coming year are not likely to be in excess. Copper?The price of sheathing has deollned, and is now 10)?d per lb for 16 oi. and upwards ; yellow metal is reduced proportionately, and is offered at 8%d per lb. Corn? This trade has proved a notable exoeptlon, having I been very dull since we last wrote, and prices of all descriptions of wheat might be quoted about 3s lower Flour is also one shilling aheaper to sell, while the prioes ot barley and oats are barely supported. Frem Ireland, prices of Indian oern come again a good deal lower, and out quotations will be found rsduoed accordingly. U. S red wheat 33s a 43s per imperial quarter; do white 45s to 48 per imperial quarter ; do flour 35s to 36s per bbl for | superfine best brands ; do 33s to 3 Is per bbl for inferior and sour; do Indian oorn 35s to 38s for 48 0 lbs; do barley 30s to 33s for imperial quarter; do oats 18s to 19s per i Hn iln Indian oorn meal 13s to 13 6d Der bbl. Cotton ? The decreasing stock au4 ?mail supply on the way have { caused a brisk demand for American cotton at Liverpool, and price* have advanced about ){d per lb from the lowest period. There has been a speculative demand, too, with us from the same cause and prioes of Surat i have been pushed up to a similar extent, with now very ] little offering. Drnga are generally steady. Camphor ! has improved, and is now worth 67s Qd for China. Opium rather firmer at lis 0d to l'Js for Turkey. Hemp? | Three hundred bale* fine Manilla have been eold at ?37 I a ?37 10*, but prioes are likely to there are eell; ers of current quality, to arrive, at ?30 St. Petersburgh j ol*an if offered at ?36 10s on the spot. The quality of j this year's break is generally indifferent. The demand j for hide* doe* not improve, but we continue our late i quotation*, and holders are not disposed to acoept less * Indigo?The quarterly sales wbioh commenced 9th inst i are going off with great briskness, and prices show a 1 marked improvement compared with October. We I - * 1/ I.U,.OI.Ik fri m 1,1 In qBVlQ 00U||?1 UVUI -tva ov - ?, * ?? <??.?> .? .? 3d, Klorpah 3d to 61 dearer Of 1*133 chests offnred, 4001 cheats have passed, and 3463 have been actually old. Iron hw b't*n In mor? general demand. A Krg? business baa been done, especially In rails, and prices have somewhat improved We quote common bars at ?7 6s, and talis ?7 16, free <>n board in Wales, while Scotch pig on the Clyds is fully worth 60s; 8wedish remain e firm at ? 11 ft?. In lead there hat been no transactlons of moment. British Is not worth over ? 18 per ton Liweed cakes have declined,owing to the unpreoedentedly open season, and prices now range from ?9 16s to ?10 10s, the last for the thin oblong New York In barrels Oils are very firm. We quote fperm at ?83to?n4. Southern, of whicb we have a small arrival, ?33 in to ?2t ; pale seal. ?3J 10s. Cod, ?16 to ?16 10s. Linseed is firm at 14s fi J for present delivery, and 16s from QOW till Pecsmopr, Wlin k largr f?|)un uruiiuu. (\icb? The common qualities of KMt ludia artfully supported; but while Bengal la la cheaper, we quote from ?s tid to 1 >s and Ms; 6? tierces Carolina, from New York, acid yesterday at 2'.ls 6d for fine quality; but tbe casks were new, and objectionable from thair greenness Saltpetre without enquiry at tba moment, and nominally quoted 3?s to 31s Several arrivals h%ve taken placa, which are rathar pressed for aale, but we louk for a renewal of demand shortly Seeds?Rod clover la selling from 3fls to | 4-i* per owt, duty paid, fnr good mid American, and we oaanot reckon any advancw this season, in view of the supplies likely to reaoh ua from the Contlneat Haw I ailk goes off Irregnlarly at about former prlcei. China ' f-tysaams are sciroe. and may be quoted 61 d arer i Spelter offering at ?10 6a, with a stock of about 1.800 , ton*. Sploes-FImento I* rather dearer, 37;d to 4 <; tba ; cinnamon sales oa the Slat ulf , went oR heavily, only 070 bales selling, of I3S8 offered; of firsts, a few seld from is 01 to Ss #d, seconds J?31 to It Id. thirds la Pi to Is. chiefly from Is 0d to Is 7d ; pepper, mace, nutmegs. I and Aleves, steady in the absence or publlo sales Sugars Since it became kaown that no change was to ' take plaee in duties, the market has beoome flat, and ' we have lost nearly all the advance for home use kinds notloed In our last. Foreign descriptors, too havt buen loss Inquired for the laat few days, bnt we do act nuote an j change In value Manilla flouting ii worth lis 0(1; jr#Uc? H?m? 40s to "#*p; whit* nbo?t 97? > o vn JlrMll |T? U rs, pn btovn m4 wt?m Nf ?jtw t ???1 feature lu tint eoutiuctil p->rt?, except perhaps. that xt St. Pelerebnrgh Ibrrs <* aearoely bo mu<*h disposition (bona topurohuse white Havana a' -WK ball R O. Tallow baa rapidly advuocod?the home supply ia ah' rt and the stock of foreign under 5 000 ton* We qm.te St. Pateraburg y. o. on the apot, at 63a 6 J, but th.*re are seller* for delivery the laat three inmtVe, at 46? per owt. Tea?The market the tiad? hate supplied themselves freely, and green tens generally h*ve ahown a tendency to lmprovrm-nt, while prices of blaoka have been mainteined Public sales of -J0,515 packages bare i resulted favorably. 16 000 packages having found buyers. Tin Is dull?Bhuou uominUly 87s; Straits 7bs to 78s. Owing to the failure of the buyers to comply with tbelr | conditions of purchase, the Netherlands Trading Company are left with 68 00# slabs Bauca on sale. Tobacco remains firm, without any new feature. Turpentine? 2500 bbls tough have be?n sold, ex store, at As (id per cwt, at which there are still buyer*. American spirits sail at 40s per owt, real tars. Rosin heavy, fuferlor lota are offering at 3s 3d per owt. Wbalebona?Northwest ! fins are worth ?140 to ?146; South Sea, ?160 to ?165 1 per ton. but the demand is not active. American itooks , lemaln without business and without variation in : price* Pennsylvania's 63 to 6S per ct, with gome tie; mand. A parcel cf Ohio is offered at 83. Markets. Liverpool Mo.ikt Market, Feb. 11.?Although it in understood that the extent of the orders reoeired from Amerioa is not considerable, it is gratifying to observe that, besides the article of cotton, other staples, employed extensively In manufacturing pursuits, have come into brisker demand. The partial indleations of improvement which were manifested toward* the close of the last month, have, within the past fortnight, been remarkably oonfirmed; and us there is little reason to l'ear the occurrence of any circumstance, mercantile or monetary, calculated to check the amending tendency, it may fairly be concluded that trade has taken an earnest step towards the recovery cf its long lost strength, and the re-establishment of ease and oonOdence. The money market still continues to Improve. Messrs. J. Kvans, Sons & Co., connected largely with the Iron trade, have suspended payment. With this exception no failure of Importacce baa occurred in Oreat Britain. Their liabilities aro estimated at ?200,000. The Eoglish funds are quiet. On Thursday, they lost some of their firmness, but the variations wore insignificant Consols yesterday were atHfl^ for present transfer, and at a V for acoount ; Bank Stock 200 a 202 ; Exchequer Bills of June are quoted 28, and of March 19 a 31 premium; the new 3){ per cents range from 80>i a % Last night's aooounts from London represent the discount market as being more than usualiy free, with the most sanguine expectations of steady amendment. Liverpool Cotton Market, Feb. 12.?New Orleans ord. to mid., 4jtfd. a 4J?d. per lb.; fair to good fair, 6d. a 6.','d.; good to fine Upland and Mobile, ord. to mid. 1. a 6d.; fair to good fair, fi)?4 a V'-.d.; good to floe, f>\'J ; Ala and Tonn. ord. to mid , 4>?d. a 4>?d ; fair to good fair, 6)tf4 ; Bowed GerrgU ord to mid., 4J?d. a 6d ; fair to good fair, 6,^d.a6%d ; good to fine, 6>^d; Sea Island ord. togood flne,7d a 8J; do stained, 3>?d. a 7d. A sensible impression has b*en produced on this market since the departure of thn last steamer, operafirinH havinc enlaruad. with a decided improvement in prices; these, however, hare bsen caused more by continued acoounts fiom America of diminished receipts into the pcrts.and the moderate shipments to this country, than any marked revival in the Manchester market. It will be observed that the greatest improvement is to be found in the low and middling qualities. The sales lor the week ending 4 th inst. amounted to 34.630 bales, of which 31)00 were taken on speculation; and for the week ending yesterday evening, the business done was 31,740 bales.of which speculators have taken '2700 bales. Of this week's business. 7860 are upland at 4X a 6)?d.; 12 750 Orleans at 4 a 0; 2140 Alabama and Mobile at 4% a 6, and 870 Sea Island at 8.^ a IS. The imports sinoe the 1st of Jan. are 85,000 bales, against 113.000 for the same period list season. The supply from the United States is 56,000, being a decrease of45,000 The stock in port is only 380,000 bales, whioh shows a red us lion upon American qualities of 143,000, compared with the stock heli at the corresponding period last year. Livkhfool Cor* Market, February 13, noon.?Beet western canal flour 37s a 37s 6d per bbl; Richmond and Alexandria 37s a 37s 6d; Philadelphia and Baltimore 30s a 30s id; New Orleans and Ohio 36s a 30s 0d; Canadian 37s a 37s Sdj United States and Canada sour 33s a 33s 6d; Indinu corn 36s a 33s 0d per quarter; Meal lis 6d a 13s per bbl; Wheat?United States and Canadian, white and mixed, 7s 6d a eta 6d pur 70 l!is; red 6s 6i a 7s 3d; Oats I 3s 6 a 3s per 45 lbs; Oat meal 31s a 33s poj 340 lbs; Bar; ley 3s 3d a 4s 3d per 60 lbs; Kye 3s a 3s 9d per 60 lbs; Peas 38s a40s per 604 Its. This market has steadily deolined since our last advices, the above being the highest prices at present obtainable. This depression has in a great measure been caused by the large supply of home produce, | which has com - into the oountry markets, as well as the increased Imports. Operations in flour and wheat have been very moderate, and chiefly in a retail way, and Egyptian beans, which are selling at 38s. per quarter, have materially affected the demand for Indian corn, j It will be borne in mind, that the resumption of duty 1 takes place upon the 1st of Maroh, ranging from 4s. a ; 10s. per quarter on wheat, Is. 01 a 4s on outs, 3s. a 6s on i barley, rye, peas and beaas. Is en Indian oorn, and 0d per i bbl on meal, and 3s 4\d per bbl on flour. On the I 31st Maroh it is expected the uuties will be about 0s. per quarter on wheat, and 3s 7>^d pr bbl on flour. Liverpool Provision Mahkit. Keb 13?Beef?Prime | mess, per tierce, 87s t? 90s; ordinary, 07s to 75s; eld, 63a to 83s. Mess, per bbl, 40s tofiOs: ordinary, 36s to 40s; crime. 30s to 33s. Pork--Prime mess. new. Dar bbl. not quoted. Old, 48i to 60s; mess, 48s to 65s; prime, 35b to 40s. Baoon? Dried and rmoked, old, per cwt, 15s t? 30s; long middle*, 37a to 40a, short rib lu; new, 43s to 54s. Butter?United States fine not quoted; Canada, 58s to 07s. Hams?Smoked ordinary la canvas* per ewt,20s to 50s; in casks, 20 a 33. Lard?Fine la*f and kog, 57 a 59; I do in bbls, 56 a 48 ; ordiaary to middling, 58 a 54 ; iafei rior and grease. 30 a 35. Tongues-Ox in piokle per dos, 10 a 16 ; pigs, per cwt, 15 a 2a. Cheese Fine, per owt, 46 a 49 ; middling, 38 a 45 ; ordinary, 30 a 37.? > Rioe?Carolina dressed, first quality, 19s fld a 21s 8d. fie; oond, do, 17 a 19. Liverpool mabkkts, Feb. 12.?Metals?u. 8. Lead in bond ?15 10 a ?17 per ton. British bar iron ?7 15; 1 Welsh pigs ?4 10 ; .Sooteh do ?3 2s. 6d. Turpentine 7s. 9d. a 8s. per ewt.; spirits 37 a 40. Rosin, amber and 1 yellow, 2s. 6d a 7s. Pitch 2s #d. a 3s ; Tallow 45 a 53 Oils ? Sperm ?86 a 88 per tun ; whale ?27 a 28 10; Linseed cake ? a 8 10. Hops per owt 30 a 50 Hides wet salted, to Hcmlcok tanned Is a 7s. 8d. and 7s. 9d. per lb. , Hemp, dsw rotted, per ton, ?25 a 28 10. Hackled ?28 I a 30. Tobacco from Virginia, faded, per pound, to manufactured, 1% a 94. Ashes, U.S. Pot 26s a 27; Pearl 30s a 31; Montreal Tot 2Ss 61 a 29 ; Pearl 33s a 34* 1 Bark?Quercitron N York aud Phiia per cwt. lis a i3. Shipping Intelligence. i Boston, Mst 4?Arr steamship Britannia, Liverpool. ; Feb 12. Passed steamship ilibema, from New York via llalii fa?. ISO miles K.attof li. on the Istiust. ?t7 k m. Feb 11. at 1 j r m, i.ff Pmut Lvdhs, exchanged rockrn with a eteainer. snppo 1 sed the Cambria. On the Ittli, lat )0 13, Ion 2i 33, passed a large | steimer siaoitluK Kastw&rd. [P*r Stkamrs Britannia 1 Antwerp, Feb S? Arr Adele, Lonues, NYoik; John Hoi lano, iiriiacrmn ^vjrieiui, nnj mnncae, irom lyiDuuiui, iv i' condemned at Carlscrona on the lift Hordkaux. Feb 4?Arr Csto. Bsrtrand, NOrleam. Cardiff, Feb 4?The Marqnis of Bale, from Port Talbot j for N Yoik i>at buck to Teua/ih lloids. with cargo shifted. Calcutta, Dec m?Arr Foutiae, IVker, Bo.ton. Cork ?b I?Arr Bsehe Mcttvers, Betty, NewYork;4, Swan riiDrling, do. Cltdk. Feb 8 ? Warren. Lawton. N York; Koger. Stewart, Beg*. N Orleans; Lady Falkland, Smith. Savannah; 6th, J Fiteomb, 'vlnrphy, N Orleans; 3d, Brnokslr, Mc -'.wen, New V'ork ??l<t 7lh, Tav, N Orleans, 2d, Albert, Boston; 31st, Hudson, Doaue, N York, ! Cai?i7.. Jan 26?Arr brig Hope, fierce, N Vork; I9:h, Hen Kngle. Williams,Norfolk; 13th, Tli i Dickason, L>:haio, N York; 7th; Kentncky, GoJutnii, for N Orleuns, (pat in in land crew of the M iry Anu Sid 16th, bsrk lvcn?v?iu, llartou, HtoUrande, Brazil'. 26ih, "Nowlund," M York. Canzorf.. Dec 19?Hid. Burraah, Hears, Boston. )?.ai., Feo 9?Hoses Helena, Post. N York and nailed f.r Amsterdam; 8, Hnasia, fin London for N Orleans. Dunhf-nhks, Feb5? Off, J H Sheppn/d, Ainsworth, New Y".k ("r Antwerp. Flushing, no ilite?Arr Readetnoos, Kmerson, from New | Orleans; Ariele, Locmes, N York. (JoTTKKRi'Rii, Jan 20?llrbe, Neilaou, N York i GiiiomdI!. Feb 5?Arr Clariaii Perkins, Dm.ham, from New York for Bubadoes ! OipR alt a r. Jan 26?Arr Joge Lorin*. (Kp) Malaga, and | aid lor NYoik; (Sir:irar.>, Jams, from Smyrna, ai:d lid for Boston; 30th, Home. * nrwin,from Snmstr*; Feb I, KkinhniK, 1 Iroin " Baltimore;" 12th, Francis Ban. Irom Palermo lor Boiton: Cocdtrdis, Irom .vlttraeilles for iio; Wnrerle, from do lor NOrlesns Rid Jan 7, Cathrine, NOrlesiii; ISlIi, Hiiro i, (from Lefhoru) N York. Havre. Feh 9? Arr Tig toni, ilogrrs, N Orleans tlh, Tur kin a, Williams, do; Mi, HpJendid, ( ntwford. NYoik; 4th, Mtcnigau, Mason. NOrltans; fcmoia Watts, Watts. do: Maguolia, Gray, Mobile; Jrl. Bnston, Pratt, do; 3lsf, IJtica. Suao. N York; Feb I Oeorge Waihtngtnn, Snow, NOrleans; linger Sherman, Oaskins, Cl>arls*tuu Hull. Feb 7?Hid, Clyde. N Orleans. Liverpool, Feb 9? New York, Bryon. and Waterloo. Allen. NY'irb; Mundane, Hulthirson, i Imrleaton;7th, (laruatic, MrKenzie, NOrletns; J.iyt. I'errr, C hailestoo; bth. Albania i rowell, NO.Irai a.4th. Jtmeai ,wn, i rusk, IS York: Sd. Ohio, l/la'k, NOrlcana; Ori li' ii, Williams do. .-enator, < offin do; Patriek Henry, Delano IN York: 20. <.J?o,ge Ks ana, Con Hard, !\Orleans; Jan 31, Xnit'o American. I).own, Boston; Sir KoI en feel, < had* ten, I imion, Frtemas, uia CohrtHi Cropper, from N \ oik; 'oluinbtis, Met man, doi^nmnehannsli, Philadelphia. Hi Ktli, Juh Pa rksr ' -nwell, Boston; 7th, Liverpool lilirhrrs. NYork; frulton, (inrl'.sni, Boston; ?u, Witcn, NYpik; J<i. Ynfksh'rf. F#'bnrj>o. 1-MfhiK Ffb li-y-uti'iU wf?ir?ic?t?l, Warner, N York.t'Jj, \V??h*n?, W ylit, Balmsmrti Tth, Swafiloij, J?rii m, mtk TrtMM, BmiMt. NOtl?*?a j?mm <ir?r, i mi^. II..Jl- III 11 A Chtrleatoa; 4(h, Glaiiiato*, V'illi> >>, NYsrk. Cld 14th, American Kacle, ChaHwifk NYork Lkohobi*, Jan t??M4 Audr?*?e, New York. Malta. Jan 21?1ld. Alien Km?. >ian?rn Metama Mmirn. Jan 17? Arr Piomiit. VVellmtit Genoa. Maiueillk, Jao 27?Arr Ueoge Henry, Utlimer, Ntw Orlcaua NiwroBT Feb t?Arr Acadia, Liverpool, to loail for Portland, Me. Sli> Kcieuc*, Boinh OroBTO. Jan 11 ?Sid f.leauor. N?w York PAHiKBKL'r, Feb 4?Arr Talint, Murray, New Orleana for Nantz roKTiMot'TH. Feb 4?Put ha*k, Prince Albert, Meyer, Lon don for N i o<k;3d, arr (iliuthi ra, Loudon fur do Hai'ooh, De?-u?S d I'nlchit Nne 1, Boit n; 11th, Nonan turn, K mb\ll. do: loth. American, VV illi^u<*, do. St Dm, Jan 19?'id Florio New V<uk. Khiki l>?, Feb k?Sid Victoria. Havre and New York; 4th, laabella, ew York Tmnu, Jnu 29?Ar- Vehico, New Oileaua. Tuhbay. uo >l?te?Adiinu,, Havre lor New Orleani. Uibhaltah Jan 30?The M*ry Arn, Williams, of nnd from New k <irk lor Cadiz sprung tile lc oft' Cap* St Vincent on or about the 26th. ucd *& abandoned: craw, except four, laved by the Kentucky,and lauded at Cadiz. Livkhpool?'The Siatera. hence for New York, which put into Waterf jrd ou ti.e 14 h hat returned for repairi THE TREAT7 IN THE SENATE. Wo Vote To-Day. Its probable Ratilicaiion, with Modifications. VOTE TO BE TAM ON TUESDAY. General Worth and the Presidency. Washington, March 4, 1848. The Senate went into executive session a little after 12. An attempt was made to take the vote on the treaty to-mght, but failed. Several senators intend to speak on it. It is impossible to say what day the vote will now be taken; it may be on Monday, and it is probable that the administration senators will on that day propose, as they did to-day, an evening session. There is now little doubt of the success of the treaty. The President is making tremendous efforts to procure its confirmation by the Senate, and so far he has been very successful. Several senators are mentioned who will forego their opposition to the treaty. Mr. Webster is expected to introduce the Wilmot proviso on Monday, and endeavor to obtain its insertion, of course for the purpose of defeating the treaty. A letter was received last night by a member of Congress, purporting to be from Gen. Worth, stating that the General is democratic in all the party issues?bank, tariff, distribution of public lands, internal improvements, the war, &c, & On the Wilmot proviso, he says his sentiments are the same as Gen. Taylor's. N. Washington, March4?1 o'clock, P. M. The Senate is in executive session on the treaty. We learn, on direct authority, that it will be ?-i.i 1 o nUlIR'Cl,amiUUgll BUUicmia- iiiuuuicu. mc giutral groundwork of that treaty will be retained, and the modifications made will be altogether for thejsubsidiary features of the documents, including the tenth article, which it is supposed can be readily compromised with the Mexican government. The decision will be partly reached to-day; but on Tuesday, at the farthest, the case will be concluded. The friends el the treaty have gained great strength within the last two days; the whigs, who had generally resolved to oppose the treaty, have come in since Tuesday. Mr. Webster, who spoke in opposition to the compact on Monday, is now said to be almost persuaded to go for peace, as we can get it. Several of his constituents are here, and they have warned him not to resist the unanimous wish of Massachusetts, by resisting the freaty ; they have admonished him not to stultify himself. Col. Benton, who on the same day took the same grounds of opposition to the treaty with Mr. Webster, though he appears to be inexorable, will, it is said,'vote fur the treaty, if his vote is necessary to carry it. The truth is, the out of door pressure is irresistible When the treaty was reported from the Committee on Foreign Relations, four out of five of the committee were against it, and it was proposed that Mr. Sevier should take it back to the President at once. Since then, day by day, the bantling has b-en gaining favor, and will ponsibly, to-day, very likely on Monday, or certainly on or before Tuesday, be pronounced legitimate. Peace, then, is certain, and we ppeak a? one having authority W. PROCEEDINGS OF THE DEMOCRATIC STATE CONTENTION, AT HARRISBl'RG, PA. Great Excitement. Mr. Buchanan the Choice of Penniylv&nio. kt. kr. fit, Harrisbi:kg, March 4, 1848. The democratic State convention commenced its session to-diy with a display of excitement rarely witnessed in an assembly of that nature. The convention was called to order by R H. Kerr, of Alleghany. E A Penniman and A. Gilmore were appoint* ed Secretaries. The morning was occupied in receiving the credentials of delegates and their substitutes, all of which gave satisfaction except one. Mr. Lowkey, of Crawford, usked for the appointment of Solomon G. Krick, instead of Mr. McFarland, hie colleague, who was absent. Mr. Lambbrton, Senatorial delegate from Venango and Crawford counties, opposed ihe nomination, because Mr. Krick was not a friend to Mr. Buchanan; and he nominated J. Porter Branley in his stead. Tnis movement aroused the elements of discord ; and the whole of the morning session was consumed in fiery discussion and altercation between the friends of Mr. Dallas and Mr. Buchanan. The convention finally recognized Mr. Lowrey's right to nominate a substitute, because he was a citizen of the county, and Mr. Lainberton was not; and Mr. Ivrick was admitted to a seat in the convention. The convention adjourned to hall past two o'clock, having previously appointed a committee to nominate pctmanent officers. As soon as the convention assembled in the afternoon, the committee submitted the following nomination of officers, which was agreed to: Mr. Charles Trailers, of Schuylkill, was appointed President, and Mr Frazier, of Lancaster, and a host of others, appointed Vice Presidents. The President, on taking his seat, delivered a very neat address. <>n motion of Mr. Stambaugh, ol Lancaster, j it was agreed that the convention should at one* : go into a ballot for a candidate (or the presiden1 be regarded as the choice of Pennsylvania, and that the members should pledge themselves to support such nominee at the Baltimore coni vention. After some demurring, this was agreed .o, and j the vote wan taken ri?a voce, which resulted as follows : James Buchanan 81 votei* , tieorge M. Dallas 31 " L'-wis Oass 10 " j Martin Van Buren 5 " Jumes Buchanan was hereupon declared to bo j the choice of Pennsylvania, as the Presidential candidate. Mr. Penniman, of Philadelphia, then moved that the delegates from each congressional dis1 trict, select one person to represent each district in the Baltimore convention, Rnd one to represent the dinriot upon ihf electoral tlvkrt* Mr K?hk. wl Allfgimwv, I k -

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