Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1848 Page 1
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TH] AO !>?y4. BY OVERLAND EXPRESS. INTERESTING FROM MEXICO, SANTA ANNA AND GEN. SCOTT. OPINIONS UPON THE TREATY. MOVEMENTS OF TIIE AMERICAN TROOPS. Rater from the Rio Grande. itC? &C. &Ct [From the New Orleana Picayune, Feb. 17 ] The U. S steamer Editb, Couillard, arrired ytteterday morning from Vera Cruz, whence ehe (ailed oo the ltfth Inituot, bringing pap^re from that city of that data. We have letter* from our correspondents in Mexico a* late as the 7th inat, but they are not ao late aa intelligence received by the D?e. although containing interesting matter. We oannot learn that there bad i been any arrival from the city of Mexico since the Dee lefr The Edith brought over the remalna of Col R. M Eobols, 13th regiment, infantry, and of Dr. James B Hade The following named passenger* came over on the Edith:?Major P. A Carnea. Capt Harding, Capt >It>a!v. Capt. Wheeler, Capt W. Ector, 13th regiment, Dr Watson. C H. Monk, Chaa Stewart, Wm. Bass, J. B Libttir, M D. Huaon, Thoe Kohola, John S. Park. J. R Jackson, J. D. Mix, Samuel Hterrett, and forty dlai charged soldiers A private of the 13 th regiment, named Richard Croudar, died on the 21st inst. at sea. , The ship Maid of Orleans and the schooners Eleanor and May sailed in company with the ship American, 1 iron] this port, was very anxiously looked for when the | Edith sailed, having been out ten days. It will be recollected that (Jen. Towson sailed c n th? American. Mr Edwin Tubey, brother to the editor of the North .1mrrican, died on the Sth inat , In the oity of Mexico MORK MURDKR8. On the 0th inst , as we leurn from the Star, four privates of the Sth Indiana, Regiment were attacked near the Molino del Rey by a gang of Mexioans, nnd two of them, named David Lyons and Nimrod Rigglesburger, * were Killed, and the others, David B. Tower and Henry Lawson, badly wounded. Eleven Mexioana were arrested the next day as baing concerned In the murderous fcttaek. GENERAL SANTA ANNA. A rumor prevailed in Vera Cruz when the Edith left, that Santa Anna had made an application to Oeneral Scott for a passport to Vera Crui and permission to e*ve the country, and that General Soott had acceded I to his request. Those who oredited the rumor believed that he would arrive in Vera Cruz In four or five days, : to embark for Europe er Havana. The Area Iris of the ] 8 h inst. oontains the following article on its Spauiah ; "Wo are assured that Oeneral Santa Anna has arrived | within a few days at Tustepeo, provided with the passE port which he demanded from the government, oounI terrigned by General Soott. Should this prove to be I the oase, it la not improbable that we shall see his Ex| oelleucy in this oity, with the view of embarking for a I foreign country, iu searoh of any asylum whioh he has I tot been able to find in his native land It is also aaI aerted ihat he will not proceed to Havana, as the governI in.-nt of the inland has prohibited bis entry. We bate I not mu.ih faith in this Intelligsnoe, and it would be a I pity if it should be true, as it is not easy for Don Antonio to find an asylum where he oould give himself up with so much liberty to his natural Inclination for intriguing" (QuiguJnyuta ) slnoe the above was in type we have conversed with a p?s>euger on the Edith, who states that he had been inlorin -d by Gen Twiggs that he had received positive information that General Scott had granted Santa Anna his pa*?port, and that be was expected in Vera s. Crus by lh? 34th inst. MOVEMENTS OF TRAINS The train under command of Major Caldwen. which left Vera Crux on the 7th inst., was euoa taped at Jalapa on the ldtb, and was to remain there another day. It ronalsted of 360 government Wxgons, J300 pack inules, and about 60 wagons belonging U> merchants The diffi| oulty of proceeding with such a lengthy train with any i Tepidity is manifest The owiduot of Major Caldwell, Hnd ail the other offloera of bis command, is very liigblv ; commeuded in a letter from a correspondent who is with . _ II.. ? >.. l.ort h-.n .fcinHnn.,! .KIAI. IUB ll?IU. xu> .. ..fk. .. ciroumiiauc* >*?? occasioned by lQ? loss of the mules, which strayed off. It belonged to the merchant train. A train left Vara Cruz Ut Orizaba ou the 13th Inst witn an e;cort of 250 m?n. The ro*d* to Orizaba and ttie city of Mexico arc said to be entirely cleared of the guerilla parties THE C1TT OF CORDOVA IN POSSE8SITN Or THE AMERICANS. [.''orresoondence of the N. O. Picayune ] < oiu> >?a, Me?ico, Keb 16, 1m48 ? I snatch a moment ] fr~<m uuiidat the oonatant business cares which perplex me. to <rrit* you a few lines about *' matters and things tn these parts," and th" progress of the American arms thus far in this new field The command and its large eupplv train, which left Vera Cruz on the morning of ,be ti.h Inst, reached this city on the morning of the IStb, when it was entered by a portion of the troops, and possession taken of it without the least resistance being cfT-red. Liitie, if any, was expected, as the evening before, when the column reached the hacienda of Los Portreras. about vhree leagues distant, and where It encamped for the night, a deputation from the Ayuntamiento of Cordova arrived to meet the commanding officer, and p? j their rsapeo s. and, perhaps, proff-r the hospitalities of the city?offri its surrender?welcome the troops.or transact some suoh business This corporate delegation came "in state''?being transported in a baadsem* c.irrmg" drawn by four mules, and each official wearing his cocked hat and handsome rapier These, with their suits of black?after the American fashion?courteous manners, handsome features, itc , Divie the body a very dlgoified looking one When the troop) entered the pUza the next day, this delegation, together with all tli- rest of the oity officials, received the commanding officer at their chamber, where they ver? all in attendance ior the putpise. Whilst the troops were entering the city, the plaza and streets v?r~, well crowded with spec;ators, and a much hmidj somer s*t of temiiei grace.I the doors and grated wind< ws than I have evi r before se in this country Kvery thing went oil very quietly and not a single disturbance ? ?4 -.I.-*. in ?h? mtc The oil,v was not deserted Lv I the inhabitant*, as other* have b'en upon their being tnlit n r^lBesaloa cf by our troops. Neither time or will permit at, present my going into a detailed account ot our Jouraty hither?the oouatry passed through r r a d'noripiltn of this oi!y ami surrounding country. A word, how. ver, about each The road through the hnracalitnitt, cr to the foot of Ihe mountains, a distance ?>f about, fifty miles, is gennrally level, in r, m? pmre* being fery rough and rooky, particularly where the water washes In torrents through the guliie* during the rainy season. This portion of the oountry is generally a wild, barren, or nneuiii?ated waste -a few rude huts dotting the toad at lon,{ intervals, but at present deserted, and ?a-h beating a name, as if It were a town. The face of the country Is a little diversiled by a soattered prn?th of ohitparrel and slight undulation. Water is \ iy scarce on this loute, being foui.d only at long interna Itlsvty difficult to oonjeoture how or when th.i cattle, which are olten sien grazing upon the dry gr*??. v'ooure thsir water A small stream, I,* Soledad, la oros'ild at San Diego and met with again at. Teo Lingo. A* the l.?tt*r place the rocky bluffs on one of its banks rise to the he'gbt of several hundred feet, and arr the mohi perpendioular. as w-ll as hrautilul, 1 ever h held. The rilisades of the Hudson sink Into "utter Inenulficanee" in ocmpariron with them At Peso del Ma-ho. nearer the mountaius the first piece of archituoture is to be met with, being a bridge of the most solid and hesu'ifnl masonry, or*ssing a ravine a couple of huivlr.'d teet deep, and bull' up from its bottom. An old M Ai'cellus to**r on one side, but now In ruins, was trie dafeuoe of the pats during ther-ign of the Sp?nl?rds. ( "rosr.ng'.he.idge.sever..l m*gultlcent bridges like throne alove mentioned ?re passed, which oro-s ravin/s several hundred feet i? depth, and through which the mountain tn-rt-nts dash in all th?ir wilin?aa No description can do jii'ttoa to the beauty of thes? planes A continuous wnl'. s veral miles lu length, connects these bridges, and l.i ? protection against accident irom getting over the hi 'h i>r?cipic>s along whle.h the road winds. After erosslu - the ridge, the change is complete. The richness a d lieeuty o] the ci uotry defies all description. Kv, ry lirrb nnu flower grow* a* It ware spontaneously How different the pure, balmy, and ralrrsbing nir from the loatid atmosphere of Vera' ru??the warm nnd snltry on* oi the " tlerra oal'ent*s " Sugar, coffee, cotton, tobhooo, rire mail* barley, and other grain, are the staples?and ail these, with ev*ry variety ol frmt and flower*, may be eeea i rowing wllhln sight at the same time Several portions'."f the road this eid* of the ridge are well paved, never liavir g been completed. All around us ? " Woods of palm, And orange grove*, and fields of balm," a li to th? beauty cf the picture, whilst the blue rugged mountains on our left, and in front Oriaaba, riling 'in ih* wild nnmn of mountain majesty " I lis Know capped peak giving H unite a vamrable appearance, eompl?tr? the mngutfloence of the landscape No mtil l>fi yet re.iolied us iroiu Vera <-ru* IMenty of rutn<>r? about peaco. The Michigan battalion remains here This olty Is very clean- a fine stream of water flowing oonstantly through the several streets It contain' H'-? <*r?l handsome cathedrals, but no fin* private reddenoai. About a dosrn guerillas were Keen on the way up.? Han t ft Anna. ?lth a few hundred follower*, whs in this nc'giborliood a f?w day* since. He has a*kc-d for permission to leave the country, and it Is thought ht is on his way to the const. AMttKICAN AND MEXICAN AFFAIRS?THE TRACK THKATY, K'IC. We have been Most km..|y permitted by a fiiend to puitllsh the following extracts irom two letters written - : b* city of Mexico by an intelligent Kngllsh gentlewho has become intimately acquainted with .Vlexi'''(jj.i by a long residenoe in that country. . . '/> >.eb 3, lrt<H.-People say here generally that ' ? '> !' -ned. and that ?n Indemntflcatlon ol some ?' J.. fl**n by tha United 8t*tM for the Investigation,. mj,u, a considerable body of troops, !?* ' '* 10 the government in in1 k I we Mexican government is tn difficulty, bill; "jut ? lo?n af *ome $#IHMKK) only, and sgxlnst > v unt|| the pub.lcatlon of thn foot of a Mac *Dt?r?d Into, a* ivmj ou to no. E NE" 9 N. turally snxioun to know what he may expeot in future ; while uoleti th? goT^rnmrnt. oau obtain thie it oan hardly march, an the State* will etop rappllea of all kind* on prntence of being tor the war. and that the government do*a not proofed on th? wixhen of the people The other day (Jen Scott wan Invited to a grand party in the Desierto. about seven leagues from kere, which has been the subject of much talk. It nould seem that a notoilous character, named Abraham d? lee R?y?s, a Spaniard, who baa been seven times convicted of aaaasslnatlona and escaped from the Ao >rdada, was there reconnoiterlng, ax it waa rumored that the cominauder-inchief would go attended only by twenty five dragoons, j However, ho waa disappointed in his expectation* of taking the General, as there was in addition a regiment of rifles, with two pieces, and many sentinels were piaoed in the woods about, so that he was obliged to make himself snarce. The thing passed off very well; but the Puros, who you now know rale the destinies or the city, as they form the new Ayuntamiento, gave some toasts, which have been not a little oommented on by their dis contented fellow oitiiena. Amour these was one against the priesta and monks; and another wishing that the blood of all the military (Mexicans) might be poured out " like the wine in this glass;" and another that the seed of the Anglo-Amerinan may take root in the soil, and that the army may not retire until it have germinated, Sto. Sto 1 am told that it was one of the handsomest " dint dc carnpa," (drjeuni d la fouicKttte) that has been given In the country. Yesterday a body of about 700 men, oavalry and infantry, with some pleoes, were despatched to Cuernavaca, a town to the south about eightean leagues from Mexioo. the key to the tierra oallente in that direotion, and having a population of about 6U0U souls; though It is probably very considerably augmented now from the influx of many families from Mexioo before and subsequent to your entry into the oapital M C.k A 1 cua?I innk. lul nlihl >ilh i oan. I lUkklVV, *"V. v, ? aryewMw ?ww? ?a? " " ? PI* ? tleman who is an intimate trienii of one of the commissioners, and he telta m? that thi terma of the treaty as told him by the commissioner are aa follows: The river Bravo for a limit between the two ooustries aa far aa where it touches the 3Jd degree; from thenoe along that line (32d degree) to the river Oil*, and then along that river to the PaeiSe ; by which the United States gain and Mexico losea Upper California, all new Mexioo, part of Chihuahua, perhaps a elioe of Neuvo Leou, and u considerable part ef Tamaulipas. The States agree to pay Mexico the aum of $20.li00.000 Indemnification for territory, in monthly instalments of $300,000, and to pay the claims of their citizans u/ainst Mexioo; and two months alter the Congrets of each country shall have ratified it, the States shall withdraw from the capital their troops, and let the Mexican government enter again into possession, and that three months after this all the troop* shall have passed beyond the limits anu out of the csuntry. Such ?re ihe terms that were signed last Wednesday, on the altar of th* Collegiate Churoh of Ouad*lupe ; whether they will be ratified and can led into effect is another question ; and it may even be permitted me to doubt whether they can legally be brought about. In the first place this is u Kepublic, that is, a mutual oompHot between sovereign States for their mutual defence, and I cannot see what right there is in the legislative body, called ft Congress, to give away three or four of the States, composing so many fraotiona of the integral body. The mere voting for the ratification, if the membara of the oeded States are among tli* -'ayes," turns them and their constituents out; and if they say "nay," the transaction ia clearly an illegal one ; because they ore turned ont of the assembly neck or nothing, and the federative compact is wilfully violated. They then return to their independent sovereignity and the United States have no olaima againat them, beaauae they no longer form a portion of the Union with which they are at war To force the question, and in apite of republican rights to take possession, because of the convenienoe of the thing, is no legal title, and the ratification proposed ean never be a valid one. The (United States, as a sister republic, ought to know batter than to violate her own oonstltutiou; for in being an active party to the violation of tbat of a neighboring republic, she violates her own. Yueatnn, if 1 mistake not, is at peace with the United States, by the mere fact of her separating from the Mexican Union, and as the mere question of oedlng this or that St^te is a palpable violation of the federal compact, it is also, ipso f.icto, a restoring ofauch States to their original state of sovereign independence, in whioh case they are separated from the cause and conaequencrs of the war. The oases are parallel, and the United States cannot blow hot and oold with the samo breath. They must also recol'eot that henceforth tho word republio, under their sanction, is a mere iUusiou, and a^nnot rubslst any longer. For where a mete majority of votes in the legislative body csn oedn or sell the minority to a neighboring State, tharu neither is nor csn bo any " R?s Public a,'' or commonwealth ?there oru be no motive for the existence of the compact, -rne Unftea ?;atrs, lr tney reuent, must see I the criminality of the proceeding, ana that thay are only giving the rein to sophism, wh?n hereafter they attempt to put down a question of separation in the.ir I own case. w ant of confidence matt now ensue in me I republican system, anil the consrquenr.es will rer* I sooa be perceptible, as coon as tbe Interests of one or a combina'ion of States, outbalanoe those of another, which in deriving advantage from tbe fedei rative system. which would flow back again upon the ' first named States under a condition of independent sovereignty. Such State or States have only to point the lortfloger to Mexico, and the answer is unanswerable. u You, the republlo, one and indivisible, gave in the example, asd we now act upon it ; wbat have you to say against our aoting upon the very rights which vou have conferred upon us ! Our interests are sacrificed to you under the exisiing federative system, and you do not even offer us a guaranty in return " It is clear, that as soon cs this peace is carried into effect?If indeed it ever be carried luto eff-oi?which I doubt from tbe above exposed absurdity of the consequences ; that the word " Republic " will become a Uugbing stack to all Europe, whentlwy see that the pattern republic, the Idol held up to the world for near a oentuty. cannot keep faith with ils own principles, or even with a neighboring republic, but is resolved to make fish and flesh of the same creature. I thought this last piece of legerdemain was only performed by Popish priests to ease the consciences of their flocks, but I had no idea that It oovli b<> introduced into politics and into a republio, of all other forms of government. ' 1'esidt*. vuoh a treaty of peace being iile^.w in itself, end i irrational to boot, it is clear that winn the coded States I felt themselves aggrieved in any manner and nt the ."am* time felt themseives strong euou.h to attempt their separation from the other States, they will not hesitate tcattempl it. THE MEXICAN OONCIRKtif.?TKEAbON?RKVOUTION ? COURT OF INQUIRY,?K1C. Mexico. February 4.18is ? i he Mexi<-.au Congress has uot yet ne(, though they have, or will have in a few days, a quorum of member* in Queretaro; but a lar.'e portion of that quorum will be composed of men pledged to oppose a peso-* upon sny terms -or. in other wor.ls, to supp >rt Santa Anna's claiuis to the Presidency. Eleven members from 0?j?ca have declared this In express terms, and last night's mail brought news of the adhes'on of AgUHScalientei, i.nd Chlaps*. to the plan of San Luis. L-. limd'T* d I Pwbla wisds up i's notices ot tuese movemeuts in the folluwisg terms: ?'The treascn of the government at (iuereai'o ib everywhere perceptible. and publlo opinion bpglus to express itself The tow.i* will soon rise in a mass against the odious invader, i.ul the It-public will rice triumphant from the struggle, if not regenerated, as tbe illustrious Ueneral S^nta Anna said In his memorable manifesto of the I ti.h or Aueust." Although the members from these Stated may not pofsewi ufllcient streugth to defeat the treaty ia ronijr?s?, yet by retiring from that body they l?ave ic without a quotum, and of course unable to transact business Again, tin1 first act of the new CungrcM will be the *l?ctiunof a ['resident, ami although mmy Meiicans h?re are of opinion that Pena y Puna will be re-elected, yet I this ic by no mem* certain. It was so thought the Net. j tim?, and yet his rote in Coo^reM was ridiculously j small. Should a w*r inan be elected, or rather one : I n hof? interest it should be to seem to favor a oontinu I auoe of the war. although he might lecretly wish for I peaoe?Almonte for instance?It would at once throw I t.'aa ioUaanoe'nf flie !r0T?rnm?nt ngalnst the treaty, and most certainly d?feat. it. Kinally. we should never for >t the uufuiliOK piid- end obstinacy of the people. Inherited from their Speuiuh anoestora. wliirb will not Ml low tiiem to acknowledge ibem?elv?s conqorred as vet? and their const, il 10 the dismemberment. >>f the country wou.4 uudoub'edly be so ceusldejed Thus, you will prroeive, th? signing of th>< articles or pr?liininai i*s r( a trtiaty by the commissioners of both countries dors not ensure ? p ace eveD though th" terms si.oulil m?el the approval ot our government. It is to be hoped that these people willopeu th?ir eyes to the ben<tU* they must deliTeftom an immediate couclusion to the present Ouesiu-d conflict; but 1,1 >r one, do not exoeot it In San Luis everything r<ma'ns quiet, althou th. judging irom the tone of the papers, that State will support Santu Vnus, bo.iy and soul Itt Huran*o,the Inilana were becoming very troublesome. and the ?rov?rnor was taking measure* to orgaui** a sufficient armed tor?H to put them down A letter hss been received from an officer of the Oth infantry, stationed at. I'acjiuca, which nays that Padre Jarauta has been in the neighborhood some time, hut ?s yet he has eluded all efforts on the pact of our troops to hint Tha people of the town of Tuoanhutti, in the Stat# of Sen Lulu Potosi, have got up a pronunciamtnto, expressing their dissi?tIiif..otir>n with the oouwe of the supreme government. and alio with the recent movement of the Vine Governor of San Luis, thud planing themselves in opposition to two parties who are in open oollisio I. Tha Minister of War haa Issued an order trom t^nere1aro, declaring Or Vao'lerlind-n, the former Nurgpou()aneral of the Mexican array, a deserter The f*Ot Is. that when Santa Anna left her* in such a hurry oo the night of the 13th September, Dr Vanderlindeu remain ed behind to take oare of the wounded Mexican* left in the hospitalt, and moat worthily haa h? fulfilled hi* duty. But tha doctor ia a member of tha aaw Ayuntainl nto wbioh la sufficient to damn him in the eyes of tha government of Queretaro Col. Ohsrlen I) rough, lata editor of tha Cincinnati I*, quirtr. and now Cdonel of the 4ih Ohio regiment, la in thia eity Hid regim nt 1* stationed at Puebl?, but the oolonel la here on business Ailvtoea have been received from Maiatlan, which state that the Governor of Sinaloa haa detected ( ol. I) Hafael Telle* in oolluaion with the oommedore of the American squadron in tha Paelflo Telle* haa long bean in charge at the inoomea of the I'uatom llou?n at M?aittlan. It waa expected thai the Domniandante Oane ral of laliseo, at Teplo, will repair to Maiatlan with the forcaa at hia command. Matico. Keb. 7, 1H4H The lata revolution in Temascaltetiee, In thia State, by which Olagulbel, the onee popular Governor of Maxloo, haa been depened. haa soma light Uiowb upon U by oflolal document# published In , 1 W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY M tb? Monilor of y??t?rd?y Although the n?m? of Alva- | rrz doe? not appear in the affair, it la w*li understood ; that he li the prime mover th?relu The plan, as published, appears to be similar to that of San Luis?declar- | lug ?h?hi?i the peace policy of the government, ani in I favor of raising troops and money for vigorous proseoution of the war. Olaguibel. who was at first imprisoned, has been released, but deprived ot all authority, and ' the legislature is oall<*d upon to elect a new governor, and to legalize the measures already taken to raise troopa and money A portion of the Texan Hangers attaobed to General Lane's command arrived here last night, and Captain Duperu's company of 3d Dragoons cams in this afternoon The General himseif. with the rest of his command. hasgone round by anotbrr route ? Huamantla, I am told?probably with the intention of surprising some of the robber bands in the vicinity. Padre Jarauta is still lurking about the valley,and now openly robs Mexioans as well as Americans; says he baa been pcoaorlbed and a prion put upon his head by the Mexican government, and therefore ha haspronounoed. Col Withers and Major Lally, with an escort of dragoons and a oouple of pieoes of artillery, arrived yesterday irom Pachuca. They brought about $'200 000 in silver with them. This morning a oonrier arrived from Vera Cruz, bringing dates to the 27th from New Of leans. Considerable excitement was oreated by the ordor Irom Washington for a court ( f inquiry to be held at Pueb'.n, on the oaseii of the arrested officers, dated the 17th, from Washington, and the letter of " Truth Toller," in the Picayune, dated the 16th, which directly oontradiots the order, aad announces the recall of G>>n. Scott and the release of the other offlocrs The knowing oues are bothered It would bother a brsce of Philadelphia lawyers to unravel the tangled skein of Mexican polities. Notwithstanding the late declaration of the Onjaca people gainst tn-i peace policy or rena y rena, ana their approval of th? pronunoiamento in San Lain, whiah looked to Santa Anna as the proper parson to fill the presidential chair, after the present occupant bad been driven out?the Monitor and Ecu of to-day. both MMrt that he has heeu refused an asylum by the authorities of both the State and capital of Osjaoa. Vera Cruz. Feb 18, 184S ?Peace continues to b? the priuoipal subject of discnssion hare, and an important one it is to those who have located themselves and made extensive preparations for a long sojourn in Vera Cruz A large majority of the intelligent portion of the community, ?nd those most familiar with Mexican affeiis, ilo not appear to regtrd the prospect of peaoa in any brighter light than they did before the treaty was s'gued, and argue generally in opinion that neither Mr. Trist north* Mexican commissioners were properly authorised by their respective governments to negotiate; but admitting that they were, if the basis of ihe treaty be suoli as it is represented to be, the United States government cannot with honor to if self, after having carried the war so far, and in a manner sut jugated the whole country, ascept ,'f a peaor on suoh conditions as set forth in that precious document. On the other hand, you may well judge of the future by the past, that the national obstinacy of the Mexican pen pie to hear any propositions of peaoefrom the L'Dited States still continues to reign supreme, and particularly as these commissioners on their part have no doubt aoted without authority. It is true that at several meetings 01 the deputies at Queretaro, consisting of from eighteen to twenty-five members, a large majority of them were in favor of peace, but this is only about onefourth of the numoer sufficient to form a quorum; and although every effort has been made for the lrst six months to briug them together, they are not muoh nearer to it now than they ever have been since (Queretaro was made the seat of government. Agalm, ad mitting that peaoe will be made, it is the universal opinion that, in the present state of things, the M exit an people would be fighting amongst themselves In less than three months after the Americans should withdraw to the limits which may be agreed upon; and if th? pease party be not strong enough to thrash those opposed to it, whloh is quite unlikely?as ' those generally opposed to It are the soldiery of the ' country?we would be just where we were before the ! war was carried into their old old capital. To obtain and ! secure a permanent peace with Mexico, a strong party must first be raised to support It, and It must be raised independent of Ameri an influence and sueoor. Its leaders must be entirely disconnected with previous efforts to aooompliah that end. and muct rorne forth with their own free will and accord for that purpose. Amongst the late arrivals here, is our friend Jewell, late editor of the Vera Crux Eiglf. I learn that he is making tracks for the oity cf Mexico, to establish a paper there. Preparations are going on to oelebrate the glorious J-JJ , of February In a besoming manner, and all the public ' offices are to be olosed on that day. I oannot let the opportunity pass without brioglng to larly as they have undergone a change, and the public ! are Interested tu know something about the management of afftlrs at this, the most important post in Mexico. Of (jeneral Twiggs it Is scarcely necessary to say lhat he is the same as of former days, anil his energy only appears 10 increa*? wmi mn jmrr. ui una mi ryt* to every thing ?round him, and Ir necessary, ft hand in it. Captaiu Masten. obief of the quarternasster's department of Vera Crux. bM by bin energy, industry, <oo ( management, and obliging and gentlemanly deportment. won the esteem ot ail wbo have the pleasure of bis acquaintance or have transacted business with th? department Tb? same may be Raid ot Captains Jordan j ?ud Clendensn, assistant quartermasters, Captain Pa- ; trick, commissary and Captain Williamson, in charge | of the ordnance department. Captain Lawton, the har- , borwaoter. who has also charge of the government ves- 1 sels in port, is one of the most eQloient officers in the employ of the government, ludeed, th? whole department of the city could not be changed for the better It Is much to le regretted that there is a probability of Oeneral Twiggs leaving us soon, but the likelihood of Colonel Wilson again being placed in command when | the general leaven, is bailed with much pl?a?are by all. | Captain Winder, our excellent lieutenant governor and judge, transacts his busiuese to the admiration of ' all; ana although he has no code of laws to govern his 1 decision?, the code of justice serves a better purpose, and I be sees it well administered. FROM THK RIO URANDE. The United Statae steamship Fashion, Capt. Morgan, arrived at New Orleans on che Jtkh ult from the ! Brsaoa, whenne che sailed on the evening of the Ulst ? j We are indebted to Capt Morgan for late Mataoiora* . papers. The usws from this quarter is devoid ot gtneral I interest. The Flng ofthe 16th iast contains the following relative to 3au Luis and Zacatecas : We have reports from | San Luis Polosi and Zacateoaa within the last few dayi, \ wliinh say that in the former city, although great ex- i ertions are bring made to organise a force to repel an expected march ot our toroes upon them, yet I nothing b?s b<?en a -complish'' J, nor did there eeem a probability that any thing oould be done | towards raising an opposing force In Zacate- i oas report says a formidable force lias been organizod \ (fen. Bustamente at th* hrad, who df dares that ho wi'l ! not only drtend ttl State, but will yet redeem l:is coun- | try from the disgrace which overwhelms her, if Hanta ' Bustamente attribute all the misfortune* that have attended the Mexican una* to the ireaohe- I ry or jealousy of Santa Anna, who, be say* ba* n.cri- : 'iced hi.? oountry rather than any other Mexican gene- ! r<?l giioul-l gain the credit of a victory over thr> Americans. i'rush Santa Anaa, acd then, he **ys, the Mexican people oan fc:' again unlteil, end tha Invader* made to fv-1 the might of a nation wronged " The F.ag learn* that the election cf Captain Hickey to the Texas Ssnttc from Nueces county, has been dee'.ared null and roid?the vote polled at the mouth of the illo Grande being declared illegal, that plaou not having been d rgmted a* in election precinct. The f\ag contain* no new* from above, except a report of a rsce meatiug at Monterey, whlah is spoken of n rery glowing terms. M?J Washington. chief of \rtill?ry, Lieut, Sitgreave*, Topographio?l Engineer*, and Major Sparks, I" s Paynmner, wi-re the ju Ige* on the occasion (Jen. Wool was present on the judge*' stand, and t(<e 01 una waa visited fry a largeconcourse of peeeom, amoi g whom were ninny lovely seuorius The flag ot the liith announce* the death of John C (41en, rurgt on U. 8 army, wbloh occurred lu Matamo raeonthe 14th iuflt The Ft'g thus nolle** the dec>?ged : " Dr Olen wa* a iative of Charleston. S C , and ent rei the urov June ii. Ifl-i!' lie had served le tibly in the Klotid* war ; wa' for some tlu>? upon duly on the scuth western border of tba Uoit*d States tod in Texa* ; and for the past two years, or more, lial b.'.on serving with the ariuy of occupation in Mexico. The death, Ot ni one could o?u>e more uolver'sl soirow ; aud the eri*f occesior.ed i? deeply and sine-rely felt by all wan had the p!?n*ura of hi* acquslntanoe. May Ho who doe* all things for good < > i rler this dispensation of ill* Providence thst the grief of his relatives m?y be assnag*d. and that they may find comfort and oonsolation in their b?teavem?nf, In the truth of hi* divine promises The remaltis of the lamented objeot of our notice were Interred In the array burial ground at this place, with tha military honors uitable to his rank, and bis obsequies were attended by ? uumerou* concourse of friends, oitiien* as well as military " We extract tha following exhibit of disbursement* for January, la the city of Matatnoras, under the direction of Captain W C chapman, who baa the municipal direction of th* city, by way of ahowlng toe improvements that have taken plaea there: ? Salaries of clerks for the court* and ayuntamlsiito, ar.d stationery for u?e of the same. f l.M 00 The schooling of 173 charity scholars aud stationery fi>rsame 1*0 45 l.ightitg the streets 01 40 Sapport of the prisons and police . 7?"?7 94 Other expen*es .i-'l 'ift Trialexpenditure* for the month $l,7IKJ 04 for hrazos. The U. S steam*liip General ltntler left New Orlean# on the 27th for Braids Santiago. The 17. S. schooner General Patterson, Captnin Jackson, left on the evening of the '33th Ult , with gOT*rom*nt ?tor?*. ARMY INTKI.J.IOF.SCK. ('apt Hugh**.of th* 8*oond Onto r*xlm?nt, Li*ut?annta H. llald'inan, I. O. Arnold, A K.lif, Major PiolUt and Captain Van Bur*?, a'rired at Cincinnati, on th* '39th K?bruary. Th? 1' olt*il Slat** ?t*am*r lri* *all*d on th* 5'3d from r*n*anol? to Vera Cm* L. K who f*r a tlm* a?u*d a* a ?olunt??r aid to <J*n Worth, w*nt out on th* lri* to tak* command of th* Ualtad Stat** *tor* ihlp I'.koira, th* pr***nt ll*ut*nant oommandlDff, Hui.t, having J**ir*d to be r*ll*T??d. Th? United Htat** at*amthip MrKIm, Captain Bi*atb, will Ua** tbt* morning, for Tampico and Vara Cru*.

with *oT.ron\?nt f tor??, a d*taohm*nt of troop*, and 10? man for a*rTlo? in th* Quart*rinaat?r'? D*partm*nt at V?n Crui. Hha Ukaa ot*t th? following nuaad par ii rM ' hi i ?- - - in. w?mMri.T?ar? -</ UK ii ORNING, MARCH 7, 18< sengers:? A O L)owd. Hiram Bridge*, Lieutenant B P. MoNeil, 3d Artillery, U. 8 A.; Colonel G. Loomls, tftu Infantry, U.S. A : Colonel Allan, U. S A ; Surgeon Reynold*, Captain Kenn Peok, William H Stevens, William Google, Jam** Skinner, and Mrs Beerman. The brig Krancis Lord, Captain Gladding, will also leave for Vera Crui, loaded with government stored, to-day, having left with the tow last eveniu(f.?New Orleant Picayune, Feb. 35. General Brooke arrived yesterday, by the way of the river, and was welcomed bv a number nt friend* A d'tnohment of the Native American Artillery turned out and fired a nalote in Lafayette square, in honor of his return?AT O Picayune, Feb. '2S. The eteambo.it Ohio Belle yesterday brought down from Newport barracks, Kentucky, Captain Lyon, Lieutenant* Front, Greene, Sooonover aod Krenoh, and 400 meruit*. destined lor the several regiments la Mexico. JV. O. Picayune, Feb. '27, Affairs in V ucatanr novtuienli of tlie Spanish [From the New Orleans Com. Times, Feb -26 ] We regret to learn that the aborigines of Yuoatan, the Indians, as they nre o?lled. are In the full tide of auooeesful revolt against the white inhabitant*. The most (rightful atrocities have been oommltted by them, who In tueir thirst of vengeance, spare neither age nor sex. Invited by the divided state of the country, whioh during the last eighteen month* haa been a prey to two factions, the Indians rose somo time since, a* we have already noticed in thl* sheet. When It appeared, by th? cessation of strife among the whites, and their cordial uuion again*t the common enemy, they, for a time, put down the disaffected Lately, however, the aborigines have obtained ruoli success in the ?pen country, Chat the white* have been obliged to solicit succor from without ; particularly from the Spanish government in Cuba. The i'atna ha* the following caminunioatlon, dated " Campjcachv. Ksb 18, 1R48 ?After a ahort absence, I returned to this place a few day* ago. I found the city in the most lamentable condition Imaginable. Families here are duly uooupled with the consideration of seeking a pUoe of refuge, in order to save themselves from the fury of the Indians, who are demoli*blng every abode in their traok, and assassinating every individual who is not of their race. Innumerable families are continually arriving here from the interior, so that the government are obliged to lodge them in barraoks, liki< soiling ; uot ? miBuraue nut is 10 De oDiaiued ior hir.i. You will see by the papers from Merida, the off-r wuicli bits b??n made by the government of H?un?, and the joy which it has produced among all. Au order has been published to day, under martial law, directing all the male* from lft to 61) years of age, tu take up arms to defend the country The native citizens will eally out to meer. the Indians, while to the foreigner* will be consigned the guardianship ot the place. From to-day, henceforward, do psssporta will l-a delivered to any one, since a great number have set out for Laguna, on finding that the theatre of war was so n^ar. 1 will write a^ain shortly, to keep you apprised of what happens. About the date of the abore letter, the Spanish sloop-of-war Churraon, arrived at Campeaoby. offering, on the part of Captain General O'Donnell, ol the intenoent Pinillos and ot the General or Marine (Admiral) , all necessary assistanoe, with the exception of men, brsidrs vessels inr the transport of the aid required. The Governor of Yucatau having accepted this generous offer, has made a requisition tor six pieces of mountain artillery, 3000 muskets, J00 quintals of gunpowder, 4000 sabres, and $100 000. All this Is momentarily expected. A letter dated Vera Cruz, the 16th instant, states that ''the Spanish biig-of war Nervion left this port two or thl>e days ago, bound to Campeaohy. The Captain has orders to land bis orew and artillery, and hoist the Ca*tilian flag, In that oity, for the protection of Spanish subjeots It is reported, that 7000 men and several men-of-war, are to leave Havana for the same object." British MachlnHtlona In ffloaqultla. [Krom the New Orleans Delta, Feb. 3i.] Some days since we discussed the extraordinary proceding* ot certain British agent* in what they have thought [.roper to call the kingdom of Mosquitia, in Central America. Slnoe that article was written, several numbers of the Diario de la Mai inu, published at the Havana, have oome to hand, in which the same subject is treated with th*t gravity which it* importance demands. We proceed to translate the substance of what is contained in the Diario. with respeot to the maohlnation* of the Britishtgovernmuut in Mosqultia, and their deslcns npon Nicaragua and Honduras, in order to apprise our own government aud oountryoien of the unscrupalous but persevering attempt* of tb?. subject* oi Her Britannic .Majesty to obtain a foothold, under most extraordinary circumtfeftfWtJwwftWFfSKia ^wfeMMwsftiWtee-c^t of Florida, and other States lying on the Gait of Mexico. We trust oar consul at the Havaua will procure all the ueedful information on the subjeot, and transmit it forthwith to the proper department at Washington, so that the administration oan take Immediate steps to prevent the British government from founding another colony so contiguous to our borders, under the specious guise of supporting a juvenile .Mosquito in the pretentions they have set up tor blm to a iabulouH and illimitable kingdom. During the years 16*2, '<13, and '44, the British took charge of an Indian boy, traoed his genealogy, invested him with purple, and claimed rn his favor the right of sovereignty over a territory without definite limit* Alarmed by this unexpected emergency, the Stall s of Nicaragua and Honduras sent to Europe Don Francisco Castelton, with ample powers to oommunioate these events to the French and other oabinets, with the design of obtaining un efilcaolou* Mediation in favor of the threatened States of Central America. On account of this mission, or in oonsequenoe of inptiven ot whicu we are ignorant, the demands of the kingdom of Mosquitia against Nicaragua ceased aud thus that State, like the others of Central America, delivered Itself up to in unlimited confidence, as it' any right, he*ever manliest and saored, did not stand iu need, as it unfortunately dees, of a continual, personal and energetic defence. In the mi anvime the English progressed with the education of the Indian boy, up u whom they had bestowed the titie of Sovereigu ol .Mosquitia ; they gave to his deserted realm the semblance of civil and nilltary organization, and prepared to make a new demonstration with a *tlU greater appearance of reality tiud justice. They went seriously to work, then ; und h re eoinmeiv end the new series if events which we design relating iu the moat brief and summary manner, making use of ? - X W! .-I 1 4? K_ nil', ...I RUtnentin uooumrmn puminuru ?u tus v^/???s* ??* i of Gutctmtll. which lie* before us Mr V. ChmtfitH, (JoneuS-Ofneral of Kngland and thr .??me individual who, as an interested parly, sustained in 184i and 1*43 lbs demand of several Bri'lsb subjects against the oiti??ns of Nioaragua, and against the indn]> jud?no? of that Stat*, transmitted to the government of the State of Nicaragua, on tua 16th of last S-ptembtr, a note in which he revives the mutations previously agitated relative to the extension of the maratline frontier of the kingdom of Mofquitia, and adds that the Uritish government, after having examinej tne hUtorioai doouments and registers existing with respeot to the matter, is of opinion that the territorial right of the kinK of MorquiM ought to be maintained, ?ud that that territory exiesda irom the Cape of Honduras to the mouth of the river San Juan. Consul-tieneral Chatfluid hJlIs that II It M. considers that the kirn; of Mosijuitia has aright to.the aforesaid territory, without prejudice to the right which Mid king may have to uiiy more territory to tbi? south war J ot the river Sin Juan ; and that the government ot her raejesty oinnot view with indifference any usurpation of the territory of the ting ot' MosquitU, who is sudor the protection of the liritish Crown. The reply of the government of Nicaragua, signed by Sebastian - ?.linas, Miuistei* of foreign Keiationa, is too Icog for a literal translation into oar columus It states, in substance that the government of Nicaragua, not hiving received any reply lo its not j of Irtih November, lrt'U, in which was proved its title to the whole coast ot Mosqultia and port of San Juan del Norte, has read with great rurprlsa the contents tf this letter or the 10th of September, and the determination of the tlrltish government to extend Its protection to this imaginary kingdom - ? -..# ?V. - Wl... nf \TI,i?n.ria h.. ....... i ? ??? "? -'"h ? ?? l.?en recognini-d by an) j:ower whatever, and has iiptmt pretended to l?y oiaim to auy territory ; that Nicaragua hita never renngniaed and will never rrouguiz* ?uon h kingdom, nor aucb a king ; that the kingdom of Mo?.|u:ti? n?n never had an existence, uud thai the territorial pretentions thu? setup ar* inadmissible. M?lina? proneeds to state that Iho territory alluded to 1a inhabited by savnges, who wander iu the deserts .nd wood* r.f 1 loud tit an and Nioaragua. living by bunting and Usblog, without i.ny known language, without learning, itris, flommeroe, Uwa or rellginu What la Uo>]U?Klloc?bl? " continues be, '11 the truth must be trauxly told, is that i?thiI Drltish sulyeots, by isrann of the nelghloiing establishments of Jamaica and IMiW, and tn? comaieroe established by the Hpsnlsh goveruineut, and *ft>rw.vds hy the Central Republic, hare tended on tb* coast an J become familiar with the tribe <f Morquito Inuians. and observing the abundant growth of certain productions Indigenous to that part of Central America, and it* advantageous fceographloal position. the deaireof possessing it aetxed theui, th?y thought they could elf?ct tlKir ohj-ot by teaching their language to some ol these Indiana, with their manner* and customs; and tiklng the ai n of a favorite lamily ara?ng them, they hav.t edu catnd him to thair likirg and thua prepared him to be their instrument in aecuring their deaigna. under the title cf king " After narrating bow tb? Uriiiab squadron, under Sir ( harlra Adama, iu IrM'J, acknowledged the port of San Juan to belong to .N icaragua, and that she has held possession of It from time inimetnorial aooording to the law* and custom* of elvillz?d natloni, thl* answer alludes aaroaatloally to the apentaole thua presented to the world, of the grea', and retined mueen of K.ugiand ??lum her mIIv u half naked envm: -. an 1 uri'teudinn to mi htin up a* tha Klug of Masquitta, lor the purpose of furthering the machination* o! innif of taar subject* The Minister concluded by declaring tbat Ni''?rnn? will noiiKldt-r hs an aot of war any attempt on tli* part of th? Mnpqiiito Indian* and their confoderate*, tha Hratif>h, to take possession of tha port of Man Juao, ami that Nicaragua will re*i*t allthaaa cncroach uien ta to the death, and will appeal to the other Christian and impartial nation* of the earth to aid and a*sl*t her ?galnst thi* ourl oui amalgamation of *plandld oiyiliiatlon and fquatld barbs rism In tha OiariA of the'Jnd Kabruary, allu*lon i* again msd* to thi* important matter, ami a oommur.ioatlon published whlcli appeared in tha O/JYeiol Rigiittr of Nicaragua. The communication stata* that tha British < oi,?ul Mr Walker, re*ld< 3? at Blewflalds, 1* the tutor 01 the boy who I* oallad tha King of .>lo?quitU, and who is aoont llfteen yearn of aga. Tha Coimul govern* In tha King'* name, and tha minor ii educated under hi* inspection, by Kngllah teacher*. who gWa lam daily lexsons It ta understood at Blaw Afld*, by the niuat intalllgent psraons, that tha port of Man Juan will noon ha occupied by tha British force*, In tha name of tha King of Moaqultte, and that thta avent wlU tata plaoa at CMtar, I EIIA 48. or Hhnrtly afterward*, but not until the Kln< hH Tieited Jamaica with Mr. Jama* Ball, Brllieh ftlgati being detained for that purpose. By many other Rouroeii of information, It appear* thorn I* no donbt that the port of San Joan will ba taken po*a?R*ion of by an Kngllah *?el of war. with S00 or 400 men. On the 9th February, the Marin again recur* to the ubjeot of the design* of the Britinh government In Moiquitia. hiving received additional Intelligence by the Central Jimeiican Tim'*, of the arrival of the British frigate Alarm la the port of 1 ruxilio. oil the hoatile orrreapondenna which ensued between bar oomraander, Captain McLook. acd Senor Loustalat, tb? cflloer of the garrison at that port Captain VlcLook inform* Ken or Lonstalet. in the name and on behalf of the King of Mosauitia, tbat the Kio Romano un<l the port ot Truxlllo are withiu the doin niona of tbat kin?, who haa been taken under the protection of her Britannia majesty; and that if the troeps now ocaupyin* the plaoe do not at onoe deliver it up, he will be under the necessity of using violence, in order to comply with the orders of His government. Louitalet replies, in substance, tbat be will do no auob thing, until ordered by hi* government. Xlientrlcal wild Musical, Park Thcathk.?Tb? magnificent tragedy of tbe " Apoatate" |waa performed last evening to a vary numerous And fashionable audience. The whole place waa moat admirably performed. Booth, aa Peacara, was truly great-we do not know when we have aaen an audience so exalted and moved by noting, as waa the case last night. The foroible language, intensity of passion.md highly wrought feeling which run* throughout the this whole tragedy, is peouliarly fitted for Mr. Baoth'a style of acting, la the scene, for instance, between Pesoarrt and) Kloriuda, subsequent to Hemeya'a seiaure, the sudden transition of hia voice, when after tbe pasalonate command to tha monk to pUoa Hemeya on the b?i of tortnre, and deacribitig the ranking he waa to undergo, Ktorlnda begs to save him ?his sudden transition of voice, and the toue in which he exclaims " marry me," exceeded any thing we have ever heard on the stage But all throughout this most splendid tragedy he was equally good, and the continued applause and evident excitement of the audience showed how they appreciated bis acting. Booth, truly Is a great actor, in the most extended sense of the ward. The other characters were not only veil but finely performed Mr Dyott, who is one of tbe most aocurate aud sterling performers among ns, did full justice to the part of Hemeyvi, the Apostate. He acted well, and in bis scenes with Booth and Mrs .1 on?s (Klorinda) he at times soared far above tbe stock actor, and bis eloquent and Impassioned delivery oi the language of bia pare wa< worthy of many a "gtar" who moves tna country round. Mrs Jones and Mr Barry ware excellent ; indeed, the whole pieoe was performed in the most admirable atyle; and from the reception it met with, should there be au opportunity before tbe close of Mr. Booth's engage mem, we rnouiu ininu ic wouiu u? well to re pen it. sir Brougham's amusing burleeque on "Me:amor?" concluded tlie evening's entertainments, and, after the serious business of tbe "Apostate," nerved to amuse the audleucu. and put them once more Into the laughing mood. To-night Mr. Booth appears as Sir Giles Overreach. and Mr. Brougham in the burlesque on ' Metainora " Bowkrt Theatric.?The new national speotaole, the " Battle of Mexioo," 'va* revived here last evening, and was presented with a full an! effeo.ive oast The oharaoter of General Scott wm well sustained by Mr. Marshall, and Captain Westwood was admirably performed by Mr. Stevens. The other performers in the piece acquitted theuv'..<lY<;i nith oxti-Kiue cleverness, and *he whole, both tor d.amutic and scenic effect, waa got out in a style eminently worthy of ths Bowery ? The comedietta uf " Bambooiiing " MWeeded the piece, and had a most humorou* effect upon the audlHlM. Sir Marmaduke Meadows, by Bellamy, and<'aptain F. Bamboozle. by Mr. J. H. Halt, kept the house in aroar of laughter ; and F.mily, by Mrs. Phillips, was sustained with her usual ability. "Katharine and I'etruchlo" was also performed, making up the very axoellent bill for the evening's entertainment The same attractive bill is put forth for tbis evsniug, and will doubtless draw a jam house. The patrons of this popular theatre evince a just appreciation of the enterprising efforts of the proprietor. Mr. Jackson, in catering lor their amusement, by Hooking nightly to this attractive place of evening recreation, and the revival of the new national speotaole will bs found eminently worthy of their support. Chatham Theatre.?Last evening a very large audi1 tvi. . u r engagement of Mr. A. A. Adams, and of the re-engsgeinent of Mr. Walcot and Miss Clarke. The part of Hamlet in that celebrated tragedy was assumed by Mr. Adams, with that superior ability and judgment whioh stamp the great actor. During tbe performance he was greeted with the most reiterated and prolonged bursts of applause. At the fall of tbe ourtaln Mr Adams was loudly callad for ; but no one appearing fbr a few moments, the excitement became verv Kreat. until Mr. ' Hield presented himself to the audience, and informed them that Mr. Adam*, in consequeuoe of aevere indisposition, and fatigue from the exciteniHnt of the part, waa unm In to come forward, though deeply sensible ot their kindness. The play wait w?ll cast, and Mr. Sutherland, aa Laertes; Hield, as the Ghost; Varry. aa Horatio; Winana, aa thn iiravft-digger; Mra. Wilkinson, aa the Queen, an t Mlas Hildreth, aa Ophelia, were excellent in tbeir respective parta The lively oomedy ot " Naval KngagemenU" couoiuded t.be evening's nmuaemeata?the principal partn by Mr. Walcnt and Miaa Clarke, with their usual gayety and apiilt. We were glad to a?e, from the dumber of ladies Iti the dresa olroke, that tb? reformation in thia bowse, with regard to orderly conduct, in beooming duly appreciated To morrow evening, Mr. Waloot, Miaa Clark*, and Miaa S. Denin. in four sterling pl?oes?the ''Pet cf the Petticoat*." thn Tompi;ins Blue," *'Objeot of Intereat," and I ''Matteo h'aleone." Ciacus?Bowk*v Amphithhtbic.?There is really a first rate company at thia hon??. and the great auoceaa I their exertiona are meeting with, la but justly due to the accuracy and elegance with which they go through the programme of the evening Kemp, the clown, is great in hia line, and ao are the other oorulc folka of the bouae-indeed.it rtquirea a very ol?ver bead to make a i?ood clown The equestrian performera are (Vat. rat?.? To-night, Mr. L J Shipman, the great scene rider, appears in a tine net, during whioh he makes no leaa than seven cuHDgsa in hie costume, each change bringing him out in a new chnraoter Mra. Carroll, better known aa La Belle Carroll. Master John Olenroy, Nixon.Sweet, W B Carroll, the Holland family, ki , will all appear to-night; and aa the performances are for the bea?fit. of Mr. C. Hart, who haa troopa of friends, we have no doubt thrrewillbea full house We may mention that the pricea ofadmlsalon at thia houae have b?en lowered to 26 oents to the boxea and 10 centa to the pit. Christy's Minstrels.? These delightful songsters bad, in theatrical parlance,"* tremeudous bouse" in Braoklyn. laat evening, and no wonder, wi'h thn bill they tfave. as it echoed all their very beat songs They open again this evening at Mechanics' Hall, aud wiij, doubtlea*, go on aa triumphantly aa ever during the week, aa the announcement made at the head of their bill* ol programme, ia every word true, via; that they are honored with a patronage and favor unprecedented by any almilar amuaement in this great metropolis Thikhs' Tiiii.kacx Viuiti-The rage for thia apecisa of exhibition aeema to have revived again lately, aa new troupea are organizing fast. To-night. Professo Koom, 331 Hrott<iw?y HI* company oon*i*t* of both American mi J foreign artiat*. and h? has gone to much expense in getting !h? paraphernalia 01 each an *xhibitlon. Aihammi* ?The Virginia iUrmor.i*t?, with their fine harmonious voice* and gr?a' proficiency on the banjo, violin. kn? are ?ttrar-tir>? many viaicer* to thi* *nii,{ house. They are really excellent sinj?era Mon* lltrnard'a picture* in also quitn popular The Fakir of Ava likewise contributes his i|iiot? to the ?v?t><ng'? amusement, and hi* extraordinary teats ef legrrdemain , are both interesting and amusing Pit-Mo'g Opkra Hootr. ?The Model Artitts at thi* hou?e reuiatn here another week, and thry propose to give a eerie* of performance* tn th?-e>im?" style s* fornif rly To-bi^lit no Uss than seventeen tableaux will b? produced. Bao*i)w?r Onreif?Ur?ely ha* engaged Professor Young to superintend the grouping* fcc. , of hi* Modal Artists and ba* made several addition* to hi* company The attendance nightly i* very ntiweioa* Amkrm'a" THririii'ti, Kui?i? A?*oi utioi An adjourned meeting of tb>* a**ooiat:en was liolden yesterday afternoon at the St. Charl?* Hotel, Broadway, Mr, Barry, of the Park Theatre, tn tha chair A ntiml) r of article* were adopted relative to the luture government of the * >ciety, and a committee appointed to uiamori>tliie the I.<*gi*laturo for an act of iooorpnratlon The object of the association i* for the beneOt of thoae who, trom agr or innrinuy. anouiu na nifimni rrom purming their rooiuion, after they i>hall hare been member* of the MMMIn for a term ot WTN yrar* There ?u <iult? <\ latf number of tha oorp* pr??mt. and the atmoit harmony prevailed OrrNA ii? PHii.*i>Ki.rHi4 The excellent troupe now IngiDg at th? r.he*taut *treat Opera llou*", gainnUhtly upon ttaeh"*rt* of our people arid a* a matter of eour*.-, the enthuMaam inc.reaae* On Saturday night, "I.uoia" ?m parfi rmed throughout mo*t admirably Tha loTely prtmn donna, Biecarciantl, an wall a* IWnedatM an<l Avignone. wara in admirable rolco, and ?*reral of their anng* ware loudly encored. At the oloae of tha piece, tha three ware aa uaual loudly called for, and cama before tha curtain to re??Wa tha moat stunning applaui*. ?Penn$ylvaninn Political. Ot* Tatuo*?There i* a report th?t th?ra In a lata latter eitant from (Jan. Taylor, Intimating that, if his friend* wi?h it, ha will run. whether tha national conrentlon nominate hint or not. Soma of hi* friend* ?ra oartaliily taking thin grc und The l*ta Taylor convention In Kouiiiana hare nomlta'ad him npon their ow? i book, and nay nothing of a national convention ?' ? *?, *Tha>?.*t ill" Whig o*pre*?ly rapndlataa a natlonal ^ oonranilon; and deelarae that I will go for (Jen. Taylor in apite of a national oonvan- ] tlon. vt? ?r? --The l.tHurill' Ce?> i" contain* a latter from a* Governor I'.dnde.ter in whioh he deTe. that ha haa left .ha whig p?rty, although h? ad mil* ha laUly addreaaed tha d^moaratio oonventiou of , MlMiMippi ou the folyeot of tha war. LD. iftiM tW? UBM. Common Council. Bo??i> o> VuoKRMKit ? Mo-.iiiy, Marob 0, 1-H8 ? Morrt* H'ranklin, Pr??l Jont. Th? TPllInx of t.h? minute of th? prnn?n?ilng? nf th? I lMt lnn'tiiiK, wu? illxpwfin^.l with r.ttnitniLlur nt iart frniu r.h?? I nnn.tr/,!Ur ?I>M tax** R?r?ir?<l. Nru> York Voluntrrrt.?The Kluance Committee to whom vraa reterred th- idtipkiI rotumunieation from the Mayor, ernloaiui< a memnrlal of ottluer* of th* lit Regiment of New York volunteer*. relative to the ex penrtiturea by Col. Burnett, of the $a.uuo appropriated I for (aid regiment : ? Rrapeotfully report, that the memorial of mid oflloera, aharge* that the . nam appropriated by the Common Council of thi? oity for the benefit of aaid regiment, anjoiintiug to $0,000 hay* not been expended for laid regiment. and tfl?t Col Burnett would not be. able to how that he had expended for It* u?e any conaideiable part of the money. V'our committer, preparatory to entering upon the examination, notified all thn peraona named in the lint preaented with the memorial to aujtain the charge* to attend the ooinmitteo aa witneaaea, and deaired Col. Burnett aiao to be preaent with auob wltneaaaa and vouchers aa he might deem adriaable for the rerlfixation of bta aocounta; and your committee were ?ltended by a large number of periona, Including aeyertl f the offlcera who had aigued the memorial for the enquiry The examination wa* entirely eatiafantory to your committee and the Comptroller (who aaaiated iu the InreaMgation). Col. Burnett not only produced the Touoheta for erery dollar of the money reoeiTui ' y him from the Corporation.and a conal^erable aum bealdea, but pioved, in molt caaea, th* aignatutca of the partlea from wheel the receipt* were taken, ?nd particularly those of the deceaaed officer* in Mnxloo. From this examination It appears that there ?mi paid by the Corporation to Col. Burnett, the sum of 9fl 000 to By sundry citizens #7* 76 Making, together, the sum of >0,87* 76 Ther* was paid, for subsistence. It* , $3,MO 13 Kor shoes, tent cloths, to 3,489 03 Rea'd from government for transportation.. . .91,(31 Oft Paidonaoe't of same. . . 3,088 46? 618 60?97,0*6 flu Expenditures exceed receipts 91*1 Col Burnett has also exhibited a certificate, signed by the officers ot theoounoil of admlulstraf ion of his regiment that th *y hare reason to hulleve that he had expended, at least three hundred dollars over the amount for which he exhibited Touchers. Your ooiumittee are satisfied that the allegations contained in the letter signed by several of the officers in Mexico, and referred to your committee, are wholly unfounded, aud arose from a uiisoonoeotion of the objects of the expropriation Two of the officers who signed it appeared before your onmmittee, aud stated that they supposed it merely requested an enquiry into the expenditure, as it was so represented to them, aud did not contain any charges ed'eoting Cel Burnett ; and, after an examination of the accounts, they expressed themselves satisfied Your committee. Id oonalusion. deem it proper to say, that they have been much gratified to find that Col. Burnett, who ha? suffered in the public estimation from <1 suspicion that his aocounts were incorreot. has been able, in the most satisfactory manner, toaooount for th? whole expenditure, and show, as he has, that it was properly and judiciously made ; and they make this report, at the ?aili?s moment after full examination, as an aot of justice to a soldier who has behaved with gallantry in .Mexico, and who is entitled to the favorable consideration of his couutrymen. (Signed) A R LAWRENCE, MOSES MAYNARD, Jr , GEO. H. PURSER, 1'inance Committee, Board of Aldermen JOSKPH JAMISON, NEIL ORAY, JNO. VV. ALLEN, Finance Committee. Board of Asalatants JOHN EWEN. Comptroller New York, March4th, 1848. Sunken Loh.? Petitions of sundry persona, to fill up certain sunken lots on Tweaty-flret street Referred Cleaning Slr?el$ - Bill of Charles Oakley, Superindent of streets, for cleaning the streets where sewers have been builc. (i'be amount was not staled ) Re furred Public Hond -Resolution in favor of makiog public road, to extend from the termination of 10th avenue to 174th (treat. Adopted. Srwri? Petitionof sundry persons for the construction of a sewer in ?ight?euth street. Alan for th* con Otrv^tipp. *if_ ? ?n*?r Street n??~ "-.11/ Eirvmth Strrtt? Petition of sundry persons, that F.ieventh street may not be opened Rt-ferred. C.i#?Petition in favor of lighting Doyer street with Referred. /Jug.-Resolution in favor of directing the Mayor to have the proper means used for the extermination of dogs running at large In tha oity; several rabid dog" baviug been seen in th" lowar par: of the oity, by one of which a b >y was bitten Referred to Committee on Markets. * Fuller Matthrw?A. preamble and resolutions relative to axtendlag to tb# Rev. Theobald Matthew, who contemplates visiting the l/nit'-d States during tha coming summer, the hospitalities of tha oity; and that such faot be cemmunioated to him. on his arrival in Kngland, on bisjourney hither. Adopted. Police ?Resolution direoting the Mayor to present to this Board the names of all the policemen who resigned, or were expelled, during the yaar 1U47, with the ohargaa and cause of such expulsions. Adopted Aid. Purser inuved a reconsideration of tha vote, which was lost Communication from H. Libenan, asking for permission to furnish gratuitously, a handsome banner, with the inscription, 'the last, of earth," to be spread over ine pall of the laU John <4uincy Adams, in the funeral rniM?lon in thin nitv Referred. (rut -Resolution from the Board of Assistants, favorable to lighting the west end of Druid street with gas Concurred in /('solution from tho Board of Assistants, that no morn rontruots on the part of the Corporation be made for building s-jwers, drmcs. ;*fll?, pumps, Sic , until the bill now before the Legislature, shall become a Uw. Concurred in / 'ire Limit' - Petition of M. T. O'Conner, John Coiu?r!ord, and others, Committee of the "Tenant League,'' egainst tb? extension of the fire limits, thereby increasing the rent of the property out of the present limits. Hefurred. B-.'lkhrail.?Report in favor ol building a bulkhead at the foot of Battery plao* Resolution favorable to direotiog Dr D. M R?e*e, Resident Physioitn of Bellrvu". to admit the relations and friends of those in the hospital to visit them. Aid LtwKttct: opposed the resolution, on the ground that the villous contagions in the hospital rendered it dangerous to the health of the city, and that is the reason why Dr. Retse refused tbem admittance. Aid Puanta peered the resolution, and was sustained in his position by Aid. Crollus, who stated that oasea lad come under ols own observation, where persons had been denied this ptivilrge, and would take great pleasure in rt cording bis vete in favor of such a resolution. \ld <in.MA*Tit raid that he knew of a case in which a young man was uot allowed to visit hit dying brother, and he hoped the resolution would past. Aid. Mks>roi.k said that a great number were now sick at B'ltevue with cantagioDS, and ha thought Dr. Rseae had acted only as s faithful officer, who had at heart tho health of the etty, and It was tba duty of the Common Council to direol the Resident Physician to ?uou a oourae puriuea, ana suoa a resolution rji offered. fhoul l uot be oountenauoed bv the Board. ? The regulation was eanitary, and should be continued. The tf?oiutlca *n then referred Cm ton Watrr ? Resolution In favor of the snpply of ( roton water for shipping. to bo given to the highest bidder, hcreaiter, by o n'rant R?lorred The Board th?n adjourned until Monday next, at 5 o'elook, P. M. of Ai.dkhmhh, Mareh tj.? l.lnus VV Stevens, Kf't , President, in the ehair. Commnn Land$ A communication was received from tlie i owrtrrl: r. in answer to a resolution relative to the common land* iu thn litU ward. Ordered to be printed Srtrrr in Orrttwitk Slrtrt - Report in favor Of changing (lie ordnanne apDointlng assessors in the mat inror building a sewer in Oreenwich street, between Battery l'lac? and Morris street Referred Mayot^t M'Miagf?-t?itii forth what subject h? had approved. Sto Ordered on (lie. Fiv Limut ? A remonstrance against the extension or the fire limits, sign-d by U U Lilltbridge, In behalf of the t enant League, was received and referred to ihe appropriate committee Hiibimau'i Huh Report and resolution la favor ot leasing to Mr. R. Rabineau, a berth for his bath. Carried Fxf'ntfon of Piert. ? Report iu favor of extending pi?rs Nrs and 7, East Riv?r,to the length of 4?ofeet, nlso in favor of exianuing the piers nt the loot of Uuane treet, to 23? feet Carried. K'tgi'ir Company \o. 50 ?Resolution In favor of recognixing K.nginn I ooipany No. 40, located at ih? junction of 10th \venue and Bloomingdale Road, as Krgtne Company No 3d ? Carried fl'iignaiiau.?John K Grey tendered his resignation of Commissioner of Common Schools in the lrfcn ward ? i-f. u,?j A memorial, numerously signed, unking to have Blooiniug'Ula road mtoadamiiad from T wenth-tblrd street to injunction with the 7th Avenue --Referred , . *. .. Millh'w i f'ui/ ireainble and resolution in <?? ( of extending to ( iher Mat lhaw, on tha occasion ofMi promised T *it, the rltaa of heapliality In suoh it ! uti m r aa to aitord hira e??ry opportunity to adrance the gr-'-it nuw in which he le endued, and ta render hit visit jilfaeent. end transmit nopien of tha notion of ihe Common < ounatl by aptain Knight, of tha packet bip Ve? World, in which v?*ael the gr?at apoatla of t*rnper?Dca ia expecttd to oona to thia country ">1r Clay> I'"it ? Kaac-lut'on la fat or of -in powertog the special ooiami tie nppoiutej ?o receive Henry Clay id behalf o' the city, to engage Castle Harden, to give the puhlU generally a f?vori?bU opportunity o( wi neiMlrfc the reception cfthis distinguished state* men Laid on the table. .S'i(?n IilanH ferry.? The subject of leasing to Mr VKuilerbtlt, tor nine year*, ihe exclusive right or using i certain pier. was th?n "<ein br< nth' up forConsider* Lion, their former action not. beting !>een concurred In ny the Board nt Al<'erm?*n. 1 lie lesoiutio- which ori <in?ted in tliia Board, requiring .Mr V ?n<l?rbilt to algu the lame with an U'.derat?ndlrg ? ?t b>- *hi?il vacnis upon thiee mont'ia notice being given wltl.to ten daya ? ?. ..It.erej to by ih* H<(arJ, whloh than aliournad ua Ul M on Jay evening naxt