Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1848 Page 2
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\ + > ? ?wntfc * iVCM ? 3C -* NEW YORK HERALDJ NorllMmt torner or Fnlton and Nassau sta. JAMBS GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. DAILY HhlKjiL.U~F.vny d.ly, (Sunday included,) i.enlt per copy?t 7 *5 rci annual?in the United Slate? Kuri>j>r<i? subscriber! $11 per annum,to include the postage IVEF.KI.Y HERA LD? Every Saturdays'* centt per copy?S3 12^ per annum?in tht United Statet European tuhtcrihet i,%i per annum to include the postage. Jin tdition (in thr French at well as in the Englifh Ian guag* : win or puomnea un tne nay aj trie aeparturr oj eack at earner for any port t'n Europe, with intelligence from all parts 0/ the .American continent to the late it moment Subscriptions anil advertisements received by Mi sir:. Galignam, 18 rue Viviennt.Parii: P L Sitn-mds, It Cornhill, and John Miller, bookseller, Henrietta street, London PRF.SWEXTI.1J. HERALD-Evcm Tucsdiy-Onc Dollar fo 1 thi Campaign .4Dl'ERTISEMENTS (renewed every morning) ?( seasonable prtcei; to be written in a plain, legible manner. Tk> proprietor not responsible for errori in manuscript PRINTIKO of mil kinds executed beautifully tnd witk detpatck. Orders received at tkt Publication Of/flcr, emit tr of Fulton and Nassau streets *1LL LETTERS by mail, for subscription!, or witk advertisement!, to be poi! ;<0id, or tke postage will be deducted from tkt money -emitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE containing important news solicited from any quarter of tke world? and if used will be liberally paid for NO MOTIVE can be taken 0/ anonymous communications. Whateverii intended for insertion mutt be authenticated by the nami and address of tke writtri not necessarily for publication but as a guaranty of his good faith. We cannot sfietert ike to return rejected cnmmunicatiitns. JILL PAYMENTS to be made in advance. AMTBEMENT8 this KVKNIvq % PARK THEATRK -New Wat to Pat Old Drbt?? Mctamorai thk Laitof the Polltwoo? BOWERY TXKATBE. How?rr -Battlj or Mhtco? ai?c PrTRircHio?Bamboozling .1 \TH M THKATHK Oh? ? Pet of the y?:TTieoAT??Objk<t oF Intebeit?ToMrniNi Biuk? Matteo Fai conk. ' IRCU8?BOWKRY AMl'HITH KATRK, BoweryE* (>tmiaifi9m, Pantomime, Vaulting, he. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, near Broome?Chrkty1* MiMTRKLS?KtHIOFIAN SlMlllNII-BvKLK?tJlE DaWC1MU, lie. FANORAMA HALL, Broadway, sear Hoaalca *1.?Babva?d'? I'iKoFiwi or tii Mimsiirri CONCERT ROOM, BROAD WAY.?Modbl Arti?t?. ALII \MBKA. Broadway?Virginia Hahmoniiti?Pic Tl'KEritl'K CoKCKRTi PALMO'8 OPE HA HOUSkT Chambart iCr??t-M0D?i Abtkti BHOADWAY ODKON, Broadway ? Modbl Amtuti. Raw York, Tnraday, March 7, 1U8, Circulation or the Herald. Dully Herald. ye*t?rday. March 6 . . 17 !>51 copies Average of Daily. Sunday, Weekly, Presidential, &c 46 200 " Aggregate issue of aheet* last week 143.4.V2 " Aggregate issue of Burets wpek before. .. 135,676 " Publication commented yesterday at 20 m. before 3 o'clk. " finished at 20 " paat 7 " ^ i ? Tlie Electric Taligraph, Our telegraphic despatches last night, from all quarters, were made up of most important and interesting information. From Washington, we learn that M. Sierra, the commissioner from Yucatan, has applied to this government for its inteiference and aid in quelling an insurrection which has broken out in that country, and which was, at last accounts, raging with horrible fury. M. S. states that forty thousand Indians were in .arms, massacremg the white population, devastating the towns and villages, and the end would be, without the speedy succor of this government, the entire extermination of the white race in that country. i ne treaty wun Mexico nas not yet oeen rauiied by the Senate; and our telegraphic despatches still leave us in uncertainty as to its fate. The proceedings in Congress yesterday were unimportant, and neither Senate nor House evince a disposition to transact business until alter the disposal of the treaty. From Baltimore, we have accounts of the reepectful and imposing solemnities shown to the The city was wrapped in mourning, and all were engaged in rendering honor to the illustrious dead. The deliberations of our .State legislators yesterday, were not marked with any event tending to promote th? interests of the State at large, or the happiness Hnd prosperity of its inhabitants ? There was nothing done calculated to inspire confidence in the community as to the wisdom of their representatives, or to insure a passing notice from the pen of the historian, except it might be the appointment of committees to pay a suitable tribute of respect to the remains of the lamented statesman, John Uuincy Adams. From llarrisburg, we learn that the Democratic State Convention closed its session yesterday afternoon. Previous to adjournment, a resolution was passed instructing the delegates to the Baltimore National Convention to oppose the adoption of the two-third rule. Mr. Clay'* Visit to New Yerk. Ky the programme put forth ?nder the auspices of the Corporation, Mr. Clay is expected to reach New York this day, at about two o'clock, by steamboat from South Amboy, and railroad from Philadelphia. In the morning, a steamboat goes down to South Amboy to rective the living remains of the great statesman ol the West, and bring them to Castle Garden, for exhibition and fealty;.and to-morrow, probably, the same boat will be used to convey the mouldering ashes of the great statesman of the Iinst, from the scene of his death to that oflii" elernal repose in Massachusetts. Thus, in the j-liort space of twenty-four hours, shouts and sorrow?rejoicings and tears?hurrahs and mournings?mingle and meet together, presenting one of those curious and complicated pictures of human lift* which have marked man from tlie creation of the world to this day, and which will mark his course down to the consummation of all things, at the last and final day. From Castle Garden, after the usual speechifying, mixed with shouts and applause. Mr Clay will proceed up Broadway to the New York Hotel, n the centre of the ri ost fashionable faubourg of New York,and within sound of the Itilian Opera. He is to remain three or four days, to receive the visits of all the popu.ace, and of all parties? to receive th? felicitations of his friends?to be admired, encouraged, cheered, rejoiced over? and then, we suppose, as formerly, to b^ cheated and humbugged after tie is gone. The gre<it men of a great country, and the wild animals of the savage forest, have always had tremendous r- eptions by the people of New York G nt-ral Jackson, Mr. Van Buren, Captain John Tyler, Mr. Polk?the philosophical el ephant, the eavaf lion of Africa, the sober rhinoceros, and all the beits of the forest, and all the statesmen of the menagerie of human ambition?have always been received with e>juai applause and equal crowds, in the streets of New York. Our population is generous to a fault; their taste for the great, either in mind or matter, m man or beast, is wonderfully developed. All the preat men ot the nation, without distinction of party, have heen received publicly in New York with tremendous applause tind tremendous crowds, with one single, simple, sooer, silent exception We do not rrrollec that lohn (juincy Adams ever re-, ceived a public reception. iMring his long and wonderful life, h?> , nBsed through the country si lently?privately, unobtrusively?if summer, in nankeen pantaloonr if winter, in a greatcoat, j All that remains of him will p,teH through New \ ork wit i prob 'uly the nainr silence which marked his journey through litr. If they should give a military and civic procession, it will be more than he ever received while livinp. What doea Mr Clay come lor? Doe* he want to go abaut Mroadway to do a little shopping to buy Ins spring uood? lor the west? Is he anxioun in see the i?, era, and a-crtain whether Trutti or lienrdi tti are worth all the applause they have received, and Patti and liiicaccianti all the condensation that has be^n heaped upon them? Or ia it to aamtmn the vut improvement madf In I Mir high-ways atui bye-waya-in the way* oi | tins world, or intlif ways ol politicians? We should think that Mr. Clay has had some i experience of New York politicians and New I York receptions, to put much faith in their oolenin avowal* and in their terrible public demonI ftrations. About eight years ago, Anno Domini H4t?, Mr. t lay made a triumphal procession from I one end of New York to the other. At the west, ! among ihe lanhionatiles ot Saratoga, coming ! dou a the Hudson river, entering this great mel tropolis, he was received with shouts, applause, , speeches, promises, and all sorts of prodigious ! demonstrations of allegiance ; yet the very men i who were most active in getting up that reception, and most profuse in their professions of J friendship and eternal allegiance to his cause? these very men were the tirst to desert him, and cheat him before the expiration of six months. We will venture to predict that he will be received with equal applause at this day, and be cheated with equal effrontery and coolness be" fore November shall have come and gone. At 1 this vrry moment, some of the leading men i who are inviting Mr. Clay to New York, ! are preparing secretly to throw themselves into h movement leading to the elevation | of General Taylor, and endeavoring, privately and secretly, to open avenues to the confidence and support of that distinguished man, while they ar? parading Mr. Clay before the populace of New York, as Titus & Co. do their elephants, lions, and tigers. In the way of betting, and otherwise, we have let out an amount of gas equal to $"2,230, from his serene and philosophical highness, Horace Greeley, oue of the principal friends of Mr. Clay. Part of this was done by betting and talking of bets; and we would now ask publicly, if there is any man, politician, christian, or infidel?to say nothing of Fourierite?in this great city, who will take another bet with us of two hundred dollars, that Mr. Greeley will not cheat Mr. Clay again before the month of December next 1 Who offers 1 Let Mr. Clay take care, and beware. He will be among queer men, and will be in a queer place, in the centre of the Fifteenth ward of New York, in the splendid apartments furnished for him in the New York Hotel. The cuisine of that house is admirable?the attendance superb? the arrangements for cookery are unrivuled; but after these creature comforts, all is said. The politicians of New York can intrigue, and deceive, and cheat, as well within the limits of the New \rork Hotel, as they formerly did in the saloons of the Astor House in 1840 ? We say again, who will take a bet ot one, two, or three hundred dollars, that Horace Greeley and the Fourierite whiga, won't cheat Mr. Clay in 1848, as they did in 18401 The Foreign Mails.?It is very well known to the merchants of our Atlantic cities, and to the community at large, that owing to the imbecility and positive incapacity of Mr. Johnson, the present Postmaster General, to fill the posiI tion in which he has unfortunately been placed, the mails of the country?especially the foreign mails?have been thrown into a state of confusion almost inextricable. His bungling attempts to get rid of this confusion, are only equalled by the blundering manner in which he got into them, and serve to clinch the reputation, rather unenviable, which he has seemed determined to attain?that of being the most inefficient head of that department that was ever inflicted on this people. Every one knows t;.e sad irregularity of our domestic mails; but those who correspond with England and other foreign onniiirips ajid none others, can have anv conception oi the positive damage whicn accrues to ! the whole commercial interests of the country, by the " kettle offish " into which Mr. Johnson, by his want of foresight, want of thought, and want of capacity to till his office, has reduced the foreign mails. After committing a gross and unpardonable error, in not making postal arrangements with Kngland as soon us tlie Americau steamships were started, he sought to correct his blunder by commencing a negotiation for that purpftse, which was done at considerable expense to this government. This negotiation went on, and by thf arrival of the steamship anterior to that of the Rritannia, which arrived at Boston a day or two since, we received the gratifying information that the English government were finally willing to enter into a postal arrangement with the United States on principles of reciprocity; that is, that they were willing to give the United States such nriviletres us we frrantprl them. This was looked upon as satisfactory, in the highest degree, by our Minister in London, Mr. Bancroft, and the consummation of those negotiations, in the form of a settled treaty, was looked forward to with much interest by our commercial classes. By the last steamer, however, we are informed that those negotiations,which had resulted in the agreement, on the part of the British post ofTio* and our minister, of a treaty on principles of perfect reciprocity, have been abruptly cut short, and there is little probability that a postal arrangement can be concluded as long as Cave Johnson is in office. What the cause of tins sudden termination of these negotiations is we do not exactly know; but, as we learn that the British Postmaster General agreed to ener into a r>* ciprocal arrangement,we begin to think that Cave Johnson has in this instance committed another i blunder, which defeated ths negotiation, by, per" haps, acting towards them a-? he did recently towards some railroad companies, and wanting to get more than he gave. Fr?m the characteristics which have marked Mr. Johnson's official conduct, we are led to believ that this has been the cause of the failure of these negotiations. We think, however, th. t he will find it a hard matter to get out of the British goverumrnt advantages sufficient to compensate this country for the damage he has caused to it by the derangement of the domestic mails; which, for all we know to the contrary, was his desire and intention; for the whole world knows that the oil them tkan they are able to m et. Tina is | only another evidence of the treasure of a Postmaster General which the people of the United ; States have in Cave Johnson. We hope that I Cave will give his reason to the country for rc| fusing to make a postal treaty on terms of reciprocity, in order to let us understand what he is really desirous of accomplishing, It is Strang", J if it be true, as we are assured, that the British Postmaster General is willing to treat on such i fair terms, that no arrangement is yet mid". Let us see whether or not the British government will give as much as they take Cot.. Burnett am> the New York Volunteers.?The manner in which Col. Burnett, of the New York Volunteers, disposed of the mon> y j voted lor the benefit of those vjlunteprs, and ' the additional sum contributed by our citizens i for the same praiseworthy object, his been the (heme of much discussion, and there have not been persons wanting to clinrge that it was disposed of improperly. In accordance with the prayer <>f a petition requesting an investigation into the matter, the Common Council appointed a committee to look into it, and the result j is that Col. Burnett has not only expended ludiriously and properly the whole of that mon?-v, and accounted, by the production of voucher;* and witnesses for his payments, but has ac- i tually expended, in addition thereto, a considerable Hum irom Ins private purae. The report of the two committees of the Common Couacil will be lound in another part of to-day's paper. I 1 ClktWUTtON Of fat MtfiAf.O if I ft. JlAMDl.V InfRRA?!Na.?Wc published yesterday, the follow ing statement, being the daily and weekly record of our circulation and issue during the last fortnight:? Sunday Herald, March 5 16,000 ooplaa Average of Daily. Sunday, Weekly, N.C.. . 4O.J00 Aggregate is*u? of sheet* last week 143.4.V2 " Aggregate issue of sheet* week Wore. . . .13fl,57?i " By this statement it will appear, that during the past week our aggregate iame was nearly eight thousand sheets over that ol the previous week, aud that our general average is equal to 46,200 copies. Some of our silly coteinpcraries, a few days ago, made a great noise, as if we had taken (inwn nnr nminl nvcrniff in flin stntrtncnf nt a circulation of 40,000 But wo did like the man who got oil liis horse only to get up upon it better again. We took down that, only to prepare the way to make a bigger statement, which, us now appears, it is in our power to do. The increase of the " Herald," and its steady growth, may compare with any paper in New York, and with all of them put together. The Ocean Steamers?The steamship United States, Captain Hackstaff, for Liverpool, will sail on Saiitrday, the Sth of April, and not on the l*t, as previously announced She is now receiving her turniture and provisions, and will leave on Saturday on her trial trip ; after which she will be in readiness to receive passengers and freight for the above port. The Hermann, Captain Crabtrep, second in the Bremen and Southampton line, will make an experimental trip to-day. She has her lurniture and coals all 011 board. She will make a second trial trip preparatory to her departure for ltremen. Her day of departure is the 2oth inst. The cabin of this vessel, for elegance of finish surpasses anything, either steamboat or ship, afloat. We recommend all to pay her a visit before she leaves Thk Pope's Letter?The Irish Prelatss.? This document has created a great deal of noise and excitement among the political priests of Ireland. The advice it contains to all the prelates and priests to attend to their spiritual duties, and not mix themselves up with politics and worldly affairs, is one of the severest blows which the religious agitators of Ireland have yet met with. Such advice was once needed a little in this city, when a certain prelate threw off his holy garments, and came out as a politician, and made speeches to the Irish voters previous to an election. We trust the political prelates and priests of the Catholic church in this country, will consider the Pope's recent letter to the Irish priests as being equally addressed to them. It is good, and suitable for both countries Suspension of the Italian Opera.?Fashion bing portion of it, has been thrown into a remarkable state of consternation by the announcement that the Italian Opera is to be suspended here for some weeks, in order to give the people of Philadelphia the best operas which we have had here. According to the terms of subscription, only two-thirds of the nights subscribed for have been given, and about a third remains yet due to the subscribers. Notwithstanding the announcement that the suspension is to be only for two or three weeks, it is noised abroad, and generally believed, that it will be a permanent break up. If it should prove to be so, there will be a great deal said about the conduct of the managers, and particularly upon the policy of that secret committee which has "the power behind the throne, greater than the throne itself." Certain parlies, as it appears, will probably obtain all that is due to th*m; but others may be whistled otl wita oniy a portion 01 men rightful claims. The Opera House is advertised to be let for concerts, balls, and reunions; but who would go there to a concert, so far out of the way, and in the regions of fashionable society ? The Grand Fancy Bat.l.?This ftte came off last evening at the Astor Opera House, and was exceedingly brilliant and beautiful, though not so numerously attended as we had expected There were, probably, a thousand or twelve hundred persons, two-thirds ladies, in most exquisite fancy dresses. In the gallery about five hundred spectators. Some of the dresses were particularly rich and splendid. More anon. City Intelligence. Castle Garden,?Those persons desirous of eDjoying a splendid view of Mr. Clay on bis arrival in-this city to day, are informed that seats can be prooured, by tickets, of Messrs. French and Helser, at Castle Garden. Tickets should be purchased early, as no doubt th'a beautiful location will be crowded at an early hour. The Weather?The weather yesterday was qvita plee*ant. except the early part of the mornt'jg, when the sky waa covered with thick clondSj and gave signs for anomer storm. .\oout 11 o clock U?e cloud* dispersed, and the boo shone moat beautifo'ly tor ths remainder of the day. The evening ?u cool, and at night was so c ;U1 a* to freeie considerably. The day was more mild than the praviou* one, and oleaed with a tolerably fair proapeot for clear weather. Kirk. ?A fire broke out on Sunday evening in the house rear of 31 Dey atreet, which waa extinguished with trifling damage. Another. ?A Are broke out alao Sunday night, on the roof of the house at the corner of Oold and Kulton streets, caused by sparks from the chimney, which waa on fire. The damage waa trifling. Kffect* or Drunkenness.?A man named Lewie Otth, while in a state of intoxication, fell down stairs on Sunday night, at No 44 Kulton street, by which he received a aevere wrund on the head. lie jtaa taken to bis residence in WMIiamaburg. America* Missionary Society.?The monthly meet* i; g of tbe American Missionary Society was beld yesterday at the room* of the society, at the Tract House, In Nassau street Several letters were read from ths uif-rent mission ptati"ns. none of which conta'ned any in f ormation except one from Dr. Smith, missionary to Jautnb, showing the steady progress of Christianity in that '(uarter. in the midat of persecution and opposition The cause of Protestantism was prospering in lJritish India Mr. Calhoun, missionary to Syria, spoke of the aueoeas of tbe gospel in that region of heathenism. The inters were bare, and of little or no interest. The Tows or Newtovsi* vi. the State or New York ? Or* sister town, just over on the Island, it is said, is at loggerhead* with the State The cr*e, aa we understand it, is this: - The State, feeling hersr"in duty bound t- make provision for the sick emigrants on their arrival, > ngaged, for the purr "te, acme large b^'dinga situated .Ktvennwood, in Newtown. This so much displeased the neighborhood, that, after warming themselves up with two < r three anti-annexation meetings, on the evening before they were to have been taken possession of, they adjourned en mane to the bu:,dings. and, aa ia said, consumed them all with fire. Thus the matter baa stood for eight months past?the 1-egiMature haa now taken tbe matter In hand, and appointed a committee of inveatigation. According to the riot law now in progreea through the Senate, the damages would tall on the town of Newtown. It is probable, however, that an Investigation will discover the perpetrators of the deed, on whom will fa", in tbe end, not er'y all the damage*, but no small modicum of hard labor at Sing Sing. An lljuuvirju liviu luo unutviiui IB IU? only Way 10 aDfttC nuisancer Folic* I.it?lltg?n<e. JirrtU of Fugitive Kw glari.? A telegrapblo despatch wan received on Saturday last by the Chief of Police, from Philadelphia. Retting forth that two black fellow*, of a suspicious character, had latt that city for New York. Upon this informati .1 officer Leonard, one ot the Chief* principal aide, wae deputed to do up the b Heine**; and on the arrival of the car*, the negroes were ob-orved to cross th* rivar, and when on thi* side, one fan taken into custody, and conveyed before the Chief; but a* no evidence or property ot a suspicious nature waa found, he wa* set at liberty again Httll, however, they were watched, and their location discovered, in Mulberry *treet, near Walker street, and yesterday upon further information arriving from Pftiladelphia, offloer Leonard and Captain McOrath. of the tith ward, ponnced upon these two black ra*ca>* at their lodging*, where they found on* chest and two trunk* filled with valuable property, *uch a* mantel clock*. silver ware, ivory aod pearl handled knives, jewelry, So , together with a handsome lot of frock coat*, ciojiu and over coat*, valued at several hundred dollars Tbi* prop*rty it *e*m* is the proceed* of some eight or ten hurglarie* committed in 1'hiladelphia during the last winter, which the cunning rascals had packed up and tracrpolled to New York Thi* property, together with the negro?, were conveyed before the chief of police, where they gave the name* of Davi4 Hedge and Robert Miller alls* the ' fiddler " Pledge i* an old State prison oonviot, having be?n discharged on the I6ih of September last, irom Sing Mng, where he had s?rv*d a term of ten j*ars; Millar has served out two terms of imprisonment I i.t Cherry Hill prison. Philadelphia Thus we sea but very little repentance or reformation in the** negro's by the long term of sratftnoe : for no.sooner are they at Urge, than they continue the earn* oourae of crime. They were both dialed by the Chief of Police to await a requisition from Itilladelphia. in one of tha trunka all their burglarious tools were f>trad Takm frim a Thief ?A lot of over ooata and other clothing. wai taken from a thief, by one of the 17th ward policemen,eviJently stolen, fur which owneraare wanted. Apply at the onloe of the Chief of Polio*. TELECB1PHIC INTFLLIflBMfii HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON. HORRIBLE MASSACRES op the WHITE POPULATION IN YUCATAN, BY THE INDIANS. The Yucatan Commissioner Soliciting this Government for Succor* lie. fcc. &c. Washington, March 6, 1848 iu. oicrru, mc commissioner irom xucaian has received despatches of grave import from his government. They represent the Indians as committing the most horrible massacres on the whites, and devastating whole villages, and sparing neither age nor sex. Forty thousand savages, fully armed, are said to be in the field. They have procured arms and ammunition from the Belize. M. Sierra is instructed to solicit aid from our government in the shape of arms and ammunition, and also, to ask that a portion of the Home

Squadron be despatched to save the residue of the Yucatecoes from extermination. This request will be considered by the Cabinet tomorrow. ^ N. THE TREATY WITH MEXICO. despatch no. i. Washington, March 6, 1848. The Senate remained in Executive Session today until 5 o'clock. The debate was more pertinent to the issue than it has been heretofore. An attempt was made to take the question this evening, but the Senate adjourned. Mr. Houston, of Texas, left by the evening train for New Hampshire, whither he goes to make a political speech, which makes one vote less against the treaty. N. despatch mo. ii. Washington, March 6,1848. It is now reduced to almost a perfect certainty that the treaty will be ratified. Senator Houston, from Texas, who was expected to vote against it, leaves for New Hampshire to-day. Mr. Sevier, backed by the friends of the admininistration, will make a desperate effort to have the vote taken to-morrow. despatch no. iii. Washinoton, March 6, 1848. The Senate has not yet ratified the treaty. It is now said that a new project has been suggested, that will materially change its features. It proposes a different boundary from any yet proposed, and may pass. despatch. no it. Washington, March 6,1848. The Senate adjourned in executive session about 5. Mr. Foote, of Mississippi, occupied the day in a powerful speech in favor of the treaty. It was doubtful this evening whether the treaty would pass, or ttiat the President woud authorize and advise commissioners to be sent to Mexico, to treat on the basis ol this treaty. The present treaty is considered objectionable, because it is drawn up in a bungling manner. Military Affaire In Mexico. We give the following dispatch precisely as it came to us, and for the curiosity of the thing : Washington, March 6th. A letter has been received here, dated city of Mov'.on P?h 13th. which savs that General Pillow and another oflicer in arrest, have demanded a recall. It also says that Generals Scott and Pillow are there reckoned in confidence with the.President's dispatches, his rewards, &c. ; and that he will not allow General Pillow to be tried. The friends of Gen. Pillow are of the same opinion. Recent letters from Mexico assure us that the Mexicans who signed the treaty are of the highest integrity, and com iiiaiiuniK iiliiueiiiM". Pennsylvania Democratic State Convention. Adjournment. iIakrishi'Ko, March (i, 1848 After another very stormy and exciting day, the Convention brought its deliberations to a close this afternoon. Mr. D. Wilmot made a speech, in which lie vindicated himself in regard to the proviso, and defined his position. The Convention, by a vote of 78 to 34, instructed the delegates to the Baltimore Convention to vote against the adoption of the two third rule. The Funeral Procession In Honor ot Mr. Adams. Baltimore, March 6?1 P. M. The funeral procession in honor of Mr. Adams is immense beyond all precedent. The whole city seems to be in the procession, engaged in rendering the last sad honors to some highly revered and beloved personal friend of e?ch individual; none of the vast meetings which have ever been held here on political or other occasions was more numerously, respectably, or earnestly attended. And not only is all the population employed in this solemn duty, but all the places of business are closed and wrapped in mourning; and from many, or rather most of the private houses, the signs of a nation's bereavement and sorrow are to be seen. The flags are hanging at half mast, the bells are tolling heavily, minute guns announce the progress of the pageant, while the wailing of the death march played by the military bands, completes the scene, and gives fitting voice to the emotions of every heart. After the procession is over, the remains ot Mr. Adams will be put in charge of a guard of honor at the rotunda of the Exchange, where all citizens who may desire to view the coffin, will ull<)Ur#rl tr\ rln art Reaped to the ltcinnlna of Mr. Adam*, Ac.&c. Alhany, March tt, 1848 Both branches oi our State Legislature have appointed committees to participate with the citizens of New York in such demonstrations of i respect to the remains of Jo i n Quincy Adams as may be deemed appropriate. The Senate committee consists of Messrs. Bond, Adam.", and Lawrence; that of the Assembly, of Messrs Raymond, Fisk, Penn, Wager, Myers, Buck, Shelton, and Ransom. There is to be no change in the rates of tolls on the canals, on any article. The rates are to remain as they were lixed by the canal board last year. 'I he Death ot Capt. Thayer. Boston, March ?, 1848. (Japtain Seth Thayer, of the steamer Corne lius Vanderlult, died this morning, nt Seekonk, of typhus fever. Capt. T. was previously commander of the steamers Oregon and Khode Island. He was very much respected by all who knew him. THIHTIKTH CONHKKII. pirst srssion W*?HipmTor?, M?ich 6, 184H. Nenate. The Senate convened at the usual hour. On the Vice rresldmt'a taking tha chair, and calling tha Senate to order, prayer was offered op by tha Rav. Mr. (Jurley. r.RROR* t ORKiiOTrn Mr. Dickinion, of New York, rose and begged leave to state that tba Baltimore papers had published an erTonaoaa report relative to the resolutions of lha meet | lag of cltitau of Saratoga, whloh ha bad had tha honor jgniuiiiiw u 11 nilmpw?i;)?>i iwyjfjjiwqpppeswa rfiitodMlttf to th? 8mt?. tt? kud ?lio mm Hi ?iq? erroneous report In ?fef*l other pajwr*. H? ??!<} the resolutions presented were not against the war; but , on the contrary, went for sustaining the administration, and the jnstice of the war. j WUen he had concluded, several memorials and peti- , tlone were presented. internal imfr0vr.mf.n1 s Mr. Millkr, of Now Jersey, presented resolution passed by the Legislature of that State, in relation to 1 the policy which the General Government ought to pursue in the matter of River and Harbor improvement The resolutions were conoeived in the same spirit and expressed preoisely the same views as those set forth by the late River and Harbor Convention at Chicago They were ordered to be printed. mafs and charts of oku. scott's opkpa1ions in mkxilo.' The Hon. Jkfkkrson Davis, of Mississippi, submitted a resolution, which lies ovir, authorizing the committee on the library, to enquire into the expedieucy of subscribing for blank number* of oopies of maps, field notes Sto , illustrative of Uen. Scott's military operations in tne valley or Maxtor, arawn up by MouieLuna, or ine Topographical Corps of Engineers. PUBLIC PHINTINIi. Among the petitions presented, was one by Mr. Benton, from old and established printers in the District of Columbia, praying that tbe printing be done by pub lie presses belonging to Congress, and under its direction. In introducing the petition, Mr. Benton referred to tbe mode of having the publio printing done by the British Parliament, which he said was more substantially, conveniently, and better done in every respect, than It oould be performed in any other way. Ths pe. tltlon was ordered to be printed, and referred to the oommlttee on printing. On motion ot Mr. Sevier, tbe Senate went into exeoutive session. House of Representative*. Tbe House convened at the usual hour, and after the ceremonies of organizing for business had b?en gone through with, a new member installed. Mr. Bridges, a member from Pennsylvania, appeared in his seat, in place of Mr. liornbeok, and went forward to the Clerk's desk, where the usual offioial oath was administered. RELEIF FOR widows and ORPHANS. The Speaker laid before the House certain resolutions passed by the legislature of Florida, in favor of the relief of widows and orphans of officers and soldiers killed in the war with Mexico .They were duly received, and referred to a speolal committee. internal improvements. Mr. Washington Hunt, of New York, moved the suspension of the rules to allow him to introduce a resolu tion making tbe several internal improvement bills tbe special order of the day for the 21st day of March? which was lost. rATMENT of indian SOLDIERS. Mr. Botts, of Virginia, presented a communication from the Secretary of War, relative to tbe payment of an Indian company mustered Into servioe by Col. Harney. On motioB, it waa referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. committee of escort to the remains or mr. adam*. The Speaker then announced the reading of resolutions in order: when that referring to an esoort to at tend the remains of Mr. Adams, was called for and read On motion of Mr. McClelland, Mr. Bingham was appointed on the oommittee to eaoort the remains, in plaoe of Mr. Stuart, who was eonflned by sickness. DUTIES or judges of the SUPREME court. On motion of Mr. J. H. Inoersoll, the rates were suspended for the purpose ot taking up the bill for the relief of the Supreme Court in referenoe to judges' duties, and for causing olrouit judges to serve two years in olreuits, &s. Mr. Ingersoll proceeded to speak at length in favor of the bill. He went on to show the necessity of its passage, and to answer many legal objections hitherto urged against it. Mr. Bowlin, of Missouri, next obtained the floor, and addressed the house in opposition to the b*U, sustaining the views he had presented some days since. Mr. Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi, tten proposed an amendment, to the effect that the exemption proposed for the judg'-s should not extend beyond twelve months. He supported this amendment at some length. Some suoh measure, he contended, was indispensable ; but he belived a shorter period than two years would be Sufficient to meet tne e&tgeiicle* vt tUs esse. From m careful examination of the subject he was oonvineed that one year would answer. The amendment was adopted, and then the question came up on the passage of the bill at amended, when it was oarried. Yeas 99; Noes 69. thanks to colonels price and doniphan. Mr Hai.l, of Mo. moved to suspend the rules in order that he might introduce a resolution conveying the thanks of Congress to Colonels Trice and Doniphan for the skill, oourage, perseverrnoe, and other high m'Utary qualities exhibited by them respectively iu the command at Santa Ke, and in the maroh through Chihuahua and New Mexioo, and the achievements connected therewith. The question on this motion was taken by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative?Yeas 55; Nays 93 Mr. CocxK, of Tennessee, then submitted a resolution instructing the Committee on Military Affairs (o inquire and report to the House what ofillers of both rtgular and volunteer force) were justly entitled to the thinks of Congress for their services. This resolution bavlDg been adopted, on motion, the the House adjourned NEW YORK LEQlgliATURIC. Senate. Albany, Maroh 6, 1848. mail steamship company. Mr. Frost reported a bill to inoorporate the U. S Mfril fltttAmahln f'nmnanw DELAWARE A!?b HUDSON CANAL COMPANY. Mr. Law renck reported adversely to the petition of the Delawsre and Hudson ('anal Company, relative to premiums.; &c., on the Bale of .State stocks? report laid on the table. THE PILOT L4Wt. The House resolution* relative to the pilot laws, were oAiled up by Mr. Boekee, and passed. LONG I SI. a NO C a ft a I. companv. Tbe bill to Inoorporate the Long Island ( anal Compa ny, was read and passed commissioner* op deeds The bill to provide for the appointment of Commissionera of Deeds, was passed in committee, and ordered to a third reading THE GENERAL RAILROAD RILL The general Railroad Bill, resolutions, 4tc., were further debat'd In Committee of the Whole. Nothing further of interest transpired. Adjourned Aaeerablyt No reports made of any public interest notices of bills. Bills were introduced on cotioe, by Mr. E. C. Be\edidt, to incorporatejthe Emmet Mutual Benefit Society, of New York; by Mr. Meeoh, relative to ward assessors in New York; also, to establish a beard of permanent assessors In New York; by Mr. Chask, to ereot ooucts cf conciliation. tons cutjing *t sinm sing. The report of the committee of the whole passing the bill repealing tbe act authorizing the manufacture ol stone at Sing Sing, was laid on the table. PRIVATE BILLS, Several private bills were debated in committee, Mr Coe aoting as Speaker pro ten The Assembly adjourned Markets. Boston, March 8,1848 ? Klour?There was a moderate demand this morning, without material change in prices We notice sales of 000 barrels, including Mlrhlirin Oenoeee. at $fi .17)? a $f> ft0 Corn - We report sales of 3000 bushels. Southern white and yellow, at til a <i? cts Rye- Hales of 300 buihels were mad* at 8-J cts OatsWe note sales of .1000 bushe's Northfrn at 4H etc. Seed* -?Hales of -iOOO bushels Has at 11 AO. From Honour ah. The achooner Nile, (Japt. Hampton, lirouclit its the Obaervrr, published at Belize, ,f' the 12th ult. At a public meeting, held at Belize, in January, a bill wns presented, preventing persona holding places or penaions under the crown, Irom 'liitini? and voting in the legislative assembly. The captain of a British vessel at Belize, reports having (elt a severe shock of earthquake on the 4i h of February, Kuatan hearings. 3 E., distant 30 mih h. iNTKRksriNu To Siiip-Ownkrs ?Acommittee was recently appointed in the Louisiana Legislature, to enquire Into the expediency of the " Ave dollars' tax on all veasels arriving from sea " After mature deliberation, the committed decided s*Id tax to be un Just, and reported a bill amending the fxisting law whioh Imposes, arbitrarily and unjustly, five do'lats. *s a tat on every vessel arriving from sea, and graduating i the tax to one r.ent per ton, provided thai vessels ur.der I fifty tons shall be exempt from the tax, and provided, further, that no vessel shall pay mora than Are dollars. ( in n iiiiinwunMiii itim? mii.iiiM iwnjfMiniiifc Law latiUUiiicii It'tftlMI Co; rt?8a?oUl T?m?Mnroh (i-UelMf lodge fcdmot?d?? The Peoplt tr rtl. Benjamin Oiijfi* a. the Trutteet of the Methodist Kfjitcojtal Church, Brooklyn ?This mum, it will be reeolleote i. was nu ap plication for in attachment against tbe trustees for sa ?U<*ged oont< mpt or refusing to ob?y a peremptory m iu Jam us to admit the relator to perform tbe churoh services. See. Mia honor was pleased to grant an attach mi'lit against William Steel, KiohsrJ .smith. Totter l'nomir, William I'ettit, James Prtlit nud William Barker, the r-ix defendants, on wnom tha mandamus wi?ft served, aad that they b> imprisoned for twenty days iu tbe Kings oouuty j til, uul'ss, within t?n days, they admit the rrlator, St a. The People at lh' relation of ^llexandti B. H'hitmy vs. Samuel It. Childt?Mr. W. C. Noyes, with whom was associated Mr. O. 8?ndford, moved, on the petition of eJ.tA* ufi ulturnftHvii mandamus to to the defendant, to deliver up the books and papers 01 the h*alth officer'* department, at Staten Island, to th j relator. The petition stated that, previous to the ap pMntintut ot Dr. Chilis, Ur. Van Hovenberg wm health officer; that bo resigned; and Ur. Childs was, by a resolution of both boarss of the Common Council, which was afterwards sanctioned by the Major, appointed health officer in the room ot Ur. Vau llovenberg; that on the-JIstof January last the relator wan nominated by the Governor to the office, whioh nomination wis afterward* confirmed by the Senate, and his commission made out and sigaed by the Governor. That in pureusuce thereof he caused Dr. Childs to b.i > oiifled of Jiis appointment. and had deputed Wm C. Noj?s, Km" to receive all the books and papers appertaining to the offioe; t?-'t Dr. ChiUrt then and still refuses to deliver the said books and papers, and forcibly overholds said office. :vlr Tuclter, with whom was Mr. D B Ogden, appeared tor the defend?nt, and objeoted to the motion ou three grounds first, (hut there was no evidence to show that Or. Whiting was duly appointed; seoondly, that he shruld himself nave applied to Ur. Childs and pi?dune.l his commission ; instead of which he applied by deputy, a course not authorised by law ; and thirdly that a proceeding under the statute as in this oase oould only be resorted to where th* relator's right to the possession of the office was dear and indisputable. Here the constitutionality of the relator's appoiDtmeut by tlie Governor and Senate was disputed, and therefore his proceeding should be by a writ ot 91111 w urunto, in wbicli the tide of both parties might be regularly brought before the court. After hearing Mr. Noyes lor the relator, and Mtssrs. Tucket and Ogdeu for the defendant, the court adjourned. Mr Sandford wi'l be heard to-morrow (this day) on the part ot tha relator. Common I'i.kas, March G Bsfore Judge Daly?Helen Mthrtns vs. Hi m y Frtalick ?This was an action for a bleach of protnia* 1 f marriage ; the damages were laid at |30<I0. Mr. V. K Marbury and Mr. Wm A. Butler appeared for the plaiutiff, and Mr. Wordsworth conducted the defence Mr. Butler stated the case to the jury; he said his client, Miss Mehrens, was a young German girl (f great respectability in her own oountry; that she had arrived in Baltimore some time in 1840, and resided with a lady of that city until July of tbat year, when she came here in company with the lady above referred to, and took up h*r residence at the house of Mr Shultz, a giooer, in the upper part of the city ? The learned counsel continued to say that defendant happened to be In p artnership with Mr. Shultz; seon alter the arrival of Miss Mehrens the defendant waa introduced to her, and for several months after, he continued to pay her the mcst marked Attentions, and made her a proposal of luarxiuge, which was acoepted. In the latter part ottli* fall of 184ti, the defendant intimated to the plaintiff that it would be Inconvenient for him to have tho marriage solemnized for a month or two ; but that at the end of that time, he would have a store provided, and all thingi ai ranged to oarry the contract into eff-ot. Miss .Mehrens aconlesoeil. ami went to reside vith a Mn Myers, in Houston street, where the continued until December following, when the defendant represented that he hud madte his arrangements, and wculd be prepared to marry her in February, aad induoed her to return to the house of Mr. Shvltz to prepare her wedding drees, 810. Hhe cams baok to Mr Mhuliz'is home, and prepared her dresses accordingly, the defendant continuing his visits as usual ; but under various pretences, put off the marriage ? matter* remained ?.hus until April, when the defendant broke off abruptly, without assigning any cause, and, in ths month of Sept-tuber following, married another German girl, named Wiihelmina Miller. Mr. Butler went on to state that this was a cage that at onoe addressed itself to the empathies of the jury. The plaintiff was a foreigner? a young, unlriended female?and if the facts he had stated were proven to their stntisfaotlon, he would oall on them to give suoh exemplary damages as would teach the defendant that he cat not, with impunity, in tbis ciiy at least, trifle with the feelings and reputation of a lu_na!e. The defenoe set up was threefold?first, that defendant was for four or five years attached tu another lemale, and that the plaintiff was aware of it; secotdly, that (she was guilty of some levity in going to Albany with the mate of a ship; and, thirdly, that the marriage was broken off by mutual consent. To thu first defence, it was replied, that the plaintiff did refuse her consent to marry him, in ensequenoe of his connection with the Mher female without the consent of his father aud mother, and that he subsequently sent his mother to the plaintiff, and that she removed her scruples on that poiut. To the next defence it was replied that plaintiff was invited by Mr. and Mrs Myers, with whom she resided, to go with them tn company with the mate to Albany, and that she was not, during the whole time the party were away, out of their presence. The judge told the jury that the only question they had to consider was, was the marriage broken off by mutual eanstni? if they believed it was, there was an end of the case: but if tney b. li-??ed it was not, it only remained lor them to give the plaintiff sueh damages, as under all the circumstances of the c*se, they thought her entitled to. Sealel verdict to-uioirow (thii morning). Court ok Over ani> Tkuminkr, March (i ?The Court wai formally opened ihls morning end adjuuiued. It is uuderstood that the trial of Duulao, fur the murder of O'Ne!', will come on on Monday next. C'oi'rt of Uf.nkral Skssio**, March 0.? Before Recorder Scott, and A'dermen Purser itnd Gilmartin John McKecn, Krq , District Attorney. Th^ March term of tbis court commenced to-day with a calendar of 4.i prison esses, viz . 1 lor an attempt to commit a raps. I for forgery,4 for burglary, 13 grand larceny, 1 for petit larceny, 1 lor obta'ning money by faNe pretences, 4 for keeping a disorderly house, making 23 new cases; pre viou?ly indicted 18, bastardly 2, making an aggregate of 43 old and new esses. Trial far Grand Larceny ?Cornelius Brinkerhcff, ir.dieted for gland larceny, in hevlng stolen $13 600 from the Leather Manvfjoturers' Bank,{in the month of July, 1H47. On the part or the prosecution, a witness was cr''?d, who testified that th? aeoitsed wri employed us a port.-r in the Leather Manufacturers' Bank from some time in th? year 1839 to July, 1847. when th? officers of the bank, on examining the amouut of specie in tbe vaults, discovered a deficiency of $12,000, which had been tiken out of a box No bauk notes were stolen - ,ll mm pmur ui nir pri'orcuiuKa, IU? UlBtriOt AllOmeV moved the cturt to instruct the ju>y to render a ipecl?l verdiot In this ease. p-id ucijuit Hi? accuse.), on .the grtund of a variance betweon the proof and the indictment; and the jury lound a verdict to ih?t effect according to the ins:ruotions of tbe court. On motion of the District Attorney, the t'ouri committed Mr. Brlnlwrhoof, in defsult of bill, to await tbe finding of a new bill of ind'.otta-nt. by tbe present Grand Jury, the former onebaving described the money stol ?n as bank bills; when as the pioof rhowed that it was In specie. Jirrutrd ?n a limch IV'if rant - Silos 0. Smith, and Justin M. Co-ley, Indicted for having forcibly entered tbe premises of Antbory and lilchard L Allen, on the lHth of August la*t, and 0 ictcJ theoccuprnts itnd their gords. were held to answer. Malicioui Miic.hirf?Thomas Kendal, and John II. Bates, were then called to trial for hiving on the 1st of May leit, wilfully ?nd maliciously jiejured the premises Nc.l'S Bowt-ry, of which a Mr It Stephens Is theowner. 'I'he case, which Is entirely devoid of interest, except to the parties ooncernet', had not concluded when the Court adjourned. Grand Jnjtifit.-Th! following naiued gentlemeu, were sworn as gran'Ij'irors for th > present term, viz I'hiletus H. Molt, !or>'in%n ; .s'?'iiuel C. Al haus<\ Willis Ulack'ione, John I). Brown, David l)eacb,Job W. Cook, lleary Krben, Henry (ielston, John W Howe, Stephen W. Jon^g, John I.ewli, Benjamin Wrrltt, Theodor* MartiDe, (i?orge W Hose, William Htelle. Lyman Taylor, JosiuhUnde hill, Stephen Valentine, John D Joues 19. To whom his Honor the Recorder. delivered th? l"gcharge (i'ntlem- n if the Grand Jury : Crim'.iipl prosecutions ar-> carried on la the lvine of the people, and h ive I'or their priucipal obj?ot, the security uuJ hipplness of tho peoplo io general. All pelsons whatevt-r, without distiucti. n. id all criminal cases, are liable to arrejt, to be fort ie, iaui? to answer to an alleged or suepeotud or'ne; hut noun can he arrrsteJ, except charged with such orlmn When brought; he-# for a a ju !ge or justice of the prace. if it appear do onino has been coinnmt id, or the suspicion fn'ertalned of the prisener wholly Rrouodl-.-s, he 1.1 di" tarred, or otherwise, be must be commlttjd to prison, or give ball ? The oext step towards the punishment oi offender* is, their prosecutioo. or the m?i ner of their formal accusation, aod this is either upon u px?vious lit: ling of the fact by an inquest of .fraud ju y. or without this preliminary sanction Of the former d?.-cription are Iddictmeuts or pr, sentiuenM by a gr.?nd jury of an 6ffence of their own huowied or observation, without any bill of iboictuient 'ild before them A i iualctmmt is >t written accusation of ona or wore persoLS ot u crime preferred to, nnd presented umu oath by agrandjury, returned to Inquire of ?'! olfeuom in that oounty. A presentnn ut ts regarded merely as instructions delivered to the court by tbu grand jury for an indlotment, to which the party hcoustd must arswer. The grand jury ere invested with the aocuslug power, without whose consent no man can ba brought to trial; no matter how elevated or powerful the proseoutnr, or how bumble the accused, it the grand jury once interpose their shield, the shafts of malice tall harmless tu the ground. whllalt protects the inuooent, it affords no nodit'r in me gamy. no imporimi it. in ciunnifr^l to pr?*?*r?e th? Institution of lb? tfritucl iury< It l* <l?clare<l by the conrtltutlou that no peraon aliall be held to an ewer for any capital or other infamoui criuie, unl?aa <ni n preaentinent or indictment by a nraod jury. The law baa not oonfarred thin ?r>-af oodipi vattre power to Im InactlTe; tiieir oath required " that they diligently In qul-e, and true pre*?ntin?tit make, ni well of nil eu*h in i11 ie an Khali beglT?nlth?m In ch\r>;*, an of tho>o thlnga which they may Itnow of their own knowledge." If the |r, n'J jury, therefore, of their own knowledge, or the knowledge ot any o< them, krow of any r.lfenne oom milted In thf county, It In their duty to inform the publie proaecutor, and dealre en.indictment mvy be drawn for thorn to wet th? olfenCK r r it is their duty to gl<'? Information to the oourt of the fnofa aud citcumataucaa wblcli oonatitute the olTertre All peranna legally ntitled to prefer ail IMBMtiOOBRuir.al aMttj OOBBItUl if a orlran, are b urd by the Btron^eit obligations, both<f reaaou and law, to f X?rt the p >w?r with which they a u Taaled In all great off'ncea they li*veno right to lorgivM an Irjury, which rociety have in general. auataiuad, or in deprive mankind of tli.it aeoutity , Mch alon? o ?u rerult fn >n prompt deti ction and pun abmout cf thnae by whom it la broki.u, Ttaa otjeet ot oriiniual puniahuieut la notT?nga*nce for the pae , but a*My for the futur^^^^^^l fntkmiN every uia^fl H bound to contribute he law erj jina upou the judge the rlx th? tant of any ) foi the delrndant thereon Inquire into all violation* of the Balling ticket*.

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