Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1848 Page 1
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TH] Ho 603S TREATY PEACE, FRIENDSHIP, LIMITS, I AND SBTfLBMBNT, HETWKEN THK UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AND THK MEXICAN REPUBLIC, CONCLUDED AT Onadalnpe Hidalg-o, ON THE SECOND DAY OF FEBRUARY, # AND RATIFIED, WITH THE AMENDMENTS, BY THK AMERICAN SENATE, MARCH 10, IMS. We hav? withheld for nearly two we?kn, Irom a regard to the public interests, the treaty which we publish t;-day. Tha motive which actuated us no longer exists, as the publication of the document ean no longer influence the decision ef the Senate on its fate. We publish it now, to dissipate any false impressions that may have obtained in regard to its most important features. Tkt Treaty. Jn the name of Almighty God: The United States of America and the United Mcxican States, animated by a sincere desire to put nn end to the calamities of the war which unhappily exists between the two republics, and to establish'on a solid basis relations of peace and friendship, which shall eonfer reciprocal benefits on the citizens of both, and assure the concord, harmony and mutual confidence wherein ths two people should live as good neighbors, have, fnrthnt niirr>n?p annniritfH th^ir rpun^rtivp plenipotentiaries; that is to say, ihe President of the United States ha* appointed N. P. Trist.a citizen of the United States, and the President of the Mexican republic has appointed Don Louis Gonznga Cuevas, Don Bernardo Conto, and Don Miguel Atristain, citizens of the said republic, who, after a reciprocal communication of their respective powers, have, under the protection of Almighty God, the author of peace, arranged, agreed upon and signed the following treaty of peace, friendship, limits and settlement,between the United States of America and the Mexican republic. AKT1CLK I. There shall be firm and universal p*ace between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, and between their respective countries, terrltorities. cities, towns and people, without exception of places or persons. ARTICLE XI. Immediately on the signature of this treaty, a convention shall be entered into between a commissioner or commissioners appointed by the General-in-Chief of the forces of the United S'ates, and #uch as may be appointed by the Mexican government, to the end that a provisional suspension of hostilities shall take place; and that in the pl?c?s occupied by the said forces, conptitutional order may be re-established, as re g?rds the political, dministrative, and judicial brunches, so far as this shall be permitted by the circumstances of m'lit'try occupation. AKTrCLK irt. Immediately upon the ratification of the present treaty, hy the government of theUnited States, orders shall be transmitted to the commanders of their 'and and naval force?, requiring th?? latter (provided this treaty shall then have been ratified by the Government of the Mexican republic), immediately to desist from blockading any Mexican ports; and requiring the former, (under uir Hamf conamon;, ia cnmmraix bi uic rurucBi moment practicable, withdrawing all troons <>f the United State* then in the interior of the Mexican republic, to points that shall be selected by common agreement, at a distance from the sea-ports not exceeding thirty leagues; and such evacuation of th? interior of the republic shall h?? completed with the least possible delay : the Mexican government hereby binding itself to afford every facility in its power for rendering the sumo convenient to the troops, on their imreh, and in their new positions, nnd for promoting a good understanding between them and the inhabitants. In like manner, orders shall be despatched to the persons in charge of the custom houses at all ports occupied by the forces of the United S'ates, requiring them (under the mmr condition) immediately to deliver possession of the same to the persons authorized by th? Mexican government to receive it, together with all bonds and evidences of debt for duties on importations and on exportation*, not yet ftllen due Moreover, a faithful and exact occount shall be made out, showing the entire amount of all duties on imports and on exports, collected at such custom-houses, or elsewhere in Mexico, bv authority of theUn'ted States, from and after the day of the ratification of this treaty by the government of the Mexican republic: I -l- * _r _A- _ 11 T_ _ l una mau nu account i>i ine copi ni collection; inn such entire amount, deducting only the cost of collection, shall b? delivered to the Mexican government. at the city of Mexico, within three months after the exchange of ratifications. The evacuation of the capitnl of the Mexican republic by the troops of the United States, in virtue of the above stipulation, shall be completed in one month after the orders there stipulated for sh til have been received by the commander of said troops, or sooner if posaible. ARTICMt IT. Immediately after the exchange of ratifications of the present treaty, all custiep, forts, territories, pi ces and pofcst-Bsiona, which have been taken and occupied by the forces of the United States during the present war, within the limits of the Mexican republic, as about to be established bv the following article, shall be definitively restored to the said republic, together with all the nrtiliery, arms, apparatus of war, munitions, nnd other puMic property, which were in the mid castles und forts when captured, snd which shall reni iin there at the time when this treaty shall be duly ratified by the government ol the Mexican republic. To ttiisend, immediately upon the signature of this treaty, ord-rs shall be despatched to the A uerican officer commanding such cuttles snd porta, eecuring agiinut the removal or destruction of any taiirh HTm? tint arotiia ??? - ? lions, or other public property. The city of Mexim, within thr mn?r line of intrenchments surrounding the said cny, is comprehended in the above stipulations, as regirds the restoration of ?rtill?-ry, apparatus of war, fcc. The filial evacuation of the territory of the Mexican republic by the forces of th* United fVates, sh?11 'c completed in three months from the tan exchange of ratifications, or sooner it possible llie Mexican republic hereby engaging, as in the foregoing article, to use hII means in it* power lor tacilit Uinf? such evacuation, nud rendering it convenient to the troops, and for promoting a good understanding between them and the inhabitants. If, however, the ratification of this treaty by both parties should not taks place in time to allow the i mbarkation of the troops of the United States to be completed before the commencemml of the strkly season, at t' e Mexican ports on the Gulf of Mexico, in such case a Iriendly arrangement shall be entered into between the General-in-Chief of the said troops and the Mexican government, wherebv henlthv and other wise mitable places, at a distance |>om the port* not exc-eding thirty lesgu<-s, shallow designated for the residence ol such troops ss miy not yet have ^mturked, until the return of the heal.hy eHaon. And the space of tim-f here referred to as conipreh-nding the sickly season, shall be understood to extend from the first day of May to the hrst dHy of November. All prisoners ot war taken on either side, on land or on sea, shall be restored as soon as practicable after the exchange of the ratifications ot this treaty. It is also auraid that it any Mexicans should now be held as captives by any savage tribe within the limits of the United States, as about to be established by the following article, the government of the Mid United Stttea ?rt 0 E NE1 * N. will exact the release of such captives, and cause them to be restored to their country. t ARTICLE V. The boundary line between the two rfpublics hall commence in the Golf of Mexico, thre e leagues from land, opposite the mouth of the Rio Grande, otherwise called Rio Bravo del Norte, or opposite the mouth of its deepest branch, if it should have more than one branch emp'yine'directly into the sea ; from thence up the middle of that river, following the deepest channel. wli?-re ft has mote than one, to the point where it strikes the southern boundary of New Mexico ; thence, weatwardlv, "along the whole southern boundary of New Mexico (which runs north of the town called Paso,) to its western termination ; thence northward along the western li?e of New Mexico, until it intersects the first branch of the river Gila; (or if it should not intersect any branch of that river, then to the point on the said line nearest to such branch, and thence in a direct line to the same:) thence down the middle of the said branch and of the said river, until it empties into the Rio Colorado ; thence across the Rio Colorado, following the division line between Upper and Lower California, to the Pacifio Ocean. The southern and western limits of New Mexico, mentioned in this article, are thorn- laid down in the mip, entitled "Map of the United Mexican Statu, as organized and defined by va rinus acti of the Congress of said republic, and constructed according to the best authorities. Revised edition. Published at New York, in 1847, by J. Uistumell." Of which map a copy is added to this treaty, bearing the signatures and seals of the undersigned plenipotentiaries. And in order to preclude all difficulty in tracing upon the ground the limit separating Upper from Lower Califoraiu, it is agreed that the said I limit shall consist of a straigntJine, drawn from the middle of the Rio Gila, wiiere it unites with the Colorado, to apoint on the coast of the Pacific Ocean?distant one marine league due south of of the southernmost point of the port of Sao piego, according to the plan of said port, made ia the year 1782, by Don Juan Pantojer, second sailing master of the Spanish fleet, and published at Madrid in the year 1802. in the atlas to the voyage of the schooners Sutil and Mexicana, of _i L._ IJ_.J ?_j i wiiitu uiau ? uupy is ucicuuiuauucut nitjuru auu sealed bv the respective plenipotentiaries. la order to designate the boundary line with due precision, upon authoritative maps, and to establish on the ground land-marks which Bhall show th? limits of both republics, as described in the present article, the two governments sha>l each appoint a commissioner end a surveyor, who, before the expiration of one year from the date of the exchange of ratification ot this treaty, shall meet at the port of San Diego, and proceed to run and mark the said boundary in its whole course to the mouth of the Rio Bravo del Norte. They shall keep journals and mak^ out plans of their operations; and the result agreed upon by them, shall be deemed a part of this treaty, and shall have the same force as if i' were inserted therein. The two governments will amicably agree regarding what may be necessary to these persons, and also us to their respective escorts, should such be nec'pssarj. The boundary line established by this article shall be religiously respected by each of the two republics, and no change sh-.ll ever be made therein, except by the express and free consent of both nations,lawfully given by the general government ol each, in conformity with its own constitution. ARTICLE VI. The vessels aitd citizens of the Uutted States shall, in all time, have a free and uninterrupted passage by the Gulf of California, and bv the river Colorado, below its con finance with the Gila, to and from theiV possesions situated norih of the boundary line defined in the preceding article; it bi-ing understood that this passage in to be by navigating the Gull" of California, and the river Colorado; and not by land, without the express consent of the Mexican government If, by the examination!! that may be made, i' should be ascertained to be practical)!* and advantageous to construct a ro <d, canal or railway, which should, in whole or in part, run upon the rtvrr Gila, or upon its ri?ht or its left bank, within the epace of one marine league from either margin of the river, the governments of botii republic* will form an agreement regiirding its construction, in eru?>r that it may serve equally for the use ar.d advantage of both countries. ARTICl.K VII. The river Gil i, and the part of the D*l Norte lying below the southern boundary of New Mexico, being, agr^eabl/ to the fifth article, divided in the middle between the two republics, the navigation of the Gila and of the Bravo, helow said boundary, shall be free and common to the vessels and citizens of bof?i countries; nnd neither shall, without the consent of the other, construct rny work that may impede or inter rupt, in whole or in part, the exercise of this right?not even for the purpose of favoring new methods of navigation Nor shall any tax or contribution, under any denomination or title, he levied upon vessels, or persons navigating the same, or upon merchandise, or effects, transported thereon, except in the case of landing up - ~i *un t; c. - .v, uii ??iic ui turn Riiurcr. ii? i??i utr jiui^udw * i making the said rivers navigable, or lor maintaining them in such state, it fliould bp n^oes sary or advantageous to establish any tax or contribution, th's shall not he done without the consent of both governments. The stipulations contained in the present article shall not impair the territorial rights of either republic, within its established limits. ARTICLE VIII. Mexicans now established in territories previously belonging to Mexico, and which remain, for the future, within the limits of the United | States, as defined by the present treaty, shnll be free to continue where they now reside, or to remove, at any time, to the Mexican republic, retaining the property which they possess HI the said territories, or disposing thereof, and removing the proceeds wherever th?y please, without ih^ir hp 1 n or cnhi#?#?f nn thin tint tr% onu ? ^ contribution, or tax, or charge, whatever. Those who shall prefer to remain in said territories, may rither return thi> title and rights o( Mexican citizens, or acquire those rri'citizens of the United States. But they shall be under the obligation to make their selection within one year from the date of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty; andlthose who shall remain in the said territories, after the expiration of that year, without having declared their intention to retail the character of Mexicans, fhall be considered to, have elected to become citizens ot the United States. In the said territories, property of every kind, now belonging to Mexicans not established there, shall be inviolably respected The present owners,the heirs of these, and all Mexicans who may hereafter acquire said property by contract, shall enjov with respect to it, guarantees equally ami le *k if the same belonged to citizens of the United States. ARTICr.lI IX. The Mexicans who, in the territories aforesaid, shall not preserve the character of citizens of the Mexican republic, conformably with what if stipulated in the preceding article, shall be incorponted into the Union of th<s United States, and admitted as ?:oon an possible, uccordin^ to the nriiitMnlHri nf I /?nnnhfiitiAn r/> th,. joyment of all ihe rights of citizen* of the United States la the meantime, they shall be mai'ttnined and protected in the enjoyment of their liberty, th< ir property, and the civil rights now vested in thein, according to the Mexican laws. With r< sped to politic il rights, th*?ir condition shall b- on an ? quality with that of he inhsbitauts of the other territories of the United States, and at least equally good as that of the inhabitants of Louisiana and the Floridas, when these provinces, by transfer frojp the French republic, and the crown of Spain, became territories of the United Suites. The most ample guaranty shall be enjoyed by all ecclesiastics, and religious corporations, or communities, as well in the discharge of the offices of their ministry, as in the enjoyment ot their property of every kind, whether individual or corporate. This guaranty shall embrace all temples, houses, nnd edifices, d'-dicated to the Roman Catholic worship ; as well as all property destined to its support, or to that of schools, hospitals, or other foundations for charit?ble or beneficent purposes No property of this nature shall be considered as having become the property of the American government, or as subject to b-* by it disposed of, or diverted to other uses. Fi nail v the ri-Utin,.. - - -- icmion lietween Cmhones, living in the territories aforesaid, and their respective ecclesiastical authorities, shall be open, free, and exempt from ull hindrance whatever, even although audi authoritiea should r"sid>' within the 1 i 111 its of the Mexican republic, a* defined by this treaty ; ?nd this freedom shall continue so long as a new demnrkation of ecclesiastical districts shall not have been made, conformably with the laws of the Koman Catholic Church. W TO EW YORK, MONDAY M TThia article is exDunsred. Hnd in ita stead the Senate has ndopted and inserted substantially th? third article of the treaty with France, of 1803, for the cession of Louisiana, to the effect that inhabitant* of the ceded territory ihall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as totin at Congrets shall determine, according to the principle* of the federal con'tituHon, to the enjoymmt of all the rights, ad vintages, ami immunities of citizens of the United Statcn ; and in the meantime, they shall be maintained and protected in the full enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.?Ed. Herald 1 ARTICLE X. (EXPUNGED.) All grants of lurid made by the Mexican government, or by the competent authorities, in territorieagpreviously appertaining to Mexico, and remaining for the future within the limits of the United States, shall be respected as valid, to the same extent that the same grants would be valid if the said territories had remained within the limits of Mexico But the grantees of land in Texas put in po9ses ion thereof, who by reason of the circumstances of the country, since the beginning of the troubles between Texas and the Mexican governm-nt, may have been prevented from fulfilling all the conditions of their gratis, shttll be under the obligation to fulfil the said conditions within the periods limited irt the same respectively, such periods to be now counted from the date of the exchange of ratifications of th's treaty; in default of which said grants shall not be obligatory on the State of Texas, in virtue of the stipulations contained in this article. The foregoing stipulation in regard to granfann lund in Tavqb i j to all nranfuAa o< lind in the territories aforesaid, elsewhere than in Texas, put in possession under such grants ; and in default of the fulfillment of the conditions of any such grant, within the new period which; as is above stipulated, begins wiih the day of the exchange of ratifications of this treaty, the same shall be null and void. The Mexican government declares that no errant whatever of lands in Texas has hern made since the second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six; nnd that no grant whatever of lands in any of the territories aforesaid has been made since the thirteenth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fortysix. ARTICLE Xt. Considering that a great part of the territories I which, by the present trenty, ar* to be comprehended for the future within the 1 mits of the United States, is now occupied by savage tribes who will hereafter be under the control of the government of the United States, and whone incursions within the territory oi Mexico would be prejudicial in the extreme, it is solemnly agreed that all such incursions shall be forcibly restrained by the government of the United States, whensoeverjthis may be n^c-saury ; and that when they cannot be prevented, they shall be punished by the said government, and satisfaction tor the same shall be exacted?ail in the same way, and wiih equal diligence andeuergv, as if the sam^ incursions were committed within its own territory, aguinst its own citizens. It shall not be lawful, under any pretext whatever, for any inhabitant of the United States to purchase or acquire any Mexican, or any foreigner residing in Mexico, who may have been captured by Indians inhabiting the territory of either of the two republics, nor to purchase or acquire horses, mules, cattle, or property of any kind, stolen within Mexican territory bv such Indians; nor to provide such Indians with firearms or ammunition, by sale or otherwise. And in the eveot of any person or persons captured ^within Mexican territory by Indian", being carried into the territory of the United Stutes, tli? government of the latter engages and binds itself in the most solemn manner, so soon as it shall know ot ssch captives being within its territory, and shall be able so to do, through the faithful exercise of its uifluencp and power, to rescue them and return them to their country, or oeliveT-them to the ssjent or r^pret-.enf itiv oi the Mexican government. Th*. Mexican nu horities will, as far as practicable, L'lve to the no-vernmeat of the United States notise of such captures; ami itsageut shall pay the expenses incurred in the maintenance and transmission of the rescued captives; who, in the meantime, t-hall be treated with (he utmost hospitality by the American authorities at the plac* whe^* ihev miybe. But if the government of the United States, helore rpcivinir such notice from Mex ico, should obtnin intelligence, through any other channel, of the existence of Mexican captives within its territory, it will proceed forthwith to effect their release and delivery to the Mexican agent, as above stipulated. For th>? purpose of giving to these stipulations the fullest possible efficacy, thereby affording the security and redress demanded by their true, spirit and intent, the government of the United States will now and hi reifter pass, without unnecessary delay, und always vigilantly enforce, such laws as the nature of the subject may require. And finally, the sacredness of this obligation shall never be lost pight of by the said government when providing for the removal of Indians from nny portion ot s:tid territories, or lor its bein^ settled by the citizens of United States; but, on the contrary, ppeniul cire then shall be taken not to place its Indian occupints under the necessity of seeking new homes, by committing those invasions which the Uuited states nave solemnly obliged memseives 10 rest rain. article xir. In consideration of the extension acquired by the boundaries of the United S'ate^, as defined in the fifth article of the present treaty, the government of the United States engages to inv to tlisf of the Mexican republic the sum of fifteen millions of dollars, in the one or the other of ihe two modes below specified The Mexican government ahill, at the time of ratifying this treaty, declare which of these two mode* of payment't prefers; and the mod'* so elected bv it shall be conformed toby that of the United States. First mode of payment?Immediately after this treaty shall hive been duly ratified by the government of the Mexican republic, the sum of three millions of dollars shall be paid to the said government by that of the United States, at the. eityolMexico, iu the gold or silver coin of Mexico. For the remaining twelve millions of dollars, the United States shall create a stock, bearing un interest of six per centum per annum, commencing on the day of the ratification of this treaty by the government of the Mexican republic, and payable annually at the ctty of Washington ; the principal of said stock to he redeemable there, the pleasure of the government of the United States, at any tim; after two years from the exchange of ratifications of this treaty; six months' public notice of th" intention to redeem the *ame hem? ureviouslv i/iven Ortifiewtea of such stock, in proper form, for such sums as f?halI he specified by the Mexicui eiv-rnm-nf, ?ha!l bi delivered, and iniifferabl-tle by the said government to the e^me by that of the Uuited StHtPS. Second mode of payment?Immediately after thin treaty shall hive been duly ratified by the government of the Mexican republic, the sum "t three millions ot d->ll?ra shall be paid to the ::>tid government by that of the ITniied States, at tti? city of Mexico, in the gold or silver coin of Mexico. The remaining twelve millions ot , dollars shall be paid at tlio same place, and in the same com, in annual instalments of three millions of dollars eacli, tog?ther with int"reat on the same, at the rate of six per centum per annum This interest rhall begin to in k upon the whole sum ot twelve millions from the day of the ratification o( the present treaty, by the Mexican government, ana the fiist of the instalments shall be paid at the expiration of one year from the same day. Together with each annual instalment, a?* it falls due, the whole interest accr uinij on such instalment from the beginning sliall also be paid. [Certificates, in thp proper form for the said Instalments, respectively, in such sums as shall be desired by the Mexican government, and trani'errable by it, shall be delivered to the said government t>y that of the Unitid States ] (N. B.?Tli- first of then modes is rejected. The latter is adopted, with the exception of the l?<4t niirrii/rAnh unfliin Krj<.l/?fo \ AHTICM 1III. The United States ongsge, moreover, to asMime and pay to th" claim inta hII the amounts now due them, and thooe hereafter to b??com due, by reason of the claims already liquidate d and decided against th?* Mexican repu .lie, under the convention* betwi cn the two republic's severally concluded on the eleventh d ly of April, eighteen hundredjand thirty-nine,and on the thirtieth day of January, eighteen hundred and t'ortyihree ; so that the Mexican republic shall be absolutely exempt for the future, from all expense whatever on account of the said claims. ARTICI.R XIV. The United States do furthermore discharge the Mexican republic from all claims of citiaeus ~ .H*"1r*" ^'ri RK H ORNING, MARCH 13, 18' i _r 4L^ TT.:?aJ ? i. J _ J - 1 ut me uuiicu nioirs, nui ncicimure urciuru against the Mexican government, which may have arisen previously to the date of the signsture of this treaty ; which discharge shall be final and perpetual, whether the said claims b** rejected or be allowed by the board ol commissionera provided for in the following article, and

whatever shall be the total amount of those ullowed. aktici.r xv. The Um'ed Slates, exonerating Mexico from alldf-m^ndson account of the claims of their citi zens mentioned in the preceding article, and con sidering them entirely and for ever^cancell^d, whatever i heir amount may be, undertake t?> make satisfaction for the same, to an amount m>t exceeding thre* and one quarter millions of dol lars. To ascertain the validity and amount of those claims, aboard of commissioners shall be established by the government of the United States, whose awards shall he final and conclusive; provided, that in deciding upon the validity of each clnim, the hoard shall be guided aad governed by the principles and rules of decision prescribed by the first and fifth articles of the unratified convention, concluded at the city of Mexico on the twentieth day of November, on?* thousand eight hundred and fortythree; and in no case shall an award If made in favor of any claim not embraced by these principles and ruli'B It, in the opinion of the said board ol commi? sioners, or of the claimants, any books, record*, or documents in the possession or power of the government of the Mexican republic, shall be deemed necessary to the just decision of any claim, the commissioners, or the claimants through tliem, shall, within such period as congress may designate, make an application in writing for th^ same, addressed to the Mexican Minister tor Foreign Affairs, to be transmitted by the Secretary of State of the United States; and the Mexiean government engages, at the earliest possible moment after the receipt of such demand, to caus* any of the books, records, or documents, so specified, which shall be in their possession or power (or authenticated conies or extracts of th* siime^ to he trnnamitt^rl to the said Secretary of State, who shall immediately deliver thein over to the said bo'-.rd of commissioners; Provided, that no such application Bhall be made by, or at the instance of, any claimant, until <he facts which it is expected to prove by such books, records, or documents, shall have been stated under oath or affirmation. ARTICLK XVI. Each of the contracting parties reservea to itself the entire right to fortify whatever pofnt within its territory it mayjudge proper so to fortify, for its security. ARTIOI.K XVII. The treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, concluded at t[ e city of Mexico on the 5th day of April, A D., 1831, between the United States of America and the United Mexicui States, except the additional article, and except sofaras the stipulations of the s id treaty may not b* incompatible with any stipulation con tained in th? present treaty, is hereby revived for the period of eight years from the day of the exchanue of ratifications of this treaty, with the same force and virtue as if incorporated therein; it being understood that each of the contracting parties reserves to itself the right, at any tune after the said period of eight years shall have expired, to terminate the same by giving one year's notice of such intention to the other party ARTICI.K XVIII. All auppUea whatever for troops ot th? United States in Mexico, arriving at ports in the occupation of such troops previous to the final evacuation thereof, although subsequently to the restoration of the custom-houses at such ports shall be entirely exempt irom autte-i ann charges or any kind; the ffovernment of the United States hereby engaging ?nd pledging its faith to e?i1iblish, nnd vigilantly to enforce, hII possible guards for securing the revenue of Mexico, hy preventing the importation, tinder cover of this stipulation.jof any articles other than such, both n ki?d and ill q'? iliiv, a* ?h*ll r?*Uy br ! for the uo* and consumption of the. 1orc<-s of the ' United States during the time they may remain ' in M?xico. To this end, it shall be the duty of i all officers and agents of the Unite1! States 'o deI notlnc* to the Mexican authorities at the resj rective ports any attempts at a fraudulent abuse | of this stipulation which they m.iy know of or ! may have reason to nuspect, and to pive to such authoritiMall thenid in their power with regard I thereto ; nnd every sucli attempt, when duly I proved and established by sentence of a competent tribunal, shall be punished by the confiscation of the property so attempted to be fraudulently introduced. ARTICLE XIX. i With respect to all merchandise, effects, nnd property whatsoever, imported into ports of Mexico whilst in the occupation of the forces ot the Uni'ed States, whether by citizens of either rel public, or by citizens or subjects of any neutral j nation, the following rules shall be observed :? 1. All such merchaadise, effects, and property, if imported previously to the restoration of the custom-houses to the Mexican authorities, ns stipulated for in the third article of this treaty, ahall tte exempt from confiscation, although the importation of the same be prohibited by the Mexican tariff 2. The same perfect exemption shall be enjoyed by all such merchandise, effects, and pro i nertv. imnorted suhseouentlv to the restoration of th? custom houses, anil previously to ihe sixty days lixed in the following article for the coming into forc<; of the Mexican tariff, at sucb ports respectively; the said merchandise, effects, and property,being, however, at the time ol their importation, subject to the payment of duties, as provided for in the said following article. 3 All merchandise, effects, and property described in the two rules foregoing shall, durins their continuance at the place of importation, or upon their leaving such place for the interior, be ' xempt from all duty, tax, or impost of every kind, under whatsoever title or denomination.? Nor shall they be there subjected to any charge whatsoever upon the s?ij? thereof 4 All merchandise, effects, and property, described in the first and second rules, which shall have been removed to any place in the interior whilst such place was in the occupation of the forces of the United States, shall, during their continuance theiein, bn exempt fmin ull tax upon the sale or consumption thereof, and from every kind of impost or contribution, under whatsoever title or denomination. 5 But if any merchandize, effects, or property, described in the first and second rules, shall b^ removed to anv place not occupied ht the time by the forces of the United Stites, they shall, upon their introduction into euch place, or upon their sale or consumption there, be subject t? the same duties which, under the Mexican laws, they would be required to pay in such cases if th?y had been imported in time oL peace, through the maritime custom-houses, an had there pa'M the duties conformioly with the Mexican tariff 6 The owners of all merchandize effects, or property described in the first and s?-cnnd rules, and existing in any port of Mexico, siia'l h*ve me ngni 10 re?iup tin- name, exempt from all tax. i I'pust, or coutributio>i whatever. With r<?-prct t>? the metals, or other property, exported from Hny Mexicin p?rt w|nl?t in the occupation of the forces of the I*nit<-d States, nnd previously to the restoration of the custom house at such port, no person shall be required by the Mexican authorities, whether general or State, to pay any tax, duty, or contribution upon any such exportation, or in any manner to account for the same to the said authorities. ARTICt.K XX. Through consideration for the interests of commeice gent-rally, it is Agreed, that it less than sixty days should elapse between the d ite ol the signature of this treaty and the restoration of the custom-houses, conformably with ili?* stipulation iu the third article, in such case all nv rchandise, efr-cts, and property whatsoever, arriving at the Mexican ports niter the restoration of the said custom houses, and previously to the expiration of sixty days atier the day of the signature of this tre ay, *h ill be admitted to entry ; and no oth< r duties shall be levied there on than the duties established hv the tariff bound in force at sii'-h custom houses at the time of the restoration of the same And to ail such metchandise, effects, and property, the rules established by the preceding article shall apply. ARTICt.K XXI. P, unhappily, any disagreement shoti'd hereafter ariae between the governments of tne two republic*, whetner with re&pect to tne interpretation of any stipulation in this treaty, or with resjw ct to any other particular concerning the political or commercial relation* ui the two i,ations, the and Kovemments, in the name ol those nation*, do promise to each oth?-r lliat they will endeavor, mi the most sincere and rnrue?t manner, to settle the diffrT*itc<a so ariaintf, a d to preserve the state of peace and fricndiihip in which the two countries are now placing themaelveaj using, for this end, mutual repre [ERA I 18. actuations and pacific negotiation*. And if, by these means, they should not ha enabled to come to an agreement, a resort ahull not, oh this arcount, be hrd to reprisals, aggression, or hos| tility of anv kind, by the one republic against the other, until the government of that which deem? itself aggrieved shall have maturely considered, in the spirit of peace and wood neighborshp, whether it would not he better that such difference should be s> ttled by the arbitration of commissioner* appointed on each side, or by that of a friendly nation. And should such course be ! proposed by either party, it shall be receded to by the other, unless deem* d by it altogether incompatible with the nature of the difference, or the circumstances of the case ARTIGLK XXtl. If (which is not to be expected, and which God lorbid !) war shall unhappily break out between the two republics, tlvy do now, with n view to such calamity, solemnly pledge themselves to each other and to the world, to observe the following rules, absolutely, where the nature of the subject permits, and as closely as possible in all cases whr re such absolute observance shall be impossible. 1. The merchants of eiiher republic then residing iu the other shall be allowed to remain twelve months, (tor those dwelling in the interior,) and six months (for those dwelling at the seaporis,) to collect their debts and settle their affairs; during which periods, they, shall enjoy the same protection, and be on the same footing, in all respects, as the citizens or subjects of the most friendly nations; a"d, at the expiration thereof, or at any time before^ they shall have full liberty to depart, carrying off all their effects without molestation or hindrance; conforming therein to the same laws which the citizens or subjects of the most friendly nations are required to eontotm to. Upon the entrance of the armies of eiiher nation i uto the territories of the other, women and children, ecclesiastics, scholars of every faculty, cultivators of the earth, merchants, attisans, manufacturers, and fishermen, unarmed and inhabiting unfortified towns, villages or places, and in general all persons whose occupa nuns ore iur uir uuiiimuii &uiisiidiriu:e uuu i?rnr> (it of mankind, shall be allowed to continue their respective employments unmolested in their persons. Nor shall their houses or goods he burnt or otherwise destroyed, nor their cattle taken, nor their fields wasted, by the armed force into whose power, by the events of war, they may hap, en to fall; but if the necessity arise to take anything from them for the use ol such armed force, the sani? shall h* paid for at an equitable prrce. All churches, hospitals, sehools, colleges, libraries, and oth-r establishments, for charitable and beneficent purpose*, shall be respected, and all persons connected with the same, protected in the discharge of their duties, and the pursuit of their vocations 2 la order that the fate of prisoners of war may be alleviated, all such practices as thosa ol sending them into distant, inclement, or unwholesome districts, or crowding them into close and noxious places, shall bn studiously avoided. Th"V shall not be confined in dun geons, piison-shn1?, or prisons; nor be put in iroas, or bound, or oth rwise restrained in the use of th?ir limbs. The officers shall enioy liberty on their paroles, within convenient districts, and have com*oruble quarters; and the common soldier shall be disposed in cuitonmeuts, open and extensive enough for air and exercise, and lodged in barracks as roomy aud good as are urovid^d by the party in whose power tliev are for its own troops But if any officer shall break his pirole by leaving the dntru't so assigned him, or any oOier prisoner shall escape from the limits of his c mtoninent, alter they -shall h ive been designated to him, such individual, officer, or other prisoner, shall forfeit e?. much of the benefit of this article as provides! or his liberty on parole or in eantonm-'nt And if an officer so breaking his parole, or any common soldier so escaping from the limits assigned him, sh'll afterwards be f.>und in arms, previously to his being regularly exchanged, the person so offending shall be dealt with according to tiie established laws o' war. Th*' officers shall be daily lurniahed by the piny in whose power they are, with as many rations, and of the same articles, as are al'owed, either in kind or by commutation, to officers oi equal rank in its own army; and all otheis snail be daily furnished with such ration as is allowed to a cotnmo i soldier in its owu service: the value of all which supplies shall, at the close of the war, or *t periods to he agreed upon between I the respective commander*, be paid t>y the other party, on a mutual adjustment of accounts tor the aubdiatence of prisoners; and su^h accounts shall not be mingled with or set otl against any others, nor the balance due on them be with- 1 held, as a compensation or reprisal for any ' cause whatever, real or pretended. Epch party , shall be allowed to keep a commissary of prisoners, appointed by itaelt, with eveiy cantonment of prisoners, in possession of the oth<T; which commissary sha'l s-e the prisoner* as often u* h? pleases; shall b* allowed to receive, exempt from all duties or taxes, an I to distribute, wlmtever comforts may bf sent to them by their frie: d-<; uud shall be free to transmit his reports in open letters to the pirtyby whom he is employed. And it is declared that neither the pretenc that war dissolves all treaties, nor m-y other whatever, shall bf considered as annulling or suspending the solemn covenant contained in this article. On the contrary, the state of war is "precisely that for which it is provided; arid during which, its stipulations are to he as sa, credly observed as the most acknowledged obligations under the law of nature or nations. AUTICI.TS XXIII. This treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof; and by the President of the Mexican republic, with the previous approbation ot us Congress; and the ratifications phill bi exchanged in tin city ot Washington, in four months from the date, of the signature hereof, or sooner if practicable. In faith whereof, we, the respective plenipotentiaries, h>tve signed thii treaty of, friendship, limits, and settlement; and huy> hereunto affixed our seuis respectively. Don?* in (juintuplicKte, at the citv of Guadalupe Hidalgo, pa the second day of February, in th. year of" our Lord on*) thousand eight hundred unci fortyeight. N. P. TRIST. lr,. s 1 LUIS O. CUEVAS, [us J BR KNAR. DO CON TO, [r.. s 1 MIG. ATRISTAIN, [r, n ] Additional and secret article o/ the treaty of peace, friendship, limitt^and settlement, between the United Stales of America and the Mexican i republic, signed this day by their respective pie i nip'ttentiarie* (Expunged ) In vie'v of the possibility that the exchange of the ratifications of ihistrenty may, by the circumstanced in which the Mexican republic is placed, , he deliyed longer th;tn the term of lour months lixed bv its tWHDtv-lhird article for the exchange 1 of ratifications of the samp, it is herftjy ayrm d j that such delay shall not, in any manner, allect r the force and validity of this treaty, unless it i should exc-ed the term <>t" eight rnontiis, counted 1 from ihe date of the signature thereof. This urticle is to have the same force ami vir- ? tue ua if inserted in the treaty to which tins is f| an addition. In faith whereof, we, the respective plenipotentiaries, have signed in is additional and seen t i article, and have hereunto atlixed our seais, re- t rpeetively. Done in quintuplicate at the city of I' Guadalupe Hidalgo, on tin-second day of Heb- " ruary, hi the year of our Lord oan thousand ' eight hundred and lortv-eight N. P. TRIST, Tr,. s i 4 LUH Cr OUfcVAS, Ll. s 1 hi;k.naiii>?> con ro, [u s j MICJ. ATRISTA1N, [L s] The Vote on Its ItatlttrMloii. The above treaty, with the ainendm n1^, was ratified by the American Se nate at a quarter past 9 o'clock, oil Friday night, the 10.h of Marcn, 1 1848, by the following vote , triti. Namei folilict Statu. Cheifer Aihley, Democrat, Arkanrti. < Charles O. Athrrton, Psiuoflrat, Nnw Hampshire Arthur P. Bagby, Domoorat, Alabama. ? John B?ll, Whig, Tenup?f?*. i? \v %?..?? Jf??# D Bright, Damoorat, Indiana m A P BtiMer, Damoctai, South Carolina. o JohnC Calhoun, Datuocrat, SouthCatolloa '' Simon Camaron, Druiicrat, ri-nn*ylT*nia. ,, l.awiaCaaa, > U-moerat, Mlebigan. e John H Clarke, Whlf, KhoJa laand. jj John J. Crftt?nd<>n, Whig, K-ntucky. p JohnDaTio, Whl(f, Maa*achua?tt*. tl Jtffcraon Da?i?, Damoorat, VlMlMlpvt P William L. Dayton, Whig, Naw Jaraay. * PiaM 8. Dioklnaon, Damoorat, Naw York. tl 1 / / LD. *- ?? r ? /? John A. Dl*, Democrat, .Vew Tork 8 N Downv D'unnrit, Lanlelana A!ph?u* Felih. Democrat, Michigan. Henry H Foote, Democrat, MlwriMrippi John I' Hale, YUolition, New Himpehlre K'lwnrd A. H?Ln?KHn D>mncr?t, Indian* KMT Hunter, Democrat, Virginia. BeyeHy Johroon, Wb!jr, Maryland Ilerinhe! V. Johnaon, Democrat, Georgia H?nry Jnbneon, Whig Louisiana. Willie P Mtngum. Whi?, Nrrth OnroUtta Jnm?n M Muon, Democrat, Virginia. Jacob W. Millar, Whig, New Je*?y W. B S Moor, Democrat, Mala*. John M. Nile*, Democrat, <'onn??tlont. Thomai J Hank, Democrat, Te*a* AmbroM H Sevier, Demonrat, Arkan*** Daniel s'urgeon, Democrat, Pennsylvania Hopkins L. Torney, Democrat, Tennessee. Joseph R. Underwood, Whig, Kentucky. ^ David L Yn>e, Democrat, Florida. Total, . . 87 NAT* ff'imti Politic.i. Slaltt William Allen, Democrat, Ohio. David R Atvhl'on, Democrat, Miwouri. GeoTge K Badg-r, WW?, North Carolina Roger 8 B tldwin, Whiff, Connecticut Thonus II Bmton, Demcnrat, MlMOtirl. John M Berrien, Whig, Georgia. Sidney Breese, Drmoormt, Minnie. Thorns* i.orwln, Whig, Ohio. Stephen A Douglass, Democrat, Illinois. Albert C. Green*, White, Rhode Island Dixon H Lewi*, Democrat, Alabama. Presley Spruanoe. Whig, Delaware. William Upham, Whig, Vermont. Daniel WebUtr, Whig, Massaohcuetts. John D Weitcott. jr., Dvmoorat, Florida. , Total It aruknt. AT< imti. Poliiiei. Statet. Samuel 8. Phelps, Wh'g, Vermont. James A. Pearoe, Whig, Maryland. J John M. Clayton, Whig, Delaware. Sam Houston, Democrat, Texan. Total 4. analtiii or the tot*. Arts?Whigs 11 Na*s ?Whigs ft ? Demoorats. . , . ,'iti " Democrat* 7 Total 37 Total It As?it!<t?Whigs 8 Total?Ajm S7 " Democrats. , . 1 u NejB IS I*1' _ Majority for the treaty ...? Police. , Recovery nf Mr Foriyik'i Jt\gtlry ?We noticed In yesterday's If'rald, the burglary and extensive robbery of jewelry ptrpe r*t.*d on Krlday nlaht last amounting in value to near 11-2 00", belonging to Mr. Orlando Forsyth, No 501 Pulton street, Brooklyn. On Saturday morning.when the robb?r? wan discovered, great exoltement was created amongst the neighbor* and mHn <fflcrn as to who were the perpetrators; and after a little c ->nsult?tlon. f u?plclou ree:ej on two young men?one who eilled nimselt wid. Hmith. who boarded at Mr* Brudley'f, In Fu'ton street, corner of Spia.'iio'n alley, Brooklyn? aud tha other, culling hlciself Towns nd, boarded with VIri Hays, No -J9j A d'trn" st Thaso ra?u wrr* known | to visit each oth< r. and mild th?y went p .Intern by trad*, | but bad only b??n residing In Brooklyn ibout four weeks, aid durlr.g that; limn were not seen to do any work vhioh oir"unnt.?ncn w?s noticed by the other * beat J*r?, and looked u-viu an being rather strange. Be t*?ru 7 ami It o'clock on Satuiday morniug, after the robbery, Townaend CAine to tie hoarmog hoaa* of Smith, 1b Fulton street, which Is only a short distance from Mr. Fot*>ih'e store, and iald to Smith. ' It is lluia y< u was cff," und alter a short conversation, left, aod a few w'uufts atierwards a oab drore up to the door, It having been e[irf?g"d hy Townsend at (he J'CnHoa F rry ; Smith ili-u paid his board, plaoed a lar^? liather trunk in the nab. and left, but In hi' haste to ?*?> lie left a silver mounted pistol, and v iD'i other aitielfcS.behiiij Mm This eircum?t*ue<> only made the eusplcb- '.re- ,{<"-! and tbeee tacts having h?ien rrlati-d to offio r J VV llUgine one of the active poll"* of Brooklyn. etepa rn immediately tak^ n to And I he oab driver, who, up-in belli/ fonnd, told all he knew ?b'uf tb titfelr, tin 1 show 1 the officer where be carried the truok and tha two m?n, which he oonveyed ovrr tho Jtckson terry, totals m?y, and stopped at a Diroh grocery store i. *#r M*?giti street, in iho thirty en th ward, whet e the two men not out at.d put tha trunk in the more. ha receiving his money for the job, and if/e. The groo?r was ihen qnestlon*d as to who oarriedaway tile trunk -wbo Informed the cfflcer that n old fallow who carried la nosl was hired hy tha two innn to oarry tha trunk, and that man lived oloae * by; upon this information, ofll-*r Hl/gios. assisted by Mr. Jama* Weaver. a citli-n of Brooklyn, alter a good loul of trouble, found this man lying drunk on the floor of his rooui; they rou<ad bltn up and afc-r considerable rhakiug they ma-tagad to get him into the aireat, and ho undertoak to show tliein the house where ha carried the ttur.k; but being so ftu-lft-d with liquor, they were c luprlltd to hold him by the arm to keep htm from tailing; utter travelling * vr?l blocks, he br- ught thein to a tratll frame houie. No. '21 Mangia R'rtset. This nan about 6 o'clock on Saturd.17 afternoon, and in they all we-<t, and an tbe oftirer ruabing in'.o the front room on the'id floor, h-? diaooverr.l ih- idenftO'.l trurfk. containing nearly all the s'olen jewelry h- longing to Mr. Forayth. The tniaves who were bo-h in the room a second or two previous, heartl them coming up sf.aira, spran ; to the win (!r>* in d I iimitMil niifr. inl a iK* atr?u? *? */! In *?!? that one if/: without liat or coat. They ran (.loot Man giu it., into UratrJ, anil from Grand Into Division t., making yood their rsoape. A wonau. raid to be the wife of on*, wa* I?nnd in the r>om mrirnte, and Dear her ooDtin?ment,ebo waa rcu-l) alarmed at the iudIuii miry of the effljer. The jewelry and silver war* ivas replaced iu the trunk aud conyeyed back t^ Brockyn In triumph by the cfBcier and Mr. Wearer The o;ua;i and in? premlaea were thru tak*n la charge by Japtain I illy, of the 13th wa?-d, and several of hia poicnn?u, wh>> more thoroughly searched the place, and n the RtoV'< a orueibm rrns round fall of meltid gold, and In a box of aahea a lot mora eaa fraud n.clteJ into lum-a, valued In all at jear $700 Th? rmcaln, when diatu bed by tho cffleer. were ?t work ni'ltlng, ai Sfvertl *ton?s were oa the able jiat knocked from bracelet* aud rings, and the toll uinlted up in the crucible ; and had they not been liua discovered, no douot by t'jis time, or even the i-*t morula?, oil (race or identity of the propei ty rould U?v? be-n d>atroy?d. A atrlet watch waa kept >n tho noraao and premises during Saturday night, by ; an tain Tilley, In hopes of g?ttli g soJie clue to the rh?r*abouta of the burglars; bat nothing mora rampired, and ske w a conveyed j?'erday m?rnng over to Brooklyn, and oommltt'd by the naglstrate to await a further examination. The louse No. 21 Mangln street v?a hired by Smith i*.der tho name of John Hairia. about four we-ka tins* I'owoftt'ud ia described aa being a mnn about jS or SO rears of age, thin late, rather long, light brown hair, 10 whirkrra. about i fe?-t &X Inchea high Townsend'a ruuk wa* broken open, whl ih he lett tabled him at Mrs. 11 tja' iu Adatri e'reet, and there the nMcera found t lot M' (i*-laton kfya two ''Jemnilaa'' and a "Billy," tools tiaad by burglara, whleh pretty clearly chow the business th-.' rascala wn fjlloeiig It I* to oe hoped they wlil yet be taken und b.'migat tojuslice. Uw tntwil^ncci Chu-witJCovat?Jtfaroh 11 ?Baf. re Judge Kuwrdl Trick? v th' /Ci"Ki i ?U' fy Vttual Ce.? rtilaoaura was ?lv?u to lie Jury en Saturday. It ap ^e':r?d iha'. the priLelpel defetice eat tip by the detenlatjt" w ? an over valuation of the proprr.y destroyed iv the Are Hie Honor salJ that d-t?n4auts having uadeth? charge of over-vilaattoo eg* net plAiitiff. which mplied <alae aaearing. th hurthen if prvof retted on heuj; th-v made the eharfrn. ar?<i thaw e*r? iwMii.rt rn iroya U ?it two ered hi* wltue<ses; 1( was not enough to hr.w that plat. tlf! ii l not proee tin*. soia? of ta<> uriiclfi or w ilcti he cbarg 1 fc,? <>n fan premiers; uor thai be ins uoi proved tha: aom? ot the artMes ?rr? w>rthwh?t i? e?t. th> m Jdwu at la the preliminary pro' s Tb? efen4<ut* are bound to prove RfflrianliTeiy hat they rere not; they must also sbow ihai be sworn to tbo?e tat"ments wilfully, corruptly ana eoutr?ry to bli Vnowi>d?? of th? fact H? th?n TfivpttuUt* t the eei.ler. , nd or mm nt* J upon it, leftfia i it a naestion ol (act to til* jury to IIJ whether the def. udants Diane out a ease f wlltutl end corrupt pe'jury aca'nst the plaintiff. If hey did, tb?y sbonld flud a verdict for defendan's hwald veictct thin m uning Naval floveinmll. * ToAntroRT SH-r 4R?0LC, ( M arch 11,1 > A battalion of U 9. marines, eoosletloi? of thr?? bunIrad and si*ty, tank ai d flie. onder trte e mmaud of riijorJohn Herri" ?*lli?d Ibis morning on board the tips Areola and M H i??, for V ?ra i rn? The foil win if is * list of the offl ?ra a;t?eh?d to the ' ttalioo:- M'jorJobu Harris, Commanding; Captain, < S. Waldron; 1st Li-ut Jiielah W? sn>; 1st Lieut A. I 'laylpr.; 1st Lieut. W. L Minttle worth, A. V Quartern aeter; U Lt> ut, Jor-s; 31 Ll'Ut, J'Or.m F I.ln'lnay; 9d LleU! . O'OTg R 0<-aharo; 9<1 ,leut , I R F I atuaii; id Lieut. J L Broom; vd ,l?ut, W srofccs U"yd ; Me/Meal Offl-?ri Surgeou, P. KJwarJs; Vfsisfaut "surg?Od, O.Hl?jr, Ma. AsaMt' Rcmaii^s After lbs twxnl wnwitil J ror t e r-mains of Mr. Adams, in Boeroo o?i Friday, I &ys 'he Jturnol of tha llth inst. tha b dy remained in I i.a'ge o th? Mechanic Qreva of South B letcn, until I * ? '! o'clock Unt atrnirg ?t whk''i tiuse the City Unr ?, i -nxnm Ihoup^oii. -el ?v 1 th u m. ??j ?i <t I mui-d on duty durirjj lb-* btgV. The hwljr wim * >BTey?d to thi d*pnt ol O I 1 ioiy RetlrotJ, this trtiaiOD, end m l j o'clock t,.? tint*: ??rt "I for tiu oey. 'he CoDirreeelonal e< roml't ?. the n mb?r? n( i ,ie LeItUtur? in body. ?. d ? military ??cnrt. nceouieenied he reiattiiui of the veu?riibt e'?:e?uisn, %i 1 will take art In the lw?e rite*, preparatory to the eiit"Bibm?nt fbloh will t ike place thl* afternoon I."(ye number* t oar fellow oltuen* h??e proceeded to Qui any to p*t* lolptte In the uiemaltiee of the dmj, ^ : } J

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