Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 13, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 13, 1848 Page 2
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ivEW YORK HEKALJJ1 Rorll-wfit Comer of Pnlton and Naum its. J ABIES GORDON BENNETT, PHOPRIRTOR. DJIILY HF.K.11.D-Evny day. (Sunday included.) I rtnli per copy?%1 Per annum?in thr I nited .Slain. Kuropran tuhtcribert, 914 per annum, to include t\e pott""h'KKk'Lr HKRJiLD?Every Saturday?** c<mti per cory-ti peiannum?in the United Staff Kuropean ?uhtcriheri, tSprr annum, la include the . Jlm edition un thr P> e>ick at well at in I he r.nglieh language) will he published on the day of the departure of each IIearner far any part in Europe. with intelligence from all pirrti of the American continent to the latest moment .Subtcriptiom a t* advertisements received by Mestrt. Oalignami it ere f'ivienne. Par.t: P L Sim nil', ID C-rnkiU, and John Miller, bookseller, Henrietta itreet. J.on don PRE*IDEtm.1L HER.1LD-F.iery Tuesday-One Dollar for the Campaign ADl ERTl SEMENT'S (renewed every morning) at teaton.ibh pncei; to b written in a plain, legible manner 7'*i F'Tivlnr not rt tr'ontible for errort in manutcnvt Pftlb TIN (f of all kind-, execul ed hean'ifully and with dripntch (hderi rectived at t>if Publication Office, corner of Fiiito'' <i'id Saltan tlreeti .1I.L LETTER'S ' v mail for t-^bicrirtioni, or with adirrtirrmenti to /?? poll pa;i, or the pottage iriU be deducted frotn the inonrv t emitted VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE containing important new tolirited from any quarter of the worldaid if ii'ed wit' he liberally paid for NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymout communica hont. tVhatertr it intended for insertion must be authenticated by the t:nme and addreti of the irri>r; not neceitai ily /or publ cation but a? a guaranty of hit good faith. We cannot u"dert rke to return rejected communication/ JiLL PJIVMENT8 to be made in advance. A USO'ENTS THIS EVENING ''ARK THEATRE? 'Ju?lh-Whiti Hdbik or thi ftrrtM-L Ilu'iion dVk Pci^trc?Omkiivi. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery?Peoh-i'i Ca!?D'Dati ?Sam Patch in France?Thirfk. CHATHAM THEATRE, Chatham meet.?Macbeth? What do that ta? mi for i CIRCUS? BOWKRY AMPHITHEATRE, Bowery ? IlTKIAKlIM, UVMNAtTICa. 1'aNTOMIME, tie. MECHANICS' HALL. Rrondway, ??&r Broome?Chrii TT'I MiNtTRELa?Ethiopian 8IN?;IN?4?6rRi.Ksqi'E DASCMi CONVENTION HALL, Wooatai street, between Hons ton and BltacJier ?Sable Brothers, Ethiopian sinainfl. Plating, ke. lie PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Honaton atraet.? Bantard'i Panorama or thi Misiutirri. BROADWAY ODEON, Broadway.?Model Aktisti CONCERT ROOM. BltOAA)WAY.?MODEL Aitiiti Hew York, Monday, Harth 13. 1MB. Circulation of tha Herald. Sunday Herald. Marob IS 13.020 oopiaa. Aggragata iwua of ah rata laet weak.,... .. 187.644 " ATaraja of Daily. Weekly. Sunday, ko. .. 40.440 " Publloationcommen??d yaaterday at 10 m. put 8 o'clock. " flniahed at 7 " Newi from Kuropc. The steamship Cambria, with two weeks'later news from Europe, is now nearly due, and will probably arrive here in a d;iy or two. Her news is anxiously looked for, in consequence of the revolutionary movements in France, and other parts of the Continent, and wiU doubtless be very interesting. Xh? Treaty with Mexico. We give on our first page, a full and corrected copy of the treaty with Mexico, which was ratified by the Senate last Friday, by a vote of 37 to 18. We have had a copy of this treaty, as it came from Mexico, in our possession, and under our control, ever since its arrival in this country, on its way to London and Paris; but certain considerations of propriety towards the Senate, and regard to the public interests, restrained us from giving it to the public until it had received the sanction and the proper amendments of the American Senate. That sanction it has now received; and we accordingly Uke offthe interdict, and give it to the world, as it came amended from the United States Senate. This ratified treaty with Mexico will now become the topic of all the journals, and the subject ot every tongue, for many months to come The war with Mexico is ended, and its results are before us. It lacks two months of two years since the first battle was fought upon the Rio Grandf; and now we have, after a succession of forty or fifty brilliant victories?all of them without any defeat interposed?made the acquisition and acquired the possession of a territory as large as one-third ot Mexico, equal to half a dozen modern kingdoms, and reaching trom tbe Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, with river*, mountains, bays and harbors innumerable The firBt Punic war between the Oarthageniann and Romans grrw out of similar complicated and meagre difficulties which have marked the first w?r between the United States and Mexico. But the Komans and Carthagenians fought with each other for the period of twenty-four years before they could obtain a peace. In thia age of enterprise, of steam, end of electricity, we can do more work, can pass over more ground, and can perform more fighting, in two years' time, than could have been done in twenty or forty years by the ancient world. We have gained lots ofglory, and we have paid, and yet shall have to pay, lots of money. The war with Mexico will cost us about the same price which the last war with England cost us; but we get more for our money than we did by that war, both in territory, in influence, and in power Pt-ece is now positive and certain between the two r? pui-lict", and all its commixed and happy effects will follow in its train, upon the trade, commen:", and business of the country. We have not the slightest doubt but that any government in Mexico will ratify thistreaty, proceeding from Washington and sent oa to Queretaro for assent. They cannot helpthemselves. The money to be paid will be an inducement. Whether they are willing to ratify it or not, the United States need not care a straw about it, but shape their conduct under its terms, with the belief that the treaty will be ultimately ratified ; and if not, still their course will be to act accordingly, just as if it w? re ra'ified. Therefore, we shell now have peace for years and years to come, with nothing to trouble us, either foreign or domestic, except the little debt of over a hundred millions But what is that, compared with our resources 1 Tea or twelve millions a year devoted to that object, would pay off the whole deb in the course of twelve years; and during tlia time, the commercial growth of this country will enable us to spare twice that amount. In all this time the tariff controversy, the sub treanury dispute, and all the other financial questions which have divided the country, will be held in abeyance. We shall have nothing more to think of, for years to come, but to husband our resources, to build up our greatness, to take advantage of the state of Eu rope, and to prepare, upon the first opening of the strife with Kngiand or Spain, to annex Canada or Cuba, with the same facility with which we have now annexed nearly the half of Mexico. Canada and Cub*, therefore, if you please, prepare, both of you, for this natural consummation of tint great event which must take place upon this continent?your annexation. While the end of this war has come, leaving us the consideration of our glory, and a hundred millions debt, at least, for certain, the very natu..i :... 11 r> "AvV.01 . i.? .1... I ?i rnijuii y tuiiitn "i'? " iv/ uc uic fleet of all these events upon public men, politi cat parties, and the general policy of our republie, at the approaching Presidential election!'' la commercial affairs, we shall have a prodigy ous 6pring and energy /or the n>'Xt Jew yearssuch as will be without any previous parallel. But in political allaire, there will be suddenly some (treat changes to take place, t printing out of this new state of things?this new age, now dawning upon us Irom this Mexican war and its glprious termination. Some facts connected with thm war strike us more forcibly and more curiously than others. It was a war which, though (trowing out of the annexation of Texas wiih the Union, still was accidental; and the bresking out of actual bos- 1 tilitie* between us and Mexico, was unexpected and sudden. It has now suddenly terminated, mcs! prosperously to the United States. But the I I i i l.immtmtrnmmmmmtmmmmmmimmimmmmmm cofiduci ot parties ?nd of public men, during ite progress, has been most curious and confused.-* At first, both parties appeared to agree together in the declaration of war, with some very few and inconsiderable exceptions. But as victory followed after vietory, and as more money was required to accomplish these brilliant victories, new and strange phe nomena ih.n became apparent in the political world. The whig leaders began to tind reason for crying down the war throughout the country, principally, however, upon the score of the ex peuditure ami money winch was required to prosecute the war. But, singularly enough, in the armies which made these expenditures ne. cessary, the best generals and the best soldier* were whig#, and nothing else than whigs. The democrats fought for their country in Congress, | and the whigs upon the field ot battle. The conduct, moreover, of the old democratic and the old whig leader?, seems to hav* been strange and inconsidcra'e. What u spec( table to contemplate ' Webster and lienton ; opposing this peace, hnd Calhouu, who was originally opposed to the war, now nobly and ably sustaining the treaty, and exerting himself to the utmost to bring about its ratification ! Webster and Benton, with a few ultra politicians following at their tail, seem to have acted like spoiltd children, or enfant? terribles, as the French call them. What can be the meaning oi all this 1?what will be its effect 1 It seems that in the Presidential campaign, Mr Polk is now certainly in a very singular and happy position. He b'gan the war. He carried it through. He has now ended it, successfully and brilliantly, after forty splendid victories?after the acquisition of immense glory and territory, and only a hundred millions of debt. He is a lucky and a fortunate man. He appears to be, as yet, the only man in the democratic ranks who will be able to harmonize all the difficulties and contentions which divide the party, and to overcome all the Wilmot disturbances and quarrels which the little nnlifiolAnq nf tho /lav kava striata/! 117^ A? I - - ? ~ ~ w. w V' v -kl,U' " v UU "U think that the swindle practised upon Mr. Van Buren, four years ago, will ever be repaired. Mr. Calhoun's position is equally as strong and commanding as that ot Mr. Buchanan or Gen. Case'. But what will be the condition of the whigs! What will be the position of Mr. Clay! What that of General Taylor! We are very much disposed to believe that the termination of the war, in the manner in which it has been done, and the qutrrels of the several Generals and miliiai ry officers (which will yet bring out many new developements and much " soup") will tend to throw so much ridicule, farce and odium upon military politics in general, that the public will be induced to abandon military men altogether for any other purpose whatever than mere blood and carnage, and go back upon statesmen, who have heretofore guided and influenced the different parties. In such a situ?v.;~? -1?1J --- ? vu ?.? uiiufji, nc c* 11 ii u i u uoi dc surprised to see Mr. Clay the candidate of the whig party on one aide, and Mr. Polk the democratic candidate on the other side.? Most certainly Mr. Clay owes it to him. self, at this crisis, to come out again, and explain his position anew, and to take before the people a more national, a more comprehensive, a more liberal and enlarged view of the public interests, than he did in his famous speech at Lexington last fall. If he were to do this, it would operate to do away with the bad effects of that, for him, unfortunate harangue. These are aome of the views and some of the conclusions which occur to ua at this particular crisis of public affairs, immediately upon the track of the ratification of that great and important document, the treaty. It will take yet some time for indi*idualu aud parties before itiey will be able to settle and adjust themselves to the new order of things. Our merchants, our manufacturers, our tradesmen, and business men generally, will have less difficulty than the politicians to do this. A time of prosperity is about to open upon u?, greater and more astonishing than ever before has taken place in all the past history of this republic. Our military deeds and military fame, together with our financial power, will secure for us peace with the whole world, and particularly with Europe and South America. The nations of Europe, standing as they do upon the eve of a general revolution among all their governments, ' will see that .1? ?1- r ?J ttiv Hie vui; Bkautc, lUC uu\y ircc tuiu happy people in the whole civilized world. We have, therefore, every reason to be pleased with the commencement of the Mexican war?with the carrying out of this war?with the peace? with the treaty?with all the negotiators in it, great and email?with the conduct of both parties in the Senate?while we laugh at and ridicule the child's play of those who put themselves in opposition to the current of the age, whether as politicians, or as journalists, or as editors, or at. loafers Up the sails again, and away belore the breese! Credit to whom Credit is Ditk ?Our amiable contemporary, the Courritr des Ktat* Unit, charges ua with publishing, without giving him credit, certain passages of their news, and using it in the columns of the tVeekly Herald transmitted to Europe. Captain Jonathan Downing once tound & loafer wearing his coat and breeches, which had been stolen from Captain Downiug's ship, and which this loafer had altered in the buttons and flaps of the coat, and put on and called his own. Captain Downing stripped the gentlemun of his borrowed plumes, and kicked him down the stream, after he got his own. We are much afraid our amiable contemporary i> in the same predicament. For the last eight or ten years, the Courritr has been quietly taking our own newi?both foreign and domestic? > translating it into their own language, and ihen passing it of] on their innocent readers and the community, so as to make it appear that these i (Torts, in gleaning and getting news, were got up at vast expense and wonderful pains. The very passages in question, which he charges us with publishing without credit, are simply but a rttumi of the news taken originally from the columns of the Herald, and translated and passed ofl on the readers of the French Courritr as original, procured at vast expense. Instead, therefore, of talking in this silly way, our contemporary should pay the following bill, which would ..... i.. ..?u ?r . ...... u.,._ ... ?.,.i ... him to-day and make payable to-morrow :? The Courritr del E'ah-Unii, To Tha Ntw York Herald, Dr. To forniahing the French paper with foreign and domestic news for eight years, at >2,000 per year, $16 0)0 Deducting for blunders of the hrenoh Courri'r, and alrto for bad translation* of good Kogileb %i roo Deducting for polling white kid*. 7 A " for lojurle* done to hit vanity, 150 " for effeota on hi* pufft 600 ?? 3 715 Da)ano? now doe >13,37ft Tine is the amount now due, which we propose to take in instalments of #3,000 for four yars, that being the time allowed tor the adjuatinent ot the demands between the I'nit?d Slates and Mexico. These are very fair terms. Will our contemporary issue stock at six per cent., or pay it in annual instalments ? We shall take it either way, but want very much to have a set tlement before lie ruturns to Paria, and forgets, I in the gaities there, all the favora conferred upon him in the United State*. Nkws from St Croix.?We have received a file of the St. Croix jlvi*, from the 80ih Decern ber last to the 27th of January last, but we do not find in it anything of interest. It is a curiou.i looking paper\ 1 i i it j i- -! i? THl NEW OOE AN II E. CRABTREE Tb? ateamer H?i mana, the Moond ehip In the SouthRmpton and Bremen line, built in thia oity by Meaara Weetervelt k McKay, for tbe Ocean Steam Navigation Company, under a contraot made by Edward MiUa, Egq. with the government, for the tranaportation of the American maiia between New York, Southampton, and Oermany. made her trial trip on Friday and Satnrday. The keel of thia veaael waa laid ahortly after the launching of the Washington, the pioneer of the line, about four months ago ; since which time ahe ha> been In the bands of Messrs. Stlllman, Allen Ic Co. receiving her eaginM and other appointments. She is now oompleted, and ready to take her departure The appearance of the ship, as will be seen by the above representation, does not differ materially from the Washington ; nor doea her model present any new feature, la form or build. She it, however, larger, and more aystematieally arranged, both as regards the conveniences through the Interior, the appoint stents on deok, and her style of rig. Her length of keel is 337 feet ; upper deok, 240 feet; breadth of beam, 41 feet ; depth of hold, 31 feet ; and measures, according to carpenter's calculation, 2360 tons. Her frame is oomposed of the very best material in present use, being well seasoned white oak. All her erooksaad bends ara natural, and put together with great ears. The keel and kelsona ara af great power, forming a solid mass of heavy timber, of more than seven feet in thlokness, and fastened through with heavy copper belts. She has also a bilge kelson, seventeen lnohes square, running the full length of the ship ; each side of this are four additional kelsons, whloh serve as a bed or resting plaoe for the engines. They are about four and a halt feet high,and tun the whole length of the floor, fore and aft, which adds muoh to the strength of the ship. She is doubly planked, oommenolng at the keel, with a 8X inoh plank; and running up to the water mark, they reach 6 inches in thickness; aoross the timber heads the planking is over 8 lnohes. On the inside of the frame there, are wood and iron braoes, fore and aft, running diagonally from the main deck to the water mark, and many of the bulk heads on the lower d?ck, near the engines, are double, and put up with massive timber, running at anglee; this is done with a view to increase thf stiffaess of the vessel amldehip, in the vicinity of the engines. The deck beams are supported by lodging, hanging and diagonal knees. Her deok is flush,fore and ft Ratvun I. ? <- '1 - ?* -? 1? ' whioh extends to alther end of the wheel-house, and I are about 16 feat wide. The oompanion way* leading below are perfaotly secured against watar making Into them, by the proteetlon this hous* offers, and it is an well contrived that the wind can have bat little or no . effect upon it. . A portion of this forms a floe large en| trance to the engine, which is finely finished and orna! mented by polished brass railing* and iron gratings, i leading through the various sections of tbe engine*. The rplendid entrance and cirenlar stairway to the main sa' loon, is also und?r this covering, snd Is always approached with as much security, and is aa well kept, as a drawing room. Tbe galley for the servants and crew is under the forward part of tbi* hout e, a* i* also tbe cow pen, poultry, &: ; but they have no ooonection with any other part of the vessel, aud are entirely out of i the way of passenger* and crew The wheelhouta stands . chock aft?Is a neat and strong struoture. well arranged, { and fitted with apartments for the oonvenlance of the cllc?rs of the *hip. Tbe deck i* protected by a bulwark thrae feet high, ' tha after part of whioh has a nice nat work of some sixteen inches in height. Tbe oabin is fitted in the most luxuriant and oostly manner; the style adoped by the artist appeals to be or tbe Elizabethan order, with a slight mixture of native I fancy. The decorations are elaborate, and the innumerable mouldings, surface-, and pannels of eaam?ior crystallzid forma, exoel in splendor of design and arrangement, tbe most rcagnifloent production* of art aver produoed on board of *hip. The sculpturing and j painting diiplay the highest order of talent. There cau be nothing, in either painting or eculpture, to surpass the exqalMte production! dl*played in this saloon; tbe close imitation of natnre in both oonatitnte the excellence and the ability of the nrtists. The general appearance of the saloon is li(ht and elegant; tbe rich gilding, decorations and paintings, so harmoniously ar' ranged, excite the mo*t pleasurable feeling* It is about 90 feet long and '.20 feet wide ; on each sidn are eleven aectiona or panels, ornamented with circular landscape views These sections ara between the stateH ,. -UK? .14. ?f _K1?V, _?.? I tied celumns on twlntf<J pedestals, surmouuted by ? 1 capital, richly and highly decorated each supporting elaborately worked trusses, on whlohrestthe deck or ceiling beams These truww are profusely sculptured and finely gilded, each having the face and bust of a lady of the Klizabethan age, in alto rrlitro The ground work behind the columns is enameled. The cornices are beautifully ornamented and polished. The door pannals are richly polished and ornamented, with a carved wreath, riohly gilded The ceiling beams and p*nneiings overhead. nre edged with carted and gilded moul iicgs, and are otherwise ornamented The lurniture in this saloon is principally polished >7!ilnut. plain but rich, relieved by some four or five patent iron frame settees, covered with crimson velvet, nnd "o ingeniously constructed that in a moment a comtortable lounging sofa may be arranged. The carpeting ' throughout, state rorms and all, is bruisels, of th? most oostiy description. The mast and rudder casings are octagon finish, with mirrors in each r<iuare,and a oluster column on eteh angle. An elegant sofa sets under the stern windows, over whloh are three splendid oil paintings, the tint representing the harbor and a perspective view of Naw York: tn? other la a fine view of I the city of Bremen, and in the centra la a correot and I well executed picture of the Hermann. The cabin or \ saloon re< elves light and air through three large ver| tloal sky-lights, ornamented with stained glass of a great vaiiety of eclers, beautifully diversified The ltdles' private saloon, which is located nearly midships, is one of the moat costly furnished rooms of its site perhups in exlstenoe. The furniture Is that used during the reign of Louis XIV, white and gold. ; oovered with oostiy crimson velvet. The wails are com| pletely bidden from view by large mirrors, of various forms, gorgeously framed according to the latest French 1 style The acfas. lounges, and chairs, are of the most 1 ncjuisite workmonship. The plane, tables, and chande noir, vutirr)n/uu witu iun uevuiaiiuui Ul III* r00Hl, IDQ are la perfect keeping with the magnificent r?lv?t caroetlng that eorm the floor. Nothing reems wanting in thin beautiful apartmsnt either to pl^aa* the eye or comfort the body The state rooms ar?> Urn* and fitted for two persons, having tw> berths, adorned with tapestry. and settee* covered with crimson velvet; they are furnished with Brns<els carpets, well aired and light?d by circular port* on the side, and dead lights on deck. ' underneath tbe main saloon, and entered from It by a I mahogany staircase, are state room"! ten feet square, cme containing four sleeping births, some Mi, and others lew, calculated to accommodate families or partie*; they are more comfortable than tbote in the main sil< on. being large, retired, well lighted, and elegantly ! lu:msbed. On this deck are located the storeroom, ' baggage room, mall room, wine cellar, &o The fore cabin contains a large number of -'ate rooms of greater dimensions than those in the sfter part of the ship ; a saloon used by gentlemen as a lounging or smoking resort ; besides a number of splendid apartments, I used by 'he efllsers of the ship. This cabin nan be entered from the mala deok, or through a p?sssg?-way leading from the after saloon. Adjoining this is the clerk's office, handsomely furnished, and & large room occupied by tbe engineer*. The klteben I* located Immediately foi ward of the engine-room, and connect* with the main saloon through tbe pantry ; an apartment, by the way. destrving of considerable notice; not because of 11* great Im portance to the passengers, but on account of its decorations and splecdid arrangement* Here Is placed every thing for tbe comfort ol all on board;ieveral mahogany oases and iron chests for silver plate, dessert services, tea and diuner sets, water filters, urns, and a variety of table necessaries. The engina-roCtai is entirely distinct and entered by a soparate door; It la tastefully fitted and arranged, with I mm ..?.i r<i>?vi ?. n- ? it irneecteee 10 I a current of fre*b air paMingtbrougli the room The plat lormft and gangway* are guarded with Ria*itT? poilihed I hraf* rod*. Kept in fine order; u*nr the engine room are the b. rtb* fur the chief engiurer and hid a*?i*tant*; and alio, tb?,*e for the Bremen aud ooal trimmer* Immediately adjoining the engine*, are l?r<e itorerooin.i, for the uie of tallow, oil, fco ; and one large on* deeigneil u a machine chop, containing ? ? ry requisite tool uaed in renairlrg She ha* two tide lever marine engine*, nfe.ch, aooordlng to the boglbb mod* of reckoning, are ML l"W??P?"WW EAH8HIP HERMANN, , COMMANDER. 1600 hone power, cylinder t> feet in diameter, 10 feet troke. weter wheel :tt>X feet diameter and 8 feet faoe The oylindere are cued around with wood on the outaide, with lining of felt oloth underneath. The foreoaatle ia between deoka, forward of the fore hateh, arranged with good bertha for her erew. The ohain looker* are below this, in the lower bold, and in the between deoka there ia a eaaing with doora In It, which enoloaea the after part of the obalna in their deaoent, and alao nerve for a baggage or lu??age room, after the hatohea are oloaed The windlaaa, although between

deoka, and entirely out of eight, la worked on deok. We omitted to atate that the ahlp haa ample and oomfortable aooommodatlona for 160 flrat olaaa paaaengera. The Hermann, when fully manned, including offloera and servants, carries 130 peraona. The offloera are gentlemen of Intelligence and much experience ; all having seen years of aerTlce, and are oapable at any moment to teke the reaponsibillty of a ateamer or % sailing vessel ? Captain Crabtree la Known to moat of oar merchanta aa a gentleman of aterllng abilities?oompetent not only from great .practical experience in marine affalra, but from nla well stored mind, and hie knowledge of ateam and Ita appliances. The namea of the officers are aa follows : ? E. Crabtree, commander ; Edward McKeige, first offl vmr , jhb. u dibit, u. a. ;> , uuiix manier ; r.owua a. Barnett, U 8 N , seoond officer ; Mr. Belcher, third officer ; Dr. Tombs, surgeon ; John L. Crabtree and Mr. A. Mills, clerks; Samuel A. Smith, steward ; John Vendewater, chief engineer; John Gallagher and Dugald Brooks, first assistants ; Henry Brooks, second assistant; Lieut. Thos. Brownell. government agent and inspector; Westervelt and MoKay are the builders of the ahip ; StUlman, Allan k Co , angina builders; Cutter b Yonng, oarpantars and ornamental carvers; David Calllouatta, ornamental worker, drawing, composition and gliding. The trial trip was made from this port, starting from Governor*' island at.ll o'clook, A. M . on Friday, and returning to the pier on Saturday at fi o'olook, P.M., after a very sueoessful run of 376 miles. Her speed, power and general qualities, under a lull head ef steam, also under canvass, .and then under both, were sufficiently tested, and in every respect she gave the moat decided satisfaction in the performance of her trip. Her steam was raised so as to enable her to make over thirteen mllee an hour, wbioh she did with much ease, and was perfeotly manageable in every respect. It blew a heavy gale from the northwest during eighteen hours of the time, when Capt. Crabtree hove to. and stopped her engines for the purpose of trying her sailing qualities. She was run in various directions in the trough of the sea, with the wind ahead, on her beam, quartering and astern; in every movement and position she behaved noblv. Her motion against the sea and the heavv stale then isglng. was excellent, and elicited the moat enthusiastic expressions from, her oommander, Lieut. Brownell, Mr. Mills, and the nautical gentlemen on board. She U now at her dock, No. 4 North river, and will be ready on Wednesday to receive visiters and freight. She will leave positively on the aoth. No one can look upon this noble ship , even in a casual manner, without being astonished at the great amount of thought, labor, and expense, whioh must have been applied, toproduoe such a vessel. No matter what her suootss may be, her desi nera deserve great praise for the industry and perseveranoe displayed through the progress cf this great enterprise, from the signing of the contraot up. Ma. Clay's Visit and Mr. Clay's Departure ?Mr. Clay will leave New York to-day, on his way westward. It is stated that he will remain at Newark from nine o'clock till four, P. M , to receive the visits of his friends in that only civilized city in the State of New Jersey. He will then depart for Philadelphia, Baltimore, the Alleghany Mountains, the (Dbiu, and home. Mr. Clay has been about six days in New York. He arrived on Tuesday last, and leaves to-day His reception has been most magnificent throughout the whole of this period, and the attentions paid to lum by both parties, and all parties, including both sexes, have been more appropriate, and more delicate, and more fitting his position, than those which he formerly received in New York, about eight years ago, and which we remember very well? how he was cheated, and so forth. Yet those attentions have been very burdensome to Mr. Clay in various respects. It is not so easy to shake nanus wim mousunas 01 oig-nsiea ieuows, or kiss the pretty lips of thousands of pretty women, without feeling the effect some way or other, even in an old statesman, who may be all bone and sinew, except th? head?that being aquafortis. What Mr. Clay's opinions may be on the reception he^net with in this city, it is not a matter of much consequence to inquire. He seems to be pleased, and he says he is. One of the most interesting tableaux on the occasion was the conjunction between him and Ex-President Van Buren, friendly and smiling towards each other, after a long life of disunion, asperity, and political rivalry. With all these manifestations of respect to" wards Mr. Clay from (lie whigs of New York, it is yet a mooted question whether they would not cheat him again. They are a very unreliable set of men?the whigs of New York?and their character is very fitly represented by Thurlow Weed and Horace Greeley, in the matter of public taith and private reliance. Since Mr. Clay'a arrival in New York, a very important event haa taken place in the political world, and that is, the ratification of the treaty of peace with Mexico, and the probable termination of all our difficulties with that country, with the annexation of a vast territory, and alj the usual results growing out of a brilliant two years war. We should like to know Mr. Clay s views and opinions, at this particular crisis in the history of the country. From this day forward, we begin a new career of peace and prosperity; and although Mr. Clay has committed tome mistakes?and one of them was his speech in Lexington?there can be no doubt of his patriotism? his real love of country?his independence, and of all those feelings which would render him capable of filling the highest office in thii great nation. With the exception of some speeches, which amounted to little, and a few rote*, and some ridiculous and immaterial movements, the whigs of this countiy have served in the ranks of the American army in Mexico, as nobly as the democrats have. They have fought, and bled, and died; and Mr. Clny himself need not travel beyond the sacred limits of his own family to be convinced of this great fact. We are convinced, that on the subject of the Mexican invasion and the Mexican war, after the asperities of the moment are over, both parties will takr great credit for that great movement of the United States which has covered the country with glory, given to it additional territory, and a name that will give us peace with every other nation lor at least a cen tury to come. We should like to know Mr. Clay's views on this subject; and we think he ought not to leave \rtv Y< rk without delivering a speech, so as to give liia friends information on the matter, and riiak'1 them acquainted with the position in which they Mand. This is a most interesting crisis, and every great man will have to adjust his watch to the great time-piece of destiny and eternity. ? ? 1 " " TOWHUPBC nrmjjcwicK, ouMiy. Oar despatches by telegraph last night were not so interesting and important in their features us usual. From Washington, we learn that Major Graham has been despatched as a courier to Mexico, to notify that government ot the ratification of the treaty by the American Senate. It will be seen that the sabbath has been again desecrated, in Baltimore, by brutal riots among the firemen, in which several are said to have been killed, and numbers seriously wounded. We have the proceedings of the State legislature on Saturday, the Northern line having been again put in working order. From Augusta, Georgia, we have New Orleans markets and ship news to the 5ih inst., received at that place by overland express, and which was the only matter of interest worth sending over the lines. Courier to Hm co Washington, March 1*2,1848. Major Graham left last night,with news of the j ratification, post haste The treaty will follow i in a few days. The President has something more to ask of the Senate. W. j From the South. Augusta, Gko. March 11, 1848. The overland express from New Orleans, with ! papers to the 5th inst. has arrived at this place; but it brings no news of importance. The mail from New Orleans failed to connect at Mobile on the 2d inst. The telegraphic line between New Orleans and Mobile commenced operating on the afternoon of the 4th inst. From Washington. Washington, March 12, 1848. The nominations of Hewlett, for surveyor of the port at Coldspring, Ireland at Greenport, and Garret at Camden, have been confirmed. The remains of Captain Hanson, who was killed in Mexico, arrived here this evening, and will be interred with public honors on Tuesday or Wednesday next. Firemen's Riots in Baltlmnre^Beveral Persons Killed and Wounded-firn, ?StcBai.ti.mork. Sunday evening, March 12. There was an alarm of Are in this ciiy to-day, which was the occasion of a dreadful riot among several fire companies. The Independent and Watchmen joined against the New Market and United, and from one to two thousand men were engaged in the fight, which occurred at the corner of Cathedral and Madison streets. Pistols were fired into the crowd, and stones, bricks, clubs, etc., were used with the greatest violence. ,i A man named Anthony Hughes was shot dead: three others received balls in various places, ana a large number were seriously wounded, some of whom, it is thought, will not recover. Several arrests were made by the police. A store was burned down at Fells' Point this morning, subsequently to which another severe riot occurred. Disorder is prevailing everywhere; the alarms of fire are frequent, and the belligerent companies are collected together, and threaten vengeance upon one another. So stand matter* at present. NEW lOKK LEGISLATURE. Alb?t, Maroh II, 1849. Senate. petition for an appropriation. A petition vu received from the Commissioners of Emigration for an appropriation. evening ichoolj in the citt of new yoke. Mr. Bubch reported a bill authorising the Board of Education In New York to establish evening sohoois. the cohuiiuit general. Mr. Hall reported favorably on the bill to repeal the aot to pay Henry Storms extra compensation, Ico. bane capital. Mr. Aybault reported against the bill to authorize incorporated banks to reduoe their capital. Also, a bill to authorize the Catiskill bank to reduoe its capital. clerks for the surrogate') office. Mr. Boceee reported a bill to provide for the appointment and payment of a clerk or olerks In the Surrogate's office in Queens oounty. CHANGE OF THE LOCATION Or a BANK. A bill was offered authorizing the Exohange Bank of Uenesee to change its looatlon, and passed. protection for emigrant!. A bill for the protection of emigrants arriving at the port of New York was recommitted, so as to make it applioablc to emigrants arriving from other points. reoulatino the formation of banks. The remainder of the session was ocoupled in debating a bill for the formation of banks. The bill was sent to a third reading. Asasmbly. deaf and dumb institution. W. S Smith reported a bill to reimburse to the Deaf no uuoiu institution Certain uaprnses incurred lor Stat* pupils. itl'EcVl COritTT RIOTS. A resolution m adopted for the aopoiatment Of a aeleot oommitte? on the petition of W W Nile*, the owner of the buildings destroyed by the mob in Queen's countj, with power to visit the localities, and make all necessary investigttion. lowo island canal and navigation company. Mr W 8 Smith reported favorably on a bill in relation to Long Island Canal and Navigation Company. appropriations i or raw york dispensaries. A bill was passed making appropriations for the New York Dispensaries theatrical fund association. Mr. Bowie, on notioe, brought in a bill to lnoorporatr the Theatrical Fund Association tonawanda railroad company. The bill allowing the Tonawanda Railroad Company until 1861 to lay down heavy rails was passed. brooklyn city hospital A bill to amend the charter of the Brooklyn City Hospital was referred to the appropriate oommlttee. Adjourned. markets. Ntw Orleans, March 5?40,000 bales of cotton were sold during the week; fair at. "X a 77? Sugar?fair at V,' a 3}?, small sales. Molasses steady and In demand at 18 to 34 cents The sales of flour during the week were 10,000 barrels; Ohio and Illinois at $6 l'JX and $6 36; oholoe at $6 39; St. Louis at $6 60 and $6 76 Freights had an upward tendenoj K (change was limited. Fittsbi-ro, March 11, 1848.?Cotton?The market was steady, while prioe* continued about the same. Flour?The market was rather depressed, and prices were inclined to droop We could hear of no transactions worth reporting Corn?Nothing doing; market heavy, with a downward tendenoy in prices whiskey ?We note sales of (>0 bbls at 18c. Oats?Sales of 140 saoks on private terms. The river had 8 feet of water in the ehannel. Shipping Intelligence. New Orleans, March 5?Arr ship Australia. Cld ships Acs. aud Camera. Boatnu: FnirfifltHi hriff Mar* Jabm. Wil#r. N York; ichr O Woonerna, Philadelphia. Tint Drmocbatio Movkmbnt foe thi Artroachino Election.?But four weeks are to pass before a new city government, clothed with the appointment of two thousand 'persons, and the control of the annual purse, containing two millions of dollars, will be elected. The wires ot the democratic party have been straightened, and have brought out the following candidates for the Board of Aldermen. JVarii. War it. 1st. Dr. Stephen R Harris, 9th. Freeman Campbell, Oliver Charllok, 10th Nell Gray, 3d. Jamas C. Stoneall, llth. Amoe F Hatflald, 3d. Campbell P. Whits, lJth. Ab'm V. Williams, 4th. DennisMulllns, ISth. Thomas K. Downing, KdmniUI Fitsgerald, 14th. Denis Csrolln, Ath. Sampson Moore, James M. Bard. 6th. Thomas Oilmartln, lAth. Klnatban Thorn, Fredario D Kohlar, 16th. Abraham Brown, 7th. Solomon Townsend, 17th. James W?l?h. 8th. Robert Getty, 18th. Moses W. 8. Jackson In the first, fourth, sixth, and fourteenth wards all expectation of a reconciliation in the party is at an end, and two democratic ticnets in each of these wards will surely run. in several of the other wards two tickets are now talked of; but the chances are that the party will come to the scratch on the morning of the election, with but one ticket. We shall give their lioard of Assistants in a day or two. The democrats have been for some time in quite a state of consternation in relation to their candidate for Mayor. John J. Cisco, Lccles Gillelfdar, Robert Kelly, Frederick R Lee, Campbell P. White, and a score of smaller politicians about the eves of the party, havt? been talked of for the chief magistracy of this city of a half a million; but objections sufficiently strong to threaten defeat seem to present themselves. At lust an echo has come forth, that William F. Havemeyer will, if strongly pressed, accept the nomination. The ch.inces, therefore, are, that j ex-mavor Haveme/er will auain be before the I people for this honorable office. Moses (r. Leonard it* again a candidate for reelection to the office of Alms House Commissioner. Wm P. Mies is also again in the field lor this nomination. The national reform party have nominated John Cominerford for Mayor, and Wm A. Maxwell for Alms Iiouse Commissioner. 'I hey polled over one thousand votes last spring, all of which went for Mr. Brady. ' ?"" ? Jmpoetaut p*om V*h?*u?t.a?Flhhit of tm Whit* Population.?By the arrival of the brig Orbit, Captain Andersoa, 23 days from Porto Cabello, we are in poRsesHion of moat exciting intelligence from this republic. We learn that the white inhabitants of La (ruayra aud Caracas are flying ia all directions from the vengeance of the black and colored races, who have completely overawed these ci nes, una nave assumed so menacing an attitude towards the whites, ns to inspire them with a dread of being murdered if they remained. The party of Monagas, the President and Founerite leader of the blacks, himself a Creole, were going about the streets, in armed gangs, and impressing all the mixed races or blacks they could find. One colored carman was forcibly dragged from his cart and carried oft ; and the impressment's going on daily. It was rumored from the interior that the whole of the country was on the eve of a general revolution, and that the celebrated General Paez was nuking gr^at tfforts to rally the whites. The white population along the aea-eoast were trying to ercape out of the country. Most at them were going to the Island of Curacao, and taking passage in different United Slates vessels. Mr. F. Weisman, lady and family, came passengers in the Orbit, being obliged to abandon their beautiful estate, by this dreadful panic. To the time of the Orbit's sailing, no actual murders had been committed by the blacks, since the assassination of the national representatives. \'ery Latk from thk Sandwich Islands.? We have received, I v the arrival of the ship Brutus, Gapt. Adams, vices from Honolulu to the 9th of November 1 We learn that busin was unusually dull at Oahu for the seaBon. e many recent arrivals of full cargoes from the United States, England, and China, had glutted the market with goods of all descriptions. The amount of merchandize entered at the custom hotse between August 1st and November 1st, was nearly $-100,000, first cost, more than ever before known?the net consumption for the last four years averaging but $863,478 yearly. Exchange on the United Slates was much in demand, and whalers' bills had risen. The market rate at the sailing of the Brutus was three per cent discount, and in some instances, bills had been taken at par. Merchants were shipping specie to China, as a means of remittance to the United Stales, on account of the scarcity of exchange. In politics, matters were more quiet than usual. The claim of the lirra ot Ladd It Co., American merchants, against the Sandwich Island government, for 8378,000, for alleged breach of contract, &c. was still unsettled. This suit had excited much interest and feeling in the community, as its successful result seemed to offer to the creditors of that firm the only pros* pect of their being able to meet their liabilities, which amounted to about $200,000. The Sandwich Island mission was a creditor to a large amount. The government had undertaken and completed many works of internal improvement. Lead pipes had been laid from a stream in the Pauoa valley, back of the town, leading to a reservoir on one of the wharves, for the supply of fresh water to the shipping, which has long been a desideratum. The Brutu9 watered at this reservoir, and the water has proved to be excellent. The two streams crossing the road to Numanee valley, has been spanned by substantial arched stone bridges. Stone wharves and piers were in process of erection, and a new stone custom house and court house were being built by the government. Capt. Griswold, of the American whale ship Audley Clarke, committed suicide, by cutting his throat, in a fit of temporary insanity, on Sunday, October 24th, and died the Sunday following. His remains were followed to their place ofinterment, in the Numtnee cemetery, by the shipmasters in port, and many of the residents, the flags of the shipping being displayed at halfmast on the occasion. The temperance cause seems to be firmly advancing at Oahu. Five ye?rs since, it was deemed an almost hopeless undertaking to organize a temperance society at Honolulu. Now, in addition to the Oahu Temperance Society, which numbers about 70 members, and supportMmonthly paper, the Ouliu Fountain, verv creditably, a new society has been organized, cawed uie ruecnanics una w orainginen a w asumgtoniaii Total Abstinence Society," which promises to have a very beneticial influence on that class of residents. A theatre has been opened at Honolulu, at which no performers are admitted, unless they are "total abstinence" men. The following table will show the increase of Hiwaiian vessels, within five years:? In 1843 ,10 vessels, 44S ton*, value $J7,400 In 1844 .16 " 778 " " 41,000 1*1848 39 " 4696 " " 73 OtO In 1847 65 " 3070 ?? " 108,000 of which 23 are owned by natives, and 32 by whites. The Polyne?ian, of Sept 11, 1347, states that two officers of the United States sliipCyane, Dr. Maxwell nnd Mr. Miller, have leased of the government 100 acres of land, orillawuii.for a collVe plantation, and hopes that other foreigners will be found to follow their example. The American ^whaleship A. H. Howland, Capt. Walker, sailed from Honolulu, Oct. 23d, for New Bedford, haviBg as passengers Rev. C. Forbes and family, Mrs. Dibble and family, and Master Emerson, all of the American mission at the Sandwich Islands. [From the Polynesian, September 18 ] The accounts from the Kamsobatka flret of whalers are bad. Upward* of fifty ehips are reported as having done nothing. There have been several eevere shock* of earthquakes felt at tea. in that region, which are suppoaed to have frightened the whale* off their tuual feeding ground* 1'be ehips that hare arrived hero thos far, have averaged good fares fet the season. CovNTEariiT Coin?Abundance ot Bolivian dollars and baif dollars of date 1830, coarsely executed, are in circulation in town. They beve a dull, pewter look. The public should be on tneir guard against receiving them. They have been brought to the Islands within a few weeks. The Rev. Mr Richards died at Honolulu on the 7th November, 1847, after an Illness of tbree months. He had for several years been a missionary, and latterly Superintendent of the Board of Kduoatien. Died, on board ship Brutus, on 37th May, 1847, at San Francisco, California, of liver complaint, Jamee Wilson. Intelligence from Brazil.?We are in the receipt of the Mercantile Journal, published at Rio de Janeiro, of the 28th of January. It contains nothing but commercial information, of which we annex a lew extracts [From the Rio Mercantile Journal, Jan. 38 ] Aotlvity tu oooaelonally, manifested In tha various market* during the yenr, but the amount of baeines* was below that of 1(46, and. taken altogether, the result wai by no mean* satialaotory. Import a were, with tew exceptions, excessive, and the natural, If not almost Inevitable, oons'qtienoea ensued. Trade in th^se article* with which the market wai overcupplied, became, In a measure, forced ; prices declined, and credit* previously unreasonably extended, were still further materially Increased Kxports, in u far u regards the primary article of production were unprecedentedly extensive; nut any advantage which may otherwise have been derived from thla increase of production and eiport, was completely neutralized by the very low prloes which ruled more particularly duriog the full of the orop season. The onlv legislative enactment, of the past sessions, immediately oonneeted with commerce, was the deoree of 1st Ootober last, by whioh it was determined, that, on and after 1st July, 1*48, the tonnage dues on foreign vessels, and the duties on merchandise Imported into Braxll in foreign vessels,and cleared for home consumption, be lp?r?ased 88,V Kxempt from the additional 3Tj, the vessels of stiah nations as admit Drssllian vessels into their ports upon the s.ime terms with referenoe to all and every description of port oharges, as national ressels ; and also exempt, all mtrchnndiie ins pot ted In the vessels of such nations ss receive the produce of Brastl In Braslllan vessels, at the same rates of duty us If Imported In the vessels *f the respective nations The unnsusl faolllty with whleh money waa obtained until late in the year, If, In our opinion, to be traoed to the faot that the Treasury wants were mora moderate than In previous years, and to the effects of theourrency bill, whioh came into operation on the 1st January By meaes of this bill, an addition, or rather, an auxiliary, to the circulating medium was created Oold and nil rsr onln, of certain descriptions, haying b-cnrae legal tenders, were used m th? m?nn? of interchange, and thud formed part of the circulating medium, whloh was consequently lncreaaed, to the fimut that the legal trader coin had currency. To thin extent, then, has the measure btn useful; but the lerviee has not been without a!l*y, In the trouble occa>lon?il by maklog and receiving piyuients In upecle The examination, and weighing, and reexamlnatlon, occupied unnecessarily, a oonsij?able time, and this was experienced not alone l.y iuuividuals. but also In some of the publlo departments at times, to the prejudice of the national interests, for whenever the legal tender ooln oould be purchased at ? fraotlon below the declared value, the opportunity was not lost, and this *M of frequent occurrence during the year. In lsdi.

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