Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1848, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1848 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. Roith-weit Corner of Foiton and Jfa&sau sU. JAMBS GORDON BENTJETT, PUCTPHIKTOR. DAILY HKK.ll.U-Ke"* day. (inchidod.) i I r#nl? yvr r2} j>r? iniMW-/* ? nttfl *tafn. Kurop'.m ill t*r mnnum th'pott. , ff Suhtcrthert in Snath Jlmertca and i He " '*f lutein j I?tandi will receive tkeir psp'rt bp every vusei fr< m thit **:' 'r AAM.I Htn.ii.i'-r. ' v . 7 f,r />? < <?>???$J 'IS (wrfli'itKl-inl" t/ni/M states. Aur?|?ran ?uA?rritrri. ?5 |ki a?r.w?. fa m. ludc the postage. Jin editir-i (in Mr Emu-h w'M a? tn fftf t.nvli-h i?inrua? ) will be published on l\t day of the departure of tack ?lrairr fo ?ny pirt in Eur t" with intelligence from oil parts of the .f wmVan continent to the latt it moment yiiAifriptioni an ' udverti*rmenil received by Mrnri RaHtnin . IS rue Pirienne, I'.irit: P I. Simnd', U CnrnhiU, uniJo'm SiA'.tr, "tookseller, Henrietta street, London riie-flUEVTt.1L HEHALD-Every Tuesday-One Dollar fir the CjinfiisiAlii EUTl ^EMEXTS (renewed every at prices; to H' written in a plai'i, legible manner. _ T><e proprietor not responsible for errors in manuscript J'fllXTIXG of all kinds executed beautifully and with despatch Orders received at the Publication Office, corner of Eullou and Has tan streets. AIL LKTTElt3 try mail, for ?u*ier?r?fion*, or with adrrrhsemrnts. to be post paid, or the postage Will be de~ dueled frum the money rem,!'rd V'OLVXTARY COHHE^POXDEXCE containing important nrwt solicited fr^m any quarter of the world? and if iitrd will be Iiherally paid for. XO tfOTICl5 canb' token nf anonymous commnnica lions. Whalevtr is inttndri for i"iertion must he authenticated by/ the name and address of the writer; not necttsat tjltfor publication but as a guaranty of his good faith. We cannot nndert ike to return refected communications. A LL PAYNEXTS to br made ?ri aifvance AVTUSt'MENTS TH!S KVKMNO. TABIC THBATRJC ?Nbmt<ic? M*m and tmk Ma* or NeRVC?AlMODEUi?Dot'DLt HFDDEP lloOM. BOWEKY THtCATHK. BoweT ?The Bottlk-Hi'e and C?T? OaMKCOCK OF Tilt U'lLDKBMil. ? chitham THKATRtt, Chattnm brutci ? Sit .1 bcuisak ON hOKIEB >CK -iDIOT wITSFH CIRCUS?BOWIHT AMPHITHEATRE, BoweryEQL'EtTKllVIIM, UTM*A|TIC*. I'AKTOMIMK, &.C. MECHANICS' HALL, Eroa<! way, n?ar Broom*?Ciiiii tt'? Mikm'Ekl*? ?riJioriA* diN?jir*o? Buiilks<iue Danclira, lie. PANORAMA HALL, Broidwrnr, nmr Houston Ba*?ahd'? I*ahoiana or tiik Mis?i??irri. BROADWAY ODEON, Broad war.?Model Abtiiti. CONCERT ROOM, B!RO\D WAY.?Model ARTIM-i MINEMVA ROOM ?CiMrBKLL'i MI!MT?EL??Ethiohaw Sikoino, Datixs .lie CONVENTION H ALL.?Sable BHOTH?*?, ETHioriAN Platisu, fro PPALVO'S OPERA HOUsi?Cl-amber: i rfrt ?Model Aitiiti Ywk, lliurido}', March lO 1818. rircuiut'on or tt>? tlaralU. Dally Hfrnld. yesterday, Mare.b 1ft. IS 00# coplw Asi< mtal? O". ai.rcta UK ?Mk. ...137 Ml * A??rut i-f Lwiif 'Wftftkly. c UUOAj. fcio. .. 46 4 H " PoWirsationcowBiwus^Cl yf?>r<i?y ?f 3 o'clock " firldtifl 2ft m pest 7 " Th? EictUon In New I'ooipstlre. We give, in another column, Loni; iinm>rtant intelligence received from New II mi'shire luft evening A Stare flection took place there on Tuesday of this week, in which the grest question ef the Mexican w*r was made a test between he two partita before the people; and the result of this content, which may be considered u pioneer or preliminary battle for the Presidency, hit been in favor of t:.e democratic party. A? far as heard Irom, the democratic \ot? lias been increased several hundred?equal to a thousand or twelve hundred throughout the S ute? just about sufficient to keep up the excitemcnt between the two parties. This election was considered eo important, cs bearing on the Presidential question in November next, that Senator Houston, from Washington, went down to Now Hampshire to explain to the people the origin and cause of the annexation of Texas, with all its consequence e, the Mexican war, and the result of thai great cor.tast between the two republics. Horace Greeley, of this city, was deputed by the whigs on a like mission, on the other side oi the question, and met the distinguished Texan Senator in the arena; giving argument for argument, and illustrating point for point, the differences between the two parties. The result is now in a great measure before na. The democrats, thus far, have triumphed by a considerable majority, and the whig", as of old, have little left but their honor, their courage, , and their hopes for the future: matters which ! they have had in abundance for the last forty years. Wlliuot i'rovia(i_v Compromise. By the settlement rf the Mexican war in the ratification of the treaty of peace, now on l'sway ; from the United States to Mexico, the different | political p-irties in'o which tho country is divid- j ed, will, in the course of a fow months, assume a new relationship towards each other. As we have remarked on a former occasion, the issues which divided the parties of this country before the commencement of that war, iiave been either settled definitely, or abandoned by mutual concent. With the ratification of this trea'.ry, a new and a formidable question is presented, one which Mr. Clay, Mr. Calhoun, and ottier great statesmen, sought to avoid in all their npeeches and resolutions on the subject of the war. This question?mean the Wilmot proviso, or the principle whether this new territory ceded to us bv this treaty shallbe free or otherwise? was discussed at the lust session of Con^r^ss with much spirit and feeling; and the probability is, that as soon as the treaty shall have been ratified, it will be again brought up. Now, the Southern States, and a large portion of the de mocracy of the North, are to a inan opposed to its passage ; and we may look, when the subject again comes up for discussion, to a scene of excitement which will produce a perfect row at the capitol, amoig all parties. It will occupy the attention of Congress for probtbly the remainder of the session, without any conclusion being arrived at ; and the Presidential election coming on, it will be forced into it, for th* purpose of catching the abolition votes.? The kbolitisnists. of courar, will vote for it, and for any man who advocates it. This party polled ?ome sixty thousand votes at the last election, and by accessions, and by the attaining of majority by their sons and relatives, it will probably number seventy thousand at the next election. For some few years past a portion of the Northern whig*,and the whole of the whigs in New England, hare been toadying to the abolitionists, tutd using every argument in their power to cet their \ <U\- anil their influence: and recently the barnKiirr.eis of New York have embrncd the principle of ihis provino. Hitherto, tha abohticn'sla ha\< i"'pts" a separate ar.d independent party ia our Presidential elections; and in the coniiii contest it is no' likely that tbey will firm a junction with the Northern and Liatern wi.iga pi d the barnburners, even if the latter 6elect u candidate favorable to th ? nvaeure. Now, if sueh a j lrciiou oa til id were made, the f?.rcee of tlie two par.W s would i?e numerically powerful enough to elei.t their inan; end if they did, we would have, for the fust time in the history of our country, a President elected "n ' he question of abolition ; but a union of this kind i* out of the question, although it maybe talked of when the proper time arrives. Ag.iin, in the session of Congreaa that will ensue p.fter the Presidential election, this question will be a^ain rem-wed ; end mthere will be then nothing to be gK,neij by procrastination, it will ki? i? .1.... i.j i ... - ? I ? j ?<; i.ri.iu'-u; uu: in ft way, wo nj'pirhend, not to diaturb tlif j.ei uce ?>r P'rent'th of our inatituuont. '1 tie htilla of both housf will, doubtlcee, ic-ftiw the d< nunciHtioMi of alare ry in evrry io ;it c.f view?the North and the l-'outh will, through their rt-pret > nutivea, be aeain arreyd iig&inat each other?diannlution of tbe Union, nnd ? thonatnd colamitiea, will be talked of ?-nd throtened in the moat li??ry language ; nnd after a aulTiciency cl ?ball lihvc been blown off, arid all the members fhall have relev d Vhemaeives ol their i-eut uj> fceliuga, au.ther I |.| J coHij'reniiic, inch m thti el thi Miaacufi cunh pronuae, will be ejected, and the subject will be Egain dismissed for the time being, to be .V*in taken up when some other portions of tl* Mexican territory shall be annexed. This, probably, will be the course of political mutters lor a year to come ; but no matter how hifli the abolition excitement may run, we think there is too muck of that very valuable and useful commodity among the masses of the people, called common sense, to permit the subject to seriously threaten the stability of our institutions and government. It will probably be one I of those scenes which occur in every country, and which act the part of a safety valve to a i steam engine, by allowing the extra steam to escape anJ be dissipated. This proviso will furnish abundance of material for th? abolitionists of New England to expend their eloquence on; but they will hardly get the Potomac on fire, no matter how fiery their speeches may be. The Thsaty and the Pkess.?The newspaper I tpf3 seems to be yet a good der.l at fault in relation to the treaty. As great a division appears to exist in this region of public opinion, without reference to party, as prevailed in the Senate, pending its secret debates. Generally, however, the public prints are gradually consigning themselves, with some degree of satisfaction, to that state of peace which now dawns upon all. We hope soon to bs able to learn the character of the secret debates in the Senate, and the various votes given during the discussions. The seal of secrecy never ought to have been put on in these matten. The attempt to give an air of mystery to the public afiairs of a republican government, is merely an endeavor, as it were, to put on the absurd garments and ridiculous suits used five centuries ago, and which are never resorted to, by any persons, except in fancy drees balls or masquerades, in order to moke amusement, and to laueh at each other ? The Senate of the United States, locking its door?, and endeavoring to conceal what it is doing, is just abuut as natural and sensible as some old fool at one of our fashionable parties, trying :o pass off as a man of fashion, or to personals the character of Punch. Secrecy in public afl'urs is simple absurdity. We should despise it?we should put it down.? Whenever we can get the secret proceedings of the Senate we will publish them to the community, as we have already done, and always have done. Ai! these matters are the property of the American people, and belong to them, and not exclusively to the Senate, or any particular set ot men who happen to be temporarily in power for a d?y, a month, a year. Political in Ireland.?By every eictuuer we ieam mat iamine, political cegradtttion, anil p;iriy strife, still fearfully agitate that unfortunate country. The anti-English class or portion of her inhabitants, which comprises three-fourths of her population, is now divided into three distinct parties, namtly?the old ard young Ire'aod parties, and a s^lit from the " young Ireland" party, whose opinions are still more violent and hostile to England than the original physical force party. This new party it, in its feeling and spirit, a good deal similar to the Irish confederation here, and hiivioualv await* Rome favnr.ihl<- #>nn. junction of circumstances, for breaking out into open hos!ility. This crisis they expect will accrue on tli* death of Louis Philippe, in which event a war between England and France is confidently predicted by many ; and, in such an event, they hope that the disaffected state of Ireland nny invite the French to attempt landing an army in that country, which, if successful, would bring about a simultaneous rising in Ireland, which England, while contending with her powerful neighbor, might fiiid it impossible to suppress. They argue that, in this event, their schemes for placing themselves on an independent footing with England, as a distinct nation, may not prove so ridiculous and Utopian, as the generality of people of other countries seem inclined to believe, who consider her case hopeless, end that she must forever remain a powerless appendage to the British crown. They also rely upon the sympathy and active co-operation of their countrymen abroad, especially in the United States and the British provinces of America: and moreover consider the disaffection of the Irishmen in the British army and navy, of great importance to their cause. The Irish confederation in this city are energically advocating (i military organization here, to be prepared (or these coming events, which would enable them to embark a considerable force of welldrilled men, who would secretly proceed to Fr .nce, from whence they would seize on a favorable opportunity of uuiting with their countrymen. There is no doubt that, in her desperate circumstances, the political excitement which now rtigns in Ireland must be immense, and a serious explosion may be looked for; but whether it will happen at the favorable moment lor success, has I yet to transpire. The Spring Emotions ?N'ext month the charter rlection will tike place for the election of Mayor aud Alderman of this great and glorious city. And in this instance it becomes the duty of the tradesmen, mechanics, and laborers, to look well before depositing th^ir vots in the bal'<H box, and see if the nun thus up for ofiice is one who can be depended upon ; study whether he is capable, honest, hnd willing to protect the poorer clawea froui the over burdensome taxation which now exists to un extent quite unnecessary for the regulation and managem?nt of the city government, but merely oppresses the mechanic and middling classes of society by an over-taxation. Now, if we had a set of aldermen capable and Willing to undertake a rpfnrmatmn in r>ifu m?i. tore, they would gain for themselves an everlasting reputation, and, at the same time, the thanks of the citizens generally. Such men we want as candidates for the ensuing election?yes, men who ar? pledged to re! form will surely meet with success. The present Common Council, like many previous on?-B, iir-.' rr together incapable of managing | the city affairs a* thejr ought to be. It is well j kuown (or the Inst jrear our city has been in a deplorable condition; dirty streets, many of which me nearly knee deep with muj and filth, tope'her with a majority of other matters connected with the city government, are almost as nrucli smotlu red up and kept froin the public eye 1 y these prote- ?, d tatlirrs of reform, as the ?tones in the street ura covered with dirt Yet the people pay the same umoui.t ot tax's, and this yeer we beli? ve a little more, especially for printI ing a d adverti?em? uts, as one of its member* is somewhat interested in the profits of such , jobs. Tube sure an attempt has been made to relieve tiie city of two hundred thousand dollars taxation, which is now paid for a useless and extravagant expenditure on police. This retrenchment lint been attempted almost at the la?t hour | of their administration, but is snllered to lay on the table without any further action. The fact ;i, that a n?*w set of men will be sup poitrn 111 mc coining election, pif'tgt (1 to relonn, redaction of taxes, clean streets, h.c. fee., toj?(thrrwilha purification of the inwny abueea which now exist in the present police aystem; and that reform, in ail probability, will be eflected l?v the democratic party. The people want reform, and reform they muat l.ave ; bo, prepare (or the el'-ction next mouth. Tii ht am-vlup Camiikia is in her nineteenth I <*?/ i I TELEGRAPHIC ITTELHSEHCE, 1_ .. t-r*y;-? -?jg . ml Bummiry We have received, from an occasional corretpondent at Washington, a sort of syllabus of the j instructions of our government to the Hon. John Slidell, ou his mission to Mexico, which result* \ ed in the war with that country. The instrucI tions are apparently of very little importance: but, as showing the policy of this government relative to the attain of this continent and their intentions in regard to Mexico, from the beginning, they are of considerable consequence, aa time will reveal. But of this, more anoa. The proceedings in Congress will be found highly interesting. Ia the Senate, Mr. Douglass, of Illinois, brought up a bill for a new territorial government for Nebraska, which was favorably received, nnd read twice. Mr. Benton presented a resolution for the eucourI agement of the purchase of American hemp lor the navy. Several relief bills were considered; and the one for the heirs of John Paul Jones was passed. The ten regiment bill was next taken iu hand on its final passage, when Mr. Calhoun expressed a desire, that the vote would nut I be taken until the next day, as he wished to cxj prees his views in reference thereto. Mr. Allen I advocated its immediate passage, to provide against emergencies. Messrs. Cass, Foot and | Mason also wished to have the matter settled at once; while, on the other hand, Mr. Mangum moved that the bill be postponed for a fortnight, ' but his motion was lost by a vote of 28 to 18 Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, then obtained the floor, and expressed surprise at the urgency manifested by Senators to hasten the passage ot the bill, in the face of a prospective peace. After which, Mr. Calhoun secured the floor, and moved an adjournment until to-morrow, which was carried. The House was principally occupied with two questions; the first was the consideration of the President's message refusing information relative to the instructions, given to Mr. Slide 11, by the government, while on his mission to Mexico, diring which Mr. Root, of Ohio, took occasion to make a political speech, and pledged the vote of his State to the friends of the Wilmot proviso. The affair was disposed of by Mr. McKay moving iib iciereuce iu me v^ommmee on .foreign iteialations. The other question, was a bill offered by Mr. Morehead, of Kentucky, for an abatement, or reduction, of the payment of revenue duties; which was ably defended by Mr. McKay, ol North Carolina, Mr. Hunt, of New York, and Mr. Pollock, of Pennsylvania; and opposed as strenuously by Mr. Murphy, of New York, and Mr. Grinnell, of Massachusetts. Several other gentlemen addressed the House on the nature of the bill, pro and con; but an adjourcment was moved and carried, beforo final action wm had on the subject. We received from Harrisburg, Pa , the proceedings of the Whig Sta e Convention which organized there yesterday; from Albany, the proceedings of our State Legislature; election returns from New Hampshire, and a variety ot despatches from other places?all of which will mark the enterprise of this department of the ; Neu> York Herald. THB CALL Or OONCfrllHSS. THE INSTRUCTIONS TO MR, SLIDELL. &.C., &c., &c. Washington, March 15, IS48 As there appears to be some desire to see the instructions to the Hon. John Siidell, ihe Minister to Mexico previous to the declaration of \Var. I have taken upon myself the liberty of transmiting to you a syllabus of them In i-nincniipnci' of n Kir nn> government from Mr. John Hlack, the United States Consul at the City of Mexico, dated Sept. 17, 18-15, stating that the Mexican government had at length stgnfied its willingness to treat for the settlement of difliculties between the two government?, Mr. Uuchanun, on the 20th of November, despatched the folio wing instructions to Mr. John Slidell, then at New Orleans, coinmissioned as Minister Plenipotentiary to Mexico. Alter repeating to Mr. Slidell the objects of the mission, which were to counteract the desigus of foreign powers against the interests of the United States, and to restore friendly and peaceful relations previously existing between the two countries, trie instructions declare that the true interests of the American republic require the pursuit of a uniform American policy, different trom that of European governments; that the balance of power doctrine cannot be tolerated on this continent; and that no interference, even in the shape of mediation, for the adjustment of difficulties between tnia country and Mexico will be allowed. The attention of the minister is then directed to the claims of our citizens against Mexico, which he is instructed to urge strenuously, and to the many acts of this government declaratory of their validity. Those claims and the acts of injustice of Mexico, are enumerated. The case is argued clearly and poweriully, and the right is demonstrated to be on the side of tins government. It is then remarked that those claims could not then be extinguished by the Mexican government by the payment of money, and that as the joint resolution for annexing Texas authorised the adjustment of all questions of boundary, this government would be willing to uHsiune ttie debts of Mexico due our citizens, in consideration of the extension of the boundary of tlic United States. The llio Grande is the true boundary of Tex*s, and Mr. Buchanan goes on to prove this position from the history of this country and ol Mexico, and informs Mr. Slidell that me independence of Tex ts is not to be admitted to be a question. It was different, however, with regard to New Mexico. That country the Texans never conquered; and us its possession was desirable to the United States, it was a lit subject for negotiation For the whole of New Mexico and the boundary of the 1Lto Grande, Mr. Slidell was authorised to oiler to iirsuine paymt-nt ol me debts due our citizens, and, in addition, to pay Mexico five millions of dollars for the boundary of tlie Rio Grande from its moutli to the source. To assume the payment of the claims of our citizens, Mr. 8. was instructed to obtain California, i| possible, and for the line running from the southern extremity of New Mexico to the Pacific, so us to includc Srn Francisco, he whb authorized to oiler iwmty millions ; lor the line embracing Monterey, twenty-live millions. At this, he was instruc rd to inquire int? the alleged dcliuquenot Eiinllio Vo?s. New Hampshire K.Uctlon, Bonto.v, March 15 ?A M. fjo?K?non- 1H48. nOTKMNoa?1647. Co't. ffhtg Q-Jlh Dm Scat Wh.g. .14, l)-m. Jfrtrj/ n'llliamt. C"lfnj Bttry. IK'mt. BelUnap, S U l.OTrt it,114 0 1,113 <V3l 3040 Knnkin'm. I " 47-1 43i ? 3JI 110 393 Stafford, 7" 3,303 1 4M !ll? 1,774 681 1,314 Carrol!, 9 " I'Jl '224 ? 141 50 ^10 1 Marri'c, 16 " 2 173 3iitil 61 17*4 770 3 < ftO I HUUbo', 16 " 3,498 3131 fil U HJH 639 a 901 Ural ton. 10 " I 10* 1,324 13 641 <W4 t 173 Gi 11,633 11,026 173 8 686 3 301 11 109 173 3 301 11*93 11807 11626 11.109 D*m mln. . 163 dim Wj ii Ab ?>J 169 Wbfglow 6C 9 The .State has gone for the d*mojrat< Hosro*, March 15?9 P. M. The returns received are Irom uhout two-thirds | of the State. 'J'he democratic cand d >te lor < ??*' eruor ih elected hy two to three thousand rrujorlty. There in twenty to thirty d mocrutic majority in tilt' House of Representatives. Nonilnntloni for tonurcM In Jn.i??ai-liiui?tt*. Boston, March ] '<?!(^ p. M. The Hon. Horace Mann w?n to-day nomina' ted the wiiiu candidate f?>r Congress, in the I eighth district, M ?iiun*-1ts, to take the place J oi the late John (^uiucy Adam-*. Mnttsra of Kim: . liAi.riMORu, March lii, 1843. The enra from Pnitadelphia were d-tuned to' drv by the engine running oil the iraek. To-day isthecolde t day of th<- n^.mnn CJontello, the murderer of Hugliet, th< fireman, hRB hef n fully commuted 1). Eppen, the murderer of Muir, in Diuwiddic connty, V'a , was br< ught to P? terabur^h to-uay iu irorm. . . Business men arc awaiting the stenmer's news. The market* are without change, and inactive. hnni}lvanU Whig auu Convention. Ha?*ism?*h, March 15, l#"1! The whig .State convention assembled at Ilarrisburg this morning. Mr Thoa. C. Cochran w?b appointed temporary chairman, and Judge Conrad S.-oretary. The roll was then called, and substitutes appointed for absentees. The committee appointed several select and permanent officers, und then ndjoumrd until the afternoon. At the afternoon session the committee reported that they had selected the following officers for the convention Mr John B. Johnson, cf Krle, r.uiiinl. Viot Prtti'lrfti.? John AllUon, Joalah lllcta, Win Lanborn, Robert T. Conrad, J. K. Shoemaker, Joiiah Kirkner, Tbouaa Foster, C. K. Shoemaker. David llerrlckson. J. J. Hemphill, David Leeob, A. Wolvlne, W. J. Vanklrk. S'crttjrift.?J. M Sullivan, 8. W. l'earaon, Thoe. W. Dufflcld, J. P. lijynt, J. W. Kerr, J. B Bell. i ricre were several candidates tor the ollice ot Canal Commissioners, viz. :?Messrs. Middleaworih, Karns, Tracy, and Preston ; and the ballotting resulted as follows :? Fin! Ballot. Srcontl Ballot. Mr. Mlddleaworih 37 Mr. Mlddleaworth 69 Mr. Karna 28 Mr. Traey 39 Mr.Traoy.. 20 Mr. PrfSton '26 Mr Prentoa 19 Soattrrlng 19 Mr Midd'esworth was then declared to be unanimously nominated. Mr. W. T. Johnston, of Armstrong, and Mr Samuel Bell, of Bucks county, were elected Senatorial Delegates to the national convention, the former on the tirst, and the latter on the third ballot. The Hon. Thomas M. K. McKennon, of Washington, and John 1\ Saunderson, of Lebanon, were elected Senatorial electors. Til* W??tlwr at tUe north. Albany, March 15,1848. The weather is very cold to-day?the thermometer this morning ranging at zero. The thermometer this morning at Schenectady marked seven degrees below zero. Fire at Rome, N. Y. Romv, Oneida Co.. N. Y., ) March 15?6$ P. M. $ There is a tremendous fire raging in our town at this time. Our jail aud court house are already level with the ground, and the Methodist Church is now in names. THIttTIKTH CONQRBS0. first session. Senate. WAiHiNOTOH, March 18,1848 The Senate convened at 1-2 o'clock. The Vice President took the chair, and called it to order, when Braver was offered up by the chaplain, Mr. (Jurlcy. memorial! amd*ph.titions. Sundry memorials and petitions were presented and referred. resignation of iir. seyier. The Vick President submitted a letter from Mr Sevier, resigning Lie seat in the United States Senate. NAVY iPPROFH lATIONf. The V ice President laid before tne Senate a communication from the Secretary of the Nary, relating to Appropriations for the past flsoal year. a pkaee petition. A petition whs presented by Mr. Benton from citiisns of St. Louis. In favor of peaoe. railroad to the pacific. Mr CamIron presented resolutions adopted by the Legislature of Pennsylvania, respecting a railroad to the Paoifio. a new territorial government. Agreeably to notioe, Mr. Dour,mi, of Minds, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill which was read the first and ssonnd times by unanimous consent, for a new territorial government to bt< called Nebraska. rt'KCHAlK op AMERICAN hlmp. Mr Bentcn Hsued and obtained leave to bricg in a jMnt resolution instructing the Secretary of the Navy to promote the interest of the country by the purchase ci I Amsrican hemp for the use of the navy. relief hills. Mr Wescott. of Florida, from the committee on the judiciary, reported a bill tor the relief of Mr. Dumson rtcott Whitney. He, also, agreeaoly to notice, asked and vbtained leave to bring in a bill, whioh was read the first and second time* by unanimous consent, for the relief of Lsslis Combs The amendments to the House bill for the relief of the heirs of Paul Jones were concurred iu. and it win then passed, and only awaits the signature of the President to become a law. the tin regiment bill. On motion, tta* S<oateth n laid aside the morning business, and prooesded to the consideration of the speciol r rder of the day. it being ths Ten TUgiment bill ? Pending the question, Mr. Cutler, of South Cirollna. moved to reoommlt the bill, knd proposed cailiDg upon the Secretary of Stats for information. It was, on takiug the yeas and nays, decided In the negative ; yeas 17, nays 2H. Tbe question then came up on the final passage of ths bill Mr. Calhoun rose and said that he had no exrurta. lion that the question would be pureed at this time. H< desired to express his viesvs In reference to the hill, an i hoped that its farther oousidaration would be postponed till to-morrow Mr. Allk.-t, of Ohio, spoke la faror of the bill, and thought it ought to be pawed a* speedily m possible ? This he urged on prudential motives, it being necessary that tba nation should ba provided against emergencies He trusted it would pas* Immediately, and hoped that the final vote oa the question would be taken to morrow, even if the Senate waa obliged to remain in session all night Mr Foot-*,of Mississippi, followed in reply to Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut,and in favor of the bill. Mr Cass waa opposed to the postponement. Others who might wish to speak, might go on and do so now Mr. Mason, of Virginia, then proceeded to address the Senate and Speaker, in favor of the bill, and used various arguments to prove the necessity of its adoption, and deprecated further debate and postponement. Mr Badoks, of North Carolina, moved that the Senate go Into executive session, whioh was negatived, by yeaa 17 and nays 27. The question then oame upon the passage of the bill. Mr Manovm, cf North Carolina, moved to postpone the bill for a fortnight. He expressed great astonishment at the spirit wit.h which the bill was now pressed npon the attention of the Senate, and considered that there were no clrcumstanoe whioh so imperiously demanded Immediate aotion, especially in the face of prospective pet ce. After some farther discussion, the vote was taken on Mr. tf antum'a motion, and resulted as follows Yeaa 18, nays !* . Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, then briefly addressed the Senate. He expressed surprise at the course ol Senators on the other side. It was considered that the war waa substantially ended. There wer* no more great battles to be fought, and no Urge additions to our troops in Mex'oo nerded ; and it was well known that an armistice but ween the two countries actually existed. Wben Mr Baldwin had concluded. Mr. Calhoun made some few remarks, urgloga postponement till to-morrow. Wben on motion, the Senate adjourned House of Representatives The House oMivened at the u-u?l hour, wh*n the 8peaker resumed his seat and oallsd It to order. 1'rayer was offered by the Chaplain. MKMOaiALI AMD PETITIONS. Araot.g the meaorials and petitions presented, was on? by Mr Green, of Missouri, numerrutly signed by eitisens of that State, in favor of the or^an.xatlon of a new land district. It was moved to refer It to a Select Committee, whiah was adopted. [i rkn11o* of f?tk\t ruihti. Mr, of Penisylvania. reported a bill In favor of extending Jetbro Wood'* patent; it *u moved to refer it to the Committee on rattnt*. Mr. Nelson, of New York, moved to lay the bill on the table, whioh wa? carried in the afflrmatlvo. rrsi.ic printino. Mr. Thompson, from the committee on printing, reported in faverof printing ten thousand abstract* of the w?r department provision contracts. Mr <.'ro*ir? spoke at some length in its favor, and it vu moved to refer it to the committee on military afftirs. A good many other bills were reported and referred. THF. I RESIDENT'S MrlSi'.t OF RFFUIAL. The House then proceeded to the consideration of the regular order of the day, it being the lOHMige of the President refusing to give information relative to Mr. Slidsll's instructions while representing the Government ia Mexico Mr ReoT, of Ohio, addressed the House, and sprhi with great animation. He ridiculed the treaty. EsCommissioner l'rlst. and the government. lie said that Ohio would support none but Wilmot proviso men. When he had concluded, Mr. ThOMAS Tvrnkr, of Illinois, took the floor, but before proceeding to speak, Mr MaKay. of North CaroUna. moved to refer the whole to the committee on foreign relations. thf rkvknutt DUTirS Mr Morkhfad cf K v. mured to take up the bill prohibiting abatement or reduotion of tho payment of revenue duties Mr. MoKat spoke at some length In Its favor. Mr MuafHV, of New York, spnke at considerable length in opposition to It, and said It was calculated to embarrass the commercial business of the country, ac 1 hoped such a measure would not reoeive the e*Q?tiou oi the liou-rt Mr Washington Hunt, of New York, nnd Mr. Pollo* r , of Pennsylvania, spoke in favor of thr bill Mr. Grinnkll, of Missschursets, epuke earnestly gainst the bill The dnb?t? was enntinurd for some time, in which sever*! members participated. amendments were offered to the bill, when without coining to any final action?on motion, the committee rose end reported the bill to the Honse without amendment, when a motion was made to ajjouro. which wzm carried. NEW lOllK LhUlilliATtlRR. Ai bant, March 14, ltUR [ kaiibIm. a rrnnr riatioh ?ob coi.i.kokh. Tii? hill m?li D<r appiopriatinup Irmu thi income of tli* United SftatrB dfji >Bit to curttlj coIIp,(?ii w.ig p*M?J la committee IKiHTI or MAMHIKD WOMRft. rcr.grrfg waii m*4? on tlx l>iil r?latin to the rights ol | marri'd woimn. Adjourned. March 19, 1819. TIIC Fl'IVBIUI. Of AMHAOnr. IPftHt'kft. Rteolutlons wt-r? i.JTi-rrd hi J a loptcJ tb wt thu Hmato atd n J the funeral m AiiIimw Spatter in a body. nkw voru en y i.oak. Mr Bonh Tf'p 'ttnd Hi-' lull to authmic* the MAycr <.t tu? tily <^f N'W Yor* to r*me $86,000 by loan. Dri.AriMd to (i Phitvunai. Mr.Ci.4HK r?piin?a coiiipltiui tba bill to equalUs the reprcMotatlv* bvillte ot lujarTUctt. 1 I 11> III. Ill lCramUTiofti rat , Th? Ml suktof rpproiriitloai for oollegM ?u PMttt. > Hit (.OtfMlMAkT UCNKklL!f itCOVNf. The bill repealing the act to p?y Henry Storm* certain am of money, 8iv, tu pwuil to * third r?adiog R?:rOIT OK THK COMMIIIIQNCII* 01 f?ACTIC*. Tbe Senate, in committee, resumed the oontideration of the report of tbe CommiMlonera on' Praotioe, and oo eupifd the remainder of the f<*an!oo thereon. The report *m nearly dUposed of. An attempt, boweter, will be intde to atarni the report eo as to rtTife theold OUUQtV court* mliiMi flila i>jr\r\*i oKrliaiim Auimbly. american thkithii'al fwnd. Mr. Raymond reported a bill to oharter the American Theatrical Fund Association. 'HI FI'KHStLCI- AMUROIIC irCNCCB. The Houss oonourred with the Senate resolutions relative to Ambrose ttpenoer. THE ALBANY BASIN BILL, The Home wai occupied, until adjournment with the coniidtratlon of the Albany liasln Bill. DtarkcUi Bai.timork. March IS?Flour?The maikst csntinued Arm, and we note sale* of 1000 bbla Howard street at *6 81* a 6 a?x, and 400 bbls City Mill* at 06*.? Wheat? A good demand, with sales of 3000 bushels, including; Maryland reds and white, at $1 30 a 1 37. Corn ?The market was inaotiva, and we could hear of no sales worth reporting. Provisions remained nomlually the same. Whlskfy no change liotrow, March 15?Flour?The market continued Arm, and we note sales of 1,300 bbls, including Genesee and other good western brands, at f.ti 01}* a $0 75. Corn ?Sales ol 0,000 bushels were male at 67o f??r yellow, and 6i)c for white. Kje Klour was inactive. Oats?We note ea'.es cf 3,000 bushels of Northern at 48j. Rye ?We have OLly to nolioe sales Of 3''0 bunhels at 85 j Provisions continued about tho sime. Freights?There was not much offering. Merchants were waiting with great anxiety for the Cambria's n*ws. Wind high, and weather intensely oold. Modern Dramatic Literature ?Some of tht newspapers have brcn speaking highly ia praise ot a new drama, by Bome strange author, founded upon some old colonial character, who happened to distinguish himself somewhere in Maiden lane, during the Inst century, or the century before the last. It appeurs that Mr. Murdoch, the actor, possesses this tragedy, and complains bitterly because, as he says, the theatres here refuse to bring it out lor him. He has, therefore, gone to Philadelphia, in the hopes of obtaining better success there. We have no great opinion of this new tragedy, or of any new tragedy, or of any kind of classical and dramatic literature written in the present day. All people who possess a language and a civilization ol their own, have distuiguiahed themselves, in some period of their history, by the development of dramatic genius. The Greeks, the Romans, the French, the English, the Italians, the Germans, the Spanish, have all had their own dramatic literature, and have completely exhausted the subj"Ct. The classical dramatic literature of the English race, in the English language, is ended; and anything new must be merely on imitation of the old. Shekspeare and his contemporaries, and a few names which follow in the last century, have exhausted all the ideas, feelings, situations and characters of human nature.' It is, therefore, Icily and nonsense to get up new plays, which can be nothing else but rehashes?a mere re-cooking, or refacciamtntos. Such plays may be performed a few months, and then consigned to dust and ashes. Shakspeare, Sheridan and a few others, live forever. "Sic transit gloria munii." , Railroad Freight to Eternity?We heard i inany enquiries made by simple honest people, I pending the transport of the deceased John I Quincy Adams through our city, as to who he was, and where he came from, and what lie had done to excite so much funeral honor 1 Alas! what a commentary on the fame and glory of this world ! But a greater commentary than the above mere ignorance, has been made by an act i which " beats all creation." It seems, accord' ing to the Tribune, that the body of Mr. Adains , was shipped as freight, on board the railroad cars of the Hartford and New Ilaven Railroad , company, and that freight wa3 charged and paid I tor, upon the dead body ! 1 What u lecture on human greatness and | glory ! Steamer Southerner, C-tptain Kerry, arrived yesterday morning, at an early hour, with accounts from Charleston up to Sunday morning. She was detaiaed until about 11 o'clock Sunday, on the bar, owing to the shallow state of the water. By her we have late copies of papers, liberally iurnished froin the offices of the Coui r?er, Mercury, New*, Patriot, and from Captain Berry, und his obliging clerk, Mr. JohnTisdale. Police Intelligence. Polite Statiiliri?The lolloftiug table dhows the number of arreata made by the polios depart me at of this city during the month of February l*?t; al*o de, eigaatiDg tho crimes and ohargea upon which auoh arrets were predicated : ? Felony A rassirg oount't iaoney. a Burglary l> Kal?e pretenoe* 4 Huipieion of burglary .. 3 A'sautt and battery, , ,195 Gruel larceny 29 Ouorderly conduct . . .248 Petitlaroenv 210 Uruck nnd disorderly..301 Huapicion cf larceny.. . 47 Vfg.-anta 125 Receiving stolen goad?.. 4 Ks ;ap?d convicts ?> Hap* 4 S^l.itg lottery tickets.. 2 .Suspicion of murder. . . 2 Conspiracy 2 - Lunatics 15 r?tjury..T 1 Abandonment 4 Infanticide ......... 1 Total number arrests .1218 D smittal and Suitpemi <n of folirrmrn. -The following ta'ole shiw* lh>' number of pclioemen dismissed aid sugpendeded for c-u??. during one year, from January l?t 1847. to January 1st, 184t< : Foliceaen suspended 1S3 do dieiniM^d for cause 69 do resigned after chirges were ra.tie agtiasc them 2-4 Policemen rcs'gn'd ?7 Total 3il From the above table is will be soen that about oiiel third of the whole police foroe la In difficulty almost all the time The 183 suspensions average from 3 to 8<> daye etch, during which time their pay la stopped, ar.d the posts upon w&ioh they are stationed to watch ere, a* a matter of courie, unprotected. In these oases ohauoe men ought to be plaoed on duty, nod r?c?i?e the pay therefor. During the above year, in four month*. .Mayor Mickle dlsmirsed 2-J policemen; and the r?mainlog eight monthe, Mayor Brady removed from ofiloe 37. i making the M) dismissals daring the year. Rtfarr Juitict Othomr.?At the watch returns yesterday morning, two old grey headed lnaf?r?, calling themselves TarrelrtmKh and Bernard G.Hen w*s brought i in by cfflier Feeney of the fl.h ward, for being drunk and disorderly in the street. MaaitTBATB?Well, you two venerabls eld looking gentlemen what wi*re you doing drunk In th? street last nUht, disturbing the peaoi-'nl quirt of thn fi'h ward ? Priso*kri?Oh! heaven biers your honor, wo only took a lull" drop, acd the night being ootd. it took hold i of nur head# and made ui a little tlg'jt; that's all, your honor. Maoistiutk ?I guess there wr.s a xneeMrg last night in the ward, which aroonn's for vour being drunk ? There, go and vote, and ca'l in and Si o mr ilay afier toi morrow, on St. Patrick's usy, whea, na doubt, you'll be sober. Prisoners?Oh! long life to your honor, and mty you live for r.v'r; OoiJ bln>s you. And off thn twooldmeo started out r.f th-? cfilae. declaring thiy would Tote for A1 lerman Kohler, and no mistake The n?*t prisoner was a comical looking r,!d Irish woroan, wl'h red hair, a blac't eye, b#-r laoe much pitted with the small pox, v-d no upper ?r->i.t, t?eth; hut her I tnngu* was left ca lo"/ a* < Ter. which sheused iu a v?ry I fl'ienf nnnmr, tbrowin* th? blarney unon th' ranuis | trate In th? h?"?Tlest mann-r p )fsi:>l?. S^e called ht-r ! eflf Biddy K?lly The pMice.nan brought h r iu for being druuk an I disordrly in the eU?-tj but as the i IU v r did uot aop?ar to ro ?k > the char*,#, tne magis i tr?'.e told lur she might go this time, hut to bo more oarefnlin future ' Biudv ? Oh. good Ju !*o Oshorno, I k. "w su.'e, yon was a good j'idg", ar.d may you n?v?r die, and llv* for ever, (Jo 1 bless joti; and in iy I live to go t.o to your In n?r*1. a-sh ! Hurry uo thi c<?k?s And !f:h? old woman rtai t"d l*n iliin.'On I full mil i nr. ..f ts? rffloa muoh merriment, ifnr the epentator*. lioitk Fulileri, T? llarciaci, fie. Dr.*? Sm : i I i yonr peper of thin Tr>orn(n(?.uoil^r the head of C!?y Int lliu acc- \i?(Ul Artiete I bud th? fojlowln : ' Th?y wrn re|uof*o<ly oompeliad to tbrnw n?l4s tbo>? tl>rhte. airibe book-f. I l?r?, buna-box m*k?r?, Uilorrsire, ?n l dr'v-nak- re, ?e the miy be." I hire obiarred with p tin in >nmy cf thrt paper*. of late, expression* of* eimiUr chains. er. 8r*ii ? It In your paper of thlj ?arriiiiiR I (Mermihnd t.o ftd-in-M a not" t-> you up^n the >n?tlfr, reuniting your attention to it with greater freedom, luvwlng tint yon would not wi'dlnjly herr the frltn ,* of any p?r?mi<. "pecla'ly wbe? no k >:<d it t > h i fto vimpiiehed by *o doing No ilonht th-ri are ?<uiie (n< t itt iay oom pared with (he wholn num'n-r) RlrU, who wo-k a' three end eirailar branch'*, and wtio are " no better than thoy ou{h'. to lie." B <t you ?uet know, that the m?j rity of th> work'ng ire of our pi y, are h meet. Wtiftible, M'l worthy, who are f?r f'oro d?*er?tn'' of rrep'ot than mat y vth') rr? o.illej lu II.*,'' *ud wbo eat tb? brrad of iiileij'M and tl uh. I hare eteler* who uri work girl*, and I am not nab tuned oflhMn; bjt. on the contrary, leM ejivpride in intra ti. v-aro t i. >r b: >?d hvtne ewf?t,ot tL.-ir b?OW A< I feoi thi* tiria.i. in it not proper lh?'. PM? is* Hk? ;;;m 0 ,u,pUlntt4 0,1 TconVTANV ? _ _ ?_ - ? - ? 11 r" 11 ? 1 IIIIUJLIJ^ C'liy ln(?lllgiht(, Tut. W*?m& -V?st?r4iy wh lnde*il tba C0t4*9t dijr of this month and neiriy, it not <iuit-. as euld u aay day of the p*?t winter. The wind wu high all day, and clouds of dust, wbloh were f.jum in th? (treats, rendered the day rery disagreeable Winter seems to bars recommenced, end i? pouring forth Its col ic it brettli When oold *m looksd for, It cam* not; but now, when spring b?s coiae io, pleasaut weather bai disappeared, aud the chilling tiitui of winter bin pom > in lis stead. The day w?s for the wo it past clear, and no appearance of uppr jaohing ioul weather. Thk OlliSD JURY AND THB MODIL ARTISTS ?Quite a number of the femalu Model Artists, from 1'almo's Opera House, mnds tbeir appearance at tbe Tombs a few evening* since, for the purpose of fjelug before tbe Grand Jury, that an iarestiia'-lon cf their exhibitions might l.a K.rl TKi? -?* *-- * " " " ouuuuBnui, uowevrr, ana had to r*tu:n, without being able to communicate any itif'ortion to tbat body The proprietor informed the jury thathe had impended op?r*tlosB for a few daye, in order to brlrg one sometbirg new; and requested them to be present tbia evening and judge of the Impropriety of ruch exbibltloni for th-mselves. This will b? quite a rich treat for rome of tb? sage members of that body; and it U ftured. that for tbe special oceaeion, the axhlbltlen will be ooniuol*d in the obsstest manner po??ible, and thus pay the war to prctent representations similar to those presented a few weeks slnoe. Timk ix Mourning.?Immediately open the reception of tho news of the late ez-Presldent Adams' death,a meeting of tha Common Council wai called, and among other resolutions parsed, It was resolved tbat the ahambers of both boards of the Couooil should be hung in mourning, ard directions were accordingly given to tbat eifect. The keep?r of the City Hall proe?e1ed to tha work, and among other t hings, wrapped the c'ook In the chamber of Assistant Ald?rra*n,in fever ?l frldsof heavy black orape, so tbst it bas since b^en impossible to see its feoe, or to tell tho hour. Thus it is, and must remain until tbe thltty days have expired. Firk ?A Are broke out about three o'elonk yesterday morning, in the b9R?m*nt of the Baptist Church in Stanton, near Koriyth street, which was put out with very trifling damage. Board of F duration. March 18"?Robicrt, K;q , President, In the chair?The committee oa tinausn presented a report and resolution in favor of appropriating the sum of $1000 for th? purchase of books, statloneiy- lis., for the new school in the F.leventh ward. Adopted fi report was also received from the same oommlttee, requesting the Common Council to make an appropriate ef $700 for the flt.Hvgup a*d furnishing ward sohool house No 21, in the 12th wtrd. Adopted. The committee on apportionments presented a report, which showed the sum of $199 743 81, had been apportioned for the year 1949, tuid tbat the sum of$114.3S3 fS had been for the Public School Soolety out of that amount The adoption of the report was moved by Dr. Sweeny, with the exception of the apportionment of eertaln primary schoil, whioh had been ereoted by the Public Sehnol Society without previously obtaining the approbation of tbii Board. Mr Kino remarked thathe supposed the apportionment, ns reported, was in eompllanoe with the law and according to the duties of the Beard. mr, racwic* ciierea a resolution making tha action of the Botrd on this op<!nnir>n proepectlve, and not reir>?peelire Tb? amendment wai lout. Tnn original report *u than adopted, and ordered to be printed. The report on applioatlon for aew ickoole was then . presented by Mr. Daviei, tshini an appropriation for the purchase of a Kit* for the erection of a aew tehool honae for ward school No. 4, in the 14th ward. On motion, the report wa? laid cn the title. The committee or. bnlldines end repairs presented a report relative to the fatura baNding and repairing of nchcol bcn*?i. be reported by the ward oflleera to thin Board bef re taking further aotlon A motloa to lay the rerort on the table wee loet Mr Kino moved that tfao report be laid oa the table, be printed, f nl com* up before the Board in regular ord?r. whloh wka adopted. The eame committee alao reported In favor cf furnishing a school or aohoola fer the benefit of the colored children In the Cth ward Adopted. A resolution wae then effrred by Mr. Fellow, asking the Common for an appropriation of (816 06 for the fitting np tho fa kement ef St. Phillip's ohureh, In Centr* street, a* a eehool house for thebcatflt of the colored nhtldren la the 8th jrard. Adopted Fi ee J!cad>mij.? A resolution waa offered by Mr. Belworth, directing the committee for the care, management, aad government of the Free Academy. to oall upon and rsoeive from Mr. La Farge, for one half of tiie ao.tal extra cott of mulling a aeenre foundation of the Fr e Academy building, over end above what the ooat wo. Id have b>-en if made according to the original apecreation of tb? contract between him and tha Beard, th luia of $2 270 43. and to apply the same to the euboeiueut payaeiita on tb? Maron's eontraot. Adopted 1 he repo:t relative to the purchaae of a (Ite far a aew soSfel house in the 14th ward, for ward school, No 4, w * then ttk n up Mr Oiro offered au amendment, reatrioting tha lot to 7d by 109 feet, no specification being mentioned In the report Adopted The Board then adjourned. APrOINTMKNTS IIY TUK l'RKB1DSNT.? AmilTOie H Sevier. of the State of Arkansas, to bs oomalasioner of the United Sta;es. with the rank of envoy extraordinary anil mtu ster plenipotentiary to the ktoxtcan ret.uolia Uobut M Walsh of the Stat* of Pennsylvania, to b? secretary of the legation of tke Uatted States to the Mexioan lepubllc. Frott'a Che jp FiirnlsMnj Store, 94 Nassau tre t?If you want a tin t p fine g'oJ flttijg Shirt, ?<? l<> 91 Nassau alrcet unJ buyc.iir of Stott'a IJollar ?rd a Fla'f Shirt*, and cur word f r it yon will lever lu; naeiher iu Croaihviy. A p.iir ?,{ Olovrt, economise?a Ci'Vit, etouomiae?i Stock economise -utue- sh'rU mid drawer*, pneket handkerchiefsand susoeudert. ecoeumi.e. N B? is thu la the only ?lie*p far-iining itue in N aw York, rS'ieiuber St Nuj'.o stteet,opposite the He a!d office, and become 'Tidier" every year. Win. U. Hecbe <k Co., MmUN have Just r*~ reiret. diieet from P'jis, a syleadid ajs<rtra?t of elegv't (Jmb'elli*. Brushes, Uloves. ttc , lc?,wnich tliey now offer fur a tie at their establishment, If,8 l>?-t a way. Uolil Pen*, of every (ie?ctl|)tlan and price, forasl'SSp r crn* bel ,w for.ner prices. wholesale aud retail, by B. E. Waiarn. k Co., 15 Willi in street, I door kej"w Wnil street, and J. l.Hnfl, ' ! Kul'oa st--e.. Their Kichtlieu Pen* are inva*i?bly w uranted, and are now rteegtiizsd aa tna I e?t aud < s: pen ir the wrild. A. U Bailey'a OoU Peae a .Id na above, l>y the grots or dozen,?t ina>.ntaettirera' prices. Banka. colleges and sc'tools aupplisd with pen* of appropriate qua ity itn ) size. ti.ild pens repui ed. Diamond Pointed Uuld Pens, from 75 cents to 92 SO?Beers & Clark, i1) Joka sirs', (ap stain,) invite ihe attention of all pnrchaseri of (.told Peas, wholesale or tetail, (o their itock, comprising the pens of all the best raikera in tne eoantTy, caret jlly selected no4 warranted, Reiug ,.eifeet:y c ufident of the tuab:lity of any house to cotiipete with them iu tne quality and prise of their paus and eases, they cheerfully furnish purchasers with a list of their rrioes, for comparison with o'.fers. Oeld pens exchanged or repaired. Diamond Painted Gold Pe?s._\Vholt?nle nnd retnl. Tlicsei iwa t <fa ge.,d arti <1* ihcnM go t > J. \V. liilEATON 8c' O., 71 Cedar street. They lisvs several new rod vety superior stylea, ?t very low pticss P<?? that others :cll at ii thev sell far $' 60 Tne canine Albert U B giey I'eu and t'asr. f I 75 only. Spe; cer Ik ltrndellV Levi Crohn's. .'ositli Haydeu h ' o auil hII oftier approied inH'trn' l'en?, ie!e<ted by a eum^trut r'noi. *t reduced piicci. Uold pern and ceari repaired and riclinDgtd OletliuflUt Clergy man _ the fallowing vn t ??nf to our *??' t in ' nil way by the Her. J. O. 'J bd'ijh, of the Ms'hodnt f.. 'hutch, "or I the m-?t Itaixe'l ?ud leapvted io the couuection, and i? an rtt'er e*irieiee f.f?h? wotiu lui rffecnof l'r. T> wnarr.d'a flara.ipiriMa oa the ayatrm. Nnenrl Merauii?Having for tome tiaae |.?t(.u you ure myrf, )tiperitcetd g^eat Oeii'rai Ueb.'it) af my ?v.tain. ctte.dfd with eomtar.t juJ ai '.ruling irritation of th j throU and lurgi, i wu, an enr iua at ce, Hiid id conaf rineiire of having r?rd c?p'?? McLen.'i decided (eatimonv i.i its h?h ,ll, induced 10 tn Dr. TowiumiI'i fir-fauied H*ra?pirii:a. i iri'd it. I coufe??, in?i? iu the hope thin ij the oufiJeme of it> prci.k' elfi a iom ; but I am bound >u ciudo- now to nrk';ow'*tg? ilut { li'd no: tried it lorg before 1 hrg<tn to eipeueuca it* aa!nt ry eff?ctj; and I m*7 row *07 with (iQKuiit McLean, that "1 wou d not be wit roat it 011 any cotatderatioa " It h-n dor# ine mo e no.?d than any previom remerlr I hire ined, and if this nt'teinent 11 uceinaj by you ot auy :;np jrUure. you hare nvfnll content to mike it jtihlic I. O TUN190N. Kali way, Adguit 3d, 1817. rtincipal Cfii ;e, 128 Kulton itreet. SUriuigeira and VUltari ahoultl not omit vl iting the ''inmbe National D-gnnaa Oa'lery. ?n ilia upper corner of Broadway and Murray ilrrrt. 1 lie pictures r.btnurd there are fraticied all over the world, ai.<i taaut.fal picture* 1 hey are, too, m eny one eau judge by looking thrcutli the eahibilioti rem lorh ltuelf j. l im >mt ' . ii m. i?iurfilltlieiAL AFFAIRS. nomyliiKKiar. Weilnctilay, March 15_0 p. ill. Tb*re wm a reaotlon So the atook market to-day, and moat of the fancies Ml off a fraction At the first board Treasury rote* decline i K per cent, Long inland '? Farmere' Loan }i Harlem 1^ Norwich and Worcester ??, Vorril Canal Ilea-iln^ li < Penn *?, Reading li. uis ,'4 Canton went up Hi, and llllnoia Special }i Thare were ?tO*a to ?un? extent of tha prlnol p*l SpeGUi&tivC StOOkl. At the f.?c?n<I boirj reon Vs follcff ' ? Looj inland advanced Parmer*' Lo? '4', landing Hailro#d )i. Tbe absence of the Rt>azncr, r.ow in ber uine'eenth day, has a depressing mllu-nci upon the stock market, and we canaot inunh aotivi'y, or any ma'erlal ob'.ng-* in prises, until ?hn arrives. Con?i'i?> e an*i?ty Is iniul osted to learn til* obaruoter of the oomnj?r?ialJntalligence from the ot!>er sid?, as prices for our gre-?t ? potting ste.p'.o d?pund upon it, and tb? rconey uarkita of tl.Is t runtry will i>n regulated for some iim?by It. lu the event of another advense in notion hiuirg hn?n realiavl In Livorpnoi, or oven it the a Waooe list report- j ed is ?ujtain?d,there must be an improvement | j fhmncial ullilrs, generatly, bete, sa exoliacgn will drop bjlow curront rites, and fcll apprehension relative to furtbwr shipmen's of specie disipoear. TMi will rellsva the bar.ks. and tbey will ill.'couot Kore I'berally It is | the ImpreMio-.i Hinin^ oUton speculators, that tho Cam brl* wiU brlrj aoounnts of n alight reaction In th? I/ivrr I pool mark't; that tha udvanc* *m too |{m\t to l>? ?n t--r"alc?l lu tbo ut>ienc? of* eorr? np n liog improv?[ m?nt in t!io raannfact irii'g dlrilctg. Ail doubt* uprin tbi-flf pcifttl (don b' at, reft, uj th? gtcamer tuuat bn olcusut In ih* xatftutlm", it would b? i??Uf.>r hoM?r< ?i? 1 pnr!'h.***r? to pnune. '1 h? bl.l f;ir.h? ioco-j. ru,: ,n of in>arn'ic*oom^toi*r, now un'l-r aoii?ljT?ti<.n in tha L?.-l?Utur? of th1* St:. ?, I probably, with ramrl un'.mporunt *ll?ri?llou*. bi* aJo;:ti .nij bi'c .?< a law. It pro?i lr* f->r t rulfct li?l ,imf. of f.nj con p .uj, t y uLy Luaoov ol'iiilTidai'ia iiot li>?? tbki) iMrt'Mi.itr lbs |>urp."?t.-( of i t .rln?, flrn knd Hfn loauMiuoo. It r*((ai'ra tUi.t auflU i;von* > ahall Ql? in lie oiuoa Ot lb* 8*or?tary of #iat? J-?oiara

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