Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 17, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 17, 1848 Page 2
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' I NEW YORK HERALD. i/ ? | lortfe-weit Comfr of Poliaa and Rawaa ib. | JAMES GORDON BENNETT, j raoPRiK ron. DAILY 1TEK~JLV?Rvv\, dty, (Svniay included,) >r*nl? per / py - %i at) prr ck.mci?in the United Statea. Mwifn" ? i*1" rihtre "?M f-n ~nn im toinct"^' th*po<t *? Stth'rriher* in Sjuth-America and he treat IndxnH Itiandt uull racia l then pjp'rt hy every renal fr, m thu part WEEKLY HY.n.1Ll)-K iy Kityrioy-W cnti per i v;*y -SS Sl, f" i .'w. L'nifed SWet. Eu r^j 'on *uh*ct tbii t *} prt annw* t f include the p<jstcge. Jl'% edition (in the fre-ch it n.-ll <\t in the fngiith lansu,ie.\ U liihf ruhlnk'd on the tiav -T the departure of iaehfe :mer f?'~ mny r?< ' in Fm .pi trith inltlligtnet I frnmtU p,n tf ?' th' .1 >r<i< j'< rout* *tnt to the latest mo- I nnut Aiit nptitnt ? ' aivcrtieemente received by Mrnri K ligna n Itw Pf?ii?iin? Parxt; P I. Hi wild r, \ 1* C'rnkiB, indjobn Uiftr. kookteller, Henrietta street, I ? HKHULLD?Kcvry TiietJoy?One D?lla> f" t'*e mp.rti .4 I>1 F. KTI * E M F.STS [<-eneui-d every wnrtunir) at teatfn.ble pr\en; fa pritien in a plain, legible manner. T'lf ?"tifnietri ret terpenutile ftr errors in riaiiutrtipt. f'l/H '/'I.Vtf of all kind* execute* beautifully a-'d with 4e>p irk Ordt* t recti. td at the Publication Office, corner *< f\iiIf- iid .Vtna i itreeti. J I.I I.UTTER t i y mm! f?r ribecrivtiom, cr with ' adretttrewemts to be pay pa<d, or the pottage U',ll bt de- I ducted ft *tt w?fl*h rimllKl rot r\r.1HY CtlHHF.^POXDEXCE containing import?, 'new 'olieihd fr m an a yuactrr of thewoiid? j en!if if i: ? ' will be l<'*ruHy paid for \ 0 &OTJCE < an b fjim o/ MucnyTious communicaf:'??i> If'hahhr it intended far intert-.an luust be authtn- ! tii (ited by the vame anil addret of the writerj tiit necena- | IMty rtrp'.ibl cat, on kvt ct 9 yiarc.nty of hit food faith. H t i-.'n- ( . kr to yet ru rejecteef cumaunicaticm. ! Jl 1.1. PJI YMKffTS t><e tHodt -me, j a ?;sv:vrs tr;19 ev kvixo BO^rw.t TH ' '"TH Tm: BoTTLr?Ht'K *KD CkT?UiMl.COl E or THK ? II DKKWfcM. CHATHAM THKATKC Chatham Willi jm TtLL?vrw Wit to I'AV lp PlBli. O ^. W-lOW^ny A vtp IlTIIVATRE, Bowery ? Kiji nitimauh, Ckmmitiii '"amouimk, inc. .v. , h *nics* ii'il!. a-v, mr.r b'ocm*?Cnku tv i Min?THi,Li? r" i morion Siwwinij?JQukLKi^rr. I)a.icm?. k-. PANOTl\\H HALL, liro-e?ar Houston ?tr?tt.? ba^tai-o'i Fiiiokiiu of thk vminim BROADWAY ODEON, B Milffj*.?MonrL Arti?t?. j CON EilT ROOM, BKO A D W AY.?MODEL ARTUTI. | MIVK V\ HOOM-^tMriKLi.^ MIKITIKLI?STIIIOriAt Mmstita, Dittis kc CO!*V- NTION H ILL.?Sislk Ekotmcim, ETMiorui* ' Si*uw?; ri.?YiK<? *c IVAL' O'S OPERA HOUS Cbambtn aTnt-MoDKL I i\cw Vutk, Friday, Mnrrli 17 IMS * Irralal o? o< (hr <!?rnlil. Daily H#r?U. jeefriny, V.iircb 16 IS 093 nople* AjtgrNiate Imq? <rf ah??t<< last ?? ! 137*44 A?w Of D?Ut- WhHt xaTiiiay, &fi. . . 40 440 <! Pu'oUoatli.ncoriHi?niv-(J yer:.?rd#vat 8 m. p *t4o'cloofc " ?!.,ifhctj at 16 ra past 3 " The Fmldcullal C nvnu. The country i? getting, V T tapidly rind very warmly, into the canvass for the next Presidency Tlie recent S: >te election in N-w Hump- j 8liire may be considered the first decided gun i opening the enmp. ign and looking towards the White House, as far as popular voting is concerned. There Mr democrats, without reference to candidates, carried the day by a very large majority over previous conte?tf>. The importance of the result pending last week, in New Himpshirr, may be estimated from the fact that Se-nntor Houston, from Washington, went down to the Granite State to speak to the people, and to prove that two and two were four. It was nn sppropriate mission. Senator Houston w*s the first man who commenced th? movement for Ttxun indep?ndence, ending in the famous battle of San Jacinto, tmd ultimately bringing t bout the annexation c>t T? xisto the United States, end the v. ur witii Mexico, and its termination by the recent treaty of peace, now before, the country in spite of the loc ked doors of the Senate. He hns been a ptone er, a Governor, a Genera! and a President of un independent Stute. He went to New Hampshire to talk to the democrats of that mountain region. On the other side, the whigs also deputed one of their (T^eat m-n to meet this distinguished Tixnn. They posted off, leaving even Mr. Clay in this city without the benefit of his advice? they posted off Air Philosopher Greeley, who is another original genius in las way, nsSsnator Hous'on is in his; but s. mewhat different in mind, in morals, in boots, in breeches, in principles, and in the success of his cause. Senator Houston heretofore made it his purpose to create a new republic, in which he succeeded. Mr. Philosopher Greeley his been attempting, for the last few years, to create anew e'ate of socieiy, and to introduce into this country the Fourierite system of civilization, which ' end? in universal liberty of nli kinds, anil Odd knows what. Senntor Honston iouyht his battlf8, negotiated the annexation, and accomplished his g'fat work,and now he reposes on his laurels. Greeley is only in mid career, with Lis phalanxes?his n . w order of society?aud is now eng<?red in the great purpose of setting the whiga on their leys, and electing Mr. Clay, without i cheating, probably with a view to bring about the new disp* neaiion in the United States, under different auspices than the present. The result of the labors of thesr- two great men is b>?l?re us. Senator Heuston was tha con* I querorat San Jacinto, snd has also been con- I qucred in the political San Jacinto, New Hamp- j shire ; Santa Anna and Horace Greeley have j bef-n both dished. The State <f New Hamp- ! 6k ire is now thoroughly dt mocratic, and according to ail appearance*, will bring forward Lfvi Woodbury as one c f the most prominent candidates /or the Presidency at the Baltimore con. vention. Ia the midst of the conflict of passions and persons in tbnt 'ndy, wa would not be much surprised if Woodbury were the man. Tnus it g '-s with ;h* democrat* nndwh'gain ' fae E t The whi?s and democrat# are ? qually i busy in thit past of the cou?:ry. In this good j ciiv t i^y nr-* tearing each oth'i to pieces? the I democrats on the Wilrnot proviso?the whigs ' between Mr. Clay hht Gen?-ii>l Taylor; but h^re the friends of Mr. C uy hare entirely the supre- ! inacy. There are two sets <if Taylor men ir. | this city?the one meeticjj m Military Hall, and the other in Wall sir* et; l>ut both seem to be ut- j terly unequal and deficient, when compared wit 1 | the indomitable courage of philonopher Greeley, j with his white hat, short pantaloon?, his demo- j erotic boots, and hie ultra whig principles, in- , cludir^ Foerierinn, with th* re-orfcnni7.it.on of I society, the saving of the necKK of murderers, aad the punishment of seducers in the State , prison. This is a queer contest, and the result will be very queer next November. lit fact, this is a curious world, and how it will?nd is more than we can tell. Cumaxa I'bakls?We ere lik'iy to have a pearl fi* iery carried on by some adventurous spirits of this city, Having nude themselves thoroughly acquainted with the va<<t wealth to be obtained by good management in the exploration of the pearl beda lyin ; near th is'and of Margarita, in smooth water, tii-y hive obtained th" ui- of Taylor's sub-niir.ne sriuor, w itii which they "go deeper and com up dryet" than by any oilr r man", and will dispatc i r vessel iu n fVw \vi ks to s^e if they CinnoF obtain a f w pounds or so of ie?*d p arls, worth S I<'f> an oiit.ee, with a f w ol larger BIZ?, Woilli {>'150,( 'JO i a-h e.iclj as Philip 2d of Sj'^in <>;taiav u about U ( 5 cara ago, from the flame locality A1i??iohai.y ltrEi.uaK.Ncj.?Onpn Town paper*, received via:- II^ , announced the xrrival at that p nee, o( tin ...i.jj, Wm. II. Snailer, witli the muflionarien, Mebsrs. March and Rood, with thrir w ives, at that port, I) cember 20lb. They loft the Cape in the coueter Hosebud, (or j ort Natal, ?>n the 2al)t. The Cambria 1* itthertwe titth day. It is time the wvie her*. S Gamut. Scott's Ilmaa to thi Statss ?According to the latest in?ellit;?!ice from Mexico, Oeneral Scott has retired from the important post of commander of the army there, and will probably toon be in New Orleans, on his way to Washington and New York. The return of this distinguished m'Titary mac, covered with honor and glory, by his splendid campaign from Vera Cruz to the cuty of Mexico, will be the signal for movements of all kinds? uoin 01 a cociiL ana political cnaracter?curing his progress from New Orleans to Washington, or northward towards this city. To the whole country General Scott will be nn object of great interest, as one ot the most brilliant military men ot the age. We do not wish te make any comparison between him and another distineuiahed military here?'he victor ot liuena Vista ? Both possess m-rits of the.r own fufticient to enable each of the mt.) stand upou his own pedestal, b fore the people ot the United Slates. The friends of Gen Taylor do honor to their hearts and to t!i<-ir feeling, when they indulge in acta mid deeds honorable to that distinguibhrd man. We cannot druy the same thing to the friends of General Scott; but his return will give u n w stimulus, and lead to new exertions, with n large class of politicians who wish to ]>I ce his name bt.fore the people, in connection with the Presidency. His return will stimulate their entrgirs, and lead them to concentrate their forces, tnd animate their powers, wherever the tceda of them may xist. In this State, in Pennsylvania, and in New Jersey, Gen. Scott itns a great many friends, who will be ready to act, whenever fin opportnuity is presented them. The Wall street whigs here are really for Scott, although they profets, at present, to be. for Taylor. Ia the meintimq, there remains a deveiopement to be made by the Executive and by Congress, upon the subject of the lute treaty, and the late events in Mexico, which will be locked for with great interest by all pai ties. There isthecorres- i ptiiidtnc'j between G n. Scott and Mr. TriBt; also, between Gen Scott and the government, which, according to rumor, has much in it similar t?> the fnmous "soup" correspondence, and upon which those whp aro opposed to the General rely, iu order to stop hi* aspirations to the Presidency. No doubt, all will be brought out in due time, and will cause, whe.n it appears, a {j;eatd<&l o! discussion as to the capacity and prudence of General Scott as an able civilian. We believe, Jiowtver, there is no one who will net readilf give him the hijjh st character tor genius and c.ipiiciry, t;s a military leader and a military chieftain. We ou^lit to be careful, however, in the ardor of political aspirat ons, not to sully tue distinguished military character of G' neral Scott, by endeavoring to depreciate bid civii qualifications for a high office. However, we much fear such a prudent course will not be followed by the noisy, c.-ptieua and relentless politicians belonging to the various par. tics of the day. Thk Ocean Mail Contracts?Thb Steamship United States.?In our paper of yesterday wcg.veaiull and accurate report of the trial trip of the splendid steamship United States, which, according to the judgment of those eminently well qualified to pronounce an opinion on her merits, is the best, mcibt complete, strongest and fastest steamship that ev<-r ploughed the waves of the Atlantic. H-r gigantic size, the power of her engines, the improvements in her model, wh'ch exceed the most sanguine expectations of her projectors and builder, and qualify her to rank La the first steamship in tho world, reflect great credit on the American name. She was constructed at an expense of three hundred thousand dollars, and possesses what in viin has been attempted by foreign shipbuilders?the capacity to carry a sufficiency of coals tor a voyage to Eurcpe, and facilities for two tier of guns, with abundance of room to man and manage them, in case she should hereafter at any time be used r.s a vessel of war. With all these advantages, she is be-ides the fastfst vessel of hpr description afloat. Would it not be advisable for the United S ates government to contract with the owners of thia vessel to carry the mail between this country and Europe??iy between New York :>r,d Iljvrr 1 Bv doinir so. thev would not onlv forward thp interests of our commercial classes, but coulJ, in time of nec ssity, purchase n vesp?l, the equal of which, for war purposes, is not to be louud in the world She is built of the beet material*, and has engi&es which,for power end Ftr^ncth, cannot be surpassed. We have established nihil lines of steamships between England, the West Indies, and Germany. What ie*son is there that our old friend and ally, France, should be overlooked 1 Our relations with that country are becoming more intimate every day, politically as well as commercially, and the tics of friendship which iihve for so many years existed between tli- two countries, ore being proportionally tightened. The more this sute of things is encouraged, the more it will be to the advantage of the United States We desire very much that the government would give their attention to thiB subjert, and would be exceedingly pleased it we saw it taking measures to secure this coble vessel. Apart from the direct ben< fit it would be to the country at large, a d the additional confidence it would give us in security, tfte enterprise and liberality of the gentleman who spent their thousands so freely in an experiment, deserve to be encouraged. Had she proven 11 i ;iiure, she would be comparatively u u?*ad Iks?; l ut as t,he has proved hetself to h" the finest eieamehip in the world,in every point of view, her owners ougi.t to repp a little, at least, cfa return. Thrre can be no question that any of the Europ'-t.n governments would readily purchaB* h/ r; but ahe muct noc bs allowed to change owners; rhe must be secured to the country to which she l>elon?s as of rglit, and we hope and trust that 'iie government will take immediate measures 'o Hccure h< r, and encourage the owners in building in:ire of the saini kind, which ihey purpose dning, if they get a contract for carrying the mails. It has now become a fettled fact that no country can sustain its position and dignity, or be , roperly guarded against contingencies, without iivailing itself of the mighty improvements tiiat the last few years have produced in the contraction of ocean steamships, of wLich we have a fpeoimen in the United Slates. We tive a full and critical description of the Irnited States un'Jer the Marine Head, in this f.iy'b paper. Later from Havana.?Tiie bark John J'en; m, Captain Welien, n'rived last nijjhr from Havana, with files ? t the Diaro and the (iarrta, to the 3d mat. Tne Spanish frigate Isabel Legunda arrived at llivaniion the 2!)ih uit., having on board the ew (loveriiot-treneral of the Island, Don Federico K.onculi, Count of Alcoy, with his lady and t'iree daughters II is entrance into the city is ; aid to have been attended with great pomp ard i: iii;nrv di:*niav..in(l lie win escorted to the pal >ce i y an mm n.-.: proconicn. lie w .h receivtd by (>eii -ral O'D uneil, l.ile Governor-General, wlio r<>i;?ne (I command nr.d tir* d the fume evening, (irn O'D wou d buil for Havre in u French uhip ill* n in port. T ie li.ili n Opera l::td closed, and (he prima donna, 'JVd?>vo, v is t . ?inve cail'-d lor Fratice The ballet of 'MontplaiHei" did not succeed; tli?*y in'ended Billing lor New Orleans on ihe ft.li inafr. J'uileiiux model arlidta were drawing yieat hou: 11; tuil every ni^ht. Lehnv/n'a bullet Corp * hi Matinz is. iliuiaraa w?? very dull, and the wemnt-r cr ol und pleasant. i Cam of Mm. Gih. (>AtttH.-*-8oin? time Ago a paper in New Orleans made wveral remarks upon the case of Mrs. Gaines, tad the suit lately decided in her favor by the Supreme Court at Washington. Thesa remarks, conceived in a bad spirit, endeavored to give a false and ridiculous construction to iho operation of the decision made in her favor. In order, however, to sat the matter right we liad in the Tribune a very important correspondence between this lady and her counsel, which, witli the remarks added by that journal, we present as follows:? [From the Tribune ] To set this beyond 0uutr0Ter?j, ?o far ai th'? jn?rliUn la coooeraed, we reprint from th? Day Mo>?l; the following oorreepondenoe between Mr*. OtUaea ?n.1 Hon Joaeph L White. Oen. Dnwaa, referred to la the letter, la tbe United States Stoat or for Louisiana, and a largely lnt?rested defendant In the eai* :? Citt or New York, Maroh 11) 184* Mr Dma Sir :-A ui>w?php -r published In New OrUai.r raid tlie ZMta, his itsterted that the cas* re o?ntly decided la wj favor by the "npr*m? Court of lb United Stale.*, was m marie up &fftir between myself and defe .dant and settles nothing except In the particular c*r*. N w.lt bo h*pp?n#d tLat tba particular caso ref-irr? J to was an equity autt brought by my husband nod myself a-aluit. ??ir sateuty defrudants. of whom <'hsrle* PAttcr*nn km cn?. In which suit several millions of dolUta' worth of property waa involved -wbloh fact <vloo<? i? luilciot to disprove the charge af collusion bet wren xayu-if and the defendant, or of any of them; and if it were not. tba farther f ?ot that I h*?e ham engaged in the prosecution of the luit for nearly fifteen yean. and at a oost to nir husband and myself of mora than 150,(KM), cxrtaloly will disprove tt. We publicly announced our dsiir/ to rattle on liberal terma with any of thn de fendants who would me*t us upon the merits of the caae We promiiad Charles Patterson nothing mora than we promised Chief Justice Martin and other defendants ? But we challenge 1 all to meat us upon the known principles of equity and justice, and malta the best possible <Uf?cc) in tbair power. But myobjeos in addrsssirg tbis note to you, is to obtain still further testimony ? Whan yoa wore In Washington, in February last, I rtmeiabcr stating to you that soma of the oacupanta or tbn lands ta which I am entitled aa the heir-at-law of tay deceased father, had. sinoa the decision which aj | fully established my right to them, declaied in subetanou whit has sinoo been repeatad in the D'lia; and after making this statement to yoa. I Introduced io you (IfO Dawns (U. S tfenetnr from Louisiana), wha ?? a p^rty tfefendant to a bill filed by me to a?s<rt a claim precisely similar to that whleh has just been the sutgrc*. ?.f adjudication, and askad him te state to you whether there was any truth in the deoWration tbat she case ?<?ci ted in my favor waa a made up sfftlr, and settled nothing. If you remember tbe stettm?nt of Uen l)r>wus, will you oullge me by repeslrx It ' Very respectfully, your friend, MYKA CLARK OAINK8 J. L White, Ibtq , CounseUor at Law, City of New York Nsw Yobk. Maroh 11, 1M3. Mr Dkau Madam Your note is reoeived. In reply I have to say that I remember the substance of Oeneral Downs' sla'.ein -ot in answer to your question After oaliieg my attention to the oharge made by those whose yoor lata oauae?that the naura bad been carri-d through all its st?g?o by arrangement between you and the defendant*, and settled nothing?yen appealed to General Downs. a* a man of bcnor. to atate whether auoh declaration wai true. I assured yon at the time that yoar denial ?u ftufllaient for me, as it would be to every one at all acquainted with your character You persisted, however, in your request to Gi-neral Downs, aud he declared that there was no truth in the ohargo above stated, and that the principle* of the decision in the case of Gaines IVterann and others, settled your ridhc as.b?ir-at-law. to the property of whioh your fa' her di'd reiaeJ. G?n Downs, I believe, ail Jed, that, as defendant to your bill, ho h*.d litigated in good t?ith >.ud earnestly. aithouKh he bad not permitted a legal controversy at all to interfere with the kinl social relations which has alvrays subsisted between you and himself. Such if the eub?tano>< of Gsn Downs' statement, as I rtra*rab>r it; and I wi'.ladd. that my reeolieotion of it would, perhaps, have bean more perfect if I bad deemet It necessary to your vindication from the charge to which, frcia iuy knowledge of your character, and of many of the facta connected with your celebrated cause, I gave no particle of cridlt Yours truly, J. L White, 14, Wall street Mrs. General Gaines. By the deciflon of the Supremo Court, Mrs Gainfa is apparently entitled .to bat four-fifths of the estate of Uauiel Clark; but the deoislcn in reality entitles her to the whole of it. Under the old civil law andcodea which were in force in Lou eiann (and in aeoordance with whieh the Soprano Court of the United States waa obliged to deolde this oase), no parent could disinherit a lawful child. Whatever will and testament the parent might uake, the ohlld or ohildren remained entitled to fourfifths of the estate. It is under tMs law that Mrs Gain** i.t declared by the Supreme Court "th? f;reed li?ir" of Daniel Clark. But as none of the legatees und?r the fraudulent will of 1H1I, have "acoepted the suocession," their claim to It has sow expired, and Mrs. Gaines lecomes the inheritor of the entire potsetalnns of h^r father, lyiuf? ia nian different Statee, and estimated, r<r schedule, six ytare ago, to be worth thirty thr?n millions of del'ars They will not, of cour:e at this time, aciouut to 1 cm, and with all the looses by costs. compromises. &a. the act j,.i fortune < f Mrs. Gainta may sofely be act down at this moment at more than $2i 01K),0!!0 Thin i3 all psrfectly dear, and quite sntisfartory, for Mrs. Gaines aad her numerous irieruk. oi .?l. L ./? -u. ?.l.i oat: EWiriUB IIUW UCIUIO IBC t*ui iu ?**?va iumuiu^ can deprive her ol th'iB character?aa one ot the moat remarkable persons of this remarkable day. From her youth she has pursued this afl'iir with the energy and genius of a heroine, and has accomplished it at the meridian of life, with the prospect and hop# of mnny long and happy days before her. Excepting John Jacob Astor, perhaps, she is now the wealthiest individual in the United Slates, with a miud trained in the ways of the world, and worthy to be beloved and respscted by all. We should not be surprised to ee Mrs. Gaines and her heroic husband become permanent residents of NewY?rk,by the purchase or erection of some elegant building in Bum'1 of our elejjant squares. She is now, we believe, ab?ut to proceed to New Orleans, in order to complete the decision which the Supreme Court has begun, iu her f.ivor at Washington. It is 6aid in some q'lertera she has had the offer of twelve or fifteen mHlionslorine decision,savin? ncr ail me irouuie of carrying out the furtiier public prosecution of her claims, and putting her in possession at once of her claim*, and putting her in possession at of Rn immense fortune. Whether this is correct or not w? cannot ny; but we should think it the best policy for her to make a compromise, aud get rid of the trouble as coon as possible. OrBNINO OF THE SSASON.?SpRINO ELECTIONS ?While the democrats nr<* rejoicing over the result of the election in New Hampshire, the whigs are throwing up their caps in joy at their success in the city of D-troit, Michigm, in the following msnuer: From tb? D?trcit A4T?rti??r. The of J84S in Mtcblf-in w#! cfnnn??n?d yMl?rd*y in tbii city ; *nd thr mult of the flrat tatll* will eh??r tbr nc?rr? of tb?> whigs of the Wept Probably a in -rr wsrmlf oont?pre<i fi<ht 'liBn tbat r f yenttrWy h>* n??*r tifc-'n pine# in Detroit. Th? 1mu-i was 'Cms or t\'< f(M" "whig pr?*ielor looofooo ruW"? " bnpu f>?c1om or the rxlanaian of n*grabondage " In pur?']?>'ee cf the roipmands of the l^?rlern of the party. th? Fr'f Prttt. (th? or;?r) of yesterday snrriiinf annf.nnoej tb? Iru* ifsu* of the d*y's content a* follows :?" Democrat* of tbe oltj ! Tbli in the tiny that decide# the oontMt *f yonr principle*.'' Ice. The tltUrj ov't Lonofoeitiatn wns deeisire ; nbil it prcves ?hM the f lend* of liberty c*n -o If they try. TnnYjl lowit'ff tii<5 retail: ? fluH, (on'i-Caii) Goodwin, {Can Whig. Lore. let Ward, n>?j S'i ? 2d Ward, ' 27 ? Sd Ward, * ?8 ? < li Ward, " ? 12 6tb Wtrd, " 9 ? ttth Ward, " lfl ? 7th Ward, " 6 ? 11" 12 12 Whig issjirlty 104 Last fall thh kenfeen msjnrlty in this ci'y was 238 Tharcultcf y<vsriay'? contest shows a ?aiu in favor rf republican whig principle of 342 fotes in ti.e p'unrt space of lour loonthv We t India Coombs ? By mi arrival from Jamaica dal-.s h'ife b??Ti r?.oelT?d to t^e 2Jj of kabruary, but th?y oontained nothing of tnt?r*-?t, uj.l*"S we m*y eicep*. the Mlowiug t>sr?.irra^h fioin t.ba .Janaie.i Uujial< h which isauo-bereTiduoce of B.ltlah phliftntliro py ' It iJ time th'.t the euthcrlties should take ef .n nt*ps in r?K*?d to the h?lf-*t?rved wnnderlrg t . 1 m, who ate ei**n at tTery corntr, COfered with ?rm.u au l ml s?ry. !*Pine nfilixia ate ?o diseased that tbey c-.nieeroely more, while their dh'tinees *nd iri?er?hlt- appoar iBoe exolte tbe commiseration of all who behold tb?ia," Political Intelligence. 8am Hot:?ton in Bcitox?The ex-Picri knt Of Texa? epike before a rery lattfe audien >i of his political Imi ltd* at the Tremont Temple Uestnn, on TuetUay I a 1 ha Innin of his remark' "'H 1"< )?? . u hr.fr hlalory be reelewed", flrat pa lirpubllo, and at liugtb i> ouo cf tbn North Auerloan Htales. DEMOCRATIC Dt.l.tnjtc 10 thr VaTIO.N*!. CONVENTION ?l*?ao C. Dan* )i?? h?fn ohOAMi l>y tU-< o d Munktra, a <l?l?ga?? to the lltltitoor* convention ftom ti e ninetetuth ? :?n?rea?leoi>l dtatriet in lh!a Htate. Whki Dm iniTi.?Mr. Sjlveater :-oli?uelt is tii* dele['*> from tbe twntyflitb district of ttiia N.ate. to th? whig national convention. Maiob op Camdm*, N J.?B A. Hatamall, the native jW^itoari raodtdit e'.ccted M? yar cf tU- city oi t,aa:'iea, N J , by a plurality of fourteen ?ote?. PaiKiuriaii L?niai.ATu*? ?'Tho bill to indoriont; ih? I'b ladelpbla and Aiuntio Stein N?? nation Co, ii'ineed ia* l>UMylTM?la bnuatri on '1 u/Hd^y Ai#o, the bill to Incorporate the Ohio and tile R K Co. TBMiiraic nimuaDCK. *rn <ar*~. rs.irvc - J~r? ummajrjr. We give a report of the Hon John C. Calhoun's speech in the Senate yesterday, in oppoaitioa to the Ten Regiment Bill. We received this report by telegraph from the capitol, over the " through wire," in fine style, and are enabled to give it to our readers in a tew houra after it was delivered by that distinguished statesman. It will be seen from this report, that Mr. Calliouu opposes the passage of the bill, because, in uiu uputiuij, li i? urccsBtiry ui jitcbcui iu pi?s it, as Mexico is incapable of making any furiber 'resistance; and that, ?ven as a measure of intimidation, it is unnecessary. The remainder of Mr. Calhoun's reasons coincide with what he expressed on a former occasion. Hie arguments are very emphatic, and, no doubt, sincere; and, although there are many who differ from them, still his speech will be read with interest by men of all parties. Besides the consideration of the ten regiment bill, other matters of importance were taken up in the Senate. Mr. Dix, of New York, presented a numerously signed petition for the establishment

of two lines of mail steamers?one between New York and Havre, and the other between New York and Vera Cruz; which were ordered to be printed, and referred to the Posiofiice Committee. Mr. Dix presented another petition from New York merchants, relative to import duties. Mr. Niles called for the correspondence between Mr. Bancroft and the British government, on the international postal arrangements. The House bill providing for deficiencies in the appropriation for the present fiscal year, was next in order, to which Mr. Benton offered and advocated an amend nent for the creation of a full mission to the Court of Rome, instead of a Charge dtt Affaires. This brought out Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, who oppos"d the motion, with an array of religious Bcruples, which had the effect of postponing the subject for the time being. Mr. Berrien secured the floor for to-day, when he will address the Senate on the ten regiment bill. In the House, a debate on the subject of provision contracts for the army, occupied nearly the. whole of the day. A despatch lrom Washington announces the illness of Mr. Sevier, the newly appointed Minuter to Mexico. We hope that he may speedily recover, and set out on his mission; aa in an important matter like the one with which he is entrusted, "delays are dangerous." From Frankfort, Ky , we loam that the democrats of that State have nominated the Hop. Lynn Boyd, the representative in Congress, fur Governor, and Geo. W. Johnson, for Lieutenant Governor. The legislative proceedings of this State and Pennsylvania?important to the railroad int<rests?market reports, from all the commercial points of the Union, shipping intelligence, ?cc. &c , will be fouud below. Illness of Mr. Sevier, &c , .Vo Washington, March lti?S P. M. Mr. Sevier has been very ill to-day of cholera morbus, and is still not much improved this evening. Meantime, they are very busy at the "west end" in getting everything ready for his departure to Mexico. There is full confidence iu the ratification of the treaty Mr. Stvier, it is thought, will wait for the result of the ten regiment bill, before setting out on his mission. Mr Web?ter will follow the Hon. J M. Berrien on the ten regiment bill to-morrow. The bid weather here has moderated. The fruit crop in the neighborhood is in a hopeless condition, in consequence of the severity of the season. The Assistant P.istmastf rJGeneral gave a large party last night at Browne's Hotel. The ten regi mi nt bill will be disposed of in the Senate to-morrow. Military honors will bo rendered t" the re mains ot Gapl Hanson on Monday. Tuey arrived here to-day. From the South. Augusta, Georgia, March 16,184S. We have received New Orleans dates by overland express today, to the 12'h inst, but they contain no news. I send you the market repcrts and shipping intelligence of the 11th and 12th. Political movements in Kentucky Frankfort, Ky , March 16, 1843. The democrats oi this State have nominated their candidates tor the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor?the Hon. Lynn Boyd, at present a representative in Congress, being the nominee for the former, and Geo. W. Johnson for the latter office. Pennsylvania Legislature. pHiLADKL.ruia, March 16,1848. Tne Pennsylvania r-ulroid bill passed both houses ol the Legislature to-day. The New York and Erie railroad bill was under consideration to the hour of adjournment. th? W?atl>er_Mr. May. Baltimore, March 16, 1848. The weather is fxtremdy cold. Mr. Clay arrived here about 2 o'clock, and refused all public demonstration. 1 lie Funeral of Judge Spencer. Alb\ny, March 16, 1849. Judge Spencer is to be buried on Saturday, the 18ih instaut. VHIKTIHTII CONUUESi. FIRST SBSSION. INTERESTING DEBATES, MR. CALHOUN'S SPEECH ON TUE TEN REGIMENT BILL. Sic. &c. tic. Senate. W*shimoto-?, M*roh 1G, 1848. The Sonata convened at the u*u?l hour. The Vioerresident resumed the chair, and to order, when prayer wa? offered up by the Rey. Mr. Onrl?y. MW LINE! OF STEAMiHirs. Sundry ra?mcri?l* ami petitljn. were presented ? among whioh wo.n one presented "by Mr. Jon. A. Dli, numerously signed by citixsui of the city of New York, in favor of estublishing a lins of mail stenciiis between New York and Vera Oru?, and also another between New Yer* and Harre. It wa? duly reseWei. ordered to be printed, and referred to the committee on the Peat Office. IMPORT DVTIES. Mr. Vix also presented a petition from importing merchant*, In fvror of duties bMng p*id on goods actually imported, without re*?rd to Invoices It wai revived, ordered to he printed, and referred to the Committeemen finance. THE POSTAL ARItAHOEMKITS. Mr. Nii.ei of Connecticut, submitted a resolution calling npon th? r resident for copies of the corraspondeftoe between Mr Dtnoroic and the British government on international postal arrangements MEDALS AKD CERTIFICATES rOR SOLBIRRS. Mr Cass, from the Committee on Military Affair", re ported t h? bill io f t?or or presenting an UM and certiflc?tM t? oflcers ?ii<J soldiers Retrying in the wir against Mexico, with amendments. thk n*ricit!*cr hill. Mr. Athrhton, chairmen of the committee on Finance. mired to take.up the Hou?e Dili providing for d?flrUnfeeia the appropriation* f >r th* present fifcel year Home slight amen Jin nts w?>re adopted. The bill aoiulag up on the question ef lie final parage. Mr B**ro"? offered an nmen lmon'. In favor of er'a ting a full mission to th? Court of Home, In lieu of a Chart' il't * ; an 1 w?nt on hri?fiy to adrooute toe expediency cf (he change, which he thought wus alike Ju? to the dignity of our own country, a* well as respectful to the couit at which, we were to be represented, whrre other governments maintained full embassies or tonr at *11 Mi. Bapcki, of forth Carolina, Mid he was opposed to the ipp'rintornt. of * Minister or Cha'ye d'A(Ia'r. ? to the Pspal f'ouit oi Rome, unless the form of that government wee changed. 11 w was nppoxed to religious power t.s this basis of a p jVcmment, and saw no nec*tsity for the existence of dtplvraetlo relations b' t*re<n thin gnvernment and that of Home. We hire fait no incour.i n>uc* for the want of ruch intercourse herooforc, and h? raw no reason for h change nt the piesent tiin . (Jen tleui*n thought th*t <l?iiniog to sen l % r?pr?sinUtive would be considered dlsroapeotf at. H? did not go ouni t.rlt. Because *nme small powar.* sent lull infusions to Kiime.Wci no argument in favor of our doing the same thing. Atw r ft few war ill from Mr. Bcvrojr, In r?ply, the further oonsld ration of tho bill wan postponed. Till: T(!( KKOIMIDT MILL. Mr, Cans moved to take up th? tan r.-gimsnt b*. 11, which was ngreet'. to, whm Mr. CitNtuR ton and laid?Alter a very careful examination, I bar* not been able to And a single arjn M?nt wh'rh, in my pplalon, would jnatiry tlia pavaire ot j tbla bill at thi* tim?, under rxlating nlrcunnUn-oj. I OAi.aot but tbiok that tt-Ma mho h??<9 come to diffitmt conclusion bava OTfilookod tha aotual eonll'lon of tha goraramant and peopla of M?sloo at thU tin a. I too* net why tkay aould h?mi tbli bill ntouiwrf, ltb?r to IntlnltUU, or to oo*re? the gortramtnt ct 1 Muloo into ? ratification or the treaty. If, air, tha gorernment were atrong, and the people united and capable of reorgarlaing themaelvea again Into reti?. taace, there might be soma strong reasons for adopting this measure; bnt thla ia not the oaae Ou th? orutrary, I an entirely oppoaite conditlsn of thlcgs eilata. The | Mexican govern meet ia little more than a (liatlow of a government, without aupport upon which it can rely? I without aa army?without revenue. The ptopU are ia j a atata of dUorganiaition, oppoaed lb the amy and the ( government, and a targe party are in favor of tbe continuation of the war, not from hostility to *a, but their 1 own government, as it at preeent exiata. By our forbearasoe, and under our countenance and aupport, they bave been lnduoed to treat witn ua from a dread of anmlhllation. We hava been aaatrongly lz>diced to treat, frem the aame consideration; both governineata have been operated upon by the same reason; for it ia difficult to tellwhieh would aii(T<-r moat frees the dtngrr apprehendud. Tbe present danger !s not in tbe refusal of tha Mexican government to make peace; bnt tbe great dan- , gar ia, that the m.y perish btfore ahe will huve tbe op- | portunity to ratify the treaty. One thing ij clear??we | hare tbe fcrco to intimidate her, without th?ee ten rcgircents. if intimidation be nec?s?ary. Aalogle brigade ! would be auffl?i?nt t-> crush any resistance which the ia | now ocmpetrnt to aalce. W* bold auother power lu ; All* kinil amrtl.1 In/tna. h-r in rU'fr ?>.< 1V11 I - * ' J J | her that if the refuses it, we should adopt the boundary of th? treV.y, and lave t'uo twcu'y millions which we intended to niv? for her convent. This ooasUeratUn aloue would be euffici?nt to perituaCe htr to ratify t! is treaty, and the amendments which may have been mad* j In Ibis bedy. In this view, this bill o'. Intimidation and ' coercion is a usrlees lumcce and unmaking braTado It is worpe than ureless; it is mischievous to us and to Mexioo. It would b? mirchievoua here, b?osu?e it would crcate a suspicion in the country that tie treaty will net be ratified - that we shall cot bate peace; and the fffsots would be to grippe the operations of currency and commerce. It won'<d be mischievous in Maxioo, f on other reasoss ? Thero is a large party in Mexico, known as the Turos ; they are unwiillcg to hvio peace, cot as our enemies, er friend*; but tbe.y wish to sec the existing government annihilated, that it may pa?i into ether hands. 1'hia bill will hava the vilect of eneouragirg them te break down the fK'Verr.m?nt The measure is act only useless and m'echiovous, but It will be a costly piece of braTado. I tuppese the ehairmm of military affairs Joes not intend that the bill shall merely pass the Vacate ; but that It shall become a law. Tfie expenses :h*n. cf recruiting and land bounties, will t.e seme $iS0 UCO. The p. y of the officers and trcops. rations and clothlig, will swell the cort to three millions. Then we rha.ll have a vast increase of executive patronage which must be deprecated by every man of every party, whtn that patrons go is nlroady so enormous. I take jot higher grounds. 1 should be opposed to this bill under nay circumstasoes. I should vote against it, if the treaty hml not b j*n mad?, frrni i reasons which 1 regard as invincible. Mr. Caiboun taeu explained the bill, and eai d {bat it contemplated a vigorous pre sioutlon cf war in the event of the failure cf the treat;; tbat this policy could not stop short of thi annihilation of Mexico, tad its annexation to this Union ?a consequence more to be dreaded iban any other. Upon (his sut ject tfc?re Lad been a geneisl change. A short time ago there was r. luge party in this Union favorable to the aa iirx-u'ca of ail Mexico. It could be dose by the newspapers, and by resolution* at mars meeting?; but the great body of the people, when they discovered that the v?T was tending to this result, had put upon the preject t U' lr seal of rej robntion at onee, and I hope for ever. Mexico refuses to ratify the treaty, c ur r Ely true policy ? to take the line prescribed. It will take lees force to defend it against t'je Mexicans than it will require, if the treaty be adopted, to defend it against incursions from car aide into Mexico. Let us aot honorably ard fairly. I hope the day of intimidation in negotiations is passed by. It ' came near bringing us Into war on theOiegcn question ; but we were savt>d by tbe wisdom and f jreslght cf the Senate. it was the attempt to intimidatu Mexico wLlch brought on tbe present, war, absolTed from the intintion of producing a state of war ; but such was .he result of the policy adopted. I oppose this bill on yet higher ground. It is calculated to strengthen the systacn cf finances adopted and spread over tbe country occupied by our armies, to aid in tin collection of the oor.trlbutioni extorted from Mfxieo. I c innoi vote for this bill w.iiioutglvinj my sacotion to tlissyslom olinternal .ixeu. I hold the broad ground thut the l'res'.dwnt has no legal nor constitutional right to Impose any system of internal or external taxation, or contributions, in Mexico. It is a pOA-er which, if admitted, Is em'.af ntly dangerous to the country. I had desired tbe postponement rf this bill until the ratification and extha'Lga of tbe treaty, to avoid the possibility of the charge of giving aid acd comfort to the enemy ; but it Is forced upenus; and if there be any aid r.nd comfort, in my opinion, tbe responsibility does not rest with me, but with those who have forced this bill upon cur considera lion at this time. Now, air, if the ey*t?m of contributions io foree in Maxloo ia authorized by the constitution, I uk gcntltm'n to point it out; if it ia authorised by the laws of this Uuioa, point it cut; if there ia aoy authority for it in the implied powers of the Executive, paint it out. The systam h?s no authority la law nor in tha constitution ; bat if it bs in the implied powers of tha constitution, yea do not escape the difljulty. The fathvra of the constitution, in their sagacity aud wisdom, hare given ail tha imf.liad powers of the government to Congress. Mr. Calhoun read irom tha constitution. He then argued that tha power eould not belong to the Provident aa oommanrterin ohief, because he ha* no more powsr to lery taxea in Alexieo, for the support of tha array th?re, than ha has to eolleot them in tne UnUed States. The power in the United Statf a belongs to Congress. The powarof eollectiai Internal and external ooatributions, as exercised by the Prctident in Mexico,whs not in itself proof that there vtas any auoh pnwer in the constitution. IfauchUna b* admitted, where is the limit to the exercist of this potter? He may raise armi-s; he may goon with his war;.of sobjagUien to Guattmfl*?to the inlands of th? ocean- to Japan: aul laay flually turn his armies against his own country. With this unlimited pownr admitted, the Executive occuoiea ihe ooaition of rres'.d-nt of the United States, and the supreme despotic) power of Mezioo Mr Calhoun further contended that U? coraiaander-in chief, lu the invtsiou of an er.eiuy's country, bad the p.iwer to sells property and to redno* cities and fortress*.'; bat that when reduced, they and the country occupied were under t?-.a authority, tcr the tine, not of the President as commsnder-Ic-thief, l?uf, of the goveraoient of the United Htates. The power of taxation in this govbroment is TM'#d io Congress ? These propos'tions are ptrfectly clear. I am umud tbet the* lia?e thus far been overlooked. With some general remark* upon the lis of oncourag^njc a warlike spirit lu tbls ceuntry, in wars of conquest, Mr. Calhoun raid ke had lonksd above a'.l party, or personal or local considerations, In Its discussion; and su?b ? r> his conflations that he cauld wish the bill r> jnot'd hj tUa unanimous vote cf the Senate. In every view of the c&se. It becomes the Senate to put their final eordem.iatlon upon tbi* bill. Mr Joh"<i3m. of Georgia, followed in n so*eot? in support of the administration, and advocated tan passage or the bill. *Vh"n hs hnd conclndt d, thk nuns ?r johx raiiu joxm Mr Bbaobi'Sv, of \laiae. m ived for thu re conslder.v tion ot the vote yeetcrday, r.f the Senate, agreeing to the Hous* hill w th atnen lineuts. in f vor of the heiri of John Paul Jones, which wai n>?f.->.tivrd. On motion. It was then entered upon the Journal, tbit when the Senate djturn, it do so with the nnd?rs'.*r. 1 ins that tile vote ou the i'en Regiment bill should be ' tnk -a to morror, whtoh f as agreed to. Mr B . r m k * has the fljor to-moirow. On mot I n the I Senate adjourned. Home of Representative h The House ?r? nohled at th? ti?u?l hour. Toe Speaker took h:s seat and called the llou?? to ord'T I'riy?r was j then (<T>>red up by the Chaplain. The jouru;t!a wis ; I ....I TIIK PHITIIIOD C*"?THACT* TOR Til" A It M V Aftnr H\? trorii-c tin <.f the uual routine Iiu'Ip^w, | Mr. Howcli. Coiih Of OaorRia, jimvwd u r"i vi*i.t-i,i i ii j of t.bo tot? tai<>u y??t?rd*y by which th? h u?> j ui,< tl J the bill for priuticR ton tbcuAiDd *\ ra ropi n if nb| s'racti of tli? p-o?i?1on c librae'*. 8ti. Ho thnn pruoerdetl to brifiy on the ?n'j?-ct lie vu w ii?? I to print nn ordinary number of cop.ff, but *.\?npprn-<J [ to printing rx'ra c 1?? iln oppr.s d t'?n prrbi; ;? i f . h . resolution, end ?prK. wi.h nbiiity H Off nee Of t'if n !lolniltratinn He raid thut tho n?erur? *hr n?l:'.rd upoi for ttm piirpomi of attacking the RdratotRtralion If there ha I birn wnsU or m!iiin.ir;8K'-m'!it. the firmy ofcl o?r?, ei'itie, wern bl useable. \'itr he h* 1 n iocI'i teJ, Mr. ('rot.ikr, of Teoneew, warmly r?j Irfd, and finTerely r,omrn?n ed up n tho eli?r? tt-r of t he onutraots, and held th ? adniinifttration r-^ponntble for ft i Mr Toirn r j-iii.ed, ood during his rcumIt* buoame miMh exalte 1 Mr '-^rrwAHT of Henna, f llowtl He raid that be wailnftvorof prlatkng the nbctrr<ot( t?r tho pnrjKi? of rhowlnft the ptopte how end whtr# tbelr money li*;d gone. A proper ?b*ti'?ot cf those contract eheutd bn I ibli?h?J and RprraJ b foret.\e p ' pie broadeaet. Hereafter, by ptfliH; InffttD uloi, ootnpatltlon would be | created and money rtvrmi to the treasury. Mr Hon1 rr Mo' i.M.k.a^n, 'A Mioh'j; in <*'f?.v)eil thl adminisiration. H? t>dR wri a pirt7 q ?'S iou, aud that ic h.d hr.n prod.io?l f'?r paity yurp >?ea Mr THOnrtoif, of K'ri|Boky, ?dro<?ted lb? printing I pfthe whoU kU?bN totto MpiM otlWito tii ti Mlatlon. lid after lorai oth?r remit*!, ootid ft >lr. CobVi motion on th? tabla Mr Thokmos withdraw hla mo'lon, to MjafcU McKay to apeak, who went on to ?ddre*a ths HA Ati?r ha budcoriui-d, Mr. THOMnuK reuewefl bin motion Tha *nu? MiJ nt)t were then caii*d for, wh?n \ Mourn proceeded to To>.a, and elided it in tha ?fflrm tire, by j?u 03, n?y? 7d; to tha Hour* raiuaed to r? gonaidar Mr. McKat than mired th*t tbo House renolrn I'aali In'n ? CttuuiitiM of the Wholi on tb? S'.ati of the Union. t> r. HcckwalJ, (it CoLnautlout, in the chair. ? lb* bill under dUoajalon at ibe adjournment yester 'ay The o'-.mia'.tt's roi* and reported the biil to tha Hoora with acunamoutp, which wu pics.d; wU?n the llouaa adjournment. NEW 1'ORK liEGlSLAtVltB. Albany, March 16, 1848. ennta. Yee'urday afeeraooa, ih? report cn araotije, &e , wis again daboied, but not dlipo?~d of to day THK LIEN LAW Mr. Wn *ik rrportad adreraaly to a blU for security or ? mecbhniej orectinK hui!ui?aa Agreed to THK COMMlaatRY OKIfE**!.'* ACOrilHTl A bill to rapaal tha aot to pay Hanry Sturina o?rt*in m;>iiey?, via paMei. OENKRAL RAILWAY BILL Tha (i<nml Railway bill up in oomajltUa on the question ' f auilcant domalu TtiK K.UirfKWT DOMA1!* IJUKITIOr*. Th? question of cn'nant domain, ?e r.ppltiabla to railn' i??, w** {' batei at laog'l. kO? S?nat?? b.ivv taken tha naotapround as tha Hou??, by refusing to W;lsUta aw,iy, by ijcuaral law, th? ri^ht of emiurnt domain, retaining that p'>wer, to b? npplio t to each p irti'iuUr railway ch*.rt*r ; deoidlrR, lb-r<fjr.-, that tb* objioc of Buck corporations o?nijot ba attai^ad by ganar.il law. ALD1NT AMD COIICk* IlAILHOAl) The bill to incorporate thn Albany and Cobce* - a 1. road company, an I tha emeral bill cndlfi lrg existing law* reUt.ug to railway aomp. nlea, were than discussed Autmbly, DAMIOIC nv RIOTS. YesterJay nfternoac, th* 11 u*e r,'*.lode"l all Its fsrm-r action in regard to nn irnvM^-.tion cf the oausra vbtoh led to tUn destruction of Mr. Nil?n> property in Qurai s county, and r^forre'' tha eatua to a Select Committeu, but without powtr to seud fox pvrsens or to ytait Querns county. lOUCATION II* BROOKLV. Mr. Caci* brcaght lu a bill to am*nd an aot relative to commin schools in Bro#klya saatk statistic!. Mr Kennkdy fcroug'it in u bill lo obtaining and prererTin;: "ttti'dej.lick.raisti'.in cf the anauil resources of the Htats. taxation by iia 11.ho ads . Mr. Phkmx g?re notice of bills to a>n*nd the railroad till and to dtflne mora clearly ihs residence of peraona arjtct to taxation for p?'t;o*n' estate in Nut York. iiiooaLTit municipal affairs. Mr Cross in'roinosd % bill fl.Hngihe Taoancy of Juitieo of the Municipal ('our of Biooklvn. institution ron this hlind. To-il'y Mr Rakiuh brought in a bill in aid of ths New Yi rk lnftlrution for th? Biir.d. marirk col'bt, nkw york. Mr Cami'iicll reported tiv.irablyon liiebill to abolish the Matiue Court of Nuw York rkdl'vtun op railway fare Mr Glass gave notlco of a bill to reduce railway fare. a hoard or tt'ditoks Mr. Meach introduced a bill creatiaga Board of Auditor* of New York an0thkr HA It.road Mr Collins garu nottc.< of a bill f.t n railway from Flulikill L<mdicg to the Conuecticat Kivrr. ? thk oknkral railroad rill The ti?-nfral railroad bill *w passwd in Committee of the Whole Aci?uim*-ni.i srs-re, howler, ador-t-d, retiring all railroad pwociation ; to loo ate roid? lathe most direct aad eligible reutea ; that contractor* give t "j ' director* 'ecaiitiee'.bat tti y will pay their irorbuien; bringing ( xisting oompani?i uuder the opera'ion of tt)is bill to far i<e it d>o? aotcnnfl'st with their charters ; sad reserving ri.bts for ^Ute.reet'ag railroad*. ko? Uo , Sto. 'I he bill as it p-.??>d in ooaunittee was debated in the Druse, but not ditpoted of The Wi-atber cold -below i*ro at 7 o'clock. Markets. Nkw Orlkaiti, Mtroll 11, 1*43?Cotton?3000 bal*s at former pries. Sn^r?Limited ; fj>lr to good at 3>4 a 4j Molauc*. 13 a Slo F.ojr iuaoiive. Freights?An American rhip bal been taken to Lir*rpool at }??, aud naothtr to Harre. at la. Kxaaange ?Fair demand. New OaLcine, March 1?, 1S4* ?Cotton was In Mtl'i demand; the sales for tho week wera thirty-fonr tfcouland bale* middling at T{ to ~li* Pagar?The prior 11 were lrr?galar ; for fair to fully fair, 3\ to 4s. Molajse* ? Fair to prima, 19 to Q9j. Flonr? 8ales small, and priori flria Freiijhts ? Prioea firmer, with an upward tendency. Exchange -Fair demand. B\LTiMaac, March 19,1843 ?Floor?The market waa inacf Its, but firmer; aud we hara only to notioa sales of 400 bbl* of Howard ssreet, at $i 87 H a >6 19% whloh was an aivanc*. Wheat?Sties e>f JW)3 basUals wero main, ircluiiipg Maryland red red whita, at $1 SO a $1 33. Corn?Salea of 40C0 a 5000 bu?boU were made, including while, mixed, and yellow, at 44 a 44o. Whiikry aontluued dull. Th?re wxs no ahasgs in Provisions Bojtow, Maroh H, 1I4S Flonr?Tha markat oontluued firm, mid rMfs of 1,900 barrels wera made, including Genesee F.nd other good western brands, at $6 7a a J 6 87whioh wis an alraaee. Co-n?We nota salaa of 4,000 bushels, includirg white and yellow at *7? a 00a. tie* aal-a of 2 500 buahila northern ?t 48*. Prorialona exhibited no ch?Dft?i. Fr?lghta were dull?mirehanta waitiBj iteamer. Weather very eeli. Shipping Intelligence. Koito*, Mar Id? \rrbn/ 4 etd a, frum Mil Tax. N8. 11th iaat ?te?ioahi;> flriteeaia, from Boat a Ur Ma'i'ax *a4 l.iverpocl ?m teen 12-h teat at 4 pm t ope fcaMe NNWh iniaa. :*ai?sMi Mar 6 ? i.rr bi<f > herukee, frea /tit b'r, Dor. II. H>l'?ax. !"*S Mar II?Schs V-aaibtar. fVr New Tark Ida; Bftton. frrm iSnatoa, juit arc. bid 8(1), lose Wirjr, Maw Tork; 11.h, Ueanr. do. NkwOiifhi, Mir II?Arr ofc'pe Oaeenla, New York; 8omU?r?tr, rinlaJt'phia. Cld abipi Oalnaiia. Beetee; New Jertey, dv, Hil?* Moirnea, New Ttnk; b.i( Tarqaiaia, a*. 11th?Arr tkipa Abbey f*r?rt. ?o?!>?; tlalaea, New Yetk;. Jiwitc a Lnene aad/'oldan Philadelphia, lid thire tyron, Brtlitao e; K b Koy. Bc*t?a; bark l.ou. io: bnga Kyton, aud LiahtUot, Fniladelphia; schr Brave liork.Boi; u. Marin* Aflkln. Stkamiimf iUmTiD Statu.?We giro jertcrday, ui acocunt of the trial tiip of thla fine aMp, bit cannot consider It oomp'.eta witheut a de?cr!ptioa of her hull aa l acccmmodationa. Hare they ar<; in b:Uf. The k.el wan U<4 Jan. 30:h, 1847, end lounohtd Anpnat '20th; vifi feet long on spar U-ck. 277 fe?t from tatfrall to figure he*d> 4) feet b um. 30>fc feet hold, aiout 2100 ten!, oacpentei'J wtaiurtmcnt. Frame, inciudirg deadwooJa and kelsons. about 60 fast, e.e'i end of lire OAk, loenst and ccdir; the lcwrr timber." amidiLIpe of Jerny, Maryland and DeUwara otk, all of the Tery beat quality of tiatber Lowu to in ure eig s; double floors te'OM tho k?el aaildnhip*, nui five row* ct doub'e knlioc*, fore and aft, of p teh piua, thrcn f?tt deep, and foar rown of ^irgle keisoae, 10 inches d-ep; bl!i;e streaks 12 inehea fquare;. rlsmpi. cellini! and betuta, ucutuUij lerp:^ and fist. nedi iu n. M't'erior inmint-r; hun.ing U uaw, aidln* 1'om 10 to 14 icchcg, r?nd T*ry lopff Sh? is rl/fad w< h ihr e ui ?t?, oarryirg yard* ou the fore and m?at 'i'uomu^h pruiee c.-.iiuot t? ?*i'M to the . riMOlva draiffl < n^u ill tha rnginHFring uad biiiliitif 4?:ar?M?ru, lor tb<* citutjfr in whi h their work > *~ojtiiz;?, not a r.:ugi? itcd cf tlinVer has r-xn vat nw?y fo,- putting in, or for the working of the mvniUccnt cafiata, I'U'.n rendar a the ITu'ta.l fli -t?? aa BtroD^ a?d Mibalua'.Ul ai wbabr'na flint rRmr frt in tli? buiid?r'? liuv?a The intercut utru j?m . nti ara very roo?y?ahu has Tour 'ntira deck*, exaapt the apace oocupivd by tb<? eng'ner, be;1n'.''na at tha orlop il?rk,nadar which, at he -ti ad, r p?rt cf t>i? coal la e-rri-d; tha coal i>unk?.? are arruug. d rn ti lh ildcs tbu ?Bgin? ntin'n^ fowvulur ; b"tw??n tbi> o. lop und und?.- the lowtr d?ok, son tos? of ear^o can be itnwad. Oo ti ? l.>w?r dtcfc, tna the htilara b?Ug ft iwmd ia the 1cw>,t cubic, with laria airy state r.-ox&.< well ven iUt?J aatl lighted from thy jII'-b of tbn asiip, lb?iiah:a lej 'ono? dls:?nce hboTe w* ?r. in o<nseq>i?ua? '1 h i ilRh' draft, which will not exceed 10 fe*t a"tT lii hta from th? unperdtck Hi'd a ?rn window!. In i 1 a oiliin ia a Isrire cla*'- apt>o?, u'oout 70 feet Ic.ng, all >r jiiij; a ptna,tuda in implra?fcut wea'har, dun lug or ( kar arnua iaaats Forward, on tha low. r daok 1? lotend* l fcr ra 4' ; <om? tiir. n or four hundred tr*ia osn b< atO"c J aniy hers bat tha ar?*i2ftenient is aoch, the bolitra belt# un-ler tbia deck, that, this apace oan fcn 8it<:.i up coutcdI.- ofiy with stnto rooma ?r paaaeufan If r??|iiir?d, a i ?r < ( U b*i g ?o -jpie l with roonnlv firemen fcv Thll deoik ia lighted and ventilated tha a*M5 ?.s t?io of er cabin. Ou the main deck, abaft the cnrlrea, ia th? din n< cabin about 00 f-et long, wi'h Rr.y p;a!'j io ,ma ou a io .i pld'?, well Ventilated and Hgbtad with all* ligiif, Md aky ilghta frota nypar deck nd atirn windowi, with a'.ai i>d RU-a ft J Onaaldaif tha anginas ou t Li'a d-ok aro th pantri- a, ;1 ha othar ?id? ltd it a'water uloarta nn4 aerran'.a'roo?aa. Ulrectly forward t,f the enjitifv on tile tame deck !a iha cookiug aparmfaU for the ca'iin paaaanjera, havin? a /ery conK'liicut coi.n a'ion wi.h ifi? dcek, pantri?a. ati.r* room uL'dc-bin wi h >ut coining 1j contaet with tlia p'iaaenrn, Forantd < f Ihla ?-e rooraa f r ih? nnin#?ra and mutes. Nrxt cotaes ut.olU"r oibin, w^tu l-r** stata too'?i-. o j'lal iii .ny raapeot to tUoaa rft, a>?d connect* iu?r Willi tf.i *1 >r cabin by ? way on tha aarao die:; O.n tt?e ?x:r-wa ft iwird partof t is d>cU ia tlm recau'.la l r the asiii ? oaovanlmitly arranged, ai>d coi.ni eticj with ih i apir oi u| per dark tu!y On thaapar -ok. e.? , ia ? In-,;a bouae. ooaertag tha oft-r pu?*.'i^-a t ? oabla, a rerln* K r, ?ci , fiur water .I ???-.a i r tiU. n.ii r>.'ini 1 r T.'tli:in .'th?r purposes. About roid.'i.lpj ia I l. j.ne core.i i; ; ha f ,rward pwaaf# ,o a t; r cibin, afTwilr.g an agr? .b!? lo i: g?. Uitwc?n thiaaad tha lin ia? aft. the t nit la cle.r fj.- about AO nil r"iDii 4 (S'si^htlul proBian?id i in pleaau'it wea ?h?-r. N x i:H't t!'? < p'ni1 jI or f>4?:.tge to ro^m* ?sl flm'iounv*! o m for cr?w, ruin pip?,. ftocii I U'o. fkjilgbts to < inmi'o I ?*>. ? 'r oam, hoii"iei'?t *'g pvi>?g- tof nv.irj otb'n.fky to forvtrilot in, >i?touw?y t--> f.rwtrl holl, t u TWti tartn??tl?% &.; Tk?? cn'iin* will acmimnocUU ?i)ou Hii p v-*fo*?r? T?. * ?: \4 v :y tud tastefully flulJl ' il, i!ji it?c(>rftt?4 ;n ? fUiji, snlu-untial nyl? trhU? wliirg, oro*mfnfi .1 bj pUin t rtnfoie mmo fl I 'i, * I h eeroU cijito, aui iu.i'.i'.tloa Th* r.i'r-'i X:-.'*n ht? ! tvn ^'lt f r*'rr!c?. Nnjulrii nor ?>*j ! ) I ''u r;??r*?l to l.or roaiylut* in tvrry .:.U f. HJie U o*n- J by Cbftlki II. .Mftl*b*!| ii.l . w I ' :i b' '' by Win. H. Wtbb, 1 hi ,'Hl'inbu'l l.y X W.b-fcr St C.) tic; ?*nn LawHkNot.? CKp- .la Lt tl. 11*U, ? .il Jr,w#i Wilkiut, oj ibe b?rk L?ur?u>, formerly oi 8*g H*ib r 1