Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 18, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 18, 1848 Page 1
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% ??-?? ? TH1 -**olc 91 o M4!a, Th? California Claims. Thi fnllnwincr !d B uinnnmru r\f fh#> r<*nOTt of the Committer on Military Affairs, to whom the Se ate reftrrej the invrstig-tioa of the memorial of Col., asking au investigation ot th* cla ms of citizens of California against the United Steten, for money and supplies furnished by tliem to the United States, on the faith of that government. Cel. Fremont's r?1'1'00 8et8 forth that in June, 1S46, he was employed by the United Stat?* us Brevet-Captain of Topographical Knginet'rs in California, and successfully aid^d tho ?u . * ?U-:- :- J_ V-upir- ui init tt'uuujr in cBuiuunam| iiiiir IilUCpendeuce, before the existence of thu war between 'he United States and Mexico was known; their independence having been proclaimed at Solium* on the 5th July, and the Mexican* rout* ed ; that as soon ts tit- war was known in California. the fleg of tn? United States was substituted for.the fleg of independence; and that as a territory of tlja United States, they tided the military operations against Mexico iu every possible manner, feeling assured that the United Sta ?a would indemnify her citizen# far whatever supplies tuey ;t?iv*nc'd. The memorial further states, that Coiouet Fremont, in October, IS 17,wrote lothe Secretary of War to have those claim* ausaitted; who, iu reply, recommended him to seek for special legislation on the subject, for which purpose he now mekes this memorial ; aod rueutioniu^ that there were now in Wathingtou aeveral United States officers, and many citizens of California, who were entirely disinterested, and cernpetent to afl'erd the government every information about these elaims Col. Frement states that the majority of thesf claims were created with his knowledge and assent, he, 10 every instance, interchanging proper ci rtiticates, te guard against imposition. He deems it ati act of justice tu both sides, thwt these claims should be audited and settled through the a^eru-y of the United States commissary department in California, en application there of the claimant* iu person, with the exception of claimants in Washington in their own proper person, which mode he suggests as a preventive of those claim* getting into the hands of specu latora. Ha states that h? is prepared to Bh?w tkat halt a million of dollars would caa&l all Califoraiau claims iyid incidental axi>e:aaee, prafera ta submit kis testimony btf r? a eOMMittee. lis Memorial further putltioas for tb* iaveii.gatiea as am ast of justice to all partlo oea sreed, and prays th*.t tkesa elalms may be fairly au4 fa ly paid taa ottfseas of Callfarnla. withoat tba interwauina af speealatora ; deeming it kls daty to assart ihalr elaUas, as wall as his own, a pan the govera *n>. The aieMorlnliat ooaeiudee by deolariag bis repniutua at staka ia tha settleaunt of tkosa elaims. aad by eaUlag far a aonasaittaa to euter lata tha investigation Tha aext dooBaaeat. pabllahad ia tha r a port, is Col. Fr?ao*i's lastar af Oat. , 1S47, ta tha Secretary of War, apyljrlag far aaaas wharawith to pay tha valnataars who aaitaiad auder hiss, for their serTioes, aad also for raizabaralag tha Maziaaa eitiaaas who loaaad biaa aaoaey oa ta? ta'.ih af tha Uattad States, fat alrtl aad seilltary parpc??e, rwaogaislag hiei aa Governor af tha territory The Secretary af War, ia his reply af Oot. 19, 1847, staia* iiat ha daaa sat aoasidar hiaasalf aataerizsd. aader x js' ?g laws, ta pay thesa.alaias withoat thair beiag ir?t aabnitted ta Caagraas. he aozt is a aaar of tha rsaalatioa, dated Feb 1, 1S4I, grantiag tha Military Committee the necessary p. wara for takfag teatiaion? aoaeeralag tha Califorala elaiuc, aad ailowiag taaca a alark. Tha fe'leffiag witaessas a?a wared tha sasamoas of tha aii'ltary e?sacimtee: ? LI til. t alenel Col. W H Ruaeell. Missouri; Col?a?l Child*. Califorala ; Captaiu i?oai| Heasley, California; J R Wllaea. L S Nary; t'aptaia Aicvbttd (jiliaefiie, Captaia R'ebard Oweaa, Mlaaoarl; Kitdea ??xit*, liiiaeis, L D ViacanttiaUr, Misiourl; Ales. t3*d*y, Mctoari; Marioa Wlia, Mlseoarl; Thos. M.kSi/ari; J?-ej?- Davis. Miaseari; Josaplt >'< (?? >. 14ie*?swi; ?ag?ne Rauell, Missouri, and F/a*k, CaUferala. Tae "iioaaaea were laqnlrad ta testify to the aatare of tea ? !?> ?. aad alsa kt to the origin aad charaeter of in* r*T.i?.H>i.?ry maraaaai-t in California, prior to tk* OfiMitit ?f lit* UaiUd Stataa for It* ooaquMt. i* ion?mancad with l,el Tranent ramag bi* writ fu itata aa&t in ragar J to tbt California aula*. and kka parnaal of liailar *t*t*m*nta by Uillw>i? uil otkar witaaa***. Cfp**1* Manalay kala? aa*? i by tha aamsilttaa what V* wou.d aatiajata tha amonnt i f tha jn*t claim of Califorala up"n tc> Uai'.ai 9v?t?i at, rapliad, that from tha kxt tafcrmailan ha aauid ontui a, ha tomputad it at a v 1.1-a?4rad thvaiaad lollara. Tail qaaatiou waaput to '~apui* laau.ay. aa a par?oa faiiy ojaajiatant to aar rtr it. b>rlag ba?n raapliMaj ia Callfarnia, aa oammiih ry a>?4 q?*itar-Ht*t*r. daring tha *hoU af th? r?TOlatian taaia A qraa-.lon wa* put to Captain UilWipia, a.K.<< k'at. wtiuw, whan ha jaiaadCaptaia (rani nt a'. t?a Tlaaaath iaka in May, 1(4S. ha waa ckargad with any >r*?aaca M th < lattar, fiaaa tha govaramant; to ?i ok fea ?ubar qaaetly rapliad. la hii writtan itaian aut. t.< will b--A writtan qaaatim waa giran to aaak wit-mm .?k n whalkar tisay kad koown of tha California . . : ri, -t aaiiiag tka national land*. and <m wkat tar**. a?? aba' affaa. tka rayoItnUaary aa .T?n**ut bad ia it ;>?'?r fsaaa ialaa. Tbia quaation waa anawarad by all laa viaain with bat iliaat variation, to tha affact tka: Ik* waiiforaian anikarltia* wara knrriadly dl.po ing "f alt publtu Ian da axd tha miaalona for a *a?re a -a- ??! ( . ., j. fit i?alpa. y to Sritiak au-jact* and athar fora.gaar* .(amy far ?ba putpaaa of placing California uad.r > iwk protaaiiaa Oaa grant in partiaular. wu tka iaWj?ai of amab coaimaatarr tbrougo tha 0 natry U aa tka a*(*',on. by tha Maxioan goraru laant. af < .* . nm*aaa l raa> of country, alaag tka vali y of ?k? s.? Joaquin Rtrar, ta an iriak Catholio pi ira . n>*ad UiaiLktia, for tna pnrpoaa of aatabliakiDg aa Ida* on any ?f two ikonaaad famill** Tke aoatidaratlaun affarad to tna Maxiana gorarnaant aa an lndaoanaai to g aat tbia tarrUor/ fur an IrWh aalaay will b* Stat la tha c?rra?pondaa?a of tbia olorgyaan witb tha Ktaltan Fraaidant, wbiab wa* faand oy Calonal FraMM, a?a?af?t tka gaaarnMaat arot.iT** at Loi Angaloa. tba ImI of which daeaaaut* wa gltra antlra Tha otkari raiaia prlaaipally to tka addition* of tho grant, and proliadnary nattar* f 1 bin pap?r hM aa data ] I. Kngoala Ma^aataara. Catholia prUat and apontoll- : oal m.aaionary, fata tb? liberty of aubaiittiag to yonr cxatllea jmat raflat ioaa on a inbjaot whiok at thi* tiaia attraata ibhhi pnblio attaatioa. I allnta to tka atlaaa tit aat.ial aaoaitirn of Uppar California It dwu not r. qa ta lb* ?ift of prnphtoy to foraaaa that, within r litiln.ain. taut fartlla oaau'.ry will o^aaa to ka 10 in'agral part ?f tkla rapab!ic, nalaaa ten* proaipt and rfl janUa-^ r.iaanraa ba adopt>4 to raatraiu 'oraiga rapio'ty i'be laanadiata qaaation that praaanta itaalt, ia, ITlit; ara taa apaattiaat an J moat aaoura aaaua of avoidli.g auaa a aaia?lty? Tba nnaiinoua Toioa of thx country r?ipou4a. ealoniaatidn. Tna aeaond qaaation ia, \Vf aaa 1 wa find tna aalaoiata. woo poaaasi all tha b-<-? ?ry qualitiaa, far an ohjaat no daalraHlaT Carta a y wlM "itaxiao. and aa li. Ua In any of ita dapand -.a aa, wbi?k a< an tbinly paoplad Wa kara tban na .irnlii to r?aar to K.nropa, whleb abound* with an aiJ?a?' of popnlation VTnat paoplaof tbia anaiant oont naat i* baat eaualatad for tha and of colonization? baat ada^tad to tha rtligioa, okaraotar, and tni&paraman: of tka Inhabitant* of Maxio"? Kopbatioally I Rearer. tha irun?th>-y are devoat Cathoiia*, moral, inUaa.riou Mint aad brave f*r ihi? -e?*on I pripoae, with tha aid aui approbatloa of y>>ar e&eeUaoa}. to carry forraril this prejret, to , l."?a la Upp?r Celilernia a uolocy of Iriah Caiholica I hire a triple oejaot la mak ng thin propnamoa I winli- i? the frit plana, to alran<!e ib? eauie of CathclioUin lu the t't >a?, to e?Ltrivat* to the hipplne-ve <if my s..'Utitryai?a. Thirdly, t J lira to pat au ou?*?cU In t'.i? way of fu; r.ber uaarpatios* au tha part of an irreligl .ut f.4 J anii-Cath lio eatlca I, tbera'ore. propose to j i,:r ax?ellei;oy that there b? nnaeeded to ma,n asttnt cf territory an ?ae eoait of Upper California, for tha purine* 1 u??a inJIoated I w> ai.l prefer wi?h <ihe permiMlon of year excel iency, (o piaae the Aral colonial* oa tha bay af Sen ITre.iaiaeo. Vour axcallanty will agree with in a tbat thii wjt? i fc a proper ?t?p, when It It remembered that tha Amarioan* ha*e psc**t ids of Baraga, * port ahati- I d?*ae<i l y tie Rafttiaue. situate a littla to tha north of San Trai.alaoo I ahould briag, for a beginaiag one thou'and fealliao ; afWrwarda, ahoald it appear wall ta yonr vx aiiaray, I woal 1 eetabliah a areon t eoHny n*?r MeaW-.ey. aad a tkil<1 at Ha?<? Rirbara. By tbia mean*, tha ?iai'ra *ea?t. (br whieb m?et Heaver In to ha *ipactAd) w >u a ba casepletaiy ?aoara4 egalnat IotmIoc* aad plllatjeaof foreigner*. )">r aaoa ftruliy that I bring, I will rcjuire tia laid that 0">mp aoa ' on< sltio da ganada (a ?.j tiara laagae. ooiualalag 4 4i< acree) to be rW?? free oi all eta I, likewise. that tha ohlldraa of tha ooioniita. whan thay marry, (hall raoalfe a halt sitlo (S.'iU aoraa) ana aaHnaal p.?ft. I ahoald ra^uira, likewise, aa exemption from the payment of all ei t???e of eoatrlbatioui lor a oertalu nawht?r of y*are : that tha oolo?l?ts. on takiug poeeeaaioa of their U.i ji (bail aonslde? theiaselye under th? proteotion of Ibe geieraaeeat, and ihall enjoy all their right! There Are ctner poiats of l*ss importance, whleh I do not teuoh uaoa now, aa thay aaa ba diicaaiad to more advantage h*ra*rt?r. I I hare-h? aatiefe?Hon to be able t? ?ay, that thaae propailttaua kti y* reetirvd tb? fnllMt approbation of *kw moat illnatrioaa arckMahop, tka Yeaarable hea.l of the ohnrob in thin ooa ml,7Thia pi j?ot which I lay before yonr exoellaaoy, ought to ba of-o ?J on am extended and liberal footing. In order to ba poattlvely b?a?flcial to tho coantry. Tan*, la a few wordi. I bar* manias; cd ray opinion on thla uaroriant inbjee% and have praaantad ?oa* idaai pertivat to It, vk-.oh, if geaaroualy carried luto affi/at, may ditpenaa kapplnaaa to many, and. in tha end, t?nd to ike ooaaolidation and integrity ol thin ?reat lapnbUc. I barn the k nor to ba, vary refpeutfally, yout excellency a iao<t obedient eraaat, CUUKNIO MACNAMAUA. To tkenoat l'.ia*llant Manor Panidewt or rut Raruai.ia o> VU.iica. Dr Jaka Bali win, for alxtaan year* a reaident in Maxleo, tealifled, tkat while tkara ha kad known tha prieet Mannaniara, and from oradibia lourara had laarnwd i.h t tbia olarftymitB bad, nadi?r tha anaploaa of tha Brltlah legation, proja?Ud a plan to ooloaiM California wllb I \ E NE" NE emigrants (torn Ireland. Thli project had met the apErobatlen of the Mexican (rorerDmont; bat that when lacnamara had font to California to mature hi? arrangements, a fierce opposition to'the projeot was got up by several Mexfaan members of Congress on the ground" that the objeet would tend solely to the promotion of ritlsb interest. The oonquest and oooupatlon of Cali foraia by the United States entirely extinguished this question i ? evidence or uoi. Fremont was m hdimom w iuiIcwa:?Ha first divided the eonslderitian of the California elaius into two heads, nutaoly, the debts ooutr*ot?d under this fltg of Indepanience, and those after the fl?g of the United Stat.s was rals.d. He thought that as the flrst movement was one of selfdHfnnoe on the part of American settlers. and at the United State* weald receive the bsneflt of the results of the movement, they were as justly bound to pay the one set of claims as the ether, especially as th? various sup pMei of neoe*shr<rs. horses and money, which the people of California afforded to Col Fremont, wsra advanond on the streagth of that assurance Col. Fremont left the United States in the sprint; of 1845,onhls third expedition, to ageeria'n the most direct route to the Pacific; and in order to avoid any conflict with the Mexlo<tn authorities is t 'alifnmia left that province in the spring of 184ti and proceeded to the north end of Tlamath Lake in Ore* n, where he was detained ky the snows, and the hostility ef the Indians While here, on the 8th of May, two horsemen came into his camp, who informed him that a United States officer was endeavoring to re^oh him but they feared thathewnuH be unable to do so, on accunt of the numbers 01 Indians whieh surrounded him. Colonel Fremont, upon hearing this, immediately started down the lake with a party of nine men, and alter proceeding about sixty mil**, fall in with Lieutenant Gillespie and his party. Lieut Gillespie brought witt him a letter of lutroduc tlon from Mr Buchanan, and some letters to ol Frement. from Mr. Ben'on and bis family Lieut Witl'spls also verbally informed him that his offlelal instructions in coming to California were to try to ascertain the disposition of the Callfornians towards the United States and as muoh as possible to conciliate their feelings, in order to counteract the designi of the British government upon that country Thess communications, and the imminent dangers which threatened his small party, three of whom were killed by the Indie as ?n the night he fell in with Lieut. Gillespie, indnoed Col. Fremont to retrace his steps to the valley of the Saoramsnto in California. On reaching the Htoramento he learned that Generskl ("astro was raising and exoitiog tb? Indians to attack and drive out both the American settlers and his smell party. The urgency of the moment, therefore, compelled him to act a decisive part and to lend his name and influence as an American offloer in forwarding the revolutionary movement, which freed all that part of the country north of the Bay of San Francisoo from the Mexican authority. The subsequent part of Col. Fremont's deposition, narrates events relative to the further warlike movement* in California, already known to the publio. He then points out the advantages to the United States of their timely movement upon California, not only by the acquisition of that territory, but by frustrating the designs of Great Britain, whieh power had a large fleet hovering around the coast during these events. Tke deponent then makes a general estimate of the California claims, as follows:? From S,000 to 4.000 horses, averaging thirty dollars each, say 1120.000 S 00# head of oattlo, averaging SIS.say 30,004 1,000 saddles, bridles, spnrs, and horse equipments. averaging $S0 60 000 400 rifles, at S*0 each 13,000 Drafts protested aad obligations, including damages and interacts. say *0.000 Claims for provisions taken, aad damages at n?u reaio aae J^es Angelas. examined ana allowed by a eommisslou before I left California 3S,5S4 Provisions and supplies. to wit: Floar, grain, ooffee, sagar, vegetables, aad ether small itema, te wit: aheep, wagoas, geara, damage to raaobos, lay. 100 00* Services of the California- battalion, eay 100 000 He thea mak*s the following atatement. in order to ahow the anxiety of the .Mexican authoritle* in Californit to convert tlut territory into British property aa much aa poeeib'e, aad ia reply to the question of the committee concerning the aalea of the public lands "I did aaderatand. from oredible report, that the Califori/ian aathoritUe were graving and aelUot< the missions aad other public domains la eome aasea, th??e lands were so oonveyed eimply as grants, and In othera as reward for aervleec rendered to the government, ai>d in othera for amoants of aaoney that had beoa advanced, or were to be paid to the government. I understood that in tbia way nearly all the missions south of 8aa Louis Obiapo. the mission of San Raphael in Sonema, una seme of the large Mands on the eoast,were granted. I understood that man; of tkeee grantawere Hastily made, wi'.hout the usu>il legal f .rasa, and wanting the naval l.nmeMtiee ; aad I ui\<l*tetot>d from oi? liens of the oouatry, inch aa Don Abel fctearns, of the Pueblo ue los Augelos.jthat tfcese bum ion grants wsre illegally made, and ought aotto be ooaaidered valid. 1 aaw in tan public aroeive* deeds and titles of aome ef the lands whloh were ao eouveyed away by the goveramsnt of the territory. Among them were tbefellowiag, vii: 1 Tm? Miaaienof San Subriel, graatedon the 8th of June, )H8, te Juliaa Workman and Hugo Reid. (English purj?c:s ) 3. The .Miaaion of San Rafael, to Julian Workman and franeUso Plialo Temple,oa the 8th of Jane, 1(46 S. 1 he UUad of San Clement*, granted a^out the middle of May, lS4t), to Julian Workman and Andres Pico. 4 Bird Ielaad, graated on the 31 of June, 1140,ts Juliaa Workman g. fan Mateo, (part ef the Mission of Dolores.) granted in the month of Way to Cayetano Arenas 7. Vission tf Sau Lola Rey, granted (I believe) in the month ot Juae, 1846 to Seuor Cot. I submit the following extract from a deed given by Governor Ploo under dste of June 8th, II4t}, to Julian Workman and Hugo R*td, of the Mission of Gabriel. A copy ol tti? d?ed<8 ooatained in a l?tter now iu uiy |;wip*ffiuu irvai .ur ur a iu vuuiiaouurv a.uo&vt'u The words of Ooreraor Pino ar*: ? " Autho ised befirebsnJ by the most excellent assembly of the department to dispose of the missions for tbe payment of their debt* itil ITtMI>| of the total raia of tnem u well a* to preportloa resources that may *erv? for tee general d?tenoe in oasi ot a Kreiga invasion, -i ?i 'i aceordimg to reoent date* is not far off, eto . act., to '' Col Fremont oonctudes. by expressing hi* opinion th%t th'e wonlna'.e giving *W'.y of the minions and public land* of California-iunluditig the gr^at grant to Mao ?nari-?M precipitated by tba revolutionary m< va ant iu ?ha noith Tba depositions of tba other witnesses corroborate that of Col Fremoat in all tba leading famu'ee couo?rn ing tba movements in California, but. furnish a variety of Interesting details ooaneoud with tha ady?n urea of the California bat.* loo. ani th? personal experienceol tha dlflT-rert rfll itrs ara* evidence wa* oaliad for. Col Wat n. Iluaiali a arked to atai a to tba committee wtkat h? kar? with ra-,.act to tba number of Aui"rina a emigrants to tha baerenieoto, who joined theCalifor uU Sanation and tba Baler* of tha [>?rs>o?l eaoritioes tuay mad* in doing se. and bow tar their->arvicea w?.ra important uu io< tha war Tba ?ub"anee of hia wiit aa reply is as folio**: Ha joined Cai Fremont in tun mouth ot Osiober. HI6. at S in Fraoc.seo Bay. Col Fremont's force, whan he joia"d him was small, and miserably provided. and equipped ; but by bis anargy, ha noon augmented it to oyer 400 men, wail provided with every uar.eaaary, ianludlng several piece* of artillery. Col lluaeell started f vim lndepandenoa aa oommvid.^r of ths party who emigrated to the Saaramrnto. and he stales that about 450 man ont of thia party, joined the California batUlioa under Col Fremont, leaving their families at gutter's settlement, without waiting to establish them comfortably in their new bnmai. and subjecting teem selvee to every feasible decree ot hardship an l privation ia order to aid Col Fremont ia seenriag the independence of tbe couutry He givee to Colonal Fremont the o.-edit of having by his superior boldness and energy brought the war in California to a speedy and enccessr<il t ermination. Cant. A U. Gillespie, in his deposition, meotlrns that on his reaching tbe Vacramento. with Capt. Fremont's varty, front I'lainetta Lake, tha settlers crowded round their oarao, Imploring ( apt Fremont to t?U?th?ir p*rt *g*'ii*t tn? IuJihdi; and being mat by Col Frasaont to *?i Franai*a-~> for fnpplie*. k* learned at 8n ts-'? erttlacnent. lb<\t Ike reprt of Cattro'* t<x nltlM i. ? Indian* *4 ??' ih? irtHiU', and tn?i ih?T bad h??a bribed to barn their wheat crop, which u their ebWf support, and lh?n dry aud nearly ready for the fickle C?j?t lWn*lay include* In hid depotUlon c *tat?m?nt of th? inarag* puce* of military auppaaj In California. b*f >r? arid d 11 ins t?* war, at follow* : ? Merit* an J male*. from > ? to $35 K?ldl??, oomplete, from 30 to -It) BrUUi ?to 10 Spur* 6 to i? Bota* 4 to 8 AU of whieh are neoe***ry in tbat cnantry RKm, from $? to $lk0, rary rearae rowder 1 per pound Lead *7X cent* per round Perouwlon cap* $1<) p?r tiounnl Baafoattla 9 to $10 per head Fiaur 10 per 100 pound* Sugar 171? per 100 pound! Cotfee 60 per 100 pound* Ha al*o state* that wheu the California battalion wa* nuirered Into the ??rriea of tha United State*, the men positively refuted to *?rTa for eleven dollar* a month, nnd aaanlmouily demanded twenty-lire,dollar* a month, whlah rata Captain Ilanalay doe* not think unreasonable. under all tha aircumatanoe*. On attentive paratal of thl* report, tha re*ult of tha investigation *eem* t? ha, that had not tha United State* taken tka ooursa *ha ha* tone with reipait t r California, that territory would now be virtaa lv in the poep??*lon of F.nglaad; that ktd not Colonel Fraaoat united hi* loroa* with ike *attler*, they would kava all fallen vlatlm* to tha hoatlllty of tka Mexican* aaJ In4i*n?; and that th? d?ht* contracted by Colonel Fremont in behalf of tha United Stat**, in that country, o tight to Ui* paid forthwith, both a* an act ofjuitloe, and to avoid the current addllio ial expense in urr-d by the high rat* of lntrr?*t in that oouatry-two per oent a month being tha legal rata. Stock or Coal.?Should the weather continue " wintry " throughout the whole mouth of YUrah, tha iloolrfl of aoal rr<ual ,ing otar will not ba larga a? (M auliolpatad. In R<?tna tba Mrak I* iiifllelaat. to laat ?atll abont tha nilddla of April. In V?w Vork it ! haarlar. la tba arfgTfgata, but l( prattj w?ll dldrlbutad nag tha nuraarnm daalar*. It it anfflnlaat, howavar, to lack up Marly all tbair fnnda, aad will praTant thara from making aarlr purohaaaa VV? oanaat, thrrafora, afltiolpata ah damand far aoal bafora tha mlddla of April or the beginning of Ma*.?Pettivill* MiW J0urn*l. W YO W YORK, SATURDAY M Law 1 ntel Usance. 1 Couit or Oriii and Tkiimihh, March 17.?Before Judge Edwarda Aldermen Dodge and Meaerole.?Trial of jllraandtr Dunlitp, for th' Murder of A H. Nril? t'h Day.?The aumrnin* up of thin oeae by counsel on both !(] ?, wm concluded about two o'alock Judex Edwards than oommfooid a v?ry luminous and abl? charge to the jury which h? finished at a few minutes before three The jury then reMred. and at four o'clock ??nt one of the offloera Into the court room, to annu?nce that thf?v hftrl to th?lr TArrilrtt. Th? nniirf. wan Immn. dlatsly organized, and the jury brought In Their nam** ware tnen called over, and the elerk asked If they had sgrsed The foreman replied, "Not guilty;" upon whloh, number of disorderly per?nns on the back benches, at timpted to oheer. Judgs Edwards ordered the officers to take 1 ito custody any person creating notes or disturbance ln.the oourf. Mr (iraham a-ked for his client's discharge, upon whloh the Judge asked th* Pis'riet Attorney If he nad any other charge agaiasthim The latter said he had not. Dunlap was then discharged, and the same persons again attempted to oheer; but the cheering was lmme<iiat?ly suppr?ss?l by the offlosrs He then lelt the oourt room; after getting Into the passage the erowd pressed so olosely up.n btm be had to be taken baok into ths Superior Court Clerks Office, until they dispersed I a some short time after, be 'elt in oompany with his fattier and mother, and some other friends Spfhkmk Cowrt, Maroh 17?Special Term -Befor# Judgi* Hurlburt? Gtor^e Schott ami others. Phmtifft in Error, vt. Samuel h L-.m an/others, D'f'ndantt in Error.?The action in this cause w?s brought on u replevin bond in the Superior Court, of th'-? city, upon whlah a judgment was obtained for f ISO debt, and $108 . 13 d?m*g*s and ooata. The defendant in error afw: wards su'd out a writ of error, and entered Into the usual bond; but, in filling up the bond, described the judgment to be for $i#3 13 nents debt, and dnmages ; whereas it should be described a* above. The defendants in error move to quMh the verdiot, on th? ground of the misdescription in the bond The motion w?* opposed, on the ground that the bond was filed in th? Supreme Court, and that the motion should be luttde to that Court Motion denlnd, with oosta to abide the vent. The mailer of the Petition John C. AllisyKih h, for an attathment the Phelps Hinufacturing Com]i ?y ?The Pbslps Manufnoiuring Company, a foreign corporation, obtained ?n attachment out of one ot the Courts of Connecticut, against the firm of Steiger, Enz Ik Co. doing business at tha town of East Windsor, in that State, directed to the sheriff of the county of Hartford Under that attmhm?nt the sheriff levied on the property of fltaigar, Enz & Co j amongst which w>r? three machines ?two for the manufacture of knitted woollen goods, and one for the manufacture of woolls i goods ; the latter, called a " gllUtt machine." which Mr AUispatoh alleges were his property On the 4th of vlarch, he presented a petition to Judge Edmonds, set t i .... /.-th It.. ?4- |h.,> Ik. ... . -1.1 w-re hid private) properly; that he was not a partner of ateiger, Si Co , nor had they my right, title, or interest In said machines. That they seized and removed eaid machines against the will of petitioner, and still unlawfully detain the same, and that he has sustained damages In consequenco of suoh unlawful taking, aeoording to the best of his knowledge and belief, of not iesathan $4000 That the Fhelps Manufaoturing Company were possessed of eertain property aud effeots in this State, and within the oity and oounty of New York; and concluded. by praying that an attachment might be issned, directed to ihe sheriff, oommaudiog liim to take suoh property, and safely keep the anin?. In pursuance of the prayer of the petition, an attachment was granted. A motion is now made to set aside the attachment on the ground of irregularity. Coua-r? The statute (-2 Rs. 3 Ku p 375, See 1?,) in the plainest terms requires that the application for au at tachment against a foreign corporation, shall be accompanied by the addavit of the plaintiff, specifying, (in a case like the present,) the amount of damages to which he shall claim to be entitled. This requirement was mot compiled with in the present oase, and for this cause the defendant moves to set aside the attachment as having been irregularly issued. The motion mu<t prevail; the statute admits of but one construction. The requirement is positive that the pla ntill's affidavit shall aoeompany the application, aud the Legislature alone can dispense with it. llotion granted, with $10 costs Hcprkmk Cowrt, March 17?Before Judce Edmonds ? Kurd-It vs. Bar dell.-This causu was ooncl uded today. Judgement reserved. U. 8 Circuit Cowrt, March 15 ?Before Judge BeUs ?The Court opened pre farmi, and after taking oan or two inquests, Hi* Helton announced that Judge Nelson would be present at 'ho oppn'.ng of the enduing term, and in of* j he should be nhhircl to irn to Washington. tri.* (Mrnnit Court would be opened by Hid Honor. Ju1g<s 15?tfs, In person In quit, however, of Judge Nelson's not beli g obliged tp 1>?vv? for Washin^t^n. be (J? '* ? N ) w.mlj* uk; up jaryoaases in the 'Circuit Court, and Judge ietts wnnld op*n uad proceed With the business of the District Court. Hn llojtiR hereupon proceaded to oy*n the U. 8^ Dmthi?i Coi'ar, Mareh la.?Before Judije Beits and a Jury ? Triil / Afartrtlig conlintnd.?lhe argument had between ooumel on th* previous <l*y, in relation to the proper obstruction or sections 21 ana 2 J af the act of congress of 18ii, having reference to "robbing af the ranil and postoffloe,'' beiii.; reserved for the decision of the Court. Hn H orson delivered the following opinion: Tin* United States District Attorney olaims to sustatM the indictment in thin ease und-r the 2id taction ol the act of 18J5. 4 Scat U. 8 10# Ik is not, aacor'Hugly, necessary to examine tha provitions of the 21st section. and neter mine wtuiher thry comprehend the stats of faott charged against th i defendant Tbs qu-s.ion of law upou which the opinion and instructions of the Court is riqu r.'ii therefore, arises uptn the ilst, seoiioa. nnd it thli? whether on the assumption that the defendant took the paekage enoiosiog the letter in qusstioa, with intent to steal it, he then being a 'Uerk employed in the poet oiflce. Is liable to noavietion for the <'ff?na? described in that NlllOl. The points upou which the question depends, h tvd been very per picuonsly and forcibly stated, by the counsel oa fco'b sides ; but. as tne deeisinn of the court, to meet the ?xigeooles of tha (rial, must be in a good degree Improrupu, aud without opportunity for a derailed elimination of the positions maintained by counsel, or ot tne various statutory provision! which may have a bearing oa the suljset, 1 shall limit these observations to en eicetdiagiy brief notice of th? points raised, aud the r aeons apon whi^h my conclusions are founded A gi ja'er falueM of dls-ussioa is not of extreme importance bee tone if the result proves unfavorable to the d-f^nce. a more complete review ot the legal questions Involved in the ease may be had by motion for a a*w trial; and probabiy, in arrest of jud<meat The cardinal objection to tha ludittount prts-nted for the defendant, is. that Coagress, ia iKOtiousUl and 22 of the aot of lftj.j. intended to range the offender!) against the post ofB ;e law into two classes, one of persons employed in tne pout ( m-e, or laterescod witn tn? custody cr transportation f the oik 1; nail tb# other, of strangers, who stood in ?o relation of rrnst or con;lden?* to ihe unit or post iH n If this position is sound, the defendant could not be proeeculed under tbe -J2d section of th? ant; ku I if 'hi* offence may fail within ta ?t de.,oribid by tbe jl*i section, yet this iudlctmeot net being framed on that ctlon. ha must he aoqnitted. The words of the CM *eoblon embrace ?11 person*. Tbe terms are tb? most ?i-.iplthat oouU b? employed: *'if any person sball steal the mail, ice " Now, although tli" coustru:ti.m of tb* statu'*'* |ianga?ge, will be understood in relation ;o tb latjeqc matter, and *???ral terras, and may je rest.rained to very limited signification; yet, the rule is to tike w rue ia their fair and natural import, ual**s th*r.> w.. miae'king indies.el by tbe ls^iilataro. eliowiug the in'entiou to employ them in a qu*lia?4 sense. That Inteatlon ii inferred in this ow, becanse toe 31st section ia snppoied to hare dssifnaud every afeace for which tho*e employed in tb* pest ufflee iir* lubjsot to r*o?ive punishment. and to hate itapeted special aa<l aggraTated peualti** on thsm ? Therefore. I '.h.ak. whaterer force tb* a *ux?nt might hava under other eireatnitanca*. It cannot be raeelred as of suttoWn* or any controlli-j( w Ubt her*, because the particular offence of ste.iliDg a intil. or a letter, trnm the p~st ( Uo *, <1n?l not npp &r t" bs p.o Idetf for in that s?etiin la that respect, accordingly. Hie 11 1 section la.roduces a new crlma. ajd than -.lie Legislature, in subjecting erery person to puaishnnit who oomwlts it, muat be understood to me t'ao l?n;iw i:' ia ill broadest sense The olfeaue in no way ?ae of a ?p?i lal nature. to h? comviitted only bf a parMeular class of persons; but c?u be efj'i-ST committed by erery one gaining access to t>.e in?il oletters whether employtd is the post cffl :e rr intruding there As tbe ejao.iog alanse In section 11 n its t?im? ol**rly includes rba oase of a clerk In a post ofHc.?, wbo steal* a letter or packet, th?r? must be ol ir ^ront'd bowa, on the part of the defaice, for exf?iptir;g Itim from its operation* Mueh if tbe rule of mterpreuti' a peculiarly applied la tbe eipoeition of the statute* aed it he* the plain saiction of the Hup'tae Cuurt of the Ualled State*, S Craach 3.^3 The ca*e 01 tbe United fttite* in Pearson 'J McLean, p I t whs an leiietiasnt uader both these sections, against a mrson whe helA.thc appolutuient of **sistant.poa master In del>r?rt*g the opinion, and examiniig with considerable minuteuese. tli* provialon* of the law. ih< c )Utt Inlmat*4, an donbt, that the defendant wn suhjent toib4ietoa*nt under both otloas, if propor t pro??d itc?lD4t hiu at>d uaH him not cti*rpt?nrn? w ' t?nii?K lattara unitcrthi tM ?e*tlon. bee-u*e h* hail takan Iham away, without a felonious intftit, an 1 olatr.i?>>< ? t -sai tit) than from tha atll i? it" c ftUa. on Ilia appointment an deputy or AP*i*iaaf, although that Kuihority had bv*n rarok* 1 b/ IL? pontmantar. My opinion upon th??e queationii Ir, that th? d->f?n1aat I* anbjact to iudietment for an cffMino, unlm tha 12 J eeetlan ef the act ; and that tha etfaeae u eniianmatad by itoalia^ a letter or packet aoauiaiug *,lett?r, fr;>m tha part o?ot; or by'akia* ?*. y auj ?uoh latter or paokat. It fa far tha j'U/ to datarainr whai her tha net I* preyed to h\ya bran dona, and alto to ditvrmlua lb* iatrut with wh.eli too ait wae dona--whether the latent i? to be found la the pr>of af eitraacoui f??t?, or U to ba impiinj aad in(arrnd from the aai itaeif Tha aaaa wm then lumm^d rip, when tha Court an anuaced. thai In ooaarquanra of tha mea'inn of tli? bar abont to'ako place, In relation to tha death o( Ju lf.t naer, tha ooart wrnild adj iura nnlll thla (I'huiaday) 1 forenoon. whan tha charge will be deli^'rad, and th < oaaa (Ivan to tha jury, Unitku Sriiat DiHTtuaT Copbt, Maroh 18 B?f>re Judca Betti aud a Jary I'ritl if 3lar$tllii ctniiti'ttil ? His Honor charged tha jury In tnle sitae thia forenoon Ha >aid Oentleuien, two observation* on the part of tha Court, ara naoaaaary in thleoaee, hatora It la pawed over to yon to give your judgment upon It. Tha de- I fandant at tha bar stands charged with an offenca which

deeply alTecta hla personal oharaotar, and ona which I : alao affaota tha public lntaraat. la dtapoaiag of thiaoaw, j RK H ORNING, MARCH 18, 18 the Court can't doubt that thejnry will give every consideration to the testimony bearing In favor of tha prisoner? that their sympathies will be in bis favor; and, al?o, to the fact that ha ha* hitherto borne a good character. and that he is a father of a family. These elr-umitanow* ara brought to the attention of the Jury for the purpose of awaking their aotiva attention to the tlrMMMUIIinUm HN favorable to the aooussd; yat you will never lose the r-colUction, in meeting In the jury bos, of the great und important functions, und?r which vou are called unon to decide as iudaes Your determination in this dim is not to resuit from your sympathies, but from your judgment* You must orII to mind all the tacts, in determining on the question upon which you are about to decide, and this question needs no great or comprehensive inquiry, an to rhether the party be guilty or not guilty. This particular part of the oase Ik not involved ia obscurity There are but few witnesses in the case. There seems to be no ela?hing of statements, als i, in this ca?e, which call* upon the jury for theexeroise of much discrimination. You are oalied upon, in a very learned and able adJress, on tb* part of the defendant, to deal with the defence on th* grounds upon which it rests. The obarge her* involves two leading considerations. The first is. what Is the law of the case wlnt ofiVnoe has been committed? and if you have justly appreciated these, what is the evidence of facts to show a violation of 11* And. although the defendant has oouushI ot high intelligence and ingenuity, he has. very justly to himself, and very justly to court of oriminal juris prudenoe, told you. that it was not for you to determine the law Unfortunately, in this oountry, there has been some lii.Ue discrepancy as to the rule of law that Uoald govi rn jurors in the dlSfO>ul of oases such as t.hU. On trlal? like this, in some courts, jurors have beeti told that they were to be the judges of the law as wall at of Miolact* ? a matter which is not very oreditable to this country Bur th.; lule, as far as this oourt is iu question, is determined in a far different way, und a court of hi.her powers h s been obliged to declare that to jurors In criminal oases, it belonged to them to ''inquire" what the law is. WhlB ho eourt iu the present o^se, therefore, has laid the 'aw before the jury, aud has explained what the law is, it remains for th? jury to see how far that law applies to .hsse packets, with lue stealing of which the prisoner etands charged. Th^ iodic ment in the present case applies to the post effloelaw; it shows that the defendant had be-n employed lor a certnin time in the post office, u4 it Uoei uol appear that he was eoullnedto any pariioular class of service, but his general duty was, to prepare the inn 11. and see it, or place It for transmission to an eastern direction It was his business, therefore, at that table, to separate that portion of rn&dable cutter, and forward it for distribution It is alleged, that, ou the Sth of August list, he was, as usual, on hisbu^ltjesB employment, and that he left that table, and went to another table, on whioh were lying other paokages. His honor her* recapitulated the testimony, and commented upon it, also drawing the didtiootlon between criminal jurisprudence, ountra-dleticguiehed from ooinmm law, in cases of theft ; and went on to explain, that, acrording to true interpretation of law, the picket in question was a mail; and then arose the question of " felo uroui iniont. iu reiauon to ins ueuuitiuu in man thny were to understand, that If be took 0110 letter, or took one hundred, he wts equally ku> ty of stealing tb? mail from the Tost OlHoe. In first .McLean's report, page 604, it was held, that taking from th? pigeon holes attached to the Post Oflloe, in whioh letters ware deposited for circulation, that this was ruled to be '* stealing from the msil " His Honor went on farther to comment upon the testimony, and concluded, when the jury retired, and after an absence of twenty minutes, returned into court and rendered a verdict of guilty, with arecommendation to mercy CouNiri. lor drfenue hereupon remarked to the Court that pri!0'2?r was willing, as it was reqaired by thn U. S. District Attorney, to increase his ball 'rons f> looo to $1500, as the case was to be tried before tbe U. 8. Clicult Court, upon another indictnent, in which the questisn of law, raised for the defence, would hare to be more fally argu?d and deliberated upoa The Court here proceeded to hear motions. Unites States District Court, Maro? ltt.?Before Butts.? The United Statu vt. Martin Brvggemon and analhtr.?Tue defeniants were indicted f>r sina ;gliugundar the 19th settioa of the aot of oon^rers of 184-2, and were put on their trial. They ar? charged with attnmptinf ti muggle through the cu<stnmh onse about ?34.) worth f j . wiry, concealed iu the backs of some [. Vtintings. Tt? def?'io? is that th >y (lid owu the good*, bat that they wtre consigned by one Carl Suhimdt, of Germany, with directions to hoid them subject to order of hi:) son. and thai they km w nothing of the oonoealment. Tbe etar b adjourned United Statu Disthict Court, March 17?Before JutJg'i Bett.? The United Stain rj. Aiirtin Urvggeman nil another ?Tit* jury iu tliis Oause, after b-ingoutfor hHoii' twr? >1 ft 11 a r#-nil trail a. v?rdii-t of itr.nuitta). C?m w Mar"1* IJ ? Bafor* Recorder Saott nod Alderman Pur?er arid Tappan Jonas .<. P. i, i in, l>(j , Vnniiluot District Attorney -Cat". / H'fnt^amrry ? -it the <>pmia< of oourt thu morning, the jury, at?er being; looked ud sinoe yesterday afternoco, Qr.usA iii And irttiinvt'd that they had not sgreed upon ? verdict, and there w?s'uo probability of agreeing, taawever long 'hey mlg&t be k*pt together in cousultation The oourt, uudir these circumstance, disoh-irged them from farther consideration of the sutject. Tri?tJor Grand ?ny--Aa old offender, named Dani'l Marr, was then placed at thn bar for trial, on an indictment fir having committed a grand laroeny on Christmas ni<ht last John Fox, of Anthony street. oa being examined for the prosecution, testified that while he was on bii way dome, about 12 o'clock on < hristm&s night last, he was knocked down in Centre street by a man who approached bun from behind with another Granger, and then rob bed him of the property in question Wir.n*?s valued hi* bug pipes at about $4."> ; that shortly af erwards. he reoovered his property through the efforts rf the polio* OfHoer Smith, <f tne 3d D.strict Police Cjurt, testified that on going to the house occupied by the accused, to arrest bitn for some trittiog offenca. he found tb? btgplpss which were advertised, and identified by Mr Fox as his propi rly. The jury found the accused guilty, A'.d the i/ourt sentenced him to thrae yean' imprisonment in the Stat* prison. Pt-ndrd Guihy ? Peter Birmingham alias Chesire Bob, indicted tor kssauliing offl "?r Norrit, this morning plnit?!U Uy, Hi after b-ing ssvarsly reprimau led by he < :ourt, he w^s sentenced to twenty d lys coadneuieut i.i the oily prison. Ttial for Grand Larceny --A eolored lftd l?y the name of William Amos. w?s next called to trial forhaviuj{ entered a h.ius-* in the upper part of tha city, ?n l stolen from the ha'.l, coats and cloaks to the value of $45 The jury, after a brief consultation, found the prisoner guilty, and the Court sentenced him to three years imprisonment in the State prison Trial fur Burtlnry ?A boy about 15 yesrs old, named Willi ra K-lly w ii ! hen called to trial, cn a charge cf breaking into the store of a Mr. Marshall, on the 5th of Febiusry last The jary fouud him guil'y. Sentence dsfsrrad. Jlnotktr Trial for Grand Larceny.?William Smith *?s aext nailed to trial oa a charge of having, on the 11 of February Uat,stolen adlsmond ring valued at f 40, i he propei ty et Stephe.i Tilm -r, j"wwlsr in ^ourtlandt st From the evidenoe adduced tor the proseoution, it appeared that the a cu ed called at the store of Mr Palm-r, and requested to he shown various articlrs, ?t.d ? utle the clerk s hndi was turned for a moment, the ring in quertion was stolen 1'ne jury found the accused guilty, aud the Court rejtenoea him to three years' iiapri.-oument iu tL-prison. ~AnaiK'r tat' of Grand Larceny? A colored man by the name of Franois wa? then trisdon a charge ofst?ali.ic a carriage and two bors <s, valued at liOU, front Patrick Uutly The jury, without leaving their seats, found tar prisoner guiltv Sentence det<rred until to day. Jintahtr Plea *f Guil'y laniei Myers, indlcte J f r a greud larceuy, picad guilty, aud appealed to the Court or msroy, on the ground that he had been induce 1 by pro.rvted *icKB??s aud oxtr?iae poverty, to commit the i>tf?oo?, which *.?? the first one hr bad ever b?cn guilty of tUnteao* deferred. Tha Court then auj turned until to aiorrow morning. i-'?wak? M? r i m \?i ? Sjprnae Court, August.*, Me, t'rl'iultiM .Vlii i nn preeitilng The examination of wuo*??es iu tNisca'e rouia*n<'<,(l on ruesdty, the 1 lfh ,o?:?ui B*i -r< Hm >u oonnonaoai, the c <un' l f r the prlaoner raad* amotion to forbil th? pn.ilicaii i ot the ??id*n?i? la any n-wsp*per Pbe (.hiet Justier said h uivl not knoir bow ton court oould preveut :tje pu'.ii -iiiog (by pe>ere at dietauee) by any order tneymtgbt p??' i?n4 no the question subsided. The Hntt m *1 nl publishes the following evideao* : I).Tin Sntm?T. th* tlrs- witness oalled, said he keeps ? rhop under tbe otic of th? prisoner Saw tne body of Matthews ou Friday morion. the I't d?y of October last, lying on pile of wood iu the orilar, tbe f et a little ways out of th? door 1'bii was between tight and nine o'clock; my boy beard Mr. Doollttle s?y the body wan there and 1 went aud *aw It. Til# door ot tbe cellar wan partly open at the time. 'I he sjiaoe mght be one and a hull foetor more The body laid ou ite oaiif, a little ,acliued upon Ite right side, on the wood. The foet were oui of the door They were heavy outsl le door* made to sertrg in Did not help to get tbe body out. The wood was plajed upon the inside, against tbe door, so that it cotild not be opened very wide l was no1 present when 1 tie body was taken out being ren3rod *bile I was g?ne romyebop Did not at thxt tune see the unrks upon the head. Tue deceased had boot! on. lh y were mm apparently recently bucked?were no', muddy, or much soiled Tlwy looked a* if a person might have walked in them, lle had on a black coat The pantaloon* were drawn up from tbe bottom oowtiderabl*. The T?st and coat also had the ano -araaceot hrinj Dulled 1 up. Tiro Doollttlea, a \lr Sivage, and a numb?r tf oi.hera w*re there, I think [ l'h . wlto?s? here polnU d out upou the plan th? wny from the priaoner'a b?ck offlee to hn chop J The auire are about ihree feet wide, piThupB Icm The faateutng upon the door wa* a *mall uou bolt In my *hop l'he do'-r inaid* of th? prigjuer'a i (Rb? wa* faatened by a look Thin door wt.a paesed through down Into th i o*ll?r where he kept wood and *o-ue laeuiclnee. Thia door w?a l?fc unlaatened to accomao Uk? Cooiidgt. It had baen so 1st aoiue tha*. I h? cu?tin.{ board In iny aliop remains a? it did at the tieieof the murder. Ti e epaoe between it and the door h tiroe feat My help <,enabled of two boja anl fire r if! at tliat time, 'l'iieie Woy* w -re about aikt*e 1 year* uld. The cron* examination of the wltaeae wh* directed tuamo.e ptrllouiar description of the preiuiaea where the body of Matthew* was found < tki'i Wii.liiki, examined?Keep* the tavern in WaUjtrille haw the t>oiy of Ma'.thewa in the doorway of fie cellar. between 7 and H o'oloek in tb* morning A half ilrmi were preeent waen I arrived there The body ha l not been touahed at thi* tim?, that I knew ol Oru't remember whether the hat waa on the head or not. Bowl* looked clean Waa not proaent when the I'ody waa t*k<>n out. The body laid on the weol. Maw the body again aHer it WH l*ken oat ud Uld on u old ERA] 48. oak plank. Saw the wound* upon tha head. I think there wu no watoh upon tha body at this time I now raoognlaad whoaa body It waa. Tha body waa than aarrlad into my ball. Waa preaent at tha examination m Haw tha atomaoh ramovad by Dr. Coolldge Tha on- gi taota of tha atomach wara pourad Into a waah baaln by Dr. Coolldga. Tb?re waa a atrong imall of brandy, arlalng from tha cnntenta of tha stomaah Dr. Coolldga aald, " Vou had better oarry tham out, for thay may cant tha room." I oarrlad tham down atalra, aod put tham In a oloaat of an outhouaa. Tha nazt morning I pnt the oontfnts In tha Ica-honae and looked tham up early, ?? ?onn aa daylight I dellrered the o<>ntenta to Profeaaor Loorais. In preaance of Dr. Plalated They W?M ?nil?F Innk and kav after the* ware cleDOilted in tha ioe-house. I bad the key In my pnekiit. There tu a kind of |ll)hfc white matter ; saw it peured Into the begin k>r Dr. ''oclldge Did not ??e the contents from ? the time I took them away until I loeked them up In the S lee honse. Tbe contents remained in the basin until I tl delivered them to Fr< feasor Looinis. No person saw me a when I placed the content* In the Ice-house, for no one t> wae present. Tba body was removed from the old plaok P to an open abed, and there l?ft a short tioie Any one o might have seen It, but how many saw It I don't know p When the poet mortem examination took place. Doctors ei Thayer Plalsted and C oolld^e were present Tke basin ? wae an earthen one, and gleind white upon the outside. tl Dr. Coclidge boarded with m?, kept his horses 'here, <M ha<l an extensive pr*?'lo?, pud gOBd iWwMW to hit l? bmlne'S, and reputation wag ,'Oi<l; was the ph/sl<ltn of w my family Don't r. collect of h.aring It spoken ot that j> the oontents of the stomach were removed 1' Professor Loomis, called?If the wash btsln had stoed when Mr. vvillia<o? *'iid it did. it would be surrounded by a hogshead -n l the walla of M outhuildini(. wh?rc It was placed before baton deposited in c the ica house I received from Mr Williams a wash (i biiln on Saturday morning the ?Jd lay of October I ist, t about nine o'clock, containing fluid substanc, i*ld to s be the content* ol the stomach of Matthews Dr. Plais- g t* t nnd myself put the contents into a bottle and it re- c mainad In my eight until I carried It to my laboratory The wash basin was a large whits one. I was requests d to analyse the contents to sen if they contained poison. t I llrst tented them to see if there was a volatile polsou, t straining them through a lin*n towel The substance in 1 the retort was subjected to heat for the purpose of get J ting a transparent substance The vapor was condensed, aud was tested tot pru?sic acid The t*st wai a solution 1 of common coperas The vapor lay upon a piece of glass " and arose from the chemical process This Indicated by ita color, the presence of prusslo acid. I subjected r another portion to a second teat, by various chemical c substances; the result was prusstc aoid I alio made a t third test with the nitrate of silver; a white precipitate t appeared. Indicating as before, the same kind of poison, t bus not so clearly. The tests I used are those approved , by the best authorities. I was present with Dry. Thay- v er, I'laisted.and others, at a post mortem elimination; , the cranium wbg taken off, and there nppetred some- Q thing unuatural In the convolutions of th brain; the p br.tiu was taken out; several tried to detect a peculiar odor from the braia. but 1 aui not certain I detected any peculiar odor. The brain was deposited lu a vessel pre- ' pared for that purpose; the abdomen was then ex- J amined. and the stomach, whioh had been previously re- ' moved; the mucus membrane was very dark; there was an appearance over the whole luterior surface of having ! been luflamed, but the very dark oolor did not extend over tbe whole; the spleen was much enlarged, and removed with the hraiu and one of the kidneys and a portion of the lungs for a subsequent examination; the livrr was of a much darker oolor than in a natural state; 1 saw no arterial bloed; the lungs were of a dark blue color, with the exception of a small portion of the lower , points; this discoloration reaohed the inside of the lungs. , On .VIon lay there wis an examination ot the brain j livrr. luusr*. vidaev. aud >uleen The sileeu w<*s much , softened. s<> sir to appear 11 lie The kilnsy wit* j opened, but presented it mrrbid appearance. The brain , was so in* what softened. Tha blood v?sn?ls did not appear to be so full as the d?y previous There was in e of the veatrioles of the brain a ooagumm without ] color. When the thorax was opened I detected a peou- | liar odor, resembling that of the stemach. I do* thltili it was pruslo acid. Since the murder, I have given some animals prualc acid, to test the (ffeots of it upon them. This poison, when thrown into the stomach, will produce death In from three seconds to fifteen minutes A drop uDon the eye of a oat naussd death in ten seoohJs Th? manner of daith Is different. A dog having prntsio acid and bra-idy injeoted into his sto- . ranch, ran nineteen feet, shrieked, and died. Prusain j acid generally produces a dark oolor upon the Inner coat . of the stomach.a blue color upon a portion of the lungs. ( and a darker oolor of the liver than is natural. When I , hare given this poison to anituals, it was mi*, -i witu brandy. Duriag the ?xainlnation of the Protessor, the ,j counsel were quite willing to show their new y acquired t knowledge of the nature of prusslo acid, and its riTects , upon the different portions of the human system. They ; had been recently studying the books, preparatory to the , Ujjti ofttUif o?uia; and It would be hard U they could t not have the privilege el exhibiting molt eu*.n <"U ani , auatomical knowledge. Many questions were asked and answered which do not have much r*levanoy to , thiscauae The Court adjourned to 3 o'olook, 1'. M. I Dootor Tlaiitrd, examined?.Saw the body of Ed- , ward Matthews on,Friday morning, about nine o'olook; there was one out upon the forehead, but the skull was not fractured, and another on the head, but not so severe. The aeoond time I nw the body, the blood was washed from the head, althoagh there were sums clota $ of blood still remaining; the gaah was aa deep as it t rruld be for the bone; tb?re was a depression of the s skull; was present when Dr Coolidge removed the sto maeh; there was about a pint of semi-fluid taken from the stomach; the wounds were the resultof blows; examined the body again with several physicians; the skil l ii was removed, and the brain was somewhat congested; i< *nd?* the wound upon the bead th?re was blood on the u brain; the lungs, liver, and spleen exhibited t? Prussian I UiUi ranr? (rail worn win iihuiuhi in cu<.uu? i u. in* r long*, liver, ita. the blood flowed pretty freely, and ran c into the abdomen; was preient when l'rof**sur Looml* c r cp't?J tb? oortwn'c of tli? stomach, and put them into I a c If an bottle; I got the bottle, and It wan curried up to the colic**; there were two or three (light cut* upon i the thigh ot the body six lnohe* long, or inor? and just # through the *!.in; Dr Coclldge dissected the body, and c took out the stomach; I then detected the ordor of ! brandy; did no*, discover any other peculiar ?dor at the time; tbe c:<>?tiQg.i of the stomach were inflamed, inore i in some place* titan in other*; they did not appear as ? if the iofl wax pr.->lac?d by drinking brandy; i there was not brandy enough in the etomnch to produce l intoxication; Mr William* took the b?*in containing t the content* cf the stomach, alter it had been landing k a bait an hour or more; Mr. William*, having the baein u in hi* hand, asked what he should do with th? contents' li Some naid, pour them out; but it wa* not done; and Mr. William* carried the basin away I Kitatks of Mikhiid Women.?An act securing to '' married womun their separate e*tatei, ha* passed both homes of ths Alabama Legislators,and wa* approved by 1 the Governor on the l*t instant. It providej that the 1 wife's eeta'e shall be held by the hu*band a* In trast '' If the wife's e*r.ati? be equal to hfr right of dow?r. on ?er husband'* dea'h. *he tin* no claim whatever to his * property, and olhfrwi*? only to the difference between h*r estat* and the dow?r At the death i f hi* wife, the * hatband eoun.t into ah* lute possession ot her p*r*'>n*l '' property, and for lite of her rnal estate. The husband u and wiin are jointly made liable for article* applied for family use Taiai. *y Dr. Coolidhb.?The trial of Dr ('oolidge w at Augusta. Me , commenced on the ll'h Inst , before ? Kzskiel Whitman, t hief Justice; Kther .Solpley an 1 Mamuel Well*, Astoolale Justice* The prifluiier plea 1 not ^ guilty, ?nd the caie was opened by Mr Morrell, lor the government The witnesses having all been excluded <_ from the room, n i witness except those under examination are allowed to be present. a Iikte 1 llgvn<? Triim Havana 1 By the arrival of the Great Western, (.'apt rhapmnn, I . A ,... 'P., ... It.... n.?a?a Vr-.r. II.. H run* of " h.< 3 1 in*t Tha Hpau'ili trig?t* I?ab*11a II , arrived at Havana ' n the 2'Jtlj utt , having oa board hi* excellency S^nor D Keder?co Koncall, Count of Alcoy, i.pp>iiit#il (Jovernur J and C vp aiti (J*neial of the l?land of tuba, in place of Jen. O Doiincll He wa? aco nnpanied by hta wlfa aud tnr?? 'ous and a numrrnua suite. (jeneial O'Dnnnell at cnca promulgated the ilesrea of o| the queen appointing tile Count of Alcoy, and l??ued a {( brief edrtrwa* to the inhabitant* of tti* i. Und, and anothtr to tha troop*, taking leave of them He con K gratulate* him?el( ttat entering upon M* office in difflonlt eircunttano**, ha now Wave* the inland after four y?ar'? (arvioe, enjoying proiouud tra iqulllty inl p .01 parity, such a* ii lia.i never before known Both ad- ?t (Jr*-?a?* are ib good t#.?te. M Tha following day tha uew <"apta!? General Ifued two ad ireMe*. ore to the peop e, the other to the troop*. ja He promnn the upright ndtninUtratton of justice, the tnooaregeaeot ot agrtoalture, and the protection of commerce ?n t th? useful art* H" latter* the troep* for f their dlnoipliae and courage He deolere* p? c? and tranquility the bxt laleguard* of the pro?perity of the r lelan 1. and enoour**** all to draw clo?a ti e li?* which bird 'hem to the mother country. The Moi.pltair troupe j*ve their last performance on the lit lust. The papers s*y they have been altogether auccewful. Hera mid 8i?orl w?ra ahout Ipiiviuk for Jannioa. Thate is n plan en foot for building a iw* tlua'r* A ' >.n th?a?r? royal aud a iy.:eum th'<aira nad nretlouMy ho*n prrjeetad; th?r? la now a thirl ou? on tha tejiii, nnd It ''' in laid that $160 00<> have alraady bean aubacribad to It Tadaaoo and tlia wanagar of thf opara hava ha t h ' " juarrel. Ha rafusaa to giT? har ov*r >600 a month; ih? wtahaa tinfto. Bom* of tha adanir*ra of th* baautifill Fortunata tiara mad* up tha *nOn, A" a* to retain har a ilttl* whiiaionrfar. Tharaapoa tha adlu>r of tha/Jiar.i i if la 'J*i inn rainsrka. that uiaaajara should la&m from thin how important it if that prima innniM abould i>ok??p* 1 n beauty aa wall an art:rtio merit Nothing wiaar oould Sara haati aaid ni 1 ha Havana papan ar? diasaMingr th? projaotif a Una b* jf st-aniTa to rnn bttwaan Cadli and Havana. VVa it run it may raault in tha aaiabllahoia&t of i>uoh a llna. Ntw Orltant i'?:ayun?, ,V.rt/i 10. (. bf l'ha Crapi. 30 Wa ara inforand by our fa tu*ra that tha whaaf orop (),, a ihla r?r'on Hpri> gtlald, ia in a moat prornitlo,; condl- ? iiMon,?fli Staff Htg'ihr, March 34. j , i. ( ha atop of h-mp last sunnier wal rary grod on an ivaraga, and ylalUf a heavy liat, and la Wa%ht uiraa oaw ?sv ' rnukaMy wall. Many farma/? will ha???, wiieu brok?u In >ut. much bjoio than anticipateJ VV'a uotioa a faw uad* ooming in, and haar of aalea n">t Jughar than *4. "ure aatra in tbla market ara haokward about giving ihat price, and ara only atfariiirf f-'l i<>. M 4" *ud 11 76. Tha articla, howaTrr, baa no1, fairly oummrnoad ? 1 >.ming in, aa<< tha market la not yat aiactly open, and " n all probability will not ba uutll navigation com- <>* BOm?Ut. Lt%i* f?fr. Bit LD. *rlM Vw? OalMa \ITalri In Caniut*. [K'romth" -1outr?si Hf aid, M?roh II.J Tha following Hit* w?* friwly h?nd?d about y??t?rd*f, i that of tho new ministry. W? nannot, of coarM, ltd i?uth?nt1n<ty Attorney Ortiarml W?m. \tr. Baldwin. Attorney <i?n?ral K.a?>, Mr Lafimtala*. Holioltor (i?n?ral W?t, Mr. BuioHolioltor W*r ?r?l Rait. Mr A Iwln rt'-si cat of the Counsel vlr. I,e?l,e. ?'uunjt"?lon?r of PuM-o Work*, Col TaoVi. Provincial Secretary, Mr Prioi Coramiaeiojier of i.iown Land*. Mr. M. Cameron. R*??Wer tt?ner*l. Mr L M Vi^er. Irmpenrr <Jenernl, Mr Hlnctn Hpeaker of th? I.e^?i LtWe rnune'l, r "".ar^n The above I* from yeeterday'/t fiij.i/.. I'tn rumor 'M iMt night, th it, lnnt?a-l of Mr I'rioe, th^ H a Mr ullivan la to bo Provinci#i S?i!ret?ry, \lr Prio-, to take be Crown !-ond?, and Mr, Cameron to be second Cowliaaioner of Pubiio Woiki. Mr. <*ri;n. ae 1i oaly fair warli the country >u l consistent wKh the repeated roteeelon* of the party now in powi-r. to be President f th? Kxeoutlve Council a* well \s SDeaker of th* Uosr Mouse. and Mr Leslie to be Receiver (i- neral We annot. any more than our contemporary. ?u irantse the athoatirl'y of th*?e rumor*, but wer>an ?ifelv (uirantee le fact, tliMi iheoouotry o?u v#rv well spare the '.re<- o r Mr L M. Vitfer, at the counoil bonrl more parMcu Lrly at the coat of ? 1000 per mourn We wouldn't 'ish to be rude. but really the appo ntmen' of the r**cu*d of Leloiter. m?ora very disagreeably of Turcotteim. Pollllral IiitelHiicnra. T?r. Litn.iis V: itio* i.<? Vkh.h01 r th* question f " I.Iiwum11 or No Llc< use " to'o 1 upon hy the >?opleof Vermont, on Tueaday, 7'h lost, aovrdingto he law '?f that Slats, which proviies for IU being v??rly ubuii ted te the oltl*?n* In Wiu'lham Co, ill tmoi ;av? 73 license majority, whioh Uif. j?nr .{ave 10 44 fhe ither way. Llo?n?? gain 11?7. It. is thought .tar, the ?o license majority in theS'.ate, this year, will bareluced to 'roiu 1000 to J00<) votes. Last year the ia?J'irly waa very large. and this year wi h an increas-d vote he lio?nse party has greatly added to Its strength, ["he vote in Brnttleboro' wm, no lioense i">0t license 17; last year MO to lift. Benn'ngton, Mi idl?l>ury. Toriumea, Rutland, CaKtleten. Woodsto.k Towaaend, .Vealininait r Burlington, and St Albans, h ivo all given no liceuse " .nnjoriiiea. PKa-istlva'sia LcOISLATIVI l'ROBICKDINOa.?The bill elative to the New Yo.ik and ErleRalrO'd waa under lonaideration in the Pennsylvania House of R?pri'S?ntaatives on the 16th inat. \Vli>-u the Hmiae adjourned, he question waa pending on the mil >nJin 'ut in o inpel ha company, by the lat if October, I ->411, to constiuot i bridge nomas the Delaware, wit ha doubie tvnck, one of rhich is to be used for railroad purpoaes, f tiling to do rhloh, it Is to pay to the (loin-iionwraltli tweuly-tlve entsperton for ell freight punsing over the road, la 'ennsyivanla. Matob or Bancior.?William Abbot, whig, has beea ileoted Mayor of Bangor, Me , ky a majority rf 395. The vhlgs have also elected their Ailermen in every ward mt one. New Hampshire.? Returns from I7'J towns in thla itate, give: ? Berry i5,40ti Scattering 403?3S809 Williauia 38,708 Majority for William 959 Pi?f?r??tlva^ia Whio Statc ('o"ivknti?!*.?This body )onv?ued in Harrisbuig on the lath inat., and made the oliowiug nominationa :?Delegates from the State at argetoihe national convention, Wm F. Johnfon and Samuel Bell. Kleotors for the State at large, John P. Sanderson. Thomas N McKeunan; for the representative dlstriota?Jos O. tllarkson, John Price IVetherlll, las M. Davis, Thoa. W. Dutlleld, Daniel O. Hitner, loahua Dungan, John I). Steele, John Landis, Jos K. rimuker, (".has Snyder, Wm. O Hurley, Kranels Tyler, Henry Johnson, Wm ( aider, Sr , Chas W. Fisher, An* ilnw O. Curtin, Thoa it. Davidson. Joa. Markle, John Allison, Andrew W. Luomis, lliouard Irvin, Samuel A. Purvlanos. A resolution was olfered. that the nmneg ol the dele gat?n be called over, witn 111 w or euci ins' rr >in ??on no vxprMS on of opinion ia regard to a candidate for Lhe presidency ; but tbr* convention re ufl-il. by ku emphatic vo'e, to proceed to * ssoob 1 reading of the resoution, suit it wae, therefore suffered to lie upon th? able A resolution w?s pns*e 1, approving of the tariff if 'HiJ; also other* getting forth tint whig*of IVao-yiva'ia cherish with unabatrd 7.?ul ?U the ling established iriucipirs of the whig party, and thai tbe wbig c ?ndilat* lor the presidency to be worthy of tbe rupport of be whig party, must be knowu to be devoted to Its irinciples ; willing to broom* their exponent ana oham>ion, and prepared to carry them faithfully out, in the xeaatiou of his official duti>>R. The noiaiose of he oai rial oonvantion ia promised the ruDport of this conrentlon A resolution wm submitted. Instructing tbo eecatoriai delegates appointed by tile convention to support ;oa nomination of (ien Scott for lite preeid?ney; but :his also wax refused a second reading. Nkw York?Job** B. Hnwe, of Delaware oountv. Is he banker delegate to Haltimor* from the loth district. Latkst mo* Ii.i.iMoii. ? A teWrapriio despatch fiom It Louif, March 11, states tbat ihc election in Illinois us resulted in the adoption of the new constitution by large majority. Sporting IsitMgtiiie. T?r Ti. Hr.? We are npuu ' be ere of two of the most npi'riMni tntkfl*vn r?i r mieo piaon n our State. The gr?at am mnt of money depending pon 1 he reault, the w?ll known char>to".er of too cobrncting parties, a id tljj riDowa of the ' biirh m-itled soars' which are to contend for the gr&at pries, have loutnbuted to produce ?n exoitement in the sporting irclas her<j nev^r b?fore felt, and whicn i? Jaily lucre*#ti? u? tbe period for tbe contests approaches Wa allude to LUe ijreat match-* to come off over tha I ugaaiaii Course, on Tueaday aud VV'edn ?day. the iist indilM of the pre#<tit mouth, between th? Napoleon if the .''nrf," Col. Wm. K Johnson, ol Virginia, and Mr lsa?o Van L?er. of thin city. The fir't rao??for a aide, three mile beats? ?ill bring together Orator ar. I Quadrille Tbe former icquirsj his position on the tun in a rnce with Kasbon, at Baltimore- four mil's in which Via drove her to he winning-post, under the spur, in the r- markabln line ol The powers of Quadrille ar- but little :no?n M?r own sister, toe celebrated Real, la looked ipon by turfmen aa the best raeer that ev- r appeared in he Houih. K<*r the second race-a aide, four mil* beats? tevenue and Topai are to contend. Reveal)*'* per.rwarices, here and elsewhere, hare placed him high oa iie ladder of iume. At CI arieaton, last winter, he vanuiahed the renowned shark, who haa proved viotor in wo important races, at the uitsntio< which has just t*rli med there He liaa twioa b*aten tbe " Louisiana >6." Katiny King Tbe cOEqueats of Topaz have been t shorter disianoea tbaa the pr-sent one altuough, in a hi- wile race, lnat fall, she b^at itevanne the tiiat neat, 'hich was the main cause of the present matah Oar I'est accounts of the nags speak highly of their exeilent condition. The proprietors of the Blngaman h>ve been busily mployed iu improving the oourse, enlarging the s inds, nd prepartn every thing ou a a -a ? cimui-uf urate itr> the importance of the oont atl and for the conr-nieiice ot spectators. The new pavillom for the lai's, will, without doubt, prove a ft-ature We predict very general attendance ot the fair sex to enjoy its srafor.s, which must b? ireu to be appreciated ? ?V O. mcent, ilnrcK oili. Moiile Rahi.j.?Hascosimk Cobhsk, March 8?Two ille he*ts. First Day.?The entries were: V 11. Golds >y's ch f. Little Mlstr?as -3y o. by Hhamrock. J?in by Wild Sill 1 I L Teu Bro?ok'* b n. Mote B*rtrand~7 y o. by Mona Toiinon, daw by Berirand dis. larrleon it H?nry's b b. Jim a 1 cig?S y o by Boston out of hliza <Uy. by Toneon 3 '2 mil 's WlliUlbron's ch. g ?4 j.o. by Tattertall, data by Laviatbiu i 3 Tiin\ 8:48- 3:87 Prwotn Propiietor's Purs*, $200, a *tugla da*h (two oiiiox with thn following auCri?i ?n4 result: a'riR'.n k Henry'* ob b J'imping Alm'et, 3 y.o. by Otball >, dam by Pion-* 83 lis 1 TeoBrouok * I) m Ann* Hughan, 4 y. o by imp. K.nfoy, daiu unknown. 1?7 lb* J Tima- 3:.>9. Hawk Dit. ?Proprietor a l'urjo, >100, mils heat', fonr I tries, an follow* : ? arrmoa V. Henry enter* oh f. Miss Fort* by Glinnc*. dam h'anny Mtrong. 4 y. o. V7 l'js 3 - I i linen Williamson enters oh. t Kate llarr?ll, ft y 0 by Belcbazzar, dam Leviathan, 11)7 lb* dis. soBroeek enters ch. g Jack Pryor 3y o by F.clipse. dam Sumptsr, ?.J ib* 3 3 Ida 0 (ioideby enters oh in. Hally Rid'l ?? wjrth t> y o. by Ruidieswoith, dam by Leviathan, lo7 lb* 1 - "3 1 Time?l:ft?X 1:MX i-3:3. Trottiso in Wi.?ooi*in.?The trottinr match bnfweeo ly William and the Badger Mar?. for HU1', c?uj<? t on tUe iftth uit, near Milwaukee?the mare taking purse Ui-tauoe 10 mile* time ei 1 **o?traoK !??y The Badger ?Iare i* owned by Mr Lewi*, of mi da L?a, ani is bn: five years old -oltetn H ;y widest*. I'miladblphia, March 17, 1S48, TIk ward elections are pro^restun? vt ry quiet; there, is however, v?ry little interest attachto th* contest | St. P .tri V?, > far has, contrary to the nn morial custom, treated us to a specimen ot ,liiiv spring breezes, which are quite refreakiag, terihe recent w.utery weutner. The hill lor reo-gtiniziag tue polic-- of our l - ...J I .U k. L.?.. ?f ...A y% MNW [liirnru in?m umnuu-n ui iruuinn, nuu cunie a law. The force established amount* to S men, i\t an expense ot over >30,000 per uuin. The night police <ire to he on dny irorn 8 :lock in the evening till 8 the next morning. i'1 silly custom of crying tlie hoHr tnw b- en dune ay with, and watch boxen tue to be nboiittht d. ip Mtiyor ha-< the directioa of the wnol*. The gay world, who w? re r> \ >ictug in Hie js^ec'. i.l healing the Mimitabl-' I nfti in *ha era ot "Ernani" to-oight, arc (iooim d to lie dispstftted, m placards Jtiat iMued a ate that it , s been poaiponed in couaequ' uce ol her audit indiapoHinon. It ia now announced lor to* >rrow. A

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