Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 21, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 21, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Rorth-west Corner of F niton and Nassau its. JAMES GORDON BENWETT, PllOPRIKTOR. DAILY HERJtLD-E'very day, (ftmdw included,) icoui per t?w . 17 U per annum?in the Untied Staff I. Europe m utkunbert. tM per annum.incline P"**ate fuhtcribert in South Jlvteiica and ' ht '\f?' Indian Ielandt trill receive their paper* by every vettel/Turn Ihti port. WEEKLY HERJILli-Every Saturday?cent, per eery?#3 US! P*r anr.utu?in the United Statet. Europemo tubtaibrrt, |3r" to include the pottage. Jin edition (1.1 the AYr%<* at veil at in the Engltih language ) vn7 be r1*""*'' '*< ? /'*? departure a] each tteamr* for <>ny jvn/ in Europe, with intelligence from ell r rti ?/ the American continent to the laJeit moment. !<ul>tcnptiom ami advrr/iiementt received by Me mi. tiahgi mm, li nu Vtvimue, Parte; P. L. Si month, 18 Cornhill, and John Miller, book teller, Henrietta street, land on. JUtL. ite.tuai^u?Bivtry i-uesaay?unt Dollar for the Campaign ADVERTISEMENTS (renewed every morning) ?l ? easonable prices; to be written in plain, legible manner The proprietor not rf sponsible fur error t in manuscript PRINTING of ail kinds exrcWtd beautifully and with despatch. Ordert received at the Publication Office, cor ntr of Kultow end Nassau itreett. jSLI. LETTERS by mail, for tuhtcriptioni, or with advertisements, to be pott paid, or the pottage will be de ductrd fion the money remitted VOLVNTARF CORRESPONDENCE, containini important nrwt. tolicited from any quarter of the world? and if used will be liberally paid for. NO NOTICE can be tok en of anonymous communication!. Whatever it intended for insertion must he authenticated by the name and addrest of the writer{ not necessarily for publication. hut as a guaranty of his good faith tVe cannot undertake to return refected communications. jS LL P~Q YMENTS to be made in advance AMU*KMENT8 THIS EVENING. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? Whitebot?Jaco ITK. CHATHAM THEATRE. Chsth'.m street.-THE Wife -Fleiiart Neighbor?Four Mowbrats. MECHANICS HALL. Brosdwsy. ne?r Broome?Christv s Minstrels?Ethiopian SiNflixo, file. CONVENTION HALL-Sable Brothers?Neorc CONCERT ROOM, Broadway ?Model Artist*. BROADWAY ODEOn! Broadway.?Tableau* Vi yants. PALMO'3 OPERA HOUSE, Chambers street.?Illustrated Pictures. PANORAMA H ALL, Broadway, our Houston street ? Baktard's Panorama or ts.b Musissirn. New York, Tuesday, March 91, 1848 , Circulation or to* Herald* Daily Herald, Monday, March 30 18710 oopies. Aggregate iseu* laat w?t . Ml,960 " Aggregate issue week before 137.,*>44 " Averse of Daily, Sunday, Wjwkly, Ito ... .68 840 " Publication comuieneml ?t 90 m. put 3 o'clook. " finished at 30 m. 8 " Ibc Instructions lo'Mr. Slldell. We give in another column of this day'a Heraid, the instructions of the Secretary of State to Mr. Slidell, when the latter set out on his mission to Mexico, betore the war with Mexico. They will be read with great interest. Ilie United States and the French Revolution. The position that may be assumed by the United States, in the present crisis of French and European affaire", will not only be important tc both continents, but may aff-ct the future history of the civilized world. This republic is the model and exemplar of the revolutionists of France, and of all Europe. They copy our constitution, imitate our institutions, follow our political fashions, and adopt our principles of public policy. The new movement in Paris_will only tend to heighten and extend those sentiments towards the United States. This being the case, it is therefore highly im poriani inai me people ana government ot tuis republic should, calmly, deliberately, and firmly, assume such a position towards the new French revolution, and other revolutionary movements in Europe, as will correspond with the character, the principles, and the power of this great confederacy. The prominent measures which have agitated Congress during the existing session, will have to be laid aside, or abandoned as unimportant, before the vastness of the new prospect which opens upsn us from across the Atlantic. The first thing that should be done ut once, by Congtesa and the President, is the enlargement of the navy and the immediate institution of naval academies, similar in principle and objects, towards the naval service, as our military academies have been towards the military service of the republic. The Mexican war is finished The new treaty is on its way to that republic; and whether it be ratified or not by the Congress at Queretaro, henceforth tlie M?xican leaders and people cannot move to the right hand or to the left. The revolution in France, and the downfall of Louis Philippe, with a probable revolution ir? Spain and elsewhere, take away all chances of the monarchists in Mexico, to make any head in that part of the world. Let, therefore, the Congress at Washington withdraw their eyes and attention from the southern republic, and concentrate all th* ir mind on the n?w republic, which has risen with the _< .1 .1 _:j_ -f .u_ a. lajMuny m a mcicui uu nic uuici ?iur ui mr nilantic, and which will produce dlects on the old continent, that can hardly be estimated, for their magnitude, at this moment. All our great men, statesmen and orators, must prepare for the new age which is opening upon them. The United State?, as a republic, will Boon stand at the head of civilization; but first there is a mighty and prodigious conflict to pass through in Kurope, and how they may brook it, or what direction il may take, no one can predict with accuracy at this moment. Let the President and Congress wake up at once. A vast problem is before them. They rannot put it aside. They cannot postpone its solution. Wake up?wake up?wake uj>. New Inflttknot on Parties in the United States.?The revolution in France, and the policy which must soon be adopted by the Uuited States government, will produce a corresponding effect on the feelings and attitude ol parties in this country. Duriug the old revolution of 1789, the democratic party of that day sympathiz-d with the popular movement in Prance; arid tiie federalists, ? l. ... jr.' 1 1 i on iuc uuunai j, i uuiw nur B wiih i^u^tauu auu ihe monarchical institutions of Europe. hat was an unfortunate issue lor the old federalists; and after a long contest on these points, the democratic party finally triumphed, and the federalists sunk into nothingness and inanity. The new revolution in Europe will throw a similar issue before the action of parties in this country, and'that too, in a short time, before the Presidential election. Hitherto, it has been supposed that the Mexican war would be the only issue ali<*cling or determining the Presidential campaign. We may now any the Mexican war, and all its glory and ail its disgrace, il any there is, will be placed entirely in the back ground. In less than a month, Mexico will not be heard of. The army will reuirn from that country as soon as the tresty reaches there and is ratified, and all in pwper time, without a word being said. N>-w issues, fresh, invigorating and animating, will be placed before the American people; and that issue will be the great contest between popular liberty in Europe, and the institutions of monarchy. Thi?, we believe, will have a great effect on the Presidential election; and it will be well for all politicians to be wary how they take any ground during the next few months. Generai. tiAiNta.- By a card, addressed by General < and >.* lady, to their friends, we learn that they lrave town, in a day or two, for New Orleans. The purpote ? l the journey 's, probably, to tal e toward* the recovery of the vast property in that region, whirh has reverted to Mrs. Gaines, by the recent decision of the United Stales Supreme Court. It is generally iUppOBi d that the value ucovered is about $J.j,0<KJ,000, which, however, will be com,to mned lor tea or twelve million*. C'A?70fRof - b-tATt ?.<*ousi' Thi eIreneincai rrcducfi ty ths rsrolution in t'afi*, ha? j prevented the mind from dwelling with any defree of attention on trie progress ot things in England, and the condition of that country at the last dates. Englishmen in this region, laugh at thetdeaof a probable revolution in that country; but thos?who have examined with an unprejudiced eye, the elements that have been agitating there within the last tew years under the surface, will not , join in such incredulity, but believe in the i prospect of some great and radical change taking rj I'ltjir 111 nidi country. i nc rrcxiuii irvuiuuuu i must produce its natural effect on the middling I aud lower classes in England, lu London, all those connected with the press?even while the newspapers are advocating monarchy and aristocracy?are well known to be republicans in prin1 ciple, and are only waiting for an opportunity to carry their principles into action. The aristocracy in England consists of two branches?the landed , und the pnper ; those connected with the land" ed, owning immense estates; and thoBe r connected with the public debt, owningimmense amounts of those securities. There are, to be sure, about one hundred thousand small annuitants, who have an interest in the preservation ol the present government; but they are by no mear.a the active portion of the population, nor possess much influence on the progress of public events. The recent debates in the House of Commons are very ominous ot even the fall of the Russell ministry. The finances of England are in a most wretched condition. There have been great di i ficiencies in the revenue?equal to $15,000,000 a year, and Lord John Russell has proposed no re medy but an increase in ths taxes?direct and palpable taxation. This has already produced great consternation among all classes of the people, aud even has been commented upon with great asperity by a great portion of the London press. Even the London Timet begins to ridir cu!e the Russell cabinet. In the meantime, the singular revolution and disenthralment in France, will soon produce cor responding effects on the inflammable materials in the manufacturing districts, which'are highly excitable, particularly in Manchester, Glasgow, and other parts of the British empire. The city of London, in which are conccntrated the landed aristocracy, and nil the great merchants, bankers and big financiers, is less imbued, probably, with popuJir feelings than any other portion of the empire; yet there are powerful elements of democracy at wotk in that great metropolis, and they only want some stirring event, like that of the French revolution, to concentrate its action. In spite of all the steadfastness attributed to the , English government and existing institutions, . we should not be at all surprised to see | a revolution soon in that country?perhaps i before six months will have passed away. It is even doubtful whether the present goverrmerit, or any government, can maintain the institutions in that country for such a length of time, without some terrible radical charge. There are nearly one hundred member* of he House ot Commons, republicans?radicals, as they as are called. All the writers and reporters of the newppaper press are republicans. Many of the journals, principally ftle weeklies, are ultra republican; and it is only the immense wealth and influence of the great financiers and lords, that prevent the daily press of London from launching into democracy and democratic agitation. The next arrival will give us the effect of one week's movements in Paris, on the hitherto torpid population ol London and the British empire. We say nothing of Ireland?that is a prairie on fire. The Great Financiers in EuRors.?The revolution in Paris, and the probable spread of revolution throughout Western Europe, and perhaps in England, will produce an equally destructive and terrible revulsion among the great capitalists, bankers, merchants, and finan ciers iiiruugiioui ine \_mu worm. The aggregate public debt of the difl'erencountries in Europe, excluding Russia, is pro, bably shout six thousaud millions of dollar*, the interest on which amounts annually to about three hundred millions of dollars. This great sum of money is expended in the maintenance of kings and courts, and aristocracy and military. All the great financiers and capitalists of j Europe have the principal portion of their property invested in these funds. A radical revolution over the Old World, destroying the existing governments?as that of France was destroyed three weeks ago?would annihilate this vast 1 | amount of property, and hand over to ruin and bankruptcy all the rich bankers and capitalists 1 who own it. In fact, the great financiers o! Europe are worth nothing at this minute beyond i the furniture in their houses, and the gold and j silver in their iron chests. i The revolution in Paris will produce a greater revulsion on the monied aiVura of Europe, and a 1 greater change in the social efidira of individuals and wealthy families, then any that has been produced, from the creation of the world to the j present d?y. The debts of Europe have been acI iiiimnluf inrr fr%T u nfiftnH t\f nna lunwlruil anrJ | v...*, ...'j | years, through nearly a dozen intestine wars of all kinds. These wars have imposed on difj fertnt nations a yearly revenue of three hundred millions of dollars, which is taken from the industry of the population, to support in idleness, sloth and extravagance, royalty and all its trappings. There is laad enough in Europe, if properly cultivated, to bupport all the inhabitants, and half as great a number besides; but the unequal state ol society, and the attrocious system of goj vernment, produce the inequalities established in Europe?thus bringing about famine, pestii lence and death,so frequently in those unfortu* | nate countries. The eflect of such a revulsion will ba tremendous on commercial affairs in Europe, and also un the manufacturing energies. At the last accounts, the cotton operatives of England were preparing to emigrate to the United States in large numbers; and we have no doubt that the revolutionary movement commenced in France, will send to the United States vast nuinb?rs of artisans of all kinds, and also of small capitalists, and others, who can save their little property from the approaching wreck. In the meantime, all the commercial interests in the large cities on this continent, intimately connected with the ] large cities of Europe-such as London, Liverpool, Havre and Parjs?will soon feel one of the ! severest revulsions and shocks that was ever i telt in this country. Look forward?prepare for ! it. It will not, however, affect the prosperity of the United Slates, but extravagant people, who will fall without notice; and industry and prudence will take their places. Thk Contested Election in Congress.?It i s said that the Committee on Elections, in the ' House of Representatives, will, shortly, report ; in favor of Col Monroe of this city. This, of course, wi,| displace Mr Jackson The Steamer Hermann ?This splendiJ new 111 il HtPMinsilln lini^r ('mil rraKlraa will auil this morning at 0 o'clock, for Southampton and Bremen. Mnil Failu en Tha Northern mall failed at New Orient)*. March 8tb, !Hh. 10th and llth ' " " ' ' imiltvtoD, " llih | " Kafltern " " Mobil*, " lorh. " Northern (partly)" fatawnab. " )3th. " " " St Louie, " 10th. The city of Richmond will ptj funeral honor* to the late Jr.ho Qulucjr A mi <n iha Ul*t luMuiit A.J < iana, haq ,wtll pro noonoa thaauJoglum on tha otoatlon. ? t mRflH4Wif nrrau?sms. guinniatjr, In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Badger, of iNorth Carolina, reported a bill relative to the law authorising the franking privilege to members of Congress. The adoption of the views so strenuously advocated by this gentleman, will give an illimitable scope to the members; and an abuse of the privilege would tend to abridge the national revenue, especially during the coming Presidential campaign. The bill was referred to the Post Office Committee, for their consideration. A joint resolution for the purchase of American hemp for the use of the navy, with amendments, leaving the subject discretionary with the Secretary of that department, Wrs adopted. The question of the mission to Rome followed, on Mr. Benton's amendment for a full embassy, and led to a very warm discussion between Measra. Iiale, Hanne gan, oiaytou, roote, ana mtea. j. ne contention between the Senators ended in the defeat of the a nendment, by a vote of 28 to 13 ; and the mission, for the present, remains in ttatu quo. A d-spatch from Washington states that Gen'l Siields will probably be selected to represent this government at the Court of Home, should Congress decide favorably on the question In the House, Mr. Sawyer, of Ohfo, moved to tike up the bill making provision for bringing home 'he bodies of the slain during the war with Mexico, in which he was opposed by Mr. Haski 1 , of Tennessee, and the bill was relerred t i the miliiary committee. The correspondence between Gen. Scott, Mr. Trist, and the government, was received from the President, and the usual number of copies ordered printed. The appropriation bill was next taken up, and an exciting debate ensued on the clause appropriating money for the Choctaw school?, which continued until the adjournment. The reports of the State Legislature, markets, miscellaneous matters, &c., &c , below, are all interesting. The Million to Rome. Washington, March 20,1848. It i* stated on good authority, that it is the intention of the government to appoint General Shields Ambassador to Itome, should tne House bill now before the Senate pass that body. l'he Weather. Albany, March 20, 1848. You may insert among your movements of travellers, that Jack Frost and Old Boreas, with their hoary headed retin e, huve departed on an Antarctic expedition. Th?*y left this city yesterd iv; since which we have had tine warm weaiher. It ij supposed, however, that they will return again by the latter part of autumn, when we may look out for squalls. Durgloi-lei. Albany, March 20, 1818. two siores were nroKemnto iaet niyht, viz:? M-esra. Ainswortn & Storthrop's and S. Carey's. The burglars got but little for iheir trouble. flllKTlKTH COSOKKS*. FIKST SESSION. Washinoton, March 20, 1843. Senate. The Senate convened at 1 2 o'clock, when the Vie* President resumed hie seat and called it to order. Prayer was offered up by th? Rev. Mr Gurley. memorials, petitions and private bills. Sundry memorials and petitions were presented which were duly rroeivsd and referred. Several private bills were reported and rrad twice. tub franking privilkg f.. Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, reported a bill oi which he hud previously given notice, as to the intent and meaning of the law authorizing franking privileges to Members of Congress, ita , which was read the first and second time, and then refered to the Committte on the Post Ofilee. Mr. Badger went on to address the Se. uat? fully in favor of the bill he had offered. He con' >nded mat members of Congress ought to be allowed t? frank any letter or packags not exceeding two ounces no matter to whoa written, during the sesaloa of Congress, and ts frank their own letters during the recess. thk purchase cf american hemp. Mr. Kiorida.trom the Committee on Naval Affiirs, reported a jaint resolution to promote the purchase of Americftn-grown hemp, for the use of the United States Navy, witi amendments, leaving it discretionary with the Secretary of the Navy; whioh was aiopted. Toe further consideration of the subjeot was postponed till to-morrow. court fees. Mr. Ashley, of Arkansas, agreeably to previous notice, reported a bill to rcgula'e cost and fees in the ciurtsof the United States, which was read twloa and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. examiners i.n the patent office. Mr Westcott, of Florida, from the Committee on Pat?ntj and the Patent Ofllae, made a report recommending the Senate to disagree to the amendments of the House providing for additional Examiners in the Tatent Office. Several Senators participated in the inntd?nt.&l dmfiuRir.n which thu r#?r?nrt. travn rin* to Thu farther consideration of the sutjeot was then postponed the Million to dome. Mr. Athertom, of New Hampshire, Chairman of the Finance Committee, moved to take up the question of the mission to Home, which was pendisg the other day <>n Mr. Bunion's amendment in favor of nuking it a loll embassy, in place of a " Charge des Aff tires " Mr Halk, of N?w Hampshire. desired to know why it was that this appropriation was put in the bill providing for deficient appropriations, &c.? Mr Athertkn replied, that the fijaal year had not yet expired, and that the objeot was to fend ft minister at an rarly a day as praotioable. Mr Hannkqax,of Indiana, moved a substitute, striking out " h minister," &?., which was put and lost; yeas 12, nays 19 The qU'S loa then cams up on Mr. Benton's amendment ; ?rn?n .Mr. Clayton of Delaware rose and prcceeled to address the S'LU'.e in opposition to a full Mission. He would vote fur a Charge but sot for an Ambassador.? tie did i oi think the importance of the relations between the twj oountries sufficient to justify a full Mission. A'tor he had concluded, Mr Hale spo\e in strong terms of opposition to Mr. Benton's amendment. lie contended tbat tue m-asuro was to pander to Catholic prejudices and to flab lor Cathclic votes in the approaching political campaign ? tie west on to make some further remarks in the same *i rain. When he bad eat down, .Mr Foote, of Mississippi, rose and said, that he should disdain to reply to some of the remarks which bad been utvereu, or tu uvirau inn ?uuiDinrtiion irom nucD IDA' lignar.t and unfounded charges brought against It. He s ild he meant nothing unkind towards (be Senator from Set Hampshire. lie should now support the mluion uiore rhetrfully thau ever, si toe tbe import ant news ol % great revolution iu France bad reached us. An auiuslcg episode then ensued between Mr. Hale acd Mr. Foot*. After some further discussion, the yrai ?uu ut-jh on the t>mendment were demanded, and result' ed as tcllows Yets, 13; nays 28 80 the amendment ? as lost. Some Blight amendments were then concurred iu Nr. N'ilks, of Connecticut, spoke against the mission to lltme Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts, desired to know of the Chairman of the Kiaanoe Commit tee, the cause cf the fourteen millions of deficiencies Mr. Ath?rton said tbat lb' drficiencies were produced by ti e expanses of the military operations in the prosecution of tb? Mexican war, which had amounted to more than was anticipated. On motion, the Hncake adjourned. lLouaa of K(|viisiitatlTei. Ihe House assembled at the usual hour, when th? Speaker called it to order, I'rayer was tben offered up by tbe Chaplain. The journals were then read and approved . Tilt I LAIN IN MEXICO. Mr. Sawyer, of Obio moved to take up the bill which he bad previously introduced, making provision for bringing home tbe dead bodies of otiloers. M.. who had fallen In Mexico during the war. and to have them appropriately interied. Hi ti.?u wmt on and spoke brutlv in support of tbe bill?advocating It a? a jiatrlo' measure due to the memory of the Main and to the leelings ot their surviving tr tenia. Mr. Hajkkli., cf Tennessee, rise and s,>oke with ability againn tha bill H? *-?ld thtt he would support nothing res mbling humbug, our brave men bail fallen to sleep in uadistinguishable dust In digging tor remains of <u-men sla'n in Mexican battles, we might petcbanoe bilng back the enemy's dust, iostead of that for which we sought. He wai ready to vote pensions lor the benefit of widows and orphans-where tbe in* ney wou d be usefully applied, but be went against tbe bid proposed for tbe vanolion of the Hume When he bade Deluded, '.hv bill wa? read twice and referred to tbe Committer on Military Affairs. the coanKiirO'brvcr. urTwrrw ntirumi, icott, mr. kiit and the fjovermmrnt . ;>ir i/Uit'iMtn, 01 .Norm < artim*, moved to suspend (he rules in order that h* ml/ht Uli-i ? resolution asking the President why be had tiot communicated the e'>rr>Rpond*no? between General Scott, Trlst, and the govern mi-at ^Objections were mad* to the enquiry, and to the suspension ot ths rule*,by Mr. 1 <ou"t'.n, cf Alabama. The yeas and nays were then called for, and deolded la the he^utive ho the House refused to suspend. A meesage Id writing was received (roin the resident, by the hands of bit private Secretary, Mr. Walker, coinDiuniratliig said correspondence It w*s then or dared that the usual number of copies be printed. Mr Thos J llii?L?v,of Indiana, submitted a resolution instructing t*e committee on printing to erqtiitn how ninby extras hsd been printed, which w?? adopud '"Li.r.cTion or sctr.sui if mksico. Mr Ctciitl, olTencfS'ee, moved lo?u*p?nd the rales in otder t hut he might offer a resolution it <|ulriug ot the Heoretary of War respecting moneys collected la Meti leo, end what disposition had b?en made of them. Ob1 jectious were mads, and the llotiee refused to suspend the arntcmiatio* hii.l. On motion of Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, t h .irman of the comnittee opon Ways and Means, the House tbeu reolve4 itMU into committee of the whole cn the state I I ' ' > "I' ?' ? ! ! II I ! cl tin 1 aivti la tUrtuIr, tad i??ti up 1 t??e ik{>bt'j(rrifttic<t m ! Mr li?r?? M Oft to *J4r?WeJ tha HdflM , the oi?u?e In tb? Mil appropriating raoDey 'or th? ?;hoc| taw reboot, which he oonitfdered wm for Col Richard M. Johnaon'a benefit. Ha charged that fraad and oarrnptioa est*ted somewhere ?when ha waa interrupted ?y Mr. Johr*o*, of Arkansas who pronounced the statement f?l?e, hn?ly f*Ue. Tha Ppiarki catted the member to crdfr. Great confusion prevailed, and It waa some time before order could be restored. Mr Vihtom, and Mr. Jacob Thommon eiplained the character of the Chootaw Academy, when several member* addressed tha committee, in itueceaalon, among ! whom were Mr Vinton. Sir. Berlrger, Mr Pollock, Mr. I Clark, of K;ntucky, Mr. MeKay, and Mr. Olddinga i Several amendments were offered to the bill?whau the i committee roee, reported the bill to the llousf, aad, cn | motion, adjourned. NEW YOUK L.KGISL.VI'CRK. Albany, March 20,1848 Senate. incorporation of oiweoo a* a city. Tbe bill to incorporate the olty of Oswego waa reported oomplete. educational frotmioni The hill to extend to the olty of New York tha provl.(Ar. A# tka.-kAAt ! A* 1 OA4 ?-A??la?a WUB VI MIVIUUI/V1 law VI l^*?j WM A H|>Ui bDU vvui yivuv. washington park,brooklyn Mr. Lawrence reported the bill la relation to Waehington Park, Brooklyn, and it tu ordered to a third reading. This ia a compromise bill. capital punishment. Mr. Ccffin, on notioe, brought in a bill to abolish capital punithmeut. tiic state reporter. The bill in relation to the office of state Reporter was taken up on ordering it to a third reading. A motion to atn?nd wis made, providing for the publtoation of declaim, In the State paper, prior to their publication in book form. Thia motion waa rejected, and the bill ordered to the third reading. reduction of the capital of the cat!kill bank A bill waa paaaed to reduce the capital of the Cataklll Bank. ojwegO citv. The bill for the inocvperation of the city of Oswego waa paaeed. waihinoto: park, Brooklyn. The bill relative to Washington Park, Brooklyn, waa aleo passed. the nortt*?.rn railway. Tho bill relative to the Northern railway waa deb a In committee. ted Ad jcurncd. Assembly . Albany, Maroh 30. new york city charter. Mr. Piienu presented the draft of an amendment of the charter of New York oitv, which had been approved by the Mayor. the general railroad bill. The general railroad bill was read m third time and paaaed iKCVBITY FOR THE PAYMENT OF LABOR ON iTATE WORKI Mr. Bcwkn brought in a hill te secure to laborera on State worka their wages free schools. The bill for the establishment of free sobools waa debated in committee, and rejected. market* Baltimore, Maroh 20?1, P. M.?Flour?The market continued unsettled, and we oould hear ef no Bales worth reporting Holdera were very firm. Wheat waa quiet, with small aalea of Maryland rede at $1 30 Corn waa nominally at43o a 453 for white,and 48o for yello*. llye? Moderate sales were making at 80o. Provisions were inaotive. Wniskeydull. 4, P. M.?Cotton has deolined >? of a oent per pound. Corn?We note sales of 4000 bushels yellow at 4tJo. Whiskey is dull at 34>{o. It baa been raining all day. Bcffai.o, March 20 ?Flour?The market waa still and sales of 600 barrels were made at $5 37>??the market closing firm at $5 60 for good Michigan straight, Ohio, Sic. Wheat has advanced, and some sales of Chicago were reported at $1 06, and prime heavy white Ohio and this State do at $1 18. Com was inactive The stock cf flour ou hand amounts to 20,000 barrels. Boston, Maroh 20 ?The ntws has produced no ef f;ct uj on the market. We notioe sales of 600 bb!s flonr, including good Western brands, at $6 76 a 6 87>,' Corn?Sales of 6000 bushels were made, including white and yellow, at 67 a 59c Rye?Sales cf 400 bushels were made* at tie. Oats-Sale* of 3000 bushels were made at 43a. Provisions were inactive. Freights dull. Shipping Intelligence. i Charleston. March 20?Arr britc Nereid, Quaade, Rio Jauciro?all welL [ Theatrical and MusicuJ. Bowery Theatre.?Last night the new and beautiful pteee, '-The Whiceboy.or the Maoarty's Fate," was produoed at this theatre in a magnificent style The soenery throughout is new and beautiful, as also are the properties ana appointments. The story of the pieoe is founded on the avful scenes of distress and famine , which so often pervade througout Ireland, and whtcb uta so often heightened by the heartless actions cf tithe pr> otors and middl?men,goading on the excited peasantry to acts of ma-tness au 1 deeds of blooi, resulting in ignominicus deaths, and other deplorable results The nero, or pros inent charaoter, in this pieoe, is Lawrence Mac&rty, the WMteboy, and the part was sustained by > Mr. Marshall with great cffxct The antagon'stisal chaacter to Lnwrenoe is Abel Riuhtrds, the Middleman, i very wllttcted by Mr. Tilton; and on the hatred existing in Lawrenoe and the Whitebays generally, towards Kiohads. the plot turns, and is intermingled with much interesting dialogue and action. In the first net. Lawrenoe and bis associates burn Richards' house, , and he himstif, narrowly escaping with bis life, flees for protection to Ellen Mac Don aid's (Lawfence'* half sister) apartment, lvlen lias been hrmiaKf. tin frnm infa? f*u hv hn m <I~ r.nd trim hits lived somewhat apart from the Immediate society cf bar half brother. Hiobard flee* from hi* burn- I ing hum# to h?r residence, gain* her ahamber and im- ; plorea her to hide him from the furicui WLiteboys; she, wtih worow'i coft-heurtednesa, do?a ?o, and conceals him in a closet. S.iortly after, Lawrcnco enter*, flatbed from therecent acsne of conflagration, and, unsuspicious cf acy concealed listener, in tne course of the diologue, i boasts of the part he ht* taken in it; and as he has ihe :ist of Whiteboy*. their passe*, watchword*, ks , about I bim, on paper, delivers this important dooumrnt into I the hands of Kll-m for safe keeping. Shortly after, the ; latu i* given of solJIers approaching to the scene of J the outrage, and Lawrenoe file* precipitately. Richards, who, conoealed in the closet, has heard bim criminate ! himself, and also beard him deliver the list to Ellen, re- ! l "ays her kindness ty the most base ingratitude; calling the military to his assistance, he make* the servant* pri fonera, and searches the house for the paper*; ehe, to*ever, manage* to eacape with them, and thus for a time, the villain is foiled 'l he remainder of tb? piece is the working out of tbl* plot, and we moat say that ws seldom bave witnessed ruch an exoitirg drama; the whole auJl rnee seemed perfectly absorbed in the story, and in the chanc* for the Wliteboy. or tlie raiddlen: i. each lisi tener asemed to be personally interested > Aelr fate. Mr. Matsball as Lawrenoe, was most admirable; the ' man of powerful feelings seeking to work out hi* revenge, and at the same time thinking to benefit Li* country, wa* portrayed to the life. Mr* Phillips. ae Ellen, was most excellent. Burke, Clarke, Hte.vona, (who, by the bye,took the place of Mr. Bellamy, whe we regret to hear, i* quite ilok.) Meedsme* Jordan, Sutherland, &8., all filled their part* well. The *o*c?ry is very fine?the view* of Castle Macroom, the ruiaed tower of O'D&nohu?, and the cavern* at Shell Bay, wt'.h the ft aming billow* ot the ocean, are perfect gttin* in the 1 way of scene paintirg. This pit ce will no doubt have a , long run; it I* not only a splendid spectacle, but aleo a j most interesting and exciting drama, and the Bowery | treasury we are sure, will find it a profitable one It l* i to be repeated this evening,** also tbe pleoe of the 'Jacobite." which wa* played last evening, previous to the r -Whlteboy." The houas was flll?d to ovarllo *lnf; th-? pit wa* perfectly crammed, and the bcxe* all filled?the lower tier being graced by a Urge number of ladie* and i family parties We shall no doubt sp? an immense audl?nce there thi* evening, as the "Whiteboy" has prov- , >d*uchahit. I Chatham Thbathe,?The performances at thi* lively little theatre were highly varied and gratifying laat eve1 ning. Mr. A. A. Addama appeared as Othello, in Shak- 1 peare's great tragedy or that njma, and received the 1 unqualified applause of hla numerous and ardent admirers. He was ably sustained by his fellow artists vlr Hleld, particularly, a* lago, greatly distinguished himself, and won increasing claims to the (treat popularity he ha* acquired on thoae l>oard?, while, at the name time, the other performers deserve no leaa to be highly spoken of. The play was well got up, In every reapect, an J la a style which reflects great credit upon (he enterprising management. Two lively pieces succeeded?^ ' YoungAmerloe." and the"Yonng Scamp"? In both of which Messrs Winans and Pardey sustained the chief parts with a skill and talent which drew down the admiration and applause of a numerous bouse. An equally attractive bill is offered for this evening's entertainment Chriitv'i MiifiTiiFL*.?A* usual, the br.u<es hero are crammed every evening, and it would scero the citiiens are as eager as ever to hear the plaintive touches of m>L-ro minstrelsy, which this trlurap baut bund perforin There Is such a variety In their nmunemsnts, singing, Janoing, wit aDd humor, that the doctors of the city iiompleln they are losing many patients, who are improv d in health every night they listen to thrse mirth inrplring geniuvs Kabi.e Brothers?This band of negro minstrels are doing well The h'lU'e is every night well filled, and the playing and singing exoellent. CiMi'an.l's Ethiopian give a ooncert this evening, at Concert Hall, Newark.'*.?The pictorial Illustrations, in wh'cb horses are introduced, and given through a mist nre attracting Bnoanwav Onrow in ^1 ill holding i's iiilluouon ftEUODg tb? ?dmir?re of uhlxaux tIvadIh Id thin city. Cowrie*t Hai.l.?The Po??* PUctlqnM of Professor Thiers mill continue every efenitig during this week ' Ermnl" was exceedingly well sung on Saturday night. Triifll executed the mii-ln of Klvira in the most artlnical miiiDT Why do the bill* *?y she ' originally perfoimod the patt at the Astor l'lao? Opera?" Thin Is a ridiculous anachronism ? Philadelphia North Jin-rican rnrd of Gen?r*l Guinea find hi* Liuly. (ir.HKKA i- asi> Mm Oaiw> s regret tl at (lie ill health of oiie rf their children, added to the attention due to their preparelory inuifn'l'i lor Ihtir iihnded journey to the Honth (to lie commenced in a few di)i.) oblige them todfnv thcmielr" lie pi cam re of retaining the ri?:t? of m.inr of their much r<teen>*d friends, to wh nil tliey take this method of tendering their cffectionate lalnrationa. They are also dep'ive I of the pleisure of answering mmy of the letters with whi'li tl.ey lia?ebeen honored during ilie lint tarn month* They prow in e to an?wer, fn lluir return in Jiint ueit, all i uch as may then rpperr to require an answer. F remen'l Cniidldftt'?for AMUUutt ICngl* (.Mr, Joh L. Berrien. Urotttlti, TMI <W utmM nil th? ?< ' leiiuc# i>{ omj to (ha itotk -f hwlly sjoofntt.ud choice C?il??*. n v son, rkS <out a H/icu I'm imt rec?'.tei br JJ3 Fowler, Not. liO and Greenwich, aud J V?itf ; itreeu, ail of which l.e 11 offering nt a tmalliavnltce 00 whole ! tie puces, by (ha pound or ehest, 10 suit purchinrrs. He 11 selling also whit* * 'I t.rowu Hugar, at very low prices Our country readers will liud tin* a Rood place to make tite r pr^g purchatei. Fowler buys for euh; theieloie, cau sell t the lowest price?. II. B. J once, 14 Ann street, formerly called No. 1. Mo man can do a prosperous hu?inesi unlett both buyer aud teller are benefited; and ICOu to 5<J0 tlitt rhere are uo better Boots sold at the fallowing pr.cct t'.iau I tel.?500 to 50 that I | II more fine boots at for c:?tli w hicti enables ine to tell at such remarkably low prices 1 tell li ?t ijU'ihty ol French Dress Ca'f Boots at ?4 50; secoud d >. iJ 50to$(; French Pa trot Leather Boon $7. ?,!y fore .tsmll, uiy expeuies li^ht, aad competition 11 d. Gold Pens, of every umc-i iptlon and prli?, S**!* *..P*r cent below former piicet, wholesale and ictail, by B. L. Watson. 8c Co., 45 Willi mstreet, 1 door belrw Wall iireet, and J. ?. Savage, 92 Fulton street. Their Uichelieu reus are invariably warranted, aud are now recognized as iht best and cheapest pen in the world. A. U. Baeleys Geld Pen. sola at above, by the gross or doxeu, kt manufacturers' prices. Banks, colleges and schools sappiisd with pens of appropriate quality and site, tioid pens reoai #d. UW1U IWUI Ul? VUCUpeillM Country merchant*, and other*, dealing in Gold f'eiia or Caiei, will fmil it mHch to th*ir interest to ex&raina the asaortmeat of B?er? U Clark 24 John street ('ip smrv) before purchasing elsewhere. They can the>e (mid ihere only) leirn i>t whit extremely low pri-es a c?nd article cm be mid. inidn those cf their own make, U & C. keen the Pent of all the best pen makers in the country, st wholeaale or retail. Gold I'rni repaired or eichacgcd. Don't m stake the place (up stairs) at 25 Johu street Warranted Dininond Pointed Gold Frm _J. w. ORJBATON U C0.7I Cedir at. up stairs, are Uill at t'-.eir old atxnd. notwithstanding the false rsserlion of other parties, by which the isferrnce would he d.-nwn thntthey had remived They h- ve recently mide gre.t improvements in their Pens and Oases, and are now aelling the moat siletdid artx-le that can be in the muk?t at redn ed prices ? Gold Pena and Cases at $1. SI 25. $1 50, tl 75, $2 and upwards. They sella i perior I'ena a* lo.ver pricea ihin others are asking, for their rejected Pena. Gold Pena and cases repaired. Tliagreat ciclliment inKrniiichaa caused the Paris Boot Kmpor uui le oren their store at 6 o'clock in tl e morning. and keep it open till 9 oVlork st night and then there ia aca'ceiy a ch-noe tJ trt in, there ia such great d<mmd lor Freich Poots;nnd weUthere mightbe. for nurfr:e?d Ynunp, opnoute our cilire aella hia heat Freneh llonta for $4 50. a Id in other stnieafnr 16 or $7; do fine c*lf$3 5",ai good mean be found in the city for Si. Corner i?f Fulton and Nassau street;. The Poetor Djripeptla and Gastritis ?It has been supposed bv lome medical writers. that Galvanism, which, if not the origin, ia at least the secondary c?ure ofaimal h'at and animal motion, is generated by the prccesa of dig'stmn We know, for the experiments cf einir.eut Ergiiih pHyaioIogiats aud chemists have deuionitra'td th? fact, that.after the rerrea leading tortile atonncli of an animal have beeu divided, di#eation can be effect*d hv the Galvanic curreuf. when, therefoie, the nervea of the atnmnch fail to inject into ihe digestive apparatus the auprly i f galvanism ueceatarv fnrji erfect decompilation, migration, dvspepsia, orgiatritia, ia the reach In theie casf s Dr.Chiistie'a Galvanic belta will le found a ceitain and speedy remedy. The Galvanic tluid produced by the antagonistic inetala ol which they are composed, passing into the gastric nerves, and thence into the gistrir juice, re-endows that greatsolvett with all ita primitive properties. and readers digestion easy and |>erfeet. The so'* au'horized agent id S'ew York is D. C. MOORHKAD, 182 Broadway. C0HMERC1A L AFFAIRS. MONEY MARKET, Monday, March !40_6 P. M. There was a moderate panic in the stock market tocUy. The revolution in Franos puz/.l.s speculator!; they hardly know what to make of it. It ia the impression in flnanoial circles, that the next aocounta will he more unfavorable, ia a commercial point of view, than those just reoeived; and in this view we ooncur. It wonld not surprise us much if the next steamer brought advices of the downfall of the British niinletry, and great political excitement in all parts of Great Britain. Eu rope, generally, is at this time in a state of fermsntat on; but wbat will ba the result of It Gcd only knows. The f ff-ot of the recent intelligence upon our stock market has b?en very unfavorable; ev?-n the best securities have been depressed. At the first board Treasury notes fell off 1 per cent.; Pennsylvania 6s, X ; Illinois tii, 1; Reading Railroad, U4 ; Norwich and Worcester, 1; Harl?m, 1 Y? ; Farmer's Loan, IJtf ; Canton, 2 ; Long Inland, 1 y,. At tbe scoond beard, Treasury notes fell off >4 per osnt.; Harlom, 1>* ; Long Island, X ; Morris Canal, X ; Farmer's Loan, >4 ; Norwich and Woroester, ,*? ; Reading Railroad, X The market closed heavy, with a tendency towards a farther decline. The annexed statement exhibits the quotations for the prinoipal government and State rtscks In this market for thre? period*: Pricei ok Stocks in the New York Market. lituiern- 1848. 1848. 1814. Bate. able. Jan. 13. Feb. 21. MarehiO. United State* 6 18^7 99tfa 99? inj<itn< 102J?m03 " 6 1862 6? a 9UV 103 alP3)f 102^^103 * 6 18V, f(7>4a 97* I02j??l(3 101 ai?1? " 5 1853 91 a 9'K 93 a 93}? 93 a 93?i i'rea'v Notes 6 99V* 99X 1023?il03 lOCKalO! New York, 7 18i9 lOO^alOOK 102 a;o2'i ? a ? 6 18'>t-54-6fl 100 a'MM 100 alfll ? a ? 6 1861-62-67 101 Miot^ lfil al<>3 105 sl06 " .4X18G0-61-65 98 a 99 ? a? 100^al03 " 5 1816-7-8-9 95 a 90 97 a 98 ? a ? ' 5 18W-I-3 93 a 93^ 95 a 95X ? a ? 5 18-15-8 ? a ? 9i?i* 95 99 a 99? " 5 1*50-6"-l 93Ha 94 93 a 94 ? a ? 11 4^ 1819?58* ? a ? ? a ? ? ;i ? Ohio, 6 18',0 ? a ? 97Va 97H S9 a 99V " 6 18,6 66 95><a 95 K0 alOCX 93J4'a 99(2 " 5 lt'iC-56 ? a ? ? a loo ? a ? " 7 1(56 101>iil0l 102 alO->Yt 102 f?102^ Kentucky, 6 ? 98><i S9 99 a 99>i 99 a 91>4 " J ? 80 a 83 81 a 85 82 a 86 lllinoii, < 1S70 4 1 a 41 45J!?t 46 45><a 46 Indiana, 5 25 Tears 36 a 37 37 a 38 35 a 26 Arkansas, 6 ? 3l a 33 31 a 32 25 a 35 A1 bama, 5 ? 60 a 61 69 a 60U 60 a 61 "enu>ylvania,5 ? 70jtfi 71 74 a 74>? 7314a 73Jtf Tennessee. 6 ? a? PC**-8 ? a ? V VmK'irtT ls'.T _ a? 103 *105 1B1 ?1f,J ' 7 IB 2 ? a? 104 al05 1C2 al3 " 5 IBM ? a? ? a? 91 a *3 " 5 1858-70 90 a ? 94 n 9t^ 92 a 9'X Dk Co'm N. Y. foil S?X* 89 8B?a 883* ? a ? " acrip 91 a ? 91 a 93 95 a 96 N. Y. Life lui St T'uat Co. ? a ? ? a ? ? a ? Karmera Loan & 'I'rust Co. "6 3"Xi 31 30>?a 31 Ohio L>(? In? b Trait Co. 85 a 88 88 a 90 ? a ? Bank oft!. 8. in Peuniyl'a. 3 a 3^ stfa 3tf 3>?a N Jer?ey K R <kTram.Co. 102 o1P3 103 ?104 1<M aldi Mnliawh it Itud'n Hailroad. 66 a 67 80 a 8' 76 a 78 UticaScSchereetadv Kail'd 117 a? 119 all9M 117X*I18 Syrtcuie & Utica Railroad.? n ? ? a ? ? a ? Auhum & Syraru?e KailrM H5 a1!6 lifi al!6W ? a ? A a burn 8t Hnchrttcr, 1C3 *101 94 a 91* 91*1 91 RetdicK Riilr- ad, 59 a 59J* 44)^a 44>{ 39 a 40 Delaware & Hud?nn Canal, 187 a? 18.'? al90 185 al9rt Heading Railroad Bond*, 6.)?a6'iVi M a 63^ 59 a 60 ReadikRRailroad MtK Bd>. 60 a 61 6l>ia 6IH 69 a 60 It appear* by thin statement that prices for the regular dividend paying securities have experienced very little alteration. Government securities have fluctuated more than any other, and the closing prices ruled lower tbau for some weeks previous. We attribute this partially ' o the jeitrioted state of the mcney market, and paUly 'O the apprehension entertained relative to the ratification of the treaty in Mexico. It is the prevailing impression that a long time must elapse before the two governments finally settle upon term* of peace, and neg.v tiatiocshav* by no means ceased, even on cur part. The Mexican government formed a treaty of peace and s?nt it to the President cf the United States for ratification; this treaty was altered and modifli d by the S?nate,ra'itled and returned to Mexico, by special commissioners. We are boucd to believe that tba t.Ttns of the treaty, its amended and ratified, is the ultimatum of the treaty miking tower cf the United States; that the commissioners have no authority to change a word or iino of the treaty; but aro merely empowered to obtain its ratification by the Congress of Mexico. The acoeptanc* of the tnaty in its mcdsfied shape, by the government of Mexico, is not eroagh; wj must have i'j ratification by the Congress of Mexico; and a great deal of difficulty will be experienced in getting ths membsrs of the Congrras together. There are one hundred members, end at the latest aCOOUntS OOlvtwentv-foUr OOlllil !,? nn.*nll?.l iinrm or compelled to remain a; the coat tf j^ovrnmrnt. This gives ns some Idea of the opposition existing at that time, among the representatives of tba people, to peaoe la any shape; and we fear it will be almost ao Impossibility to get such n number tngothar a.i tbe constitution required for t'.io ratification of a treaty of peac^ Kven in the event of a quorum, or a 'egil number, belrg gr t together, it by no means follows that the treaty ratified by our government will be accepted at one \ cr even at ail. Alteiatlone and modifications will doubtless be made, and a treaty ra'lti.'d by the Mexican Corgrees (fnt to tbe President < f the United Htites for acosp^ancs. This will produoe points nh'ch may be at issue between tbu two give.-iiaants for a great length of time, and put off tii? final setCiment of tbe existing difficulties betaBen ths two countries, ranch longer titan is now gsnm-liy anticipated. VV> bare lost tbo KnglUli influence, which wis the principal ceuse of the formation of thrt Tri.s* treaty, by eipurg;n<* tbe sections comfirruirg the lnud jri x'r te of (he Mesioan government in Texas aud California, and, peril ip* more; we n.ay have rs'.sed up an opposition in there inlivlduals, who have heretofore made great tfTttts to pf-t tblir.h peaceful relatlcrs between tbe two gov,-rnments. The agents of the British government and British bankers,In tbe city of Meiico have an imm?nr? Influence, either for good or evil, a::d their prejudlcts, when all interest is ont of question, are decidedly against this country. In the formation of tha Tilst treaty, these individuals had la view the possession if immense tracts of territorv in tii? ?? to the United Stole*, for whleh we were to pay fifteen million* of dollar*, independent of the oo?t of the war the defilement of cUim* of our oltll^nf, fco ; ani it la a (juration ^hetber It will cot be more for the lutereet cf there pattl**, when they find tlie*e claim* expunged, to keep the war f'pen, tli.>n to olo*e It upoa the term* proponed by the United H'.atf*. In the mo?t favorable li*ht we can *i*w thl* important question, there appear* no probability of II* bi-lutf brought to a focu*, for *ome time The treaty presented ;>y Meiloo, and the treaty retlfled by our government, may eventually lead to tuoh a eoniptoralie at will give ptaoe j bat w* should by bo mean* look for it 10 Mh|kic?if M tc MeM *11 foi Itf'lMDOCjf bC4t)l|(iM T if Tfe* W*a<? ?)! tt? Tea Ae(ciui?ni bill in mote ft ^oftutlctatJ ifl???ure than 006 of actual neoestity, and it may be Deeessary for the puvpov of showing that we are ready for any emertfenoy, that we o try in one hand the olive branch, and in the other the elements of war?in one hand the bane and in the other the antidote. We have b>rn duped by Mexlo&a diplomacy too often, and there in a preeen* tiia?nt in our mind that p?rmanent peace la further off than appears from tho pos'tlon of things, and that our next accounts from Moxioo relative to peace will be anything but satisfactory. Th? returns'.hue far receiredfrcm Illinois. ahow that the rew const.tut'on hrt l>?tu ?ci*pte 1 by a large majority, aid that the separate clause, pioridiog lor the levy of u tax of two mills for the rrtablishment of rinkioit fund for the payment oi the internal improvement debt of the State, hai been adopted. This is the first time that the people of Illinois ever bal an opportunity to express their opinions directly upon this question, and their cocecntto be taxed an additional amount annually for the purpose of pro riding a fund for the ultimate ? ticotlon of that part of the public debt depending upou t nation This ia a grand result, and must satisfy those who have heretofore doubted the willingness of the people of our Western States to be taxed, that there is a determination to meet tbe demands of their bondholders promptly Illinois must scon occupy a muoh batter posit on In tbe list of ind'bted States than she does now. Within the next twelve months, she will make greater prc>gr?es towards the accomplishment of euch a desirable result, than in the previous fire, and the development of her resouroes, in her effort* to resume the full payment of the interest on the publto debt, will ke most rapid. All the other States In the Union are going on prosperously la their finanots. The steady increase in the valuation of taxable property in each State, mufat, before the lapse of many year*, reduce the rate of taxes very materially, and with tiro or three exceptions, taxes ?re higher now than they ever will be again. As the publlo works of the different States inorease in productlvenrss, direct taxes must decrease, unless the public debt beoomes larger. The annual expenditures on oocouut o' State governments, are less than they have heretofore been, and, with a steady reduotion in the debts, the burdnn of taxation must be sensibly lightened. The position of our public debts, compared with those of Europe, is as strange as it may have beta unexpected to Xn&Dv A fflV vatm dnA* Within j several of tbe States hc,v<i oontraoted large debts, bee me delinquent, and partially renamed again; within that period we hare reached the highest point of publio credit, and sank to the lowest depths of Insolvency?so (Imp lu some instances ai to reaeh repudiation. The credit of the most miserable countries on the faee of the earth was far superior to ours, and they could obtain large loans when we could not obtain the first dollfcr. Seven years ago our flnatoes were in. the utmort confusion, and no one knew'how long the strongest State in the Union could sustain Ler credit While all was doubt and distrust on this side of the Atlantic, the governments cf Europe enjoyed the highest state of oredit and they were usiog it, too, most lavishly. They were oontlnually making new loans and adding millions upon millions to the national indebtedness. European capitalists loaned libel ally at the lowest rate of interest, and the rate of taxation imposed upon the people of Europe was rolling up with the greatest rapidity. What is the position of Europe and the United States at the present time? "What Is the basis cf the oredit of each, and where is the vast wealth of the great European bankers who have made such wise discriminations in loaning their money f The revolutioniits In France will soon settle their part ef the olaims those houses have against European governments, and it will be in the shape of repudiation of the most thorough order | Those who had no faith in oar ability to ultimately j m?et every fraction of publio indebtednesr?who put ; more faith in princes than in republicans?have made a fatal mistake. The debt of France, at this time, amounts to about $2 000 ( 00,000, equal to nine times the aggregate indebt Intra of every State is this Union and the genera government. W.ti a population about fifty per cent g -eater than that of this oountry, the taxes merely for the payment of interest on the publio debt, are about five times as large. The revenue and expenditures cf the re. a it government of Franca were immense. Taxes, amounting to mora than two hundred millions of dol1 irs per annum, were levied, most of whioh was paid by tbe middling and lower olssses. It is an historical fact, that tbe 200 000 electors did not pay taxes for over 610Q0 000 francs, or about the twentieth part of the whole amount collected. Most of these 300,000 electors are offlae-holders, drawing lar^e salaries from tbe govern mant. Notwithstanding <he immense revenue derived fr>m such enormous and tnequal taxation, the expendltris excetdtd the revenue, 'and tbe annual In* | oreaee In tr>e jublio debt was very large. The i rectnt loan made to the deposed government shows how rapidly the burdeni of the people were increasing, which, with the restrictions upon \ their rights nod privileges, were more than they oould ; bear up under. The Rothschilds preferred inveeticg Tu-r.ey in the scoiulty offered by a government holding its power by such s ight tenure, than In the Securities ol a government like that of the United States They will pay de?r for tlieir misplaced confidence, and hav* lost tho opportunity cf securing tbe most favorable loam i i the world. The debts of the nation' of Europe amount : to about $rjjWTOumi, a la; rc portion or which ie iu ; danger of nttrr extinclloa. The first movement of a , rarolutioLary power is to wipe out evttythirg in the iap? of taxer; a&d, in the formation of a new provis irna are mad* for the protection ofclnlms I created for the purpose of supporting the extravagance of a king hnrled from his throne Stuck Kiohan^e. $3700 Treat NU, 6?, lCCK 25 ?l.s Moirii, 10K 16H do 10f'T< 50 do 10)2 I 'iiOl do btw IWJi 265 Canton Co.- 32J* 5! 00 do b20 101 50 do b3 32'i I 2'jU0 St^ta 5i, '69. 9ft 275 do 32>i? I 3000 Illinni* Ir.t Imp,'47, 3'i>? 25 do btw 32>i 14000 U f 6i, '67, 102.1* 10 do b30 33 1000 Ken 5s, p y'eNY 83 5) d> 32'tf 2000 I'd State 5?, ?<>? S-1 do bin 371* 2000 luiiia. a 51 >4 50 do ?yO 3:f iX 0.1 Keub >?, ?5 73* 50 Norw & Wore 56^ lot on <<o 73>4 it do 361?' 5000 do 13 7:t>4 54 do s!0 36* 5'0 Oliio 6i. "60, 90 ion do b30 Sf.'s S'lOO II iooi? Kund, 45 5 N Vork Si N Haven, 8S 1000 Iul Bocdi, 3 3(10 Heading Hli, 3t 12f00 Ho 3 > 20 d> 38V ! 3000 Hetd B<;?, 59 10 dtt 160 4?' 2u0 do blO 59 59 do b3i> 31'i 3> Ofl do 58^ 50 L Island HII, v,w in I 1"00 ?'o *12moi 57 100 o'o b30 * ?* ! 20 ?h? Manli BV, 93 ion d > 31 I 5 Bank America, ! (.?? 25 do 3i& 5. do 97 S'O do *?10 3?> 20 Bk ( f Coi? Scrip. 95 150 do 30V, 16 do fail 91 50 do lio 3d 50 North 4 m Trait, 100 do b60 3i>S 50 i-'airn Trust, ilO iro do 3t>4 350 do 292 >n Hariein RR, btw 5ti)J 2 0 do >10 >9^2 300 do SOU mo d-> bm s >2 jo do ?in 5ns I 100 do b3J 3' 50 do BlO 50'* I 59 da S9*? 150 do ?10 5 f. UK do fc 15 30 100 do 51 50 do 3f 2C0 do Iw 51 50 Viettbd'v, !>}{ K0 do l,.10 51S Ifi < hio Life k lru?t. 8' 50 do jo'i 1C0 Moriii Canal, ?I5 IfJIf 9 Pt mngt-Mi RR, Co 50 do ?'9 10 4 Hirond Hnnrrl. $.V'0OTrea? Ntx.Ci, b3tf 1M 5<? *ttt Hurlem Rl?, 49 800 do 1C<?: 25 Loir hUnJ 1114, ?o'4 Itoo do 1C(\ 2 0 di (15 30 V ihi Harlem RH, 5i S lfl0 do slo 3n !>9 do S' 5 > do fo 50 o'o I'.Smof 46 to do blO 3' V 5fl do blO 50)i ro do *15 }(>'< 3f0 do 50 150 do H5 2a M ?'o 60 Canton Co, S'*4 4?s y> <to H 3?'h ,55 ,0 ??? 5? do bS 32VW J 'J? '1' *9'i Su Morris Cuul, 1*1* 5? "o ?o u jo do 10?. I io tJo blO 49^ illAUW KKPOILT. Nkw Votik, Morula? aftjirioca. March 20. The market for II .ur wn* *run 1'** active to day, though pr.orfl remained the *?ine. Sale* of Oneree >-nd Michi;mn were made at Saturday'* <juo'atlon? ' 8 <lm of wh>-&t w- r? cm flnril to eo ne parcel* of Ohio i 'icd l ong I Inn 1 on Urn* ntatfd beloar Tranflaotin* ; In corn were confined to *om* lots of aound yellow ard 1 whl>? with r.arcela of New Orlean* h?ated atid d*m*ged, at price.* wlich did not vary wrkteilally from Saturday'* j rate* Th'To via* no nh?t>i$.- In rv? 0*t* were iome Ilrni Ther? waaa little better t'?e1in;{ In pork, and lio'iUrn vr*T? incline.I to a?k rather better pric?a withI rut, hcwcTrr, leir-gabe to leaHi* thrro Tbern more activity in lsrd, with eon*id?r*ble *.>le* in barrel* , lnt?roctrlea traneuctlni a wire llirht, whl * quotation* era'lined about th;' *am* The eoti.on market hod not become aetiled, and unnr'ictiona were li^ht. Xshkii S 1?* of 30 bM* poll" were reported ut fn h if, while r--a;lc were dull at |3 Brr^vn- Sales of weeteru were reported on private tei ma BiiK?p*Tvri'? -- finn* ? S' l*a of 0?n??"*, ATloM i??n, ?<.(3 , fortrd up from 1000 to 1A00 barrel*, In vnriiui ifflftll l?tn. roimiBtlrft, f r th? nio?t part, of pur? ?ud utraJght brand* at ?bout f6 7.1 Sotn? unmll lot* or f*nry br??J*. Michigan, ??r? noli at 7 Sili p of UMIO l>'>ln , th? HUt? w?r? rj?(Jn for M*y at fft 7ft ll'Acor.-Th? nalM of Ohio \Vh??t Including 1000bu*htU to-dnv *?ve amountr I to about 8000 bu?li? ? at $1 4ftapd 100? bnih'la. l,on< IMnnd. koiJ f.t f>| SS Com 8?1?* cf 6000 bushel* New Orlean*. out of Order nr dtmaiied were mad* to 4ft a 47o ; U>00 do a .',03 i M?d 1800 ft 4fo A lot Of 1000 bushel* whi'e N?>? l<>r*ey. va? ?old at Ms,, and a pnro?l of ?ound M,>ut'fi(?tn at Ma. Mat? 8al?? of 1000 bnrr'la of Nkw Jemey were rnixle on turn* rot understood fly Sulfa of I .MO l,n?h?lf wt>re c ?df, delhi-red at 8M There win no chun^a In rja fl'iar Out*-Sali'd c?f 3-100 buftbeln North Hlter w-ri mad* at 4ft a 4Hi It-am -Balm of It liaireln wliita were mad? at >1 liX Oatti.k? At Market--1011 baof ontlK (4f>o South rn, the remainder KaiUrn Mid New York 8UU,)

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