Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 26, 1848 Page 1
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THE Wholt No. 3050. Affairs in Burope. * Wfciltl Herald Foreign C :rre?|m?ud?ncc. the mi Paris, Jau. 26, 1848 Opening of the Paris Season, by Mrs Ridgeway? ina?n? D?acriptio% of the. Fit*, Gueits, Dresses, Sfc for?on .\? you are kind enough to me au eourarif 'littlni witli the all-important fflaira ot fashionable lilo at home, it is but just thut I t-hould return you i tuaane the same from this great metropolis. After the triiteisr aud disappointment occasioned by the froaki, dtnil, which precluded alt giiety for some weeks past, not only at the TuillerieB, hut ministerial o:> nal and other house3 of reception, the season wai tioaM' brilliantly opened lust Wednesday, by our fair person oountry woman, Mrs R idijeway, of Philadelphia, drew, now occupying a fine hotel in the Faubourg St. m'at*! Germain, not inferior instyle and elegance to the * "> one so long inhabited by Col. Thorne, whose mu- JJJtie nificenca aud splendor, so well known to all, need ?n* r" no comment of mine to recall him to the memory thaoot of many, though he may be forgotten bv some at a thorn " the heartless parasites of present cheer." Tha n??hoi scene was one of brilliancy, which no American haa aspired to since the days of the gay Colonal. Were I writing to one less au fait than yourself with the distribution and luxe of tha ' hoteU in that quarter, I should be led more into ry detail than the present will requira. xaitl Mr. K. , whose waami is onsy equauaa oy p?aiii< his gi-neroftTty, has spared no expense to adorn tb?Mi the interior of his mansion, and render it & fit ooneai abode for the fair occupant who presided over wl* the evening, not only na the goddess of beauty, but of grace and dignity; and in beholding her, ' &u?ui one could feel the full force of the poet's detsorip- fai im tion, that 'iuowi " Haavan was ia her ayea, graca in bar mian? P? 4 8ha walk'd a Juao, and aha laok'd aqueen wood There she stood, in the ?a//e ria reception, wel- *nd b? coming her " dear five huudred friends," attired tiuad. in a rich costume of couleur dt rose na tin, covered p*toh, with white lace (a lady told me exquisita"); and The although not requiring " iha aid ot ornament," ?y #o? he wai resplendent with diamonds. Many distinguished persona were to be seen among the numerous guests?Vlr. Rush, our nttadi present minister at the Court of France, as also nlao hi Mr. Bancroft, at the court of St. Jam*s?both of Bort these gentlemen, so personally ripandus for iHould their literary productions?the former, accompanied by his two daughters, who ?eem to have "* inherited their futh?r'sj;rac*eful iiud courtly man- oatTln! ners. M. de Pontois, former, minister from this ,0a*d court to the United States, seemed gratified that track I should retain so p'easing a souvenir of his <-ureoi agreeable balls i;iven during his stjour at Wash- both a ington. It would be in vain, dear Bennett, to give of Bar: you the list of the many distingui personages *}* W( amon^ the French and English elite to be aeen fu*ni1 in this reunion, and much less to attempt to describe tham. If I held the pen of Mrs. B , 1 umi?U' might better fulfil the task. 1 have undertaken atdpa i ttiv fair (>.iiintrvwimi?'i. whri.tK inrlul- baaat. gence I crave, should I describe imperfectly, or n\?nti leave undescribed, the many elegant toilettes ' which pa?ned before me. Mrs. Bingham, 111 >\ oiseau de Paradis dress, to join tastefully adorned wiih tulle and ribfcon, appear- xtaia i ed *s beautiful as the bird whose plumage she ? alkh h id adopted. Mrs M y, s* long a resident in ?a?o b< Paris, seems te have learned the secret of immor- d?*ir? tal youth; for she looked as well ns ever I siw her, and is wh it the French call une femme bien r,in,i>B conserrGe. The t>ame may be appl'ed to the J'??? D'ichessedeB . There was sprightly little h?ve Mrs. P , who makes herself agreeable by re- Ri,3ut taming her native graces,without having udopted, Th? like many others, foreign uirs. Aflected Mrs. t <J, ? C , with her has bleu, stay ed but a short time, irUe. I will pass over her simple toilette, #ow* silence atnii Mrs. Haiglit, of New York, so well known to us as the talented traveller whose pen has so happi- ,'.l# ? iy portruyed the scenes of oriental life through ^ the which she passed, was richly dressed in a robe t * th? of entire lace, and it would be difficult for us to n m?o realize) iu her the march of time but for her fair v,ou?l and accomplished daughter, by her side, whose Os Hi costume wxs of true Parisian taste, l'reity Mes F r, in eouleur derate, was seen for a time, <h*?c on the tapis, as also Miss W h, another ,,.nau gentle spirit. Mrs. , who had evidentIy tried, but in rain, "to fill up the |0if th seams with powder, pastes, and creams," >itn?r wore a rich white satin, and was silting by Mrs. , who, as usual, looked "pleased and J?* vulgar"?r.aher mom tmbonpoint than 1 remem- ( ber her some twenty years past, when 1 last saw her on the "light fantastic toe," watching her tingle daughter in ill? mazy dance. Pretty Mrs \?btcb S w, her face beaming with intelligence, t!ia be reminded one how nearly she w.is allied to the "?ry tr grent spirit of the west. Mrs. W h, ever ????ob pleasing ?ud agreeable, stayed but a short time. Mrs. B , who is quite a belle here, wore a costume a la Pompadour, the richness and ele- ,jB| S'ance of w > ich only served to show off her fiue ua<i?r lgure 10 udvautage. Mrs C r, one of my H?t: most valued friends, was, au usual, remarked to ttia lor her lady-like and quiet manners. Mrs Jn ft, ly, and her daughter, and others too nu- ! J **j* meroui to describe. For the duchesses, marquisen, counts sses, etc., ss well ns high-born Englmh, 1 must refer >ou to the fair hostess tor ,.i tw? further details; also, for the titled host ol men, ijhtl to her, or some of the dowager dames of the hn'? p faub. urg. The pale and eleaant Mr. W g, ol Philadelphia, was seen circulating through the j 'PP0 suion*. accompanied by Mr. (J o; and I fxolor once laurel n person ask him, " Wlio is your fat ln th? fiienii 1" Mr M :), our Secretary of Lege- tVrsoi tion, so long in Paris, must surely be the idol of i>irati< the women and the envy of the men ; he seemed wtrd i equally acquainted with the former, of all na- <h??ui tions, possnsving the happy talent of holding 1 00 converse with e..oii one in her own language. I'iot-t M.iny were the ci (levants, who, like us, dear ^,mil*.] Bennett, cannot be young, and will not be old. itir?r I dul not remark, as with us, so many of those it w young, beardless boys, who till up our talons at K-aoy home. tor, at I fit'r! I must put ?n end to this ; but, before ''f thoi doing so, one- word for the supper, as tliat with !'l<* m me is en important subject of discussion, par- ,*r*T^ ticulurly near the hour of twelve. Daring the evening thc sulle-a-manger wns open, end a mUeai table, magnilieently decorated with bronzes argrnt6i?.i new style ol ornament, which, I Aiuei aiii t^ld, were valued at 50.000 francs?in the centre a corbeillt of natural flower?, and at each end itMN MtpportMg faffM. 'IYn, ices, lie.. .a wereseivtd in the greatest profusion. /View moments before twelve the doors were closed, r*rl?i, and soon after re-opeued to admit the ladies to a mid a ?j>lei;iiid .upper, according to the number that pniril?M could be comfortably stawd; after which came I f a liti our turn, ai d snon many a round and perfect o tiaras pal* wa* reduced to a Hlinpelesa m ss Never '?"01 did old Lucullus himself regale his friend* with finer viauds, or more delicious wines. , Th* weather is excat-si vely cold here, and I 0?i ?'n am on the wing for l.'aly, in search of finer skies uud?r and milder climes Yon must not be surprised be?n a ii iiiy iic*i biiuuki dc uauii ironi faiermo, Alliens, or Constantin j|ile, as I have in contcmplation to extend my .vtinderings thus f.?r whiah' Adifu, d<-nr ll-tin -It; believe ine, && ever, your , ured old friend and correspondent. L). t?d Sti Pari*, Feb. SOih, 184M a id ri Tn' Carnival in Par it "j" it ?.? lia Thia I* tha onratval In 1* r!?? the n-aioi fir mnaked have el ball* ; aft?r wliloh omM tie " mirdi grat." The** btl>a aro oalabratal la the opera* vid theatre*. At the r.irh^t grand opera, ia which aaieinb'.i the mn?t faahlonabl* o tup* ly Jn P.irli, the antir? area or tha interior ia Jo- ?n,i th volad to tha uia of t(i? tltnciri, and the boxen only are rally I raaerrad for the op?o?ator? Thli ?p*oe will accommo- VrVm'l data fjur or Qva ami irel oouplai?la lighted by thirty correo1 or forty large anl brilliant ch indaller*, dreaied and or- up ons nanant--i wi..h great mtgn'iil tsan and tait*, and Ailed oUUy 1 of mmioof tin bi?t orchajtra in I'aria, o,>mpo?<>d of two comuu hundred raii'iolana. Th? ba'i commiiiiMi r.t twelve iloaac o'llook at nl<lit. ami terminate* nt broad day-light in tha The morn:ni( At about flerou o'clock. tha company com portan manna* to aeeemble.and th? orowd till it auiounta to thou- nounoi aauda, to collrct around the bu'ldlng, to wltnea* the ar- flnanoi rirai of the company. and *e* tbelr fantartic. and noma Maxlo< time*, ludl'-rou- coatum**. Pii?a*a:itry and wit?panto- I;, not inline* mid Jugglery, outage lua attention of th" crowd i'*ted during thia intriTai,? and in tha meantime, carriage at- dent w tar uarriaga arrive*, and leave* tha gay assemblage of taiM tl maaker* at the entrance of tha opera Th* polioa ara which present iu thrir uniform*. upon thia. ai well aa every agai?*1 other public occasion ia Pari* ; and tha moat perfect or- tn* w.' der en 1 qui >t are pr'arrvad At pteoi*e!y 1-J o'clock, irnotl tha door i-adlng into tha great hall ia opened, and tha niileai ooropaoy ara greetaJ. upon toelr antranca, with tha matt '1? cap'ivatio* muaio, and ha moat brilliant lllumica ion 'ha rai In thin t miuuiee tha anMra area for danom* I* tilled ? >/*a?i With thoBB who engage In tha danoa. and the bt>*a? with deuatei tha apro^at >ra I'ha fainaiaa are mitaked the gentle- l>aea ni man ara not pe raitted to w. ar maaka ; but thoaa who ducad i danoi' ara generally dreaaad in tha mo<t tantaaiin and wltbtb ludmri ut u,annar^ -particularly tha Kranoh rralitenta : ha clta foralga gentleman mora ganaraUy wear only citii*na'' tha pr( dreeie< The inaiked female dancer* are dreaaed In aT- taatlmi try rariaty and ihada of ooior - waar pantaloon*, and mamb< : NE VI NEW white, green, bin*, brawn, black, or other oolored nloation c -or their pantaloon* and waifta are frequently of gleotlng t at oolor, and made up, and to fit, in tha moat ridi- nuuiooa, proportion* Tba antira drat* 1* g. nerally very and iuatri * 4 hat*, oapj, lio , uiaJe in tba tarn* ludieroua and obrio r, oomplate tha attira of these indeaoribabla sis tha wi . Thafamalri loak like boys?*ailor boy*, rigged up Ou tha > exhibition ; and, at flrat, a straagar can hardly that the i :nl?h batwaan tha rati and tha Bc'.ltloua lad Al- the oount t tha gantlaman ara not maakad, they generally of tba hu* alongnosa, or diaflgur<> tha faoa in ion* other to Its h?? r. to give an air of rldloula to tha person ; mora ureateat c lly they wear large and vary long white trowa-ra, HtaUam-'t rga ail long white frooka made like butotiar's rival, an with loo** sleeve* one or two feet longer than the .tit g*tlie Whan tha danoa oontmenne*, with four or five It argute id oonplaa upon tba floor, all thia loose apparel up- electrioit; a and female la aetinfuli motion; and evary liuib ditlou of sole 1* oalled into the highest requisition and ao- that the i ad the fantaaiio and ludloraus attitude* of the and everj .conform admirably with the charaoter of tha >io groat feet, lege, body, arme, haml*. finger*, head* and sisMppivj pracaion of the lace All danoe at the iame mo- *iou U th and with equal activity The gentlema.i daaoe hand, arte ?oe with t' elr long sleeved frooka, at the aame mo- on it* on mu me Bailor DOyS arc UtUS IBM upoiv mi?u >uni lui uili-n r* in the nou hat* of dexterity -arms, band* Th? f'r ?t ar.i high in the air. at the enme instant; ?ome- r.moe thu in* is the highest, aad eometlmes the other At Taylor's < lolusion ot eaeh figure, the mutic i? cheered with ploi of * stud voioe* at the same moment. As the evoking cri*i* i? d sea. and wine oiroalates, tbe parties seem to Sad furniture ther's support more and more necessary ; und a half pro* er weald toen b'gin to suspaot if not before. tbat personal lor hoys were more fictitious than real, and that uhoricail; aller partners had discovered the deoeption. i>apeudiu that ' tie &rctl? Eipedltloni in Veareh of Sir J. -xpeoted Vriuiklin. Some litt rom the London Literary Qaastte, Keb 13 J by the p: he Littrary Quxttt* has, from the timeof the ex- Herald, c m of 91r Kdwtrd Parry, taken a lively iaterest in portaut a voyages, and in oomnuulcating every particular to suppre ning them to th' public, we doubt not our read- l>y iue fo 1 have looked to it for the earliest informatioa b .ililcf ai ting the expeditions now preparing to proceed in state, we fSlrJ. Franklin, Captain Crozier, and their aadweh< > companions. We have actively sought the need- anything ;elligenee. and have now to make the results oublish ii i. * uuxious I heist of Kebru-vry, Sir Jamea Clarke Ress c*m- >e doing ned the enterprise, of 47# tons, built of teak- <o " loai by Menem. ffijjtm, which is still o* th.* stoofcs, wey.atal ling tortiflsd f r tlio service to which it Is d?s- rtlly me? The preparations are proceeding with all del- These and in the most effeotual manner. single uu eeoond vessel, the Investigator, of 400 tons, built furin our ittaadSon, to be oommunded by Captain Bird, arediacu formerly announoed, has been IWBCUi at Qrte< Uropini is now being towed round by a steamer, and is preu ixpeoted to be taken into Mr. Oreen's dook, to be Taylor f? for the voyage It is of very strong build, but will held out tve the neo?ssary additions made. ?" we hm i ships will be ready to sail by the end of April, on is trea nothing be heard of Sir John Franklin before that rab> krough the medium of the Hudson's Bay Compa- party m key will be manned by 70 msn in eaoh ship, and polioy of lonedfor three years; and we go on to sketoh the p.ioiUa fi s of what it is proponed they should do. Ex- states, n to similar obstacles and difficulties as those whose h?ps non they are to endeavor to follow, and the same pres- "ra Bit f ioe, they will make their way to Lancnster Sound, admlnist bores of which they will carefully search, and alio ly be exj row's Straits on their way to the westward. If s.-ver altc lather permit, they will proceed to Welliugton and Mexl leland examine it, and the coast between Cape auoh ind ice and Cap* Walktr, in th* (hips or bouts, as may r. aoh us meet advisable. Tnlrt coast, w? may observe, is *i<oil will j oncumborfd with heavy io?. and therefore both ? curing irill be cautious not to go to far as to hazard being after d?j and shut up for the winter. If they lluJ a oonveharbor near Oaraier Bay, or Cape Rsunall, they 1 " " here secure on* of thi ships for the winter; his poiut theooast will bo explored as tar its It ex- . The Ai to the west, and alto the western ooast of Boothia, Mwxio i on with Sir James Rose's di"o?veries in 1331.? 'llapertlo nay readily be done by boats in the autumn, or ^ ?> ig partin in the spring; and other parties will coajinani * seat out in su ih other directions as may appear t;ie taxej bie at the time. As soon & tie water along the shMloiie tdmits, the steam laaooti (one of whioh accom- uihUates e?oh ship) will be despatched to Lauoaxter Sound . l*xloo, I imunioate with the whaisrs, whioh ev*ry year visit " ( uarter, so as to obtain any information that mt^ht pr-'vlnoe arrived from Sir Johu Franklin. This will be i-'falllbiy the month of Augutt, 1M9. ooott easternmost vessel being, in the way we have ?tacured for the wiater, the second, viz , the Eater eysr. ??rc Sir James Ross, will proeeed to the westward, ex- Mexican! ag the s?ver*i ohart lines on the way, and seeking lotteries, quarters in Melville Island or BfiukJi's Landmerce. this, diverging parties will be dsspatohed early in 'l **'J**'' ring, before the breaking up of tho ioe. Thetlrst how. se will traoe the western coast of BanXes's Land ?,'Ul'l ho southward; and proceeding to Cups Batliarst, or t ooun ither consptcunus point of tae ointment as pre- r: ,aJ y agr.cd on wi^h Sir Julin Rieuir.Uoa, will rraoh t idson'a Bay ssttlemeut on the Mackenzie, and * aarges. ? make thetr way home through their territories. ti?e flr m l par'y from the vessel will explore the eastern Mexico 0 of Banker's Land, making their way to Cipe Kru- ' rn, also 011 the Ameriaan contin-nt, and commu opened 0 wlta Sir John Riahardeen's party on Its di'soend- ' on an"' s Coppsrmlu* R ver in the spring of 1849; and the gorei assist him in exploring Victoria and Woliaston -lexico u or return to Eugiaad uy tin advisable route. r<ady goi m two parties w*uld thus pass orur the spam most probably the ships have benoaa inroivij, If "o much should not litra accomplished the paaruge, anil pacing wl thert-fofo. have tUa beat ahanoa of ooasiuuioi- tpldinU > Sir Jobn Franklin information of tha mn^urn But if had been adopted for bisrelief, and direot liioi to America st point to prooaed, Jf ha should ooaaider It neoes- quarrel, i abandon hia shine Other p*rti?s might be de- "'Mwiuji md ai thn commander might?ee fit, according to ueral W< litancaa; bu: tha ncaaaaveesel* should certainly ?ud Gaa< ployed to keep up thn communication b?tw??n tha 1 j;R'rusti aud transmit such intelligence for th?ir guidance ^ ;hfc ha neoeasary for the aafaty and auaoacs of the 1'wiggs, taking. ln log diaposed of th** navM expedition, we coma now 0 411. ,t committed to tha ohar^a of Sir John Richard- '-r-in-oh Sir John Richardson hima?<f will leave Kngiand r-calls tlrst w*?k of March to join hl? party, which will tjr?a i?e? massed tha winter oa the Great Bear Lake, and be 00,B a to proofed, when the lea breaks up on the rireia. m,** tha .vlaokenzia to tha sea His foics will ooi sist 1j?o ' nty men in two boats, and he will oarry with him Amouj tona of pemmecan, for tha relief of Sir John Frank V?," * arty, should he m?at them in the course ot the ^aidldat nation of the ooaat between the Maokeune and '?"t, and mine, or th? aouthern ahore of Viotoria aud Wol- point. ; Land, whlrh it Is their Intention thoroughly to '?nd grud In the cruras of tha auoirotr - hould they f*il demand < ir objaet. they will return to their winter <juar* Great Bear Lake; aad make the necessary pre- Britain! ons to examine the is'ts and coasts of the south- ' 0 regin and to the eastward of the Coppeimine River in ^ ?b?ut tum?r of 1860, if accouata from home should make habit of ntinuauoe ef the operations aaaessary e'T" ibined with thes? o eration*. partial from the ' epaul? , atatloned near Behrlag'a Straits, will oarry on l?a'i r expeditious along; the coast to the Maokenaie " *nti and thus oouneot the whole together. ni ,nT ill thus fee socq how cloaeiy eveiy posalbla ooatiu r 'se tho; has bsan tiken into consideration and provided 'laxioo. \ id wa congratulate the friends and the relative* attraotlv a about whom the public feel ao deep aii iutereat, ' * Pr*s?n re extend that coj^ratuiatlon to the country at 1 '*'* a" 1 on the promptitude and eB iency of the meaauraa soldiers h igress, to do all that human toreaight can do to Imost as again*t any misfortune that might threaten our t oountrjmeo in their noble enterprise. It appe 'lean Affairs through an English Kit- i''*t met ( lusa. rjade ooi [From tha London Times, Feb li ] r-'fourcei he morning succeeding the arriral of the Aaeri- "ad' *cec mi, tne p op.* ol tftla country are ujualiy Inform- > OBt'n ough aur oolumna and thoae if our contempo- Ceaare of the prooeejinga of tb* United State* at borne from the broad, of tha progreaa of tha war, the aapaet of oitha'J.l , the pclioy of the admioiatiation. and ao forth Aciord tie aircMB ia irresiitlbiy provoked at tinea by the r.umbtr < iter of the transaction* thu i obronioled, yet re- '47, waa I nn ara aerlouily and diip*miouately MM upon nd boroi ol? oouraa of areola. and paina ara taken to eon- ^ha r, aome oon*lateut and intelligible oonclunlon. I.at- no altera i *ery lar<e field baa been opened for phllo'ophi 0f the en d historian! apeoulatlon The pnlltiael ?y?' m wbioh th Stat^a bare grown and flnurt?h-<(j, has iJ " bruptly abandoned and wa aee a oouniry acircely Wea'?rn iTjd mi ?d<'le???n :a exhibiting all the folliea, and Tha an ting all the maladlea of effeta and deorepid Dion- i car la ? a. In plane cf that ptolflc nnl neutral poliey ev?n within the Uat twenty yean, bun b*?u de- Sitnoi the eaa-ntial and fundamental policy of the Uni- .1 itea we oiiairae unbounded oonqueat attein teJ. i \ j , ilnoui debt iaourrad. Already la thedlaoui^n Uutnn oouald? ad a pra'iabi* ooourrfn^e, -nl M preaid i d to avaid concluding that. before. fire y art more c*oe, c I ;/><e.d, tkc Untied Stale t f .imertca mutt neaataoft artlolepu been either rttolved or tx/tunded into tome polili- lugJudg* iety, vjttly different from that ret reientrd now tl in auj >a our raalera conoeiTe that wear# indebted for the King It if 0f?urlucubr?tl0n*0B auoh polntatoihedaeperand tol, tha In ntaraated convlctlona of oui tranaatlaotio frlenda, , Ting'a. i at tba aubatanca of our oommenta le not utiuatu- keeper; h >orrowed from thoae journal* whloh expreaa tie 0T*r the aentiraenta and daet) apeculatl'ina of a neooie An inn between ;wo pbafl'e* of political existence To tu* hand t any misinformation on tbi* *uhj?ct, r? now t*kr .1 u i^,. doi 1 of the journal* referred to -theAfrw K?>fc Hrralil thrown d E?rapt''?* modification of the loaal edition e?pe- tin?llv p?: i**igned for oireulstlon on tbi? continent. and (or lie floor, micetlng to Kuroptau minds tbe lotpreM of A me- Judge ? ? ipinion. unwarran oontentj of the number are of fall arerag* lid- e?er, I* tt oe. The Intelligence Irom the unit of war en- here hear > the feat thai General Ncoit hm enforced the one ? Mfi ?1 end administrative occupation of the whole of >? step tqulvalent te a prorleional annexation ThkC eoyer, relate* that the Oeneral-iu-Cbief hed ?r- ..:(r ? v( ell his subordinate general)*, end tbet the Presl- ? a* going to arrest the General in-' hltf. It con- Mill I he adjourned debate on the Ten K?gisnents Bill, ,?ii occu Include*, of oonrse, a summary of the argument* ' rpot#4 t t the war, and may, therefore, be considered. on iot,mt for lole, a* affording excellent opportunities for In ^ l;1(1 , re oomment. Let ua now see bow these opporluire employed. , >e* not seem the faahion to make inuoh remark on fr?.s,?,.ni filamentary debutes?an ab*temiou*nee* prrneps, _ -n,| ted bjr the endl?*s repetition of word* which then* 1 T. InToire. On the day in question, the house had ouopolii?l by a member lor Marjlaod, who repto- _v,ni? .ti all tbe argument* respecting the Texan frontier, 7? ie single additional evidence ofaoertaln map which d in nil own fever. The allegation wa* wet by At the I >4notloa ot the document, and the proof that ft* |n? the a ?ny went directly the other way. The honorable 11101 93 1 11 remarked, that b? wu " awake tor UUa oomm a- ?oi?iou 7 YO YORK, SUNDAY MOI >f the map," bu'. denied ri uuthority. N?km. not uaruan oaby, the d'taila of luoh (lis- Til th? H'rald far Eur?i>e oonteya its sentiment* action In four leading artialos on the propar in* tapins of tb? new forms of parties, the crlkr. ami the presidency oa flrat of tboaa pointe It admit*, unreservedly. K0 sore sag toious and experienced statesmen of f>r ry were separating them-Mre* from Hie aplrlt p? i. and vainly enfaavorlng to oifer some ebeok i|. dloug oareer. Irackuowledge* that th* "three en of the ?ge?Clay. Calhoun, and Webster ? hi t of the highest order, orators w'thoot a living ,,u id equal to the highest of antiquity"?are 0? r opposed to the present polloy of the Stnta*.? tn , how*ver, that the uimbined efforts of steam, nt! /, and its own columns, have changed the oon- ftt the world, which th^s^ politloiani once kn?w; |y mnexa' Ion and government of Meiioo. Canada, Wl t other portion of the entire continent, la now ?t r work tbnn was the aauex<ttioii of tbe Mia- tr ?Uey I),- the old States; and its recorded oonolu- ot at ' these gr^at master spirits are all behind- ln 1 had better Is* this youug ?-l*otric age go ahead a b?ok, and take the responsibility of ' busting lU > nr. 'sldentlal question 11 summe-l up by an m?u- k it h speedy and resolute support of G*nera' s la'mi in the only way to obviate ' the suspen- f( ev?r<il bvtks." The politio:il and monetary oi epioted by allu.dons to oert.iln onrrixges nuil j0 which miy be expected to "go for l?ss than P1 s within eighteen months." Th- most exalted i, 4 io th* nation ia r -presented, of oourse met a- ft f, to be '' as dead *fl a oock in it pit." and the i. g courts-martial art announced by the report tj meral Saott and o'.hor high ofllivrs may soon be a. at Washington to take a hasty plate of soup " r> ie disturbance appews to have b<-en occasioned bl r.olpiate publication, in the columns of the , if certain government pap-rs which, at ao im- v i oiisls of a aira, it might have b*?u desirable t| ss This question is s>-t at rest for the future llowing editorial declaration If we can get t< ny correspondence belonging to this oity or the c| oon.:eiv.) we have apdtfeot right to publish it; ,, sreby give notice that as soon as we cau procure ?i and everything on publla matter*, re shall t, t next uiorulug " \s many person* might bn ? o letirn wh?t Mr.Tyler or Mr Van Burma may v, at so orii ioil a peru.d. they are recommonded u about the corner of fourth street au.l Broadboot half p?st 10 in the foronoon. They g-ne- t] it there; and Oh !!"' y extracts, whiuh have all been taken from a j aiber of a single journal, will be ruttt-:li<nt to. in- h readers of the tone ia which A.merloiin affairs r ssod a.i'l illustrated ou th spot Tbe paiticu- \ os r*pr-ser.ted by the journal iu question are r umed to ci'uour an the u0u?iuaU0.i of General j ir the reversion of the Presidency, and hopes art L that his voios will bs given for peace, although, t r A ii,of lun f n>,*v??lnn _V>M. \U>I. t?d by th* aim? journal ax a natural and inoon vent. But th* truth is, i.uat Mr. Polk and his ' r,o; entirely identified with war that the any opposing section must necessarily assume a arm. If *on<iuest is to be the course of .he 0 person oan perform it more zealously?pere more cheaply?than Mr. Polk and hi* followt we think It fury doubtful, indeed, whether any ration, except one of such a temper as oan hard>ect-d, would find it ta-y or think it politlo to >gether the illicit conneotiun between the States loo whica Mr. Polk has established. Certainly ioations of popular opinion as those which by every mail suggest little probability that the be readily abandoned, although the expense of it grows more extravagant and irksome day lexlcan War auil Kngllalt Opinion*. [From the London N?ws, Feb. 11 ] H nericau general ha* d-olarad himseit 'at home'' t 0. Hn has issued an ordonnanoe, directing thu u ot the \mericau army, and tie occupation by principal provincial posts, where the Americas lers are to carry on th* government, and levy 1, until such time as "the republio of Mexico t for peace " As General Scott's occupation anthe republio, and proscribes the authorities of bow thee are to sue for peace is aot apparent, ideed, they continue te carry on the war in dome beyond American r*aoh by whioh they will draw down upon thum the vengeance of Gen r fiscal arraugemanti the Amarloans hav.i, howogatcd two souross of taxation, in whioh the 1 would do well to imitate tbem They abolish as also the due* on transit er internal eomVhe latter used to amount to nearly on* million little short ot th* produce of the oustoms Itself. ;ver lucrative as a source of revenue, nothing s ? destructive of th* trade and prosperity ot try as Lheje tasea. Th* Atneri .au* have deLt tbo custom* duties ono* paid at. the port, the ?U be I'-e* to jlrottbit* ev.**ywh?ir* wt'boti*. 're<h^ Thin is a spioles of fre* trade wuich ought to it introduced in old countries and for which iugbt to be grateful to Its Invader* on<{u*st of Monteiuma's empire has, however, ir wore fertile soura** of quarrel and oontenn.:se the Amnrioans tb*mselve.i than of gain to rniaeat or community All. indeed, admit that laoostly investment?4# millions of dollars al?e, and 00 more very probabld to go, with an be loan of 17 millions almost Impossible to raise; so, that th* rumor runs of Mr. Polk's oomith the Empnror of Austria for som* of th* le oellars of the Ciar af. St. Petersburg. moru a*><orbent than productive of g"ld to the ne. .vlestco, as we observed, is rich in veius of Tbs gea?rals have all fallen to loggerheads, It range specimens of democratic discipline G?jrih. we *r* told, Is popular with tb* oid army. sral Pillow with the new; whilst General Saott. iu., ooia. piaoes an cni'i onnniimoi iu nen- < rlgKS Hence, Worth and Pillow, j-alous of p now disrespect to Haott, who claps them > nrrmt, impound* the gallant Colonel Uua- d It them fur attacking hiin, tlie comman- > ilef. in the newspapers; whilst President Toll ? 8oott, senls nil the neraoi of Mesioo, the u ierals,tooe tried by oaurt-kiartial. and glr?e ? imand-in-ebiaf to an old Keniu my friend All " es a sorry tail to the commentaries of ths An?r *' tar. h l*t the polltieal publio at home, in the Uoited " uarrel ia quite as srlf.v N?wr w?r? so many ' >?s for the presidency, aid u?v<r were purtus so ti 1 eub split with ref*renne to that allabsorbiag ' Vnd nersr was President in efflce more auubV'U K ised and mtnaoed tlivt the Yiot? iou* Polk His " of ten raiments i? tieroeiy disputed. And the i> l-military fervor which ii awakened in Oreat 1 s powtrful at Washington. As the raising of the t! aente would (ire the President the appr.iutmfnt I' <(> nflljers, and as the (cvornm 'nt i.? in the \ ? ' taking their ottoers in blookfroin the ranks of r the ;.rou?i aifonst suoh an absur 1 fabrication V itted heroes aftsr conquest, is ration.il as well * And Mr Polk will probably not get his regi- n Bat then, on the other hand, he wiy raise as 111 >asand volunteers as he pleases N?y, he oaa W m; for the prospect of liruig at free quarters ia w uhen fighting is orer, too. nannot. but o? most tl e. Ind*ed h ilf the American forces in M*xioo d t consist of voluateer*; and when we oousidur *' he generals are uudcr a.'rest, i.hJ that h*lf the l> ire irragvlars, we may conceive that Mexico is b i ntuoU a bear-fftrdm as Congress. " ???__ Foreign Kxtracta. c' ar? by a paragraph in the Pruninu Otzelte, cl nllurgical Industry baa within thelaet few yarn 8 miderable program In Bohemia The mineral i of Bohamia arc described to be moot exteorive, irding to the atatement quoted, bare aearoely properly de* eleped It Cantu, the celebrated historian, jait eecaptd 11 band* of the Austrian polioe, arrived at 1 urin ' d ultimo ling to a pirliamentary return, jiut iaiued. the 13 >f elector* registered In Great Britain for 1KI9- *: J44 473 -Ti? : for comities, Mil 339; for cities ugha, 3^3.114 >> jMian Miniiter of Kinanoe ha* announced that ^ tions will be made in the import or export turilf p ipire during the onrrent yrmr. ( ( lid that the /ante currant Tine grown w?il In m Australia. v munt of Kxchequer Bills lo be proyided for thl* B 17,940,600. ?' - ~~=?=SCT=B?BB?~-= f ;ino Affray at Mfmphis, Tunn.?During n i adjournment ol tli? Memphis Comnier- w 'riuiinal ( ourt.on the !lth Inat., K W. M King, ty ing Judge, futimiMy ?>*atilt?<l. whh * plltol mid m rTing Oq .junior* litor of the hlnquirti , for tn , t biiehed in th-Cn^'.irn ot that morning, o?n?ur- ti ) K'*. onduot and Interference at the corpi ra couuty rl-ctmn pell*, on ftatur.ky last. (udg- Pi i Ml I. dl'ft)i?ri(fil thr?a hnrrslsot ar^TolTinjrp'S- > ad of oo? of which lodged iu th* surface of Mr tii tnl *'.<). n*r sulking tha ha .d of tii? hotel- bi f il*o uwl his canx and so rarely baat Mr. I w h?ad ami I'aoe with hl? pi?t?l Mr I , it ap. is iw a a pistol la self defense, but it dropped from tat at the tim? hl? wrist wan shot.; lie kuock-J h? <l? ?n it la said, with hia own oane, whinh h hsd p own altar tirst striking Irvinir. Tuey w?re m rtrd while olos?ly clinnhed and 1> >tb dr wn upon O Mr Irving la a small, weskly man, ind tb? ;|i tout ail-footer and ever. I'hat It was a ino*t ,.\ tabla assault, admitting of no pslliallon what- In le general voice of thn community r I ?r n? w? <) d Its expraealon. and that has beeu quite aire* fn mpStt Kaf If, March lOf/k. wi !a*tk r Mill I'ic Nic.?The Lowell Con- l!' f un account ol the yrund |>ic nic, whieh ,l fly glvn ty tha mnu.Hgnrs nf thr Lotfil ('ir- l" 0 that oily, to the girls in ihelr employ The m iplad on tb* occasion was In tha n?w mill just w iy the onmpnny, and la to ha Hllad with pow?r the manufacture of carp*ts li la '1W f?*t!otig, tn 'He ; was ornamented with tha fabrics ef tbr lighted with 300 or 4iM) lamps Tiia number of *' iresent. was estimated at 4M'> at tb* least Ka " a in abundanoe, were provided for all tha com- r* 1 tha nranants war* to f>e distrlbutail to ihn *? ro bands of mnslc war* In attcn 'anna for th? :u those wbo bad a fancy t?r dauoiog. Tha ' Talr was tha prinolpal topic of conversation for '* ? l.owfll _ J>* land ofllne, Mllwaukie, W. T , tba racaipt.1 Jur- pr tonth of February wara $14,01 J 04, taking up ar acres of land. Moat of th? utiits war* la 40 nv

I ah RK H IN TNG MARCH 26, 1848 AOUri with Mexico. The iti IK MANNER OK NEGOTIATING THE TREATY WITH thirty-f MEXICO, ACCORDING T? MUSTANG. weeks * [Krora the N*w O.Uans Delta, Vlareh 7 ) oa ,a,P There it uu doubt tint the treaty wan concluded with,t authority from the Presideut; that pending the ne- Rxtrs tiatlons, Mr Trtit iu peremptorily recalled by the "The II esldent. Mr. Trlst believed thut th? government of hon 1 a i y fen? vm a utrniiii m4 popular administration. t ,r ,\,a i knew that it wa? sincerely f vnrabie to peaoe He ton Is e >?, too. that the Legislature! of nearly all the States ?t Mah< ,d pledged themselves to stand by the government, and The I ipport It in Its effort to make no honorable peaoe The in the uvention of the governors of Ihe Sf?t*s was convoked M the December last., for the parpose of ascertaining the agent, rergth of the peaoe party Auaya was known to he tlaatloi vorabla to a peace- so was Herrera, and so were near- Naples, all the governors of the States. The negotiations Th >re nommenoed on the 9th Deo , and they proceeded , ' J. eadlly on. being apnn out in order to seoure for the * !L eaty the support of Aa<tva whose term of ofllne expired h l i the Hth Ian and also tuat of the distinguished and , ' . fluentlal hlef Jnstlue, P na y Prna, who would suo- ii-f w:i ied to the Preaida.'ioy. The latter, as soon as he got v ,, ito the Presidential chair, took au active and bold , and in favor of th* peace movement The letter of his Unite oreigo 8-oretary Hose, in reply to the Governor of suvius, in Luis Po.osi shows the confidence, whioh Pena y sua (elt in his position There was, however, one ditBilty In oarryin^ out the President's desires. In Mexn tnnnao ia nr.. ... .? + !.! .11 lovemeuts, ami unhappily IVn:i y Pens's treasury ww The 1 mMHl o*g?arly at t? of emptiness. I low to raise the mds to support tbe government was the great diffloulMr Triat either had not authority, or did not was I link it prudent, to furnish tbe Mexioan President with vcntie ?y portion of the three millions, and so there oould be o aid from that quarter. At last, it was suggested by horrit M Comi?i??Ioners that, as the agents of certain ,re co >r?lgn mercantile houses in Mexico seemed very oxiou" that a peace should be ooncluded betveeu 8Wim le two conutriwi, they Might upon tbe assu- which Uv'e uf suoh a peace, be induced to make a loan . ue ut s the government af Pena y Pens Thus were rp, a* agents of a certain English and Oerman house i*de eognliast of the treaty, aad thus was Pena y Pena r Vnr jpplied on inMonable terms with the neoessary toads 1?a:ie ,) support his aovercment. These meroantU<) agents, ill Jilt o doubt, percMved from the terms of the treaty, which venUt 'ere made iruown t? them, that the assumption of Are nerma lilllons of Mexican hoods by the United States would r,. (jrd tbent the o.haaoM of f. splsndid operation. Bat, In Keaut he me>tnttu><>, it will be atkeil, what aasaranoe has Pena :. Pena that the Mexioati Congress will ratify this treaty? \ , t the members of that body were favorable to it, why "?' ? ,ar? they not met before -wny has it been impossible to inony aise a quoram at Queretaro? We answer, that the the r iexioan President knows w?ll what he is about. He has ot tin uieived satisfactory assurances of tbe support of a ma- i tltlrt arity of Congress Yhey havo not assembled before, as mark he law rt quired, because he did uot desire it He Unew . hat if they oouvened before the tresty was ready to be ubtaitted to them, they would fall to quarrelling, plot- nun?.' ingaod disputing, aud so he resorted to tbe u'unl mode electl a Mexico of preventing a quorum of Congrenf, by with- made tolding their milc'ige In Mexieo the eld proverb, "no post, i ong, no suppur," is of very extensive application That no go nunlry does not,like our own, abound in men who are peace riiliaor to serve the r oouatrv for ulorv alone. Their ' l_'i. oagmumi n especially are very exaotlng in thU respect. ^ . Juless they receive their shilling with their tuhptcwi but ,, ?* members of that patriotic body are willing to attend "iglti 11 their pUcca in Congress Now, P<>na y Pena, wishing pretei ? oonsuinm.it'> the treaty himself, hail kept back the uad t nileage of the congressmen, until he could be aiaured of uitem he favorable reception of the tr?aty by the President of rica. he United States. The 2#th of March ia the day fixed ,i,.mu ipon aa the very lateat to which he oould safely defer the (, onvokingcf Congress,or rather the supply iug the mem- . , >er? with their mileage, whioh ia but anuther form of ' ,u ' pieoh for oalling them together When th?y meet, thin 1*U1Z( r^aty will be submitted to them, and by that time it is Atner xpected that the judgment of our Senate with reference mona o the treaty will be known. tablli Mexico and her rulers. termi [Cor. of the New Orleani Meroury.] princi While in the oityof Havana,aooldent placed me at oiiy ; ae eama house with G; nerals Rejon and Canalliso, the itnJ t| ntellltes of Hanta Anna. We aat opposite at table, and Stale! >pportaaities were thereby presented of hearing from ' <v i.je to time tb < edifying "conversation of these gantle- ' ' n n. They took me for an Etigllahmr.n, and they, ?^CUp iierefore, freely indulged in their refections upon the ?X[)en Juited States, Texas annexation, probabilities of war, '/>ttioi >lr. Polk, monarchical essays in Mexioo, lea. CO.all (fen Canalilso, it will ba recollected, was President foi >> ? tern of Mexico He ia a short:, thick aet man, with that { :o?U twinkling grey eyaa, a forehead of limited dimen- v.otk li>n?, light ooiaplexlon, apparently about torty years of . no, characterise! by a nervous reatlesaneas in all hia ?. atvremsnta, plain und uunsaumiug in his manners, and '} r. countenance indieatli g much benavolnnee and good nnd minor. Had I not known him, I should have taken We h urn from hia appearance to have bean an ttngltah noble- turpri nan. . 'lb General R?jon, the lately niipoint'd Minister, ia n fine. 0j *?us* loo'ki.ip: man. or rather huge proportion, florid u ompl?.xion, rroai thirty-Ore to forty years of ege, ap- I >earine mora like ,?u Audalusi*u Spaoiird than a Mexl- t-Dll, ?n These g?utlem?n are both highly educate J men, f'1' >1 rather a courtly hearing, and are evidently m?n who v-'lisc iave sneu much of the world, and appear to have pro- Th iced ty their experience. To judge from their coaver- Ex-G ition. and observe the masterly manner with whioh Nori) hiy handled any subject, one might safely be led to .1.. c he conclusion that they pm.-msard talents, whioh, ii ' ; rud-ntly applied, would do honor to any oountry. veaili <>ue day alter dinner. I joined tnsm upon tne balcony, ? iternately tipping their coffee and puffing their puros. press ifte: exhaling a huge quantity of smoke, with a couute- Aft< noe indicating a periect satisfaction with the present, oi Dl "il a perfect indifferenoe for the future, lien C.N* ventii ihM. "W?U, Kignor Iogles. what think you of Mr. c?riirir oik's annexation syslem ? Do you not think John Bulk i i ill bluster up and s*to th? Mexicans the troaMe . f nioonstrating ?" I replied that If the Mexicans de- ,,vo"> >tded upon the blustering of John Bull to avail them tiona i any emergency wUh Jonathan, they w?uld be sadly tin* n -(appointed '-Well, well." snid the Ueneral. "I suppose our fl ou are right; Mr I'olk Is of the Oen. Jasksoo order ; ;un n ud unless wr cem? to terms with him, hn will not leave (;0, s evou a sufficiency of our territory to enclose a raauso __ : um. But,'Siguor Ingles,'' ooniiuurs the tieu'l, " we , M not like others , in our oountry there is no material 17101 work with; from nothing, nothiog can be fashioned? )iu chaos mau oannot create. We hare been expatrl- tir.twi f.'d from our country by senseless. Ignorant mob!? tlioug liue way ward ohildrHii, give them toys, they will break snout iiem ; then kick the giver tor not presenting them with Monti ew Ones to divert them I love my country. Signer In- Alt :es; it is natural that i should We all lova the place ' here first we drew our biealh But my countrymen jaerve not my aff-etlon. Should even my own children r MUlt it n out worthless or become vagabonds, I should dieown CTata. jeru ! Mexico never ran continue to exist a* a repub3. A republic to succeed, must contain the essential If ment of general intelligence A people who are Igno- Tomtean uever worship at the altar of republioaninui ? /ere I oalled upon to give Mexico a government one c>"a<;y uted to their emergencies and thslrconiiiinn I should count osl oertainly givo them a monarchy. But If, tn tfie i ontrary, I wished to gloat on their miseries, witness a ' '/ ? ! srpetual anarchy, and annihilate them sa a p?opl?, I t:\kP8 ,,.M ?!..? I Itur.. ? r..,.,,l,S., U. ?.'I I I ,/ in, that I am Burn my opinion will ui ver chsLffl Nor 1,,ter< o I briieve that time or tke appliances of t-xperienca or ''iithu iuaatioa, will ever (It them for republioaulsm They r 11.. ?Te not the iogr<-ditnt< within th^m?they iaurt be orn of anew (took; diVereut blood matt olreulate in from Mir veils, br fore they can become republicans With ilthe esre. all the tauilng, all th? vigilance, all the edu- f ition, you aarer can su*o?ed in al tori an the nature of je hyena; and I am fully persuaded that republioan rtH H " jrernments require ?axon blood." were | FROM SANTA KB. [From the St Louis Republican, March 17 ] \\r a A letter from T?o?, New .Mexico, nays : ? Yesterday, yor9' formation reached Taos that an Indian whs living m 1 rovn ie preoinot of Arroyo Hondo, who wis supposed to by hill ave taken an active part In the revolution of January a t?lin ist, and wis one of the murderers of the son of Judge ccdsio eaubiew. Mr Jones, in oompany with a Spaniard, i|lf. ( , ;art*d for the residence of tnls Indian, nod upon tu?ir rrival Jones arrested the fellow, and was about startig for tills pUco, when the Indian, under the prstonoo PeJJ?r I' wanting some blankets, with the permission of Jones, T ntered his hut. In tho time thus allowed, ss is sup- held, i >sed. he drew a pistol and fired at Jones; the ball took nig to f-ct in the lower part of his neck, and he fell and in- order antly died His companion came in haate to Taos, c'iperi nd made this report, when l.ucien Maxwell, Thomas l oggs. Charles Town and mysolf mounted our anioxls ' _ ad started to the scene of murder; upon our arrival we ? ,me' anil Jobee de?d and laid out in a house nesr whore he n?*arta as shot We brought his body into Taos this after- by till ) ?. and conveyed it to its grave. Msjor Reynolds, ?MrqUt ho commands this pint, sent out some fifteen or twan- t>.iid a ' men te oatnh the Indian if poinibln They did not t ke " looted in taking hin, bur. arrested an.l took as priaon- i?nn s some forty of the inhabitants of the town, and killed 1 wo men. besides settlrg Arc to the tow n. 1 '''' A correspondent of toe Hania h'r Urpuhlirati^ at El Dun 'ir*iwu, i/fc. ?? ?, io?i, ?i?yv -1 ueib in aoiniok 01 ' 1 ' * ipeoial importuned trnaspirlng here, at thii time, an I New I ie town in becoming qiitle du.l t'aptain McNair wrnt I 11 JtMt returned from ?ti expedition to the north- The ?Ti in *oaroh of Cortti the gu?nli* chief, who (.tiirtrd up^oied to ha prowling about in the neigb^ior- . t )0<1 of Dona Ar? for the purpose of committing , . ipredatioaa upon the government trairs tiiat may . ' i?s in that vicinity. He was ursueeetaful, how- "V rer, In bis searcb.urd Cortey. still ronms unpunished. Honlotl n tne 10th ioiti-iil. ii lieUrhinm oi tlftjr men, um'tr IrurnA i? oiuimanj of Lieut. Colonel Lane. w?nt to Don* date ol on tojprotfot the inhabitant' tr.'in the Apichts, who (rover id a few day* before made an attack upon the town ? i. i u arriving there a party of Apaobes. belonging to a iendly tribe, werejust ie.tvibg the town. wh?n th?y , , | ere bo.ly pnrsne 1 by a portion of Colonel Latin's party, ) tlCrtl ul nothing bnt the approach of nigbt eave<l the live* of liere U e frightened ln<li ins, for * me ol tho ' Kuugh nod urowil eatly" boya fired several timu* ot tbeia (A garriron of tlie St rentyflte men waa left in P >ua Ann. and tho re- look 1)1 aluder returned to Kl I'aso. About two week* after- vontlo ?rd*. five ot tbe men who wero left there wera Srui out i, w ? l>ur*n? two Americans whe had stolen b re i from la plane and were making their way to Santa h e. _ len a p?rty of Indians camo suddenly upon them, aud ' H* lied one or their number (Joseph Lurrpbin, o<>oi|any ^Vf-rytl ) Tbe other four mailt their escape < ap C lark eon our pap .urned a few days ?(<t> from nn exjvdiiioo to Iho the whi uthweet. Ha had Aev-nty men with hitn, and went n* our eoi r us Beraneo, at wh.cli pla. e ho captured a brass can- deflate in from a body of tvo oi three hundrei Mexicans us- olfered I in bled there, who tied at his approach. News hue have r?< n reeeivad from Chihuahua, that OoTemor Arun.o A'ru> Fi in that city, aud that the ooramander there is making the leas eparations to give battle to thu American troops, who rennon I e soon expected. I have not heard tbe number ot tha fact sn tbe old gentleman baa at bis oemmand, but under- the laju iad tliajr daaait about aa faataa tbay are aniiatad.? nata.?( ERAI irtfe namb?r of tick among the treopa *u about It*. A Mexloan wei murderei here about two go, and two men of ''n \ are in oonQnement, loion of being the murderer* r<> 1 NAVAL IMTU.LIORNCK ' I' tat of a latter from Toulan, date.' Keb. 14 Mllr. fnlted State* arrived here on the ltfth from Ma'he Hupply failed from Mahon about the nth. for ' " tinatloa. The Tan j l? on a orul?e Th? Prince , Vt, Ither at Menalna or Naple*. The Marlon we left b?, and will atll In about ten day* for Maroelllee l?*r Jnlt?d 8ta*ea la In aplendid order, and her orew in u fln*nt pneatble dlaelpllne. We ahall eall as hood , rommndore aan oemraunloate with our navy Nathaniel Denhy, K*q., at Maraeillra Our dea- fun a la not known, hut I auppoee. for the preaent, mv la Oenoa. All well on board." jUj U. 8 atoreiblp Relief, Lieut. Commanding T. A. hin i, oama to anchor off the PenMuoola navy yard nn ; l'Jth Imt.. In nine daya from Vera Crux Shi j1)r t up from the aquadron about fifty Invalid ^uncD, .1 II be trunafnrred to the nvral hoapltal The Re- " . II at onoe take in a lupply of iitoree ml return to "'ll ru??AT. O. Picayune, March 17. 1 "JJ 'U rtii?iOD MLUwuirr Di;urj)i"U, nuu uutuu ivrmu to- . were at Lacuna en the 'JSd alt. ' Yol Iowa City, Feb. 23, 1848. b'ff rip Th* Democratic State Convention. Orli d mocratic State convention to nomilelegates to the Baltimore convention, Bn(j held in this city yesterday. The con- iu >n was tolerably full, especially when the [lBC >le Btate of the roads aud swollen streams insidered.^Agtiy of the delegates hud to their horses ovfYMfat rivers and creeks, i impeded tiieij^Voad. But nothing daunts iconquerjhie spirit of the democracy ! convention <vas culled to order by Mr. d, of Jefferson county, who nominated ?C Williams to the chair?whose appoint- -'Od was confirmed subsequently bv the con- 1 mi, upon thrj report of the. committee ?>n his inrnt organization. On the confirmation of port, Judge Williams marl** an nbl^ and ,j,? iful address to the convention, in which in 301 ost felicitous mauner, he admonished the fori ates of the importance of union and liar- I in all their deliberations While awaiting eport of the Committee on the err lentials ,v" ^ B di-legates, Mr. Bayard was culled on to j1* ss the Convention. The subject of his res was, the questions nrising out of the pre- f?n var, &c., which he said were to be deter- tho d by the democracy during the ensuing T on. II" insisted that nu peace should be b*l. with Mexico, without indemnity for the ^Ul and security for the future ; that there was ?:''' vernment in Mexico wKh which a stable could be negociated ; that if, upon a ed up treaty with any party in power there, ?t>< loula evacuate Mexico ; that the armies of ind or France would immediately, on some l it ace or other, take possession of Mexico : T" hat then we might witness the threatened 1 iptto enforce the balance of power in Anic- W He said, emphatically, that he believed the wh cracy of North America would never permit nH> ccupatiou of Mexico by the forces of lingjr France,either with a view to apply Mons. i h >t's notions of the balance of power in ' -0' ica, or for the purpose of establiahin a rchy iti Mexico: that the attempt toes- .v,j h a monarchy in Mexico would lead to in- JJ'jJ nable wars on this continent between (he iples of republicanism and those of monar- pi* that it would be far better for Mexico rtf lie cause of human liberty that the United to i h should continue to ocaupy Mexico, collect icient rev.-nue there to pay the expenses of ri* iation, and create a sinking fund to pay th? ises of the war?open her country to eotoni- J|'?' 1?proclaim toleration of religion nnd the g 1011 law?and that soon a generation would tti? ind there capable ol self-government, and t'ir hen we might ann?xor not, as the people of oU countries might desire, or circumstances -1 r expedient. J*"11 B. has been knowu to have entertained tani ivowed these opinions tor the p?st year.? Am elieve they did not Uk^ the convention by Un ,3". f># e convention nominated for superiutendant "f itruction, Thomas H Benton, jr., a nephew ' nator Benton He resides at Dubuque, ' ' if elected, will muke u good ollicrr. This tter than the nomination of a parson, , h the whins have made. e delegates to tlie Baltimore Convention are: th? overnor Clarke and Mr. Emerson from the 's-* l, and Messrs. Ea&tman and Waitaker of wo outh. I think the preference of the con- 1 nu was rather in favor of Gen. Cuss, but j * trong enough 10 justify any attempt to exthat preference. r the business was trail." icted, Mr. Clark, n lbuque, being invited, addressed the con- *'<? :>n in a very able speech. He reviewed the V i of the war, showed that it was commen>y Mexico, that it could not have been ed, declared his hostility to any uncondi- r I recull ot our army there, and expressed in J-4 loat eloquent manner his expectation, that g?0' ee principles were destined in time te overIt North America. pernor Lucas, being present as a spectator, of i nvitation, made an impressive speech. i;ai lg other things, the old veteran said, rather t'"! have our armies unconditionally with- UP' a from Mexico, he wouid be willing, ?] h now near three score years and tf-n, to 'miJ der his rifle and march upon the flails of ^ -zuma wti( igetlier, tht> proceedings of the convention characterized by much Inrmony, and the was extremely satisfactory to the deino.A B. s - a Norwich, Conn., March 16, 1818. nliu day ha3 been a great day with the demoof this section of the State, (New London y .) A mass meeting has been hi Id here to- ,"" preparatory to the State election, which nrt place on the first Monday in April. The {\ Jauce was large, and the proceedings most k?r siastic The great Texan Senator and his gue in the House?the former on his return Pi .1 New Hampshire, where he has been stir- 1 p the people, and the latter from attending u<-?, mains of John liuincy Adams to Boston, vf t nernber of the Congressional delegation? tr*d present hy special invitation; and the cu- w^* f to see and hear them was intense. The Ul'1' al arrived last evening in the c<irs iroru jJW -ster, having addr. ssed the democracy of Jenc- that day; be was met at lh<? d- pot < ndreds of our citizens, all anxious to catch ' 1 ipsn of the hero of Snn Jacinto. A pro " ( n, headed by a tine band ot music, marched " 1 jneral from the depot to his qunrters at the unts' Hotel, where large numbers were )f . l illy introduced to bin. ,.^.t day, as I have stated, the convention was nrid the turn-om from this and the adjoin , ul wns and counties was immense. First in '.log came the General. Loud and enthusiastic y '?? i greeted his appearance. He give us a lot about two hours'duration, lull of ar- you it, facta, philosophy and fun. He won the [^cnr ol all present, whijs as well as democrats, T\ a * nobl'- and commanding appearance, his *,,4 nee, and his humor. " He is one of em !" ic by-sunder in my vicinity. "and no mis- t" ?r ' "" Who would have thought he was auch y, dry old ehap," remarked another; and ' lingol admiration was universal. nt; the forenoon session, intelligence was rd by telegraph reporting the result of ihe f, ,tl lampshire election, and cheer after cheer i|) for the old Granite State. * rii General, after concluding his speech, I un I lor Hartford, where he is expected to ad- ? he democracy this evening. r,w le afternoon able addresses were delivered " Kaufman, of Texas, and Mr. Kaatoul, of i. This ev. niug we ure to have a spe< ch 1r. Oatlin, the talented and po^ul r candi- imt f the democratic party of this Stat" for ooo nor. It is seldom that old Norwich has It is cli a numlx r of distinguished men present t? one time, and never was there a larger po- *'"n gathering i this city than the om: held p rtl i-dny. Ihe prospect is strong, and daily ?',** ig stronger, that the democracy will carry B|r? ite at the approaching election. The whigs iirlt ue and desponding. A liberty (arty ci?nu was advertised to come off here to-day. b<> ?(1 a total failure. Bexar. ur" ____________ than Trkaty?To the exclusion of almost ''J( ling else, wn publish the trenty entire in ,.<jun( ?r of to-day, knowing. as w? do, that notoi.ly , ?1* commercial romniunty, but *T?r-/ nti Hi *h y intry, Is looking with iut-no* anxUty for n'-to" rurtli rxpotltion of th* terms of prthat hare h??ii ln to our ?i*t?r republic. Kor the oopy whioU we s^ivnl on ttils ucsaoion, w? are Indabt'd t? th* justlc trk Hernld of Monday We h%Te ourxelve* uot t doubt of its authenticity, anJ rea'tlly tlod* Thi n ths antrrptiie and euer^y of that journal for Shea, of Its being in poMumaloo of the dooumeot bttore I jury motion of aaoresy ha? been reaolndtd by the rente* JKarltiton Patriot March 10. of soi ,r>. Pries rvr i Omb. The Cotton Crop. Nkw Ori.kavs, Feb. 22. 184S r.hk KntTiiii r tni Vtw Yoaic .a Sir: I h v r<*.id, v.. i i n yrt'.u il of >r>n'*, i In i)> articl'1 *Vom the Liverpool Ti'txta, , r> cei .fil by ib- Aca^m, nn<l copcd into > of t .! <" ij i nil print-'?f thin ci'v; and ticularly no, i.s th> ar?-nfai;e of i>aid Hrticl?* [PH'Tiilly attributed to Mr , of the houi? , wlio oui{l)t certuinly to be bet'er inmed. Anil to begin, I nan ?c-*rc- *.Tpr>*m opinion tor thw unre i^nnnbl"iv-j<H of his (fni'iit, w en h" ?"i vauntingly felicitates iself at having "ho truly estimated " the 15th ot April la-tt, the a<rg;re<'?tt? '"crop tli?* y^nr 1847 " A i estimate, forsooth, on 15th if Apri 1. for a cropymwn, housed and fd, before th" H;h iliy of Nov inb-r prectd, iind which by the 6th of the month in whicli irukea hid estimate, was nearly all to market have not, at the moment, access to the "New rk cotton table" t > which he refers, biit h ire me the ' oomp?r.*tiV') etatemeDt* of r?o- lpt? a-id orti of ootton" made op in tbil city by the ' Naw >ann prior* ourrnnt," at th? latent from the our port* on JOtfi, Marob. 1847, whioh Is more r?lU;han ttaeNewYork prists current and Shinvlnff L'tt*, whlnh, allowing full time, would har? reaohed biro LilTTpuri ofiorn I3vu ui Apru, boa <?j vi uin ipiiatlon It ie as follows : eipts a'. Nun Orleans. to Marsh ID, 1847,. . , AA3 M4 Mobil", " " IS, " ... 278 5*7 ' Muvam<ah, " 11 II, " ... 300,08* u Charleston, ' " 1 i "... 2fl? 190 ' Klorida, " 8!) 806 ' N.Carolina, " Keb. '27. " .... 3 611 " Virginia, ' March 1, " .... 8,180 l,4?i,?91 ?r *8,140 bales luss than tlio receiptsat tbesniie places I dates the year before; and this decrease. at the datas should have had from New Yotk, when malting ay estimate," was aocording to my reoolleetion, lied to about 100.000 balee. Bo inunb, therefore, for declaration that when the said estimate was farmed. " Now York table* gave aa noro In reaelpte of K)0 bile* " 1 prrrune he moans from the yetr bea, although be doe* not say *0. 'o all of us who wer? at *11 ftmiliar with tha c .ton tistios of the country it whs very well un*ier?:<iod, I generally believed, on or about the let of >1 trah, 7, that the ootton crop of the y,>ar would be Id the inltyuf 1,800,000 balee because, from the well known I: that the receipt* at New Orleans and Alobi e would short, from the previous year, about four hundred usand bales. 'he writer also seems to forget, that of the 941,800 es exported from Oreat Brit tin to thn contlnaut of iope, and Ireland, but 118,300 baies were American ton; thus making another error In that tt?mof 10.1 ooo ts; and although ha speaks vauntingly of the superior >wledge that ia exhibited by tha " broker's tables ef rerpool," 1 do here asset t, " by the book," that a greater lence of aotual Information I have not met with in f writings or history of cotton statistics, than is shied by this o?udid ooirespondent of the Liverpool lies. n continuation of his extreme views, he makes these id remarks:?It would," says this veritable writer, rwever, be advisable, if some mode were establl*he4 ioh might be entitled to general credit; and we here such n result might be obtained through tb? sait 1 chamber* of commerce at New Orleans, Mobile urlestou, Sic , 1b ins name way mat me iugar crop or ileiana is now arrived at to a single hogshead " To citlseus of Louisiana, thin information put f.irtb h so muub pomposity, la mtlrely new. no such kaowge having ever been i ncewilble to thorn To be aare, reuoh guntleinan of this city did, for tbrM seasons, he up what be aaid the product of the different ntatlons of Louisiana; but the reiult was enly eon?red aa approximate, mid for the two yeara previous this, no attempt even had been made at it, becaoae of i inherent difficulties and ofestaolea in the way ot aring at the information, with any tolerable degree of Txotneitr. And I now ??rert lliia, an a faot Known to ry intelligent merohaut of New Orleans, that any owle<ti?e of the sugar crop of Leulalana Is a more UMfl," and any one nriy come to It as near as anor, and still may be wi le of It, in twenty to thirty >uaand hogsb'.&ds. Ho rnuoli, therefor*, for that duration of " fact." Lnd while I diaayree la toto, 1.1 above stated, with the itleman, I am happy to ?Ld one paragraph in his g article that I do ouinolde with him in, and that is, regard to the daily ^growing Independence of the lertonn manufacturer. It ia vary tru* that. In Kugd, they n?* part of our immense increase in m>niiluring; but part only, as, unfortunately, the statistic the cotton m inuianture of this country, aa Important it ia la but little more th'.n half known. The lax; .ut*blen of cotton & alti'Lioj, ji-.di) up in tkl" CO us: ' on the lat September laat. place tbe conrumption of ton in tbia c jnlry at 4:17,000 bales; but this wa* only proximate- partly mtde up from the ascertained repts nnd export i at all of the ports. In addition to > amount taus gireu, as sonaumed in the l/niced itas, of 437,9t>7 bales oaay estimate the oonaumption if V irtri nn mm I North f '.kmlina t.. . . ."..... rr."a?,u?o is it Iran 'n t*1" table* aa conumad in Virgiuia 10,401 14,509 * i. at?4 oonnuinption of South Caroiia. (Jeergia. Florida, and Alabama. . . 2(1000 11 lmattd c< fiKumption in ail of the Pastern Stataa 30 000 44 Making in kll 492,478 bale*. bin nmonnt is, iu my opinion. materially abort of onr 1 coiisumplioa; buc mny b? atal- d a? a minimnm tally >e relied upon. b"iH'ii? the e.oasamption in Qeoigia. ith Carolina, Kiorid.i and Alabama, in all from vioioity of it* immediate growth?th* quantity con and thaiebj nerar eutermg into tha receipts at any ;ha porta. And thia fact applies ?!* > partly to North clina an 1 VlrgiiMa. The a* J mated cwu<oi tioa iu W^?trrfi Ma i"* ia < tt u, taken, likewise, f;<>m tha jar rivara, therefore, ceyer entering into the "re pta" at N*w Orl?ai<s, but appearing an jua: ao much the production beinij o n?um?d in it* vlciuiry. So ch for John Bu ,1'e lurtht-r a-n ^loriQcati n I H what ahali I say of the tan<;n?*a of tnis writer, > gives aa tiie American orop of 1844 and 1845 4.425 tl j 1340 and 1847 .1 879.184 ho viug a daereuss of. . 645,829 bajes nd argues therefrom. that "cotton h is arrived at Ita tax for production'' in tha United Htatea la there a iibl? man In tha United S'Vaa, wilhia th* r-<<ion ot io 48 degrees North latitude- a r?glon embraolug liona mqiI la.lllons of ucres of land, strictly applicato tha culture of cotton, who would respond to tSia tha afflrmatiTe? I do not beiier? thera U, and will , therefore, wa*te word* on It. hia writer luruislie* the following axtrai'.finary laments of axporia from Great Britain for 1847, iora-d with IbIu. and I believe they are correct, or nearly aa I h iva seau them elaewilera the U'Ulrd Hint's. 1848. 1847 iu eottc n goods I Mb* 000 44,484 000 lied and dyed (oalicos). . .16,479,000 49 #09 000 ud aaja, " this enormous increaae of export is, loubf to ba ascribed to our demand for the produo's he Unite 1 Stat*#, and the perfect freedom of the la." May I ask, pray, how a perfect freedom o! trad*, u you w?re obliged to take from aa to keep yom Sons frort starving, 'rum lat S?pt< mb?r, 1846. t-> l*t Lember, lsi7, the followingarticles of your ir a trad/ wheal tl 3,150 689 btrr-ls Corn meal 847 2eo do iVheat. 4 015.134 bushels. or S03o27 do )orn, 17.298,744 bushel*, or 4,3i4 689 d tye, 88 231 busnels ISUOO do Equal to 9 143 <! .> s-arr. le jreaJstuffs; toaay nothing ol oata. peas barley Sto , Aud yet, notwliaat njiug theae mporta of breadr? and pr. f/"ton!" ?ole)y t We?p your peo; le fr-.in nteach other'" tbroa* ?, and t1iu?lr nc? fr. 'jj thtvlij now barn tbe iupudenca . ew >hat"fra? tfaJa," u, ax Km n aa you Uud you o?u hrtathe w.'.hc u aa, putoo the famnaa " ?IIjih< icala'' again Bat what of a 'free trade" la that to ?a. whlehtakM from na imptred with farmer )ear?, lone than ?i>? half in e of our attpla. an artlc\a you moat. ha?- . (jotton,) return u* four fold io manufactured gcoua ' all that " frr>- trale" with n fnogvaor-! It ia rathe fr?e wort i < of onr tariff for the Britian nianuirer, by which h* la enabled. in Invoicing b .i r< i, i ity-9v* to thirty per cent below their ooat or ?? e??t, in a 1 *rn? decree, the thirty per cent nava mat oar tariff ao beautifully *xprp?iea, * : , aud aby come lute the inark?ta of ihla country on a pary equal footing with the American ujauufaocnrf; It this la oat bringing ji to a level with the overLed, otertrod, and iuiierat>!e rptratire* of KnglaaU, at a loaa for other terma Bnt f am digr-?iing-I nenrad with ootton and muat end wilb thn "acta mock on hand on l?t j^ptember. 18 7,!n all tbe t orfa, 300.100 bale), the crop of 1M<7, will ba nut 1?*sb i 'I 300 otto bal???total aupplr 3 400,000 bal*a ? it Britain took for the yeareiiding *l?t Augint, 1847, 09; h'raaoe, balra; (th-r fcurope.iu potto, l'J7; our own nouaumptleu wa* (by the table.) 430.. -total Oalea taken laat yar. I 641 JOS. At thia date impixeible to arri" with any d g*e? of aocuiacy. i what quantity may be tak- u from ui for connnuapin Kurope th? preieut y??'; hut ifcur tab.'ai of ?j. t are ar y crlt' rion for former year*, tUu* far tli?y to u* very poor proap?oU Let ua look ^t the reauU.v I . ka rmniMi.J if thn w^af ?. iily Piplrxd, ?nd wo ha?? thu? f?r exported to t kill J!*> <141 bin vtfvuslnania tilt)" ltd', yr+r 'Jill 0 > i p; and n.irao t*m? tu? y*?r b*forr 49ft *S7 b*i-? To ir. we ha?? rxported to Fritoc* and olb#r p?r;* of p? ihu? far 313,134 b?l??. or 182.714 b*l<*i g i ! r u*t y??ar ; but no much ih? biota r*. *t>n -?by wi n?i<ju!*t? ?n diminished npurta to (treat B it* u; f no lartf. r ratio of exe rts th n Imi j-?r to that ry bo a" aincd, I kuoar not nbtt will b?ouui?? ?l?rj-> aurplus w? will hw? r<?rn?'-,.ug at ih? ?."l rf ??r l b . U A prolifln th?nv\ oul I * *'* that r r*m uk* will too much tir? your patlen?* I uly up tiy pea tr.m J Uu Ball ft illlb Hrw ut. but I not tQitlni i t capacity to d>> ih? gutiject tuu le. F. J Httlam CKronieU mentiou.? J i u koi ? nvioi.i th? yaung womtn who h#? been ^ef?te tn grau ; * a witnaM in too murder caxn iu riaUw. w .? ar1 yeat?rday, an i committed to jaii, in oonse<|U iiico n? furtuar davolopmauu in thi* oxtj-ttoijiuui/ CM ?,