Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 28, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 28, 1848 Page 2
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W -r KW YORK HERALP. fr rth-weit Comr (?f tid Wiisan iti. JAMES GORDON BKNiVBTT, PHOPKIKTOW. UjSILV hF.ll*ULf)? Evny day, (Sunday included,) tcer.lt per cvrti?tl 25 per annum?if the United Statu. Mmropean-aubt, rtbert v* j*r ???"um. nrl'">'_'?f roi'i?. uAirn^fi tfi the East Indiee, or the Iila di in the Pacific and he It'>?' Italian Islands will reeeire then paper* by every vettel /rum tnuport. WEEKLY H HH.1LO-t.vrrf a<w.rrl<7U??% centl per copy?tl per annun?in the Vmled Statet. European *5 per annum to include the pottage Jin edition [in the Pteueh at well ni in the English language.) will he published on the lay of the departure of each tleamcr for or.y port in Europe. U'ifA intelligence from all purM of the Jlmericaicnntinent to the latent moment. Subscriptions and advertisement? received by Netert Galifn.mi, it me llrienne. Paris; P L Sinondi, It C.'rnhill. and .lohn Mrtter. bookseller Henrietta rlrcet London Nubtcribere in foreign pot h trill receive their pa pert by every vettel direct from New York PRk*tUKHTiJlL HEHJILD? Every Tuetday? One Dollar for the C..m?aieu .d I) PK H T1S E ft F.NTS (renewed every morning) o' mitonahlt jrrxcs; to br written in a vlain, legible manner. The proprietor nof retvntihlt for errori in mumticripf. PRIbTINQ of all kinds executed beautifully and with deep itch. Orders received at the Publication QffIce, corner of Pulton and Natsaxi itreet*. jil.L LK TVER S by mail, for suhecriptions, or with advertisements. to he post paid, or Ike postage will be deducted fiom the money ren tted. roi.UNT.1RY CORRESPONDENCE containing important wrtri solicited front any quarter of the world? and if used wil1 be liberally paid for. V0 NOTICE rank taken of anonymous communicalions. Iftuitever is intende* for insertion must beau 'hentu a'rd by Ik. name and ad.lt ess of the writer; not ntcessa rity for publication. but as a guaranty of his good faith. fTe raimot undertake to r.-f-irti rejected communications. 4 l.L PJiYMh'.NTS to be made in advance AMr*?-MKNTS THIS KVKNINO. BOWKIIY THKaTHK. P wf-r-THE Whitmoyi of Arh.*!*d?Inichrkction or P?ais. CHATHAM THEATlC? 7~hath*m street-Wpm?nBux, Cox and Knox ? t'rmiT cf tme Wathi MECHANICS' H M<L. Rrn?.d w tv, uesr Broome?ChiuhTT S .Vl^STRILS? Kthiofia* Sl^GlNO, Ui ni.F:<V't Pawciho, he. CO N V K NTIO V HALL, Wootter street,utar Bleecker ? Ethiopian Sinci>o. Sio. PANOU ^M f H\L'., B'Ooiwmy, near Houstoa ? Bai?tard'? TiiontHi of thk Miisissiffi. CONCERT ROOM, Broadway.?Nmoao Mii*?treli*t, me. BRO*DW\V MDEON. Brohdway?Hraio Comic fioUa-vcikc tic New York, Turtduy, .*1 uri ll 549. 1848. Clrcnlntion or lha Ilcralil. March 27, Monday 18,432 copies. ATf>r?ge of Daily Sunday, Weekly to .. .5-1 J49 " Aggr?i* ite issue lust w, ek 144 06 I " Aggregate issue week before HI ,960 " Increase last xrf-ek. . , . 3 000 " Increase previous week 4 416 " Total iocr?as? in two WMks 7,416 " The publication of the Iff aid commenced yesterday m >ri iug at 17 mirutes past 3 o'clock, uud flaished at IS minutes past 7 o'clock. Tl>* Del alia of the New*. The full details of the highly important intelligence front Europe, will be given in the Ncto York Heraldfof to-morrow morning. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVAL OF THK STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA, AT ncBKiaromr* INTELLIGENCE TO THE LATEST MuMENT, AND Highly Important to the World. THE PROGRESS OF THK DEVOLUTION IN EUROPE. FRANCE~A "REPUBLIC. The Decrees of the Provisional Government. Louis Philippe and Royal Family in ungiaoai aiso, i.nizoi. A GRAND KAIIOA'AL CONVENTION FOR THE COMP ETE 0RCAMZ1TI0N OF A REPUBLICAN GOYERMUNT, To be held in Paris on tlic 20th of April. Mew French ministers Appointed to the Different Powers. The American Minister Treated with the Greatest tnthnsiasm by the French. Abolition of Slavery in the French Colonies. ALL SIGNS OF MONARCH! ABOLISHED. The Reorganization of the French Army and Wavy. Abolition of Capital Punishment. TUP RFSlCMdTinN flC MPTTPGMIPU Thirty Thousand Austrian Troops Marching to Italy. MPROYEHK\r IN THE UiUIN MARKETS. DECLINE IN COTTON. Tremendous Fall in the French Funds. Riots in London, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Manchester. SHIPPING 1HTELUOENCE. be. fcc. &r. fce. The steam packet Caledonia, Captain Leitch, arrived at Boston last evening. She was telegraphed S i milrs out, at 15 minutes before 5 o'clock, and nt 7 o'clock it was ascertained that she wcs nground on Governor's Island. Plie was got off next tide, and her passengers and mails landed soon alter 10 o'clock. She sailed from Liverpool on the 12.h inst , and the news received by her n=. therefore, tw > weeks later than that brought by the Cambria at this port. The intellige .ce ie of the utmost conscqucnce to the whole worlJ. It is of greater importance than any ever received from Europe. It interests all elnascs of the community, and will bo read with the greatest avidity. Our latcat advices from Paris arc of the 10:h instant. The revolution in France is now t<n fait aeamj'li. The abdication of Louis Philippe, the appointment and p-jection of a regency, the complete triumph o! the Parisian* over the army, the establishment of a provi? onal government, the erection o( a republic, the overthrow of the Mouse of Peers and titles of distinction, the precipitate, abject (light ot all the members of the Orleans family, with their misguided ministers, to the shores of England, or to other places of eailr?the immediate recognition of the new republic of Franre by Great Iiritain, Belgium, Swiltu rland, and the United State?, have all follewed n such raj'id bUccewtion, that the "event* * * of an hour's age doth hiss the speaker," each mi nute teeming with some mighty occurrence affecting the destinies of whole nations and dynasties. The Hon. Richard Rush, Ambassador of th? j United States, accompanied by Dr. Martin anc Mtijor I'oussin, waited on the member* ot the provisional government on the 23;h ult , tr whom he delivered a flittering address. Tim following details of this interview, are taken from the Xational. To-day at 2 o'clock, the representative minister from the U. States, went to the Hotel d<* Ville, in formal recognition of the provisional government. It was appropriate to the representative of the Americtn Union, to be the first to welcome an infant republic; for there is no bond more powerful between nations, than community of sentiment. The step taken by the ministei of the United States, has, under existing circumstances. serious importance. Although fully expected, it has touched,acutely, the members ol the provisional government; and alter nu intervitw in which were exchancd the noblest ex: pressions, they, in a body, accompanied this rep ... ......... ... ?uv. g,iiiciiM'ii, in iuc uirrsnuuiu of the Hotel tie Ville, as a proof ol the cordial affection which must ever exist between the American and French republics Our latest advices from Paris represent the city ns tranquil; but the financial crisis still continues unabated, and some eminent houses are spoken of as beiu? in difficulty; but no lurthei failures have been announced. The funds have Mien considerably. Oa the 8th inet. the Tnree per Cents opened at 50f, and after having been done at 46f, closer! at 47f; whilst the Five pel Cents opened at 85f, were done at74f, and closec at 75f. There was no tumult or agitation ?al was sad and gloomy; men came and offered their securities for money only, at whatevei prices ihey could get, but scarcely a buyer could be found. We have just received a telegraph despatch from Folkestone, stating that the French government had stopped the payment of the Treasury bonds, which they have hitherto be>n in the habit of discounting. It is understood that the provisional government has abandoned the idea of removing Gen Cavaignac from the government guardship of Algiers, in order to place the war department under his care. It is now fixed that Gen. Lamorciere is to be the minister of war. The Archbishop of Paris, accompanied by two Vicars-General, presented himself to the provisional government on Tuesday, and gave j in his adhesion to the new order of things, in the name of the entire clergy of his diocese. M. Duclerc his been appointed under Secretery of State of the ministry of France. Numerous diplomatic appointments are announced? M. ci-devant Due d'Harcourt, goes to London ; I M. Ddlton, to Turin ; M. ci-derant Due de Boisj By, to Rome; Gen. Faborier, to Constantinople; i M. de Saacy, to the United States ; M. de Be&u mont, to Denmark ; M. ci-devant Prince dc . Moekena, to Spain. i Forthcoming elections in France excite great ! attention. Government, aware of the fearful j importance of this matter, were preparing for j the crisis. Eight hundred mercantile firmp, I connected with the Paris Bourse, waited ! on the Provisional government, to ask further delay of a month on bills due on the 29th ultimo, which, by decree of government, had alreudy been extended to the 10th iaet. It not being acceded to, they were said to have threatened to dismiss their clerks and workmen, and announced their determination not to ratily their engagements. Three | per cents closed at Paris on the 9th at 52f; five j per cents at 73f. M. Arago, the Republican Minister of the j Marine, ser.t for the French Admirals in Paris; they all attended; he then addressed them, and asked if there were any of them willing to serve I the republic, they replied?"All." He then i said he required a man of courage and eteadide? s; lhat he knew them all to be so, and he was ready to appoint to the commands of the fleet of the republic, any one they might choose to select; they declared tbeir willingness to abide by his own drcision. M. Arago then Baid he had equal confidence in all, but that there was one among them who enjoyed an advantage whicn determined his choice. He, then, appointed Admiral Baudin, to the command ol ' the Toulon fleet. The nomination waa al once approved by . all the admirals present Admiral Baudin lias left Paris for Toulon; he is immediately to take the command, and to Bail ; for Algiers, his ins'ructions, are to take possession of any ships lie may find in the port of Al cits, and to proclaim Algeria an integral part of he Fre nch republic. Toulon pipers of the 10th, state that the Due d'Anmaleand Prince de Joinville arrived ofl'that I port, and mide communications to Admiral Baudin, who, through telegraph, Hpplied to government for instructions. The admiral, it was taid, had been authorised to place a steamer at the dit>poB*l of the princes, to convey them wherever they pleased to go. The Chateau of Neuilly has been sacked and , burnt to the ground. There are thousands ol caricatures against Louis Philippe, in all th? print shops, in Paris; they have appeared as il by magic. The whole of the Colonels of the twelve legions of National Guards have been dismissed. The Colonels of the 7th and lOih wt re nearly massacred by their own men, foi I refusing to march ngainst the Tuileriea. The palace of the Tuileriea has been convert1 ed into an hospital tor workmen, under th* name of the Hotel dea Invalids Cavilea. The Rouen Railway is stopped; the populace have burnt the Rridge of Amiens. The statue of the late Due d'Orleana, whicl 1 stood in the Court of the Louvre, has been taker I down. THE DICKERS, ETC., OP TUB NSW FRENCH GOVERNMENT. Daring the revolution, decrees and proclama tions on the following subjects were issued, from time to time, by the provisional govern meat, mayors of arondiasementa, &c Int.?Interdiction of meeting of the ex-Chamber o Peere. a<J.?An organization of a moveable National OuarJ of 94 battalions. [ 11?Arreet and pnniahmont of deaertera. 4th ? Article* pledged at the Von* dt Pinf, to be r?( torad to the oirnera?the minister of finance payln, Mftiint #1 ?ia fin 4ham eth ?The Tuilsriei to b? an asylum for invalid work i men th ?Capital punishment to b? abolished. 7 h.? All poiitioal prison-re to be liberated, and fur nlabed with m?ans to j >in their families. l b?Suppression of Chamber of Teen, and dinsolu tion of Chamber of Deputies ; oonrtifnMonof a republic . every cltli'n to be a National GuirU , the liberty of th prren guarantied, and fcse<lom of thought iecured 6 :h?National work&ul>j< to b? opaned fJr the unem , ployed. in:h ? Ml citiz*ea to remtin in arm*.and defend thei barricade*, till they liare acquired all their rights. 12th.?Older to arraet ministers. )3tb ? Abolition of nil title* and nobility. 1th ?Change of tha term regiment* to demi-brlgale l.Mh.?Ten days ad litional tim? grants!, to pay bill throughou* the republic. 16th?National Assembly! me?t on the 20th of April, anl decree a ocnstl'ntlon Population t* bs the baris of eleotion. Representative of th* p?opl* filed at including those of Alglerf nod th* Coloaies; suffrag? to bs direct and unlvereal Ali Frenchmen 21 years of age, to b* elector*, and all of2 to be eligible to bs elected, the ballot to be secret voter* to be furnished with a ballot list, aud to Tots tba principal place In each canton ; no person to be rrpre-?ntatlT* who has not 2 WO votes ; each repras?nt? live te have 3? frsnes par Ur for the du ratio *f the cession; the Ifitlonal Constituent AwaWy ( to meet on the 30th April. 17th ? Payment of half yoar's lntarst on tha fir*, ton* and a half, and tour par cents, falling du? on the 424 March, to be made a'. Paris from tba 8th, and In tha dc. partmenta from the 18th. 19 th?Interest of Bona <lu Treeor. fixed at *14 par oent Tor those of from three to four montha to run, and at 6 ' per cent for thoae of from aix montha to a year. 19th ? An aet to be prepared for tba immediate emani cipation of the slaves of nil tha cclonlea. a >th ? All taxes to be collected as before. 2 tat.? A budget to be bronght forward, la which the iys'em of indirect taxation would be modified. a?d ?All proaeontiooa againat the press, and for political offancea, to be withdrawn, and the prisoner* confined for such offences to be released. 23d?Forbids the publication of any placards, without tho printer's same being attached. 2 ith ? Restores the o'd military title of Oenerals of Bri<ade and Division. 25th ? Dissolves the Municipal Council of Paris. 26'h.? Discount banks to ba established, f 27th ?The stamp duty on periodicals suppressed. 28;h ?All oath* taken by public functionaries to be discontinued. 29 th ?The persons, properties, and rights of foreign rs to d? respected SOth.?All the cltfien* to be armed and clothed U National Ouards; tbote not able to provide clothing, to b? furnished with it bj provisional government. Slat.?Diminution la hour* of labor?where it waa 11 hours to b? 10; and where 13,11. 3id ?Daring the 10 day* preceding the convocation of tbe primary assemblies, unstamped paper* nay be published. 33 1?The central administration of tbe Department of Marine and Colonies to be orgtniisd on a new footing. 34th ?A gradual assimilation of th? Institutions of Algeria to those of Franoe to take place; the amy to b* recompensed for Its past services to France. 36th.?Property of all kind, and works of utility, to be ' preserved and reipscted. I 30-h ? Royal residences tobo sold.and prooeedsapplied to the vlotiras of the revolution, and as some compensa| tlon for losses In trade and manufacture*. Decrees have also been issued, changing the mines of several vessels in the navy, and also the names of those of the streets which had any reference to monarchy, or the members of the fallen king's family. All institutions having the name royal prefixed, to be called national. Gnizot had arrived in England. Castle of Vincennes surrendered, and most other fortifications?alight resistance. Large bodies of people were going to Paris from Rouen and Orleans to assist fighting Rumor says that the Due de Montpensier has taken an activc part in preparations of military against Paris. Louis Napoleon received by cries of "Vive l'Einpereur!" All political prisoners to be liberated and placed under a republican general. The Chateau of St. Cloud has been burned. [Prom the European Times, Mar oh 11 ] The speculations respecting the causes, incident?, and probable results of this sudden and mighty social convulsion, are various and infinite. The facts stand out in historical boldness of outline, dep:cted in such indelible characters, that they must endure till the " last syllable of recorded time." A provisional government has been organized by the French, the members of which are celebrated throughout the world lor genius, eloquence, and science. Some of them are of almost romantic integrity. [ Carried away by the eloquence of Lamartine, the excited, ungovernable mob of Paris threw down the muskets which, in the first fury of their new-born zeal they had levelled against the popular leader, and, by their unanimous shouts, invested the provisional government with the full authority of the State. As the revolution of 1930 was the work of the bourgtoitt, so is the revolution of 1648 the act and deed of the working classes^ who have sealed the inauguration of their pawer with their own blood. The question which every on* asks his neighbor, is, "Will it lastl" Every man in England, and, we believe, elsewhere, hopes so. Lamartinc himself says, in his address to foreign powers, "We deaire, for humanity, that peace may be preserved; we even hope It." Sincerely do we re-echo those words, applying them emphatically, even in a more enlarged sense than Lamartine?we hope that peace may be preserved, both without the republic, and within the sphere of its domestic dominion. Our sympathies, nay, onr interests, are all intimately interwoven with the maintenance of ^ peace ; but the great social problem which these men who are aiming to govern millions by a stroke of the pen, ib of too intricate and complex 1 a character at once to be solved. The difficult question of human labor, the real and only source of wealth, and its more equal distribution, is the great argument, to the height of which th?y propose to direct all their efforts. Tiey may cut this gordian knot, but to unravel it by the slower and surer process of developed industry, founded on peace and security, far excerde, we f<*ar, the ephemeral power or auy provisional government, however absolute or well I disposed. 10 niak': a government, said Mr. | Burke, more than halt a century ng.>, upon a 1 similar occasion, requires no great prudence, i Settlo the seat of power, teach obedience, and ! the work is done; but to form a free govern| ment, that is to temper together the opposite ele! ments of liberty in one consistent work, re^ quires much thought, d*ep reflection, a sagai cious, powerful, and combining mind. 1 1 The French as yet are but in the first stage of 1 | transition; they must not only teach, but they j mu.-t secure obedience, before the regular edifice | which is to crown their hopes can be raised. If the foundations are laid in peace, the French people may erect a proud monument to coneecrate through all ages the glorieB and liberties of a mighty and a gallant people; but if the elements of war insinuate their fatal agency into 1 the fabric, the whole will speedily crumble into 1 the duat and perish. The provisional government become constituted by an usurpation, or by the free choice of th? people ; bat, however that mey be, eleven members established a supreme authority at th j Hotel de Ville?royalty and the peerage were swapt away in a few brief lines. But hunger, { gaunt hunger, with a hundred thousand moutha, yawned round the seat of the government. Something was to be done immediately to appease the multitude. Accordingly, the gigau* tic system of out-door relief was conceived i- and executed. Formidable legions of Nat tional friiardfl were formed at a stipend per dav. These were sent off to the frontiers. The compact between the employers unci the employed was broker*?in a short time decrees passed, limiting the hours of labor, The journals were also to be propitiated ; accordingly the stamp i. duty is removed. But these and numerous de: crees will not satisfy the hungry, >or does the e taxation of one large class who earn their bread by industry, in order that another cla^s may " carry a musket on the frontier, in the garb of a National Guard, tend to carry out to its I'giti* 1 mate end, the old r<*eived Jacobin doctrine of liberty, equality, and fraternity again. Already the decrre has gone forth that a new national assembly is to be called on the 20th of ? April, when the provisional government will 0 resign its authority into the hands of the defini1 tive government. T'niversal mi ft rage nnd vote * by ballot are to secure liberty, equality and ' fraternity to France. It is qm*e clear that the 1 good work people of Pari* will have the vast majority in the new assembly; and leaving th**ir j more or less profitable occupations, will try their % j hands at statesmanship. In the meantime, coml. nv rce is at a stand. n The funda have fallen enormously. Conaidr* rnble failures are announced. Clubc are in the course of formation to advise, or overawe, the government. Striken of workmen are becoming more numerous daily. Operatives demand an iucrease of wages, and have expelled large bodies of English workmen for their rivalry in the construction of railways. The moderate politicians, the representatives of the middle classes, have disappeared from the scene, amidst the chaos of passiona, interests, crimes, with occasional instances of subhme virtue, which such a state of things has engendered. England waits with her arms folded, in deep and anxious alarm, for the next scene of this " strange, eventful history." The Journal des Debati, the ministerial organ, has joined the republicans. The Thiers, Barrot, and Billault parties, have united, and given in their adhesion to the new government. During the revolution, 428 persons >vHre wounded, of whom 350 were civilians, and 78 were military. Antwerp advices state that business was entirely disregarded, the general attention bung directed to the proeresaofihe French revolution. Business on the Bours- is altogether susnend.. J TU - -a r - /I I _ ? -1 n I ru. j. iic stoppage 01 me o ?ram?rciai ana rtoyai Bmks created tne greatest consternation. Commercial trnnsaciions are almost jrntirely suspended. Confidence ib totally destroyed by the announcement that two large bank ers|ref used assistance to the public in discounts. So universal was the distrust among the commercial classes that a deputation of merchants and bankers sought an interview with the minister, that he might devise some plan which might enable them to resume business transactions, and prevent ?he inconveniences which would ensue should they be compelled to suspend business. A later report announces the failure ol De Linder, the noted banker, but gives a more favorable account of general trade. The Division Generals who have recognised the republic, are Gen. Lvon, late Mr Guizot's colleague in ttie War Department?Fabvier? Schramm; Auprich, late Governor of Paris; Grouchy, Prevail, Montholon, Fencheres, Omdinot Achard, Gourgaud, Lahitte and Paixhauz". Paris, March 2d ?The public works in Paris have resumed their activity. The cordialities between England and France are confirmed, and adespuch from Palmeratoa by Lord Normanby, acknowledging the French republic, is received. Pabis, March 4'h?The funeral procession of

the killed of the 22J, 23d, and 24th of February was a magnificent and solemn affair- The people, troops, National Guard, and Provisional Government?all ranks and orders of state? united in demonstration. PARis, '-March 5th.?A deputation from the Chartists of Englaud has been received in public, and their speeches replied to bv Garnier Pages. When they left, the air rung with shouts of Vive la llepublique. Paris, March 6th.?Some heavy failures of large commercial houses have transpired. Paris, March 7th.?The Presae states that the provisional government intend placing the tomb of Napoleon under the care of his brother Je rmnr, who ia 10 uc appointed governor 01 me invajides. M. Lnmbert, who was attached to the household of Louis Philitppe, and was Lieutenant Colonel of the 3rd Legion of National Guards of Paris, finding the prospect of a monarchy in France very dim, blew out his brains. A Paris paper states thai the commerce cf PariB is in such a condition as to demand the care of the provisional government. A number of merchants met to adopt suitable means of averting a crisis, which they thought was threatened. They considered that the establishment of a discount bank, with a capital of twenty thousand francs, would meet the exigencies. Capital was proposed to be furnished thus > Three millions by the merchants of Paris, in coupons of 1,000 and 500 francs ; five millions to the city of Paris ; twelve millions from the public treasury. By means of this sum, commercial paper could be discounted and public works facilitated. The proposition was received with favor by the Bank of France. The provisional government proposed M de Lamartine aa Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is a poet and philosopher, and an out-and-out popular favorite M Arago, the perpetual secretary of the Academy of Sciences, is r great chemical philosopher. He was born in 1786, and posset**ctf eloquence not inferior to his scientific aitainrien s. M. Carnot, the new/Minister of Public Instruction, was born in 1801, ann ranks as one of the Durestand most sincere French democrats. M. Dupont ds L'Eurb, President of the Council, is a virtuous, able man, esteemed by the people. In 1842, he determinedly opposed the base Guizot ministry, and was returned for four colleges in the department Eure, on the principles he advocated. M. Akmand Manast is the talented editor of a republican paper. The National, and uncompromib'Tigly opposed the away of Louis Philippe on all occasions. M. Mahc, minister of public works, is a great advocate, who bided wilh political offenders. M. Gahnia Pass, the Mayor of Pans, is an ad? vocate who has retained a character both upright and respectable. M. Ledru Rolhn waa prosecuted by the late government for a speech to the electors of Mairce. where he was chosen. He is an extreme radical reformer, to whom is attributed the opinions of La Reformt He went to Ireland, in 1843, to offer O'Connell and the Repeal Association the sympathy and assistance of France in her struggle lor liberty, which were rejected. Gen. Subervic, is a General of Napoleon's creation. He has won a name in the campaigns in which be then served. M (wktiHrhmi X. I m h h inker nf nen nrt nr third order, and only known as being a liberal in opinion, which was the cause of bringing him forward He is aUo known by the assistance he gave to Lt Nulionel. M Albert, is a mechanic, who has been called to the provisional government as a politic measure. Why should tie not furnish his share of experience Hnd patriotism, in a republican administration! His exemplary conduct and remarkble skill in his profession had already gained him the esteem of his employers, and the confidence of fellow workmen, of which he received proof by his nomination as Councilor de Prudhomines, an excellent institution for preserving order between man and master. General Bed' au is now in his 44th year. He is from the school ot St. Cyr, and was appointed to the staff. He served in'83 on several occasions in the Royal Guards, in the 21 Regiment Horse Artillery. He was Aid-de-Camp ol General Ferner, Gerard and Schramm and made the campaign of Belgium id 1834 and 1832 and for the last 12 or 14 years has bten among the most active and distinguished young African Generals Cavargnac, the new Governor of Algiers, is a nephew to General Viscount Cavargnac, son of the Conventional Depnty and brother to the famous republican of the Army of the People. He is now 46 M. Creimux, the provisional minister of justice was the deputy from Chinon, a formidable opponent of the late ministry, exposing its vices and weakuess on all occasions. GREAT DEMONSTATIONS BY AMERICAN CITIZENS. On the 6th of March mat., the provisional government received a deputation of two hundred and eighty citizens ol the United States, who walked to the Hotel de Yille, bearing American and French flags on the same stall'. Mr. Goodrich, in the name of his countrymen, presented a briet and complimentary address, saying:?Gentlemen, members of the provisional French government?As citizens ol the United States, and American spectators of recent events in Paris, we have come to offer our congratulations, and to ask your acceptance of two flags as emblems of eternal alliance between France and the United States. Grateful recollections of past ties, the amity which has existed between you and us prompts us to be the first to testify to you and the people of France, the sympathy, rented and admiration with which recent events inspire us? acknowledging the right of every nation to form its own government. We sincerely congratulate you on the mighty revolution you have frainea, and may we be permitted to felicitate France on the choice ol a republican system, recognizing the true basis on which alljust government must rest, The great principles of liberty and political equality have been the baeis on which depended your recent struggle. We have admitted the magnanimity of the French people and their self command in the i hour of triumph, and speedy return to order and i law after great tumult and confusion. We see | in these 01110ns gn at good to France and to man1 kind, and the assurances that what has been so | nobly begun will be consummated in the esta' lishmentot a just and liberal government, and the enjoyment of peace, liberty and prosperity | among ihe citizens of great countries; Accept the testimonials of the sentiments which fill our hearts, and at present be assur* <1 I that the news ot a revolution you have achieved will be hailed by our countrymen on the other side of the Atlantic with motions of hope and ! |oy for France, and for the world1 M. Araoo replied?It waa his oonviction that Frai.ee und America would live in the most intimate relations of friendship and union. We j rei eive the colors with wratitude. They shall ! ot placed in the Hotel de Ville. I trust that des potiam shall never attempt to tnatch them th?nce. [Loud applause.] c The double dag ?VdB tticu placed in the talltde reception. P The cepmation then withdrew amidst crieB of tl " five la rtpubliqutP SPKK'JH OP MR. lUAH. * The following ia the a per oh of Mr. Ruth, the American Minister, recogn'i'ng th? provisional government I Gentlemen?As tDn Representative of the United ft States, and charged with the care of the rights and in- 8, tcrcst? of my country and my fellow-citixena residing io France, and being at too great a distance to await ' initruotlons from niy goTeroment, I seias the earliest '' opportunity of offering my congratulations, perauaded Sl that my government will approve tha step ia whioh I have taken the initiative I oannet omit to remind you that the allWnoe and friondshlp which has so long existed between Franos and tha United States 1< I am oertain that loud and univeraal expraa- v slons of bop* arls?s in my country for the prosperity, happiness, and glory of France under the instltu nr tlona now inaugurated in conformity with tha will of the M nation. Americana have an ardent nope that, under the wiadom of France, theae institutions will hava results of r which the magnanimous oonduct of her people ia late (< events affords presage. Under similar institutions, the United States have 011 joyed 70 yeara of increasing pros- Ci perlty, with a government of atitbility; and if tbe Union ] gives toothers ih? choice ol government, without interference, It naturally fee'a gratified in seeing aaothar na- t( tion under similar institutions, assuring to themaelves the benefits ot social order and public liberty. Permit mo te employ the words which Washington, the greet e founder of our republio, used on similar occasions. and p; terminate this by adding my congratulations, and the earnest hope that the friendship of the two republics ' may be eo-cxtens<re with duration " u M. Arogo replied to v r. Hush. He was delighted to r re-echo the words of Washington, and hoped that a lasting friendship would spring up batween the repub- r< lies. t< M Dupont, De L'Eure, addressing the Ambassador, said : "Sir. in ?fferlig my hand I assure ycu, that the French people tender the hand of friendship to American*." When they quitted tbo Hotel de Ville the guard presented armi Cries of " Long lire the republlo of the p United States," saluted the Ambassador Victor Hu?o was appointed Mayor of the 9th arrondlssement of Purls. (. o^nienln was appointed Vice President of the Council of State. The Marquis of Normanby, of England, was the first to reoogniz* the claims of the French Ilepublio, and acknow edged them on the part of his country The ambassadors from Russia, Prussia, and Austria took time to reoelve instructions from their govern- ( ments H Napoloon B on r, part', J'rome Bonaparte, and Napoleon Louis Bonaparte sent lu their adhesion to the republlo, 1 offering thtlr Individual support. n Achmet Pgoba. son of Mehemet All, fought on the popular side with ereat Intrepidity. Paris. March 1?All titles uro abolished, together 0 with all the nobility The adhesion of Marshals '> Generals, and other high functionaries of authority, t< and inhabitants of France are pouring in. Marshals q Soult, Molitor, Seb?stianl, Bugeaul, Rellle Dode de la c Brunere sent In adhesion to the new government. a AkHIVAL OF THE KfNG AND QUEEN OF THH FRENCH h AT NEW HAVEN, ENGLAND. ^ Brighton, March 3, 1843. ? We have great pleasure in announcing the ar- ii rival of th? ex-king and queen of the French.? ^ The king on landing had on a green blouse, and j blue overcoat, borrowed from the captain of the a Express. The king had not, in fact, a change of ? clothing. The ex-king and queen have for some () days been moving from farmhouse to farmhouse, d in the neighborhood of Treport; they were nearly exhausted by fatigue ; and, on his arrival, the [j king stated that, on a night or two back, he w thought he must have given himself up. On ii Thursday, Louia Philippe and the ex-queen, with f.' a mala and famal* af urkn kn/1 Jnwirifv a maiv uuu tviuai^ auiiiuauif " iiu uau, uuuu^ || the week, constituted the suite of their royal master and mistress, embarked in a French fishing boat, from Treport, with the intention of at- " tempting to cross the channel. At sea, the party was picked up by the Express, the Southampton and Havre steamboat, which immediately -J steamed for New Haven, oft'which harbor she ti arrived at 7 o'clock in the morning. On 1 landing, the ex-king and queen were wel- w corned by the inhabitants, nearly the whole a of whom flocked out, and were gratified by t> being shaken by the hand by Louis Philippe. 1 The ex-King and Queen proceeded to the Bridge [j Hotel. His Majesty's first act on reaching the 0 hotel, was to despatch a messenger to Brighton k to procure the attendance of Mr. Parkhouse. jj1 The second, to write a letter to our gracious sovereign, communicating intelligence of his ^ rv*rl - The following is, we believe, a correct tl statement of the present abodes of the different p members of the family t?Louis Philippe and t) Marie Amelia, who have assumed the title of Count and Countess de Neuilly, are at e Claremont, with whom are also the Due d and Duchess de Nemours and two children, a ttie Count d'Eu, the Due de Alen?on, and the Due and Duchesse de Montpensier, the Duchesse ? Augustus of Saxe Coburg. The Princess Cle- f, irentina is staying with her husband, the duke, t] on a visit to her Majesty at Buckingham palace. t| The Duchesse d'Orleans, with the Count de a Paris, and the Due de Chartres, are stated to have arrived at Ems on the 2d. The Due and h and Duchesse d'Atimale, and the Prince and j, Princess de Joinviile, are at Algeria. On the e date of the latest intelligence from that city, ^ the Queen of the Belgians, Princess Louise, c was at Brussels. TIia Imnnrfant V.v?nffl In nfh?r nf n Europe. ti Our latest foreign news is not much in amount, u but ia important. ti SICILY. It is rumored at Marseilles that the king of ti Naples has complied with the demands of the li people of Sicily. The ministry have resigned, a ITALY. * The news from Italy is important. It was an- a nounced some days back that the marshal law fl had been proclaimed in Lombardy by order of " the Austrian government. It appears that the worst effects have been caused by this deplorable 11 rei^n of terror; and, inconsequence, the ordinary code of laws have been suspended. The Jesuits, alarmed by the hostile demon- w strations made against them by the people, have |t already quitted the city of Turin. The journals of Turin fully appreciate the tendency of the p French revolution, and now are encouraging H the king to put himself at the head of the na- " tional forces to effect the Balv&tion of Italy.? l( Advices from Crenoa nnnouncc the arrival of an n American squadron in that port on the 3d inst a The latestadvices from Naples state that the king l( has once more violated his solemn word of pro- a inise, and has carried fire and sword into the a city of Messina, which has been bombarded dur- ^ ing 42 hours by royal troops. The Ponto Franco is almost entirely burned down, causing a less w of ten million francs. It is said that the Mes- ^ sinese have attacked the citadel of that city, and H taken it by assault. * The people are not only prohibited from meet- l' ing together in certain places, but are forbidden c to wear particular colors. 0 1 W PRUSSIA. U A correspondent at Cologne write*, that the " middle classes of Prussia, as in other Rhenish J) States, are determined to achieve political inde- p pendence, and have potential voice in government; they are peaceful, but resolutely devoted j".1 to the country, and firm in asserting their ts rights. f< We are happy to announce that the conduct of the King of Prussia in regard to the French re- 11 l>ul>lic is precisely what might have been expect- ir ed from a monarcn who ha* shewn himself ani- tl mated by so constitution*! h spirit at home? who, il while he governs his pnople in the way best suit- w Ml to their welfare, is ready to admit ihe rit;lit of 1' other nations to be governed according to their a own fancies, provided those fancies do not inter- cl I'ere with the general peace. The extraordinary supplement of h'rlnmrhe * ZritunR of the 4th inst , brings intelligrnce that " whilst the Council were sitting the previous ' n'ght in the Town Hall, n riotous croud gathered in front, loudly demanding that the member*, M in the name ol the people, should proclaim the " following rights:? ' 1st. That the people should mnke their own laws, and be their own governors. That there u should be universal suffrages, and thst all should be eligible both for oflice in the commune and in 7' the ?ta:e. " 21 Abpolute liberty of the press and of speech. ? Sd. The abolition of standing armies. The a g-neral arming of the people, nnd the election 0 of officers by the prople ill mselves. 4th. Liberty of nshocintion. " ftih. Protection for the working classes, Becunng the puiutenunce of all. " 1 6th. Education at the expense of the State for hiidren. Troops were sent for, and aoou arrived in imosing numbers. The crowd was dispersed, and | le ringleaders arrested. The demands ef the eople were then printed on circulars, which rere distributed amongst all assemblages. 1 The Governor of the Rhine, in the province of [err Eichmann, promised to forward to the .insr of Prussia, trie suggestions and views ol I everal members of the United Diet?chiefly ihe rpresentatives of that province, respecting the efornis and confessions called for under prcsnt circumstances. AUSTIIA. The resignation of Metternich was announced >r a certainty in Paris on the 8ih instant. There fas a grand council ef all the ministers iuilediately held on hearing from Paris. Couriers ^ere despatched in all directions. Count de lahant, French Ambassador at Vienna, ia said > have fainted on hearing tha news ot the abdibtion of the king. He started next day for Ingland. Thirty thousand troops are to advance > Italy, without delay. The account of the revolution in Paris reach d Vienna on the lit mutant, and produced a rofound impression. " The consternation which revailed," says a writer in the National," canot be described. The 5 per cent Metallics :11 from 1)1 to 82. The intelligence from Italy, ?? ceived in Vienna, wua any thing but aatisfacjry. HAVARIA. At Munich a rising has taken place, and aeontitution has been extorted from the king at the oint of the bayonet. Prusaia was arming, but wont interfere. he Gif,n an States are on the brink of a volano. SPAIN. In Spain, the French pirty was overthrown. Christina was in despair?Marvaethad proposed uspension of individual guaranties of liberty, 'wo million* of pounds were obtained to suport the Queen and throne. On reception of the news from France, couni Is of ministers were held, and important deterlinations are said to h*ve come to. One was ) send for the Duchess de Montpensier at reuest of Queen Mother, and she was to be acompanied by the Duke. Oar correspondent dda that Queen Christina was so much affected y the news from Paris that it was found necesary to bleed her. It is also said that she had ad an audience with Mr. Bulwer. The Duke >e Alumadli hid left Madrid for the purpose of aviting the Duke and Duchess De Montpensier ) proceed to Madrid The garrison of Madrid . ere kept under arms The gunrd sentries oubled, and it was said that fifty thousand of n army of observation had been ordered to the 'yrcnees, The Government Journals were foridden to speak of the events of Paris. All the iipers and correspondence which reached Marid on the 29th was stopped. Still enough was allowed to ooze out to show lat something extraordinary had happened. The leurt balls were stopped and Queen Christina .._ u-- i I t?I-- u i ?J ' ao iciiY*-u iu uci ucu. ? iic rrugrcpoiBit icaucrv i the Cortes were i reparing to resist, and ex a rdinary powers were demmded by Narvaez. "he committee of Congress had reported in ivor of them. BELGIUM Brussels was greatly disturbed on hearing the ews of the revolution. Summary means were iken to suppress popular malcontents. GERMANY. Accounts from Frankfort to March 4tb, say lat the Burgher's Guard had assembled i different parts of the town and paraded le streets, crying, "Vive la iiepublique."? 'he people demanded the samn terms as 'ere granted by the Duke of Nassau; but, iter receiving assurance* from one of the uthorities that a tree press should be granted, ley retired without committing any excess.? 'he papers throughout Germany teem with symithies for the sufferers in the French revoluon. An express was sent off with the approval f the republic. Considerable fermentation was lauifested in the minds of many, and since the anouncement the streets and wharves have sen thronged. ' f SRXAT BRITAIN. It could scarcely have been anticipated but ^at the great movement which has convulsed iance, should have been felt in some degree in le British islands. In London a trilling disposition to not was xhibited in the earlier part of the week, but the isordcrs were confined to the mischieveus boys nd artizans out of employment?arder waa [>eedily restored. In Glasgow the tumults were lore serious, and several persons have been unartunately shot by the military. The rioters in lat city were merely thieves, who plundered le shops, and had evidently neither concert or ny political object in view. In Manchester some tendency to disturbance as been exhibited, but every thing is now quiet, a Liverpool tranquillity has been undisturbd; numbers of unemployed porters and others ave assembled on the Exchange, but no politial feeing is observable. In Ireland no breach of the peace has yet taken lace; but the exciting language of a certain porion of the press, which surpasses any thing within our recollection, has not escaped the attenIon of the authorities. We have no apprehension of any serious disurbance of the public peace throughout Engind generally, arising from political opinions, lthough the depressed state of trade, and the xisting uncertainty naturally incidental to the fTdirs on the continent, must, we tear, produce state of disquietude and suffering amongst nulnrouB classes, for some time to come. Nelson's monument railing pulled up. Fightsg?no lives lost. Thirty or forty persons weunded. Military were under arms, and the magistrates re re assembled at the Town Hall. At Dumfries and Paisley riots were appreended. An address of congratulation to the French eople was agreed to by the committee of the >peal Association, who held an open meeting n the (ith?the Lord Mayor presiding. The at sndance was immense, anticipating a reference ) the French revolution. The new repeal joural, the United Irishman, contains extraordinary rticles, inviting the people to arms, and show- ' ng how barricades can be erected, and also how lt graphs can be destroyed, railroads torn up, nd a city street warfare carried on. Its editors sk those men who have not guns or pistols, to ell their garments and purchase. Tne exclteient produced in Ireland has been intense. The address to the Irish people was agreed on, rhich thus concluded. We are ready to forget arty injuries for the sake of our country; in ner ervice, humiliation, danger, sacrifice or death, re welcome where required. Whoever leads, re foil w?insisting that we march forward, hough graves were to yawn, and gibbet* ( rosa our jath. Resolutions expressive t a desire to force! (iiUcrenrpfl. and tn unite rith all repealers, were brought forward, and nanitnout-lv adopted. Mr. John O'ConnelHfriied an address to the people, exhorting tnem gainst being led astray (jy designing demaoquf-H on the approaching demonstration, reaching peace and moral force. The country corporations have voted addrestb. 11 In in i n at i on a have taken place, with bonres and rejoicings. General meetings are to ike place in every parish?some were convened >r the 17th Marcn, St. Patrick's day. A monster meeting waa to have been held in ublin on the same day on the subject of the nlitary wearing side arms in the streets. All ie military officers on leave are ordered to join leir corps. A meeting of the citizens of Dublin 'as to have been held on the same day, March rth. Mitchell, a republican and revolutionist, 'as voted a minister ot the committee by aclamation. A special meeting of the Repeal Confederation 'as held. Wm. Smith O'Brien attended, to take nmrdiate action on the glorious news from ranee. A rumor was prevalent in Dqhhn, on the 9rh, lat the Privy Council had decided in BuppreBSiii or preventing the demonstration through relmd. Oil the 17th, no proclamation i,aa been luued p to that day. It waa d?4lly |0(,ked for Cheers for the r-Voiution at Ed.nburgh on the Hi inst. nous riot. A CTAwJ assembled and em'-.nsned housei; th?a?'' marched through the treetf, smashed over 1,000 lamps. Dr.goene nrt local penjioners dispersed the mob, cutting ll^ne man's nos?-, hacking another's leg. Cheers for the French Republic ia every quarLouis Philippe arrived in England on the M larch. Whin he left Pari*, he had only one i? J

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