Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1848 Page 1
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TH] Whole No. 6000. ADDITIONAL INTELUGEWOE | j OF IMPORTANCE PROM EUR0PB. STATE OF THINGS IN FRANCE. The Constitutions granted to Naples, Sardinia, and Tnscany. MOVEMENTS OP AUSTRIA. ^HS) INSTIRRDOTIOW IN LOMBARD! AND VENICE. &e. &e. be, Oar French Correspondence, Fabi., March 0, 1848. I had written to yon a long letter, In the mldet of the tumults of th. JIJ and 34th, while woanded men were being brought by the drz?n for aid into the how* I Inhibit, for nhelter and relief. The temporary atoppaca of tha milt, and ttaa damage of thj northern railway, provented thia letter from being forwarded to London until it via Inn lift a fhr tk? Liv?rMol atianir Tnn will, of anuria, have keen enabled to ley before your reader* el', the important particular* of the revolution which bu taken place bare, long before thia letter will reach jou; were I, therefore, to attempt to deecribe to you what pasted around hfre, and under our very window*, it would have much of the ftatnee* of a twice told tale. I ahall. therefore, assume that you are alreedy familiar with the event* of tho three gloriou* day* of February?day* whleh will be ever memorable in h!*tory, aa having se?n th? nxeiriDg breath of the Kronch monarohy, an 1 witoeeaed the inauguration of the republican era for Europe Were 1 to aav that the great event of th**e day* h&* keen the establishment -f the Frenoh republle. I ehould undoubtedly aaalga to th?m importanoe enough to auk them forever with a rubrio in the calendar of huuiau evcDts. and yet I should very inadequately express their iuiDortanoe. Ne, ?the 43d. 3S4, and 34th Of February, were not merely tha beginning of the Repul'lte of France, but were the inauguration of republicanism la Europe What 1* delog here, command* tha proiound attention and iatereet of all Europe. England. Oermany, Pruaaia, Spain, Portugal-but above all, Italy, behold* the eatuitrophe of February with mingled -tntiuent* of awe aud admiration Monarch* tremble? people *well with nonaelou* pride and power Well ha* lr. besn for tboee eovereign* auoi aa Piu* IX,Chatle* Albert, and Leopold, of Tuscany, who already, by time ly oimceesioua and wl*e and liberal reform*. li>autleipated the ntorm. The grateful recoil, of whr.c ihey htve oonoeded at a moment when b I even;* a* th'>ee which have just occurred had not fl^d them, will give them aetrong hold on the aff-r Of ihfir nconl.". tod a lurA iriitPUBtv r\f thJv 8ur?ly, never wen wis torn aud foresight so su continuous m that of Pins IX, if that pontiff, as if preteajed. saw the ooming events their she . before, uud surrounded himself with the aplended r< collection of havlag led the way to tha emancipation ot Europe S'lmr will toll yon that th* present convulsion Is mo- 1 lat uiarf; that tha French people ara essentially mon- I mrhiua ; that after a few week* or months they will ' 1). ?? buck here the Coun: da Paris and the Ducheaa 1 d'Orleana. Don't believe a word of all tlut. Trust one wbo ia on the apot, and whose bniiueaa it ia to learn ' th? real sentiments of liia people. I tell yon onoa for 1 a'l, it la all over with tha monarchy? they have triad 1 the old Bourbons, they have triad napoleon hs F.np?ior; they have tria 1 the restoration; they have 1 tried the mantrehy of July; they have tried a throne baaed an hlatory and tradition; they have tri'd a throne erected on the trophies cf a hundred glorious victories; they hikva given a eecond trial to the otown of divine 1 right; they have triad the monarchy surrounded by repuftiioan inetiiutiona? and they have found them all ' rottaa and unsound, and they are dona with them for- ' ever. Monarchy la at an and in France, and no peraona 1 are better aware of thia than tha partisans of the three r*eea of pretondera now enjoying their otium cum die ' ni'nlf In exile?the Bourbon*, the Bonaparira, and tin ' Orleans The thing ia given up, and > he whole French people have, with one accord agreed that a repuclic la ' no* the ?nly piaotlouble government for France Louts Napoleon c*mn here the other day His real designs were known, and laughed at The provi ionai government, however, not choosing to risk ' the lives 01 the half doa?u orniy part'a ins that might cluster aronad him. civilly dismissed him an.l sent him ' back eg*in to become again tbe lion of the London draw- ' lug rooms, where tor sevetal years back he has figured Joroioe Bonaparte, who, aa la well known, advancea nr> prelfnalona. and auh.^eribes to the republic, is tolera ted *nd reaped*:; ant it U now said that the go*em ' m-nt will appoint him to the gorer<ior*nlp of the Hetel dM Inealidas, in lb* chsp>l of which repose the remains Of bin illustrious brother. Although the government is. striotly speaking, provisional; and, * swoh, wonid naturally circumsenbe t;.e e*erci?a ol iw an norlty wlthiu the limits of immediate ' moessity, Adopting only such measures and promal- l girg otly suih law* u ara imperiously necessary 1 for tha continuance of tha publio aafety an4 wel- 1 fare. nntil a r.-gular government ba canstituted ; yet the public impatWnce ku ?*torted from It eeveral ' ntasure* c>f a larger and mare universal character. It Utrna that thaia may aftrrwards r?qalra to ba oon flrm?d and acknowledged by tha legislature whieh will ' b? ai.iaitely established They deserve, ho waver, esprclal mention, because thay Indicate in a remarkable manner, the aplrit of tha age and of tha nation. The Irat of these acts waa a deorce abolishing capital punishment for polltiesl offence* It la even *ald that oapl- a Ul punishment will 1)4 abolished altogether. Another aet boa been the abolition ot slavery la the French colonies. Another h?? for it* objeot the emancipation ol thought, by the abolition of tha atamp on journal*. The j immediate effeet of 'hi* haa been, of eonree, a reduction of nenrly fifty per c?nt. on tha prioa ef newspapers. Let m take, ae an ex??pl?, 1-* Pre ft. The annnal cub- 1 e.irlptlon tor that j .nmal we* forty franci; It is now t twriny-faur fretiee Thu* one of the mo*t ably oon- i ducted newspaper* In Europe I* *<>ld in farls for the , price ot three-tenth* of an Amerlosn oent ! and yet thi* r. pipvr. as ia as well known, engag** the u<nal corps of re< < porters, keeps correspondents at all the chief oapital* of highest liuiir; talent in France. Its circulation before > tii' abolition of the stamp ?u 3UM)'): ita present^ircn- \ latinn Is reported to be above SO OflO ! 4 I'hs elf-at* of the revolution which hu taken place h?r?, on the commercial and industrial interests are as oocspicuous as they are deplorable. The opemtlve ol?*e-i, prompted by natural, but ignorant motives hare generally couibin'd to demand, an-J even extort, ad- ; vanned wntfes and salaries In s .me instances, thes< demands linve asaounted to the extravagant amount of t li.O p*-r eont. on the established rates Thus the pa- * viou.s, ?h? w?re psid four franos a day, have turned out for eight francs In coasrqu?noe of this the municipal uthoritles have i emp'nyed kiss >n* lor pnv'i g A slaas of operatives have t lu tar.1. oome torw.ird, with equal urgency, to demand i, an eugirtentatlon of wages, ana this has occurred at a t moment. when wealth and capital are seared irom the t country, when the publio funds bave dropped from 76 to 47, when every inscription of share and security has undergone a propertlonel fall, and whon tbe luterest of ruoiiey is at irom to 7 per cent. It la Impossible to Q depi<t the disastrous result of this combination of oir cum*'vices. I'jdic ?? another serious pressure on the productive t classes of tMa (treat city. You have, doubtiesa, heard . that ttie whole body of municipal troops, who acted undei tue prefect of police, and constituted, Id fact, the c guurdiecs of tie public security in Paris,Is dissolved. a tven lito H?rj??iits do Villj, who were strictly spenk . iug. civil > fUnets, havn disappeared, and the population, o[ nearly a million of souls, accustomed te feel them- r elvtn pro'eoted by a string oirit and mll tary force, are ti n<?w literally left at the mi>rcy of a band of persons who ? tn.iy cboo'u to dety the laws. Hitherto the citizens, act ,j ii'K ae ni jnibers of the Nations! Ouard, have protected t tno oliy; tu this h^a engrossed the valuable time of the , uiesl valuaWe auil productive class, and It cannot be ji continued much longer without entailing general rnin ,, We accoidingly leain, today, thai uriMn^emeita are , b.Miu u>:ide lor co^i'ii.ilug lbs regular troops with the . V > .. in t>,? ?nf l.n.ta Ihin,, B..:. <> >* to itudertbe duty upon the iait?r comparatively h light , It will b* rendl y believed tint 'he flrlt onnerquance of e th<> > xpioaion ot t ue 931 and U4ih nit ,waa a general efflux 0 of foreigner* from Pari*. The num'ier of application* at v the Britlnh EnhMiiT on the 94th wa? no great that all c the olerk* in the cfuce could not have flllea them up la week Thia pr?aaure. however, waa but momentary, ft and the panic abated; mill, the departure of foreign*!* [ of every oountry liaa been and i* (till going on at aa t, alarming rata. The financial dlffloultlei of the country Oil the govern- ? ment with the utmoM anxiety The 8 per ceuta, which f, before the revolution wero al7? were done yenterJav at |j 47, and, I am aoiry to any. are likely to drop rtill lower. t> The 4?, whloh almnai touched 120, are dowii to 7ft, and i] o her runda aud eeeuritieahavn undergone a proportion- h at fall. Tbua, the Nurth?rn railway *har*a, wnioh before the revolution wero ft/Ml,are now not much above 84#. t< Theae wiUaerve aa examples of the other description* M ol' vuluaa. ? The commercial dittreme* which mu?t attend *uoh a * atata of thing* will be very terlou*, although they have h *o*rc?ly yet hegun. J be bank of Oeuin h Co , a aort of f joint-ilook oompaay, la whloh tha amalier oommerceof n Pari* had large ahafe#, flopped within tha laat few daya h A general dlati net of other eetabllnhmenta of oredit liaa ? been the natural oonaequenoe, and a ran hai taken plaoe j upen them, nuJar wbloh, however, no other haa yet ? sunk. 0 The nature of the panio. a* ofooting public oredit,will, a perhapa. be beat illnatrated by ita effect* on the aavingf- h banka Vou are aware that thoae eiuMiahment* in tbla d country ar.i in the baud* of the government. Thua. the t aeourity of the depoaitora la the lane aa that of tha pub- 1 lio fund*, and they are allowed latereat on their dep.nl a r or about 4 per cent. They are likewlae reetrioted aa to t lie amnant which they iadlvldually ??a deposit atoaoa. In ordinary time* the ram* paid out waekly to tha d?poattora la Parte, have aaroated to ?iw?? MO,000 iraaaa 0 E NE P L>Mt week they amounted to a ram very little short wo Billion*, and notices have been siren of drafta ft lext wrek amounting to upwards of 8K million*. The proTiaional fmTeraiaent are, of oourse, makli (igautia affert* to shock these alarming drafta. Tin published, yesterday, a poolamatiou to r?as?ure the d< l>?*ltars by earnest protestation*, of thMrdetermluatk inder tk? clrcumstanoas, to guaranty the sums depoel sd in theaa h?nk? They bare also augmented the re' if Interest allowed on the deposits, to t per c?nf Pu ting aside, however, th? question of security, it may 1 Mked why the depositors should leave their capital I ihefe bank* only nt fl percent, wb?n at 'he presei prices they oan, with the saaa security, obtain upwari if 0 par oeut. The financial pressure Is also attempted to be relief tad In all tb? commerolal ind raanu'aoturlog town*. * proposed to obuin the capital for these institutional ;hree rqtial sbarei. one-thlrl to be anpplled bv Hilar lolders in them, one-third by tbe municipal torpor Ions. and the remaining oue third by the State Tt 'aria bark, to be established on this principle, is to hai i capital of twenty millions. It remains to be se? ehether this prqjert saa be realiasd. Under all these olroumstanoes, one of the oauses i :he enormous augmentation In the interest of mone >r in other words of the depreolatied value of all seout ,iee. is the apprehemion of a large Issue of paper meni >y the government. This would, of oeur*e, be attend* >y tbe UAual consequenoes, a depreoiatej value of *u? i currency in relation to sp*oie. and a financial oonfi ion ef the moet dienatroua kind Tbe most sagaoioi tud tar-slghted cannot at present see their way out ;his labyrinth of difloulties In whloh the oouutry nvolved The agents of the Stock Exohange her* were redum :o the last brink of rnln, bv the sudden fall of the fund >roduoed by the political catastrophe of the lid ai Mth They were, bo?.-< ?er. partially extricated fro :he danger whloh threatened them, by a joint resclutic af themselves and the provisional government, to ti 'ffeot that all the time bargains made b?fire the oiosli >f the Bourse should be settled at the last quoted pries vhloh for the 3's were 70K This measure wae defem id hv the annetionabl* iranmeat tkit u the Bonn fit closed on th? settling day, there *u no quotatic >f prlcas by which tbe settlemtnt could be made, as bat under these circumstances the only practicable e: >edlent was to Mttle at the prices of tbe laat day < iihioh tbe Bourse wu open ; bnt even with thla palll .We, the rulo. It ia aaid. will be fearfully extwsive 'apart prevailed yesterday, that from forty to mty agn U change will be bnnkrupta To turn from thwse to matter* of Iran serious hopoi rour countrymen who have visited Paris wi 1 be curioi .0 know wiiftt changes have takon plaoe la the enters ispect of things here. 1 may observe, in a word, th nuoh lesa change baa taken plaoe than those wh<> h? jeard of the catastrophe froaaa distanoe wout 1 *xp?c rbe well known Municipal Guard.Infantry ?nd Cavalt i?ve totally dlsa'naarad Tbe numerous quurd hows to familiar to 11 ? of the foreign visitor. m all pir if the city, in ?ed with the w-rde " 1 erti Onl tuhliqut," l?a? en almost invariably burned or pulli lown Tb" -be Municipal Guard, situ?t< a all the ' of Paris, have likewise be< >acked an irdtopieccs The sentinels at all puM ralldlags have been replaced by tha National Guu l'b? cltlaana have, howerer, got tired of this, and n .11 now have n utlneif iiom tha regular troops Almo cry pans of glass in th* Tulleries has been smashw he l'urnlturo of the private apartments of the roy iily has been destroyed, and in general the artioli personal pioporty filiated The objeota of art, hoi r hnv. generally been spared. 11 has been obeerv< t in this incursion cf the populace upon tha roy the apartments of the Duchess of Orleans ac Ire a have been comparatively respected, engaauce of the mob has been wreaked princ ttaa the personal apartments of Louis Phliipr U p Mil ds of one hundred of tbe people continued to o 'upy the palace, in spite c f all remonstrances of tl irovisioual government, lor more than a week. It w inly within the last few days they were persuaded 1 sfacuate it. Til* mairiet of the dWcrnnt nrrondiiiementi w*l nor* or le*a treated in the itmo man nor, and the msgc 1o?ut apartments of the Hotelle de Ville. ao corneous urniahed by Count Rambutenu, th* lata Prefect of tl Seine, became the temporary dwelling of the lows abhle. On the Boulerardx. those who revialt Fori* will r gr*t to aee the finest tree* out down. This ia a le rhich art caanot repair. Time however, will replai :hem, aa the populaoe spared all the joungrr tree*. The bellow plllara wbioh at abort interval* ware ereo d from one end of th* Boulevard* to the other, aervli he double purpoae of a convenient plao* for poating v idvertiaing pUcards on th* outaid*, and another not le onvenient object, in the inaide, were all pulled down 1 terve for the oonatruotion of barricade*. Before the d aptdated matters, however, wore removed from the plat there they fell, the revolution wta accomplished, at nothing ri mained but to ie-ere<-t the pillar* with tl 'Hue nia eriala. Numerous moai are aoonrdiugly i uis moment employed in ?it"*oiing this, and in a wm Tt?o lh?>euaelul and oruaiaental app*udage* of tl Soulavarda will return* th?ir wonted appearano*. The tri color*.! flag baa been twio* changed by d< rees of the government, which affected, however, on! lie order of tne component color*. The national tr xilor waa first drolared to be eompoaed of three atripi >f b'ua, red. and white - the blue being neareet the lane ind the red in the middle. Within th* pact few day towevar, another daoren has ohangsd this, and tbe ordi .1 oolore obeerved in the old regulation of the fltg b he calibrated painter, David, ha* been declared to t ue national Ssg.to wit: blue n*ar**t the flagstaff, wbil a the middle, and rtd on the outer edge. I will now oonolude thla letter, not because I have *i tauated observation* aurgented by the present atste c bingi. but beoau'e I have probably exhausted your dii iosable apace Ton may reckon upon a aerie* of thn> ttera to arrive w?ekly by tbe ateamMa,giving you aue oam*Qta on the current aventa of tbl* moat momen ov pocb as you ar* not likely to Bather from th* joutntl Ither of London or Purls which any ranch you, nn thich none but nn eye witneea or ear witneea on the sp< >nn supply. Onr Italian Correspondence Genoa, Fab 9th, 1849. My laat lattera told yea thnt nil Itnly ?u in motioi ind tbia naw, peaoelul, but all pervading revclutloi rhloh received its first impulse from tha glorious hnn >f tha grant and good Pontiff ?f Roma, was sweepin lespotisni nwny. Naples had f. Uen, and tha king be a :ompelied to grnnt n constitution to hla paopla. Sine hnt tine, the oonatitution hu baa* pubiishad nn liberi >ases in most respeets ; it has everywhere been reoeive rith shoms. songs. Te Deumi and iUuminntlons. Th tews that Naples had achieved its independence ?n hrcuxh the Peolnauln Ilka an olaetric shock, nnd hu led the general oonaummntion. Tha moment It reached Gevea, tha oity roaa in n mas >nd rushed to tha Cathedral, to unite in n solemn and di 'Out Te litum to the God of liberty and mercy. I wi >re?eat and witnessed tbo wholo sjane- it was one i leep feeli g The fast temple was crow led by exultli housand*. and uncounted multitudes ware gathered I be piatza before it, weeping with joy, and embracin itid kissing ??oh other Every body seemed to be tran orted by unrestrained enthusiasm? wordi eon giver deaof the sp?ctacle I witrcrscd An iiumenie prooe ion formed when the seiTlce wm over, n.ud went wi( tanners through the principal streets,tinging tho nation iu ..i.. That eight the city was Illuminated at every wlndo -an<l the entire popnlatiou pi uied lute the street*; an other prooeaslon of mere than 40 000 assembled, wt< irehes. and sonas, and airs, and shouts of victory, iberty and gratitude. I raw 7oo banners pass the th* re ! Most of them bore baautitnl and touching Inscri] iona, and the name of Pio Nona was on every tongue. Oknoa, Keb 19, 1840 According to the general expectation, the despotisi f Sardinia bos at laa' yielded to th? shook of the peopi ,nd a oonetltntlon been promised, without a drop < ilood having bean ahad. The king saw that he mm ield at last, and he made a virtue of neoessity. He ri aived the news of the oonstitution of Naples by hit o* ouriers, tliraa day a before tha Oenoese, although thai oarlers had to pass through Oanoa on their way to Tt n, which lies 140 miles to the north ol a*. Charles A art hid taken a solemn oath never to gTant a oonstiti ion to his pe?| lr; ami yet he saw that ha must do it, < o worse Kvents are sotnetiu, -s too strong for king harlea Albert found It so, ami he at once despatched awierto Rome, (some 400 miltsj to r>que<t from tt 'op* an absolution from his dr.-adful oath. The answ< t I\o Nono was grand, aud worthy of him who utfete "Tell' hari?s Albert," said he, '-that an oath hetwes im und his Ooil no man can di, solve, and that an oat twenn him anil his peopl" <JoJ never acoeptrd. Te im he is free from his oa'.h not to grant a coustltutloi ir he bad no rght to make it Tell him. too, not to si riBoe his people to Au.-tria." The ounrier hastens .?ck to Turin, and in 40 hours ro 1* 400 mil'* He reacl d Oenoa jast as the news of the constitution of Napli ?me. Charles Albert then nailed all hia minister* teethe id aaked their epinion about granting a comtltutioi 'hey oppoaed him, and told him It would b? the ruin i iathrone, and he must shoot down the populace. The King then retired to his privato apartment, an ailed his lamily around him He offered to resign I ivor of his eldest eon, who was free to do as he pleaset Hi aea feil at bin fatlw'* feet, declared he would nave kin? while hi* fatb?r lived, and prayed him to Krai tie oonatitution. The King yielded-the Utieen an r two aon* tall on hia nock la tear* Tho King returned to i.he oouooil, and told hi* mlnli >r* "l> vifgUo'T will It"?and it wan aa abaolut lonareh who *poka. The oonncil wu dl**olTed, and 1 a* night of anxiety in th* royal palaon. The nex lornlng the King went early to ehurch to ealebrat* th oly communion, and wa* attended by the royal famtlj lehad ?uirmon?d another general oonnoil?the anion ry Htm held out but the King took a peu, and wit m own hand wrote the prorata* of a oonatitution. 1 ran the greatest aot of hia life ?for by It he daliberatei iT??ted hi??*elf of the power of an ab?n|nte monarck . hich bad clothed the throne othia anceatora for *!* * Hnturie* A buret, of Joy went up Irom Turin, aa *00 a ti>a iiloctona anoounormeat waa mad* that the Kia ad emancipated hia people. Courier* were eaat in a! irMtuma, with tbe blaaerd word of liberty oa thel iioiiun. H'.v rjwh>-re /??'??, oelabrati 'na, aong*, / ) uei?, m l ahouK of gritiiuda, proclaimed th* Joy of d**mrd people. Gene*, K*h. IS, IMS. Italy waa now looking toward* Tuaoaay for the nex ooatltatlon, and r*ry body kin that It oould not t W YC JEW YORK, THURSDAY of long in oomlng. In fact, to-d.i?, at 14 o'clock, thai ?r nouncement wu made in Qanoa, that another abeol 1|t monaroh, another enslaved paaple, had wheeled into 1 >y rank of independent conatltutional nation* Again 1 * public Joy overiowed, and every demonstration of J and gratitude beipoka the universal aathuaiaam. te Banners and inecriptlona, national anthem* of liber t- Tt Deu mi, and taars of glad nana, were rome of the ai| ' of the general feeling. And what apeotaole could more beautiful th*n to aee these venerable nations tl ?* have ao long been enslaved to crnel devpota?that ha been ground Into tho earth by the iron hoof of tyrani , rise np from their humiliation aud aend np their ahoi j of freedom? 7" To give you any Ida* of the popular feeling li imp< , albl*. It was wilder. and grander, and mora stlrriag ?h ' oould have exlatrd in any other country?for there no nation on til* globs where tho passions of tha pet " are ? warm and generous ?where there la eo deep a ' ? > eternal a lore for liberty?wiiere It had been so * tlrely blotted oat-and wUera It eaemadto besoimpoa bla to resuscitate it* benulirnl form, a* In the land wb< rf It flrat bad its birth. r, Genoa, F'b. 30,1848 1- F.rentf aro marohtan on, and from svary quarter ?c [J new* 1* oomiag in It seems like reading the bullet n preolaiming the rapid and stirring victori's of our ar - on the pi tins of Mexico But here theie ia a far mi beautllul light?liberty ia rising from the ear'h, aqd la altars are being lifted from the dust of agea Naples, Sardinia, and Tusoany bare already joii ? the llat of free nations,and outstripped Rome, tbe cen id from whiob every thing baa sprung. All eyaa an n m turned on the Pontiff. A good many people say he i not grant the oonstitutlon ?tbat this liberal movent* ig has gone further than he desired already, and be alarmed and will resist it It ia all vain Tbe Fontifl Rome haa mora power in his hands at this moment tt ,D aay Pope haa had that ever sat on tbe throne of St >6 ter; and yet, if he should attempt te resist tbis m irot ?- noeny, mu uk oigan at tne aouna ot bia trumpet, id w<uld be hurl*d to ruin in a ataxia boar. a- But it ii non'enae to talk about Plo Nono'e not dw A inn to aee all tbia go ao (?r Ha ij*ve the drat impute* ?? the movement, and it la carrying Italy jut wh*re be i 'lcipa'.ert Bhe ia moving more rapidly, withoit dout "t. man be or any other human htdnec auppoead No hum la eye onnlil have forraeen eu -a treineudoua remit* In I dbott a apace of timr; but from the day Pio IX \ at elected, bo baa, without a shadow of doubt, had hia i ?? DzeJ on thil B >n>e p Mnt hla eountry b?a now reach it ugh be probihly reukcmed it would bare cost b y. hia llf? time, ins trad of two abort year*. '( Ne ' the conatitution from Rome la undoubtedly < ta ta u. It ia most likely on the way hew. Tho Popo 1 re been wiae aa a aorpant, and harmless aa a dove, ia t 'd whole matter. He ia the father o! Italian indepandeti sd .Hid to hia name hiatoriaua will ohicfly ascribe the gi SI of (he rimrgimtnlo of Italy io The new a from Lombardy la dreadful Milan, I d. every town in the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom, haa b re the soone of alaugbter. The people cannot endure at Auatrian yoke, and if they complain, tbey are emitter A. the heart by the aaaaaain ateel oi Hungarian aoldiera, n al who cannot uuderataad a word of the language of a* people tbey are aent to murder; like the acouraed H r- alana aent to murder American mothera and infanta >d the dreary daya of the revolution The beat oitiaena al ?ant into exile, or executed, or imprisoned in the ho id I 'd dungaona of Speilberg, where Hllvio Pellico, i Marioncelli,and hundreda of other brave and ueble ii- triota, have pined long yeara in Buffering and torture e But thia will aoon and Auatria onn no longer k< c ker toot on the neok of Italy, and Lombardy ana Ven le will aoon be free. I do not believe that war oan be p aa vented; everything look* like boatilitiee; Austrian tro to are pouring down by tana of thousanda, and already re the Tloine. 'l'he hoatile armies are in pkin aighi il- oach other The next news may be a battle, ami it < ly be a field of blood. Anitria will struggle lor her ] lie hold on Italy, and Italy will (trlke for liberty. *t OcnOA, February 31,1841 - 1 have kept my parosl open till this morning, hopl ** that the steamer whtoh was expeoted from R01 would bring the anxiously looked for new* that I t- Pop* had given a constitution. The King of Naples ha? also granted the conatltutj n of 1813 to the island of Sicily. In that year tho gra: to father of the present King was compelled to giva the oilians a oenitltutlon, for he had bean expelled from r< pies by King Mnrat In his diatreaa, he took refuge taa island, where he never would have been allnvpd dwell if he had not made it free. The battle of Wat loo gave that King his throne again, and Marat 1 butohcred in his own dominions. After the Bourt King was again delivered from his fears, he played 1 tyrant, and robbed Siolly of its constitution? breaki bis promises and violating his oaths. On tbe publli tion of the constitution the other day, Naples becai ' quiet, but the island of Siolly remained (till in reb lion, an J retused 10 reosive any new constitution -tn would have thair onoe constitution, whioii had be stolen from them, or they would not lay down th arms. The King has bsan compelled to yield, and t n?wa has coma that ha has proaUlmed th.it constitute and oalle.l the parliaraeot together. Sicily has foug bravely and wall, a id she is rSwardel tor li >r saarlfii aid her oourage by constitutional liberty. The isla t will now be ruled by its own viceroy, and parliam' Independent, in a great measure, of the King ot Napl All ICuropeig rising?the King of Denmark proclaim I, a constitution of hlaown frea will, tho very day one * j extorted from the King of Naples by foroe. 5t I have waited till the laat moment, and the steamei not in?but it is possible a French steamer direct fr Civita Vaoohia, may take the news to Marseilles, a yon get it through Kranoe. The U. 8. cutter Fanny, oommandad by Capt. Hi: j tar, ia In port. The steamer Princeton was at Messir the frigate United States, and the corvette Marlon, a> Mahon, at laat advicos. d Hungarian Correaaondanm. ff Pkith, 1b Hungary, Fab. 11,1848 n You art requested to publish the folio win? lines in t >* wall deterring of bsing communicated to I ' Amerioaa publlo. After an absenoe of eleven >sn 1(1 <rbich I was so happy ? to spend ia the United Stutei j? atn her* in my native land on a visit. Is is natural r- lore the land of our birth, and highly interesting to i lifter a long absenoe the changes in its polltloal and i oial life. I left New York in the month of August Is is for Havre ; visited Paris, went to Jiaaburg, Leipi >f Berlin and Vienna, and oould see In all those parts 'p Europe many useful improvements ; and in literatu g religion and . politlos, suoh movements as did sgi convince me of the eternal truth, that man is a progr sive being; and that knowledge?nothing but knowletl Ih ?alone o?n be the foundation of liberty and of a futi more happy for mankind w Hungary, a country, the next neighbors of whloh i id the Turks, the Russians, and Austrians ; a country habited by a proud nation whloh have shown themsel" k. bra'se in many wars, through centuries, against 1 ^uilnnii: a ronntrt furtiU anii h?atihfnl In infancy by a constitution similar to that of ?nglai C?Ued " Hulla . Intra," unit of the lame ftge with I ' Magna CKurta ft conntry which onoe hu elecl _ their king*, acd *u powerful and iadepeud?ut; a oor try which haa burled the flower of Ita nobility at t mourr.lul battle of Mohaea against Soliman, In 1 ?>H country which fell under forei<n Influence, wm agltal by niaoy eivll wara, and neglected by popular ednoalli haa been a lung time a terra tneegni/a for other civil l< nations; thin eonutry did riaa froai iti slumber, did be| to faal ita valor aa a nation, and la attracting alraa the attention of foreign couutrtea, by ita mighty p tires* in cultivating their Uognage, in elevattn* th arta and aclenoea ; and eapeelally by their liberal prin pie* in matter* of government, which have their soui :n tha nobility, against their own prerogative.! withe an example In hlttnry ! It ! true, dear sir, tha mo< mant did only begin : there are appearanoaa hare wbi mill ara pleroing tha heart of tha co*mopollte; tu*re ii powerful olergy, possessing the ninth part of tha conati influencing the education at large, M wall aa the lrgls tiv* body of the dlet(*OT>f raes) ,there are very f?w iut- t i improvement*. almo*t no |>uMkj institution on a ratloi nu higher tcaia; State and ohurrta are united: tlie presentation of the people in not yet rrgul?ted, bu: s 1 the mighty movement haa began, and we can verily * that thla country, veaemen'ly ehakan bat not broK< haa a better tature te await for. The political p*rti tho?a of the conservative* ?>nd of.the opposition. are >d end political life la developing Itaelf mnre a mora. Ono thing I should like to a<ivUa to mj count] man, Til., that tbrr should take la thMr m iln 00 Milt el r it. n what hitherto hue been entirely neglected int? ri D improvement* and public education, in vain we lo of for liberty anj ita lasting bletslng, If the maai of t people la fanatic nnd Ignorant d Yasterday the opposition olnb, consisting of nba n seven hnadreil memb rs, nil brave and intelligent m 1 gava a splendid ball, where many of the fair 11 ungari r 1 aHUa In ullAf,.! ....... r> . .1.1. ...ll It >t e'xtk I h%Te nalted thU ituoo) I ha I the plenaum to d inTlt?d, and here I *u honored and *uri>ri?ed wltl card for Mr. Polk, Praaident ot tha United 9Utee, whi ' I nhall pronent to him myaelt on returning hohte n< M?y rhl( Rift, 1 think to be a (mat houor to t ^ American nation, aa a token of reapeot to their oh t nugiatrate, from tba liberal party of o far and n"t a hearted oountry. It ahowa how tha ramoteat part* of i r- Karope are looking with admiration to youn,< Aaiarl > and how tha atar *p*ngl?d banner of tha United *t*t b whioh era now triumphantly warea or*t oouqu-r It Monlemma, (had* glorioualy Ita light to foreign uetlo J deatlnad by tha aatural law of prograaa to follow mai > in tha path of virtue to tha temple of liborty and 1m b pendenoa. Keapeollully your*, n SAMUEL LUDWitiH Oar Kn|IWl Carr*apo?(l?nN. * Lowdou, March II, IS4fl a At tha praient moment thara i? a quantity of nawi caaray to you. Intelligence ha*, I know, reaohed yor tba dowadall of Loaia Philippe, a* wall aa tha eaUMi ' ma* of a rapabUc la rranee Tba raoognitioa of I utuctMab la tha fraaoh kingdom, by tha Unl % IRK H r MORNING, MARCH 30, 18 in. Statee, hu, I aaiure you, baen regarded with dwip lata- tIi Lit* roat. Although I do net intend enlarging upon the pollA* ey of that nation in adoptlag her prelent atyle of rale. p* ;b* I am neoaaearily Ud to the nubjeot, in oonaeqaenoe of re the efeet* produoel In England by the revolution in Kranoe. Forth* Uwt few itya there hu been a perfect m, Ijt mania for rioting In existence. It la true the dfiturberi trl [B? of the p??oe are the rerv lowest aod mo?t ignorant of he the population, and really have no prenlte idea of the 11 've PorP?M t0T whloh tbey are rebelling; yet they manage to ay, throw every thing Into a etntt of the utmoet oonatrrnn- un itn tlen. During the time I write, band* of ro?n and bova are parading the *treet?. making the moet dla-onlant e* oa- nolaea, damollaUIng window*, nlunderlnir h^kern' ?hr.n< in and committing similar atrocities wh??T?r any thing tb< , is of a gastronomic i!?tnr? Ir exposed to itlV. Th?y lin pie march through the publki thoroughfares, creating much thi nd feat for th? stfety of the Inhabitant* Indeed, yon may p? jn- judge of the extent to which hare arrived by the ai si- following incident I h*ppen?d to bo in the interior of ire th? poit office The head of the department heard the

mob were bonding their steps toward the building, 0j, when he Immediately gave order* for the outer gate* to co be closed. firearms to be distributed amongst the per- wl 'od ton* engaged In the government pernio, and the utIna moot precaution taken m regarded the dlspatoh and ar- Mi rival of the mall beg*. 1 cannot think it any thing f0I but a "etreet riot." composed of low rnfllani. out >* of employ, whose ohief objeot appear* to bo eentred in rl? It* the lentruotion of private property, and who, upon the wc appearance ot half a doien soldier*, runaway 1 wan > an observer of the following circumstance, and relate o( ' ? It to ehow the real ohar^eter of the mob. In order that no 0r| tre no'air impression may he formed of the disturbance thi About a couple of hundred rioter* assembled a day or two since in front of the queen's palace, breaking the fm '"1 lamps, destroying the palings, ete. Adjoining the royal to cnt edlflea Is a barraak containing twenty-five soldiers, who i . immediately turned oat, and this very valiant mob fled eh witb the utmost precipitation Public opinion is unanl- At ' ?f mstisly respeoted in England; but the present riots havs tan no reference whatever to popular feeling, aod in my p next letter I hava no doubt but that you will receive in- wi formation of the restored tranquillity of London. l of The ministry of England, of whom Lord John Rushe sal' la the head.hav?l(Trown lately Into disfavor. Your he reulert are, douhtlMs, aware that amongst the taxes pu fir- of the country, is one most prominent, bearing the name rij ' to of the iuoome tax. It is a levy of seven pence in every |n ?n- pound sterling, upon the incomes of all persons who en- no Jt, joy ?160 a-year. In consequence of a proposal being ot ?n uiade in the House of Commons to augment the military s* HO un.l naval fnrrtd nf tho .1? *<ia ant thkt this tax should be raised from seven peace to Rt "ye one shilling In the pound, to meet the inoroased ezpen- .n d, diture The most determined resistance wan given to oi iim th- proportion ; meetings assembled throughout the Ac country, and ao opposite was the public feeling to the th or- matter, that the government thought it advisable to | th nbatidou the imposition. Now the people finding they th bis have power, are strenuously laboring for the repeal of ^ ice. the original tax. .?, ory Rc erence must now be made to a clroumstanos 0f which is occupying the attention of many people in wd England. One of th? soldiers in a regiment of the ^ sen guards bad formed an attachment to a young girl, from ta the whom at various periods he had obtained sums of money. ffl i to Not finding that she was enabled to lavish upon him as a* ten much cash as he required, he told her to resort to the in the basest praotioss to procure nfeney. intimating that in of es- the evsnt of his request being refused, he would asso- r in oiate with another woman. The girl, however, did not 0r are comply with his suggestions, and to satiate a spirit of re- to I"- vengc within her, shot him as he was leaving h's bar- yi >nd rank*. She was apprehended, tried and convioted of pa- wilful murder; the most strenuous exertions are being tb ' made by the advooates for the abolition of oapital pun- tl S8P ishment in her behalf; but her sentence has not yet been fn Ice mitigated. a) ire- One of the mos1. important matters that has lately oc- ar ops curred, has been the eleotion of the new Archbishop of (r the Canterbury. The death of Dr. Howley has, I have no p( i of duubt, been communicated to you, and many were the be t of rumors as to who would be his suocensor. This was ren- rt srtU derad the more anxious, in oons?quenoe of the rscent last appointments to the Bishopries of Hereford and Maachester not having giveiijgeneral satisfaction. Dr. Hampden, oi , who had been named for the first, was aoeused of h*tero< ; doxy, and Mr. L,es, eletted to the latter, had oertain t ng Krave charges brought against his moral oiiaraoter. Af- c] m?, t?r the most ample judicial investigations, the aoousa- i >h tlons wore put on one side, having oren prononnoed In D? b.Hh oases to be frivolous. The appointment of Dr. Sumner (who was Bishop of Chester) to fill the vacant j>? ion Arehblshopric, seems to satisfy every one ; and I be- uc . li.-ve that he is a most ainUbln aad good man. D One of the features in our soolal progress Is the estaSi | blishment of literary institutions upon a very larre {? ?o?le Of the many there are now in being, one bearing , the title of the' Whitt'ngton Club," la fast flourishing under the auspice* of Douglx* Jerrold.tbe eminent wrlto _ ? ).'???><- . i *.te fai\t en aooonnt of their having tier neutly ?i>?nel a new brnnoh, and because too tnuoh pob- 7 Unity can neve* be given to assoelatlona of the kind, which tend to efivate the moral and social condition of ?on mankind generally. ;he A measure baa been introduced Into onr Parliament '? house*. in order to enter into negotiation* with the Pope ; of Koine, to fend an ambassador to this country. A ,0 !*" few partizan* of the aeet who ahudder at the very men- f)" ~y t.ion of the name of hia holiness. violently opposed the J motion, bat It ba? been decided that the English governinent will receive an envoy; bat a proviso will be made * 1 ." that ho la not to be un eooi?alastio. You, in common . with all the advocatee of freedom, will rejoice to hear n that a bill haa also been introduced by the Prime Mln- 11 later In the Houae of Commana, to relieve the Jewa of .. i thair disabilities. It will ahortly be oarried Into the , l,nrd?. and ere long that ill-uvd nation will freely enmt J?y right* to which tbey have a just and decided claim . " In oar Houae of Conimona there are often perpetrated rl' d many ridlouloui aoanee; one In particular, lately, haa ou ' "J engrossed a great deal ot attention. Mr. Chlaholaa An- . ?tey, the repreaentatlve of a county, oonoeiv*d the T , ia oonduot of Lord Palmeraton, the mlnlater for foreign af- , ' filra, to be groaaly devoid of goeJ policy and honorable , Intention, Acoerdingly, Mr. Anatey, a few night* back, impeached the miniater, and ao coaaprehanalve were the . detaila, and over the event* of ao uiany yaara haa the apeeoh to allude, that It* oonclualon haa not keen reached; lor whenever It ia found there ia likely to be a revival o' the oratorloal powers of the honorable mem- . h?r. the House immediately adjourns. There la no n?resslty for adding that the motion ia regarded in a very ,, cootninptible light. h The riota to whioh I have already alluded as taking ' place In Londoa, hare spread Into Manchester, Glasgow, he an(i MM of th? moat important provincial towns In xs, th? metropolis (Lendon) the mob la eaailjr put down; for j" . independently of their b?ing without any organised sys- lu! ' -aa, they have no special object in view. In the pro- .. to vitoes it la dilerent; many operatives out of employ 1 JMn the rioters, which in these parte la a ohartut aa- rr s-rabl?ge. Much damage haa already been dona in (ilaagow, the railroad having been in placea destroyed, c* at, and the military have flred oa the people Of coarse, ?. ,g no similar results to those of reoent oocurrenoe in 11 ' Kr>nce are to be apprehended here, aa the middling . 01 claaaaf (generally epeaking) and the soldiers join the , re, government. A atop la neceaaariiy put to trade and eikin nitement of oourse la at ita bigheat pit oh. Tha chief Inconvenienoa haa been fait in the money marketa,whioh 'u " are In a very deapondlng state. Conaola at the present Ige moment ara about Ml . whereaa a fortnight back they J?ire were 87. The re-opening of tha Paris Bonrae haa etfeot- "" ?d soma beneficial influcuce oa our fiinda, but the ?ogllsb will want to see how it continue* before oonfldenoe ire ia restored. Railway a again are in a very uncomfortable |D. position. Thoae companies who have had their apeenlatlona aanotioned by Parliament oannot get the money , fM 'torn the shareholders to commeuoe operations, and :he many have resolved to raapend operations for two or [j* ita three years, an til money matters aeenme a mora healthy v' id, state. J the The ayatam in force at the English universities haa . led recently bsen called into question, It having been alleged in- that the students incur tn? moat ruinous -xpenses and . be rintrant overwhelming acoonnta with designing tradec; a mm The raanlt haa been tha formation of a board to "J :ed investigate the matter, who have daolded that the heads , on. oi tne di?>r?ru oonege* are 10 inapeoi ina Dili* or the led ?tudent* at fl*ad ptriads Thl* will be a HMt n*efol (in ,e,'ulatlo?, tending to prevent both axtortionand iwind- K dy linf fl ro- The lateit pl?ca of Intelligence I can communicate li w ?lr 'he result of ?ew election at Lanca*ter. Mr Stanley oi- being the laecvaetul candidate by ? majority, according . roe to the official ratnrna, of three vater 1 t mt The riot* are atill continuing in Manchester and <Jla?re gow The military have keen oalled out to protect tba M oil inhabitant*. 1 LivKRrooi., March 11, 1S4S. la The ateamer whioh will aail to-morrow will oonvay th i.il to the United State* the int? reeling particular* of tha ,rt "l Kreaoh revolution, th* formation of a provisional ge- (J'0 HI rernment, andtha deolarntion of tha people in favor of aid ay a republic. The liberal* oMhl* country and their jour- ] a?le, ae tha enomlea of oppreailon. sympathise with tba or] entiroyallsU of franca. Tha Tone*, with their old w0 nd feudal ,m I nrletocratic notion*, are bitterly opposed to Kr "J" wbjt they oall" mob vlulenee,'' not from any lore for ,al I^ula Philippe and hi* foreign policy, but ae fio advosk o?t?* of the' divine rUht of kin;*." and their fear and aWomiuatlon of republican institution*. , (Ut It 1* not probable that any of the Karogean govern- jj* en mente will apanly avow their determination to war m> wlih the republican* of France, in brhalf of their ?x iti b? " clti*?n king," or an v of tha Bourbon famltv. Tha de?- ?? i potto governmenteufRu**la. Auntria, and Trowla, will ?l on have more than they nan well aoeompllih in enforcing loJ . i their tvraonloal nolle* at hnm? *? ?h?? k ?r??t tic abhorrenee of ?uoh legislation m would tranqniltiM their aB !?f dlatr**Md and revolutionary subject*. fclngiand in op- ?"i preee?d alma*t bsyond anfftrauee with tuition; the 1U >li pwil* hi now htlling bmiiiiki all cv*r the oonntry, * ' Bm< and p?tlitoning ngalnu the lnai-?a*e of the Inooma tax. 11 ? t us recommended by the p time minister, and they will #j not oon*?nt to ?? ' their reeources la propplrg up the 11 Dli rotten monarchies of the o<>utio?n; not ?*en th n( P ily their ancient aily, the crown of Portugal The Ktigliah r" j*. Suet In the 1 a?u* baa been withdrawn, and the n?xt on outbreak will llki-ly take plaae In LI?bon The province* In Kranoa, to f?r aa heird from, have Jnlo*d the Tarlatans, ai.d the rfllnera of the array and P" navy hare given In r.helr adhesion to tha provisional go- no Ternin-nt The t)nke de Nemours ha* arrived, with all f < po**lble haste. In London, without. It la eaid. a change '1 > i to ot linen, and la now enjoying tha oemnlsser.ttlon of , of hi* brother-ln law, Prlnee Albert. Ul . Tha liberal papara In I^ndm. and their Partitan cor- toi respondent*, (peak la tha highest term* of tha u.odera(ha tion of the people No TloUnoe has been offered to- ^ lad teignars, private property baa been raepeoted; tha pro era: 148. 1 ? . u lonal goreriiineat la wi?* and energetlo?raeh m the ople km oonfldenoa la, and who. Id return, oonflde the people for the mafntenanne of order. Th? p?<>? will nn?o MuomM? and or?M<x* through their r?p entatlvea. a repnbllcan oonatitutlon It I* a glo>ae aobi?vmn*nt ? euoh Amerioani appreciate; mi l li hoped that the wtadom la their WMatlv* eouaoiU. it he equal to the teal and moral fori* whloh h%re Inmphed orer one of the moot craft? tyranta that hat r tyranlind nr?r a brave and enlightened people lw Proclamation, Decree* and Movement* of the New Crenrh tiorcrnm nt. uw lonowing ft munoetneuc appenrea < a too VQta t, from the Provisional Government: The provisional government being informed that rtaln *aldl*ra bare pot down their arm* and deaerted, ran the uiont n?v?ro order In the departmenta, that ? men who thu* abandon their oorpa may he arretted d pnniahed with all tho rigour of the law Nevor ha<l 9 country more need of it* nrmy to n*?ure it* Indend*nee abroad and ita liberty at home. Thepiovlelongovernment. before hu ?lng reoonraa to the law, np #1* *o the patriotiam of the army. ' Theprovlaianal government decree* a* follow*: -All j'rta pledged at the Mont-de Pie'o, from February 4, naiating o> lin.'n, clothe*, and other (tnall article*, on lich notmir- than ten franc* have been Nnt, ihall be run back to the parties to whom they belong. The nfatar of Finance i* charged with thn talk of providing the expenm which the prenent deeree will oocaelon. ' The provlaional government decree* that the Tullei Rhall henceforward aerve an an aaylum to iovalidrd irkmen The provlaional government deoreea: ?The National tarda, dluolved by the former government, aro re<ani*ed Thay will immediately reiumo their duty rough out thn whole extent of the republic." An urder ha* been given, by meana of the telegraph, ; the immediate liberation of all political prlaonera; and give them the mean* of iolninr their familiea t5rdara wars yesterday sont off by the telezraph to anga the sunerior offloer ta whom the turvtillanee of fl-al Kader ha? baan entrusted Fha t'rnif aays:?Five times during the day M. da >martine addro??ed the people uaembled under the ndowa of the Notrl de Vlllo: 'It ia thus that yeu are led from oalumny to calumny alnst tha men who have devoted themselves, head, ait, and breast, to give you a teal republic the reiblio of all rights, all Intereata, and all the legitimate [htaof the people. Yeaterday you raked ua to usurp, tba name of tha people cf Tart*, the righta of 35 000.0 of men to vote them an absolute republio, instead arepnblto invested with the atrength of their connt; that ia to aay, to mnko of that rapublio, lmpoaed id not ooi-aented. the will of a part of the people, inBad of the will of the whole nation To-day you deand from ua the red Hag inatead of the tricolor one. Itiiena! for my part, I will never adopt the re 1 flag ; id 1 will explain in a word why I will oppose it with all ia atrength of my patcionisra. It ia oitiiens. beoauie le tricolor flag has made tba tour of tha world, under e republlo and the empire, with our I Parties and our urlea, and that the red flag h*s only ade the tour of e Champ de Mara,trained through t<. rents of the blood the people " At thia part of the apeech of M. de Lamartine, In that toniabing sitting of 60 houra, iu the midat of an irrlted crowd, every one waa suddenly affected by hia arda ; handa were dapped and tears ahed, and they ilahed by embracing him, ahaking hia handa, and bearg him in triumph In a moment after, freah masaea people arrived, armed with aabrea and bayoaeta. bey kuoaked at the doora ; they filled the tallti The y was, that all was loat; that the people were about ' flre on or atifle the members of the provisional goirnment. M. de Lamartine was called for. He waa ppliostted to go onoa more, for the Inst, time, to address e people. He waa railed on a atep of the alalrcaae ; e crowd remained for half an hour without c.naantg to listen to him vociferating, brandishing arms of 1 kinds otrxr his head. M. de Lamartine tolded hia ms, reoomiiieDood his addreaa, and finished by aofteng, appeasing, and oareasiag.the intelligent and sensible iople, and determining them either to withdraw, or to came tuemseivee me saieguiru 01 im provisional gornment We read In the Democratic Pacifiqut" On takint; i# Tuilleries. the people found a magnificent image of hiriat In aoulpture The people stopped and saluted It. Hy friends,' cried a pupil of the Eoole l'olyteohnlque, tats is the Master of us all!1 The people took the hrist, and bore it solemnly to the church of 8t. llooh. citizens, off with your hats. Salute Christ!' said tho iople; and every body inclined in a religious sentiment oble people, who respeat all that Is saoreJ Noble ople, who bless the Being who proclaimed the law of ilversal fraternity !" PROCLAMATION. The sovereign people declare, That the government, having betrayed Its trust, is f'icto and de jure dissolved! consequently. The people resume the full exorcise of thslr sovereign, and deoree as lollows : ? The Chamber of IVers, whloh only represents the Inn-st of the ari-toei'aoy, is suppressed. The Chamber of Deputies, whloh is the mere reprentative of privilege, monopoly, and corruption, and ie majority of whose members have been participators the unpardonable orime of the government, which ts subjeotod the citliens to a murderous fire, is here-, and remains dissolved. The nation, from the present moment, Is constituted republic. All oltiiens should remain in arms and defend their rricades until they have acquired the enjoyment of all eir rights as oiiisens and as operatives K.very citizen who has attained bis mtjority is a Nataal Onard. Every citisen Is an elector. Absolute freedom of thought and libeity of the press, (Ub VI |)UMUUM MUU lUUUBKtkl U0BUUIUV1UH, IU UO BO" .red to all. A* the government of the future can only respect the ishes and the interests of all classes, all Frenchman ould assemble tn^ianT in tUo respective communes, deliberative assemblies, In order to elect new and a representative* of the country. Until the nation hag formally declared ita will on this ad, every attempt to restore obsolete powers must be iemed au usurpation, and it is the duty of every citln to resist any nu.-h attempt by fore# . Brethren ! Let us be oalm and dignified, in the nama libsrty. equality, and humin fraternity I Oa Saturday, tuu following notioe was posted up at e gate : ? FRENCH REPUBLIC. NO TICK TO MtIV lit aUIINEll. an order of the provisional g >vernment, dated Feb. , the operation* of the Bourse remain suspended until rlher orders. Febiuary itt, 1848. The republic was officially auuounoed yesterday by d? Lamsrtine, surrounded by the other inetubtis of e provisional government and the four secretaries, do L imartine desoended the steps oi the great stairse of the llote' de Ville.and presenting himself in front the ediQce, with a paper in his hand, thus oxpiessod mself:? Citizens The provisional government of the repub; has called upon thu people to witnois its gratitude r the magnificent national co-operation which has just cepted these ne w institutions. (Prolonged acelama>us from the crowd and National (Juards.) The provisional government of the republic has only prut intelligence to announce to tne people Here as bled. Koyalty it abolished. Fhe republic is proclaimed. rbe people will exercise their political rights National workshops are opeu lor thole who are withtwurk ([MMN acclamations ) rbe army is being reorganised. The National Guards lissolubly unites itselt with the psopie, *o as to ;mptly restore order with the same harni that had enly i preceding moment conquered our liberty. (Hewed acclamations) finally, gentlemen, the provisional government was xious to be itself the bearer to you ot the last decree ias resolved on aud signed in this memorable sitting that i i,tho abolition ot tbe penalty of doath for politil matters. (Unanimous bruvos.) I'll is is the noblest decreo, gentleman, that has ever ued irom the moutba of a people the day alter sir victory. (Yea, yes.) It is the character ol the enoh nation which escapes in one spontaneous cry >m tlie soul of it* government. (Vos, yes; bravo ) e have brought it with us, nnd I will now read it to u. T lere U not a more beooming homage to a peo > than the *p -elude ot its own magnanimity. The following letter wm addressed by Marshal Bu aud to the Minister of War : ? Tho event* which have just ooourred, and the nsces y of general union to insure order at torn* and road, laduce me to place my sword at the disposal of a ner jrovernment. I have always considered the Je>:e f tbe territory and oountry as the holiest of du?. I request you to acknowledge tl.e receipt ot t is deration, and receive the assurance of my high conleration. Marshal Duke of ISL V. Lord Normauby had long interview this morula# th M l.amartiue ltwMua<l?ritt<ovl tint hi* Lord ip was instructed Co state that the British government iuld not only rtej^nise the republican government or ?nre, but that tuey were moot desirous of ouluvetiDg * BNt friendly feelings toward* Kranoe. The oominication excited tbe most Intense internet, and gave ^?t setlsaction throughout the entire o..puel, rhe London Tim't correspondent says: Auioi'^ tbe minors to-day is one that Lord Normunby e paid a second visit to M de Laaiartine, to Miure in of tbe frlsndly disposition of the British governtut Without pretending to official information on t point, I believe tbe teat is that the Btitleh goverunt. hae demonstrated to the provisional government Kraoee, through the British ambassador, frankly and rally ite desire for the resumption of amicable r-lans between the two countries, bat observing thut an bassador oannot be aooredued to a provisional gorrm?nt In the meantime, in instructing tb-> Marie of Normenby to visit French minister for togn atfalre, ih? Hritisb government has gone as far es possibly could, under the circumstances, at;d suffl>nily far to evince the friendliness of ite disposition ? le very anxious fueling that existed on this most im rtant ubjeotbss, therelore, muoh Riven way. an I al idy hopes ore expressed that Kranoe uu l Kunlaui 'ted, will be able to avert the evil <>l a geturiil ear The ambassadors of Auatiiu, i'iase>aand tfoimnd, to 10m M. de Lamartine had ottoially annouuced the Datamation of republic, bad replied mat they could t recognise the government until they should have 1 salved instructions to that -tract from their courts.? e embassadors intended, it Li said, to re .ire in the nantitne, some to Versailles, and otfiets to St (Jerkin en-Layrie, and to leuve each a secretary in Pari* r the traaeaction of ordinary bu-luees The following cemmunleatioi.e have been adiir.seed the Provisional government: ? Gentlemen; At the Tety cioaeut of the viotoey of Um Jl.. I" 1 L D. Prlf? Two Cant*. ? ?rrrrrr - - - - - , people. I want to the Hotel de Vllle. The duty < WT Stood nitls >n l? to kmuMi ?rotinl the ororl* on?l go rnnieat ot th* r*pub'io I oorxldar It th* (Ir*1 .'uty to be dl?nh-.i*??rf mi 1 ?hAll t>j h? >pr if my pttri tl?m can be Ufl. fu.iy i oiploy".1 U kNAPOLEON BONA!' VRTE G*ntleinen? rh? nation h%* j'lit <l*itrov*d tl>? tr?alie* oflSlfl The oi l ?n'di?r of Waterloo, the lane hro?h?r of Ntpolmn. r* ent -m from that. mom*w t">e boeoni of the grmt family. The time of 'lyna*tii?? ) ?? pined tor Kruno < ! The l?? ?f proaorioM'm which wm^hM on nj* hu? fallen with the In it of the Bourbon* I <i?mao<l that th" g i?*riiB? -lit of the r? mbli . hall i*?ue ? ilearee doclnrlnn tha* uiy pro*cr(ptlon wan in io?ult to Kranee, and he* ili*ni>p?*re.l with >11 that w..? implead upon na by foreign powers Ae.iept, Ice. P*ri? ll'?h 'IK ILMlMUl' nnM.n.n^r U?ntlam?n?The people of Pari* hiving l-*.roy?il by their heroiim the laat vtulgaa of fur-inn lnviaion. I h*e toned from the land of exile to place niy f nuder th? banner of the rep'tbiio ja*t proclaimed Without any other ambition than th.it. o'' ??rvlag my country, I announce my arrival to the rnetuber* of the proviaional government, aud a**un tbam of my devotedn?*? to the oauae they represent, a? well a* of my eympathy for thi-ir person* NAPOLK0N LOUIS BONAPARTK Pari*, Kob. J8. The following proclamation Liai been iMUed, nbolinhlrg all title* in Kranon : ? Tba provisional government. considering that equality ia ono of the great principle* of the Krench republic, and that, it ought, in conaerjuenc, to ha immo>liately curried into effect, decree* o* follow* : All the anoient titlta of nobility areaboliahed, and the qualification* which were attached thereto are prohibited. They cannot be uiad publicly, or figure in any publio (tooumant whatever. The journal* of thlt day contain tba following moat imoortant note: ? Lord Normauby'* " offlcicuiem'nt" communicate* thtnmorninirtoM.de Lamartina, Minister of foreign Affair*, the despatches ha had received from Lord Palmeraton, relative to the disposition of tba British government toward* the new provisional government of France. Lord Palmeraton avinouooed to Lord Normanby that England did not heiltato an inatant to aaknowledge the right of tha Free oh nation to ehangj tba form of it* government. H? then added, th*t If diplomatic usage doea not authorize tha Kngli*h govarnment to accredit definitive diplouia'i 1 agent* to tna provl*lounl government, the moraeut the provisional government nhttll have been converted into a definitive ffovarnm?rK by tha National Am mWj, the Knjlish government will accredit it* amba-sudor to the Krencb rannblic In the mean time, Lord Piluieraton authorise* Lord Normality to maintain with the provisional government of the republic, not only the uaual Intercourse. but all the relation* of good underatanding and amiiy which ought to animate the two government*. 1'he Afnm'tfur nnhllahe* a dnnree which will he rail with universal satistxotion in Kn?i?nd Slavery is to be abolished at ouce. The following It the decree: ? rncncH mri ii.ig Liberty ?Equality?Fraternity The provisional government of the repuolio, oonslder:og that no French land should any longer bear slaves, deoreet-a commission if instituted under the provisional Minister of Colonies and the Marine, to prepare within the sborteat delay the not Tor the immediate emancipation of the slave* in ail the colonies of the repobilo. 1'aria, March 4. F. A moo. The following Important document li published la the Mo'iitrur of Suuday:? Circular of the Minittir of Foreign Jiff*in, to tht Diplomatic Jlne.ntt of the. Frtnch 7it public. Sir:- Voa know the events of Parlt, the victory of the peopla, its heroism, it* moderation, its pacification the order re-established by the oonourrenoe of the whole of the oitizsus as if, In that in?errei{uum of the vitible bowers, the reason of the public were alone the government of Franco. Be Frunoh revolution hat thus entered Into Its deve period France is republican The Frenoh republic hat no oocasion to be acknowledged |q order to exist By natural law, as wall at by the law of nation*, it exists; it is the will or ? gr?&: which doet not demand its title but from itself. Nevertnetnw. tfce French republic, desiring to enter into the family of governments Institu'ed at regular powert, and not at a phenomenon coming to disturb the order of F.nrope, it is proper that you promptly make known to the government to which you are accredited, the principle* and Tudencie* which will henceforth direct the foreign policy of the French government. The proclamation of the Frenoh republic la not an Mt of aggression against any form of government in th* world The lormt of government have dlvertltie* at legitimate a* the forms of character, the geographlonl tit nation, the intellectual,moral,and material development of nations Nations,like individual*, have different age*. The urincinles which govern them have tueceiaive nha boh -monarchical. ariatnoratlcal, conatitutional. republican govt'toiurot.R urn tha exprteeiona of tbe different 4egiees or the maturity of tb? giniun of the uiffervai tioni They druntu 1 more liberty In proportion aa lh?y feel themselves capable of anpporting more. They <i> uiaud Dior* tonality end democracy. In proportion M they are the niore Suspired with the feeling of jnetiee and love for the people It la a question of time A nation goes aetruy in outrunning toe boor of that maturity aa II diabonoia itself in allowing it to eaoape without, sriaing upon it Tba monarchy an.I tha republic) are not, lu the eyes of trne atateamen, abaolate princrplea which ure enemies to tbe death : they are faota which are contr tated to each other, and which can live luce to faoa, white they understand and respect each other. Wi r. then, ia not the principle ef the French republic, oaitbrottma the fatal and giorloaa necessity of tbe republic in 179*2. Between 1702 i>i>d IW4H there M half a century X'o return, alter the lapse of half a oentury, to tbe principles of 1792, or to the principles of conqueat and of empire, would not be to advanco it would be to retrograde with the advance of tima The revolution of yreterday ia a atep in advance, and not one backward*. The world and ouraelvea wiah to march to fraternity and peace. If tha aitaatlon of tbe reyublio In 1792 explained tha w-u, tho differences wbiob exlat between that period of our hiatory and that in which we llve,expUiije the peaea. Apply yourself to the understanding of these difference). a ml explain them to those around you In 1792 th? nation waa not one Two nations (fupltt) exlatad on the fame soil A terrible atruggle atill prolonged Itaelf between the claiaei dilpoeseassd of tneir privileges, and the classes who had jus* atirceeded In aobleviag equality and liberty The a.a*se.? dlsptsfessed aulted thuiaselves with the captive royalty and with jealous foreigners to deny ita revolution In France, and re iinpoae upon it the monarchy, tho ariatocraoy, ami (.be theocracy by invtaloB. At the present day there are no longer any distinctions atid inequality of classes Liberty hiiJ freed all. Kqaality before the law haa levelled everything. Fraternity, of which we proclaim the application, and of which the national aaeetobly ia to organiae the ^en*flta, ia about to unite all There ia not a beioug, who dee* not rally to tlx* principle ot the country before everything else, and who do?e not render, by '.tut very onion *11 attempt* impregnable to th? attempt Hcd to the fear* of Invasion. In 170J it wan not the entire population who entered into the poraesaion of the government it waft the middle classes only who wjshe 1 to exereiae liberty and enjoy it The triumph or the middle classes at that time wxe egotistinul, ae the triumph of every ol'garnby mint be. It wiahed to retain tor iteeit the rffchts achieved for ail. It was neccejary for it to operate a strong diversion against the advance ot the people by precipitating it (the pt-ople) on the field of buttle, in order to prevent it troni entering into the exeroi-e of its own government This diversion was the war. War was the idea of the Afunerrhiant and the Oironiim. It wa* not the id*a ( f tti? most advanced demrcrata, who wiahed lIKe us tbo siuoere regards and the complete reign of tne people itself, comprising in that name all clae<es, wtbout extiuaioti or preference, aa the nation ia c.mpised In 1793 th? people was oa'y the inatructent of the revolution To day thi? revolution ia mad* by the peopio and for the people. f he people la ita?lf the rovvluaoo. In entering into it, it carri?s into it its n?w necesMtlrs o labor, of industry, of instruction of agiicuinre, of oommetne, of morality, of pro?peri ty, of property, ol cheap iivlng rf navigation, and. in ph'-rt, of eivilUation, whicn ivre ell the necessities of peaoo The people ml peace are bat one werd In I7M the ideas ot France end of Europe wre unpre pirru iv rv.m(ji-u?ja bu'j wj nt-'-pi wan gr?ii mrm?Df of nations among eaoh other to the benefit of the human raoe The I ih of the ax* which waa closing ?u only in the heada of aome philosopher* IVtolloaophy ai the pre dent day I* popular Fifty y?ar* of liberty, ot thinking, of (peaking, *n<l of writing, hare produced their r euh Hooka jnurnala, and the tribune. hare acted ft* the apoetie* af Kuropean Intelligence Keaeon *prea<t'ng every ?bir?. and orarntepping the frontier* of nation*, ha* treated that int*ll?ctu?i nationality which will b* the achievement of the h'r?noh revolution. and the eonacitulion of international fratarnlty all orer the glob*. lu enort, lu 17!)i liberty wan a owelty, equality w ?i a *can'al, and the republic waa a problem. Th? title of nation*, woi.'h had only juat bu u ilacorrre I by K?n?l>>a, Montaequlau. and Rhuhmu wja an completely forgotten,buried, proUned by old feudal dynoatic and Motrin! al tradltiona, th it the moat legitimate i .tarventioo 01 tii * people iu it* afTeira appear* J a monstro?i:y to tba <(ate*inen of the old aohool. Democracy maJe t he w.>darcha, and at tha aame time, tae fciin.atlatW ?f f.Ciety tremble. To-day throne* and the people are accustomed to the word, to the forma, and to the regular agiutlona of liberty, exetoiaed in nearly different proportion* iu all Stataa. and avea In monarchies They will aocuatom ? themeelve* to tha republic which I* n*oomplet? form ia all the ripeat ol na-lonv I h. y wilt reoogmaa that thera la a oooaervativa lib<r;y They will acknowledge tout thfre may be In the republic not o?.ly bettef Order, bat 'hid there may be more real order Id that govatnm nt of .11 - .11 I. .>c?arnmaiif r\f ft ha fmm frtr Bat b??idm tbo*e t1i?int*r?<?t?d o??*i<ler%t1f>n?. the tolc ml t**( of the eooeol?:a'lon and the 'uratioa of th? repabtio would mfpir* Id th* >.Ut?*in*n of Kranoe the thought* of p*ac? It l? not the con- try that run* the ijrea:e*t daogai li> the war; it i* the lib rty. War I* turnout alway" m dl<*!iitor?blp. Sol liera f >r^?t Initlttriotie furm-n. Thron** tempt, th# ambition* diet) d**zl<*patriotism Tn.? rf * n'o-iev* nima v-iU th? at1 tack npon the ?o?areignty ot tho nation t he r?pnblio ij??ir?n *loiy, with at doubt, but it wiah>? tor it lor it*elf, and not tor I nun or Napvl*"-. Do not deceive yvirNlrtt, narci '< !*.< T o?e i<I ~M which the provisional government nljargr* ywi te prudent to the |iowi?ti m a pledg* ol fcnrop**" * "'ty, b?ve not tor their objact te obtain lorfiveiM** to ti<? repnhlia tor having i ?<l tha boIdneM to rr*ete itaelf, and Mill lea* to mi bambly tho place of a tiaat rl*ht and a great people in F.tiropa l'hey have ? mote noMo otj-i't: to mak? aoveretgn* and nation* rafl? t and not to allow tham to deceive themielva* involuntarily aa to the aharanter of oorrwolatlon; to Jin it* true lmht and Ita jut obaraotar to tha event; in ?hort, to give pledge* to

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