Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1848 Page 2
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* e ? ? fcrtn ? ;,r h?f -? > ; ic- -i r-v- -l f rr'>cpvrbo t?* .f Uy t!> n'4 * ? iirt ekm wl R'd ct i? T i r'i ic U r? jii.t ! o *;li,tl?u r ji BitUi- ?? ' on ary ?U< on.- 1 bi< no (Hri.ii tfl aay tb-t, if coo *ition? < f w*r 0 i re lai 1 down to ti e French paoila It ?ill acaapt t h< m of Tb? ibout tit* o' th? men wh > at the pn-sei.t rnonsnn t go- be rn Frti c? at* ti?e?? it will be fe< taeate fot Krance *1* itw?r>?e d tared a#*in?t it, end if i' be constrained I ??( thu? to in > ?? * in #'r?igth *nJ rI tv ie spite ? f Its mo. eve de<-?ti-in Hw(llk?it"rriM? ri??|>on?i*<i!Uy for France if the republic ,t>oll declares ?J' without being piorok- 1 d to i Inth* Or<t e >? . it? n??rt v geniua it< i n J>?- j ha tien'e of nc'ion is err-ngth accumulated during so B*1 niDT v <r?of peace. wi'l render jt invincible within it* dis own terutnry. ?dJ rodottbttble perhaps beyond its th fron'i?r<. In the ee'oB 1 ease, it would turrj sjalnst it- mi ae : tbt>!'ct o.i of Its c.otun'sta which diminish the ' t ?fl"ertiou of n i loua. and it woull compromise the ftr.?t do d ! io ' t mi' >miI alliance, the spirit cf nations, nnl tha wi genius of oirilsiten CI Aoso-Jtn,; to tbaa? prlnek'ee. ?lr, which are tha cool T! prinjifof Kr*ne?? principles ahae an present without oa fe?r. as w lb oat ansplclnp, to bar r lends and t? her da fneiilM- job will har? tha gnodna m to itspmi upoa ha yon'erlf the following declarations : ? 1 lit TbJ r-e?ti*e 01 ieio n:?' ua longer a* in 11 ino * ?* i ?? of the Kr?no'a repahiio ; ue*?rth?laa*, the terr ltonal elr- i " oum?cr ptlon* of the** tr-*H?< are a fact whleh It ?d- , pr nit* it a baMs. and m a pots' dt d-part la It* relations i co with other nation*. I ? But if lb* treaties of ltllk do nst rxlit any loric?r ax- nf orpiio< k? fart* to modify a ?omn?n untWraiarnllnir. li* and it lb* rspubltn declares op?nly that its right and its j*< mission '* to arrive regularly and pac'floally at tbeee ?u modi heat ton*. the good sens*. the moderation. the oon- i ni ecienoe. tba prudence of the republic exist md ere fer ! <t? Europe a better and mora honorable iiuaranty than the e? latter of tkr Re treaties. no often violated and modlflod by j" Europe itself. Eodnrot, air. to ra**e the emanelpition of tbe r?pnb- | lie from the treaties of lilt ba ol**rlT understood. snl \ try to show that freed?.a ha* nothing ia it that is i j? irrre.>nollnb!e with 'ha repose of Europe. i Tuui we laclarc it opaul; If th? hour of the recon- oa traction of .sow nationalities. oppre.-sed la Enmpe ar pr el*e<*here. should appeir to ui to h >ve soundid ia the jg decree* of Pro?i l?nee -if SwitasrUnd, our faithful ally 8>, aiu'e 1 hk time of Kranoi* 1.. were o-i>s'.ralu?d or threat- -p, en.-d iu the a Iranne wliioh she ie atfuotloain her govern- ar xa nt, in ordtr to laud addttbuxl strength to tb* facioa ,ji of Jem&. TKtio (toT?ruta";.u if the Independent States of Ital? wire iarad' l-if ?ny limit* or obstacle* were lisposed on thslr internal trau-formvloim- lf the rijht of Tj alliituoa amoD;i thear.*elv?s. in ordar to oansolidate an Tf Italian r<stion. were contested by tn^la forca?the French ?t republic wnu'd ba ieve Itself entitled to arm lts?lf in or- m der te pro-eot thee* lrgiiims'e moveiaetti of the great- 0. nrs? and the aatienali'y ot State* 0, The republio, you ace, oy lti ftr*tstep, r?pod!st?s the fr era of proaar.ptioat and o r dicta Mo ns Sh? 1* decided ai utver te rail liberty at hotur, ,?h? i? sqnally <!<>old?d )r never to T?il It* duinosratle prlaelple abroad. Sh? wi'i jj. nater permit any ane tu iotarpoie hetwvao the ptelflo ,j radla'ioa of its Iioarty and the regard of nation* 8be pro~lt<(n* h?r*elf tbn intellectual ?nd cordial ally of vary ri,<ht, ef ev?ry arejriM, of er-ry legitiiaat* de- p, v?Iop?m-at of (be tnefltatioa ot nutiorj* whirh with to ^ 1W* on tb' aaiaa principle as here^lf *<be will not cn , dravor any IminMerate or Ineen^iary prop*g*nd- sr I m. umeifst her neighbor* Kbe know* that there (3, >* do du<'*!>'e freedom but tbat which grows of itielf on tj, IN own mil But it will exercise by the light of i's t j ido** by the sptntacle f oriier and of p?a<-e which it m u"p** m' i1*' *' U1AO Well III, IUB ? C MVU> ? ? ? / - I Q| i??o vf aaia?n an4 of pympatby. That la not war; it l? j,, ii>:ure That 1* not the aiitntloa of Kiircp?; It la rn liie. Thut is not totm-roil tha world; it la ( (kino t0l from III pleo? aa the hor z *n S BJ'loni, to nJran^e tlirm 0|, auj to Kuite th??i at vh? narnettm* Wo de*tre. for bumxriit.y, that tha pa-ce t>e presarTeil We even bo;>e 0? It. Oue only qjufisn of v?r w*a mooted, h Jtar between K< gland rm'l F"r*"re It ? * Dot rppublicao rt> F.-an'e wbi'tt nart^d tuat queaMon of war; itwia tba ef dynavty. The dynut y errln* *w?y with it thai danter 1 o. war w'jich 11 h?d RiTen naa tn f .r Europe by tha en ; g, tirrly peiannal ambii.n of it* family atluuicos iu Spuin e,j Thn? that domestic pnlioy of the f lieu d?n**ty which weighed for seventeen year* on our n?'ioniiI di^ni'y, r) weutied at the tine time, by It* pretentions to another tc crown at M*drid. on our liberal alliance* and on p?aca n( The r. pabiio km do ambition. The republic ha* no ^1 nepotiaan It ibharit* not the pretention* of a family Let Spa's f ivaru ltrelf-let Spa n be iodep*ndett and ?B lr-? Franca. for the eolidity of tUia naturt.1 alliance. m cpu it? mora on the conformite of principles than on Wl the aneression* of the bcuse of Boinkin ! Such I*, fir the rpirit ot tha oouocih of the reptib'Io ' flnrh will invuriuhlv h* th? ph?rup?i?r rf DOliCV, frauk firm, und modtrate, which yiu will have to repri- j ,'f *ut . m The republic ha? pronounced at it* birth, m;J in the [ |,( midst of the h<-at of contest, nut provoked by tbe joop'.e three words walob bare re?e?!?d it* poul, and vhioh j,( will ea'l down on It* oralle the bletslrgs of (Jjd and ,0 men : Liberty, Equality. Fra'ernlty She gave ln.msdt. j, ately thereafter, by t*? abolition nf the f<aniibia?nt (1 jj dea'h tor pM',i ?i (Htfaref, the true commentary of | tr :tc.,v ti ree w< rd? at h me ; do yon ?lto gWa them tb?-1r | .jj true commentary abroad Tte aense of these three y word* applied to our e*tarn?l relations it this ; the 1 j< breaking by France of the chains which wrighrd on its ' priuc'ple aud on in dignity ; the recovery of the rank w which it ought to occupy In the scale of th<; great Euro 0? p?ao powers ; lu fine, tbe declara'ioa if a.liatce ard ,Q ain'tv to all uallose If France fetl.? crar^Uniinusly ita tll patttn the mission of Ire?d?m and cl?i izailou In :he tn pre.*ent age, thue li not one of those words wlitehsig- (o s<f is war It' Europe is prudcut and j';**, tbeie is not j?, one of (hose words which do?? not signify peasa. aL Rsceira, air, the asauranon cf uiy Mgh atcuain r0 (S:gur?l) LAMARTINE, Memb*rcf tbe rrcv si mat tinrernmout of the Repub- n( lie. and MinisUr of Foreign Afleiis. rv Paris, Mi reh 2. 1849. c( Tbe rr^ei'ional government received this day a Oepu- ti< tattoo of the central committee of tue chattiate of L<>n- cc don, ei.a g*d to pres-n* an adireee winch was adopted at mrotirg li.-id on the 'i J in London. This aldreM. after b| expreaiirg th? high aim.r .tio:) of tha Eigiiat patriots hi t tbe courage and m?guauitni y ol the J-reiich people, cc concludea a* foilowa : ? EC If kiigv if oppraesir* governments, forgaMinf the re leaeoos of the p?*t, dare again league theru?elve* against t'l 1t-*d -e. and <1 >-o are war e.i?in?t your libettin*, b* assur- co ed. cit nil, that this time the people will not range rej uriuor i'jh u*f? OI iMir ijri* m, IOU ?r# tli* kdrnbsnj guard of 'he eoldieri <?f liberty, tod we lfc< can hfinr.< you that the Loflirk people would never lend pit them?lvea to aa impious war against their brethren of u>c France. o<" M. Oarci*' ?> ges, memlxr of ihe proTl?!onai govern- roi meut, r*p led : ? 'P' We rtcore with gratitude the atmpathy of the Ecg- ?h< Hsh ck?itint? Tb*y to us that England has per- tu f-etly m.d*'?tuod the oVjici of cur gtoiiou* re?c'uticn, <te fod the h'th mlftixu of the provision*! giverr.iit*nt. i' 1 Tut* roissi'n IE ait b* p io.-.bly actvaopli&tied by the ar; moTini-ut of ideas and we are roaviac?d tha', if the t*i E: jjli'h g >T?rnm*n; thouii eter desire to make war on 00 u* it would be prev??ted at the very instant by the Be Efgiisn ptople : for 1rat?rnity in the iaterior. anu fii?- s;?< ternity acioozst all natiop* abroad, is what mu'tf r- ' >n? ev?r iu?tain the energetic men who hare foujht for "1 liberty. Take care to tell the English chartliU that, in '? th<< provisional government }Ou h.ive found the liveliest ro siope liy for thoie whe s jff-r ; teil them that the revo- co latinn ' as been made l>y the people, ard lor tbem ; and 'i'l thatt'e provisional government, issued from the peo- ae, pie, only thiuKi of imiiroTing thj ?i uution rf all tk? 'el people. Oustrve the republican iplrit; after viotory, iio cu cries of voBgetuee or hat*, tut a g*sn?Teus calm , the 11 n liameil.ti r?-e?talli?bm?nt ot erder Great and generous, an mack as thr.y hare been brave and cotira he geoue.tUe Kreurh people desires to oontinue their under The d*p?i?lioB IDeu withdraw, crying Ki?? la JU- > pvhl:i]ue! 0(1 Th* following 1< the t?xt of a decree xeapeettbg the ^ eleetiotin and tn? ooBVocation of tha natinBal ataembly : Th* proviai.iBel gorartm- tt of the republic. dealring ... t? remit ut aoon aa poeclble to a goY*rnm*m Wi tbe po?? a which it exaroiaea ou babbit a?d by th'-' com- s) maad of tba people. decree* Art 1 i he electoral aaaemblie* of canton* sr? cod- v okad for tha 0th Anil Bast, to elect repreaentatTaa of ^ tha pwopla t> the actional aaaambly, which it to decree (J< the constitution. ... 2. Th* election aha'.l be oa the baaia of population. , 8. Tba total tuab?r of reiracntutiTeii of ?h? paopla (hull )>? *u.i In ludin* A grrla aad ih? French coloiii<*. *. 4 They ab*ll In Omlei between tha departments in th * p'aponinn eel firth in tha following table 6. Tba luffrag* shaU ba direct and uaiTaraal ' _ #. All Krenchtaen *g?d tufntj-ntu years resident ia' . tha enm'xnne for aix month*, and not deprived of or suspended Irorn tha ax<rciaa of aivlc rlghla bj a judicial t|( daaialnu. lire electors 1 7 All roBChm<n a*ed twenty fire year* cad net d?- ,h prir-'j of ur sa?p*Bd J Ir ui tha exereia* ?1 elvia lights, ar? q'ja!ii<"1 mi' rleitrd a* repreeentatirep. H 1'tie ballot aliall be a rr?-t. 8 All il?e?l>ctare ahull ao o at the cbi f place of thalr canLona, by balloting list*. Kanh liat shall contain aa cl lLai.y ukiuaa <i there aie r?pr?MiUi?ti?ca to be fleote t ia tt>e department. I be rx*<?<iDatton of th? an ?* shall tik? plaee at trie chief place ia lh? enn'on, and the da- <*' titration ( f them at th* cbiaJ town of the department j r'' No p^rAOri caa be notnlnued a represanUtire of the j ,r' paopta II he bar* ti>00 votes J kr 10 fcae-i representative of the people shall raceiee an 1 indemnity o? ?ef a-<i*v f-r tbe duration c.f ihe a*s*ion 11 An lartruaticn of tba prcT:iioi<al guT?riim>-nt rball j regulate lb* details of the execu'ioa et tbv present ds- I ,u cree m 13 Tha natun.l e.nsiitueBt, aft.iubly ibr.ii epen on **'< th- 'iOth of April. he 18 The preaent dacre* a'tall be immedi ?i?ly rent to '? all ihe ' er>*rtoia> ta. and publtahcd a?d placarded in all " the communes ef the republic *D djo? at r?rn, iu tur gorarnciatit council, the oth of | " Mnrch ^ Slgnad by tha mtwbari of th? prcTiatonal govarnmaat \ J"' J He Opinion of Ual? PiiHllppo of tha- lacccw <>t of ttia llipubii . | ?j Tba Parla Frf*' *l??a tha lollowiag ha an extract 1 pr f;es? a H?vralatter:?"\l. K . oo? of my irlanda, wa? <;i Lr?aant at the embarkation of iha ei-kin* tn ? ttatitcff- I L< oat od Tburaday laet. When no the point of of tba Franeh anil. L>ui? rh<li?ip? luro^J tow?rh IT ? i ?t; and **H Jot a the republic frankly and Mnoarvly tor 1 ; w] ?-rr? with ma tha l>'ieorli m> narrby, idu I euaU da- b.1 an*m with it to tha tomb. 1 hare Baao tbe laat king of ?o Vmace. A ian ' " I la Ttoe Praarh Rrrolnllaa and tn? t'largy. ^ [f iom t it a l.endnu H<r?lit. March It.J j To quota the rartrne oitcolar* or (n'touli issued on j (j, th* Mi in-n of tha revolution in different di?c*r?*e I" by ui no m an* mmepury tha *tr*ln of tbem all it Ideotioal j al Tmjt ?t'oc? to i'ht||iiaii aympathv for the aim which ! cj ba* ti^lliiad thay wrlroox* wuh h?mi.? of prat"'', tha ,(f n<<t wholly d??ol' p?.t oih that ia aacandlrg Two of (J the n? iinportont of Uia* doesMenti arw, however, lf wortu oofiaile'a twn Oa? J* front th' pf n of tUo'ardl j0 rial -lr bt'laV p i t Lyon* Ihia haughty pr? late may te b? rememb.raij !>y o?r re%d*ia It m ha who, eoaie I Ql t*o or bran yrata ag^. ?*t tbu now dethioue.1 king and I tb onell of Htata at dahauce, whan thay Tentnr'd to Hl qliTion tha a'obhiahop # rl*Ut t, procure* ?j liicial d, t?n'?na? o' oondoinnetion np n a r* on tha aoclvaia*ticnl ia ? of ! raoca, fioa tha pan of una o! the teal U W- I dT yar? In fha kingdom Ttla lofty a?>eitar of th? pr?ro J hl] gat Ira <f tha church UcoofoUy ob??r??a, with r?f- ' roaea lo ibe fall of the a* king, that ' It ia tlia band of ; ' Oad who ovarium* throuaa, and daahe* ciown* t? !*, piaeefl in hi? nalikeouaneee.'' and dlraota hie e>*r y to '' ' ??i 'n llii f?, .h nl the axa?pla of obedtenne anl ?uk . . miaa* I j too ?<p jhuo Tou ktn often wiahad," bo p ' to *rJoy t>?o Hb*rty which mnk-<a our I'hrfnof ih? Uoi rj S'nt?? ?o Uapry; ibttli'iirt) ji>a ill h*?? I f tha *utU ni-.Ua wlab to plaat the national r on th? religion* * ? d??a, a.-road tbo wUh?? tli* m?(riitr?i?i Tba of tha raoubllo will il??y? Hi; f promotion to rol\(lo? " Tna p-iatoral th.n i ? f w pbr?<?* o<mpliiu?nt*ry to tba iocr orJrrp, I concludes with a diractioa to read the ailaaiva from iry i>ulpit. * ? Pbo cburcli. tba archbiahnp (of r?riiO t?iV? u?. If nh? an. prrcUlm?i h?r ?i ally r?puhlle?n 4cetrln*a, hat n-rtUaWa* poaa<~a?J th?m. Baonaae a mail ilo/a not play In* aoTPro'gna on the tabid, it dr?* n t follow tt bia pu"? la not ladtn with 4011. "It ?ll not tha aaiou ot tha cburch," ?aja tba ATchhWhop of Pari* forea upon tba world a doMrlna (tha dootrlua of mocracy idantical with that af ehiUtUnlty) which m to cama no othar blood to bo ahad tb?n that of irlat'a apoatl*a and diaslplaa " lint tha ia not all! 10 writar. darl rg to tha laat da?rea,boldly a??at fa that ?ot ly havaths clar*r of Kr*?o* in all ag*s beaa tba obl?f andara of tha national lihartlM. bat that If tbe clarity rve atoou aiooi irons tonrnm-i ? hed ia Frmo* niioi ibt n itontlia, it i* itinply kr um idHi f?Ti>n)DtDt> bitvi sot bun liberal enough We bad no favor for the political luertiea which are oelaimed by the oprreaeora of the ohurnh and of the unt.-y - those on which the foot of the ron^u'tor trod those wbioh were tievar aught hot the Btel*\ng-UomB ambition end eovetoneneis Bat *? shall favor three >?rtiea which are abont t? triumph. kwi?M their obst wlil ha to protect tha rghta of all elike, nod to lore to all :tt'? mam bar* ot tha great family, not a chlerical happiness, with whlah wi have Dean to often ta>ed.but all tha happluers of which a great nation ia pable under law* and a perfectly j?a: government" ^0 Prncrtiilve Spirit oftha Asa-i'he Rrvolutloiiary State of tae World, [*'ro>a the London Tim?a, March 10.1 Perhape the moet significant feature of British polit'oa. st at this moment, ia th?t we ar? thinkloor ao little out them It require* a positive effort of m'nd to re11 tie attm'ion to our own m'n<eteritl or pulamtntarv ospecte We are abaoluttly Ml of France, we hall pair of Spain. wa are tick of Portugal, we are cuiious out Heme, we aympathia* with the Sicilians, we admire j?oaT>y. we are featful for S-r.iiuia. we pity Venice, we e divided about 8wi aerlaad. disgusted with Greece, vetted with Bavaria, and we enjoy the panlo whiob iryarlea the smaller State* of the (lermtnlc Confederals There iano event lirga enough to letlsfy our orangs. or riletant enough to escape our attention Are ' uMon at St P-tersburrh. the dissolution of Austria id the annexation of Mexico. would eeverallv funaiah atter lor a seaoad edition. aa I leave ua at liberty for her ceuntrle* n it mornicg We have bot told half a quarter of the nam-* which the Britiah publie I* eely dieeuainc- and on wbich it ei|>ects to be dally ex:?a. Our own coloniee and dependencies must eonibnte al'ttie The New Z- eland Chiefs the Cadres, e Chir*man the Saltan of Borneo. th? impar;|n?nt ti-rathat will not work in th<? British West la<li"*, id the Canadian radical*, we keep as tame paaseb'atk Jae* gat up a nemmotion when foreign affaire hepa 'o (leg But there iaguite a throng of smell fry o vil war at Caroccaa. and a r?volutt>n in Nicaragua. Delitical ep dem'o pervading cbe foreign Weet lud'ea id Brai'l aa Atrloan slave-dealer beaidlng ua ia the inrt of Queen's Beach ?nearer home a ut-w eonat'tun la D.-nmark. prepera'ions ia Belgium,and tiapMa ia at tha Hague. nuiab?r ?mrrg the minor araua-'otj of the news buoticg pulillo A man bad need rub I un rix'Krupoy in i*"?e u?jii. u:i? iui>ui|a> i will find every name he ey?r l?arut r-call?J to hw re Mention Th* mapse^lers orjfht to h- making their rtunc*. A man niiht a* well be eating acurn* ?n1 t1 iti raw hites u 10' koow lb* R'O Grande, ( affiend L>hn?n. or the Hotel de Capuc'nes Th?r? In only e* In ihe world which just now w? hare almost re. d to fo"g*t England has ?Jippe<i clean from our collection 1 he nearer hoire. the leea w? ure conrn?d Ireland, by dint of much bellowing. do? ju?t hd?/? t" attrao a little notice to ita private affair* rttieh polities in their most inclusive heme are neglect I If we ask how this is, some chylous unswers may he en. It fa not very m utual for prople to take au turret in the affair* of their r.e ghb 'r* to the extent of tglMttag tbeir own. In point oi fact, it ta * remarkae era to which wa have o-nie The foundation* of th? eat political deep seem now breaking up The whole .rtb i* shaken By singular forbearance and good inog-mrnt in tta? ruling and nontro lina power* of the )rld the storm may rase by. and we may escape, but a :rm there undoubtedly if in the win J. Europe ha* >"??d the third of a century in almo*t unbroken trsn illlty. Tfce general peace feaa been maiDtained. All a rnJdrn we are thrown back to a etate which beats a net portentou*. eiteuMvo. and circumstantial r-*cia!.nce to that which led to the twenty-five year* wa? ? re all know by pairful ?xp' rleaae bow Knglaad forgot er own progress in that terrible period Naval d >iun. colonial empire, maintenance of legitimacy- "" '1 fence glory, and we know not what baubl-s Ira* we then worshipped and obeyed The ai lumph and rrv?r*e, the splendor* and the ter .r. Hlbv'aJ . ?wl V.: , ^ .1 ?>,? n-k th<* rail coneeqaence Frv? 1799 till Ion, r >16. there *u searenly anything wbiou pretee it) character of social improvement. How ofltei ' had to r?T?r?e the l?giM?l?on of tbne* day* w t?n to supply it( omieeions Worth)*** triumph aoa* aoju'eition*. empty bam, international j < i jui?, hospital* lull of wounded men. pensioners, cripplns. id an incredible debt, afforded bnt a poor compensation r the want of moral progress or material improvements .t a very great man, Perclvjl u very (food man, id Lord Liverpool a very cautious man; but what raid bav* ih?y left id th;> institution* and condition of e country? Now. there if Juft a tenr that we may iw b? ewiwln a airoilar m, when we shall forget ir?elves in our Mtl for the world. or. to apeak more irrcctly, wh. n we thall care le*a for our actual oondi?n and intiiaa'c happine** than for our apparent and >m arntiv# rank in the (rest bumsn family. Tkm i>, however, one other answer that may potsiy occur to the question with whleh we ftarted, vix ;w cornea it that we are forgetting onreelves T The >bsc1< ufsrn of a nation if most vivid and active In it? tremment and its legislature. When a people are ally ntrake and progrtssive. we expect to find that ac ity in the rutere. A government let* vigorous, less leeted, less forward tlnn (he people, I* on the eve of jcetion. The living expels the dead When head and tr.berg ft ff^r an equsl stagnation and collspse. It If to i will* of the r r'tsm that the stimulus mui? b? ap?d. Do we pesfa'?t a leading and en?tg?tlc governing that will iai'iate, direct. carry through, and aonplish a court* of domestic ImprnveraeTit? The intry ha? mlrgMngs on th'f point With all onr retct for tha Individual members of the cabinet, we nuld speak to little purpose atd fail to parens J? the Ik i?f onr reader*, If wo were to demand entire confines end ropo?e in tha minister a~d hi* plan1) Little pion::-ed. but ?till loa if dune. Important measures * hung np There li a watt of momentum and a ceriu vacillation betrayed. Why Is the government *o utinusl'y. and we may add, * aueceaafuily attacked ? ctu'e i: Bits still and preset,ts an easy mark to the 3rtrm?n. Any simpleton ean hit a stationary governing Ko ore csa hMp these who will not help themvca. What are minister* doing ! Lord John Rttffell ill?so wa* Colonel Kl!(.UIntt?ne at Cubnl, so was tbe mmauder of t'u Snske, who lost his ship on the east et of Africa last Argujt, and waa sentenced hmt ics'cyto lo?e a year's r^nk. Uafortnnately. tbe lilts of a mir.ieter Is apt to be Icf-otlous. Workmen il'Ui do their duty when the eye of tbe m*rter is not H\**n A ' n*iw vsatu trlmf Visa* Ka?n f Whot 4a w doing T end wbar. pWge b?y we of fT'otlye legation? Yeteirae tb? flrxt meeting of Parliament, we . ? had nearly three month* eitting. W? (likll not be misunderstood when w? sty, that hUe all oar neighbor* ar? haying thalr revolution*, we aft hare a revolution of our own?oaa of tba quiet ar.d nstltutlonal aort. All Europe U taking a atari. Every untry i? contributing something to movement. Franca ipeet* to gaia atmatbinK by her change. Tba British <ople will t>e ashamed to be beatan in thU re*pect.? o? r must be able to ce-spare notea with honor Now, ? are not going to Tie with France in splendid idea* ie may enjoy the exolusive po??**sicn ol her three roical fodders**. and mvcb g?od may they da ber What. J1 satisfy the Brltlab people is practical Improvement ace prove to them tbat you have reniove-J ?n abuse, iitrnyad en It-jurioui monopoly, reformat tba atfm'.nratlon if Justice. of eommerc*, of finance or of pub: beaith. at cured en-ployment for the poor, ar dona any od work, end tb> y will be eentent to drop tM ?al. We want, therefore, practical men ; and practical, that in, an (-Orient Mlniiter, Is all the tator we r?qiire A modera'a budget if good m?* re* vigorously pnfh'd. and ultimately carried, If tlia *' retu.u'ion; azaoi.get ether reasons, because it is one bieh aJirns of an annual repetition. Mora we reed it f?y The people ask not revolution In tba aomaaon oee. hut eome d*clri?4 pro?ret>; and if it cunnot get iet progress fri/Bj oaa Minister, it will require bin to idicktv, and give place to another. Rlarkete, Livrneeot. M??mr? Mer-rh 11?Ashes-In t*>is arti an improved tit-wane b?? ?, rung up 210 to MO bMs p<>ts 'old at Jfle CI roSli.ard eorne peerls at 40s ? trk~ 6 n*U salesc-atinue to be mad*: IJOhMs Qnertron eolii at 10$ alUe 0 l p?r ewt. Bee* was - 3 t >ns of A<siji aio reported at ?3 lie per cwt 1 r< n The Iron fcfifl Dur tlfti to mini in fu?<Artaint v irlrglmn the political convulaion* now agitating Hit at?r I'ortion of the contiiiesf. of Kuropt Ordera for n for the ron'ineat h??e b?en withdrawn, and orlera r rottoti. woollen hardware aud other good*, bay* been iptmi'd or oenoelled. tfapltaliati and banker* art i re raarft ua lu their operatlnna; a'd th?*e etu>?* url) have injured tba li> n iiale, both for exportation and >ra? CO?iainprlon. 1 h? woikatfi io tba Iron dlitriott tow gt"- rallT FH^mi tfd to tlio re.1u-tIon of wagt* qnired by tax iroi.m**trra and milt of the worki art (nil operation A* tha order* In hand a-e not conairalne. not with?t?D<tlnK the general tufpenainn of lair in the Mtaftordrblre iroa dlauict. lor tba laat two rintb* wa do not eifteol thit preient prio** can ha ainteined. Tba puce of Hsntrb pig h?a fallen, and btr kiud* art i*t tt our pietent ?fuitnti?n?, with tht i caption of latlf aiilcl) ar? in lair <J?rn*i>d Pretent ioeiiQ Liverpool ? vUrcbant bar. ?1 II ?; but, roiled tto, ?9, ho?p ?'.> 10; aheet, JCia, Scotch pig, Mi 17 fl ird- Amerlonu declined J? p r owMn th? early pert tba forlulgtit. bu1 improved fully It 6 1 towards tba id Oil*?A fair doaiand tslit* for olive. 130 tone of bich h*ve be*n * Id at an advuuoe of 18 ?u Ui par tun i tnn* Newfoundland cod brought ?Ji 10a p<>r tun. and ma aciall rale* e?el at ? 14 to ?2 > S-nt remain an for. erly. Oil at turpeotui* h*t iapn Ttd - Britleb la rolling 3?a, and a atrlcea at 3*a par cwt. Palm aoli freely at 3 J 10 to ?13; 600 tuna, to arrive, bare been eold at a like ioa, FrarulMl?Th?re bate k'cn retentive *uie? of i?f, at lull prlcea for floe quail Una, hat at a alight reJtllon < u aeouridery en l Inferior acrte The ..cilera ? low io #t<?( k, and, with raoifera'a arrival*, no great i?ng? In prlc* la looked fir. For new pilme meea itkihtrt continue* an active demand at full price*, l rhin Oil tn?ei hai alto uj?t wkh a better itle f?r i? III* b market, and a lew percale of old prime have nod pur.hafra I be a-.lea of b??on are to a fair xnt I'bt quality <\ the eai em sure la good. and inch intnand exirtiae pticei; the w?item that baa arrived la aeaaon I*, however, irrrgular in quality and cure, id Uie prloe rule* a cord>n?ly Old hecan la nearly >ue. A parcel of new Baltimore ham*, in *alt, net a aay aale at our higheit quotation* Old continue ft ageing tale, t'b' tan l* kcaroe at 3* per ewt dearer, it tba advanced prion cause potohaerta to operate >re cxutloualy. At a (light reduction Iri m our aft lot-atlon* there tea been a large bmaineaa done In lard, d the atoek kaa not accumulated The conanmpttcn la lueualiy large. Rice- 6*0 toe (Carolina told at 17* to <Jt* flI Mf cwt I 9000 bag! Cut India at 3d for Maaraa, and I0a to lla In low to good middling white, beljaj amall deelina. Ro?ln?1 ^eral parcels of Amerle*i f.und bur*''* *t prevlc Salt? Tber* ia richer a better demand ] thl? artiel". and tba prio?* at a Urner Tb?r? 1? a a probability 01 an advance taking place shortly. Has ib.>U(h in more demand, h? vr a dull pale at deellai price* French red clover need hM moved off At 41a 1,1 441, Dutch red at 41t 61 to 4'1?. aod Ameriaan at 4 1 to4^p?ro?t ; fair qmllty of th? latter aiav ba I) lower A email lot of Madrai linaeed brought 60i ] ! (jturter Linaeed eaUe hi* given way con?14?rab >v?ral lota American hiving been diipontd of at ?d ?7 per on. Tallow?In tble article the market le t | lively. Petoriburgh aells at 61a to ftl? 61. Some Sot 1 A uieriaaa, however, at anot'on. only brought 43* Pi 48s, for vary iiood quality. Ten?During toe fortnig tha market baa bee.i rather quiet, both lor black* a K-eete, tut no alteration In prloea can ba qnotad. 1 , buoco?91n?o our last report UiO hlida have beeu ?c vlt.. 70 for asportation, til) for Ireland, and tha remain) I to tha trada. No ahanft in piinea Torpantina?7 ; 1 >'a advance ia (till maintained; MO barrela cold in I : early part of the fortnight,at 8a to 0* Id Waol?Durl ; t :e laat fortnight thare baa baan leu doing, owing to I u ilavorabla aroounta iron tha oontinant; bat tha ?to< , of e?l*ahle quelitac*, auitad to tha praaant demand, i ; very light, which in a great maaaura aceounta for I ; tr?n?actiona being sa limited. Cut India are v< rcuoh inquired tai; tba markat la qulta bare, but I IIKII n??? soma un? hiitui iwq. vruuu nuiiiunx : ia rrqu??t, lower qualities aro wary dull There ] b enrtthor mora trqulry for Russian. also for B>i*i | Ayrai, particularly for fine qualities *f the latter. Pri , art very firm. and there ia no ch&nge to nolioa la i I T?lua of any desorlptloa. Frkiohti at LivRRraoL,March 11.?Tba freight m 1 k?t boa partakes in th? general dullness cf trada dor' the lost fortnight, and lower latea moat be oonstderad ) established lu most caaaa. Passengers alto bave b? decidedly lers abundant, and the extreme rataa paid 'tween decks of late, have rasulted in serious lota to t charterers in numaroua Instances. We quote, for N Yoik?dead wel?bt, 8 to 12s 6 1 par ton; Una goods. 2 coarse, 1 As; earthenware, > to 9v Boston?dead weig 17a ti l to 29j; fine goods, Ms; coarae, 20s; oarthenw* 8s. Philadelphia?desd weight, 15i; fine good*. 2 e ar.e. UJj; oarth>nwsre, 10a Baltimore - dead wei< 90s; One gooJa, 90s; course. 2Js; earthenware. 10 to 01. N?w Orleans?dead weight, 12s 01 to 15s; f sonde, 20s; coarse las; earthenware. 8 to 9s.?Fjckt Beult. Slat* of Trade. [From the European Times, Maroh 11.] Bbadf bd? At the Pieoa Hall th?re Is an arerage tendance ot buyers, and as manufacturer* are very c in their proceedings, the snpuly of gooda ia I much greater than the demand. The smsllures ot i s:ooks enoourages the bopa that whan the tempori tarnation, caused by the recent events in France, si hora passed away, and the d*mand for the autni trade btaome mora general. hu?iness will again resn its wonted activity. In the Y?rn market there ia col drrabJy more businaM dona than of lata, especially w the shipping homes ; and ia several instances the bo uianufncturera offered orders for J it tan t delivery?a cided indication of a speedy improvement The W tsarlet was consequently firm, and there was no ohai calling for observation. There Is a great want of animation in c Piece Ha l, and the demand for goods, either plain I gnred. is very limited Tue polltio*! events of Kran l,.h th via that aii> il*llv oor.nrrtnr throughout Eurc hava had an injurioui aff.ict upon trade in- this c.lity. So that the improvement that bad begun to i kifeer itself in Yarn (trom the shippers coming into I market, owing to th? opening f f the continental rlr< haa been d<estp*t*d, and orilere that would other* have been g>ven oat. ?r? now held over for confirmeti Da: little Wool is chantfii-g hand* Th? greatast ci tion ia displayed by tbe buy*r?, and prices may quoted m slightly lu favor of tha purchasers Hicmotpwui ? At thia mukit there Is an avert at enoince of buyera ; nevertbel-ss. wo have onlj vary limited huainesi doing Some orj. re for expor <iou have latrly baen aiven. whioh will tand to inorei employment. Prloea have undergone bo change for ?o tnn<?a paat. Nottingham.?The foreign lace trade is brisk. 1 the hume trade oictinuei deprcs?ed. The hosiery tra if anything, ia wore*; meet department* af it bare ex rletioeU muo 1 di coursgement, whioh la anpreeedani at this seaaon of tbe year Tbia in soma ne?iure, n b i partly accouutt d for from tbe political agitations home, together with the attention paid to the str abroad ; all tending t > increase the want of that 001 d.?nrc whioh 1* now so much needed to glre an improv turn to the commercial world Rochdalk?The demand has, for the last few da become very limited. There is a great uavvlllmgn itmoi'ir the merchants to purohase at any price, in t exalte 1 st.-'e of things. Tbe wool dealers complain, s n't w.thcu reason, of having nobiug to do Pri m e quoted muc.i the lime as at tha data of our 1 H DBUtlltii ?A rather baiter feeling has ar-nift e4 itself in tliii market and a slight improvement i t >ken place in tbe demaud tar low fancy goods, bat 1 1 transactions are reported in plains The attendant 1 layers at our last maiket, March 7, was better then I t >me we.- ks past Lk icsstrb Tbe worsted trade till continues in ay dep *>e<j<i st ite, and inanufaoturera make with extr< caution There is no pushing of goods lata tbe marl as taey are awaxe, to make sales, it would be at a ru . us eacritice. 'I be cotton branch ia more brisk, s one or two heavy sales hare been effected; still, I prlnf demand haa not yet taken plana, nor are tb a-y ehiupinfc orders at prraent to relieve the mark*1 Worsted yarns are dull of tale, although wools ooatli firm. Lkkos?This market continuea Mea ly. On tb* 4th a'ant there was an Improved attendance of mere ha at oar Cloth-halls, and ihara was an evident increeae the amount of burin*** transacted, as oo a pared w recent markets; moreover, tbey wera not confined toi particular kinds of goods, as we have for soma tim* p ha I ocrasi n to report, bat embraced a I meet every rcription of fabrie in the Cloth-balls. Price* were 01 out. uuQvrwvn no mamui incruiae. on tua no i market wai without animation; lmt, although little doing, prioea. in general, maintain themselves vi e'etdiy beoauae no hrary itoeki praaa on tba market Tha greater part ?f bncnaf* if now done to ordar by < manufacturers. (iuAioow.? Manufactured good* have baan in bat Jemu'I, but prioea remain without any alteration. N withstanding tba check to prodaotion, canaad by < lata unfavorable aeaounts from India and China, t Urmaid baa other* Ise extended, and, on tba whola, i transactions of the fortnight ara larger than tboaa of laat. Id th? country trade a considerable improvim u perceptible, and u number of buvera irom tba Engl wholesale cacarni ara at preeent in the market. 1 riota which takan place here have had aligh li jnrioua effeat, bat this aspect will enly be of i vi short dorat on. Tha continental news had affected I trade in ttiat quarter to an injurious degree. Bay for that qu rt r ara afraid to operate, and, within i laet few cava, leitara from Holland andiBelgium hi beeo recei?? d by areata hara, reqnaatlng that the axe tion Ot otdsrs be impended in tha Meantime. City luteUlgeni*. The Wkwhfr?Veaterday waa by far tha matt lightfnl day or the Mason. '1 he eky waa cloudless day, and the air was nv ft ealnbrioca It waa indee< aprirg day. an 1 tha betuty ?ad fish;on if the city w arrayed in every direction, every one wearing a imiii cheerfulneie. commow Council.?There will be a meeting of b< Boardaof be Cencon Counoll thiaevening, when tl wlll^o Into the appointment of Commiaslonera of Dee Dow* on the Doss?Tha Mayor bai issued an der, wbioh will take effect ta-aorrow. that all doga for running in the atreet without a mnzale be killed T ariaea from tha fact that several rabid doga have reoe { ly been killed In the olty, and tbla measure ia reaort | to to uti the oitj front Imminent danger. | Tii>i Bale or Boon ?'The trad* sale of book* I b??n gtlngoo.for threw the room* of Cooly Ke k Hill, in Broadway. Yesterday, all tha works a ' were of a theologioai character. Kiaa ?There was a Are yesterday <a hcrnse No B*.?kmaa street, occupied Vj Mr. E W Merrlam. iroke out in the np^tT part of tha building, jo?t un the roof The activity of the police. heade4 by the oh Til members of eigina company No. ft. soon put <iut It appears that ona of the servants of the hoi went up int<> the attio about nine o'olock in the mora w.tb ? lig it-d candle to look f<>r a ohiid's wagon, ant is sapprsed thjt a spark fell among the dry ti?b>r. 1 pUoe being nimost sir tight, the wood work burned ue?rly sis o'clock txfore ?t waa discovered. Fatal Case er Stabbing ?Coroner Walters will h an iuqn*et thin morning at the City Hospiul, upon I bedy uf a m*n by the n*me of Miller, who died 1 evening trom irjurirs reo-ired by being stabbel by 1 other individual In seme fraoas the details of wh could eel be comet'y Moertained last Bight. folic* Intelligence. K' quitition uruler Ik' t'renmh Republic.?Just UrlnK-r r' o?i< e J yestar lay. from the Kreich vioe-oi ml ol (hls oity, a rr<j'ji? tion for the arr*st of sere French sailors. despr;ers frr.m th? Kr?i>chbark Agle, hich was a stamped seal?' t Frai faii This, we beilrve, 1? the first requisition issued un ier 1 n w republic in tbin city

Scoring a Stranfr ? Vester Jay a complain1 waa mi before Jaitiee Drinker by a young tn*o. ? stranger this city, wha suited to the magistrate that weat into an auction shop in liroadway, n vv?ll street. an4 wlsh-l to d'spos^ at auction hl? g. 14 lever watch. valued at $4V he be rather si.ort of lands Aecordlngly, the watch was | up at auc'lon. and the bidding aomnenced by 1 Irlends of tbe eu>5tione?r. nnd the watch wte knocl down ? $14, although (tb? oweer bid *20 at the sn I tint*; thi" wa? Culled a fdr transaction by the aucti ] eer and hi( he'pa around bla (hop h it nn\ io by I inagUfiat* w ho laaurd ?ubf i?iu for the auctlone'r, a brought the partiea before ih? orurt. warn. after a lit consultation. they returned the jo'ing m?n hit wat ?Dd thue the m-ilier ended. finliinf a II inri Matl OHo*r Minehn, of the AH we> 'I. arreted yeeterd y a On man by the name of F dtnck Fiomium on a charge of atealmg n piuae conta ing *3*, from pantnlooea pooket of IVter ./etkl [ "fill e at No. 195 l.ndlow atre*t It app?j ? they b? If l>t In iba a<me room, and bufnre Jerkin g it up yeat J.?y Ruining, Krornrnig etole from lh.> c .mplmnai pnnket the above a jd> of money, in bank bill*. On < ilaer enrobing the ahop wher? ih? ec?ti?ed worked, No. 48 Mtldati Una, tba purse em) $16 cf tbe (to money tv?re found, wh?r# It bad efiden'ly barn hldd< ??ny b\ the ihief?on aeerchiDg hla lt> (ring rv n. I t fl.'.?r f .jnd a lot of art'elei ateieo from hi* employ Mr (raft book binder Kmin papeia fnnn<l in bia poa* hod, it eie.iia be waa ahortly in be marri'il; but i juUnR wonun knowing aim to have a wile in Oermi ?ould Dot content to have htm without hi ahoerud a < rorro: at.d In ordar to (atUfy lier on that eutjeot. forged a paper, artting forth hia divorce wlih ma fl wife, aod then puated on too large ramp aeali, out fr off a (krrnan pa?apiTt, making it look like a bualn document Und?r three Mrcumatariceatbe young u on i may ooi,gra>ul?te baraeif that (he did not become t wife of a thief aa well <n a <le?rlver Juatice Drinl looked him up lor trial on both r!ixr<ea The Ciopa. The It?thnttr JtJvtrlmr aaya wheat in IhUvietn look* poorly. The <>p?n winter baa bad (evere eff upon It. We are flu from preaching np panle, tea a glance it the fielde will (bow that the preeent appa auee of the erop la aomenlut dlroouraglng. m ? NEW YORK HERALD. tor - ? lortk-weal Curaer of Pnltoa and Ruiai lU. 1 JAMES GORDON BENNETT, |jj FROFRIKTOIU ?" DJtlLY HERJtLD-Evety day, (Sunday included,) J' tcente per copy-tl 23 per annum?in the Utultd Statei. Rmopean tuktrribert. 414 per annum, tn inrlnde tke pott?ot ute. *uhtcriberi in South America the East Indiei, ot ith Ike Ilia*dt in tke fgetflc. ami ilte fVrel Indian lilandt to i?iU receive theirpoaeri by every vet eel flrom tkie pert. rht fVEKKLY HERALD?Every Saturday-** cent, nd per copy?S3 ItK per annum?in the United Btatet. Eu r, ropean tub t crib ert, t) per annum, to include the pottage l? An edition (in the French at well at in the Englith lan 'Id. ruare,) will be publithed on the day of the departure oj Jar :ech tteamcr for any port in Europe, with intelligent! 'h? 'rom all partt tj the American continent to the latettmp ;b? nent. ?ubtcrtptione and advertirementi received h i__ Mtttrt. Oalignani, 11 rue Viviettne, ParitiP L. Simondt ?* II Cornhill, and John Hitler, hookteller Henrietta itreet London. Subtcribert in foreign portt will receive their p* s?? pert by every vtttil direct from New York wr* PRE SWENT1AL HERALD?Every Tuetday- On ft* Dollar for the Campaign ,rr ADVERTISEMENTS (renewed every morning) a ' leatonable price t; te be written in a plain, legible manner " The proprietor not reepontible for errort in manutcript PRINTING of all kinde executed beautifully and will t>as hepatch. Oldert received at tke Publication Office, cot so* ter of Pultanand Nattau itreeti. sea ALL LETTERS by mail, for mbicriptioni, or wih tne idvertiiementt, to be poet paid, or tke poetagt will be di lucted from the money remittedVOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containin, mt- important news, tolicited from any quarter of the totridIng ln<* if "ted wilt be liberally paid for. a( NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymous eommunici ien 'ion*. Whatever it intended for intertion mutt be anther , " Seated by the name and addrett of tht writer: not ntctttt '?r rily for publication, but at a guaranty of hit good faith ;ba fyv cannot undertake to return rejected caaiMuntcaltoni w JILL PAYMENTS to be made in advanct. U#; MIM.U ,, !?. ?- 1 bt> amuskments this evening. f?: BOWERY THEATRE, JBow?ry-Tni Wmitebotc IniUKKKCTICN or PaBI?. 12? CHATH AM TH E ATRE, Chatham atreeL-Kiwa'a Qai ln? xrch?The Rkhk4??al?Kfihit or the Watbb*. ^ MECHANICS' HALL. Broad way, B**r Broom*?Chbii rr'a Minitbeli?Ethiopian Singing, Burli?<jub Da? ciro, he. ?? CONVENTION HALL. Wooater street. auiBleeeker ?u- Sable Brothebi?Ethiopian Singing, lie. [fee BROAD WAT ODEON, Broadway.?Sbbio Comic Fi< lry ronB?, fco. **" PANORAMA HALL, Broadway. Bear Houatoa atraatB*r Banvard'i Panorama or the Miiaitairri. ma .... ..... - - ? "jj New York, Thursday, March 30. IMS. mi "T ? ? ~ ? * ~ Circulation of the Herald. ool March 39, Wednusday 19 689 copl*. I* Average of Daily. Sunday, Weekly, Ico .. 61 24? " Aggregate isina last week. ...........144 960 " >nr Aggregate iaaue week before. 141,960 " \ot. tncrewelatt week * 000 " ip?. Inoraaae previous week 4,416 " 1? .. a-x Total Increase in two weeks.. 7,416 11 the The pahllcfttion of the Herald commenced Rt 1 ' * ) minute* before A o'clock, and finished at 6 minutes bi fore 9 o'olock. OB __ 'he Fnrtl>(r European In?elllger>?r_E fleet of 111 Frtntli Republic In Europe. tge We continue in our columns, further importer ta* correspondence and intelligence, describing an m>? developing the extraordinary revolution i m# France, and the position of affairs in Europt but Oar correspondence from Italy is most interesi ing, and exhibits the excited condition of th? tad country, aud the strong probability of revolt! IBJ tionary movements taking place there. In fad if? the revolution in France is merely the btginnin ^ of the age of revolutions. All Europe, on thi r aide of the confines of Russia, must be eithe ys. republican in a few years, or relapse into despc "** tism and absolute monarchy. The great an tod final contest between these two principles ha oe# come. France, more advanced in ideas tha jUBt other countries, has taken the lead, with an lit ' *- pulse and a step that shakes, like an eternal eartl quake, the whole continent, lrom one end to th ?ef other. There cannot be peace long between th French republic and the monarchies of Europ< try The old republic of 1792 was recognized by Eu( land, and preserved the peace of Europe for som in months; but her internal and external relation the brought about that conflict which will be r< era newed in the present day. Among the extracts which we publish, ar some very important documents emanating fror the new French government. We refer pai tfrllUrlv tn lk.?Tl?nFj:n.r? r i K lth M. de Lamartine, the secretary of the new goven ment. This manifesto ol the French republi to the world, contaius sentiments that wi [hi startle and astonish the other powers of Europe 1 ' Indeed, he there describes the views and prir 'Z ciples of the French government, and gives sue th* glimpses of the past, the present, and the proba t#r bilities of the future, as will lead the mind posi ot- lively to believe that war is inevitable. If th th* People Italy mean to create a republic on th th? model of that of France, as is alleged in the re at cent correBPondc?ce of Prince Mettermch t iish Lord Falmerston, the Austrian government i pledged to put it down by iorce. Such is th try policy. Then, if Buch attempts be made by Aui ^ tria, Lamartine, the Foreign Minister of tb the French government, declares before the wort that France will take the side of their broth< republicans in Italy. This, therefore, will at one bring on a conflict between the adherents of tb two forms of government. But even withoi dm- .l: r .1.1 -11 j - --j imid pusikiuu ni uiiugH, an arouna in? new n la public?through the German States, in the nort re of Europe, and tven in England?tha popular in pulses are warming and boiling over, and wi Dtb> most assuredly bring about the great contest bi *7 twecn monarchy and democracy. Insuchacoi test, tho prospects are decidedly favorable for th mi establishment of republics and the reorganizi ?? tion of democraciqp. nd We fondly hope and believe that the Frenc will be more successful in their new revolutioi jjjj and in organizing a republican government an old making it availobla for increasing the happinei of the people, than their ancestors were in 179: Some symptoms break out, here and there, of i*r different character. The collection of workme demanding a forcible diminution of rents, an uf? work, aid wages, is not a favorable symptom; bi ]"* we hope that these ebullitions ot unrastraine 'h* feeling will pass away, as we have frequentl 1111 seen such things disappear during political e: fjlcl citements in New York and elsewhere in th th* country. It is feared that a revulsion in cor merciatyaffairc?the depression in prices and tl icb discouragement of trade?may increase those di contents in the public mind to such a degree t to impede the action of the new governmen io* We hope that the men at the head of affairs wi ni have discretion, prudence and decision enouj ? to meet the crtaia. th? That the pcace of Europe ia in danger, aeen to ba abaolutaly certain. During the old ravol in tion, the other powara contemplated thepo-itic *? of the French republic, a long time before th< screwed up thcircourage to attack it in the fieli In* We do not think, if they mean to oppoae demi cracy, that they will be ao long in council i >"<1 they were at the clone of the laat century. JJJ,* th?re ia to be a war in Europe, it will aoon brea th? out; and that there ia to be one ia certain, a< cording to all appfaraacea, unleas, perhaps, tt eh, new religious aentimen>a of the French clerjj eh owatd" democracy should operate in German re Italy, and other countries, as they have operat? wn" in opposition to monarchy in France. Evei >ih arrival, therefore, from the other side of the A *' Untie will be fraught with interest. It would k ih? a curious fact if the Pope and popery of the yei l 1848 should aid in destroying the monarchic ?*D ^yatems of Europe, and in replacing them wii lh" a srries of republic* on the French and Amer JJ; can plan. IIow strange ! jj1* Interesting local intelligence will he four rtl on the fourth page, bo . rst Rait.boad AcciOKrir?A* the two o'cloc ?in tram of curs from 8<xonvil1e wan approscl *< lag tha Nawton Cormr Bnpot. and when wlt&lnsbo on* huodrad yards of that atatlon, tba angina, land h* and two paaaasgar ears warn thrown off tha track la lbs uod. on soeonnt of tha switoh being mlsplsoad. Portnoatol/, do on* wu Injured. a tha ears ware mo I iait Tjr slow at tha tima of tha aontdant. Tha angle ind t?ndar wars somawhat dmmsirad.?Jt*if?n J turrit jjj Mer.AM. _ ____ it a The remains of tha lata Col Boafned hara be? u. ramovad from Boston to Washington, at whlah l*tt? place the funeral oereaoUas and burial will take place ~--B I 1 Kll J II" IB?r?HM TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE* D< Hart i ? . i .1 < ~ fa tfc Summary. Ton( The recent momentous intelligence from Eu- so U rope has so entirely absorbed public attention, that the passing events in our own country have y( excited but little curiosity since its reception, brldi A late arrival at New Orleans brings advices from the city of Mexico to the 11th inst. and 1 from Vera Cruz to th?! ISth. A revolution had ! M, ' occurred in one of the States, against the go- sot i vernment and in favor of Santa Anna. The ) latter had asked aud obtained lf-ave from Gen. | Twiggs to pass through Vera Cruz. It would i appear from this, that the report that Santa Anna ? * ' was organizing fresh forces, was incorrect, and TJ that he was sincere in the desire he has expressed nat? f to leave the country. Gen. Lane has returned r*,lf I to the United States M Tho knaincia of (^onorrrHa. vesterdav. was J varied and interesting. In the Senate, Mr. ti A.llen introduced resolutions expressing senti ments of sympathy and affiliation with France ti f in the new position she has assumed. The reso 1 itions were unanimously received and ordered i- to be printed. The hill relative to the claims of ^ n citizens of Califoraia, was further discussed. 400( I' A bill concerning bounty land claims, reversing Mol the decision of the commissioner of patents in Not: = regard to the existing law on the Bubject, was Bl introduced; as was also the House bill relating alK)' to improvements in the Hudson and Savannah i.. rivers, he. In the House, the contested election ( between Messrs. Jackson and Monro?, was the K subject of some little animadversion. A f.w notl political speeches on the bill refunding certain _t _ expenses incurred in raising volunteers, con- vioi eluded the day's proceedings in tha popular B a branch of the national legislature. dull The people's representatives at Albany, trans- Wh acted their usual amount of business, yesterday c ?for the particulars of which, together with ttn(1 market reports, shipping intelligence, &>; , see " tbe subjoined despatches. ?l^' , ? Si i Lata and Interesting from Mexico. Augusta, March 29, 1849. j By an'exprfss from New Orleans,bringing dates .. to the 23d pinst., we have received by ilie Great Western, from Mexico, up to the 11th, nine days lut. later news. The Great Western left Vera Cruz crt on the 18'h. q Th? Free American, of the 17th, announces 16 that Lieutenant Allan, of the 21 infautry, was he! on his way to join his regiment in the intarior. wii Santa Anna applied toG-neral Twiggs for permission to pass through Vera Cruz, which was l? granted. t am There was a number of resignations in the ar- ant it my since the armistice. _ (]e: j The oflicers appointed to preside over the . court of inquiry, reached the city of Mexico on tne n the 15th inst. > an< The North American of the 10th, furnishes an cal account of a revolution in Gautamela (1) against _j ih- government and its pacific intentions, and in lavor of Santa Anna. am i- Ca'verna, it was supposed was advanced to at t, ihe Presidential chair in place ol the acting jn President Pena y Pena. General Lane hus returned to the United e8t 8 Stales. wa ~? ith ; iieuuu sioainii; . > Philadklfhia, March 29, 1848. tlc d One hundred mid seventy-eight young gentle- no lg men received their diplomas this day at ihe tr.a commencement of the Jelfcrson Medical Col- I1'* n lege, duly licensing them to heal, perchance to wl i- kill, the good folks who come under their care Hn in a professional capacity. y?l 18 Flood mt the Ohio River. '?l ie Cincinnati, March 29,18-18. ,4 There has been a great Hood in the On?o, " which made some considerable ravages. It has J ' completely inundated many plantations. 1m: VHIRTtBTU COlGitKM. 18 S vi FIRST session. y' Waihiioto*, March 13, 1843. 'a? 8tiialc* coi The Senate convened at the oanil hoar, when the Vise Preatdent took the ehair and called to ord?r[; 8 II afu* which there was prayer by Rev. Mr. Garl?y ?e Numeroa* mimorWls and petitions were then present- das ed ar.d referred. w Mr Hart nf !Umnililr?. BPAflint#d lundrT Dtti . tions, whioh ware duly received and referted. f BITKB IMrnOTCMKNTI. 11 C A petition wm presented by Mr. Jon* Bell, of Ten- p%i j[ neesee. from oltizens of that State, prayirg for the at immediate repairing of the roid at the mouth ot the o'o S. Cumberland rivar, and proceeded to address the Senate aot L at aome length, in support of thi petition, wbinh wan r- - 'j , csived and referred to the Committee on Road* and Ca- of h nala. sui L. Mr. Cbittbudeit, of Kentucky, presented a petition iai in favor of the lame objeot, which waa referred to tha a L" same committee. or ? Mr. Jcrraatoa Davis, of Mississippi, reported ft bill h?i from the House, respecting the improvement oi the Had- obi 6 son and Mavannah rivers, and fir changing the loovlon lag >. of certain light houie* and buoys on those rivers, which of waa raad a third time and passed. I7? ? cen?BATVi.*Tions fob ratsct. fol IS Mr. Alls*, of Ohio, Baked and obtained leave to intro- blc duce joint resolutions oongratulating the people of wo ie France on the sueoeea of the r-oent revolution through ch B- whioh they had pasted,and the establishment of are- as public, fco., whioh were oonourred in and ordered to be 1 ? printed obi d SOUNTT LAND LAWS. ?r Mr. Ashlbv. of Arkansas, agreeable to previoni no- for '* ttae, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill, which ly, ie was raad the Brat aud second time, by nnanimoua eon- thi sent, and referred to th? committee on military affaire. eyi It related to the defining the law rwpeoting bounty tiri it lands, ao aa to reverse the decision of tha Commissioner Cr j ot Pensions. La CALtfOBlflA CLAIMS. tBl h Mr. Cam, Chairman of the Commit tee on Military In l_ I ffaira, moved to take up th? bill r*l ting to the adjust- ate um oi lyainorm* (iiaioii. wuwu ignm w m 11 Mr. Dix, ef New York, addressed the g?nat* in an In- wi >. teraatlng speech of considerable length, in support of ell the bill H?. in the MBtMQt Bit remarks, gave an In- cui l" tareatlng description of the various proj?ota proposed oh ie for the settlement of California under the protection of pri Great Britain, which was carer lost sight] of by that tri l" oountrj nntll lta military occupation by tho United lei Statea When he had oonoluded, at) . Mr Atchison, of Missouri, adreoated lta pv*age ia m? " a few brief remarks, in which he rare a suooiact history ga 1, of Col Fremont's expedition, which he said had ehed ab , ao much light on the character of the country, ioolud- ori a ing a description ol Its noil, olimate and production*, to- ihi 18 <t?ther with notices of it* people, their custom*, habits. As ) Sic Alter, icce fuittar cucussicn, the bill waa laid au * aelde. tei a Mr Hanrboan, Chairman of the Committee on For- bn eign Relatione, then moved that the Senate go into ex*- by onliva aeaslon, whioh waa agreed to, and the doors w*r< Mi id cloaed. After soma time apant therela, the doora were T1 A i , xv Ilows* of H?|ir?Mntatlvea. An d The House convened at the nsual hour, wben Mr. T1 v Speaker Wlnthrop resumed bis seat and called it to or- *< y der. til t- Prayer ?u then offered up by tha Chaplain. rai jB After the journals *w? read and approved, and sotme tri ' routine business gone through with, vi< n" thi comkittri hat. wc ie | Mr Lt'citw B Chask, of T?nu*Nr?, rose to prlvilaft- 'n I ad question. and offered irm luMon In favtref Monroe tb B" i (of New York) being heard ng?in>t Mr. Jackson, from on is i tba aama State and district, tha lath,In reference to the T* . | oontaced seat, which wm adopted Fo atrorti fro* committkks Br II Tha PraAKca announced tha first thing in ordar to ba ex ,l report* from committees. Several bills were than re- trj >n portad, which were twloe road and reported to tba Com- tai mittee of tha Whole 00 airuiDina Mentvs advanced to toluntkkss. ca Aftar tha morning business had bean gone through wa U- with, on mo'lon tha House resolved Itself into a Com- dii mittee of the Wht le on tha State of the Union, and pre- thi ceeded to lha consideration of the bill In favor of refund- a | '7 i?K nonejs advanced to volunteara?which Rave rlaa to ex j considerable dobate pro and con-in whloh Mr Haralson, uti and Mr Klrjf, of Oeorgi*. Mr A. (} Drown, of Ml??ls- a*r sippl, Mr. Millar and Mr. Danean, of Ohio, Mr. McK?v, Lb? of North Carolina, Mr. Burt, of South Carolina, and a others, participated. riti 11 Mr. Laiim. of Ohio, made a long spaap.b in favor of the un ik Wjlmet piovlso. Mr L was elected a* an indopendeat foi democrat. He was opposed to all acquisition of teirl- tin c" tjry, withont slavery should be excluded Ilawentonto Ne ip us* various arguments t* strengthen the p-tuition he had ret aaauraed. many nf which bad been prevlooaly ndranoed of >' Id ragu ahape or other to ] y, lh? dlacuaalon oonauined the Rreatar part of the day, wit . wh??, without coming to a decision, the Committee ths " roue, reported progrrna. and tb? Houae a<IJ >urn<*d. of ry ha t. new vork i.rcuisr.vrru<c. in Stiiale J'h Albany, March 30, 1819. (tf if da maAt rr aiuTl wr. Yeeterday afternoon, the House bill relative to rloti, <h< al was reacted. tbi h^T and Conors a*ii.aotn cat The hill declaring the pub io utility of a o d from l**1 '* Albany to Ohoea wa?pi a?. <t tar ixrrot*wrwt or thf doo*i ij? brooki.yi*. bo' To-d.y, Mr Bo*/* r?pjued a bill relative to o artaln hla id bulkheada In Biockiyn aa A A ILR OA t> FARK. ^0* Mr Fin* reputed a?vn?i ibe Dill to regulate railroad ?"?' (area fr<u> Albany ti HilMo. ,,B ' Mr. f>u>TD moved a reference of the bill to the oom- be mittea of the whola. mJ Mr JoHitaow ohjaated?lie hoped the report would ba *h tgreed to and the b il dl>pnae<i of. Mr Ploto urged hl? reference, and the Senate rafua- tnr ad. Report agreed to, 33 to 9 bill loat. **' rqi' taiatioi*. jj, . Mr. Joftnaon moved to r?fer the bill to ?<|uslla* '?** J*' ' Hon, to a aelect committee. a long debate anaued a?d ?ae the motion wai rejeotad. I'1' in RAII'MaAP ArrAiea ? ] * Tba bill relative to V>e Trny ani Boa ton railway, waa in made tba ifaatal ortav ft* Moeiday. K, I ???? ' ?? ILL* FilHD. iclai In t the pnVlo utility ot a railroad ftcra *n*ket< ' >or ta Saratoga Springs ; to ameal the ut relative le Attioa and HornrlUville railroad; relatlre to the iwanda rai'ro%d ; nuien<in< the nnntl railroad it t r as personal liability affects existing corporations. AiMnbijr. kldqk companies. ist?rday afternoon, the bill for the tnoorooratlon ? f [ oompanlea, war ordered to a third reading. ATl.AS INIUBAKCK CjMPANY. r Phk*!* gave notice oI a bi.l to amend the terof tho Atla* In?uranoe Company. mw yore roLicic r Tni'dDALic gavs nrttie of a bill to amend the relative to the pnlioe of New York. THE EMIGRANT BILL. >e emigrant bill in thespeoUl order f>r Thursday. VOTK or THANKS TO ARMY SFFICSES r. 8. Smith offered a resolution of thanks to ral Wool, and that the Governor present blm with ord, &5. Laid on the table. HARLEM RAILROAD it Home concurred in the amendments of tha Be- . i to the bill amendiaz the charter of the Harlem I oid. tki annual tax iill. r A. W S. Smith'* New York annual tax bill eame or consideration. mabire hospital. !? bill to supply dsiolenoies la tb? Marine Hospital private claim*. lie residue of the session su ocoupled with tbe conration of private bills. Markets. evr Orleans, Maroh 33, 1841.?Cottton?A sale of > bales of middling at 6a 6J*. Sugar?No change. assses?18 to 21>?. Flour?Small sales, Freights bing. Exchanges-Fair demand. osrox, March 39, 184S ?Flour?Tbe sales foot up at 600 barrels, including Gerstee and other got d stern brands, at $0 75 a $6 87X, which is a deolii o. itat? No sales reported. Cora?We notice sales of ) bushels, including white and yellow, at 60 a CS.i i?Sales of 6G0 bushels were made at 88e. Oats?Wn * sales of 2000 bushels Northern at to j. Provisions be salt were ooaflsed to tbe regular trade, at preis rates. Freights dull. ors-ale, Much 39, 18.8?Flour?Tie market was l There were Ml'eri * (S 12>i, but no buyers eat?Tbe market was loaotire ; handsome Chicago freely offered at 108 ots. Steamers are dal'y arrivirg departing, although the lee e >ntlnuee plenty. Shipping Intelligence. iw Orleans, M?r<h 21?Arr ship Dinm, Boston. f"'d i Robert Fsrkar, Krarer; barks Tnetit, iiojtou; A Q Hall, 'liomai; schr Su| hia. New V<-rlr. Deception or the French News in thk itkd States.?The news ot the French revoion has been received in ail places with the satest snthusiasm and universal approbation, the evening of the 27th instant, a meeting was Id in Washington city to express " sympathy th the French revolutionists in France." The irseilles hymn wa* played at every place of usemeat in Philadelphia, on Saturday night, i received with great enthusiasm. A public nonstration of feeling on the subject of i revolution in Franco wis suggested, 1 would probably be carried out. A piece led " Vive la Libtrt6," has been produo* at the National Amphitheatre, and draws azingly. When the steamer was announced Boston, the people gathered in crowds State street, and expressed the greatimpatience for the n-ws while the Caledonia s lying aground in the harbor. Oi [Monday evening there was quite a senea>n produced at the IJoston theatre, by the anuncement of the foreign news. The orchesbetween the second and third acts of the ty, performed the Marseilles Hymn, after nch Mr. Thome, the manager, came forward d announced that France had decided upon a juhlican government. The audience gave c hearty cheers, and then the orchestra perrmed Iiail Columbia and Yankee Doodle. Via* Death of Jatin Jacob Astor. okn Jtoob A?t*:, emiaout for the accumulation of frn monae piopertj, expired at o'olook, jf star day mora at mi own resilience, in rue ooiayeirai me age mptomsof oomicg dissolution made their appearance t Sunday; yet these were outwardly to faint aa to enirage tba pinion of a mora protraoted liana. Even at bto'elock thia morning, an hour previous to thatima, ?u cntblad to partake of (one alight nourishment. H la ah, which waa tho oona*4uence of old age merely? 1 phyaloal powers having baeame gradually exhauated 1 videaocd no painful straggle, but waa easy, quiat d composed?to be compared moat fitly to an infant's 'sago into sleep. All hla family wara present tba scene. The funeral will take pUoe at tour look, next Saturday afternoon, from the house of his <, Wm. B Alitor, 82 Lafayette place. I'he wealth of John Jacob Actor, whioh at tba time hia deoease oan hardly be represented in the n of ten millions of dollars, was in iio part helltary. In the year 1714 ha atood an aur ahores poor youth, without knowledge of our language our people, yet ia possession of that disposition of art and firmness af purpose, whiab enabled him to tain great wealth. Hi* place of birth was the vile of Waldorp, near Heidelberg, In the Dochy Ealen, Germany ; ita tima the month of July, 14. Hla father, who had good reputation for truth sens and the 1-adiog a corr?et hi'e, held the hum1 but honaiable efflej of bailiff of Waldorp. Tina rthy man sought wit a much oare to impress on hia ildroa those pioue views and resolves which he held tha safeguard to worldly happineaa aud proep-rity.? 'lis meaua and influence were yet luaofflii-nt to tain in Oar many a situation that offered to his j oungsoa parmanent support. Tha United States held th an inviting promise, l.ot unheeded. Acaardtngthe young Astor, with many tears and ragr?iful oughts, bade adieu to that home to which the sa of millions now inquiringly turn, to behold tha it omeaa of so unexampled and fortunate a earner.? oaslng tho British Channel, ha directed his staps to udon, whara ha found, ia his brother, who bud eai Dliahed there a flu'e manufactory, a salutary adviser* November of 17S3, he embarked from that port, as lerage pasceager, in a veesei b?nud lor Baltimore.? ia passage was long and dangerous. Bo eneompastcd is the courae of the rosiel with Ice, that three mencba ipsed before her arrlvt.1. On landing, bis property oststed of eeven flutes and n few other artioles of merandiie. His first buittuess 11 s to sell these. Tha >cteds, of nooessity small, were invested in the fur ide,the bunlness or which he at once comai?nc?d to irn A short time had but elapsed are be excited tha entlon 01 Robert Browne.proprietor ot a fur ostabliehmt in Baltimore, of high iepute, and was by him tilled A a clnk. Mr. Astor exerted everv nower for sorblig. as it war*, whatever personal beur tit the Inlaaed advantages of this situation, aor was mult less deserving of net# than tha endeavor Mr. tor's iutegrlty and asriduitv were w?ll appreciated, d satlsfsoterliy remunerated by bit employer. W'al' Browue, a first cousin cf tha lattar, and a wealthy toher. waa induoad to lend several thousand dollar*, which in connection with tha lata Cornelias H? j?r? r Astor commenced business on his own te talker of Oerrit Smith i abstinently joined him. it occasion is not uninteresting at which John Jeuob tor is known flrat to hare breathed an smbltloui intent, te revolutionary war. thoughcaiuiog the po.ts of Osgo, Niagara, Detroit and otners, to bo held by hovb power, waa accompanied with surli serious emhar lament to the fur trade, th, t tn the formation o/? laty and their con?e<iUitit iumnler, Mr nam, 1. iw of the benefits thence rett/iirg declared that he iuld make his fortune. Tin pr?1ullon was not loet. air. nor aoy bsn-imbing ioilaiu:e iufTsrei to e?t on s energetic purpose tbut prompt-1 it. Opportunity opponnulty was descried and skllluHjr Improved ars folio ?ed years of ooatlauous a ,d Ub-<r. reign aoioclatlons, upheld by the w.>?t wealthy itish oapltalists, had hitherto to a larg<t tent the Northern and Western porti aa of our oonnr. Jrhn Jeccb Astor, not loving their spoils, medlled the oocstruction of destroying power ThU uld be gained oaly by a onmbii.ation ot all Anxrtu houses ?oga&ed in the trade The pnjeet s vast and apparently unattainable; yet, under bit action auil hit skilful gitldauoe of envioui elements American Kur Company was established?In itself {rand monument to his memory. Not only has It lended Its operations te lit Ids untouched b*tore, bat l?rly shut cut from other* the prospeot of lorelga :endenry. '1 his pr(j*ot realized, be conceived auorr. This wsa the s< ttlement of Astorl*, with view cf mnkina It the enmmerntal etnro im of the Northern Paoito Along that orean, (t on the Columbia rl??r, he <lest/?ne?l n aerlra of to. which BhouU racnra to their holder tho sihole r trade west o! tha Rooky Mountain* Vaaael* frnui iw York wera to supply Astoria with onmmodittea, wife hrr fun, and for tha i;im? oon-id-ralion, those tha Kus?i?n posts turth?r north. Thesa wera then proceed to Cautou. <!l<t>oso of their oarft?. and rot urn Ih t?a*. ailks ami nankeens. It was In tha year 1*10 it the firM post, Aatorla, w?s es'ahliahed, by a pirty sixty m*n. oonitnandad l>y W. P. Hunt Mr. Aator d ax pentad in twenty yo*r?froro that time, to real,s?, tha mode nietilloned, a million <f dollars per nnrnm. lODgh misfortune mat this uuil r'it king at the lirst, CO of the three varai-la a. nt out having been lost ) it uld have undcuiterily baen pressed to atioores, but it a partnsr of i*lr. Astnr sold A?torit to i Rritiah Nortb-west Fur Com, any. from tha abilshii>ai.t ot the American cnmpxuy, Mr. As>a rcnmwolal dealing* b'C.mie yaatiy mora ' ,Sjon, on avrry ??? his freighted re-stle .* mo. Tb? matruettons he unye to hi* eaptaie' weie i rxtenelyo ktii-wledge of tha TarloUS mn,i> exhibit c,l the products ot eaell country 'ta, t* wn| Dili in busiaesa did not escape bis ?? Tho minor t spending at bla oountirfc-Soiue ' .tenticD, ttough ia 1 ba bona* In the lower par* ?*lf ills disporahlo ocmpl'd f"' niany years, d' .of Brrndway, wbith gnlflcnce It was udoie ..plryitf within a CCS ly net, l?rn? aotrs bad li?o? d with work* of art, for ly, nare ot the<B' ipsndad. Hi* servants severaaaad value of re#' ' With which ha traded 'J'tw II hi* wealth. r * " ?t" In thia eiiy tended to a. as it* Imur ' *<l??rioenunt of NrwY ?k, and ithc.ut bins*' . ' "fult, ha /r. m tho first foresaw rtg.gas.^' '{ ?"'C*King>be constantly Uy,ltei ,n ?n,,Jr ? the ? . 0M,re wo"?"l not unfrr 11 Vf i1 i?P?M,bla to apeak in * ' MUan?rWi^f.,dtl ,W,"oh TMt " ??*? 't itea, dally i ^ 1 ?? ' ,n<1 ?*ba* Western > ?"T yfeiog la Mine, l ha bulk la 1D this o-ty,

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