Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 3, 1848 Page 1
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4 *" jimiH , iyi??i?ii' mtmm*mi ? THl Wtul* No. 003?. OVERTHROW ? #?l OF TUB ** FRENCH MONARCHY. >p? - ? rh AN INTKU* S1ING DICSCUIPTION." an 11Y PETS* PARLAY. th! &C., tlC., &C. tpi - sqi rip ram tha Beaton Courier.1 I ?.'* \V> thin Hay present to our readers a full and connected narrative of the recent events in 8CI France, by a very able and intelligent eye-wit- th. in ss. It forms the substance of a letter from our mi townsman, S G. Goodricti, Eeq , (Peter Par- on ley) to a friend in Boston. As a history of this |?l great revolution, from an impartial observer, it bo' possesses 'lie highest permanent interest, and we nave no doubt will be duly appreciated by the public Paris, March 4th, 1848.. wi Dkar Sir:?As it has been my fortune to be in spi Fans, and u witness to many of the moat stirrint* and striking occurrences during the late ** revolution, I propose to give you a brief consecutive narrative of what I saw und heard, em- Dl bracing a sketch of other leading events. My purpose will be to take you with me, and make tin you a participator, as far as possible, in the cl scenes and emotions experienced by one who >' was on the spot. Ml B-lore I begin, it may be well to state a few particulars as to the political condition of France K1 at the moment of the revolt. It is well known av that Louis Philippe accepted the crown at the wi bands of Lafayette, after the struggle of July, ?ti 1830, the latter saying, as he presented the king thl and charter to the people?'"We give you the best Ai of monarchies?the best of republics." The cir- :i(l cumstnnces, sll considered, pledged Louis Phi- * lippe to u liberal government, in which the th . good of the people should be the supreme object, ; und the popular will the predominating element v? lie commenced his career under fair auspices, wl nnd for a time every thing promised a happy ful- J' nlment ot wnat seemed his duty and his destiny I chanced to be in Paris in 1832, and witnessed Mj n celebration of the " Three Glorious Days."? ^ The king tli"u reviewed 80,000 troops, chiefly no National Guards, lie was all day on horseback, gu and of course before the people. I saw hundreds oa of the common people step up to him and shake r* him by the hand. He was enthusiastically cheer- ot ed every where, and seemed indeed the* idol of the people. On visiting Paris in 1817, after a r( lapse of fifteen years, I was amazed at the change ie( Shut up in his palace, like the veiled prophet of th Khorassan, and entrenched in military power, *n wun a haughty ministry, pursuing an unbending >'} cou sj of policv, he seemed rather a despot of the wi old school?a llourbon of the last century?than ^ a citizen ki>fc, crowned at the barricades. A greai cli rage had indeed come over the monarch; c% the possession of power bad seduced his heart ui and turned his head ; and forgetting his pledgee, T1 and blind to his true interest, he was busy in F< building up a dynasty tliat chould hand down his P? name and fame to posterity. It seem-d, at a superficial glance, that he might k realize his dream, lie had acquired the reputa- W( lion oi being the most sagacious monarch of his m ir? ,i .i,., capital; on nil sides his ''image and superacrip- so tiou" were seen in connection with statues, vt louiitnina, edifices, and works of beauty and *ti- 0,1 lity. France was happier than the adjacent coun- P? trice; the famine and the pestilence that had re- ri, cently desolated neighboring States, had trod an more lightly here. The king was blessed with a D large family; these had all reached maturity, aud di were allied to kings aud queens, princes und princssi-s. The upholders of the crown in the parliament were a tower of strength. Peace 5* reigned at home, and the army abroad had ju6i ca succ-H'ded in achieving a triumph overnu enemy w] that hid Dallied them ler seventeen years * d? Such was the outward seetning of affairs; but fo there were threatening fires within, which niiglit at any time produce an earthquake. The ? thiuking people were profoundly disgusted with 25 ihe retrograde tendency of the government; with ^ the corruption of its olfieere; the gradual subsi diziug of the legislature by the crown, and tin u concentration of all the powers of the State in ed the haids of one man, who was now using them for family aggrandizement. Although the march th of despotism had been cautious and stealthy, the " plainest mind could see, and, indeed, the people generally began to feel, many galling evidences of tne tyranny to which they had become ac- u< tunlly subjected an Among these grievances were the constant in- to mease of the national debt, and consequent In- tw create of taxation, nnd the restraints put upon the liberty of speech. By a law of some years B? standing, the people were prohibited from holding stated meetings ot more than twenty persons; nud reform banquets, of which abou: tic seventy had been held, indifferent parts of the fu kingdom, within the last year, were now pro- mi nonnced illegal by the ministry, and a determi OT nation to suppress one about to be held in the *' twelfth arrondissement of Paris was solemnly H( unnounced by them in the Uhamb?rot Deputies, gj. It ts material to bear in mind that there are al- ci ways in this metropolis at least 100,000 workmen, who live from day to day upon their labor, q? and who, upon the slightest check to trade, are 80 plunged into poverty, if not starvation. At the t(* moment of which we are speaking, this im- {,'j, mense bodv of men, with their families, were n .._ ? * i.. t _r i ; ^unvjing nuicij nt'iu mo oia^uai.uu ui uuniurcn in the capital. Taero were not leas than 200,000 Gi persons, who, for the space of throe months, had J": not boon able to obtain sufficient food to appease j|jj ' the cravings of hunger, flow easy to stir up these people to rebellion!?how natural for them to turn their indignation against the King and p., his government! The opposition members seized Be the occasion now afforded them, to excite these th discontented masses against the ministry; and it m may be added that the latter did more than their 1,1 enemies to prepare the mine, and set the match to the train. j3^ The crisis was now at hand. Tho opposition deputies declared their intention to attend the m pruposed celebratiou, and in spite of the threats ep of the miuistry, the preparations for the banquet g? went vigorously on. A place was selected in the th Champs lilysets, and a building was in progress of erection lor the feast. The programme of the same was announced?the toasts for the occasion ri< were published?the orator (O Barrot) selected. The day wen fixed?an ominous day for tyranny?an anspi- u, pious cue lor l<b*rty It waa the Mi of February the wl birth-day of Washington ! Whether it has received a pt new title 'o Its place in the oalendar of liberty, must be left for the decision of time. w] The evening of the -Jilt came, an 1 then proolamaticnc r0 were i*iur(l by tha joint action of the ministry and the noii-e. Drohi'i'timr the banoutt. This act. thonirh It 1^' hid been tbr-a'eued, stUl fell like thunderbolt upon Kll the p-cpl*. It w?e known that an immense military fr rec bed beeo quietly assembled in Paris und 11? vioiiu tjc ty. (Ml OO0 troops, wi'h prtllbry ?ad ample munition*) jh and in* the garrisons arouoi the Tullerlsi had been m, v otualled se if for a si*ge But it had not bean believed that au attempt to stifle the voie? of the poople s . bold pa wi this would really bo made. Vat each was the fact pu The les.lcrs of the opposition reoeded from their greuod. ?r and It was announced in the morning papers of tha 23 1 {,j, that the banquet, being forbidden by the government. would not take piece ! ? . Tt.e tcitaing of the '23d wss dark r,nd drlzly. I had m, ar.tL Ipktert e.me tminifeitation or unoasinors, and at w| 9X o'etook wnt forth. Groups of people wero-read- n0 log tha proclamation* posted up at the oornere "of the tb streets, hut ell aae tranquil. 1 walked along the Boulevards I or a mile, yet saw no symptoms of the coming ha storm la, The plso* ot meeting for the banquet had bean fixed tr< in the rq tare of the Medelelna. This Is at the western by sxtreralcy of tbc Boulevards, and near the great central no rquare, cellel iho blind* la Canearit? anoint oommn- w? moating dlreo iy with the Hbemter of Deputies, the |n Chumps kllytets. the rrsrl-n of the Tullerles, Jo ? eto At 11 o'olook, A. M , a Jack mass was sean moving along re) t be Boulevards towards the proposed place of meeting Ml These eoneUted of thousands of workmen from tbe fau- gtt bonrge In a few moments the entire square of tha Ma- thi deloiue was filled with !h?sa persons, dressed almost ex- ev, clulively In their charaoterlstio costume, whtah consists J of a blue tunlo, called blouie, a garment which is made very much in the fashion of our farmors' (rocks. poi The opening soeno of the drama had now begun. The thi niaaa ni.hi.il anil ..Ml.il M-.l.l-lr. V.lnl, till by tho way, ii lbs tlnaat church and floeat edlfloo In Pa- | rit: atioh w;i* tbo threatening aepect of tba acann that of the *ho|>a wt-ra all attddenly ahut and the people around '? begun to aupply themselves with breed and other food lurlkrrt d.yt In a lew momenta the avalanche took He I' cBura.i tlown the Hut Royal', awept aoroea the Placed* l'? la t.vxc'irdr, traversed the bridge over the Seine, and rolUeted In awlling und hoaving me?3?e in the p.'ac or " rqnare hetore the Cnamber of Deputies. This huildiog 'ui te deb ndrd in front by a high iron railing The gato 01 this wna soon forced, and some hnndrrds of tho people ?1 rushed up the long flight of atepi, and pausing heneai h thi the porti. o. struck up the aong of the Marieltant. The ' < ro.vd co. tinuelly iucreaaed? ahouta, songs, oriea, filled tho air E ?'t end west, along the quays and through the m< ft r- o'.? behind the Obnmbovv oaiun loog tinea ofItudanla hr. Horn the varieua schools Sutndlog upon one of the pit- wo Urs of the bridge, I ooromanded a view of the whole Tt eoene. It w.os one to (11 the h?art with the liveliest emc- an tione A hundu l tnomen I t enpln *cnri. now oelMet'd. erf a. emlng Hue an eglt?t"d?*n,uuds..udt'ig|orth a utitimitr P?' i;kn the voice of many wetrrs Emm toe southern gate up of the Tullertaa ieaund tno boltre of troop* one. on aa horseback, casta along Um scrVhata gala. TJta/ ware oil * I JLi?J - " 1 11 1 3 NE Ji s Munloipal Ouard a magnificent corps, riohly oapari led, and nobly mounted. Balm; picked and well paid ?y were the ohlef reliance of the government, and foi it very reason '.hey are bated by the people. The oth?i dy of troops were Infantry of the lino, end crossing tht nt lloyale, they came along the aouthern aideoftht 'er. Both '.leteehnieots approached the multitude d crow: in? upon them, succeeded at last In dearlng e< space before the Chambers. rhe greater part of the throng crossed the bridge, anc read themselves over the I'laoe de la Concorde. Thii tare, perhaps the uioet beautiful in the world. Is ab? u :ni acres in exiont. la tan centre is tae um?u our It of Luxor; on either side of this is a splendid foun n, which wss in full notion during the scenes we do ribe. To the eest is the garden of the Tuilerics?1( s west are the Chump* ?iljs?es. Thin vast area, s< K>oiat?d with nrt, and luxury, and beauty, was nor owded with an irritated populaoe, mainly of the work 5 clashes. Their number constantly iuoreased, and dies of troops, foot and horse, arrived from varioui arters, till the square was literally oovered. Th( imber of parsons here colleoted in one mass was ore )000 At the eomaaenoement, lbs mob kmussd thsmselve th songs, shouts, and pasquinades ; but in clearing th aes before the Onputiss, and driving the people acror s bridge, the guards had displayed great rudenesr ley pressed upon the masses, and ono woman ws: ashed to death beneath the ho?fs of the horses. Pebblw besan to be hurled at the troops from the ?quart ishiog in among the people, sword in hand, the envoi drove them away: but as they cleared onespaoe, aao er was Immediately tilled. The effeot or this was t isfs and irritate the mob, who now began to seiz cks and stones, and hurl them in good earnest at thei tailanta. While this petty war was going on. some thousand the rioters dispersed themselves through the Champ ysses, and began to build barricades aoross the tusi snue. The ohairs, amounting to many hundred.' ire immediately disposed in three lines aoross th est. Benches, trellises, boxes, fenoes?every movab) ing within reach, was soon added to the barricade* 1 omnibus passing by wm oaptured, detached from th rsea, and tumbled into one of the lines. The flag ws ten from the Panorama near by, and a vast proceaeioi ratled through the grounds, singing the Marseillaise e Parrissieno, and other patriotic airs. Meanwhile, a small detachment of foot guards ad moed to the socne of action, but they were peltc th stones, and took shelter in their guard houst his was assailed with a shower ot missiles, which ia' id liko hail upon Its roof. The windows were da&he , and a heap ot brush near by was laid to the wall an t on fire. A body of horse guards soon arrived, an ipersed ths rioters; but the latter crossed to th rthern aids of thd Champs Klysoes, attaoked anothe lard-house, and set it on lire. A company of the lin me to the spot, but the mob oheered them, and tiro Drained inaotive. The riot proceeded, and, in fac the soldiers, the people fed the fire with fuel from th rrounding trees and fences, sung their songs, craeke elr jokes, and oried " Down tcitb Quizot /" " Vive I iforme I" Sco to. In these scenes, the boys took tb id, performing the most desperate feats, and inspirin e rest by their intrepidity. A remarkable air of fu d frolic characterised the mob?wit flew as freely o sides as stones and sticks; every missile eeeinsi nged with a joke. Such was the oourse of events the first day, so far ey fell under my own observation It appears fror e papers that similar proceedings?though in som ses cf a more serious oharaoter? took place elsewber* reat masses of people gathered at various polnti bey made hostile demonstrations before the office c reign Affairs, crying out ' Down with Ouisot!" Horn rson oalied for the Minister. "He is not here," sai 10 ; "be is with the Countess Leven"?a remark whlc e habiluet of Pdris will unders'aud as conveying en satire. At other points, a spirit of insulerdinatio is manifested. Bakers' shops were broken open, si orics forced, and barricades begun. Every where tb rmn of tbo Marseillaise and Dumas' touching deatt ng of the Girondlns were sung, often by hundreds c ices, aud with thrilling effeot. The rapptl, for callin it tbo National Guard, was beaten in severtl urrondlssi ents. As night closed in, heavy misses of soldier; rse and foot, with trains of artillery, were seen at v> ous points. The Plaoe du Carrousel was full of troop tutti. evcuiuK \uzy wt ro reviewed uy ii>o imur huu vu ukos of Nemours and Montpensier Six thou." md so pre wore disposed along tha Boulevards, frpm the Mi leine to tho Porto St. Martin. Patrols wore seen i fforent quarters during the a hole night. About P anquiillty reigned over the city, disturbed only in a fe mote aud obscure plaeas by the building of liarr .das, the arrest of rioters, and one or two combats, i t?i"h several persons were kills 1. Such was the fir? ?'a work?the proiude to tha mighty drama about t llnw Wednesday, the 33d, was fair, with dashes of rain s tcrvals, as in our April 1 was early abroad, and soo itioed that companies of National Guards were on dot; nly regular troops bad barn called out the day before teat wbtcb showed the dtatnxt entertained b/ til ng, Of tha National Guards. This was noticed by th tu r, and was doubtless one of the causes which hastix I the destruction of the government. At nine o'olock, I parsed up the Boulevards. Most c e shops were shut, and an air cf uneasinets prevails uong the people. At the Torts St Douis, there was eat throng, and a considerable mass of troops. Barrl del were soon al'ier creoted in the streets oi St Dents ery, Hue Saint Eustache, Cadrau, &: Several fop lei took place between the people and the soldieri id a number of persons wero killed Soma contest ok place In other quarters, during the uiorni g A 'o o'clock, the Boulevards, Run St. Denis, line Si artin, Montmartre, St Honors -in short, all the gret oroughfares?were literally crammed with people.tdiss of horee and foot, eitner stationary or patrolling re every where to be stun. It was about this time that tome officers of the Ni ru*i uuviui uiuorcu lucir uiru iu urr, uui tury it sed. la ont instance, 400 National Guards were see arching, in uniform, but without arms. It bream ideut that the soldiers gem-rally wore taking pai ith the people. This news was carried to the palaei id Count Mole was oolled in to form a new ministrj s undertook the task, aod ordeTs were immediatel ren to spread the intelligence of this through th '7Meanwhile the riot and revel went on in variot larters. The polioe were active, and hundreds of pei ns were arrested and lodged ia prison. Skirmirht ok place between the solaisrs and the people?ion ocesaiona ware seau, attended by persona who sen cruses, and shouted "Down with tinisat"?"Long lis form!" About four o'olook, the news of the downfall of tb allot ministry was spread along the Boulevards. Tb fful intelligence ran over the eity with the speed < ;ht. It was every where received with aeolamatiot ae people and the troops, a short time before, lookin eaob other in deadly hostility, were seen sbakln mds. and expressing congratulations. An iiumeDS puUticu? men, women and ohtldren?poured into tb >ul?vards, to share in the jubilation. Large parties c a National Guard paraded the streets, the oflljurs an sn shouting, "Fitir la Rr forme." and the crowd cheei g loudly. Bends of 5n0 to IftOO men and boys wen out making noisy demonstrations of joy. On bein et by the troops, they divided to let them pass, an imediately resumed their ories and their songs. Towards hall-past six o'oloak, in the evening, an lllti nation wa? spoken or, ami many persons lighted n ontaoet usly. The illumination soon beoame in or nerai, and the populace In largo numbers went throug e streets, calling "Light up!' Numerous bands,alom fallowing detachments of the National Guards wer out shooting' Vivr.lt Roil" "Vive la Rtformr!" en Jgirg the "MartriUoit'." At many point* where bai sadee had been erected, and the people were reaislin e troope, they ceased when they heard the news c o resignations, and the troepa retired. "It in all over, ut the goreral cry, and a feeling of relief seemed t rvade every boaom. There can bo no doubt that, but for a fatal oo-.urrenc tioh eoon alter took place, the iarthar progress of th volt would have been ciayed. Many wise people no' y, that th^ revolution was all planned beforehand ry had foreseen and predicted it; end from the be aning of the outbreak, everything tended to this point Th* fsct is unquestionably otherwise. The oppoel >n, with their various dubs and societies distribute* rough all olasses In Parle, and holding cons ant com [intention with the oucriei f or blouitmen, no dout >od ready to take advantage of any violence on th rtof tbe government which might justify resistance it thoy had not anticipated suoh a contingency on th rssnt occasion. It is not probable that the Mole ml itry would have satisfied tbe people; but tbn king bo elded; Outsit, tbe special object 01 hatred, had teller d It was supposed that farther concessions would b sde, as concession bad been begun. Bui accident iieb often iulei the fate of dynasties and empires w stepped In to govern the oourse of events, and glv em a character which should astonish the worM. Its the course or tb* evening, a large mass of psopb d collected in the Boulevards, in the region of Oui t'a office?the Hotel des Affaires Ktraogers. Th >op* here had unfortunately threaten* d the people rushing at thata with Used bayoueta, afier the an uncement of the resiguat on of the miulatry, am ten a good feeliog prevailed among all elaascs. Thi itated the mob, and was partly, no doubt, tbe oooa >n of the large gather log in this quarter. For som MOD. not wall xnUinffd. u irr?it mitnv trnt)M had aim icmbled bar*, and la 1 hi vicinity. At ten o'clock, th 'eat fiom the IMiMm to ills Hue da la Pal*, wa ronged wUh soldiers and people. There was, how #r, no riot, and no symptom of disorder. At this moment, a number ol young men, about slit; number, at me along the Boulevard, on tho side op lite to tbe soldiers, aud the Foreign oflloo Itiasati it the oolonel antloipatsd some attack, though no mg of the kind was ibraatoned. It appears that th dters stood ready to Are. when one ol their guns wen and wounded the commandant's horse In the leg i mistook this for a shot from th* crowd, and gave in >nt orders to Ore A lusliade immediately followed renty pelsons fell dead, and forty were wounded is soma whtoh ensued be (llsl description. Tho 1m inra incases dlepeit?d lu terror, and carried panic li d nations. The groans of ths dying and ths acream [ of the wounded Ailed the air. Shops and bouse juod were turusd into a hospital. "We are botrayei as are betrayed!" ,l Hevenge !" " Kevenge !" wa s cry of the masses. Kroiu this moment ths doom of the monarchy wa ded. The leaders of the clubs, no doubt, look that insures for revolution. An immense wagon waa sooi iiugbt to the scene of the massacre ; the dead bodls re laid on It, and Aarlng torches were lighted ovar it is ghastly speoiasls Wss paraded througu the streets d tee mute Hps of the corpses doubtless snake men actively than thoee of the living Large Basses e ople, pale with smcitemeut, and uttering cleoratisn on ths murdeters, followed In tha train or the wagon it passed through tho more populous streets of thi y, and especially In Uaoee quarters Inhabited by tft< _ j. ! " W YO JEW YORK. MONDAY M< lower olasses. The effaot nu such as might have been , anticipated. At ini lnigbt the barricade* were begun and *t aunilae the streets of l aria formed uetwerk of r forlili:?tioua, which net the troops at defiance More t than two thousand barricades some of them teu fart I in height, were throwi up during that memorable ; night ; yet such was the suddenness aud silenao of the ; operations, that most of the Inhabitants of the city slept s-curelv, fondly dreaming that the tempest bad pasted, 1 and that tho inorriiug would greet thom in peace. J On Thursday, the deoleire day, the weather wis sti'l ' mild and without min, though the sky wrs dimmed with " olou le. At el?ven o'olock in the morning I tallied forth. 1 oauDOt express my astonlfhment at the roeno. The whole Boulevard was u tc?ne of desolation. Krom tk? 3 Rue de la I'alx to Hue Montmartre? the finest part of 3 Paris, the glory < f'.he city?every tr??WM cut down, *11 ' the publio monuments reduced to heaps of ruins tb* pavements torn up, and tbe entire wreok tumbled Into a 1 succession of bnrriondes. Every etrsrt leading Into tliis 9 portion of tba Boulevards was strongly barricaded ' Suoh giant operations seemed liko tho work of onohantr ment But my wonder had only begun. At the point where 1 the Rue Alouttnartre crosses thn Boulevard, the whole * pavement was torn up, and something like a square k eaatworK was formed, iu which a cannon was planted ' The whole space around w is crowded with the populace 9 Aa I stood for u moment, surveying the some, n young 8 m,in about twenty, pressed through the crowd, and, ' stepping upon tbe carriage of the carmen orie l out ' Down with Louis Philippe !" The en?rgy with which " this wr.s epoL.au, seemed to arrest gannrul uttentlou, and 0 ihe renshi'kabls appearance of the youth gave effect to 9 his words He seemed the very personification of revor lotion lie was short, bro&d-enoulilered, and full chested His face was pale, his oherk spotted with blood, 8 and bis head, without hut or cap, was bound with a 1 handkerchief. His features were Keen, and his deep-set rJ grey eyo was lit with a spark that seemed borrowed from S the tiger. As be left tbe thiong. he came near me, and * 1 said, inquiringly? ' Dowa with Louis Fhilippo ?" 9 ' Yts !" was hU riply. " AdU what then said 1. ' A 1 republic !" was his answer ; and ha passed on, giving ' the watchword of" Down with Louis Philippe," to tbe 9 masses bo encountered This wss the first instanco in u which 1 heard the overthrow of the king, acd the adopi tluu of a republlo, proposed. In pursuing my walk, 1 uotlood that the population were more abundantly supplied with weapons. On tbe d two Brat days they were unarmed ; but after the slaugh1 ter at the Kerf ign office, they wont to all the houses and demanded weapons. These wete given, for refusal d would have been vain. An evidenoe of the oonsiderad Hon of the mob, even In their hour of wrath, is furnish u ?d by the fact, that in all oases where the arms had been 9 surrendered, they wrote on the doors, in chalk,11 Jlrmci r Honneri," (arms given up) so as to prevent the anncy0 unoe of a second call. y It might seem a fearful thing to behold a mob, such as 0 that of l'aris, brandishing guns, fowling pieces, swords, 1 cutlasses, hatobets and axes; but 1 must say that I felt j ' not the slightest lVar in passing among their tblokest ' masses, borne of them, who had doubtless nover han" died arms before, seemed a little jaunty und jubilant.? 8 The GutniuM, a peouliar race of enterprising, daring, desn perate boys?the leaders in riots, rows, and rebellions? n were swarming on all sides, and seemed to feel a bead -1 taller, in the possssslon of their weapons, i saw several of tbrse unwashed imps strutting about with red sasbes p around the waist, supporting pistols, dirks, outlasses, dec 11 Yet I must state, that over the whole scene thero was an ? air of good breeding, which seemed a guaranty agalcat * Insult or violence. 1 may as well say here, that during I the whole three days I did not eeeascutfls or wrangle >t among the people; 1 did not hear an insulting word, uor " did 1 s?J a menace offered, but in conflicts between the d soldiers and the populaoe 1 may add that 1 did not see II a drunken person during the whole period, with the sina gle exoeption which I shall hereafter mention. u 1 took a wide cirouit in the region of the ttue Mont - martre. the Bourse, the Kne Vivlsnno, St Honor*, and ' Palais lloyal. Kvery where thero were enormous barrlcades und orowds of armed people, boon after 1 passed-that is about twelve o'olock?the southern '55 auddracaio of the Palais lloval. whl?h had hi>?n " tne resiJence ot tbe brothers of the King of Naples, ri was attacked and tskon by tbn populace. Tbn beautiful suite of rooms were riouly furnished, and decorated with costly pictures, statues, bronzes, and other speoi" mens of art 'i'bcsn were uueparingly tumbled Into the 1- square and tlio street, and consigned to. the flumes. J At the distance of 150 feet from the front of the Palais , Royal, is the Chateau d'Kau?a massive stone building, ' occepied at the time ?a a barrack, and at this moment - garrisoned by lBt) munlaipal guards, in most parte | of tbn city, seeing that the troope fraternized with the t people, the government l'ad given them ordore not to Urn. Tbesu guards, however, attacked tho Insurgents in and about the Palels Royal. Their fire waa returned, ? and a desperate conflict ensued The battlo lasted for i more taa-.i an hour? theptoplorushiuginthevery.faoeoi j the muekets of tho guard, ae they bluaedfrom the grated [ ' windows At last tbe barrack was set OB lira, Ml I 0W guard yielded, though not tilt many of tbeir number '' nad fallen, and tbe rept were nearly dead wi'h euffocation. The Chateau d'Kau is now a more ruin, its mottled walls giving evideuoe of the shower of bullets , tbs.t had been poured upon it. ! No sooner bad tbe Chateau d'Kau surrendered, then ? tbe flushed victors took their course toward the Tulle r rles, which was near at band; shouting, singing, roar" log, they oaine llaa a surge, bearing all before tbem. The Piuoe du Carrousel was fitted with troops, but not ? sword was unsheathed?not a bayonet pointed not a ' musket or a cannon fired There stood, 1:11s and mo. iknle-s, the m'ghly armament which thu klog had op pointed for his defence Ilow vulu had bis calculations . proved-for aias they were founded in a radical error! The soldiers would..ot massaore their brothers, to ruitain a worthless thing -though it were the title of n ' crown. How pregnant is this fact, as te Ihs future fato ot monarchist! ' But we must now enter tho Tuilerics. For several days previous to the evrnte so have dasoribed, some ? anxiety had been entertained by poi sons iu and about . the nalaoe. Tho king, however, hud no fours. He appeared in unusual spli its, and if auy intimatiou ot dangar was given, he turned It aside with a sneer or joke, fcven so late as Wednesday, after be had called upon * Count Mole to forra a ministry, he remarked that be was so firmly seated in the saddle, that nothing could throw him off. Mole soon found it impossible, witb tho materials at ^ bund, to construct a ministry. Thiers was then called in. and atter a long course of higgling aud chaff iriug on ? the part of the king, It was agried that he and i!arret * should undertake to oarry on the government. Thin was announced by tbem m person, us thsy rods through the streets early on Thursday morning These concre ' itoKktf, however, come too lata The cry of a republic * wm bunting Irom the lipa of the milliou. Ths abdioatlon of the king ?u droned, and a raging multitude were demanding this at the very gates of the palace. Overborne by tun crisis. the king agreed to abdtcato in favor of the Duke de Nemours Some better tidings , were brought him, and he ratraoted what he had just ' . done. A moment after, it beoame certain that the in, surgente would shortly burst into the palace In great ' trepidation, the ItiDg agreed to resign the crown in ftvor t" of hie grandson, the young Count de Paris?yet still ' dinging to hope, he shuCitd and hesitated before h* Jj wouid put his name to tue aot of abdication. Thir, boirever, was at last douc, a ad the king nndqueon.es ooitad by a small body or horse, walked down tbe cen' tral avenue of the 'Cutleries, passed through ths gate, and entering a small one-horse vehicle, began their h Meanwhile, the mob had solssd the royal carriages, i fourteen in number, and made a bontiro of them, near j the celebrated arch in ths l'laoe du Carrousel. Soon al'.cr they force 1 the railing at several points, aad came rushing across the square towards the palao*. Scarcely 1 had the various members of the royal lamlly time to esospe on one side of the building, when the mob broke 0 in at the other. I have na time to follow the adventures of these sevsr ral Individuals. We cannot but sympathize with them t in their misfortunes ; but wa tnay remark that the tail of the Orleans dynasty was not broken by a single act. of COUrmrn- dijnitv nr An -* ? ' the family. Tueir fliaht seemed n vulgar scramble for , mere life. Even the kmc was roduced to the most oomI. monplane disguises tho shaving of his wills sere, the j c large of his dress, the b'.option of en "altss " I inny ?IJ here that tb?y hare all escaped ; and while ev?*ry lt body seems glad of tbfs, there is no one behind tvbo t mourns their loss None are more loud in d"in clng the besotted confidence of the king, than his iib r purchased deputies, who were so loyal in the days of I. prosperity. i We must now turn our attention towards ano.her i scene?the Chamber of Deputies. This hn y met at the usual hour on Tuesday, at \i o'clock Wtitle the riotous scene' wo nave described were taking pls^e during that day, in tall vi*w of the place where they had as,. sembled, the Deputies, as If hi mockery of the agitation without, were oooupted in a languid discussion npon the , akahs of a b-oken country bank Toward* the close of the sitting, Odillon Bar rot read from the tribune a to, lemn art of Impeaohment of tha Ministers. The next i, day (Wednesday) the Chambers again mst, and (luisot in the afternoon announced that Count Mole was atj templing to lorm a new Mlnlatry. It does not appear that (Juiaot. or his aolle&cmsa w?V? ???? It. the Chamber*. It it eaid that they mo at the house of r L)uchat?l on Thursday moral ag. and after consultation adopted the signlfloant motto of Napoleon nfter the bat n tie of Waterloo:' Sonne </ui peiif(Savo himself who n can ) I am happy to add tuat the fugitive! seem to have made good their eeonpe. It Is said that Soult, disdatnisg to fly, remain* at his house I need not say that he y will not be rntlestod, for there Is no sanguinary fee :irg . toward any or e, and Napoleon's old favorite, tbo vicCr 1 In so many battles, would tncre readily find a Parisian i. populaoe to protect than injure him. " The moment after the king and queen had ptesel tho t Tiace de la Concorde, I ohanoed to be there. In a few moments Odillon Barrot appeared from the gate of the Tuileries, and followed by a lorg train of persona, pro needed to the Chamber of Deputies, It was now undeii stood that tho king hai nb boated, and that Thiers und >' Rsrrot were to propose the Count do Paris aa kine.under the regenny of his mother, the Ouohease of Orleans The moet profound emotion e?etned to ooaupy the Immense multitude All were huahed into alienoe by the rapid aiieoeealnn of astonishing events. After a short epaco a the Duebesse of Orleans, with her two sone, the Count da Tarts sad tho Due de Chartres, wore aeon on loot coming toward the Chamber. She woe dreeesd in deep r mourning, her faos bent to tho ground, eneiroled by a 1 strong esoort. She moved serosa the bridge, end pass ing to the rear of the building, entered the Chamber tTrough the gardens. Shortly after this, the Duo do Ne? mours, attended by several gentlemen on horaebaok, > rode up, and also entered the building, f The aoene that ensued within 1 said to have prreented an extraordinary mixture of the r"lrmn and the ludi oroua. The ducties* being present, (> lliirot proceeded " to state the abdication of tU*> king, .ind (0 propose the > i agency. it wit tfcM Ifeet JiMghftttw h?til W Mm RK I 3RNING, APRIL 3, 184? off the poet and tha philosopher, and suddenly to b? ootae a man of action. Seizing tha critical moment, h declared hie conviction that the days of monarchy war

numbered, that the proposed regency was not suited t tha crisis, and that a republic alone would meat th emergency and tha wishes of Krance. Tbaaa opialoni happily expressed and strenuously enforced, became d? olaive in their effect Heyeral other speeches were crude, and a scene of gres confusion followed A considerable number of the mo bad broken into the room and oooupled tha gallertr* an tha floor. One of th-m brought hia firelock to bis shoul Jer end took aim at \1 laaaak. the President. He abd' cii'pJ with great speed, and disappeared. In the mlda of the hubbub, a provisional government w?< announce' and the leading members named. Some ot the more ol noxlnuu Deputies were aimed at by the mob, and skulk lag behind benches an 1 plllara. ooaed out at the bac ilior. A blouse-men c?in? up to the Duke of Nemouri who drew lit i sword The ouvri'r took it from hiu broke it over bis knee, and counselled his highosss t depart This he did forthwith, having borrowed a ooa and hat for the purpose of disguise. A oall wa made for the membere of the prorisional governmen to proceed to the Hotel do Villa. The assembly brok up. The last sitting of ths Chamb ir of Deputies wa closed. It was about three o'clock in the afternoon that I rr trnc'd my etepa towards the Tutleriei The Place de 1 Concorde was crowded with soldiers, and fifty canno if re ranged In front of the gardens. Yet this might force seemed struck wi'h paralysis. Lang lines or it funtry stood mute and motionless, and heavy masses < fcralry seemed converted into so many statues. lmm< dittely before the eyrs of these soldiers was the palac of the Tuileries lu ful' possession of the mob; but not muscle moved for their expulsion. Passing into the gardens, I perceived that thousands t persons were spread over their surface, and a rsttlln discharge of fl-e-arms was heard on ail aides. Lookin about for the csuae of tDis, 1 perceived that hundret of men and boys were omuslng themselves with shoo iog sparrows and pigeons, which had hitherto found or cure resting plage iifthia favorite resort of leisure an luxury. Others wore discharging their muskets for th mere fun of making ft noise. Proceeding through th gardens, I came at last to the palaoe. It had now beei for more than au hour, in full possession of the insm jents. AU description fails to depict a scene like thi The whole front or the Tuileri is, one-tenth of mile i length, seemed gushing, at doors, windows, baloonle and galleries, with living multitudes-a mighty bea-hl\ of men, in the very aot of swarming. A confused hul bub filled.the air, and bewildered the senses by its oheot sounds. At the mrment 1 arrived, the throne of the king wi borne away by ajubiiant band of revellers; and aft .being paraded through the streets, waa burned at tl Plaoe de 1ft Bastile?a significant episode in this tale wonders. The colossal statue of Spartacns, whioh faoi the main door of the pa,aue, toward the gardens, wi miw ueouraieu wuu u jueuo ui gut cauvii, vuiu iruui u throne, and wreathed lUea turban around hie head. I his hand was a gorgeous bouquet of artificial flowers. Hfemo I as if the frowning gladiator had suddenly caug) the spirit of the revel, and was about to descend froi his pedestal and mingle in the masquerade. I entered the palaoe, nnd passed through the Ion suite of apartments devoted to occasions of ceremon; A year before I bad seen these gorgeous halls filled wit tin great ana tne i?ir?tne ravorea ana mo no dm, gen eredto this fooal point of luxury, refinement and tast from every quarter of the world. How little did Lou Philippe, at that moment, dream of "coming eventa ! How little did the etately queen?a proud obelisk Uk and lace and diamonds?foresee the chani that waa at hand! 1 recollect well the cffeot this aoene upon my own miod, and felt the ft foroa of the ooutraat whioh the preeent monae presented In the very room where 1 had sei the pensive and pensile Princess da Jolnville at the Duchess of Montpensier?then fresh lrom tl hymenlal altar?her raven hair studded with a lew di mondr, like stare of the first magnitude?whirling in tl maay danoe?I now beheld four creatures, like Callba gamboling to the song of the Marseillaise. On every side my eye fell upon scenes of destruolio Pas-log to the other end of the palace, I beheld a mob the chambers of the ptincessea. Some rolled themselv in the luscious beds; others anointed their heads v/i choice pomade, exolaimlDg, "Dieu. how sweet it smell* One of the Oamins, griinmed with gunpowder, bio and dirt, seized a tooth brush, and placing himself I fore a mirror, seemed delighted at the manifest li provemeut whioh ho produced upon bis ivory. In leaving the palace, I lev numbers of the mi Jriaking wine from botllas found in the cellars. Noi of them were positively drunk; to use the words of Ta O'Shautsr, "tcey were na> fou, but just had plenty perhaps u little more. They flourished their guus ** pistols, brandished their swords, and porformed varioi antics; nut they offered no insuit to any one. Tb< seemed in exoelleut humor, and made more than an o dlnary display of French politeness. They ooapUmoi ' e-i tho women, of whioh there was no look, and one litem, seeming like a figure of Pen, seized a maiden ' the waist, and both rlgudooned merrily over the floor. Leaving the soene of waste, oonfusiou and uproar, proceeded towards the gate of the gardens leasing in tbs Rue Ktvoli I was surprised to find here a coup of rnthlen looking blotuemen, armed with pistols, kee leg guard. On enquiry. 1 found that tha mob Ihei selv os had instituted a sort of government. One fellot in tho mtilat ot the drvaeiatiou in the Dalace. sceim? man put something into his pocket, wrote on tbe wa " Death to the thief !" Tbe Draconian oode was imm (iiatoly adopted by the mob, and became the law i Paris. Five persons, taken in acts of robbery, were shi down by tbe people, and their bodies exposed in tl treats, with the label of " Thieve*," on their breasts. Thus order and law seeut to spring up from tbe instinc of Focltty, in the midst of confusion, like crystals star ing from the ohaos of the elements. Three days bad now passed, end the revolution v accomplished. Th > people soon returned to their wonti habits -tbe provisional government proceeded in its d ties-the barricades disappeared, and in a single wei tbe more obtrusive traces of the storm that had pusse hid vanished from the streets and squares of Tails, mighty shook has.however been given to society, whit still swells and undulates like the aea after a storm TJ adjacent countries seem to feel tbe movement, and fc,ur>pa is in a state or agitation. wnat must no in tioal result, cannot now bo foreseen; but I tear that ei the eky be oleured. etill further temperts nust swe< over Krence, a* woil an other nations. I beg you to excuse the haste with whioh I write, ax believe me your*, truly, 8. (J. (GOODRICH. Chamber of Deputies Tiik Last Shiios -Ken 34th [ Translated for the New fork Herald ] Precisely at one o'clock, President Sauset took tt ohair. Outside the house the approaches were all fr< and open ou the left bank of the Seine, except tt bridges and the Place de la Conoorde, which were intei dieted to passengers. A strong detachment of cavali was posted In front of the bridge, and another at tl angle formed by the <juay of the Tulleries. Inside tl Chamber, the laoes of all the members bore marks seriousness and solemnity. The Deputies belonging the conservative party appeared restless and agitate i ney Kept maaiog enquiries 01 an woo arrived trom ou side, and appeared clearly to understand that their cam was done tor and their tima was coma. Suddenly, about half paat one o'clock, the 1'resMent turned ruua and kept looking at a aide door aa If he expected son one trom without to coma that way; deputies kept a the while crowding in; their number wan now at lea 300. But the ministerial benobea wero quite empty Suddenly a buttling la heard at the side entrance dooi it is the Duchess or Orleans earning to throw horse upon the protection of the Chamber. With her wi the Duke of Nemours, and as soon aa he was percelvei immediately several voioes demanded that he sheul not be suffered to enter the Chamber. This demand, soon aa made, was supported by oheers and loud cries < " Uravo, bnvo !" At the samo moment, a great numb of people pushed thoir way into the Chamber and oam and stood in front of the tribune. Then it was that tt Duchess of Orleans, in the midst of the utmost auttatic which the i lumbar w:ii in from (lie circumstance, mac ber appearance at the right bnn<l side door ?he wi dres.iwd entirely in hleck; at ber side were the two your princes, ber toes, whom sbe held, one in each hand; the were dressed in Meek also. Tboy came into the Chambt and eat down, wb:le the Duke* ot Nemours and Mon peneier took planes behind ihem. etandii'g all tbo wbll The princess being seated, again got np ftom ber tea and linviog bowed to the asenmbiy several times, si down again. The first to aaoend the tribuue. or pulpi from where each Deputy ie required to address tne ai eemlily, was Mods Dupin. He spoke as follows : ' Gentlemen : The result of the demonatratlor whioh hare hesn made by the people has been the al dieation of hie msjesty, Louis I'bllippe, who, in ahdica teg, has declared that he laid down the power on trauamlttod It freely to the Duke of Orleans, und< the regency of the Duchess of Orleans. [Here thei were some shouts of applause from aiewaeate | Oei tlemeo, continued Mr. Dupin, these sbouta, whin form a testimony at once most precious and delightfu both for the new king and tor the lady recent, are n< the first wjiich hayo greeted this announcement.The Regent Doohess has just now come on foot all tb way from the Tuilertee, along the public iquare, aooon panied by her two eons, and rsoorUd by the Nations tiuard. Hbe? A Voice mon thi Oat.Lr.bt?It is too late. M. Duria continued The princess fully compM hands the duties Imposed upon her by this offloe? fllle as she is with the deepest interest for ths publi welfare, and confiding as she does upon the au| port of the national Toloe. Osntlemen, ths solem will of the chamber and of the eonnlry must b ratified by a public aot. While ws are waiting fc the iiotof the abdication of the king, which no uout M Odillon Barrot will speedily bring forward to you, 1? us insert upon th? journal* tbat, by your acclamation which hare just been made, the Count of Pari* ia pr? claimed King of the Krencb, tinder the regency of tk Dui.li'.n of Orleans. I AH eyes at them words were turned toward* tb Duke or Neraoure, who stood behind tbo seat of lb Duohais ot Orleans ] 8c me shout* were heard, as If Id support of the propc sltion; but numerous relets exclaimed, ''Silence, silence No, no!" Tho l'n*siDr.!tT here rose and said:?Before permlttiu any i>erson whoaoerer to speak upon the question, reosli to your mlcda that, in the name and on behalf < the Chamber, and In reference to the preposition i M. Duplo, It la my duty to announce that, eonsldertn the abdication of Lonia Philippe and tha acclamations < the Chamber, the Chamber has proolaimad the Count ( Paris, King of the Krenoh, under the regency cf h< august mother. Hereupon both M. Marie and M. tie Lamartine amlei Acred to got into (he pulpit to addrrea the bouse. Thei was grat t uoiae a,til (< >afiuion, la the inidat cf which tb PmiOent cried opt. It Ib ytopoaod >7 M. do JatrUn IERA1 I. h that the Chamber shall not ao on with any dlscusetrn e until the royal family hay# Aral withdrawn from the e Chamber" o M ci UmiTmi said?1 dentin J that the session be e suspended till after the departure of the royal latnlly. i, It l> u duty which we have to fulfill. - The Duchess of Orleans and her two eons hereupon, Httsr manifesting some ntsiiauoa.wens lorwnru u'wurci it the door at tha further *u'i of th* halt, where aba wna b surrounded by several National Guards, aud where aba d again seated h?rself A great nnmber of the p?ople bad I- by this time peuetrated Into tha Chamber, and many of 1- them, amid loud eh ere from th" galleries, took eeat? in t the body of the hall next to the opposition members, t, who received them with readinem > The President.--The halt-circle Is obstructed. I : muat bag t.hoae persons who do not belong to the Chnmk her to leave the enoloaure. Be ao kind aa to reapnot the l, assembly Gentle turn, be ao good as to leavo It is Inii, possible for any one to apeak at this moment. 0 M Masik (speaking with detarmlnation).?I demand ,t to apeak .' ["Cries of y?s.yes, apeak, apeak " Other voices is exclaimed, "M. Odillon Barrot! M Odillen liarrot!''] it M Chkmieux ? M. Barrot is coming ; he will soon be e here-in the mean litne hear M. Marie. ia M. Marie?Oentlemen: In tha situation which Paris now is, you have not got a moment to loee in adopti lng some measure whioh shall have efleot upon the po1 pulatlon. Sinoe this morning the disturbance has made n Immense progress, and if you delay one moment, wbo y oau foretell what may happen ? The Duohess of Ori leans baa just been proclaimed regent; but you bare a >f law appointing the Duke of Nemours regent You oani not now on this day. make a new law. Nevertheless ie some counsel must be taken; we must have at tho hea l a of the couutry a provisional government. (Iminnnee applause.) 1 demand the formation of a provisional go?f vernment. (Fresh arplsuso ) When It Is constituted it g will tike measures iu oonoert with the Chamber, ig M Cremikux? A greet measure must be adopted for Is the good ol the country. It is impossible that everyt body should agree Instantly with the proclamation a of the Duohesa of Orleans, as Regent, sad tho Count of d Psrisas King. The people oannot instantaneously aoa Asn? t.hia Timrtlamntinn W* w<?r* in too tfreat a hurrv > in 1830. and now we hare got to begin ?U over again is o, 1848. Don't let us, then, be in too great a hurry to-day. r- A. provisional government, appointed by you, will give e. satisfaction to the poople on all matters witb respect to n whloh promises were made to them, which never have *, been fulfilled. Since wo have oome to euoh a pass, that '? we must have a revolution when at first we only wanted b- the change of a few men, let ua try to make the work lo oomplete, and not leavo our children who oome after us, under the neoesslty of doing it all over again. (Great us applause.) er M. de OmvouDK?Nothing oan be done wilheuttho le oonsent of the oountry. In 1830 you did not act with ths of consent of the oountry, and see what has happened in es consequence! It will be tbo same again, if you do not as refer to the will of the people. to M. Odili-o* Humor, who had been expected a lory n time, now made his appearance and mounted the pulpit It He said: Never before, gentlemen, did <ve stand in greatit er need tf eoolness and patriotism. Oh. may we all real main united in one single fooling, namely, that of the desire to save the oountry from the scourge of civil war ! g It is undoubtedly true, that nations do not die Bat f. yet nations are weakened by olvtl and intestine dlssenh slons. Never before did France stand so mnoh In need i- of all Its greatness and all its energies. In our present e, situation, the path of duty Is already traoed out for us, Is and it Is a path so plain that errry body may understand " It. The honor and courage of all are called upon now to of pursue It. The oroWn of July reposes upon the head of jo a child, and of a woman ! I make a solemn appeal to of [At this instant th? Duohees of Orleans stood up, an I ill made motions, signifying tbut she desired to speak But at the persons who were with her prevented her, and perin sueded her to sit down again ] id M. Barrot continued In the nmeof the political is liberty of my country--by the necessity of maintaining a- order, union, ant concord, in the difficult situation in ae which we are plaoed, I oall upon my country to rally n, round these two persons?a two fold representation ol the principles ef July, 183'). As for myself, I shall be n. happy to dedicate my whole existence and all my faoulin ties to give triumph to this cause, which is the cause ci ts the liberty of my country. th [This speech was listened to with much impatience i!" and was interrupted by constant denials and contradlcod tions of its desertions.] ?e- M. or la rocheja<iukleif? ?No one oan respect more n- than 1 do, or feel moro than I do with the doepest feeling, the painfulness of oertaln situations and cir ,u oumsianons ; tb day is not the first time In my life that tt0 I am put totbe proof of this, in nnswer to >1. Odillou m Barrot, I reply that I have not tho silly presumph.rn In tn m.nlf n.,.1 ,',j pretensions above hlin and bis pretensions; hut i u, believe he bu not consulted, In the oourso be lies taken, sy the reel interests of the country. Perhaps those wh /. have been the servants of kings tor a Ion* time, hav lt the best right to speak about "people," and "liberty." 0{ | Well, then, gentlemen, as lor you, you are no longer any thing. (A ery of "order," "order ") The PaKSiOHrtT.?I cull the speaker to order. (General marks or astonishment. It was then rrmurked thst ' the President had Lis hat on, and be was made to take f? it off ) 1.0 i At this moment, a crowd of armed men, National P' | Guards, studeuts, workmen, and others, made their way al I into the hall of sessions, and pressed forward towards >v< j the open half-oirole before tbe chair. Hsveral among | the crowd earrled Hags. A general tumult was produced "< ; in the assembly. "We want the downfall of the e" I king?downfall, downfall," were the* ories of .those BJ who insrehed at the head of the erowd. 1.1 { M. dr Moanav ? Mr. President, suspend the sitting ln 1 for the present. Don't adjourn, but only suspend for a ~ | time the session. tN The President (rising aud putting on his hat)?There :t' io no session now at such a moment. An orator? one who did not belong to the Chamber? H'1 climbs up the pulpit lt was Mr. uheyalier, formerly editor of the Historical Library. Greet uonfusioa preu" Tailed, and general ories were uttered. Oant.lem?n! ' (exolaimed this speaker) be assured of the modsratiou u> | o! my words?(noise ) Vou have only one thing to do ?listen to me?beware of proclaiming, without any I right, the Count of Paris as King. Let tbe Duchess of 'y I Orleans ana tne count oouio out and snow tnemseivca ! to tbe people on the Boulevard*. 1 undertake to gay, no >e I one will hurt them?they will bo *afe. Let thorn ocme, ro ; and then If tbe people don't agree to give them U>e !P power? (rclcce Tom the crowd: "The Republic forever !") Mr. Chevalier continued : What yon have to do now is to give us a government You must do it at this very moment f You oannot leave a whole people without magiatrates. That is the first want you have to supply. (1'he noise now rendered the words of the speaker inaudible.) All eyes were turned towards the plaoe where the 14 Duchess and the Count of i'arie bad been seated, ut the fa further end of the hall; but as soon as the crowd of per,. 10 pie oame in, she had fled with her two ohildrt-n by the r* side door opposite Jixs tribune. rJ Mr. CHtviUKK-You will be euro to aeo the republi c J* proclaimed. 14 Another stranger, whim we heard, was M. Dumoulin, ?r who commanded the Hotel da Ville in July, 1830, go*. 1? up to tbe pulpit, (in 1 showing the broken Dirts of a trid colored flag, exolaimed?Gentlemen, th^ people have t- reooDquored their liberty to-day ae they did In 1830 ? a Don't you know that the throne has just been broken in piece* at the Tnllerie* and thrown out of tbe window ! d Several vioes in the crowd, " No more Bourbons ! 14 Down with the Bourbcns .' Down with the traitors ! A " provisional government immediately." Messrs. Cre st mieux, Ledru Rolltn and Lamartine, all stood togother ~ at tho same time In tbe pulpit. .Many members lefc r v tbs house by the side doors. " M. Lkdrv Holms (addressing tho crowd befere him ; 14 ? Gentlomen, in the nam* of the people, 1 aek of you a little eilenee. One of the crowd.?A Provisional Government! Voices ? Silenoe for the sake of M. Ledru Hollln Voices?A Provisional Government. ,r M MartoiB.? Don't be alarmed. You shell havo a 18 Provisional Government. ' M. Lvusu Ki I i iv? In the name of the people, every 'n where in arms, of the people, masters of Paris, in spite of ll all of them, (yes, yes.) I come to protest against that "B government wbion has been proposed to you iron this V p 1 pi* (O.iod ? good?first rate). I am not, as some of you, '7 taking a step now to me, for in the year 1841, when the ,r Duke of Nrmours was to be made regent by law, I then sal j in the disoussious which took plaoe, that it oouM * not bwdone without an appeal to the people (Truo, very * true?first rate) '* M ns la Rci-Hr JKji'n.iis ? And I did so too ! [Cries '> ?Yes La Haohejaquoiein too ] M Lkbrit Koli.iv?Mauyj nave boasts I of the glorious revolution of 1789, even iome wbo do not urueris siand its spirit nor respeot Its r nstitutlon In 1791, in >- the very text of ths constitution, it was diolared that t- the oonsiltutent assembly?understand ms well?the id constituent assembly itself, with all Its special power* ?r had not the right of establishing a regency, but that an e appeal to the people waa necessary for thai purpose, a Ni'mkrol's Voices ? Yes, yes, that Is evident, h M. Lcdbu Rollis.?It Is eo stated la tbe very text il, of the oonatltutlon Now, gentlemen, tor two days pas; it ws have been bghting for this right. Now, then, gentlt men, if yon pretend to say that a government created by e acclamation, a government of a d?y, now swept away by i- a su l-ien outburst of revolutionary unger?If you say that il this government etlll exists, why theu we will keep on lighting under the banner of the constitution of 1791, by which it is deolared that an appeal to the people Is neoesi sary before there oan be any regency created, d A Voice?It must be so It osnnot be otherwise, o M. Lkubu Rolliw.?Thus, theo, no regency is po'slbis. n NuMKROui Voices?we will not liaro any. Mr. Lkijnl' IloLLi.t.?No regency is possible, espe>r daily iu the way they hare juat now tried to fix one it upou ui, in a way which I oannot bat characterise a* ?t uioet singular and usurpatory. How cm yon- I mean t, you, the majority of thie Chamber - how oan you, all of } a sadden, without suffering a* to do'lberate upon the it matter, ocmo here and riolate the Tory lawyoumaJ* yonrsalres, appointing the Duko of Ntmuurs regent. >e which law, when you pasted It ia 1HP1, we opposed with 0 all our force, flow oau you now ooine joumelr?s and rlol*te that law ! You will not dolt. It ii a audileu > inake-ahift, which la not supported by the country In ; the name of all that is right?for eren In rerolutlwna right must be respected, lor we are only strong in proH portion as we are In the right-ia that name, 1 prot-at 1 on behalf of the people, against tils your fresh murpa)f tton. ( Braro! br?ro!" ' Long lire Lediu liollln "') if Yon talk of order! of the effusion of blood' Ah, lull deed! the tlfuaion of blood concern] us somewhat, for >f we hartaean It pretty near to us Wall, tbeu, I tell yin >f hare again, that the effnaion of blood will not stop till Ithe people are sntlsfled and their rights are guaranteed, endrespeoied. And those who hsre been Sghtirg these 1 three day.] psst, will begin to Hglrt aga n tbie eery e noon If ibeir rtgbtaare donieJ the n. (' Yes! y<?! y4'. ') le la the oeti.H ol the p? pie, I o. x wha' se .u.Hy ?> new gowMMat, which y?u bare Uied to bring ft, give _ i i mm ii >4 ?' *?.tmwmaaBmmmMp?jgf LD. I Priam Twa Cl?Hi to <ha country' (Bravo* from the crowds. At this Juncture. a person who w? seated on ona of tha centre benches opposite the pulpit. stood up and ox, claimed, " I declare that the word* uttered hars ? " llern the peieon was stepped; the Deputise who satSMC him begged him to he ija<et, butb*cried oat oln,'tNw, 1 wilt not, I protest " Hereupon tumult pros*. end this re men wan taken out of the Chamhnr and load away to the door by the Deputies themselves J M. Bi.n 11 v kb, (tieaking to Mr Rollia. said:?Fat thw question! Klnith! A provisional government! M. L?:dbp Rollix? In ?peaking as I have dona, la the name of the people, 1 have right ou my side, and 1 tlon, question J In 1918 Napoleon wanted to abdicate In favor of the King of rin??, but the people win at, end they refused 1 . .Again, in 1880 ' liarlsa theTenth wanted to abdicate in ' ?vor cf fii grandson, but tba people ware rouaed. and tfc'y rejeot-d It. M. UiBBTia? Come to an end. We all know theae blatoriea. M. Laoai; Rou.re-Thla day the people are rouaed* and you oau do nothing without consulting then. I* therefore, demand a provisional government (Yea, yea.) Not a provisional government named by the Chamber, (no, ne.) but one named by tbe people. (Yea, yee, amid loud bravoa ) A provisional government and an Immediate appeal to a oonventlon which shall regulate tbe rights of the people. (Bravo, bravo ) M. de Lamartlne who bad kept his plaoe In the pulpit, now came forward to speak. (Cries of Lamartlne I Laipartino ! with great applause, and shouts of " hear him I hear him ?>') M. L?m*kti!?k?Orntleraen ! In beholding one of tbe roost affecting sights whioii the annals of human life are oapahle of presenting - that of an angnat Prinoees defending herself wltn her innocent child, and coming from the midst of a deserted palace to throw herself Into the midst of the representatives of the people,?at snah a apeetaole I share with all of yoa, and feel as profoundly as any one of you. the twofold senaetleaa which have but just now agitated thla assembly. (Vary good! vary good ! listen ! Uaeen ! Wo could not bear ! say It again!) 1 beg permission to repeat mv worda, and entreat yon to wait to hear what will follow them I said, gentlemen, that I feel as deeply as any man lu this assemblage, the twefeld sensations whleh have just now agitated all of us. I soy this without making any distinctions. This Is a moment whioh will not admit of tham. It is a moment of equality, and this equality, I doubt not, will nerve to show that those men who may hereafter be selected by their country to give peaee, harmony, and oonoord to the nation, will only reoelve a sacred mission for the peace and happiness of thair .country? not for their own emolument and aggrandisement. Bat, gentlemen. if I have experienced ao much emotion whloh such an aff-'etlng spectacle naturally inaplroa? a spectacle of the groat; st of human cataatrophiea?if I hay# shored in aominon with you all, in the feelings. whloh have animated von all, whatever In other respects yaur oplniona may be, muoh leaa have I bean wanting in deeply partaking and vividly fa-ding a sensation of the deepest and profonndcat reapect for that glorkus paopla, who have now for two day a been fighting to overthrow a treaeheroua and deoeitful government, and to re-sotabUsh upon a frendition,l henoeforthnot to baabakan, the reign of order and tho empire of liberty. (Applaoeee.) But, gentlemen, I do not fall Into the delueion made a little while ego in thla pulpit. 1 do not ooncelva that a sudden exalamatlon, the effect of a momentary amotion, can bestow any solid right to the possession of the government over thirty fire millions of men! What ona plaudit may proolaim, a auaceediug acclamation may overthrow, whatever form of government It may pleaao the wisdom and interest of the qmiatry to ereot, It Is the Interest of all persons that a prpnlar. solid, and firm government should be established (Bravo ! bravo t) Well, then, gentlemen, bow are we to do this? How are we to flud this uushahable foundation? From tha great mars of the people?from them let It be, as it were, expressed in a convention of the people. This will be better than having recourse to trioks, to subterfhgea, to Intrigues, to sudden eurprises and sudden emotions, of whinb the poople sooner or latsr ("don't you see how It ! now is?") have cause bitterly to repent. ["Yes, yss J i Therefore I ooine forward to support, with all my power*. the two-fold drmaud: first of a government provisional, I and of necessity. I admit, but a government of order, a government which may etaunch the blood which is now , flawing, and stop the oivil war whloh is ragiag between fsllow citissns. At these words, one of the men in the orowd, who had been standing in the seml-oirole, with a drawn sword Ip his hand, was observod to sheathe the sword in the to*' bard, exclaiming heartily as he did It, "Bravo, bravo.' M. dk Lamartine ?I demand, therefore, tnat instant ly, by the rights of public peace, by the rights Of tho biood wbioh is flowing, by the rights of the gioriooo people, exhausted with the heroic toil of the three past days, I demand the Immediate establishment of a provisional government (Bravo! brave ! bravo !) A government to be set sslde by the definitive government, which tho people may be pleased to organise, when eooeulted in convention. (" Ay. that's the thing, that's the thing ") Cries were hereupon raised from all aldea of tho Chamber, "The names, lot ua have the names of the provisional government." Several persons then stepped up to the pulpit, and handed lists of names to M. Lamartine. M. un Lamar uric--Watt a moment. Tho first mission of thejprovislonaJ government will be, in my opinion, to establish peace between citissns; the second, to prepare.lmmodlately to oonsolt the whole nation?to consult the whole National Guard of the whole pes pis?1 mean the entire people?all. who by tha titls of a man, hava rights as men. (Load and long.oontin nod applause.) One last word [At this moment a loud knocking was hoard at tha outer door of the Chambers; too a the door waa bust open, and a mixed crowd entered, orying " Down with the Chambers ! down with the Deputies Ona asms immediately levelled his gun at the pulpit, and waa on the point of firing when he waa stopped by load oriee, saying? It la de Lamartine speaking." " Don't flro." " it is de Lamartine " Than at the entreaties of hla v comrades tha man dropped hia gun ] The President, who was still In the ohair, now rung violently his little b*U, i nd demanded silence; bat the noise an 1 tumult only inoroaaed the more. The President?liinoe I cannot obtain silsnce, I pronounce the session at an end. Having spokan these words, M. Maoist, the lTealJsut. immediately left tha chair. Here terminates the assemblage of the Chamber of Deputies. But the people, armed with swords and guns, and mingled with Natioaal Guards, remained in tho chamber wilh a certain number of Deputies of tho opposition. After eomo ncise and tumult, the venerable Mr. Dupont de 1'Kure, by unanimous acclamation, took tha chair; he was surrounded by a number or persons, strangers, who did not belong to the Chamber. Daring all this time, M. de Lamartine remained standing In the spanking tribune or pulpit. Numerous voices continnod orying out "Names, names ; the names of the provisional > government " .w ? i,wn??u? in vain euunivrn 10 mako himself beard. At length he cried oat, 1 am going to read you the nauee Cries of " Silence, sllenoe!" The oonfuelon and tumult, however, Inorsassd. M. do L. began to road-Arago?Cat not?(the tumult augmented.) M. 8- - exclaimed - Gentlemen,M. Dupont da i'Eoro i? oar preaident. Let him name the member* of the provisional government (Load and reiterated applaaM, and bravo* followed this proposition. M. CuavALira ?If .you want to do anything, why, then, let one epeuk. A DsrcTr (to Mr. de Lamartlne) ? Don't leave tbe pulpit. A Voisk?Why won't you listen to the proclamation of the names of tue provisional government; A man armed with a gun stood up and mid : " we only want one moment's ellenoe; we only want to hear the names of the persons who shall oompose the government." Another Voice?The safety of all depends upon silence. Another Voice?M. Dupont de l'Eure above every one. Another Voi?e? Fine la Rtpublii/u*. Many persons press round M Lemartlne. and org* upon iilm to wait till order is estaollshed, to speak ageia. Due of these persons exelalmed : ?" In the name of ihe people, stlenos end let M de Lamartlne speak." M. de lavurtine?' Oao moment's silmee gentlemen. (Here there was silenoe for an instant) Oct tleujrn ' Tbe proposition wbich hoe been made, which f ?iinn.,rt?d. which v >u have ratified by your aoeU mntion.r rii aooomplHbid ? a provisional government ie about to bo proolelmed, wl'.h tba names, by the President " Numerous Voicn -"'The nam?a. tbo rutins* !" Do LaMaaTinr. They will bo reed He tben withdrew backward, hrhlnd the Ui'pit M. Urwouuio than mouirlcd the pulpit, end nought to make himself hoard, but In vain. At length he stiocoeded la saying ? Ocntlemeii, jrou are requested to be silent to hear the Dames of the provisional government. If yon are not silent, nothing can ba done. M. Dbvost ok l'Ebuk? It Is proposed to you to form the provisional government. (Yes, yes ' slleoee, silence !" The Raro.iTKai-Silence ' the nsmes are going to be read A!. Dbpout d* i.'Eure -Here are the names (Uriel, "The names, tho naino* ") M Dlpovt dk l'Eusa (Reads.) Arsgo, Lsmartine, Dapont de l'fcure, Cicmieux.?Here tho noise and Intelruntion beg.n ogaln La mart irk?Silence, gentlemen.' If you desire to have a provlsianal government, and that those appointed should aocept, you must permit the names to be preclatmed. A Voter-We wish It to be understood that the people will have no more royalty; we want a republic ' Natural Vote as-Eat us now deliberate immediately upon that quostion _ ^ A Voice?di'. down -let u* an o* Beaveu < onto ana take the *eat* of the km who aold themaelrc*. Akotmko Voice ?No more Bourbon*. A proritional government brat, uu'l tbon * r/public A Voice -One moment'* atleooe. or *1m wo shell end by iloin* nothing. AnoTHkH Von* We demand tbot a repabilo be ptoolelmed. M Di ro.er Lit L'Kurk then read the follow lag name-, which were repeeted from hl*mouu>,oa* after tbeotbe>, with a loud voice, by the reporter*. 1 M. Lamariine. (" Vee, yea !") 1 M. Ledru Koliin ( * Yea, y*e !") 1 M. Arrigo. (lYe*. ye* ") 4 M. Dupont de I'Kure ( Y*a, ye*.") A Voice?Mr Bureux do I'uay - which gentlemen made * gesture elgnlfyl-tg hhrefueel of the nouilualloo ft M. Di'vurt us l'Euih-Mr. Man*. ("Yes, yea, " No, no.") Sow* Voice.*?Uworge Lafayette. (' i e* '' No, n*. ') No neru'ia Voirci ? A republic -a republic . A Voiee?t'he members of the .?or*5?~ meet must ory * Pi?< ta before they are ! nominated anJ con- ;? 1 . . .. K I Another Voice I * -II ioi toe dUmlfMl of all th- ibI ttut Oepatlt* . . . . i A Voiua tuotu amen* u?* ?* 1W**> -Ib* P*?