Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 6, 1848 Page 1
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?" in I'ii. i it i * * - i1 ? TH a" . r?? WlMte N*. 8060. r*r-mv TBI aHiCAT MT8TBR7 OF WHO FURNISHED THE MEXICAN TREATY FOR TllK NEW YORK HERALD. Prr'ltD TO HiTl IEKR WMTTKW l? WILLIAM K. RO >11IOH. TWK KICHKIIKUOF thk T HI Bit UK. [From the ButTslo Eicprese, March 'i9 ] TNe S uiwte of the Umt*d States have raised a commit tee to investigate the oircuroetances connected with tb? p iblioation of tho Mexican treaty and the instruction* ti Mr. S'idell, all of which had bran considered in thai body in Ex entire session only. The committee, oon silting oi two dftuioorx** end one whij, are invested witt the requisite authority for making a thorough scrutiny Into the haelue.e, b?i:ig empowered to send for pereoni and pacers. This investigation, howover v.rlou.ly on dartnken, will end in smoke, aod we regret to see th> Senate engaged in it. We harp s.ea numerous stmilai investigations. and no pruritic*! conssquenoe* erar fol lowed any of them. O n cf the standing rules of th? Serrate requires that all tr .'ins and aocompanying cor rrrpcudenco shall be ci>m idered la scorec eeuiou an<! kept from the public until un b*rra oan arise from dlvel glng the proc >o'iines. This rule is founded on reaaon and ou.br to he cuiorewd: In- a premature disclosure o ik. ... ik. i. I.. k i.v* i. dls-tetrouslv upon pending negotiations. Praotle.aily however. the rule hue vary little foroe Any important matter before tb? Heu.ite loon becomes ncoiirately uo derstood ou'side; an I in r*gerd to the Mexican treaty l a t>rovi?i?ns were known in thalr miou<eat detail by tiraaas of persona in Washington, twenty four houri after itM arrival la that city. Brfore It had been printec for the u?e of the Senate, i. syo?>p?i* was furnished foi publication by tha Stain Denwtraent, as we haya bear iulurm-d. The movement of the Semite, tharafora. wil avail notbli g, hewever It may be conducted. The body may pur?i itself of tha cfcargo or ind'aeration, and tract tha'vio'etion af tho injunction to Its true source; bul there its power muat t'M. The restriction imposed upon tt e cen&t? does not extend to tha Prasidant and hit eubordin?te?. and banco tha impossibility af maintaining s- reey in regard to tha doing* of tha govern men*. TJc.Ml within ? few yew p?*t, t\ sense of self.re apeot, of propriety, and confidence, has restrained high lunctbinarlca from disclosing State seer-tsta serve paltry party purposes; but n different st -te of thing bai ohtn'ned ?t, Wn^hlntttnn. and no mer.ns are'too base foi tha employment of Presidential aspirants It is tmp.-stible to substantiate the charge, of course but we b?ve receive I information which is eonolusirr to an U'iprsjul'Cal man. that tha terms of the treaty witb Mexico were pr< mnlgatel from the departm?nt ol gtvn, with tha knowledge and approbation of the Pre ideot. for tha purpose of bringing puolio opinion to beat upon tia s-nate an 1 this Incr.- isiag the chin:?s of it! con rmetiCti, or of devolving upon that body the re rpon-iollity of prai ranting tue war. No great harm li apprehended from tha publication of the treaty, or even the in4trnc li.ni t< Slidell To be sure, they expose tbi admicisira'ion to derision and contempt; but it ia bound to incur t'lafe, auy wwv, and our purpore is to show hoe wall it 'a aavrved SlideU'j Instructions prove thai th< Pr?? daut auuiorisel bim ogive a? muoh for tue Call fomiaa and New Mex'eo, iu Nav , 1946. aa be hsa now stlp vlaUd to pay after two years of war.after expending near ly one hundred ?n l fifty million* of dollars, and after wn laureate lose of life ; and consequently, that hn haa nobly nud honestly vindicated his solsuin and reiterated deola rwt'on. of obtaining " indsmuity for the past, and seen: Ity for tha luture." This pretence of solicitude ou th< part of tha Senate has beau prompted by the Executive and was an afterthought, with a view to tile suppression of documents nor tfcen published, but which here s!no< b?en give a in the New York Jlerali The Presidea: foresees the effect of their oorre*pondenon in bringing w,.r-? -wiuih<fu>??I >U. nu uv ?ui"vw5 tu aupro htni the difeat of the treaty lrom Its publication. Aa we bee remarked, the reason of tbn rale of thr Senate en joining secrecy iu relation to certain proceed in<?. Isiouud and oogntto biet.forced ; bat ln oepretent orscttpe of this t> >dy ia itt intercourse wit h tbo Ex ecu'ive, tb? irjanotioa ie the merest feroa. Evory dej no'Pfof the joarnnl ot tbo proceedings in executivr ration is tnede by the executive clerk? Mr. Meekin, i very polite, ntfsble man. who performs all his du'i.-i gracetu'ly xn i well?,,nd sent to the President. Tbii journal embraces evrry amenlment and motion, and thi ote thereon. Of course the r-roeeudings become tha tu'jeetof cebicot consult a'ion, an dare known at oner to tno executive S-eretary.to the editer of the govern znrnt p< j.sr.and then to every political friend who ehoosei to ' = ?? inlerinatinn of either of these people. In ddit.on to this, the Secretary of State, nnder tbi regulation of the Senate, is furiahed with a couple of do Sen of ci^l?s of every ex?ontive document published fd the nso of the boiy. It il obeiens, ebcrefore, that unlesi tbo h?ad of the department ia anxious for the uretsrvatioa t f seoresy. It is nearly impossible to keep the exccu tive proceecingeot the Senate from the public tarsais* to hits bee* writtk* st iovis fitzuerali tasi9tro. [Correspondence of the Baltimore Clipper.] Waihisgto*, March 27. 184S The constant developement of souodalous intitgnei mil. wuavu in? wainu iim urea cuiusa SI DO-". m* war win M. zico c-inaiecoed, mast have convinced Ton, by thii lime that ? are verging Ui>oa a crisis when raoien. tl.i i causae to be a virtue so J "nerolc raaaedics" (to bor row a Kreooh revolutionary phrase) sre almost India pensible. Who .v?r has paid the least attention to th< co 're - pursued by the Clipper. even under ciroum ranees of great politleal excitement. must have brer struos with the tour of oourteiy and forbearance which he; iaearinbiy characterise l its editorial columns Wbtn, tlnrsfore, I saw cert*in portions of my last com muulcution d?nonnoed as rt-fl'Ctlu# In too harsh a Ian 'a upon the President and Mr Ritchie. I took the re bake, not as just.fled by what I had written, but as th? ca'ur il result of your excessive amiability af tamper I would sit farther, the.t I am na strenuously opposed to paraooelitles as the most resolute stickler for deooruix stud moderation, nor doea it appear, in my humbla judg meat, that I have la any manner tresp*ss*d upon the rules required to bo observed by tho dictates of r'uson justice, or d'.leacy. I eerUinly can And nothing In mj past letters which oan bo construed into an intrusioi Upon the Htno'.iii** of private life I saw that Mr. Pel* end Mr. Ritchie wore det. riui.ied to mislead the country by ev?iy contrivance that such politicians could device. and I have '"a ieavnred to uom*sk thsm by keeping tl'e syui of tips people flxrd upon the m ivirg pano-am of 'h?-'h dirk aud i'jiquitous actions. I: is only by n laithful and liaUberateexpoaursot tho frauds daily p'nclijtd by those in power, that the popular heart can b> pr?nsr<-d far the adoption of a n?w .end mora rational fniih Th<* opirieae 1 hnva hitherto evprcoeed in rela tinn to Mr Polk's dasijrns. hie total want nf mnitiw mJ fertility of rrekl *# sspadlants, are faltbfal transcript; ot ibo rrnttna nt? e?:.rt:nned towards him by ninete tb? of the community. T;ie ftnt* which hare b?er l*wly brought to llgot, In onnnoe'ioa with the stnprnd-us blunder* that hey# marked th# administration oi pnbilc i ITdir0, by th# {resent ?t?cut)ve, show moit coocIumt ly that lu designating Mr. Polk'* oabinet as th? dynr sty of litM# minds. I was not Tory seriously mis t. -ken; if you will t.ito thn trouul# to examine 'he edi'o ria>* of th# Uni n tor th# last month, and fellow thr truauleot coma# of policy which th# editor has barn pursuing, to tii# detriment of all that Is bltth-uiin led nud honorable you wU at oacs acknowledge the ju?th-t of my predio ion* (It* r'uiie.-l mlsrepre-aututions oi yh?' took plana at ?hu gr?at Taylor oonraDtion latal] hold 'n LUltimure. and the s'.ur* he ha* bean iltumllt e**t upon tho*# of your citnan* who nam* forward It express their e onsiiieuelou# preferences on that ocoa *;on, afford ?in[ le proof that. In th# proeecutlon of bit two iwtetue is not to he ejected by mere oonel,i?rMir,ne cf propriety and delleaoy. His pepsr, likes ^ijut'oel craft, bent upoa the destrilotion of everything f hat o imoa in her way, attacks every body thot dare* tc dispute the ini'eliibility or .Mr I* >lk. iu Uugiiage at euo' vin active virulent anil vile. Tue mos; upright aoJ a)o?t meritorious men in the nation f#?l alike the stinu of hi* malioe aud tho coarseness of his abuse In hli ,j,,u taslaupbts upon the iner>4s of Una. Teylor, hr *, wrei nel'her age l.or condition Let but the hero ol flu' tin VIsU be mentioned wl'h re*pcot, end Mr. Poih'i organ comes out in all the fury ol tu k and nail, rsvlj no' only to ar the olfeu lo 'a o miaot-r to plates, but te rid ome an I villiy (Lo oid veteran I imrelt. Nor la Mr KltobH alon" bin roe In this matter;?he is but fellow inn. with aymph .hetio impulse*, |p the wall* of those l y wi'"as ). Is fed and pampered ami whose continuance ir ofll.ie ie. therefore, eaaentlel to h'e oouifnrt. Thern It uot a member of .Mr Folk's cabinet who has not a papm un ier hie exeiustyu control, wuich ir made iostrtirueiio to tlie furtherance of the Individual's views ef self ajf #;t wills"mont ei'd ? vehicle dT attack against those who may h.-.ppeii to uiui at ths sara.i lofty elevation. Thus i?# sre frequently osileo to witness the revol'iog nnd denurails >gapaotaole of one member of the adminlstreojon ettai king nnnthtrof the same gia le, although to the uniuitia.e t, they nil appear to act in concert toi tbeheneBtol the country at tege. I k iow that tbil pMflitio i wot startle you The okl'tence if so muoh cmrup ti where there should t>? touod nothing but sta nsree lu'egrity and patrletie devotion to duty, must sirlke you as horrible in the extreme Ho much th? better. '.VIi u it has been shown to the people rhatsu h iiifitnans i takes have been played for the chief magietr.ioy of the 11 utou, the greater will bo their determiaa tion to ftvt't'K'1 thmr inratted sovereignty, by placing th? go'd au l virnous /tnltary Taylor iu the rreaidrntial chair For I no )>r?N>nt, I ahall confine myaalf to two "b???? that of tbo frealdrnt hlaiaelf and bla Secretary ol 8tait?easuring ycu that there la not a word in what I tint about 10 atata bat what can be aubaUnt'atad undei oath !> fora neglatrate. Vour readers Cannot fall to remember with what honied aaaurauoe* of impartiality ia th? administration of jua tioe, Mr. Polk took poaaeaakm of the rains of power. The pains which had been taken to represent him aa a itriot morr.liet and a aornpulona Cbrlstlun, liicllnad n grant many to b'ltcva that ha would prove himself what, h? hnd io o'tantatloualy prnmlaed to ho, tho I'raaldnntol the Whole nation and distribute hla patronage aoocrdlogly. To itfttal ludiviilunla already in peeseeeino nt rttto a the e oltpmanta of wliiah hxtfly snflloed to auprortn widowed niothar or Mr orphan alatnra. ha bad uetuolly pledged hi* word of honor to that atTeot But pjii lotai'N r<>"n persuaded btm that prouttata were made to bo hi aaen, and that language was given to man for the pur?"'** of dlagnising hla sentiments In othet words, cney made it aa clear to him na the thirty aeond ? ..position, In the flrat book of Kaolid which Aristolla quotas ea tho moat perfect example of deraonotiation, that unleoa he tilled over) ofllae within roach of axecnidva tuftuanne wltli atannah and reliable frianda, ha navar coold hope to be rv-eleotad. Ho oogout au argument aa tbia anulil not b? well reflated by a manao thoroughly Imbnad with tha spirit of phlloiophy aa Mr Polk. Aoeordlnglv, h? not oily gave himaalf tho baneit of the doabt aa to th< E NE NJ expediency of fulfilling certain promises within th? legitimate eph?re of his own patronage, bat actually arrogated to himself, for the firet time in tas history of oar government. the right aud privilege of dispensing the ' patronage of the various departments under the ooatrol of h<s cabinet rainistsre. A trior g three who ware thus loomed to poverty and die tppeiiiiment. in order that the ound ofsatrape which surround Mr. Polk's throne should he rsmUrrd e'rong and efficient, win some peisonal friends of Mr. Buchanan, who bad the hardihood to rebel igait.s '. this wanton violation of good faith. Mr. Polk, al a r iqjcu* ior n.'fln.uro'i to iotb* wuora a? nas ouoo injnred, did pot tail to heap ooa'? of fire upon Ms victim, in the shape of obloquy and vilitnation. Mr Buchanan ream '.rated In Tain?finding that the President wu dai term-.oed to secure a ra-nomin*'ion through the In i lluenoe of th? patronage properly belonging to himself, t '10 hired an ohsiuic young cjan, vtu writes for the Vrio York H raid over the signature of " Ua'vlei '*," i hut who lg not oven a cl titan of the United Rtatrs- to p tbuu Mr. Polk and ridl-ule hi* pretention*; and to ooni fr?? the truth, "UatvlensV ho* been v ry ?ffcotive in tha O'rfoimsnae of hi* tar-k. The President, uot to be hei !lind hand of hi* 8-cratnry of 'tate, engaged tha s-j vies of an " Observer," who indite* clever Impertinence* for the Lrilfer, and by mean* of the amusing oarlcaturvs i of tb'? powerful writer. Mr. Buohuian'* pros pec* have l>eon well nigh demolished. even in hi* owu State. I | really pity Mr Buchanan : for ihe fact b>ing now pretty well established that he ha* for a long time betrayed every State a-icret. for tha s?keof supplying hi* pet, f " Oalfion* *," with exolusiT* iafocmotion h* will have i qi other alternative but to re?'ga But'* not this a , picture of dtmnrali* ition in high finer* which loudly t o tils for the interference of a i outra^d nnd an insulted . people! .MORE ANON. ; lurroniD to Hava asan wbittiw ar raanci* j. oaona. [f rem the PhUad-dphla Ledger. Apr.l 4 I I A eorieapoudent or reporter ot a newspaper has b*en questions proposed by a committee oithatbo.y; and } ta? journal tor wnich ha report* denounces thl* a* a high-handed assault upon tba right* of tha pr-*a. Wa regard it in a very di&eron* light Some peison or pet! aoj* b.i?w committed a high-handed assault upon tha I 'ights of the government, and through the government, upon the right* of the p-ovle; and,according to our political philosophy, the joverntnont owe to Lheir employers, the people, uu investigation of tlie case, with a view to the detection an l punishment of tbo delinquent* The eace referred to, is tha procuring and publlsii.ng of ' the Mexican treaty, before the injunoiion of seoresy was J removed from th? Senate. Upou that publ oition, the ' Senate, through oociuiittee, iostltute an Inquiry and summon witnesses One of those witneu;* aomlt.- t at ue furnished a oopy of the treaty for publication, to 'he ' journal which employ* him, anu exculpates taeh of the ' Senators from being the communicant Tie committee udt from wh..' other source be obtained the copy; hj re fuses to answer, and tha S.<nat* itniiriron 1 im or con' tempt; and this imprisonment, says the employing jour( tal, is an outrsgs upou the rights et the citizen a jd the rights of the press We go quite as far a* any in contending for tha rights 1 of the prrsi; but we do uot inolude in the** rights, iava' sioa of rights vested in other*. Some regard Cite rights | of the press as unlimited. But let us remembtr >hat | other persons hare rights, as well as the press. Thus individual* have the right of personal immunity from libel and slander; and heaoe the press has no right to assail any psrsou not a oandidate for public offloe, iu any moda expeslng suoh parson to public oontampt or ridicole, or to assail or interfere with private affairs to any private person's injury. Thus the government have rights, and among these rights, is that of keeping secrets which the law requires or allows them to keep, in the first case peremptorily, iu tho second at their own discretion ; and hence the press has no right, without tov.rnmsutul permission, to make suoh .secrets publio Thus the nation hu rights; and among them is the right Co have Its laws administered wi'liout obstruction or interference from anybody; and hence the press has no rigtt tc obstruct or interfere with that administration, by Ttoirnoe or fraud. T hese are fundamental principles. Now let us apply the at. The superintendence of our foreign relations belongs to the ?xe*utive, consisting, so lar as suoh relations ere consented, Of the Preeident and Senate. The fedetal constitution, in olause i of section 9 of article ii, aye that, "the President thai) have power, by and witn ihe adriee aca consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of tne senators present concur; and hs shall nominate, and by nod with the ad rice and oon<ent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other publio ministers and consuls " If the President receive a treaty from a foreign minister at our seat of government, r our own minister abroad, he must refer it to the S?oate. He eanuot act upo i it alone without the concurrence o( that body, and therefore has no ripht to publish it bsfore such reterenoe. The Senate, on reoeiviag it, unay, and invariably do, cboosa to deliberate upon it in worst; and while they do so, no member of the Senate hue a right to publish it Tee treaty is now the exclusive property of the executive, including the President aid Senate; and publio interest, ol which they in con urrence are the sol* judges, may require secreoy until the senatorial dellbniations are clesed. And for waom > is theXreuty no? the exclusive property ol the ?xvcutivr ? For the nation, of whom the executive are ths authorized egorits. Then let r.s apply the legal maxim qui Icit p'r al.um, ft cii ptr $e, whoever ao s through laether, substantially uots himself; whieh mean* ten i ientity of the agent with the principal And we apply his maxim as equally true in politics and Ju'itpruleno*. Henee the nation, netting by i'a agent, the executive, keeps this treaty seoret fir its own benefit Theu vbosvtr luTcd'x and violates this sscreoy, violates the lights of the nation Offering thus much upon ths right of the nation to -ic>p iis srerots through its agents, the exeoutive, we croosrd t > its rights over those who violate tnu right ''hi. brings us to the nation's right of stlf protection wnich iocludes not only the right to keep sterols, but. the right to punish those who steal and disclose them. Here the Senate act as a judicial tribunal; it being the b'gheet court in the Batten for cett in purposes, as the Homo, for oortain purposes, is the highest inquest or raud Jury. Theit and publication of the Senate's secrets Is a contempt of that oody, whieh it may punish, it muKt first identify the contemner*, and for this pur pose may summon as wituossee. and compel them to attend, any persons in the United States excepting foreign ministers In tefusing to attend, or tu testily, any peton is gniity of contempt, an offence punishable by imprisonment In such case, the Sense's right of iugwtry is not confined to its own members or oftioers, but covers the whole government, the whole Union?the President, the cabinet ana their subordinates, all other oS ;ers of government, every person excepting foreign tni listers. And if a witness h.?s obtained the secrets of the Senate from a foreign emitter, or any person of bis nun", tin is noiioa 10 inornate imi person ; ror though i 'he g 'Vernoi) ct cannot punish eucti mini*t>r or person of his suite, they can refuse te recognise him longer as a minister, and can demand his recall ' A inn a named Nugent, a foreigner, probably not a cl' ia-n, and the correspondent of a journal in one of the i titles is the person uosr imprisoned by the Senate, for refusing to ind oate the source from whieta be obtained r i o ipy of the treaty held secret by the Senate, though he ex u'p at> s each senator This is not eneugh He i must, show the souroo. if this source were Mexican, or British in Maxloc, or Brttish or other foreign source in the Uuited States, the disclosure is stilt an insult to the 1 nt'.loii. It, while our government are considering a > treaty in secret session, it is inids public property by i the government with wh<un cur own is negotiating! oi 1 iy lite Interfarenoe of other governments, their autho' riaed agsuls, or their ntir jects, the United States are ' placed i-i a position in whloa no nation nan consent to > s.and. with the least regard to its rights or dlgoity. ' 'Ve hope and trust tbst the Senate will vindicate th? rights cf th>< nation and its government, by pursuing i this case t > the utmost extremities of the law. surroar.n to havk sirs wairvan sv j. c harvkt. [Correspondence of tha I'hi ad.lpui* Natch American ] | Washinuton. vlarch '.17. I84H Tho Inv- it'giting Committee reported the uitur- of I the testimony to the gonats in executive seisioa, which ullournort ul.xreomx <tiwiie?lnvi utthnnt (?Ain^ ? | dar as to further proceeding*. Tho witness h?g refused to testify upou the direct t?ct, aud thi q'leatioa t.ow is, I .vhathar tho SaaVa wilt resort 10 the ultima ratio, or . ibantloD tha whole c?*? There la i poi it of ?itn< tWUttoy iu regard to tho power to in ist upou tha evidence ' I'ha Inv-eti.* tlion In onlerad to ISOMIt* or to iMfllpMl the Ssnsts md lit offl :erj Nobody doub a the tig t to P?arna? tho enquiry to tha fullest axt*nt In 11? present r instance, tho correspondent exculpates tho Senate by dealer.ng tlttvt ha did no; retnivo t tio d >-U"ienta from * , Senator. Dei* this qmlilsd t'? tmnny really e*o era e ths Senate' May not tha wttoesi spank tha etuir,* [ truth, an t tha Senate ha still colp itis lor a no a.ion oi ttia role through ona of lit members? Tha cotrespon | dout might h* tha third or fourth party into whos1 bands tho napars had p*s??d. and h? migjt. hi entirely I ignorant of iiny intractb a of tha lr junction upon tha part of a guilty Senate On this ground, it is cor' ndrd, that ovidatiC* may ba required until, link by iiok the fast la trjred to in original source, mid tha in, i nocance or guilt ol tha Senate is p.-rfeotly catnblisbed I ndar this Ti?w,it it he ths oorrect one, ths Senate ould hsvs |iow?r to incarcerate, if tha witness persistad in his resistance , Tha disposl Ion of most of tha committee is to olosa t .o malier where It now at<nds, and this is the taolioa t on ot tho mora rsasonable and reflecting portion of ths Senate, without reference to party UnJer ths | most fasora'da aspect, It can be attended with no go.id , practical resale, aod the sooner it is laid OB tha shelf, the a inner Win a very small and unnce-aary cause uf exr cltem?nt he dieposed ot. At Iwit.thU ie a ilttl* bu?lneca for grave Semtnrs to be a^uitag in, and they must Radlf need oooaeioii for iltepl.iy, wild h??? xuugM inoh an opportunity ot making themselvea conapicuoua I Gould aunt a fair who would mora profitably heva employed their time bad thay given the mat amount of oeneMaratton which tbay bar* beetowad on ible ridlou lous exhibition, in attention to tba public husineea. WiiamoTOji, April J, 1848 Kant* have come out in the proeria of the present In' vestlgatlon balnra the Senate, that are atri ugly calculated to fix auapic.lon noon a member of the body baloi ging to th" majority. Two cople.i of the paper* accompany lag the treaty left this city?but whether in mantil enrlpl or In the o. i .final ehape, haa not yet been aacrr'aioed There la aome reaaon to suapect that t!ia , malignant Imputationa againet dialing utehed Scnatora In relation to th# treaty, originated from the name > aouree. should cither of theee aueplolons be verified, which I tiuat, fer the honor of the body, may be wholly unwa'taeted, expulaton will be the leaat or the penaldce to which that poraon will be doomed Iudkpkhdevt. ' Waihihiitok, April 3, 1848. > Joaeph H. Bradley, F.eq, one of the moat eminent i member* ot the bar of the dlatiiot, applied to the Ctr I emt Court this morning f >r a writ of H.iheai reryui, on i the petition ot Mr. John Nugent, alleging that na waa > Illegally detained in tba euetody of the aergeant at arm* i of tho Senate. Mr. Com appeared on behalf of that of W ? O gW YORK. THURSDAY T fleer, and moved* potprner rnt, agreeable to which, the Ocurt order*I the writ to b? returned tomorrow, when me merits of the matter will be tried. I in Inclined to beii*ve the Court will maintain the power of tho Senme. Nobody denlee Hit right to punleh for contempt; but the oonetrnction ot whei oontemot really $ preeents quite another question, and en embarraeeing tju?. wu-ii i m uyu-iut-raa uiai ids nonnte 1* not only party to. but the judge ot t.re offence complained of. At thin point the Sonata retired ruto executive session and confirmed an Indian treaty. Mr. Nugent'* ease #,i* then resumud, but with no further progree* than au understanding to r.btdo the deoinion of the iMue before tbe judlel>ry Should the proaradtof; of the Senate be maintained it in quite probable that an order will be ma !a for bis release from custody, there being no dirpolitiou to Itifltot unduo lunishm ;nt ; but rather to affirm a r'g'.it nlaimed under the incidental power* of the L?Mature The proposition to enlarge the Investigetian aud to embrace all newspapers that published authen'ic Information during ' h? progrera of the troacy, which was oontamplated at th.< last sitting, was not Introduced Such au inquiry would neoeseartly Involve a large oost >f time and money, and w mid be productive of no beuoflcial result Surely it is not presumed by the Si-nate, that any rai^tectable member of the preee would, for the consideration of whatever penalty It could h.ffiet, ocmpromi-e his henov by violatlug oonhdeuoe, ether implied or rrjoined. Mr Calboun has, from tbe outset age a tbe pioper view of tliiw ?ubJrot end if other g-ntlemen will consent to be guided by his experlrnoe end reflection, the digni.y and propriety ot the body will be grea'ly consul'rd. name or wbitres uiexnoww. [Corraspondeuoe ot tun Philadelphia Inquirer ] Washinwton, M-rch 30, 18-18. The Senate were a loug time in executive session today, aud the resul of tbrlr deilber Viions was the commitment, of Mr. Nugent, tho correspondent of the Herald, whose examination before a oemmtttee ol tbe Senate I aunttoaad some ueys einoe. 1 Me ,lt t*. m oo umilnieot." but 1 presume Mr. Nugent bas given hit parole to the Sergoant-ut-arms, aud has the > freedom of tbe olty " Having already expressed my opinions lo this matter, itis not liaceuarv to raiu.iat tllem If. ia no alone lue publication of ills treaty which in in qu*ation, but the correepou ler.cs between Trist and Scott also appeared iirst l.i the Xt a York H-.' aid Tne Instructions to Siiitell were liist puhlUbs.i In the Jo./nolof Curnmco; j?( :hu correspondent of this paper has not btec ruaimoiicd before the committeo. It I e ?Id tint Ml Baouauau is p. pai -l to exculpate himself, by ibe production of bis number of original oopics If tho rule of the Senate imposing secrecy in matters ail-cllng the publio weal bo h tjooJ one, lot there be a taw to MRDroe ft?If It bo not tenable, wt It be repealed. [Correspond :-nco of th-; Philadelphia Bulletin] Wa"Hino rox. April, I, IS48 Mr. Nugent, of the.Vsie Y^rk Herald, is. I undrrsand, still In " duraooe ylle," in ooust-querci- of bis persisting in bis refusal to answer certain questions propounded by tbat body Mr N., itsecms. 1< liBMy to bo ruado a perstu of considerable notoriety by this daring assumption of power by the Sjuaie. Publio opinion here speaks out boldiy.and angrily ogeinst this tyrannica' ao!. Men ask one aoothsr, what law bare the Senate for this proceeding? The only argument 1 hove heard advanced it. that thoy occupy the position of a man uooused of a crime, and who baa a right to prove his innocence by nhowiog it was conmitted oy another person. Granted ? but in this oano the wilueeii has lully exculpated the Senate, and iheir innocence, as far as bis evideuce can go, is ettuolisned. if tue liberty of individuals is thus to bs trampled u on, tiro publio, at loost should ba yratilisd with a 1; nowlilgo of the law vesting that body with suclr unlimited power It iH g'U'rnlly believed hard thit two lrgatious. or foreign miuleiets, reoetve i copies ?f ths treaty. Perhaps it* henate, aa ihara rt-ems to b? uo termination to their powers, can arraign these gentlemen, and enquire if it was through turm the treaiy was published. A demonstration iu favor of" individual liberty" Is to be made here on Monday night, by a meeting at Odd Hollows' Hall. Waihiwotcw, April 1, 1848 Tho investigation of the Senate relative to the publioa.ion of the treaty, still continues. It is undertook that the Senate have turned tbemselvvs into an examining court One thiDg is oertai.i, that for the last week the whole business of the eoautry has been lai.l eeide for au examination in which, if nil is ascertained that is wished tor, no benefit euffloient to compensate for delay itid the wes'e of the public treasure can result. Whether the publicallou of the treaty will tetard its ratlfloaiioa by Mexico, is yet to be seen When the treaty was dabat-d iu secret session, msuy said it contained parts highly objectionable; but as published it has met etth the O' nsunt of the whole nation. In oonsequeuce of the oontumaoious sitenoe of the Htraid'i ourv. epou J.iot, euspioions iiave be:u oast upon a gentlemen here ligh in station?one win in the people of your State aovrr oouui su'p -ct o1.'ru .li a thing-as it would be so ntixely foreign to his oharaoter for prudouee and irounispeotion in regard to his cfllrJal duties. But it most u? oonatc.ered tins gentlemen is n candidate for the PreBidracy nod Is from your State, and, is, therefore, subject to every epecivs of aifguieed attack The general Jellef is, tha the treaty was proonrcd from a foreigu .ut outer, who had certain aims and ends, not; political, to accomplish. [Correspondence of tbe Charleston Courier ] WtsnmeToc, March -J8?Tbe Senate oointnitt<tn appointed to mq lire in wuat manusr and through what firm ihe eouhdontisl documenu relating to the tieety orith Mexico, were dlrulged, were again in session yeslardey and to--..ay It appear* that the airipiptri at '.he north give dally reports of motions and toco* iu reor?t s .estun oa the treaty-that the pruvi-l<>n* of the trra'yaud passages from the dooumoote accompanying it wure occasionally published?that the traty, as rotltiei by ihe Senate and approved by the President, was published?an'., after a while, the correspondence noceopatiyinit' it was made publlo, and in more than one paper at the same time. A witness wse exatnlnsd who stated that he sent the treaty to the New York Html,1. Whether he sent the correspond nee 1 do not not know that he wai called pin to state. Ha ausweied some questions,and exculpated the senators and the Senate olerks aud printers irom tbe sii'piaion chit ho obtained the ratified treaty torn euyotthcn He refused to answer, when he was was ask-d whether he procured it from the State Department lu concquence ot this the com in it tee and others wore ready to lut*r th.<t tne papers onine from that dep.tnmont. It was the wish, no doubt, el some members to fix It on Mr ilucbanau himself-p irtlouWriy as toe witness who had sent the trraiy to tbe II raid was well known to be a corffldeutial political friend, eul in frequrnt and familiar iateroouse with Mr. Buchanan, some feeliog it it said, has aiiseu on too su! jsot between .ue President aud tne head of the Stats Department? he former being much incensed at tbe promu.gttien of the dooumen-a, Iko , and b ivlng assorted, also, that th. ir premature publicity will defeat the ra'-ltloatlnn of th? treaty by Vl-xir.o As there is no power In ttio Smite lo compel a witness to answer que.?tiou? put to him. it * eius they have dropped the Htratd eg- nt and called op cue clerks of toe State D*partmeut or some of them U appear* that a certain numb tr of printed copie* of the origin il pi eject and oorr spoudenne accompanying it ?er? Pint to the State Department, aud the orlalosls must hare beau there, and copies were made there; bat u ie raid that all these copies are accounted for. A daily transcript of the executive j >urnal of tho Senate, walls the treaty wt.e nudor oousidi ration, was sent to iho President The whole subjeet !e confused and in-' explicable What -omplioates it more is, that the oopy puullshed in the Herald contains typographical errors by which it oeuld oe Identified with oopies printed for toe confident'*! use of the eiecutlre, and of the Senate But no importunoe would be Httaohed to the puollcation, by Congress, but for the use sought te be made of K iu Hostility to Mr. Bushanau. It was very certain that no movement wan made in the Senate for an iorealualioo lor some time alter the publication and th*u only upon the sugg'stloo, and with the belli f, that the revela' ions had ooiue tr, m the Slate Departuimt Mr. Buchanan was very busy in and about the Senate chamber, call ng out aud conversing with the Ssna or*. As to the President's allegation that the proniulga. iiou w.ll defeat ths treaty In Mexico, it may be well .pnibled wnethcr ne expected such a result, under auy probable oirciiiuatancns At all evsuts, any one may nee t hat the only means of procuting the ratification are either foroe or fraud Upon the application ot these, and not upon the terms of the treaty and the history of i's origin, will the ratification depend. It may be wsll, i t. f rr iu( IUI t CHIUODI lO U?? till* M *0 CXOUSelOr 11* fillure. [From the Richmond Whig, April 4 ] The eo,re?p'uuent ot Ih- Baltimore Patriot, axys J'tie Senatn, in aeerfl caution, la atlll pro* Jin-' J to be engaged In tfc? work of deciding what It ihall do in th? mat I or of the publication ot ibo treaty! I understand mat tha witurHH, who lefu.io* to tealify a* to wh: re. or iro.it whom, lie obtjintncd the treaty, or a copy of it, ii try courteous and t olite to tha s-uit lie, but tlruily decluioi to anawcr certain quae.iana, calculated to affect other* mow than hirr.aelf ' It l? maintain# 1 by Mr. Bnchanan'.o apologlata that he yridn ?* the twenty-flvo coplr* of Ui* printed treaty which were rent to the Htate Department, and theretor#, the ln:t(eiio* I * that he ie Innocent. It I* conceded <bai ho i uncalled a oopy to the S.rritury of the Treasury, wkiofc wraa afterward* returned to him. do, ergo, neither Mr Buchanan nor Mr. Walker la tha man who be* connived at the deed ! " All thia may be pure gammon! The document* pnbliahod ware not eo very long, a* to preclude the Idea ihat they could hay# been copied in a few hour* trout a printed copy, and then rent off for publication, while 'he copy copied from could be reatored to the plaoa from whieh it had been horirowd, or taken "But thia la nel h?r here nor there. Galvienaia ha* haen or i rate j, by order of the Sanat-s. and la now in durance, in a Pickwioktan aenae, because he will not ai *wer ell the question* propounded to him. The Senator* who am dealing with him, know that he aant the treaty to New York for publication In the H'rald. They know, ihat he iiaa been in thn oonfidence, and thathe la the organ of Mr. Secretary Buohauan. They know that bia corrcapondencw for the Htrild haa teamed with laudation* of Mr Buchanan, and d*nuaol*tion and rld'culeof Mr Polk and Governor Uaaa. They know. Ihat Oaiften-la hiia .deerled, denounce.I and a,ie#i logly ridiculed the editor of the organ, and boldly proclaimed anndry specified acta of the oahlnet, or meuib-ri of tire cabinet, to be dill-rent tioru wuat tha official organ had repretented, and than tauntingly dared that editor todery the truth of what he hud aaecrted ! They know, th# he haa, through hia correapondenea for tne rttiald, told tlia editor of the (/men, that he waa the laughing atock rf all tha member* ot the cabinet, with a atngle exception, and that ha wo a not truated with cabinet aecreta, or confided in by member* ot tho oabinet They know, that thia Mm# Oalvlenala, who know* ao much about what to going oo4u the oebtnet, and about the individual opinion* RK t

CORNING. APRIL 6 18 of each member of the cabtuet In relation to the editor of the C/nton.and who has ahoen t It the had ?b? .re.?ty and the aecompinyhig document*, end the journal of the Senate.'* preceding* on the nnt Jay from day to day, in hi* poaeeaiion.?I ray, they kuow. that tht* entne Oal ieneis, who not only gave <t>e treaty flr*t to the public, but alee the votea ef Senator* on Its ratification, h-t been th* pet favorite of Mr Secretary Buchanan, and that ha oouhl at anytime aend in hta oard uud obtain immediate admittaooe to (be presence ot the S-eri tory of S<ate, when cthere, Seoatora included, could not K*t w su ?, nrcaure tn? secretary was sugared ! ' Knowiug these thiDgK, the Senators engaged in tills iuvehtlgat.it,are not wo puss led to ascertain what ought to b? done with or to the witneaa before them, par haps, as they are to look into and fathom a mora grave mid important mutter They may be attempting t.o uncertain to -abut extant the Secretary of Stata iney directly or indirectly, traduce, denounce and ridicule the President who appointed him. and (till retain hia poet at the head of that Preaident'a oablnet! ThU is a natter of importanoe, and, no doubt, la what haa so deeply engroeeed the time and attention of tho Senate fox a week pest! " I repeat my declaration, m.ido a week alnce: the indioa ion are etioug, that Mr. Buihaaan must leave Mr Polk's cabinet " The only thing In all thin which would induce us to doubt the agency of the Secretary of State, is the contemptuous manner in whioh " Oalvienata" habitually speaks of the abilities of the editor of the organ, who ii ulao represented to b* a favorite of that functionary \a for all the rest, it looks to us. as Potomao says. very much like gammon, f he in the meantime, U down upou tne Senate like a thousand of brick. It saya After denouncing this oonduot as small and axtraor diuary, In * remarkable def^xeo, the editor prooeeds tt oompare It with that which has just occasioned the ax pulsion of Louis Philippu from his throne and oeun'ry * * e * Now all this may be very natural on ths part of thi editor; yet if the S-nate be not allowed some means o preserving inviolate the sanctity of its secret dolibera lions, we can see no earthly use for them at all. If oo casions arise, as they do continually, on which the com inou good requires that those deliberations should, for i time, be kepi from the public, surely the law must huvi placed In the hands of that body some means of enforcing its rights. We do not pretend to decide what is the proper remedy; we only say that some remedy is necessary What it may be, we leave to others better acquaintec with the subject Yet, It appears to ue that than could bo no higher cuso of contempt than this; and a tho Senate may punish a brraob or privilege with iiupri sonmrnt, wo ceo uo reason to believe that Oalvieneia be m*t with more than be had reason to expect Tho opinion seems to be gathering ground in all quar tors, that Mr Buchanan wilt leave the cabinet. Indeed if the relations between himself and the President be suoh ue they are represented, wo am surpt's-d that lii resignation has not already taken place. We know no tiling, nor he7* wo heard uny rumor with regard to bi probable suoccetor. [Correspondence of the Albany Argus.] Washington, April 1. 184k. My brethren of the letter-writing fraternity are up i; Biuin i.wuny auuuimn uttflw wj mr iie? aia * ho, fov a day or two past. hM been held In custedy bj the Sergeant-at arms of the Senate, for refusing to in] from whom he obtained the copy 01 the amended treat] o.-igiuilly published ia the Heruld lie ha?, on oath, ex operated the Senate, ita officers and printer, and th< Secretary of State, and now refuse* to declare where in did obtain it. It may be that the Senate has anthorif] t > qusstl-m him to the point of obtaining suoh repl tee a he lias already given; but I doubt ita right to hold hit In durance tor refusing to answer questions concemin others, over wfcoee action In the premiseu that body i absolutely without oontrol. Had any thing transpire* to throw suspicion on the testimony or Mr. Nugent, per baps this imprisonment might be legal, on the grouoi that he perjured himself. Such is not the oase, hows vcr. It is not protended that he obtained the treat] from any one bound by the Senate's injunction of se oeoy. The Senate's session of to-day has been devoted to i secret discussion about his arrest, it is thought. X. [From the Rochester Advertiser, April 4.] Mr. Nugent, having fully exculpated evrry membe of t.be Senate from the implication of having violated th injunction of secrecy, in furnishing acopy ol the Met inan treaty for publication, be r> fused to tall whence o from who ji the copy was obtained. Therefore the Sc oste imprisoned Mr Nugent for e contempt of their su thority. This act will strike the American public at An a* rather hlgb-hanJed. if there be a justifloatian for il we oannnt ?<>w oenoeive what it is Their owa hod] being free from suspicion, it strikes ns tbsv have no rigt> to oompel Mr. Nugent to tarn informer. If they had tbi ['resident, or a member of the Cabinet, or some confiden tlal clerk,rightfully ou trial before them, then It migh be oompeteDt to compel it wilnees to testify whether sucl aud such pors ius meru guilty of the set charged Bu th-idea to oompel a man to orimlnate somebody, not on ly not arraigned, but not even suspsoted, it seems to n is monstrous?entirely abhorrent to the usual modes o procedure, and inconsistent with individual saiety. We agree witli a '.VasbingtoD la.ter writer, if tho Be nate cannot keep their owu a< orets-and by tho way, "as or< t sessions" areheoomiog a burlssqns?they hare t right to pty inquisitorially into the ssoreta of others. [Corespondsnt of ths Boston Times J Wasminoton, April 2, 1848. The secret investigations of the Senate in regard ts the manner iu which the treaty leaked out and was pub Hilled iu the N w York Huaid, are still going on, aaf the able correspondent of that paper is now in close car tody. I do not maoh approve of ibis mode or proceeding. and thing that tho result will not add much to th< dignity of the Senate It is said that Mr N had impli e.ved the Bteretaiy of State; but that tho lattar ha< b *en able to acoount for every oopy of ths treaty in hii possession, and that tha whole number are now com piste in the 9t jte Department. The Senate now meai to oompel N. to say iu what manner he haa pro cured the:? eaty. [From the Boston Herald April 4 ] The arrest of Mr. Nugent, reporter to the New Fori Herald, by order of the Senate of the United States, fe re'using to tell how Bennett got possession of a copy o tbe treaty with Mexioo. is a most extraordinary ?n high banded proogrdtng; unprecedented in any oountrj not under an unmitigated despotism. Ther? m no Iti of the United States, do statute law of any of tbo St?U? do principle of the common lair, that require* any max to giro erldeuce, save before a legal tribunal and wh?i some parson or some ca*e involving liiht or propi r ty is on trial. The Ciar of Russia could not bare acted nan deepntloally than the Senate have done fn tfei person oi Mr. Nugent they hare attacked tbe press ni well a* individual right, and we wonder that the preei hae taken no more notice of it. Recaption of the French Newi, Mkktiwo ii* Naw Ohlkass?Th? meeting called by the French citix-ns l??t mgbcat tiin St Louie Exchange was truiy a brilliant affair. The large rooxn was densely crowded witL entbu'Uetio republican*? French and American*?who testified their sympathy with tbe new evolution, and the las; gallant effort of tho Parisian! against tyranny, by repeated applause. I he meeting was called to oruer by Mr Boa: 6 of tbe OrUanian, who nominated as President, Mr. Preaux ; Vice President, Mr. Bleain ; Beoretary, Mr. Eude; which gen tinmen took their teats upon the platform. Mr. Paxaux, in nocepting the ohair, addressed tbe meeting in a very eloquent and appropriate speech, setting forth the object* of the meeting, and calling upon all the oitiaena ol New Orleans to respond cordially to the effort* of the Parisians. Mr. Bootc moved that a committee be appointed to draft ievolutions ?Dd devise measures to rxpr?*s the approoatiom and concurrence of the oitlseus of New Orleans in the French Revolution The motion was unanimously adopted. a< tun sugu 01 iti? proceeding*, Mr. rreaux resigned the chair to Mr Sou e. who before tuning it, addressod iue meeting with hi* uiual eloquence and power. Mr 8cul? ex pi east U tail epimon in fa?er of appointing a committee to report to a lature meeting, when further news should hare been received, and wnen there a lie u Id no longsi be any doubt of the auooe*e?i the revo liltioD. The audience, b Wu'ir, determined that the committee ihould report immediately. Toe 1'reaident then appointed vleeera Preaux, Msssun, Tibot, and Tlseotte, a* a oomintltae to dratt resolution* Before Mr rton'e resumed his seat, he remarked that he would give tbe meeting un opportunity of singing toe Marseilles Hymn. The idra was instant.y asissd the people, and the walls of the St Louis were wade to i-ver berate to the spirit stirring tones of the Manet 1 laise, sung only as Fi*uobm-n can sing it Sieroe'y ver before have we witne*ee>l sueh u manifestation of enthusiasm; all sreined to be sympathetically animated With the name ap'rit whioh has unpolled the people of Pari* to suoh heroic deeds. "*""" ^ ; l he oommiltee then reported as follows : The b ranco-Acienoau population residing in Now Orleans, having learned that a glorious reTolutlm ou tie il4tli and UAfcli of February, overturned the rotio gads and oligarchial power, of winch tbe oerrnpt despotism has so long weighed up ii Kranos, unanimcii'ly mlopt the following resolution* : hesolvvd. I hat mere shall in New Orleans be a publio demonstration, to cileb.ate in a m .no<-r worthy ot tbe heroes of this sublime aot. and of the free people amungst whom we are living ?This great eveut rivets anew the sympathies already existing between France a>t til* United State* Kor thin reeso.i it I* ltesotvid, That a patiutio banquet shall ba given, and that a committee shall he appointed to designate the day of the eel?breiion, and to tuka hII n?oessary measures for tba realisation of the desire of tin* assembly. All perrons of tsuatflrer political party or nation, to whom the worship of liberty la the most r ior*d 01 all religion.*, ara invited to thla fraternal and patriotic feast. Major (lenaral Lewis will ba requested to ask M jor daily to bra, on tba public square, a salute of 100 guns to-morrow, at mid-day, In honor of tba branch Kevoiu ticn On motion, thanks were voted to Mr. Alvares for the ore of the room of the St Louis Kaoliangs. The resolutions bavlcg been unanimously adopted, Mr. Bouts addressed the meeting, which by this time hud become so very excited and enthusiastic, that the people could sctrcaly repiets .h ir emotions; and every moment,as If by spontaneous inspiration, the Marseillaise would break forth. At the conclusion of Mr. Boute's speech, the meetirg adjouraed.?N O. Crnetnt, Afar. A 37. On Saturday night last, March 3A, the orohestra of the Or)oaus theatre stmok up the Marmllatie Hymn, In honor of the recent events iu kien-e It wee received with the shouts end applause of the audience A salute of one hundred guns was fired in the fines ifwdissoat ntou yesterday, iu honor and oomnieuioiallou ot the lata k'renoh revolutionary movent, nt.?AT. O. Picayune, March M. A Ruruox roa Kinos.?At the meeting In behalf of J1 iJfcRA I 48. Kranoe and liberty, bald In the State Capitol, at Harris- t krnrg. on Taeaday evening last, VI B Lowrey, fc?n , ot t < nswlord county, suggested tba propclu.y cf mjtru tin" i< cur ttenatoi# and reqn -atlng our Repr esentatives in Con- " press, to procure tl.a p????K? of .? 1 tv. granting SO h; r of land to asoh of the orowned lie Ida of Europe, fiat ; thev might emigrate to th? distant weat of our ?ouutrr ; settle down In ijaiat, beoome useful and reepaotel <"t i ana. and under the paot"otion of thu stars end strip-, receive rucb praetioal leaaona In the science of self-government aa would undaeeiva them all their lives av to , the effloaev of roydity. Sot a bad idea ? Philid Ntw, , I Stk trial. , A salute of one hundred guns wss fired on Jeffsrs. n 1 nam. in rme ouy, nouinirQcing *i iiuun uu -* iwniwjt the 'J9th, hy direction of the democrats of Prortdeuoe, In commemoration of tbe recent gtorioes vindication of popular sovereignty and eqn*l tighte by the detnoeraoy r of Franoe.-- Piovidtnc* Rrpukiiran Law Intelligence. Coitrt or Appeali, April 4 April term, 1848.? Present, Freeborn S. Jewett, Chlet Ju ige; Oroen C Bron son, Charles H Haggles, Samuel Jones WilHaia B Wright, Charles dray, Tbomai A. Joboann, Ju igea The Conrt organised in the chain tier of the Board of Alderman, an I proceeded to hear MUM; after which cause No 6, F.Omund R Sherman plaintiff in error v? | tbe Mayor, Aldermen. lie. of tbn City of New York, delendanta in eri or, wna t ikeu np and in part argued Tne Court adjourned at 3 o'oloct There are nfty eight , oausea on the calendar, i Court or ArriALS ?April 6?Pres.-nt, Freeborn O.' : J*w>tt. chief Judge 8ti?rhefoourt met at 10 o'clock, this morning; utter which, No A was taken up, aud the argument eonoluded Judgment reserved The oauee i of Mathew Bnrroa, plaintiff In error, va tbe People, wa next oalled and argued. Judgment referred SurnaMc Couht.? Present, Juetlaes Hurlbut, Kdmouda. aud WilUrd After the Court organised. Judge ? Kdinonds announced that thev lied appointed Oernrdua ' Clark, L B Sheppard nnd ? L. Feuoher, Keqra . to examio" the persona applying to he admitted to praotioe as nUornlea to the bar. The examination ie to be held - in tb? Supreme Court Chamber, at & o'olook in the after1 noon of Thnraday next. Judge iiuribut then un1 counord that Justice Maynitr.l hud net arrived, and the t ' ourt w old be adjourned until to-morr >w (tMB morn- I iugi Adjourned accordhixlv- Ther are 5J0 onuses ou t'.ft calendar ' HrritKiiCovtT. April 3 ? Special Term?Before Judge 1 Kdwerha John Laurence vi the Mayor an J Common ' ' '01#:. il? The corporation ti?du 'in nrdinnnoe last suin met that 1ft on ?K?oh nil" of 14 h etrret should be 1 8 enclosed m a courtyard in trout of each house, and tliut th? curb stones mould ho removed 10 iVt beyond < the piesent lino. The plaintiff, owning property in 14th ' > street, tt'.ed his bill tor uu Injunction to restrain all p?r- I 1 ties *r in# under the ordinance, which w.is it anted 8 The defendants m?v?'l, on the oomlng in of their answer, I to dissolve It Tue Court tefusod the mot.on under- 1 8 lorad the injunction to onutiuue. Suras sin Court, April 3 General I'erm?Present, ' Justices Hurlbut, Edmonds and >! v oun ?After the ' Judges had taken their seats, Mr. Justice Hurlbut ani uounced that Justine deynard. who was to preside during the present term, was oouflned to his house by to I vnr, bat hoped, however, that another Jui^e would take r bis place. It was, he said, b-lieved that Mr. Justio* VVil7 lard was in town, and would preside tomorrow. They A.iia t.,.r.U r.,,.,-,, tV.? Until In mnrlnsr s (thin morning), but if Jua'.lco WllWrd did not prer.lde n then, he would have to adjourn over until next Monduy I f The Court wee theu adjourned. ? SurnsMR Court?Adjourned again to to-morrow (this 0 morning) . | 8utkrior Court, April 4?Before Judge Sondford? < j William T Carroll, vi Francis 11 Uptan ? This waa an | action on a bill of exohange ior $'290 Tho defendant . drew the bill loinlt.on a house in New Orleans, for whom he was prosecuting a ntu.se in the Supreme Court , of the Unito 1 St.iti*. a .a passed it to the plaintiff, who U clerk of the court, for less which accrued in the oauae. l'he bill was presented at Ne*v Orleans, and dishonored, and the plaintiff new seeks to recover it from the drawer The defence set up, was vant of nolioe of non payment , and protest. The jury found a verdict for plaintiff for $8. * SamnieR Court -April 5?Before Chief Justioe Oakley? Hubert Evans and Jlbtn. Graff as Carlisle FV'tks. ' ?This wr an action to recover $300, the price of dve bead of cattle sold to defendant. It appears that the " plaintiff!?. in Marob, 1847, sent to a inuu named Kyerson , . as their faotor, a drove of cattle for sale; Kyereou f Id the cattle to different butchers, and amongst the rest he sold Sve head to the defendant; immediately alter be ' ' made out bills and handed thpm to N. T. Weeks the de- g ' fondant's brother, for colleotiou from the butohers, according to the custom at the Bull's Head, for which 1 Weeks was to reoeire one per cent, ho giving hie notes f> r the amount in gross ot the bills to be collected ; " * Weeks shortly afterwards failed without liaviag collect- , ed tiie bilks, except the bill for $300 trom his brother. y ' and hanued them over to Rogersou, who gave theia up to . . the plaintiffs, hiking from the latter Weeks'notes ami handing them back to him. l'he plaintiffs now seek to ' recover the $300 from defendant, alleging that at the lime of the failure of N. T. Weeks, he made an assign' flaunt of his properly to his brother for tho benefit o'. . oertaln prefe. r.i i creditors, cud that it was done-v 1th , an intent to defraud his creditors generally.? . rh? dA^nfiAiit nUitfiMfi DAvniATit and o&11a(1 Nnthunittl T. Wrcka, who proved tha; defouilant, his hrothor. paid him tbe *900 a day or two before he failed. The Judg-, Id charging the jury, said tba main question in the oui ; was as to the degree ef credit they w?rr to give the tea timony of N. T. VVVoka. If they bMleved hla testimony, . the Hutlou could not ha maintained, and the defendant would be entit.ed to their verdlot; if, ou the other,huud, J they believed that the failure was concerted between lh? brothT*, and tbat if defendant ever paid tbe tbree ct hundred dollars to Lift bro her. knowing that it would '' not coma to the hands of plaiuttffe, tneu the latter , a would be entitled to recover. Healed verdict this morning. , aBeloro Judge Sand'ord ? Matthew Joyce tt ut t>* M'm jfdamt et al.?This was an action to recover $HiO Both k parties are In the cetton trade, in January, 1847, tba f r plaintiffs. Ihrougb their broker, purchased ftoin -tie de1 tnidanie 159 bales of ootton on tbe following terms, to I wit: the ootton to be delivered in 30 days, to ho paid , r fur la cash ou delivery. interest on any part of the pur- , i chase money not paid in ten days after delivery, to pay , seven eente a bale storage and Insurance, and a deposit i of $5 on ? ch bole The plaintiffs compiled with the i terms of the ooutraot i o far es paying the deposit The f ootton was stored at 390 VVater street and on the 33J ol J I Kebmary tbe store took Ire, and 164 bales of the cotton i were burned?the balance, 95 bales, was saved, which n ) the plainslffa afterwards agreed to tuke, and the same C I was delivered r.ocoedlrgiy. The plaintiffs new seek to s r> oover hank the $8t0, being the deposit on the 164 o b.les that ware burr.ee, alleging that ttio ooutraot vw only executory, inasmuch as several requisites remained ii to be done belore it could be completed, namely, dellv- t; erv. wniirnlmr. Ito The* also alleae that tua wliole was " Bold u Charleston cotton, bat that a p*rt of it wm Kion- o i d?, which last circumstance would of itself vitiate the t oon'.raot. i For the def?DOe it we* contended that the dapnsii. of & $A per bale wm made to secure any fill of cottou thtt ' i might lake place in the market, and that a fall had 'a- " i ken plao# before the Are; it wm also Khown that plain k tiffs had caused the eotton to be mtaniplad short.y be- ' tore Mi# Are occurred?iha only question in the case tl i wm fur what parpose the deposit of $6 a balo wm made, >1 which was a question of law; a rerdior. was therefore ta r-< Itsn for l hs plaintiffs, subject to tho opinion of the court, h la Banco, on that question d Sopbhior Court -Befote Judge Oakley?The Court t) wm opened and a jury sworn in, and then adjourned I Usitkd Statkb Kirccit Court, April 3 ? Before J as 1 tieas Nelson end Betts? I'he April turn of this court b-igen to-dry. After the m-nrt w.s <iri;an'isd, the grand [J p.inel we* called over, au4 a quorum uot being in atten- ' itanoe, the geLtlensra prssai.t were diecbai g. .1 until te- Jj morrow [th.s uioruiui'] A pe.it jury was '.hen onlied and sworn; after which Mr Justice Nelson uaded the ealondar ; no case bcijg r. ady, the jury was discharged ' | Kquity motions were then proceeded with. UisitbdStatksCircuit Court. April 4?Before Judge Nelson Aft"* tho Court orgai la?a thin morning. tbo . foilowiug gentlemen w-re swore, < f the Oraud Juty n James Pollock, Foreman ; Willi.iin Bellagh, fh s I) . Brewster Henry .1 Carpenter, John Da.ragh, Hoary ! Larls, William T llavemeyer, (Joorge L llarem yer, . Walter II M-Mde, ( liarles Parsons, < harlss Townvud. William O Woolly, Lewis tf. D.-Cslhp,Joseph O Hwk?i, . Joseph Kieicher, John K Russell, 0?rr?. Forbes, Petn l ament, K.aos Burrows, William Variok, Charles 11 Redman Jams* Lroklan and Jamas Webster Juiga ' Nelson aiUrwards delivered a brief oharge, and the jury |e retired There ars only a few uuiinp irtaut < .is e hi tbe criminal alociar The cause of Jan.?* C. Hall and " others re The nun Mutual Insurance Company, was than called I. is an an: Ion ou a policy of iiiHararcv tore ! coyer a halanca Of J1J79S 74-100 Tho plaintiff* shipped at Madison Indians, 1410 barrels of tl ur In <>ue ct tho ll&ietlTjr boat* to I), forwarded to New Orhai.s. nod f oin tin nee to this oity. A tew d.?ys aftur the boat l*f' _ Mudlion, the met with bad weather, unit to nave ail had r to put into a pUoe of aatety?part of the c?r?o v. a on- i ' loatrd Af.er the storm ceased, she proceeded on h i " trip ind ii, on her an tral at New Orleans. the flour wax examined and fjiind to he Considerably damaged It N. wastiunroid for what It brought, ml the su a n w sought to t.s renew, red, in the difference b'twevii the ' ulna before it was damaged, and what It sold lor Ad- ' j urned UsiTrn Status Ciyet/it (.'ovar, Aprils?Before Mr .! JustlOu NelfcOU. J Hall ft ill 1i. t aui mi e Company of Afno Y.rli -This causa war re*uin?d tuia rn> inlng. * The duff nee set hp was, that the policy of insurance v was Bade and dated at Cincinnati, and that it only cowered #h?. risk fWn ibateilyto .Sew York; and .dso ! that plainiiffe, although .bey iinured to New York, newer V intruded tnat the fl ur should go further than New <)rleaus In proof ot this branoh of the defeuoe, a la iter, written by the plaintiffs to their agents nt New Orleans, directing them to eeil the flour, was put in aua read n I'd the first defence lbs pt. in fits' counsel rep i?. 1. list 1,1 Mieugti the Insurance Wi# ell ote.l at Ciurtuuiti the (isVudaats' a.er.t was aware at the time that ttie fl >ur sp wan to tie taken In at Madison, In Indiana, und tli.i ucoordlng to the usage an I ouatom of the trade, the policy *< eowwa.l the risk (roan where tht goodi weie puton hoaro. to In regard to the second drfrtiee, it waa rrplted iuat the 81 letter wh? written afier the accident had happened, an J h whan the plaintiffs knew that the flour w. s so inueh to * jured that it oouid not be brought to this city; in oe *' owar, the plaintiffs paid 3 far cent, the full insurance to " ? New York; whereas, if tliey luteudsd to olspose of if. at New Orleans, they would hawe only to pay I per cent, which was the rate of insurant's between Cincinnati and^ J"' New Orleans. 1 hajudge ooerg. d toe jury thit.it the on defendants ^ere aware at the time the insurance was Lit effeotad, that the flour was to be taksu in at Madleuu, da aud that it waa the usage that the policy should cower Ai the risk when it began, the defendants had not made oat fe? e *'*' " .VP r n ' ? PrlM Vwn C?nf?. heir defence; on the other branch of the oaae, he left It o ihe Jury to ??y. un Irr .11 the clrRumeanRai. whether daintlffi ft ten's' originally t? dlepoie rf the floor at ( w OH?h' ; if ih "'tit no' th -y ware entitled -o reovi-r S .Udv-r'i ' t ", r 7 (th>?) mofoiuij Ll.irm -mo IJiiTHior < oust, it A;>wi**ltv, \p II . -B-fj-e Juilire R.iti I'.i r MDon / 4 a't 'In .hi'ii Ih'tfityle io k'r .pr n i't I It 'imo't, it i aeln -I la tbi- i ui <v?< died ore . >ver |MM l'h? l'bol't r I'e/er -IcDi.:-. il I, bit and six 'hildreu, I'.d one other person took pueeogn in 'h*>ehi|i A" -rfoyla, n Drcember lett, from Liverpool for thiu city, fir winch they pel'I ?l'J sterling Thet?rmi of the eon:r?r.t w-te as follows each adult ate?r.?ge passenger cue to be allowed cot lt-M th ?u ten feet l-.r luggage, hree quart* ot water eaofi day during '-be voyage, and isven pound* of oread per w^ek, bl?eult. flour. n um?el ir rice or proportional quantity "f potatoe* re pound* >f potatoe* being oo uputed to l>o equal to one pound ifritberof the other irtiol t one U m the qaautlty to >e biscuit, aed to tie is-tied not 1 ,-g th n twm a week rhe royege wae commented o.i the trtth of December oil continued for sixty nine rln>? at the end of which Im- t.hey arrived here The Uballacta dl?g? 'h if very oon after the veetel sailed, the master. ( Thomae ) <-fu?'d to furnish them with the provisions-lrnt.rscted or, and put them on short sllow?n"? during the voy ige I'he claimant tiled bin answer to the libel stating that o chartered the vessel to one William Q tails, who afteyrards chartered her to Shaw It I'.o , of Liverpool, i.nd hut the courier to (guaile proyi led that a full oorn >lenent of provisions should bo taken ou board That dter tha charter of the vessel to Hhaw k Co.,' he claimint*'liability oeaeed,and that they ??*umed the duty f providing a full complement o( provisions and all other '.im'.w .r;.? fur Mteei are ui-N.ni/ ri that VI e. IVill.in. who vu in command of ihn vessel whan *'>? was ehar t? (l to (^uailA. wadremoved by Shaw It Co , and Jonee >ut In his plana, and that at'tar ?!> w?i chartered ta Shaw 8c Co . ha had no r.oo'rol ovrr the ship. p .s?enjers, provisions, 8cc , acid. therefore, in-.ur* tnat the lib?d ibould be di-nnlse d? Judgment rc.'uivnd Cook r or Orr.a tenTkhmiskk. April 3 Before Jadae Hunbut and Aldermen M?*?erole and Sp-.ffurd This 'ourt organized, and Immullalely after ad j< cried, bo Justness being ready. Ic CHaiinBui?Before Ju ig* Vanderpoal -In tha matter of the petition of Lydia Teller?Ha Ami t Jo/pui In Ills matte - Aire Teller pr? -eutuJ a petition elating that 1S0 married Alexander H. Teller: tier po sent husband, in 843,and that soon ul'.er.he abandoned her. and they hare ? n.n e llv* 1 er?-partite and apart , tilnt Ih Maroh last, h? isuie to her rusidono* on i forcibly took away herdaegher a girl of 8 year* of age, which she he'd by a former mtrrla e, Mud detains her against her will, and praying .hit a writ or haOeue co-pu? might Issu", directed to the i?ld A H Teller, oomniaudlug. fcc. The prayer of tha petition was grouted, and the parties appeared this noroing ; b'lt the cane was paatr>on?d until Friday nclt 4 >uje curious revelations will be made on the hearing of hi* case Common Plkas, in Banco.? DrcitiONS blorrisen ef it da. Otman?Judgment for plaintiffs on demurrer. )?f--ndanti may plen-l ou pavmont ot costs Hri$'ol a dam Snrihnur.?Verdict confirmed with oosts .d'lastreug udt iilagn-.?lotion deur d without easts. C"yl ads ifo>g<in -Motion granted upon terms Die Am tones t'homy ton >1 nl?Motion g.anted on payment < f costs, aud also of all oosts ou the writ of error, provided defendants stipulate to abandon writ of error. Ptarce mis Traders' Batik of Seuifiort, It. I.?Motion grunted without ousts. Farmer vs Jann el al ?Motion denied with costs, with liberty to renew motion on payment of uosts Howitl at al es Brookes et at. ? Motion granted to :oru case into bill of exceptions, provided plaintiff in tan lays serves suoh bill on defendant, and pnys oosts of opporing tf is motion. Ruthian es Cocker.?Motion granted.unless plaintiff within four days prooeed to a settlement ot on?e,and pay costs of this motion. B*fore Judge Ulshoeff'r ?PKiliji H Fur man es. Pilar Pratt ?This was an aolinn of trespass. Tha defendant ls a physician. and was called in by plaintiff to attend him In bis illness. Ho accordingly attended ffhd proscribed for him fur some time, but subsequently declined to have any thing to do nun bltn. Ibe planum n! l*.'?a that he w?e put, to considerable 1 >ee and inciave nience. and now eeaka to recover damage* for negh'rt of duty. Adjourned. Common Pi kai, April 4--Befora Judge LTIahotlfer? * Fur/nan vi. Fault ?The evld.-no# in thta oaiiae ??? not jlon U when the < curt adjourned Common Pi.ru, April 5-Before Judge UlfhoeiTerFurtnau, vi Fran.?Tbi* oiueo,which waaaauit brought o reooTer dumagea lrojn the defendant, a physician lor iu alleged .neglect of duty, in hiving withdrawn himeif fiom his patient, wae Riven to the jury to day. 1 ho tili'ge charged that a phyaioian when mice employed to itteud a patient, can not afterward* withdraw hixneelf tilthcut gtvi g due notice to the patient, bo nt the alter might provide hfmedf with anotb-r pbyeielau, rat by giving euoh notico ho la at liberty to wit: draw V in hie attendance, and the patient oanont maintain an lotion. He alec obr rged the.t if a patient neglect* to o'liply with the direction* of hta phyaicUu, aid d iva not take bs prescriptions. the ptiyaician may whit Ir.iw without enhjeotlng I'imseirto t.n action at law; an l kftljr, that if an injury nrier* to a patient from the oom>lnei| neglect of hiwsdll unit his physioian. In such c.a-?, .he patient canno'. uiaintaiu an action. Sealed verdiot o-morrow, (this morning ) Court or Ukkihil Hkssio-m, April a?Before Recorder son:t, und Aldermen Kinnkli.i and Alien. John il Keon. l>q.. District Attorney At the opening of ton court ihis morning, the followng named gentleman weroswonra* Grind Jurrrs for th? uefent term, vis : Josh h Rich, foreman ; Theodore tanks. Joseph Close. A. U Deria. John B. Oasnoer, Arhibeid Hall. John Jackson, Henry Kejeer, George Mor:an. Jamos rt Oakley, John II. Peff. Wm Sherwood, Jo eph W Havaue, ,\1. H. Mesher. 0 L. Carp, nter, Henry 'rout, Henry Barnard, and Audre# N -Iron. Alter an esoHlen' charge from his honor the Recsrler, whioh is unarcidably crowded out to day, the Urand lury re.lrcd to commence their duties Trial far UranJ Larceny Michael Frank, indicted 'or having on the 97th of February last stoleu $l97;l>i told coin and bank bills, bal uging to Fradei ick Frits.I lie evidence adduced on t'ie p.,rt of the prosecution felled to conn-ct the ensues i with the e. rnmls-'nn ol" the a-ceny The jury rendered a verdict of not guilty. Tha court tn u adjourned uol . in rrow morning Court or Ukrkbsi. rkssioas kjril k Before Reorder fiflott and Al lerm-n l.twrei 04 and Croiius ohn MoKeon, Keq . Ilietriot Attorney Reroenixam e h'orfei tj. ilenry and William Smith, Ddieted lor g-and larceny, Michael Kelly and John D. lonklln. indicted for aesauli and battery, tailing to an wer, when called for trial their reocguisancrs warn dalured to be forfeited. 7'nui /or Urand Larceny ?Cornelius Brlnokerhoff, ndicted kr linvirg it' len fid hiui in gold and silver ooiu ioin the vault oi the Leather Manaficturers* Bank. r as then called to trial. The accused was for a period f nine years employed as a porter in the bank and sus ainud an excellent character until the month of July est, when the officers of the hank, on overhauling the loses ot specie iu the vault, discovered that upwards of 113.000 were missing, and that upon aocaslng the porter t II,. I..... u .lih f .1,1.,.- th., nw.n.ir hu mini. -,.,nu . .nowledguieiit* in relation to the matter, at the ame time etaiiug that it w*? hie Int'ution to reatore tie full amount to the bank t and Anally, through lis intarfi-renoe of hie friauds did make a euttelacary utatement with the president nod director* of the e.nk. The Grand Jury, btwe??r found atrue bill of In- f letmant tor graud larceny ugaiuet the aocae-jd, and at > A le beginning of the laet to.m of tble court, he waa i i , laced upon hie trial; but owit g to a defect in tba in ' icfment,oau*e<l by the property described in tha Bifida- f * it taken in the police court, a* constating of bank note* ?, i*tc?d of coin, the Indictm-nt we* t|tia*hed. a new bill iund, and the acouaed again called to trial, on which reunion'ho jury ware unable to agree upoa a reticf. He wan, therefore, again put on trial yesterday, men it resulted in the jury finding bun guilty of a petit .roeny only. Judgment deferred until Saturday morn Igneit. The court then adjourned uoi.il !o-mo;row rooming (e? Coiibt i'tt>*Dii thii Dir.-t irmfl Court?Soa. 31, 2 24, 278, 4*7, 3.'), II. Superior Court Son. 10. 6l, . 67, 22 41, H?, 2 H?, 02. !??. 90. 96, 97, Of, KM) to 13 inel'J'iTc, 467, 114 tension ffean-Nos 103, 171, 1, 3 7,9, IJ 23, 29. 140, 143, 146,140, ltd, 134, 146 30. Important Petition.?In the Supreme Crurt, heforo udje Mora*, to* fitting in King* oounty.,% motion wai lade ye* onlay to *?t ??.do a judgment, on aeoOUut of le individual who h id beeu engaged a* an attorney and lUnael iu the matter being a colored portion named irad, y, <vhotn it wa* argued w?e incooipelen: to act ae mirh u tb? other baud it waa roa'ended that the new ei neti ition guarantied ia all. white Or Colored, the rlaUt to r malic* at the bar Hi* Honor decided that had il been ran 1eil h* t.h? '.*nrrw?T? f lh?> no? PAiiiiifc.iMnn thai ull j 'rsio* or good moral* and proper iegwi qnalifloali r;i, tardlesr t f color should be allowed to practice the jr eion of lew, it woald have *,.*ciei. v alluded to colored nine; end that the motion to set aside ibe judgment i question re granted, on the groundthat Bralley v an <t comp tent to prno'iee at the i>?r Grrat Flood in Williams ?n County, Tinkssrr?The heavy rain* on Monoty night and jer lay Us. railed Big Itsrpolh river <) a height uuecedenUd for years past Ou I'uosd ?y af;ei ', u.the ver was ruiml g uero* the Franklin ai"l N shvill# imp ke, two feet deep. The damage done i? immense. ooj all parti of the country, so Ur as wo have heard, lo: g every ereek eol w iter course, the d, raeta'ion fe ry groat- mills Injured, rails eid saw l?gi in immense itutie^s have been swept away, fernlng destroyed, and i many bodies of land, jolt ploiigue 1 already for plontg, thnadl has been ? uiost entirely washed away.? ssllm Hfvi w, Han A ik Navigation ?The rem nt ran had swollen the ver bryonil its usual limits, and at the clone ol us report'ho water wo* within a few iuohea ol' being rer the dock Thusfar we hove escaped from the u-a?i ring freshet*, unit we aerr In top**, after ti n iee had tie. ihat the outin*** men In the yteiukty or thn river mid esoap this > ear the usual II oOJs, and not hi put the trou >1* and Inconvenience of r?mt>viog ti sir jcks from the tlrst floor, and or b?iug ntioeriiu riieimly ro Wu out Of i h?!r aO:il*tOii>rd places of bn' ii ? l bnd 1? now blowing stri ng Irom Ih uor'ow !., wfcioh I. h ovn a ten lenoy to oh"Ok the II ' ?.VT'Orty /; .r ', etprif 1. PitRi-'Kcr Bliss.?At u dni ier giv*n at Monte y, on lire late anniveisaty ol the buttle nl nan Vista, among the toast* dunk Lieut uts, lj goon*, gave the b* lib of Miss H ty T-yl >. the lighter ot the iiatlnguUhftl Usuer I, Old Zack nendment by Adjutant Helm lay she enjoy ' Farit Bliss' daring ins hutaac* of her d ye " l ,