Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 9, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 9, 1848 Page 1
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. % T H Wbote No. 5003. ASPECT OF AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THK NEW YORK HERALD. Additional Extracts from the English Papers. SPECIAL DESPATCHES TO THK NEW YORK HERALD. P. his, Metoh 19, 1848. Three fFeeks of the French RevolutionWe have passed through the Bret three week! of the history of the Revolution of France, and it mast he acknowledged that the remits of the experiment are not of the most cheering kind That I may not, however, anticipate eventa, let me go back to the point where I lef: off. You are already aware from the, public newspaper*, that immediately after the expulsion of the king and hi* family, a provisional government was improvised. according to the commonly received reports. I am. however, enabled to declare that this statement is not strictly correct. Oo Monday, tho 33d nit, when the deoision of the late government to oppose the reform banquet, annonneed for Tuesday the 38i, became known, e meeting took piaoe of certain m< mbers of the repnblieen party, at whieh the oontingenoy of a revolution was foreseen, and It was resolved to he so far prepared for noh an event ae to agree upon the names of tho persons who should toe called provisionally to govermental fnnotions. The names of the present provisional go armnent were then agreed upon as thosa to be proposed on suoh an emergency, with tha addition of that of Mr. OdiUon Barrot. In tha aotuaroircumstanoe.a, however, the position assumed by tho latter deputy, necessarily excluded him; a ?s lie WOT BUV ptlTJ lU lun en* a DUgouivun n?. ?> tw, there waft the 1?m difficulty In the metter. All the other names were th?n agreed en aa they now stand. You are aware 'hat Mr. Dupont de d? 1'Eure, Garnier Pages. Ltmartine and Marie were already deputies eminently distinguished In the Chamber. M. Louie B'ano was known for bis Hietnire de dia ant. M. Flocon was formerly a reporter of the Conetitnthmnel. M Betbn ont was also a deputy. M Arago was still more eminent for bis science than as a deputy M Ledru Rollln was oerhaps the only eery exceptions ble individual of the lot being a character jure to comprom'se the government with the more respectable and Intelligent portion of the community. Suou, in short was the government in whose hands the destinies ot France were temporarily plac d on the 24th February. Tne dlflloulty and danger of the task whiob they undertook. engaged to them, at least in the beginning, the support ana encouragement of the well disposed of all olassss, not on>y in Franoe. but in other parts of Europe; end until within the last few days, it must be admitted th?t they have justified this confidence. One of their earliest ects was to abeliah capital punishment for political off-nces. This alone was of good augury, more es peelaily in obliterating tkf recollections or the first revolution, which natnvaUy arose in the minds of all perrons, and crested more or lesa misgivings relating to the present government. The first state paper of importance which they pnt forth, was the circular of M. de Lamartina to the oorps diplomat>qnt. This doenment received, as you arc aware, general approbation, even from those most hostile to the government. A variety of.decrees, issued Irom Jay to day. also tended to oonoiliate public opinion, and to dirslpdte the fears which arose in the minds of many vimld persons that another reign of terror was shout to commence Among these may be mentioned the measures for the improvement of the condition ot the laborin; classes, the abolition of imprisonment for debt, the gradual abolition of slavery, the abolition of oorpoteal punishment in the navy, and other enactments Although much difference of opinion mnst necessarily pre. vail resnecttDK such measures severally, yet their gene ral tendency was such as to banish from the public mind that phantom of a regime of blood, which tha memory of 91-'9i irresistibly evoked. Toe ambassadors and ministers of foreirn powers accordingly (thoae of the United states and Oreat Britain taking the lead) have signified one by one to the provisional government, that their respective courts bed deoided to meintain the sama pacific relations as heretofore with the Frenoh government, and on acknowledging the provisional government a* the 4e fee's government of France, until such tima as a permanent government should be oonatituted. This was of e.nurse a great arm of strength to the provisional government. 1 must now, however, state, that subsequent proceedings developed important differences in the spirit and diH'aotcr of the members of the government. M. Ledru Rolltn, the Minister of the Interior, unfortunately pu!>11.1,.,I A inmilawe ? TO n oipAltlar mluiTd. fiddrMflid fcO tho commissaries of the government In the provinces, which line created a perfect eiplosion of indignation from all the intelligent and respectable classes in France, as well ns in other countries In this manifesto, these commissaries are declared to be severally Invested with a power without limits The provisional government itself is declared to possess dictatorial power, and it is announced that this dictatorial power is delegated to the several c rnmissari'B sent to the departments. They are. in fact declared tu be Pro*Consuls invested with despotic sway; fba' the army and its-commanders are'their slaves; tbw th-y have no responsibility save that of their own eonroiennee end they are instructed so to regulate the ap?machine elections for the constitutional assembly, that sictie hut staunch ropuhlioans will be returned to it. Thus fiji freedom of election is at once ended, no voice -Is left to the uation, either ss to the form of government, or auy other provision, save that it shall be agree able to the party, at the head of whioh M. Ledru Roliiu a 43*s placed himself His but Just to say that this atrooious manifesto has filled the colleagues of its author with oonfUiion. They are, as much as any other portion of the public, sensible of the injury wbioh it must lnfiict on the country, its . ffects were rendered conspicuously apparent at the Source. whete they produced a rapid fall in all classes o< public securities The three per oenta, whioh before it appeared were at 3?. have dropped down to 43. Bank fiV*r? railways, and other values, have undergone s Skill .neater fall The v'- which, before the revolution, were at 110, are now quot vJ at 06 and 69?in short, there Is a general financial pa tie. I have already mentioned the rapid fight of foreigners from Paris altei the 33th This movement has gone on, and appears likely proceed. Jt has been aggravated bj - ? w "hiflh hftvi slnoii otieurrtfd Th' RnT^rHt OJrcuuimauun* r ??? BtHEiisiJon ot business. nnd the consequent diminish a . dementi fpr labor, vhich il'ways follow a convulsion ol ti.ii lynd. -rompted the French operatives of every vless to fai m o. intimations for tL? expulsion of foreig. competitori from the labor market. Droves of English laborers have aeooraingly baen hunted !0 the ooaat, an i compelled to flud the oest of their way to their own oouutry. I:] merry instances they h?va bjea hurried away without being able to obta'n the wages due to them. and. iu acme laetances. without being allowed ' lira < to take with them their clothing These obaerva ricne apply to innumerable laborers employed on tin railways and in engineering establishments. These hav? aniveo by hQridreds, in their own country, in nakeu destitution The attention of th? Kogtlsh government baa been oalled to the anbjsot in Parliament, and the to ?ign secretary bus lotimased that a demand lor com pN eation would be made on the provisional goveramect iey.^a dtmaud cannot be resisted witbont setting sidelined pubi c opinion of all Europe \ sitvl>Kr proceeding with regard to aervanta her i^ken place in rwri* families who employed Engllvh 'eivanta bare been nailed on to discharge them Some hav* complied w. th th'" r?quistion ?others have resolved ra tn-r than com,0'* w,lt? nD,t 'he country The w?;vivby K-glial' r * " many cases, sent lw,v t ri .;ii pa??, sol,->/Mr furniture by public auc <?;i.andb?T- ?i her left, 0? ?ra preparing to leave. * hyhvtiv Kr?nch faroinrs b?*?,' ddcpled a like course (i h re h ive dier.turged a large pcfttpB 4?f their establi-hnie Its- -almost all have ta ide large reductioi s in t. V a iltuis, thus throwing out 6?" ^employment mstiv tbou V* ""1 01 a*r" 01 botb \ i.,, ,?ii I" portion of the persona lb us deprived Of ... earning their suosistanoe. have de lae meaue u> . poslttd their ha.V ' ' "" J savings in the saving* banks, ivhloli are hrrt **t*blianment* under government gu? ?ntr In the f banh"' ?n the day of the revolution, there wern three h bodred end fifty million* of Irenes deposited.,<r *h# catastrophe, a Urge end prreatug demenu for jrejm. craemeut necessarily presented Itself ?t thtae no, ublisnme produced by aeve r*l c*u?r*. Kirat, the Ut ge number ^ persona euddeitiy thrown out ef cmpioyme. at, requiring , *tsporary mean* of support. which oould <i nly be derived ft.*,ai tbe'r P*'1 savings. Secondly, reaidt mt foreigaei*. not," beniafaua letid proscribed, wanted bo withdraw their ear^K'10 bring them to their reapd otlve home* Thirdly, a' C1' neral di<>truat of the itebdllly and aolvenny of the go' vi router,t pr. veiled amonv' ?" olaaaea, and the great majority would have preferred to bury their gold iu aeoret, and leave it temporarily unproductive, rather than truet it to the ban la of the presets'', government, under the promise of five per oent interca,'. All theae oauaea contributed to create a run upon th o banks, which run the governm-nt found itaelf totally unable to wltbatand Of the three hundred and filty million* deposited, not more man fifty mllliona were forthcoming in oaeb , the . remainder of the capital being lnve\ ted in varloua government aecurltiea In short, it wsa ,'onnd impossible to make thu payments at theae banks, to the depoaitoia, iu >p-ole. it wsa accordingly resolved to limit the apevie payments to one hundred franca for ea*'>h depositor, d to pay the remainder in treasury bonds and in govon "'I1 "tock. To this, there would h*Va been no oreit?. ,hjaotlonl provided theae securities were delivered etthi-lr urront prioea upon the Bourse; but thi' was The treasury bonds were delivered their no* i"* ? i vch#n th#y wtf not negOtUDl#. **y" fall nomln*. y wufl ( ?t per, when it w?. tfnd?r p?r cBtit Rnik 'th. Thta proceeding we. accordingly, 70 at the 'T, declared to be oonflecatlon, and t?oBnd ?ery l> P - d tbe lemenUtion* end ditmay which thing onnld U( ,Meg gt tha dool, ot the bantu TaVh" ant Monde,., et the appointed hour, of t.imbari?m*nt. j >, f0n0wed the etoppege of the The oonf?.lo?iwn?i SMUrUiM or deecrip. .log. beoK ^ n we. in rein that the mtuketry tion f?l} ?' ppee^ing to tha petrlotl.m end ^ V'S^STffSS'.rent bank, which fell ?u that of m 1 ? * ?" .. ... 1 UJUU?LL ?UL "-JILUtLJi E NE1 N Laitte, Blount <c Co., Bsndon, Ktienne, Qanneron k Co , ad a tr>be of others Lastly, to erown all, on the Horning of Thursday, the 10th instant, a deoree appeared in the Utnittur suspending the oaah payment* or tho Bank of France It is true that this waa accompanied by a statement, showing or ptofeMing to iliow, the complete solvency of that institution; but still the effeet was a general oonsternatioa. The doors of the bank were otosed altogether on Thursday, and the private banks deo ined paying oheoks lna jy oth?r way than in notes of the Bank of France Neither gold nor silver were to he obtained at any price at the money changer*. Three franca n pieoe premium was offered for twenty frono gold pieeea Several of the larger olnse ot bank*, inelndlng that of Meaars Rothaobild, leaned a olronler notlee to all persons having claims on them, or bills accepted by them, whether due or not, that they requested them to be presented forthwith for payment; and it la understood that their object in thia measure la to oome to a general liquidation. and close their dooia. On Wednesday, the 16th, the three per cents fall at the Bourse to 46. a lower prioe than they have ever fallen to sinoe the battle ef Waterloo. Notwithstanding the stoppage of the cash payments of the bank, they revived somewhat on Thnrsday, the 14th, when they olosed at 60. All descriptions of shares, however, fell to a ruinously low price. Thus the Orleans Railway, which has been at 1400. fall below 640. The Northern Railway, which at one time had been at 900, fell to 337, and SO of the rest 1 have already ollnded to the oiroular of M. Ledru Rollin, addressed to the oommissarice sent by the provisional government into the provinces. Another decree of this minister did not prove less obnoxiout. It has been the oustom in the enrolment of the National uard, to consign those members of cash corps who were men of property, Intelligence, enu reepeolability, te the oompnnice of grrnadiars and vaitigeurs Such an arrangement was naturally enough agreeable, as It kept together persons of similar habits and Ilk# tastes. M. Ledru Rollin, however, with a view to Batter the lower classes, issued a decree fer the dissolution of these oompiniee, and for their fusion with the general mass. This deorbe preduoed an explosion of indignation, not loss violent than that which followed the former decree, which we have already adverted to The influence of public opinion was se strongly manifested relative to the deoree which conferred dictatorial powers on the provinoial oommisssries that the government saw the necessity of repairing the error committed by the Minister of the Interior, and this w?s accordingly aeoomplisbed in several forms. On Wed nesday the ISih, a deputation from the Central Republican Club waited un the Minister of Foreign Affaire to express their serious apprehension on the ill effects which would ensue throughout the country fiem this circular. They adduoed the coses of numerous magi* trates and other public functionaries, who had already resigned in consequence of it, and they ind'oated Its si most certain affeoc in producing a general disorganise tion in the official functionaries of the State. M Lamartine took the opportunity aff rded by the answer to bo given, to this address to neutralise the mischief wbioh 1 had been produced by his oolleague; end he accordingly disavowed on the port of the government the despotic aetumution advanced by M. Ledru Rollin, and deolarad that the government had no Intention of arrogating to themselves, or those mnder them, any sueh power. He also annonnoed that it was the intention of government immediately to ??u? a proclamation' la wnicn tney would annoanoe in a positive form what thote prlnot plan were which they acknowledged Thii ad dree of M. da Lamar.lne wee received with enthusiasm, and the best effeot eneued from It. But as a further means of disarming the mieohief of the Minister of the interior, notiee was ordered to be inserted in the .UontC'ur ef Thursday, the 16th, in wbloh the power of dismissing and impending magistrates, whioh was conferred by the manifesto of M. Ledru Rollin, was expressly revoked; and it was declared that no magistrate oould be el her dismissed or suspended, except by the Minister of Justice, and only then upon the most grave considerations . i now come to the other deoree of the Minister of the Interior- that by'whieh he pronounced the dissolution cf the grenadiers and light companies of the Nationnl Guard. The members of these companies resolved not to obey this deoree, and to make a solemn protest against it aooompanLd oy an imposing demonstration of their force and respectability brfore the provisional government. A notioe was accordingly issued, appointing places of rendesvous for the different companies in the several quarters of Pari,, on Thursday, the 16th of Maroh, from which it was intended that they should march to the Motel de Ville, and there send up a deputation to the government, with their protest. Meanwhile, a counter movement was piojsoted among the rabble, hy whose influenoe alone. Mr. Ledru Rollin was installed and maintained in the government. They resolved to prooerd at the same time to the Hotel de Ville and antioipate the National Guard on their way, to pre ?->nt their protect. J t so happened, however, that body of the latter, amounting to aome 4000 or 6000, arrived at ths Hotel de Ville before one o'olock, tbus accidentally antioipatlng the arrival of their opponents. Their deputation hadai audience oi the government, at which the revoeation of tho decree was consented to; bat it was requested that the marks of distinction on the uniform of tfceao oqmpani-s should be discontinued, wbloh request was agreed to Soon after this, the rabble arrived, and a little later ths chief body of the Na tionei Guard, amounting to some 30,000 men, wearing uniform, but without arms of any kind The populace intercepted them, and their arrival at the Hotel de Villa was rendered imp ossible They accordingly retired These proceedings, ae may be essily imagined, were attended with the greatest exasperation between tbr lower orders, who regard M. Ledin Rollin as their leader, and the middle and higher classes, nor at the moment of writing this Is it easy to sea bow the dispute osn be brought to a close without blood. M. Ledru Rollin is understood to stand alone in the mlniatry and government, as the partisan of the ,mob, and the deolar eJ adversary ot the intelligence, property and respectability of the country. H? ia the leader of the commonla'f. and of those whose opinions and spirit are moil hostile to the maintenance of tranquillity and order. Some curious scenes which hare oeourred between him and his colleagues in the Hotel de Villa, have form ed tbe common topio of conversation. On the 15:h, it is said that a sharp altercation took plaoe upon the above questions, at a sitting of the members of tbe government, In the Hotel de Viile. High words tuaued between >1. Ledru Rollin end bis col leagues. The Minister of tbe Interior, raising his volet to a high pitoh. and uslDg the most extravagant gestiou larrlens rushed towards the window with the apparent ob ject of oalling in'on his colleagues the thousands of rabble who Ailed the oourt btlow. M. Uarnier,Pages. it is said, thereupon drew a loaied pistol frim his pocket end declared that if M Ledru Rollin advanoed one step further he would shoot him dead. He, in addition, intimated that be bad in his pocket evidence that M Ledru Rollin had plundered the treasury, since his appointment to the government of nearly half a million if irancs, and thac if further provoked he would produce and publish this fact- Hereupon the ardor of the Minister ot the Interior is said to have abated; but in the ounrss of the conflict, M. Ledru Rollin is said to have ?pproached M. DeUmartine, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, with the most offensively violent gesticulations und to have all but struok him. openly menacing that he would piece himself at tbe head of the populace ana exterminate the government M. Da Lamertine is reported to have replied to this wish a ooutemptuous smile, and to have said that h>would rather loso his life nt ih hand* of ths populace in an imrute, than by thi guillotine, which would beereoted under the rtftUt M M Ledru Ko.ltn Such were the reports which were commonly oireula ted iu Paris on Thursday, the 10th of March. i oo aemaastration made uy tne grenaaisrs ana ugiii companies of the National Guards on fnursday, produced. ua might have been expected, a corresponding centre c?u/> among the companleo oompoaed of the eommonAlty On Tburaday evening, accordingly, meetlnga wen organized, and a common plan of aotlon waa conoerted lor the following day, imitating, aa far aa possible, the proceeding of the elite of the National Guard Places of rendeivoua were named, and a reunion of the entire maaa of the operatives waa arranged for Thursday morning. At the break of day, accordingly, assemblies were formed by previous arrangement In the various quartan of Paris. The working people thus collected at various points wer* marshalled by offljers distinguished by scarfs tied upon the left arm. and marebed from their various pojn's of rendezvous to the Boulevards; there they ooalesced and formed a procession to tne Place de Ik Concorde end the Champs Elyseaa, where the entire ol this fcrmld .bis mass assembled with lags end banners, at about 10 o'clook la the murniog .\leaowblle th. d?eition of the nrerislonel government aaralnst anv re vocation of the decree of M. Ledru Rclltn appeared lu the ManiUur It bad ban: tb? Intention of thin vart popular demonstration to lay before the provisional government a counter protest against that of the title of the National Guard; but the publication ol the deriion of the provisional government, in the Moniteur, deprived any auch protest of its ns?nning and its force, and the a?se obly havlog been inform ert of thla after cougregatlng on the F'laoe de la Cod eorde, oaras to the reanlu ion to exhibit, but aot to exercise their power They, therefore, marched in pro cession from the Place de la Concorde to the Hotel dn Ville. Aa ahoy passed along they pressed into their a* r t~ioe all the operatl:?p; without exoeptlon, whom 'n?j aac,7Untered on theif route, and on nrrising at the Hotel de ViJ? tliC" formed a band ol pot lese than lAO.txiO pereons. They dei.'r* i"? admirable order to the tquaie lacing the Hotel. , The members of the provisional *over_nmen viewed them from the windows unopened, and suCT"*? BP.dieposition either to address them or to court any addr?^" from them. They knowing what had occurred, had the good sense to understand that any protestation would become a mere " brutum futm-n," and they accordingly contented themselves with defiling from the hijuare, ?x hibltlng, by their enormous nambert, their physical force. They then filed off In detaohments to their reepsctlve quarters of (be town, and the day paased without further dlsturhaneee. Rumors were circulated daring the morning, that a plan had been arranged for this multitude to ro to the < hanjp do Mars, tad thsre to proclaim M Ledru Uollio, dictator Had suv h a course been attempted, it was understood that the respectable N?ionai Guard would have turned out in defence of the provisional government, and bloody collision muat have ensued No suoh disposition, however, was evinced on the part of the multitude thus cotleotsd ; on the aontrsry, no unseemly shouting was heard. A few v ileea exclaimed in favor of Ledru Uollln. mingled with about aa many others in favor of the provisional govern ment. la short, the mnltitude actsdHs though they wera sensible how deeply they were all interacted la the maintensnee of order. It was observable la thla osee, that a number of priests, alt of whom were pariah ouraUs, appeared among tho ranks of the populace, and ware among the most foorgette in the expression of their sentiments. r * W YO EW YORK, SUNDAY MO Ton day ended without any violation of the peace, and pti exhibited one of those t< suits w blob, though oommou tv enough In America, are almost unique in Kurope. In sb short, it most be admitted that, up to the moment to ti which our present narrative extends, the oonduot of the popnlaoe was admirable in the extreme. m On the night between the l(th and 17th, it became n known to the government that the people had attempted ad to induce two oavalry regiments, the Oth and the 13th lie Ckmftvn a CKtval, to give up their artns. The Minis- s'i ter of War being Informed of this, decided at once to remove them from Paris, and accordingly, at break of tr dav, on the 17th they were marched out of the capital, pi On Friday the 17th, the Bourse exhibited still further ft improvement. The ease afforded to commerce by the fe paper circulation, produced this effsot. The depredation of of bank notes, whteh would naturally have ensued, was, w to a great extent, controlled by the oondltion imposed th oa the bank, of publishing a weekly statement of its Fi financial oondltion. In faoc, it is plsesd under the same jo conditions preoisely as ths Bank of Kngland, so that the b< holders of its notes are always informed of the eeeurity th on which they must depend. Still, however great the of confidence, so long as bank paper is not oonvertible loto ri specie at the bank itself, it must undergo more or less m depreciation, in comparison with bullion, and it was ac- si eordlngly found that, to convert a 1.6U0 net* into f a tfa pieces, at any of tho money okangers on Fi Iday. oost at l')X franos, a discount, in other words of '2% per cent, re while to obtain gold, required a disoount of four time* to that amount, or 10 per cent., and even for that it eould In not every where be obtained th In order to extrioate the government, to a certain ex- pi tent, from ita financial embarraaomeata, the mlnliter of m flounce reported to the government various expedient! si on the 17th, wbloh on the eame day were incorporated w in proclamation!. By ooe of them, an extraordinary sa tax, aaountiog to 60 per cent on the entire amount of w the direct eoatributiosu, ? ordered to be lsvled. By bi another, the payment of the Treaeory bond* whs poet- ra pined for six or twelve inontha, tbe holders being, how- a aver, at libarty to convert them into > per cents at the tli mai ket prices. Another decree authorised the govern- pi mint to appropriate 00 millions of franoa to the aid ol m the banks of discount established for tbe relief of coa> ui merca in the capital and in the ptinelpal commercial ia towns. d Although apeeie was thus unobtainable at tbe bank, t? tbe more respectable olaaa of private banks accommo- re dated their customers with it to a moderate extent, with- b out any premium, and the pauio which must have en- [ rued, was thus, so far at least as regarded foreigners, con- p siderably mitigated. Large numbers of strangers, how- h ever, left Paris on tbe 18th and the eucoeeding days ? ci Russian sutj.ots withdrew en mane. Ou the evening si of tbe 17th it was reported that Austria bad renounoed a her diplomatic relations with tne provisional govern- tl ment; and as all Austrian subjsote thus lost diplomatic a protection, tho majority of ihein prepared te quit the c o>pl al $ The French Republic. ? The Paris jnamuls of Saturday ey. ning, the 18th ult., V are almost exoluaivelv occupied by comments on tho po- a pular demonstration of tbe preceding dry. It is cousi- u dered a triumph over an attempt-d roaotion?a suooess t gained by the mass over those who, it is aaid, wished to t impede the progress of the repubm. It la impossible to d misunderstand the light io which the people themselves ti regard their vlotory j it is oelebra ed as a triumph, and n something more. c The night has passed in perfeot tranquillity, though 1 the demonstration continued for some hours after the departure of our last despatch. Bodies of m?n. march- ti ing nine and ten abreast, oontinued to defile along the A Boulevards from four till seven o'oloek, stooping the p traSo of the orosa streets, for it was impossible lor ve- tl hides to break through the lines; they o >uld only pass o in the intervals between the several corps. As night tell erowds collected in different spots, but prinolpally ] about the Porte St. Denis aud Porte St. Martin The s! inhabitants in this quartsr illuminated their houses, and tl about eight o'olook an Immsnse body of people began to tl move slowly along the Boulevard In the direction of the A Madeleine, singing and oalling on the shopkeepers to * light up; the cltlsens were taken by surprise, and when- M ever a delay occurred, criea ot '' Dts Lampions" were o raised; as soon as lamps were fixed to the balconies, the n crowd gave a round of applause and marohed on. In fi this way they advanced into comparative darkness, c leaving abltse of light behind them They were in a t very good humor, and not the slightest damage was done; not a single pane of glass was broken, nor aid the e shopkeepers exnibit any alarm though neither police t nor military were to be be aeeu. Bodies of tue new n uuu? >'uuue win uuueuinu iu ouuBiuaruuio iorce ID the Rue Rivoll, end other etreete, but out of the line of D march At the Boulevard des Italians sections of the p crowd branched off and made the aide atreeta illuminate ri In the aama manner. By 10 o'elook the throng began f to diminlah, and by midnight every thing waa quiet d again. Some of the pepera apeak of the illumination ae t? it it had been a tpontaueoua expr. aaion of rejoicing; it ai waa entirely oompulaory. b Tbia rup'ure between the National Ouard and the bulk of the people ia an additional element of anxlet y in ti the already gloomy aapeot of affaire. The lamentable f< want of unity in action, even among a body ao organ- u is ad aa the aimed citizens, ia proved by the foot that cbe > march to the Hotel de Ville waa a measure not sanction- f. ed by a majority of the leglona. It waa strongly oppos 6 ad by General Courtaia, the commander-in chief, and 0 Guioard, ohief of the etatf. How a step ao important r could he taken without the fully-aecertained oonaent o{ g the whole body, ia inconceivable; but having been b dene, the ill effect ia no; partial?the whole of the le- a gions are oompremiaed. An addraaa baa appeared to- o day from a number of the National Guards, but not ti very numeronaly aigned, denying that thay intended to e< Intimidate the government?they only wlahed to expresa ? an opinion en tho exeoutlon of tha aeoree regulating ii their organization. But explanations now aro of little ci use. si The present position of all the atmedforoe of France ii in relation te the people ia singular. The army, not- u withstanding manj reaacuranoea, has not recovered r< from the disgrace inflicted by the general disarming ; a the public are not sufficiently reassured of its disposition * to permit the introdnetlon even of two regiments into Pari* without a murmur. The National Guard is now a fletri, tainted with anti-revolutionary tendencies; the ti Gaide Mobile is imperfectly armed end quite undisot- ft piined. The military and political systema seem alike fi disorganised p JAn aooident involved the prieets of the Irish College a here in the popular demonstration of Friday, and gained ri them a oharucter for liberality, which, on thia occasion at least, ihey had no intontlon of earning A depute- d tion of Irishmen was to wait that day on the govern- t ment, and the clergy of the college were to join them at ir the ilstel de Ville. On their way, however, they got o wedged into the crowd, who took it for granted they bail dc come out in their soutanes to fraternise with the move- 1 ment. No explanation was possibls ; the reverend gen- ei tlemen were loudly cheered, and finally escorted back to q the oollege with every mark of respeot. The liberality o of the Irish priest* was warmly praised last night in the fl olubs; bat I em assured their appearanoe in the soene c] was involoiitary. n The commission of workmen held a sitting yesterday tl in the Luxembourg, when Louis iilano met a depute b tlon cf masters, whom he addressed en the evil* of un- g1 limited competition, and the advantages of aitociation. g The proceedings voir* most disorderly ; silence could no: d he kept?all was anger and confusion, in the midet of >j which Louis Blanc abruptly lelt for the Hotel de Vtlle to take a share in the receptions there He was allowed to no attention to these meetings. w The Prme announces that the Bank of Krenos, wish ,. ing to accommodate the holders of bank cotes as tar as is consistent with the security of tho credit of that os- ' tablishment, proposes from Monday, the 30th met, tc pay us no-as ot 1 ono fraues each by Bine notes of 100 n francs raoh and 100 francs In silver. ?j The mint Is encumbsred at thia moment with an enor- (j mous mass ot silver plats, brought there to be coined into pleoea of live francs eaoh. A nuuker of silver- , smiths, despairing of selling their second hand articles, [, have resorted to this expedient to render tbeir dead ? stock available ; others announce a reduction of 10 per tJ cent on their goods, in order to ensure sueh a sale as m?j ^ keep their workmen employed. ,1 The spirit that prevails in the trades of the metropo- L lis is extending into the provinces. The workmen of r, the great lion works of Creusot have struck for bightr iM wages gears are entertained at Roanno that In const- u( queues of a failure in that town, the extensive rpinnii g t| iniiis of Chauff^illes woulu be compelled to stop work |U Rumors ot diso?ntent among other oiarses are rife ; a K Douai joutn tl announces that a mutiny has occurred in w one of tne regiments 01 the line in garrison in thit city w The mayor of the town accompanied the colonel to the , j barrack, and harangued the troops Order, however. tr was not restored until a soldier, tha instigator ot the muiioy, bad been released irom custody. u The f-resie states, that for the last ten days an extra uiuiusi jr ojiniiniueuk nmo pierausu m iun euuuuu nuu . colleges of Paris, bat particularly in the Lycee Bona- " parte (late lb? College Bourbon). The outdoor pupils of tuelatt-r establishment aeesuibleo some d*ys eir.fe, _ nnd proceeded to the liotel de Vilio with a national tbig . to demand >h? dismissal of their director, M. Boutllet, end a certain number of their professors They further demanded that the efuitjr of natural history end ofcrs- . rang rap y, ehould be discontinued The provisional* government not having acceded to their demaude, they ' became *o much eioited that it waa lound necessary to .' olcse the establishment "It has been reported," saja the C'nititu/ionn'l " that manifestation! in favor of Hanry V. have taken Jplace in Paris. We cannot too often repeat that such rumors, olroulataj hy ill-intrntionod individuals to frigbteg the timid, are not entitled to credit 1 he old legiiimatiat parly Is.not sufficiently numerous not to bo . di?. Iplinrd, and in our opinion, its chiefs are not so in " sane i! l? recommend iaeh provooattcna ajalnst the til umpbnot revolution the day after, and on the very theatro of ita victory VVc are conll tent that neither the ? oauto ot legitimacy nor dhat of any other rcstor .tion. * ran now expect suppoit in Parie, and, we might add, in ( France." 0, Af er showing the inaanlty for any party, a month after the revolui ton, to propose at the general elections j " the broken anohor of monarchy aa a sheet anohor," the Coniiiiuiiiinnel thus proceeds:? ' The overthrow of the monarchy of I MO is a revenge aa regards the legillniatist e, but doe* not etreogtben their party. The lestoratlon oflegitimatist royalty, moreover, would probably lead, for want of heirs, to the reatora- in tion of a branch which they defeat. There are no longer tj any Imperialists; the royalty of genius is personal, and I not hereditary. (Jlorlons reiolUctlona survive, but no ai hopes Aa or the establishment of an Orb anial regen- f? C.y, toho rouU hop* to riturn re en ovHer of thi' f over- si Inroton uiit/t iw< t ulMilh'Sf /scililf 1 frhet ihoulH tor it gain by rO'OOtabliohing should only pifparc I he Hi way for a i?ew revolution rl J if onlf en? tiling th# ?l aoveialgn nation oannot do?that is, to abdicate Its cove- P relgnty. That toverelgnty ia an indealtuoilble fact V With that sovaraignty, France oan no longer be go- f' verned la a durable manner but by herself Her sule It bjaot, la tka alaatla?, Bast ha to consolidate the re- a <P RK H iRNING, APRIL 9. 1848. iblio? republic which will give to France bo'h liber- r'pr and order?a republic equally distant from a dictator- n0?i ip and from anarchy." four IE FINANCIAL MKAUt HKd OK THE GOVERNMENT. FlUI The Dibati has the following article upon the ttnacoWl asures of M (iarnier Paget There must, Indeed, be '"hi trong oonviction of the necessity of a decree which IB*? Ids AS per cent to the dlroot taxes, to reooncilethe pub- 01" i to it at a tim when the channels of trad^ aro nearly * >pped The Dehatt says:? ?*r "The provisional government, in order to place the eofury as soon *a possible in a position to meet all ~'* 1 iblle expenses, has just taken two important measures. P*?t adds forty-five centimes per frano to the total of the '#otl ur direct taxes for this year alone, and this supplement or'gi taxes is required to be immediately paid. It Is a sum ' bloh will amonnt to 190 OOO.DOOf. In the second plaoe, fcrei e falling due of the tons du Ti e tor, issued before the J4th 'bruary, and whloh amount to 'J7s.000.000f., is ad- tu^ urned for six months. The interest will oontinue to . . i psid in consequence of the delay. The holders have 01,01 ? prlvllegs of -xchanaing these ions against coupons now tht national loan in Five per Cents at par. On ths ar ad a val of the new ithcanct, the reimbursement will be buss ade in specie. These two measures have neoessity for Rev tours, and it is Impossible not to recognize It. Of all moti is expedient* which it was possible to imagine, In tho Diet trance ?f public ored't. they are what are least to be thro ft retted. The rroprie'i foneiirt la unhappily acoua- (W? m*d to havo extraordinary saoritioss demanded of It and i dlbioult times. It was thus, at ths end of the empire, has ie direct taxes were Increased. A similar thing took Oral gee Initial. As to the bom du rreior, fram the me- man ent at whloh the provisional government touched the Oeri .vtngs-bank, it was evident that they would be dealt into ith also. Capitalists will be subjected to the Tba one destiny as the people but ill to d t in tho Oeri orni, wno iook meir reserves to mt savings- neii inks, n lit* landlords, as the manufacturer*, aa the and imbbBfi, to whoia the increase of the direct taxes in tier cause of -mbarrasiiment. la tho present position of nij in country each person must, without murmuring, sup- woe ?t an Increase of charges, ami oven accept embarrass log ient j. May all this be temporary! Nothing is more tlon rgeutthsnto attain a normal flnancitl situation?that the to say, where there in a crown received for a crown Zeit isbursed, for disorder in the publio finances in the oar- O dn presage of all hinds ol auaroby But let the govern- earn ient neglect nothing in what may relieve the Treasury, relu y reducing the expenses to what are strictly neoessary Met he tax-psyore would have aright to express bitter re- evhi roaches, if, nicer having submitted to surtaxes, after ben aviog resigned themselves to the adjournment of the day redits which they had suppoeed sacred, they should mot till remain iu presence of a deficit, and of all the cala- Em ilties whioh perturbation in the finances oooasiens. In the l? reaooroen with which tha State thus provides itself, posi sum of 90 000,IjOOI is to be immediately devoted to the tak umpioirg, whioh. in virtue of toe decree of the 9th of bef< laroh, are to be founded at Paris and in all the great pop grioultuml, manufacturing, and commercial centres, wit Vheu confidence shall hnvo returned, in consequence of Uei rell devised measures, and still more in oousequenoe of mei isnitestatioue of the provisional government simitar to the he proclamation on Thursday on ths el-olions, or by gov heetfeotof the resolution which the cilisms, If they luti sirs to show that they are worthy of liber y.are bound the d find in their hearts, capital will reappear. In the ear isanwhile, the cansptoses, whioh are to be supplied with tow apitai, will be a precious assistance for maintaining sus lbor " iu s Cardinal de Bcnald, Archbishop of Lyons, bud written ws o the Minister of Publio Instruction and Ecclesiastical Au Iff Mrs, to protest against the violation of the grard in ( rinciple of aaacoiation committed by the commissary of hat he government, in decreeing the suppression of religious prl ommunitlva not authorised by the laws. not On Friday morning, a postohaise having arrived at tho chc lotel of M. Napoleon Duobatcl, in the itue de l'Ui iver- sou ite, from v hiob a gentleman resemoling in corpulence Me it ex-minister of the interior of Louis Philippe alighted, It v he police was immediately apprised of the faot, and M. pes Lilard, chief of the Police dr. SUrete, aooompanied by stre ixty agrnts, repaired to the hotel to arrest him. But it witl ras soon dlsooveted that the individual in question was van ot M. Duohatel. The police, however, searched the bod ouse in the most minute manner, and retired without con odiug any thing to orimlnate its owner Madame Do- sect batel was to leave on BuDday for Erglaua, to join her 009 lU'band all I The Minister uf Finance bad adopted, In respect of tha get zecution of I be decree of the 10 ii instant, relative to tha be Treasury bond* issued previously to the establish- vim lent of the republio, the following resolutions: up t "The treasury shall reimburse integrally, in legal mo- pea ey, the iuUri st attached to those bunds As to the ca if tt ital, It shall be reimbursed, at the option of the inte- sior Dated parties, either in coupons of the national loan. In lecl Isafss a per cent at par, or in new bonda, at six months' deol ate, and an Interest of a per cent per annum. The in- grei srrst attaohed to these new bonds shall run, as is custom sou ry, from the date of the presentation of the primitive hati ond?." real The Minister of War had addressed a elreular to all In t he chiefs of corps, directing them to present in future resi >r promotion Done but candidates entitled to it by their eve lilltary services ' Although," says the M>uiite< , 1>0F thne it every r< aton to lioye that the friendly relations WO bis ting betwe en leaner and the foreign powrrtwiii not aoi e distwbed, measures have been adopted for the purpote stit f concentrating towards tho frontiers a number of troops to I ujfficitntly considerable to provide against every contin- Die ency. On the other hand, the young soldiers whe had tire sen left in their families are called into active service, re? ad the regiments of Infantry are te be augmented by fru ne oompuny p?r battalion, no tnat eacn snail now oon- una kin eight companies. Similar measures are to be adopt- (as J with regard to the cavalry and artillery, both of wbieh inoi 111 be shortly in a condition to participate with sueoees (>r? 1 the common d?tence Th-? Osnersl Counoil of War M outlnuss its important labors; and all its propositions, aoo motioned by the government, have been hitherto oarried not ito execution by the minister, whose precautions are ths tcreaeiog The greatest activity prevails In the diffe- Aui ant branches of the military administration; and ev<-ry and rraog*meiit is mads to provids regularly for all the sto ants of the army." 1 After their demonstration at the Hotel de Ville the to I orkmen of Paris proceeded to the Ministry of the lute- gre trior to astute M. Ledru llo.Un personally, and tha dlf- que irsnt trades succeeded eacn other without interruption got :om 4 to 7 o'clock, P. M. Not less than 100,000 men moi resented themselves at the hotel during that interval, exit nd M. Ledru Rollin stood oonstantly uuder the porch can sueiving addresses and rsplylng to tuem. It would appear that the provisional government has etsrmlned to comply with ths demand of the mob, that ^ tie troops should be sent from the cupital, for we And jri i the Hi iste that the 6th Regiment of Chasseurs, which pro nly arrived In Paris a few days sIdcs, loft again on the cuft lOrning ot Friday, the 17th Instant. At 11 o'clock on 'hursdey nlgal a numerous body of the people pioceedj to Lho barrack d'Orsay, whore that regiment was b? uartereu, wirn m* lbienuuu 01 uiasiiuiug 11 xuoou- g.,j, >o?l vainly remonstrated against their proceedings; but ^ ndiug that tboy were determined to persevere, bo do- pilt [ red to them that neither he nor hie m'>n would sub ?ia lit to that humiliation, and that they would defend t aot n-ir arms with their lives. The people then retired; ut shortly afterwards an order was received by the ro- jBn imeut to quit the oapital immediately. The 13th Ke- j?. iuent of Lbasseurs was likewise ordered out of Tails V11, ring the tame night. j-c .'lie Character of the new French Oovern- Loi merit. log On the Monday following the flight of Louis Tbillppc, cui grand counoil was held of ail the revolutionary leaders oou iscmbied todictat- terms a huis cloi to the Provisional tan lovemment The wise and calm deinuaror of Laioarcine din seme to have Irritated in no small degree the boiling, inig assionate naturo of Lagrange, whose excitement was on i > fierce and terrible thai, several of the members of the raa rsmibly prepared to withdraw in Lamartine toe tone blenohed not. and Iho rang frnid and self posres- tbie ion displayed in his replies only served to increase the iorr ivag? anger of bis opponent the more. At length, exes aus ?ra(ed hoyond oonirol, the infuriated republican draw- was ig a pistol from hi* pocket, rushed towards Lamartine, his nd exclaiming, "Thou art do true patriot!"?pointed not 10 weapon at ins head if the minister?" What hinders the le from/.aking thy llfr|now?at once?upon the in^ taut?" hill liiek'd he, with redoubled fury, as the calm glance of and amartine met bis eye. "Your own consci nee," coolly ord 'plied the miriis:er, "and the utter useleesneift of eueh sld< i outrage; f?r ebould I fall, there wili stiU remain my tioi illeagues, who, all to a man, have rseolved to die rather fytr ian rub.nit to violonoe. or to return to the senseless hiti laroby of '98 !" Tho words had the effect of calming inft ran instant the fury of Lagrange? he dropped the olie eapon which ho held, and, turniug pale us death, tue bile his eye quailed before the steady g?s? of Lainar- ous ue. lie muttered between his teeth, "Inouari not a pro uerepublican, nor yet a true patriot; but I verily bo- as 1 eve thou nr. an honest man !" and then sank again dial doii bis seat at tiio council board, trembii ig in er ry of* ifltj, unl apparently pjhuu-tcd with the > tfjft of pa* j V. an tu which he h?d g von way It was then that hi* 1'bi igbbor, L? Causeidiere, m^nagn l to eeize tho pistol hioh he had pi ceil hesid- birn, and by h a pres?noe of '' d id saved the Assembly from a dr-a ilul oa'ustrophe, rein r in the sp,.oe of a few moment* Lagrange arose, an<l hou ith the most frightful yells ?ud bowlings, began to rend of lo clo(h?s from hi* tack and to tear the fl<-*h rum his sign .isoa, until the blood spirted lorlh, all the while utter- con igtbo uiOjt featful imprecations and hla-ph?rui*s In Ten i Insiant the whole Assembly w?* in an uproar?the ' rrorol th scene Was greater man w rds osn Jesortbe. sign was evident that the (Wee exc.t-in nt of the lust fee royi ly * had turned the hralu of Lsgrauge and produced a pror I ol raging inadosss lie was secured with difficulty, 'Uti id borne to a m tu .n J- tattle at dlontnartre, where ho hu* >w remains, I beliete, still a raving manias The As- the uably all gathered round bai lartlue with oongratula- ant one; but the rtfect ol the srer.e was such that in my taki eie ioroed to retire, aiiil the ineetlog broke up Much immiescr.ition has bseu felt l,r Lsgiange, who, it can- bis st be doubted, is a w.<rm and disinterested though mis- thai uidod republioun His absence no,a public affairs is ith u aldoied a great relief, as h.s violence was much dread- nou 1 by the other members of me govsinoisnt. Haisoue his 1 tun handsomest men whom it is possihls to behold, mln id possessed great power over the determinations of gooi le lower class; therefore the uccldent which ,iae befall- will i him Is considered by many au ulmost providential mui scurreaoe. prei 'lbs Rcveluilon In (<trin*ny, ?l"j This great movement, by lsr the most Important now luf, i Europe, proceeds wl li the wonderful energy of thirtyr-three years'repressed but uninteirupted pieparutlon. 'O0 tic U/rmans, 44 Oi OOQQ, well oountcd will be a nstion J"K l they were ftoui the tlmts of i harleuingne to these of u" Ispoleoti, and as the lederal act promised that tbey lould be. The estaliUsunent of au effaolive govern- T ent, by a revision ot th? act of conf deration of 1814, tub as now been proclaimed by ihe King of Prutsia.wbo, tloi noe 1840, bss, although uustico*a*fudy, endeavored to gat ersuaie Austria (tLe presiding power at the Liiet ol oil: rankfort) to oo-opirate wi a him tor that put pose \ not iw days before that royal proclamation, on tin 11th II ist, tbe Diet at Kr auk fort came to the not lass men,or- for ble resolution to invite every one of the sovereign stetee mei JERA1 Mated by tbe seventeen member* of the smeller p mil of the Diet to eend the seme namher of men (>t n ral oonfldenoe, before the end of thia month, to n iktort, there to tnke pert in the deliberations re-- tl Ing the revision of the federal peot. end the ?stab ! sent of what hss been oelled a " National Parlia- * t " Thus the seventeen diplomatic reprseentativ.s rl te thiity-eight sovereign State* of Germany will alt b nomiatttee, charged with preparing proposal* for a h man Constitution, aea.eted by seventeen men whom have designated a* the men of general oonflieuce m designation more complimentary to those men of the " tie than to themselves, but which 1 believe to be per- * y conformable to truth lnds*d I understand it was > inaily intended to oall them (what they are to be in u ity) the repreaentativee of the couttdence of the dif- ? Qt German chambers? hut. I am aaanrad Klnir Kr- d remonstrated against it, undoubtedly oat of habl- '< hatred to the name " RepreeentatlTSS " ! " ho these men will be may be learned from the first w oe hitherto known. The government of Baden. Ul truly national, vis . liberul conservative, has nam- c" v Its man oi general confidence the name deputy, d' ermann, who originated, a we?k before the French T olntion, In the Second Chamber of Baden, the fire' P< on for a representation of the German nation at the whioh has sines found so wonderful an rebn |" lughout Germany. The deputy who eeoonded It 'n iloker), one ot the veteran" of German patriotism, hi one of the n?"?t learned politloal writers in Europe, u at the same time been uamed the Minister of the th ad Duke at the Diet. This nomination of Basser- ?' n points out the only way whioh is left open to the J? man governments to secure the oo-operatlon of the A lligeooc united in the Heidelb-rg committee of seven *' it committee w.'S named for the came purpose of a '' man Parliament, by the national meeting of 61 at iolberg, composed of deputies from different parts. *' uniting the leading popular men of the snath of many At the asms tima, the government of Baden c thus hope to neutralise the dangerous separate king of such an extraordinary commission, partak- P1 neoessarily mors of the nature of un extra ooiiatltual committee of clubs than the learned professor at 1? head of the organ of that meeting (the Deutehe tc ung) is willing to confess. di u the whole, the German governments ore really in tl test, with the exception ot Austria, whioh will follow P1 ctantly, and cot very slnoerely, aa long as Prlnco n< tcrnich holds the reins of that mighty empire. It is 11 lent that the days of his misgovernment are num- '' ad ; and this is a real blessing for Europe, for evory ot bis utaj endangers the political existonoe oi the I larohy, the unity of Germany, and tha peace of ?l ope. If 1 am rightly iuformed, the announcement of ? ooagrees ot all the German powers at Dresden, pro- " sd by Prussia and agreed to by Austria, which is to " t place on the '25th of this mouth (onlr five days rl jre that fixed by the Heidelberg meeting for the great ? alar national assembly at Frankfort!, is not received ? bout strange misgivings, or at least in the south of w many. What is the meeting at Dresden to do t 0 a ask, exoept what the Frankfort Diet is doing, at S very same moment, and in the nam* of the very same i< 'ernmenis? Are they to ratify at Dresden the reso v ons which will be proposed at Frantfort ? But then y ought to assemble at least a fortnight later, and not U Her. I em afrit id the movement of 30 000 Austrian* ' ards Ulm will rather confirm than diminish those G piotons. To send a garrison to a fortress not yet k state of defenoe is in Itself pieposterous ; besidos, t know of no deoree of the Diet authorising 30 00O 1 strUns to garrison that fedederal fortress,even when ? i state of defenoe?a fortress, by-the-by, whioh would t re been built SO years ago, but for the intrigues and 0 rate interests ot a certain statesman. Is it, therefore, * 1 self evident that this move is iutended merely to o ick the great national and liberal movement or the U th of Germany ' The Herman people will tell Prince p tterniah that this Maoblavelistio policy is out of date, rill do no good, but much barm it will endanger the r itiou of the very governments which it pretends t > h ngtben. They will and tiiey osu, have no strength C tout and against their pecpl*. They will not let the a guard of Russia pass into Germany ; for such every y in the south of Germany knows them to be. Acling to an arrangement, which, In that country, Is a 8 ot to nobody, Austria is enabled to send these 30,men out of her provinoes. rife with insurrection on v tides, merely by the Russian loan, and by tbe not less . erous offer of the Kmporor Nicholas to march doable 1 number of troops into any oue of the Austrian pro- r 3?s, wherever It might be desirable or neoessury to fill v the gap?even if that gap should be iu O-.Iioia ! I re- ? t it, the 30,000 Austrians will never go beyond Line, j tey eome so lar before Metternich's fall ; the permls- u 1 tcr their passage would be tha signal for an insur- w lion, and, in ease of resistance, perhaps, even for the j, laratlon of a federal republlo, undeV the wings of the {. it neighboring sister. Not that the people of the t th of Germany sympathize with tbe Frencu.but their t red agaiuet Austria, whom ?Ley consider to be the 1 canse of all tbe unspeakable sufferings of .German v j hase last 80 years of bloody persecution, and the j ilution not to live any longar in bondage, silenoe now , ry other ferliug in their breasts Prussia is not ( tularin bouth Germany, although the goodwill and | e German patriotism of tho king are generally j is??i?j|?iii but It be enters Sincerely into tho con- | utional system, tbe Germans will unanimously offer ( Prussia the place of president at the great imperial it. under the conditlou that she throws herself en- , ily into the spirit of a German confederation One , ult of this movement ought to be, that the kingdom of , issla Proper, with 3,000,000 inhabitants, nil Germans, i of the most enlightened and patriotic, should be r they bare repeatedly expressed their wish to be) ? >rporated in the confederation; perhaps, too, the a tnd Duehy of Posen should be included, with its 0,000, of which 1,000,000 are Poles. But, with tbe ssslon ef Prussia Proper alone, Prussia would furnish v less than 15 000,000 to the joint stock, and thus raisn (, amount of the confederated nations to 45.000,000. , stria has only Id,000 000 to offer, including Bohemia 1 Moravia, whloh oontain about 3,000,000 of blavoniu rk- a doubtful present at this time. 'he great political result of all that is passing. seems >e this-the present crisis in Germany is that of a 1 at and hopeful national childbirth) it is no longer a " istion of polioy, bat of existence, tor all German " eminent* (the greatest included). The next three 8 uthe?perhaps the next three week* ?will decide the 8 itence of kingdom* and prlncipalitiee in the very tre and heart of oivilixed Europe The Kingdom ot Sardinia. Turin, March 13. lothing is going en from morning till night bat lling, marohiog, and countemurohing of the new visional National Guard, or regular troops- Every i ie filled with volunteei*, and nea'ly every man you st wears a cockade In his hut and a cartouche-box at side. It is all well as long as the playing at soldiers got up to ooaupy the people, and Hatter the military it, which is a bright light with the Piadmomtose in ir own oonoelt ; but I want to know If the stream of riotio ardor is not to overflow its banks, and if Austria not reason to eompiain while the whole of her kingd of Italy is exposed I do not hud that the Austrian lister here has delivered any note or made ebsolutu io .strance* on the snbjeot, but 1 know that yesterr the Count Buol read a written memorandum to th 1 ulster of Foreign Affairs, "oalling bis atten'ion to tbo t that insults were dally offered i n the frontier to th,< robard troops and custom-house officers, aad requestthat striot orders would be given to prevent th-? re reuce of snoh aots." The memorandum was mort irteously drawn up, and only alluded in a d's t manner to the Increased armament that 8ar ia now purposes, and to the consequonocs which |ht *ri4e from a collision of a serious nstur-, the limits of both kingdoms; and I consider it wa< d more as a hint on the part of the cabinet of Viema bow that it was not iiidiffarent to the proceedings of r< i court, though the moment bad not arrived for mor i 0 nal notioe beiug taken of them I believe the inly ' wer given by the Minister of Foreign Affairs here ? c ??..> oa Itt hai! ra#inrmi/l uPf) t.nlv he. 1/1 nfflra until t successor was appointed, ha could merely take a p e of tha memorandum '' So the matter rests for 0 prtient; but m toe Count Uaol Sch.iuusteia, to glv t i hia whole uam>. has, I understand, suhl his oarriafrs i riding horns, bo ia probably putting hU house li er, and preparing lor events that many persona o n>r to bo inevitable. The havg In giving tbe eoustitni.on the bth of last month, was veiy desirous of satin. i"g the northern diplomacy that tbe picili.i syatei i lerto pursued by htm would not b? infringed by the |3ion ol a portion of the popular will into the oouu >f i ha state; and be caused a note to be addressed to ! several couns. of which, notwithstanding tha rigor- ' secrecy observe J in ail publio otllans here, I have oared a copy. I give it with the greatest satisfaction. '' am acxious, while freely commenting on the immo e hoi* of tne sovereign not to have tha appearance '* rlthholding thoee lacte on whiob, na doubt, his Ma- * y relies as tha best proofs of his peaoeable purposes. Pj > note alluded to is as follows * " Tvam, Feb 8, 1S48. The undersigned, First Secretary ef State for K<> ;n affairs, by order of his m*j<aty th > king. hat the or i.o communicate to his excellency the Ceunt ci ? the aunexed piocjamauon, which hia majesty hes S md this day, requesting him, at tbe same time, to ? vey it to the Immediate high knuw>edge of his go- ci iment. pi The king has ordered, at the same time, the under- r ed to declare ia hie name, that the conterrlug the ol si stutute?which forms the principal object of th b tlamation?to his people, is the result of hit free and t< re will, and that the w. ifare of his subjects, which m guided for the past, even the lo.tst of his actions, la si only motive thatnow in.luoes tin to bestow ou thein si >tv prool of his coiitldtince in t us calling on them to i a part in the discussion of public attaiM tl The king, moreover, desirce that the government of n majeity the king of msy receive foil assurance ? ; respect for existing ?i eaties will form in future, as tl ?a hitherto don-', tha heala of file policy; m nriehua ilia moat liTrly hopes that the concurrence of d aubjaote Id the dittiouii labour* of the inter or *1 ? isiretion of tha country, ao far Iroin a fleeting tha p 1 un lereteadmg wbloh prarelli wltu fore'gu powers, n contribute, on the contrary, to r<inaolid,ue more mi 1 tl e tue t ouda of ffrMnJahlp wbloh have exiated to tha p lent time betweau tha two onuuttiaa, end whlab hia * aaly tl ittara bnnaelf will be atlll more (irmly oainented tl thr future ti Th.? undersigned. happy to be tne interpreter of t< It noble aentimente, takes thin opportunity of rauaw- fr to hie excellency tha Count of ?tha a.saureuCM of m Li*!) end distinguished consideration hi ' K. D1 HAN MARZANO " ti ha proclamation alluded to in thi* not* la that pub < ad on tha tfth of laat mouth, promulng ? conaiitu- ?' i, which conetitatlen l??s ainia baau duly promula?l, under d ti ot the dth ol March. with tua piub?- m ty Ot ounuuj into npei.niou, the electoral law bolog oi t nearly prepared, in the r.,onlir of May or June i 11* worth while goiug beck a little In point of time, ol the pnrpoae ef aeoartalning if Chnrlee Albert comseed hie oonatituUonel demoiretintlona with the same V, ? L-l-1 - -1 .... I. -L.?f U D. CrlM Vwg Cmu. aolflo language aa th? a hove notejooataiu* tnl m? h.i or, to all who hace acoea* 'o him, nr ofe n??. I i<anotl, dth that trlaw. help referring to the ehioh. oa te 9th of Bep'emh ?r Ini-t 'to- lie ugrio il',ira' >a?et ig u ??a', wh-ri" on th> event' or Tuv: nt b dug nown, 80# -Ignatui we-e ob'ained to * lib -?i noao lal, ha a tdreascd to ('aeUgnetto, miMut n 11 it or th? oua?h dd, who haJ com unnl<;at*d th , ot'an mince to im. Ill that letta tho kiag My?? "I have racairad with the gr*ata?t **ticfac';o;i your oeonnt of thu manifaatatioii m id* at C?a*l M ; people iay count on ma, us I rely on them. I neeuoy myieif rith their h*p; ina a and proaperity, an t to 'reagthen y avary m*ane in ray power th* ties which unite a. I can only write you two liaea. because I hare luoh to do. Auatria ha* aant a note to all the powera, claring that ehn wtil keep Kerrara?declaring aha a tha right to do ao. At ray return to Turin from .uooonla Tfound an immauaa crowd before the palace, hoee oonduot waa moit decorou*. If Providence unit i a war for the independence of I'aly, T will take the innianaiiiiu viirci nin will mr freul-tl feature. 1 Will ? what behumyl ia doing at this rnon'ut Id Otroasela hs day Will be grind when waom mike a g-n-ralap sal to all iu lavor of the independence of Italy * . We Hilt admit that there ie act much regal wisdom this communication, and that little faith oan be plaoeu the pacific promises of Charles Alb rt to-day, when letters of the 9th of February and 9th of September o plaoed in oontaot It la lit I should atate, that about ie latter period, when the people were drunk with oonItational joy, ao many rlolent artlolea appeared In the uruaU?the oenaorahip being atill existing?egalnat uetria, that remonstrances were ma b from Vienna, id tbut the government was aorely embarrassed barest! its desire to stand well wi'h the people and not to reek with its powerful neighbor. V middle term was iopted: the editor nad writer of the mnet offensive nrole whs induaed to resign, n handsome letter, full of ompllnieute and promises, being written to him by the ivsrnment at the time; but when the Austrian cabinet nbliahed in the official gazette of Milan the satisfaction ad apology foroed from tb- oabinet of Turin, the self ire ef the autboi was wounded, and he printed the letir he had reoeired from the Secretary of State, and the Dnble-deallng of the court was exposed At that period re censorship existed; but ainoe the constitution was roinlsed, and the liberty of the press was its firstborn, 3 further reclamation has been male by Austria, lough here, and more particularly at Oeuoa, a crusade Lombardy is* daily reosmmeuded. * * But, alas, there are two eiilea to every question ; and bare unfortunately witnessed the initiatory measnren f too many revolutions not to bs alarmed on seeing the me symptoms exhibited here I know not the hour 'hen the people of Lombardy will burst forth I see aat the frontier between it Is nothing bettor than the iver lessia, and furtber south the Po, the line being acly undefended; and I nek you, oan the people of Oeoa, ter iustauce, woo are oonatitutionally made, and ho absolutely at preeent dlotatn condition* to the court f Turin, be prevented from throwing up their hati, iving a hurrah for any thing you please, and, in ahort leading the Austrian territory ? Then eomea the adanoe of the German army, the thunder of cannon, the lorlftoe ci human life, alternate aucoesa and defeat, un il a ory ie heard In Kranc#--Savoy ia once more overrun, he Alps are agaiu crossed, Lombardy is invaded, and a [eneral war is the result. The Inhabitants of Turin are peaceably inoliued; bat he pressure, as I have already said, oomes from Genoa, understand that all the Sisters of Charity have b?aa xpelied from the hospitals of that city, under the pre uoe that they were a Jesuit depsndenoy, and the cava f the sick has been oonhde to other oharitable persona, rho are protected by a military force. This I give aa uly one of the specimens of the violenoeto which pubo opinion leads, and how necessary it ia to give it a roper uirrction. ? I am told that the oontt of Sardinia la at last about to sooguise Queen Isabella, of Spain ; and from what L ave heard of the great talent of the Spanish Consul leneral here, 1 have no doubt the recognition should be tiributed to his judiolous conduct. Hungary* The following ia our correspondent's letter, dated VInna, March 9 : ? " 1 have just learned a fact of the highest impertanee, rhich has produced here an immense sensation. On the imposition of Prince Metternich the Supreme Conneil f State hue pronounoed the dissolution of the Hungn an Parliament. The Hungarian Chancery was oonok>'d to-day to devise menus of executing that measure, rhich may he attended with the most fatal consequences rou are aware that the Chamber of Deputies, assembled t I'resburg, has voted an address to the Empcior, in rhich the whole system of policy of Prince Metternioh openly condemned. A more frank and at the same ime loyal temenstranoe was never before addressed to be Austrian government] by any of the great corpora ions of the empire. " The Chamber of Deputies of Hungary reooarvnands lis Majesty ' to surround his throne with constitutional ostltutione, in accord with the ideas of the age,' and donands those institutions for the whole, empire The 'hamber of Magnate lias fully oonourced In the address, ostead ot acoeuing to the d?sire oi H-angary, to the exigencies ot tho times, and the popuKtiou of the empire, 'rtuce Metternioh has resoived to play his lest stake, and lrorced the dissolution of the Parliament " A dreadful tumult broke out at Pesth on the ttth. It was provoked by the spread ot a report that bank-notea vould not be oonverte-.l by the State, which waa in a itate of bankruptcy. Tho notes immediately became inconvertible, and a egular run for ?i>eoie ensued. Tbia absurd panlo, howiver, baa been enppreaaed, and bank notee are oireulated rs before. Hob em] a. A letter from Prague of tbe 9tb ult.. describe* the feeriab and revolutionary atate of public opinion lu Bolemia, and shrws that a fearful outbreak i? by no meana m probable A deputation haa been Beat to Vienna to ray for reforma, but no favorable Issue la expected. Pruaala. " The laat accounts from Berlin ara of this day's [tba 7th ult. J date, by train which left that capital at 7 this norning, and reached this at 3 tbia afternoon. Tbe diaurbancea bad somewhat subsided. The troops Were tending Arm to the king, who seems determined not to rant all the people demand. It is muoh to be feared bat peaoe will not be restored without further blcodhed .? The following are extracts from a Hamburg paper of he 17th:? Ukhlin, Maroh 18,3 P. M. " The king is wavering. He haa already conceded the institution of a burgher guard, which was included in he constitutional refoims demanded by the people. The 'Unietry have refused to act unless on the solicitation of he burghers Th? armed police manifest every dispoition to conciliate thi people. " The petition for the abolition of the censorship oi ho press Is granted by tbe king. " A deputation of jbO students has waited on the Prince if Prussia to demand the withdrawal of the tn ops, and o inform him that in ca?? of retinal they would inatantv arm and resist them in the event of their attaoking be people " A collision hag taken place between the military and .he civilians Some barricades have been erected, and ho bridges have been drawn up. " 1 he soldiers here charged several tinus, and many lave been wounded, and some killed The Berlin bar;hers sre now tully arouse i, and it will be very extraorilnary if more decisive results are not efttained this veninc " Silesia. Republican tendencies had been manifested at Brnslau. Naples. I have the great satisfaction of stating that official in. oruiation of the 7lh ult. has been reoelvtdfrom Naples, < mmuoicatlng the fact tha' a definitive arrangement ias been made between that court and tha Hiclliane. 1 iave not oil the details, but the principal features ars, hat Sioily is to be governsd by a resident Viceroy, asisted by three resident ministers ; that a minister exlusively for the affaita of tha island is to b? ucured tod t Naples ; that tba Parliament is .o ho independent of he government at Naplae ; and ibat in oases where a iff reuue of opinion on any affair of megnltudc arises etween the Parliament 01 Naples and mat of biciiy, nscauy aud Bardmia aro appointed arbitrators, with a tovielnn, in rase they do not agree, than the Pope is to ? solo aid ultimate umpire The tlrss sitting of the w P.tiiem <tit, called according to the constitution of Ui'1 I.. l..kj nn lh? J.ilh Ult. I. >ril .Vilntn mnrl ir Willi* a Parser lelt Naples on lb* tito, lor Palermo, dth tue ritlbJ 'ton of tijis arrangem-nt, ati'l wi:b the Mention of being piH-olii too opening of (he HjcIIIbd arilmnmt, on llie 'J.tih. This news 1* ruost important, m l I bare no doubt the 'ttlamunt of the Neapolitan Sicilian question mil hare great effect in smoothing down the irritation tnat rev?ils here, and of rendering the violent constitution lute more aoeee>lblo to reason. Affair* ?r l'ortugal. Liibov, March 11. According to news from Madrid, this government Dividers tb?t (?en?r*I Narvaea will maintain pea o la pain mod, therefore there will be a better ch.tiicc of rolUing the outbreak of another eivll war in thia juntry At preseDt everything ie quia .but the fatulea n ty appears as exalted as the i.abralie.iu are dspreesed. he insjarily of trie ministry opposes coercive m-ar prevention, and It Is supplied that tlis Cabinet will - nullified if any more liboral members cau b-' found i take the portfolios of the Interior and Marine U. partleots trom vlM Ooijso and Agoetiuho Albnu ) who are ltd to have b^en disposed toward' tlgirous uaeuree, tggested by the moat extreme ol tho dominant party. t he ministerial report made to the Uui ?r of Urpti nil Wedursday was a mere Stat m?nt of financial teaeuieeadopted eini o th? oloein j of tf 1 ortee of 184#, nl the > romiie j st -A"?- wf. weys and means for ie next flnair al J -r have not jet been presented, as ...... m ?er? t.i be u, de in c.>ns?q 'ones ,>f the elfberatinns at th? mecttng of the iuiniat< rial dputic-e rhieh took plana in tha craning of that die Than* lain are again uvd?r examination at another moating, ow sifting (Wo'cloefc id tha craning), and it ie expected i?t they will ba laid be'ore tha < ortaa on Monday Tha rlnoipa 1 r- tronniiman a ara uuie: stood to ba upon the Uriai of pBbtl i fuucti inarira, |t being tn'.enue.i that iota balow SOt mllrel* (nearly ?70) e-year art to conduo to pay ona d-olma. and whilst thoaa of Shi vitrei* i 4<X> milr-i* ara to pay two daoimaa, all other iiM omee om tha 9??te abore 4< 0 mil re is are taxed with two declaa and a half, or 'lb per cent, ao that the Quern will ire to pay 14 oout< a of rale (above ?.1"00) ru a than io 100 oontoe, or about ?'i'4 0t)0. wl> Md rolnurily offered to cede out of the .llovwM to hereon aud ilidren darlug.tUe eLeaing year. (Jorerninent alia rontempimee ?ub<?..tuting the ?>nk >?ee in circulation lor gorernmei.t notee bearing 6 per ?nt loteroet and gradueily admissible In ha payment. ! duties and tales, until completely withdrawn from runlet Ion. Much Id The flnenoieJ statement* and ain eiecial prejec'* ui*.

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