Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 11, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 11, 1848 Page 1
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TH Wbot* No. BOfift, EUROPEAN INTELLIQENOE. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THI NEW YORK HERALD. &( * ^'?i Il8? France. Parii, March 31, 1848. Reitoratiun of Tianquilily and Confidenct. France la tranquil, and coctidence ia increasing rapidly. The panie haa parsed by, and lta ei'fota have not bren productive of great cvila?tbe people feel great confldenoe In tbe atability and parity of the proviiional government; ar.d that their financesare becoming dally more and more improved The mint la In full operation, oonverting old eilver into franoa, and more than a million of the new coin was pat into circulation ths first two or three days. The bank pays out fpeoie to mastsrs, to be paid to their workmen; and awy clais of the laboring people bare withdrawn their demands upon the government, for any melioration in their condition of labor for the present; and the journals are filled with the notices of the donations of workmen of different class**. and of tneir societies, in meney to the pub lio treasury Sums of from 60 to 3000 francs, are datly and almost hourly Sowing into toe treasury, from eentributtot s of the workmen; and the government is receiving the most oordlal and efficient aid from nearly every olaca of men in Franoe All the difficulty with the National Guard has been adjusted, and those brave men have handsomely explained their motives, admitted that they erred, and that the government was right, and that they will sustain it as they did the revolution. It ta difficult to aay which one oaght most to admire, the conduct of the government, or the noble and magnani gious beating of the people?and which most to oensure, the eooduot of the Ei glish in fleeing and raising a panic, or th?ir misrepresentations of the oondition of things in Paris Wh-n the revolution first ooonrred. all seemed to be pleased, and there are thoae yet of the English, who remain in Parts, who dlsspprove of the cosduot of their countrymen, as tbey ought to do; and Galignanl's journal of this morning contains an article well wnttsn upon i lis auhjeot?but generally they beoame frightened at ths stories and exaggerations they themselves put in circulation?frightened their friends at home, wuo ran orasy almost, in their efforts to reeaN their friends from Paris ; and in thie mutual business of alarming and frightening each other, they caused thousands to lease Paris, and added muoh to the embarrassments, np m whioh ths London journals eooment with so munb freedom and rjr-i*nt a?sto. The editorials 01 ils London T\m*t are little wortoy o> iue euudusr m a friend, and are not calculated to strengthen that unity and good wlU whioh it is the interest of both nations to foster It is ths slneer* determination of the Frenoh to maintain friendly relatione with England, if it can be sffooted upon terms of equality; but it requires great restraint on the part of the people to ooneeel their true sentuntnta and purposes, should the case demand it, towards the English ; and yet, with such sentiments, no person has reoeived any other than the most oourteous and civil treatment from the Franch people, of all classes, during end slnoe the revolution; and not one person cau, with truth say that there baa oaen any oauee lor rear in? Sicilians beta triumphed, and obtained the oonoeaiioni from the King ot Naples arhicb the* demanded; and tranquillity aetata to prevail la both Naples and Sicily, at tbu moment How far the ltaiiana will be oonteni with a monarch oal lorm of government under the Dew order of things in France, Austria, and.Piniaia, remain* to be aeen All Europe la now subatantiaUy frea Irom deapotio role, txaept Raaaia; and how soon all obaoiete form* whl giva plaoe to demoeratlc institutions remains to be aeen in the eveata of the future After sixty yeara of violent xealataaca. and the alaughter ot more than ten miilione of people, Europe is adopting our form of govarnmaut, and engrafting the equal right* of man intober organic lawa. OB8ERVEK. Paais, Maroh 31,1843. Ont Mt'Uh't RtpuhicanUtn. It la now exaotiy a calendar month ainoe the day on whl oh Lonla Philippe and hia mialater, M. Outlet, made the attempt to put down by armed foroa the assembly ol the elector* of Parte, to make a demonstration in favor of parliMMntary or electoral reform. Thla attempt, a* yon are already aware, ha* been productive of consequences of groat importance to France. It haa crumbled to places tha monarchy, whioh, in the opinions of all partita, la not deetiued, at least for ages te eo'jae. to be ro-eetabliahed. Nothing abort of another 1 decline and fall.aud another dark age,could bring It back Strlotly apaaking, the provisional government which has been installed, la a temporary machinery for the maintenance of order in the government of the country, until the representatives of the naiion shall, in tha constituent aaaembly, declare what form of government France shall organise. But, although this in a literal sense is true, tha question of tha form of government is already Battled, so far at laast as tha question lie* between the republican and monarchical form* The pro visional government, urged by the irresistible voice of the Parisian multitude, proclaimed in its provisional character, and subject to confirmation ol tba approaching constituent assembly, th-j Frenoh Republic ! But the manner in whioh this proclamation has been received in all the departments and dapendenctes wbieh tt has yet leaohed, is such as to remove all doubt as to the question between the republican and monarchical forms. France dsolares with one voice in favor of a republic As those intf res's and classes which from a variety of rets <ns formerly euppottad the government of July, or advocated the rest ration of tho Bourbons, or sighed after the re-establishment of the Imperial family, are now strongly opposed t any of thus prrjeeti, sensible that Kruno*, uoove *11 things, wants security against tb# recurrence of revolution, and oonsoious that whether a regency of the Orleans family, or a sovereign of the Imperial family, the legitimate heir by divine right to the throne of the eldor Bourboag, were established, a ntw convuleion wonld ensue, alter a oertain time, and all the evil oonseqaeneea aitending these goverrmeatal change* would follow D -siring, therefore, the families or dynaetiea, of which they have been respectively par tisme, they desire still mors for Krano* that permanent repose whtrh oan only result from a government which derives its stability from the general assent of the nation 7 hey are conscious thai this assent w'll only be given tc a republic, and they therefore saortflos their petsonsl wishes to those interests which squally concern than properties and the prosperity of the country. A repub lic?r> government will then be establtsbod This Is inevitable. The functions of the qpprosehlng constituent nseeca bly will then ooneist. not in the discussion on tb* relative advantages of monarchical or republican principles but in the decision of the greater or less extent which W'll be given to the democratic principle in the republic which is about to be formsd. You will easily perceive wb?t a variety ol interesting topics w:ll arise out < f these considerations. Let ue seo what sort of assembly is about to deonie upon tbrm i'be provisional government, as was its duty, has bxad the qualification, as well of the electors as of Uio eleo.vd. tor the approaching assembly All Frenchmen having attaiueu the uge of 31 are entitled la vote Thus rtnivsrsal sufTrsga on the largest scale, is established, so tar ns regards this particular assembly. All Frenchmen having attained the age ot 3d are eligible as representatives. Thus, it is apparent that the new A-sembiy will be composed of probably mom democratic elements tban any deliberative aaaembiy as yat witnessed in uuy-country There is no condl Uou or qualtficMLion. material 01 intellectual r? quired ot its memoers The lowest and meat unlettared laborer provided Lie heaattained bis 26ta year, is as eligible sr ihs most wealthy proprietor, or the most distinguished savant, and in th# Assembly, the vote of one will go for as much as tbnt of the otner Bui this is cot ail As if the bar is of eligibility were n > rendered already brrad enough, and an it the gat-s of rbe Assembly were not atleady thrown wide enough open :o admit tbe very dregs cl tbe pnpulaos to te b -inches, M Ledru Holltn, the Mtn inter 01 tbe In'eitor, has neglected no means to Impress en the eleotors tbe neealeenuee* of property or eduoatioo as qualttlcatlone for the members of tbo Assembly and _ . |_: 1_ ..1,1 . .... 1.1...... tl,..r ,i . ...... 1 and uneducated wilt be iu heme reepecle, praierabl* to the uroet enllgbtei.ud, nod thr moat, needy anil penni ear adventurer preferable to the wealthy proprietor, who liea ? deep alette in the eouutry. >1. < aruot, Mlniater of Public Inatruotion. hea adopted alike tone Both the*, ininiatera here ?t joiued on their subordinates tbroughout the department, a ?j atom of Intoiarauoe lnflnilely greater than that which burled Louie Philippe irom the thr. u-; uor have they heaiteted, the one or the other, to cooverL the .fllcitla of the Mtate throughout the country, into electioneering agent a. M. Carnot ltaa enjoin*.' the echooi meat era everywhere to ailopt every means within theacope of their power and influence to exclude Ironi the representative* all except poraona of unequivocal republican opinions Germany. Pattia, Maroh 10, 1840. Piogreetiot Movements of tkc Revolutionist*. Last evening Lamcrtino announoed to the public the revolution at Vienna, and a republic had been dcolared et the fountain head of absolution, and that it* prime mlniater had followed th- example of M Quiaet. The K.euoh thought that this news was too delightful to be true; but this morniug it appear* to be confirmed. The Imbecility of tbo Emperor prevente hia being an objact of popular Indignation; but the man who baa been the principal oppressor in Europe for the laat foity year*, reoelvaa a little of retributive justice In his eld age. The congress of monarch* that was to have been h*ld in Germany, to fasten obains upon Europe, the people of Europe bare adjourned, and they and their minister* will probably find it more oonvealent to bold their sermon under the jurledlotlcn of (duaen Victoria. To be sure, instead of King Louis Philippe, there will be only tne Count de Neuilly, and for the two prime ministers of France and Auatria there will be only two refugee* Irom the aroused indignation of those nations 1 11 1 L'L - . I E NE' N. and for the oth?r king* and princes, and attending nobility, there will be only vacant seats; or as gantry, appa r?lled by eharity and living anon tbe graoa of a foreign court, instead of in the pageantry of the kingly power of abeolutiem On? mouth ago, and Laula Philippe. M. Outlet and Prinee Metternlob, h*ld in iron chains more than one buudrad milliona of people, and to-day they are dependent upon ocurteey and obarity for aupport supplicants fir their Uvea, and biding themselves from tbejuat Ind guatinn of the people whom they had oppressed Wnata moral tbla reverse contains. and what a damonatratlon in favor ef tba advanoe af human in> telligence! and what a a-mmentary upon th" mhos of tbe example which the United States' bave riven ta tbe old world ! Tna Autocrat of Russia. instead of coming to tbo Congress of litrmeny, la on hie way to visit the K-ng of Prussia, who le a man of a good deal of oapacioity; nod it is possible that befbra be arrives, be may find tbe same elate upon the throne of Prune which occupied that of Louie Philippe after the oaptnre of the Toilaries If he should find tbe throne occupied by the " blouse," Instead of royal robea and diadems, ha would hava made hie roval iourne v in vain: and be might find as muoii dlfkouliy in proouring a raiting place la Oarm?uj aa the dethroned kings, hia alllea. Berlin ia in a revolutionary stats, and the king haa made, and ia making still, large oonceeaiona to the demands of hie people; and he may attll manage to avoid the situation of an exile. But much blood has been shed at the Prussian o.pital. and the foree of the people Is increasing; and under the iafluenoe of the examples at Paris and V isnna, it will be exoeedingly d.fliult for Berlin to eaoepe. The revolution io Auairia appears to have be?n ns unanimous as at PariSi and aeoampUahed with the earns faoliity The minister and his family, who had tied mass aid, to save them from the contagion of France, fled? his oheteeu waa burnt Soma others, mambers of the oabt net. and their subordinate Instruments, feared to s?ttle their aecoums with the people face to faee, and followed the example of their masters. The Archduke Louis, and Queen Mother, who had been motive in imprisoning end uiassaoreing the people of Milan, were among the flrst to appreciate the value of life and liberty lu their own one-, and to avoid the responsibility r?s dug upon them. Toe students at Vienna, as at Peris, led tne battalions of the people, fought for freedom, and gave up their lives to tbeir oountry. Freedom will remember and honor its defenders; and the brave youth of Europe duly estimate the dignity of man, the value of man's freedom, and the worthieseness of a life spent in politlaal bondage, and make an examplo of themscire# * in giving ap their lives for the benefit of posterity. Iudeed, wbo would not rather fall under one stroke from the arm of tyranny, than to wear its Iron ohsin, till lite gradually yielded to its weight? On tbs night of the 14;b, the date of the laat acoounts, Vienna was under the protection ol the National Ouards, formed of oliiz-ns; the Emperor was cry log, and hie new ministers, selscted from the liberal men of the oountry, were exerting themselves to give aseuranoea whiob should restore order. It does not appear that at that moment a republic had been proclaimed ; that news ia by the telegraph, and forwarded to the provisWtMl eo*ercr., ~* at Tens. If so, Austria is relieved, as well from aa Imbecile for an emperor, as a tyrant for a minister. Who oan measure the joy which this will give to Lombardy? to the Imprisoned, the oppressed. the exiled, the mourners for friends slain! The dungeons will be opened to the light, and the youth beauty, and intrlligenos, there degraded into the condition unfitted far beasts, will walk abroad again, and change the impurities of a dungeon for the vivifying atmosphere of a land fre d from a tyrant's oppressions How many mothers will again weep cvor their lost sons! ana who can mesau.e the sxalted joys of euoh a restoration ? The thirst lor revenge will be absorbed in the magnitude of the benefltsoonferred ; and the sufferers will feel that their heroism haa not been in vain The masses at Vienna seem to have emulated tho-e at carts, 10 tne manner ol executing tnelr greet miction ; thsy co fiued themselves to the grand purpose, und com meted but little aggression, and ebed but little blood, id their heroic achievement. Ten students were killed by the soldiers ; but the people appeared to have preierred death, rather than inflict it uuneoessarily. So it was in Frouoe. Betwetn five'and six times as many people as military, were killed and wounded in Paris. Indeed, the women wounded bear about the una proportion to the military aa do the military to the men. in Paris the most herolo efforts were made to save the military, as soon as they uses* d filing or were oveiawed. In on* instance, when fourteen out of fifteen of the military guard tought till they were ki led, a young girl eaveo toe fifteenth, by springing forward, arising niui around the neck, and calling him her father; and called upon tin* masses to spate him, or to sho <t her They oried out " Hp ait. him!'' and ho who had fought like a lion for the King. Wipi,ike a child when tlio combat waa over, and to reflected upon the manner in whioh he had been saved. His fourteen companions lay dead around him Decides numbers ol the people whe -had fallen in the dght This tetrific fight took place ut the guard house, on the corner of tue Cl Uprated "Place d? la Concorde," in which Louis the Sixteenth and Maria Antoinette were executed These brave men dieo >n -betlltnoe to thair orders frotn the king; and after he had ran, and left lh*m to th-ir i*W>. ef which they ba t no kuoeiedgo. The Duke d'Memours, expeotiog to ' have been Prince Regent, a man in the prime of life and 1 activity, jumps out of a window, disguised, and flees i leaving his soldiers ignorant of bis flight, and fighting ?nd dying to defend him?and these too. were some of th* floesi young men in France. One would have supposed mat he would have preferred to have di*d a thourand deaths, instead of conducting in a manuer so unworthy ei ins station and his country ; but none are *o oowardly a* those who ftsl conscious of hanng oppressed in the uour of retributive justioe. Would kings and mtuisteis Use, if thav leil conscious of having performed only their duty ? or would they ineetthe peool-, uud conquer mew, by the explanations addressed to \h?m 7 Paris, March 43,1843. Revolution! in Pruitia, JIu$tria and Russia ? Govern. tnentl Overthrown in the two former?France is Quiet ? Improving. The latest news from Germany leaves no doubt of the eulire overthrow of the power ef the Emperor of Austria aud the Kins of Prussia, and that a oonstitutional monarchy, scouring to the i sopls the right of suffrage tiial by jury, ireeJom of the press, and other similar end impoitant rights, or a republic, will be substituted At Berlin, the oentest has bsen protracted, the King conceding something after every new coniiot between the troops and the people. He has dismissed his minis ters and appointed others more satisfactory, and has made ooncessions just fast enough to Induce the people to demand more, and to btoeme too exasperated to be satisfied with half-way concessions. The King's power is annihllnted, and the power of his troops dolled He tins been compelled to withdraw them from thrf city, and to leave the protection of Berlin to the people. The masses there, as at Paris, hare conducted themselves well, and shown a proper respect for pereons.and property of individuals. The revolution in Austria ts nut the less complete; and, indeed, in all tne German States, all lire changes and conoee'luus whioh tho people have demanded Lavs bee.i, or a ill be made by the diff-reut sovereigns All ooutiuenUl Europe la iu revolution?not in riots? but revolution; the rtfectof the power of iooreased intelligence among the people, and the general preparation of the public mlbd far more liberal forma ot government Nicholas ot Russia is the only sovereign in Europe who is not at the will ot his people; and news arrived in Paris this morning, addr-ssed to the Russian mb,ssador, resident in this city, that the southern part of Itnskia is iu revolution. Kusslu will find great dlfB cuitj In oumrolling tbosa whom she has brought under h?i imperial will for the last thirty yeais, and it is pos elble that Nicholas may ba reduced te the state of the sovereigns of Austiia, Prussia and France; but I am expecting to see that he will find bimself in a condition to make a respectable reslstanoe at first, and not flee, as Lonis Philippe did, or bold on by moans of supplication, ax the others have There ought, to be tome dignity In tbe political deaths of such mighty sovereigns; but their conduct in thr trying hour, thus far, has bsen as ludicrous end imbeeile as their former sets had haen at. oiirary and oppressive. Thr King of Belgium se-ms to nave used sotnu leot. end acted like* niau He unmadt Hte.y oame forward?ud offered to abdioatc, if hi* people dnsitwd it-said he waa only a representative of their wishes, whtoli he would iespeot, wbeih'r they wanted him to rein iin or leave; and by hie goodnature fairly cheated the Belgian! out of ail their auger ai.d their .imposition for a revolution. The demands of the peoi>le. he told bil ministry, were to be granted immedt >toly, aud that It wee the out; of the repreeeutetive to obey, tie has saved himself. for the preseut at least and tbe people liaviug their own way appear to be *stiefi*d witb their iiug; eud, therefore, Belgium le quiet under her I roiorme?aud tit* Couut d? Neuilly is occupy log thn Belgian hlng'e nnatoau in KogUud instead of tbe king himself, es was first reported Thakiug of Sardinia hxt Been preparing to fl^ht Aus.rta, and to expel her troops from Lmmbardy; aud uow the Austiiaue ask lor time and piopose concessions But tho offer hss eome too late; Aus trie will be expelled from her Italian states, if she n?e not already been, and Italy will again Qnd freedom rom the iron grasp ol that oaptain of tyrants, Prinoe .Metterinch, who now has lelaure to arrange with V] (iunot tneir own personal matters, aud to rstleot upon the past Auatria has but little Austrian territory proper but has oee.i made np of parts of other oountrles and klogdoms She may tall to pleoss, and the minor power* again reooeer thi Ir rights, and liv* again free irom her control. Th* scene in Pari* upon toe rooeption of the news from the north cannot be described Kxile* Irom different o, untrire kissed each other in the streets, and they and the branch saluted as brothers, and embraced and w?pt for Joy. Tho Poles feel ,hat there ts a bright lulure lor thrm. and a day of vengeance for the oppressed, and they long for tbe hour to march to the Russian frontier* All the newspapers of the Kiauoh say, tha: France owe* n debt to Rus-la wlileh Francis will pay; nu t under the present s ate or feeling, Russia can have war, Immediate and terrible, if she desires it, which report mi, s Nichols* does, and hat given order* for lour hundred ihiu'end men to march to the Kbine ilia manifesto reached Pans thie moreing, and it looks sufllctently warlike, and epsaks a language not to ba mistaken. ir bn decs no- change hie purpose The nswa is most welcome ti the feelings of the people at this tno meut; but 1 still think there will not be iiiiiueuiata war, aud that the Autocrat of all tha Russia* will fl..d the obstacle* too imposing to attempt til* ooeroion of Kurope. 11 is uncertain whether he can control hi* own pec pie at tuis moment, and Ins Pelis i domluiou* are astd to be already in revolution. Hi# empire, too,has, like Austria, muoh foreign territory within its Hunt*, i.i which the people submit to hi* sutherity only from fear uud the wen. of the power to extrioate themselves. Thar* will be revolutions In Russia, numerous aud powerful, with what result rtwnaius to be Men hereafter. Frano* is auiet and In a good condition?her 0nance* are itrprovtag. OUbLRVMl. ? siiai is inn a m W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY JV Pabii, March as The Q**i-thr<>v> oj in tier many. We hare news from Berlin of the very highest importance. Create bare occurred there which bear a moat remarkable analogy to tboae of Parle The king baa made eouceaslon afier oonoeiaton ; yet the imut* inoraaaea. Oar leat intelligence la tbat the king had flsd from the oepltal. This, however la now -boubtful. Meanwhile we know that he publiihed the following Jaoree on the 17th ' We, Frederick William, by the (J ,*oe of Ood?When on the 14tb of thla month we conroked onr f ilthful States for the 'i7'h April next. In order to adopt with them the meaeurei f ir the regeneration of Oermany, which we desired to propose to our faithful allies of the O-rmeuic Confederation, and which are elao neoeeaary for Prussia, we opuld not have supposed tbat at the same time great event* orourring at Vienna would essentially facilitate, on the one hand, the exeontlon of our projects, and on the other hand wonld render their prompt execution indiapensable After these Important event* we believe It right to declare before all, not only before Pru<?la. but before Germany (if auob be the will of God), aud before our assembled people, what are the propositions which we bave resolved to make to our German Confederates. Before all. we dsnnaud that Germany be transiormed from a oonfederatlon of State* Into a federal Mtate. We admit that that supposes a reorganisation ef the federal constitution, which can only be put Into execution by the union of tbe princes with the people, end that in oonsequeaoe a previous federal representaskm must be formed of all the States of Germany, end be convoked immediately We admit that, suob a federal representation renders constitutional Institutions of the German Suits accessary, iu or Jot that the members of that representwiiou may sit side by side with equal - rights. We demand a military system ol general (lefenooe for Germany, imitated in its essential parts from that uader which our Prussian armies have conquered innumerable laurels in the wars of liberty We demend th#i the German army be united under one single lederat banner, and we nope to see a federal general in ohief s* its bead. We demand a German flag, snd we hope tuat In asbo. t time a German floet will cause the German name to be respected on near and distaut seas- We demand a German federal tribunal, to settl* all political differences between the nrlnees and the States, as also between the different German governments We demand a common right to all natives of Germany, end demean that for the future there shall no barrier, bs raised against commerce and Induatry in Germany. We demand a general /. lvereiu, iu which tbe same measures, tbe same weights the same cominercial^ighte, shall draw till closer tha mutimul union of the aouutry. We propose the liberty of the press, with tie same guarantiee against abuses tor every part of Germany Such are our propositions and our wishes, the realisation of which we shall use our utmost efforts to obtain We rely with the fullest oonfldenoe on the oo-operation of our German confederates, and all the German people; ws shall fortify by their inoorpordtiou into our States, provinces which do not form part of them, when, as we suppose, the reprea*7.'-*i?e* "* thoee provinces will partake of thest wishes, and tnat the confederation will be disposed to agree to them We hope that the realisation or onr intention* will put an end to the anstety which, to our greet regret, at this moment agitata* Germany, paralyses commerce and industry, divides the oquntry, and threatens to deliver it over to enarehy. We hope that these measures will strengthen Germany in itself, and maka her reipsoed abroad, lu order that in ber united strength fcurope will flud the firmest guaranty for a durable and prosperous peaoe. But in ordor that the accomplishment of our intentions may experience no delay, and that we may develope the propositions which we judge' necessary for the internal constitution, we have tesolved ohorge the Minister of State to make that conTooation tor Sunday, the 3od April " A letter from Berlin dated tha 18th, u;i " The manifeeto of the king and tne taw for the freedom of the prees filled the people with eathnataetio joy. I'he king appeared on the balcony, and wee received with almost frantio cheers. It was at the same time announced that the retrograde party In the eabmet, Messrs. De Thile, Eichhorn, Savigoy, and Stollberg. had reiired, and were replaeed by M de Vinoke, Count !<cjiwrrin, Cawphanaen, and Aueiaeald, the chiefs ot the opposition. Id short, all sm-ined finished, sa at Paris on tbe evening of Feb. 33, when a chanoe misunderstanding, a misiortuno similar to that at the hotel in the Rue des Capucinta. threw ail again into eonfasion. A charge of dragoons, without any motive, provoked a new reeialenee. At tbe sauie tune, a large fire broke out At half-pest 0, orders were glvm f. r the troopa to evacuate thh tnCirri Th* T.iinrlmahp ( |VaMnno 1 Hnae/il ?aM nallarl out to replaoethem " Another letter of the earn* date says:?The liberty of trie preen accorded bv the king, and the convocation of the Diet for April a, oaueed the greateat joy. The crowd o.itj towards the pulaoa 10 teetify their gratitude to the king. About two o'oloek, hie majesty appeared on tb? , baloony, and w?* entbue iaeticaily received Some pereons who were not a were of the ocdouaauoe, or who were opposed to the intervention .of the soldiers, cried oat? "No soldiers." This oaueed some confusion, and M. de I'riethwyt, the colonel of the dragoons, being lorced back when he attempted to interlere, lilsm'nmadea charge They, in their torn having been lepnlaed, fell on the crowd with their aabree. it is said that the Infantry then fired, on which a cry of-"To arms," arose amongst the crowd; the inhabitants at ouoe proceeded to raia-barricades. and the oity rose A massacre then commenced between the people and the aotdiers. Two of the latter having fired in front of the bank, one was immediately killed. An officer also, having given orders to fire on the people, lost his life Nearly 100 persons have been killed " The law on the liberty of the press abolishes the censure, aad declares that all off<no?s bf the press or oarioalu'ist shall be submitted to the ordinary tribuuals. Every book or printed paper is to contain the printer's name The journals are to declare at their oommenoemsnt to a public officer the iDtentlon of commencing, and the subjects on whloh they will treat Daily journals are to give a security varying from 4000 ecus to 00 thalers, according to their publication, iu large towns or villages The hall weekly journals aro to give half that security. The journals already eilsttog, ?ud those confined to the soienoss and beaux aits, require no security All parsons condemned lor crime are prohibited from publishing Every journal is hound to publish, free of oharge, the answers sent by the authorities, and to insert them In the saaia part of the paper wbioh oontained the attacks. Privdte persons have also the same rigbt. The editor, writer, and printer's names are to be on the journal T he polio# are authorised to seias all hooks and journals charged with offences. A fine of from 3 to 100 thdlers is Imposed on the breach of any of these articles, The laws concerning foreign journals are In farce until they shall be altered by a law for the press, common to all Germany All penalties concerning offences of the press are to cease lr? m the day the decree Is put in loroe The publication of these views filled all the population with joy. The King bxviug appeared in the balcony, whs received with acclamations It was at the same time stated that Al. Philo, Etchhorn, Saviguy and Molborg had retired, and bad beea replaord by M de Vinoke, Count Sohwerin, Camphausen and Auerstvald, the ohiefsof the opposition Every thing appeared to be finished, when a obergo of dragoons, without any pretest, provoked a new resistance?at the same moment a large fire broke out. At half past nine, an order was Riven to the military to evsouate the town. The Landwehr (Natl nal Guaru) was called on to replace them Wo oopy from the Gaxrttt du Coltgnt the following details oi the events of ths iStb: Whilst the Kiug harangued the people from the bslrouy, who replied to him by their acolamatious, s squadron of dragoons appeared In the square of the castle When they arrlvrd, a cry was mads,"Withdraw the military!" Instead of this they made a charge, and the people immediately shouted, "To arms!" In an instant ilie Colonel wea dragged from his horse, and the crowd paraded the streets, orylng ' To arms!" In two hours the whole olty was in insurrection. The oontest was deadly. Bafore the bank two soldisTe tire I; thsy were massacred in an instant. An officer who commanded the fire was torn in pieces by the people At the time we writa, there have been 100 people killed If the soldiers do not quit the olty to-nlghc, a general carnage la inevitable. Whilst 1 ;<m writing there is a brio* fusillade. l'ha Ministers, Patio, ttlohhorn, Savigny and Boddsohwlng, are wppclnted in ihrtr stead. 7 o'clock, fr'.vrms# ? The city Is tienqaU- Mora than tan round* o! ounuon bar* b?*n tired id o'clock ?l bs agitation boa commenced A large fl-e baa bioken out in tba quarter of tba charity. Tbe eity is entirely oooaptsd by soldiers P. 8 ? 1 learn this instant that the soldiers have been withdrawn. anJ are replaced by the LaudwsLr Letters fiom Vienna state that M. da Wlndiscb is disintsssd as Dictator, and been replaced by Prince da Llohtna otn. We leara from the frontiers of Oallioia that a general Insurrection Is Imminent In Austrian Poland. The King of Hanover, the moat obstinate supporter of absolutism, baa ylilded every thing lis has made concessions without, limit (having bean oompeliei by tbe trm attitude of his people) of the liberty or the press a general amnesty tor political otfenoes, and tbe right of meeting In all Germany the polltloa! prisoners have been set at liberty. Paais, March '13?6 P. M. Tkt 1'rtgrtn of Rtpuklieanitm. I open my parcel to add the latsat particulars wfcleh have arrived here respecting the proceedings at Berlin on the days of the IHth and 19tb. On the 18th, at 10 In the evening, the King had signed the patent?at 11 o'olock. ho reeolvod the Counotl of t olcgne. Between 1 and 'J, the journals appeared containing the patent and tha law on the press. The people demanded that the troops should be withdrawn Iroin the oaetle. Some of them utteriug " Vivata" for the King approached the castle An officer of tbe staff approaohed to prevent them; they threatened to assault him. A dntaohmeut of oavalry Interposed and charged the people, who cried ''treason." Two shots wore Bred, but fiom whence le not kuown. About A o'clock, ai.d even before, the troops were heard bring, and it le as*. rt?d Soma e* nil on. Tbo movement tin n became general - ai o'clock tranquillity was restored, and about ten al> seemed quint. Tin l viogne (iazrtf oontaius the lotlowing from Her 11 , dated me lPib, at 4 in the morning " We passed an alarming night The combat betweeu the citiiens and the troops in the Palace Square beoame general and lasted thirteen hours. 1'hero were upwards of 10 (too troops engaged. The people at Orat bad uo arms, but at I I. I?-? RK H 10RNING, APRIL 11, 184? length they prooored them, and fought from behind the barrlcadee end from the roof* of the honcee. The military not being able to toroe the barrieedee trad grape on the people During half the night the olty wn* illuminated from the tiring. Many of the euperlor offloer* foil, a? they weie principally aimed at from the bonaea The toeain waa kept sounding during the whole night. The royal foundry was aet on Are It la aaid that en order waa given to the troop* to make tbemaelvea martere of the oity by 5 o'oloek. Wa look forward to the moet -erioua misfortunes At thla moment (6 o'olook) the firing appears to he suspended throughout the city "? Another acoourt in the aame journal aaya:?'' Yesterday waa a day of bloodshed; the people ware oommandnd by the atudrnta. who had with tbem also the chaaaenra of tho guard. The g <tee ol the prison wera broken open, and tbe priaouere aet at liberty The oity to-day has a moat warlike appenrunoe; the pavement is torn np, and the atreete Ailed with heap* of atones, whioh were used by tbe people In tnelr attack on tbe troops All circulation is impeded. Barricades, aa high aa the house*, bare b>en raised, on the tops of wb'oh are planted red, and blaek,and yellow flags Tbe King has just addressed a proclamation to his dear and most faithful Inhabitants ot Berlin, in whioh he duclarrs 'bat the firing In the Palaoe Square was the result of a misapprehension; that he forgot nil, end that the military had received orders to withdraw The people, neverthelees. continued to crowd tii* square. At el*veu o'clock the King appeared on tbe baloony, aod harangued (he ptople In tbe most friendly manner: he eiherted tbem ta he oalm, aud promised to glee up the prisoners An nmnesty has been granted to tbe Chasaeurs of tho Guard There are several killed and wounded on both eiuee. i b?w n iiuich oumuiunij lue docks 01 muse who wers killed in the Frederiokstadt and whlota ?> folio wad by an laimmse numbtr of the oitiaana, wltli head* uncovered Whan they nrrlvad in tha Palace Square th?ro waa at flr*t a d?ad silence, but auddanly a cull waa raised for the king. His majesty did not appear, but ba caused it to bo announoad to tho people that ha agreed U a general arming, aud that he confided hia pareon aud the tranquillity or hia capital to the protection ofhis good ritiaoua Sinoe the treopa hays been withdrawn tha oily hae become more oalm. Tha people burnt in tha Heiligenatrasae all tha furniture of Major Praiee, who gaye the ordar to fire on tha people. The ehop of a gloyor waa pillaged inconsequence of hie haying given up some Polish students to tqp aokdiere. There were no other excesses committed, and the word* "Respect for the property of the oitlaeBe," were pven written by the insurgent* on the doora of tha houses aud shops. The house of tha director of the taxes was, t\o#feyer, pillaged The royaUfcundery and the artillary barrack* have been reduo?d to aehes .The king has jnat diemlaeed hia ministry and formed a new one. P 8. The euldiur* have just quitted the palace, and hare in part left tbair burrack* Sentinels from amongst tha citizens have been posted at the palace. The most compete order now reigns. The Pruitian Gazitu of Berlin, Of the 30th, oontaioe I the rovul proclamation alluded to above, and a decree dated the lBth, la vlrtae of whioh the resignation of the tniniatry is aooepted, andCouut Arntm >a charged with " the formation of a new ministry; to htm ID court Jed the presldenceof the oouooll, and provisionally the department of Foreign Affairs, and the mattbrs relating to the oonatitutlon. fount Sohwerln la eharged with tha ecolasiaatieal department; Councillor Vou Aaerawald baa ! been oi^rad the portfolio of the interior Tbe ministers of Justioe, Couut dtolberg and Von Robr, retain their post* provisionally; Director tieneral Kiihne U provisionally oharged with tbe ftnanoial department. In Anstrla tbe movement began at Vienna, spread* in the provinoes Tbe abolition of tbe oensorsblp, tbe convocation of the States and tbe promise of a constitution have been proclaimed in all tne provincial capital*, - and everywhere reoeived with tbe greatest enthnsleem. At Prenburg in Hungary, so soon as the fall of Metternioh was known, tbe event was announced to the Diet, wbioh was then sitting, and they proposed immediately to go to the Arohduke Ktienne, Palatine of Hungary. They determined to sett the immediate convocation of the magnates, of which the Palatine is President, to adopt an address to the Emperor, already voted by the Chamber of Deputies The Deputy Zala deolered every on* a traitor who should hold back. The Chamber then went in a body to ihe Arohduke, by whom they were well reoeived He has forwarded the address to Vienna. The Hungarians demand the mrtat lihttrtl rmfYirm U l^nitaiiM) ami OfWl dnnntlai arm going to Vienna to support the prayer of the address, i'be Emperor baa oonctded all. Hungary will hare a separate ministry, and M. Kossuth ie appointed Prime ' Minister. The Count Appony, Chancellor of Hungary, has resigned The Prince Mettemioh is gone to the Rhine The princess la in Silesia. Tranquillity ia restored at Vienna The prinoe Cnarles da Lichrnateln, known for his liberal principle#, hae replaced the Prinoe of Windesohgraoty ae Governor of the oapital. The tranquillity of the city of Dresden was troubled on the 13th Toe people collected in the street! In greet , aumbe;R demanding reform The national guard en-, (*d*avore<i to rastoru order, and occupied the approach** f to the principal market place and the adjoining streets The circulation over the bildgse waa intercepted by the troops of the line, aud other bodies of the same loroe were held ready in their barraoks in oase of need. Notwithstanding tnese precautionary and preventive measures, the disturbances wers not altogether appeased. A new ministry was formed, composed of M ISraun, for Justice; Vau der Pfurdten, for tno Intsriorand Foreign Affairs; aud Georgy. finance; some of the appointments are provisional This new cabinet has annouueed that an extraordinary Diet would be oonvoked for the dOth, aad that it had agrusl with the King on the following measures : - Abolition of the oonsorship; a law on the uoerty of the press, with an abolition of the system of caution money; establishment of the jury system, and tstorm In the proceeding* of the courts ol justice as far as regards putdiolty and oral evidence; reform of the electoral law; recognition of the right ef association; legal regulation of ecolssiasttoel affairs in a spirit of tolerance and equality; onergetio oe-operatlcn for a radical reform of the Geruiaalo Diet, with representation of the people, ate. The following more detailed account of the events at Munich, on tha 16th, is quoted from the Augsburg Onituti ''It having been generally supposed that Lola Monies was at thr chateau of Furstenreid, st two leagues from Muntoh, great indignation was manifested by the midule classes, who considered her preaenoe in Bavaria a* an act of bravado. In the course of the night of the 16th, some hundreds of persons went to the chateau, but not finding her, they fancied that she might havesouglit refuge in the VVurasrstrasse, at Munion, tn the house ot ens of her old partisans In the afternoon of the 10th, several hundred persons surrounded the house on all sides, so as to lnteroept all the issues, and they searched it from top to bottom. Lola was not dtsoovered The people then went to several Mouses In diffsreuts parts of lb" city, und ssaroued them, but without suocess. At stout seven o'clock, the crowd went to (he ilolel of the Police, and broke the windows They then prooeeded to break open the doors by pushing carnages at them, the poles serving as battering rams i'be crowd sueceeded in effecting an entrance without much resistance Thty toen went into mo different offices eeisni the books una I the papers, and threw a great mass of cham out of the I windows lu the passport offlos especially, a great numI b r of documt-n S was dostrovsd The cuirassiers and the troops of the line Boan made the people evacuate the street, but not uu ii blood was shed. At ten o'olook. a ootioe from the .Vlintater of the Interior, setting iortb .hat, on the Mtb, Loia Montis was at Car.eruhe, and that. ircn that plaoe, she had gone to Frankfort, waa read lu different parte of tna city. Tne notiee was not generally behaved, uu.tiler were the verbal assuruuoes u the same effect, wbioh wore giveu by a prince of the royal family. A little before ten o'olcck. a pistol was oier.barged at the oitiraseiare ou the square, near the town hall, and a shower of etonra followed, the latter being levdled at the armed students, who assisted in maintaining order, ae well ae tha eoldlera. At midnight tire drums beat to arms " A latter from Munlob ot the 17th, lays: "An order of the day has just been published, decreeing as follow* 1. The Couu'eaede Landsfeld la deprived ot all her rights as a naturalised Bavarian. J. Tne Director of the Police, M. Mark, la dismissed, and raplaoed by M. de Peohtnann. 3. Considering that the Countess of Landsfeld has not renounced her criminal projects tor disturbing the capital and the country, the authorities have received orders to pursue, arrest her, and conduct her to the ncu.eet fortress, so that, sn* mey be brought to trial. It lathis day deoided that Barun de V*rg*n shall go to Dresden and Berlin, with the mission of obtaining, ae promptly as possible, a national represeuietion at the Ueimanic confederation, and to discusp other measures for promoting the uoiou of Germany ." in tbs new ministry of the King of Saxony there la hut one noble, the Count Nolserdorff, Minister of vVsr; he is vary popular. A manufacturer is Minister of F1neuoe. I'he other ministers are Dr. Braun and Dr. Vanderpforten both known tor their liber si opinions The King of Hanover, the most obstinate of Oernian | absolutists, has yielded very thing He has granted all the wishes of hi* people, at ons blow awed by the flnnI uess of their attitude, the liberty of the press, a gsnersl amutsty, and the right ol meeting. I Daly. Gx*es, March 8, IHtg. TA' FV?ntA Revolution i>? Italy - Tit Consftittfien #/ Via IX ?National Qunrdt ? Ploti of the Jemilf, tK>y art tent into Exile?Lait /)i?furAswcss in Italy? MetttrnicA and Ouixot'e Secret Trtaty ~$tate of Europe. la waiting up to the last moment for the latest news for the Herald, I hove given myself but two hour* lor my letter?for within that time the last oourisr loaves Gtnoa which oan roaoh fciogl ind in time for tha steamer of the 30th You may get liter te egraphlc new* from Italy; and within twenty-four hours events may Uke plaoe in this city whloh will throw everything else that has happened into the shade. A few Jays sg?, the French revolution of the 34th of February, catne rumbling over the Alps like the guns of tii* Cortican soldier before the battle of Marengo. There was not a man whose heart Is with the itge In its mighty progress to universal squsilty, hu' what hailed with joy the final dow iiall of the French B 'Urbon* Wbat * einsd to astonish everybody most or .11 ess, that a minister who rose from the ranks of the people, tike Uuieot. and ? king who bad experienced such snoiinous vicissitudes, and showed, throu^n a long lif o subtle and profound a policy as Louis Fuilippe, should foreseen uo symptom of toe tiomeudoui earthquake ttmt was just ready to overthtow the dynasty of toe Bourbons I'he Uuts have, of course, leached you, and yt.u will have watohed, with intense anxiety, tor the arrival of the present steamer, to see the result. Frauoe has conducted herself moat admirably through it all ? Everywhere Use republic la proclaimed sad eetab [ERA] s. liehed. A monsrohy md exUt an mors in Krenoe. When the glorious new* readied Italy, an electric shock went through the pentnaula. Constitutions granted by I Charles Albert, the King of Naples, the Grand l)uks ?.f , Tuscany, and the Pope, were received in the beginning with unrestrained enthuaiaem and the inoet unfeigned I gratitude But then all Europe waa quiet, and the reign | of despotism in Pranoe, Spain, Germany. Belgium. Holiand, Russia. Prussia, and Austria.eeemed eternal. Poor ! Poles i, and Hungary, aud Craoow, and Bohemia, were lying pro.truto under the cruabing weight of tyrant.y The contrail made Italy prudent and contented But In one hour after the reeolutioaary tooein waa aouoded from the Hotel de la Villa, in Paria?that anolent cradle of revolution*?Italy aprung onca more to her feet, eud began to oak if that charmed word, " republio," onoe heard only in thia fair land oould not again mingle with the mnaio of the falreet clime In the world ' Aa yet. there have been only dsmouatrations; but there la everywhere the greateatalarm,for fear acme diaturbanoe will break out Every gun tired aenda the blood laaping through tba veina ? evarybady ex pacta to hear tha nait moment that the republio baa been proolatinad, and that the effeminate tyrants of Italy hava skulked onca more away from the ire cf an enraged and long-inaaltad people. In Genoa, where I am remaining a few day*, there is the moat intense exoiteniant. Tha King of Sardinia, as I told you lo u>y lust, h?l proclaimed a free nod liberal constitution. It has been published; and whether it is owing lo the alarm of the king at the revolution of Franoe, or to the Inherent treachery of his oheraotet, he baa belled his royal word, and the constitution is only a sham. Public feel log was enraged Even if the pledges of the king bad all been honestly and nobly redeemed, hie constitution would not have given any great satisfaction at this uiomeut. As it was, three days ego the constitution came, and In less than two hours fifty thousand people were In motion, the shop* end benks were olosed, and the population rushed Into the publio squares, crying "Death to the Constitution." So%ody has any confidence in the king or the ministry? every body is hoping to see him and them swept away at a single stroke. The faot is, Europe, and lalv particularly, are getting out of their teens?they will bear the leading strings no longer. The impression which began to diffuse Itself through the oontinent years ago, has now become general, and men seem oonvinoed that kings are no longer of any use?that men are qualified to govern themselves? that prtuoes will degenerate inte kings, and kings into tyrants, aud tyrants into empr rors "Down with theia," then, Is the cry that is rising from every part of Europe. Auother oiroumstance has lately happened here.which has destroyed the oonfidenoe of the people In tho government. The Island of bardinla, in imitation of Oenoa, rose and expelled the .Jesuits, and burned their convent. The reverend fathers oams to Genoa for refuge, and tho governor allowed them to land. The people rote at once, and surrounded the palace ef the Jesuit University end their oonvent, determined to drive out the publio enemy. The governor appeared, and promised the people the Jesuits should go; aud In an hour a notice was put upon tlse oorners, saying that they had gone. The people did not bolteve It. They assembled again around the p.tUce and the convent, broke open those buildings. found about forty Jesuits ssoreted, dragged them out, and kicked them out of the town. Thsy fled into the harbor, and were oonfinsd in the arsenal. Home of thein disguised themselves, and effected their eeeape in various ways. The oonvent was sacked, the palace windows were broken, and for a few hours the enraged and Insulted people wreaked their vengeanee on the late seat of these human dsvii*. The people heard that day of the revolution In I'arla. and then wen! to the palace of the governor, and oelled for arms to form the -National Guard They were denied; but all to no purp sc. The governor was compelled to yield, and in a few hours fifteen oompaniea of oltlieas were formed, patrolling the oity under arm*The troops ot the line are now firmly united with the people, i.dU the king is powerless, unless he yields to tbelr will. I think the revolution will not buret out unlreetba king tries to suppress the movement?if he dees, wo ehail have a republic here in twenty four houre. Most men expect it. There is almost a total snspaoeion of business?property is worth nothing. Our late consul here, Mr Lratrr, is still in Genoa, waitiog with patience to have bis furniture sold. But little ean be got for It.? I understand that all the lurniture in his house (aid I have seldom seen the house of an Amerinau consul furnished iq better taste, or provided with the mea ? of a largar hospitality to hia oouutrymen) does not tiring enough to pay hia eipsnsee home I It is a hsrious loss, and hard to bear by a man who livis by the libera of his psn. Perhaps, wheu Cue fauts are known, our go Vs4rnm?nt mt? ha lilannaofl tr% wan.iaw him onnt- ?Amneit srtion lor his great loss?eny other government w.mld do it lie Is staying here at the iMe hotel with myself, with his wife and little children in sight of ' he irigste United State*, (Commodore Head, whtoh arrived here a week ago) and the < emmodore has offered him and all other Aiaerioan o.tinus here, refuge, in case of a revolution. We may have to flee and f aboard a? y boor I rbould have s*l< that In the Convent of the Jesuit.* a large oorieepond< nee waa Urseovereu. revealing a con splracy against, the independence and liberty cf Italy between the Jesuita, Metiernich and fjutmt Many rioh men, and noble*, and trioksters here, are compromised in on* of th,i most damnable plots aga.nst their oonntry ever discovered The Jesuit* have tied, and they will probably return no more. If they are oaugbt again they will be skinned alive, as the Hioilians skinned out the other day. Throughout Kurope they are now regarded by all good eltlseos as the fees of human society. and the meat depraved race of men that ever lived. Tuey will have no place left bat Amerloa, and this summer you may sxpect to reseive largo consign menta of them In the United States They will introduce themselves amongst us?they have a'ready been long established thcro, und we shall let them live among us till they ruin our institutions, before we can make .he people believe the horrid truth, that they never did live in a country where tb?y did not, sooner or later, sow the seeds of ruin. Hut this conspiracy waa nothing to another, of whioh we hid news the same day The French revolution broke on Lurope like a peal of thuadcr from a olear sky in calin summer weather. It waa fully believed that Uulsot and Metternioh were firmly and fraternally leagued together; but it was uot knowu with oertaluty. Now it is known. A letter i"ached Parts the day after the Ml of Onisot and Loum Pnuippe. fruin MeUoruioh, directed to the late minlster Thd new minister, M. Lamariine, opened it uud found that Metiernich had called on his friend tfuisot to unite with him in demanding for the Austrian army a ps*<ag? aorosa the Pope's territories, for the purpose of marching to Naples, to put down lbs constitution whioh the klog hau been oompelied to grant to hia people, i'his snows three important tacts : ? 1st That tiis secret ailianoeof Austria and Louis Philippe, against tbo liberties of Italy, did exist. Jd. That Ferdinand of Naples la just what the world supposed a psrfldloua Bourbon; lor after giviog bis nut.ri f hh nntp Krir.aril 11I I/in in wnnmt ? in ilia Cath'drel, be was plotting with Austria to break it, and orueh his people one* more into the sarlli. I 3d The breaking oat of ia? F.-en-.h revolution has saved Europe from the tremendous oousequenoes that must have followed llut* crusade ugmoat the onuse of liberty There may be a general war in Europe?I taluk there will be; bat France will uot proi yoke it Wo to tho nation that now throws the brand that sets the fl roles of -ear raging It is a greet np ?M el? to see Knglaud and republican Kre^e firmly united. For the first tiaiein the h.story or the world, thisetwo nations n .rae together in the alliance of sym pethy and brotherhood, to proteot tue liberties of man kind. It is believed that Lord John Russell, Palmcrsion. Pm IX. I'hiers and all the great mm in VrMOO, with the people 01 Europe, are in the firmest league logeidior We axpeet everyday to hear lhatEspartero has proclaim ed tho republio in Spain Poland must lie free, in the mldat of ao great a ousts. Austria. Hussia and Prussia are leagued, but Prussia is on the eye of a revolution, she can be of no help to Austria an. 1 Kuesia. Her peopla are enligbteued, and If th? king attempts to put down the rising liberties of Europe, lie will Use hL throne. In fact, there are but two parties in Europe. Austria and Kuesia. as the groat protectors and a '.vocates of legitimacy and divine rights of kings, will e'and firm, aad oppose their mighty strength to this great movement I'hey must fight all Europe Euglaod is resolyed not to | oouunir the mistake she made In 1739. bite will spend her money in some wiser way than an attsmot to crash democratic principles on the continent. Pitt is dead, and Knssell and Palmerston and Peel are b-Uer and wiser men Kor ODoa, old England will be tound on th<side of liberty and adyanoemeiit. bpain oanuot iiye in peso*, perhaps, under any government; but the example of France, and her protection may make n republic the only hope of that ruinad country. The consequences must be that on the side of England and Fiance and Spain, all the liberal Htatoe aoj the people ot Europe ntust range thems-ivee. If with suoh a tremendous alliance, Austria and Russia wish to attempt a crusada, as they did when thoy had England with tbem, they Will probably find It will be auo;b*r gam- to pity But God only knows the future. Every arrival now from Europa must be eagerly looked for by the Americans. It Is to ba hoped that the example ot the Untied States will bs followed all ovvr lh? continent, sooner or later. Fublio opinion is mature for lrao governments and in u great pan of Europe rspubllos will most likely be proclaimed within a few months. I am going to Home In a lew days? frcm thsncs I shall journey aoroes the continent; aud unless the course of -ny travels is interrupted by tevolutiune. shell be iu France, and Switz-rluud, and Germany, and Belgium during the next month. I shall keep you informed of the progress of events in the oountrieH where I am. I am glad to soa your joumil so generally introduced In Italy All the papers of Italy quote it as tba best American authority; and if yen oould hear the nlogi*e pronounced on your skill, your activity, teal iu the cause of Italia < liberty, and human progres < among tlie Italians, it wonld be some slight compensation tor the damnable orusaJe a corrupt press in New York has b??n for ten yxts waging against tin peace ot your | family and tbc honor of your name If my letter had not been absorbed by this great ravelutlvii in France, 1 should have had mueh local n -ws of mtei??t to t?ll you The United mates and the laney (revenue cutter) are In port, and officers and crews .veil, j The Marion Is ou her way here from Y.ahon. at.d tta . r.incst'.u is p,ying around the eoast of Aiol.y, where tha ! wsr is strli going ou. Many AineriPiiusliave g .ae tbroiu-u Osnoa lately One of our travellers has ja . r?>.u' ?l ' ficm Georgia and ( lrcnsia He Is iha first American wha ev r went over Mount Lamm-us. He has p??-va its snows this winter sereial limes, nnd?rlba pio-aodou of Pilu.-e Woronsow sndother dlstlogutfbr i odio ?-f , Kussla, aua penetrated dls'ant (stous) unknown regions i H > has bad i-veiy opportunity of wiitiug a book whloh , w ill have aii the charms oi Stephens' best passages iu , Arabia Petreu. or i.entral America Mr Gcrg" Laigh- | ton Ditaon, of Boston, Is the gentlemen I a'lnde to He | is already known as a contributor to our best uaagazinsa, and will, undoubtedly, If he gives to tbe public bis journey over tbe Caucasus, write one ef the most ioteresvi tug books of modern times *1 LD. -- - i arte* Ym UiUi Affair* of Manff arf, The Pr'tikurger Zettuug, reneiva ' yesterday vie oont aids e rep nr. of til* ex'raordinary sitting of tt.e Diet of the H'ofh of Hungary on the I4th of March, ut.da to- ?%JT ,,y yj,a ArobJuke Palo tio?. At half pas* *h: e <i'ol v< the apaoious b til of tbo vi*gn*t?a was crowd .-.l to <xta?a and the rreateet ?nthiuin-m. iriduord by sauguiua hopee aud aspiratlcna, aulraated ttn aaaembl-' I'ti > gallery was filled with Ultra of rank I *hoa? tender boe->nn tho love of the itt"i?rl*na w,?a developed \u the richest tad wist beautiful biosawms. Th? af.r?u-)e of h'* I aportal Hlgboaaa Arohduka PaKUue, w?s the atrial for ao ind?aorthabla storm ol a^pl may; tue whole aeiainbly greeted him with an unmistakccble doinrnatration of rttul and genu ine confidence, aa 1 this tumult of joy waa oonttnuad until hla Imperial Highness hal takeo hla otHiial aaat as Prealdant of ths Assembly IVothouotary Cbyoay im media.ely presented to hla Imperial Highness the addrraa, or " representation " of tbo Diet, whiob baa already appaarad In 7*A?, and h ra since bean forwarded to Vienna. The Arohduke Palatine hereupon roae and apoke aa foliowa : ? " High and mighty Magnates?The procrastination of the 'repreaeutatlon,' whicn h>s just been raad. and la now l?ing before me, emboldeua me to ohariah a hope tbat the High Magnatea are disposed to conour In It to the fullaat extent (A atorin of applauae.) Nay, wm ourselves accept It (Here a reverber .ting buret of joyful aoolamntion, which wae renewed at ovary pause of tbo lduattloua speaker, for a moment lnt-rrupted the proceedluga ) We, too, aeotpt It, and ae I tea that the IPgh Magnatea accept taia petition unanimously I cannot suppress my with?my ardent desire ? that the dellberationa of thie Diet may ha jrowned with success (Vehement applause ) At th? same time. 1 assure you that I will devote at, my personal and independeot influence for the attain neat of thia, and tbac I doom It my m ot ?aor?.l duty to go hand In band with you (or the il'-velnpe-annt of our constitutional powera in that dtrwiinn whtoh th# estimable Mtates have taken l-or the aUaiumeut of tbiaand. however, I only know ono meant, via , close aoncord and harmony in tbsse emharraaaing timas. forth# taalnte nance of which I now coufldently enll upon the High Magnates " Here the joyful emotions of the auditory attained their highest pitob. and the ladies In the gal lorifM wero seen ?inor*<c *?on oiner, wniisv nats >u<i handkerchiefs were waved arjund. The Archduke Patatlna closed hi* speech with a requ?st to tha Piothonotary to roiomunloato the proceedings to the estimable Chamber of Deputies, (itandtlaftl) and to invite their acquiescence therein at a mixed aitting. Tha ProthonoUrj raturnad with a raqnaat from the Chamber ta tha Magnates to oonour with than in appointing a deputation of the Diet to praaant tha addreta to the Kmperor, headed by tha Arohdnka, who gaeiously asaeuted to the proposal. Tha deputation naring been duly arranged, the Archduke eloeed the sitting with the foliowiog addrese "In oloeing thia elt- < ting, T oannot forbear from expressing my 1 -lings of gratitude for the fai'hful attaohmeut of which you bara given prooi, uuu at tho tame time my oonvlotion that If our King and matter require! our service* in the embarrassing orlti* likely to ensue, not only we, but the whole nation, will be ready to make every sacrifioe " The *#*sion was then oloeed, amidst boisterous sboats of applause, clashing of sabres, and waving of hats and handkerchief* i ho fVww Law of Uie Preaa In PruuUu ROTSL DSCRRK We, Frederiok William, D O. King of Prussia, lie.,? Last year pr posed a legislative measure on the preaa, bsssd upon freedom from the censorship, at the meeting of the Confederation. Meauwhlle the f-dsral resolution of the 3d of Maroh, 184a, has since bean Issued; but as it has been found Impossible to arrive at the enaotment of an universal praes law for all the States of Germany, as wa would have wished for tha sake of German untily, we daorse the following regulations, at ike ni our Ministry of State, under reservation tf aprees law to DC enacted, altar due consideration, by tba United Oiat. 1. Tha oensershlp is hereby abolished All regulations, orders, arraogaments, and p^as'tles respecting the censorship are void and of no effect. II Th* decision of the question, whether In printed publications or by means of mechanically mnttipiJed ' ngr-viuga, a crime or offenoe has l/e-n oommitted, and who is auswerublu therefor, appertains to the regular tri bunals. Tho said tiibunals have, hereby, merely to obeoive the prescriptions of the penal laws in loroa in our dominions. AU copies cf printed works or engraving* for lurtber circulation, still on hand, which have been legally condemned, are wholly or partially to be deiiroynt. This question will also be deoidsd by the tribunal*. III. To every printed work must be affixed,at the end, the name and address of the printer, and every mechanically multiplied engraving must be stamped, at the foot, with the name end addtess ut the peiaon by whom tha tau'UplicatiuQ ban beea effeoud. IV. I'lie following regulation* are applioabl* to periodically published. works i. WleoeVer may wish henceforward to publish a periodical. at monthly or shorter intervals, is bound, before publication to give a definite uocnuat, In tha form 01 a prospectus to be transmitted to the Hupreme President, of the subject* treated of in the periodical, the intervals ut which it la to appear, and the title of tho work, and to deposit a security (caution.) tha amount of which, If the work 1s to appear six times, or more frequently, in the oourse of the week, is determin<1(1 Al foil ?!*>J vir. fur t.fkmnm ahUli uAAAfilidi# Lt (ha law oi tba 30th of May 1330, ' lot the arraagemrnt of the assessed taxes " (fide Code, p. 147) b along to ttaa Arst division, a iua el 4 000 dollars; lor towoa of tha ssoond division,* sum oi 3 000; for towns of itin third division, a sum of 1,000 dollars; and for districts inoludadin the fourth division, a sum of 400 dollars For a paper which uppeais less than six timss a weak, tha security is Axed at one half of the abovementionnd sums. 1 hs security Is to be d-posited in the chief treasury of tha government, in frusslan bunds, at their nominal value. The lollowlug exemptions from the deposit of this security are decreed .- The periodical papers already existing at the date of this decr< e, as also those which art exclusively devoted to mathematioal, physical, geOgraplitod, medicinal, and mnsioal soisuer, or ta nvr? matters ot bu-inesa (rsin gtu>e> itichen gegtr.tlandtn). 3. The decree only excludes iroui the right of publication those pcriodloal papers which have been legally condemns* for offences giving evidence of a dishonorable disposition (wg n tinea von ehilater Oettnnung ztugeaJen ferbrrehent) 3 A periodic il paper, which appears In Jefianc* of tha regula'ien presonbeU uader section 3, or without tba preliminary fuliilment ol the conditions enjoined under section I, is to be suppressed by the police 4 If the editor or the publisher of a periodical print already existing at the da e ol this decree, which appears at monthly or at shorter intervals, or the repr*s*ntaiive of the editor, is leg illy convicted of a crime or < d'-nce o< omitted through the medium of the print in question, the judge is to t*e that a security Is deposited. ?od (o decide upon the amount according to tna present pilous of section 1. Tha paper cannot reappear until the seouri y required by the judge hui b.-cu duly deposited. 6. lu cases of relapse, the judge, ai.h reference to the gravity ol thu crime or ofT-uoe committed, is required, oesides Indicting a sp? oial punishment for the present offt-nce. to declare forfeited the whole fir a part of tha e entity originally deposits , or etacted for a previous offence, unci at trie same five to determine winiber tha ei-cuiity is to be replaoed, cr the farther piiulicatiuii of the paper prohibited. fi I'ha ariirnr r,f .. n.,lnd;...l ?-I- - v. - i""' """" y' " " >* trrqueutiy than cuco a mouth is bound to insert gratia oil "answers" which tae accused state functionaries m?y tniDK proper to mnXe to the editorial charge* tn .ne next number of uia p.>per, and to assigu to such aaswers the vary column in which the lnouipatcry irtleie ap P?Uej, run samo decree l.i extended to tba anstvore of private individuals who may hay* bean tho victims of editorial attacks. bhould the length ol' tha "acsiror" exceed that of tba origiual articl* to .vbioh tho respond- ut refara, tho additional line a mi?t bo paid for. 7 At tlia and of every number of o pa par, the aJitot, Ufi publiebar, if the parties ba not the name, and tba printer, ara 10 publish tbalr name*. V. The publisher oi a noo-periodical work, aa alao the party i.. whose mMarco a uou-parlodionl work appear*. and in lice msonsr the party who publishes eueh a work on ills own account, without intrusting It to a second party, ie hound, ' uiultaoeoualv with in* publication of ilia work, to fa ana in u written noiiod to tha poitoa-cffloa, IV hi oh notion must contain tho title of tha work, aud the author, if required, inuit supply a ocpy of tha work. VI WlK-sosver violatua tha decrees under tha 3d 4vh, and bin aeaUons, it amenable to a One of from %o to $100, rad, in dafanU of payment, will ba liabls toiiapilsoumant. VII. The police are authorised provisionally to sella papeis or atigruTtngs by which, iu their estimation, our pan il law has been intriuged; but thay must follow up this measure by a regular pros-cut.on wuhintwt jU'ur hours The tribunals will, as socn as possible, ueoide on tba continuance or removal of this provisional ban VIII. With tefarenoe to the l.iws aifeotiog foreign jouruals, they are to remain In force until tbe enactment or a general German press law. IX All psnaltlei tnfliotad lor trsnsgr'ssions ol tha censorial prescriptions hitherto In force which have bem carried In'o effect, aud are not yet, are hereby rescinded, and ail further proceeding* slopped. Given at Berlin, tha 17th day ol March, 1849, ujder our sign manual and Royal teal. FREDERICK WILLIAM, R. (Countersigned ) Thk Peiisck or Pet'ssi*, Couot Vov Broiasao, Vow UoTHsa, Umiib.v, Kicmhom, *' CafllTl, Vo, Phils, X05 Vow ksvioav, tow UoMa. Vow Bodklschwuvow, Tito Krsncl* Kvpublle. Tha Peninsular Company ?teainer I'asha railed last be idi ult , from Southampton lot Havre, rthe i* ordered io be .it ilia uispoaai of tho li.rls.i Consul for tho purpose of bringing actoss distras?od English operatives cut ol employmeul. It Is rep revert ted that a leige ,.umbrr of this cl? at ara In and about Havre ; tuey ore totally destitute, end exposed to uiany iodig. itU* fri iu the krench populaoe An outbreak is Mr,/ expe. led in Havre, and the Garde NatioouJn is ex?r. tied daily. Nearly Id ttoti men are out of (oarlcym in pkiniiipmly porters, Uboivte and doc *i*n nd mtu crura of d.scoiiteut are openly expiesu-d Kim the dapieoaed itatv ef trade and inoreasir g gloom a. Havro, this state of things is not a pected to improve fur com a time, and lienoe the eitraordinary uctiv.ty o. the autuort.tcs ii* preparing lor any disturbances' 1st m?y arise. Contrasts for forty miles of tba Wabash and Erin Canal, extending from Terra Haute to Point Coram its, ar* to ba let on the 44U> of May next. A

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