Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1848 Page 2
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fuhiiove rf the "o th ad i*r*d to *' doctrines, la th<?r- re?p<ct< ct Jt tiers 11, a* illustrated uJ ? lor cl by Nathan**) Mac-a. S.eoeer Roane, and th?'r oo3>patii?<*. Vast u '? of the iiorthero democrats made th? o?us ndvoCetsJ by li*?e great ad go.>d met. their ova; and that eor.test ?aa terminer ed by Gene>?l Jaekeoa'a throwing the weight f hit orerehedowlng p; putaritf into the aaaie scale, boon thereafter, a new aplnt appeared to have coma oyer the dreams 01 many of cur aoutbera frianda. They disavowed, vith tahemouce, the latlludinatlau doctrinei to which they were ettppoaed to have been attached, and claimed to be legrded aa among the striet*?t of the disclplee of tbej State right aohnol of politisa Slavery and tta immunities, ita privi* lege*. ita sanctities and ita blastings, soou became the theme of their discourse*; and to that ara may be traced the origin of tboa* dcctrlnea which have ainco followad each other ia an oh rapid and astounding anoooaaton.? From that evil hour, also, tboee whim we regarded aa the old echocl demooratacf the South, appeared to have entered in a race with their loaal opponents aa to wtateh should outstrip the other in de'endtag and propagating alavery Out of this ill-starred rivalry have aprung the extraordinary doctrine* which we have brought to the taut of truth aud justice We do not intend to pata upon the relative merits or demerit* of tho parties. It la wall kaewu that th* feeling* of the Naw York daraoaracv have brew ton* end aerneatlv anliib.il In Keheir nf on* ( ib? Motion* to whioh we have referred. it i< dn to tudor to My that the preeeot position ot thing* ha* unavoidably Itssecod thi* prefnrenoe.ee well ae dlmlokhed their power with the me?ee* here to secure impartial justloe to both We ark tbem to bebelieve that the''principle ot extending slavery to lerrltorie* now free from It can caver be m?de acceptable 10 the treomen of the North, and nature tbem, lu th? moat abeolute oonftdenoe, that tho few person* at the North, who, for slaktor ohj-ctv strive to m?k* it si, will soon, very soon be burled aader a loal of pubiio obloquy, In a f grave from wblob there will be *o resurrection. [The eddre** then proceed* in tb* fame masterly and able etyle, to examine (be two euppotod groaod* on whieh the South te auppoeed toeteudln m*klag|what the address denominate*"euob extraordinary and unpreoedented pretensions " Ta<?- ground* are. 1st. that it would be an injury to tb?in to (itlle in tt.e new Stale* without their slaves and to exclud* tbem with tbeir lave*, would b* unjust to them ; and Hi l'h?t the exoluaiou Is a repiotun and a cnodemnatton ot tnalr preasot coudlciou Tnoee two pointe are ably met and di?tuse-u, after which tbe aadree* proceeds ae follow*:] Let uo oue be deluded by suppoalug that slaveiy ht* mot tbe 'capacity to occupy the** t?rri ones to a sultt olent extent t<> irttint upon tbeir inhabitants the blight wuich attend* froe labor wherever that institution exist* t hzperie- c? ha* sbowu the o >ntiary Moreover, tbe slaveholder* who m*y monopolies its soil, and hold a* property the men a bo t.li that eoil, will not ot necessity ooas only from the present tlaveboloiug dtates. f nry are, unlortuuately, by no iu?ens the only perrons who M\J bo found wllllog to enjoy tbe eupoosed luxurl-scl the ay* em, if oouuteaaoood hy tue l*w of ue land I L>t osp<UI be invited to ?uo', Investment by tbe policy of the government, and it will eooi from other etatee, and peibeps from foreign oouutrles ; and the iostltuiion of slavery will not fall for the want of abettors It le agalost tbe hundrods of thousands of our own de*c?nd- ' ante, wbo must earn tnalr bread by tbe sweat ot tbeir brows, and hundreds of thousands of chlaren of toil from other o?antrie*, wbo woaid annually seek a new home, and a reiuge from want and oppression, in the vacant territories, toat ih? u.J'st exclusion is sought to be eatoreed undoi tbe penalty of soolal and pollilual d-g % datum. Can It be that those statesmen who have shown aueh alacrity to turn their backs upon the great and growing In erest, au have aous<der?d its abortcter ?od xgnituds? Can it he that they have oeea m ndlul of tbe peouliar duty which our government owes to tbe laboring mas res to prot-c-- whom in iheir rights to. poll Uaal and social equ?li y,ant in ih* cure ei j ymmt of the fruit* of their industry, is at ouo* Its otj -ot and it* pndeT # * * ? ? ? Tbe settlement of tba extensive domains of Oregon mod California Is now to be commenced in earnest, cud th- y will. wiUiln the tiers ot many p> re ns now Id existence. be ss namerc ualy, perhaps as hiekiy peoplt d, as is now wbat was o?ce tor ncrh western terrlto-y. Toe President has reoommended that provision be iu>-de for 1 their temp rary government. whne h-y remain territories; the duty of Congress, and the Dro.ostites of the inhibltantsot these terrt ties, require that such provision he made Upon the chereoter of that provision in relc- 1 ttou to slavery, it will, la alt human probability, depend whether the States whioh are to spring up in this vast and fettile region, shall be free or stave Sutee. Tne qnearton bae thus arisen iu a practical lurm It can no lo'-ver be evaded or postponed it is upou us; we must dec) te it. Shall these vest communities tie the erections of free tt slave labor 7 Tbey cannot be both If cxperieLCv has conclusively eeUbliihrd any one feet In pollfieal or natural history, it is tbat tree and slavo labor. In the emerged sense in whioh they must here be regard- j e?. can- . flourish under tbe same lews Where labor If to a auDeidcrable extent committed to slaTee. to labor ?icomes a badee of inferiority The ? ealtby capitalists wbe own slaves disdain manual labor, and the whites who are compelled to submit to it, are regardsd us havit g fall-n below their natural condition in S'-cie y They cannot aet on terms of equality with the masters for thoee social objects which, in a community of equals, educate, improve and rvtioe all its membeis In a word society, as It is known iu comniuuitln of freeman?with IU schools and its various loras of voluntary Ition tor common benefit and mutual improvement?o?n* b" scarcely said to exist for them or their lamltiee The free laborers are unwilling to work side by aide with negro alaves; they are unwilling to share the evils of a condition se degraded, and the depri- . vatlen of tbe society of their own class; and they emigrate with yeai reluclanoc. and ia very smalt ; numbers, to communities In which labor is mainly performed by slaves No oendid and intelligent sou hsrner will serious',y conttover. tnese ftoti They have beau demonstrated iu the experience of the old States With the exo-p'lon of a few, and comparatively a veryfew, the wbi e laboie s or, in other words, the poor of those States where slavery j? m' re extensively prevalent, are ebjeot* of commissar ilion and cbarlty o the wealthy planter, and of contempt and socrn' to the | - sieves. Tbe existence of slavery in our vast nnsettled domains, to a sufficient extent to give tens to society, will operate by the strongest moiiv * which can or ought to affect the human mind, to delude free laborers frrm emigrating to those region. The planter who complains tbat be is excluded, it be cannot hold slaves thare, is. at most, but rubj?c;ed to on injury to his pro party, aveotf such it jury result at all. Tbe free labjrer on the ether hand, if slavery be ullowed, sutlers not merely an inconsiderable pecuniary injury, but a avertflea of all the cherished objects of sooial an 1 political Lift?th? degradation of himselt and of bis wile and uhii- 1 dren, for whose take, peroape, ha has sueouutered th- trials and perils of eniigiattoQ to an unsettled country ; he incurs evils infinitely greater thau ihoie which exeited our heroic ancestors to aimed resistance. If. then. I it be oonned-d that the prohibition of slavery operates to axe.ode tbe free laborer it must be admitted tbat the pan l'y by whioh tbe exclusion is enforced is infinitely more severe against tbe Immigrant laborer in the one j ease, thun egstust the immigrant planter ia (he other It ought to ho bores in mind, also, that tbe exclusion operates upou a v-stlv greatly number in the ease ot the free laborers than in thst of the planters. ??? Whether these free laborers shall ba excluded from cur j unoocupielregion- oratl-ast from 'args pontons of them, will as it did In trlvioa to the adjacent States of Ohio j and K-ntu-kv. depend ur-ioly upon the pioeisiou wbich j (Congress ahiU make la rega-d tj slaverr. in organising , tba K'-vernmeiit ot tbase territories. From the first in- | atitut o i of govrnm-nt to tbe prerevt time, there has been a etrukgl gut'g on between capital and labor for a fair Jiatribution of the profits resulting from tbeir jiint j capacities In the early stag '* of society the advaatsg I was altogether on the side of capital; but as eduootton | and iot-lligene- are diffused, tbe tendency is stronger J towards tb*t just, equality wbich all wi?e and good n.en ! deetia lo see established. And although oapt'at, con trolling every species ot machinery has h-rrtmore In the mate o is ted that of gevcrnmeit also, the true r'latlOL of tbe ekuiei ta of nroiuoliou are brgioulog to he understood Men's miuJs bare everyum-re turned, and will continue to be turned, to 'he contemplation of tb? value o- Ubor; eni ?u enlightened sense of jos ice i> j inclining th-m to seek out tne means of securing tot htm I who labors a oouetd-ratd u In society and a reward it. I tbe distribution of toe prnoseds of industry more adequate than his class h?ve heretofore received Th? truth that the aealth a, |S 1 n ? e ' ' _ _ _ r ... m .munirj COO'lSl IP I he labor, and that be mo con'rlbntrs ioo*t to us la- | dus'ry U the m-? useful oirong In bigillC'O'i lit. I ! become familiar. No ubera is this truth mora Tident or ahouM It be >or? r*s; eeied-no w'j-re should the right* Of too tolling miteSe* be IDO't d S'lnctly apple- ' elated au I more nmply protect- d, than in our compare- i tiflf n?*, dot klwadv (tot eouitrv Tb* inc eauog power ot correct opinion on this eu j -ot la tlluitrated by [ reoeot events la Frsi e? It bad b?en tha work of csnturiea. in that country, to | impoverish and d> base the children ot industry and . Dricb a favored few Yet tha system of which tb?se were the otj?rt? has been ovartnrown with tba naked j band* strengthened by iba rising power of tbe great truth to which we bar* referred. An l what la the Orrt 1 osjact to whi'b tba attention of the new government la directed? Why, to break down obitsclee which bad ?o long prevnt'd tbe labormg el-sses Irom rcc-lvlog the , I conaidarauon ard rewards to whtoh they are equally entitled And ahall we. now. In view of this glorious ihv'ta'ioa Irom abroad, abandon a policy in regard to slavery ] , which haa been puraued from the ep omencemept ot our government, and which ta ao vitallySmportm' to i'? aim 1 and otyacta T We ebuil be gr?atiy deceived If those who | have baao tempted by the btiha ot evanescent honors, or , temporary advtiutage*. to advocate ao ta.lanloui a chobge ' of pohey. do not haresttcr deeply regret tbdr ap-atacy. | "I b? laboring classes, far m >ra rmpertab e In ibis than any other country, rati epete coniparuivaly llt'letime ' for reading, ai.d such truth* as we have eet ter'h, are ' , often alow in reaching tb-m, l ut In tno eud. <lo reach than, and ate embracad with unyielding tenacity. a * I i W> nave thus p-asanUd some of tie prominent con- j 8 #r-tiers which have Induoad tbo democracy ot tbie dtsl* to assume the p jiltloo tftey cow occupy on the subjael of slavery, and i.ava endeavored to reply with 0"0l- I v san 1 pio 'eratloo to * me of the grounds on win h that ' t 1 as been assailed If wo nave be?n in any de- i " e?sfnl, wa may claim to bate shown that the ' r r'.al fd by tha democracy of New York, so ^r?e?t?iiag any ezense for their proscription by | k . pol , 1 ataorlalea, are those srnii'h the highest I i b'gati - f conatttutional liberty nq tire them to 1 -i n *n t*'r. They have ssnt. in conformity to established | 1 usage, t i*t -si* Satin shit and lnfluautUI cit z ins to S c mn.ut. taie h !r r in regard to tbe approaching f Presidential flection, to t;,? representatives ol the da- 1 tmrrscy if other rtijtea.whn are eomi to assemble at O Baltimore Their d?s ra 1? km'ly ai.d Ule-pesaioiiately to ooafar with their bretnreuvf the Uuiun, in trie ho,a of aaeO'ing the safety end *uea?*? cl tt,at great and patrl- Ci otic party in whn-e na'idt tbo oau-a of trua freedom haa nl uniformly reoeived a strong, steady, ami generally rue oeasf.u auppert They regret lobe apprlud that a de- 1 f> 'ga >hou:S asist In auy quarter to exduda their dole- l, gats* Irom such conference, or to neutralise their voice by aisoaiatlog with them parsons not del-g?t. d by the It party, aad not speaking l'.a santimenu We are coned c, snalooair aa liflad. 'hat the # is uo room f r an honttt differi ?ce of aplhion in regard to the right of the < *' delegates aelaotad by tha Utica convaaUon. to ait u in the national <ouv*otlon which ,? to aaeombte at Baltimore fur tba nomioatlon ol damorratlo candidates " tpr President and Vlca ITeaidrnt It a queajon ta usde vt m tj tbelr li^ht, it duii be deouied. not ccmycirUaJ ' These deles atea should Bot be Insulted by nqvit that tt'T should yield one particle of tba rtght to wbi-h i> th- sole r?pr*#e nUtivrs of I bo domocrsey of Ibis hUte. they are justly ?u titled KxpauieoU. resorted to where no difference of optnioa existed on either notional qasstl^oa or notional candidates. and by which o d?o sion of th? aontrnyorey, purely l?c?l, was postponed until ench d'ff-repee ahouM oris*, ran liae? no opplloatlon to inch oara N?lther ol tna distinguished republicans ?eiooU.l ' by the Ulioa ronveDtioo to represent 'he d?raorrroy of this State, rrqjlrfd tho instruetioi a of that hnty to know that parp- tual uls <raeo would - wait bim If h? eurrendrred any portion of th? high trurt confided to him. and do iratruotiou ?u, therefore, given The simple question, U any, which the Baltimore couyrntion will fce culled upon to decide, will be the exclneion or admleeion of tliixf delegates ; and it may ba prop- r for us to add. that mi oh dtalalon appears to us of #o momentous importance. from our conviotion, that wh'le past experlenoe has shown that the republican* of this Slate will submit to freit irja'tloe for lbs vindication and establishment of their principles, the exoluslon, actual or ylrtuat. of I tbelr rspress'.tatlves. for the purpose of overthrowing their principle*. Is an Imposltien which would bs fatal to these who should practice it. Hrro follow ths rasolatlons, in substance as fellows : ? lit- Wnile the itsmoera'V of New York sre ready to main- . t?in all ihs referred rights of ihe States they declare their as couprom fiss hostility to ihs extension rftUvery is to territo ' 2d That ths I'M 8Mt? convett'OB it 8m?l?( drseires the j rrprob tinn of erery dcmoer.t. I A lone list of rtasoas why ire (i<to ] Id Thai the I Me eeareation er Utiea meriti the confidence of the draocntce cf thm Btste, [ \ lilt of tb* irssoas why, if Civru in the resolution ] 4th That we rely no t it principles of the democratic parte. ith. A ees I'atinn h f.lr eulogistic of the soldieisaoil eoluu trees < f the MecesB i< nsies. I 8>h. A reso utioD of heiity sympathy for the lste triumph of item cracy in Eraser. NEW YORK HERALD, Nor til-West Corner of Falcon and Nassau sts. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, ! PROPRIETOR. I a -'Um?. .1 \ I'n 1 Ml* ?.V ?.Ail > ? ITALIAN OPERA HOUSE, Astor Place?Exit ajsi. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Bomkmian Uisl? Natmalik. CHATHAM THEATRE,'Chatham street. Tes Rt| tals?Doi blb Bsbpeo Room?Mr.bit or tmb Watsbs. MECHANICS' H ALL, BroAdwiy iissr Brooms?Cajtisrr's Musstbsls?Ktmiomais Siisaiire, Blrlbssus Osseins. Ac PANORAMA H ALL, Broadway, sear Houua street ? lAsetsn's Paisobama or nr Mississtrrt. MEI ODEON, Bowery?Bellas Si.neina, ViaomiA Minstbbls, Itc. BROADWAY ODEON, Broadway.?Ptomalion Bta* tuabt, ke APOLLO BOOM8, Rr^dway?MrrsoroLtTAR Minetbbls?Etmiohab Stnotho Sc.bc. P Titson, N J. ODD YELLOT8' HAlL.-Sabls Bbotmibs?Ethiopiab Sihoirce be be n?w lorK.. Frldajr, April 14, (AM 1 bt Circulation of (hi Hera I <1. Thursday, April IB 18 960 copier Total Into* lait week. * . 168 000 " lucreaa* in the last four wesks 16.460 " The pmblloation of the Herald commenced yesterday it 36 n> outee peat S o'cloak. end finished at 30 minutes before 8. The Next Priitilrnry.ilevemenis In P >lltlca ? the American Revolution of 1868. Wuhin the last few days, movements of a highly important nature, with reference to the_ next Presidency, have occurred in this and other parts of the United States; movements which will exercise an important influence in the approaching conventions; and one of which settles and puts at rest the question whether Mr. Clay will accept the nomination, as the whig candidate, at the convention which is to meet in Philadelphia, on the seventh of June next. Intimations having been thrown out, in various quarters, that Mr. Clay would decline running cs a candidate, and that it was his intention to withdraw fr^m the contest, iu favor of General ' Taylor, that distinguished statesman, in a letter to his friends, which we received by telegraph, and published in yesterday's paper, says that he has finally decided to leave to the national convention the consideration of his name, in connection with such others as may be presented to u,io mane a selection oi a suitable candidate for the Presidency of the United States?in other words, that he may be considered by his frieuds as open to a nomination, and as consenting to run as the whig candidate in the approaching election. This point, then, is set at rest; and Mr Clay stands, therefore, as the rr.o?t prominent candidate of the whigs. The other moveme pj to which we have referred are th . celebrations of the anniversary o* Mr. Ciay's birth-day, in New York, Philadelphia, iiud elsewhere, and especially the letter directed , by Mr. Van Buren to the New York Committee? I which is one of the funuiest and most extra- j ordinary documents that ever emanated from that shrewd politician; and also the maniletto of the Van Buren section of the Legislature of this State, written in part, it is said, by Martin Van Buren hiui6elf, which will be found | iu this day's paper. Mr. Van Buren endorses the 1 commanding talents and manly frankness of Mr. Clay, in a letter w'aich he had the best reason to heiieve would be published and extensively , circulated, addressed to a whig committee, who had invited him to take part in the celebration of the anniversary of Mr. Clay's birth. At such a time, and in such a conjuncture of circumstances, when Mr. Clay stands forward as a candidate for the Preiddency, and when the demo- i cratic party in the State of New York has been split into two gr*at factions, through Mr. Van Uuren's instrumentality, thia act of Mr. Van Bu. ten is certainly very sign ificant and very curious, and will exercise a potent influence, in one way or another. At the Clay festivals in New York and Philadelphia, the gt eatest enthusiasm was evinced towards Mr. Clayw and decided and uu- J equivocal preference expressed for him as a Candida e for the Presidency. Indeed, it may b( said thit Mr Clay's chances for election hnv< bet.i brightening tor a considerable time past, and that they are as goof/, if not better, now, than they have ever been, notw ithsianding the tp^ch ! and resolutions which he delivertd at Lexing- ; ton some time since It is hmusing to read the proceedings that took place on the reading o.f Mr. V?n Bureu's letter at the celebration in thit city. He tickl?*l Mr. Clay, a nd Mr. Clay's friends in returr. tickled him. He* endors-d Mr Clay's commanding talents and man'Jy frankness; ] and the Hon. DudUv Selden said looked on Mr. Van Bur^ii with the greatest resect, if not admiration, and proposed nine cheers fof 'he exPrudent, which were given with hear.'V C0(,d will. Tlpv scene partook somewhat of t.SP ludicrous. To hear cheers given for a man \ Tho las bean Mr. Clay's political euemy for a qu tfer of a century, by Mr. Clay's friends, at a festival nn his birth day, is, indeed, something j tovel, and savors somewhat of the funny scenes 1 described in the Pickwick papers, or somewhere lse. The manifesto of the Van Buren section of the lernocratic members of the Legislature, it will , >e perceived, takes strong ground in favor of the ( Vilmot proviso and anti-slavery question, and j videos the breach Uetween them ind the other < ection, so much as to preclude, perhaps, almost , my hope of a reunion before the time of elecion, notwithstanding the adhesive qualities of i he democrats on the approach of election days | I hia is uuoiher powerful element in favor of , ome one?perhaps of Mr. Clay?and perhaps t it. There is too- much Van Burcn in it to tell j f whom. I According to all this the Presidential ( anvass has commenced in earnest, and i my be considered to have been regulurly i pened by Mr. Clay's friends on his irthd y, Hnd by Mr. Clay himself, by the iub- i cation of his letu r of willingness to ac- | pt the noininutiion, on the same day? j I of which place t hat stste?i..aii in an iinpor iit ]>osition before the whi* national conven on. If the. drl-g.f leg to be elected to that con- i tniion have h*4 any doubts respecting Mr. i Clay's wiliiBgneat r& tTer The cviitt*', those doubta nr.- ai<w ie..iovd; <>nt whether he will be u.tiUin r j, is a qu> -?tiou wL.oh ime only will reveal. A? m i uow, he certainly has the best chant'; t>u' the fare ut matters may be materially altered bef>r<* a ,* ek shall have elapsed. General Taylor's tr<-id. are not inactive; they are using are at exertion 3 to bring hiin forward as a candidate. He baa avowed his willingness to accept a nomination from either of the two ; ereat conventions, but declines to be the Preai- j dent of any.party, in case of his election. In view of the important events which are 1 transpiring in the old world, the steady and trr 1 umphant march of republicanism, and the overthrow of despotism and monarchy in Europe, 1 which must in a certain degree ati'ect the United States, the two national conventions, in their selection of candidates to be supported by the people for the office of chief magistrate, will have an important responsibility resting on them, and an important duty to perform. We live in an j extraordinary age of the world; and perhaps ' there never was a time when our country needed at the head of our affairs, a chief magistrate who would command not only confidence at home, but respect abroad. We entered on a new stage of existence as a nation, when the dynasty of Louis Philippe waa overthown by the people of France; add the new republics which are forming in Eu rope, wilt naturally direct their attention toward* us. Among republics we have thrown off our swaddling clothes and now stand as the leading nation of the world We have abundance of statesmen capable for such an emergency. One of them should be selected capable of meeting the crisis. We have a Webster, a Calhoun, a Clay, a Benton, and a Buchanan, auy one of whom would, If elevated to the Presidency, fulhl all that might be expected of him. Our revolutionary period, which occurs once in four or eight years, is ai proaching It is not to be like the revolutions in France, Austria, or Prussia, but a calm, quiet one, at the ballot boxes. Ballots and not bayone's are our means of changing rulers. Tht California lUltui.How are ihiy to tea BsUlat 1 We call the particular attention of members of both houses ol Congress to the following bill, reported from the Military Committee of the Senate, and now under consideration ia that body. We insert it at length, as without the document bodily before their eyes, our readers might well be incredulous that a paper so extraordinary could be attempted by any man in the possession of his proper senses :? A BILL FOR AICKHTA1NINC AND FAYING THI CALIFORNIA CLAIMS. Ba it enacted by tne Senate and Houee of Representatives of t be United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the tan of saves hundred thousand dollars. out ol any money In the treasury not otherwise appropriated. be, and tne s?me hereby is, appropriated to defray the expenses of the late military operations in California, under the orders of CoramodirScockton. and of Brevet Captain, afterwards Lieut. Cc*4* .el Fremont, and also to defray the expenses of the civil government established by Commodore Stockton, In California, and to pay all Just claims arlt ng Out of said military operations and civil government. c*cv auuuvii) iuiiu"i ouauirou) i uu; mv b?iu oimuii nod demands, so far as heretofore ascertained, and the amount evidenced bj any written Instrument, signed by Commodore Stockton or Lieut Colonel Fremont, or by master rolls, or proper discharges, shall be paid with the least practicable delay. And for the purpose of ascertaining the justice and amount of such pert of said claims as have not been allowed or authenticated by either of said offloera, the Frneldent be, and he hereby is, authorised to appoint a board consisting of John Charles Fremont, and two officers of said battalion while In ser rice; which board shall sit in different pieces in California, to examine and adjudge aaid claims, and to give certifica'es for the amounts found due: whloh certificates shall be forthwl'h paid in California, by aetne proper officer duly appointed, or designated for that purpose. flee. 3 And be;tt further onaoted. That aaid board shall appoint a clerk, and keep a record of tfieir proceedings, and return a duplicate thereof to the War Department. and shall take testimony on oath for or against any claim when defined neceaeary, and shall allow or disallow the rntnc, iu wholo or in part, according to thejnstice of the ca?e. bee 4 And be it fr.riLrr snT'ed, That the Callfor r.it battalion shall Ik- paid r.e volunteer mounted infantry. finding thrir own hi -ser and forage, and shall have sit the benefit of the acta of Congress'in favor of suet troops. bee. A And be it fdrther enacted, That the aaid board .-ball give public noi,t? of the times and plaoes at which th*y will sit sc.<3 shall require all nuadjosted claims to bs presented before them ; and aav claim whether for damage#, supplies or servloes, which shall not bs presented and established before said board within twelve months trout the time of it* first sitting, shell be deemed and held to be unfounded and unjust, end shell ba forever barred. Bee. 6. And be it further enacted, That the decision of the majority of the board shall be final, and shall authorise a certificate to be leeued to the original olaimant, for the immediate payment of the amount allowed, except in esses where the first described member of the board shall disagree to the same lor reaaona stated on the record ; in which case no payment aball ba made until tbe olaim is sxaminad and allowed by the War Department Bsc. 7. And be it further enaoted, That the oompeneat'on and expenses of the said board, shall be paid out of the sum of seven hundred thousand dollars appro i>7 iivru uy cue uov xeciion oi loiv ici; 106 amouoi oi the compensation to the member* of the board to he et the rmte of three tbousend dollar* a year lncluiire ol any other compensation receivable by thrm ; and at the rate of two thousand dollars a year fot the clerk ; and two dollars a day to witness** summoned on the part ot the United States and ten e?nts a mile for travelling to the witnesses; and the same for transportation to the clerk and the members of the board, If any, who may not be entitled to army transportation. It will be remembered that Mr. Benton's sonin-law, Mr. John C. Fremont, from a simple lieutenant, was promoted by Mr. Polk, for the purpose of gratifying Mr. Benton, to a lieutenant colonelcy, and his promotion would have been eminently proper, if it had been conferred from proper motives; for Lieut. Fremont was aD officer of commanding attainments. Mr. Benton was not satisfied, however, and when Lieutenant Colonel Fremont was arrested by General Kearny, a court martini was demanded, and, again to gratify Mr. Benton, was ordered by the President. The public has seen what an egregious farce w<is that whole transaction. After costing ihe government one hundred and fif.y thuus-nd dollars, it ended in a sentence of dismirsil from the service, which everybody knew would never be carried into execution; and, accordingly, the President, as was foreseen, remitted the sentence. But we will suppose that Mr. Benton had o'her views than quietly to have Lieutenant Colonel Fremont sent hack to his duty ? The witnesses who attended the court martial were summoned before a committee of the Senate; and a* gr-at expense to the government, n ingr iiiiipb 01 icaumony was ianen relative t< the claims against the government in California The result of this ?os a probable understanding between Mr. Polk and Mr. Benton. Mr Fremont's resignation was accepted, and the bill we have presented above was prepared. Mr. Polk was determined to make another bid for Mr. Benton's support in the next campaiga. This j time he resolved not to stick at trifles, and his few friends in the Senate received, it is said, private instructions to support the bill. To judge from appearances, Mr. Benton, however, determined not to expose himself to the lojiger of being deceived. He knew Mr Polk to i?e tricky, and there was, therefore, inserted in the bill a positive instruction from Congress to the President to appoint John Ch tries Fre- j nont chief commissioner. Such instruction j was, to be sure, a direct nttack on the constitu- ! tiona.1 power ot the President. One would suppose that so strict a constructionist of the con[ taut/on as Mr. Polk, would grow indignant at this attack on his prerogative, involving, a'so, as it did, a gross personal affront. Quite the contrary. Who knows but that all the instruments >f the President's wiLI?Ilannegau, Moor, Turley, and others?received positive insiructious :o swallow the measure without even a grimace It will be seen that the bill appropriates the enormous sum of seven Mindrtd thousand dolara to 1 iuidat c. >-as, and to tl fray the exlens^e i i im'i'i y .pcr,atiQrs in California. The whole or th.j '< i?t, ? i .. ,ttrge proportion of it, wascontracel b .-i Fremont; and he it is whom this bin u - ? sole judge of the jusice ot these ciaiu.., with absolute power to djjusi them according as he think* proper; for it will be perceived thet by the sixth section he is invested with the power of overruling his two colleagues, who form a majority of the board. And who are these colleagues 1 Members of his own battaiion, lately serving under him, and consequently likely to be more or less influenced ; by him. We do not impute to Mr. Fremout the i shadow of dishonorable purpose; but we are very sure that the attempt to coufer this offce upon him by Mr. Polk, will injure him in the public estimation, if he do not promptly disavow all participation in the scheme. We understand that Mr. Jones, another eoniu-law of Mr. Benton, ia to receive the appointment of paymaster to the board ; and that Ran dolph Benton, a son of Mr. Benton, is to be appointed clerk. Thus the measure would seem

intended solely to benefit one family. It appears by the bill, that Mr. Fremont is constituted sole judge of the justice of claims, in which, by his own showing, he is personally interested. This is not only absolutely indecent, but extremely dangerous, as forming a precedent for future loose transactions of a like nature. But we confess, that extraordinary as is the imposition attempted by the bill, it does not strike us as half so discreditable as the conduct of Mr. Polk, in conniving at and giving it his sanction. It amounts, in effect, to this?: that the President, in order to secure Mr. Benton's suppdrt in the next Presidential campaign, permits him to take out of the treasury the sum of seven hundred thousand dollars, to be used, nobody knows (tow?the judgments to be rendered, and disbursements made, by a man who is himself personally interested, and who, in line, is to be invested with ubsolute control of this vast sura. We are prepared to see this measure pressed with unblushing effrontery on the Senate; but we trust, notwithstanding the late evidence to the contrary, that that body has yet sufficient regard for public opinion to crush this vile measure now, by a decisive vote. votk for Mayor ?Upon correcting the vote for Mayor, according to the official returns (with the exception of the 14th and 16th wards, uui jci >cui in;, uuu adding mt results 01 me the canvass in several districts, not previously obtained, tne majority for Mr. Havemeyer, over Mr. Brady, is reduced to 928. Denial.?The Washington Union denies that Mr. Buchanan furnished a copy of the treaty for publication. Theatrical and Bftnslcal. Italian Or aba Hocse.?The opera for this evening is the favorite " Ernanl," whioh always meets s good reorption from the opera goers. Signer Atilio Arnold! will make hie Moond appearenoe at this boats thle evening, in the ohsrecter of Ernani,the bandit. Signs. T. Trail and Signer Beneventano will take the parte of Elvira and Don Carlos The bonee will, no doubt, be frilly and faahiouab y attended by the lovers of musio. Tabernacle?Oeand Concert or the Italian Company.?The talented artista who compoee the excellent troupe of tho Aator Plaoe Opera, gave last night one of the beat musloal entertainments we ever heard in New Y?.rk. We are eorry to aay that thia conoart wee very badly attended, and wa oannot underatand the abandonment ot the dilettanti from these mosteal parties. We oordlally confess that, with his faults and talents. Verdi ranke among the beet musio -rriters of the age. Verdi ie the most illustrious representative of tbe young muaioal sohoolof Italy. Hit compositions are now-3-days played and sung universally in tbe land of mueio. This young tneestru, who ta more of a harmonist than are generally the present professors of musio in his country, does not write those flat melodies so often heard in the operas of the present school; his style is imbued with some Germanic r?floction. The anihor of "Nabuoo" ia more sober, more restrained, than his countrymen generally are. If , be does not nosiess their hannv abandon ha ta iwthnad I with a dramailo intelligence, reflection and talent, with which he fill* the Intervale between one inspiration aed | another Verdi ia a compoeer full of jadgment, measure, taste and grandeur; hie merlta have been appreciated throughout Europe, even in Parie. The opera of "Lombard t," pertoi mod in Pari* under the title of "Jeruaalem," has met with universal approbation, and " Nabuoo" there, as well as in London, St. Petersburg, Vienna and different other large cities, without naming Half, hm been oensldered as the cAe/ doeune of Verdi. In spite of all the criticism*.* spoken or written, against the opera of "Nabuoo," (pronounced here to be a failure,! It muat be admitted that there is a want of judgment in the affair; and we earnestly request the oontpeny to repeat this opera as soon and as often as possibls. Ears will sooi ha aa cub omed to theae melodious sounds, and Verdi'gepere will be appreciated as it deserves to be. The eonoert of laet evening constated of the two ftret note of '* Nabnco," and a melange of different operatlo pieces, which had been chosm with the grea est taste. We were, ue Weil ! as the tew hearers there present, enchanted with the en- ' tmilt and accuracy of lruffl. Patti, Kosel, and Benedettl, Arnold!, Koel, Beneventano, and the ehorusaa The finale of the first not oi Verdi's opera wae rendered with the greatest perfection. Signor Arnoldi's voioe is, indeed. very sympaihetio and admirably sweet. Ho reoeived the warmest applause, and was sneered in the aria from " Maria dl Rohan," whioh ho rwndared with taste and brio The romanee of Mercaoante. "U Bono," gave Signor Avlgnone and his accompa^nalturt, Signer Barill on the piano, and Signor Torrtani on the violon ceilo, a very good ocoasion to gather spplanse and approbation ; and to speak truly, the oonoert was a splendid affair. Boweav Thbat ate .?This splendid establishment, in its new cosiums and spring adornments, cats a floe figure. The proprietor has ably oomblnad the opera aid ballet. Laat night, the Seguln troupe appeared in the "Bohemian Girl," and Miss Julia Tnrnbnil was ths gam of the ballet. The music and tinging of ths foimsr r*ww won wcsuuiuujr ^tii/iiuvUf.wuuQbBs auaienoe vu enraptured with tb? beautiful dancing of MiM Torebull. There U every promise of brill! eat sueotss ia the new end high career upon which the Bowery bee entered. Net withstanding the rise cf prioe of the pit, it ; was crowded, and the house in every part was full. The great popularity ot the Seguine, and the distinguished talent of that bsautltul dense use. Miss Julia Turnball, cannot fill, in sueh a well conceived combination, to eemmand the fullest houses. Chsthsm Thcatsr.?Thea'rioals are flourishing nowa-daya, if full houses la any otlterlon; at the Chatham they have a auoorsakn of tham every evening, and the performances, wbioh at tbia house are always of a moat interesting nature and well done, give the greatest satisfaction. Baas has barn performing for the laat two or three weeks, and has become enob a favorite with the frequenters of tbe bouse, that wo do not see how the managers can well (pare him In faroe and low eomadjr, he ie undoubtedly one of the beet comedians iu the country; hie j jvlal looking face well beoomee such cbn raotere as Marmaduke Magog, Ally Croaker, Dulcimer Pipee flee,; and iben in genteel cemedy be ie capital Witness bis Bir Peitlnas Maesycbophsnt and other characters in that lino. To night he takes a bens fit, and will appear as Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sherldtil's brilliant Cumedy of the Rivals This play will be splendidly done tbis evonlcg, as Brougham, Hleld, O An dr-wa, W B. Chapman, Mr*.Vernon, Miss K Horn, Mrs ti Joess and Mrs Booth take tue prominent parts Mrs. Varnr-n wtli ba tbs Mrs. Mnlaprop. Tbe frequenters of the Park theatre all kuow her excellence In this character The faroe of the Double Bedd-d Room Bud the Spirit of the Waters All up tbe evening. Tbe latter piece bee,been pre-imineutly sueeeesfol, other novelties, however, being on hand, it mnat necessarily be withdrawn In a night or two Wo trust that Mr Base's friends will not forget hie benefit this evening. Chsistv's Mimtbsls ?Tbe rush tow?rde Meobanlcs' H>11 every evening eete in about half peat six. Krom that time un111 eight o'olook, there la a continual flow ud the east elds ol Broadwav. <1 the tolas oiAnj in h?r Gnriaty'a band Nothing we oould iit la their favor U bait eo couvinelng aa the tact of their uopreoedentad sueeeea Twenty-right anceaeelve weeke of erowded hover* la Indeed, aa Domini* Mampeon ray a in the uovel, prodigies* ! Tbay give a floe bill ovary evening Sabls BaOTHtaa ?Thar* ganloaea hav* determined to give ih* good oik* at Pateiaon a aroond concrrc thia evening They muat make the moat of them while they hava them.aa they return to thalr old quarter* at Convention Hall on Monday avaniag nest. M*TBorot-iTAir Mie?t*?l?.?Thla band conalata of no lea* than fifteen perlerme-* Truly, thaee Ethiopian band* are organlalng in moat complete atyle now-a day*, and ara atrong enough to giv* full opera* if they pleaae. The Metropolitan*, however, give what i* quit* aa popular with the publio, and that la a moat excellent programme of aouua, duett*, overture*, to. They pet form at tba Apollo lipoma thia evening. Mii.cduo*.?The a mure merit* here are Juat the tLlog required nt n pleasant ooncert room.calculated tor the trouege of familtee end cit ren* They conaiatof singing, fee., and attract orowda nightly. Bmo*dw*t Odeoi* ? At thia plaoa the animated picture* mail oontluu* a* attractive aa ever. Blreacclantt waa to alng at the Muiieal Fund Hall. Philadelphia, laat evening, at a eonoert given for tue beu< A. 01 tba oicheetra of the toon ty. Mr. Dempaier, the celebrated ballad tinger, le about to glv# a eerie* of ooueerta In Philadelphia. H. Piaeide waa at Pittahnrg on tha 10th Inatant, and abou. to commence a professional engagement M?- Amnion*, the \ iicun Koaciua, recently appeared on the London boat da tor the lint time lu fifteen yeare. A Mr. Kaaacn, eon of th* comedian, made kla debut recently n* a vooniiat. Julia banniTT, ha* been very aucoetaful nt Edinburgh. Hue haa performed a round ol her favorite character* The Dutii* troupe he* given performance* at aevaral town* In Keaez, alo at Uxbrldge, Ito., With great eucoo#* Mr* BARnarr, an Amcrleen eclreaa, mode bar debut recently before en English eudlenoe, at the Prinoeea' theatre. "Hi .'I. 1 TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE, Ittmimy Wc have few events of importance to record under the telegraphic head to day. The Congressional proceeding,, however, will be found interesting. In the St nate, the bill introduced by Mr Llix, relative to the pilot9 of New York, was, after some diecussion, laid aside informally. The bill to allow certain California claims, was then taken up, and occasioned an animated discussion. The passage of the bill was opposed upon constitutional grounds. In the House, the contested election j case between Messrs. Jackson and Monroe,|of ! this city, was decided in favor of the former. | Mr. Horace Mann, elected to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of the late John Quincy Adams, appeared and took his seat. Some later news trom Mexico has been reoeived at New Orleans. The opinion that a retrograde movement would short'y be made by our troops, was prevailing at Vera Cruz. The citizens of Washington made an enthusiastic demonstration last night, in favor of the late republican triumph in Prance. They had torch-light processions, illuminations, &c. The particulars of a disastrous steamboat ac. cident, and some further intelligence from New Mexico, will be found below. *' Celebration of the French Revolution In Washington?Iliumliiatlun end Torch-light Pi (Kt MMiUI I. Washington, April 13, 1848 The entire city is one iccne ol glorious t-uti usiasm on the cession of celebrating ?he late revolution in Frsnce. M s^rs Moree, of Louisiana, Foots, of Missis i, Thompson, of Pa Stanton, of Tenn- ssee, a (jfrund, ot Washington, acurt saed hu immense concourse of people; and the Marseilles hymn was sung; many houses are illuminated, and a torch-light procession is moving through the streets, midst the Bhouta of assembled thousands. From the South ?Rumor of a Retrograde Movant t by our Arinv. Pktbksburgh, April 13, 1848 The express from New Orleans has arrived wnli advices to th* 8ih instant. Th* steamship Virginia, from VeraCruz, on ,k? OT.K T ill., 1? ?: 1 ilir Ml ill) niu X Qillj/ivv VU IUV WABI) UBB aillVCU dt New Orleans. The impression is prevalent, and daily gains strength at Vera Cruz, that the army is about mahing a retrograde movement. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. F.kBT SESSION. Senate. Washington, April IS. 1949. The Sonata assembled at the tuusl boor, and was oahed to order by the Viur Pbcsidkitt. The Senate then proceeded to the oonslderatlon of the morning business. Numerous memorials and petitions were presented relating to various suhj eots, which were duly received and referred. importation or roaaioif sugars Mr. Downs, ot Louisiana, ottered a resolution, oalllog upon the Secretary of the Treaeury for a statement of the quantity of foreign sugars imported into the United States from July 1647, to April 4 1846 -which lies over Sundry private bills were reported and read ttriee. the pilot laws. Mr. Diz, of New Yora, moved to take up the bill relating to the repeal of the pilot lawe, which was agreed to. Mr Dla w-nl on to address the 8enate in favor of the bill, aud adduced various arguments showing the ezpedlenoy of repealing the present lews, whieb he conMdtred operated oppressiogly and injuriously upon the pilots ot tneoityof New York, who bad severely enffered in their business by the unequal operation of the laws In question. He Ooutidered that the control of the pilot laws should bs loft to the State Legislatures. When he bed conclude 1, Mr. MiLLKa,of New Jersey, rose and proceeded to reply to Mr. JUix. He defended the existing pilot laws, and the New Jersey pilots in psrtleulsr. He considered that the pilotage ot New York harbor had. from partial Sute legislation, grown up to be a gross monopoly, alike detrimental co tba spirit of oar institutions and the oommeroial Interest of the chief oommsrolai mart of tba Union. When ho had eonolnded, ho was followed by Mr. Darts, of Massachusetts. in opposition to ths bill. On motion, the blU was then informally laid aside. And the Senate laid aside the morning business, and prooeeded to the consideration of the order of the day, hioh was the bill providing for the payment of the California cLlms. The first thing in order was the amendment offered yesterday by Mr. Mason, oi Virginia, in favor of the appointment of Commiseionert by the President, wii h the advice and consent of tbe Senate, for tbe examination of tbe olaims. Mr. Badgce, of North Carolina, offered an amendment to tbe blU authorising tbe Freaident to appoint Col Fremont and other ex-ofleere as msmbsrs of tbs Board of Examiners Mr. Mason renewed bis motion to recommit tbe bill to the Committee on Military Affairs, with Instructions to report in acoordence with tbe amendment he had proposed. > Mr. Bionts addressed tbe Senate at considerable j length. He contended that Congrers bad oonstUutiecai i power* authorising it to appoint commissioner* to ex| amine olaima, without Intrenching npou the prerog; alive of tbe Executive. When be bad sat down, Mr Ruse, of Texea, rose and spoke ably in support of tbe bill, and in tbe course of bis remarks, be said that Congress bad power to appoint Colonel Fremont a Commissioner, if It deemed tbe measure necessary, and approved of the selection He was followed by Mr. BoTLsa. of South Carolina, who made a brief and elt quent speech in reference to tbe power* claimed for Congress. He denied ibat Congress bad power to appoint such officer. When ho baa concluded, Mr. Benton rose and expatiated largely upon the snbjeet, and combatted those Senators who had opposed the measure and pronnunoed the power claimed by Congress to be unconstitutional. After he bad tak-n tie seat, Mr. Phelps, of Vermont, obtained tbe floor and proceeded to address tb- Senate against tbs constitutionality of tbe appointirg power on tbe part of Congress, and contended that such power was vested In tbe Executive, with sdvioe and consent of the Senate. Without taking the question on the motion, the Senate adjourned. House of Representatives. Tbs House assembled at tbe usual hour, when the members were oalkvd to order by tbe Speaker. Frayer was offered up by the Rev. Mr. Guriey. The journals were then read and ap rovedqualifying a new member A'iar the transaction of some routine buslaeas, Mr. Hudson, of Massachusetts, introduced tbe Hon. Horses Mann, tbe member eleot from tbe district in bis State reoatitly rapr, (anted by the late Hon John Qulm-y Adams Mr. Mann went forward to tbe Clerk's desk, was duly qualified, and took hie s?at. umanch mint in the citt of new vork. Mr. 1 almauok, of N*w Yoik, moved to take up tbe bill for th establishment of the Branch Mint in the oity of New York, which was agreed to, when it was read twice, and referred to the Committee on Ways and Means. t?is contested seat. Mr Richard W. Thompson, of Icdlasa, moved to take up the oouteeted eleotion oaee between messrs Munroe and Jaok'LD, of the lOtb Congressional Distrlot of New York, which was agreed to Mr. Thompson eddreseed the Hou?e at acme length in explanation ana support of the majority report of the committee, wbio* awarded the contested seat, to Mr. Munroe. M-. Mciiphv, of New York, followed, and advocated the minority report ot tbe committee, which was in favor of giving the seat to Mr Jaokson. Mr. Cobb of Georgia, to, low. d on tbe same aide, and oontendee that Mr Jaekroa wan entitled to tbe teat. When be bad eonoiaded, a oall of tbe House wasmsde, , and a quorum being present, the previous question was celled tor Tbe yess and nsys were ordered and resulted In tb# negative. When, on motion, tbe Hjuss adjourned. Tsrrllsla Slenmboat (biaiter and Lost of Life. [From the PniladalpLla Bulleila.l Ht Louis. Apill 12,1849 Another terrible calamity ta.s occurred on our waters. Tbe steamer Charter Oak, lying at Dutch's Landing. was totally destroyed by tire iaat evening, and I rtfffet to All I that thfl F?r?t KnulnoBP ivnil fntirnthnM perished in the fl?m?e ! Upward* of eight hundred tone of valuable freight wot* likowlie destroyed, upon which I understand there I* an insurance of $30,000 In thla city and Cincinnati The Charter Oik had also onboard 160 tonacf hemp consigned to the several honaea In New Orleani, npon which there la no Insurance. Thla dletraaelng accident haa caat quite a gloom over onr ooamnnltj. I'*t? cod Important f.nm Kiw Mexico?Reeitinptlon of Huaillliica?Sulelrtc uf Mtuteiinnt Shu. I St. Locia. April 12, 1818, Mr. Burt* haa just arrived Iront Fort Arkansas Ha l'ft the rirer on the 9th of March, and brings tntelligenre of a highly Important character When he left, the moat condioting report* hM reached 'he Fort, relntlreto the state of aff.ur* In thet couairy There ean be no doubt that a large body < f hoa'lie Indiana end M*iloana had as'emb el at a place 200 miles onih of the Fort It w?a the Intentlou of Col Otlpln to march the following day with hla oommand and attack them. The Chequene Indian* had returned frrm a hostile ex partition eiioiiiit the Snakes end Pawneea Th-y brought with thera twenty 8 re reulp* j Lieut. Shull. of the Artillery, committed euicide by J shooting hinieell wiih a piatol. He waa atationed at t ort vlann. HnrkotO. Nr.w Oti.riei, April 8.? Cotton?Salea of 400 ba'aa at 6\ a 8 cent*, principally lor Kngland Swgar? Qoiat. Floor, $4 7ft. Freight*?No mw engagements. txcbangee, nominal. Burrato, April It, 184a ?Reoalpta- Fiaor, 3000 hble; Corn, 8000 hwahela; Wheat, lft.000 do. Klour-Salaa of 400 hbla thla Btwt* and good Weatarn were mode at $4 a7H o $ Corn?The market waa doll for WastuB ... ..... . JI .1 I . I A 44)0. Wheat was Jul), and we quct> rhloogo at M, ud fair Ohio at ItJc. The reoelpts of Poik are large. Bearon, April )Stb -Flour- Belee of 610 bble. were made, including Ueneeee, Michigan and ether weetein brand*, at |S 8 i)i a (0 73; tha market doc J doll, ai.it with a downward tendency In piicee. Com continued t >etll pretty freely, without materiel chango in piiiesabout 10 000 buihele changed hai.d*. lncludlcg whit.* and yellow, at 60 a 63a. llye?Selee of 0oO buehele weie made at Sac Oate continued firm, and ealei of 3,000 buehele wero made at 63c. There waa no ofcange of moment in prorielona. Frelghta remained about the eamo. Stripping Intelligence. Niw OnitM. April I?Arr ihip? Wabeth. New Vcrk, Delhdla, 1'hi' nlelphia Cld (hip* V?nd)ke, do; Uiucoiu, Boa ton; bark Qaiucfi King, do. Tire Citjr Election NAMES OP ASSESSORS, CONSTABLES AND JUSTICES 1LKCTKD. Whige la Italiei?Dem >orata lu Roman Iffr. Atoeotors. H'di Contt blti. 1. J C Mormon, 1. Horace D an, Ira Brown R. S. Martin. 3. Samuel Waterbury, 2. W O ButUr, J. B Qarreteon. Ein-ra'd Wk'rler 3. S. R. Mohbrtt, 3. G o W Cktdic, JV f. charlock Cornel ur A it ion. 4. J D Keating, 4 Patrick >1eeon, Tioinn H?>ts Andrew Smith. 6 }(' C S O't. 6 Jtsrj/k J nkint, J-met A Rick Ira Grunt. 6 John Foote, 0 j.>hn Hlckaon, Edward Sbeilock. Wm B Berber. 7. George Adamt, 7 Thomas Ckote, Lutk r Rickardt. Thomas Krlland. 8. J W Bla iteli, 8. W C. Carpenter, Thomae Butler. Ben! I.-Rov u- ' 9 B D Wi.nrr, Wm. if Rich. 10. T D How*, 10. Bernard Marran, Annum Matt bona H N Parker 11 D*?ld Ludlam, 11 Smith Sloan, Cbrlrtouher McGaiy, Lloyd Brvant. ^ ^'rJ~ 1-1 Gtnrgt Fritntr, Wa rt* Brady. jtUx Pahor. 13. Wm J nkiua. IS. John M Rue, 14. Euorb Dean, J. W gomertoilyk*. Jamea Mailman. 14. Nathani-1 Kinob, 18 Ceo. RiUy. W. Q Hutton. J B Lnur. 18. J H Mann, 10 Jo on Hoey, j*mM Healln. 8 V Cronkrl?ht. 10 Wm. Keenan, 17. JJ. Van B?ik*rck} Abui Free man. Jjm>, R,iint,n 17 Qeo Hu h 18 If m Joh-.ton, Jr. V L Millt Miohael Flynn. 18. Wm P,ek, Jamea Van Taaaell. D $. Polite Jutliett. Di$. Civil Juttiet*. 1 Jeremiah Lolhrop. 1. J,met Gr,tn. . 3. Jama* McUratb. 3 Bartholomew O'Conor. 3. J T M Blraklty. 3. Wm. B Merck. 4 S 4. Wm H Fan Colt. 6. C. B Timpaon. 6 C H Dougherty. 0 If. B. BountfoU. 0. Anon Willie. The Fifth Judicial District. Vote roa Civil Jditioi. Dem. Wmio. Charlti H Dougherty. David Randc'.l. Ward 7. 1. Dinrict. . . 139 343 3. " ... 309 800 ? 3 " ... 13li 340 4 " ... 124 .304 4. " ... 'JilO 160 0. " ... S00 181 , 1. u ... 841-1337 139?1,018 Ward 11. 1. " ... 178 181 3. " ... 161 117 3. " ... 300 113 4. u ... 338 307 6 " - - - U6 RA 6 " ... 417?1380 261 ? 1 038 Ward 18. 1. " ... 347 239 3. " ... 293 263 8. " ... 803 164 4. " ... 342-1176 261? 917 8*93 8611 3611Majority for Doughsrty 191. Williamsbcro Elictio*.?The whig* of Willjaauburg have suocedrd In the election of nearly nil the oflcera for tbe town, by ?n average of 100 majority. Tba ote stood?President Waterbury (whig) 909; Hamilton, (dem ) 809. Seven of the nine truateea are alao elected, besides two supervisors, D.Mayer,and L T. Colaa C. M. Brigga Laa alao been eleoted o juatioe of the peace. City Intelligence. Thi WrATHia.?Tbe weather, yesterday, waa very disagreeable Ac an early hour, the rain began to fail, but ceased before a auffloiesoy bad fallen to lay the duat, wbloh for a week put, hu been eery annoying. Abont noon, it again oommenoed raining, and eontinned for sovaral hnuia ; then wbere duat had abounded, mad did maeh more abound. Tba evening waa elear and beautiful, and the aiAwu considerably cooler. Taylor Mbktino.?A meeting of tbe friends of Oea. Taylor, as a candidate for the Presidency, wu held laat evening at Lafayette Hall. Between two and three hundred persons were present. Tbe etjeot of the meeting was to advocate tbe claims of General Taylor upon tbe American people, and to adopt preliminary measure*, with a view to run him as aa independent candidate at the approaching Presidential eieotion. Tbe meeting, though small, were unanimous and determined Fins.?A fire brake out about half past seven o'eloek lut evening, in the fonrth story of nous* No 37 Ana itfMt. AflftUnisd h* V W Roll as m. K.iAlf HlmUvw anil by 'William H. Clark, at a printing office. Mr Bail had a large stock of materials and stationery on hand, all of which was entirely destroyed by Are and water, and upon which th?re was no Insurance. His loss is said to be between *4 not) at.d $9,000. Mr. Clark's lose Is considerable The Hemes communicated to No 26 occupied by J 01thill as a book bindery, whore entire stock was al?o destroyed His lose is esttmeted at from $2 000 to $3 000, upon wbioh there was no insurance. Tfle buildings be lorg to Mr C. H Hanford, and were damaged to the amount of about $300, which were fully insured Tne roofs of No's 23 sud 29 were slightly damaged. It is not koown how tne fire originated The firemen were promptly on the spot, and subdued the fllines before the adjoining property was materially injured. Citt Hotel? This establishment, so long and so ably conducted by Mr. Charles Jrnntngs. will, wears ioformed, be conducted from tho 1st May, proximo, by Mr. Blenoard, of tiie I'avillion, Kitten Island. Steamer Bar Stats ?This fins steamer touched in the mud the other side of Hiui Qate, yesterday, but soon alter got off. and arilvd at her ?.>ertb last evening. Sue left again at 4 o'olock this morning. Dirt* Streets.?Kersome weeks before the eleotlon, the streets were, lu many parte oi the oily, kept in a comparatively good condition, owing eiih*r to good work, or no rain. That event having transpired, they already begin to present a most horrible condition It was impossible, yesterday, to cross Broadway without the feet being literally covered with mnd There is one thing to which very little attention is paid, and the duty to report belongs to the polios, vis: the throwing of garbage and oosl ashes in the streets. An order from the pro, er authority, was issuad some time since, requiring those things kept out of the strsots, and for a snort time, was promptly obeyed, but mglitrnoe on the part o( the executive officers of the city, hes made it more common than hrlore, and wherefore this n> g ig-nce T In ssvernl of the wards of the city, there will soon be an entire change In that official depaitment, and tt would bo advisable lor those who wlsn a reappointment, to be prompt in the performance of their duty. In every street In the city, fll.'h anj obstructions uru visible, and in many plaoes where actual repairs are going on, the streets are Wrs obstructed tban iu some plaoes where no improvements are being made. Police Intelligence. St?t n I,laml Kit/tern nI Cat .?A f-w day* ago wn noticed tlx* elop?ment of Mix Mary Elm Decker, a vny pretty young girl and the belle ei Chelsea, Stat on Islana, and on bar arrival in New York (be waa m*t by bar aoxiou* lover, a young man by fha nnme of Cbart'S Hiram Garrett*; and frem tha afflmrit of Mary ma da before Juatloa Timpson, yeetertuy, they ware married on the avoir* o' ha 6'hiuatant. at the ran enea of Mr. Cropaay, No 08 Delascy *tre?t, by lh? miniutr of tbe AHen at MaibodUt Episcopal Church, in tha pretence of Mr Croprey and his daughters. 8>on aftorthlsma ri*ge, we btllaved tha next day, it waa aenarttlned that G rretta w41 a mani'd man at the time of marrying Mary, and officers were at one* put in March of b(a wbereabonta; hut wara unable to encoeed until yeaterday morning, when offiear Hopkina. of thetbiid ward caught tbe raaeal juat aa be waa going on board the ateamboat Roger William*, took him iotn cuatody, nnd conveyed him to tbe Tomba, where an affidavit waa ma le by William Bennett, of No. .160 Hudeon street netting forth that tbe secured waa married about tbraa y?*ra ago to bia (Banaett'e) (istar-in-law, Mary Jane D giotta, and be waa likewise at the wedding; the ceremony was performed by tbe inlniater of tha Bedford street chive v Tbe flr<t wife it still alive and in good health, residing at No. QM Varick street Yeaterday afternoon the eonueed waa brougbt out oi prison before Mary, who identlded bin aa the men who practised tbe outrage and daeeptlon upon her. Justice Osbom committed bim lor trial, and thus ill end tbo career of thiaaoamp by n service of Ave years In tbe Slate prison at Sing fling. Charge cf Ota d Larctng ? Offlosr Brown, one of the Cbiel'a pitfs. arrsated. yesterday, n German by the name of OsoTge Meyer*, on a oharge of stealing a gold watch snd fob chain, valued at $31. the property of Lewis Haldy, realding at No. 14 Variok atraet It appear* that too scouted and the complainant lived in Its <ame bou*e together, and when Mayer* moved away the vaioh w*? miiaiog. The effl er recovered the watch at IUri'4 pawn abopin Chatham aireet, wnere it bad been mwnod by the accused He wee committed by the Vavor in d-fault of $400 ball. Vot nt.?A mnn by ilia name of Michael Denlee wea arreefdon the diy of election, on n charge >f attempting to tote Illegally, at ouo ol the dlerriot pollain the id h ward. Captain Jnliuaon of the 18th eerd ometed DeBlae, and onnreyrd him before Juetice donate. wb?n be wai nommitted tor trial l|C/i>n/c? of Orantl I err ?/iy ?Offloer Crorett, of (lie Lower pohoe. arraatrd yoe'erdey a cartman by the name of ll?beit Webb or> a wnriant leaned by Juttlne Oibotne, wherein he tUcde charged with taking foou'O'iely six hartela of pickled hatre veined at >7'J the property of Tnomai ISeaint, No. 07 S.iuh etroet. It ippenre iroio the aflHavtt of Mr. Iteeant. that tbe aonieeil oaliea at ihe ?t??r? ot the oomplalDaot, and r?pre* leni'd th t be wae B'ut fr. in the firm of Harris St Men*, 'or the pork, and believing the etatem?nt, dellr*ted the nx barrrla to Webb; i <nii alter It wtia aacrrt*lr*d that be etory told by Wrlb wta untrue, ua 'lie dim of H*ri? & dona neytr gave any euohorder. Tue aocuajd wm leld to bail tonuewer. //if'uiiy Hobht y ? Home vltUlna, on Wednesday light,atuoke.l Abraham H'dlenbeck,proprietor*: the heel,or urr of Warren and Washington s?ieaU, wh-t canto np behind him in Washington I'rrtl about 11 b'oloek, mocked him down with a abnigahot, and wblld keenIble, cut from hie pocket a roll of bilia, amounting to HM). No elue,aJ yet, has btaa aeoaitalnod of the rob>ere.