Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 14, 1848, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 14, 1848 Page 4
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""nSsSmOT^srsittr-" * thl Custody of the Skboeant-aT-Axub) j or tub Senate. > Washington, April 12, 1848 J While an impenetrable veil of myatery hides ' from the world thedetailaof the star chamber proceedings instituted in relation to myself, a ' question will naturally arise in the public mind 1 as to what possible motive could have moved J the Senate to the act of oppression they have perpetrated. This I will endeavor to ex- i plain. It will be recollected that I was the first to expose the secret designs of Mr. Polk, so to control the various aeetions of the democratic party as to create a political necessity for his renomination by the Baltimore convention in May next. To expose this purpose, was to ensure its defeat, and, at the same time, to weaken the confidence of Mr. Folk's Cabinet in his integrity; for, strange as it may appear to many politicians in Indiana, in Illinois, in Ohio, in Tennessee, is Arkansas, and in New York, who have bem partially or wholly apprised of his real views, within the last two months, as well as previous ly, he has asseverated in the Cabinet in the most solemn manner, that nothing could induce him to accept a renomination. But, unfortunately, for the success of the President's schemes, I have adduced facta from time to time, to prove incontestably that while he was making these solemn asseverations in the Cabinet,his friends and agents,with his sanction, and in accordance with his secret instructions, were vigorously occupied in making converts to his re-electicn, and that those in office have received private instruction to hold themselves disengaged to any of the other candidates. I also showed his design in raising up one candidate after another, so as to neutralize the strength of such as were at any time gaining an awkward degree of influence. Mr. Polk was excessively ^nnoyed by these exposures, as well as at the general refl -ctions on his conduct in the Herald. His friends waited on mine, and declared that if those censures were not stopped, Mr. Polk's interest throughout the country, would be thrown into the scale in the approaching presidential election against Mr. Buchanan, with whom I was known to be on terms of warm personal intimacy. I was remonstrated with by more than one member of the cabinet, and told that by persisting, I would materially injure both my own prospects and those of Mr. Buchanan. Like remonstrances were made by mutual friends of Mr. Buchanan and myself?men , whose judgment on mere personal matters 1 would at anv time ndnnt in nreferenee to mv own Those gentlemen (doubtless they will all read this letter) will recollect my answer. I said ?441 write tor an independent journal, and I cannot suffer myself to be deterred by considerations oi personal friendship or private interest from telling the truth." And I aid persist, notwithstanding those remonstrances. My strictures continuing, notwithstanding the menaces of Mr. Polk's friends, the President was induced to believe that they were not written without the countenance ana sanction of Mr. Buchanan. That gentleman, however, had again and again remonstrated with me, declaring his honest belief that Mr. Polk did not merit my censures, and although never attempting in the least degree to control me, for he is incapable of sucfc indelicacy, he has, nevertheless, whenever the subject was mentioned in conversation between us, declared that he would esteem it a personal kinaness, if not inconsistent with my - sense of propriety, if I would ref rain from inveighing against the President. The President and his friends were incapable of appreciating the noble and delicate sentiments of Mr. Buchanan, and when the treaty and accompanying documents appeared in the Hera'd, hoping to elicit something prejudicial to the Secretary of State, they resolved upon instituting an investigation ; and accordingly, on Wednesday, the 22J of March, the President sent a message to the Senate, apprising that body that the treaty with Mexico had appeared in the New York Herald, with a portion of the documents and the amendments of the Senate, and that the editor had promised to publish the remaining portion in a few days, and recommending that means should be adopted to arrest the publication ol this remaining portion, as it might tend to prevent the ratification of the treaty by the Mexican Government. Mr. Polk was never actuated bv the motivs he assigns for sending this message. There was no room lor apprehension that the publication ot those papers in the Herald would prevent the ratification of the treaty by Mexico. The circumstances of its negoci&tion?the circumstances under which it went back?the condition of the Mexican government?all concurred in leaving Mexico no other alternative but a ratification of the treaty or total extinction. Everyoody knows that the ratification of the treaty is as the breath of its nostrils to that government, and that to reject it would be to seal the fiat of its own annihilation. And what are the grounds upon which the President argues the possible rejection of the treaty by Mexico 1 That precisely a year ago this government was willing to give for New Mexico and California a few more millions than Mexico now obtains by the treaty. .So that the President would count for absolutely nothing the thousands of lives lost in eight battles and by disease since that period, not to mention the lavish expenditure entailed by our military and naval operations. I do not charge upon Mr. Polk such criminal reckless ness, although it is the consequence of his own argument. In charity to him, I prefer to believe that under this absurd pretence he intended to conceal his design to injure the Herald and to destroy Mr. Buchanan. But what proveB to demonstration the superficiality of this pretence, is, that as Mr. Polk shews?no man belter?there is no process in the power ot the Senate to issue, which can arrest the publication ot any document in the possession of an editor. It emnot resolve itself into a court of chancery, and issue an injunction. Indeed, itajudicial proceedings, so far as 1 know any thiog ot tnem, are the very reverse of those of a court of equity. On this mesaage, which was written after Mr. Polk had advised with his creatures in the Senate, the subsequent proceedings were founded, and the Senate buodiy lent itself to be the instrum-nt of Mr. Polk's netty vengeance on the Herald, and to give effect to his sordid jealousy of the man who has been the mam support ol his administration, end who haa lent that administration that dignity and character that has sustained it under the overwhelming weight ol Mr Polk's own littleness. The history ot these subsequent proceedings I must leave for another letter; but to place Mr. Polk's connection with this proceeding beyond doubt, I will mention a circumstance thit occurred on Monday last. A motion was made on that day in the Senate, in secret session, to have me discharged, and the President's friends, desiring to learu his will, before voting, succeeded in postponing immediate action on the resolution. The tact ttist having consulted with Mr. Poik on Monday night ana Tuesday morning, ihey have since steadily opposed my enlargement, proves that the President's vengeance is not yet fully appeased. That Mr Pol* could usa such men as Turney, and Moor ?mere stolid, senseless sEtoniata, which he fingers, and tampers with, and employs in any service be liatetn?mere creatures, |?-d by their instincts, which are servile, and by tne novelty ot their position, which intoxicates and besots hem?does not at ail surprise me; but that Hannegan, who really possesses some noble qualities of bead and heart, should lend himself lor sueh base purposes?should permit himselt to ba used an a pliant tool to execute the petty vengeance ol Mr. Polk?should prostitute his tine intellect to do this foul job?should belie his essentially open and manly nature by atoopiug to be made a caispaw in such a discreditable intrigue ?nay, should so far forget himseliaa actually to consent to he the head and front of this foul transaction?for this, indeed, I was not prepared To speak harshly of Mr. Hannegau would be to do violence to my own feelings. He is among the last men m the Senate from whom J would have expected such a course. I am sure he now regrets it, and 1 tear tie has cause to apprehend its ctnwqeuces to himself?not from me, who am incapable of cherishing rt-senllul leeliug, but from his constituents, whose character he has unfortunately libelled by his participation in this proceeding. Galvisnsis. Washington, April 12, 1848. Evening Memoranda. \ The Taylor men ol Congress, completely per- ' pleird by the old soldier's no-party letters, and by the bold stand assumed by the friends of j Henry Clay, especially in New York, are about t trying an experiment on another tack. We un- 1 derstnnd that the rienda of Gen. Taylor, be ! mlifiaiTiiNdikitu i party mdlJita h? t laprMtlMhU, aft ttamUiac vim* At tipt* fleecy of felling baok upon J oka J. Crltundsn, a opposition to Mr. Otay, as tht oaadldato for the whig convention. Mr. Crittenden ia delervediy one of the moat "popular men of the whig party, for he ia one of the atrongcat men Df the country?one of the very ableat, and the rery embodiment of frankness, courage and migaanimity But if he assents to atand in [be whig convention aa the antagonist of Mr Clay for its suffrages, he is a defunct politician. It will extinguish him. He would nardly permit himself to be presented to the convention, except with the approval of Mr. Clay, although the partiality of Mr Crittenden for Gen. Taylor has somewhat disturbed that close relationship of confidence which, for a quarter of a century, had existed between Mr. Clay and the senior Senator from Kentucky. The first thing incumbent upon the Taylor whigs, therefore. 11 mey mould determine to fall back upon Mr Crittenden, is to ascertain whether he will subscribe to the arrangement. If he does not, then (here may be time enough for furth-r deliberation upon iha policy to be adopted in the event of the abandonment of the hero of Buena Vista, who does not care a straw for the distresses ot the politicians To him it appears equally a matter of indifference whether he is adopted by the wbigs or by the democrats, or by both, or by neither. The House commitiee in th? case of the contested election between Jackson vs Monroe, have reported, the majority in favor of Monroe, ( whig), with a minority report for Jackson (demorrat) The reports will be acted upon to. morrow; and if the whigs have a majority left, Monroe will get the seat now held by J <ckson The Speaker has n <med the following as the select committee on Wnitney's railroad pr?i ct, to wit: Messrs M'C'elland, of Michigan, Williams, ot Alabama, Woodward, of South Carolina, Dixon, of Connecticut, Venable, of North C trnliua, Taylor, ot Ohio, and Maclay, ot New York. We learn that they have a bill ready to introduce, granting a strip ot land of sixty miles wide, from Lake Michigan to the Pacific, as compensation for the construction ot the road. The committee, w# understand, are unanimous in support of the measure, constitutionality, feasibility, and expediency, and all. The project, then, is beginning to assume a practical ehape. Stars alive, what ah epoch that will be when by rail we shall go from G >tham to the Pacific in ten days, and trom the Pacific to China, by Cave Johnson's mail steamers to Canton, in twenty days?thirty days carrying us 10 the anthropophagi and the antipodes, the celebea and the celestials! A case ia before the Circuit Court, sitting in this city, in which Samuel Parks is prosecutor, 1 T _ I D * L, - _ i_ i _ 1 r i v-o ttuu juuu xvut-o, iuc nuir una powerful"ror of the Cherokee?, the d? fendani? Henry May. and Benjamin ? Green, Esqs. for plaintiff, and Joseph H. Bradley for defendant. The object of the plaiutiffis to recover ot Ross a sum of money received by him out of the Cherokee funds, in the hands of the government, in trust for those who furnished wagons for the emigration, of whom Parks was one. Plaintiff's evidence admitted Defendant's counsel ask instructions to the jury; hut the evidence is not sufficient. We shall give ine verdict when rendered in. Mr Edward Mills has submitted a statement to Congress " in relation to his mail contract with the United State?, and the assignment ot his interest therein to the Ocean Steam Navigation Company," a printed copy of which we submit in this enclosure. The sum of his complaint is, that the Postmaster General has violated the government contract with the said Edward Mills; and, from a careful examination of his pamphlet, it would appear that the petitioner has made out a case demanding the attention of Congress. The torchlight precession appointed for tonight by ihe Democratic Association, in honor of young France, did not come off at all, at all, owing ostensibly to the rain ; but the fact that it was made a party affair would have spoiled the illumination, because the whigs of Wash ington will regard aopronunciamento emanating from Jackson Hall, an establishment built upon the money which they lost in bets upon the election of Henry Clay in '44 It the citizens of all part'es would unite, a handsome demonstration could be mude. We have Van Amburgh's menagerie, Vandenhoff's Hamlet, and the Hutchinson Concert, as the entertainments of the evening. The caravan has nightly an audience between two and three thousand strong. The Doctor. TI11KTUCI1 VONORKS9. first session. House of Representative!1. Wednesday, April 12, 1843. TRAllSVOBTATIOff OF THK MAIL H&TVEC! THE UNITED STATES ASM FOBLIliN COUNTBIES. The House rrsol??d itself into a Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. (Mr. Bart in the ebsir) and proceeded to the consideration of the special order The bill to amend the act for the transportation of the mall between the United 8tates and foreign countries, was read over, when Mr Goooin, the chairman of the Committee on tbe Poet Office and Test Roads, offered a substitute. He said that by an aot of Congrats a line of packet ships was authorised betwaan this country and Havra, touohtng at Southampton it seema that the object waa to carry mail packages In steamers o! our own ; In other words, to do onr oan mail serriea. Formerly It waa performed by British steamers. 1 he Amerioan packet tine went Into operation on the flret of July. On the arrival of the Washington in England, the same amount of postage was laid on the letters which were taken out, as waa laid on those carried by her own ships, namely iwenty-four cent*. The queetion before the commiUee I. .Im.l. till, . .h-11 IK. U I.i...I. - ? I which an additional and a doable harden ahatl be laid on the Amerioan people, making the amount of postage on letters carried by oar steamers cost double that by the British steamers. Groat Britain, in effect, assumes a right to control onr mall service, and has thought proper to treat our packets as her own For example, a letter is sent from Richmond, Virginia, (an inland town.) by an American private ship, to the town of Birmingham ; the Inland postage to New York is ten oents, the port charge one cent, and tben the British ship postage is sixteen cents?tweBty-eeven cents Whether transported by an English or an American vsesel, the Bams are equal. If a letter is to be sent out by the Washingtan, the postage from Richmond to New York is ten oents, as in the other case, and from New York to Soutbamptnn. twenty-four oants. There is no port charge On this is added the British eharga of twentytour oents, making the postage fifty-eight oents; and this nnier an order of the British Lords ol the Treasury, of the 9th of June, 1847, and which is alladed to in the report of the Postmaster General By the (Jnnard line of steamers, wbloh the British wish to thrnei upon Cor greas to encourage, if yon send a latter to City Point from Richmond, the postage is ten oents Ameroan port charge one cent, British pottage twenty four oents, making thirty-five oents. A letter sent by one ot onr own shipe, tbe Washington, cost* the Amen can citizen fifty-eight cents! When oarried by the Canard lice thirty-five cents. Mr Geggin said that he would not appeal to the pr> judical of gentlemen who fa vnred free-trade, or to those gentlemen who favorod protection, for he wished to introduoe notbiog of a party character It was a subject >f much importance ; and ona to which all parties should come up with a determination to do jmtlce He woold say that the Postmaster General eeems to b?ve done every thing in hi* power to effect a good poetsl arragement advantageous and eatlsfaetory to both sides. In August last, tbe most liberal terms were off*red by Mr. Bancroft to Lord Palmertton, but down to January of this year, that gentleman did not notice it; although between these two periods a kind of Interlude took piece between the British Postmaster General and Mr. Bancroft If we pass tbe amendment to the orlgtual bill, it will have the ?fT?ot o/opening toe eyes of tbe people vnd the Post Offloe Dspnrtment of Great Britain and of Lord Poimerston In .Mr. Goggin's opinion, lha order of the British Lords of the Treasury had violated the commeroial convention between the two ooentries. And all this by '* liberal Ert<rl*nd" vhn wtahjui to onntrAl - vessel boilt by oor own countryman?manned by our own men?and taking out oar own latter*, end eh* Imposes double piatege upon us It is ur-just end onerous on th* social feeling and eocUl intercourse which r ugbt to exist between the two countries. Mr. Nicon, expressed the bop? that the House would pss* the till by a unanimous vote It propi-e-s no additional poster* bat simply enables the government to meet tbe British government on an equal basis We now propose to pass the bill to aid negotiation, not to frustrate negotiation, wblcb he trusted will result. Mr ToMraiNi said that he would vote for the amendment, In 11*u o( tbs original bill He believed thet in onr oommereial Intercourse, tbe principle of reciprocity is a correct one; but If this oannot bo attained, he believed in retaliation. He complimented tbe Postmaster General and Mr Bancroft for what they have done in this matter,end remarked that Kugland now wants, In accordance with her grasping disposition, to monopolise the carrying tha malls on the ocean, bv resolutely and Ins*Unify refusing to yield anything, making American enterpriee and skill contribute to her aggrandisement. Mr. Kvsss pioposed an amendment to tse b U,making tbe uniform rate of poetaga fifteen (instead of twentyfour ) cents between the United States and any port or place on tbe eastern continent or any island thereof; bat this, alter a few words in opposition from Mr. Jones, ol Tennessee was diaagrsed to Mr. Dinar said tnat as there appeared to be no difference on tbe snbj'ct before tbe House, he rose lor tbe purpose of acting for tbe qaaation. Mr J. H iaar.aaoLL oil-red an amendment, giving three rnontiis notice of our intention to retaliate; and after a oriel discussion it was r-J->ct*.l. finally, tbe question was taken, and thu substitute for toe bill, as amended, was agieod to, and Is as follows: vis .? 1 That tba Postmaster General, under the direction nf tbe Pree'dont of tbe l otted States, be, end he Is hereby, an-.borised and empowered to (marge upon, and col set from, oil letters aud other mailable matter cairieid to or irem any port of the United States, lu any foielgn packet ship or other veeeel, tbe same rate ?r ratos of :h*rge for American postage which the government to eblob anch loreige packet or other vessel belong* impose* upon letters and other mailable matter conveyed in American packets, or other veeeela, as the poetagn of mob government And It shall be the duty of all custom-house oflloera and other United 8UU* agents, designated or appointed for that purpose, to en force or sorry late elect the foregoing provision, and U> aid or \ I MN NQMHkll >THW k?ll| (Winn ef the VMM ' iumi. ut h*Iii? m uikhn (apposed to mwia ' aalllkU mat tor. kual m mr4 nek packets or vessels, | j Or rl?#wh?re, and to prevent, tf aeeessary, such packets i or other vtsse'* from entering breaking bnlk or making i clearano* until all suoh letter* or other mailable matter ! are duly delivered into the United State* poet office. 3. That all letter* or oth?r mailable matter conveyed I to, or from, any port rtth? United State*, by any foreign packet or *hip, except *uoh letter* a* may be direeied to the owner or owner*, eonalsoee or asslgnses of said (hip or other v * * !*. shall be *o aabjeot to postage obarge a* aforeaal J, whether a 'dressed to any parson io the United State* or eUewheio: Provided. It is don* bv thepaoket or other ship of a government imposing foreign postage on letters or sellable matter oonveyed by any paok*t or other hip of the United States; and suoh letters or other mallable matter, earrled in foreign packet ships or oihsr vessels except such as may be directed to the owner nr owners, consignee or oonslgnees aforesaid, are hereby required to bs delivered into the Ualted States post office by the masters or oenamaaders of all snoh packet* or other vessels, when arriving, and to be tak*n from a United States post offlse when departing; and for refnsiog or failing to do so or for convening said litters over or scroa* the Uni'ed States, or any portion thereof, the party offmding shall on convi?tl?n forfeit and pay not exceeding five thousand dollars for enob eft-nee evroLrTiortaar reunions the Mexican qurSTion. On mo'lon of Mr. Vint#n the committee took up the bill for the payment of revolutionary pensions An nnsuooessfnl attempt wm made for ttao eommitte* to rise Mr Van Dtke, whs was entitled to the floor, proceeded to *xam>ne the mode in whiob the government dunged the oonntrv into war. It was the annexation of I OJIMi lb WN UUUUIIUirU ID BU 1IUUHTU" IIMUUQl . /XII tbe honor whinh hod sr.rued to the country vu owing to tbe lodonitebl* superior mind* rf those woo led our rmt?t. ul 'he nfflteri who *o gallantly fell in the front ranks. and the determination of our snMlere, who had but a single idea, and that waa to conquer or perish But for thi?, the country would have b?en disgraced Ir.etead of prosecut'ng the war vigorously, every etep had been taken to the contrary Ju?t enough of troops were pieced on the frontiers to tempt the Mexicans to the combat. The object of the war, notwithstanding what the President saye, was land?nothing but land If be had time, he could prove it to the satisfaction of any jury, provided it wis not wholly composed of demoorate We have, in feot, obtained no ' indemnity for tbe pact." and instead of ' eeeurity for the future." we beve obtained nothing but tbe hatred and id-will of the Mexicans. The oommittee rose, when the question was taken, and the bill in relation to the transportation of the mail between the United Statea and foreign oountrlei was passed. And at four o'clock the House adjourned. Baltimork, April 13, 1848. Mr. Clay's Litter?Its Effect on IVhxgs and Democrats?Resumption of the Mineral BankTheatricals, 4"C. The letter of Mr. Clay, declaring his intention of accepting & nomination for the Presidency, has touched a sympathetic feeling in every whig heart, whilst the democracy are in extacies, as they think they will have no difficulty in again distancing the great Kentuckian. Like President Van Buren, President Polk will demand the nomination, in order to see whether Jas K Polk, now that he is known to the country, cannot run as well as when the question was," Who is Jas. K. Polk!" But this acceptance comes with a peculiarly pleasing sensation to the whigs of Baltimore Scarcely twenty-four hours had elapsed since their announcement that Harrv Clav was their first choice, when his letter appears, promising to allow his name to be used iu the approaching eontest This letter will give a new phase to President making at Washington. The Mineral B ink of Maryland has again re. sumed business, but I apprehend that nn one will touch its notes further than to demand the specie for those in thfeir possession, so long as it continues to be the tool of Wall street speculators. The Heron family have given general dissatisfaction during their engagement at the museum. They have a mixture of the Scotch and Irish brogue so delightfully combined that it would require a linguist to make English out of it. Considering their age they are good, but the public were led to believe that they were very prodigies of human nature. It is now said that the Holliday street theatre will bs opened on Monday evening next, but no public announcement has yet b-en made. Major Delavan passed through Baltimore yesterday, on his way to the west Ph'ladelphia, April 13. The Clay Festival?A Child Killed by IVhiske The Clay whigs of out*city were last evening gratified while celebrating the birth-day of their chieftain, by the reading of an address from Mr Clay, received by telegraph from Cincinnati, consenting that his name should be submitted to the whig national convention as a candidate lor the Presidential nomination. Many of Mr. Clay's best friends view thin determination as a presage of defeat for the whig party in the approaching contest, and the democratic party will undoubtedly have their hopes revived of maintaining the ascendancy in our national government, for at least four years louger. The son of Mr. Adam Book, of the Northern Liberties, died this morning from the elf.-cts of swallowing half a Dint of whiskey yi-sterday afternoon. The sufferer, who was about seven years old, took the bottle in the absence of tne mother, and, with the assistance of two other children, emptied it of its contents. The latter fortunately did not swallow enough of the liquid to harm them much. Columbus, Ohio, March 31,1848 Hon. T. Cor win, the Fint Choice of the Leader* of the tVhig Party of Ohio ?The Prog rest of the Revolution in Ohio?It* Serion* Aepect, and it* Inevitable Retull*. I have, at different times, advanced (he opinion, in my letters to the Herald, that the whig leaders of Ohio, with very few exceptions, aimed and designed to make a presidential candidate out of what has heretofore been Thomas Corwin ; that the few exceptions were truly Clay men ; but that all demonstrations made by whigs in favor of McLean, and of Taylor, were feints by which to bamboozle, for the time being, the Clay men. Although the Ohio State Journal merely kept the defensive position in regard to the pretensions of Mr. Corwin, as the wtng candidate, and in giving the cold shoulder te Clay, Taylor and AlcL-an, yet its editor, Judge Thrall, aided by the members of the whig S ate central commute, succeeded so well iu rliaapm i nut mu *' P.nrtVininm ?? \jl* li 1/*> K Kir fho way, has its peculiarities?as to enlist the feelings and friendship of nearly every whig member of the late General Assembly In uie last caucus held by them ere they left Columbus, to render an account of their good detds, and to "speech" away their misdeeds, a pledge was mutually taken, and recorded in the shape of a circular, that each member exert his influence towards getting Corwin declared the first choice ot the whigs in his county. Accordiugly, the State Journal is now enabled to take a more open stand m behall ot Mr. Corwin, in haviug the opportunity to refer editorially to these " unerring demonstrations ot the first choice of the Ohio whig party, tor President." By a well managed arrangement, the editor has been enabled to throw iuto ihtweekly edition ot trie Journal, lor the 15ih insi , the proceedings of no less than eignteeii county and district meetings 01 whigs, by wmch Mr. Corwm is Highly eulogised lor nis Senatorial labors, and recommended to the national whig convention tor the candidate of tne whig party for the Presidency. Truly, ibis is a formidable array! And well does the Ohio A'?g/e, (democrat,) tantalise its distinguished towuain in, the Hon. T. Ewing, and leader of toe friends ul Glay in Ohio, as well as tne whigs among the people whose patriotism iuclin*-d inem to favor Gen. Taylor, by saying:?" Clay Ins a small chance, McLean no cnance, and Taylor is no wliar! Once more, let the aspirants for the Presidency, and the. aspirants to the next President's lavors, take heen wnat is here told to iliern through the New York Herald, that the Onio whigdom will send delegates into the national whig convention favorable to the nomination of Thomas Corwin for President. The threatened revolution in this State,though far iu the rear in its speed, of consummation, when compared with Mexican or French revolutions, is yet making steady, and 1 verily believe certain progress. A fiiiul collision at arm* seems almost inevitable between the two great parties of the State, looking at the position the le ding men on each side have firmly taken. 1 see that ihe Globe and Tribune, of your city, are each justifying and sustaining the. action ol their respective partisan friends on tins subject Right or wrong action in their view seems woolly to depend whether the aciar is a whig or democrat as a voter. The one sees all right iu the action of the democratic members, and all wrong in the doings ot the whig members ; and the other sees precisely the reverse. Now, the truth is, in tins lamentable affair, there has been some right action, and much wrong action, by the members ol both patties; and 11 requires the independence trom the pariy yoke, ot a New York Herald' correspondent to spesk it out. The democratic senators?and I say it with orraw?for with most of thern 1 stand on terms of personal intimacy?acted in violation of the mmmmmmmmmsmmrnmsaaaeam mm MweMl ftawtt ?f? AaUbmtivt aid ltw? making bo4y<?thY rtlafion #7 minority ud mo* i Jorlty?i# rs fusing to oonupy their seats utd jlf- 1 llolpaM in the business of the tteaatn. This muii bo adipitud by oil 8*i>ebi# of comprehending the principles of tho ballot system The whig senators acted equally wrong in attempting to perfect a bill and make it the law ot the State, when they had no more power to " to transact business" (of legislation) than any other nineteen citizens ot the State, This, too, is plain, and cannot be denied by any cindid whig; for, the very fact that the whig senators were prevented tram continuing the business appert aining to perfecting the bills on the table, constitutes the wrong on the part of the democrats for absenting themselves. If their absence had not worked this difficulty, no harm would have attached to it. Now, however,since the democratic Senators did thus do wrong, and the whig Senators while under the lorce ot that wrong, acted as though it .did not exist, and thus did equally wrong, the question inay well arise, as, in truth, it has arisen?" What remains to be done 1" The bill perfected by tho whig Senators when there was no constitutional quorum to transact ousiness, be it remembered, was one to apportion to the several counties the representatives to the General Assembly. The whigsclaim that it has received all the necessary legislative constdera tion and action to make it itie law of the State fur the time being Tue democrats gainsay this, and hold that the State is without an apportionment law ; and that, unless the General Assembly is again convened, and a law regularly passed, in titne to elect under it on the second Tuesday in Oc ober next, the present constitution will cease to exist, as from the first Monday in December next nn legally authorized Legislature cau even sit to keep the government in motion. In this opinion the democratic press speaks a united voice: the districting bill, which the whig members have proclaimed as a law of the Stute, say they, is, in fact, and must be treated, a nullity. The lawyers ot that party will view it in that lighr, and many of them have given their opinion, through the press, on the subject, and, with this opinion, that the apportionment law has not beeu constitutionally passed, the leaders have adopted for their motto that old and lavorite revolutionary war cry, " Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God." But as to the plan of action most proper to suit the exigencies, there remains some difference of opinion. Col. Medary, under the first impulse .of the * high-handed usurpation," suggested that the " people" should disregard the apportionment law, and proceed to elect a legislature by general ticket; but this was soon abandoned. It was then proposed that the democrats proceed to elect by the districts of last year; then, that the democratic sheriff* and judges and clerks of elections treat the apportionment law as a nullity in their proclamations and returns; then, that the democrats elect under the proposed law, with a protest against its constitutionality : and then, that the demo crats try and elect ?.s many members aa possible under the whig districting, and the democrats refuse to serve. All these plans, however, have given way to the more direct revolutionary proposition to consider the State without a govern inent or constitution, and, therefore, to begin anew. The Statesman, a few diys since, evidently by way of reply to the Cincinnati Enquirer, wnich seems to join in the movements proposed by the leaders of the party with much reluctance, and still commences and ends its articles with the queries?what shall be done 1 what remains to he done! what, indeed, can he done!?gives the following as the proper plan of action ' Oa the let Monday of next Deoember, the present oonetitntion of Ohio oeaaei to exist, as from that time no legally authorized Legislature oan even sit to keep K In motion. The question, then, for the people of Ohio i* to decide wheth?r our State government is to be left to go on under a mere politioal organisation of a desperate juotoof ? hig usurpers in tin pan at the oapitol, without either the constitutional provisions of a law or the legal forms of laglslation ; or will they prepare a new gonstitution and have it toady for a continuation of the State government, when the other expires ? These are qnesti >ns to he settled.not by the fears of the timid, but by the judgments of independent freemen " 9|To this sentiment, the numerous county meetings now being held throughout the State, seem to respond. And the probability now is, j that the 10th ol May democratic convention will resolve to 'take immediate and the most speedy steps to elect delegates to a State convention to f rm a new constitution. Hitherto, the whig leaders have effected to smile at these propositions?to rebel ogiiust what they claim to be a law of full lorce and virtue. Recently, however, the State Journal, hat given some indications of alarm ; and, it is said, hat Gov Bebb has been urged by whig* from distant points 111 the Slate, to convene the General Assembly (or the purpose of passing an apportionment bill olear of the objections urged against the one now claimed to have been parsed This, indeed, is the only alternative the demo crats point to as capable of arresting their determination 10 treat the constitution as void. In the call lor a county meetingby ttie central committee of Richland, they say ' The only constitutional mode, therefore, of preserv lng the government as It now etande. is an extra aeeelon of tne Legislature. The sole pow r and responsibility 01 this stop rests with the present Governor of the State.? If he fails in the performanoe of this doty, the Ireeimn of Ohio may well say te him when he ft driven from power, as will be said to the wioked in the day of judg inent, Tou knew your duty but did it not.' " The spirit and language used by this committee, is such as animates the democracy throughout the State, and is that upon which I have made the declaration, that a "collision at arms" would seem to be almost inevitable, if both parties adhere to the extreme of their present position. Of this, we hear much more in private conversation than through public sources. 1 trust, however, that the extract 1 ain about to give, will convince every one oi the readers ol the Herald, not only by its tone, but the evident candor and sincerity evinced by it, that I am noi unnecessarily claiming their attention to the threatened revolution in Ohio ! " A crisis pregnant with consequences of such vest magnitude, should be met with a fall undei standing ol the public mind, end with that mature and dispassionate consideration, and unyielding firmness whioh is commensurate with the occasion. There should be no f?l tering in this mattor, no children's play abont it Ever} step must be taken with that mature deliberation whioh becomes men who are willing te stake their lives, their foituoes and their honors upon the issue If violence and bloodshed follow, upoa the heeds of the usurpers will rest the responsibility. The revolutionary patriots, for the paltry invasion oi their sovereign rights by the tea tax, oommenced the glorious straggle or the revolution Degenerate indeed must have become their desoenden s, if they should b< louatl wining 10 coweraiy auoinu 10 me u?nng end renta strides towards d?spotio power now attempted id Ohio. " Resistance to tyrants is obedience to Ood ' Let eyery true friend of liberty ia Ohio come op to thwork with that ooolness, deliberation and firmntse which beonmea men reaolred to " die freemen, rather than lire slaves" Let the poiition be deliberately, boldly and fi.mly taken, that no legislature chosen un der the provisions of that uuoonetitutionai and yoid aot aball be permitted to eecume legislative funetiona uotl, the laat requiem haa b-en ohented over the giave ot every true democrat in Ohio. Let the elumberlng ele menta of patriotlam every where In the State be arouaea Into action. Let the people every where apeak out In tones ef thunder for the rescue of a pioetrate and bleeding constitution When an inoeneed and outraged people riae in their msjecly in defence of tta-tr libertiea ty rants may well tremble, and their miaerabln minleut and apologieta akulk away to their hiding places " Depend upon it, the partisan spirit has reached an alarming crisis in Ohio And as it appear* that the 'lYibune and the Ulobt have each, hlrea iy espoused the cause ot their party t'riend\here, and republish the perveit?d statements ot the party presses here, it is to be hopta that, amidsi the important news of eveuta in other parts ot tnc world, the Herald will have space to puolish the irrpirtial accounts ot the progress ot th u no rcvuiuuuu, i diiuii iiuiii iru'ii inn*" iu iiinr forward. Western ticiti hk. the Ti'Oubl' In Ihi Ariny? I'll* Dicretury of Mfar-Ocmnli Scoti and Wurin, The He'Tftary ?f ?fiir l,i G,n. Scntl Wau HermrMrir, January 13, 1948 Sir?Since I addr?esel you on the U.h or Deo*mhcr. the following communications have been lecolvsd vis: your despatches No 30, 36, 37, 3d eod 39; a otpy of toe correspondence between yours-lf und Commodore 8hubrlok; his letter of the lflth of November, en I yours in reply, of the Oil of December; and copier of oba'rget and pecifloatloos ageluet Mojo.- Osn Pillow, B eret Major Urn. Worth, anj Brevet i.i-uc. Col Duncan. The peruaal of there communications by the Preetdent, bar forced upon hia mind the paiu ul oonvlction that there cilata a atate of things at the head quarters of the army, which la exceedingly detrimental to the public service, and Imperiously call* upon him to interpose in aucb war ae will, he sincerely hopes, arrest and put an end to the feu.ts and dlaaensiout which there prevail. After the fullest uooslderatiou of the subject, the President has not been able to give hie approval to the . coarse you have adopted towards Brevet Major General, end for reason* which I will briefly state, lis defers, for the present at least, to order a oourt martial foe his trial on the charge yon have prevented agtlust him The document shows that Gen. Worth felt deeply aggrelved by your "general order, No 349" Imputations of a very serious character were, by that order, oast upon some of the officers under your immediate command, and, from its peculiar ph*?taology, it was understood by Gen Worth, or others, as iuoi rating him ee one of the offloeis obnoxious to the eevero censure and reproof therein contained, ?With this view of me lrn port and objeot of the i.ruer, bis attempt by ell proper metal to remove from himself the ignominy of these Imputations, oannot bs regarded ae an axceptlonable course on his pert. At the stroke which had, as he thought, deeply wounded hie honor ae an officer, and his oharacter aa a man, oama from yoar hands, bl application for redrass was properly made to you; hut ae he did not obtain such redress, ae he believed, under the circumstances of the esse, was due to him, he exer cieed, or attempted to exeroiae, the right of an.appeal to superior authority. If ho was actually aggrieved la this matter, or believed himself te bo so, he had M IMIMdNlVt ftfkt M UM Mm MtiMi Wwfkl M tt? MMtdwMtM * kU ?M HII IIHM MM* I ?t?f. Ik* JeaaUowl of tho Uni^d lltw Ma pra- ; >h*( ikii|N w?(ut r*? (f?* h<* utui i' tk? Hu . of X owe taba*. U th* iwrtuiy <"f *?, ?? ho vuw?4 la no ttkw thuwttr.) and endeavored M not tb*? j through you. th* only okannol ho oould uo? without vto- , lattng astabUehed regulation*. to thU common superior. ! For tho matter contained in the** charges agaloat voureelf yon hare made a charge against him, forwarded it to the Preeldent, and atkod for bis trial by a court martial. Tf tho conree of prooeedlng which yon propose In 1 thla eaae ia aanotionod and carried out, you cannot but ' peraeiro that the preoedent will ba mn*t fatal to the erI >eu'ial rlgh's of all anbordinate officers If General | 1 Worth haa been cru'dty of an offence, by preparing and attempting to transmit oharga* against you to the Pre*!- i dent, for wrong* a?d injuria* alleged to hare b-en inflicted by yon on him, itaaeme to b* a accessary conacquenoe that, whaterer may be the charaotar of the wrong* and injur!** inflicted npon eubordtnata oflcer* by their *uperior*. they cannot *?*k radrea* by aopoal without being inrolrad in a military offenoa. Whatever maybe the injustice they suffer. th? hops of remedy by appeal would ba lllnsorr, and the right to appeal worae than ; 1 valueless, if by the mere statement of their complaint, whether in the form oi charge* or otherwise, tor th* action of a common ?up*rlor. they would b-< liable to he urrestad end tried b?f?re any inreetigation had been made of the truth or falsity ot thn matter* therein eet forth, and er?n before the appetl had readied the author ty which alone oould afford redre** Such a principle as thl* would. In It* praoMoal operation, sohvert ju'tioe and withhold nroteotion from subordinate ofltoers If General Worth cannot ma>e an appeal to the President. on aocount of your conduct towards h'.rn without ? weii^aew nnd AAftnlnlv hk fltinnnt I if the statement of the m*tt*r of hia oora plaint is an i off'nee. it is difficult to peroeive how any officer of infe| rinr rank can carry an appeal to you or aoy other oorainon superior for injustice or injury done to him by an officer of higher rank thin himself, (though to appeal ia the exeroise of an unquestionable right,) without rubj acting hime?lf to a trial by a oourt martial; for every appeal which ! not frivolous upon i's f*o?. must, in one form or ano'her. impute to the officer oompiained of, one military offence, a d consequently, on the principle of your proceeding against G?roral Worth, the appealing officer wonld be suVjsot to arrest and trial fur the matter oon Gained in hie aopeal. At long ae it is possible that a subordinate officer may uffsr wrong from a superior, justice, sound policy, and the good of the service, require and dsoiand, that the avenue to redress should not be obstruoted; but obetruoted it wonld bo in a most effectual manner, by the eonree of nrocedure which you have adopted la the oase of Gen Worth. 1 am not unaware of the foroe of the eonsidratlons which may be urged against allowing the unrestricted right to subordinate officers to make complaints, and to prefer ohargee, to a common superior, against those who have command over them. The right may be msy be resorted to for the indulgence of melioious passions, to prodnie dissensions in the arm v. and to impair the rightful authority of commanding oil iers; but Its liability to be perverted to mischievous purposes is not a sufficient argument to prove that it should not be sustain ed. or its benefits bs destroyed by ths assumption, in tbe first plaee, without proof, that the right has not been exercised in good faith and with justifiable motives, and then, upon that assumption, to Institute processings for a military offenne against the appealing, and, it may be, much Injured offleer. fairly seeking the redress to which he is entitled, Bitt this right of appeal can rarely, or never be abused with impunity. The abuse of it is an oflVnce which can and should bs punished; but it is quite important that the mode of punishing the abuse shauld not be suoh as to destroy or ifnpiir the right. To iilu?trate mv views by tue very case uu lor oonsideratiot: ? If it shall appear that Gen Worth has falsely and knowingly charged yon with -'malice against him " and of "having acted in a manner unbecoming an officer and a gentleman towards blm," be bai in that oominittea an offenoe for which he may and ahould be punished; but. before investigation, it is no more to be assumed that your charges against him are true than his against you are so. Both lew and neural justioa require that the order of events should he pursued lu such cases The charges which he prefers against you should be first die posed of, before proceedings can be instituted against bimlor malice in preferring those charges, or for presenting each a* he did not know o'' bjlieve to be well founded. Your charges against him go upon the ground that he Is a melioious prosecutor of you. It is a well established principle, that no man can be proceeded against as a malicious prosecutor while the suit, which is alleged to be malicious, is pending; that must be disposed of betore a suit for malicious prosecution oan be instituted. In this view of the case, and it is ths one the President has taken, the charges which Oen. Worth has pre rented against you must he disposed cf before any pro eeedings can be had on that which yon have presented against blm. Though you have not stated Oen. Worth is under arrest on your charge against him, yet it is believed be is An order will, therefore, be sent with this oommnnioation for his discharge from it ^ !J. J? 1 mMtiU1ia(?nAr^.a vnnliae. VyUUSt'JUl 1U| i>uo uiiuT* uuu iuuiw|;iiuiijr ui ???? embraced io the charges prrferrod against Major Gen Pillow and Brevet Lieut. Col. Duncan, especially the former, (some of which are hardly consistent with your official reports and ocmmeudatlons,) the great difficulty, not to say impracticability, of assembling, at this time a general court martial of offieere, not connected with the transactions to be investigated, o( such rank as the law requires for the trial of a m?jor general, and the serioue detriment which the public interest must unavoidably eoffer by withdrawing, at the present crisis, for so long a time as the trial wilt b* likely to last from their important commands end staff duties, so many general officers to oonstitute the court, the President feels compelled, by a high eenee ol July. to prefer proceeding by a court of inquiry. Such a oourt cau be or.;anlz-d witu much less danger of a sacrifice to the pubua interest then a general court martial; it can much better accom tnodate its proceedings to the exigencies of the service and wiH. It is almost certain, muoh abridge the labers oi a oourt martial. If one should beci mc necessary. Another advantage of proceeding, in the first iastancf. bjacouit of inquiry, is, that other matters, not embraced io the charges retaking to the same, and other .tfflcers. may bsr properly submitted to its investigation at any time dor lag its saealon. I am, therefore, directed by the President to infirm you ihst a court of inquiry ha* been ordered to sic in Mexico, to whioh will be referred for examination alt the obargae presen'ed against Gen. Pillow and Brevet Lieut. Col Duncan, as well as the oha>g*t or complaint of Brevet Msjor General Worth agsiust yourself; and that the prosecution of General Pillow aad Lieut Col. Dunoan, on charges preferred against them, before a court martial, will be deferred until the proceedings of the oourt o: inquiry shall be received by the Ib-eeident If these cfilters have been arrested, the President, not seeing any good reason for continuing them in that situ ation during the s<seion of the ceurt, will direct them to be released therefrom. A oo?y of the order instituting a oourt of inquiry will be herewlih transmitted tojou The proceedings of the court, of Icquiry relative to tha two howitsers. alleged to have been taken by Gen Pillow from Chapultepeo, have not brea received at this department. You will cause them to be forwarded, it it una uuv ucva toBujr uuuv. . Yon refer, in one of the changes against General HIlow, to iin appeal made by him to you in regard to the proceeding! of that court; but no appeal, duplicate or oopy. has been received by me. or at the department, either from youreelf or General Pillow. Very respeottully. Your obedient servant, W L MARCY, Secretary of War. Major Gefleral WijiriELn Scott, Commanding U S Army, Mexico. tiik okdkr suspending Ot.v. scott Wah, Waahing on, Jao. 13, 1948 Sir: In view ot the present tate or things In the ermy under yonr Immediate command, and in compliance with the assurance contained in me reply to your letter of the 4th of June, wnereln you ask to be recalled, the President baa determined to relieve you from lurthei duty as oommandiug general in Mexico. Yon are.theref>re, ordered by him to turnpver the command of the army to Major General Butler, or, lu hia absence, to the officer highest in rank with tha colnra i under job, to gather with all instructions you have received In relation to your operatloos and duties as general in chiet command, and all records and papers properly belonging or appertaining to the general head q larters. Desirous to secure a tail examination into all the mattar* embraced In the several charge* which yon have presented agalnat Mejor General Pillow, and Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Duncan, as well as the charges or grounds of complaint presented against yon by Brevet Meier General Worth, and deeming your presonoe before the court of inquiry which has been organised <o investigate these matters Indispensably necessary for tbia purpose, y?u are directed by the President to attend the eald court of inqtrry, wherever it may hold in sittings, and when your presence before, or atteodvnee upon, the couit ehall be no longer rr quired, and yeu unnotified of that fact by the court, you will leport in person at this department, for further orders. The original papeis to which you refer, as well as all others wbiob it is anticipated Busy bo wanted on tb>investigations, wlM be forwarded to the court ot inquiry I have the honor to be, Very reepeotfelly, Yiur obedient servaut, W L MARCY, Secretary of War. Major General Wivfield Scott, Commanding U 8 Army, Mexico. Oen. Scott to the Secretary of Wor. hkanquartsr* of the army, ? Mexico, February 9, 1814 | Sir: I have received no commun cation fioin the War Department or the Adjutant Ornnral'e cflloe, nlnce my last,report, (No. 44 ) dned the i t Instant; tiul slips from newspapers, and totters from Washington have coma to interested parties here, representing, I learn, that thn President has determined to place me before a aourt, for tiering to enforce necessary discipline la this nrmy tgeinet certain of it? high o'8 cere I nielte Ouly a para ing comment upon itieae unofficial announcement*, learning with pleasure, through the eame aouroe, that I am to be auperaeded by Major General Butler. Perhape, after trial, I may be peiinltted to return to the United States My poor tervioaa with thie moat gallant army art at length to be requited aa I have long been led to expeot they would be I have the honor to remain, with high re*p?ot, air, your obedient servant, WINFIELD 8COTT. To the Hon. Secretary of War. haw Intelligence. Couar or Appeals. April 18 ? Preeent Freeborn O. Oennett, Chlet Judge Iti The court met at ten o'ol^ofc. No 17 wai resumed and not concluded when the oourt adjourned Superior Couar ? Before Chief Justice Oakley? Cram vi. Dmier ?Action lor a quarter's rent Delence, viotlon by the lend lor U before the term for which the demise was made expired. verdict lor plaintiff, $104. There wore two or three other oaaee tried,but oi uo intereet except to the pan es concern 1. Before Judge Mendford.? Uial C. Ward vi. Jonai Plain it, jr?Thta waa an aotlon on a guaranty. Tne defendant la a horae dealer; he brought to ihie city from tho weet a lot ol horaee In the spring of 1847, amongat whloh waa a aorrel horae, to whiob the plaintiff took a liking, and propone I to purchaeehtm A trade waa <ff*oted, the plaintiff giving a horae worth, aa ha allagaa. F'iftO, and agreed to give f 17* In oaah, defendant guaranteeing the eonndxieae of hia hone. The horee afterwards prayed to be uasound, an I , I ill.. lvsammmmmm llu irtAlAMfl ||?| WlM 4uak M4 la||||^ M*gH kl| ggkM FW wm returned, wblsh M^dut reused tH mm vh tin Ml) tH what ha toemght Ml Ike MMn Mtl Nut* th? llltrww Mwtn the nlM of fUla? '? Perse end the ptl?e tha Wnecund baraa feSebed Tb* plaintiff not Meg able to provt tha (unat}, wae Mwiltid. Bafora Judge 8 in ford?Ttter McFadien v# Jot Awe Mi ait ?This fu en action of trespass on tba eaae, to rrcoter damages for e nuisance. Tba plaintiff keeps a bake house at the corner of 23-1 street and 3d avenue, the defendant's premises, in wbioh he keepe a (org* immediatslv a (joining ih.t plsiotiff The plaintiff alleges that since the summer of ibid, whan defendant put his forge into operation, ha and his family have been greatly annoyed and his property injured by emoke, soot, cinders. Ito , issuing from defendant's forge. Adjourned. Coupt CiLcnuia?This Day?Circuit Court? Noe 67, 86, 393 68, 96, 9G, 07 to 110 iucinslve. Superior Court? 10, 90 91, 149. 16o, 166. 89, 10d 131 06 174, 176. 189. 190, 194 196,200,203,206,208, 30, 28 70, 139. 140. 100,113, 900. 210,212, 913 -o 230 inolusiva. Common Pleat? 86, 04, Ud 67,08, 70, 89,69.73 74 Naval ?The U S elooy of war St. Marys, CointnunJrr Crowimigdhield, got under way yesterday, from llsmpton lloads, and went to sea with a fair wind. Tt.e U S b;ig Bthibridge. Lieut. Com'g Slaughter, sailed on Monday moroiog. and was left ruins afternoon by the pilot about eight miles outside of the Capes.? No,folk beacon, Jlprtl 12 Appoinjmknts by thk Phkhipent?Venburgh iuti rimuu, of iii-w k of r, to no cttirgo d'anaiies 01 mo Uniiod 8'tstea to tho republic of Ecuador. Joseph W. Kab>u?. of Massachusetts, to bo consul of the Uaited States for tho p*<Tt, of Cayenne. In French Guinea UAU1 i 1MK i.\ t UtibiUnNtE, Port of New York, April 14, 1848. sun Risns i 26 l woo* >rr* 3 28 acta 6 311 hioh watch a U Cleared* Chips?Tartar. Webber, E?st kdies, Booth k Edgar; Fairfieiu, i.ovrland, New Orleans, T r Bia*>ton. liar Its?Jason, (tiam) Schilling, rhmburg, KIT Poppe; Floiian. (Bieui) Poppr. Bietnen.dn; Hyudlord, (Br) Steveusou, Glasgow, Woodhul! & Miuluru; Maseppa, '1 hatcher, New Oils ns, E K Collins; Coioliue, Godfrey, Charleston, Dochsm k Uiniin. Brigs?Otheilo, Oyer, Lsgnna. Nesmith & Walih; Essex, Raines, i>arana. J Atkins k Co; Pursuit,(Br) Keunck, Hanfax, G k 9 wheelwright; Ann, (Br) Scott, at John, NB. J II Braise; 9ter ins. Riddle, f'avtnuah, Dunham k Dimon; Ch.stena. Homer, Edeuton, NC. Nesmithk Wahh. Sclis?Ion. Hatrick, Ne*ben,NC; Norma, Banks, Richmond . Sarah A Roe, Berjsmin, Baltin-ore; H M Williams, Elliott, do: A Bennett, .deCooley, Philadelphia; Harvard, Crowell, Boston; Martha Maria, Clarence, Balem; Corea, Nickeison Gloucester r loops?Victory, Rhodes, Prosidence; Warren, Thompson, New Haven Cleared Wednesday, (nor in the report received from custom house) ship Floridian, Wlnrnmre, Apalitehicols; brig E U Pierce, Ccnn, Gibraltar,(reported (or Galveston) Francis kCo. Arrived, Ship New York, Hal), Charleston, 6 days, with cotton aad rice, to Geo Bnlkley. Bark Ophir. Vose, (before reported) Havana. 15 davi. with sugar, to Nelson Place. Brig Sarah. (of Bmgor) McGilvery. Cardenaa, April 1. wiih raoLues, to R P Buck, eld in co ?uh schs Tennessee, Todd, for Boston; and LemtY.Smith for Wilroiugtou NC. 9th init, ape Hatteria beating N.N W IS milei distant,spoke acnr Capital, of Hampdeu. sietring SSW. Brig Imogene Clark, vVilmingion, NC. with lumber aid naval atnrea. to F WoodBrig Holtou, Greet law, Lubec, 9 dava, with plaiter, to Brett Ik Vote Schr H G King, Willetti. Mayagnez. PR. SO days, with mslattet, to P Harmony, Nephews It Co. Vetieli left before reported. r-rhr United States, (of Bnekaport) Grant, Cardenat, 13 dayi, with molasses, to J J Taylor. Schr Huron, Hancock, Port an Prince. March 38, wi>h coffet and lux wood, to A C Rosiiere 8a Co. March 38, off ill a Weal eiia of Heueg,, apoke schr Azof, cf Pruvincetowu. 7 days fn Jacmel for BoitoD: 9t, intt, lat 37. Ion T>, apoke brig Charles J Dorr, Stetson, from Port an Prince for Button. Schr George Kvana, Keller, Machias. Schr latter, Howes, Boston. Schr Victor, Chtse, Chatham. Below. frig Tonqnin. Sawyer, from West Indies. Also 1 ship, 3 batkt, 3 bri.s, unknown. Sailed. Packet ah pi Argo, Havre; W est Point, Liverpool; ship. Marmion, do; Memoon, do; Uneida, do; Gaston, Bremen: Sooloo Gibraltar; Colombo. New Orleans; Creole, do; barks Ad laide. Gottenbuig; Sarah JbCksou, St Marra; Kxact, "avannah b'igsJnlia. Stettin; Empire, Galveston; Belle, Wilmington, NC; and others. April 13?Sunrise, Wind S; meridian, 8W; senset, NNE. Hnratid JSLssrlue Urrrsapoiidsiua. Pair.sDtt.rHts, April 13 8 r a?Arrived?Ship Wyoming, Miereken. Liverpool; scht E Hinds, Perry, Cieninegoa; War- j ren, Graff in. Portl.nd; Alleghany, Kae, Salisbury; Superb, Tomliu, Stoning tun; John Comptun, Sbar , Fall River; C has D Hatleck, Hawkins, N York Cleared?Brig Grn Taylor. Libbv, Cienfuegra; scht J H Holmes. Beckett, Tampico: Bovton, Kelly. Falmouth, Jam Cutter, Piatt. Georgetown, HC; Grace Darling, Bartlett. New Ynrk: H.iriTOntnl Moore.*itnn; Jnhn f-nmnlnR. iKtrn Providence; Snp*ib. Totnliu, Kali Ri'ver; CleorgeJ Vtmii Callahan, New Haven; sloopMississippi, Kobe its, Stamford. fllwallaiMoai Hacunt. Cruoi Saistugo, March 23?8chr Hobcrt Milla, Town cud, ui New Huveu, f,om New Or can*, loaded with government Atcrta, rnu'k the b*r while coming in. in low ofaspamcr. aad went on the Homh The chief pari of he- cargo haa heen discharged to-cay, and it is thought by *ome that ahe will be got off. Whalemen, it A letter received by the agent of whaling brig V#?ta, of fcdgartown, front Capt Marhew. reports her on Slat Dec Inst,st Port Piara, with 93 bbls ipm oil ou board. The V. would aail aeit day on a C:uitr At St Jago. Cape V*rd Is'ands, Jan 26. (by letter from Capt Tabn) baik Wil is, of Maiupi.iietr, 1:0 erm:-h.d killed I whales out of a school at one t me, hoi aaved only 3. ? night came on before ihev could be secured alongside. The'Sin hip Willis ' seen Keb 22,1st 31, Ion 46, may have been the M ttapoise t whaler. At do Jan 12. Harvest. B.iilev, New Bedford, clean. Touched at Cape Verd Islands. Nov 7. Hnntreas Shearmen, NB?had |oat a iperu * hair from alongside in a gale, saving but 5 bbli oil; 2Uth, W ashington, Fishe<. do elrnn. Uee 9 Herald, Macnmber. d > I ?i>m wh I*: J.?n 21, Uraj rr, I awiso do clean. The Two Brothers, of NB, which tonehsd Oct ll, had no oil on board. Off do 1)M 2, Abigail, Young, and Hope, Bray tou, clean. S|iok?ii> Ship Crusader, Millet, from Boston (Deed) for Valparaiso, was parted company with Jan 13, lat 30 33 S, |, n 37 20 W, Ship Tusc*r,.ia. Turley, 2 dava from Philadelphia for Livsrpool, April 7, lat 31 23, Ion 69. Bng Luev At wood. At wood, from Providence for Matanias, April 2. In 27 3, Ion 73 47 Brig Lncv, Doss, of and for Boston from Ponce, April 7, lat 13 00. Ion 7 3 40. Brig, of Watren, HI. from New York for Turks Dsn,I. ont 9 ilnv,- A nril I l*r 51 it l..nHvn Bchr (from ll-it min> (3 daya frutn the Cr.pei. understood Kimball, m stei) fur Kingston, Jam, April 1,1st 17,Ion UK BrhrAiof, Cock, from Jacmel for Boston, April 7, Ope Heury NNW 65 miles. S lir honoro. Hulfi gtnn. from Baltimore for West Ir.d-n, March SI. 1st 15 II. lou7H0 Sctu ilectur. steencg N, April I, off Cape Henry. KorelfjD Porta. Cardenas, April 1? links Hoyd. Maybeiry, for Bnitoa, 1 Hi; Mauger Sattoid, lor Pnrtlai il, tine; Levant, limit, f <r fhil-delphia id 1 daya; brim Margaret Lmvitt, for I'urtlaiid ldg; Rrrzlian Hichboin. for Bria<ol. Kl one; 8 M konug, O'-s, Wilmington, NO; John Clifford Stap es, for Boston ldg; Alcenns, Wilson, fur Purtlaud do; Cslcntia ' lark, for B.hton in a'ew d y?; Mou rose. Poland, for Portland in 10 da; Civilian, Nichols, for Uoit n iu S ds; si lis Geo Lugs. Smart, for Newport, Ul, lew d?: C hatlenge, I'arkn from Seirsport diss: Kllen Dale Boyulon for Bangor unc: Catharine Nichols, Nichols, fur N Vork. 4 ds. Hid 1st, scha Tennessee, Todd. Boston; Lenity Smith, Wilmington, Ml. Havana Uarcn Jl?Ships Christoval Colon,, from N Yo k, err 29th; Hamburg. Wymen, for Cowes and a in iket, taken np at ?2 17s 6d; bnrkt helen red Fr nc?s, K-ater, do do; Mary Smith Blanchard, do do; rarah Boyd. Itiumrn nd, fr in Bevto i. arr 10th, do d>i. and if o'dered to Trieste ?J; 5, Kllen, Gill, for Ilarat urg, diMCt, t?keu np at tl 7 Cj; Is,;ar>l p, (saofird, for N York, gets tlh? rer b * sugar; ?'a mouth, Walker, fur Cardenns. to load in lastcs for a northern |io>t in the limed Urates at 21d per hho; brigs Segnin; Licg, Sedgley and I'nnce. Ilail, do do; Viator, Cu tu.t,om Fruoafott. an about 28.h;sche Arklani, Carlisle, frtm do arr iirrviui to 30rh: Albtuii. C U'tis. f<r Card u's, arid N 1 ork st I2K Per hhd miiluses; G ace D .rliug. Flowers. (Iioin Ott gosa arr previ ms 11 ifltn) f r Kirh noud, immediate y. Sailed litltli, ship Callander Nasnu. N Orleans In poit. 30, ba ks Orando, Cous ns, for Cowes. ldg; V#l ?co. Currier, do do; oa.ia Baker dodo, Lucicda,* Lebuo, oo do: A agun. Dinglry, dodo; Diautha, Brown, tin Hamhnrg LopDospgRHr. March 2J? Sid ta.k Maty Campbell, (Br) Hants. Philadelphia. Montktidro. Jan 27?Shjp Corvo, _(Jorli m, with her in ward onto atlil on bosid. 1 he fcdw Koj>(.i?rli, I rum hMleni, Dec 7. arr Jan 14. ftUTANZas, March 59?Ships George Skolfield, Hkolfield. for Dauti c, teg; ThO'iidike, t hild? lor lose., do; Hubert Pat-u, *Vincheil,r oin Bntti. tine; Cnntcn, hilaby. do; narka Canton, Long. lor Boston, tdg; Parana, Parker. fur Cowe?. do; Altorf. Prime, u. c; Maceaoma. Kohinaon, do; bug* Motto, H.atjr; Wiu Henry. Cole: New IlfliM. Grnuger; HHM' nun, i luugh. Caret, Collies, aud nin, k.lliol d >; Cy bele, M?rnl. fioin Portlaud, juat arr; Heniiet'a, Sawyer, lor t'hilioelphia, Idit; Pin o B u holder, lor Portlaud, do. Hailed brig H.aibuger, Keen. N V or'-. Nassau, IN P. March 37?Sid brix Sarah Wocd. KMiidgr, Boston: 28th. bark,Collins, Nurlenus; b ig W ill a r*nt am, Online -h, botmo. i'okt ar Phinck, March 26?pi'ga Jucn J da Crrtngem., (Jiay, lor NYoik ii. 7 da; liayti, ( utta, for do 8 days; Zdits, bar kin, do do; Kllaworth. W illiarus, lioin NY.ok.arrin 23 da uaaaage, tuid proceened to (Jounivea to load (or N Yuik. P.. i?V-, i. iley. for Boat i in 14 da; Cliarlea J Dorr. Ptilaon, for do m 1 da; Krrdeiirk, Crosby, Inr do 4 - a; icha Uta T?ylar, Cirw, lor N York It oa; o.iutuian, Doaluel. 1 r do do hr Joaepb Haker, A rev, eld or the 2, ill ult u.r Miigoane, to lr.?d for New Y?rk. "1.1 bug C J Dow, Stetson, Button (i.okrn kill mat, lot 37. Ion 75) hi.hio, y'arrh 2fl?h d bark Mi,melon. Hind Cadi* ?a t? Cat's. (Cuba) March 19?Bark Almira, York, fir N w York, lb day a. floiita Porta* RticxiroHT, April 8?An iclir Bariih Ma^lda, Haidirg, Matanr, is Boati*, AiriI 12?Arr ahip Auarerlit*. De Briaaot, New Orleuua; bark linr.ilnm Swretier, Matautia: br g < huctnw, Klitiiar. *anta Urns, < nba; ?ena (food Hoi *, Fielding Firde>i<*ksbiug; Abstract, Pow. Norf.ilk; l)r?gon. ?, - awirk. Hid iInp Milton, Oi rhnm, Liverpool; hrig? I atharine Ik Mary. Warren. Charleston; Pearl, Harding. Philadelphia; Uak hyder, do; srh< flu-hard Ruth, Hnobii a, do. Hid btiki Tibrrinr, nnd Lacoma. and both aachorad in ilia roada Ship Angelo remains in the roadl. .... Bai.timo**. April 12?Are b'lta Marbirger, Keen. Mntrnan; Jsr.e, ( Ui) MeDonrgle, Tuika Maud; irha Maria Theresa, Hmallsy, Neuviiaa. Independent, hluucli-rd, Matnut a; (J O B.gelow, (Br) Yonog. Bermuda; Oraloo, En nln>t? Machina; Lory Ann. Maraton, Portland; Joati li Tnrnar. (>ibh?, I'nieideure; Oeu Warrrn, Dneia. f'oitimouih. Hid ship Kmigrant, (irrem) ndreistu, Bremen; brig Humming Bud, ( Br) (ioiifiey, W Indira, Edoabtowh, April Id?Bid aehr Hn-an, Battel i. Naw Yo k. Illb? nr iclia Patriot, Stauley, nnd Richmond, Packnid, New York lor Boston. liLouoaiTr.n. April 8?Arr aehr H C Plullira, Low, Rockpoit for Ph.laneli lira LkWkS. (Url) /tpril 13?b'cha On Seolt, from New Y'ork fur Petersburg; V.ary El.*a. Irorn Noifolk for New Yorkt >o?, f?rn miow Mill lor New Uedf.rrd; Eliza L iwimi, Irom Hi< hinuiid ior New Haven; nnd Superb, from Wilrniiigto., Uel, for Piovidenre e-rne i* latl evening Nonroi.x Aunl 10? I Id arl r i aroliaa. FdwnrJs Wludiea Hid .c It Hnr' tt, " lowell, lloaiou; Colnii. Nicke.ion. do; Frnnk, Me viaih Pi York III H*?nrto? Kotn-J?fhr K-n*. Murim, frnm London PonTiM'-i'THi Ai r?l 10?Arr Ah?p DQmbaitoD, I'tndictoo, NfW OritftftS 1 PKorint ricg, April ll-Sld brig Marin, Fr.emnn, Pliilndelpint; a(:hr Ma'ia. lieed, ilelow,n liaim brig, ton posed ilie Mary H Hbippell tr- rn Mobile aHii-ADKi.f kia, AI?-|I 12?Atr hri^Hwun. Bray, Boston. .. u/l,;Mi'A,n,'ui~' '1",,i? Kr'(Ja^^ft|nr, P.tra; aehr Str flu WurUwcll, Watffait, f*nannng{nra Mm. r-Ai t.r,Tor,-Shin New Ymk-J Maaon and lady, Mra T Benjamia M'aa N P Biahop, Miaa F. N Biahop, Metart I Kb? 'hl 'miik|"r Oottabarger, Jr, C Ilaaglaa, J Oattat?" V

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