Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 15, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 15, 1848 Page 2
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I t J a" ' ' L1 1 - 11 1 1 i* *C ' NEW YORK HERALD. lartlHWNi Corner of fnllon ood Noooo* Mo* I JAMES GORDON BENNETT, ! PROPRIETOR. I AMUSEMENTS THIH KVOIM). BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? Bohemia!* Oibl? Nathalie. CHATHAM THE *TRfc ? "lath'ni atr??t, Ben thi Boatiwair ? Lbno Mb Fits Suilliroi? driaiT or tab Watiu. MECHANIC#' HALL. Bnmdway. obbt Broom*?Coaiatt'i Min?t??i ? frwmrian Sinoiro, Brm.Kol's DaR. cino, fcf . at S aad i r. M. PANORAMA HALL, BfOftdwiy, imj H^oiirv >*?*o ? Ba??aed'i Parohaha or thi Mn?iMirr>, at S and 7K P. M. MELODEON, Bowery?Ballad Sinsiro, Vibsihia Miritibu, Ac. BROADWAY ODKON, Broadway?PvoMALioa Sta- i miT, he. APOLLO BOOM", Broadway?MsTSoroLiTAif Ml TO- 1 TAIL!? ICTHIOriAN SlltOIKO. Ac , lie. PlTUiOR, N J. ODD FELLOWS' HALL?BAILI Baothies?KTHIOrtAK Bmoiiio. he he. ww York, Saturday, April 15, 1848 Tt?e Circulation of ttaa Herald. Friday, April U 1? 032 ooplM. j Total laanelast wash. 143,000 " Increase In thtlirt tour weeks 16,4*8 Tha pnblloation of the Herald commenced Friday I morning at -28 minute* pari 3 o'clock, and finished at i 93 adnata* before 8. = ( General Taylor's Political Opinions. The politicians of all parties have been assiduously endeavoring, for a year or longer past, to elicit from General Taylor his opinions on the various matters which are in discussion between the two great parties into which the people of the United States are divided. Letter after letter was written to him with this view, but with rather equivocal success. Failing in this direct way to accomplish their purpose, they eagerly seized hold of every allusion which the old hero makes to the subject of politics in the course of conversation, and by this indirect means, have collected a greater amount of matter on which to base a conclusion, than they did by writing to him. The chairman of a joint committee of the Legislature of Mississippi, who were deputed to invite the General to Jackson, says in a letter, that In regard to the conversation had with General Taylor, I have to ?ay we did not talk on (be tariff. We did on the war. He expressed himself in favor of the war; ! he aald he was decidedly In favor of proeecuiing it vigorously till they should yield to an honorable peace He was for lnd-mnity, certain, and tbat territorial; was not wadded to any line partlculerly; bat thought, perhaps, , m it kind of oompromls* with the W11 mot prcvno men, ' we bed perhepe better go up to the Sid degree?making ' the Ri" Grande the weetern boundary up to that degree; , and said the south should never agree to the provisions { of the Wllaot proviso. although he did not believe there ever would be slavery there: yet. if the country was acquired, the eittaeni should t>? left free on that suttfeet. : He says all Mexioo will, eventually, come into our go- 1 veramcnt, by degrees - that it cannot be annexed. On ! the subject of politics, he said he was no politiolan?had been three-fourths of his life In the army, devoted his ! time and mind to that service, and paid but little attention to any thing else. Another letter to a member of Congress states s conversation held with the General at his house, in Baton Rouge, by a gentlem&u of respectable character. The following is an extract from it:? "I take the liberty of addressing you, and giving you, at the same time, some few facte relative to General Taylor's position before the American peop'e, as it regardi the presidency. In n conversation with Dr Baden, (a gentleman in whom the utmost confidence* can be placed ) be told me that be oalled on the old General at hi* reetdenea. at Baton Rouge, and epent some three hours in his company. Like all other* who describe him, be says that bt Is a man of sense, open, frank, and free > In his manners ever ready to give or receive any Infor- i mati n that may be ot nee He states that he la willicg I to he the President of the people, not of a party; that it 1 the democrats nominate him, he will run, provided they ask no pledgee for bis future course; or if tbo wbias nominate him. be will run on the same nrineinlea. end I uo others. Again, should a third party brirg him out, h* will (till be a candidate, if they app' ar to have the 1 majority. He i* In Uvor ot the present tariff, and opposed to a national bank. He think* that th? President wsi not to blame about tho war?that be (Oeneral Taylor) was tb* canae of tbe moving of tbe army on to the frontier; and gave as bit reasons, that a large force was collected at Nlatamoras. and unless there was an opposing force in tbe neighborhood tbat the Mexicans might cross over and commit any amount? f depredations with ?nt his being able to arrest their progress in time to snve the inhabitants. He ssjs tbat was no- the cause o> tbe war, but tbe annexation. He was sek-d, "If you should be eleot*d President, of which party would you fill your ceb'net?'' Hie aoewer was: "I would eeek out tbe best men of tbe country, and select them witbent regard to party." A summary of the substance of those conver- ; sations and letters, it correct, of w hich we see ' no reaion to entertain any doubt, shows thut I General Taylor was, previous to the treaty of 1 peace, in favor of a vigorous prosecution ot the war, for territorial indemnity?that the citizens should be left free on the subject of slavery within such territory?that he thought all Mexico would eventually come into our government? thathe is in f-vor of the tariflof 1816, and opposed to a national bank?and finally, he gives it as his opinion that the President was not to blame about the war, and that he, General Taylor himself, j was the cause of the moving of the army to the i frontier. In this we s^e every thing in winch he can agree with the democratic party, and nothing in which they can disagree with him. Ih laci, General Taylor, although nominally a whig, is as well qualified to be taken up at the Baltimore convention, as the democratic candidate for the Presidency, as almost Mr. Polk himself; and it is not impossible that he will be yet nominated by that body. General Scott, it is understood, will return to the United Slates in a short time; and judging from the sympathy which is showered on him by the wnig press, and the manner in which he is spoken of in a political point of view, he may be nominated by the whig convention which is to meet on the 7ih of June. If Ge aeral Taylor were to be noniin ted by the democrats, and General Scott by the whigs, the conteat wuld be the most varied and interesting .iiat ever took place in this country. The Barnblrners and Old Hunkers.?We think it was Cobhett, who, in one of his essays on the state of parties in England, likened the two great parties, whig and tory, in that country, to two lots of swine?one lot, well fed, clean and sle< k, snugly ensconced inside a gate, leisurely feeding out of a well filled trough ; the other lot, half starved, lean, and long haired, stationed outside, some of them rooting under the gate, others gnawing the bars, and all making a moat discordant and hideous noise, endeavoring to overturn it, get in and share the spoils. This analogy will apply with equal force and truth to the two parties mentioned at the head of this article. One, for a series of years, under the name, style, and title of the Albany regency, of which Mr. Van Buren was the beginning, the end, and the middle, had the quiet and peaceable possession of the public trough, or "public crib but the distinction is not material; and with a ! liberal and willing hand, they dispensed the State favors amongst themselves and their followers, to the exclusion of all who were not within the pale of that august body, during their official career. According to their own theory, every thing went on well?the finances were in a flourishing condition?the laws were vigorously ' end judiciously administered, and the State it elf admirably governed?all which means that I they themselves had possession of the public crib. In the meentime, the other party remonstrated and petitioned, setting forth th ir former ser. : vices and their present grievances?that they , were their brothers?always stood by them in the day of trouble, and fought with them thoul- ' der to shoulder, and praying for some smul portion of Indian meal to support their pres> nt ? necessities. One treated thp petitions and re- I monstrances with contempt, kest the other at bay, and doggedly and obstinately held possession of the epoils. One section, itt length, from hunger, and wamlnng, and nakt-ilueM, became I I desperate, aod in a lit of despair joined lite Fourier section of the whiga, and assisted them to elect a Fourier Governor, in the person of that merciful gentleman, Mr. John Young, to let loose on society, by way of an association experiment, all the burglars, pickpockets and felons that had been sent to the State prison for the last four years By this manoeuvre the democrats were oust- | ed, and the Fourier whiga let in. Now that the ; former have in their turn become lean kine, they 1 are of course making a confounded muss outside 1 the gate, endeavoring to get in again The barnburnera charge the old hunkers with every political crime on the calendar. They supported the annexation of Texas, which led to the war with Mexico ; they are now assisting the Southern Slates to introduce slavery into the ceded provinces; they are traitora to the democratic iau PC , auu If VIIIIIQA, UIV/ S?DS?SWt?.lS 111 turning themselves and the barnburners out of offic-. The Fourier whigs, they charge with attempting to disorganize society; and no doubt with justice. The countenance and encouragement given by this party to the anti-renters, and the fact that the Governor haulet loose on the public such a number ot convicts, during his official term, sustains the charge. They also say that the whole frame of the State government is turned topsy turvey ; and all this because they are gut of office. Where there is such a division, and the spoils ot office the bone of contention, it is not likely thai a re-vnion will take place between the parties. Indeed, the barnburners openly declare they will not unite unless the old hunkers submit to be bound, hand and foot, for the bent fit of the party, which means that the Albany regency shall be again resuscitated ; and further, if they do not, and if Mr. Clay or General Taylor gets the nomination from the whig convention, they will take either over Cayuga bridge, as they did Mr. Polk, which will insure his election. Our iMraovsMBNTS and our Subscribers.? The improvements and additions to our establishment are going on briskly, and will be completed in a short time. Our new and extensive vaults are nearly finished, and our new presses and engines are well under way, and will be completed next month. When they shall have been finished and in ooeration. we Bhall be able to publish our large edition at least two hours earlier in the morning than it is now published, and yet give the news up to the latest moment, from all parts of the world as we now do With tne machinery which we have at present in use, the fastest in the world a few years since, we cannot possibly get off our edition, and have it served to our subscribers, at an earlier hour than they receive it now ; but all complaiuts on this score will be obviated in a short time. We shall at the same time, too, dress the Herald in a new set of type, from beginning to end?handsome, clear letter, which will prevent all complaints from our aged patrons, and make more conspicuous than ever, our advertisements, which, by the rule we have lately adopted, are new every morning, and furnish a good deal of interesting reading matter. In a word, we are making arrangements to please and satisfy all our readers and patrons, and shall leave no stone unturned to do so. The public will have satisfactory proof of this in the course of next month. Intelligence from New Granada.?Terrible j RfMrnhmt Rvnl dftlnn. The fine bark Bogota, Captain Thomas, arrived on Thursday from Santa Marta, after a quick run of twenty days ; and by her we are in receipt of files of Santa Marta, Carthagena and Bogota ! papers, viz: La Gaceta Mercantil, Semanario, ; and El Dia up to the 20th ult. A most unfortunate occurrence happened at Barranca, on the Magdalena river, on the 25 h February. It was the explosion of the boiler of ihe steamboat Magdalena, with the loss of 12 lives, among them Cap ain Henry Beekman, the commander of the boat. Captain B. is well known in this city, as he lias commanded vessels between here and Carthagena for many years ; his loss in this untimely manner will be a severe blow to his family, who are in this country. We translate from La Gacrta A/?rcantil, the following account of ihe accident:? " On the 26"J? Whruary. after having discharged cargo at Barranca and takes more on board, tb# steamboat Mardalena took her departure from that place at 2 P. M Almost immediately after getting underway and while still in eight of the town, bd eaplosi<>n wa* heard, and much smoke seen Ntimbers of the citizens of Barranca and Mr Totten snd his party imtne tia'ely went to their aesi tanne. and brought up 'he wounded to the town, rendering them erery assistance possible In spite of all, however, C*ptala Beekman died on the 27th, and also eleven others of the crew and engineers ; acme died in stentanei usij. eomo lingered a little. nod others snrrired a few days The only ones savsd were the pilot Mr. Hamburger, and six others. Mr. H had his hands ee rerely scalded. Tbs causs of the disaster was the giring way of one of tbe botl?r*. io consequence ot the great amount of steam raised for the put pose of working the engine ae fast as possible. Neither tbe engine, bull, or cargo bare suffered. It is said that Captain Beekman had insde a het that he would reach BarraoquUla tbe same erenlng, ' which Induced hi- to raise the at am rery high, more | than the boiler could bear, thus leading to this uoi fortunate accident It Is al?o said that there was but one engineer en board, and he was sick Tbe directors of the oomnary did everything io their power to alleviate tbe sufferings rf the unfortunate men; physicians, medicine*, everything was done that could be done, and though they have to lament the loss of Captain Baskmsn and many of the crew, s'lll they i have the consolation of koowiog that no effort* w re | unsirori to ntr# th#m 1'Ha Atnainhnat ( 1*. Ra? i | rauquilU, and sf^r having a oaw boilar pnt In, and the : j damngsa repaired, will aoon be ready for service again This aoctdeot by no means daunts tbe company wbo 1 ! are interested in the steam navigation enterprise, it has 'teen tbe more to be lamented on account of the lore ot life than for tbe aotual loss of money; and sueh an so- ; cldent ia not uncommon at tbe commencement of new i enterprises. Tbe steam navigation of the river Magdalen* will still tcontlnue; it is an established faot, and from it New Oranada will acquire much Importance , ia her export business. The Maedalena was built in this city about a year since, by Messrs. Dunham & Co., expressly for the-navigation of the Magdalena river. She was constructed entirely of iron, and was about 2oQ tons burthen. Congress was in session at Bogota, and things were all going on prosperously and well, in the i republic of New Oranada; the legislative powers were turning their attention to the making ot roads, and we find quite a number projected, so that the capital of the republic, Bogola, will, when they are finished, be approachable from all quarters. The news of tbe unfortunate outbreak at Car racas, on tne zr.n oi .unitary i tf-t, la puDiisnea in El Dia The unfortunate condition of things in Venezuela does not in any way affect her more peaceable neighbor, New Granada. The President delivered hia message to the IIousc of Congress at Hogota, 011 the latult. It is quite u short document, indeed the country is so quiet andjll jurislnng; that there is no occasion for long winded mer sages. O11 the subject of the railroad acrosB the Isthmus of Panama, he siys:? The privilege of making a railroad across this Isthmus haeuotaeyM been used. Inasmuch as the company to { whom it whs granted have been cramped in their money affairs by the Kuroieeu crisis, the directors however, have informed me that they will omit nothing in their endeavours to fbl their engagements. I shall not nr gleet this great enterprise, and should the time sat for commencement expire. 1 shall avail myself of the authority 1 possess to renew It. The receipt* of the republic during the year ending 31st August, 1847, amounted to #28,218,920 Hi, and the expenses to #22,915,416 75, thus showing a balance in favor ot the receipts. Marine Affairs. Launch.?Messrs Barclay h Townsend will launch from the r yard at Hoboken, on Monday,'"17th April, at !1 o'olieu In the morning, the ship J /. f >r Messrs A Lr 1 rega k Co. Length on deck, 144 fret 9 inches ; beam 33 feet 0 I ebe?; bold 9J feet. 8he is ful.y rigged end com p'eted, fiom troek to keelson. She is designed for the ireif *ung business. I SlxUan Days Later Item South Amtttea. I By the arrival of the beautiful fast-sailing clip-1 per bnrk Isbalita Hyne, Capt. Dewing, we are io I possession of full files of the Jornal do Comer- ! cio and the O Mrrcantii, published at Rio Janei- ! ro, to the 7ih of March, inclusive. The Isbalita Hyne has made an excellent 1 voyage, being absent but 87 days. She left this city on the 18th ol January last, and reports her > own arrival out. She la one ol the finest, and by far the moat costly, vessel of her class in service?built for a gentleman of this city, by Jamea ! K Hammet, of Philadelphia. The papers at hand are destitute of any politi- ' cal intelligence. The French steam frigate Magellan, with Baron de Gros, the F rench Envoy for Buenos Ay res, i on board, arrived at Rio on the 4th. The latter was to proced, in company with Mr. Gore, the English charge, to the River Plate, in order.to muke another, and, it is to be hoped, successful attempt at effecting a settlement of the long protracted River Plate question?protracted thus long merely by the English and French Intervention. The prevalent and well-founded opinion in Rio was, that the French government, at last conviuced, not only of the injustice of their proceedings in this intervention, by opposing and infringing the rights of the legal governments of the Argentine and the Uraguay republics, but also of the inetficacy. illegality and folly of their Buenos Ayiean blockade, have now finally also come to the resolution to follow the English, in backing out of the question, by raising the blockade, and not resisting any longer General Oribe's entering the town of Montevideo as legal President of the Oriental Republic, for a certain period; after which another presidential election is to take place. This, surely, would be the best, and perhaps the only, mode of their getting out of a scrape to which they were enticed by the crafty intrigues of certain individuals at Montevideo, who, tor a trifle, had bought of the hard pushed Montevideo town government the custom-house, and all other revenues of.said place, for several years to come; and as their gains were enormous, as long as this anomalous state of things lasted, they were not slow to use all means in their power to keep it up; and in this they have admirably succeeded, by duping the former English and French sgentB and chiet naval commanders, aud making tnem converts to their interest. It will be a matter of some curiosity to know what course the provisional government of France will take in the affairs of the South American republic. A conference was about to take place between the British commissioner and the Brazilian authorities, before their departure tor the river. It is thought the Brazilian government will henceforth act more in accordance with the policy and wishes of the English and French governments than it has hitherto done. [Herald Commercial Correspondence.] Rio dk Jakkiko, March 1, 1848.?Imports were 6463 uwu uvw, to pamn uuwfiiioa, 00 uu vva, ?uu ddu roaiB, 85 do beef and pork, 302 keg* lard, 133 box** tobaeoo, 60 pack* took* and nail*, end sundries Flour?The arrival* baring boon mo.iera.te, tale* to fair extent have boon made (about 16,000 bbla.) at 9i|| a 93|| for Rtohmond. net 98 60 a $9 00, Baltimore 181(000, net 97 19^, Trieate 31||a?0, net $8 60, and *ome few retail aalea at ratber higher rate*. The stock in flrat hand* la reduced to 2000 bbla Haxall, held at 22(|000, 2000 Richmond county at 191(000, and 1300 Baltimore at it((600 Theae price*, however, are almoet nominal, the balers being (applied for the present, and expeoting farther arrivals. They bold about 16 000 bbla. Dates from Montevideo are to the 0th ult. Home arrivals of flour and wheat having taken place from Chili, and mori expected, the market was dull; the last sale netted (7,** Stock, 10 000 bbla At Rio Grande, on the otb, the stock was 9000 bbla; Richmond was retailing at 21|;000; Baltimore being more wanted, would bring 18(|000 a l&|(500. Domestics?About 600 packages have been S"ld; stripes in bales in the Custom House at 166rs, net 7X cts ; blua drilla 990 rs, nat 10 ot?; 30 In shirtings 180 re, net 0K cts; brown drills are quite unsaleable, and if forced would not bring over900 rs, net 6Jg ot? The market is very dull, and uo improvement oan b? expected at present Tea?This article Is worse than ever,a eale of fair quality having been made at 11(400, 8 moo, to net 36c. Superior is more saleable, some has been placed at 2|| a 2'ilOO, net 03 a 67o. Lumber?No snivels and no reus to report; we quote 00(1000 to nett (31. Rosin?The sales have been regular, at 41(000 to net 91 10. Candles ?The Bill s of sperm have been from 3d hands at 760 a 760rs, in r mall lota; the dealers only offer 730rs, net 360,, T ie stock* are eatimeted auffialent for 10 a 12 mos No demand whatever for composition Salt?la the abs*nce oi arnrais, a sale waa made at vnore; it baa nine# oeo'lned and cannot now be quoted over 60<) a 6i0re, nett i4 a )Sn per bushel. Provisions are dull. We quote Beat 3Bii. net$ll| Pork SOjl.nettllX Sales of Lard at 370 a 380rs. net 10 a lOHc BnsineM generally baa neen excessively dull, and even more limited than Jvnuarv. The purchases are only for actual want, and stocks of all kinds of imports very h-ary. Coffee? Fine wether baring prerailed througn the month, the supplies hare been regular, hut the demaud has been fully equal, annd prices well ?upport?d particularly rood g'een sorts for Europe. Superiors bare ruled .rem 2j]000 a S||too or 6X a 6,So, on board flood firsts S||*00 a a[18.>0 or 6*t a 6o. Regular firsts a; 600 or 6){o 1 ne stoeg Is ab^ut 60 000 bags Extreme dry weather since Decern bar is ieported to hsre dons Serious ioj ory to the new orop, now ready for piokiog In the lower districts, and estimates are made that there will be a falling off, com pared to th' Isst crop of8000 s 330 000 bsgs Tbefaotthat we'hars had only three ralry days during the two hottest months, and when the coffee requires It most, prores that there is early reason to fear a eonsld>rahla drfieirn ey The total export in February, was 173 9i0 bags, of wblrh 60 678 went to the United -states The Increase ot export to Europe duriuir the period of the crop of 1817 oompared with 1846 (8 month*) is 168 3+1 bags Hides The arrivals bare been about equal to exports The market it dull Rio Grand* light wta. 140 to 145 rs , 8 to8)^ eta onboard; Rtrer Plaie, 131 to 140 lis to 8 eb on board Stock 360 #00, a large part bring beary aod ordinary. A' Monr-rldt-o and Rio Grande bides were acaree. and oostlrg 6X and 8Xg eis. ou board Ex change has declined gradually to 37d to 36X4., but i* now firm nt. a7d Specie in better demand ; Pat donbloons !W||lfl0; do. dolls ll+ll. Freights? Although there are but few reseels unengaged, iretgbts are not biiek; 80 cents to the United States, and ?i 10 to ?2 16 to Europe are the last ra ti Much 6tb-Tha '< \ctive,"from Baltlmor*,and "Mailer* " tr im the Rio Grande, hare arrired The sales of flour hare been rrry moderate at 33{| for fresh Haxall, -Ji 300old do ls|| a I9r Rchmond country Although the stook is mnch reduoed the market is rery dull, and should severs! cargo-s arrire together, we fear it would decline Coffee without change?stock 60 000 bags. Exchange 37d. Foreign Postage.?The foreign postage bill introduced into the House of Representatives at Washington, has passed that body, and it is to be hoped that it will pass the Senate likewise, and become a law very soon. It is known that the British government, by charging heavy postage on letters transmitted by American steamships to England, has attempted to monopolise the whole benefit of the international postage between the two countries, and drive our steam> hi pa out of the field of competition. Efforts have been made to negotiate a postage treaty on the bam of reciprocity, but in vain, and the bill which has passed the House is intended to operate as a retaliatory measure, and compel English letters to pay as much American postage as is charged in England on American letters. Under the circumstances, this is the only method to adopt in order to obtain justice, and we hope it will have the desired effect when it becomes a law. It will prove to England that we are determined to look after our own interests. IIow much better would it not be if a postal arrangement were made between the two countries! The spirit of the age is opposed to any but a reimbursing postage, as the g#at reforms of the last few yeura, both in England and the United States, testify; and it is clearly to the interest of both these countries, that the rale of postage on letters passing between them should be as low as possible. The Exploration or tub Dead Sea ?By the last accounts from Europe, we received intelligence that Lieutenant Lynch, of the U. S. Navy, was making arrangements to rarry into effect the purpose for which he had been despatched by our government?that of making a scientific exploration of the Dead Sea, or, aa one of the whig papers humorously says, that of fishing up Sodom and Gomorrah, and annexing them to the United Slates. Lieutenant Lynch had been introduced to the Sultan, and expected to enter on his duties in a short time. We have seen a statement somewhere, to the effect that the scientific department of the expedition has been assigned by government to Lieutenant Dile, who accompanied the expedition. This we know is wrong, and such a statement in calculated to detract from Lieutenant Lynch'* ogency in the matter. So far from this being the case, the expedition originated with Lieutenant Lynch, nnd it was according to his suggestions that it wae undertaken by the United States government, and the whole responsibility rests on him.? Lieutenant Dale is a worthy and honorable officer, and we have no doubt would deprecate his name being mentioned in any way that would militate against Lieutenant Lynch. TELEGRAPHIC IRTELUCERCE. iHBDirf. The proceedings in Congress comprise the onljr intelligence of consequence received by telegraph yesterday. In the Senate, the question was taken upon the final passage of a bill for the improvement of the Cumberland river, and although the bill was opposed on the score of unconstitutionality, yet it was passed by a very decisive vote?thus, in a measure, recognizing the power of the general government to assist in works of internal improvement. In the House, the New York contested election case was still the subject of discussion?the matter not having been settled on Thursday, as was stated. The other business transacted in both houses, will be found in the report below. From ih? Snath. I'etkkshuhg. April 14, 1843. New Orleans papers to the 9tn instant have been received by the overlaud express, but they contain nothing of especial interest. TH1HT1KI1 lOKOHUI, * first session. lanatt. " miiuTun, April it, iota. The Senete assembled ?t the usual hour, whoa it was oalled to order by the Vioe President.

Numerous memoriale end petitions were presented, relating to various autueoU, whloh ware duly reoeived end referred. fbisident's hiuioi-colt's BErEATxas. A message wea then reoeived In writing from the Preaideat, by the hen da of his priests Moratory, Mr. Walker, respecting the superiority of Colt's repeating lire arms. fromotion or arts and inventions. Agreeably to notlee, Mr. Davis, of Massachusetts, from the Committee on Patents, asked and obtained leave to bring in a bill for amending the aot of Congress for the promotion of useful arm and Inventions, which was read twice. the fowesi or american consuls. Mr. Ashley, of Arkansas, moved to take up the bill oonfsrrtng judicial powers on American consuls resident in China and Turkey, for the purpose of making It the speotal order of the day for Wednesday next, which waa agreed to. river improvements On motion, the Senate then took up the bill providing for the repair of the dam at the mouth of Cumberland Island, in the Ohio river. Mr Baobv, of Alabama, spoke at considerable length in opposition 10 the bill. He said he opposed it on constitutional grounds. He was opp ised to internal Improvements by the general government, and oonsldered that Congress had no right to make appropriations for such otjects. He approved of the prlnolplrs of the President's veto massage, and oonsldered he was right In interposing his executive authority in sustaining the constitution When he had oonoluded, Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, rose and addressed the Senate in favor of the bill He oontended that the measure in tfsslf was not only constitu looal and expedient, but that it was the duty of the governmen t under the constitution to repair this dam.so necessary to the safe navigation of the Ohio river. This coffer dam had been constructed some years since, under the authority of the government at considerable expense, and had served a valuable purprsein anal ling steamboats at a low stage of water, to peas over a very ugly shoal or sand-bar, at whieh they were previously detained, aground often for days together. The dam had been Injured by floods, and without repair would aoon beoome useless Like any other publlo work, without repair. It was likely to go to ruin, and the money spent in Its first oonstruetlon lost in permanent benefit to navigation on the river. After some further disousston pro end eon, the previous question was oallsd for. The bill was then read a third time end passed, by yeei 31 nayi 8. TBIYATK BILLS The rest of the day waa devoted to private bill*; whan the Senate adjourned. House or Representatives. The House assembled at the usual hour The members were oailed to order by the Speaker. The Rev. Mr Slicer officiated as Chaplain. The Journals were then read and approved. ? THE raiVATK CALENDAR. Mr Rocxwsll, of Connecticut, oailed for the regular order ot business and moved that the private calender be taken up. The SrcAKKB announced as the first thing In order, the business on the Speaker's table, which was the ease of the CONTESTED ELECTION BETWEEN MB. MONBOK AND MB. jacbson, Or new yore Mr. Van Dtee of New Jersey being entitled to the floor, ptooeeded to address the House, and advocated Mr Mo' roe's olatm to his seat, and endeavored to show by evidence that Mr Jackson was sleeted by illegal votes In sufficient numbers, when dedueted from his apparent majority, to sive Mr Monroe his seat. Alter Mr. Van Dyke had finished his speech, the subject was laid aside, for tbe purpose of prooeeding with the regular order of the day. The House accordingly resolved Itself into oommittee of ibe whole on the state of the Union, and took up the private oalendar, Mr. Morse, of Louslana, in the ehair. Several private bills from the Senate were taken up read the third time, and paastd ; when, on motion, the House adjourned Market*. | New Oblbans, April 0.?Cotton?The demand is quits ao live, middling to good middling to 6% ; a agar continues without change, fair S>? to 3K ; flour la quiet at former quotations. Freights, two naw engagements MVIWI|? IlllilWIl. Bal-timobe, April 14.?Floor?The market oontiaues steady, at fall prioes; we notice sales of 400 bbls Howard street at $3 87)4 and some parcels of City Mills at $6 a 6 13)4 Wheal?No sales reported; good Maryland rede command 183c a 1851 Com - Some 3000 bu?h obansed bands. Inoluoirg wbite, at 39 a 40c, and y*ll?w at 43a 44e Oats are steady and saleable at 80 a 38a PiortKtons continue In fair demand for the trade at previous rates. Whiskey? No change. Buffalo. April 14 ?Receipts? Flour. 3000 bbls; eorn. 3000 bushels; wheat. 910 do The receipts of pork are large. The market f< r flour was dull; ihsre were sellers at $4 87)4 but no buyers. Corn was dull at 39 a 40o Wheat?We quota Chicago at 90o, and Ohio at lOOo. There was no change in high wtoes. Shipping Intelligence. New Or leaks, Aim 9 -An ship Yannonth, Philadelphia: bark ? 11 Chapia. Baltimore. Cld brig James ?1 well, New Yen. tslaeClijr Election, names or school commismokebs flected. Whigs in itallos?Democrats in Roman, Werdl. Wardi. 1 Jamei Cruikth-.nk, 10. Jay Jarrii, 3 A T. Kdg-i ion, II. Charles j Dadge, 3 J L Regli?id, 13. J M Bra t burnt, 4. E. B Frl.ows. 13. Dr. W. A Walters. 6. G t. Cornell, 14. Timothy Doily, 6. I'billip Collin*, 16. Thomai Denny, 7. W. D. Murphy, 16. J 8 Boewortn, 8. Oerardus Boyoe, 17. J M. Seaman, 9. John McLean, 18. J.D Run, Inept-tors of Common Schooli. 1 Car do. Worth. 1 Jluf'elus Covahna, 10. Thomas Doyle, 9 Henry Collins, 11. John Townsend, J* 3 8. R Childt, 13 Daniel Tiaman, 4 William O'DonneU, 13. C D. Field, 6. Jl. T. Hunter, 14 C.B Arober, 6 T. J Bar*, 16. William Taylor, 7. Dani'l Breed, 16 B F. Sherman, 8. J.M. Barnton, 17. John T jtlUn, 9. Chart-1 Burton, 18. C. Y. Wrmple. Trueteet of Common Schools. Wards. Wards 1. Jacob Ros'vlt, 11 Hugh Crombie, 3 .DP. fmi h, 13. Edgar Kelt ham, 3 William EhbU, 13. j f. ruimu, 4 Thomaa Wallaoe, ,. < Henry Slaren. 6 ( John D Spader, fi K J. MeOlnln, 16 E L B-adle, 7. Orotge W. King, 16. O. L Ha*emeyar, 8. J. L Bohleffelin, ,7 (J J. Herrick, 0. B F. Curtis, ( I J- 'orrn-tnd, 10. Joseph T. Bell, 18. L W Hordoastlt City Intelligence. Thi WiitHia.-The weather daring the greater portion of the day yeaterday, waa very pleaaaat. About eleven o'elook th* sky beeame oyeroaat. ncd a alight shower followed Heavy clouds were pasting all the afternoon, hilt there waa no more rain. The night set in cloudy,and with strong Indications of a storm. Fisra.?The front room in the third story of boats No. 143 Fourth street, occaoied by Mr. W P F.dwards, was discovered to be on tire on Thursday evening. The bedding and fhrniture In the room ware destroyed bat no material damage was d< ne to the building. The alarm of flre at naif paat 19 o'clock, yesterday, was caused by the burning of a chimney in Orange street. The Iiiih Confederation met left night et Mechanics' Hell. No. 170 Heater street The questions of repeal and republicanism were strongly and nlrqnently debated. Alter hearing both sides, repahlieaniim. and a brigade for Ireland, prevuiled, and wtth.the highest enthusiasm the Confederates dissolved to meet again only as republioanlsers of all Europe. The Okrman REruaucANizcE* crowded the large room of the Sbakspeare. The enthusiasm of the fraternlserscf all nations, only gathers foroe as the ' bal"' rolls on. Next week will, It is expected, produce a higher excitement. The Ret. Da. Tiic. at the request of the Sontbwark Engine Company Mo. 38, will deliver a dlsoonrse at 8t. Peter's cbnroh, Barclay street, on Hunday afternoon next, 18th Inst, on their late Assistant Foreman, Henry Fergls, who lost his Ufa at the lire la Daane street, on Sanday morning, 2d Instant. Movements of Distinguished Indlvlrtdala Gen. Shields and suite arrived at Cincinnati, April 10th. Llent. Col Ptympton, 7th Infantry. Major George Wright. 4tb Infantry, recently commanding the 8th; Lieut Hays. 8ih Infantry, aid to Gen. Lane, (resigned.) parsed on ap the river from Cincinnati en the 8th Inst Tiik Execution of Na.su ?We understand that Thomas NhbIi, who had hern convicted til murdering a female in this eonnty some two or three yereego. paid the penalty denounced by the law nghinst his awful ctlme en Friday last He was hung st Troy, in Montgomery county, whither he bed removed hi* ontiee for trtsl Thn rope by which he was first suei ceded broke, and he fell to the ground Ha requested 'be handkerchief to be removed from bt* eyes, which was done, and he aat up and ci>uv*reed wlthihe his en iet* until another ropa was procured, and he was then l-iing Verily ' the way nl th- transgressor Is hard."? fFVyassiwrg (AT. C ) ?drgus, iik imi. Sew York, April 19_!l P. M. City Intelligence. Acciubnt.?A carmen, in attempting to guide hli horse ont of the way of one of the railroad car*, at the corner of Canal end Centre (treete, this morning, wee suddenly thrown from hie oart, in oonseqnence of one of the wheel* slipping tn the rails, and falling upon bis head, recelred a sMrere ?ou - d. He was taken into a saloon near by, where the wonnd wn dressed. CITY TRADE REPORT. Nkw Vohs, April lfl-3 P. M Ashes?The market for pots remains nnohanged : smaM sales are makine at T6 6JK Pearls are nominal at $7. BBCADtTum?Flnur?There is a steady inquiry today for borne uee. Sties cf various ki^ds. unktaclrf lots of Genece, Blank Rork. and other Western brands, amounted to about 600 a 60 > bM?, at prises ranging from $6 to $6 37X. Wheat continued dull There were sellers of Genesee at Si 35, but no buyers Ohio was worth $1 35 a $1 30 asked, according to quality. Meal ?Small sales w?re reported at $i 87>4 ; Brandywine was held at $3 63)4 Rye - Rales of 800 a 1000 bushels In tba slip were made, at 70s Oate?Northern were Arm at 46 a 47c. Corn?Slice of 3000 bushtla Jersey yellow were made at 53a. Cottoi*?The market oontlnued about the same. We can only hear of about 300 bales this morning, at previous rates. The ealea yesterday reached 1000 btlea. raovisiona-Meee pork was quiet at $9 8754 a 10 and prime at $0 36 a 8 60 asked. Good lard was In aleadv demand, and further sales in barrels were made at 6)4 and 634 c. Shoulders aad hems showed no change. Fish?Owing to increased arrivals, the stock of both maokerel and ood were inoreaaed, and prices were some less firm. Kbuit-Raisins ware steady at 140 and )50o per box Thore was more doing in green fruit 8al?e of 3350 boxes oranges were sold by auction a $ 1 06,l4 a 3 87>4 ; 600 do lemons at 913 6354Tobacco ?There was very little doing the preeent week. The ealea embraced 30# hbds Kentucky at 4 a 8o, and 43 cases Connecticut seed leaf at 6o The re ceipta this week have been as follows 170 hhds Kentucky. 100 ornate Conneotlcut seed leaf, 16 do Florida, 36 bales Havana, 170 do Cuba. 300 do St Domingo Oils.?Linseed - English was steady at 60 a 67o asked, and remains J at 58 a 69c. R>ce? The market continued quiet at $3 35 a 8 50 Suoass continued in fair demand with steady sales to the trade, bnt at liw prloes. Coffee ? Sales of R|o were making at 7c a 7>4o, and St D?miogo at 634c a 6e. Whiskey?States Frison continued to asil at 33)4 a 3?Xc. Fbeiohts? Rates to Liverpool oonflnued about tha sama; for ootton 8 16J; for oorn 4da 5d; for lard lfls 6d. To London thero was no obaage in rats*. urriiiu m inni?wiavm Arrived THIS Day. Packet ilnp Monte rumv Lowber, (torn Liverpool, 17ih nit, with mdie, to C H Mmhill. Br>g Lindiu, Burr, from Mobile, It d&ya, with cotton, to Stargeia It Cleat man. Below. One abip. Bllnce lieu eons Hecord. Boiton riciii feui Howibd. Captain Baker, hence hrundto Boatun,itrnck oe aroch on Friday ermine, in Htll Oite. which canted he, to le*k badly, waa compelled to ran iieraahore at Newtown Crerk. She will be got off after diacharaing her caigo, without much damage. The veaael wu not inanted?waa ia charge of a pilot attha time. Stock Kxt lianae. SII000 Trea notea <a 102* SO MechabTrs Bk, NO 10 25100 do 10V* 100 Morr.a Canal bM 11 5000 do (10 10?;'k SO do 10* 1000 Bta'e 6a, Vl 103* 9 Anbnrn It Hoch 93 1000 U States it, >53 0> PS I anton Co 33 lion Peuntr.raniaS* 73* ISO do 31* 10000 do 7i* 75 do 33* I N A Trmt 9 100 Nor It Wor law 36 1000 Beading Bond 37* 175 do 36 3000 B'diog Mtge Bda 57* 10 NHaren k Hatt RK 99 50 aha Reading BR. 36* 50 Long I.laud Bit 30* 50 do blO 37* 300 do 30* 14 do 37 100 do blO 31 150 Farmers' Trnat b60 30 50 do 3i 10 do 3"* 650 Harlem BR 52 CO do blS Si* 50 do St* no do blO ?* ISO do blO S3* 2t.O do 3o* 300 do S3* 4<0 do biO So* tl'O do blS S3* 150 do 311* 3a do a70 52 50 do b60 30 150 do 160 31* New Stock Kithange, 100 that Harlem KB atO 52 100 L Island BR 31 p.O do a3 5'* K0 do a30 3'* CO do bS 5?* 100 do s39 31* III do bl 32* 50 do blS 31* no do blO 52 HO do baw 3C* 50 do ^?a?a-, vi. u..?i ..,.n fired upon by one of our officers of customs, a 'e?r nlahts ego, while endensoring to make off with some smuggled property wbtoh had be?n seised, and eoserereIv wounded that hie life is in danger We understand that the officer was dieoha glug hie duty, and fired only after the smuggling party bad reecued the property from him Rnmor says that two or three other men were wounded et trie same time The ooourrenoe took piece between Maitland and Brockeiile ? Prticoli (C. W) Ttlfgroph. Phakm's Chemical Inriguralor ?Among the muituede of "hair restoratives,*' "h <ir tonics," "oils," ae., id oote genns. this fluid preparation eoi linnet "lord of the ss csuoaiit.'' -ooth to say it does not need bolttrriag with puffs? all that it is neeeaaary for the proprietor to do is toinS rate theplicewhe e i> mar he prueuied; the public will not fail to fid thru The la vieoraror mar be brained at the wholesale and rstcil diu* and far cy stoics in the city and country, as well as at fbaion'a, CI Broadway Anatomical and Natural Curiosities.?A more pltasi k and init nctirs nsn cannot be any wheie made I hen to the North Amrr ran and Analogical Museum, Corner of D sis on street an-i the Bnwerr, in thiscity Hrur, ran be spent there b* the ruriius and unii.1 ru ed, as well a'by the learned and seient fie, with piofit cnl dv-nt ge. 1 here are there furnished facilities for obtain in r the m"it impntmt and valuable knowledge, of which all shonld be eeger toavnl themaelyea. The young even, will be P'ofitted by a new of he speciaieoa of uatoml history, Indian curiosities. a>d rare preparations, the result of sears of la-mr, at well at hear* eipentv, whilst ailulla will wnder at (he achievements of human industry and skill A Tisit to the Anatomical Museum hbor? vtairt, whilst it cannot < ffend ihe mott fitcidmnt. mutt benefit thou* who ?ie in qneit of the moat ntefnl of all mf jimanoa, a knnwlcdte of th?mielvet. The lament and mot perfect akelrton of that ance-de uyian animal, the ggautit uiaatodon, it to be teen in ihia mnaeuin "Watt* on like Mind" does not captivate the iariiei more than what'a on the head Yonnr men win therefore make choice of t?e young uien'ietyie of hat issued ihis day by KNOX, IW Fnlton street. he mbe "ntl.inal Degnerrlsn Gallery, on the upper corner ol Broadwty ?n1 urriy atreet, 11 by f?r 'he Hioat deai.ab'e plaee in ihe city to procure a dacnerreoivpe picture. 'J he pnb ic h ve Inni imce given Profeaaor Piimba the cred't (which it juatly met.ted) lor the best picture* ever procured by daeueireotyp*. Gold Pens?Bears Si Clark's Improved Fonntaia (fold Pent, for real ntiiity and tervicr l ir excel anything else that h?a ever befo-e app-ared in Ihia country. Every deatei tennld he (applied with th-m. They ean he had only I Beert It Clark (up atai't,) at ii John it : where alto c*? be finod the pent of til the hen makera in the country, at manuftctnrert low eat ntt pi ice*. Uold Pen* repaiied or exchanged. Gold Pens?Olamonrf Painted?Ursa t Re. iortin<'I eon want the beat and cheapen pen to he found, iry a" Hichelieu " The point* are wa ranted to stand for lire year*, and for Anenem and flexibility they are nntnrpattcd Amor git all the wonderlbl improvements of thia age, nose it more naeful or economical than thi* n?n. B K. Watton, li William atreet. and J. Y. Bar ge. 92 Fnlton street, hare the ?xc nsitt tale of them. Alto, all other pent from ft upward*. a COM ERC1AL AFFAIRS, MONEY MARKET. There was bo materiel alteration in the ntook market to-day. so ferae price* were oonoerned There were moderate tales of all the fancira; bat the quotation* current et the Bret board do not vary a fraction f-om tbo?? ruling yesterday. About this time last year there was quite a speculative movement in the fancies; and a few day* since there were favorable indications of an Improvement; bat the change which has recently taken place In our financial elf sirs, hae checked, at lrnit for a time, the upward movement in fenoles In consequence of the position of matters on the other side, shipments of speeie hare been made within the past few days to some extent Tbe ex. ports of speeie, within the present week, and the engagements already made for tho two steam-packets- Hiber. i.la and Washington?amount to nearly a million ef dollars. It is not, however, settled that the steamers wil; take ont as mnoh as reported These mot eme.nts in specie have tightened the money market, and produced a depression in the stock market the bulls did not anticipate. The mercantile balance of the In'.endnut of the Islan d of Porto Kioo, of ttao jear 18at, (honing the commercial operation* for that year compared with 1R45, prmenta the annexed itatement of import* and export*, tonnage, he Jcr : Commerce or Porto Rtco?DUO-General Balance Import i. 8 rtie'ee of commerce for eontu m p.ion 14.4 19.711 <10 Ool <l Rod lilvtr coin 666 1?1 54 Articlii introduced on dcpont ID 74 7n 5,540,509 80 El port I. rt> duee of the ialind U C80 71 76 O >!d And l?rr eoiu 161846 15 liticlc* uken out of depcut 5.1601 84 5 769 0!# 85 Leaving a <1 (Terence in f*nr of import! of S 8i 469 95 Uutin. r?Ill4?* e?'lis?, Liffrrrr.e? Of in>l 'lion u d cxp'ticn.$l e* 0<4 H 1.431 '54 87 X5??8 P Toe age and anchmgr.. 94 a18 6# 17 474 (1 6 717 76 Total 1,174,817 41 1,1,8,0m m 41.741 1( lllMimilPM Mercantile Mimementi ,? i*4j.?, ,?1146?. lUcrttte Imports *4.994 W7 11 i,Ji0.j89 M *6(1.297 ii Htporci 6.867 G99U S.3G9 0I9 I) 888 479 29 TottI *12,338,386 39 I* 919 691 65 1.438 974 64 Veeee'tanH Tannage. Wrrivale. Departure t. Veetrle. Tone. Vtoeele Tone. la IKS 1,127 123 216 1 167 128 710 1816 1.1*3 1I6.623K 1,119 117 076k Decrease t 6,611)4 <8 11 663)4 The mercantile movemspts of the I (land during the yaax 1B46, ameuntel to *10 919,809 65, mud wu 1?m than those of the previous year by *1,439 976 64 The greater pert of this decreeie occurred In the meroentlle depoeit, which diminished to the amount of * 1,917,466 68. The Importa for consumption hare inoresaed $164 074 54,and the exports of produoe hare deoreaeed 9379 683 16. The difference between tb? Imports end exports have been In favor of the letter by 9181 669 95. The value of the imports amount to $5,660,689 80, ineluding $634,674 70 of the mercantile deposit. Of there Imports the following is the amount brought in under different flsgs, vix Spanish, oarrying under the Spanish fltg... $995 017 70 Do do. faretgn flats... 10( 06 00 Pnmian Aeamwlnm MwJew Uo.-Lh ? O QUI -710 AO . v.?.KU UUUVI UiD H|'BUIU> UFg t * uf 1,1 I ? MO Do. do. foreign flag*... 3147,849 63 Total In port in 1846 $5 650 *89 80 Do. la 1846 6 084 887 16 Deeroaao 614 397 35 Aa la the foregoing atatement, that which waa Intro dueed on deposit is included; and aa this establishment diminished in Its imports to the amount of $708,301 89> it follows that the imports for consumption increased $164,704 64. The value of the exports amounts to $6 369 019 85, Including $618,601 84 of the meroantlle deposit. Of these exports the following is the amount oarrled under different flags, vis Spanish interests under the Spanish Hag.. . $768,843 80 Do do. foreign flags... on 00 Foreign iaterests under the Spanish At*... 805 948 91 Do. do. foreign flags... ,4 804.667 14 Total exports in 1846 6 369 019 85 Do. in 1845 6 367 699 14 D ecrease 888 679 39 Deducting from this sum the $609,904 14, which was the deoroase in the exports, from the meroantlle deposit during the present year. It will bs seen the deoroase in the exports of the Island during the present year has only amounted to $379,585 16. One of the prineipal causes ot this decrease is to be found in the drought experienced In the Island during tie year, especially in those parts where cotton, sugar cane and tobaoco are cultivated;|for though the o ffee orop has increased.sti'j it was not sufllclsnt to counterbalance the losses suffered in the other productions. There have been two arrivals and 48 departures less then daring the ysei 1845 ; the tonnage In the flret instance haa diminiehed 6.6li>4 tone, end in the letter 11 663}{, which difference arise) from the trade being oarried on with vessel* ot smaller else. The duties which the maritime oommeroe alone of the Island has produced, have amounted to $1,310,080 80, which, on comparison with those of the previoaa year, show an increase of $43,743 87. This increase oonsista in the larger importation of articles for consumption, whloh exceeded that of the pre* vions year by $104 074 04. The deoreased Importation of free artioles haa also contributed to this amount; as compared with tut previous year, a difference of $964,050 46 is seen. In the oommeroe with the other West ladia Islands is inoluded the trade with St. Thomas, from whence imports to the amount of $3,631,096 00, have been reoeived, and exports to the amount of $117,440 OS have been made?thus making daring the present year an increase in the imports of $186,330 04, and a decrease in the exports of $30 093 03. From the fji ogling statement, the progress of the Island can be seen; and had it not been for the unfortunate weather for the orops of the principal products, the commercial transactions, as well as the maritime movements, would have been muoh larger. The annexed statements exhibit the value of merohandise imported into and export# 1 from the island of Po; to Rico, in each of the years 1846 and 1040, distinguishing the destination of exports and souroe of imports in eaoh year CoMMsacx or Pobto Rico?1046 iro 1846. _ Importation. From 1*45. IS!*. Spain sad adjacent Islands.. 743.119 35 14 3 954 76 Cuba...... S09.79M4 I6T 092 91 Oiher West India Islands .. 2 Ml,337 M 2,915 505 00 United States 1,1 It. US 95 1,019,711 41 Itilrit I SSI 41 ? Baz.l 686 115 79 II# .121 47 Br* <ien nod H&mourg 101.75146 It 665 70 Sardinia 24 511 25 ? France 16 064 11 4# Ml 01 Knglsnd.... 47 6*9 II St 0P8 72 Cisad-rand Newfoundland. 55 191 69 70 I I 01 Venezuela 27* 571 14 195 412 04 Total $1,094 887 15 $5,550,519 I It topeoro by thii that there hat boon a foiling off in the value of mnrohandUe Import el In 1840, compared with 1815 of $.444,797 35. Of the importation in 1840 there were received under the Spanish flag, $3 386,70, 28, American $1 217 030 86, Belgian $318. Bremen $10, 825 33, Daniah $70,9-24 39. Frenoh $277,239 67. Hamburg $22 448 09, Holland $38,737 49. Englieh $309 704 33 Sardinia $5 910 42, Sweden $308 00, Venezuela $169 441 76. It will be teen by this olaoalflcatlon that more than the aggregate importation from the Uolted Stated waa entered under American flap. In 1840 the Importation from the United Statea amounted to $1,018,711 48. and the value of merchandlee entered in American vtrieli was $1,217,030 80. We have a larger portion of the Import carrying trade than all other flaga ooatblned, exoept that of Spain. The value of merohandlto exported from Porto Rieo In the yeara 1845 and 1846, diatingutahlng the destination and extent of abipmaa'.a to eaoh oountry, waa aa annexed: ? Valuk or Ezroaro raow Porto Pico?1145 and 1146. To? 1145. 1146. Spam and adjacent islands $1,191 395 II 711.54 2 41 4'uba 48 106 47 44 16139 Other West Iadia islands 3'4 8)8 01 315 914 7G United Stales 1 917,073 40 1,614 631 *<> Austria 13 <27 85 51 <66 17 "CIKI11IU 21 ](il (I 10 ?48 68 Hraul 1.415 26 ? Brrmeo and Hamburg 351 t69 25 391 971 24 "ardioia 147 465 75 IJfJ-ngS Peomirk 117 929 0 2 91.795 70 France 615 172 55 1,041 4?9 78 Holland 14 9J? 91 4 499 56 England 946,122 65 581,172 92 Canada and Newfoundland 211 494 30 301.709 16 Venezne;a 9 680 02 8 '60 25 ? Total $6 857.694 14 5 369 0 9 85 Valna of importia* above 6,(94.8*7 15 5 5 0 589 80 Fxerit of expert*, 1845 $162 til 99 ? Kxceaa of import*, 18c6 $181 5Ci 95 The foreign trad* of the inland ?u roueh more favors bio for ita dcmaatio Inter* *t In 184A than in 1840. In 1846, the e*portaexeeededIta import*.?bowlngabalance In favor of the bland of $162 811 99; in 1846, the Import* exceeded the export*, abowiog a balanoe gal oat the Inland of $181,669 96 Although tbie balanoe ia merely nominal, it show* the oonree of trad* in the two year*. The produot* of Porto Rico are generally exported on foreign aooonnt, and the aggregate vela* of *hlpm?nt*,*e given in'the offlolel return*,exhibit* pretty nearly the value realized In the porta of ehipaent. We are able In thl* way to arrive at the halanee of trade, for or agalnet, pretty correctly. In tbie eoun'ry, where *neh a large per cent of ear export* are ehlpped on domeatin or home aooonnt, It I* lmpo??ible to tell anything about the balanoe of trad*. Offloial return* may ahow a balanoe agalnet ua on the foreign trade of the oonntry, while the balanoe may aotually ba largely in our favor, arieing from the profit* on onr export*, over and above tho home valuation. The carrying trade, In the ehlpmont* from the island of Porto Rico. I* more distributed than In the Importation*. Of the export* in 184S, the value of merohandiae chipped under the Spanlth flag wee $1 064 102 71 ; American, $1,664,164 99 ; Belgian, $10 618 68 ; Bremen. $181.816 62; Danlah. $ 20 314 07; French, $1,162,089 28; Hamburg, $288 373 88 ; English, $683,809 61; Duloh, $6 967 40; Sardinia, $43,855 80; Sweden, $914 60; Veneiuela, $2,731 62 According to thie, the United State* doe* It* own carrying trade with the laland of Per to llico; but there ha? been a great falling elf in thl* part of our commeroe. In 1844, the aggregate value of merohandiae exported from the laland w?? $0,204 764, of which $2,486,270 waa chipped In Amorloan veaeela, and the total export to the United State* waa $2,409,943 The export* to the United State* in 1846, oompared with 1844, abow a tailing otf of $815 799, a decreaee equal to about thirty three per eent. The trade of Porto Rioo In 1844, waa In n very proaperou* condition, the export* exceeding the import* $947 535, and the export* of the previous year, $1,149 853 The inereaae waa oonflned prlnolpally to th* shipment* to the U oited Statee, oompared with the prevloue year, and with each year ainoe. The import trade of Porto Rico la 1846, compared with 1846, show* n falling off of about t? n per cent. The greatest decrease ha* been In the reoelpte from Cuba, Brtell, Bremen, and Hamburg. With the United Statee, th* import trade in the two year* wa* very uniform The export trad* of Porto Rico in 1846, ehnwe a falling off compared with 1946 of about aeventeen per oent. The export trade with Spain and tha adj?c*ut island* In 1846) wa* limited and with the United Statee and England, t was irueh left than in 1846 The only increase rf anv irrp'r'Hiice we* In the shipments to Iranee, Whloh 1 amount* to about sixty pet cent. I U