Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1848 Page 2
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w iWeeeWy of the no" tat* foiiiti In a fleoveWI po'nt of view the eJmlniitrafion of the 8t?t? toree'e ho* hrhert loft mur'.i to bt d*?lr#<1 Thooo mgnuceot propettiee produce to 'he treoei.ry nltog>n?r not Biro than two |or oont. I on ebout to conel ter tho mean* of eneliorstirg thot port of the oorrloo But la tho me*nf<m* it e oortoin thot eeveral portions of tk'oo fororu to rh' bo eoJJ oiih ry iel advantage tor the i tr'oourr and for ihe general w?ul'h which would It- | en mo bv o rooro energetic sod rkilfu! management. I propria* to yon in eonaeyeetioe. to deride thot the . Mi motor of Fieanee bo outhonord to rami do what pir- ; tion? of tho State forest* ??T bo oold with advantage, und 11 declare such ac aim otion. if ho think it mdi*p?c?obl# us lar es 10<J,'K)<i OlKtf, conformably to tho provillous of the decreo which accompanies my roport. LOOK Id orior ti provide for the deficit. whiob was pre solo g it oq all sides. tko fail* 1 gvertment obtalnad from porlioiaowt authority to raioo a Ioaa of fifiOjOUO.nOOf.. of which jo# iwe ooof. woro sober rib ed on tk* ltMh oT November loot, and of whieh tho treasury hao received df.ooe eoof Shall tho remainder of thi? loan bo roollood? shall tho difltnltteo whioh tho e*-hlag bequeathed us eff rd the ostroctoro pratoxt tor not lul&Uinf his eogsgemtnta? 1 know not. bat In prooonooof tho depreciation la public eecurities. ho wo Tor traneitory it maw bo, pradonoo o*mmandi foresight Who to oar may be tho ro solution or tho real power of tho eontreotor, tho treasury malt ho plaiad In * condition to bo independent of the ulterior instalment#. even thoee nearest maturity Tho objoot of tho mooonrei which follow ii to provide for thia reeult. Bat the megniflc.nt expansion of petriotiom. of devotedneoi. of eolf-donlol, end of intelligent ardor, whish the advent of thu repablio hai ev?rv where roaiod, ooanoolo a bolder enterprise A groat number of oitioons hove offered tho government considerable on me and valuables ae o voluntary gilt. If nil of profound gratitude for eo potriotlo and honorable on offer, the government of the repuDuo wiunoi, nowever, aocspt it w??ouia mre the free disposal of their fortune to thoee who moke ?a noble a um of it. Bat It will be permitted to di to connect thoM generous cltluns with the fortune of the State by combination equally advantageous Ibr it and for them. According to vao terms of tba law of tbo 8th of August. IS47, th? troMury may still raits on tbo last loan a aum of 190,000,00 'f. I propose to you, citizens. to dacrae that this loan shall Immediately ha contrasted under the title of a National Loan All oitiaam who wish to offsr their voluntary tribnte to the prosperity of the republic will bs admitted. The National Loan will be open during a mouth la exouange for tbetr offerings the oltizsns shall Jglbeive a coupon of i per osnt government stoak at par, even thouch this stock should rise above par before the subioription list is filled There will lu this mode be a triple advantage. On the one hand, the national loan being taken lireotly from the treasury by the subsoribers, it will be immediately olaaaed On the other baud, should ths loan of the 10th of November, 1817, be abandoned by the contractor; it will no loDger press upon ths money market; and If, at a later period, new circumstances shenld oblige the repnblio to use its credit, we should be on completely free ground, and our liberty of aetien would experience no serioue obstacle In a report which I propose to supply, as soon as my oaloulstions shall have been completed with scrupulons accuracy, 1 shall moke known to ths government in figures the result of all the meaaarea whioh 1 have Just proposed. It now remains for me to oompleta this exposltiea by some general observations. Ths present review of the oondition of the treasury is reassuring. Thanks to the measures whioh have been, or are about to be preacribed, the approaeliing situation of affairs is good, in this first moment of uneasiness, whioh ever succeeds great political commotions, demends fur mousy have abounded. The aavlnga banks particularly have received numerous demands for payment But already the panio is subsiding. Everybody oomprehends that the fortune of Kranoe is to day what It woe yesterday, and they perceive that ameliorations are to recult irom the new institutions whioh the nation has given iUslf The seal, moreover, of the cltliens proves Itself to be superior to all difficulties The payments mads into all the offices for the reoeipt of taxes give us the assurance of providing without difficulty hereafter, not only for the ordinary service, but even for unexpected necessities. As to the general situation of the republic, under a asocial point oi view. 1 imagine that it no longer lb own any thing alarming. Tha national dabt, deduction being i made of the Rentes which belong to tha (inking fund, amounta to 6.900,000 000 f. If any one inquire! what that xnaae of capital haa produced, the mind (tope abort, disoonoarted. before the enormone disproportion of the means with tha reunite. But if the oountry itself is retar dad, the aspect of what it oan do re-assures. Tha Inglieh debt amounts to 30 milliards. It rests on the manufacturing and oommereial subjection of the world ?a variable and fragile basis. Ours is only five milliards, and it has for its basis all the public and private property of Franoe?an immovable basis, and every day stronger>--A.few yaars of a rspublioaa government, ef a prudaat, Arm, and loyal administration, and tha credit of Franea will not have any equal. But, in my grofound conviction, theae favorable provisions em not e realised bnt by the firm growth aud strengthening of ths republic. Let all good citizens contribute to that reeult, without wild enthusiasm as without useless refreta. The last prestige of the monarchy was utlli'y ? lany sincere men believed the maintenance of that form indispensable to the maintenance of order, and to tha regulation of all legitimate interests. The monarchy once compromised, they believed all to be lost They were mistaken The solemn experience which hss just been made, enght to have convinced etrlag though sincere minds What is eertaln, what 1 i.fflrm with all the terse af an enlightened aad loyal conviction, is that if the Orleans dynasty had reigned some time longer, bMkraptcy was inevitable Tee, cltisms, let ue proclaim it with pride and delight; to nil the titles which reeommsnd the repnbllo to ths love of France, and to the lespect of the world, this must bo added-the republic tas saved Franoe from bankruptcy ! OARNiKR PAGES Birtbs, Marriages and Demise In Naw York. [From the Albany Evening Journal J Sicritahv s OrriCK, April 10. 1648 ? Having just completed the several tables for a report of births, marriages and death., to be made to the Legislature la pursuance of the aet of April -J8 lt-47, in which duty Mr J. Cuyler was associated with as. 1 give a few general resalts gleaned from tbem As this is the first repot t msde undat the law above referred to. the reports trim the several counties in the State are not as fuil and complete as couid be wished, and nnfertuuately owing to an omission ia the law, the teveial oities in the State are, In faet, excluded from its operatiou, and no reports have consequently been received from tbem. except a partial one from_the city of New York. The lr.w makes it tne duty 01" xna clerks oi tbe several school districts of this State organized according to law, and where there shall be no clerk, or ha shall bs ineapabieot aotting, the trustees, or one < f ihsrn. ot such district, shall anoually, oa or before the fifteenth day of January, in aeah year, ascertain from the most accurate means of information in their power, and report In writing to tbe town elsrh of the town or ons of the aldermen of the ward," hv There being no olerks or truetets of sohool districts in the eoreral cities, there wire consequently no offlcers on whom devolved the duty of collecting the information neeett.ry for this report. Of the whole numuee 0f marriages. S9S were In the month of January , 641 in February ; 820 in March; CI J in April; 701 in May; 73J in June; in July; 770 in August; 1238 in September; 1361 in October; 1161 in November; 1343 in December. Of the ages of the persons married, 3338 were under 36 years; 8363 between 20 and 26; 4292 between 26 and SO; 1300 between 30 and 36; 753 betwean 35 and 40; 415 between 40 end 16; 260 between 45 and 50; 176 between 6>) and 65; 113 between 65 and 80; 74 between GO and 65; 119 between 80 and 70; 8 exor 70; 3611 agaa net given. The greatest number of ivrieges toon place during the months of Peptem?vr. Octover, November and December. 8383 wtre merricd between the ages of 20 and 26. Total nun-.ear of births fruza Janunry 1, 1847, to Jan. 1, 1848. 35 a:<7; marriages 11437; deaths 17 243. Of the wboie numtiei ol births 2317 took piste* in January; 2601 in Febinery; 3('79 in March; a-oo in April; 3974 m May; 'i860 In June; 3243 in July; 2S70 in Aug.; 3301 In September; 8202 in October; 2910 in November; 3A18 in December. 83 month not given. Ol the sex 18,721 were males; 16 983 females; 187 not given. Of the complexion 18,1*6 white males; 16.680 females; 242 black males; 236 females; 616 eomplsxloo not given. Of twins there were 15 pair reported; of illegitimate children there were 118 reported. The grentest number Of births took place in the month of August, vli : 3370; the smallest number in tbe month of January, 2Si7. Of the whole Dumber of datue 1032 were in the mont>A | of January; 1163 in F bruery; 14r3 In March; 1327 '.n* April; 1236 |n May, 1246 In June; 1447 iu July; 1870 in Angufl; 1981 in September; 1623 in October; 1332 iu November; 1413 in Deoenber; 46 month not giveu. Of tba sax of those dying 6 613 were males; 8,672 ware females. 76 sex not given Of tbe complexion of tboee dying, 8,157 were white male* 8,121 were w hite females; 190 w?re block males; 3 '4 were black f?rs?le?; 691 complexion not giver j. Of the oeaaition iillf* of those dying, 3.32,2 males wtre married; '2 917 f? males were married; 6.408 males w?ie unmarried; 4 319 females were unraarr'-ed; 1276 oonril Ion in Ufa not given. The greatest number of deaths lock plaee during the months of August, September and Oetobar. It appear* that the whole nmner d<tm *.d? - ;mi ol ?g* froa all ui* 4U?aa?a report*'!, wm of" Af"le?. Fttnaei. Total 1033 838 ]?s(S It* 3)*?ri 68 0 684 1174 3 to 8 " 818 733 1541 I to 70 " 4IM 407 83ft 110t*l? " >11 338 447 18 to 30 " 970 43} 708 70 t* 38 " 481 637 864 38 to M " > '? 44A 83ft 30 to 40 M 838 073 1307 40 t* 80 " 4V4 814 ]IR>8 AO t* 80 " 8' 3 448 947 AO to 78 " ? 3 6">3 1UU 70 to 80 * 879 MS 1 i3ft 80 to 80 " 191 W 6?ti 8* to 188 ' 89 71 100 100 y*ai? 81x1 apwuJa 18 13 37 Afanotftvao ? ? 744 Of to* 41****** r*porWd, Um frllowtag u* (tail ltl'uA*o( otb*r?Mb* ?o*t fatal - < ueuu.pUoD .ly ??nt?ry. lofli*. in* loo ef tti* loof * drop*) , croup an 4 ?r?r l*t f***r, *f abltb rooiump; I*U n by for tit* oiott foul. I t* >|M of tb* i*r*r*l ocanpblloo* of Ufa ur* * t?u*wi i S*rgya?n 84 y?an: Uwytr* 44 4* , pbratrial.* 81 4* , farto*ra. 87 40. Tk# !*bial .4?r .t u>? Mtlplllwi l,r* loo liliMttttl, IBf C**OOt k* 8UU<1 b*r*, til wtll b* foaai ia lull la tk* raport when pul?Il8k*4 _VI L B? HI KiU KHUK.V Mm. 1 '* iK' t * u or Fibs ? A n?w Btoaiu ?* m li l>rIiidjjhj; ic. iii* ."nriuyi fiimm Mill l.iakmii Ammmik , iiimtii la <ha town of Co I rmth ?n ' <1 i i in* m> r. id* of i to* 13lh 'Bat I I I*** i* utisataf *t at at 811' if of ?bl*o 8- -V a j, 1^,. ' ranr* ? mpo ? >../(*, , , . | U(? Mulaai .Bl 81? M.. 8,,nr, '"1 a*ur.a** ? awpa., la* f.r* 1# aoi Ktivt* . u r| , bold*r*. ?b* BaO'tiy r.*il* IB ta aula** iat*n? io > r**t anw k*r nil 1*ib*<.i?'.*1 , J k oan .* ( uart 1 I cf baa?i.? tlibt * *4 ia< < u., ? t bar* aa !am?a-o qaaatatr *11 gi oa> lb* >.m abicb <b*y war* ea lilac dio laoarC* ?Bd pla. b wb*a lb* ?**ually oeaiurr* i ftian*... t < > b*?. *. n. ' 6x?4 of Aagttft *- korfg a A'jat i?*aa, *Cp/.i (A ( i NEW YORK HERALD. North-Weo* Corner of Fulton and Namn iti. JAMBS GORDON BBNNKTT, PROPRIETOR. DAILY HERJILD?Every day, (Sunday included,) *???.?? . C<T??f H Ti ajinum W Ek-KLV HERJILD?iLvery Saturday?cent* per copy?S3 iJH per annum? in the United States. Europe an subscribers, tbper annum, to include the postage: an edition (in the PVench and English lar.g luges.) leill if" un tver? European steam packet Jay. with intelligence from all parts of this continent, to the latest moment. ADVERTISEMENTS (renewed every marninf) at i easonable prices; to he wr itten in a plain, legible manner j t he proprietor not responsible far errors in manuscript. I ll I NT INO of all kinds executed beautifully and wit* despatch. Orders received at the Publication Office, corner of Pulton and Nassau streets. ALL LETTERS by mail, for subscriptions, or with advertisements, to be post paid, or the postage mill be dadueted from the money remitted. VOLUNTARY CORRESPONDENCE, containing important news, solicited from any quarter of the world? nd if used, will be liberally paid for. NO NOTICE can be taken of anonymous communications. Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer; net necessarily for publication, but as a guaranty of his good faith. We cannot undertake to return refected communications. ALL PAYMENT9 to be mode in advance. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING ITALIAN OPERA HOUSE, Aitor Place? NabucoBOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Kb a Diatolo?La Giicllk. CHATHAM THEATRE, Chatham atreot?Box, Cox abb Knox?Brioaud? Nxw Yobb a a It la?Pleasant IfEIQHIOl. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, soar BTOoms-Cnaistt'i MinTiiLi-itTiioriiii liran, BosLisaus Da* FANORAMA HALL, Broad war. a?*r Hnnoi iwtiItiTtiD'i fiRoitMi or Tit Miiaiisrrri. MELODEON, Bo wiry Ballad Sinatra, VisaisiA MmiTRBi.1, he. BROADWAY ODEON, Broadway?rtantLior statv ait, ke. CONVENTION HALL, Woottar itrast,rawBlssekar.? Sail* Uotiim-ETaioriAir Sinaira, ho. FEMALE ACAD EM Y ,'jaraloMOB tr^-oifitd Yooal arb I.htiumittal coitcirt, by Mr. J. B. BloSX. aw York, Monday, AprU 17, IMS. I'lu Circulation of th? Harold. April 9. Sunday. . 15,360 oopira 14 10, Monday 31.340 6 " ll.Tnotoj 10,440 " 13. Wodaasday 10,044 " - 11. Thursday 16,060 " u 14, FridayTr IB 066 M *' 14, Saturday 10.348 Waakljr 11,806 " Aagragat* laraa last weak 145,066 " April 16th, Suaday 16,000 oapiM. Tha pablloaticn of tha Htrali commaooed ye?t?rday at -J6 mma'.M bsfors 4 o'cloak, ud 6oish*d at 16 ninnto* paot 7. ^ Tht liopubllc oT Franc*?Additional Infbrmatlon. We continue to give extracts from foreign journals, on the recent important events in Franee, and to-day 'a Herald contains several from the Paris Monittur, which show the financial condition of the new republic, and the feelings and opinions of the working classes. These extracts, and others which we intend to give, will fill up t ie gap in the history of the important events in Europe, until the arrival of the next steamship. The details of the intelligence, the opinions, surmises, and predictions of the English press, and the opinions of France, in the shape of decrees, speeches, lie, &c., on this mighty event?which may well be termed, the turning point of nations, and the commencement of a new order of things in the science of government?will be read with avidi- I ty, and treasured up in the libraries of all classes, I as the best and moat complete history of thia great epoch. We cannot take too large or too liberal a view of the movements in Europe. It seems strange that there should be in the United States any person or any press that is not rejoiced at the success of the noble efforts which the French people have recently made to rid themselves of a corrupt and profligate monarchy, and imitate the example of sell-government which the people ol this country have Bet before them. Such, however,is the fact; and we publish it more in sorrow than in anger. It cannot be denied thut the editors of certain papers in our midst, in spite of the glorious proof of moderation and forbearance which the emancipated people of France have exhibited in the hour of triumph?and at a time, too, when the populace were without any control except that imposed upon tbem by a sense of confidence and decorum?will look upon the dark side of the picture, and prognosticate anarchy, turmoil and ' confusion, as tbe result oi the three days1 revo- I lution, overlooking entirely the admirable characteristics of order and decorum which marked that great ev snt. Throwing these all aaide, and viewing the slight excesses which a partion of the people of Paris were guilty of, at a time when ordinary men would be intoxicated with excitement and electrified at the successes which had attended their efforts to effect an ob j et which may well be termed the turning point of the world's history, they draw their own conclusions from these slight excesses, and predict tlie worst consequences that could befal a nalion. In this, they are in the highest degree illiberal and shortsighted. Viewing the recent revolution, from the time when the first barricade was erected in the city of Paris until the provisional government took into its hands the management of the affairs of thai great, nation, the men who accomplished the great work of driving a corrupt and profligite king fro'.n his throne, and upsetting a dynasty that he s proved itself falsa to the people, we canne,t see any thing in it that induces us to believe that there is any likelihood of evil conseqvi ences resulting to either France, or the progress of republicanism throughout Europe, from this revolution. On the contrary, we see many things to induce us to form a directly opposite opinion. During the three days of the commotion, the people behaved themselves in the most orderly and becoming manner, respecting, in a manner that reflects the highest credit on them, not only the rights of property, but abstaining from any course of conduct showing the least enmity towards the person of their late soverT L- * l 1 -! J 1 I- iL cigu iu ua duic, iiicy iaiu nanus un mc throne in the Tuileries, and destroyed it; they likewise destroyed the royal carriage; hut when this wus accomplished, the populace were satisfied. They likewise changed the nam* of the streets and institutions from royal to national; and in both of those measures, the prevalence of one feeling existed, and that was the abolition of royalty and every thing that tended to keep it in remembrance. Apart from these acts, there is nothing in the conduct of the populace of Pans to superinduce the opinion ttiat anarchy will lie the result <>f this revolution. The laboring classes have demanded an increase of wages, and various < tther things; but thus far, at all events, they have evinced no disposition to upset the new order of* things. On the other hand, the mechanics, s sop keepers, working men and tradesmen, as soon as the state of the finances of the country w; is set forth, came forward voluntarily and contri buted large sums of money towards the preservat ion of the public credit. In the demand of an incr ease of wages by the workmen and laboring cl asses, we see nothing more than what might bi? expected, under similar oircum stances, in a^y , a,i of the world. They accomplished the rt volution, and expected to be i?oefit? d by it, perhaps a little sooner than was reasonable; but there was uo disposition evinced 0 push mailers to extremes ? They were satisfied iviih the promise* of the prov 'isional government, hatnar.oual workshops wot I'd be provided for he unemployed, and return* d to their labors.? 1 h?y achieved the rovolutio, V '^ey c??*'iered the nsejves entitled to sot. 1? benefits (rowing out of it; thoae banafita won promised to them, nod they were satisfied. It may be eoid that because the people of Parie exhibited confidence in themselves, and were so tranquil under the new older of things, at the last accounts, there is no reason to believe that the rest of that extensive couutry will do the same ; but Paris, in this respect, is France. In that nation, the public opinion of the whole country is regulated by that of Paris, which is recognized as the great centre ot thought and influence which guides and controls the remainder. Neither do we see any aymptoms of France running into the excesses which followed the revolution of 1789, nor is there any probability of the occurrence of another reign of tsrror. The French people of the present day are of a different character to those of that time. They are more intelligent, better educated, and have been achooled by bitter and dear bought experience. They exhibit proof of this in the admirable respect to law and order which has governed them in the recent revolution; and to ao great an axtent is thia visible, that the last accounta from tha capital concur in stating that, with the exception of the stumps of the trees which had been cut down by the populace to form ,barricades, the city preHAIltfl ft4 nlliftt ftflH nrH?rlv an innsavsnns it di'd before the revolution, and that the shops were open, and business conduoted as usual? that, indeed, the revolution had apparently been forgotten, and that to a stranger, it would appear that the new order of things had been in existence a long time. Thus far, then, we Bee nothing on which prognostications of anarchy and disorder can be j based; but everything onwhich we might predict stability, and a permanent and peaceful order ot things. In forming conclusions on the result of such a mighty event, it would be highly illiberal and unfair to take up the worst features, and from them form an opinion, leaving out of sight the favorable points. The great trial probably took place on the ninth of April, when the members of the new national convention were to have been elected. That was the ordeal that tested the capability of the people of France for self-government; end we are free to say, that we have great expectations that they passed through it saiely and unscathed. If the elections were conducted in a spirit of order and moderation, and if the members elected are equal to the task which they shall assume, all will be safe. The republic of France will then be a fixed fact, and the spirit of liberty will receive an impulse that will be irresistible. The people of France are not alone in this great movement; for their example has already been followed in Germany, Italy and other countries. This will serve to give them additional confidence; and in addition to that, they have before them the experience and history of the United States, and the sanction of the Catholic hierarchy. * These advantages they did not possess in their first revolution; and for proof that they are properly appreciated, we refer our readers to the extracts in another part of the paper. Financial Revulsion in Europe.?The financial revulsion now sommenced in France, will be one of ths greatest that ever astonished the world, and will spread all ovsr Europe in the course of a few months, affecting equally all those branches ot commerce in the United States, which are connected with the old world. The commercial and fiaancial systems of the old world have been more than two centuries in reaching their present point of rottenness and corruption. The political revolution has merely anticipated, but a few years, what would have naturally taken place of its own accord?on the financial relations of all Europe. It has commenced in France?in Paris, and from that country it will spread every where, and even to every part of England. The recent revulsion in England was merely a premonitory symptofn of what is now beginning in its intensity. All the bankers of any note in Paris, are gradually closing their houses, and endeavoring to save from the wreck of the times, as much as they possibly can. In fact, all the great bankers, financiers And merchant* hav* nnthtn? do, but close their houses and save as much aa they can?and that may be very little?from the complete explosion of .the system of the public debts, which will cover Europe with bankruptcy. Among the other curions facts of this revulsion, which is just beginning, is that of a social revolation in the habits and amusements of the people. All those who sported equipages and lived in style in Paris, are economising and cutting down. The opera is not attended, and nothing but politics is discussed, and we should not be surprised to see New York become the retreat of all the most fashionable people of Paris and London, as well as ofOrisi, Rubini, Mario, and all great artists of the day. In fact, New York will be the only quiet city m the civilzed world, in less than two years. Here every thing is stable sad permanent. Our political steam escapes regularly twice a year, and a large lot of it escaped ou Tuesday, giving us peaee and quiet for the next six months. The political steam engines of Europe are only beginning to operate, and they are not understood yet; but they will hive to find out the manner of managing them, from the United States,ras soon as possible. E.vliqhteji ore Daxkniis, we bksxkcb tuii. ? The disgraceful way in which the streets o this city are frequently left at night, calls loudly for amendment; and every suggestion that cau he made for remedying these ways of darkness, ought to be attended to by the authorities. We lnve a suggestion or two to make, which, if adopted, will go a great way towards removing the evils thus complained of. Let there be erected in every new street, where lamps do not now exist, iron pillsrs similar to those used for gas lights, and at similar distances ; theae to be furnished with small lamps containing spirit gas, not camp'iine. These lamps will not cost more tiian from six to eight cents each?the spirit, or liquid gas, will not cost more than the common at oil, and will not, like oil, freete in winter, when most needed, and will afford a light equal to gas itself. When pipes are laid in these streets, the pillars will be in readiness, and nothing will remain to be done but to conduct the gas from the main pipes in the street to the lamp pouts. A further good will be obtained bp the saving of the wooden posts, iron frames, snd glass, which are at present yearly wasted. Thus several th nuaand dollars might be saved every year, and the midnight marauder thwarted, in a great degree, in his nefarious pursuits. Movements op tus Ocean Steamships.? Two splendid ocean steamships will leave this port for Europe in the course of this week?the Hibernia on Wednesday, and the Washington on Thursday. Both vessels are in excellent trim, and they will, undoubtedly, make excellent time over the ocean ; all concerned in the Washington are sanguine of her making as quick, if not a quicker, passage than the other. She has already some thirty-five passengers booked, and the Hibernia has as many. Great interest will be felt an to which of these steamers will make the best tune, and we have no doubt that both will make very ahort passages. There are, also, two ocean steamers on their way hither?the Sarah Sands, which left Liverpool on the 3d instant, and the Acadia, which left the same port on the 8th?the one with nine days later intelligence, and the other with fourteen later than what we received by the laat arrival The Sarah Sand a comes to this port; tne Acadia goes to Boston. City Embejllishxints.? Amongst the tiriou improvements contemplated, or progreaaing, in the upper part of the city, is the enclosure of a certain number of feet taken trom the width of the street, in front of the row of elegant private i houses erected in some of the principal streets. These are, in all eases, fenced in by iron railings of the moat chaste and appropriate designs, I and are intended for shrubberies and grass plats < The addition of these little garden spots in i front of city residences, seems to be a prevailing taste. They are, without doubt, pleasing to J the eye, and healthful and ornamental to the city. There is one subject we would here allude to, natnaly, the srroneous supposition entertained by many, that enclosures which, in some streets, encroach on the original breadth of the street, as laid down, have been granted by the city authorities to the owners of the houses. There is, we believe, no concession of this kind, any more than a tacit understanding between the parties just named, that these enclosures will be suffered to remain oply as long as they do not interfere with the public interest. Our observations are here confined to those streets commencing with 14th street, which, at judicious intervals, have been laid off across the island, unusually wide, in order to fit them for leadiag commercial streets and thoroughfares, according as the population and commerce of the city increase. The streets of this class which succeed 14th street, are 28d, 84th and 42d streets. Tathe narrower streets which run parallel to these, the front enclosures are taken off the lots on both sides of the way, at the pleasure of the owners, and less uniformity exists; but in all these streets, there are rows of dwellings of beau* tiful proportions and fine appearance. The "streets of palaces," however, which intersect Union Square and the noble avenues which cross these at right angles, may justly be considered the handsomest part of the city at present. This vicinity is radiant with gems of architectural beauty. Nothing can exceed the costliness and elegance of the private residences in this quarter of the city. A wayfarer endowed with the most ordinary sense of the beautiful, will hardly fail, while passing through these streets, to gate with feelings of curiosity and admiration upon the varied succession of beautiful architectural elevations, which the private residences here display. If a person should view them for the purpose of deciding which would be the object of his preference, he would find himself in the predicament of Tom Moore when surrounded by a galaxy of bright eyes, and mentally exclaim, " 'tis hard to choose." In addition to the numerous improvements which every day brings forth, we understand that the owners of lots along the 6th avenue intend to adopt the plan of locating their houses so as to be able to surround them with shrubbery, in the villa style. This combination of fine architecture and beautiful foliage, if generally carried out, will give a splendid appearance to this avenue, which will be further enhanced by the rows of trees planted alone the edges of the aide walks on both sides. Altogether, the rapid growth ot splendid churches and other magnificent edifices, both public and private, in the upper part of the city, will shortly render New York one of the finest cities in the world. The New Common Cornea..?The turmoil of the late city election is now passed away, and the politicians are on the wing in all quarters, seeking for the spoils of office. The new Boards will soon take their places, and will be surrounded with hordes of applicants, soliciting every sort of employment, from that of the street-sweeper up to the highest office in the gift of the Common Council. We shall carefully watch the early proceedings of the new Boards, and see whether those reforms which are so anxiously looked after, will, as in the case of former bodies having similar powers, be lost sight of in the gnxiety to reward their satellites. We would therefore, at the start,advise the new Com mon Council thus" Gentlemen, business first ?amusement afterwards." Let them earnestly commence a thorough reform in trery part of the city, immediately on going into office in May, and they will be aided in every way by the citizens. If our new Boards go early to work in this way and then commence to amuse themselves by entering upon the work of decapitation and appointment, their exertions will be rewarded and their motives appreciated. All speculations on the subject of the last election in this city, are now idle, except, perhaps, on the singular success of Havemeyer. We sheuld look to the future, and do every thing possible to cleanse and improve the city. We shall watch the proceedings of the Corporation elect,and see that they move with the age in effecting improvements, and doing good for the people who support them. Lea Rollinq.?When Lord John Russell heard of the French revolution, he was scared out of his intention to add five per cent to the income tax. Nay, he could not even have kept up the odious tax but for a bit of log-rollingas disgraceful to both parties as ittis^injurioua to the English taxpayers. This log rolling was as follows: The minister and the Irish members of Parliament entered into an agreement that, on condition the Irish members would vote for the tax upon the Eaglith, it should not be levied upon the Irish. Thus the tax was continued. Such partiality in legislation is a farce; for the rich in Ireland are, of coarse, as well abla to pay a per centage on their incomes as the rich in England. And whyjshould the one be spared and the others punished ? The ministry and the Irish members who entered into such a disgraceful log-rolling, will gain nothing by it. They are tricks and injustices like there which tend to revolution and the overthrow of governments and dynasties. STBAMSHir Hibkbnia and tub Pilots.?There is a great deal of enquiry as to what the pilots of this port were about, on the evening of the arrival of the steamship Hibernia, a tew days since; and we would like to see some light thrown on the subject. It appears that that vessel cftnld not get a pilot, from some cause or other, and that the captain of one of our steamboats had to send one of his ofRcers on board of her tofllot her into the lower bay, where she anchored. This is strange. P. 8 ?Alter the above was in type, we received the following note from one of our New York pilots. It speaks for itself: Ma. Ewiion: ? On the ?th Inst, ws spoke ths steamer Hibernia,from Liverpool and Halifax, ens hundred and fny ailu 'Ml ?( .Sonify flask We dropped oar yowl, witn a pilot on board. Ave hundred yards ahead of the steamer, and spoke her, and asked hercaptela If he wanted a pilot He said, "No, they had none, and did not want one " I have si nee heard that shs was detained at Sandy Hook some timo for the want of one GREGORY THOMAS. Naval ?The following is a list of the ofRcers of the United States ship Saratoga, now off the Ilattery, ready for sea. She will sail to-day or to morrow lor Norfolk, thence to the Gulf. Commander William C. Nlobolson; Lieutenants, John A Window, Charles F Mnlntosh, S. D. Trenobard George H Preble; Parser, Robert Pettit: Aotlag nurgeon, J. T Maeon; Assistant Surgeon, T. B Sreale; Anting Master, John Wilkinson; Passed Midshipman, II,os C.Eaton; Midshipmen, James Parker, Edward C. Pasteur, Henry H K?y. John H. TUIotson, Jahn Wetters, James A (Jrser, be Grease Llrirgston; Captain's Clerk Joslah Tattnall. Jr ; Boatswain, f () Ball; Oon* ner. Franols Dawson, Carpenter, J G. Thomas; Htllmeker, John A Birdsall; Master's Mete, Wm H Hamilton; Purser's Clerk, Wm H Myers Psssangars tor theUnlf William Holland 3d Asrlstnnt Engineer; 31 Assistant Engineers. William Holland. John M. Menry, Thomas Kllpatrtek, Thomas J. Harris, Richard C. Potts, Hsary Mason. Henry H Stewarts, Kibrbige Lawton. Movement! ane Talk at the Hotels. The arrivals, yseteruey, as is generally the ease on Huodays, Were bat few. The nsxt European news formed the gen-ral tople of conversation. This news la looked tor with Interne intern*. m T TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. nmmmrjr The U. S- ateam frigate Miaaiaaippi arrived at Boaton yeaterday, bringing a few days later news from Vera Cruz. It was generally believed that the treaty, aa amended by the Senate, would be accepted by the Mexican Congreaa. Mr Clifford, the American CommiaVtoner, had arrived at Vera Cruz. LATE AND INTERESTING FROM MEXICO. ARRIVAL OF THE U. 8. STEAMER MISSISSIPPI, At Boston* PROBABLE RATIFICATION OF THE TREATY. Arrival of Mr. Clifford at Vera Cruz. Movements of Santa Anna, fee. fee. fee. Boston, Sunday, April 16, 1848 The U- S. steamer Mississippi, Commodore A. S. McKenzie, from Vsra Cruz, 2nd inst., via Havana, S'h inst., arrived this afternoon. Com. McK. reports that it was the general impression among well-informed persons at Vera Crua, in correspondents with the capital, tkst the treaty would be ratified by the Mexican Congress, notwithstanding the modifications made in ths United States Senate. As the Mississippi was leaving Vera Cruz, 2d inst., she passed the U. S. propeller Massachusetts, from New Orleans, having on board Mr. Clifford, the associate commissioner. The Vera Cruz Free American, of the 31st ult , says the Mexican civil authorities are in power since yesterday the 30th ult. (wen. Scott and Mr. Trist wer- daily expected at Vsra Cruz, on their return to the United Slates. The Free American also stateB that Santa Anna requested Col. Hughes, gavernor'of Jalapa, to receive him, as he had a passport to leave the country. [Col. Hughes went out with two companies of dragoons and one company of artillery, to meet him at his hacienda of Enceo. He will probably embark on board the British steamer tor Havana, from whence he will go to Antigua, Hnd finally proceed to Jamaica, to await there an offer from John Bull for his return to his native country. The Mississippi sailed from Havana the 8th inst., in company with the bark Rapid, for New York. From further conversation with Com McKenzie, we learn that Gen. Scott waa very anxious to leave Vera Cruz at the earliest opportunity, and had he and Mr. Trist arrived in season, they would Have embarked on board the Mississippi for BostonThe propeller Massachusetts would remain at Vera Cruz, and bring them to a northern port in the United States. It was generally understood at Vera Cruz, that the government had refused Cora. Perry's re quest lor leave 01 absence. The Mississippi brings home the remains of Lieut. Theodore B. Barrett, U. S. Navy, who sailed from Pens icola in the Mississippi on the 17th October, and died in November on board the Germantown. Slaves Kscaped Washington, April 16?104 P. M. We hear that some twenty odd slaves, belonging to several persons in this city, ran off last night. It is snpt>osed that they have been assisted by the abolitionists, and that they have gone on board some vessel on the river, so as to take a bay route to the north. Murder of Mldhslpman McLanahan. Philadelphia, April 16, 184S Late accounts from California, announce the murder of Midshipman Tenant McLan&han, of Baltimore, by the guerillas. Shipping Intelligence. Boston, April U?Arrived U 8 steamahip Miuitaippi, Vers f.ruz, via H?v*na- ihipt Oeorge train, and Java, Liverpool; bark Joeco, Zmzibar. Theatrical and Musical, Italian Ofera Comfant.?" Nnbuco " will bo perI formed s^ain this evening, with tho original east, SlgnoI rinas iSruffl and Petti, and Slgnores F O. Beneventsno, Bellini, Roei. Rioudi, See. This opera ha* been received with much favor, and from the raagoifloont style in whioh It has bsen put on the stage, it is well worth seeing and hearing. This evening it is performed by the especial desire of many patrons of the Opera Honse, and wa sntlolpats a splendid and fashionable attendance Bowser Theatric.?Thie house has opened with great eeUt, under the new management, and it would aeem ae if theatrieale were undergoing a speoles of rerirel in New York, though at the Bowery they hare uerer had any reason to complain, for it has always been rery well patronised; but this spring we expect It will be more patronised than ever. estherery best talent aud the muet popular pieces will be presented in such rapid eueeesiou that the exoitement will be continually kept up. The Begutn troupe, and Miss Tnrnbnll, now hare possession of the boards, and opera and the ballet are consequently the staple amusements. To praise the Segulns is unnecessary;?for several years they bare been established favorites. Mrs. Segnin is one of the most pleasing and lady like singers now In the country, and ae an' actress, she is also pre-eminent. Seguin himself, with his rich bass roioe, and fine dashing style of noting, is incomparable; and the remainder of the troupe are all One singera To-night they appearin the opera of "Pre Dlarolo," a meet interesting play, as well as a floe opera;?it is particularly calculated to display good acting, as well as singing, and will doubtless afford muoh gratification to those who witness It. Miss Turnbull will appear as the graceful Nathalie, in the ballet of that name, after the opera. Miss T. is a great favorite, and deservedly so, as she is eminently graceful and refined in her dancing. Chatham Thsat ae.?The production of the now local drama this evening, will no doubt attract a .large audience to this favorite house, more especially as Chanfrau, in his great original oharactarof one of theb'hoya of New York, will be the hero of the pieoe. ' New York as it is," is ths nam# of it, and it wilt, we understand, truly set forth tha actual characters of every day life, whloh are so diverting aud amusing to ns all. We have oftan wondered that the man|gersof cur theatrse would o pertinaolously cram dowu tha throat* ot mystified audiences farces fresh from London, crammed with looal allusions, which are Ml very well within the sound of Bow Balls, bnt must bs caviare to the million here in New York, when there was so mneh material for good faroe ta be found in every street of our olty, almost, whieh would be at once understood and appreciated by the visitors to our theatrss ; and the event has justified the correotneeeof our wonderiage. Mose, the great prototype of tbat peculiar person, the New York b'boy, attached aehe I* to an engine company, always reedy for a "mnss," gallant withal, sa hli attentions to the gals showcase, whan put on the atage, has at one bound baeome tha favorite of the publie, and Chanfrau, the great original, has started a new and distinct branch of histrionic character, by his able and perfeet enaotment of this well known portion of the aommnnlty. In"New York as It Is," life In Nsw York will be displayed In all Its shades; the steamboat landing, tha trlokaon thos# verdant countrymen whose disastrous encounters with the Indefstl gable Peter Punk* and watoh-stnffers, (by-the-by, wa never pity a man who is taken in by a watch stuffer or p^ckatbook-burner), keep .the police reporters ao continually in Ittms, the " plug musses," fires, and all their inoldent* of rivalry batwoan companies, &j., will be faithfully depleted The acenery will represent many wall-known loealltii* about town, suoh as Catherine market, Chatham eiuare, fie Altogether, this new "I? laesHHoHa A# flam K'hftua Ifi ' 'hfllind tfl t>iase" It wiU be preceded' by thefaree'of -'Bos, Cox, and Knox." and tb? dram* of tha "Brigand." Tha faro# of tha ",Plaaaant Ka)|bbor" will b? tha laat place. Cniiitt'i MintTiL*.?Tha Machanio'i Hall, wbaro thaaa mlmtrala have sung ao many nlghia, will be required for other pnrpoaaa after VFadnoaday of tbia weak, and therafora Chrlaty and hla aangatara will have to bid a reluctant adieu (for a abort tima only) to tbia, tha roene ot their unexampled au:oeaaea It bebotrea all, therefore, 'o make tha meat of the time that in left, and not fill to bear them before they move Te-night, Tuesday nnd Wedneaday evanlcgi ara all they will aing in New York during thla weak On Thursday they goto Brooklyn and aing at tha Institute there Saslb Iiothiiis ?After a week cf excuralona the Brother# return to Convention Hall this evening, and taken fresh start They will pcrfoim every evening during this week, and as they have acquired a One reputation bora, they may look for large audienoes, and lota of applause, and oesh to boot Bsnvsao's Pawoham*.?Any person who ha# ever travailed on tha Mls'lsslpi Htver who goes to aee Banvard's Panorama of it, will almost think himself again embarked on it, ?o perfect 1# the picture. We cordially r?aomm*nd It to tna attention of all onr oitisens, and also to that of strangers who may be here. Msi.onso.v ?In addition to the very clever singers eogeged at thla pleasant onusert room, Tate Morris, the great original navigator of tha raging ocnal hu been engaged lor a law avanings The Virginia Minstrels Jsannle Rsynaldaon, and several other good singers, form the company. Baoinwsv Oosoa?The Pygmalion statuary at this place is a novel exhibition and !? qnlte popnlar. Mr J K a gentleman well and favorably knewoln Brooklyn aad New Fork gives o grand concert there this evening at tha female Academy. Jnre lemon street. He will bs assisted by M'ss J L Northall, Mr. Arthursnn, Mr. W A King and the (^uartetta Association The singing will consist of quartette* , sougs ballads, and as a finale the Marseille# Hymn The audience ara requested to Join in the chorm of this latter pieoe - quite a noyslt.y lu concert*. We have no doubt this will bs one of the pleaeantast concerts given In Brooitlyw ibis season, end coumaod It to the attention of our raadoaa serosa the river f - . _ . - L' * funeral Oratlcn. In accordance with a desire expressed by the companions of the late Mr. Fargis, who, with M-. Kerr, another member [of the Fire Departin-nt of this city, lost his life at the r< cent fiie in Duane street, the Kev. C. C. Pise, D. D. delivered a funeral oration in St. Peter's Church, Btrclay street, yesterday Almost all the Fite Dei artment were in a erdance; arid so great waa the desire on the part ot the public to hear the address, that every seat and standing place in that secred edifice was occupied; and were it as large again as it is, it would not have been sufficient to accommodate the hundreds who arrived too late to obtain entrance. The Reverend gentleman selected as a text for his discoursed, Proverbs 17, as follows " He t at is a friend, loveth at all times, and a brother is proved in distress." This proverb, ssid Dr Pise, is oertainly not inapplicable to to the oooMion which calls us togetbor this day, ia the temple of Uod. The associate firemen of the lamented Kargls have proved themselves bis friends, not only in the hour of joy, bnt likewise in the day of distress When he is no longer among th?m to witness and reoeive the tokens of their friendship, but when, nnconscioos of them all, his mortal remains lit buried in the tcmb?wbleh Christian sympathy may oonseorate, but human flattery oannot plerce-at the request tfbis faithful companions. I most willingly consent to speak some words of oondoltnce?to soatter seme purple flowers of funereal commendation over his memory and his grave. Although this task has already been performed, and, 1 doubt not, la a manner worthy the amiable and eloquent clergyman who officiated at his obssquies, still, as the address made on thet ooeaslon was delivered In a foreign language, which most of the oompany did not understand, it hoi been deemed sdviuhla h, them thet I,inonr vernaoultr tongue, should prenounoe a brief eulogy of his excellent and admirable ebaraoter. With heartfelt sympathy do I asquieeee in their request; a request marked as well by the holiest main testation of regret for the death of their friend, as of generous respeot for the religion ia which he was born and the oread whieh he professed. And although the eeremony must revive afresh the painful and mournful calamity whieh basso recently befallen his family, neverthelees, such bright examples of disinterestedness, charity and intrepidity, cannot be too often brcugbt bslore the publio view; and no where more appropriately or more effectually than in the home of the Lord, around this sanctuary, where Fargis was taught to worship his God, according to the faith ef his anoestore and the diotates of his oonsotenoe; and In the presenoe of this altar, before whioh he had given nolios, a few days previous to his untimely fate, of his Intention to be married aosordiag to the rites of the ohnrch. Alas! what a contrast between ths festive spestaols whioh that bridal oertmony would have displayed, and the sad, solsmn rites whioh the present mournful occasion exhibits. From a brief, but faithful, memoir of his llfa and charaetsr, put into my hands by his diaoonaolate associates, it appears that Henry Fargis was bom in Now York, in 1812, entered the Fire Department in 1814, and had oommaud of the company whan he lost his life, In Duane street, on Sunday, the 2d Inst., at 8 o'oloek in the morning. His character is portrayed as ingenuous and bland. Though ardent and quick in bis natural impulses, he was a stranger to malioe, and of a forgiving disposition. He commanded the universal affeotion o: his companions by his social qualities, and their respect by his manly qualities. In Lis domestic relations he is represented as pre-eminently remarkable. To the oomfort and happiness o f his perenta|he tscrifioed all eelQsh consideration*. Hi mother he loved with a child-like intensity; to his father he was more a companion than a aon, yet obedient and dutiful withal To bis brothers and sisters he was affectionate and kind : in short, h's example, in all these respeota, waa so shining and rare that the memorandum from whioh I glean these particulars, most justly concludes, ' If he had no other olaim than this upon our admiration, this alone would be auffloient to make us love him, and hold up his character as a bright and beautiful example." I said that in your lamented friend waa exemplified the value of disintereitsdnesa. Surely, If there la any evidenoe of the action of that virtue, what less equlvooal or more conspicuous oould be given than by the neble fireman, who perils hi* life for the benefit ol others! When an individual risks his safety and exiatenoe for hia own interest, he aeta from the promptings of solf; bnt when he jeopards both for a stranger, whoso person, or evenhome, he knows not, and this not fromjthe motive of remuneration, but gratuitously, disinterestedly,, suoh a vuaiauivi ia wjvuu an |>i?iio-uv u m tivmiua w ku? community, and a blessing to his country. Suoh a character waa Fugle; and auoh ia every generous fireman, who, at the flrlt toll of the alarm ball, whether It wakea him from his midnight slumber, or sounda on hia ear In ths midatof hia dally bnaineaa and oconpationa, and even aaiueementa, rushes te the ie me of danger, and plunges into smoke, and cinder, and flame, reokleaa of the storms, and cold, and lee of winter, and heedless of the burning heat and biasing sun ot summer. He rushes as to the preservation of his own, his all?with enthusiasm, ardor anJ determination?while, In effeot, there is nothing whlob the fire ia menacing] that is his own?it is another's, a stranger's; and to rasona ths propsrty of ano thsr, he healutea not to nndargo fatigna, and to face impending danger, and expose his own life. This was the condnot ot Fsrgis -this la the oondnct, every day, of all our magnanimous firemen. Suoh is thsir disinterestedness. They are, indeed, a band of noble splrita, of whom their conntry cannot too highly appreciate the value and merit, and to wham oar vaet and magnificent metropolis e?nnot be too grateful. Fsrgis possessed a large share of that admirable and l ero.c disinterestedness, and gave evidence cf it by tba lamentable end of which it was the cauae. He fell a victim to that virtue?a martyr of phllanthrophy and fraternal ohailty. For in what does fraternal obatlcy consist? Our divine Legislator has himself assured us. that It comlstsiD loving and doing good to our neighbor ; and, in en* of ths most striking parables, explains what ie meant by our neighbor. livery member of the human family ie our neighbor-our brother: and, consequently every good work performed lor bis welfare, Is the fulfilment of the great law of otiarity. Now, what better work could there be, than to labor for the preservation of another's property and* goods ??1> encounter imminent risks and menacing dangers, in saving the lives of the helpless and aged, and sick, who. In an evil hour, may find themselves surprised and ecoompasted by flames, and, but for tba enterprising and daring charity of the firemen, mast psrieh amid the ruins of their dwellings? How many Individual* are there1 who, if they have not been burned to cinders?'save not mingled their aahei with those of their smouldering houses?owe their.resoue,]their escape, anatneir lives, to tne none exertions o; tne nremenr One touching nn<l remarkable inatanoo haa fallen nndar my own knowledge, and occurred daring that fatal fire in which young Kargls perished. Many of the company here present will undoubtedly remember an elderly woman who lay aickon her bed in Duaae street, the rear of a email frame house, Apposite the spot where the Are was raging. 1 had visited her a few days previous to the oalamity, in the quality of clergyman, to administer to her the Holy viaticum. A few daya after the Are, I was again called to her bed side. She repoeed comfortably and safely in the little room which ehe had btfore occupied. She then informed me, with teara la her eyed, of the magnanimous ooadnot of the firemen?how they rushed to her assistance?how they earrisd Her away in their arms, to a plaee of security in an adjoining street; and raieing her hand* end eyea to heaven, wltn a deep and heart-ieit emotion of gratitude, ehe exclaimed, "God bless the firemen!" And most sincerely do I repeat her well-deserved btnedlotlon?God bless the firemen!. Their charity towards her, nnd towards all their neighbors, cannot but bring down upon themselves and their families the blessings of heaven. Charily, whloh causes them to ley down their lives for their friends, as the lamented Kargis has dene; and than which act, aooording to the declaration of Christ himself, there 1s no ' greater charity." What a sacrifice in the spring-tide of life, in buoyant health, la cheerful spirit*?lull of hope, end beaming with the brightest anticipations ! On that fair and quiet Sabbath morn, he sprung on his feet, at the first peal of the deep and solemn bell, hurried away to the scene of disaster, and, while strug^lng with the devouring element, was suddenly burieu under the tumbling well* of the alifice. The lovely dawn of that hallowed morning smiled on his view, only to witness his untimely fate; and tbe Sabbath aun, which arose in joyous and clouJle.a radiance, went down at evening in darkness and desolation. The pall of mourning wee thrown over his family, hi* friends, his brother firemen. The home which he so ardenly loved, and recently left, to fly to the aid of hi* neighbor, shall never more be oheered and mad* happy by hie return. He has fallen In the discharge of his duty; he haa forfeited his lire in the performance of a deed of fraternal charity, and his memory shall be eheiiehed and be blessed by tnoso who knew him, and by all who have heard of hi* noble intrepidity. Intrepidity is inseparable from disinterestedness and cbarity. Where tbeso virtues animate the heart, that will never be wanting to fire the soul Great, and truly Christian, ie that virtue. The apostles were eminently characterised by it, when, arraigned before the tribunals cf Jerusalem, they said, " It is better to obey God, than men " They st >od unshaken and uefhtimidated by menace, persecution, or even by death Itself. The martyii, who were otlm end patient amid the severest punishments, end, for oonaclenoe sake, cheerfully submitted to be tortured to death in every variety ui niiuuoi, "wiun uui uynu iu? worm, mso, inn orignieei and purest models of human Intrepidity. What mall I say of our bloaaed Lord, who, whan perseoutad, inau It?d, soourgsd, oruciflad, displayed, with an efllcaoy whleh has inspired his dlaelplea, In ail ages, with the power to participate In it, the moat exalted and dielns intrepidity. It Intrepidity oonsiRta in bravtsg and despising danger or death, for the sake ot justice or charity, certainly Kargie, who encountered noth, and fell In the struggle, is entitled to the honor which that virtue confers I'to soldier who, for the defence of the republic goes f.irJi to the battle-field, defies the dangers that surround him, stands firmly and bravely n >der hla country's banners, ui.d Is is.idy to meet bis fa'e sinld the thundt and itghtuirgof too oanuon, gives eviJ-noeof hi* Intrepidity; and does not tne fireman In th dtsobargeot hla duty, exhibit ths ssina? See him half suffocated with the,dense volume ot smoke, erblnh, lurid with the mingling, rolls around him and wraps him Ih its vorlax. See him scaling the tattering wall, leaping from ruin to rulu, with incessant strokes] catting away the inflamai bin material, while bis companions below with indomitable energy acjust ths hose, ply ths engine, and throw np, with Irresistible vehemence, the c n.dieting waters Beheld him forolng his way, half still ad, into tne interior of the burning edifies, saving its tffcota, carrying off upon his shoulders some bed ridden or helpless Inmate, unoousciotis, It w. ull appear, of the horrors of the scene, regardlessof hlsoan eaMy.of f*tlgue, c( lite! Oh! many a lime have I shuddered at tli< Intrepidity of the fireman, and haye wond'ro 1 h >w su f-w are orusned or pteoipltaied to ths ear:h. Alas I net all escape We have seen in the recent rwWmily, that two b*vo | priiehed. of whom K*rgi? the iuhj-ot of oqr presei t | commemoration, was ons. To such men, public monuments should be relied. But wny' Is nor. the whole cl y 1 their mouumcni? A-d when posterity shall admire its magnificent public, build ngs, lis beautiful private mansious, will It not he due to our fiieinru to say that thesi ?rs tli?lr monument*? P'or, It ihey had n >t formed themmIvs Into a baud t oheak the uyr-ed ot oonil >, ro extinguish the fierce . lenent of fi e when K first' brsaM out, there would he no city lift fur postctity to Si imui imrnfum qnmrit, rirtum pict. lUelng Shoen how the vtrtu a of,#g?, cheri'y nid intrepidity were ex. mpllfied in the couduc.t of the young arid lamented KargiS, I will, b.fore uu

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