Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1848 Page 1
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I >. ' ?n MUfc.Xl' 1X_ac imm H*WI M IW I TH Wtuilt Mo. 007J. Our Foreign Correapondenre. LirKbrooi., March 91, 1848. R'tolutio iory Mo'ftn ? Jiff lire at Iks Continent?New / ShutHtMp America. On fet. Patrick'* (lay ' The bark la ready, and the wind at help,"?thought I, I'll despatch to the Herald what f bav* written, by the clipper Mont'iumt If, bef>re 'hi* reaohes jou, you bare received thet despatch, you will b? swore that on tbe 17th init. we were In a ntpto of hub-bnb bore. A11, however, hes parted oil quietly with na; eud our eipeotatione beve been 1 lmt*d Many, a groat many of as, Dicky Sams, were enrolled as apeolal constables, and although upon tbe departure of the Montesama I oould not boast, as Sir sow - body did, when Mayor of that beantlful oity called Cork, during tbe rebellion in Ireland, of 1798, wh?n be wrote t > the Lord Lieutenant tbatuHis Excellency might ima^ no tha dreadful state of the country, when be Intifirmeifi him th?f mbiU ka ?ac owl Mn? that U?f?w !,? eiee ob iged Co bold a loaded pistol In one bad and a drawn fw rd la tbe other !" yet, while I wrote, I was armed with a truncheon, baton, staff, elnb, or whatever yon chouse to term tbe wooden weapon, Implement or maee that I was Invested,arrayeil,adorned or graeed wltb by the worthy magistrates of this onr anolent town, to pros si ve t h s peso thereof iDvlolate?and we did preserve tbe Seaoe, and got no tbanks. However, In England we av? exiled >-o prinoee, nor dlelooated magistrates, although, believe me, a good many of tboee who speak as men "haelrg authority" felt a Utile qaeerish last week Bui the eloud bee passed over, and conrago and more comfortable respiration restored. Head constables and ' captains of fifties" have oeaeed, In tbslr " faint slumber*,'' to " murmur tales of iron wars," and " ory, courage ! to tbe field !" much to the satlsfsotlon of tbetr spouses, wbo would rather tbelr Percy had deemed discretion the better part of valor." March til. By the steamship "Washington," which sailed from Southampton yesterday, it is barely possible that you will bo made acqualned with the political proceedings In Paris to Monday avening?that on tha last days of the p?st week, Parts had bean paradsd by from one to two handred thousand of tha plebeian part of the inhabitants of ths eity, In proossalon. A reiurn to something like temporary repose was hoped tor by the prttreeble enbabitants, but every day brings forth additional tumults and restlessness On Sunday. at least two dostn bankers waited on ths Minieter of Finance, and asked him to g ive.fiftean days additional grace to oommercial bills. But ths Minister v rejeoied this in toto He proposed, however, to these | gentlemen, that tbey should name five among thsm to point rut u means of accomplishing their end. The following w?ro named : M. Dethomas, of the house of Krneu Buobot St Co ; dullard, of Qalllarri St Kamphi ; Cnein I.e. endre, Pavle-Blondel, and Lehideux M. F. L.tUt* has made a donation of ?1000 to the treasury. Tue Bank of Franoe continued closed. The mousy rhtngeis are mnet of tbcm closed, sod amongst those that are open there is a great laek of sliver. Some gold is to be bad at tbe rate of 10 per cent premium Private families are compelled, under these oireumstanoee. / to obtain their supplies of necessaries oner, dit As, however, po?t?ge of letters must be paid, these difficulties cannot tbu? be overoeme, and great is the ineenve nienee experienced: for If gold be presented in payment, tlie post office dies not possess the means of giviog the balance In silver. Of this auoraaly no explanation is offered by the banks or by tbe government. With regard to Naples, it appears from advices received, tnat King Ferdinand's troops were confined ciorely to the forts, alter having bad many oonfliets with tb? Meesineee. On the 31st ult.,the commandant sent a flit af truce to demand provisions, offering, in return, v<? a?iiT?r up me iort m neu nateo ana tn? arsenal or Terra Nova both dismantled These propositiens wsrs raius-d. Tli* following morning butone the Inhabitants having got some guns in battery, opened their fire, took tire Iort end made the troops prieenere Then the cite del, without baring been attacked,comtnenoed bombarding the city with 4U0 pieces of oannon, end aoon covered the oity with desolation end blood. The brave Meaatnes*, naming dannted, toon carried the fort of Bleaoo end the ar-enst The peopie'a forbearance wis most praiseworthy. They treated the prisoners ea brothers, end not as va: q'Lslied, and great kindness was shown to the wounded From Sardinia, we learn that serious popular demonstrations had taken place at Chambery, on tha 14ih '* Vive la republtque!" and menaces against the king were uttered. Turin was also iu n state of agitation Tne news of the kcenoh revolution burst upon the pecpie of the " eternal city" like aciep of tbiiDder Nothing is tiia*d 01 in Home but the " French feroe of Louie FMHppa's disenthronement.'' Prevaler^ as wa9 noue weeks nga tb* tntlu-i./.s, Is the new Italian Mantilla.?c ?it Is heard everwhere?in theatres, at conceits a.nl iu the streets. It begins : ? " War ! war! let the shout Kicg throughout Length end breadth Oi this lend, that Is Italy's," Sjj. The delight of the people of Germany knew no bounds, at the intelligsnoa of Trince Matternicn's dismissal Tbs thirty thousand trsops are withdrawn from Vienna, and the emperor drives in an open carriage amongst the students and burghers, who are armed and protect the city from dietnrbaace. The emperor ie reoelved everywhere with enthusiasm Upon the arrival of the oourier at h raukfort-on-tbe-Maine, the people rushed about the prlooipai streets, exclaiming. " Auatrle Is liberated ? is free." 'Metternlch Is dismissed." "Masauiello," was advertised for the opera, where the greatest demonstrati>n teok plaoe The hou-s was literally crammed to oveflowiag The netienel oelore, purple, crlmaon and g. Id. were warn In all manner of way* by the men. as ctava'a or as roasttes?an,l by tha Indies. in their hair. During the Sd sot. when the Neopolitan fishermen rise and Mssaniello stabs the ofhoer, the house rose and simultaneously demanded the " Marseillaise" The siogeis after retiring for a short time, returned with na tioual banners. and the ' Marseillaise " wss sung?the aud'.eone assisting In tbo cho- us, and an extemporeusoui vsrse. having reference to the Viennese patriots, beiog snag, it broaght down hundreds of applause, and was sneered two or three times The shouts of the men were encouraged by the waving of the ladies' scarfs and 'kerohlefs. A most extraordinary and Impressive sosne oconrrod at Hjnaii, after the Rleotor had granted tlie demands of tbe popnl.ee The entire populace?including women and chhdreu. soldiers and bnrghsrs walked hand In band to the Market-plane, where they were addressed by a pastor, who enjoined peaoe and good will. With one accord this mars of people humbly knelt and returned thanks to tbe Almighty for having prevented tbe calami tie, of a civil war Tbey afterwards sang a hymn, and returned psooeably horns. 1 he Prussian government it greatly Increasing?the garrison at Ehrenbreltstein, which is being put In a condition to bear a siege, if nseestnry. Hino sorts the only 8 cat* la G?rm?oy that has not obtained aome constitutional meaauro. venture to predict that ere April terminates, one cf (he finest atenmars that ever floated will bo In tbe New York waters, with the malls from England on board Tbe " America'' has arrived from Oreenock, having made tbe trip from about sixteen miles below Ureenook to our north-west light ship. 210 miles, in thirteen hours and a half H*r actual honaji ie measurements are: ? Length of keel and fors-raks 200 feet. Bread h of beam .18 " Tonnage 1840 tons. Hons power fl.iO The "Amerloa'' has stowage tor 700 tone of coal and 600 tons of go"ds. 8ho 'S a first rate specimen of architecture JL'Sn 000 Ie the total sum expended upon her. Captain Juukins is htr coaimandsr. Her crew consists of ah >ut one hundred Individuals; thirty-five in tbe sailing, thirty five hi tbe steaming, and thirty in the stawerd's d-partin.Her saloon, which Is on deck Is 60 feet in i<"i Kin ?n<i isiuwiutn sne has acosmirioiatioa for I8U ps'srngere. or for 190 whan tha sofa beds aro inoluded A navbl officer estimates that the America could oarry four tit.poui.der guns?two Tore and two aft?and fourt tu or sixteen 31 pounders along har sides. The "Aa?rlce" will leave tha Mersey on haturday, tha lftth April, for New York, calling at Halifax. Park, March 8,1848 Kotn'.e Ihit Lai io the ll>volution?Fi.lst State of the Government, ft. fc. OOOOO * * * * You hare seen ay 1 Ait letter. How little I expected then that tha em/ute would end in the overthrow of Louis Pnlllppe auil hii dynasty! No one expected It, 1 aaiure you. Tho ptpara will glorify the I'sdero of the reyolu tion. But It woi indecision on the one part, the Influ" once of a mob on the other, and chance above all, tha* wore Its only leaders. Evory thing was soon ended, and r?rl??the real P?rli- that la, the immense majority of the citizens tbnt wanted Uw and order, had not yet b*gnn to stir, save a f<w efforts that wore made to eountvraot the mov*?aont, when it was "too late" No important event, mid I doubt not this will be one of the most Important events of the oge, ever sprnog from a more accidental and stupid cause. You have heard about tho agitation on the subject of ttio banquets. The mlolstrv, direct* 1 as usual by Louis Philippe, decided to Inflict a blow on these banquets-being political meetings In wrlob the eating and dilnklng were a mere pretext, In order to bring the people together. At the opening of the "S'-?elon," they Inserted In the royal speech th? w.'rds, " ewirmi# ew are ?gfe?"?enemies or blind m-u?applying It to the Deputies who had taken part In tlio banquets. This aroused the anger of those deputies, who maintained they were Insulted. The ministry answered they had no Intention to Insult the honorable members Furthermore, ii the eddres*?that Is, the answer to the royal speech, whioh In voted upon, phrase after phtese, by ttie Chamber of Deputise-the ministry proposed to Insert the vory s-ma words, ' enarMtt an amu* fee," which exalted much anger, either truly genuine or ouiy protended Au amendment, proposing to erase the-e two words, which the ministers hid ssnl wire nnt^ iti.eodrd to Intuit auy m-mber, was etl^red tttill thoy. w?ra eiupid enough, or, raihar, weak enough, as thoy_ yielded to the old king, to epporo the amoudment, audi declare ihey would resign If It wis ad< pte.l As they" tied a certain majority In the honse, that amendment was rejected, of oonrse The result was to exasperate the opposition In tha oourss of the debate, the minister* had maintained that they had a right to proh Ibtt the bar quite. The opposition decided they would have 1- a bsnquet?that they would agitate with cold veal and champagne. Tha ministers seemed to answer that they wo old have those that would organise the banquet E NE" NE\ brought before the juatiee.to have the question settled by law; and such *?i tbelr intention, wuen the opposition pub'.ithed a manifesto, calling out the National Onard and tbo student* to form a prooeeslon from a certain cquare to tha place where the banquet was to tako place. That manifesto, or proclamation, ws? inserted in tba papers of Monday, February -II. Up to that tlma, you ae how mean, how very email, are the men and the events Ihe events ?ill a row bigger and bigger from this time. This callit it out of boys who all love liberty and reform?I do not know that order is necessary to gee tn?tn ? could not but wake up tlie government it decreed thatgrrat military forces would bo immediately brought to Taria to keep order, and enforce the lows 1'bia frightened the opposition; and mark It, the next day?the day the banquet should hare taken place the opposition papers, fearful, with great appaieut reason, to strengthen the ministers if any disorder took place, published a manifesto inlormlng all oitisms that they had given up the banquet, and udviriog them to remain at home. The fact Is, that the traders only wanted the fall of the ministry, some to obange the government, others to get plaoes. They had oonvoked the National Guards and the studsnts, merely to give more importance to their foolish manifestation. It had too mush already. An immense orowd, without arms, assembled In the plaoes where the precessions, was to organist; the mob was roused up. the Munioipal Gourds,a body ofsolect soldiers, which wereespiolally picked up for the service of Paris, dispersed the orowd whloh was shouting Viae la Rejarmt! and of oourse did not use their arms; hut s'ill a maa was killed in the mtlte. Immediately his body was oa'ried all'over Paris, with cries of revonga! revenge ! All the storm were shut np. .Still no firing took plsoa dating the first day. At the House of Deputies, OdiUon Barrot, the leader of the opposition, bad on that day moved for a bill of impeachment against the ministers, and it had been agre-d that the motion would be debated on Thursday, two days afterwards But on the Wednesday morning, Paris was full of bxrrioades, in full insurrection. Who had made them ? The mob? that is those few thousand men that had nothing to loee and every thing to gain from a revolution, and I urn glad to say, to the honor of Purls, chat for a mob, it was an exoelleut one, that behaved so valiantly during the fight and so honorably afterwards. But alas! thisistbo rule?tht exoeptiens are sad. To rrsuuis?in such cases It ie the duty of the National Guards to assemble, take arms and preserve order. It happened tta ?t the National Guard, which was highly dissatisfied with the Ministers, refuted to go out?they did not wacttoflsht against the reform as they were themselves In favor of it. The fools, they might hava saved the situation. As for the troops of the line, they fougbt a little In the beginning of the day, but on one side. Tha ministers,who bad depended on the Nationtl Dtiardl rlid tlrtf darn fn nrlva nnUro fn tha rmastil.it* troops, and those did not. like to move,units* mixed with the National Guards. During all theso hesitations, the insurgents inoreased in number, raised up oarrloid'B ->n every point, and took possession of saverul posts iu thn city ?killing, In most oases, the Municipal Guards, wbo had likely received orders, and fought more readily. It is then that the king, learning the situation of affairs, resolved to change his ministers, and this tvas annouoaed immediately. But on the evrniug, when everyone thought all was over, a t>oy flrrd on the commandant of aprscof the Municipal Guards, who was placed at the hotel of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, M. Outsit, and this oommandent waa kilDd immediatsly all the post returned the fire* and fifty or sixty persona felt dead or wounded, among whom very few were rioters. This event tiool jod tnc iate of the revolution, l'aris had illuminated in rejoiolng at the fall of the ministry, or rather at the end of the riot, when the revolution b -gan During the night from Wednesday to Thursday, tho king, who had at first entrusted ex-Count Male with the chotes of a ministry, mads another concession in choosing in hia place M. OdiUon Barrott, the very leader of the opposition. It was too late still. On Thursday morning. all the National Ouard were out, but nothingoouiil now stop the revolution, as several of the troops of the lino bad giveu up their arms to the insurgents. The National Guard tried vainly to atifls tke revolt; all it oould do was to join in the movement, to prevent the effusion ofblcod?to keep the ioturgeuia within bounds, if possible ; eo that the National Guard, who could have maintained crder in tha beginning, if it had taken part with the government, was unable to do anything when the gravity ot atronmetaacce eulDd it out. In a fow hours the palaco was entered without nny tight what ever, the king abdio&ted, fled, and the moo Was sovereign In this proud capital f he king bed abdicated In favor of his grandson, of course; but the regent, the one he had choeen, and compelled the Chambers to accept, was the Duke de Nemouis As he is v?ry unpopular, he then proposed the regency of the Duobess of Orleans, mother of th? you >g king; but always too late. From the backing out ot the government, In face of the revolt, the cons?qu-nt hesitation, and suirendeitnr ot the troops ot the l.ue, the events weot on eo rapidly that all was over before the g.-retrr part of tha city had auy idea of tha danger the dynasty was la. Vou will read in tho paprrs the luomorabie sitting of the Houfo of D-puMer of that day, Thursday d4.h It was puuiiatied iu full only in One paper, the Monileur Univmel. have already published the prooeodinge of this meeting?Kd Hkkald ] You will see that the Dtiouchs of Orleans went ou toot, emoogst ill Agitation and orowi, lion the pelaoa to the House of Deputies, Daaiug thereto the young mug, iiiu, nij remaiuing in ins uoaf [ill tue irruption of tba mob amongst tb? delegates of the o- tioo. It u than that the President, or gpsaker, coversd himself, declared the sitting was over, and left tha House with the great majority of tha members. Tn* ba,auce (hat rrai.i .ed ineldn, and the armed mob, amongst whom one eouli see q few National Uuirds, some aco.s. Alexander Dtimae, aud a lew pupils of the Polyteohnla Sebool, proclaimed then o provisional goverouient, and tne dozen of men who were invested with supreme power, immediately assembled at the City liall, and proclaimed tha "Republic." Lusots, Mtroh 1,1849. Politico ? Tha Oratoro?Oayttiao?Washington's Birth day, 4'C. The Portuguese chambers have been occupied more than a mouth in preparing their reply to the discourse of the throne. In the Peers, the debate has bceu one of Intense excitement, lor the ceusoa of the recent revolution, and foreign lnterferenoo In the domostio affairs of this country, when discussed, revived the political hatred which so unfortunately divides this cs'.lon. The great evils inflicted oa Portugal by the destructive civil war of lost year, plaoe snoh a responsibility on those who caused it, either on the one hand, by forcing the people to revolt by oppressive measures; or, on tha other, by oxolting thsm to a fratiioidal war, to change the ministry, and put themselvesia thsir vacant planes, thnt, as wed might be supposed, the debato was ( haraoteiizsd by that earnestness of fealiog which such a position ought to Inspire. Fortunately, Europe docenot present a parallel for the state of things extstiog here. N. Ither party conquers t ' and neither oan cla m the Influence i,f auocees to Justify th*ir course. Ths foreign powers forced a oompiotuiar; but this,though preventing the rffuidoa of b ood, will give the party In tne wroug. when time shall prove it, the grsatsr odium of having iodtreotly produced this degrading act against the indvpnndeoce of their e uutpy Each party, nndsr these circnmitanoes hue felt toe muab its responsibility to the nation to em.t any effort for its justification; and on both sides distinguished o-ators have presented every lncldont to eave themselves, not only from tha condemnation of Portugal, but from the csnsuree of the world. , | The chartists, under Costa Cabrsl, had power from 1941 to 1946; then occurred the revolution of v,c'v, ty wtl;h ha was pat out of pltee; thvu euother, irftJotuber of same year; and from that time to May 1947, the oivll war, wnl)h Das plunged in distress and mourning this unfortunato kingdom. Costa Cabrsd was accused in fhs parliaments of France and England, of having produced this war by hie Abuse I of law and plaoe. In thn chamber he defended bimaelt most ably, and defied his accusers to provo their charges; and If they dil not, to take the title of alandiwers and calumniaters He replied to th* oharge of having produced the revolution, by showing that it regtd with most fierceness while he was away?that his leaving had not quelled it, and consequently it was not against him. He complained I ittsrly of the ii justice dene him by de prirmg htm of hi i rights and honors, without even a trial. He s?lj that the accusation* of collusion, maivaisa'loo Sti, made against Lim, had all.) been made against l-ls accusers, many of whom had been ministers, and that in their case they were no truer than in his own Costa Cjbral. or the Count of Thomar, is to iden lfied with the affairs of Portugal, and is so often aecuseJ wad defended, that his grounds of defence have been pre rented In Juitloe to him, the m ire so, because, In the United States, the aoousatlous corns principally through English ohsuueis. The other debatur.1 on his side were the Duke of Pamanhe, Prime Minister, und the Count Jolal, late Minister of Finance, lu opposition to the late aad present chartist ministry, the Count of Lerra,lIo and For*.oa Muzctlaus were (he nrinninilorators and tho debate*, though particularly bitter, cut ing an 1 often personal, were dhttegniehfd by a polUenrss end oourtce-y never, perhaps, witnessed any ehtre elan but hera. All thoae debatera ibtra named are tine speakers. The Count gins Antaa ad the Count Bontlm, the former fraiidant, and both minerals of the revolutionary Junta, not being orators, lied their apeeohea. Upon the two latter devolved morouprtioulerly the duty oi defending the civil war, aa tttW were its principal leaders | have heard both aides, aw, I may aay, ino,t Impartially; for I saw !u neither side'any thiug to excite my sympathies. Each one endea^bred to.blama the other? one party saying that it wjl Intrigues, and tha ambition of pleoe, wh,lch caused tM revolution; and the other, tbat It was produood by maftersation, oollnaioa, and tyranny In a publlo diaouhetoD *bf the importanoe of the rsoent one, it would hardly be credited with ua tbat It Could be ao barren of I detain the prlnoiples of free government; and th^tomaK mid# cf the tribune also applies to the preA JTebates in the ohambera, and the lendt#a of fhe Jourfals, are alike etleut upon the great qurafconapV popula&igbt, and, lafhta rupee', both merltewualtgindsmjyflon'for not falfllltng their mission The'insiirutinns^K thijpnWntry are very dfective, and htglreot I'leyiop iffnesSt l^felr bed fea urra. Absolutism jflHyct a atropg hnldpn tirgriyminds here; and while I beard many praolatro-^at they would prefer an IMiluie gor. rnment for Forfugal, I have yet heard no l^inthia country nowHreirga republio Here there irgreat injuatioe done to^nh ihasiea by those who direct public opinion, grid the ffrcprnt Ideas of the ttma ar? hotter suited to past centuries than lha present one. The people of rtrtugal are thf most doolie tace I ever auw They are kind and paUnt*and If under a government oapable of eomprehenfimg them and thair wants, this land would beooma an baton. The civil war of last year, although a popular movement, did not seem to have in view any great change hi the department of government or laws; and while the different forces were attaoklag w ' ,> . my, W YO N YORK, WEDNSDAY JS each other, they were shouting " Live the Queen end the charter." Not orly thl?, hut the Count das Antas, when almost within the environs of the oepital, wrote to the Qoren, prcteeticg hie respect and affection One can hardly Imaitlne the different pbease of human action and judgment ; but Portuguese history shows several in a very ridiculous light But enough of political matters. Lisbon this season has been vary gay ; for the last two months there heve been balls, ctnoerts, and parties almost every night, given by the clubs, the public functionaries, or noble families To these strangers sro most freely lovited, an < perhaps there is no oity In the world where a straugor insets with so kind aud hospitablo a rpoeptlen as hero These aseemblhgt h arc very brilliant; the officers of the various cqusdroos. ths diplomatic corps, and attache* are always present. The ladles dress very plainly, but tastefully, and if unengaged, will dance with whoever asks thein, without requiring introductions Hem one sees the very i'itr. of the land and it Is but justice to say of ths high and noble families of Lisbon, that in education, refinement and edibility, the aaino olassss in no other country can surpass them I have been much disappointed. and most agreeably so. in Lisbon, and shall always ch*risb fir the welfare of Portugul anil its people the most ardent wishes. la a few days tho gay season will be oyer, and the carnival will oommencc. Of this yon shall have an aoc.ouut. The aid February was honored herein the best manner possible, bv ths few Americans in Lisbon, united with the deacendaou of those who had even aojouruod in our land. At anurias, two splendid n?,v banners wore flouting In the breaie from the respective majta of the U 8. Legation and (;cn*ulete ; their atripesof white and red, with etars lu their iiiiare field, ouvled gracefully In the bnt<s*, and many a wandering gUnoe was oast upon them to know why they floated Poor people! their land had not a Washington; but yet an unknown sympathy seemed to attraot thoir eyes to tlia glorious lUg of our republic la the evening, Colonel George \V. Hopkins, of Virginia, our hospitable and highly esteemed Minister at this Court, gave a splendid dinner, and it was a strange coinoidntioe that our recollections of home should Its the more strongly revived by the fa':t of its being the birth-day also of our host, and that his amiable and highly accomplished lady should iutther strengthen the association by her nams b-ing that of tko illustrious oonsort of eur Washington. Colonel Hopkins Is tho finest looking man in the diplomatic corps, and hie manners will make him ae well liked as was Edward Kevanagh, whose memory is oherished by all olasses In Lisbon. Our Legation here is situated in the midst of the English authorities, and its flag almost waved over them. Oa one side Is their ambassador, and opposite tbo sacreU-ry ; on the other aide ia Admiral Napier, and opposite the oonsnl. Rllctiel Chevalier on the Industrial Resources ef France?View o( the Called states [From Oaligiianl'a Messengor, March 21J There is some variety in the original columns of the Paris journals of this day, aud income ot the articles there is much interest. None is more interesting ft this moment than a communication to the Dlbafs, under the head of "(Question dee TravailUumby M Michel Chevalier, and which the Dc'jat.s publishes in lieu of any leader ot its own. M. Owvalier's communication is the first of a series. At present we lay before our readers a passage which contains intormation which will excite much attention. It is impossible, after this, to deny that the state of society under the old government was not such as it ought to have bees, ou env principle ot right or humanity, and therefore whilst we must re gret the haste with which M. Louis Blanc hus attempted to reduce his theories to practice, we must at the same time do justice to the benevoleuce of his views and intentions The great error of this gentleman was the supposition that he could, as with the touch of a magic wand, convert the misery of centuries into a paradise of enjoyment. M. Michel Chevalier evidently would proceed more slowly and more surely, and he begins by showing that before labor is organised on a new basis, it is well to devise the means of labor. France, notwithstundmg the energy aud intelligence of her inhabitants, which render them capable of any efforts in the mirch of general industry, has her real wealth founded on her natural resources, and her first duty should be to cultivate them to such an extern that every laborer may reap sufficient for his maintenance in comfort. There is no country in the world where natural resources are more extensive and ubuadint than those ot France. The cultivation of her waste lands, ind me triplication of a better system of cultivation, ? ould insnre the production to such an extent us to give to each laborer the ineuits of an existence such as he is entiled to us a member of the great humati family; and until he lias this there will be none of the equality and fraternity !.<> MAtf... # f . eitoukl./. 'I'h M ~ velopeinentuf agriculture in France, far from paralysing the operations ut manufacturing industry, would enldrge them, lor a large portion of the population now toiling to obtain u miserable pittance in manufactories would be provided lor in the more healthy lab?rs of the earth, and their abandonment ot their previous occupation would be doubly compensated by the further use of machinery. We repeat, then, thai (he first duty as the first interest of society in France, is to improve her uatural resources The following is the passage rf M. Chevalier's article to which we have alluded ' Industry, whloh in the opinion of eome pessimists, would be the triumph oi m .tier, is, on tli? contrary.only the human intelligence, seating its domination on trio material world, and oonveriing it into a pedestal; in the same manner tba ardent desire manifested oy the workmen for their welfare, in-tead of being regarded a? a material appetite, should, when accompanied by a sinoera and lively lova of labor, be looked on by impartial judges a* an uspiratton of the inn.d towards independence, op pesed *o the material wants with wliluh it was oppressed. Th're it o ly one grtal republic in the. w irli wbuh protpm, anil tthtre the demjcretic lam it a reality -that i the Uni'td S ale t, at least the northern States of that ution, for therouthern have still retained the disgraceful institution of negro slavery. It is f t this reason that It is the oaly oountry I the world where misery has not 'filled up its cup of alHiotton. What most sti ikes the Kuropean traveller tu that oountry istbn geneta! oom'fort of the people. P'rom their overy day appearance, one would Imagine it to he always a Sunday. In their alimentary regime a in their die**, in their general habits of life, I would almost say in their very language, no sensible difference oan be lound between ibe peasant and the workmen, and the most polished classes of the prinoipal towns I have more than onoe witnessed the ( quality ef the American people wich regard to their mode of living, In going from Philadelphia to Pittaburg. by the I'ennsy Iranian canal I stopped at the small town of Hollidayaburg; I mistook the inn, and instead of going into that ef ibe gentlemen, I entered one of those frequented by the working classes. At tho table d'ho'e I f >on<l myself seated between a blacksmith and another laboring man. The dinner was precisely the same ?a I had met "with at all the beet hotels I had frequented In the oountry. The democratic mechanism would have worked with Use encores In tbo I r otced States, if that well being, peculiar to all, had been taken from them. Let us,therefore,consider it as well established,that in order to make the second half of the anoio;;t Hen flat, which is morover almost extinct, arrive at the possession of the benefits of civilisation, tha roost urgent matter Is to raise i's material existence to the level of coafrrt Now, what I* it that is wanting in France in order tint all her people, or at l*s?t the immense majority, from enjoying that degree of comfort, brlow which i ounnotconceive the existence of any lioerty or dignity ' There ie wanting of auffloient supply of prodaote of all kiuda of articl-a of food, of ololbing, of furnl.ure, and of iu*l. Twenty-Sve years sinoe, from the national tribune, a director general, a deputy, uttered an exprersiou which gave a sbuduer, I will not aay to thorn who were a little versed In theeolenoe of political economy, but to every frl-nd to humanity?11 Krance produoes too much.'? What ie there that Franceproducee too abundantly ? It ie not wheat; ainoe half the population at the country eat nothing but rye, buokwhoat.oheetnute, and potatoea, and in no department Is eorn thrown into the river. It la not meat; a Frenchman o.i an average ooi-eumae little mere than halt aa much aa an LDghshman , the ration of (ha latter le, nevertheleee, entailer than that of a clti en of the United State#, and 1 do not kno* that there re in any part of our provlucea cattle whioh cannot be sold in the market. Neither ie it wise ; bow many of our fellow eountrymen are there who drink uotbing but water, elihongb none of the wine grower* of Uordean, Mon'.pelllar, and Burgundy, find it neofseary to e&ipty their barrel* in the arreet*. Ceo it be article! of clothing ? No, for many Frenchmen are very badly clothed, aud suffer mverely from the cold, anu nowhere do we And bonfires made with the superabundant proluciloas of our looms It la the semo with all proono act eeern- ( tlal importance. Let us thou say to the deceased M. rtyrieye da Msyrinhao, who reporos in b<* lonih, and where unfortunately hie doctrine* til' noli:inn.l .-eonoinv have not folio td him, that it la talis that Kruno* is too productive. Tha truth la, that aha doss not pro Juo* enough. It requirea muoh mora than *he furnishes to enable all bar people to ha rellavsd from th? pressure of degrading misery, and oonseqaantly tli- problem of popular amelioration c?nt.o. be resolved by a great developement of production. Lit us present tha same demonstration under another form Tha mass or all tha products wh'.ota Krance offers to tha material wants of her population of 33,000.000 Is differently eitimatad j It le probably au esag* gorstlon to estimate It In money at ten millions. Supposing this to be divided at so much a hra<l, It sronld give each Frenchman 79 oentimea to < spend per day In clothing, meat, lodging, Instruction, and enjoyment, and It (s out oi that sum that any saving tor a luinre day must be made. At tbe prioa at which all the naceasarie of life are, can anything like comfort be prooured far 7n per day 1 Evidently not Even in the euppusltion that an equal division or the products could be mad*. France ts not in a situation to give each of her lohabitinta what is necessary for their comftrt; the Dart whlob the poor would have would only keep them poor?the poor would only increase tu number There are, however, 1ft 000,000 of Frenchmen spread over the country, and in cartain quarters af large el.lvs, wnos* labor does not procure them even this average sum I ask ail those who have goaa through the depaitmenta of the central plateau oi France?thoe* who have witnessed tha existence of tha | sea ants af tha Hsntea and Bassos Alpos, who Inhabit huts and Uvs on blaok bread, > \ RK H JBL ,..?v?wiWw 10RNING, APRIL 19, 184

oooked with oow dnng, m their only fuel?I appeal to thoaa wboje charitable feelings have led them to direct their etep* to the interior of many house* In Par'* The production of Krence mint, therefore, be materially Increased, In order to care her of the leprosr of mlssry which sffoots so nnny parte of thie great no 1 illnetrioue nation. A practical conclusion may be, therefore, drawn. It In more particularly the inoreaee of production that should excite our solicitude It Is not that I contest the importance of a g od and equitable division of th? produce; but henceforth tt is impossible that the division shru'd rot be good. The moat numerous .less baa in Its favor the irresistible force of the rising tide; every ioorei<ae or production will rj-oeaearily turn to the profit of the working class**. What governmont, what pretendsra to privilege can now mistake that Uod wills it, and that the fata of whoever opposes such a tendency must bo to b? oarrlei by the curront to confusion and to ruin. 1 shall have occasion to return to the subject cf the division of produce. Dut it wes useful to place In prominent relief the id?a that popular progress supposes before all tbl gs an increase of production; that beyond that nothing a-rious Is possible; that all projects are valr ; all combinations ephemeral. This Is what [ bars endeavored to show In this my flrat lotter, ana i aemana perumsioa to atop at thle point. Political Intelligence Auousta (Ga ) Elkctio* ?At ths election oa the 10th lust.. the duraoorats elected tbeir candidate for Mayor, and eu members of the council The rote for Mayor wee * < folimvs: L. P Garvin. (democrat) 396; L. D. Ford, (whig) 353; M M. Dye, (whig) 31(1. Noam Casolisa. -The North Carolina democratic State convention imt on the 13'h inat .and nominated David 8 Ree l for Governor Wal ton N. Edwards and Robert Strac^e were appointed delegate* at large, to attend the lHltlmore convention; Akram W. Venable and Thomas S Ashe alternatives. The whigs of the Soveuth Congressional dlstrlot have appointed G W. IItywood, (Taylor) delegate to Philadelphia. and cf the corresponding eleotoml distriot, Henry W. MUlrr, (Taylor) for elector. Wmo Movemcfits ik Mieeouni.?'The whig State eon[ vention cf M isourl having nominated James 8. Rollins as its c.in ildit- for Governor, Mr. Rollins immediately avowed his preference for Gen. Taylor as the President tial candidate. The convention recommended Edward Bates as a suitable candidate fortheVioe Presidency, and adopted the lollowing resolution unanimously: Resolved, 'That in Usury Clay the whi;s of Missouri reoognlso tbsir earliest friend, thoir triumphant defender, and their invlnolble champion-a man uniting all the proud and noble qualtles that adorn and elevate the UUUIBUWI ? sa uu uuea, uur iuvo ior am r^uo- | realty anil liberality of spirit, ?ur affection for bia purity autl simplicity cf character, our reapect for bin virtues, and oni admiration for bis splendid talents?he Is at once ours and ibo nation's pride and glory. Whether elevated to tho 1 residency or not, be will always be rogerded by all true heated whigs a< the patriot, the ?age, and the bontst mm General Robert Wilson, of Randolph county, is tho whig candidate for Congress in the second district of Missouri, now represented by James 8 Green, democrat. Navigation, The Ogdrnsburg Sent in* t cf tho 11th aanonnoes that navigation on Lake Ontario and the 8; Lawrence river is fairly opened. The steamer* Nicgara and Cataract have both beef rrfl .ted, and plaoed lu order for the aocommodation of the travelling public on Lake Ontario. These floe stenmere, together with the Empire, on the St. Lawrence, will lorm the lino between Lake Ontario and Montreal. The Sam Ward arrived at Milwaukle, on the lGth io.'t. with a large mail,and a good load of paseengsrs and freight, from Sc. JoepUand Chicago. She returned down again at 9 A. M. The Montreal Herald of the 13th Inst, states that the river is ent rsly free from Ice, and the wharves, although till in some places bearing their winter covering, are freo of ioe, and the navigation is open through to New York. Tbe steamers St. Louia aod Richelieu arrived in port yesterday It in intended that the st*nmer St. Louis ball leave for Laprsrie at 7% o'clock, A. M., this morning. She will probably be continued on the ferry until the Prieca Albert takes her station, which will be in a few days. Tho steamer Montreal was expected last evening. should she arrive during tho night, she wid leave this afternoon lor (^utbro. Lake St. Peter is said to bo olear of ioo The first boat le eked through the Illinois and Mieblgon canal wae llenissd, and received at Chicago with demonstrations of greet enthusiasm. The Cktcaco Uc mocrat of the ilth lust, gives the following account of the reoeption of the "first boat:1'? Yesterday afternoon thocity was cemphtely deserted Every kiud of aoi>*<ryaiioe was in rei{u,sltioti) and tho invariable answer at the livery stables, to the "anxious ioquirer" after horse or buggy, was, "(lone to Brtugeport, sir." The heretofore (^uist town of Bridgeport was alWe with the youth and brauty cf the el'y; and the cav ilosde going and returning, presented uu interesting appearnnc*. The boat from Lot k port, tho Gen. Fry, decorated with fl?g* and crowded with ladies end gentlemen, was locked through Into the river at five o'clock amid the oliecrs of the aee< mbled crowds The prop>lior, A. Hussite, which took down a full load of passengers trom this oity, immediately after took her in tow and at half.pft seven o'olock. the Gen. Fry was Hotting in lake .dlohigan. A* the beat passed thn ugh the eity it was greeted with oheering, which was renewed at tbe different bridge* and points at whiob the oitisene were coi.sctej. Altogether there was couslderableexoltement in tbe city, and all appeared rejoiced at the realisation cf tbe long promised event?the opening of the Illinois and Michigan canal. Law Intelligence. Court or ArrasLi April 18?Present, Freeborn Jewett. Chief Judge?TAe People vt. Madam Reit'U? The argument of (his cause was concluded about Id o'clock to-day, after which the cause of Iiareen, tt al, Retpondenit, adt. Meriam. Appellant, was tuken up. Argument not finished when tne oourt adjourned. Sltrkmk Court, April 18?Cenoral Term?Present Justices Carty, Edmonds, and Willard The argument of No 8, Jlfacy adt Cowman, a reserved cause, was resumed. and cocupied the court tbe entire day. It is concerning the patent right to a cork cutting maohino. i he court will take a recess on Friday next, until tbe first Monday of May, on which dsy.and also on Fiidayof the same week, tha special motion otlendsr will be taken up Justice* Maynard and Taige will ocoupy the bench with Judge Kdiuond*, In May, and the same general calendar will be taken up by them as though the oourt had adjourned for cne day only. lyincuit coviit, .iprn ib?neiore juuge tiurionc ? William Perry vt. Jonathan R King, and wh-rt?This is an aotfcm ot trespass, brought by plaintiff, owner cf the schooner Dart, to recover damages from the defen| dants, who are owners of the steamboat Egpress. It appeared by the statement of plaintiff's counsel, that on the night ot the 4,h of June, 1840,somewhere towards midnight, the Dart was on her way down the Hudson Hirer, with a load of lumber, and was in the middle of it, nearly opposite Newburgh; the vind was at the time south w? st, and the Dart was heading towards the west shore?the steamboat was coming up the rirer, on her way to Albany, and run into tbo Dart, striking her some where abode the larboard bow, it juring her considerably. She had to be immediately run on shore, and it afterwards oost the plaintiff $300 to repair her. Adjourned till to-morrow, (this morning ) Joel S. Hayei and John Hyer vt- Pi edtrick Jutland ? Action for goods s< id and dtllvcred on 4 months credit; amount claimed. $361 79 The defendant pleaded the general issue, and that be paid money into Court The plaintiffs witness having failed to prove the sn'.e and delivery of one paroel of tne goods, the jury ware about to renaar a verdict for the plaintiff for the amount in Court, when his counsel submitted to a non suit. Robert H. Buritll and Wife vi Abraham Wghbee ? Action on promissory noto for $4'?1 and interest. Deieooo, usury and want of consideration. Vordiot for plaintiff tor iinount claimed. ScncnioR Couav, March 18.-Before Chief Justine Oakley ? Hawkiai <( L-gnn i?. .flppl,by f Moore and two or threo causa* ot no publio interest were triod in tbla branch of the Ceurt. Before Judge Vanderpoel.?Abnham T. Smith vt. Fhxlcmoii H. Smith and lieubtn] Smith.?This cause was ttied before, and reported, and a verdlot found for plaintiff whleh was afterwards set aside. The only question in the case Is as to the joint liaoillty of thu defendants. Adjourned. Commo.v Pi.eas, April 18?Before Judge Ingraham ? William P. Put nil i vi. Henry Sthgman and haac 8aasurlt Action on a promissory noto for $911 Uft. The note was given to the Croton Intaranoe Company for premiums The Compeny aeon after failed, and the (iefeudaote allege they never received any consideration. Adjourned te thu morniag. IT Q r an.... a ?ii i a r-J? xr-i i on and Batts?w4ifr(?d Slave Cate?Thr Uiiittd Slut'* vt. The rtnrf Cornet ? In the fall nt 1840, tho balk I hauo. ilor waa purchased by Mr. Charlef Mathews, of this city (the waa shortly afterward* chartered by Captain Carnot, to go to tba ooaatof Africa. Soma tint* artnr bar arrival, sbe waa a?iied, by ordar of the commander of tba American squadron, on ampioioa of being about to engage in the elare trade, and eent homo in charge of a lieutenant and a picked craw. On bar arrival, instruction* were given to the United State# District Attorney to lay all tbo fact* before a gram! jury, which wa* accordingly done. Indlotment* were found againat the master of tbo Cbanoelior. and against Mr. Carnot. Tba indtotmont against the matter waa tried about six months air.ee, and be wae acquitted; the indictment agriuet Captain Carnot baa lain over until tbia morning, when the trial waa oaliei on After the United States Dlatriot Attorney bad opened the caee for the prosecution, Mr. D. Urehara for tbe defendant, suggested that Captain Carnot waa indicted aa owner of the Chancellor, whereaa it waa ooneed-d bo waa ouly tbe charterer; he therefore contended that the indlotment oonld not be austained under tbe ect of Congreea Tbe Court adjourned to to-morrow, (thla morning) to consider the matter. CouaT or OavicaaL Session, April 18 ?Before Recorder 8-ctt, and Alderinm Pura?r and Lawrenoe.? John Mi Keen. Eiq., District Attorn.-y. Hecogntztnea t-'or/e.t'd - John Brummenhop, indictod lor au assault and battery, falling to answer when called lor tital at tha openiag of court this morning, bla racogniiancea were declared to be forfeited. No cause* being ready for trial, tho Court then adjourned until to-morrow morning. Const ?-At-aenaa?for this | day?Circuit Court.? 71,84,0.4, 98, 101,110, 13.1,130, 130. 1?3, 130, 379. 138 to 144, incluaive. Superior Court.?tlOO. 014, 338, 34. 344, 340, to 340. 84. 43.06, 98, 400,133,100, 89, 40, 30,90, 00, 00, 90, 144,138.178 338,341, 343, to 304, inclusive. Common Pleas-34, 37, 38, 80, 818, 81,88,84, 86, 87, .. J -1 [ERA] a The Fine Arta. Kziiirition or thk Natio7ai. Acadbmt or Danus ? The oollrctlon thin yaer i? ei large aa urail, but the first Impreselou of tha visiter la tba unpleasant cat of taring ao many portrait*. Turn whioh way ha may, common-piece faoer, pain'ad In a common-place manner, glare uron him, till be la aick of the eight. Old age. middle age, and youth, the deorepld, tha homely, tha passable, throng the walla; tha amirkiug girl who has bsen told that the la beautiful, till she really believes it, looka out upon you with an air of impudence, wbloh la intended for arohneaa; old man who hare been told that they hare a venerable and dignified appearance, like' General Washington" or "Chief Justice Marshall." and believed It; young men who hare cherished the idea that they posaess a most uncommon look of intellectual ability ; old ladies who hare supposed that they resembled the matrons of Sparta, or Rome, or tho mothers of the heroea of the revolution, are all there, and though there are a few good portraits, whioh the atudent may stnJy to advantage, yet this host of unweloome facts peep out upon you from every oorner, and call you to . make oath to their glorlons qualities whether you will I or no : and. aa If this were not encuuh. children in r?d. I blue and Tallow drapery, an<l in every possible and impossible attitude, turn up their round eyes upon you, and being the favori'es of their parents, challenge your admiration also What on earth can he the motive of people, who are theme elves of no oonsequenoe to the public, to put their resemblaneee out for the public gas*, we never could imagine. Portraits of anted warriors. statesmen, literary men, Sto., are interesting to the public, nnd there is a propriety in placing t'jem in a pub lio hell for exhibition, but in the other ease it must arise from a miserable vanity on the part of the originals of the pictures, and of the artists who produce th.im. No 3. Thk Late Gov. Wright, painted for the city of New York, bv J. Whitehorus, N. A. ?If the number of square feet of oanvaso used. Is to decid* the question of merit in a work of art, this of Gov. Wright would rank as a great picture. The heaJ Is weakly painted, and dull and stolid in expr-sslon, the form atift" and clumsy; the accessories, such as the figures of the carpet and the table, aro well done, but it laaks the life, look and vigor which constitute the highest excellence of a portrait. It is the very antipodes of the splendid picture of ax-Gov. iiouok, by F.lliott,whiah was in the last year's exhibition. 14. A Child bringing Flowers to Princess Elizabeth when a Prisoner, in the Reign ok Mart, by d. Huntington, N. A.?This is a very fine picture, and has a look whioh the better class of English artists of olden time gave thei: Works. There is rauoh life in the I iiguros, and the oolor is excellent, having the rare quulity of transparency. 11 The Indian Pass in the Adirondack Mountains, by R. Ulgnoux, A.?Bold and orlginnl in its look ; the greater part of tho landscapes in these days, have the appearance of bolng made from one model. The trees in thom all have a family look, and there Is a Umen*ss that speaks of the rules of schools ; this picture, though not very exoellent In color, has a bold and natural look, as if, when the artist painted It, hs loit the time-worn rules at home unmolested. It is a verv good picture. 24 The Blind Pilgrim, by Wm. Fisher?The figure of tho old man ie too large to appear well-It is almost coiubhiu, miu mn uuaouuo ui biqui> ia uui uuij punrajruu, bat thera ia no Inclination of the exlstenoa of area sightless aye ball beneath tho lid; but the face of the young girl I) radiant with beauty. There ii nn exprai alon in it almost divine, iudioating benevolence of heart and extreme delight, in oonveying to the old man the beauties which he shall never behold. The oolor la after the modern school, florid, and has none of that look whioh wa Had ia tue plotures of the old masters. With th's exception, it is a flue produotion. 38 Lady Jare Gret and Km as Keckiroham, Diifutiro in thk Towsr by D. H. Huntlugtoir, N A?Tula is an sxoallont piotura; in oolor suporior, furl; la not florid, and does not glare, but is qnite transparent, and the pnrpla tints eeptolally, are tiuts and uot purple paint. This la an excellence, whioh, ia modern works, is very rare, and should be highly prised. The form aud the expression of the faoo of "Lady Jane," are very good, tut not striking; but "Friar Keokingham" is grand ; his figure and faoe full of Tigor and energy, and yet not theatrical nor overdone. Mr. Huntington does credit to the institution and to himself, by the produotion of such pictures as these. 47. Fori rait of V/ebstkr. by C E. Herding,H.?1This picture looks like Mr. Webster, as wbioh oue of tba thousands perpetrated of him dooa uot. Vet it has little of the ahRr*cl*r of the statesman Mr. Harding has tried, by giving the picture a sour or moroso expression, to portray the Intellect of the man. The soul of Webster does net laok through those eyes?the oross look has not the dignity of the statesman* but looks rnoro like the petulance of a traveller who is hungry, and is tirod of wolting for the dinner hell By the way, why has Page or H. P. Gray never produce.J a portrait of Webster ? lid. Fbostv Morriro r* Early Wirter, by T. ^Doughty, H ?An excellent picture, undso good n resemblance of n, frosty morning, that one almost feels chilly on looking c it. To paint frost, and scatter It naturally over every object in a landscape, is an < xosedlngly difficult task; buc Mr Doughty has done it well, aud dessrrai nraaf e?r>a/lif f,.r kim mnrlr 44. Thi Ol? Aok or Milton, by E. White ?Thli picture has a great. deal of merit, it ia quite free in style; the figure of Milton is very good, the face is lighted up with emotion, and the raised hand and leaning attitude indioate well the intensity of the feeling produced by the mat'er to which he is listening. Tho light which Hoods the figure of the poet ia very clear and Inula; had all the rest ot the pioture been kept down, or In halt shade, the effect of centering the light on the principle figure, would be as it ever is, true to nature and to the higuest principles of ooraposition Si. Tnic Bucks last Huh, by V. Grand, J. W. Audubon, N. A. ? iu the ??cond saloon there is a pioture of startled deer, by these artists, which has many good points about it The timid and trembling look ot the lawns is exoellent. If we remember aright, thoce was last esasoD, a rery good pio are of a scene on the Hudson, by the same; but this pioture of the Backs' las' run, is Tery bad, indeed. In this pioture, the arli'ls seom to have drawn n rigid outline, and mechanically filled up to that line, and left it, forgetting that nature knows no outline, and that to represent her oorrectly, none whatever should appear. There never were such dogs, or such a shaped or colored horse since creation. Vet it is the joint produotion of two artists, bearing a nama known tba wide world over, as exalted and high in tbo rank of uatnraliets Toe production and exhibition of such a picture as this, from such a source, is a perfeot mystery, and there we leave it. 81 Ruth anl> Naomi, by W. Ttge, N. A.?This is tho picture of the exhibition. All wu" know aught of the genius of Page, are proud to claim him as au American artist. This largo picture, from his hand, has many splendid points and some faults The story is the touching out of Ruth aud Naomi uOrpab kissed hor motherin-law, but Ilutb elave unto her."' Tho face of Naomi is good In the highest degree; her sorrowing bat sahuued look of resignation, speaks oi years of suffering, of the lots of her hatband and children, und of a feeling of . utter loneliness in the world. The countenance of Ruth j I* expressive of the impassioned declaration of attachment wbloh is passing her lips, and her deep devotion to I the stricken mother. We thiok the faults are these ? Tho loot of llnth, and the point where it meets the ancle, i do not seem to be quite onrreot; porhaps thej were not painted from a living rnvdel. The rigut arm 1s nearly horizontal, and does not bend around the llgure of Naomi, but passes her like a bar; the throat ana neck, also, look mora swollen than would bo natural, even under the influence of sueh Intense emotion as that which she endures. But it is a great composition. The oolor is very olear and even luminous; and Mr. Page has produced those broad masses of light and the consequent quiet grandeur which we admire so much in the anolent mnstors; and few, we think, even of those glorious ones of old. would bo unwilling to acknowledge ita paternity. No man but one possessed of great genius, would have selected such a ?n: jeot, or have ex*outed it so well. 141. Kull l.issth poktbait ok a TktlS Hl'ntkr, by C. L. Elliott. N. A.?A very flu# picture, very spirited, and. If a portrait of a friend, very valuable, for In that ease it Is both a oomposltlon and a portrait worthy the artist who producsd it. 190. Cacsht Neman. by W. 8. Mount, N. A ? Everybody knows Mr. Mount's genius This pioture represents pome farm workmon resting under the shadow of some trees. One is asleep, and tho old farmtr is coming up stealthily behind, with a grin of malloo and cunning on hie face The others, seeing blm, are trying to wake the sleeper, and that the picture has much merit is apparent from the fact that the visitor instantly feels aniious that the fellow abould be routed before the oil ehap gets up. Ae a whole, it Is not to be compared with many of the artiat'e previous productions 19J. A UzscK.sdaev or thk Uotal Stuart, by J. Whitehonne, N. A ?This may be a picture of royalty, Km* 1# tha Aeietlwal aannnf Via f lin.l in a ?OtlnW Lse ixKa danoee at a pUoe of pablio amusement Id Broadway, we I are mistaken. Hhe gives there the" Highland Fling'' in I floe style. and on lacking at the pioture we recognised the leg* immediately. Ily the way, the** la?t named artlele* an much too large for the head, but the painting i* a gcod one, with <he exception of tho fault last named, and would be an ornament to any parlor 156 First Karisiisoi, by K. W. Kdmonda, N A ? Thi* pioture show* true talent on the part of the artitt. It i* not overloaded with figures or objects, but the Interest lay* upon one point A young lad ha* brought to hi* mother, who i* probably a widow, bis " first earnings,''and the affec'ienate and dutiful look of the boy la very good, Indeed; but the kind, motherly look of the parent, is iruly touching The ni tiet deserves a groat deal of credit fot hit skill. He Is one of the few who have a talent for that kind of composition. 161. Dkmvkr i-g from Erin, by D. M Carter?The head ol the man on theccuoh is very good, indeed. It haa that etherial eipreesion which la in the girl'a face In tho " Blind Pilgrim bnt the angel slaying the devil in the background ia a poor idea, and a borrowed one at that. It is almost a copy, from a copy, of a picture by a Kranoh artist whloh was brought to this country some ix yeats since. It mars tba beauty of the picture; so please take away the devil. Mr. Cartel? do by ail mesne! , 183 Thk DoMiffica.v, Tor g* i:mai>a, iisvaaat/i Tien THE NxOOTIATIONS BETWSKN FeRDINA KD Also I?ABl.LLA aiso thk Jewish Daruvv, by J. O Chapman, N. A.? Tbls p'.oture is from Prescott's History, Vol vld, p*g* 137 The best thing about it is tba ooior. which is not j glaring, but subdued. The face of the enrsged priest is i.ot remarkable ; it proeent* onljBtUe anger of an old man, the counterpart to which might be found in any ' porter house where common people meet to drink, and somttimes to quarrel. Contrcst it with "Friar Feobingham" is No. 36, and the exietenoe of soul in that Mee. and ita abaanaa In this, will be very apparent. < 179, Poarasir or a Osstlkhaw, by C. L. Elliott, i . , V ' n ' LD. flhlfWI C?H< N. A ?Vary fine, indeed. The mallow oolor U llko H'uart. IH8 is tho portrait Of Km Osteite HtM.tii, by tha "uuta artist It Is an ?xo?lleut picture of tha author or " ilozasrla " Mr. Klllott paint* splsndld por trstte I6fl. (>RO?r or Cmilbsbn, by J. R. Shegogus, S. A.? The fle?h bee tU? apnearanoe of poroalaln, and tha lines are rigid. Where Agora* ara pain tad fall length. th? poahionof tha feat on tha (ground determine*, lo aom* m?a>urr, tha persprotive. lo this oaie, tha farthait abihl may tfo supposed to Kara several yardi. or avaa rod*, between h?r fart. Yat the ptotara la rathar plaaa log. nod tha hnro, tony looking flesh would appear to many aa an axoallati "a. 404. Portrait or a Lady, by O P. A. H* tly. H. ?This piotur* attract* at once the attaotian of tha yioltar, from the notion it oontaioa. It is much Ilka a Ud y peat' lug behind a frame, and aha ne-ma to mora ai you look The figure, howoyar. pitches forward a little, bu t yet tha life motion la very good. Tho painting h*? no particular merit, there being an entire absence of anyt hi up like atmosphere or transparency. 199. Modsrr Kpucatiois 01 thi Provincial1* i'iR 8r Visit to the Opi Ra. by T. P. Reseller. A \e* satire in colors, this ia extremely good. A family tr ntV-oouat ry Save ooraa to tha olty to aea thaopnrn, und differ aligh tly in their opinion* of it The old lady d?'ldeily objects to it as damorallilng in Us tendency. The young lady thinks this a good time to exhibit her prud.jry, and look* quite indignant. Tho old mau'? f*oe displays moat ludicrously the struggle between hia sense of propriety rh au old man. and tlte bead of a family, and perchance u "deacon" also, and the evident delight which he derive* from the exhibition, io new to him, of the forma of the danoera. When he gets home he will take hi* oath that he was never ao disgusted in hie life. He trie* herd to think he in ao now, bat hie ooantenaao* telle another story. Aa for hia eon, the ' real Jonathan," hia delight and astonishment know no bound*. It is little short of absolute insanity. The color Is quite clear, and of oourae for that reason good. A* a painting it la nothing, having no central point or light, bat Is ae diffuse and broken >< a checker board. It is probably considered by the ingenious artiat only a sketch. 929 Thk Lord ?' And tho Lerd turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord how he had (aid unto him?Before the oock orow thou shalt deny me thrioe. And Peter went oat and wept bitterly "?Lake J9d, v. 61, 69. By C. Dane, A. if he looked like that it la no matter of wonder that the oock crowed, or that Peter wept; the wonder would be that either of them ever left off.' It la a ahooking produotiou. We would .tot be thought profana, but it really looks mom like the head of a barrel. It Is anrprisiBg that tha directors aver euffered it to be exhibited. 911. Christ on the Mount, by John Carlin.?A aublimeanbjsot.end, for such asubject, every poor painting. It requires genius an l artlatic skill of the highest order to cops with anoh subjects aa this and the one above namad (999 ) >Tis said that " thoae who know nothing fear nothing;" and this ia true enough of the albttata of the presont day. The great Alleton wu asked why he had not painted acme piotnrea having the 8aviour as the theme. He answered that the snbjeet waa ao exalted, ao lofty in lta nature, that he felt himself incompetent to undertake it; yet often men without even moderate talent ru-h npon ground where the H heaven-born" Und buck with fear. we would not by any means compare the execution of tbie picture with that of " the Lord," for were the subjeot anything else, the painting would bo quite good. There Is sufficient Indication el talent In the artist; but be has no power whatever to portray such c'sub'im- subjeot aa "Christ on the Mount," and should not have attempted It. 1244 Indian Burial. 8 Kastnun, H ?This Is a cloture o' great merit, but It has one glaring fault. The faoo of the aecond figure on the left la not much more than half large enough, and the feoes of those farther off are much larger than this; but the earnest Indian lookin the fiaoea of the group In most excellent. It is not a very pleasing subjsot, yet it has a aature and power not by any means common. .Compare the Indian expression In th>s with some public paintings Illustrative of our history, and hung up in publso places, wherein the Indian figures aro made up and artificial, and the difference between them and the figures In this unpretending little picture will be very much to the advantage of the author of '241. '431 Portrait oe a Hot,' by O. L dough.?Here is'a picture worth having. The old hat ia very good, and the boy himself an ovary day boy, who makes no attempt in his pfoture to look uncommonly arch or rogu'sh. The color Is very good, and he has a look as if warm with raoont exercise, i here la a certain fullness around the eyas, almost always found la nature, and always left out in a made up picture, wbfoh shows I hat the artist has an eye fori ife. and akJU to portray It. If Mr. Clniigh can produce more piotures like this, his hand should never be idle. 434 Portrait ok a Ladt, by C. C. Ingham, N.A.? rum I* a rfiy smooth ana mgmy-nnMheu painting In Mr. Inphun's pecuiisr style. This style will dp for tome subjects; out the lady represented would look far ba'-trr to some style In which mellowness of coloring aivl a fl-sh-lilie appearance predentin it as. The portraits of b*autitul young girls look sometimes very tine In Mr. laghenrs style, but It does not well express the look of tbe full grown woman, or the matron, and ooneequently this Is net so good as many of tha artist's former productions. 'J-iti Tub Stump Orator, by O. C. Bingham.?The expression of the iudividaet faces, taken one by one, la very good, but they are Indeed Individual Scarcely one of nil that group seems to be aware of the fact that any oilier than hims-lf Is there on that ocoaelon, to listan to tha Stamp Orator- The feces look too much alike; as If tbey belonged to one imtaenae family; and they have a elean nice look, not balonging to each a group, as if Ihey were j net from the bands of the barber. Tbe gronp should have boen something pyramidal, and not SO long aaa level. The man whittling looks as if be was pat there on purpose. In the piotures of Wilkle, Morland, Tennier*, Gerard Douw. Ico., the figures look as if they ha pencd there and the Idea of the exiateaeo of the artlet i? loet. In the apparent reality of the fig ox as in tha picture, and the perfect nature whioh pervades all. Nothing can be worse than the color in this picture. We sow a painting of some raftsmen in the Art Union collection, lost winter, evidently by the same hand. We supposed It was but a study of ligat and shade; but here i* a, painting, iu the same style, and the same color, and, excepting a few touches in light and dark green, there is no oolor there but purple. The lights are nearly white, and the shadows but different grades of pnrple. The regulsiity In which the shadows tall, se?me to Indicate that the artist gets his effects from lay figures. The picture, we tliiuk, shows that the painter has had u great d<ai of practice. He has, beyond question, a great deal of skill and talent, and tbe one wbo can draw and paint sucu figures as these ere, individually, could learn to group and oolor well. Wo bope be will cultivate his acquaintance with Dame Nature, change his style, and show hts power. il?7. Sin look Asn JE9iicA,by George Labor.Jr. A? A picture Indicating a high order of talent?the light is very clear. Bbylocx looks rather lull for the oloee and grasping Jew, but has not n Utile of the villanons expression attributed to him If Jessica were to "go in," we mean into half shade, Sbyloek would he still better, for the two heads rather strive for the mastery, and straggle for tbe attention of the beholder. 307. Thk Oriuir cr tnk Harp, by P. P. Dnggaa.? Th e pioture 1s an instsnoe of that unfortunate waat of judgment which sometimes leads men of ability to ehoose as themes things unfit In their nature for representation. we ??w not long einoo an engraving, in whieh some artist has attempted to give a tangible illustration of Longfellow's allegorical poem, "Kxceleior." A youngster waa there represented trudging over the hill*, with a flag over hie shoulder, bearing ihe word "Kxoelaior," whleh Instantly reminded one of a whig or demeoratieprooeoaion, where jovial electora exhibit their lndependenoo, and etrengtn ot legs and lungs in their candidate's oause Of oourse it la unpleasant to look uponsuoh a thing, and to complete the abock, nothing la wanting bat fer the engraver to delinaate the voice, that fall like a "falling star," and tha triumph of his genius would be oomplete : but with regard to 307, "The Origin of the Harp," the Idea is taken from aome llnea by Moore, and not the best he ever wrote by any meane No man living eoold well represent In colore the idoa, and the movement of the transition of a sea nymph frou> her own self to a harp. Mr. Daggan is to Mama only, perhaps, for tha attempt There are subjects snouth In the tangible world, In which we live, to exercise the genins of any man, and It la abeurd to go far out of it. 310 Memo hath Chasms, 4to , by Wm. M. Crowley.? The figures in this are not connected, but are distinct and liney, us ir out out of paper, and fastened to the canvaia IVe apeak of it because it i ml lea tee ability not yet developed. The author, by study, will prodnoe fine thlnfffl 317. ArtLr. Cuttino aid Ptuna Ben, by Wm. Walnut.? The ligur's are rather rigid and etlfT. Tha lira light ia not th* right color, and tha ehadowa ara dark and inky. It shows talent In thaartlat, and if ha atndiaa nature, and ia contango follow bar, ha aaa paint axeallant pictures. 183. Hi'kxk at th? Battlr or Bramdy\tific, by J. B. Stearnes. '* In this battla, tha young Marquia da I.afayatta displayed great oourage, ana though sen-rely wounded, continued many hoora on foot and on horseback, endeavoring to enoonrage and rally the troops." ? Encyclopedia of Hitlirry. Hera la a composition illustrative of revolutionary davr. The Agu es ara well painted, and that is all that can be said In its faror. We have in our remarks upon other ploturea frequently alluded to that caidlnal principle laid down by fh? great artiste of all ages, derived from and endbraed by nature?that there ehould be in a oompoeition one great point of aotion and Interest, and that there tha artlat ehould expend his strength, and kaepall else subordinate to this point. The artist has followed well this principle In his ploture, and has got hia point? but what a point! Tbe Marquis has been wonnded in tha leg, and a soldier has bared tbe oalf, and ia putting around It a baudsge ; and to make It very pathetic, so that one's heart might almoat break to look upon it. he has portrayed the red blood coming through the bandage. Here is pathoe! But unfortunately, the breeohes hO contiguous ere slso bright red, and there being more of tbem than of the blood, tbe breeehia bear nway the palm, and beat the bendage, out and out Itlaatrauge that one who can paint figures aa well as these ara paint ed. should so lack judgment as to make the groat point of interest in an hletorioal picture, the bandaging of a wnundrd leg! The picture should be labelled, " Tha call ol the leg of the Marquis de Lafayette, aa It appearad after being wounded in tha Amerioan revolution." Mtscellaneoas. Several hundred aorta of woods, ebont lbrae ar four miles above Centrevillc, were burnt over on Tueeday oet. Tbe fire was oau??d by a oitix-a of that neighbora nod trying to burn tome ivunp for tha purpose of making oow-paeture .Messrs. John H Clark, Wkitaker k Trenehard and othira are the raf?Nta-Jrif|?fsa CAremefe. A Ara broke out yesterday afternoon in the woods on Iho South Orange road, aad swept off soma twenty sets* ?f timber ? Newark jtdv. 17tA mil.

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