Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 21, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 21, 1848 Page 1
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T H Wbote Ho, SOT.? AFFAIRS IX THE OLD WORLD. THREE DAYS LATER FROM FRANCE. ARRIVAL OF TUB PACKET SHIP LA DUCHES&E D' ORLEANS. ? * ** ?n*irifi van T II iu r nuuMuao OF HUB IMPORTANT EVENTS IN EUROPE. SPREAD OF REPUBLICANISM. PRUSSIA DECLARED A REPUBLIC THE POPE'S PROCLAMATION The Military Preparations ' O* Tit* SMFB&0& or &vasx&. THE REVOLUTION IN GENOA* THE HVslRRKCTltW IX MILAN. She Financial Crisis in Franee. &e. &e. &e. SiiThe splendid packet ship, La Duchesne d'Offfanc, Captain Richardson, was telegraphically announced on Wednesday evening as being in the offing Supposing she would bring late and in.nnrtant inf*11 itrpnw. w? deimitched Wie special I and express steamer Ti-legraph, Capt. Parka, to board her, and bring the news to the Ntw York Herald oiiice. We received our parcels at half past 5 o'clock yesterday morning, and now lay the news before thf public. The Duchesse d'Orleans sailed from Havre on Monday morning, the 27th ult, and the advices trom Paris aro of the 2C.h, and from London of the 25ih. This fine ship has only been absent sixty days from this port. Th? news is from the uontinent. The most important intelligence by this packet, is the report that Pruttia hat dtclared herstlf a rrpublic. We give all the details received of this news, in the annexed extracts. It is almost ton good to be true. We learn from Captain Richardson that the greatest excitement prevailed in Paris and Havre, between the rich and the poor. The rich were in apprehension of being killed daily by the poor; they tind to close their doors and strongly bar them.The military were called out in Havre on the morning oflhe 27th, for the purpose of stopping any outbreak that might take place. It is said that larje failures continued to take place in Paris and throughout France; the Rothschilds were reported among the number; but we received a like report relative to that house by the Hibernia. A. Republic Proclaimed In Pmssla. [Kr?*m tu? l'*ri? Comn?ro?, March us J Tile tela<tapnio aespaton wmob we annex, uireciea to tha provisional government and published io the Excb?r>g of Pari*, does not leave the leaat doubt of the authenticity of thil communication. Tho rnynity,humbi?d. despised, after the bloody collisions thiob to ay could bate preve ted if they bad posMi<?d the leaat quantity of wisdom, ought to diaappear from the Prussian land. The people have not b*en satisfied by the resignation of the monarch ; they boid him and hU minlatera In ouatody. Their situation ia like that at tho temple attsr the 10th of August, 1793 We hope that th- resemblance of the position between Louis XVI. and Frederick Guillaume will not go furth?r We laid yestfday, in (peaking of M de Metternich. " Lib-rtj i< magnanimous?Ita blown don't fall upon an enemy lying on the ground " The oous? qaanoea of the proclamation of the republic at Beilin are incalculable. Berlin ia situated in tbe centre of Germany; thia city ia the heart of that country, as Paris la the heart of Franco, and Irom thia moment the U?rman unity is a reality Here is the telegraphic deipatoh of whloh wo have spoken : " The Cemmlaaionaia of the GoTctnment to the oitlzan Minister of the Interior : " The revolution is decidedly accomplish'd in Berlin W* hate just received advioea from the frontiera, by which tb? resignation of the king and the proclamation of tbe republic is positively announced. Tbe king and bis ministers have been arrested " " Copied by the agent-ln-chlef of tha telegraphic Unes ALPHONSK ROY " Cartiflel by the chief of the cabinet. "ELI AS REGNAULT." A Berlin letter of tbe 31st atates that the Prlnoe ol Piusxis bad left for England Before hla flight the people had demanded that ha should renounce all right to the throne. A letter from Berlin of th* 2l?t atates that the king accompanied by tbe Prince William, had gone into the streets on boriebaok, preceded by tbe German flag, and wearing a cockade of black, red, and gold colors. The king addressed the people, and said be was convinced that light badoomo to Germany, that he would employ all his efforts to inorease it, that ha wnuld place hlraselt at the h?ad of the movement, and sustain It at tbe peril of hM life If necsiiary. The Pol?s who have been amneati*d, have ?dire?sed a warm'expression ot thanks to tbe kit/g and tbe Inhabitants of Beilin. A salsmn funeral of th" parsons who were slsin In the recent riota waa to take pl?ee at the oost of the city, and tbe municipal! ty Is to provide far tbe wounded, and for the families of the sUin. The Prince of Prussia h*d left for England A letter fr> m Krankfort of the 'JOth aays: "Count de Colloredo arrived bera yenterday morning, to re}lioa M Munnh-BeilinghsHtcn That diplomatist having In the evening gone (o the theatre, was greeted on bis entranoe wl h cilia ol'France for ever!''G-rmany forever!' The public then Insisted upon having the Marseillaise played. To-ijay the Coun-ess da Lansteld (Lola Monies) was Ahlnrmi to ntlit thfl r*itv 1inH?r An amaH nf nnliM* fn lha railway ?tailon " The following kto fora" d>t?i!? taken from th? Ojietftde ( eg log nc The Berlin date la the 30ih slt:' At 10X o'cloon the king leaned from the palace on horne back ; be wore the uniform of (he lat regiment of guerde, ae elao Ike helmet. He bore on bla arm tbe German oolora ; he waa urrounJed by the prlncea and ministers, who all wore the aame eolora The kit g waa received with acclamation*. Mid adrirraaed the people 4r. the iollowing woida : "It ia no usurpation on my part if 1 feel mjaelf oalled on to aave the liberty and union of Germany I awear before God that I do not wi?h to touch tbe German thron?a, but to protect tbe union and liberty of Uerm iny. German fidelity muat be protected, ana founded on ? e<ncere German conitltution " (Applauee ) Ihe cntl'i* then oommenced to more. It wa* led by two general ! bearing the German eolora ; than followed three minii'era, two chesaeura of the to -rgtoiii* on foot, tbe delegation t orn Gleicb, with tbe German trioolored flag, and tbe king, aurrounded l>y the prlncea and g*n?rala. The wlndo?a of the bouaea were all Ailed whh Indies, who waved handkerchtefa aatharorfxe p?esed. At tbe pout rfllae the king atopped before tbe teurgema, who aaluted him. He (aid to them?"1 cannot aipreea with aufdnient farce bow much I am pleaaed at meeting you." A voice cried, " Vive l'Kmpereur d'AlWmagna !"J The king briskly replied, "No, no ! I don't want that," When be arrived in front of the university the king harangued the atudenta, who were drawn up In battallor a, and repeated the name worda aa he did before ? The atudenta applauded. "It would eeem" aaya Lt C'"*rnf er, "from aubs?qnent telegraph'c deapfttebti, that ibii kind of geod fteiing did not leat long " In order to abow how Inevitable the fall of royalty In Berlin had beoome, we publiah none retroapective detail*, but foil of intereat, on theoeourrenoeflln that oapital, both before and after the atruggle Kirnt, the aoecea wbioh happened at Berlin, under tbe very wlndowa of tbe klng'a p ilace, have been aignallaed by mo?t piquant apiaoriea. The king, borne down by bodily aickneaa, had been obliged to devolve the task of addreraitg the crowd on Count Arnlm. At thia period, a young man. w!:oee pale and fat gucd appear?uce beap ke him for.ono of the oombetanta ottha prevloua iftlit waa elevated on the ahouldera of the people, and addraaa d the minister. A large crowd went towarda the palace of the Prince of Prussia, with tbe intention or demolUhicg It, but they oontentad themaelve* with putting the three following liitciif tioo OB it?i raprx ia <lu ptuplt-' yropur e nelionalt piopi if i it lout la natitn . Tbe heir preaumptlve to the throno, then, haa alnca the -JOtta been dialuherlted by the national voice ; and th* monarchy, la til ohm, would ceaae with Willi am I E NE N IV , who would only retain ths shadow of a crown for a ' W TMtl. The following par foulard are extraotad from I rivet* Utter*: At tb* height of the trujle on the UiHh, Mr Vinck* arrived at Berlin under o >Ter of the n<ght, ?n1 without raiard to etiquette, pr**>nt*l himieif aa be waa, in hie travelling drf*<, nt the p iltee. He found Krederlo William surrounded by hi* minlater*. The king received the minlater graeiotieW. though he waa eo lately in dieg'aoe When consulted on the meaaurea which ought t > be takes, Vi&ckn told that the troope ought to avaeua'a the caplttl This pr vpoaiMnn ratted a titter among the king'* aMe*-de camp Pale with indignation, the Pruaatan Mlrabeau thua addreaaed them : " Thia ia no time for laughing, and I am aotonlphed at your preaumir*r tn ffiv* wav tn annh triviality before the binir n Krederio William endeavored to exouse bi* cOlners " Pardon me. tire ; thosa gentlemen there were laughing, aye, and heartily too " The extraots we have just givon arj all taken from letter* written before the proclamation of the republic at Berlin ; we merely give them to show the gradual course of events which happened previous to the final catastrophe. We read a* follows In the patrie:?'1 We have receired from an authentic souioe som* details relative to the terrible scene ia front of the royal palace at Berlin on the 19th 7he people, not content with making the kin? descend farm hie apartments, and take off his hat before the victims who had fallen, compelled him to Elace his hand on the heart of several, saying. 'Here nr? eart* which a few hours ago beat for you; hut which have been pleroed by the balls of your soldiers ' " We learn from Berlin, under date of the 20th, that all the Tolish prisoners in that oity have been set at liherty. They went in procession to the palace, and the king appeared on the balonny anil bowed to them. M. Mlereilawski was in a carriage, the horsee of which were taken off by the people, who supplied their places, uttering loud aoolamationH. The Cologne Gazette nf the 34th alt has accounts irom Berlin up to the evenioer of the 3M, at that time tbe ca pital was trarquil. and the ner< m >ny of the interment of the victims of the revoiniion had gone off without the slightest interruption of order. Tbe kiog was not present at this ceremony, but all the authorities attended it The date of thesa acoounts throws a doubt over the news recelvdd yesterday from Met*, of the proclamation of a republic at Berlin. The Univertal Oatelle of PfUtiia, of the 331, states, ?v.? ?v,? kt Ik. Ufaf. 1n. eluding the military stores destined to b* employed for the defence ot the country Against foreign foea. under tbe protection of the ?itli?ns and Inhabitant* of Bsilln. It alio states that the king had ordered that the pledgee not exceeding fi thalers in the pawnbroklng eatsbliabmenta ahonld be given up at the oost of the treasury A committee had been formed for reoeiving donation" on behalf of thoae who were wonnded, and of the widowi and ohildren of the slain in tbe reoent t venta ? The Gazette announoes that in consequence of l's compoaitora being deairoua o( attending tbe funeral of th* victims, which took plaoe oa the prerioua day, It had been obliged to go to presa early. [From the Prussian State Gsaftto of March 3i ] Tbe King has just issued the folowlng most important proclamation "To mt PcorLE and to the German Nation ? "Thirty-fives year* ago, in times of imminent danger, your king addressed himself to his people, and his oonMenoo in them was nrt misplaced?your king. In alii anoe with his people, preserved Prussia and Germany from Ignominy and degradation. " At this moment, when our fatherland is menaced by the most fearful and immediate danger, I address myself with cooflienoe to the German nation?among the noblest branches of which my people may with pride include themselves. Uermany is a prey to fermentation at home, and threatened with danger abroad from mors quarters than one Deliverance from this two-fold and urg?nt peril can arise only from the oordlal union of the German princes and people under one guiding hand. This guidance I take unoa myself during these times ot danger. My people, who shrink from no danger, will not d?eert me. and Osrmany will join me with oonfldance. I have this day adoped tho anoient German national colours, and have placed myself and my people under tbe resnaoitated banner of :ho Grrman empire From tbla day forth tbe name Prussia is fused and dissolved into that of Germany. '* The Diet, which has already bsen convoked for the Sod of April, In conjunction with my people, presents tbe ready medium and legal organ for the deiiveranoe and pacification of Grrmany. " It Is my resolve to afford an opportnnitv to tbe Princes and States of Germany for a general meeting with the organ* of this Diet, on a plan which will be proposed wltftout deity. " The Di? of th' Germanic States, which will be thus provision ally constituted, must enter boldly and without delay upon the rsqulelte preliminary measures for averticg dangers both at Loqi? and abroad. The measures at this moment urgently called for are "1. Tbe institution of a general popular federal army 1 2. A declaration of armed neutrality. ' This national armament and this declaration will inspire Europe with rerprct for the sacredness and inviolability of the territory wbiah boaata the German language and the German name. Unity and strength alone will be able in these days t? maintain trade and commsroe in our beautiful and flourishing " Simultaneously with these measures for averting Impending danger, the German United Diet will deliberate on the regeneration and the foundation ef a new Germany?an nnited, not an uniform Germany?aa union w<thout diversitlaa ? an union with freedom ' The general introduction of geniune constitutional legislation, with the reaponaibllity of minlatera in all the aeveral States, open courts of justice. trial by jury in oriminal oa*e?, eqaal political and civil rlgbta tor all religious persuasions, and a truly popular and liberal ad mioistration, will alone be able to accomplish thla great end. " FREDERICK WILLIAM. " COUNT ARNIM. " VON ROHR. " COUNT 8CHWERIN. i " BORNEMANN. " ARNIM. ii kuhne " Berlin, March at. 1949 ? The French Kejiubllc. Our advlcea from Parle are of the 2ttth ult. We take the following from Qalifnani of the 26th:? The rrOTiilonal Governmmt appeara greatly embarraaaed to know what system it can adopt to cheek the list* of rotea at the elections. Thla ia a matter ol great difficulty; for aa every elector will have to inacribe aa many namea aa thtre ars to be deputies, there will be aome Billiooa of names inscribed. Thua. aa there are about SCO,000 eleotore in the department of the Heine, and aa there are 34 deputiea to be returned, them will bare to be, auppoiiag all the etectora to rot#, 300,004 time* 34 nanus written, or In all 40 300 000 The rrovialonal Government; however, oaloulatea that only from 150 COO to 200,000 oltlaena at most will take part in the electlona, and that no candidate can be elected without havtnff about 35 000 or 40 tOO votea The government has charge J a member of tb? Academle d?a doienoaa to draw up a plan for 6htcking the votes. The MoKiteur pub.lnh * the following statement cf the situation of the Bank of France op to the evening of the 3Sd of Mar oh: ? aiirt*. Cash and Ingot* 56,16V639f. 14a. Cush at the hranoh baoka. ........ 63 07* 877 00 Billa due thii day 9,743 050 86 Bill* besoming due in Paris, of wbioh 38,817 677f 8lo are from tb? branon bank* 346 716 044 '1 Bill* in the branch bank* <>A.4t3 987 33 \dvano>s in ooln nod ingot* 3,903 300 00 Advanoea on pabllo securities of Frano* 13,741,931 no Du? from the branch bank* oa their notea In circulation 11.194 750 00 Rente* of the reserve fund 10.('0o,<mmj 00 R ntes of disposable funds 11 ?6 ?. 197 89 Hotel and furniture of the bank 4,000 Ouo 00 Interest in the branoh bank at Al- , glera lOflOOOO 00 Interest In the National discount bank 300 000 (?0 Bills protested 3,704.374 16 Bills arlslrg from the sale of rentes to Russia y?t to bs raoeived 1,877 887 76 Expenses of adaialatra'.ion 3r0 9t>3 75 ttundrlts 17 13S 8 477,177,0931 87 ? DEBTS AMD 0BLIOATI0NS. Capital 67 900 000 00 Reserve fund lOtM'OOnO 00 Ratal re immobillere 4 (iOii oo.) oo Notes to bearer, In circulation 37I8818(>0 00 Do of the branch hank 11194 750 00 Do to order (post billa) 3 Irtli 653 10 Account outrent wltk treasury 19 759 754 94 Various accounts ourrent 77,373,903 49 National Discount Bank, credit from bills discounted 1,099,709 3A Bills payable at slghr 3,943 100 00 Re-discount* tf the last half-year. ... 738,693 37 Dividends uo> aid 346 706 25 Diaoounta, lb teres t and expenses 3,67<J,3tiO 86 BrMah bank ot Algiers, sum not Jet employed In treaanry bowl* 1,069,097 19 Branoh bank drafts to b? paid 1,017 19H 47 Suudriea 191,340 85 _ 477,177,093f. f7c The Prefect of Polioe, M Cauaaldit-ro, has published an appeal to the working classes te refrain from taking I? ? auu ufiuuuBimilODii wuiou ?rv made at night. He. caya that tbay are calculated to cauee dirquiet, and to anabla the enemlea Of the repub Uo to turn them to their own advantage. M. Sobrler, who wu lately one of the;del?gatef of the police department, hu published a letter, In which he nays that he place a com of 'JO.i OOrr (being the fifth part of his estate) at thp dispone! of the provisional goTern inent, " to create the capital which shall render the labor* of ihe workmen and the cultivator fruitful '* He at the game time takes the engagement to oo-operata In ail the Improvements neoeeaitated by the complete and serious ofitMitsatlan of labor, euch a* the foundation of social workshops > nd agricultural ooloniea. He ex borta bin tellow olt,nn? to make a voluntary offering to the government, each according to hie meaaa, and enable it to surmount the financial difficulties wbieh weigh on it. He alao eihorti them to hava confldence In the govsrnmeut, to thow devotedneaa to the country, and to have Ulth in the republlo The proviaional goverumen received yesterday a deputation of fee workman belonging to tht Orleans llail W YO EW YORK, FRIDAY MOI way, who ouh to pieeant to the republic a iun of -jjajf. i 75o , wbloh they bad oolleoted amongst tbemtelrea ! A deputation or foreignera real dent ia Franco have < preaented a petition to the provisional government, 1 eianed l>y 3000 psrron* of thi? delsription, praying that i all foreigner! wh> lata teen two ye?rs resident In thle 1 country, may, oa i en an pis declaration of th?ir wlab for I natuiaiiu'.lon, b j entitled to all tke rights oi Fieuoh oitl?aus < A eouaHerable number of Uermtna and B'lgiin* left ' 9 rls the day Itfori j en erclsy b> tne Northern ralroad. 1 to return to their o< untry. i A tree rf liberty ?aa planted yesterday in the Plsce ? du Paatbeon. A great orowd was prrrent, i<od loud 1 criei ol "Vivo la ltc/ublique !" greeted 'he symbol I when oUced erect She olergy of Saint (icn? Tli'-T'i then i gave iheir bent-diction to the tree amidst r? newrdsbouts < of'Vive la Kepabliiiu* !" followed by erl?? of" Vive i la Religion!" I o the evening the houaea In the neigh- i borbood wore illuminated. The provisional i>oYtrnm*nt hu raised a Jecrei nrcating a sped*! b-xly of unarmed polio i to pro'eot Dublia i order and property in the atresia, under "the name of i gurJiem Je Paris They sr<* ja tlcularly ofear<od with < he t?ek cf watching ovo- the public pe*oe, and *rj to be in sufficient numbers to look each to tto safety of from I sixty to one hundred houses Aspeoial tax. to bo de- i frayed by the proprietors and tenants paying upwurJs ol 1 -WOOf. rent year ii to be levied to keep up this body. 1 The Minister of the Interior hai issued a decree by 1 which ths Halle du Jeu de Pauma at V>rs*illss is classed 1 amongst the hUtorioal monuments. i M Kounher, to whom the task has devolved of instituting enquiries voWtive to the ravages committed on the northern railroad during the three day*, went on Wednesday tn 8t Dents, where ha commencod his enquiries, assisted by the looal authorities Several arrests have i uken place, and the prisoners have b.?ea removed to Pa- i ris in o?liul?r vans T'ie d?s'.ruction of the Northern i .tod 9t Germain lines appear to huvo no connection with each other. The Provisional Govtrnment has receive.1 a letter from Abdel Kuder, dated the 16th ult., fiom which we exf H'ot the following passages He says : ? "Citizen Ollivier. your delegate, came to me yestfrdny and interim d me that the Kranch ace now all united for one sol* object, and have abrll-bad royalty, in order that Kruuoe may b? governed by the Republic I was rejoiced to hear UlU, because I have read in books that suoh a state of thlniia is proper foe nations, as it destroys injus- 1 lioe, and prevents the strong from oppression the weak, and that ooueequenily all b'oome brothers." Alu'ing to hia own position, he says: ' ! demanded of General Lamorkltre to have me conveyed to Alexandria, in ordrr that I might proceed from that place to Meoca and Medina, and for this i asked for his wo id as a frenchman Ttils he gave me in a letter in Arabio, which he signed in Freu <h When this lettor reaohed m?, and in the conviction that the word of the Krenoh was sucr*d, I surrenders I to bim If he h?d said, 1 o ?nnot pnmlse >ou aek, I should not bt?v? surrendered. I felt certala that the word of the French was solid, even if given by a priva'e soldlrr. Things are now changed and this onviotlon has vanished. I supplicate you to do me justloe, and to .transform my sad ucoo iuw j >y nu'i uiyinunvi i itur iu? nome ()[ you m?v thick thot I should return to Algeria and revive troubles This Is impossible, and cau surer happen. Do lo: doubt wb ?r 1 sty rn this subject, any mora tban jou . would doubt if 1 were dead, for I place myself among the number ot tta?> dead. My Bole d?slro is te go Meoca and Medina, tbcre to study and adore Ood to my lilt hour " ;.M F ocon, member of the provisional government, ia completely recovered from the Illness under whleh he lies bjpn lor somo time suffering, and haa resumed the duties confided to him at the ministry of the interior. Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, two days ago, commenced bia service as a national guard, land was^plaoed ae a sentirel at the Poste du Drspe&u. He belong* to the fourth company of the first battalion of tbo first legion. The provisional government bus issued adeoree ordering that, as two signatures are ncoeesary for all bills picseated to the national discount banks to have money obtained on them, and as the greatest number of small traders and agriculturists cannot easily ob aln the second name on their paper, u| guaranty bin k eh all be establlshed in eaoh town where a national diec&uat bank exists, lor the purpose of serving as intermediate party betwoen such bank and the traders. Theoapitalot* the guaranty bank is to be raised by j tnt-stock oompanies, and ia no case is to be less th?n 100 OOOf. The buslaess of these gaaranty banks is to procure for small traders the discount o! tbe:r bills on sufficient security in geoda, warrants on bonded goods, 4o., belag given by tbo parties dum tailing assistance. The provisional government, taking into comidcratlon the present cmbarraesmeat of commerce, has issued a decree making a temporary rediistlon In tbo expanse of protesting bills, registration dues, and the emoluments attached to those documents. The redaotlou amounts , to about 35 cent The provisional government has decreed that work io tbe prisons shall be suspended, and that ihs contracts now existing with respeot to It. shall be rescinded, the contraotois receiving an indemnity from the State if called for. About 4b0 ot the Poles living at Taris assembled yes teiday to form the first oolumn for returning to tneir own country. They have written to their fellow ooaatrymea in tbe provinces to join thea either at Paris or at Strasburg. They have mede an appeal to the republic of France for a supply of arms The o Biol si returns ct the foreign commerce for tbe , first two months of the year show that up to the present | time tbo amouot of buxlceas has not been considerably diminished. The customs' rccoipts it is true, harr been reduced from 20,93'J OOOf. to 17,434,00^, but many articles of first consumption show an inorease; as for In- { cslos r.ofon, oastlng". ooals, siuo, lead, oleaginous seeds, nitrate of soda, V i A number of others present some deficit, and ia particular sugar The experts of wines, brandies and salt, have increased; there has also been an improvement in woollen and linen cloths, but a considerable diminution in refined sugar As to the amount of navigation, it has fallen off 76,000 tons out of 643,000, |but tbe deolite in this item Is the natural oonse quence of tho s'aokeniog in the ar- , rival of grain, wbion at the o ^responding period of last year was so considerable Tbe differenco besides applies principally to foreign flaus M. Thiers haa Issue I an address to the electors of the department of the Douches du Rhone, who had offered him their sufl'rsges at tho approaching -lections. We extract the principal paieajes from tLij letter. M. , l'biers says: " I thank jcu. gentlemen, for fho souvenir which you have been to good as to tnteitain of mo. ?nd of the berTicea whic'i I endeavored to reader hlBW durtag oigh'een years of my publio lit*. 1 bsllevo, ia fact, thai I have us uiucU tight us my compMitor* tn be chosen by he dopartmeut in which 1 was born Perhaps I buve given some dlstinotion to the deputation of the flinches du ituoue; but 1 have oertainly served with ardent patriotism tne cause of order, of liberty, of national groat I nesf. It is rery true that I neither desired nor wished I fcr the llepnbl<e; for, In my opinion, constitutional mo , uarohy was sufficient to secure ns a large share of liber- i t?; and the state of Knjland, during the last two centu riea. seemed to me a aeatiny not to oe disdained oy any i oonntry frovidence has decided otherwise; I Incline myself before Its decrees; and, though 1 am rrady to re i .1st all t>rjnny, I will never resist tho force ot things, manifested by striking signs I, therefore, accept the | ttepublic, without any artirrepmi-e, but 1 do not m?au i te disavow an v part of my life.'* i M Thiers then (joes on t? eay that, after 1*3 >, he first i deluded the osuae of order, than thit of lllerty, and of i national greatness; that he oould bavo obta'.ce 1 the f*- | vor ot the e\inonarch, but that hs hid n ' wnght It, i because his eonvlctions were not the same Ot tightens years be had passed twelve in the firmest, trust o netant. rats'. diaintereated opposition He bi-lieves, he says, that I the experience ha has acquired woold be nrsi'ul to the i new order of things, and ne had theref ore consented to | become a candidate of the national assembly; be hed so conaented by duty, by devotedness. by honor, and not to labor for a disguised restoration, but frankly to constitute the new republic on solid and lasting b ?sre; io defend the essential conditions of e vety sorif ty family, property. the liberty of Iransactloua M. Thiers concludes aa follows " 1 believe that 1 haV3 maintained the Interests of my ccun ry in the measure which oar ieo*nt iasti'utlons allowed I am ready to c.>de to all the candidates of our departments as regard* talents; but 1 dir* to call myself ?heir filial as tegards patriotism; and I declare tbat If I be not elected, I shall, in nowise feel ashamed before Kran e and before Europe. I therefore pr.iy my frients to dispen'e with all exertions, not to compromise thrmtelves li seconding my oandllateshlp and not to tike any engagement on my account, for I will not take any, inept that of laboring loyally to constitute the new order of things. Rsaly to accomplish courageously a d insult mission if It should be confided to me with confidence, I do not desire It If It be contested, however litle the contest may be I would re enter with j >y the life ot retirement and ataly to meditate in repose ou the eternel laws of human society, which I do not believe changed la spite of the agitation of the universe,and to form ardent wishes on behalf of this France which I have so much lovod, whtoh I still love so much, which I love in proportion to the very dangers which she may at present incur." M. OIllTier,'the commissary of the government at Marsel.laa has ordered by a decree diUrd the'iOtb, that the notes of <he Bank of Marseilles shall be received as legal money by the publio departments and by private individual!; that until further orders the bank shall be relieved from the necessity of reimbursing its notes ; tbat the am< ant of lesaes shall not exooed Ji,OOOOMir ; ami tbat bank msy Ivue notes of SOfr. For some days past, says the Jjurnil </e Lot tl G'a- i ratine, a club, which pretends! to consist of the only I true and veritable ropubilctns of the town of Agen, bad <i installed Itself In the tn/ttit of the Prefecture. The club c ,U?l>r?H ??!? If onxlfl ?.1.. i tha elections ; bat m It oontained a number of Jleorder ( ly pernon*, created foar among th? population, and, to a j certain extent, embarraaaetl th? oommua*rla? ?f the go- I varnment, the auiborltlea directed that It abould not ba > allowed to exUt On the 17th. the prace of th* town b?- i log threatened by eomo turbul?nt periot?, M Beiard,the t comraiaaary, eaueed the ra/iyrl to beat Imni-diatrly c all tlie re?p'ot*ble citiz?na and the nation*) guarJ. the < latter upward* of twelve bundled In nna.ner, turn t ed oat,-and a portion of the National Guard, wtt'.i a nm- a pany ot the lino, and other forora. were majn to ooaapy < tbe Prefecture The reet of th? V>?ionnl (JaarJ* mtien. bled ou the Dace du I'alaia, and M. li<r?rd pitted aiong i tbeir ran**, aoormpauied by the ccin.-ntntlan?. llrw.e i greeted with warm enthu?lu*m In m abort epseoh.'e I c*ll?d on them to *??Ut him in maintaining order About i a hundred working men joiuedtba National Uuardr,*ay t Ing thit they were boaeat men, and they deaired to aot t with them Thia demonatratloa of the union Oetwern i the authorities lha National Ooard, an l toe prople will, aaya tha Journal tit Lot tl Ge.ronnr, lac are the iianqul.'- . i Illy af tha town, and the triumph of Idea* of order and i liberty lo the department r Aimlral Bandin Imi written to tha prorleional govern- I moat to - y that, in prrooaoo of tha ftaaaoial emUarraw- I RK E INING, APRIL 21. 1848. nants which at thii monant beset tha republlo, he on' V I int. he oon< ?>Ted, with propriety rMelr* tbe ?* . ? <?' I > ooof. par annum which be had a rtubt toaa v.mber o( ;be Bureau dci Lor Kit u4*a, at tba aanaa time with fete >ay u an Admiral in tba na*T. In oonaeqaanca h% h ?ava to Intimate that ha had Jetermfned to forego tha irpt named sum. Tha ultra republlein* of Paris, not sat'>fl?d wlih an? >f the numerous clubs established In tha oipltal, hare rormed an asro station anler tba numa of til* J..00M0 riab, of wbleh tba President la cl'tsen Hiitoa. who 'tyiee hini8r.if ex-Colonel of tie Volunteers ot tbs [Jharta. a r?gim>.nt organlaed after tba revolution Of 1830 Tne President. who has published a short addree< to tha ritiirn* of Parle, announcing that tha flrs* maatng of the club I* to tnks plaoe on lb 33d inst. (Thuis1*tj adjg, that nobody n?ed feel alarmed at tha name kdooted hy tbo MsonUtion, inasmuch ?a there is now no arittooraoy to be suppressed, exospt that of tba iour/feor'e. Tnonty-fonr clubs of Pari*had elected oaob two delegates. win, with their re?pfctive Presidents, were to sonstitut* a oentrul comm'ttee to dlscusi tha merits jf tbo different candidate*for tba National Assembly. Aoi or.' p.- - - a curioua *UH*qMs prepared in the Ministry of tbe lnt?r.or, It wa< calculated that (bare were about 305.000 electors la the department of tha Sjine; t*?at between 16't.OOO an J 200 030 would participate in tbo election, and that every deputy elected would ojtain betiv.ieu 35 000 and 40.000 suffragan. At the last m?etlnnof tbe Et?otoral Republic in Club six oat'gwies of candldst-a wi ro admitted The 1st oontMed of the member* ml the goynrnment; the id, of the ministers of the differsM religious persuasions, three in number; the 3d, of tbejouinall-t*. who are to have two candidate*; the 4th, of tho members of political associations and slubs; tha 5th, of the laborers and the foremen, who are to return eight rr t?n members; and tba 6th, of the sitiZ9DS, who bav? dnserved woll of tha oouutry, the lavnni, magistrates, military men, So. The KinniK-lal Uevulslon In Vrsncti (From the Pans Debits, April 24 ) Oao of tha lt<>ms in tbe binft r-port whioh It Is most important to examine at present is that of protested hills, for their amount enables us to judge of the Intensity of tbe crisis. Tbe amount of tbeee bills, j?ine<l to au ond?f?rmln*/l n 11 ant if o nf nthmrm think ho?*falU?i ?liia hut hare not y?r. h?en pr?.?ented tor payment, resihes the ?um of -j.704.ouoi" (i th?t amount. represented altogether dishonored bills, It would certainly be greater tbsn usual YVt it is aa well to remark that it would be far below tbe sum which wag altnined trom 1630 to 1S31 Oo Deo 27, 18.11), tbe cmount of dishonored bills wax 4,115 COOf., and tbe year 1831 o vrri-d It to 6,30i,000f. But the loss of the bank was not rue half pf that auin. Two items of t he liabilities of the bank also merit attention - the account current of the treasury at the hank, and the amount of private asoounts current. The Hist is at pre eentnearly '20 millions The payments Into coft'srsof the .State ought to tend to lcoreeroit, which is much to be desired But. if the government has only 'JO millions in the Bank, private iu.liridua'.s hivo 77 million, tha: is, within 4 millions of tho sum that was there when it. was determined to suspend rp'tls payments In times cf prosperity, th* amount of private accounts is not se (treat Revolutions Ingjuenl^caute fund* to flaw iotj tbe b*nk, hecauselof all placcs of deposit it i* the surest. la 1930 Iho aecoun's ourrent wer*79 millions, and during the citations of 1831, they reached 106 millions. During the year 1S47 tha average ainouct of the oooounts current was 60 millions ; In 1H46 it bad been 0 millions 1 be bank, in momenta of diffloulty like that which we ere now passing through, has a credit superior to that of the State itself. When it employs it cleverly, it can render immenso services to the pubiio weal It is because we attach the greatest importance to tho oredit of the btnk remaining iutai t that we were afflicted when speoie payments were suspended We are aware of tbe oonoessions which must be made to nooessity, and consequently we have no intention to Incriminate what has beeu done in that respect. But all oar prayers are to find this state of things only temporary. In tbe midut of the shock given to all commercial existences, there ought to be, in order to prevent a total break-up, a fixed point on whioh to derend; and at tbe present moment the bank alone can be that point- It can be imagined that with such views we are oppoied to the issues of the bank being oarried beyond the limit ef the 960 000.000 fixed by the provisional government. Care must be taken not to render a return to specie payments at tbe bank impossible; and if, as baa been recommended, the issue was to go to 700 000,00#, sueh a return could not be thought of. Opinion In England nrihe Europtan Revolution. [From the London Tlmss, March 36 ] This oountrjr may Justly feel proud at finding all the nations of Kurope almost simultaneously reconstructing their governments nn our old insular model. The representative system' cow propagated with electrio spend fiora capital to, is that whioh has bsen quietly and slowly growing up in the midst of us for six hundred aarm k'ni.?hta nf thlru ?.! W.,*.,... .... ~r ami boroughs, freeholders and freemen, aro with ui patriarchal and native ideas. Nothing ii more aatisfaotory to the various instincts of a genuine patriotism, than wnen the associations ol antiquity, the convenience of the pre4?nt hour, and the glorious Dopes of the future, all combine in one thing. That i* pre-eminently the oase with tt>n British member of Parliament. He is not a shrivelled and broken antique; he is not a modern vulgarity; hi Is not a system-monger'j hobby, or the illusory pledge of a promised millauBlum However little the man muy be up to his position, he unites in himself, In a wonderful degree, the attributes of the past, presont, and future John Hohun, Eti/ , M P., wh* n? to rtprt* ntt lht borough where, ttIIy years ago, hit falhir wut a drop-r't apprentice, and wultrtd the pavemet.j btfore the th*p dour, tt one of a tin* at ancient at the Howirdt. He t:ao*a his pollllo?l descent to the l'lanta^en?ts, and oathedrals have teen rebuilt on the dust of his predecessors. Aooordlng to immemorial usage, he has oanvaasrd, speechified, given promises and pledges, and perhaps something more. He is now laying open the grievances of bis constituents, xnd taking a prominent and an useful part in general legislation. Aa far aa the luture la concerned, hi* constituents have accepted him for " the comiug man," and do not wish for another. No Utopias will g. In muoh favor in this country while such a man does bis duty w<ll. He ranks with our ancestral halls and our pariah churcbes, our storied oaks and village greens Sur.h is the idea wli'r.h a dozen nations are at this moment trying to b.>rrow and plant la their soil. Incredible as it may Rzein 11m Emperor of AustrU and tbo Pope, aro rluiui taueously engaged in copying the British M.P. for the use ot their realms. We wish them all success, and are not a little proud of the compliment. Ihe Froapcct of the F.tncb Kepuhlic, In an l?ng>un Paint ot View. [From the London Times, March 25.J Although no progress hat yet b*en made by the French people In the definitive lorination of 'hat repob lican constitution which is to govern the future condition of the nation, the existing form of gorvinmeni in Krance deaerves to be more fully oonsiaorid, notwithstanding Its temporary and provisional character. IVe 1 ay that it dciettet to be contdered, became the fact that in h m/arm 0/ g'tiernment hut tu/itnted for a whole month, it ilttlf a rtrnai kable phe luinr.r nn ; there Is, more aver, every reason to believe that its existence will he prolonged beyond the period originally aisiguod to its powere j but, above all. it maybe sbuwn that the character which this provisional form of governm-nt h.s assumed will materially increase the difficulty of substituting for it auy more permanent and oiroumsoribod republican institutions. For these reasons the present political stale cf France, or ra'her of Paris, will eierrue a powerful and las.iog influence on the luture ocu. Be of events The postponement of the elections, and consequently the prolongation of tha peculiar poemrsnf the provlfion*1 government, was the loost important object of the great popular demonstration of last week; aud there is no doubt that this demand wus suggested to the clubs jnd the multitude by the most decided partisans of the revolution, wbtther in or out of the government. M Lft'Iru Rollin Litn'rit v. ry explicitly avowed the mo Uvea upou whijh he mi prepared to ao t, when tie de :lared tnat "live with to hftTO a national representation which shall not bs a disguised representation ot the principle* which havo b en octroyed ; If we wish for a truly r" I ublican repres -ntatlon ; if we think that, at thin ino ment. the eleotions cannot tike plaoe, so as to Insure, indelibly and Immutably, the principles we proclaimed ifter our victory, Ob, tuen ! the olecllona shall bo adjourned " The uitra-rcpublicen puty is perfectly aware that the great bu'll i f the Frenoh nation Is t>y no means animated with the tame energetic revolutionary sonilin nts ?e the popuiaoe which s?nc:ljns the fletini it of the Hotel de Vlile ; l.ui It Is expected that, by dint *f clubs, ;oraml??*ri<? iroin Parli, and an iuttammatory press, public opinion in the depaitments rosy be raise 1 to a much higher pitch of excitement Timo is, therefore, tvowedly demanded in order to agitata or, according to he expression of our neitfhbots, pour travailltr ittpril yuitie In tbe Interval the populaoe of Parla hare no reason to roiaplaln; they are the; absolute masters cf lb* governnent of Krance. If any attempt were mads to promulCJtea decree wh'oh should not anj'y the fsvor of that ractlou of the French nation, a popular demonstration vnuld compel the government to revoke U. in other vor js, th < ccn'rol of the sovereign people, or of that jortiun ?if it which assombi s in the streets of Purij, is liraot and immediate; and thia state of things has lasted or several wr?ks and will last probibly for many more. iVe venture to htlirm that bo such exhibition or applies ion of immediate popular power baa ever been witne*s*d n a Htate on so va?t a scale, or for so considerable a lime, t present* some faint analogy t? the assemblies of the lemocraoy of Athens with her .*) (too citiasns, or tha^. omiiia ot Home la ihe turbulent days of tbo republic;' tut In Athena the claas of artlxtoi was expressly ?x sluded from the rights of citiisnship, and iu Rome the trolttmrii ware slavas There Is, however,one plaoe, cot a V'olitloal reality, but in political tiction, where the TI) Rnuia ui tilings ib rfoutnuiHuuruBiiu ^|U?U\IO-J t? the perfection of liberty, anil that is la the psgos oi ho Control Social of J can Jacques Iloufseau It if curliui to observe bow many of the wildcat soph!?mj of that , ccen'rlo ptilo-opher hi??e been grasp*d as political ruths by tUe Krenon people, and especially that wrbioh ubjscta ev ty act or the executive lo the Uiroot o >n r >i >f the sovereign people bollly awinbl'd Rouasem ?bolutoly proscribes the theory of representative govern uent; and In hli eyee (he ngenti ol executive power ar* it ail time* to act aa the servant*, or raiber th? slaves, of he | opoUr will Tba eover?i{tity ol the people is. to it) bis parsdoxioil language, iujllrntble anil iuj.vUiblr; bat is. It cannot b? delegated to representatives, or svered into purtiea. A universal i>opilar dio;a:orshlp s the basts or h!a theory ot law and government tiuch a state of thti.fri has oertalniy not etion been ritnessed among men ; bu it is preoisely what we bare low bafore our ryes in Paris. That eity has, In tba fir* >lsos. entirely Mtumed *r usurped the aovereignty of i'ranos, and therefore the on* ot two hundred thousand ndiriduals who fhont, threaten, aud oommand In tk? ~r [ERA; { 4 j nan* of the Fraaeh nation, but easily be collected on on* ip'it at anv given time. Prafltioally, t'ranee baa nested to b? a nation composed of million* c( man ?nJoying ?q?al tights, and is become a Parisian republic, ruled bf D-cemrirs of e*olu?l??ly Pariaiun authority M. da L imattina who U hlmtalf m?m connected with b? province of Bargandy than with the populaco ol Parte, haa courageouilv resisted thla species of unurpa tlrn Ai?( that it prohibit on* of iht grounds of Mi if clining popularity The despotism rf o*ntral>?*tloo ia never ao absolute sa whan It la wielded by tba loweet and isuft vehement dnmocraoy. Uader these etrcumatonoaa, and after the rpirlt rf anarchy ha? been strengthened by agitation, by Indulgenoe. and a mooli f?ar of reals;anoe. what conceivable inducement can tba Parisian orowds have to abdioate their aotnal power, to awear alUginncn to the representative* of the other parts of Kraaoe, to reouoe their own pretension! to the slender proportions of a mete oon?tltuoncy,or to obey any form ui government so ?ai*oiihi?u : it is oi?ar uc. ?u ayoolos of representative government can stand against tbo direct power of an arinad and eir.itable mob Whenever the 'Jill) representative of Kranoo are aaaooibleil, they will be a* completely under the control of the populaoe of Ttiril m the late rhamber of Deputies wan on the ',14th or Kebrua*y, or as the provisional government still la at the Hotel d? Viile. Representation of the people is a faroe unless the people onsent to suspend Its direct interference by authority cm alt Oooaeions, except at a general election. But, in like manner, the present aspect of affair! in France bas extinguished the oth*r fundamental condition of pnbllo liberty, by virtually putting an end to parties The right to express all shades of op'nlon with freedom and safety, and to form association* for the defence or them, la the very essence of a free constitution; und the policy of a free State is guided by the result of these contending forces. In Paris, it la needless to say, that all such contest* of party h*ve ceased. There is a frightful uniformity ofsukjention. O/iiniont art morrfrttly rxprriirdin St Pct-rtburgh than inthe rap tut of France; uml, although factions may arise at the irrigation of personal ambition and Intrigue, the free movement of parties is piraly aed by fear. Tho party of the monarohv vanished on the 'J4th of P'ebruary, and not a man of it has since been bettrd of; not a line has since been printed In its defence. Tho party of the bourgeoisie and the National Guard made ita demonstration on tbo 17ih of March, and in a few hours sank, soarcely less efteotually crushed than tHe monarchy. Neither the one rtnr thu nthur luv? a tamnlutfl tn munbln thfir urn und ajainat the popular clamant; for at the stage at which matters are now arrived In France nil dlsou**lnn means blow*?all railatanco olvil war; and from thoie dreadful eitr-mities every one rer.olla There is, therefore, no (tannine discussion, and no resistance. If the French people were realty to intend thstaboJy of natioual representatives should lrame the future ooustitutiou of the republie, on a phyaloal ooodltion would ne Indispensable to secure the independence of their deliberations, namely, that such an assembly ihould not bit within reach of Paris. Bat we are well aware that suoh a proposal wuuld be altogether ohimerical. and indied would be furiously resented as n dlreot attack on the majesty of the Parisian psople Yet in rarls, as loci? as tho populace retain their present dlreot and absolute power, no independent executive government and no representative Legislature oau In reality exist. And we shall not be surprised to learo that the club* which are engaged in peculating on the utmost limits to which democratic absolutism can ba carried, had dUcardod these fictions A oel*brated writer ha* observed, that the tyranny cf Ihe majority is the ourae of democracies; but the existence cf a real legal m?j ?rity in a State prosupposes a certain amount of order and ju'tlca. There Is an evil far beyond that tyranny; namely, tha tyranny of the minority, which is based on irjustloe, anl can only bs maintained by fear. "La liberie politique," s ijs Montesquieu, "dans uu citoyen est cette tranquillity d'esprit qui provient de 1'opinion que ohaoun a do sa suretc; et pour qu'nu ait g Ute libsrtu 11 f?ut que le gourernemont solttel qu'uo citoyen no puiise par criiudm un autre citoyen." Mow remote?is that happy state of things from tho present condition of Franoo ! ; Revolution In Genoa. We read In the Pairit of the 34th ult., " At Ihs rnoment of going to preaa we were assured that a great movement hail takeu plane at Genoa, anil that it had detaohed itself from Sardinia, with the project of contributing to the foundation of an Italian Unity with a republican form of government." Austria. The Vienna Gazrttr,it the 19th ult, announces officially the appoint ment of Count Colloredo Waldaea, at Minister for Foreign Afftir* ; Baron da PiUorsdorf, as Minister of the Interior; and BarOu K aback, as Minister of Finances. Count Stadlon is President of the Aullok Chamber, and Counts Kollowrat and artl/ arc ministers without portfolio*. The Arcbuuk* Stephen is appointed Viceroy ef Hungary. Oreat retrenchments in the public expenditure are promised by the now ministry. A cnrrs<pond?nt At Coblsntz writes on tti* M1 ft to the Iiid'ptndtnt of Brussels" A detachment of troop* has been sent to the Castle of Rheineck, in this neighbourhood, where Prinoe Metternich has irrived. The Prince possesses the Castlo oj Winneberg. near Cocheui. It Is in ruins, but on the torer was placed a shield on which the armoiial barrings of Metterai.-h were carved. About lot) of the burghers wont to the castle two nights ago, and by the light of a large Are took down the arms, as being those ot the oppressor of the liberties of Germany, and carried them in iriumph into the town, with th* intent of d-stroyins; them. In the evening of the UOth there was a turbulent exciUmert In Frankfort, created by a report thit Prince Metternich had arrived at the residence of General Count de Nabill. Some of the evening journal* denied the truth of this report in the moat positive terms ; it Is. however, positive that orowds assembled in front of the General's house, but oontented themselves with exolamations against the ex-Counsellor of State. The Count rt quested the peoplo to send a 1UIUUIO UUUBD VU UlilftH VROVIUU IUU WOUIbBlIl whether Prlno* Mettnrnlch was there or not This done, the crowd wu convinced, and went oil' to other houses in succession,' renewing the same scents until one o'clock in the morning." At Vienna, things had not change*, at the latent advioes (ISth March). bat the news cf ocaurrenccs at Berlin would not fail to produce an immense sensation in the capital of Austria. It is almost oerteln that the Kinperor Ferdinand would be constrained to q-iit the place. On the 17th, the funeral solemnities of tue viotimj of the 13tb took place Representative* from all parts of the empire took a part in .them. Vienn se, Hungarians, Bohemian*, even Italians, assisted, all fraternising together, and displacing the flags and cockades of the various provinces to which they belonged. Ti e Italian oolors displayed in the midst of popular festival in the capital of Austria ! -jThough the facts of the events at Visum have been reported with ggnsral fidelity, the following anoount of some of the ecenes, by an eye-witness, will interest the reader. It is taken from a letter from that oity, dated 16th ult ' VesterJay morning the Kmperor rode through some of tho principal streets to snoiv himself to the people; ho was aocompanisd by his brother, the archduke Charles, and was very well recelvod He looked in an awful Iright, especially when some of the atadents of the University mounted the step* of his oarii.igi with criee or " V'tve l'Kmpereur !" lie kept continually repeating, " You shall have every thing," and oried like a child. To the students must be attributed the origin, as well as the success of the revolution. They directed ihe movement, being healed by an enthusiastic young Cole, who I heard to my great regret was killed Wo have illuminated every n ght, aud Uin streets aro crowded uniii three or four o'olock In tho morning The people oheer the different parties of tho uitiooHi guard who patrol the city. This evening (liitli) there was a grand procession of the people, headed by bands of musto. and many offlcer* who had embraced the popular cause ? There were probably upwards of 60 000 They carded white banners, etch man wearing a white scarf and rosette. The Italians were loudly cheered, and also the Hungarians, but I heard no cry of Vive Pio Nono I" 1 we at out Utt nitht on tho ramparts, which presented a very animated scene; numbers of ln'antry and cavalry were plcketod round their watoh Ores, th* white cloaks < f the dragoon*, lighted by the glar* of the fires, presenting a very picturesque effect. There were several pieces ot canuon. the gunners standing by with lighted matches; t^ie whole displaying a most warlike and lm 1 n_l. ?V.?,. f t ?<>_ mfm ml I'uriug o y . V/UIJ vut^o it. W Wl"/ R1VOT ?? " *i preaent open. The palaoe ol the Kmperor and tbe Ho t?l da Metternlch are atrongly guardel by the national guard, aideil by i#m? grenadier* To-day the (bop* were opened for the flrat time, but tb? streets ware ?o thronged that little businesa could be d- no During tbe contest, especially in the-suburb cnllad tbo .Vlaryhllf, mischief wan done; moat of tbe military stations ware destroyed. together with the magszitaea and factories belonging to th* g irerninent. S.vm ?l houses were alao burnt,and mar,y robberiea committed It ia aaid that upwards ot 200 person* were killed, and from UK) to 600 wounded " ^Mercantile letters have been rooeivad from Vienna, dated the If :h of March. Everything waa tranquil, and there waa a general feeling of conHdnuoe and satisfaction. The bank, it ia aaid, la in a favorable petition, with aapeele re*erve nearly equal to oun-thlrd of ita circulation, while at the fine time the amount of Ita circulation waa lilteiy to under ,o contraction from the general limitation ot commercial operations On the iilth the offlcUl announcement of the new ministry waa to be made, all arrangement* hitherto having been uu deratool to be provisional. From Bohemia, and all the other prevlncea deputations were daily arriving with ad<lre*e*a oontalniug oongratulatiourf on tbe h?peiui prospect* of the oountry uod"r the new order of affair* HO'.<jt?ry, it U said, ia perfectly contented, all htr dc- i [a having been admitted. She Is to have a separate ministiy at Ofeu (oppoaite I'eath.) of which Pilnce Mterhazy will be a member Wheu thcaa letter* left no intelligence had b*en reoeired of an unfavorable kind from Lombarly, anil it la was fully believed that tbe people of that province would be perfectly satlatieJ. Belgium. The Bruaacl* papers give an account of a meeting of the shareholders In the Sin^'ii it Bilgiqm, at which a jeport waa preaented on th* condition of ita affair*. According to thia document, which embraced a inuwt of operation* during the laat twelve month*, and also ac cording to tbe report made by ihecommiaaioner appointed to look into the books, th" bank U in a position to pay ull ita accounts curr*bt. end l'keaiieth* notea out in ovulation, and Under theee ctreuuntauces ?ome regret waa expressed tha? the ?a'abllshmeut bad b-en made amenable to the new law, na it was oonsi.iered that I'* discouut bu.ineis might ha interfere*! with Up-.n the propoiitiou of the Council of Adminlatration, th* dividend for laat year was declare* at 3f. per ab?re, in dependent of interact. Tiie profit and loss account showed a dividend equal to 9f, but, a* the fund* were not Immediately available, it wa? considrre ( prudent to ooeflne th* dlitiibution to tbe amount of profits actually In band Since the peaaa;e of the law through the chamber*, rendering the note* of the Belgian beak* a legal Under, geeater factiltie* had beta obtained for dlacounti LD. I 0?M. i NkplM and Welly. I Tkt idr'ni from Naplea reaoh to the 14th alt.. Mi I are of l?portinc? it appears tbtt, stimulated by tha I errata la Kmd??. and ex??perated by the erual iIithU lion at Miaslna the Sicilians bad refused tba oonoaa ait aa oarru d over to them by Lord Min'o, and had la slated upon to'al independence?It bnlnc at tba ?UB* H time b?IW t*j however, that they would oona*at to h receive for their snrentlan tba Keoond eon of the King of Naplaa. Tan Sicilian Parliament 1* ooovoked for the 3*th alt. and h Lord Miato was still at Palermo, It ?aa H wished that be nbouM remain to treat with that body. Kn m Medina Ih- dat?? are to the *v*nlng of the 9h of March The people had preoed liar J upon the oitadel, H some pari* of whioh ba<l b*en in fl*m>e for a?veral boara H on th? 8 h. On the mornlog of the tfih, a Bag of trooo H was sent by the Neapolitan* to th*lr b?sieg?rs, with an H offer to suspend hostilities until Lord Minto had boon H heard fromHbut the fury of the Mesainsa* waa not to bo H quelled, an 1 the proposal waa rejected In the evening, H tbere'oro, of tbat day, the firing was reoommenoed, ana I at the departure of those letters tha contest waa still I raging. Kmm Palermo the datea ara to the llth, and It waa then reportod, bu* moat likely without the least truth, that tha Neapolitan garrison at Hyraoiue had H ulso oommouced a bombardment We read In tha Nouvtllhte. of Maraaillaa, of tba -i3d March, the following important news : ? " The government of Naplaa always shows bad fl fai h towards the people Daring tha night of H tha 7th InaUnt, Lord Minto left Naplai for Palermo, . / beuier of u treaty of peaoe, by t hloh tha acts of tha pro visional government of Sloily wara acknowledged and sanotioned by tha laws. / H On the nlicht of thra Hth.a man of war waa sent to Mac- / sina, loaded with bouib shells, and other Instrument* of war. I i During the night of the nth, an Kaglish steamer brought the news that the people h?d opened two large breaches in tlio walls ol the castle or St. Janveur, which is the must es*3ntl?l fort of the pleoe. and it appeared that til* castle was to be surrendered a law hours after tho steamer left the pnrt Lord Minto arrived at Palermo on the afternoon of the 0!h, but the people refused to believe his promises , end resumed the attack. V Kor (he last ton days, the people of F alermo were demanding the expulsion of the Jesuits, and at the arrival of the nowe. by which it was said that the mtmb^rs of this Institution hail been expelled from Piedmont, three thousand reruns went to tne convent of the Jesuits, aod obliged them to promise to leave Sicily a* soon ae possible. This desire of the people had been aeknewle tged by the king, and on the 12th March, the Jesuits lefc the country on board ths packet Vesuvius, bound to Malta. On tho 13th of March, the abdication of the king in favor ofhls son was universally requested in Naples,and throughout the whole oountry. A counter (evolution was organised by the polioe ou iht! 14th; but after a riot, duting whieh eight lazartni were killed, fifteen wounded, and sixty-five taken prisoners, the National Guard obtained tranquillity. The King of Naplea is very muoh compromise*!; in spite of all bis alow oonoessions, he has no power to pre vent the movement provoked by bis silly reeistance, and vhlflli haa druri/nil him to that inUI ahvai whom al kings and thrones are to be precipitated. A letter from Naplea of the Itlth, oommunieattd to the , pro** by the provisional goverom-nt, says: ? ' Lord Mlnto ban not bean ablo to oaus* the general committer of l'alermo to accept the condition* proposed by the king. He was told that it henoeforth depends on the parliament alone to deoldo. At Naples the kin*, terrified, and, as it were, overwhelmed by the 07enta in Kranoe, codex to the least demand from the itr<>*t. Thus, after eui. evasive demonstrations, tho Jeauita left their ci>)le,{e, and embarked for Malta. The LigorU>un have nine* been dispersed, and the ex-Minister. Bastaa^elo,hM toll Naples; all of which has taken plao-t l>y pi ess oi>Ict of the king. It is remarkable tunt ilie most adrauoe.) constitutional party entreats the king to show more courage. Iu the evening of the i:ith, very serious die lurbaucer. followed by the pillage of several shops, took piaoe. The National Guard and the trcopa of the line soon put them down A law, adopted in haste, decree* the provisional organisation of the National Guard, and interdiota aarerabugea. Naple* was tranquil yesterday Bavaria. A letter from Mnnloh of the aist, (at five in the morning,) which we find In the JluttburgU Gazette, says: ? "King Loula has abdicated. The Pileoe Royal aseends the throne nndor tfce name of Maximilian It. The news of the King's abdication prodnoed an extraordinary (enaction It is said that King Louis could not make up his mind to effeot the promised reforms, particularly te have re^ponn'ble Ministry " The Nminnni gays: ? > Newa of the abdication of th? King of Bavaria was yesterday brought by the telegraph He intends, it is aaid, to retire Into Hloiiy, to repose himself, after his stormy reign. This newa waa by no means unexpected; for the King of Bavaria some time ago annaunrert his Intention to resign the throne, and therefore, it is more than probab'e that the lateriota In Munich have only hastened the exeoutlou of hia determination." A letter from Munich, of the 19th, in the Jtugiiuij/ Gaz/tte, savs that the king was about to open the states on tbe aid." There la no notloe in this letter of any Intention of the king to abdicate. Bohemlat Bohemia is in a very unsettled state. Notwithstanding Its very probable truth, tbe telegrapbio d'spatoh announcing tbe proolamation of a republic ut B ?rlinj has been somewhat disoredlted on the Bourse. Hoveral German bankera have doubted ita truth. Everything however, would seem to show the great probability oi the truth of these despatches. Affair a In Mllan< The Opinione of Turin, of the JOth ult., publiahea the v following news ftom the Novara, dated the 19th:? " Milan Is inaurged, and in a state of slugs. The gatee are closed, and the battle ragea within. The people have made themselves masters of Ave piecea of eaunon, and the report of artillery waa heard up to 11 o'eloek last ni^nt i>ive thousand Lomeilines Me on their way to Milan to assist their brethren." The nnu journal ladd At half pest 6, P.M.. we learn that the government la in the handi of tfce Milanese; CaMt ia president, and tne tricolour waves on the government palace Yesterday all the functionariea had abandoned Milan. The ceutre el the movement was in the Bra. Uttu. Tne g'ndarmery and firemen fraterniied with the people. The Hungaiiane have shown themselves friendly to the people, woo cried, 'Viva 1'Lfnghena.' The oannonading ot the oaatlo began yasterday at 5, and lasted till 11 P. M. All the pnbiio edifies are in the hands of the people. The Comaaina, Valtellina, and Bergamo, are snid at this moment to bo in open inaarreotion. It ia said alao that the Swiss carpt franct hare croaaad the frontier, and that the Viceroy h?a been made prisoner near Brescia by a battalion of Italian grenadiara. We learn lrom Vigevano that the Hungarian oavalry took part with the Mllaneie ; for, having received orders to prevent the entrance of the oountry people, they allowed them to enter in ahoala Laat night, at 8, all the tocsins of the villages on the Piedmonteee frontier were souading the alarm. The Insurrection is general at thii moment throughout the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom. Other letters oonQrm that the vice-royal palaoe is in the hands of the people, and that the papers, furniture, eto , had been thrown into the conrt to bo burnt. The guards, who had tried to resist, bad been maaeacred or dispersed " The King of Sardinia, immediately on receiving the Intelligence from Milan, assembled his ministers, and a long consultation took place. Several ostatettes soon after left the war-sfflce with orders for the formation of three corps of observation on the frontiers of the Tieino and To, and the organisation of volunteer corps at Chivaa^o, C asaln, and NotL Sardinia. By royal ordinance, the elections in Sardinia are to tn&e plaoe on the 17th April, and the Senate and Chamber of Deputies are to meat at Tarla on the 27th April. IIanower> His Majesty, on the ltfth ult., sent an official notification to the Burgher Uuard that he had dismissed PrivyCouncillor Kalkv from bis poat in the cabinet. Had not his mejraty taken this step, it would assuredly have been demanded. The burghers b*ve completely maintained the peace of the city to-uay By their deaire, no soldier is to appear, unless the burgher* therrnelvos should req ilre their aaelstance. Last night two soldiers were apprehended for having Intruded. The King of Hanover bas core -ded all the demands of his people, and been uhllged to submit to the bitter necessity of calling to the Ministry, M.Stube. the liberal depu ty of Osnabrlck, wbo, for refusing to abet his Majeety in the arbitrary measures which he adopted en his acoeasion, was prosecuted and imprisoned tor several years. The foliowiug Is the Klng'a proclamation to bis taith ful n'opte: ? "Hanoi etians ' In answer to many representation.! which have reached me, I have already abolished th? proceeding* In the EitiM, recogniitd the right ofino ciaton, granted the dctired amueety and reatoratlon < f right* to all who hft vo baon condemned for politioal offenoeii?a oonce*?ion which I now by th??n praaent* expressly rfecUrn?and with regard *o tereral other point* prcmiaed furtlu r coneidera'trn, but I can do nothing more nutil th? Kata'e* of the Kingdom aro ?*?embl?d, with which view 1 have gir*n orJera that by the time they m??t all uteeMary pieparatory tu???ur<!a ahali have be?n tak?n. ' In particular, 1 wilt, under the u"* -iieantially altered position of all ( ermany, lay l/eioro the Katalea proposal* for a ctungo In th* conatltution of ih? oonntry. which ch?og? (hall be baaed upon the raapoambllty of the Mlniatry to the country, and upon the uaioa of toe Royal Treatury with that of the couutry. " I exhort you all to await calmly the developement* cf eteu:*, and to avoid the riiaturbiaoe of legal or* der. " EKNKSr AUGUSTUS. " HAifOtrn, Maich 'JO. Denmark and Sweden. A latter from Copenhagen of the ldch alt. uyi:?'-The petlilona, *'lureM?'.l by neerty all ttaa conmaue* of th* kingdom, to drmaud the Incorporation of the dnoby of Sleawiok with Denmark, were r<f?ri*4 by the k ag to the Council o' state, wkloh. In It* sitting oi the dar before yreterday, declared unanimously, minul one tote, tkat tba meuiture v?a* argent The o,-po*loif m>-mbfr 1* Count de Moltk; he offered fct??f *ig nation. bat the king hue not accepted tt Tho day alter to mmow the .state* of the Uanlrh la'aiida ate to awemble a Koeekllde, to choote delegate* to farm part cf the committee charge! with the teak of preparing the future Daaiah charter 11 la aiippceed that trie otioio* wilt fa 1 in nea of exceedingly liberal opinion* The ('e?ire lor a uolrn cf the three -?o?ndina?l*n kitgdom* i* i.,creeelng e?ery 1 day, particulaily cmoig.t the young man of tha*e eoua- J tnee. A newarM very meeting of the Swede*, " Norwegian*, and Dane* ta to fake place In th* month o. April at Upael, in Sweden. ' , Spain. We have received tba Madrid j >urraU of the 10th. ? The proceeding' la the Senate oa the preceding 4a/

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