Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 22, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 22, 1848 Page 1
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- t rm *HWWHJI y wn WWP W^WIPB'J'W T H Whuto No. 807(1. ONE WfcER LITER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THB AUXILIARY STEAMSHIP SARAH SANDS. VARY IMPORTANT SffBW*. Beginning of the Revolution in Rnssia. REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS IN IRELAND. THE PEOPLE ARMING. CONFLICT EXPECTED. Symptoms of a General European War. Arming' of the People of Germany* Baden Declared for a Republic. REVOLUTION IN VENICE. REPUBLICJNISfl IN SPAIN. i Organization of the Military all over Europe. King of Denmark about to Abdicate. Provisional Government in Denmark. Commencement of a War between Holstein and -Denmark. Threatened War between the Poles and Russia. MOVEMENT OF FRENCH TROOPS. Progress of the Financial RevulsionMore Failures. State of the Markets, &e. &e. &e. The auxiliary steamship Sarah Sands, Capt. W. C Thompson, was telegraphed at hair-past 10 o'clock yesterday morning. She reached the city a little before 3 o'clock in the afternoon. She was boarded by the steamer Telegraph, Captain Parks, and her news expressed to the New York Hrrctld office, where it arrived at half-past 1 o'clock. An Extra Herald, with the news in detail, was issued at 3 o'clockThe Sarah Sands sailed from Liverpool on the 3d instant, and her intelligence is, therefore, nine days later from England, and six days later from the continent of Europe. She has thus made the passage across the Atlantic in seventeen days. Her last trip to England was made in thirteen days and twenty-two hours. The news is as important in a political point of view as any that we have received from the old world. It will be seen that revolution is still compulsively progressing, and that the spirit of democracy is unchecked. Other parts of Europe thin France have declared for republicanism, and the symptoms are, that a prodigious war over all Europe is not .improbable. Already hostilities have been commenced between Holstein and Denmark, and no one can predict where it will end. Threats of war between the Poles and Russians are rife, and may, in deed, have been carried into execution ere this. The struggle of the L'oies, which there is every reason to believe has actually commenced, although the account of the bombardment and demolition of Warsaw may be premature, will be the signal tor revolt among the Sclavonians, Tartars, and Germans of Russia, who will certainly be followed by the Servians. A'ready the report of an imeute in St. Peten burg, in which the Emperor was "ehot through the hai" with a i>istol, aa he was passing through the streets, has been confirmed by telegraphic communication to Paris. This partial movement may, indeed, be suppressed; but it is not the leas a symptom of the feelicgs of the people. The accounts of the abdication of the King of Prussia, and the declaration of a republic in that couutry, are not confirmed by the news received by this arrival; he has conceded everything, and now heads the revolutionary movement throughout Germany. In Austria, Bavaria, Pomerania, Brandenburg and other places, very strong opinions have been expressed against the pretensions of the King of Prussia. The Silesinn Gazette, under the head of Bresliiu, March 23, says "We learn from a certain source thut there is every reason to hope that Prussia and Austria will restore the Polish provinces." The news of the arrival of manses of Russian trjops on the frontiers ot Poland is confirmed.? The Cossacks have already commenced their excursions. Hutiln and Poland. AJitri* Mwl l'rimn oon inUd tranquil, but there apji am every probability of a war l>o:?o?n United t'erlnmy ar.d Ru<rl?. Poland being tbe battle Held The H'e^t objac. of the German* i? to interpoae aa indepen dent nation between tbemjelvse and Ha?eia,and this ob j?ct i? diitinotly avowed the following article wtiiah In the Cologne U ifttt: ?" If we look carefully ar, onr p<>'?tion towmda toixgo State*. nothing la more certain lh*n that we (ball annrtiy be in op n war wilh Kueala One m ??' A h-nre, at ih - I ileit. tee tnuil h' in thr fi-itl Thr Will of thr. pto},lt hat ptouavneed it ttlf In favor of thr rr-utahluhmrnt if fuland i'roaei* wui h?v? to give up a portion ot ber territory to attain tbe great o J??i> -an intermediate kingdom between U?rrra <y and Kn??ia This movement h*e already commenoed. A proriaionsl committee haa already been formed at Peaen lor the regeneration of Poland, with tht <,11,: {an of He Pnintun nulho'itiri. If Prunis in 10 in?k? a gaor.flae of territory, it mnat be underNtood that H doea no with tbo certain y of attaining the deelred ob jeot Poeen mnat not be given np with aobanee of iti fall in ir into the band* of Iluitaia Pruaaia and German* cannot renuin stranger* to ?be Kuaeian Polish war The word* iu the royal procUmatlou of tha 'Jtat af March, ^commanding a te derate army, and an army neutrality, are equivalent to a oall to arm* " l'he llamhttrgh Carrt$pondtnt, of Mamh 34, aay?, In allusion to the warlike preparation* of the Km per or of Ru**ia: " In theeytaoi Rorala. Lool* Philippe waa not n legitimate king henoe tha opinion generally prevails that tha grrat armament* which Husala it at thia moment preparing, are not Intended for the creation of an Invaetva or retributive war, bat tor the sole purpose aloue of rupporting Auatrla In caaa of argent neceMlty, and. further, lor the establishment of better defend** uien anree in tha event of a movement in Polaud. Nothing flan l)w said in extenuation of tha oonduct of Miuia Philipp*, in detailing AU'peopla and hi* troop* No marvel that auob a o >ur?a abonld And no sympathy from the Kmperor Nicholas, *<h >ee oonJuot wa* ro dlametrloally opposite In Uia yaar ISjil. Muoh apprehenilun however, is . niarti<iiiei| that tha great emolument and Indignation oi K.mperor miiy have a bad effect upou lit* health, fcr, although tha various report* raapeoitng hi* illu-ss were greatly exaggerated-ipeoulatora in the fund* had oven circulated ttia report of hi* death-It oannut be denied that hi* per?On*l appearance teetiflaa ol the aevarity of hit fuffsringa Hi* M?Je*ty luMbean atraiitiy adris-d to viait iha bath* of Otrmany, hut ho replied energetloally, that, If ha paoaed tha bouadaria* of hla empire thia tummer, It would be only at the head of an arm jr. He troatad, however, that both hi* phy detail* and the revolutionaries would Mffar him to raaaata qui ttly at home dariag tha yew 1X8. Tha health of tha J . ? E NE NE1 Kmprefs la very Indifferent Her Mnjuly bid Intended to have gone to Sicily, but the state uf things bad *n tlrely prevented thia. Madeira has alao be*n apoken of, but the illuatriooa patient dreads tbe long voyase " The National reproiuo?o, from the JtheiUt Ja Nord, the perronal organ of the Emperor of Ruaaia, an article on the Frenob revolution, which moat have been written by one suffering under the nnet agonlang ?*nps of Impotent rage If we are to attribute thia article to the inspiration of the Emperor, be evidently, on the receipt of the news, playd " tli? woman with Ma eyea, and braggart with bla tongue How will be act when he hears of the revolutions of Berlin and Vienna, and Lomba.dy and Poland ? Will he follow tbo example of " tbe aeorpion girt with fite !" A Polish Legion, wbioh formed part Of the Civic Guard, have left Berlin for l'oaen, with the Intention of strengtheniDg tbe opposition In the Ruaaian provinces of PoUnd, where the old ayatfm of knonting and incarcerating Is now carried to an extravagant length. A letter In the Schluiichtr Ztitung, of tbo -3d init., confirms former reports of tbe concentration of a large army of Russian troops close to the frontiers of Upper and Lower Silesia. Thev consist ohleflv of Cossacks and Circassians. The Mm* paper also oonflrma Ifae rumor* current of disturbances in the Russian part Of Poland, especially it Wuuv. Advices have arrived from Lemberg. (Gallicla) of the data of tba 33d March, wbiob annoutoe that a great popular demonstration took plaea there on the 19th. The people demanded a constitution, the liberty of tli-pre>s, <1 general amnesty, tht national guard, lh' adoption if the Puliih language, and tK t the Emperor of should tak'the till'?J King of Po<and. Count Stadion undertook to tranunit thexe demand* to thn Emperor. On tha 33d, ft oouilar from Vie una brought the reply of the Empaior. Two h?ur* after, the students, th? pupils of Use school of Art! and Manufacture*, followed bj an immense crowd, went to the Governor's palace. The Count Stadion road from the balcony the answer of the Emoeror. which ia in substance as follow* 1 Am ihall be dittr'buled to the people on condition th"t they shatl only use them against the enemies of the country 2 Tha t mperor << e prucltimed" King of Poland." 3 Political and civil equality to be necreed; the Germans and Jews to be eonsideredas natives. Advioaa from St Peteiaburgh to the 2lst of March, atate, that on the proposition of the Minister of Finance, sanctioned l.y the Emperor, a decision of the Council of the Empire has been issued, authorizing the establishment of a temporary oommerolal bank at Nishni-Novgorod for three years The following appears In tlM Constitutional, taken from a 1-tter received from Poland : ' Thirty thousand Russians are on the frontiers of Gallioia. at some leagues from Cracow?60 000 Rueeians oeoupy Russian Poland?30 000 are in Warsaw The Iluasiun Guard is marching toward! the Duoby of Posen; reserves have been oallei from the interior; and the corps etationedat the side of Odessa, and towards Turkey, bare reoeived orders to send 16 000 men towards Galllcla. The Caucasian army is about to be diminished, and piacsd rigidly on the defensive. Sohamilha* organised ojmuiuuioatlona with Constantinople, in order to know woat is passing in Europe. His intention is to take the offensive m soon as hostilities hav? commenced in Poland. Tnere are fromtitt.000 to 80,000 Poles in th> Cauoasus. Thcpovsrnment is not easy about Southern Russia. The IsVBfUkdKn 1111 pauouwij PUJfyviV Mir WIDU UHiiuiitiaiivu of the Ccir In the provinoe of Kaaan there is sort of fermentation : the prorinoe situated between the White Sea, the Oural Moantains, and the Volga, la inhabit.* 1 by four million* of Tartar*, who 111 bear the iron yoke that weigh* upon thru Thi* country is the horn of abundance of Rueala : it i* there that are found platina, gold, silver, copper, iron, Umber?unfortunately It la out of the reach of Europe. "The Polea leaviog Pat is In banda of 'JO, are to rendtivoua at Strasbourg. '1 ho Germans leaving France hare not bean stopped, a* was said at Meaux, but kindly received." Wo read la a letter of the 16th, from St. Petersburg, to the Augtlurg Oazttlt : ?''The events at Paris have been known here only ten days, and already everything assumes a warlike appearance. All the soldiers on furlough are oailed on to rejoin their oorps by April 1st, (ISth) The reoruiting is finished, and adds a reinforcement of SOO 000 men to the army. ''it I* probable that before the end of April a part of the army will be concentrated in Southern Poland, on the f. onliers of Silesia and Bohemia The guard will also follow, the emperor having a few days ago congratulated the oflloers on the approactrng campaign." The Frantait saysAn extraordinary oou riar has arrived at the Russian legation of Paris It is aid that h- brought despatohes of th? highest gravity It npprari that the provincet of the south of iht empire are xn/ult insurrection. The nubia and the army at eat the head of the mjvemrnt. News is said to have reached town la*t evening, from Berlin, of the 27tk, as follow* : ?M Warsaw is in open re volntion The inhabitants rose en matt*, and murdered several hundreds Of the Russians. "The tioop* fled to the fort,and from theneebombarded the towi. Warsaw is in ashes. To-morrow the Prussian-Polish legion detarts from hero, at tie klbg's expanse, in a apecial train." Tho German journal* siocs received up to the 38th do not confirm this. The Mtniieur saya '" Letters from the frontiers of Gallieia stare that a general insurrection In Austrian Poland ia imminent." if we aro to bslleve an announcement which appeared ia the Brts'au Gas-tie of the 21st, a collision between Russia and Germany is immlnmt. Quarters have been spoken at Kallah, saya thia journal, for 000 Russians, and nearly 160.000 Russian troops are asssmbled on the Polish frontier. Pose*, Maroh 26. The German National Committee has issued the two following proclamation: UK...,. D.l'.l il. n...k? ?r Po ?S/?. " Fellow Citiiana? Patriotism is the most precious possession of * nation, hence ?U who am animated by this feeling, every German and nation of Europe, have the liveliest sympathy in the restoration of your political freedom. " Do no., however, attempt to reap b'fjre the harvest is ripe. Numerous cases bare oooaried in wbioli, with armed superiority, you have threatened and endangered the personal safety of your German l'ellow oUii-ns Ponder it welt, and remember that suoh deeds of dishonorable violence are a stain upon your natiou ' You weaken the sympathy which Is ielt for your oause in Germany and in Europe at large, by placing obstaoles in the way of the noblest men of your natiou, who are endeavoring, with every feeling of honor aud moderation, to pave the way for the restoration of your iudrpendenoe. A stain, therefore, from every breach of thi public peace, which can only prove detrimental to your cause, aad combine in aiding those who are aeaoeiatlng for the furtherance of your oause. ' We address these words especially to (hose among yon who are men of a reflecting mind, and to you who ate men of pestce, and irom the altar and the pulpit teach your fellow-cltissns, by word and by deed, how they must combine their sentiments of patriotism with the duties, of pradenoe, morality and faith." BwAlsu. Stockholm, March 31. The tranquillity of our capital has been seriously interrupted during the last few days. Oa the 18eh Inst, towards evening, an immense mob which had been summoned several days previous, by placards,proceeded at the close of a reform banquet, with the members of which they, however, appear to have bad no connexion, to the Brunkeberg market, and en tared the city, where they commenoed breaking the windows The military, who were called out to re tore otaer. were reeeivea witn vouejs oi nones, ana they were at lust self-deftnoe, wfcer several soldiers had been serlon-ly wounded, to fife, by which many of the people were killed and wounded. The king himself wu obliged to ride between the disordered rabble, and about ene o'clock in the mornlrg pi aca was comparatively restored. ttiimlar scenes were repeated oa the 19!h, and the military were again compelled to make use of (heir arms. Tbe ji)t?nbladi sajs that it was yesterday determined la a oouboII of Ministers, at which the king presided, that la case of a renewal of dlatnrbanoea tbe most extreme measures should be resorted to, and that cannon should b drawn up There has not, however, been tiny farther breach of the peaoe, with the exception of some mucinous m> etings. About 60 persons had been arrested Ten or twelve people were killed, and between 70 and 80 wonuded A good deal of uuoM-ratnty prevails respeotiiig the origin The Ilambm fh hortenhalte, of tbe :14th ult , snys, tbe oomuiittee of tbe constitution, after a very animated debite. and without coming to the vote, have decided to deviate from the former prluolples, and lodrnw up an elaborate project of representation, proposing partial changes in the present representative system. Denmark. UOruHtats, March is Hit Msjusly yesterday Issued an edict for the abolition of th* oo neon hip, and for tbe freedom tf the press- The names of the miolMe s eomposicg tbe new cabinet were also male publio. We have now a burgher ministry and a bu'gher king, ?;no Is petfeotly of ascjid with his people not to let g* ol Sleewlg. The whole of our armed force is equipped About 13 000 men are to besiege Bleewi* 1 ho rage against tbe deputies was so boundless that they were taken from the palace by water, in order to avo: j a oolltslon with the people Our fortresses and skips of the line are cempletely prepared to proteot tbe city in case of an invasion There is no thought oi btnlomi of any kind Government securities ai-d funds are no ninai.? The King was on the very brink of atiloait/u He, however, thought it wisest to yield to the wishes of the people, who do make tn* moat exorbitant head* down. Many who are high in cfllue will ttaign.? The OnnuChaniutj ii olt*?d. Rknuirubu, March 98 Military preparation! are beiuff made at R?n<ifbart? A patent waa U?ued th.a morning for the oonvooat'.ou of the United Di t of Sleswig Hoi atein for thn third day of April The provisional fovernraent ha* divide J tie labour* a* follow*: The rineeof Augu*tanburg, the War Department; Bxeirr. Praaid?nt without the poctfeuille; < nun Revnntton, Foreign Aff?ir?; And tUo Interior, Drninrn; T?*tr?e Schmidt, Finance, Manufacture*, Cu?tomi, and Poit Offlc*. MererHl of the aurroandlvg dlairlota have declared in tavor of the provuional government. Olplo.natlo relation* hare b*ea opened with O.irman l'nuue? for ae Utance of troop*, arm*, and umunuuiilon. 1 he provitionai government ha* jbolitbrd the poll tax by edict; it realise* about 300 OCOt. Several ve*?eI* on tnelr parage through the Belt have been prevented paaaing, and oompelled to return to Lobeok IiAMaranN, March it. Information hiving b?en received of the intention of the Dane* to bloekade the Round and Belt, and mIm all Mm tmhU, ihipmeut* from the BalUo % W YO W YORK. SATURDAY ft I ir.ust be st?pp?d until th* conclusion of tb? war between I Holotein and Denmark. We informed you before that we expected Prussian I troop* to psae through here to HoUteln. They tn, bow| ever, e'opped until the provisional government in Holcteln . factually require their arslaUnce, which we tap pose will be on t'ae Dene* commencing warlike etepa, and then the king of Hanover will alio be eompelled to send bin troop* to the assistance of Holatein. If the Danee should * {factually take hostile measures, without which they will moat assuredly lose the provlnoe of Schleswig, we may theneipeot they will immediately net their navy iu nativity, and place aoihe of their gunboata In our tiver fcllbe. We expect news from Co -#r.hflgen to-iaorrow, when we shall perhaps hear the effect which this provisional government la Holstcln has made on the klcg. The Duohy of Sahleswig has dsolarod Its independent A provisional government has been eatablished at K iel, and they have addressed a proclamation to the Inhabitants. Tho king of Prussia has declared ths admission of the Dacbv into the Utrraan Confederation, and his determination to support them. In pursuance of this, on the '16th ult., upwards of 20 000 troops marched f owardf the northern frontier, the Ouarda forcing tha greater portion of the ariry. All the necessary arrangements with the government of Hanover end Brunswick have been AnmnUt*d ftflH Ihaw will aftf In all roanadfa U awaa* with Prnosl*. A letter fro a Kiel, dn'ed March 26, announces the commencement of hosttiitiei between the Danes and the 6'chienvijf holittincri at frtdeiicmtadt. B ?v?rl?. A letter fiom Munich, of March as, sUtea that the evening before, sever&l youn<menof very reap ratable appearano* oollected on the place Maximilian, and, after having mad* several speech** burat the portrait of K'.ng Fred?rlok Willi*tn IV. of 1'tussia. They then separated without disorder. The rumored abdication of tho king of Bavaria, in favorof his son, is confirmed. A<lv!oes from Munich ol the 2 id March, contain the following proclamation : ' Ludwig, by the gtiuin of Ood king of Bavaria, Palagrrare on tho Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Franoonia. k<i. We hav> been graciously pleaard to n ?'gn oar orown in favor of our boloved son, hia royal higbuers the Crown Prinoe. Maximilian, and make known by these present* i hat it is oar royal will ia future to ad&pt the title ol Kiog Ludwig (Msjsety) and our boloved royal oomort the title ef Queen There**, (Majesty ) This cur act ol resignation and titular denomination Is to be madepnblie in our S'ate Oazelte." Tne chambers were opened at Munich on the 'iid by the new Kiog, Maximilian. In his speech from tho throne he proclaimed as the motto of Bavaria, "Liberty and Law," and promised to submit to the States of the kingdom varloua ro^rm* as >he aholt'on of loferie*. reinon'i'i'li'y of minis cm, liberty of thepreu election for the Cha niter of Hepuliet, specuy 'Tranftmenti for the repre'ei'tatiof of the faluiintte, aboltion ?f ground tenti, projection of a new legal code r.nd a re organization of the courtt vf lattice. W urUmburg, Ulm, March 39. Oreat excitement ooatlnued to prevail here throughout the day, information having been brought to the government, by several eouriera, th*t a body of Freooh rabble, with Kerweigh at their head, and which report stated amounted to 30,000, had crossed the Rhine, and went committing theft, murder, and inoendiartsm. The burghers assembled in tke afternoon, according to orders, armed witb every imaginable weapon. At half-past six, P M , the governor has reonived or ders from Stuttgard instantly to dssp?tch *11 the cavalry; tbe whole of the 3d regiment of infantry Is to follow at eight o'clock. The 3d regiment ia Handing in the barrack* ready to start at a moment's notloe A grand meeting of delegate! from different parts of Germany was held at Holdelberg, in the Orand Duchy of B*d n. on the 26th ult. The meeting wta rather a popular demonstration than a deliberative council The assembly was addressed by the leading members of the liberal faction in mild and energetic language; the idea of a republic was rejected, but the real dissuasion will not bs opnuad till the Diet mee'a at Frankfort. The Vie na Qazeltr, In noticing the pretensions ol the king of Prussia to become the ohtef of the German nation, reminds that sovereign that his claims to such x distinction are very slight, aa his concessions to the demand for liberty were maJe only when further resistance was impossible. The O z tte adds that tbe empsror cf Austria ban much better claims to bs regarded as the Protector of Germany than the k'ng of Prussia but that he is aware that the general only oan confer this title, and the king of Prussia ought to show equal respect for the will of the German nation. Baidcn. Fribous.j. Msroli 26. A nesting to tho nuraber of bs-twern 8,000 and 10 000 persona took place here to-day; at which many icflueutlal Individuals were present, and took pirt in the proceedings. The msjorlty pronounced In favor of a republic. Tno Professor of tue llnirers,t> entered his pi otest against the decision, which w?a immediately rejected. Belgium A letter from Coartrai, in tho InitpenJance, of Brassals, says:?"Last night an a'tempt was made upon Mousoron, by a band from France, amounting to several hundreds They hoped to find our troops off their guard, but as Boon as they discovered the contrary. they turned tail, and ran away at the top of their speed; but after all not quick enough to ??ve about thirty 31 them from bring caught, and atcurely lodged In the prleon of the town. Among them waa a Frenohmaa, on whom waa found loaded pistols and papers, proving that he made part of the Belgian legion We are also Informed that another band entered Belgium by Hipqu'tns Tout, ft village between Furnes and Menlu. and that Genoral Fleury Ouray ia In pursuit ef this liand with . tbe oavalry under his orders " The same journal has also the following from Lille:?"M. Ktnest Gregorle, ene of the foundera of the Club of the Piuvoyanu, has arrived at Seclin, and taken the oommand of the bands enoamped there, with the titln of GeneraMn-Chirf uud President of the Bilgian Republic." * Military preparations continue to bt made in every place. Hanover. Tbe Hanovsrian Chambers were opened on the 28th, by commission. Th? royal speech confirms tbe promise! of liberal mea-ures before made. Tbe ohambera were oponed on the 28th ult. by commission The following is the spoeoh from the throne . ''Ills Majesty tho King, oar Most (iraoious Saver-lgn, being prevented from appearing, this day, in the must of yon, has been pleased to entrust me with th? honorable missico of opening the present assembly of the Stutes, and of making tbe following communication to you in bis royal came : At a time when astoniohing changes in neighboring countries have altered all the relations even of this land?when, together with the entire form of government of Germany, even the whole basis of our state of affairs is brought into question?and when the danger incurred by a neighboring country, a member of the Germanio Confederation, may, at every moment, call for military assistance, his Msjesty has received no alight satisfaction from the Uct that already, in the ordinary oourse of bualnosa. the legitimate representatives of the land have assembled round his roval throne: His Majesty, feellag assured that the hitherto existing institutions of the oountry are not oi a satisfactory nature, either Tor the royal house or tbe land at large. h?s not hesitated to aooord voluntarily and without reserve whatever appeared neoessary for rreating a new and more powerful national existence. His nsjesty is only desirous that in every respect the way whloh thi constitution (In which ills royal person Is associated with tbe state) ai w?ll as tbe law points out, should be scrupulously adhered to, in the oonvioiion that any apparent advantage which may besought for in any other way can o ily lead to general rnin. With these sentiments his Majesty bas already taken measures, whereby the conttituiion of the Germanic Confederation (on whioh tbe security of Germany olosely depends) may be developed in greater stability (in tbe form set forth in the Act of Confederation.) and may be ev?<n brought to completion through the representation of the Gtrmsn people iua confederate assembly. Not less has bis M*j*sty been pleated to order that the internal admlnistiatlen and oocstitution oi bis royal kingdom should be settled in such a manner as to elevate the mind and Increase the weltsre of tbe people, through liberty of the press, through the right to assemble In public, through thu independence of the civlo aud onmmoual authorities, through tba publicity u! tbeir proceedings, the removal of ail privileges (re apfieiiug exemption rrom taxation, ki ki .) UiroUi<n inn rertoratiou of the origin*! power of the tribunal*. through he aimpllfloction of the ayetera of etate economy, ?nil throtiah tha responsibility of *11 bis to>al tat vent* Through inch Davam bi* Maj?*ty alaohtpr* ili*t the cuatomary disposition of ..he p?<>pU to uphold the Ixw *ud maiutain orJ?r mil bu strengthen*J. It I* hi* MrfJ*atj'? will tbat there bis royal promlno* may. without inordinate haate, bat quickly, be onrrl?d out and lelthlully observed Toolbar with lb* iiupor Unt taak of realising tho** principle*. h'* >l?j?*:y will lun it to the N.nte* to propos* nhtuw ">? usual oout*? of batinrr* requite* fur the maintenance of the security, order, and weitareof the oountryi end bo will wi>hnitiy attend t* nil tho wiabr* whioh may bo expresmi<l by the .state* reaprctlrg tho oMnoion weal, ?* iho ahaitue*] of the time and tin pr?MU>'o of circum *t?nce* (dtr drangitr Vmitand*) render it impO-*ibl# for tula government to proper* independent propositi ns of thnt nature. Thus hu his Mej >atjr, our ra ist gracious king and lord, opened f >r tho (Hates a pa'hway to ftloii ousand bunetioial labor*; and i; U for yoa now, geutleman, to treed that path, and to keep firmly to It.? Through tbli nobla and royal inifaion tho States h.tve ia thoir own hand* tba entire future prcfp-ctJ of tha country. That mission implies a reeponsib.lity if It be uaeleaaly employed. Thank* to hta Majesty's wla<lom, we can look upun th* present important timo without tba pain which in so many otbar laud* eiubtiters both joy and hopo Tha oountry poMesae* unexhausted lourcoa of powar and beppiuesa; ltd people ate rioh iu upright earneatnea* of oharaoter, In th<- love of father land, and in fidelity Nou*hf oan ba waultog to u* if only tha spirit of union, whioh again, for tha Qiat tim? since centnrle*, powarfaily pervade* all the immber* ol our great itorinau fatherland. prevail alio lu t a narrow circle of our o?au country It In upon t .1* plrtt of tlftl that hta Majeaty relies. It ia ta thia apirit of union, whioh atopa at uo atorlW, even of on?'* own view* and oplr.iona, that bla majaaiy ha* already presented a brilliant example to hia State*, May thn latter follow ur.h > lalneut leadership (?o erAaAenar #W*rinf). God ?av* tha king! In the name and With tha lull authortautiou of hia M?j*ety, I now declare the General Assembly of tha State* opened. Pruaal* CoLoofiK, Tuesday Evening,'March 38 The king having recogalsed the axpedienor of uniting all the German S:ates Into one grand confederation, ba* given hia sanction to the creation of a Parliament, consisting of a House of Lord* and a Howe of Commona, opon a very extended repreeentetire ba*l* It k RK E IORNING, APRIL 22, 184 oontemplated to introduce a uniformity in the oourt* of jactio*. In weight*, measure*, coinage. railway, and on*torn* duties, and in the representation of the German confederation Abroad. Seventeen additional number*, enioyiag the confidence of the pcopla, have boon added to the Diet, to take all thru matters into their oactitration, and the choice^of Prawla baa fallan upon Dablmann, the distinguished and learned profenor of Bonn University. In pursuance of the deolaration of the king of Pruaala to the I)nke cf Slesvlg-Hols'eln. which ?i pnbliihed on the 25th instant, the following day and > eiterday upward* of 20,000 troop* h'tvi marched toward* the northern frontier, the CSuarJs farming the greater portion of the army. All the neoessary arrangement* with the governments of Hanover and Brunewiok have been oompieted, and they will act in all respect* in concert with Prussia. From Silesia very di*tre**ing and alarming new*has been received of inaurreotlona atoog the peasantry, aid very fearful detail* are given of tbo ravages I and exoeaee* that have be?n already committed. At bit o'clock on the evening of the 3tith, new* wu rao?lved at Berlin, that the general commanding at Po sen nau piaoea me citia?l In a it at a ol defence?that the oaunou were pointed, and that he wax about to bombard the town. Tbe alarm ?ai no great at Posen, that the meroUants were removing their goods Into the cellars. I'be report li said to have originated In the commandant having removed all Lis furniture and other property from his hotel, and rent then to t.ho cUld-l The deputation troin i'osen, which was still at Berlin, awaiting an answer fiom the kin/, mfntlonrd the matter to Count Sohwerln, who paid the commandant would only be doing bis duty, if be w s oomuelled, to Ore upon the town One of the d'pulis* replied, that In suoh caw, the people must eombino together and oppose foroe to foroo. Subsequent aooounts state that tha #eaoe of Posen bad not be*u di?turbsd, nod that tranqul Uitylpre vailed th?re The Tolish General Mleroslawskl passed throught Cologne yesterday, on his way to Paris. In ordor to invite his countrymen residing thereto rvtnrnto Posen He has seoured nn from tho Prussian poverntneat that > everv facility will b? afforded to their p?ssai:e through the Prussian territories?they ara to assist in the genernl armament of the people. I regret to inform you thit the monetary panic has at length reached Cologne and that In tbe course of to day there was a considerable run upon tbe Royal Bank here. They have been of late considerably rednclng their dls> oount business, and this morning a vsry large manufao tnrsr, who employs several hundred hands in tbe sugar r refinery, and who Is in tbe habit of having his bills discounted at tbe Royal Bank, was refused any further aoooumiodatipn Having endeavored, without suooms, to obtiiu thi money In oth?r quarters, he r?turned In the oourse of the day and declarod that he should be compelled to discharge his workmen, upon which the necessary advances were made to him. Berlin, Maroh 'IS. In cousequenoe of the dlsturbanors which have taken placo in several parts of the provlnoe of Silesia, tha Minister of the Inferior has issued a rescript, stating th?t thosti persons who, by u-.enaces or by violence, have foroed the laadod proprietors to renounce certain dues, shall be amenable to the laws, and the forosd aots of renunciation shall be considered neither legal nor valid. He olso exhorts parsons not to suffer themsolves to be led astray. Tbe Prussian Shirt Gazette publishes the following ns the bases of the proposed t'deral meeting at Krank rori:?l. A condiotrated direction undsr one federal chief, with two chambers- the Moond to be composed of deputies from each of the federate States 'i The attributions of this parliament to be the federal administration nnd arming of the German population?the establishment of a federal tribunal, and one common oode as regard* domicile, Indlgenitv, system of trial, penal and commercial end's?the adoption of an uniform system for moneys. *elfrbta, customs, commeroe, and railways Tha Jlllfmrint Ztiiung thus comment* on the position assumed by the King of Prussia as leader of the movement: ? " His havicg thus grasped nt tbe reins of the government of United Germany, is a fault which both ha and Germany will have to rue He has staked all on one bold throw, and the numbers must almost be against > him Will all Germany answer to hie call, and j 'in his . Diet at Berlin. consisting of a patchwork of worn-out Institutions ? Neither the men of progress nor the reactionists will or ran obey his bidding; and the confusion of (Jsrmmy will bn greater than ever, and the most sanguine will grow hopeless when thev eonslder tho likely ' oftnsequenoes This step of the King of Prn??ia, like many other events that have ooourrnd of late, is the oon' sequaao* of a mistaken notion of our actual oondition, and cam lead to nogood." The popularity of tbe king is Increasing. The Berlintche X-itung says, that the king has taken a large number of those or the oltiz*m who wern woundeiiu tbe combat of liberation on the 18th ultima Into his paiaoe, and the apartments of tb< Outohess of Mecklenburg, whtre every attention U paid to their c mfort. The queen has given her ewn beds and family linen, and has th* meals of the patients rooked in her own kitchen Bhe paTt iKly'>i?its to the sufferers, whom eh* comforts and cheers. 1 ho mAllfmrine Pi tustitche Z-itung, of tho 35th ultimo, contains a report of the funeral oi the soldiers who were killed on the night of tbe 18:h to the 10th, but does not state their number, which, it would appear, is considerable. The funeral procession was chiefly composed of oitinens The strictest order prevailed throughout the ceremony. On the morning of the 3Sth ultimo the king started for Potsdam, where the magistrates and th- Inhabitants received him with great enthusiasm The public could scarcely be prevented from taking the horses from tbe king's carriage and drawing it themselves. The king addressed tbe people nnd the oQliers of the Potsdam garrison, and returned to Berlin abont noou The speeoh of hie msjrsty, while 1 acknowledging the faithfulness of the troops, was chiefly meant to exhort the army to iollow the royal examplo,and to join the national party with heart and soul. The answsr of tbe officers, in the name of tbe troops, waa full * of devotion and enthusiasm for the good cause. The attempt* to titikliih a rey.uA/ie in Prussia have all signally failed. The feeling in favor of re-eetabilshlng tbe nationality of the Poles la every where Increasing. Th* Tales are on guard with the burghers of Berlin. They wear the German oockad* combined with the Polish national oolors The king openly recognised them, and it is every where desire in Prussia Is to interpose the Poles as an independent nation between Germany nnd llustia The Prussian Slate Giselle, of the 30th ultimo, publishes tho roliowing: ? " A deputation from Posen, headed by the Archbishop Von Przyluskl, has petitioned the king to allow a national re-orgirJzitlon of the grand duohv of Posen to develop* itself immediately, but in a quiet and legal manner, under his majesty's protection. The deputation gave their advise as t j the proper nrnos for accomplishing this end; and further petitioned that a provisional commission should bs formed, consisting of men who erjoyed the public confidence. His msjesty was pleased to aacede to the wishes of th* deputation, and published the following proclamation:? " To the Deputation from th* Grand Duchy of Posen. Agreeably to the wishes you have communicated to me, I read 11 v consent to p?ve the w?y to a national ra-organlzatlon of th* Grand Duchy of l'ossn, to be nc-ompliihed with the least possible delay. 1 will, therefore, sueHon th* formation of a commission, consisting of men of both nations, (I. e. Germany and Poland ) This commission will ooniult with my ohief president, and they ?ui iuui umir propviuou aocoruiog to me Tallin 01 their oopsoltatlons Bat this can only be effectual If. nod a? long ae, order and the authority of the magistrates remains undisturbed in the Grand I)achy." ~A Berlin journal, of the 27th, stated tbat'on new* be- ; ing received that a provisional government bad been I formed at Kiel, to resist an attack of the Danish troopt, the Prusaian g vernment gave orders to different detach- j nienU of troops to proeced rapidly to the frontier, in order to prevent a violation of the territory or the German nation. The governments of tlaDOver, Mecklenburg, and Brunawiek have also been invited to cause their troope to advanoe towards the frontier* to protoot the national toil. The Ptutiian S alt Gazette, of the 26th ultimo, informs its readers that the Unkeof Brunswick had pah liclv declared hia adhesion to the King oi Prussia's leadership of Germany. The dnke caused the King of Prussia's proclamation " To his 1'oople and to Germany " to bs disti bnted to the public, with a note of the Brunswick Ministry primed at the font of tbe copies, stating, that the DuchI government will meat all the proposlt.ons of the Prussian government. A private letter from Brunswick save that the duke had spoken with soma of bis private Mends and chief officers to this effect : " The Russian army has been placed upon tbn war footing; but sa soon a* these troops, or a portion of them cries tbe Prussian frontier, Kreunh tioops will draw near tbe Iltiine. The safety of our Germtn fatherland then depends upon the choice of a German Emperor, and all Germau princes will agree with me in this opinion. I am Dnke of Brunstfiek. 1 love my pec pie, I love my oountry, bat will prefer sacrificing much to permitting the German nation and Its general welfare to lack my aid I will, with pleasure, sarve as a soldier for my fatherland, and gladly, if neoesaary, light its battles." Tranquility baa been completely re established at Uieslau. Throughout Westphalia tbe reoent changes have been accepted with enthusiasm. A letter from Berlin, of the ilftth, states that intelligence received from Pomerenia and Btandeburg chows ilut these, countries are opposed to what has been dono a'. Uerlia. A proclamation ha? b.>en pnbl shed m Pomarania, protesting In strong terms against the right arro gated to itseir by the capital to demand conceaeiou* and cause tho soldier* to be mui away, without the eo operation of He previse* In rontequonce deputies, It *ey*, ?re to be named on the 17th of April, to proceed on tba IHtb to Berlin. and deolare to tha Presidents of tba Burgees**--1st, that Porueraoia doe* not acknowledeo th?lr right to ant ai they bare done 21, that she h\* ram with regret tha ma**acra of tbo troop*, who only obeyed tbo King'* order 3d, to demand from the said Praildentii if th?y are Inclined to return to their sentiment* ot fidelity to the King, and if they wish to oo-eperate with Pomera&ta la ret coring order in tne oountry. Austria. Advice* from Vienna, of tbe jl*t nit , elate that all wm tranquil, i.nd the nawa of the Kmi>ercr'*ooncrr*lon* had exolird great Joy in tbe j.roviooe* Proclamation* had bsen issue J oniurlng tbe auiboritlea to maintain tha existing law* and tbe people to obay them On tb| 91st the Emperor published an amnesty for all polltioal oflenoe* Kureigner* who bad been ?uilty < f such offence wer* to l>e excelled the territories. Tiie ll'nntr 7. ilw g of tba 3Mh Maroh. teknowledgns an addre*? of the Kngllsb re?id-ot? of Vienna to the people of Auitria, aud ay* that this addreis h?s made a de< p lmpie<?lon upon the lab ibiUnts of the capital aud tha it hie tended to trmgthen the tympa hi*? which the Austrian* have evir leit for tue Britith nation, "tha flttt-boin ot freedom umung tho great Kuropean nation* " Revolution at Venice. Oar Perls corieepondent thu* allude* to the rnmor of a revolution having taken place at Venioe:? It to said in Pari* that the Aoatrtana have been driven ont and repnbile proeli! *<!, or at atl *vsnts, a provisional go wmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmrnmmm* [ERA] 3. vernment oonstltnteJ. The employe't had been sent to i Tri??to Commandant Martinovioh bad bsen killed, and ' < Count Zloby had been captured, and was retained aa a I hostage. A letter from Triaata of the 43d, in the jJu*?4?t C7- | Mfllt, *ayn, on thin subject" We learn that Venice has < lepiratnd herself from Aostris, and formed u provMl ???l government All aoldlora and persons employed by the Anatrian government are at liberty to take tbeir departure for Trlrite. Count Zichv answers with bla head for tho maintenance of the conditions lal'l down by the provisional j?overnm?nt The arsenal and tba lortresa are in the haudstif the Vecltians." Hungary, In Hungary the conoeorioai made by the Kmptror were just in time to prevent the proolamation of a repuklio While the magnates renounoed their privileges in the Assembly of Presbnrg, on the 18th, a more formidable revolution was going ou in Pesth, where 100 000 of the new 1 National Guards assembled and concerted the eitabliihmrnt cf a republic, which they did net, however, proclaim. Things looked very serious till the news of the constitutional concessions of the Kmperor arrived at Pesth, ] where the iaformatlon was enthusiastically reoelved. I Italy. ? | rne norenoe joarnau announce mat a revolution toak place at Modrnaon the J<?th. One hundred young men sallied forth, aboutlng in favor of the revolutions at Pari* and Vienna. The Hungarians refused to aet agiinst the people. Later accounts, however, annonooe the flight of the Dukwof Modena. The Austrian Amhaeeador, Nieumann, had also Hod, and the lunurrectlon wa* generally suco???fnl. On all side* wa* heard the ory " Long Live Plua IX." "Longllveonr brother* of Hungary." The only troop* that could be gnt to aot against the people were the Uerman dragoon*, nod they were defatted by atone*. The Pledmontese journal* later than the :23d have not arrived, but it 1* oonflrmed that the King of Sardinia had taken the title of King of Sardinia and Lombarily, nd bad marched to Milan at the bead of hi* army The Vicroy of Lombardy, with hi* family, wa* at Verona. Ono of his aona, the Archbishop of Higlsmoad, was arrested at Borgamo. The Pledmonteie OazttU of the 34th announoe* the evaouatlon of Milan by the AuitrUn troop* ou the -J3d, in ooniequenoe of tlie complete victory of the people They maroh*d oat in three oolamns, dlreoted toward* Mantua, Verona, and Plaoenza The king of dtrdlnia hai daoltred himself in favor of the independence of Lombardy, and ordered his army to maroh to the aid of the Italians. 8omeO 000 Austrian* were quartered at Madrlgnano Thn people of Milan destroyed the bridge, to cut off the communications of the enemy. It was announced by letter* from Milau, dated two in the afternoon of the Jtth, that Trent and the entire Tyrol bad risen. The innurrecMon was succeasrul at Lodi and Cremona. The Austrian* were drlren from Pnvia, DreacU, and Desenztno The fortress of Pizai Ohattone, with seventeen guns, was taken by the Milanese. The duobi#* of Parma and Modena had declared their annexation to Piedmont and Lombardy. The Grand Duke oi Parma ha* abdicated. Advices trom Parma bring the confirmation of the re volution thorn. At the first news of the insurrection fct Milan, tbe Inhabitants titled the streets, anil foil upon the Austrians ; the latter had recourse to grape. The Grand Duke, however, alarmed at thealtuatlonof affairs, published a proclamation, in wbioh he announced hla wish of withdrawing with hla family, and named a regency, to which he transferred aupremu pewer, with fait liberty to adopt each meaenrea and establish auch lawa aa they misht think fit tinder existing ciroumuauoes. A provisional government, composed of the moat illaatriona personages of the oity, haa been formed, among them Count San Vitale and Pellegrini. It appeara that the rialng ia general throughout the Lombardo-Venetlan kingdom, and that everywhere the Austrian troopa have been repulaed. Acoordlng to the Turin journala of the 2id, the fightIng between the people of Milan and the Auatrian troopa had oontinued during the days of the 19th, 20th, and tlat Numerous bodlna of volunteers from the Sardinian dominions, especially from Genoa, hastened towarda Milan. The Swiss cantons which border on the Lombard territory, and which have always given shelter to the Carbonari and Italian political refugees, alsi roae, and, according to one aaoount, a large body of Swiss .succeeded in entering Milan, carrying arms and ammunition to the insurgent*. The King of Sardinia baa declare.! himsolf in favor of the independents of Lombardy, and ordered hia army to march to the aid of the Italians. Oa the 33dhe isaued the following proclamation:? "Charles Albert, by the grace of Gad, King of Sardinia. Cyprus and Jerusalem People of Lombarly and Venice.' the destining ot Itnly are maturing; a happier lata awaits the intrepid defenders of inculoated rights From affluity of raoe, from intelllgenoe of the age, frum community of feeling, we the first have joined In that unanimous admiration which Itnlv manifests towards jon. P>oplo of Lombardy and Venice, our armies, tvhlch were alrnady concentrated on your fron'ier when you anticipated tbe liberation of glorious Milan, now come to offer you, in your further trials, that aid whioh a brother expects from a brother, a friend from a friend We will second your Just desiraa, oonfiding in the aid of that God who la vlsiblv with us; of that God who has given to Italy a Pius IX ; of that God who, by sush wonderful Impulse, has given to Italy tbe power of acting alone. And, that tbo sentiment of the Italian union may be farther demonstrated, we oommand that our troops, on entering the territory of Lombardy and Venioe, snail bear tho ascutoheon of Savoy on the tri-oolored flag of Italy." The Pledmontese troops crosnod the Milanese frontier on the 34th, and marohed on the oapital. The Jtmtriam retired before them and evacuated the city, which wni im- I mediately occupied hy the Piednnntete liberating army, under the command of the Duke of Genoa. The Oaxetta di Roma, of the 14th ult. publishes a proclamation cf the Pope, exhorting the sons and subjects ol' the Pontiff to r?ap?ot the rights of klugs. They are to '-resp'ct religion, and never to provoke the terrible anathema of an iadignatit God, who would assuredly fulminate His sacred vengeanoe against the assailants of His annotated." Lord Minto arranged conditions of peaoe with Sicily, whioh were taken into oonsideration by the Neapolitan cabinet and rejected The Sicilians. It appears, are to be U#? ?h.M.^l..a ?kn NT anUa .ill n?..l * the power* of Europe. At Rome, on the '.'1st ultimo, on t*i? arrival of tho tint new* from Milan, tlio people tore down the arms from the palace of the Austrian embassy- The ambaajador has tied The Duchies of Parma and Modena have united with Piedmont and Lombard?. The Duke of Modena hfM not fled, but If a prisoner. The Taria Monilrur du Soir published the following summary of the Italian news : ''The Italian journal* hare brought the following accounts : The King of Sardinia has himself marched at the head of hi* army. The viceroy of Lombardy la at Verona with hia family. Hi* third ton, the archduke Sigiamond, baa been arreatod at Bergamo. The Austrian*. to the number of 5DOO or 6000, are atatlonary at Marignan. The Milan*ae hare blown up the bridge ?f Lambro to cut off the communications with the enemy. Venioe la in full insurrection " The following were the flrat aota of the proviaional government at Milan : A considerable reduotion In the prioe of salt; complete amnesty for all political offenoes; the rem>eion of all fines; and the proviaional maintenance of all the r.mployrei In the public offljes, with the exception of foreigners. The King ef Sardinia has transmitted the following dooument. dated the :26th ult. to the provisional government at Milan : "I shall not enter Milan till I have van- ( 'luished the Auctrians In battle, for I will not presont myself to so brave a people till 1 bave obtained a viotory 1 that uiay prove me equally brave." , The Austriana had retired by the Mesrgnano road to Lodl, on the Adda. Provisional R07ernm?nts are formed at Placentia, Par- \ ma and Modena. Tho wish of these small SUtea appears ta be to jyn their fortunes with that of Lombardy. The strong fortress of Mantua la ;in possession of the people of Lombardy, and Verono has also pronounced. The troops ofthe grand duke of Tuscany ore in possession of the whole ef the duke of Mod?n*'a states Intelligence that the Austrian* iiad^been expelled from Venioe and a republic proclaimed, la confirmed. The strong fortress of Mmtua la In possession of tho people of Lombardy. an I Verona ha* also pronouoend. The troope of the Grand Duke of Tuscany are in possession of the whoio of the Duke of Modena'* States The following proclamation baa baen published by the Orand Duke of Tuscany:? i " Considering that the tranquillity and aecurity of our | dominion* might be endangered by the disturbances i whioh. In consrquenoe of the political events of the city f Modena and other countries ef tbat dnoby, might break oat in the territorlee of Ka'.e. contiguous to iho Rnd duchy on the side of the late duchy of Luco* and trssanta, and that it coustquently Is our right and duty to prevent thu evils that might ensua from them, ws nave determined totalis measure tha'. the above mentioned territories of Km* be provisionally occupied and simply gsrrisoued by the Grand Ducal troops We declare, however, that, exception the inoonvenieaoe of lodging the troops, which will b< effected according to the military regulations by the inhabitants of th? piacss which will be ocoupled, In consideration cf the assistance wliloh the said troops will give in rvery oocurrenoa for tba malntecaooe of public tranquillity in there plscss, every other expense shall be boru.i by Tuscany Tba Minister of War will give ths necessary orders and Instructions for tho execu.loa of this our determination " Oiven in Kmrenoe, March M " LEOPOI.D CE.MPlNI B ALDASSF.RONI " Prince Schw.'izei. li'rg evacuated the olt*del of Bresola on the did, and took the direction of I.odi, which, howover. had already driven the Austnans away. Crema Is besieged by the Imperial troops We raad in ths Ritorgimento of Turin, of the i7th:? " It Is believed that l.scchi, of Brescia, will be named Oeneral-ln-Cbief of the L imbardo-Ventlan forces. Cremona Is free; 3,000 Italian troops have drolared for the people; a gr?at Lumber of fleia pieces are In the hands of the people At Padua tua Huc^uiacs have Iraternlzad with tbn people.'' The following are some of the bulletins published at Milan during the combat: ? Milan, March Jl. Milan fights glorioutly for two days, but she Is yst without at ui, and surrounded by a mass of soldiers who are beaten but still foitnidatile. We throw these notices ever the walls to riU upon all towns, all the country, to arm Immediately, and to meet in the s?vei?l parish's as Milan has done, end to form theinseivs in'.o companies of fllty m*n, who sliouid el ct a leader and purveyor to run wherever the common d*f?i>oe wight call tnem. Aid and coE'i'tor.?"Vive l'ltalle -Vive Pius IX V' Milan, .March 2'J As long as the struggle is prolonged It is superfluous to express opinions on ths tuture destlnlss of our dear ooaatry. Our only end for the moment is to aohlsvs cur I independence, and our good clt sms must not think of -r - * leT rriM.vwi omMi inythln,f but flghtinr Oar cau/i? onoe triumphant, >ur destlniei will be dlacuaaad nnl flx*'l by tt?*? nation Tlx mfmhert of the provisional government->' wa'l. '.'resident Oullinl, Vitallano, Durinl, Borrnmeo <;r?opi, I-itti, Beratta, Strlgelll, Porro. \itplw and Mlctljr. Alette; rrom Maples of the 16th, In a Uermanjour nal.saya?"We learu. from a aourea worthy of eredlt, that the HioilUn question is e-ttled Ferdinand la la future to b?r?r th? title of Kordiaand IV. la Sicily, and Ferdinand V in Nap' 1 " A lattar aooount (dUM states that tha king of Naples hw abandoned Hlolly, and that the Neapolitan troops war* about to evacuate the iiland TUe king, la hia proclamation, declares that he has been forced to adopt this llna of oondnot, and appeal* to the powara of Europe to assist him. Spain. Narrae* haa loat no time In exeroislag the diotatorlal power* with whloh ha hat been entrust ?d by the tha eon grass. The GUifefa, of tha Hid, contains a deoree eus pending Indefluitely the sitting of the ?'ortai, so that now Narvas* and Christina are tha abioluta rulari of Spain. Tha Madrid journal* of tha 'iAth atate that several persona have bra a arrested, among them an Irlah prlaat, charged with attempting to get up a republloan morement Acoounta had baan received from MellUa cf a oonfllct between the Moors and Spaniards, In whioh tha former loat fifty killed and four hundred wounded, and the latter but one man. lb* Humored Inaurrectlon In MadrM. Our advtocs from Madrid are down to the i8th They make no mention at all of an Insurrection baring occurred and therefore It ia clear that the rumor ourrant in Paris waa quite unfounded. It la, however, stated that on tha 'J6ih the extreme liberal party Intended to make a popular demonstration; but aa the government had taken extraordinary measures of preoautlon it was not unlikely that It would ba abandoned. At Vittorla soma rmititr man hart hMn npf?ifn<1 f/tr ihAntln* U ??? streets '-Long live the Republio!" and fleath to Montpeneier!" A houaa wa understand, being furnlahed for the Duke and Duohess da Montpanaler, and tha preparations mada in the palace for their reception had been completed. The 'Jtlth, no Bouree? Sunday. The French IUpabllc. Paris, Thursday Morning. Mareh 30, IMS. The only deoree In the M ia that which order* that tue foreita whleh appertained to the olvll list (hall be Immediately joined to the foreata of the State. There ia llttls domes tin news In the Peris papers, bat a considerable deal of detail* regarding the retreat of the Austrlans from Milan. It la rumored that England ha* protected against the violation of treatlee by the king of Sardinia The French government haa, It la said, ordired 31 000 mun to be encamped at Vie one, ia Daupalny, with a view to events In Italy. Friday Afternoon, 6 o'olook, March SI. It ia again confidently stated to-day that the provisional government Is moat anxious to make the Bank of France advance it a considerable sum?say about ?1 000,000 sterling?on deposit of treasury bills. The news from the provinces is very bid ; serious disturbances are taking place in many to ens, and I understand, by a letter from Toulouse, that ths southern provinces are not disposed to submit to the dictation of Paris. A vast crowd is still assembled around theoflloesof the Prtsie, the vicinity of which is guarded by a number of the oompositora and employ&ei armed with bayonets. The exasperation of the people against tha paper is on the increase. They have this afternoon seiaeid the copies of the Prttttt from the hawkers In the streets, and torn them to pieoes. One of the Secretaries of M. de Lamartine left Paris this evening for Turin, oharged with a particular mission Although the bank has displayed the greatest aetivlty in the production of the new notes of 100 franea, there are not a sufficient number as yet in oireulation to answer the demands of persons who wish to have them In exchange for notes of 1.000 and 400 francs We had to day dlsoourag>nK reports on 'Change, and they sent down the prloes of the bank shares from 190U to 1100. thsy left off at 11 SO; as these shares were originally issued at 1200, they are now et AOfr discount It was stated that the Bank of Frenoe would be obliged tomorrow to atop entirely Its discounts, as three-fowrths of the bills whioh it has alreedy discounted are dtohnnnp?i< The Bourse waa also much agitated by the news that Metara Paccard, Dufour, and Co., had (topped thalr paymsnti It waa a Swiss banking home, of first rate standiog.nnd it* atop page will certainly oblige many othara to do th? same. They had a great quantity of Orleans aharea and debenture; and aa the company poetponed the date* of th?ae debentures to aix montha, Paooard and Co were foroed at flrat to sell their Orleana aharea even at par , and afterwards to atop paymenta. The provisional gov-rnment have ordered oash pay. manta to be suapandeAby the banka of the moat Important oommeroial and manufacturing cities of Franoe, namely: Lyona, Bordeaux. Maraeillea, Rouen, Lille, Nan tee, Havre, Orleans, and Toul use. The notes of these banks are for the present to hare a forced emulation. The Monitrur, of Monday, contains a decree of the government potlpanin/f the fnetal elrctian af thr rtpreirnlativri if th' people ta Sunday, the i'.ld of jUpril. Th National Jltttmoly it to mttl on the 4th of May ntrt. In oonsequenoe of the raoent events In luairta and Prussia, the Committee of National Defends han decided that there la no neoemity to Ineur any eipeosoa for da ' fensive purposes The discipline of the t'renoU army is besoming very much relaxed. At Maubuge, the Hih Cuirassiers have Insisted on the removol of tneir lieutenant oolonel, adjutant, and one of their ciptal a. At Cambri, the oth Light tiers# have acted iu the aame manner; and at Lille the 37th Regiment haa also made a"dumonatratlen against Its oolouel." At Mazleree (Ardennes) there have been disturbances oanaad by workmen breaking machinery. General Changarnier, who was appointed Governor of Algeria, has left Paris for that oniony. The Prette contains an exceedingly strong article against the provisional government, aignvd by theeditor. M. E. da Uuordin. In It the writer, without say circumlocution, treats the gentleman now sitting at the Hotel da Ville aa a body of vain pretenders, totally un meat. Several of the mora ardent republican* attacked the offlon of the Prr$$r, Mixed M. K. d< Uirirdio, uul threatened to destroy hi* typo. General Courtaia, the commandant of the National Guard, sucooeded, however, Id getting them to disperse quietly, by representing to tham that the only effect of destroying the type Ana maohinery would be to throw leveral men oat of employment. The Sentintlle, of Lyons, of the 'J 1st ultimo, states that M. Arago had given orders to the keepers of the barriers of that town not to allow any person quitting it to oarry with him more than 500 franos without the permission of the authorities The M-miteur published a deoree of the provisional government authorising the oity of Lyons and the department of the lthone to levy an extraordinary oontribuuon of fifty-five centimes, whioh, with the forty-five previously laid on, amounts to a Ireno on the direct taxes. In other words, It donblee the actual imposte. The Intelligence lrom Lyons is important. The Ceu ritr de l.yoin says that the workmen In that oity were in revolt. They demanded and took forolble possession of the powder magazine, and seiifd a quantity of arms, and at the time tne paper was going to press orders had been g ven that M puhllc carriage should be allowed to leave the oity. M Arage, the Commissary of the government. had sent to Paris lor orders, and had expressed his determination to oarry them into exeoution to the last extremity. The finanoial vagaries of some of the provinolal commissioners haa attracted the attention of the provisional irovernment, who refnrred the matter to the Minister of Finance M. Uernier Page* proposed. In bis report, "That all financial measures adopted by the commissioners of the provisional government shall be made nail and void until tbey havo been ratified by the oentral government " On this report the provisional govermment decreed as follows "1. All the measures adopted by the commissioners of the provisional government, with retard to commercial or tlaanoial legislation ore provisionally repealed J. For the future all the financial or commercial measures of the said authoritiee are to be submitted for the previous consent of the central government. 3. The Ministers of Finance, Commerce and the Interior are charged, each in his respective province, with the execution of the above decree " The idea whlnh government entertained of taking all the railways, finished and unfinished, into its own posesnoa, and purchasing up the Interests of the present ibareholders. ou what mlcht be oansidared equitable terra*, hax not been cart led into execution A deputation of litliin. Iiwueil b; M. Miuini,hkl in interview with M. Ltmattin* on Tuesday. In the oiirse of bit reply to them M. Lamartlne observed, krance <l?elres no other conquests tlun the psaiflo sonqunts ef the normal mind, no ambition hot for Me*. We are now reasonable and generous enough to oorreot eren our Tain idea of glory." An address bad been received by M. Louie Blano from Lhe executive committee of Ureat Britaia lor ths proteclion of Industry, and for tbe division of a?rirultnrnl and mamifactuiing labor, of which Mr T * Duncomba, M. P , is the prrsUient, congratulating the Kreneh people on their let* victory, and expressing a desire to here a league formed between the working classes of the two countries to forward their mutual interests. it dealar s that the prenent ia the boar for aotion ; that the organisation ol la'mr is Mwntltl <o the well being of the working man lu hotb countries ; and conoladee by oalling on the Krench, now that they have the opportunity, to mainiuin that principle being the death warrant of the system 01 oppression whtoh nas hitherto existed. 'i'hn Mitml'ur,of Wednesday, contains a decree of tho provisional government for transferring th*> wood* and t >ieats which formed part of the property of tbe foraoar civil list, to the administrators ot ti.e State forests. It iso announces the suceesMnl mediation of the ootamit:e? of th? government, presided ovtr by M Louis Blano, between the work.nea an J tbe ptopriaior* of several l?ge machine Isclories. it was rumored In Fan* on Wednesday, 'h.t a KrsAob irray was about to be formed on the Rhla?, and thai IHOOt) of the troops In Algeria wouM be recalled to form >art of it. Ano.her army of 30 iX/0 was to be formed at Dijon i he steam frigate Labrador arrived at Toulon on iho 16th, from Algiers When she left, tbe colony was per 'eotly tranquil. The.Jesuit* hare been expelled from Avignon. The disturbanoee ia Lyons still oontinued. On tha JSth, '2000 workmen attaoked tbe miliUtT stores ot Perraclie, and plundered them of several thousand* Tha governmeut has given orders for the lameiwi*

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