Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 23, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 23, 1848 Page 1
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* * TH Wfeou no. tori. Mexican News. Tbe Jlmtrican Star, of tko 31st nit. thu? announce* th? arrival of a wail train from Vera Ct?l:-" A ?miill tr?in which left Vera Crt* on the ;Md ln?t, Moor ted by 8" men of th? Loui'ta-* iliaioona all under command of Limit Colonul William H Km?ry. arrived In tbi? city y??t?r<tay oyeniafr. brlnjt up a nail for tbe army Among ih? cfti3?m wlrh tbe train are Lieut Colonel Stan I ford, U b inf-ntry. Lieut. Caionel Biaooe LonMana drKonni. MnJor Ultnchard, 13th infantry, and Mejor Croaa, Qu?r. tertna?tor. The iattar ir?ntK'nun. we understand, will taknrbaig* of tbe Apartment here. Homo forty ad Ten' oitis?u* accompanied in* train Tbe following i* from the Frtf American, of the SHh jnit " Several trains h?T<" l?ft cur oity within th# laat three or frur days?on? for Orlliba. one lor Jalapu. and one (or th* National Bridge? th* first commanded by Captain W. Brown, A A lluartarmaater; tbo second by Captain Soaleldt. of Louisiana Infantry ; the third by Captain Mr.L?lland " Th* election for aloalla and city oB ~?rs took place In Ve*a Cruz on Suoday, tba 9th Inst. The Governor wa? r?q rested to tiko down, during the day, the American fla* from the mvln plaza where th* election wa? htld ; but Cadtain Auld Inform* us he declined to do this. Ha wn? also called upon to deliver up the publio buildings on tbe "ami plaza, which was indlguantiy r?f<h?d ? "Willi- tb* ?lection was golBg on, the troopa, oornpoeiog the gaT'SOn, with the nzoeption of what w*i a accessary for a guard, went out of town at 9 o'clock, A.M., and wern n i5?iv*d on th* beach by 0*n Kearney. We find bo aonfirmation in the papaia bafoia ua of the report that (>?n*ral Parades had been arretted at San Luis Had there been good authority for It, it could hardly h*re failed to be mentioned, and we therefor* suppose him still at large. MERITS 1> RETRIBUTION On Thursday laat, the 80th tilt., a train of Mexican merohandtae wos attacked and plundered by an armed band of Mexican robbers, near th* Passo del Bobo. Intelligence ef this fact w*i shortly alter received by that vlgl'ttot and ?nergetlo gentleman, John W. Smith, interpreter. and communicated by him to Governor Hugh**, who. with his usual promptitude, ordered out a detachment of Col. Hays' Rangers in pursuit of th* robbers Thu d'-taebm-nt, commanded by Capt Daggett, followed on the trail of tho villiana unerringly, under th* direction of Chrleman, th* Mexican guide, and came up with th'ia as th?y wer* entering th* villag* of Deepoblade. Only ore ot th* banditti escaped. Of the fourteen scoundrels who had plundered the train. lUr. il*U3 WITH KU?UV )iriRUUerf Bill! fu?i, WIIU lui WKIIU concurrence of th* cl ilJe and the well-disposed Inha-, bits, its fthetowa We learn that Chrisman, the guide mad* the first cspiure. Tart of tho plundered property wai recovered. Iad?ed, the whole efttir was admirably pltmnod.atid admirably exccuttd.?Jilipa Watch Tow *rx.2pril it. affaifs in california. The ffi'ifitntton l/'nion ocntalns the annexed extraot from ? letter dated " Monterey, (California. 1 Novecaijer, 1847 Mr. Col?on is still here as aleade, but expec U to return in the Congrers Tho crops hero, this saaa,m. are very abundant, but the immigration 1? not o large as las. sia.^n Thore never was a clearer oase of pru? than that of the Admlttauoe, and the lawyer emi>l>'jvd hi<Tr by the claiments advised his ollsnta not to appeal; and thej followed his counsel But as the l?gali:y of this court'in?j be eilled In queston, all the papars bave been put uoder seal uud are new on board the rortsmomh, i n their way (?hra she leaves Mas&tlan) for the United States The proceeds of the sale will also bo preserved, and these will give jorisdiction to any district court ia the United s;?f-e, shoull suah a result be (leMied All the claimants cau do, alter proving the i.l?R?h>y or Incompetency of the court here, ia to compel ih- captors to proceed to trial'before a competent tribunal, on the merits ot the oato This was the opinion of Commodore Htookton wb*n here, and I now find It ojatlfaio.l in a ithors which I have since procured. But enough of tbie. Stcchton Hall Is nearly finished, and it ia proueunced the handsomest building in California, an J the most substantial. Hundreds of children will be educated in it, and carry into future times the bsietloiol results of his liberal pelloy. naval intklliqkncs. W* learn that tha U 8. bark Rebert Morris left Vera Croz on the 7th. and tha U 8 brig Mediator, on the to, both for this port The U. 8 steamship Massachusetts w*s still In pot t, supposed to be waiting the arrival of Gsq Soott and tnite Interesting to Merchants. Cunsui.ate or tfraiN, > N?.w Yobk, April 24,1849 J The Intendmt of the province of St. Jago de Cuba, nnder date of the 27th March last, haa communicated to their Consulate the following order establishing a deposit or entrepot at the port nf 8' Jago de Caba. FRANCISCO 8TOUQHTON, Consul, iti. [tbarslation.] [From El Redactor, of Santiago de Cuba, Mar oh 27,1848 ] His Exo-llenoy. the Superintendent General of Finance of ihia island baa directed to be published at the capital and other places, the following notioe : ? tk'PU. ir?./?n?U. rAmmhtaa #0 tlnataa hav. lag renolrei. at tt-? session of the 18 h of l??t month, subj sot (however, to whit her majesty may deign to crJar. to esUtiisb provisionally Mid by way of trial for the present yur. a mercantile deposit. under the (4ms regulations ?? at tie e-pital (Havana) His ExoelWncy, the Baprriutfnden Oeneral ol Finance, has directed th?t ai l deposit be opened on tli? first of th? next month of Apiil. to which and the nee-Mary measures have been adopted, Bad by ord-r of Hii Excellency, it ii published fjc toe iuIurmaUon of the pab>l?. JOAQUIN CAMITEZANO. Havana, March 15 184? And ike Iutendant of this district, by a decree of this day, in aoco. dance with tte superior order aforesaid, o. the loth met . c m'DUDieatiog <h? ab->ve mentioned noil e, published in tho Uavmna Qazri e on tba data above, di'?xa thai the san?e be mmle publio by fourteen eon seoutive insertions in tha pepsr of this city, the R daetor, lor the geu- ral iuformation ot traders nd the public, and that a hundred oopiea th'reof be circulated Immediately; the p went. is lesusJ for the aforesaid purpose, at St. Jago de Cub*, Marok 25,1*48 JU.vN DK MATA HERKERA, S oretory ad tMitriM. Extenbivk Fokcjkriks ?It has been discovered tHHt forgeries to a large amount hiive been committed by Hohi Carpenter, of the firm of 8 St C Carneater, shoe dealers and manufacturers, of DougUss ? They are supposed to have commenced as much as three or four years since, and been oontiousd down to Bear the present time The amount of such paper now outstanding ha' not baeu ascertained, but it will probtb'y amount to from twenty to thirty thousand dollars Most of the banks in the vicinity are said to have mora or leas of It. Carpenter was in this plaoe on Saturday morning last, apparently for tha purpose of making pur chases, when, at one store, he waa told that tbero bad been a report here that ba had been oommitting forgery, and that the company bad failed In oonstquetioe He replied that he had heard nothing cf it, aod i<*tt the atoro. it Is buppoaed that he immediately took cue of tha'Oad traius, and fled, aa he baa not albce been heard of. He lias hitherto sustained a good character, nd is a mrnibtr of tha church In Douglass Some of the forced piper has baan held by bis neighbors for two or three years, without usploion. la one lnstanoe a person held a noto against the fitm, with the genuine gaarunty of one of bis neighbors on it; bat as it had lata three or four years he requested that it ihould be renewed. It bow prove* that ton new note is a forgery, ao that hi* security is lost It 1* said fhat the financial concern* of tba Cim were managed entirely by the older partner, and that the younger bud no raore suspicion of what was ?oinjf on than bieduped neighbors had Dealer* in the k?mo iiiif ot business, we are told, have, (or seme time, b'?u aware tbat ther mnde large sales of tbeir merchandise at r?tes tbat wonld not pay tha eost of maauiactnie ? Tranicripl. A Lyn< ti Trial ?Nsw Orlitanj, April 11 ? Tin1 S lod.n arrived yrs'erdiiy from Louinville. A robh?ry haying been committed on board the steamar, Imi i.if;lie. ibe p usee r gem agreed to institute an iiqairy on tluupjt, fir trial and punishment of the offeud-rs; whocupon Judge Jamas i". Davis,of Lexington. Ky , whs a| pointed to preside ; J Fuller, of N?w Orleans, to aat u" prosecutir.g attorney; and Dr. W H tHivcs, ot of Alabama, and the clerk, to act as jurors in tl e case. Alter he'irlog tbo evidence, the jury returned the followli g verdiit, to wi' : -We, tbe jury elioted to try Ilenrr William i and Hiram Smith, who boarded the at*aLuer a'. Memphis, Tennessee, c'o fiod, after hearing the evidence and argument or counsel, said Smith guilty o! rebblng Mrouel Crumb tcker of tke sum of twentyseven dnliers and fifty cent*, ar.d Sanarl L WooibiiJge of the gum of nine dollars and filly oents, to which we believe sau! Williams was acesearv We believe they should receive thirty nine lauhe* each, well laid on ; bur. having res poet for the laws ?t our country, end c>p;>0S'd to mob law, we decree, a* a |>unlfl,inert. that the captain of the boat set them both a?hore, one on each side of the river, at the first coi>venieut Ian ling, and that the captnln retain wnr ugh money out of tbe urocur.t deposited with him by the prieoners,toremnnerate Me?sr* Crumb .cker end WooU>iid|(e for their |es?ea, and that our pronredmg<. together with a description of the thieves, b? published in s^me paper in New Orleans, with a raqu-st that all papers in favor of suppressing Ua nAnw tli* stma n*t/l llnrAh* nliiAa all Ytnnaaf a*1 honorable ram on their guard ngalnst tba villains.? A< w Oiltani I.lrrcury Arroirmtsrm iiy tub Pursuant.?Montgomery J?. i'aiker, <>t Mtsaachuaets, to be consul of the Uniti>(l Slates tor the Gaps da Verde Islands, In the place of Ferdinand Gardner, deoeaS'd. George K. Thompson, to ha appraiser of roerohsndise for tba port of Ntw York, in tba Htnte ol Now York. In lha plaeo cf Vanburgh Livingston. appointed ehsrge d'alf ?irs to Ecus, dor Hirniu Parry, to bo surveyor and Impector of the revrnue lor tba port cf Albany, in the Mtate tf New York, his late commission having expired. Jatne* H. Kor;vtn, to be collector of tho oustoms for the district of Miami, and Inspector of th? revenue for the port of Mauuire, in tha Mta'e of Oaio, from tba 16th June, 184H, when bis pres-iUcoinmlslion will expire. John Bryun, j Jr., to be appraiser of merchandise tor tha port ol Charleston, in the H.ate af Mouth Carolina, In tba plaoe of John Bryan. Hr , resigned. David L. MoGugln, of Ohio, to ba surgeon of tba 15th regiment of Infantry, to flit m vacancy caused by the deoeaae of Surgeon Jaines B. Hlade, to miik trom iba Il.t Mai oh, 1848, agreeably to the nomination Movements ol Dletlngiiiakaft Individual*. Hrlynll' r General Twiggs pasted through Richmond, on the -Jdth Instant, on bia way to Waahlngton. It gives us pleasure to nnnonnca tba arrival of Oeneral Tslfcgs, on Thursday evening. In this oltj, from the Houih- a veteran, endeared to his eountry by his skill his gelWn.ry, and Ills brilliant servioss. He enjoys food heaiti and spirit*. It Is said, if tfca war oontinuas, * .will rs.urs to tha nay la MasteoWaiUm*< * K SJ. . i - . 1 -!? " rnmmmfmmti , , , E NE Sporting LntclUgence. Union Coirs*, L. I. -Trottino ? Oa Taesday net a matoh tbat haa Already exoited considerable interes In tba sportlcg circle, *111 taka place on this ooarss The competitors will ba tba celebrated nags" Lady Sut ton and Blaok Hawk. O lds are offered In favor of tb latter; bnt from tha well known character of Lady Sal ton, it would not be surprising if tba doubts were to be favor before the reault of the oonceet. Other sports ar announced for the luao day, and if the weather be fa arable, a stirring scene nay be witnessed by thoee wh avail themselves of tbo pleasure of a ride to tha Unio Course on Tat ad ay next Louisiana Racks?-Eclipsi: Coussb.? Firtt Da\ Jlpril 13? Vesterdav was the first day of tha Sprin Meeting on the Eclipse Courae, CarreUton Tha rao was for the Association Purse, $300; Entrance, |te par cent, added; Two Mile Heats. The entrias wer Margaret Edna. Dandy Jim, Old Jesse, Carlotta, Jaol Pry or. and Belle. Bell had tha call in moat oases, attain i the field. Among tha friends of the other nans. the b*t tiog was so mixea up that It would putsle a Philadelpbl lawyer to tell whtoh was the second favorite. The attend an was comparatively large, and the track in tclerabl condition Marnsret Edna had the traok Belle wa Tha /nllnaln* RiimmtTT will irlve all the nacec fltrv information of the result: A L Bingham's ob. f. Dandy Jim, by Altorf, dam bj Sir Richard. S years old 5 1 1 I. Van Leer's b f. Carlotta. by Trustee, dam by Trumpotor, 8 years old 4 6 3 D F Kenner's oh. f Balls, by Frank, out of Pioayaoa, 3 yaara old 3 4 3 J. Turnboll's eh. f Margaret Kdna, by imported Glaucoe, dam imported Fiokle, ? yeara old 3 3 4 R Ten Broeek's ch. g. Jack Pryor, by Eclipse, dam Sampter. 3 year* old 6 8 dii R. QoMiby's oh g. Old J?i?e, by imparted 8oipio, dam Timora. by Timoleon, 0 vra old, 1 3 dii Time?3:49. 3 4:8^ 8ecor? Dat, Thursday, April 13.?Tbe sweepstake oyer the EoHpse Course yesterday attracted a ver; goodly number of amateurs. The race was a most beau tlful one, although not so fast as was expected. Out o the twenty-three nominations but three started, th then declaring off on payiDg forfeit. Tbe value of th stakes waa about $1 925. Oreat interest was taken li the result, and betting was very brisk In all quartern Tbe three nominations which oontended for tbe prtx< were a gelding by Trustee, owned by Capt. W. J. Minor a chestnut Ally by Harkforward, and a chestnut filly b Trustee, owned by C. Szymnntki: all of good blood an giving excellent promise. Tbe Ssymanslci Ally was th favorite against tbe field at odds befote the raoe, and al ter tbe first heat very heavy odds ware offered on he: Tbe summary subjoined Indioatee the eharacter| of th race: ? aphil 13.?Sweepstakes for two year olds?twenty three subforibarsat $300-forfeit $100?declaration $3 ? mile beats j vy. j. miqqi a ca g. ujaima, Dy imp. nuiwi, out of Lady Jane 3 1 Col. A. L UiQKiman's (C. Sz/manski'r) cb. f. Temptation, by imp. Trustee, oat of Lady Jaok?oo 1 2 D. K. Kenn?r's (J. Porter'*) ob. f. by imp. H*ikfor ward, out of la*. V<-g? 3 diet. Time, 1:4SX-1:49X?l:63tf. Racing lit Mexico.? The authorities havlufj abolish cd horse rao ins in tho streets of the oity of Mexico, th lover* of the sport there have formed what tbey styl the Peaon Jockey Club, th* first regular meeting c which was to take place on the 1st Inst, and contlnu three days. Rack Horpk Diad.?The Port Tobacoo Timet an nounces the death of Rowena, the oelebrated rao horse, belonging to Dr. Gavlsalmus, the President ? See* Hall Club in Prince George's oeuaty, Marylan( This animal was of the beat Imported (took, and enjoy* a reputation for speed and bottom equalled by few rao horse* la the United States. Rellgleui Intelligence. CiLMDis rea Atsil?28d, Easter day ; 34th, Mot day in Easter week ; fitth, Tuesday in Eaeter week.SC. Mark the Evangelist; SOtb, lint Sunday at'ce Easter. The Seeoad Reformed Presbyterian Confregatioi (Rev- A.. Steabea*,) will hold their oonmanlon servia this dav, in tne Seooad Associate Presbyterian Chard (Ilev. H. Blair,) in Charles street, between Fourth an. Factory stroets. Servloea to oommenee at loX o'olool A. M ; and Kev W L Roberts, D. D., will preaoh li the evening, at half i>a*t 7. Tho Arohbisbop Code, Confessor to the King of Na pies, having been obliged to fly from Naples, arrived a Malta by a Neapolitan war-steamer, Nettuno, an l ha been received by the Raman Cathollo eoolealastical au tboiities with mucb kindness The Presbytery of New York met on Monday lasl The Rev. Mr. Locke was elected Moderator. The net sion continued through Tuesday and Wednesday. Th following Commissioners wer? elected to the generi assembly Mloeters, J M Krebs, D.D , M. W. Jaoobui Elders.|Sllas Holmes. Walter L iwrie. Tbo late Arobbiehop of Canterbury, It appears by au thantlo information, baa " diad worth " do ?malier sum than one hundred and twanty thousand pounds He was originally a poor clerayaua ; his pttrimou; could have been little or nothing ; and bis lady was n' heiress. We believe, too, that after hi* promotion Dr Ilowley aever received any ooniiderable addition to bi property, by legaoy or otherwise, and mast have acou mutated th* whole of this vast earn from hi* holy Tb* will of Mr* Elinbeth Hoxam, of Philadelphia whloh was proved on Thursday, makes the following be quaets, vfi : $2600 to the Trustee* of the Tbeolrgics Seminary of tlie Pretbyterlan Church at Prlnoeton, for i seholarsbip ; $600 to the Board of Education of th same denomination ; $500 to tho Board of Missions .$1900 to the Board of Publioa'ion ; $500 to the Board o Foreign Missions Total tfiOiiO. b Mia Sarah Hill, of West Newbury, recently deceased Dia made me icuowing acquests 111 n?r ww : 10 im American Horn* MWsiHor Society, $500 ; Americai Hoard of Commleeionen tor Foreign Missions. $600 American Bible Soelety, $5 0 ; Amarioen Tract Society $500 ; American Education Saoiety, $,100 ; necocd P* rlah in Weet Newiury, $1300; town of Newbury. $1600 She hat alio ooostliuted the Home Miaeiouary Sooieti and Board of Foreign Misaiona, R-siduary Legatee*. Mr* Mary Welsh, a ptrlahooer of Zion Church ii thli olty, in addition to bequeathing handsome legacie to a number of her friends willed $5 000, to fonnd twi snholarsbios in the Oeo?r*l Theological Seminnry of th< Episcopal Church, $li?oo to the missionary committee o the diocese, aud th) remainder of her estate (aopposei to be not lees than $6,010) to Zion Church. The scho Inrshioa she named reapeo'.lvMy, "the Mary Welsh," sui ' the Zion Chutoh, N. Y " rcholarsbips. A public meeting was held at Sbaughai. on the 6th o April, to take measures 'for the establishment of a fro testant Eplsaopal Church, /or the use of the European aDd Americana residing at tbat plaos It was resolvei to build a church, to accommodate at least 3C0 persons and also a pamrnafte. A lot had been previously gleeo by Mr. T C Bente. The church It to be styled Trinitj church The Right Rev Dr. Borne waj present, am took an aotlve psri in the proceedings The Rav. F. R Hanson has been received Into th< diocese of Maryland, by letters dimtsaory from th Right Rev. the Bishop of Alabama, and baa been invite < to the obarge of St Paul's Parian, Calvert county, V O Prince Frederick. The Rsv. Samuel A. Clark, of rivmouth, Mastachu setts, has aeoepted the tbo call of Vestry of Adven Churo'i, Philadelphia, to become their Rector, an< will enter upon the duties of the parish on the first o May. Tbe Rev. Charles S Putnam having reoelved an J ao cepted * call to Christ Church, Darby, Conn., hai resign ed the oherge of St. Pant's, Woodbury. Conn The Rev. Pierre Teller Babbit, of Charleston, 8. C hai been unanimously oalled to the Rsotorahip of St Pauls'* Chnroh, Woodbury. ConnSav*?k Assault h* a Slave?Oa Sunday uf ternooo, Mr. Matth?w Gucullu, residing nt Bttynt bridge, came near loaiog his life by tbe hints ot hi slave Chrlstophe. Mr Cnculla met the aegro la Crep street, Third Municipality, and requested him to g< homo. The slave refused, when Mr. C. attompted to en t'oros bis command. The negro, who is an ugly fellow netting enraged, drew a rnaor and rnabiog upon Ms maa ter, made a cut at hit Uoe. The raisr passed dowi through Mr. C.'a hat, and made a long eut down the?lJ< ot nia tacr tub n?gro immediately Bed, ai<d Mr C. re torn'd to hia horaa He then sent for Mr Durignenud form?rly sergeant In the Tulrd Mnoicipility poiioe, win started In puiault of the pegm Mr. D. found the raac* in the rvening at a ccffeo home on the comer or Dur g'iBdy aod Hospital street*. an 1 attempted to arrest htm The negro racogniseri Mr. D , and as foon aa he anUre. the M0W house, made a rash nt him with theraz>r which he still retkloed. Mr. I) struck him with a oaoe bat did nit saoc<rd In knocking him down The n?gr< made mother attempt to cat Mr. D., bat v?i kept off by another blow from the cane. BntA pur'.l'i had by thia time got out in the itreet, and the negn having made another unsuccessful attempt to oat Mr. D laid that he knew thai the rope was waiting for him. bu that they should not take him alive, and ioineiJla'elj drew tha razor acress hia throat, ?nd in a moment f.-ll ot the sidewalk He waa conveyed to the Klrst Munlclpa lit j guard houae and placed in a eell. where Dr Souterri waa nailed and dressed hia wound. Daring the night th< negro expressed great regret that be waa unable to kit Mr Duvlgaatnd, and alao laid that he waa aorry he dt<! not kill his master Dr 8. doe* not think the woan.' of the eluTe dangeroua, *9 that ho will probtblv lire tc receive the penalty ot hia crime. Tho wound of Mr Cneulln Is not oonaldared dangeroua. Recorder Musenean yesterday went to the house of Mr. Cnoullu and took hia affl lavlt respecting the etroumatances Thi case was then a nt to the First District Court for trial.? y. O. l'iccyui *, Jipyil 19. I)a. CooLiDfJB ?The editor of the Pritoner't Friend hits received a letter from Dr. Cnolidgt*, lequestliig hi* p.iper to be sent to him in his isolated aoli tude Me aaya : 1 request it. beoaasn I am wxnluded from this world; its tlowors, its joys and happiness art endod. Ves; ail consume! within thia narrow and gloomy cell lorever. 1 rt quest It, because by Its title, II wlii h> lp me to errata a world] for myaelf -a worid I an tioipale that will be porsets'd of power, that ean rais< up uv*uiiiui viriuua waai wui ubil'i iruunu j in UHnutttf* tbe gloom of tha duogaon. I n H'lmt It, that It may aa put we, pei 1>ip* soma day, in describing the gloom of i prisoner'* oall, who I* condemned to buexecuKd; anJ too, that It may aaaiat mn la aitabliahing thut folm which wo all ut?d hayond th? grava-that faith will carry ua nafely through tha lark valley of death, to th? nappy bom* whata mlalortuua tnd raftering are to In mam." \ L1J \ i i m immmmmmmrnm W Y O NEW YORK, SUNDAY M City Iikt?lllgenc?. Tms Wkathkk.?Again haa pleasant weather oome round, yeatenia v being >ne of the moat delightful 4?j? of * the wwr. Tha morning ?u beautiful and olear. and i. tbe gratia aonth breeaa seemed to giva llfa to tha vegetable portion o? n?tura. which but a lew d*y? before waa chiliad and withered by tha itorm. Tha baauti'ul flow8 ere agiln unfolded their leave* to aateh tha warming ray* of tha aun, and agaio gave on' their fragrance to r the paaeing brent* Tho day waa like one of tha swe>t day? of May. wl>eo latii** Berk for flnwera, to unfold the * myaterlaa of fugmrn day*. Toward* evening a hoary cloud rose frogflB w??t?r? horizon; and fgr a time waa 0 portentous of aTttrm;]butin tbe waning of tha night, tha n oloud again aunk, auct the beauty of the (tar* and the P 'le beama of tha full taooa dlaaipa'ad all gloomy forobo. dlnga and gave promise of a season of pleasant days to ^ oome. a Kibf. at thi B*oai?way Th?at?k.?A little after ti* o'clock laat avening the drop ctrtalng of tin Broadway a Tneatra accidentally took fire by^MMt unknown cause 1 It waaftit diaoovered on tha to? of the oartaio. near it tbe centra. The flaraas ran rapidly down towarda 'ha atf^e, enveloping both curtain* in a blare. A almam of A Vfttir vab Iinmai1!&^1? onnlUd frnni 1 afffA livilranti I- near the stage, with greet effrot, and in oid*r to save e the theatre and extinguish the Are, the large roller* 8 which supported the curtain* were out loose, and in i- falling to the atage struck Snmuel Pray, the auparintendpntef gaa. belonging to the theatre, on the bead, knocking him down senseless The unfortunate man waa at oune convayad to the oity hospital, where, upon examination. It w*? asoartalnad that all one side of hi* akull wa* smashed in from the bliw, and In ten infant** after ward* ha exoired. Mr Pray was a man at>out AO tear* of age, and ha* left a wife and f unity to mourn lii* Iom. Previous to hi* engagement at the theatre he was for many year* employed at the arsenal yard in Centre treat. The performance at the theatre went on a* ufual, only mlnu* the drop ourtalR. Fire.?A fire broke out abont four o'olook yesterday morning, in tha dwelliug houae No 30 Spruce street, which wa* pat out with trifling damage. False Alarm?The alarm of fire, at nine o'clack yeaterday morning, was oaoaed by the burning of a obimney at No 10 Spring street There wa* alio an alarm at six o'clock yesterday afternoon, but from what caua* wa* not ascertained. The French Retolution?Pbksentation op a Cap or Libkrtt.?Ths presentation of a cap of Liberty to Pari*, by the oitiaens of New York, will come ofl' on Tueadsy evening next, at the Park Theatre, and will undoubtedly be on* of tha meat splendid affair* erer witnes*ed in the city. A stand ball will follow In honor of the occaelon of the freedom of Franoe. The building wil1 be handsomely illuminated during the proo?edlnga. Manual or the Corporation.? Mr. D T. Valentine, the esteemed Clerk of the Common Council, baa just published his Manual of the Corporation, being a ooiaplbte exposition of the municipal affairs of the city, in all their branches and ramifications. As a work or re5 ferenee. it is invaluable, and ought to be in the hands of every business man. Jt contain* every spaoiee of information concerning our municipal affair*, an*) is compiled 1 with great diligenoe and aconrncy. We peroeive Mr Valentine has added to his work a resume of reminiaceneea of the good old Kniokerbooker times, when the 3 city boasted of its pillory, its oage, and it* ducking-stool, for punishing the refractory Dutchmen wbe indulged too freely In their ale ; and alao a variety of engraving* representing New Yerk as it waa in those years und as it ia at preaent. It ia decidedly an Interesting work, e Congestion or the Brain.?Coroner Waltera waa called yesterday to boll an Inquest on board the ship f Columbus, upon the body of William Kussell, a native e of England, aged 40 years, who oame passenger in the ship from Liverpool, and had been employed on board aa enrpenter. A night or two ? g j, the decease d got bruised ? in a fight on shore, and was yesterday morning found ,r o??a in one o: me oermr. veruiot, aeatn uy conges 1 tlon of the brain. d * PM.ltloul Delegate to Baltimore Convention ?Alien M. Sherman, of Orange, ia the eM bunker delegate elect to Baltimore, from the 9th congressional dlstriot; Alphaua Dimmick, of Sullivan, substitute. Tat lob Whioi iw Mmogai ?The whig convention r of Miaaonri have Instructed their delegates to the national convention, to support the nomination of General i, Taylor for the Presidency. * Illinois.?Thereanlt of the election in Illinois ia now '' made certain, all the counties bnt c?e having sent in -1 their return*. The aggregate It an follows : ? [> MsJjrity for the oonstituHon, 44 Ojt; majority for the 0 negro clause, 28 182 ; mcj irity for the two mill tax, 10,431, flllseellac cona. * Benjtmin Muzzty, E?q, President of tho Lexington It*11 Road Corporation, Ul?d very suddenly at the fcx olienge Ccffi-e House, Boston, on Friday afternoon Mr Mugz*y was a resident of Lexlugton, and had recently erected a large and spacious building in that town, de? nlgned to b? occupied as a public bouse, and between th? hours of 12 and 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon was en' gsired in oonvrrsstion with a gentleman, relative to his business, when he wasselz'd with faintDess. and at bis ' request was ehnsrn to a room Pbyeiciana w"r? imme* dUiely c*lli*'J to his aid, bat their efforts to afford relief ' proved unavailing as he expired a quarter past'J o'clock. 1 two hours after his first symptoms of Ularsa appeared [' His ago was about S3 years.?Boiton Jldvttiittr, 2id ' intt. A gran J fancy ball ia to bn given at the Howard Athtneum, Boa ten, on the 27th inat. v i. The recent cold weather will, It is feared, exert a very delot'Tloua influence upon the fruit crop near Phiia J delpbla. * Quite a aarions riot took place at Colombia, 8 C , on * the 16th Inst. Aoooidicg to the accounts given In tbe ' Chi"ctton Courier, it commenced with a difficulty between some of the college atudents and the poiico 8oon after tho students turned out in force, marched to tbe * gnard house, which was assailed with missiles. The po lice were ud?di'< 10 queii me aisiuronuc-, aaa me aro beila ware sboat to be >ounded, to bring out thicicizMis, < but at this time Mr. Preston, president of the college. oatne on the ground, and with his assistance the crowd ' was dispersed. j The owners of tha steamboat Niagara, Utelj wrecked Lake Ontario, will, it ia aaid, loose nearly the whole , value of the ve<a:l, $t>O flOO. J CofRTESIKS TO GkN. SCOTT 1H NlCW ORLEANS. ? ?Ttie second mumcip-ility couucil of New Orleans. on the lO.h instant, passed the following preamble and resolutions Whereas, It ia understood to ba the intention of Mejor General 8sott shortly to arrive in this city, be it UPHntmonsly K?solveJ, That a committee ba appointed to act with Lis llontr the Mayor, an1 with committees of tha councils of the first and third man'clpalUie*. In order tc tender to that illustrious citisen and soldier, whose brilliant achievements have contribiced so much to the glory of our country, the hospitalities of oar city, and to m?ke suitable arrangements for his reoeption as the city's guest Resolved, That tha secretary transmit copies of the ? preceding resolution to his Honor the Mayor, to be s transmitted by him to the oounoils < f the first and third i municipalities. Ail'*Irs In At a chartist meeting recently held in Nav Cas'.ie upt on Tyne Mr West the agent of the National Charter 1 \asooiat.on, stated that they had determined, in tho first f instance, to embody the " opinions of ths people" in a ptition, which would be presented to Parlia'aent on the 15th cf April, by delegates assembled tor tho purpose in London, from nil the chi*f towns in the kingdom. The deputation would proceed in procession to tha llousi of Coamnos; they would bo nccom|>%aie<l by a " boJyguiro." prepared to miintsin order; they would suffer ao interruption to be cffereJ by the police, or uoy authority whatever ; bu: If any attempt were made to prevent them from peaoeab'.y exercising their constitutional pil! vilige of petitioning, their ' body-guard" would retlst, r and if blood ware ibed theoonsequenoe he on the heads , of those who provoked the oonflint. If their pttltlon , were attended to and redress granted, their objcot "vould be accomplished If it were rejected. 'hen the .leputa imu wuuiu au DSMguru oy inc rr"pie, ' nod which choy would ptrcued to present to thn Qufc-n , In paraon They weald litTt no Intervention by the r Neoretary of Htati; th?y worn determined to mike her Majesty thoroughly acquainted wan their wishes. If she liauined nod gianlixl relief, nil would bit well ; t.ut If J not, then other and itora steps would be taken, I which vu not necessary at present mure oartiiul.uly to doaoribe One thing they bad 'lateroiiii' <1 uud that was !o have their" rigala," p'aceabty it ih-v could, forcibly I if they muet The district generally in peaceable und well-disposed. Savoy. , The addreaa of th? Savoyards to the repuulio, contains i the followln* passage: ? , ' 8?parat?d by the treaties of 131J, Savoy o?lrily and patiently resigned itself to its fate But ?ve;y year m:I uieroua emigrants (ought In Krane* tne mat>tl .1, Intel, leoiuU, and moral rasonroea they oould not Had la their , own country. Toe fraternal ie?- .ptlon they ha/e *iwa> s mat with, the benevolent protection whl, h his b.ien con, etantly aooordad tj th<-m, mu?t need* have inspired , them wltn the sentiment that Krance had remained a I second country to them. I " Tha gsographioal position of Savcy, which make* it a I natnral frontier of Kranoe, the language of Its i'lhnbi , rants, their character, their manner*, and their national llty, which th#y hava tak'n care to preserve Intact and distinct iron the uthir p?r a of tue Sardinian govern I mant, *11 conepire to bring to the raraeinfcrniiae of the , linmana* majority of th* people of SaToy tba'. lortnerly their country lormaii the department* of Monl-Bianc and of L'mRii " M. L ituartlne in hia reply sail, "In reofiriD* your adheaion to therepublic, the pr T11 a'.oual j;oT?minent bMievea it Im receiving tbo honirt-jeof , of tli* Krenoh nation With reape ot to the a thr?.on that you exproaa to tba French nation, you cnmpi ti-uU I our awn ifntimaotn. If we repal it, wn should oi.lll nnr > own afTrriitinn*; if we nonapt ii, wa break peace and nlllI aooe ?ith thi p?ople andnoTdriiin-?ni.< of Kur6j>? I'bint fora, wo tava *ald??nd wa wish (he woM? of the r. publio to be word* of uath?we will not break the pumio ol the we rid Hut if, iu icuriideiit ot in, ih* p<*ao* 01 the world ihould be broken by au attooapf upon the ind pendeuce of Italy, wa will fly t<? your **?latanoe; wo would deliTar Italy an I Join our fla< wltSyouie; and if, t.f or warda, the inau oi'Kurope tauuld De torn ?g*iu?t o ir will, be oi'tiT nood ciiizaui of S**oy, tb*t a tr?gmeut of ihla m*p would remain In your hand* and in i>ut?. and that we would place tho weight of your hearla In to* roalea In whloh the territorial of (he uew European tuaiUbrlua would k? w?i?h*d " RK E ORNING, APRIL 23. 1841 Law lnUUI|taM, Couar or Arriiu, April 31 ? Preeent, Freeborn O Jewett, Chi-f Judge It j?Th? Court m?it thli mornInn ?nd r(named No is. After the oonnlu'ion ot the argument, tbe Court adjourned, no buainaia being ready. soracmk Coi rt April 31 ? Preaent JtioMoea Cady, Rdmonl* and Willard ?The ar*n-"ent of No M beln* conclude J. No. 71, Carpmt rvi Hoynn wm called and argued Tbe Court then adjourned nntll Monday neit, at 10 o'elook, when it will daoidx i he matter ?f Leiiogtor avenue On th? flrat Tu>n4ay of Mav, the C <lendar will he called, beginning et No 7fl and continuing th* call ot the reserved cauiee mtll tbey are all diapoaed ef. Circuit Coua-r, April 21 -Before Jn<lge Hirlbutand n Jury?Chitlet H Can enter t>?. Henry Shtlden Jamei Frtelani, William Pitrton, George \v, Nome, Smith Cram, Brown Coulet, William Coil, Stephen Launslrtrvy, Lawrence Hahon, Michael Lynch, and Tht 'dort <r. Cottle* ?Thli waa an aotlon that had Created a good deal of iutereit In tba publia mind, (rowing oat of what has been familiarly known In thli community for tbe laat few year*, as the " Kidd Swindle" or " Bubble," and Involving the names of different resident* of New York. Tbe oourt waa crowded durinir the early nart of the daw Mr TutUr opened the cue on the part of the plaintiff, by culling tbe attention of ths Jury to the faot that a good deal of interest was mnnlteste'1 by tbe publlo on the subject matter out of whtoh tbe preeent oaea bad originated and which hud already beon publlihed to a oertain txteat. The plalntlfl'. In the year 1S40, wis engaged in the boot ond Rhoe Import trade, and, in Jin. 1844 wa* a man of considerable wealth. The defendant, Pieraon. and others, formed a joint ntockaompany, for the purpose of elevating the ship. w'aieli, i* was said, bad bien aunk by the well known Kid4.Rbout no period of the revolution, in!the Huleon river. The oompanv had teekofl.ouo rh >rea at $100 <y?cli rieraon, tha defendant, and a party named Sergeant, were partner*, and tbe itock was issued In tbe name of Pieraon & Co. Conneel hero entered into a detailed narrative of tbe rise, progress, and fall ef the atook of tbe ooupany, up to tlie period of tbe bursting up of the speculation, and the Kldd Company, which baa already boen published, and went on to state tbe grounda upon whloh the present action for assault and malleloua prosecution waa brought by tbe plaintiff Counsel oontinued, that plaintiff having been tbe principal ouuas of exposure and tbe Anal breaking up of the Company, waa made the autyeot ot a aerlea ot attacka and pereeentiona, which, in point of cool and aysteinatlo malignity, were without parallel, hla cliert being frequently arrested under ohargea whloh were futile and groundless, and being taken several times before the Chief of Police and the Police Justices in thlj olty. also before magistrates in Rookland, all of whom could not feel themselves warranted in issuing warrants against the plaintiff, on the ground that the testimony was defeotivs. A warrant, however, was Issued by a magistrate in a neighboring oounty, but plaintiff prooured bail, and his triel waa postponed to tbe ensuing Court of Bass ions, when the partiea aocutio* did not appear. and so ha waa discharged. After giving * further detail of the partioulara, which will be found in the evidence, the oounsel oonrluded a long statement of the facta connected with this.oase. Tbe first witness on bohalf of the plaintiff, waa called to the stand. Captain Jamm M. sworn ?I amanoffloer ol the California regiment; I knew J. Whltebcuae; be waa a oorporal in my oompany; he was a polloe officer in this city;bel?ft this city witt^meonthe 26th day of Sep tnioDpr, ibjo; i leic mm at kio Janeiro la tit* mouth of Nov?mb?r of 1840; I returned the 10th of January, 1847; I have not left here slnoe; 1 have been recruiting for my regiment. Jamks W. Barti.ktt testified ha received a latter from Beojaoiin Whitehouse/dated California, September 3J. Id 16. cur him write; could (wear to hi* signature. The afUdavit of the plaintiff setting forth tbe necessity of procuring the testimony to betaken de bin-, tut of witnesses whom he iatended to examine, was here put in also A large batch of depesltiens taken before Judge Edmonds, in Chambers, in relation to the case, were put iu. They were, many of them, endorsed by the Judge, showiug that frequent adjournments hail taken plaoe during these sittings in Chambirs Tbe defonoe excepted, and the oourt noted the objlotions, when the deposition of Corporal Whltehouse, already referred to, was read, stating tbe particulars of tbe arrest of the plaintiff. The oourt adjourned ovor to thii forenoon at 10>? o'olook, when the oaso will be resumed. CiacuiT Court, April 33?Before Jndje Hurlburt? Carpenter vt. S/ield n et. al.? This oase was resumed. The testimony praduoed onjf art of the plaintiff, merely went to show tbe circumstances under which the arrest of plsmtiff was made in the first Instance. The oase stands adjourned over to Monday morning at 10 o'olock. It iiunderstood that an afternoon session will be held each day until the oase is Anally disposed of. SurKRiOR Court?In Banco, April 33 ? Afau-i adt. Fay f IVilsun ?Order at cbambers modified, so that piatntlff be at liberty to amend bis bill as advised, without prijudice to the injunntien, on payment of oosts of opposing motion at obhmberi, and eosts of such further nnswer as shall be made ntoessary by the amendments. No cost* to either party on the appeal. Jonrt, impl oded fc.cdi SalterIy?New trial granted; costa to sbidn the event Nellie vi. RiadUy? Judgment for defendant on bis depositing wl'h the clerk to be cancelled, tbe acceptance of Isaac It lioggs; if n'>t no deposited in days, new trial ordered; coeis to abide tbe event of snit. L-twrence v' Miller ?Judgment for defendant. Biady fila 'itiff in errur, it Sackruder el al.?JuJgmont r? versed lit CH&Maeai?D?foM Thief Tuition CKkloj?Jlibrat Corpus?The betplev Jjhn H L-.rd - la this cause. Lord went bail iu the rum of $3000 for a man named Ross, who was charged with grand larMay, h? hating stolen $1500, Mid swoe that he WM worth a large amount of money. Rosa mn away, and Lord wm oalied upon to pay the amount of the bond. He declined, and the District Attorney oauaed him to be arreated and imprisoned. He wa* brought up yesterday to be discharged on the ground of irregularity in the commitment. The District Attorney opposed his discharge, and be waa remanded. Common Pl*as.?Ir? Binco?April 20 ?Dseilioni Htnliyvi. Sithlnnut ? Report opened and referred bick to the referee lor tne further hearing and new report. Costs to abide the event J ffreyt adt Biookt-Motion gr.mted pursuant to terms. Rtct adt. Vail, f-c.-Verdict set aside and new trial grant*! Costa to abide the event lhrrington adt. tVh tr. adtnt?Motion graated, and proceedings stayed for 30 daya, to enable plalutiff to obtain new administration. Moiriion tt. al. adt. Ounan ? Motion grirted pursuant to terms. Norman adt. Stephen/an? No opposition being made, motion granted, with ooste. Deiendant at liberty to stipulate on payment of costs. Mft vi. Kerchaft?Motion granted upon defendant paying costs of default, and subsequent pro oeedlngs. in aix daya. Costs of Motion to abide the erect, if they fail to comply. Motiosi denied, with $10 casts. Bumaptt. al. vi. Ilatlora??New trial granted. Costa to abide the event. Court Calendar for Monday? Circuit Court?Same as Saturday. S*>p'rior Court?247 228,250. 35,122, 1" 0, I SO. 25. 253 268, 258, 230, 261, 261. 263 24, 37, 67, 156, 204, 132,205,266, 267, 26tJ to 277 67, 107.198.179, 31, 326, 199, 90 Ceamion Pleat?bO to 69 inclusive. The sheriff of Paesaio oounty, N.J (Mr. Masters) is missing He left Pateraon, the Ltilhgmctr says, on Tueeday morning of last week, and wae to retura the same evening, or next day; but nothing baa been heard of him sinoo. Various opinion* are expressed as to what can hare become of hlan; but the general impres?ioa la that ha has ab*oond*d. II* waa last seen in Nsw York, with eomo > 1ftoOJ?A'fieor* Jlivirtfotr, 30Ih init. P.illce inlelllftoee^ .flrreil of Sausag> But' Ktrt ?On Thursday officers RUy ani biehrll, of tha IH -h ward, arrested two Dutch* man, celled? Obris'ian Jaooba and Michael Kumber, manufacturer* ami venders of sausages, on sunpiolon of having**tol?n a deal hag. it appeara these two industrious bntobera ware tracing along tha 4th avenne wtb band cart, in which was ocveced aver with a piaca of tarpaulin, a deal hog, three young puppies. and the Karens? of a mad dog, that waa slain in tbat ntlghborhool on Tuesday last, that making up a delightful miiture o.'aausage meat for tha lovers of that kind of animal lood it seema that the Dutch bntobera are in the bablt of colltctiog the variow deed animals around the city, for tha parpoxof making np ohe?p saunages. The reader m ust raoolleet, however, that all sausag>a are not made of the same material jlfemp' to 8t*al.?A common looking journeyman tailor calling himself James Williamson allae Cook, was detected on Thursday night la the third story of tha Northern Hotel, corner ot West and Courtlandt at., evidently with inWnt to steel On taking him down In the bar room, he gave several contradictory stories, u,)on being ,j ipntUuit i as to his right of being up stairs. An officer was sent fir, but before he arrived, the accused bolted out of the room Into the street, and flft'r n ehort run, he was caught again by Mr. Harrison, the proprietor of the hotel. By this time, officer B->?r<J, of the third ward, arrived, who toek the aoous*d Into custody, and on searching his porson a bunch of skeleton keys, suoh as would uulook the br<l-roou door*, and smaller ones,suitable for trunks, together with $3t> in bank bills, tha pioaeeds of other robberies, were found This t biff is a man about 3ft yea's of age ; e11 :n mile ; stands about ft feet Inobes, thin lace, d *rk beard and no whiskers ; ruber poorly dressed and )o'<ks like what ha is, a broken down journeyman tailor. Hotel and boarding bon?e keepers would do well to call upon Justine Drtrker, at the Tombs, and look at this chap, e?p>ciuliy those who hava autfjrsd .Kh:. ik. ..> > _--i? itivuiu i??% i?w wfpin, Arrt$l of an old Pictpo:k't.?Otos?rlli;tlMtt,ct the 8th ward pelice, arrtstel yesterday morning ia Washington market, an old thief catling himself Jara?s WllHam*, alia* " Little Kienoliy." (be cflieer detected la the act of carry logoff a poaket bookonntsinlng $10 AO in money, together with a due bill worth >3". bringing to Mm. Caroline Kranols, redding at No. 78 Ludlow it o?t It apj>ears that Mr*. Kranois wn* In market making various purchases, whon thle llght-Qngered eeamp picked her pooket of the above wallet, but before he waa able to escape lie was detected and taken to the Tombs, where Justice Drinker looked him up (or trla'. Tit g Mail (Jon tracts.?The PostOllice Department hasjuat goue through tliff Rnnual process of 'e'tlng to contract the entire mall servloe thronghout a tonrth part of the Union The Htates of New Jersey, r?un?yl?en!e, Delaware, Mnrylaed, and Ohio. compos* l^e seotion that is placed under new contraoU for the tran.<portatlen of the mails by th? recent Inttlngs We arc informed that, althoujiii the bidders were not a* num?rou? as usual, yat there was a sound and healthy compaction and the contracts have b-en tak?n at such a rxluition In t'oe prions ns to give a saving of more than tlO.iOttOper annum. Besldea this saving In tha ooet of the transportation for th? section, important Improvementa hav? b"n made; and, in Ohio, ooosiderable additional railroad servloa will ha brought into operation ? , FFWsAiagltfn Uinvn # I II I I I Mil [ERA] 8. TUa Mew Italian arMllUlM. Tba only domMtio matter I oan Mod yon, (from Hon* on tha 8th nit,) la tha naw aoo(, whHh ia beard avarywbara, in th?*tr*a, oonoarta, atreat cornari, with aocompanlmant of barral-organ, and ohorn* of all ng**< aanaa, and onndltlona, and wbioh la daatlnad to llva In tha annalR of rag?n?ratrd Italy INNO Dl UIJKRRA THE NEW ITALIAN ITALIANO MARSEILLAISE. Gn?rra ! Uuarra 1 War' War! Lat tha abont Still'Itnla tarra Ring throughout Oi Vlttorl* Laogth and breadth UrandfKia II Taalllo. Of tbia land that la Itnlr'a ' E dor ang?l Our flag, yonr dark angl* Dl Morte lo iqullio Shall flout' Cha ol daata And daath and th* devil, Alt' Inaulto atranUr. Ita fit alliei! Uuarra' Uuarra! Kor tba land of anoh Muaa, I P-r 1'Itala terra, Art. and Song i Par In madra " For tba old Snrgiamo o redenti. Bright abode of the happy Nlns; Oh! nal pugno Wield the weapoa ! . Dl libera gentl Arm* spring for the strong Ognl ronoa Wbllo an ?ak oudgul E nn acolaro guarriar. Grows upon Appenine ! VU lo raia! Leave to far land* Fort I I tale ipoia, The weaving of garlands. Kur, d'lnfamia taaauta Malda and wlvaa K d'oltraggio. Of tha land they would trample; D?lla terra ohe souote For the bright -lassie brows II tervagglo Of Rorae'a ma I la a and spouse D'gno sorto alia Uonna Freedom's head-dress E 11 olaster ! la ornament ample ! Ouerra! guerra ' But If needs be, av, well met Bull' Itala terra That brow and a helmet! 1 Dl vittoria Enlisted Uraadezsla U Tesillo, With legions of freemen, E del' angel 41 morte ; Palermo Is won ! Lo sqntllo, But the deeds that wore done Che cl deati Tell the world All' insulto stranisr. What's the worth of our women! Peralpara! Foreign hordes ! of your swords Quell' orda stranieraAnd your swagger Che dl prodl Be our land.onoe for aye, SI brassa dsl sangue ! Disencumbsred ! Ilplorardel Long arrears ' Lomhirdo ohe langue, Aro still due to our dagger 81a dl mllte For the tears I Vendette il forler ! Of our brother the Lombard. Ouerra ! guerra ' War ! war : let the shout Per 1'Itala terra, King throughout Par U madsa Tk. ?w?ane? a# l.a>#l Sorgiamo O ! redanti, That it Italy'*! Oh nel pagno, Oar flag Di libera gente ; Your dark eagle ihall flout, Ogni ronea And daath and tha devil, K un acclaro gaerrier ' It* Ut allie*! Amen. St. Louis, March 23J, 1848. [ Commercial Statistics?Trade of the Southwest? Interetting Intelligence. I have thought that some statistics relative to the commerce of St. Louis, during the year 1847, would not be unacceptable to your readers, or at leaBt those of them who may feel interested in the growth of the West ; and have accordingly culled from reliable sourccs a number of facts, which I herewith ofi'er. I The number of steamboat arrivals at this port, i during the period named, was three thousand j two hundred and sixty-six. The aggregateAton nage of these arrivals, according to custom house t measurement, was a fraction over six hundred and one thousand tons. The arrivals were of two hundred and seventy-three different boats?the tonnage of which varied from sixty-five to eight hundred and fifty tons. It should be recollected, however, that all Western boat* have the capacity of carrying down stream at least one-third more than their measured tonnage would indii cate. Of the two hundred and seventy-three boats employed in the carrying trade of this port during the year, one hundred and thirty-seven, or more than one-half, were owned here. Th? rest | were owned at various points in the West, j with the exception of two or three, that have | owners in New York. The measured tonnage of the St. Louis owned boats is, in round numbers, f thirty thousand tons. Ol the whole amount ot j freight landed at our wharves within the period , designated, they were probably the carriers of < Sure-sixths. , Although our citizens own so large a share of the steamboat stock employed by them, statistics , show that boat building has not received bo much < attention here as at some other points. Thus, | of the whole number of boats arriving as above j stated, one huudred and one were built at Pitts burgh and vicinity: sixty-one at Cincinnati; lorty-nine at New Albany and Louisville ; fortyone at St. Louis ; thirteen at Wheeling, and eight at other points. The actual tonnage of freight landed at St Louis from different sources, was probably very nearly as follows: From New Orleans, and points below the mouth of the * liio river, 100,000 tons; from Ohio river towns, 75,000 tons ; from Cairo, and points intermediate between Ciiro and St Louis, 15,000 tons. This, giving 190,000 tons ot freight, comprises, for the moat part, such articles as are classed properly among imports, or those intended for consumption or domestic use. From the Upper Mississippi, (all above the mouth of the Illinois river,) the tonnage may be put down at 150,000 tons ; from the Illinois river, 104,000 tons; from the Missouri river, 55 000 tons ; and from Alton and " the coast," 40,000 tons; total, 349,000 tons. This amount includes almost solely the staple products of the country, nineteen-twentieths of which are of articles intended for export. The aggregate falls short of the measure tonnage of arrivals as given, in consequence of the fact that while up-river boats carry more than their measured tonnage, those from New Orleans and the Ohio river do not usunlly carry to their full capacity. While the foregoing statistics furnish a pretty fair indication ot the relative importance of the export and import trade, they also point out the principal sources of wealth of this region. Not! withstanding the difficulties which attend the navigation ol the upper Mississippi, it is perceivable that its tonnage was nearly one-third more than that of any other river. For many months in the year, navigation i3 entirely suspended by ice or low water; yet thi<? branch of internal commerce is more important than any other. A large portion of the agricultural, as well as the mineral wealth ot the Western vajley, exists above the rapids ot the Mississippi, and daily the resources of the country are becoming more fully developed. When the contemplated railroad from Keokuk to Dubuque shall have been completed, the upper Mississippi trade will double its present value. b Low water its tlie great obstacle to the navigation of the Illinois river, and it is exceedingly doubtful whether this evil ever can be entirely obviated. The banks of the stream are not sulliciently elevated to allow ot canalling, or Black water improvements, and the stream is too sluggish to receive permanent benefit from the removal of its numerous sand-bars, even were such an undertaKing practicable. A railroad connecting the foot ot the canal with the Mississippi musteventually be resorted to Meantime, the number of light draught boats employed in ita trade must greatly increase, hs the opening of the canal, about to take place, will add greatly to the business of that region. . ' The navigation of the Missouri is annually increasing, though not in the ratio of that of other neighboring streams. The tact is, the country which the Missouri drains has not readied that point of prosperity generally enjoyed in the West, and, as a consequence, the people have but comparatively little to export. Still, the farmers very gent-rally are beginning to appreciate the importance ?f an export trade, and are turning their attention to tlie rearing of wheat and hemp tor that purpose. The cultuie of tobacco appears to be on the waue?at least, it is not increasing The mineral resources of the State, w hich are immense, remain almost entirely untouched. The improvement ot the navigable condition of the Osage river, one of the tributaries of the Missouri, which is about to be commenced, will add reatly to the developeinent of agricultural as well as mineral resources. That stream drains one of the richest portions of the State. la this connection, it may not be irrelevant to state, that of the two hundred and seventy-three boats mentioned as having visited the port of St. Lou.s during the year 1817, sixteen only had reached their filth season. Western boats are built with but little regard to durability. It is necessary tiiat they should be of very light draught; and, to tiled this, they Are built of slight materials. They seldom survive their J t*. >i I. aou.sin III' ill. luk.L ... V ?? 1.i mentioned, no leaa than sixty have been de- i stroyed since the 1st of January, IS 17. Forty ^ have been lost by inking, twelve have been i burued, and eight torn up. This list, of course, doea not include many that were sunk and alterward raited; nor the many sunk, burued, blown up, &c , that had not happened to viait thia port ' during 18-17. Trie number of steamboats lost on Uie western watera within the period named, vould probably reuch one hundred auu filty. i t Regui.arity or tn? H*rai.d.?The Savannah t Rrpuklitan, nay: -Alttb* Na? York paparf, ?*o?pt th? I HrtaU, whioh always oomss rajularly, ui subset to ua- < kooountabU lrrvgaiarlty in tb? Ua* of thair r?o?lpt i iMf*. J 1 - A pamfmmmmmemmfmmmmemmmmmmmgmmmrnKfgfgf LiD. i Bai.timou, April 22, 1*48 The Slavi Movement?More Runavtayi?Dealeri in the Market? The fVhigt and the Democrat* The clave movement in Washington ia evidently only one of a aeries of slave abstractions planned for this vicinity. From all parts of this Stat*, we hear of the mysterious disappearance ol droves cf them, which, of course, could not be the caso, unless they received assistance? "aid and comfort"?from abolitionists. By this process, slavery is rapidly becoming extinct in Maryland, as those that are caught and brought back are immediately sold to slave dealers and sent to the Southern sugar aad cotton plantations. I learn that the great ulave dealer oi this city, Hope H. Slatter, is .iow at Washington bargiln- 1 ing with the owners of the captured runaways, iiia propose* to ship them all South. He sends thousands of captured runaways to that destination yearly, and has made an ammense fortune it the business. Any one that will attempt to assert that the whigs ot Maryland are not for Harry Clay, after the recent convention and public meetings, must nave nis judgment eciipsen dy a cioua 01 Egyptian darkness. As [ have frequently asserted before, there cannot be found in Baltimore one hundred whigs who do not prefer Mr. Clay as a candidate, to Gen. Taylor : and these hundred are comprised of the court-house clique and its hangers-on, who have, by the sway they formerly exercised, imagined themselves to be " the whig party of Maryland," just as John Tyler imagined himself to be " the government." The democracy are up and doing, and will undoubtedly go for Mr. Polk for re-election. It his political friends approve of his coarse, he most certainly deserves a re-election. Philadelphia, April 22, 1848. Fatal Effecta of Intemperance?Another Cast of Hydrophobia?A Slave Cane?Presentation of a Flag, fyc. A poor, unfortunate inebriate, named John Bauniont, died yesterday at the hospital, from [he effects of an attempt to commit suicide three weeks since. He placed a couple of boards across the railroad track, near Gray's Ferry, and Laying niinBeu aown upon uiein, wbb up by the cow catcher in advance of the train, the prongH of which entered his head and aide, which eventually caused his death. He remained insensible during the whole period. Another case of hydrophobia has occurred among us, which, it is presumed, will terminate in death. The unfortunate sufferer is a man of family, named William Knight, who, about three months since, returned from Austria, where he had been employed as a superintendent in the construction of locomotives lor the railroads of that country, under the contract tnken by the Messrs. Norris, of this city. Previous to his departure, he had learned a favorite dog to jump up and take off his hat; after having returned, he wished to ascertain whether his old tricks had been forgotten; he removed his muzzle, when the dog, alter fondling upon him, suddenly bit his cheek. The animal was, the same day, killed by accident on the railroad, and the unfortunate man never dreamed that he was rabid. Three days since, Mr. Knight was taken sick, but the nature of his disease was not suspected until he was thrown into convulsions at the sight of water. He was still alive late last evening, but the doctors in attendance have no hopes of raising him, the disease has aken such a hold of his system. The jury in the case of William Brown, tried or being concerned in the slave trade, brought n a verdict of not guilty, and the district attorley having entered a nolle prot. in a second bill }f indictment found against the defendant, he was discharged by proclamation. A beautiful German flag of liberty, of black, red and gold, was this morning presented to the ' Frevheits Verein," or Liberty Union, formed :>y the Cerman residents of our city, by Mr. * liorHtmann. It now hangs suspended in qpmpaly with tlie Amenca^stripes and stars, in front jf the Hermann House, in Race, above Fourth, he head-quarters of the association. This esublishmeut, kept by Mr. Kraft, has recently >een improved and embellished in a splendid ityle, and is now as glowing as the enthusiasm hat bubbles up in the breasts of the Germans lere in sympathy with the struggles of their countrymen in the faderland. They propose to ake a prominent part in the grand demonstration >n Monday afternoon, and the Maennerchor and >ther sons of song, associated together, have ?tv u iv m ? v tuv iuaioi uiftia uj inu am ull force, on that occasion. The Liberty Union illuded to, do not intend to confine their expression of sympathy with the oppressed of Europe. io mere words, but propose contributing money, ind if necessary, men and arm*, to further the cause of republicanism. A small boy, William Haslett, had his leg horribly crushed last Thursday by a car on the city railroad in Broad street, lie was taken to the iiospital and the limb amputated near the thigh. Pfnm Yax, April 18, 1848. The Village oj Perm Van?A Trip to the WttLJohn A Collier, ?$'<" The neat village from which 1 date tliis letter s sixteen miles distant from the line ot the Al>any and Buffalo railroad. It is twenty-two miles from Canandaigua, Ontario county. Penn Yan is the most important town of Yates coanty; it contuins about two thousand inhabitants; it is <ix miles distant from the west shore of Seneca Lake, and one mile from the foot ot the Crooked l?ike?a beautiful sheet of clear water, twentywo miles in lengih, and from one mile to one nile and a half in breadth.* A canal, eight miles n length?called the Crooked Lake canal?conlects these inland waters, and facilitates in a ;reat measure, the growth and prosperity ot liese interior towns. In the growth of wheat he south-western portion of this great State is >ehind no other portion. Spring has thrown her ;reen mantle over the face of nature, and the orest trees, and the meadows, and tbe broad teres which are devoted to the cultivation of the ' ;roat staple, have received the first touches of the >encil ot the great Aitist who made nature itself, ind who made it so beautiful. 1 am nearly four tundred miles distant from Mew York, and in my mirnpv hither I nisseii uo the Hudson to Albanv a oar of the many gorgeous steamers that navi;ate that beautiful river ; from Albany I came by ailway through Schenectady, Utica, Syracuse, Auburn, Waterloo, and Geneva The convenencies for travelling seem to be i>erfeat; the rip whs exceedingly agreeable : the fine steamer rroy was crowded with merchant princes from he west, who were returning home from the American metropolis alter having made their pring purchases of goods. Syracuse*, which las recently been created a city, is really a pleaant town ; here are some of the most elegant lotels in the Union, including the Eagle Hotel, he Globe Hotel, the Syracuse House, &c. fcc. iere are also a great number of private residences, of the most costly description. Syracuse ias already been named as trie future capital of his State, and it seems to me that she is entirely vorthy ot an honor so distinguished. In the cars 1 was so fortunate as to meet John V. Collier, of Albany, who was on his way to Uth, in Steuben county, where he is to make an irgument man important case belore the Circuit Jourt. Mr. Collier is one ot the pure and indeteudent men in the whig party, whom the nle and corrupt Albany clique have found itterly intractable and ungovernable. Thie :lique has been indiscriminate in its denunciations of all the honorable aud just men tvlio have sternly relused to give their assent to he audacious and malicious intrigues in which :hat decayed taction has been engaged lor a num>er of years. Among these excellent and independent wings may be numberedl with John A. Jollier, Azor Taber, Millard Fillmore, Samuel Stevens, Hamilton Fish, Joshua A. Spencer, ice., ko. A hundred men ot this stamp in this State, el used to acknowledge the propriety or the exlediency of the union of the whig party with he anti-rent faction in 1818. * rhe Sonosa Laks, whioh Is forty mils* In loagtfc and rom two to this* bUm in breadth, Is navigate* by a Irst elart it?amboat called the " Uiehard Si*voaa,'' and ommobdad by Capt. U. Dakia. Aiding th? Vera Crux Frtt American, of the 21th utt., says: "Some of intluen1*1 man of this oltj ha** been ??njl?g ammunition to ho saarrilloros for the Lcat rtx or von days. Wo have his from a good source. although It is seerot. Wo hop* >or worthy polio* wlU n a little son oa tho look o*t. K oofln full of cartridge* loft Uko oity a Ibw days ago. Sal noiwi to ew pronto*

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