Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1848 Page 1
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TH Whole Ho. $079 additional IIirBliLIOBIlOB r&OM BVROPf, bkckived by tub STEAMSHIP SARAH SANDS. orzffxoNS or tux Russian, Prussian, Austrian, French, and English Writers, on th1 cvni iiTinwn im cnondc lit. fce. kc. [From tha London Chroniole, Mar oh 99 ] We can easily imagine the exultation of triumph with which the news of this mon'h will b<- received on the other side of the Atlantic The proved hollownesa of despotisms, the liberation of intellect, the majestic advance of young demonxHcy?we think we hfHr, already, the magnificent, periods with which the American 'caucuties" are by this time ringing on such themes as these, and to which each successive mail will give a louder and loftier tone Nor can it be denied that things look as ttiough the philosophic vaticinations of M de Tocqueville w<tc about to be realized, and the old world wre going to learn a new political alphabet at the feet of ner transatlantic offspring The exiles whom the Europe of the 16.h and 17th centuries disinherited as prodigal children, planted their ideas in a congenial soil, and the luxuriance of iheir growth is overshadowing and blighting the par< nt tree. It w< uld be consider ed irrelevant, at this juncture, to inquire accurately into the respective merits of the two systems ol government which are at issue; as to which produces the greatest amount of individual happiness, of national greatness, of moral and intellectual fruit. There is no question, at any rate, as to which is the most powerful and f rosperous; and America may be allowed to take u I advantage of the popular tendency to cry va viettt, and snout with the winning side. No doubt it is a good and valid argument, as far as it goes, against despotism, that it appears to be in its nature evanescent, and to carry with i$tbe seeds of itsowndecay; the civilized world seems to have outgrown it so gradually as to have been unconscious of its own procress; till, at a touch frAjn without, the mask falls off, and the whole pfflgantry ot arbitrary power, vanishirg "like the baseless fabric of a vision, leaves not a wreck behind." Strength and stability are essential points to be considered in deciding on the respective merits of different forms ot government, and it is useless to prove, on paper, that a crtain constitution is the best, if, as a matter of fact, wa find that it cannot stand alone, when we attempt to realize it. Just now, the fact, that if the Amerian people were polled'to-morabw, from the Rio Grande to the St. Lawrence, every single individual would vote for precisely the form of government which he now possesses, it undoubtedly a strong argument in favor of that go vernmtnt. Ot course, we do not Bay that it is a conclusive one; we ourselves happen to like something different?only we imagine that, as between a stable, that is, " conservative" democracy and a decadent, that is, "revolutionary" despotism, there can be but little doubt (which to prefer. And so we may assume that, for the present at least, and till we see what the upshot ot the new state ol things may be, .he advocates of arbitrary power will be silent, if not convinced; and that the constitutional questions whichwill be henceforth mostwarmlyargued.with a view to practical results, are rather those which concern the degree ol power which the people should hold in their own hands, the definition of the word "people," the modes in which they can best exercise that power, and the mutual relations of different communities and states. Dropping, therefore, for the present, the question between popular and arbitrary principles of ?[ovrrnment, which will not be stirred, at least or some time to come, we wish to draw attention to another great principle which we think likely to be brought prominently forward, and to exercise great influence?a principle the exemplification of which, in the fullest extent^ we also owe to the Americans; we mean the principle of federalism. The most important improvement in the practice of modern constitutional countries, as compared with ancient, is the introduction of the system ot representation. In the Athenian ecclesia, and in the Roman comitia. the people deliberated, discussed, and voted, in the muss, upon eacn separate question ot policy. The idea ot electing, from titne to time, plenipotentiary delegates to do their political business, never occurred te them. It is needless to point out the extreme inconvenience of the ancient plan, and the incalculable extent to which the transaction of public affairs has been facilitated by its abolition. But it would seem that the idea which representation embodies has as yet been but partially and inadequately carried out in Europe, and that use must look for its mo?t effectual and coneittent developcment to the United Statu We conceive that idea to be the union ot individual participation in power with an effective combination of individual powers tor common purposes; in modern technical phraseology, legislative centralization with administrative localism. Taere is at this moment a very evident tendency, all over Europe, in two directions, apparently opposite; to local sell-government, and to national unity, la 1815 certnin lines were drawn upon itie map, according to which States were carved, as it were, out ot the continent, without reference to language, habits, race, teelings, antipathies, or any ot those influences which constitute real nationality. The consequence was, that the desire for national independence, in the provinces thus subjected to foreign dominion, went hand in hand with the wish tor popular institutions ; they became convinced that they could not have the one without the other; they have long struggled for both; and at length they I appear on the eve of winning them. But these provinces have, in almost every case, national uaities of their own, to which, when rid of the crude aud Procastean arrangement of 1815, they are b- ginning naturally to look as supports to their new-born independence, and rallying-points for their awakened patriotism Thus Italy is gathering under one name and banner her estranged and provincialized children; the scattered and disunited States of Germiny are craving earnestly for union; Poland is uniting; Switzerland is uniting?it will not, perhaps, be long before we see a Pansclavnmc nation constituted in the east of Europe. Yet nons of these provinces would like the idea of ceasing to manage locally their own sfTtire, in order to secure the safety and dignity of a greater fatherland. The qurstion, then, for them to consider, id whether, by an adoption oi the principle of federalism, their wants may not be supplied and their tendencies satisfied. Let th*m observe the working of federalism in America. The niott complete national unity it (here preserved at regards foreign nations ; complete freedom of trade, complete uniformity of action in all respects essential to national life ; white, at the tame time, the inestimable habit of telf-government it created and retained, and the power of adapting local imtitutiom to local wants erercited to fully, that no American citizen hat to complain that the interests of hit locality suffer by the distance or neglect of the legislative centre. The (rermau in Pennsylvania, Uie Frenchman in Louisiana, the Spaniard in Florida, had no need, when they came to participate in the advantages ?f hflnnuinor to thf- oreat American Union ?.i Icacrificiiig one iota of the local institutions to which they were attached. So wonderfully elastic and expansive is this principle of government, that the entire American continent might, as it appears to us, be absorbed into one vast federation, with but little inconvenience or danger resulting from its extent and diversity of characteristic**. If a similar system of permitting local self-government, in subordination to a supreme legislative head, had been pursued in Lombardy and Poland, we do not believe that even the fact of the central head being an arbitrary monarch would have induced, in either case, the declaration ot independence which haa now ensued. The Spanish monarcha had no subjects so loyal as the inhabitants of the Basque provinces ; the fidelity of the Tyroleae to Austria is proveroial; because ihe former lived practically under the shadow of their own furroi, and ihe latter were not deprived ol their ancient grund-gnrt* The Romans understood this principle, and left to the mvnieipia of their enormous empire the full enjoyment of their institution)*, and management of their affairs. This win the cause ot the astonishing dur tion ol tti? inrtle, and of the gen?ral contentedness of Hi ir subj cts. 11 Fr.mct, on thu contrary, where the Utmost point ol administrative centralization haa been obtained, the " people " are ? " > 11'' 1 - ' E NE n; utterly demoralized and incapacitated for liberty by the habit of having every thins done for ihem ; the consequence now id, that the mob of Paris rules France ; the 35,000,000 individuals who inhabit the provinces follow like sheep aftrr a leader, even though it bs down a precipice If there be any truth in these speculations, the object of which we have rather indicated than explained, the good or bad success of the unprecedented movement now going on in Europe will depend, in great measure, upon the extent t which the different nations engaged in it may nucceed in reconciling and turning to account I h t* urinninLa whinK tvo hnvt* hp#n Hffifinbinfl'? that ot local self-government, the true nurss ot freedom, and that of national unity, the best safeguard for p^ace. civilization, and social progress. It is impossible to lay down, beforehand, how tar and in what manner it may be possible, in each particular case, to do this ; but the tendency of the attempt, however imperfectly developed, is in the right direction ; the ideal perfection of it would be a Utopia, " Wb?r? the dram should throb no longer, and the battle flag be ftirl'd, In the Parliament of man, the federation of the world " [from the London Advertiser, April 1.] The sudden changes which, within a spice of some thirty days, have been wrought in all the old governments ot the Continent, except the Russian, are the wonders of this age; but they will all be eclipsed it the emperor of Russia should alone be left in the exercise of his absolute despotism. When we spetik ot this unwieldy and colossal agglomeration of races and regions, languages, manners, and religions, barren plains, steppes, snd pathless forest*, under the general name of Russia, we are apt to lorg*t that mtny nations and hundreds of tribee, for the mo?t part wandering about under no other rule than that of their own chiefs, are only nominally united under a political constitution, of which the majority know nothing, though they feel the points ot tne spears of Russian Cossacks, themselves driven on by the muskets and cannon of the dominant nation. Russians and Tartars, Germans and Mongols, Finns and Tunguses, all pass under the name of the first, though living at an immeasurable distance from each other, and "m the most opposite climes; but in regard to personal qualities, language, religion, custors, and manners, the continues are infinite; and it may be truly Baid, that while their only bond of union is the fear of the sword, they possess all the elements of disorder and rupture. The struggle of the Poles, which there is every Maann tr\ K?li??r? Una eohinlltr nAmmanAail ol. it/uovu UQO auiuauj uuiiiuiciiu^u) atthough the account of the bombardment and demolition of Warsaw may be premature, will be he signal for revolt among the Sclavonians, Tartars, and Germans of Russia, who will certainly be followed by the Servians. Already the report of an 6meute in St Petersburg, in which the emperor "was shot through the hat" with a pistol, as he was passing through the streets, has been confirmed by telegraphic communication to Paris. This partial movement may, indeed, be suppressed; but it is not the less a symptoa of the feelings of the people. On the 13th of March, an attempt was made in the organ ot the Emperor of Russia, the St. Petersburgh Abtillt du Nord, to ridicule and cast discredit on the French republic, by the publication of a letter purporting to be that of a Parisian correspondent. But one week previously, the Emperor was zealonBly occupied in the futile attempt to exclude the intelligehce of the recent events in France from all parts of his European dominions. lie now feels obliged to relate them, but after his own manner; yet we see the effect which even a distorted view produces ? The National, having copied this article, adds a comment, in which it significantly recommends him to look to his own afTiirsin St. Petersburgh. ?"Facts," says the National, "moreover, have replied in thirty days to prognostics of impotence of tbe revolution of Paris. The Russian publicists have onlf to look around them?Vienna revolutionized and constitutional?Lombardy erect ?the Piedmontese at Milau?the abdication of Munich?the transformations of Southern Germany?the revolution at Berlin, the empire changing its centre?constitutions or republics eetablit-ned everywhere, and the various armies of the Germanic confederation uniting of their own accord to oppose the Russians, should they attempt to traverse Germany?such are the impotences of the revolution of February M The militarr system which prevails on the continent, and particularly in Russia, converts citizens into soldiers, and renders them formidable in revolts. To suppress any important internal commotions, in which there is always danger that the regular troops at home will take part with the insurgents, the Emperor will probably recall his forces from Asia, and the invaderB ot (jirnasaia. IF he (in an. h? will rmk th?? berment of the empire, and find confusion ail over the south of Russia. If he do not, he must ndopt the example of his er >wned brethren, and grant a constitution in harmony with the times. Napoleon, at St. Helena, predicted that in a few years, Europe would be Cossack or republican Events do not tend to the verification of the first part of his prophecy ; the Russian eagle can no longer overtop the frontiers. And, rb to the second part, we see that wherever princes are wise enough to concede to the just demands of their people, the latter are well satisfied with const.tutions. We shall be glad, (or the sake of the ttussians, if the Emperor shall partake ot this wisdom in time; but we doubt whether anything but political infatuation is to be acquired in the school of military despotism. Russia, we tear, will not obtain a constitution without a sanguinary revolution, and we also apprehend that to this she is hastening. a [From tbs Liverpool Albion, April 3 ] The intelligence ot the last week has been even more import wit and striking than any which we have had to report since the political deluge began in the last week of February. It is no longer a - nil of revolutions, reformations and c jnvulmods between kings and people that we are witnessing. Kings have themselves now entered the nrena to pit themseives against kings it. the struggle for the mastery. " Give tne kings for competitors,and I will enter the lists atOlympia," siid the Macedonian Alexander I he world is uow likely to behold kingly competition enough, indon a bloodier field, wehatdly know where to begin, and what to take first Erentd rush in upon us in such an overwhelming fashion, that what we write this moment will probably be old when it is submitted to our readers. Suffi?e it to say that an European toar has commenced The King of Sardinia,with 'Italia' on his banners, has Ixen the fitst to take ihe field, as we always expected and prophesied that he would. His troops are advancing through Lombardy almost unopposed, the Austrians being already in f ull retreat oetore the popular insurrection. Tlie Duke ot Tuscany is moving in the same direction. The Swiss are in the field, and a French army is rapidly concentrating in Dauphiny for a forwurd movement into the scene of action. Good night to Austrian denpotisin in the long and cruelly oppressed provinces of northern Italy. They will tiroDdOiy mil to the hire ot Charles Albert, who, merging the title ol King of Sardinia in that ot hung ol Italy, will be the virtual head ot the whole peuinaula, united in a federal government, tnd advanced to something ot us old importance in the scale ol nations. But a blacker cloud (probably already burst) looms through the horizon when we turn our t-yt-s in a northera direction. Poland is the cause, and is to be the prize, ot the t> rrible struggle over which humanity has to shudder in that quarter. Russia will not forego her grasp until compelled to it. The autocrat rushes to tne conflict confident in hia strength, and it is the strength ot a gi tnt; but he has giants to contend with. The Poles themselves are decidedly the bravest ot the brave on the whole wide surtace of the earth. Prussia will be with them, and so will France And it is not quite ceruin that Nicholas c m bring the whole strength ot Russia to bear against them. Some ot the Cossack tribes are discontentrd, and.part of his Tartar subjects are said to be in open rebellion. The Circassians, too, whose ranks are filled with Polish deserters, will take advantage of the opportunity to push their arch enemy more vigorously than ever. " To horse!" exclaimed the Emperor when he heard ot the outburst at Paris. But, according to th? old porting proverb, " when a man gets on htrsaback, he doss not know hew, or whsn, or where he shall gst off again." Nicholas starts from St. Patersburgh m all the pomp and ciroumstanoe of war; bnt how will he, or will he ev r, re-enter itl The Prince of Pru$tia it in I Am don Will tk? Runiian Kmptror be the next arrival t I rrom in* ram < oaatitatlooal, Mareh 99 ] Italy approach her deliverance; ?he Hhakr* ott the yone of the great and petty tyrant* who oppreia her. Whilst Milan, by prodigies o( heromm, struggles almoat unarmed agauiat the Auairian soldiery, P&rnm accomplished her icvolution in a day; UhHrles II , of Bourbon, named a Regency, compoacd ot the populaY chiefs of the movement which overthrew W 10 EW YORK, MONDAY M< * 1 him. The Duk? of Parma, formerly Duke of Lucca, entered Turin a fugitive, when the generous population oi that eity were under the strongest emotions at the eveuts parsing in Loniburdy The presence of this Bourbon, united to Austria by a treaty of common defenc, increased the public irritation against the foreigner. An immense shout from the people demanded the intervention of the kii'g, who had up to that time hesitated. Charles Albert felt that he must at length yield to the wishes of hia people He threw down the gauntlet, and immediately issued a proclamation to the people of Lombardy and the Venetiun States, offering them his assistance and support The intervention of Piedmont is thus a fait accompli, and it is one of immense importance. It is said that England has protested. In fact, the laugu^o used by ttie statesmen ol that country was, that bo long as Lombardy of herself struggled agaiast her oppressors, it was an affur 111 which no notion had .. -:~l. . _r _ si . .... ,A2 a I >K111 l?? lUirncr^ ; inc lu-ujjri uiiwi uj w?(*r<c? Albert, however, bring? the treaties of 1^15 in question. Russia has long since otiered her usoisiance to Austria and held herself in readiness to act. A great duty is thus about to devolve oil the provisional government of the French republic. It has declared that the treaties of 18l5 were lor her only a tact; she has engaged not to d< etroy them. But in making that declaration it was aware that that fact whh ji rum; that ruin ha* crumbled into du-t. Will itie provisional government permit fjreiga Imndd to interfere in consequence of what Charles Albert hits done in support of the Taliiing? Wnatever iniy be the decision come to by the different European powers on the subject o! iiiedmoat and Lombardy, there ar* at this moment two sovereigns called on to play a grand part, it they prove themselves equal to the mission whicli lhey have undertaken. On tiie one hand, the King of Prussia, who, impelled by his subjects on the patn ol liberalism?who has adopted the resolution of placing lums-ll at their head, and of revolutionising all Germany in the name of German unity and ol liberty, as others belore him have revolutionised Pru;sia; and, on the other hand, the K ng of Piedmont, who hna entered on a similar path by popular explosion. and who advances on Lombardy at the head of his army, in the name of Italian nationality and the liberal cause. The report is current that Parma and Placentia have already proclaimed the sovereignty of Charles Albert over tneir enfranchised States The Turin journals j tike great care to announce that Parma and Piaceutia are masters ot their own destiny, and the entrance of the Sardinian troops into Lombardy has no other object than to secure to the Milanese and the Venetians the free di?posal of themselves. That is true. But who can tell wnat a remodelling of Italy may result trom th w-ir in which she is about to engage 1 The fate of Italy and of all Europe is, perhaps, about to be decided on the pluins of Lombardy. A person who has recently arrived from Milan has communicated to us the following details:? " Lumbtrdy, whioh at this moment attracts so moot of the public attention, has a population of 4,600.000 ouls. '1 he idea of achieving the return of Italian nationality has been oherlahed for these last 30 years FUeed under the tyruunloal yoke of Austria, the people could not effect a ruaion with a people which were their antipathy, both on account of their manners, their religion, and thtir language. They, therefore, hailed with enthusiasm the eriea of liberty which issued from the barricade* of Paris, and rose like one man to shake off the oJious yoke of tb? foreigner. ' The olty o( Milan is surrounded bj an old wall, with several bastions, generally of a tquare form and with right angles ; this wall Is united to the Caserne, or fortified barraeks, into which ths Austrian troops have retired. It ! in this (hot that they have established th?lr head quarters, across which pass the principal roals leading to the different towns ot Lombard jr. The Milanese aro master! of all the oity, whloh is now so lnterseoted by barricades; that it would be rery diffloult for any troops to enter. Alter having gained possession, they naturally sought to gain some of the great outlets from the city This, after soma sharp oontests they accomplished, and hare thus secured toe roads which lead from Milan towards the east and west, thua separation the principal body of the Austrian troops ; and having emptied some aqjeduots, the Swiss and I'ii'dmontese troops will hare aooess to tha city.'' Assistance thus arrives from all sides, and amongst them the most to be dreaded by the Austnans are the Swit>s ctirabiueers, who are most expert marksmen ; and the country being covered with trees, renders it favorable for their system ot wartare. The 15,009 Austriane who ars at Milan are shut up in the Caserna, and are iu want ot provisions. Unless, therefore, they are reinforced end relieved by the troops which are ou the frontiers of Piedmont, their situation is most critical. If the Piedmonteec come to the assistance of their brethren?and they must by this time have done bo?lladetsky will bo compelled to capitulate, as the want of provisions will cause his troops to become demoralised. Tne Austrian army was well organised, and was well equal to contend against any army in the field ; but to struggle egainst a people in arms?to have to repel attacks night and day, will wear them out, as they have never been accustomed to that kind of warfare. The Germans will probably retire on Verona, which is the stronghold of their Italian posseesions. Will the qtruggle recommence there 7 God only Knows. Bui it the court of Vienna, ill advised, and evea assisted by the Russians, should attempt to again seize the prize which tics escaped trom her, it is probable that she willtindon her path our valiant legions, who hive not yet forgotten the events of 17% and 1799 I From the Vienna Gax-tts] Your majesty (to the king of Prussia in answer to his proclamation placing himself at the head ot the German movement,] has called upon the Prussian people and the German nation, amid the thunder ot cannon and the death-rattle ot murdered citizens. The Prussian ptrople have reached mauhood, and will answer tor themselves ; the German nation can have only one answer, and that will come equally loud and unerring trom all corners of Famerland. Like your mnjrsty, the German nations remember the royal words of former days, which you addressed to the Prussians, and know also that the confidence vour mnjes.y expresses iu the recollection will never be disgraced Hut th? German u moi remembers also that those promises, only yiven in a period of necessity, were forgotten and denied hy your majesty when prosperity had returned. Ths internal movement in Germany contains no danger for 1*8 people. Invasion tmm without dors not threaten us, because the union ul the German people has procured respect lor ihem everywhere. Your msjesty is not, there, tore, necessitated to undertake the leadership ot the Germau nation, until ilie German parliament shall have decided Until the Prussian people a..all neglect and leave your majesty, so loot; Will your majesty remain uuder the protection o: the Germau nation, lor the Prussians are respected and beloved by their German brethren 1'he confidence, however, which your majesty st?ms to exoect from the German nation, is impossible. Your majesty is the only German prince who has refused to consi nt lo return the long promised and unexchangable rights ot man, uatil your metropolis was one mass of birricades and intny ot its best citizens corpses, snd only ilien wiili ill-will, because your throne was in danger. Your majesty is also the only German prince who possessed no minister to remove the responsibilities of the last ten years ol history :rom the royal (shoulders. The German nation has, therefore, learnt to know your m 'j''aty, and it places no confidence in yoa. With your hand red with the blood ot your subjects, your majesty now raises the German colors, which you persecuted for years. nation starts back in terror from such royal enthusiasm The Prussian nation has never ceased to be weniiaii; wie urrinan nation la astonished 10 find your majeaiy only now joining in its ujion That the organs of the Prussian ?-niaten should take part in the consult&tiona of the Germau Diet, is a holy duty; that your majesty now chIIs upon the other German princes to take a part also in the German Diet is regarded with gratitude by the German nation, because it perceives your inajeaty's readiness to unite in nil with )our royal and princely companion*. Your mijesty ia quite right that a German lawgiving as aembly, constituted by the princea and representatives of the several estates ot the German principalities, must, in a general assembly, determine what is neoessary. But your maj-aty will perceive that this consultation would not be tree; that the pawer of that assembly, from which protection ior our fatherland ana for the throne is demanded, would be entirely broken; that even the young German constitution would be wounded in ita first moment? the royal " 1" la still to be raised nbove the voice oljustice and the path of law, und to be forced upon the whole German nation as ita general leader. Austria's standards,unnd nil the storms, have reUiucd u,?on their terniorii* the colors ot the Giriimn nation. One Austrian prince on the banks of the Rhine proclaimed on high the union ol the BR B 3RNING, APRIL 24 184S whole German nation, when it was still persecuted by Prussia. The house of Haptburg has the history of centuries, the love ot the people on its side, if u is determined to take its old position in front of the German nation. But Austria's emperor acknowledges that the choice must nlone be decided by the representatives of the people, and that the cfioice must remain tree. Tne Germ in nation in this answer does not protest for or against any oue dynasty, but only for the independence of the German Diet, and against any temptation of the post of honor of being the leader of the German nation. The German nation only exhorts your M?je?ty not again to sow the seeds ol dissension; not to disgrace the hour in which Berlin is burying its dead who fell fighting for German freedom and for German union. [Al?o from th# Vienna duetto.] On the vt-ry heels of a conflict which tilled the sin cia 01 nen.n wiui mood, alter a massacre unparalleled in the history ot Germany, which alienated from King Frederick Willi am, the | heart* of his own subjects, and filled the rest of Germmy with horror, it sterns to ub absurd and even a bitter p^ece ot irony, for him to demand he whole German nation to place implicit confidence in him, and to intrust to his guidance the affairs of all the sovereigns of Germ my, who can only confide in the man whose personal character, sentiments, and acts, off r the necessary guaranty for the restoration of public tranquillity. Has the constitutional law, granted to rrut-sia, by the letters patent n) the 3d Febraary, 1S47, awakened the sympathies of Germany to fuch a deirree that German princea and States are to recognize the diet, which is to assemble at B-rlm oil the 2d of April, as a mode} lor a Germ-mi Parliament 1 No For appreciating Uie difference between the royal promises and their fulfilment, it i* sufficient for them to remember these word*: "Never will a written constitution interpose between myself and my people. Frederick the Great, admired by all Germany, might aspire to the Germanic imperial crown, which has remained in the house of Austria for so many centuries. But now that the nation has to exprens its opinion as to the choice of the first chief of united Germany, it will put at its head none but a prrs.ce who enjoys its confidence and its love " The Cologne Gazette sees in this article the threat of a rupture between Austria and Prussia. [From tb? Allgaraeine Z?itung.] The king of Prussia having, unasked, grasped at the reins of the government of United Germany, has committed a fault which both he and Germmy will have to rue. He has staked all on one bold throw, and the numbers must almost be against him. Will all Germany answer to his call, and join his Diet at Berlin, consisting ot a patchwork of worn out institutions 1 Neither the men of progress nor the reactionists will or can obey his bidding, and the confusion of Germany be greater than ever, 'and the most aan?uin? will grow hopeless, when they consider the likely consequences. This step of the King of Prussia, like many other events that have occurred of late, is the consequence of a mistaken idea of our actual condition, and can lead to no good. [ Also from the Allgemalne Zfltung.] The day is close at hand when once again, since centuries, the sound of German cannon will boom on the Baltic. Denmark is equipping a flotilla against Kiel, to support the troops which it purposes marching against Schleswig. If Prussia possessed a navy ot only two hundred guns, a diplomatic note would have prevented a war. As it fs, we must do our best without them.? But the duchifi must rite in armt at once, and the remainder of Germany mutt advance to their attiatance without a moment't delay. To prosecute a war, money and arms ars requisite. Our first duty, therefore, is to send large contributions to Schleswig-IIolstein, and our second to provide weapons llendeburg, Hamburg, and Lubeck can provide heavy artilley and fire-arms. Batteries must be erected immediately, to command the entrances ol the ports of Kiel and Flensburg. Ttie large vessels roust be mada aa serviceable as possible, and the small craft turned into gun boats. Germany will make a compensation to the owners. A war seems inevitable, and we trust to be ible to the Danes on the sea ; on land, the duchies are sure of the victory; if they set on foot an army of 30,000, and the re?t ot Germany sends them 10,000 auxiliaries, it will suffice to i..ti.rwi .k? -x .i... n..:.L iiiiauo juin IIVJ ? un/ umouiuiiuu VI IIIC uamon kingdom will follow, and the whole of the Cimbruin peninsula will be added to the German continent. But time presses, and it were as well to terminate the tear before next harvest JHlaeellaneova Foreign Intelligence. It ia said that the Albert, Ouvrier (or workman) wh? forms one of the provisional government of Paris, is the Dr Albert who was formerly a teacher or French in Liverpool, and afterwards a chemist at Cadishead and Longaight, in this county. The request of Jews to be admitted to the National Guard at Vienna, is said to have given rise to a (earful persecution. ThcJurati had warmly espoused the cause of the Israelites. Don Carlos, who for some time has been inhabiting Genoa, has suddenly quitted that city. The members of the provisional government of France have become ten years older during the month they have been in power. M. Ledru Rolhn, who had a head of fin?* black hair, ia becoming perfectly grey. M. Fiocon has been at the point of death. M. Louis Blanc, who had a fresh juvenile countenance, is no more recognisable. MM. Lamartine and Gamier Pages spit blood. M. Cremieux has lost his voice M. seems worn cut with fatigue In tine, there is only M Arago, who appears formed of Pyrennian granite, who supports the weight of the provisional government, the weight ol two ministerial offices?the direction of the Academy of Science and the Observatory. He alone has not qu tted his post. The Spaniah Progressists journals pretend that M. de Lamartine had warned the Spanish government that the presence of the Dac de Montpensier would be considered a casus belli. The lurnor received little credit. A revolutionary club had been discovered, and its members s<*ized. Fatal Railroad Acct(l?nf_T?ro Parson* Killed and 1 lirce Uauly Injured (From tb? Ontario Repository Extra, April 30 ] Thi? afternoon, aoou'. 4 o'clock, as thi train of ear* fo? Jloehester bad reached tti? deep out at the curve near PiddlMord'i, about four miles North of this village. tb* great preeaure ot tn? train, wnisn wm an uoutoaliy heavy one,cau"e<1 the rallato spread spirt, tbo* violentI y throwl? g twe baggage c .rs, and a pawenger tar off from the track, kilting two pertoaa and Injuring le>eral other*. laformatlon of the disaster, wm immeillatelir Mat to t! -e station la this Tillage, and u locomotive and an extra nar vu despatched for relief, which toon after returned With the pateenger cart, bringing the remains of the perns killed and tboaa injurej, all of whom, it appears, were either standing or alttlog on the platforms of tha r migrant oar, when the accident occurred On" of the person* killed was named William Aim's, An Irishman, who waa going from Kali River to Waterford, Wisconsin. Mr. Aiinea waa accompanied by hit wife and a child, and a widow slater, Mr* Sweeney, who '.las had a chil l. By thia melancholy bereavement, the uufortunata family are left entirely deatltnte among strangers, and their caae appeals atrorgly to the sympa thlea of the oommnnity. The name ot the other uniortanate vlo-lm, la Nloholaa Banner, a German, going tiom New York to Chicago. Mr. B leaves a wife and child in New York, to mourn hia sadden deceaae. There were three paraona seriously injured, bat none of them are oonaldered In a dangerous condition James Howard, residing In Wisconsin, had bla ankle pat oat of J.ilnt, and waa otherwiae hadiy biuiaed. Charles Vina, of Baltimore, and on Ula way to Buffalo, auatained acme sever* injuri-s on one aide of hia leg*, and other parta of bli body, cauatng much pain. Tnese two ptrrona were conveyed to Tower's Hotel, and wore promptly provided with medical aid, and other comforts tutted for their oaae Cornelius Rodney, a young man from Geneva, waa roaaiderably Injured, but wae enabled to proceed to Rochester. The train waa heavilv loaded, and waa aoma honra bo hind tha regular tlma. When the aootdant happanad, it ?h golag at a alow rata, and *u an tha aura Tha ooae?Mloa waa tmjt graat, and aararal of tba paaaaggara war a aUghtly lojaraa, and maah alarm aad aonfuaioa praraUaa. Had tba train baaa going at tba ordiaarr ipaad, tba loaa of Ilia would probably bara baaa aacn graatar. Savaval of tba owa wava literally aaaabad to plaoao, and all mor? or laaa damagad. No paraoaa la ido tba oara war* aarioualy iajnrod. Oraat aympatby waa fait by tba paaaaagara for Mra. Almaaond h?r aiater, and a puraa of apwarda of f?r?y dollar*, wa* lmmadiataly mad a up for tbam It M daa to tba praaldant of tba A fc R. R Co , to tat* that ha oaaaad aTOry oomfort to ba protidad for the unfortanata auffarara, and baa mada Ubaral proTial >na for tba fonatal of tba droaaaad, and lot tba rallaf of i ha b^rwrad. Tba fiiuaral, wa undaratird, will take plaoa to-morrow v* riJuj) at J o'clock T M A u Jtoncx'a inquaat wax btld oter tba daad bodiea tbla atoning, and a yardlot raad?r<d aooordlag ta tba faata aboraaUtad " ' " ' ' * [ERAJ i. intelligbnci krom Vhnkzuki.a.?We are in receipt of the following letter, which jiives the news, so far as kn? wn, of the movements of Generals Monagas and Paez Humors have been in circulation inCaracas of a battle having taken place between the two contending faction*; but the files of the El Rtpublitano, which are before us, up to the 18th ot March, da not make any mention of it. As the newspapers opposed to Monagas have all been suppressed, notUing unfavorable to the government is published; consequently no great dependence is to be placed on those which do appear. They contain nothing more than some grandiloquent proclamations of Monagas. From all appearances, this revolution in Venezuela will be a long aflair. Ciucu, Maroh IS 1848. Slnoa my last. 1 havo rndeavored to oolleot a few fact* f interest, repeating the revolutionary movementa of this country. Maraoalbo having taken a bold stanl aguinat Monagaa. fl:te<l out several ve<aela, sent a few hundred troopa Into the adjoining province. an<( took potaraalon of Coiro After settling matters them, tbe troopa uuder Gen. Piuaogo took up their llna ot march, in order to form a junction with General* Pa?* anil Sou blette, Coro having j >lned in the rvalstance, as also the provinoes of Meridft, OAtijaiaemeto, and Apure. Thero re now probably not Iran than 6000 to tli)0t) troopa untlor the oommands of Pan. Soublette, Pmanffo, and Codaaai Paei and Sonbiette have b*en mac m u ring to draw the troops of Monagas Into the plains, and ? Tar from tha capital aa poaaihM The President, not having loo much confluence in his officers. has left Caraoaa to command in neraon. and at this mo.nent the capital la unprotected. Nearly all the giv#rnm?nt troops, 600 to 800 prtbibly, are sevnral day* journey tn the interior ; aad as it is now raining furiously, should it continue a few days, the rivers in the interior will bsoome *o swdlen a* to out off communication. Should the little fl*et from Maraoalbo pounoe Into Puerto Cabcllo with a few troops, that port would fall, and Laguayra could make but a fee bio reslatanoe. A few hundred men could be linded near Cape Blanoo on the beaoh, and beyond the range of the fort at Lasuayra and nothing would be easier than to march Into < mnoan by either of the roads leading from Maiqtiatta. Some idea may be formed of the terror of those ia power, as they seem to be alarraod at every shadow or rumor; a few daysago,sometriflsoocurredat Lsguayra, and Instantly all tho guns were charged with grape shot On the 8th of the pri-sent month, the mail from Cura eoa, and the mail from Laguayra. were apened, and a number of letters retained ; not even the seals of foreign consuls were respected The excitement was pretty warm for several days. Nearly all the foreign minister* have pretested against the outrage. After twenty days, a few liberal members of Congress succeeded in farming a quorum, and immediately passed an act to issue about one million of paper. What will be its Influence remains to be seen, as nearly every one will refuse to receive it; they have also oommenced taking up the forced loan, and if the persons taxed have not the money, they will take powder, lead, clothing, or leather. All the respeotable journals are silenced, and in their stead we have a batch of mushroom papers, giving dally details of the onward maioh of the President's troops, but nothing of advantago haa been gained, as everything stated wants the necessary confirmation. Very little positive news oan be had from the interior, respecting the movements of Pats and his generals, but enough ia known to inspire confidence In their present position. Once the troops from Maraoalbo and thosa oi tbs plains are united, but a few daya must elapse era wa may hear of some bold movement ef Paes 1 am rorry to have to reoord the death of Bantos Mlchalend, formerly Vice President. He was wounded on the 34th of January, and lingered until the 10th ol Marsh. Venezuela may searoh in vain among all hei sons to find his eaual. He was universallv resDeoted bv all. Thu, 1 believe, is the eleventh doatn from that affair, of January 34th Some fifteen or twenty days age, one of the offioers aoting under, government waa despatched to Cnraooa with a large amount of money, to arms, but it is thought ne has forgotten his errand, as he has not returned. Probably he tblnka the amount will serve him a better purpose, and is waiting the conclusion of the matter. Business is nearly at a stand still. The National Bank has had some difficulty in changing their notes fcr specie, but still holds out, although contldenee la wavering, and the bills of the batk are in most oases refused. How the existing government ean go on is remarkable. as every day iucreases their difficulties and lessens their means " Neoesalty is lh? mother of invention," and they curtail the pay of all, and say to soma, " manaia," which means some other day indefinite. We have alao received the following from '* Citracoa, March 33, 1848. " We have just received the news from Venetoela that General Pares, aocompaniea by his two tons, Labors and Manuel, and Colonel Castej on, entered on the 7th of this month the town of Bavina, having a force of 1700 strong, the greater part of whioh were cavalry The government troops war* a00 infantry and 170 cavalry. General P. sent to demand the surrender, when he received an answer from the Governor to come and take it?that he waa determined to defend it or die An attack waa immediately made in the front and rear, when, in a short time, they (the government troops) were defeated, and the town tak<m. The following day General P. marched for and took Guanare?leaving at Varna his two sons and Caste Jon. At Goanare the Government had a force of 3300 men ; hero he placed Colonel Codsxsi in oommand and oontinued his march. " Nothing else stirring worth communicating." Sporting Intelligence. Union Course, L. I.?The match between Black Hawk and Lady Sutton, to oome off on Tuesday next, to the topio of conversation among sporting men, numbers of whom visited the stable* in the neighborhood of the Union yesterday, to keep advised of the condition of the horses. The black horse fs the favorite: and at th? odda, the friend* of Sutton are taking all that i? offered. Louisiana Association Jockey Club Racks?Eclipse Couaaa?On Friday, 14th Inst, ona of tha moat Interesting race* ever witnessed In the Sooth, *u run over th Ellipse Conraa? interesting not only from the pirltad manner In which It waa oonteited, but for tha extraordinary time made. Tha two beat nones in the raoe have shown thamaMvaa to ba first rataa, and every war worthy to ba ranked among the ''oracka" of the turf Thay had both given excellent avidenoe of their I quality in previous performancas; but on this oocssion thay did more tban their moet ardent admirers could po?eibly have hoped for, and fully sustained the reputa tion of their progenitors The attendance was very good, and all who were present were amply repaid by the oapltal sport afforded The raoa was tor the purao of $400, entrance added ?three mile heats?for which there were tbrae entries?Buena Vista, Little Mistress and Y N Oiver. Buena Vista was the favorite before tha race, at trilling odds against tba Held, and tha offers of her brokers were freely accepted b/ the friends of Oliver, who had witnessed his powers over the Metalrie Cenrse, !n the mil* raoe, which he won so handily. Rrn Iltat. Buena Vista had the traok, and lad to the tnrn, when she waa parsed by Oliver, who assumed tha lead and maintained It h?nd&om*ly?Bueua Vis'a and Little Mistress ocea<ionally brushed up to him, bat he would slip away, although to the spectators it appeared that the former was only trailing him, as her jockey seemed to have a h?rd poll 011 her. In this mannor thay ran through the first two miles, and till they came to tba turn opening to the home stretch In the third, when Buona Vista waa purhnd at the colt Itard, and the rno*t exciting and desperate struggle oecurr?d down the home stretch; ? down they swept at a killing pace, nook aud neok; hut as they oeme out it waa n'aln to at tha oolt had a narrow margin In his favor ; aud ha crossed tha line about a head in advanoe, trfclog the heat In Little Mistress did not run far the hMt( bat was wail within her distance Strand H at ?The odds ware now in flavor of tha Wagner oolt, and hia friends ware highly elated After ona fslao start tbey got under way for the aecond heat, O.lver taking the lead aad keeping It all the way, winning the heat in beautiful style, but closely followed bj Buena Vista Tba running of all three nags waa beau tiful. This heat waa perroroied in 5:3*K?onlv a quarter tf a seovnd over that of tha ftrat haat. Taking thw two heats together, this Is tha fhsteet three mile race ever run In this country, wa believe. One heat was run by Quean Mary in Cinolonatl, Ohio, In October, IB49, in 6:37. A summary Is appended : I I* AI Dat, April 14 - Afwociauon pane, cbiraiioe I 10 p?r cetit added?three mil* heat* I. Van Ltci'i oh. c O.lrer, by Wagner, out of Kllght. by Imp L-rlatbei 1 j o 1 1 D K Kanner'tcb f Butnt Vi*ta, by imp. (Jleocoe, dam by imp Leviathan- 3 y o 3 3 T. B. Ooldiby'? cb. f Little MUtrtu, by Shamrock, dam by Wild Bill?3 y o i 3 3 Time, 4.38*-6:3.-^ Movements of Dlilla|?liiiii?lndlvld(iMi. Major F. Borland waa at Loulavllla on the I nth ln?t H? wti on hi* way to Washington, to take bis sent aa a Senator from Arkanaae. Mejw BIIm wan aiao at Loci Till* on the 18th inst. Geo Shield* wa* to hare a pnblto reception In 8t I, in In on tbe 17th Inet A pnbllo dinner waa alto to he given to him on tbe 18th or 19th tnat. Mr. Gilddon, the L cturer on Eiiypt, la In 8t. Louie.' Gen Scott la to be reo-ieed with military and oleic I honors In Mobile, oa bU return from Mexico. Arraoge eotf, under the direction of the pabllo aatUoiitlei, hare been oompleted. Sir William Colobiook. late Ooeeroor of New Bronsertck, Bad ralle. arrived la Boetoo on Soturday morning In the ateomer Admiral, from 8t John, N B , on their way to England. InDTAJt INTILLIOINCB.?I tie VhtroKft Jiavocaie ol April 8, aayat?We have lute end gratifying newt froar our brathreu and n?lfht>T?, th* Cr?*k? The llttla aaaitcmant wblob prevailed ao?a? w??kn dnoe, han dlad away. Thay are preparing for aitanclra hrmlng In many pat ta of tba country?and without aoaia unforeaaaa and unexpected Intervention of Prorldenoe, promt** to barveat flna oropa. It li a gratifying conalderutton, that already, large qaaaUtie* of corn arc annually f cnt to mulct hd^ hfriitu* ttui1, oo':" derails ri'i i* m? X? . acd ?e h>nr ot oca g?nt)'a>au who txp'ola to ?iV? ahtpmant ol Creek noa A lady ol our plaea waa offiiM Kai of tbla, wblob waa axoaUaat, lor ttarae aenta par powad, wblob la w low aa laouatoaary la Naw Orlaaaa. ! . I'M ' "^WTCTa>l ' '* H LD. I rrtNVmoaia. Theatric*! and Musical. Bowkkt Tiihatbk.?For many years paat, the cry of the play-going public has been for theatre where all the company ahull tie oorapoaed of really merltorlooe actors an 1 actresaes, and for pUya well performed In very part; not one atar, mi the theatrloal term la, and thn runt of the prvrt* flllM by n^i atloke A theatre started on tbi* principle has b-en the d't d ratun, and now it la rualti*], for the Bowary. iindtr the management of Mr. Harablin, la now, and will In future be, oonduofed on this plan. Aa a a evidence of it, he baa a fall opera, alao u ballet company, performing at the same tlmi, Tia: the Heguin inu/ie and Mm Tarnbull, with a curti? </# h/illmt Anil iliirlnf tha nial ar ialr anma ftf fh? < moat favorite operas nail beautiful btllsti have been preseated with maoh trlil -suoli ft aes u the "Bohemian Uirl,'"Fr? Diavolo," "Cinderella," "Roh Roy," "Nethelie," *'L? Gleelle" nod "La B iyal?re." The coaaequenoe his been fall and fashionable aullenoos every evening, and o thorough endorsemsn', on the part of the pa Mid, of the liberal ipirit of Mr. Hamblln To-night Mra 8igulnfakvi a benefit, aad the "Bohemian Olrl" and "La Bayadere" will form t'n bill The house will be filled, we doubt not, at Mr* S?galii i? ? great favorite In thin city, and the performanoea are very attractive, Chatham Thkatbk ?Til* home has b?en filled te over flawing every night since the production of the new local dram* in wbioh Chaafrau eo admirably peraonatee the unterrifled b'hoy of New York. Tho peouliar and * origin*! atyl* of thin performance has opsned op a new r^ln iu whit m?y h? t?rmsd partly American acting ; aod w.j are glad of it ai we have too long been patient sufferers under the lame stupidities or thi Loudon fmces, which are all v?ry well in London, bat ere flat aa ditoli-water hero " N.-w York A* It la" will be rap*Atrd every evening this week; and along with It tha usual variety of drama, faroa,and musical piaoea, will be presented Bantard's Panorama ?Every body ought to go and a>e this eitraordmary production ; It ia, without doubt, oue of the wondera of tbe preaent day ; and Banvard hu i his panorama will or ou<bt to be, long remembered a* the great leaturea of the century. Tha city Is now throngsd with strangers, who ou<ht not to leave without vialtlng Panorama (1 all. Chbistv'b Minstrkls ? Tonight these inimitable parformers nivon oonourt a' the Lyceum Hall. Staten Island. The very g*eut success these minstrels have mat with, for the las', seven months, in thia city, is ?ndor?*ment enough ofther merit, and the Staten Islmdrra will hava ^H| quite a trt at this evening, In listening to them. Soitthkri* Harmosiiti.?This band of singers are making quite a reputa Ion for themselves. and will doubt- ' less have a lnog and successful ran They perform at * the Minerva Rtoma this evening Broadway Ooaotf. Pygmalion statuary, a* It is term* m . ed, la quite the rage here. The hoaae Is well fll'ed every evening. Mri.odkom ? BalUd singing, Virginia minstrels, (is., form tbe staple amusement nt this genteel place. It Is iiift t.h? rlnflA for fimilv mrllnfl Tkmim.e op thic Muiks.?At this plaoe living atatury la exhibited "Tory evening, and there are also perform ancm by a b*nd of Ethiopian mlnstrelr. * Colllna, the Irlah comeJlan, baa boen doing a good buriaass at 8t. Louis. Gen. Tom Thumb waa In Cinolnnati laat weak. Malum* Biahop waa to give her farewell concert In Mobile on the 19th Mutant. Cltjr Intelligence. Thk Wcathkk ? Yesterday waa anoth.-r of the beautiful day* of April; the sky bting olear, and a gentle bretc placing through the 0U7 all day. The effeets of the late atorm upon the herbage In and around the city, appears to have been removed, and all the trees of the parks and flowers of the garden, weloome the genial rays ot the aun. Tho day pasied pleaaantly away. ' Hhip Fetich.?This fever again threatens to visit oar ' shores. The passage of the new emigration law, and the appointment of commissioners, will be rendered natatory, unless the Common Council earnestly and strenuously co-operate with them, and adopt the necessary steps to free the city from all kinds of 111th and garbage. Aa a commissioner of emigration, and Mar or elect of this populous and large city, a heavy responsibility rests upon Mr. Havemerar in relation to the health aodoomfort of our cltlsoos daring the present season I and approaohing summer. Labor can be procured at a mere nominal expense; and yet the streets, lanes, and purlieus of this eitv, present, at this seaaon of the year, a most disgraceful and dangsroua appearance. Dead dogs, dead oata, dead plga and putrid offal, deoajed vegetables, and eveiy aort of filth that is calculated to engender disease and fever, are strewn about the street* In all quarters The citisens In general should remonstrate against tbia dangeroua abuse. It Is immaterial to them where the fault lies?the evil exists, and immediate steps should be taken to free us from suoh disgraceful nuisance. No matter what the expense, this should forthwith be looked after; for bnt one opinion prevails throughout this entire oommnnity on the sufjeot of deanting oar streets, ana purifying to* city In sTery q larter. We trust to soms action taken on the ubjeat thl* imiDg, la the Board of Common Council. Kircs ?A lira broke out about 11 o'atoolt oa latnliy night, in tba carriage Loom of Mr. Jamaa A. Coaae, at the oorner rf Sixth avenue and 100th (treat, whioh was | entirely destroyed. It i? supposed to hare bean the work of an Incendiary, ana with a view to destroy the dwelling, whieh la situated only a faw feat brum tba bnllding whieh waa burned. Mr. C. la a member of U? 8th ward polioe, and waa not at home at tba timej hie wife being alone, with several small children. A fir* broke out about 11 o'olock yeaterday, In a pile of lumber in Uth street, near 6th avenue, whlah was deetroyed, supposed to have been set on Are by eome email boys. A carpenter's shop in 10 th street, near ftth aveaue, was alao a on Are oa 8?turdey night, but eztlaguished with trifling damage. Afire waa also di<aovand about one o'clook yesterday morning, in the third story of house No. 119 Chatham street, oocnpied by J. A k J. Ollmore as an umbrella store, which waa put out with trifling damage. A fire w*s also discovered about four o'atoch yesterday morning. In the house No. 441 (Jreenwich at, which was put out with trifling damage. STCAMB04T oa Fiat.?The steamboat Traveller, lying at Teck slip, was dlreovered to be on fire about 3 o'clock yeterdsy morning, on the upper deok, near the smoke pipe it was put out with trifling damage. llu* Ovr.R ?A woman named Catharine Murphy, residing at the comer ol Weshington and Christopher streets, was run over about 10 o'olock on Saturday night, by one of Murphy's stages, In Broadway, near Day street. She was tskea to her residence. Thu City Yeitcrdav.?The olty yeaterday presented an unusually animated appearanoe. The day waa floe, und every body seemed to be In the streets, either for 'he purpoce ol going to church, or seeking pieaaore. Tba few vebioi n engaged on the Sibbath lor oarrylng passengers, were crowded almost to suffocation with these who sought to rpend the day on the beauiifnl hills beyond the densely populated portion of the citr. Tba rustij maidens flocked in grest numbers to the enure fees of the villages around, and oontentment waa depiotefl on I their every counten?nce, save where one or two would I b* disappointed lo not meeting with their swaiaa. The I on arches were all ?>1! filled, in consequenoe of tba ser- I vices being those eiprctal'y used on Easter Sunday. The I J?wa' Pesaover it alio at band, thongh their aynsgoguee w,t? not open yeatcrday, ihelr Sabbath having paaaed a?ay ?itl) 'lie going down of the ?uo of Saturday. Aa t* u.ual, the mtrket places were crowded with loaf?ra ?n 1 boys, carrying on the pitch penny gam*, and the greggerie* did a full ahare of buslneaa ; the earning* of a ?tuie week, in many instances. havlog been gathered ,n by them, although in violation of a known law, with impunity. The race course at Harlem presented a aoene of racing, and the High Brirfge near by, wai crowded wi'.h vl?irera Aa tli? aun approached the western horli .'n,the immecse drove of pleasure eaekera again moved to vac da the city, and tha approach cf uiglit dispelled the i>lta<unt charnn which ovnrhuog the olty during the * day, and again the cnuoh was sought, to prepare for the la;>ors of another ws.-k. i' Dkath or John F Htirr ? Jj'in P. Hasty waa appointed by ihe natives a clerk in the polioe tfflie, and scarcely had he reived one year of Ma tima Wore ha showed algua of Insanity, whtoh inorraaad to rapidly that his friends were obliged to plaoa him for safety In the Blooming dale Asyl'im, alnce wb<ch time ha haa been gradually tailing until Saturday Urt.whtn ha aspired. Fatal OcciraaKRca.? Walter* was called yesterday to held an ln<jtl*st a*, the citv Hospital, upon ire body of Samuel I'ray, a native of New York, aged 4'J years, who cimo to hie death hy injuries acnideutally received by the tailing i>f the barrel containing the drop curtain, at the Are in Broadway theatre, 02 Saturday evening Verdict aeoordiugly. Death bv ArerLKlT?The coroner h?ld an Inquest, also, at 39 Attorney afreet, on the body of II,ram Bidger, a native of Maaaaohuaatta. aged 39 years, who died suldenly on Saturday list Vtrdlct, death by aj^plray Ptillca lntelll|ence. ^ Jirml of an Emigrant Boa'ding U uie ureptr ?urnoera Laogdon mil Knowles, ot toe 4tb ward, arretted ye?t?rday, on a warrant i?*u*d by Jnstloe Drinker a mm by the nm* of Jonn Mc.Vulty, keeper of an emi .(rant boardirg honee at US9 Water street. wherein ha stands charged with <J?ni?n ling two toverrljaa fr m Joseph Chapmen and hrothor, for one iilghVf lodging and o..e meal eeoh, and in default of payment their baggage wa? itopped by MoNolty Hix shillings we* the ptiae agreed upon to be paid, bat on MoNulty obtaining poe?*sslon of th? emigrant!' taggsge refused to give it up until he extortel two sovereigns This ease ovming dileotly within the meaning of the la* pissed for iheprctfction of emigrants, a warrant wai issued lor Me.Nally's errest. The puui'hmeLt for saoh offence is a Soe ot uot less then f >o nor over >l0j ; added to this the magistrate can ibflut oo the accused parties an imprisonment of three montbs, wbioh is left to the dWoreuoa ot tbe Justice, acaordlng to the extent of the imposition practiced. >toNu'tj waa committed to piiaon to awslt tUe Joclsiou of thd wagis.rate. Tais is the 8rst arrest made under the new law. an I aa MeNally fees been up several tlmea before urder similar charges previous to tba peerage of tha law, no doubt the extent o( the pu niehmen'. will Inflicted as an example to others Jirrtil on q Hmc.'i Warrant?An rfll wf, ?t tbe 34 ward arrested yesterday a yourg man, a primer by trade, by the name of Robert Klxon, he having bees Indio>d by ihn grand j -ry as an accessory, with the principal, Chnrlrs Andrews, who violently assaulted, a law weeka ago, George Nentoiiefer, with a |'in tuanMer, Ic0lctln< a ?1 ?prr?to w uud cu i ho tight rh"*k. wkIi intent to r?x? l.ia L *. la cr.fsc?jj< n>-e vt lUit honffce sfMu't. Mi N. u.-oUrf<t w ? aettlfcea ta bis bed fjr'* <arU a?i k,? ureal fear r ?< nteTtiioed at the ua< of bis raaavevy la dahuit of bail HUTS ?? committed to priacn

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