Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1848 Page 2
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r *KW YORK HERALD. larth-WMt Corner of Kulion and Nimm JA1KS OOKOON UBRHETT, rBOPRIKTOB. DJtllV HKKJSLD?e.ir, * day, (Sunday included,) if''i v** ci'Ft' f* tf> V* annum. ir&EKH HKO~1LO?M.''ry Saturday? ?H tent* -er .-rv~Si per anrti"??m the United Statu Ku rpptau #' htcrihm H(?r to include the potlof : mm fUticn (i? the f'rfich <md Kngltih lat g-iafti) mill *f m'hrkr t ."Hi r-rry Kimpean item packet day oith t'nirliieence frorx all paiii of f Ail continent, to the late It mojtOFEHTISEMSffTS {renewed every morning) at f as^nahie pricet; to be ycritlni in a plain, legible munnrr; the morriettn not rerpontiile for errort in manutcrxpt. I'klNTIXG of all kn.dt executed beautifully and uritk deifitrh Ordert receive! at tkt Publication Qfflct, corner of Fiilton and Nattau ttrerti. ALL LETT?.11S iy nail, for tubecrivtiont, or with {dt'rtii*enti to kep,?*( f?:id, or Ike pottage taill ht de. ucted from the mnnel/ remitted I'nLVXTJiRY CnnRBSPONDEXCK, confining itrt?it r.evi. jalici'ed fmm ony ciw'ter of the rcorid? and if wed wiil be liberaUy paid for VO SOTXCF. ran be taken of anrnymouj canisiuntcaIt'hatn er it intended for innrtitin mutt bt aulhtn.'tcu'ed *v Ibr na-nr and addren of tht. irrtfer: not nrceua> i ft for publication, hut at a guaranty of hit good faith. M < o<ihot undertake to r"urn rejected cammunitationr. t1.L I'Ji Yflf EtfTS to kt mad* in advanct AMIT" MKNTS THIS *VrNIN<? BOWKRY THbATllICi B'.wei/.?Bohoiiak Oi?l? Lt DutDiii: 'TUTHAV1 TWiCATRV'! ChiOmm ?* ?.-fAia ami> Virqihia?Faut Hc*ht Nrv*? V'o* F ik Lapt ? N?w . Yo?k Ai It '?? Cm Nat O.\AL Dif?i?ch. PANORAMA HALL H>x>idw?r, ???r UHW a* awo'? CAK^mAMA )f -tut Mu?!Hirpi. M;'!ODEIV(t Bi-vrry ?UaIUS Vi??i*IA tic RROADWVY Ottr.ON, Jw*y ?I'rtMALiow Sta* TI'a*t, Sic. ViINKFIVA ROOM-'.?Sovthebr Hakm miit??KthioriAN Si* 1*0 be. TKVPLR OK MU3K8, Canal atratt-?Ethiopian Mi* Hi.tU-ASlM.IHi ri(<TU?KI. ITtTI* KLiKP lYOv UM HYI.L ? mi'i i >.I?it*WL?? KT?ion*if f1'"' ? '?"? * ->?< %? - * 31'in'lxy, April 24, IM?. -!* tlnulvUvu of CCa llcralcl? April 16. Snn<f?7 14.000 Mpiea. " 17, Monday IS 768 " " 18, TawiJtr 18 912 " " 19 WedDf*'!?y. .iiiiiii 19 314 " " 2<>, TbtiWaAjr 21 601 " " 21 Friday 24 960 " " 22 8?ttir<Uy 20,736 " " 2i, Weekly 12 000 " j A*p??ir>t" >< ? lwt week. <161 320 " I April 28, 8and*j 14 640 " Tile WbllMtinp of ?h# ffrrmii commerio*d y??t?ri'?T morning *t 25 micutes before 4 o'olock, and finished Dt 7. T be Rnrnpean Revolution*. We give in this day's paper, the last of the extracts which we have takeu from the English and continental newspaper press, on the mighty events that are spreading over the continent of Europe, being the conclusion of the intelligence received here by the steamship Sarah Sands We have published similar extracts, from day to day, since the overthrow of Louis Philippe, for the purpose of giving our readers the opinions ol those who are on the theatre of these revolutions?who are spectators of the;upheaving of the political elements of that part of the world?and thereby giving them a clearer insight into the details, and enabling them to draw their own opinions and conclusions as to their probable result. In the present disturbed and revolutionary state of the old world, it becomes a newspaper, the proprietor of which desires to discharge his duty to its patrons, to spare no pains or expense to keep his readers informed of n?t only the movements themselves, but all the minutiae connected with them and tending to throw light on the n. This, we think, we have done, and will continue to do. The extracts which we present to our readers in to-day's paper, have been culled irom Russian, Austrian, Prussian, French and English newspapers, and comprise a compend of reading mat IC1 |>ai uuuiai vy uuciUDUii^ auu nii|>uuaiu Oi ??c I present time. They comprise the last of our foreign reading' matter to the latest dates, and will serve to engage the attention of our readers till the details of the news by the steamship Acadia, arrived yesterday, at Boston, are received. To-inorrow we shall commence a rimmi of foreign intelligence brought by her that will complete the history of the revolution to the eightn day of April, inst., the day the Acadia left Liverpool. We invite particular attention to the article from the London Chronicie, in which the editor, in commenting up?n the revolutionary movements in Europe, highly praises the wisdom of our political system. This is something stranse, and deserves a little attention, as a sign of the times. Tur Common Coui\ch,.?The present Common Couucil are about to retire from their official labors, and if they do not carry with them the approbation of their fellow citizens, they certainly retire with their undivided consent. No Common Council for the last twenty years has done less for the comfort and convenience of the citizens; but none have done more to add to the burdens of the city. Not a solitary work of utility, not a single act of patriotism, have they left behind to mark their career, or to remind their fellow citizens of their official existence ; in short, they have spent their year in joking, feasting, and idle declamation. It waa supposed, howerer, that there was one, and oniy one, redeeming trait in the official character of those gentlemen They were tinctured with a little liberality?at least, they got credit for it. They did not, it is true, upon coming into office, make that wholesale onslaught upon office holders which their (ir#>rirr#??Anr^ r#? in liahif e\t ^ninrr fhpv allowed several democrats to retain their offices ; but the credit which the people had accorded them for that act of magnanimity, they are now, we understand, about to forfeit. A report has been current in the City Hall for the last ten c'ays, that they are about to displace every democrat holding office under the Corporation, down to the sweepers. We know they have held no lees than a half dozen caucuses on the subject 6ince the last election, and the result of their deli&crations is as we have above stated. Well, swe?|i them out into the gutters, if need be ; what is the use of being a politician if one does not obtain the spoils? Thk Evictions in France.?The elections for members ot the National Assembly of France, took place throughout that country yesterday. The manner in which they were conducted, the result, and the mcd*- in which the persons elected will discharge their duties, will decide the question whether a republic will be permanently established there without bloodshed or anarchy. If they have been conducted p? aceably, and if good men have been elected, the republic is safe We shall lock for intelligence of these things with intense interest. Steamship Washinoton?We learn from Mr. Edward Mills, general agent of the company, that the steamship Washington, which returned to repair a cracked piston, will be in readiness to sail to-morrow She might have left to-day, had it not been necrssary to give notice to the pas?jnaers to be on board She will leava at ten o'clock in the morning. We hope she will have gaod luck this time, Latk* from Htviti.-We are lo receipt of fllesof K i Piano H' la Marina, to tbe 6lh inatact. The iwi from Kuropo ia the great topis at present In CuNa, and pretty oop.oua detal'e ere given. The affair* to Yucatan also occupy ? coueWlerable abare of the 1 nhe |i?p?r? It will be remembered that at me atid immuni'lon were e?nt down to Yneaaa by tbe Tata gcv?rain*nt me tin* ego Their <ln;e? ere uot 10 let* a? h< e? received here A Art took pie -e in Havana oa the fltta iu?t ; ti e warebouer ef tbe Seo?r?? Oeka, eitnMed in the r?||e de Obaep wee de?tioy#d. end ell tbe liquori, previa one, U." . w h which it waf filled. TLe amount of damage la not At Vill ( l?m f?tr* ar? ratal Ula?4 that tha oootiauad Jr afbt ?Hi Injorn lh? eropn O 4r*ma k? ?ol oiualeal nrvt, Hanoi vtm hara al < hataai >>'t it Mog Uia **aroo ef lrBt.ezpiaiM Lb* aar'k of ??um?*?U ta ila unuM/ jray saplM <4 t >H tmm Mfc I TgLBttUPMC PTELLMEUCft WORE IMPORTANT EUROPEAN NEWS. ARRIVAL OF THS STEADIER AGADIA, AT BOSTON. riVB BATS LATHE. _____ I Sardinia Declared War Against Austria. Marching of a Large Sardinian Army* , The Insnrrertions in the Italian 8tates. ! ; ' The Disordered State of Austria. j Trouble Between Prussia and Russia, Austria and Denmark. CONVULSION IN SILESIA. ! < Immense military Preparation in Ensiia. ' i MAN FESTO OF THE EMPEROR. 1 Military and Naval Preparations , in Denmark. 1 TRANQUILLITY IN HOLLAND AND BELGIUM. ; " i ATrtMPTEO REVOLUTION IN SPAIN. 1 TERRIBLE FIGHTING IN MADRID. ! ? 1 TRANQUILLITY IN PORTUGAL. i The Complete Separation of Sicily andNapbi. AFFAIRS IN FRANCE. She Reception of tbe Irish Delegation in Paris. GREAT EXCITEMENT IN IRELAND. Progress of the Chartist movements in England. INDIA AND CHINA. State of the Markets. &e., &Stj &e? The mail steam packet Acadia, Captain Stone, arrived at Boston last evening at 6 o'clock, and her news was immediately telegraphed to the New York Herald. The Acadia sailed from Liverpool on the 8th inst., and her adviceB are therefore five days later than those received by the Sarah Sands. It should be borne in mind, while reading over this news, that some of the events prior to the departure of the Sarah Sands are mixed up in the details received last night by the Acadia. We give our telegraphic despatch in full. The general commotion on the continent of Europe, has gone on increasing. The intelligence respecting the insurrection in Lombardy, has been confirmed, with the further important feature that the king of Sardinia, at the head of an army of 30,000 troops, crossed from the Peidmontese territory into Lombardy, issuing ns he passed the frontiers, a formal declaration of war against Austria, and marched direct to Milan The A*ustrians, defeated at every point, fled as he approached, and having been successively driven from Parma and Porescia, and Dullenzan, endeavored to establish themselves on the Mincio. It is said that a disposable force will be short'y at the command of Charles Albert, of not less than 250,000. With such an army, not only will all Lombardy be liberated, bat Austria may be threatened, even at the gates of Vienna. The Italian Duchies have burst out into open ! lnsurreciion. iu.oaenn iBiuia aic rcvoiutiomzed, and Venice, which has been dying daily since the fatal 18th of January, 1798, now just half a century, when the Austrians took possession of that city in virtue of the treaty of Campo Formulo, again shows signs of life. The Lyons Gazette of the 4th gives the following, under date of Chambourg, 31st:?"Savoy will to-morrow constitute itself a republic. A provisional government will be constituted, and j the republic of Savoy proclaimed. The country ; will be immediately convoked to decide on ite | political condition. TheTc is in this no hostility 1 to the King, who has given us very liberal institutions; nothing of disaffection to the French , Republic, lor which we preserve our sympathies; j cothirjr, in ehort, which prejudges any course." This intelligence is, however, doubtful, and is not confirmed by letters from Lyens of the same ! date. The Milanese have sent an address to Pius | IX., in which they ascribe to the Pontiff all the honor of the emancipation of Italy. In Sicily, the Sicilian parliament is constituted, and the separation of the island from Naples is complete. It is generally believed that the king of Naples has altogether abdicated his right over Sicily. In Austria proper every thing seems disorgan ized; and amidst the chaotic confusion which prevailed, it is quite impossible to fix the hourly, changing scene. It is anticipated that the Austrian General, liadetsky, who is cfraid to enter Mantua, tor want of provisions, will be compelled to capitulate upon the appearance ot the Sardinian troops. The Viceroy of the Emperor of Austria, who fled from Milan, was st Botzen, a town of the German Tyrol, on the 29th ult , waiting the issue of events. In Prussia, after the bloody scenes which took place in Berlin, the king has put himself at the head of the German confederation, and promises extensive constitutional reforms. At the same time, he has plunged headlong into a dispute with the Danes, reepectiug the long contested affair of the Duchies of Holatein and Schieawig which, by force, he aertna resolved to detatch from Denmark; on the other hand, he is exasperating the HUlocrat of Ruaaia to the highest bounds of passiog, by encouraging the Poles to erect aa independent government in the Duchy of Poaen [t ia rumored that 50,000 Cossacks have suddenly appeared at Tilsit; and in the state of excitement in which the Emperor is at the moment, ahould the King of Prussia waver, the consequences may be aeriouH. The Emperor himself ia vigorous and decided; he ia said to have ordered ev*ry man in Russian Poland, between the ages of 18 and 35, to be removed into the interior of Russia. Russia is concentrating a vast army in Southern Russia, which we ahould deem sufficient tr crush any attempt to erect a republic in that division of the empire. The Emperor has issued a manifesto. It ia stated in the Breilau Gaxette that 100,000 Rusaiuna are already concentrated on the Polish frontier, under the command of Prince Paskiewitch. It ia alao reported that 30,000 have suddenly been ct'led to the same frontier from the , Caucuu.B. Th? following ?4nif(?o of the Emperor of i 1 _ _ L. Russia, has been published at St Petersburg, and received with the greatest euihuiasm i? "After the bumflti of a long paaee.th i Wast of Karope lull itself, at this moment, suddenly given oyer to perlurbatlons whioh threaten with rnln and o??jthrow a'l legal power, am) the whole social syatem Inaurrection and anarchy, the offspring of Franoe. soon crossed the German frontier. and have spread themselves in every direotion, with an audacity whioh baa gained new 'oroe In proportion to the cooccasi <ns of the government*. This devastating plague haa at laat attached our allien the Empire of Austria and the kingdom of Prnaila; and to day, in it* blind fury. menao?a oar Raasia. that Ru* Ma whioh God hta oonfided to oar nare, but beaven forbid that tbia ihould be. Faithful to the example banded down from oar anoeatora, having first invoked the kid of the Omnipotent, we are ready to encounter our rnemtee from whatever aide they may present them reives, and without "paring our own peraon We will know bow indlssolubly united we are to oar holy coun try, to defend the honor of the Raasian name, and tbe Inviolability of oar territory. We are convinced tbat every Roarian. that every one of onr faithful subject*, will respond with joy to the call of bis sovereign Onr sneicnt war ory for onr faith, onr aovereign, and our sountry. will onoa again lead us on in the path of victory and then with aentiments of hamMe praise, as now with feelinga of holy hope, we will all ory with one voice. " Ood ia on oar side " Understand this, ye people, ar.d submit, for God i< on onr side Glvev at St. Peterabnrg. the 14th of March in the year of Graoe 1849, and the 33d of oar reign " A letter in the Schletucher Zeitung of the 23>i lilt , confirms former reports of the concemra:ion of a large nrmy of Russian troops close to he frontiers of Upper and Lower Silesia They :onaiet chiefly of Corsacka and Circassians ? rhe same paper also confirms the rumors cur PBt nf iliatnrKon/t?a in this Rnueian narf Pn. and, especially at Warsaw. Savoy nas declared itBelf a republic. In Switzerland a strict neutrality seems to be limed at, and the levying of troops is discountenanced bythaVorort AJ1 the countries on the right bank of the Rhine have been violently convulsed At Baden, Wurtemberg, and Saxony, liberal governments have been conceded to the people. In Hanover, the triumph of popular feeling has >een complete, and she is now preparing an army :o march in favor of the German side of the quarrel. All Silesia, Breslau, and even Lithuania, ap>ear to be in an alarming state oi convulsion. In Denmark no actual hostilities have yet :aken place in regard to the Duchies which have ieclared independence; but the Dines are pre paring their fleet for offensive and defensive >perations; and as it is in excellent condition, ind would inflict incalculable injury on the Prussian commerce if actual war takes place, there is :orresponding hesitation on both sides as to who ihall strike the first blow. In Belgium, all attempts to overthrow the government, or to create disturbances, have failed. Belgium aad Holland are comparatively traniuil. It is reported that the Turkish government, unler the influence of the Russian Ambassador, ofnaaa tn aplrnnwlp^cr* tViA PrpnnK H#?niihlin The advices from Athens state that the Greek ninistry had resigned. Conduriotti had acsepted the task of forming a new cabinet. In France the wounded in the late revolution, eceived in the jublic hospitals of Paris,was 638, limely, 624 men, 14 women; of these, up to the 19th, have been discharged, cured and convaescant, ?, and 93 died. There now remain 296?246 men and 7 women. The department of the minister of war has seen very busy since the accounts came of the listurbances at Vienna, and it is said that the government has given orders for an army to be issembled on the eastern frontiers of France, to vatch the movements which they expect to folow in Lombardy and the rest of Italy. The 3d instant being the day fixed by the provisional government for the reception of the rish deputation, Mr. Smith O'Brien and the tther members of the confederation, went to the i 'tel, at ha'f-past three, to present their address; hey were received by M. de Lamartine alone Besides the address of the Irish Confederation, iddreases were presented by Mr. R. O'Gorman, rr., from the citizens of Dublin; by Mr. Meagher, rom the repealerB in Manchester; and by Mr. HcDermott, from the members of the Irish Conederation resident in Liverpool. The followng is M. Lamartine's reply CiTiiim of Irbhhd?If we reqalrs a fresh poof of he powerful inflaenoe of the proclamation of the great lemocratio principle, this new Christianity bursting forth at the opportune moment, and dividing the world is formerly In, a psgau and Christian oommunity. we hould ssturedly discern this proof of the omnipotent aotion of an idea, in the visits spontaneously paid in this city to repuhUoan France, and the principles wbieh ani uate her. by the nations, or by fractions of the nations, of Europe. We srs cot astonished to see to-day a d* puUtion from Ireland. Ireland knows how deeply her destinies, her sufferings and her sueoeisfal advances In the path of religion; liberty, of unity, end of constitutional equality, with the other parts ef the United Kingdom, have at all times moved thi heart of Europe. We aid u much a few days ago to another deputation of your fellow cltisena?we aai<l ai muoh to all the children of that gloriona itle of Erin whioh the natural genius of ita inhabitants and the atriklng events of its history, render equally symbolical of the poetry and ha rolim of tha nations of the North. Rest assured, there fore, that yon wlU find in Franoe, under tha republic, a response to all tha sentiments which you express toward* it. Tell your fellow oitisevs that the name of Ireland is synonymous with tha nam of liberty courageously defended *gulnst privilege; that it is one oonmo n name to every French citizen. Tall them that this reciprocity whioh they invoke?that this reciprocity of whioh they are not oblivious?the repnblio will be proud to remember and to practice invariably towards the Irlah. Tell them, above all, that the French repnblio is not, and never will be, an aristooratio republic, in which liberty Is merely abused as the mask of privilege.bat a republic embracing the antira community .and seeming to all tha same rights and the aama benefits As regards other enceuregementa, it would neither be expedient for us to hold them oat, nor for you to reoelve them. I have already expressed the same opinion with reference to Germany. Belgium and Italy; and I repeat it with reference to every nation which is Involved in internal disputes? whioh is either divided against itself, or at variance with its government, where there la a iferenee of rare? where nations we alien in blood?intervention is not allowable. We belong to no party in Ireland or elsswhsre. exoept to that whioh contends for jnstloe. for liberty, and for the happineaaof the Irish people-no other pert would be acceptable to us in a time of peace- In the into rest ana ine paeetoria 01 roreignira. h ratio*li uoiiroua ol reserving baraclf free, for tha maintenance ol tha right* of all. Wa are at peaoo.and wa ara deitroui of remaining on good tmu of equality not with this or that pari of Graat Britain, bat with Great Britain antira. Wa believe tbii paaea lo ha usiful and honorable, not only to Grant Britain and tha French R?public, bnt to tha homan raca. Wa will not commit an a?t, wa will not with a word, we will not breatha an lniinuation at variance witb tha principles af tha raoiprooai inviolability of nationa, whioh wo have proolaimed, and of which the oontinent ef Europe ia already gathering the fruits The fallen monarchy had treatlee and diplomatlata Oar diplomati*U are nationa?onr treaties are sympethlea We should be inaana ware we openly to exchange inch a diplomacy for unmeaning and partial alliance! with even tbe moat legitimate partiea In the oouatrlei which aurround ua. We ara not oompetent either to to judge Ibem or to prefer eome of them to others. By annenteing onr partiaanihlp en the one aide we ihould declare ouraalvaa tbe enemies of the other-wo do not wlah to be the enemlea of eny of your fellow countrymeu wa with; en the contrary, by a faithful nherrvanci of the republican pledgee, te remove all the pr?jadioea which may mutually exist between our neighbora and ouraalvaa. Thi* course, however piin'ul It may be. iimpoeed onus by tha laws of nationa, aa well aa by ou< hlatorial remembranoei. Do yon kacw what it was whioh moat served to Irritate Frane*, and eatrange hei from Krgland during the flrat R public ? it waa the civil war in a portion of oar territory, aupporte 1. subsidised, aid aeel'ted by Mr Titt; It wee l^e encouragement, and the arme given to Frenohmen a* h?rolc ta your?elv?a but Frenchmen fighting against, their fellow-eltlsens , thia wai not honorable warfare ; it wai a royalist propagandom, waged with Fr-noh blood a(alnet. tbe r*public Tbla policy la not yet, in api'e of all oar elforte. entirely effaced from tbe memory of tbe nation ? Thl< eausi of dlstemiaa betwsea Great feltaia and ui wa * 111 never renew by taking any similar coarse Wt Msept Willi graMtudc tha friendaiUf of tbe dlSfreml aattoaalltiaslaeladad la tha-Brltlah ampin. Wa ardently wlah that J oat lea may blad aad trwgtbra the tricadiblp of t?CM ; that equality may baooma more aad aort iu bull; bat, while proclaim tag with yea, with bar, (England,) aad with all, th? holy dogma of fraternity, wa will perform only acta of bro thai hood, la ooaformity to oar feellnga towarda the Iriah nation la consequence of the postponement of the elections, new instructions have been addressed to the commissaries of the departments. The Minister of the Interior recommends the mayors to employ all their solicitude in preparing the lists, in inscribing all the citizens who may appear to them to possess the conditions of electoral capacity. The provisional government has issued a proclamation exhorting the army to observe discipline, and announcing its determination to repress insubordination. Another proclamation exhorts the citizens of Paris not to disturb order by tumults in the streets, which stop business and work. Ever since the resignation of Gen. Subervie, the department of the Minister of War has been vacant, and the duties have been periormed, ad interim, by M. Arago. Hitherto the provisional government has found no one to accept it. Gen. uavaignac, governor uenerai 01 Algeria, nab positively refuted, Gen. Changarnier has also refused the bureau. Lamsrtine has'directed the dismissal of all the English engineers and stokers employed in French steamers. An immense French army of observation is in

the course of being formed on the whole line of the Italian frontier, from the Mediterranean to Switzerland. The CoMtitutionnel publishes a letter dated Toulon the 25:h ult, which states thaUa reinforcement ol 10,000 men is about to be Efcnt to the army in Algeria. * . The streets cf Paris have lately been crowded with deputations of patriotic workmen, going to the Hotel de Ville with their offerings for the benefit of the republic. Remonstrances have been addressed to the provisional government, by the diplomatic agents of Belgium, Prussia and Austria, for allowing ..J D.I.. i. ?-I,- ..ki;. Aici^iauB) uciuiauD auu x uica IU UIBAO pujuu uc" monstrations against their respective governments. M. Lamartine said that ihe French government had no intention of interfering against those governments, but that it could not deprive their subjects, in Paris, of the liberty of freely expressing their sentiments. With respect to the Poles, he is stated to have boldly declared that France felt the greatest sympathy for their cause, and would not be unwilling to aid them to regain their nationality and liberty. According to the National, the provisional government has determined to take possession of the railways, by redeeming all the shares at the price they bore on the 21et of February. The tollowing proclamations and decrees, in sddition to those published is the last European Timet, have been issued by tho provisional government:? The Bank of France authorized to discount bills having the names of two parties only?but on condition oi their being collaterally secured. The banks of Lyons, Rouen, Bordeaux, Nantes, Lisle, Havre, Marseilles, Toulouse and Orleans, to suspend cash payments until further orders. Their collective issues not to exceed a total of 102,000,000 francs. The said banks authorized to issue 100 franc notes, and to receive local bills, which may be passed to them by the national discount banks. A guaranty bank to be established in each town where a national discount bank exists, for the purpose of serving r.s intermediate party between such banks and the traders; the capital of the banks to be raised by joint stock companies, and in no case to be less than 400,000 francs. Each guaranty bank to have attached to it a sort of bonded warehouse for receiving deposits of goods, and on these deposits the bank to supply the additional endorsement required by law for the negotiating of bills through discount banks. A temporary reduction, equal to about 35 per cent, made in the expense ot protesting bilis, registration dues, and the emoluments attached to those documents. The closing of the lists of electors postponed to the 20th April. Commissaries of departments prohibited from adoptmg'any financial or commercial measures without referring them in the first instance to the provisional government. Citizens forming part of the National Guard, to elect their officers and non-commissioned officers during the month of April. The companies of grenadier* and voltigeurs to be suppressed. The woods and forests forming part of the property of the former civil list, to be transferred to the administrator of the State forests. The Minister of Justice to grant papers of naturalization to all foreigners whe can prove by official and authentic documents, their having reresided in France during five years, and that they are worthy, in every respect, of being admitted to enjoy the rights of French citizens. An additional delay of fifteen days was granted for the payment of bills of ezchsnge. Volunteers allowed to enlist in the army for a term of two years. Existing duties on the circulation and retail of wines, spirits and other fermented and spirituous liquors, abolished. A general tax on the consurqption of those articles substituted. Eighty thousand of the recruits enlisted in 1847 to be called into service, and a special council of recruitment to be formed in the principal town of each arondissement. -These men to be called intn native service on the 1st of Mav. An exemption from the conscription laws conferred on the brother of every Frenchman killed or severely wounded during the days of February last. The provisional government having sequestrated the Orleans and Central lines of railway, the directors met and resolved that the shareholders r be convoked?those of the Orleans on the 27th, and those ol the Central on the 2Sth inst ; that the revocation ol the sequestration be demanded of the government as speedily as possible ; that pending the sequestra1 ion, all possible measures be taken by them for the preservation of the rights of shareholders, and of third parties. The statement that M. Thiers had declined the csndidateship for the Assembly was erroneous. 1 T .e provisional government has issued a decree authorizing th collectors, assessors, and commissioners to remit or diminish the contributions of 45 per cent of the year's taxes, in cases where it shall appesr to be individually oppressive. Another decree appoints M. Arago minister ol , with Lieut. Col Scarras, as SecreI tary. M. Arago is to hold, ad interim, the Ministry of Marine. Another decree imposes a tax on all salaries 1 received by funciioaanes of the State, of every | grade. It is reported that M. Garnier Pages is to retirf from the ofiice of Minister of the Finances, nd that he is to be succecded by Michelet Fould, the eminent banker. This u an appointment > wh ch would give great satisfaction to the com, mercial community throughout France I Additional precautions have been taken in 1 France to keep secure the person of Abdel Kv der. It is said, however, that he ia likely to receive more indulgence from the provisional government than from that of Louis Philippe ; it ii also said that he ia to be transferred to the palace , of Pan with his wives and followers. i Paris was quiet, and the last accounts from i l*y?ss anncunos the restoration of truqullllt) Lh. _ . . ... la that city. The ttactions for officers of the national guard have, generally speaking, terminated in favor of the republican candidates. Prince Adam Czartoryeki and other leaders of the last Polish revolution, were at Cologne, on the 26th, on their way to Poland. A violent imeute took place at Madrid on the evening of the 26thj the people and the soldiery i. e .1 _ iwu|ui iu mt onccts 11uhi scvrii iu me cvcuiug until three or four in the morning, and a considerable number were s'ain on both aides. The cause was Baid to be a republican movement, and it was wholly unexpected. Courts martial have heen held on many of the prisoners, but no executions tcok place. Queen Christina was said to have tied. In tho conflict, Escossara, the minister, was shot in the leg, and a Mr. Whitwell,an English engineer, killed. On the the 27th the city was declared in a state ot aiege. Tranquility haa since prevailed, but the provinces are excited to an alarming degree. M. Olezago and M. Escossara have both been arrested by Narvaei. An Insurrection occurred in Madrid on the night ot the 26ih ult. A plan had been formed to overthrow the ministry by means of an insurrectionary movement, of which it whs expected the military would have remained passive spectators. The leaders of the movement having subsequently discovered that the troops were determined to resist, countermanded the orders they had given to the people. The latter, however, who had been wrought up to the highest pitch of excitement, declared that they were betrayed, and that they would fight even without leaders. They accordingly assembled, about 6 o'clock on the afternoon of the 26th, and commenced erecting barricades, which were completed in an incredibly short space of time. The righting commenced at 7 o'clock, and continued without intermission until 3 o'clock, A. M , when the military were successful at all points, and a number of int>urgents were captured,two hundred persons,civilians and military, are said to have been killed, and avast number wounded. An English gentleman named Whitiwell is said to be among the victims.? The Queen Mother quit Madrid during the disturbance. The Madrid Gazette of the 27th ult., contain* two decrees, thefiret suspending the constitution thrnimlinut th#? MnfirA mnnurnliv H*? manding that the insurgents captured during t te preceding night, shall be forthwith tried by Gourt Mdrtirtl The Herald says the loss of the rebels exceeds 150 wounded, and 30 ki'led, although no official data haa vet been published. The prisoners to be tried by the Council or War. are 246. The Council of War has condemned to death two of the prisoners made on the 26th. The Clueen has, however, pardoned them.? Search was made for M. Salamanca, who has eluded the Bearch made for him. The arrest of Messrs Olozaga and Mendizabal, was repotted, but without foundation. In Portugal matters continue tranquil at present. The correspondent of the Morning Chronicle describes an enthusiastic but dignified public reception given to the prince, by the authorities and garrison of Aixla Chapelle. The colonel of the Landwehr was the spokesman. He expressed his pride and the happiness of all at meeting the Polish veteran on Prussian ground. He then embraced the prince in the name of the whole Prussian army. The people of Cologne and the authorities, manifested the greatest delight at the sight of him, and the anthorities placed a guard ot honor at his hotel. He issued an address, claiming Poland to be free, unprivileged and democratic, and departed for Poseo. The same writer says, that in the journey by the railway, processions to the churches were noticed in all parts of the country. The whole of the persons employed on the raiiway were armed with swords and muskets. In England and Ireland the greatest excitement exists. Lord John Russell repeated, in the House of Commons on Monday last, his previous declaration, that the whole weight ot the government should be applied to the maintenance of order, and to put down disaffection and rebellion. At the same time his lordship expressed the sincere desire of both his colleagues and Lord Clarendon especially, to listen to complaiuts, and to apply a remedy or an alleviation to any distresses or evils which exist. The accounts from Ireland are more menacing than ever. The students in Trinity College are arming in defence of the government, and the members of the Royal Dublin Society are following their example. Additional troops have arrived from England. Tne repealers in the city are equally energetic, and are warmly supported throughout the provinces. At a meeting held in Kilkenny, four delegates had been appointed to the council of 300, admittedly in defiance of the law. The M?yor and three magistrates are the delegates chosen. It was recommended at this meeting that the council should assemble at Liverpool, in order to keep within the limits prescribed by the Convention Act. It was expected that Dublin would be placed under the operation of the recent arms act, and that the vast quantities ot pikes and arms which are being so extensively purchased, will be re quired to oe given up The provinces, especially in the south of Ireland, appear to emulate Dublin in the violence of the threats and intimidations used by the repeal puty and the press ; and, indeed, it is openly declared by many of the journals, that a repeal ot the union will no longer suffice to satisfy their alleged grievances, but that the erection of a rerubtic can now alone remedy the evils under which the country groans. It will be seen t?y the judicious reply of M. Lamartine to the deputation of the Irish to the French republic, that he is not disposed at present to run the risk ol a rupture with Great Britain. The great demonstration of the chartixts, which wss to come off* in London on the lOih inst., has been torbidden by the English government. All the arrangements for the procession were going on satisfactorily?the carriage for conveying the petition and the banners, insignia, &c., decided on, when Sir V. Grey announced to Parliament on the 6th inst., the determination of government not to allow either the assemblage or procession to take place. A proclamation appeared in a few hourp, forbidding all persons to attend the meeting. The course pursued by the government has not only increased the former general excitement, but called forth the remonstrances of even that section of the press hostile to chartism. The ef feet produced on the chartists themselves, has been os might have been anticipated? determination to carry out their object with more ardor than before. At the first meeting of the convention held after the issuing of the proclamation, an unanimous resolution was come to, that the meeting und procession should take place, despite the threats < f the government. Every delegate present firmly and coolly declared his determination to risk his 1 le in the contemplated demonstration, and a general belief was expressed that th> ir constituent* would emulate the example thus set them, by holding simultaneous meetings in their several localities. On the same day, resolutions calling those meetings, and for the issuing of a counter Creclamation, were at once agreed to. The memers in the procession are not to carry arms Mr. O'Connor made a suggestion to the meeting, 1 which possessed some significance at the present time. It was that they should recommend to their constituents the withdrawal of all moneys from the savings banks, in order as much as possible to derange the financial operations ol government, us the gross sxm invested in these institutions amounts to ?35.000.000. and belooBt almost entirely to the middle and lower classes, of whom a large proportion are Chartists. There > is little doubt, to use Mr O'Connor's own words, that il the people would withdraw their saving from these bunks, they would more effectually attack the government than if they made a direci attick on the Horse Guurds.^ The government has seemingly determined or bringing matters to an issue, and large bodies ol cavalry, infantry and artillery have been dralted iuto the metropolis, so that it is computed thai i the force in the city cannot be less than 10,00C men. The Europtan Timts says it is not possible tc conjecture how this matter may terminate; bui our earnest hope is that the people may havt | prudence enough to keep out of evil, aud th? minis ry sufficient good sense to concede to tn? ' people all reforms which may be compatibi? ' with the onward march of the times, and wilt the spirit of the British constitution Intellifeuc from Iudm wuh dates from C, 1 cutta to the 221 i.f F> bruary. Mad hs to the 24'h anH Bombay to the 2.1 March Naval preparations were goieg forward in anticipation of an outbreak with China and for the luture large lri?-iten would be sta tinned in the Chinese waters This force wouu no doubt suffice to aeepthe Cliia^se in check, i Our commercial advices describe the lament able state of credit and oomrneroe at Calcutta which the news ol the convuleien in Earojve > when it arrives in ia<U?. can scarcely f$il to in t or ease . At Alexandria, ih? report of the disturbances in Europe and the failure of the French bankers, hod paralyz-d trade and caused itreat distress. The position of the Uqion Bank at Calcutta, and of the shareholders, appears moat distressing. The steamer Victoria arrived at Surz on the 19ih, with ihe Bomb-ty mail of the 2!ult. The latrst advic-s from China declared that Keying profes-ed great anxiety for ih- maintenunce of peace. Markets. LiTCRrooL, Aoril 8 ib4S?13 M ? Corn. Ico ? Best Weitern C?n?l Floor. 25a h 37 j per bbl ; Richmond and Alexandria. 93s 38? 6 I; rhila. and Bait'*. 36* a 38? 04 ; N. Orleans and Ohio. 36a 38? Wheat?U. 8. white and nixed 7s a 7s lOd par 70lbe: red, 8s 3d a 7( Indian Corn, 33a a 30* per qr. Meal. lOi alls per bbl. Oats, 2i a 3*64 p?r 451 he Oatmeal, 31s a 2i.b 1 per bbl. Barley. 3* a 3s 8d pr flltlbs Rye, 3s a 3?8d prSOibs. Pea* 3>b35* prA04tbs. This market has further aeriooaly doclined within the last fortnight. The depression is peculiarly felt in Indian oorn, the demand being, bo^i for home u?e and exportation, exceedingly languid, sad there 1s little immediate hop* of activity. The metropolitan market is equally dull, tha latest aoorunts being exoeedingly discouraging United States Canadian scar is quoted at 33s a 28s 0d par bbl Liraaroot Cotton Marrkt, Aorll 8.?Uplands? ordinary, 3S a SXd par lh; fair, 4^d; good. a 6d; Mobile, ordlnsry, 3X to 8*<d; fair. 4\\ grod, 4J, t Sea island, ordinary to middling, 7 a 9d; fair, 11 a lid; fine, is a I8d; do stained, 4 a 7d. This market has shown tolerable firmness for the last few day*, bat with a farther decline of >fd per lb The sales for the week ending the 31st alt, we re 24 670 bales, and for that ending last evening. 30.780; of the latter. 3 630 b?l?? were upland at 3^ a 4Ji\ 8330 Orleans at 3\ a 3300 Alabama and Mobile at 3^ a 4>tf; and 380 Sea I aland at 7 a 10 The stock in port now amounts to about 336 000 bales, of wbloh 178.000 are American. In the Manchester market, operations are eondnoted on the most limited seals, continental orders being wholly suspended, and those to the East Indies and China bring unpresedentedly low. ramngeri ptr Bttamtr Acaai?. for halifax Ming Lnichsnn, Rot Al'x Maekey, Mi** Morbeck, Jamrs Morrill 5c '4 ohildren, Captala Hare, Mr Goodilok, Mr. R C Ferguson, J W Cra'g. FOR ROiTON. Mr. ud Mr* Bridel, Mr. L Charnon, Mr and Mr* Foy, Mr J L B*rcl*y, Mr. HerbraUt, Mr. C. I) Roy. Capt Priehard, W. T. MeKinstry, Mr. French. Mr Sutirnu. Mr MeTaviah, Mr Petrd, Mr. Martinean, J B Brngere, Mr. Esoandon and friend, Mr. Weston, C. Canpbell, Mr Hey, Mr. Sutherland, A Lrveegna, Dr Dlekaoa, Mr Gravel, Mr. Noad. Jaraea Lodge, John Sterling, Lewi* Lay, Mr Rosaell, P L Bogart, 8. Brown. Mr Thnmpeon, J. T Knight, Gilbert Heron, C. Teter, A'e*. Eving, John Aiken, Lnneden Clementon, From Halifax G H. Dunacomb, T Walker, Mlu Clark, Jamee Rose, Mr McK?nai? and aon, Mr. Hasting*, T. Fra?er, Jr. Mr. Browning, R. J Floaaer, J Smith, 8. P. Rom, Dr. nartnett. .,A-. D B. Flcaser, _ SHIPPING INTBLLIOUmE. Off Torbar. April S, UkUnd, Maya. NOrMni for Bremen. Off th? Start. 1st, Elizabeth, NYi r1 for Antwerp. At Liverpool, Fidelia, Yeaton. NToik. Sid 6th, Atlantic, Rose, do. Wafrrford, Apr S-Sld Nanev, Power, N York. Havre. Apr 4?Ait Bavaria. Anthony. N York. Deal. Apr J?Art Echo, Neilion. Antwerp, and aid for New York- Victoria. Worthington. from Antwerp for NYork wm in contact off Dover to-dav. with the Horatio, Parker, for Quebec: t.oih rexels inatained damage, aed hav* pat back. Off Najrnabe lit. Aatoleon. Cobb. NYmk for Rotterdam. 8ld fm Warren PoirHlh Altato.Carr. NYork Arr at Trieate Meh 17, * mma Thareaa. Lo entx, NYork. Rid fm KocheUe 23th. Union, P?*'e, NYork. Bid fm Berdeonx Xtth, L'Aigle Lavelle NYork. Arr at Helvoet SUt. Superior, Dsllen. NYork Arr at Gibraltar liih, Sarah It Axailia, Butman, MarieilUi, and eld f??r NYoik. Arr at Portamoath, Apr 1, Mediator, Stark, London.and aid for N York. Belfaat. Anr 4?Conatitatioa, Neill, NYork Sid March SI, Standard. Ritchie, do. Bid fm Cardiff Mch 31. Elita, Jonea. NYork. Clyde, Apr 1?Mirr Mnreham, Daggett. NYork. Sldfin Drrghedn Mch SO, Warrior, Theman. NYork. Arr at Hamburg 30th. Franklin Kolrfi. NYork. Arr at Liabon *)th Herachel. Meant NYork. Sid fm Sanaor. Feb 16, American, Haikell, and Aqaetnet, Gardner, NYork. Tramsury Statistics Washington, April 23, 1?48. The receipts of the customs tor the fiscal year were estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury to amount to $31,000,000, a pum which will certainly be realizfd, hs $28,000,000 have already been cpllected, and ther? yet remains two and one-third months of the fiscal year. The amount estimated to accrue irom sole* of public lands during the same period was 93,300.000. of whicii 92,760,000 have Keen collected, mid large Miami sates coming off' before the expiration of the year. Fur tiler from Mexico. Washington, April 23,1M8. A letter was received this morning dated Mexico, 4th inBt , which states that the prospect of ?eac? w very uncertain. The writer is an intelgent gentleman, who has hitherto been sanguine of peace, but now considers the ratification of the treaty extremely doubtful. From the South. P*txk?bugh, Va., April 23, 1848. An,express has arrived from New Orleans, bringing dates to the 17'h inst. Maifcati, New Oblears, April 1?.?Cotton-Sales were made of 9,000 bales, bat prices had declined X cent. Bugae drooping. Molasses l?X a 20)i. Floor?St. Louts $4 M, and markot dull. Exohangts ars nominal. Frsights?Nothing dolog. Shipping Intalllganca, N?w Oblbaki, April 17?Cld bars Mary Boughton, for Boston. Thk Slavx Adduction Excitexint.?We itw?ci uvaiu ui a muic uuKa^cuus or auaacious violation of constitutional and personal right*, than that perpetrated by a gang of abolitioniata and kidnappers in Washington, D. C.,a few days since. It seems from the published accounts of the disgraceful and high-handed affair, that a captain of a sloop, belonging to New Jersey, was employed to entice away from their homea a large party of negroes, male and female, the property of our fellow-citizens in Washington, and to convey them to some northern and free State, from whence it was supposed they wonld be easily tran^orted to Canada. Happily, however, the villany did not succeed, and the whole party, the eapt&in and his crew, his cargo of negroes, and the vessel itself, wf re captured and taken back to the place from which they started, and are now aafely and securely lodged in jail. There can be but one opinion entertained of this daring and high-handed outrage ; and we hope the partiea engaged in it, and their aidera, ; abettors, and employers, if they can be arreated, will be made to suffer the penalty which they > so justly marit. A pretty state of thinga has come to paaa, truly, if a set of brainless oneidea fanatics in the North are to be permitted to endanger the pence and comfort of our fellow| citizens, in defiance of the constitution and ! meir own laws, wiui impunity?mat .xorinern vessels cannot visit the South without being employed to carry away our neighbors' property.' We trust that an example will be made of all ( concerned in this proceeding, and a penalty in' Ihcted such as will act as a terror to all who may ' be inclined to act a similar part hereafter. It , is such fanatics us these that hive succeeded in I producing ill feelings between the North and the South, by their violent and unlawful proceedings, ' conducted for the pstudo philanthropic purpose i of befriending the slave, but for their own selfish and traitorous ends?the same men who f agitate the subject for no other purpose than a t selfish one, and who, if they themselves were slaveowners, would be the most cruel and dell praved of taskmasters. By the terms of the federal compact, the South t ern States can manage their owi domestic af' fairs as they please. If they choosa to continue slavery, they can do so ; and it is impudence and t impertinence to interfere wiih their choice. s They have a perfect right, too, to mak^ laws for ' the protection of their slave property ; and , when thoas laws are violated, and ttic violators i arr< sted, we trust the fullest penalty will be inflicted Let them make a few examples in this way, and their moral effect will keep these fanatics at home, in the Northern States, wtirrs I their ravings excite only ridicule. ? j Thk Canal ?Tbr Rochtiltr Democrat of' Frid*yeey?: rhrm h u bt?'i mltl v?nt Wt into tfen _ esnal, In this section, to float the boati; oni the fl.?t which has beea moored hue during the winter, is new i mot log to its different quarters The boatmen are bu?y ? t? br nhirg them up, and making preparations for the active namyatfn of nu? btutaees wU|?h la before I

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