Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 26, 1848 Page 1
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p - ? TH * Wbol? No. M 80. THE COLlM'Jl.l MUNTY COUVfiNTiON. j The Latest Speech of John Yau Bureo. A New Expose of the Poliey of the Van Buren Democracy. Citt or Hudson, April '23,18H A onuuty C0HT?U)H ot tUo itaaortti of Columbia osunty waa held in this oity. o 1 Friday, the 41st Inat. The objaat for which it was called m offloially declared to ba the more tfftotual organization of the d?mocratlo party in thia county ; tad it w?s also aunounord tbut measure* would, if poatib'.e, ba derided to oompromiae tbe diffloulties between the two aectiona of thia great party. It w*a certainly ft meeting of the utmoat importance, and tbe prooeedinga aeem to have been oonduoted with some privacy. Some of the leading men of both aeetijps were preaent, and among them I observed the Hon. John Van Buren? alwaya the ohlef of the Van Buren democracy and the genlua of American polltics. Thia handaome young gentleman la ftlso ft sort of leader of American faahlona ; he la, in faot, one of the moat pollahed and blue young men of the ftge ; he ia idcliiad by ftll tbe beantifnl women and envi?d by ftll the young men of taate ftnd talent. Mr. Vftn Buren appears to ba a D'Oraay In the world of fun and faahion, and a Cromwell la the political world; he 1a also great i? htll* lettru and in philoaophy and poetry . Fortunately he ia ft widower with only one ohild ; a little girl, beantifnl, ftnd gentle, and preeooious. When I heard that it waa the design of Mr. Van Buren to attend thia convention, as the representative of the proviso acotion of the demooracy of New York, I conceived It to be highly jndlclona and propsr that 1 alao should ba priaent at ft kind of representative (and aa it prorod the only one) of tba American preee. I, therefore, aet cff from the oapltal and ftrrived at Hndaon in time to witnesa the moat cnrtona and most Important movementa In this convention. It waa ft body oompoaed of fine looking agriculturists and retired merohanta, and profea?lonal politicians, whom we are generally ftble to detect by the cut of their wftiatcoata. I pus over the organication of the convention, which was accomplished with' due regard to parliamentary firm*, and 1 oome immediately to the speech of Mr. John Van Buren, which was delivered at the olese ot the proceedicgi, and after the adoption of a series of resolution*. Mr. Van Buren, at the call ef the convention, roee from his seat and Assumed a position In front of the auditnoe. His manner was, as it always Is, extremely fascinating and n'gligi ; there is nothing forctd in his attitudes ; he stands wttn ease; and when he has stood up to speak to a premlsonous umdienoe of lovely women, with thsir brothers and fathers and husbands at their side. I have seen his blue ryes twinkle with the moat provoking effrontery and oompiacenoy. Dsforesuoh an audieaoe. as before all audienoes, be is perfectly at ease and perfectly oenfldent. What then would he have been at Waterloo? Nothing But a Ney. Having shaken himself very gently, adjusted hit neokoloth and ascertained that his pocket handkerchief was in his pooket, he tbed delivered himself of a thunder storm of polltios, wit and eloquence. Ths Bpetch. Mr. Var Buati* saidMr. President? Allow me to return thanks to you ond to the Convention over which you preelde for the honor vbleh they have done me In inviting me to address them. It may not be unknown to you tbat I have repeatedly refused similar invitations,oomlog from different portions of the State, ana that it is with extreme rrluctanoe that in this season of political excitement end division amongst those who have heretofore been my personal and political friends, I ever find myself compelled to tnke the prominent poeition which a discussion ot their differences necessarily requires one to oocupy. But I could not allow these or any other considerations to compel me to refusa an invitation coming from my t.lends and connexions, asking ne to be present at th?ir meeting of consultation and conference, at the place of my birth, and atald the scenes of my childhood It seemed to me, almost a stranger la the cty of my new residence, as an invitation to return Dome. aua 13 paruoipate witn my earliest and waroiest frleuds la tin atruggl* bo* m ever reging In btn .lt of the principle* of civil ?n<t religious IreeJom Hg.iast privilege anj potver Such an appeal I was ulr.o j to resist Ob my arrival here, I ru informed that cn luiity dicoumion would probably arieein ctits cod veu tlon and it* deliberations ft# maraud by dlvUlon and imparity. 1 was apprised that something like* gem-rat delira exUted 10 postpone this convention ; and I w.i* requested either to asecat to such postponement, or toVlUiffs ih? oemenvion upon subjects in regard to whlob thara was -diTUion, and thua avoid all occasion of excite mast or 4iH<r?noa. To the former alternative I ne? -uttH* I etatod to the gentlemen who called upon me, that ? far from desiring to addreas thia convention. I ileeiied to avoid doing no ; that I did not propose to take any pari in tha vsilberatious of the body ; that I should in no event addreie tham until after the paaaage of anoh reaoldtMna a* tney ohoee to adopt ; and that 1 would cheerfully and gladly acquiesce in the lmmeuiate adjournment of the eonvantlon nine die [Horn J But I likewise stated, that In cut it was not the ple-sure of the convention to adjourn, and it wai their desire that 1 ahould (peak, it would become my duty to advqrt to those subjects whioh are now chiefly sgitatibft tbe pubiio mind, an>t the omission oi an allusion to wbicb seemed to oie like the p-rformat)0? of tha piay of Hamlet, with tha part of Hemiet omitted, by partioular request. In accordance wltb tbes? viawa. I have j altogether forborne taking any part la the discussions which hi?ve arisen here, and b.ve waited until the adalni'j.f resolutions reported by your committee have been n^pt'd, before aduiersing you It gratifies rae exceedingly to find, after the fall expoaitions made by Mr. McCletisn, in opposition to the resolutions? l)r John 1' lirekuiao, in favor of th?m--ttiat this numerous atd highly respeotable aeseratiUge of democrats has adopted th? s? resolu inns with but one diesentlag voioe, ( vir McUellan) I shall, therefore, in making te you, in my own plain way, some remarks confirming the propriety of yonr aonon. derive great satisfaction from the refl^ouon that so far as the vole just taken indicates these is bat otio democrat in the oounty of Columbia wuo U prepared here to deny the truth ot the positions npcn wiiiontbe demociaoy of Columbia county, assembled in ma-s convention, havo so firmly planted thems-iv-s. Th.se pofitlonsare, first, that tbe recent eon ventiou at Utioa, Is the true an! regular democratic S ;jts convention; second, that the Albany convention, a'id the electoral ticket which it put la nomination are irregular m J spurious; third, that the democracy of Coluinula are utqualifledly opposed to the extonslou of suv.ryto territories where It doe* not now exist. Ail th*in qur?tiou? have bean foroed upon the democracy of tuia State for deoislon; tb*y nsittier can bs evaded or pis.pbnta In regard to the first proportion, I cannot mure brnfly or mote intelligibly itate to yoa the groundnut regularity uj,ou which the Uiica convention frts, thau is din* luthe addret* adopted by that body ft m which I beg leave to read a* extract: ? ' TtiU ooL.veu.ion was called by anoint caucus of the dem icratln member* of the Menace and Assembly, for tha l>uip < of determining how delegate* should be aalsoted to reprcfi?nt the decooracy oi th s Stat* in the next nati xiii convention to nominnte candidate* to b*supported ty tb democracy of the Union for the offices of FreaiCent acd Vice President; and power was given to thi* convention, in case it determined that such delegate* e cuid be chosen by a State convention, to ohooae such d'lei.-nt-a The authority under which we are actiog is. ttiuu.one which jou will readily recoguiee as yonr legitimate and tims honored agency. ''No reguUr democratic delegated State convention ever a'*"inbled in this State under any other authority Prior tn the year lti'30, democratic nomination* for the Htate at Urge were luade by legislative oauou*es; in thaee.the countir* In which the democrat* wore in a minority w-re unrepresented, and improper influences were often htougtit to bear to control seUotios* made by those who thns mingled legislative sobsm** with partv nominations, d ?Uo*? Inng nbaeuce from their constituents had cxp-a-d tbem to ill* drfOiim- of forgetting or aiisrepreeentit>H ih?ir wishes. To obviate tueia tlifliouUie*. and et tlir Minn time to aeourc the co-operation of democratic iu>m''MS ot th? legislature, who were chosen by their filenda wt th?ir representative, by reason of their inte grlty f'd abili y. end who noted uader the reapon'iblll y of an official position thui acquired, it waa deemed wise, with the general concurrence of tba party, that State nom! nation a, fubaequant to the year alluded to, should be m ?do by convention*, composed of delegate* from over) coun'y ill 11>Statu; bat that suoh convention* should t>e < ailed by the democratic member* ot the leitinltlure lu pursuance of tiiia determination, nomination* were flrat hi- d<? iu by a State convention convened iu tin* nanner, with the universal aaacnt of lh? party; and the usage then established hm been adhered to an varylngly 'o the prraent day. Yott will readily remember that every State cflleor, and every prudential elector wbooj you have ev?r supported fine* 1838, except tbe electors choren by diltriete la IMS, waa put In nomination in tbi* mode The eleotora of President and VinePresident in thia State, prior to tha election of 1824, wore chosen by the ienleUture. They war* subsequently chov u ly the people, ill o n* e<*ionai district-. A ninglu election, uowfver, (tnat ol Itrtt) ssrved to sfto? how entirely the power ot New York in a Presidential contest miiht be proalrated hy till* mode of ohomlng Presidential elector*. Under it, Andrew Jackson obtained i wenty electoral vote*, aad John Qtuncy A<lam* sixteen-the olTeotlve pc wor of tha State thus amounting to four votes, ana oiily equalling that of Khode Island ' In l-Mft. tbe *yst?m w ?*. therf f jr* ,aS?n loned, and,the *ystsm tf rliooeintf PreaiJeutial oiac'oi* ny g-neral tlcK?r, a I' pied almott unanimously by the |e?ie <?*ure It is hoiioiable to t: e oiiisi-br ot thia itute, of both political p ?rti'?, tb.it they united lu th a meaaure, end auflnred no hnpe of r?tty or t?mptra>y advantage to utand in the way of thair no Me dei< rml? auon to preserve on broken the comoandiog influence of New York? W'oilst the elec.tota were oho eu by districts, tbey were nominated bv district convaotioua; but, ever since they have l>een chosan by the Htate at large, thay have uniformly b, en nominated by a State convention, and by the same State convention whloh nominated the rirmror.itlc candidates for Uovarnor and Lieotenant Governor, to be aupportad at tha aama election. The dalegatea u tba national nominating oonventlon, howavar I mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmemmrn E NE' NEW hn? i lwaye been selected bf h State convention, called by the democratic members ef the Legislature for the single and expres< purpose (with two i-xnaptiuus, to which w? ibsll allude) of chooelng *ncb delegate*. Prior to 1S3-2, iu? iteuncr?iio candidate* fur tbe offl ;e of President and Vice President were sel*cted by a oonpreftiionai oaucus The first national convention for the purpose atiaem'jled in ld3j It nominated Andrew Jackson for President and Martin Van Upren (or Vice Prcaident It oon?isted of delegate* chosen by tbe democracy of eaoh state lo conformity to it* own magee, who gave in the contention a vote equal ia numbnr t'? the electoral vote of each State. Some Statea?Virginia, for initatica?sent one hundred or more delegate* 10 give twenty-lour votes; the like waa true of other*? I'htae delegate* ware aaleoted by a State convention ataembied at Albany, and called by the demoaratio member! of the donate and Assembly The mode cf (electing theae delegates, then established, hai bean pursued uninterruptedly till now. Martin Van Buren waa thus nominated for Preaident in 1X36, and agaio in 184#, and Jaotie* K. Polk In 1844 So tirmly was this modeot ealliug State convention* established as earlv as 1332. that -Albany Jirgui, a newspaper of position and Influence at that time in the republican party, In alludiog to tbe adjourned caucus of the republican members of the legislature, held on the 19th April, 1U8J, by wbioh a State convention at Herkimer had bean colled, and tbe demooratio address and resolution* adopted, said. " 'The customary recommendation of aJUtatecouTtniion Tor the nomination ol the republican candidate* for Oivcraor and Lieut. Governor, and elector* of Preaident and Vice President, U in accordance with an ettabluhad and salutary mage, aud will tecelTe the univeraal and cordial acquiticeuce of all the imcere fueudi of the national and State administration*. Ai the deliberation! ol the Herkimrr convention, from fie variou* candidate! for high and re*pon?ible atations which it will be repaired to present for the autfraitei if the elector*, will he retarded wita gieat interest, *o auy attempt* to fore tall the proceeding*, or br partial moveraeut* to iuirrrnut the regular action of the republican Usagts, will assuredly defeat tbemselves. and bring odium upon tneira thors.' ' We have fated that convf nilooshuve been heretofore called for the express purpose, with two exceptions, of ohoosing delegates to tba national convention. The exceptions to which wo allude, are the present oonvention and that ol the year 1S43. The nomination for the Presidency, in the year 1844, excited intense interest. It was known that the State of New York presented a cUlzsn of her own as a candidate, and the controlling influence of bar delegation in a national convention was dreaded by the friends of the other candidates. A vigorous effort was maJe to persuade the democracy of New York to depart from their settled usage, and to seleot their delegates to a national oonventloo by allowing each congressional district to send one representative To take the sense f the dtmocrntio party in regard to this question, the republican members of the legislature, in April, 1B43, eailed a State convention, to assemble in September, 1843, with power to ohoose delegates to a national convention, or te determine the manner in whioti they should be chosen. It was wise and magnanimous thus t* refer this question to the democracy of the State, and to allow abundant time between the cull of the oonvontion and its assembling to discuss it. The convention assembled, and daolared by rote or 103 to 19 in favor of the Siat? syetem. "In Ootober, 1848, a Stat* convention assembled under the oall of th? demooratio member* of the Legislature, and nominated Silas Wrifht for Govarnor, Additon Gardiner for Lieut. Governor, and otiler officers; they also appointed a Stat* esntral committee to serve for two years, and until anotder should be chosen. In tb* sprit g of 1847, a Stat* ooovention was oallad and h*ld in lite manner, for tb* nomination of judloial officers; and another in Ootober, 1847, to nominate candidates for tbe \arloua Stat* tftloea to b* filled at the ensuing November eleotlon. These war* a Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller, Secretary of Stat*, Attorney General, Treasurer, Stat* Englnaer and Surveyor, three State Prison Inspectors, and three Canal Commissioners A warm and aotiv* oanvaes took plaoe for aaata in this last convention. But so far as w* have baen able to iaarn, no oomplaint was then or *v*r mad* of the conduct of tbe Stat* central committee, appointed in 184S, for the ensuiog two years, nor was a suggestion made that the oonvcntlon should, in any way, lutetlere with the question of tne presidency ot th* United States. Th* putlio expectation, so tar as we know it, awaited at tne hand* of tbo convention an avoirai of democratic pritciples, and a nomination of oandiilates who should be the ho neat ofeolo* of th* democrats party tor th* variuui Stat* offioes wa have named. How lar their wishes in thai* respects wer* mat, we do not now stop to inquire; but of thoir action uj<on subjects not confided t j them, u beoome* our imperative duty to speak. Without autho ley, aud wi.hout oomplaint, they lemoved the State central commiue*, waos* term was unexpired, and appointed another in its stead. To th* entire surprise oi those whom they olaimed to represent, they domed the usurping atat* committr* with authority to call State conventions; an authority which, as we nave air-auy seen, ha4 been invested in tbe democratic member* of th* Legislature for mora than twenty years, una ever sine* the exmtenoe or the Stat* conventions, ana never in a oumouttee ; and they assumed to reoouimend the different congressional districts to senJ il*le lates to a national convention, and to depnve the uiembers of th* legulaiure cf th* power to call ? Stale convention for ibi* purpose, wiihout. so fa s* we Know, in? augment miiaaiiuu irnm tneir constituents that a change in tuis respect was desired or expect ed, una lo dettjoce of the wull-oouatdured aod mature, an<t almeal unanimous ik-oUlon or a recent ?taie ood vention cn this very point, oalled and assembled tor the >xpr?M purpeae of cetarmining ic. Conduct bo unwarrantable produced ita uaiural lruita. ilia re publican* of the H.ate were aroused by usurpations bo glaring, and violations cf their wishes ao unqualified. A mast convention oi democrats aaaembled at rierkimer on tbeStfth Ootocer, 1847, and alter deoiaiing tlie view? ot tboia who composed it lu regard to great questions 01 piinoipie, it repudiated tlie action ol the Syracuse convention, declared ita piooeedlnga not binding on the democratic pauy, and called a a.ate ceiivention to as aeinbte at Meikimer, on the "11 a February, 18ia, to ohooae tbirty aix delegates to repraaent tbe democrat)} ol tu? Hiate m the national nomiualiug convention W? do sot atop to diacuaatua propuety of me aotiou of tke H.ikiiner convention; but it la juat lo tuuae who participated in it, to elate that actlou oorrec'.ly. 'it waa a maas HMU age oi democrats, not adelegated convention It avowed priuciplea dear to the democratic party?it nominated no ticket for tbe support of eleotor? ?it imposed uo dltqualiiying teats, and tbe only step wuieh it took, touching party orgtuiiuion waa tbe call for a State convention to wbich we have adverted. '1 he eleotijti followed, and the democrat.o party Wcra overwhelmed in a defeat tar more dliaatroas than they had evar beforu met. ttuoh was tbe state oi things when the Legislature assembled in November, lt*47 ua the lsih of tbat month a cacua of the deinocratio membera wna convened under the call of the Joint caucus committee Thirteen Senators and tbirtj-nine membera of Ataambly, comprising neatly the entire body of democratic, members of both hou?ea anawered to their nanu s. Tbe difficuitiea in the democratio party ware freely and kindly canvarseiat itiie oauona. On the one hand, it wm claimed tbat tbe Herkimer oall tor the State Convention wus proper and sufficient. On tha other, that tbe change id * in* mode of cbooeiug uelegatts proposed at Syracuia would be adoptei by the Congioasiunal districts, and tbat no aotion ought to be taken by tbe caueus Tfie diacraat and prudent demoorata, howtver, who were membera of | the Legisliituie, ehoae to lake acounie, whiob it waa auppoaea would oo..cuiate all interests and disarm all oppoaition. i'hey iollowed tne preoedant ol 1H43, and by an almost unanimous vote called thn piesent convention. Inatead of calling a convention fthtnlllfAlv tn phnfMA rlalacrat^a rn.ua tli.tln mt llnroima. or determining absolutely that tliej should ba chosen by Congressional districts, aa ?w iou? ut Syracuse, tLay call-a this convention to choute del<U\tej to tlie national convention, or to determlue how they ahouid l>o chosen They wiaaljr judged that II tbe Syracuse Convention tiad faitulully rafleoied the popular will, a ia?jority or dale gatea to thU convention would determine in favor of the dlttilct ayatem; il, on the other band, < m?j aiity of the democrata in the State desired to adhere to lUe lortn-r pmc.ioe, a majority of tbla cenvantioo wonld to decide and that In aimer tventi. every aeotlon uud Interest In tbe drmooratlo party that honeatly Intended to ba gov trued by the oardlnal principle ot submission to the will ot a mrjorily, tairiy and conatitutionaljy expressed, having onoaan opportunity t? be^heard, would quietly ac| lieece in the piopoecd arbitrament. A motion to substitute tbe time and place named in tbe lieikimer eall ?aa itjected by the oauoua. The convention waa e ailed at au early day, 10 that abuudant time might r<mam bslore the aasembllLg of tba national convention 10 cnoose deli galea to It by Uiatliots, il tile ooiiveatlon ahould diciJem lavir ol that mode. An adjournal oaucua equally lull, aaaembled under the oall of the committee, aa puoiiahed in the ?irgui on the 13.h ol December folio*lug; an effort w?? inane at triiacauou* to rvaoiud the oall previously made lor this convention, wuicb failed by an almost uuanimoua vote, uud the ngmar addtena ani reioiutloua repor'ed by tbe committee appointed for tbat pur|>oae at the pi? 10u# caucus, ware adopted after a warm dlaeuMion, by a Tote ot twenly-nlne to seventeen. lhe address auU reaoluiioiia were afterwards signed by a in jorlty of the democratic xnembera of the Senate and Aenemoly, and pntiliahed. ' Tbe present 1'glsl.iture asaerobWd at Albany oa tbe lirat Monday ol January laat, and ha no action naa beeu taken by the democratic members in regard to this aub ject, it ia lair to iufar that they approved of the oondui t of their prsdecessors. The oall ot thu conveution waa acquiesced lu by tboae who adtocaied tbe Herkimer convection of tne 2J4, and that convention has lieou lortnally and publicly abandoned. We have, therefore, every reaaou to believe, and dj believe, know, and drolare, that tbla convention, oailed iu pursuance oi eetabllahed usage, with a view to conciliation and consultation, trniy represent* no asetion, clique, or peiaoaai interest, but the maaa ol prudent, impartial, intelligent and diaiutereated democrats of New Vork. We hive be-n thus particular in recalling to your attention tbe uaages ot the democratic ) arty, ncd thus minute in explaining the autbunty under whiob we act, because we can conceive ot no audacity more shameless, or counterteiilng more base, than that of those wbo would, without warrant, and seif-conetliuted, assume to tptak to or tor j oti, as your f pi eaentatl rea 1 > .jMinoe the adjournment of that convention a majority ci in.' a -n o. i .i", tueinaera ?V eaeh l> a ich ul lb? pre?i'Ut hie,l in joint ln^nlaiiTx tana* bar* eo<ior?ed the i>roct-edto?t of to* Uuca oonvouiicn, and h??? o?ll?<l a convention to lie h-Ul at U.iea on the 13 th ot H*i>t?mb?r uext. to noml.iit* an KI<otu rat ticket, a Governor and Lieatenant (Joveinur. and micb otber 8tan? c>Oo*ra a* art to b? elected nest tall I'br proei-avJiDKi of the Utlca convention, tberelore, are in conformity to the eatebliehed naigee of tb* democra tic patty; thay determined, aa they war* authorised to do, oy a vote of hundred and thirteen to Ova, la lavor of chootlaR delegatea to th* national contention by a mate oonventlon, and not by Congreaalonal diatriota; thay eboaa, aa they were authoriied to do, thirty lis delegate to the national oonventlon, and in conformity to the Invariable uaage of i i W YO J YORK, WEDNESDAY tho party, they Hef?rr?d the nomina'inn of Presidenfill o'ectors to the f?'l oonventi>o. b' >r mora than a month ?fior the Utioa conventlon was called the apurioai oeutrel committee appo nted by tho remcant of the Sjrain<? convention omntod t> sot; noon ?i it beo?me manifest that the dsmocratio electors?to whom both partis* in th? Laglslaure had agreed to submit tba deoiaion of the question haw deieg?tos to the national oonieutlun should be oaosen?wonld determine by a vast majority in laTor of the State system, the Syracuse committee called a convention at Albany ostensibly to perfeoi their oigan'zation; lLat convention am "tabled aad were induced, to the surprise 01 their friend*, aod even to tho umsxe*aent of ut?mselvea, to override and absorb the entire local town and dtatiiot organization* of the party, and to put in no'nictation a ticket for pr?*i. dentlal oisotora 1 waa prosnnt at the deliberation! of ihakjamona bod]-. Attiaotid, a* I always am, to any assemblage in the mime oi democracy, however false to ita pricoipl?a I took tha liberty of being praaent aa a spectator at the Albany convention, and oonversed freely with ita members. 1 do not know that I canstata more foreib'y the aurpriaa they evinced when directed by the managers to nominate an electoral tioket, than wia dona by one of thoae managers in h a remarks to me Mr Augustine (4 Danby, pontmaster of tha ci'.y cf Utica,(sealing to have charge in part of tha body, i en qurea 01 bim, on the second day or its deliberations, whether the rumor w?u true that they intended to nominate an electoral 'ioket. He answered, " Yea; l?n't that rightT" "Certainly," replied I; "do everything you oan think of now; you'll never get together sgtin" "Well," amid he, "our friends thought 1 wai orasy yesterday, when 1 drat proposed It."? I mention this fact becaune no confldenoe was either expressed or implied in the remark, and I do myself the justice to believe no conservative would ever make a confidant of me. (.Laughter ) The highly respectable gentleman, therefore, who stands as the presidential eltotor (or this district, neminated by the Albany oonvention, haa the oonsolatlou of knowing that his proposer was thought crazy by hia Iriends whan he first curgested his nomination. (Laughter.) The electoral tioket thus attempted to be put upon the dtmooricy is irregular and boltin/, and no honeat democrat will sustain it by his vote. The delegates seleoted by the Utioa oonvention are the only rightful reoiesentatlves of the demooraoy oi this State; they will b? reoeived at Baltimore (Sensation) Their brethren throughout the Union will neither desire nor dare to reject them; let them be thrown out.or^nentrilized by the admission of thirty-six irregular delegates; and let the lest Imposed by Alabama and Oeorgia, South Carolina and Florida, be applied to the nomination of the Presidential candidate, and while 1 do not undertake to aay what 1 shall do, 1 :do venture te prediot that the political, like the meteorological almanac for November next, should read '' about these days, axpeot strong gales from the north and waat." (Tremendous laughter and applause ) lisv w uuw uuusiunc kui gruuiiua upon wnioa com* 01 oar Southern friends have threatened not only to ex elude our representatives from tue convention, but our chitons from all share In the administration of the government. It is charged that we are the friend* of the Wilcaot proviso ; that proviso was attached to a bill appropriating $3 0*0,000 tor the purchase of territory from Mexioe, and it declmad that the not by which suoh territory ?at aoquired, whn ever it might be, should and mutt oontain a fundamental provision by which slaves, except at a punishment for orime, ahouid b? forever excluded from the territory aoquired The proviao ia thla chape received the vote of every representative from this State In Congreu save one. Our Senators were instructed ard our re, resentatives requested by the Legislature of lt47, 1 think unanimously, to support this proviso Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio, and nearly all the free Sinter, made almllnr instructions and requests. The queelion does not now arise in this shape; territory is acquired; New Mexioo nnd California are ours, never to be surrendered; the President requests Congress to organize territorial government over thom. Oregon is oars, and it* inhabitants petition Congress for the same protection. Our Senate, with one exception, nnd our House of Assembly with four, have instructed our Senators and requested our representatives to proeure the Insertion, in these territorial aots, of a prohibition against the admission of slavery luto these regions so loag as they shall oontinue territories The States of Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and Florida, in selecting delegates^ to the national oonvention: insist that neither Congress nor th? people of the territories have power to prevent the holding of slaves in these free territories; toat, indspendant ol any law, a sotuneru slavu holder has a right to settle in a tree territory with slaves and hold them as suoh The democrats of Nsw York, maintaining the ground 1 have stated, concede that citiiens of the south may differ with them in opinion, nnd assart, that knowing this, and desiring to preserve the unity ol the demoeratio party as now organised, they have never made this f >ith a controlling teat in an election,; the demoorats in the Stntes referred to cvotr that they will, under no political necessity whit ever, support any msn lor the office ot President or Viee- President who does notoonloriu to their arced upon th<s subj-ct Northern men must thefefore yield to these imperious demands, or the southern demsoruts alluded to, must abandon their position Wnh;n?uot ho nor there is tat on* course to purtne?th? in the wrong must yield; and in this case the southern portion must be surrendered, or tho S.iulh muit assume the responsibility of dismembering the dem.iorstic party. 1 have been charged with being an abolitionist ; toe party with which 1 act has uniformly resiste i any interference witn Slavery in the States where it exist s ; they have opposed the transmission of inflammatory pauiph.au by mail; they have opposed the reception of abolition pe titiona ; they hnve advooated the admission of numerous slave-holding Slates into the Union; they have elevated six slave-holders to the Presidency ; thgyhsvo never countenanced auy sectional party 1 am no ?bo utionlst ; but to the extent of my humble powers I have supported the policy ol the demoeratio party I voted at the late tleoiion against the proposed amenduiMut to the Constitution, extending the ilg t of nuflr^ge to tree blaoke ; 1 supposed the antipathy between the tworscs made ttoei joint lolitioal aotiou as impracticable aud alsagreeebie as has always been a personal assooiatiou between ihem. But I nev-r ceased to feci that the insti tution ot Human slavery was a disgrace to the ags In which waiive. To buy and sell human beings t? revolving not only to a tree ruin and a democrat, Lut to a philanthropist and n Christian. No cultivated man In the Uaited states, noith or south ot the Potomac, can ever entertain a different opinion Let me read to you a lew extraots illustrative of this position, from the address of the democratic members ot the legislature Mr Van Boren proceeded to read as follows ? ranni -I" vuuiwuu w us j ?I BP) UMI1L OI U1B convention, (to frame the constitution) in a letter 10 Hubert Morris s?yi : "1 can ony n?y there is not a men living who wishes mom sincerely then I do to see n plan adopted far the abolition of (alavery) j bat thera is only one proper and t QtctUdl mode by whloh it oan be acoompliibed, and that In by th? legislative authority, and this, so far as iuy suffrage will ro, ahall not be wanting " Mr. J?tf?rfon, although not a member of the conventioa, exerted at the time an influence over public opinion laareely seooud to that of Washington, and like that statesman, thaugh a planter and a rlaveholder, aver forgot that ha was a philanthropist and patriot In hia anginal draft of the Declaration of Independence, when denouaciug the King of Greet Britain fur the encojragement he bad given the Mate trade, he, among other equally severe inveotives, cbargcs him with having " waged a oruel war against human nature itself, violating its moat Ktored rights of life and liberty in the persons of a dis>ant people who never olfrnded him " "This piratical warfare," he said, "tbe opprof turn of infidel powers, is tho warfare of the Christian King ot Ureat Uritain determined to heap up a market where men should be bought and sold?be has prostituted his negative for suppreisiug any legislative attempt to restrain this execrable traffic " Patrick Henry said: " 1 believe a time will come when an opportunity will b? offered to abolish this lamentable evil. Every thing we can do is to improve it If it b ppens In our day ; if not, let as transmit to our descendants, together with our alaves, a pity lor their unhappy lot, and oar abhorrence of slavery.'' Mr Madison, speaking In ote of tha tumbcro of the Ftdirolitt,ot the restriction upon tbe power of Congress, says : ' It were doubtless to be wished tbat the power to prohibit the importation of slaves bad not been postponed nntll ltOI, or rather that it had been suffered to huve immediate operation. Bat It is cot difloult to aeccuat either for the restriction on the general government, or for the manner in which the whole clause was expressed. It ought, however, to bs considered a great Dolnfc ?Aii)?d In fktflr nf Kumasai?. ?v-? - twenty years may terminate forever within the?e States, a trattc which has no long and loudly upbraided tba harberiem ( madam policy; that wlthiu that period it will receive a considerable discouragement Irom tli* federal government " Mr. laonree said : " We have found that this evil his prayed upou tba vary vitals of tha Uulon, ami has been prejudicial 10 all tha States in whish it has existed " <?<torgi Maeon, speaking of the slave-trade, said in tha Virginia convention "Uuder tha royal government, tikis evil waa looked upon as a great oppression, and many attempts ware made to prevent it; but the interests of tha African merchants prevent*! its prohibition. No sooner did the revolution take plsoo.than It was thought of. It was one of the great nausea of eur p-paration from Great Britain. Its exolusion has been a principal of j tot ,oi this State, and most cf the States of the I'nion ? As muah as I valuu the l/nlon o( tha 8tar.ee, I would not admit the Southern States into this Union, unl>ss they agreed to the discontinuance of this diegraeefnl trade, because it would bring weakness, and not strength, into the Union " These were tha Virginia statesmen of the Revolution; they wsre tha patriots that gave to Virginia her preeminence at the nation's birth; thuywere the TVeetdents wbo earned for her the proud title of mother of tales and statesmen. In the eonventlon to amend the Constitution, most of the mombers from Georgia and MnntW < nn?va?.l *?? ? V_ II . I ? * *k Tub compromise by whloh that abolition was p n-ponel till 180H grew out o( the difiiions between Virginia on the one aid* and Georgia ana Mouth Carolina on th? i.ther. la It unteaaouable to b'lieve tha-. it waa Uia uob a stand taken in b?h\lf of hum .n rights that created t orn tha former six l\?sid?nt.i fur th? Union while ueltb-r of th? latter haa yet had one T (la?ri(* Meson *ms, ' tha abolition 01 the slave-trade waa lm:ncuiat*ly tliounh . > f at tha oIom of tha Revolution" In i77fl lu-lep n dn>o? araa dcoiarad. and la thut declaim loo, j? originally drawn, tha promotion of tha nhvo trada was charged against tha King of Ureat Biitalu, a* ona ot tha onlef aoti of oppression practt**d by lilm upon tha col"nlcis la I7H3 our tudepen.ienoe wa* acknowledged, and, in tie language of Mr. JtlTainon'f Intimate friend (i>?? .\l?ion), tne abolition of the slave trad" was "in mediately thought of." In 1784, Mr. Jtlf'rion introduoad tha gr?at ordinance of freedom, applicable to all tha tarrltoiy t >?n owned by tha United .ifetes and tha Mtatas to be formed out of It. In 1787 this ordinance became a law, aad In tha same year provision was Mdi la Utt confutation for the iupprai?loa of|tha RK H MORNING, APRIL 26, 18 loretgn ikve trad* How admirably thia talllM with the eomluct of reg?ner*ted frMoe. and bow perf.>otly it i luatrnti-B the truth that the emancipation

of human slaws is the very element and definition of bo man freedom! Dnt mi Jo not propose to interfere with tUix urnat and wnsttug evil in tha States where it esiftta Wa know that slave labor la tba out waatrful and WOTtiirM that ean be Imagined; a slave baa no inducement to eompieta bit taak, for ha mutt then oommenoe another?no motive to (are property, either of lila own or hi* master; no motive to acquire a character: the submit of bis ambition it to secure daily food aad clothing, medloloe and attendanoa when ha it ill. and t daoant burial when ha diet Tbeee ba it aeoura in from tha interest of bia matter: and mora thau thete.if ha were &Franklin or a Washington, would maka blm nothing but a slave Wnera thii inititutlon exlata let it rett; bat whon it 1* propose* to extend it beyond Ita present llait?, tha freeman of New York will reiiat suoh extension. They will insert a prohibition against slavery In the acta of territorial government. Thia has been dona repeatedly iu regard to territory where slavery was permitted by law; and who is the author ef the polioy 1 it trttti ita birth to the father of tha republican p*rty--tU? author of the deolaratlon of independence Thomas J?ff<)rton introduced into the Congress of the oontedfration. in the vear 1704. the following nrovialon in regard to the north-weslern territory oidid bjr Virginia " Resolved. That after the year 1800 of the Christian Era, tbere shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the aaid States, [the States to be formed oat of the north western territory,] otherwise thsn is punishment of orlmo whereof the party shall have been duly oonvioted, to have been personally guilty." The ordinance of 1787 followed Mr. Jeffarson ; that ordlnanee was ratiflsd by Congress Immediately after the adoptlM of theoonstitutlon; from the territory thas kept free hare been for mod the great s-.?tes of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisoonsln. They oontain a population of from 4 to i OCO.uOO, and In wealth, resouroos, and enterprlso, now greatly exceed the thirteen original confederates States. The great mind, therefore, whioli produced the deolaration of independeuoe, If now inhabiting a living body, might admire and wonder st tor growth of a naw and greater republic springing dlreotly from this second deolaration of independenos. Itls said that Congrsss hare no power to lnssrt suoh a provision in a territorial bill. I refer you to the unanswerable argument of the demooratio members of the Leglalature upon this point, in whioh the undeniable existenoe of tnc power ie proved by a reference to the language of the Constitution?the intention of its framers, the expositions of commentators, the decisions of our own courts and the oourta of the United States, and the uniform praotioe of the government sinoe its foundation. Let me read to yon a short extraot, showing the resuks arrived at by an examination of the action of our government : ? " May we not safely ohallengs au examination of our public archives far a more solemn recognition of any one principle than ie here exhibited of that we oontend for? i What is It ? 1st A series of acts of Congress embracing the pr'nolple passed at short intervals during the last fifty years, and approved by Presidents Washington, Adamo, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jaokson, and Van Buren; acts, to which It would have been their sworn | duty to object ir they had doubted their constitutionality, 'id. Aota of a oharuoter not less solemn than that of organizing the government, prescribing the right a and duties, personal apd political, regulating the estates, their desoent and the manner of disposing of them, of the Inhabitants of eleven territories, nine of whloh hare aetually become States and members of the confederacy, and the remaining two are virtually such. 31. Acts, In six of whloh, lnoluding the provision for Ohie, the ezlstenoe of slavery In the territories wss prohibited expressly and forever ; and fc. all ot which, with one exception, express enactments were made equally assarting the constitutional power In Congress of leiialatlve control over slavery la the territories. Yst strango to say, notwithstanding this array of authority derived from the clear language of the constitution, Us narmony with similar provisions In respect to whloh there has never been any dispute, and with the known dispositions of its framers on the subject of slavery, the coDflrmatlen from cotemporaneous expositions, ttie opinions of our writers upon public law, and the salswn dtoisious of our highest judicial tribunals all sustained by an exorcise of tne power, whloh In point either of solemnity of the acts, general acquleeoenoe, or loug deration Is without a parallel in our history, the exists uoo of this power is now denied. Nay, more, that dt-mal is made by our Southern associates in politios a basin of a proscription of their political brethren at the Ncrtli. aa deapotio a* It is unjust." The territory of Ohio was organised in 1787, and Indiana in 1800, with a prohibition against slavery; the same was done in Mlohlgan in 1806; in Illinois in 18i,9; in Wisconsin in 1836; the territory of Iowa was formed fronts portion of Luuislana; slavery existed there, and was guarantied by the treaty of cession, yet the prohibition rf slavery was Inserted in 1838 In tne set organis mi t?i territorial government ot lows, and Iowa is now a tree State. Southern nion contend that the exolusion of slavery from territories which aro the common proper'y of the people of the whole United States, i* an Insult to them, and prevents their emgrating tosuch territory I.eiihtr is true; the exclusion haa been made since the foundation of the goverament, in all the aots 1 have referred to, and Southern men have usually voted ror thoHi aots; they are not prevented from emigrating; the most eminent representatives in C ongress from the States formed out of territory, where slavery bas been prohibited, ar? emigrants from the Southern States. They are unjust to themselves wh?n they imagine that they have either insulted or os'raciiad themselves from their own elave territory by ttieir own acts. If, then, it be true that the policy of excluding slavery from territories orl. gloated with Thomas Jefferson, is sustained by thj constitution and the practice of the government, has been fostered and sanctioned by southern men, and offers no leproaoh or injustice to them, why should it now be abandoned? Tne great object of free institutions is to dignify and ennoble labor ; this government wns instituted for the protection of the laboring man. Tne oppressed of other countries fly to us for refuge ; emigrants to the number of 'J00,00u a-year are pouri. g into the United States If an* one feat is butter settled than another It. ia f V, I ths white laborer an J the negro slave cannnot exist in the i?me region; alavery degrades li t?e lab t; the whole soolil system of wniob the laboring man form* a part. Is debited Hud contaminated by tbe introduction of negro slavery New Maxioo and California aro now to be tattled All expstUnce shows that the queetion whether they (ball form free or slave State* depends upon trie admusion or exclusion of slaves from thom whii? they remain territories. Apply the great ordinance of Jefferson to tbero, <tnd the policy which gave to us tbe free and prosperous States of Ohio, ludiana, Illinois, \Vi?conria and Mlohi gen, will plant another republic of freedom in New Mexico and Calitoroia. Mr. Jefferson abolished slavery;? those who resist the application of hlsordinanoe to New Mexico and Caliiornia, propose to abolish freedom; of ail abolitloci <ts they are the worst. Mr. MoCI"llan has asked what tbe whig! can aay at the approaching elec tlon He says the bank Is an obsolete idea; the tariff policy is settled; the independent treasury law oanoot be disturbed; and he enquires again what can the wbijs say ? Those familiar with the whig poiioy knew that thay do best when they say nothing ''They go for Tyler, therefore, without n why or wherefore." But pnt it in their power to aay that the democrats are lnfavor of extending slavery to territories now free?that the friends of liberty would exclude tbe white laborer from nur future acquisitions, and yon lend tbem a cldb which they woulu use with formidable effect upon the heads of the democracy This great American principle la now in the hands ol democrat* ; Thos. Jefferson originated it; dsmonratlo presses, legislators, writers and speakers baTe earnestly advocated it; point me to the tirst whig address whleh urges this measure of freedom ; name to me the whig candidate for tbe l'resldenoy who favors it. Maintain this position and t glorious victory awaits the democratic party ; but let the Baltimore convention force upon tbe North the narrow and miserable test to whinh some gentlemen ot the Soath bare committed themselves ? let them exolu4e our delegates lrom their convention, and banish the adveeates ol fTsedom fr.-m the list of Presidential candidates, and tbe nominee of their convention, whoa the pulls oloie In this State, will require affldavlU to prove be lial been running at all [ Laughter ] I hare bad occasion heretofore to say that the course of tbe democrats of this State in regard to tbe Immediate annexation of Texas may have misled our Southern brethren; I have said that tbe Immediate annexatlou of Texas was not an issue that divided parties in tbls State Ht the laet presidential election. It la trne that Mr 1'olk was in favor of the immediate annexation of Texas; It is equally true that the avowals of Mr. ?;lay left the opponent* of such Immediate annexation wltnout ai.y Intelligible mode ef choosing between blm and bis opponent on this point; onr candidate for Governor had voted against the annexation of Texaa by treaty; and it is notorious that the candidate for President was subordinate to our caodldate for Governor In tha affections of our people Prominent democrats, opposed to the immediate annexation of Texaa, earnestly and aealouMy supported Mr. Polk. Several of them ad.Uasx.,! a lanftlal Als^nla. (a thai. ..--I the support of Mr Tolk, and one lod.vidual, who, wtiat r may have been his influeace. was deemed at the time an Important supporter of Mr. Polk's canie was certainly opposed to tne immediate annexation of Toxas 1 allude to Martin Van Buren. la the faca of thmii facts, It Is tdla to contend that the Immediate annexation of T? xas was a question that divided the parties at the last Presidential election ; democrats general!y dsaired th: uliioiite annexation, or anuexatlou in the langujge of the Baltimore convention " at the earliest practicable period but the warmest supporters of Mr. Polk might have been found amongst toe most dacMsd opponents of Ittmedlute annexation. It is, therefore, urjust to the democrats of New York, to accuse tnera of humbling themselves In IH44 to the exactions of ths South, uu I it would be a fatal errur to Infer from ths history of ihat oonteat, an i a^iuieso?nie in the demand now made, tbat the freeeien ot the North thould renounce their priociples and forsake their cherished statesmen The position of the democracy of New Vork seems to m* full of the stronger encouragement; the elections during tho pis' spring show the party to be strongsr than it ha* beeu for years past. Wh-rever the ques ion of free tetrltory has heen mad* et i.b-< |Olle. the results hari 1) *u rauet propitious; iiinui.i-r*l>i? metsnoes ffli.ht be relerred to in (iiool of tins reiii.-ik In the couuty of KeniuoUer, m majority of deaieorMIc supervisors have baeu elected; In one of lta towns (Honeiek) a democratic supervisor was elected upon this diatinot Issue, for the fleet time !u many years Herkimer county is nobly redeemei lu tbe county ol Niagara we csrned elrfbt supsrvisors out of twslve. In the oounty 01 Save.a derided majority ; and here, In Columbia, tne saaie result Is seen. In the city of Rochester a democratic mayor isaiactad by 700 majority ; In Albany, which gave last, fall a majority ef ltwo. a portion ot the democratic ticket Is elected, aod a whig mayor barely soapea defeat, la the city of New Yoik, which gave [ERA] 148. iaat fall 6 000 majority for a whig comptroller, end last iprjng 1800 majority for a whig mayor, a ?t*rn and uncompromising dinocrat la elected to tha chief magUtraoy of the city. Mr Havemever, the mayor elect, i? a del'gtte to the Baltimore convention ; h? li the ma nlolpal oblef magistrate cf naarly a* many free white p*r?nna aa la tba Governor of any 8tat* couth of Virginia and aaat of tba Mhsiaaippi I troat our Alabama and Florida frianda will not tbink him unworthy to ale with tham aa one ef our thirty els representatives. What U thara thao ao discouraging in the political aapeet of New York politloi that iniucea tha recent desire to get along without the thirty lis votea of New York? It would be more natural to ioquira, in view of whig vlotories at tha Seuth, bow tba damaorata of New Vork oonld gat along without tbair old Southern allies. Thara ia but ona mode in whiab tba demcoraoy of this State oan be prostrated, and that is, by forolng upon tham an itaue which their humanity and love of freedom rejects. Mr. Ritchie and VIr. froswell hare bean peculiarly unfortunate In making iseues for the demecratio party. Their raaiatanoe to tha independent treaanry, and mlarepresentations of that measure. enfeebled the party in 1837, and thua prostrated it in 1*40. They may do ao again, bnt the principle ef human freedom, like the prlnolple of the Independent treaanry, will raiae the par ty rrom defeat witn renewed rigor, ana illustrate tne truth ao beautifully expressed by on* of the truant democrats in tha United States, and tha mait aooemplUhed living Koglish poet? "Troth, crushed tq aarth, will riaa again, Tha eternal yatrl of God am bar's ; But arror, wounded, writhes in pain, And diaa among her worshippers " It is our deatre to fefsat tha whig*; past experience shows this oaunot be effooted by fruitless efforts to unite with the conservatives. In 1848, one of the ablest and parest statesmen that ever live A was delected as a oan<Udata for Governor of this BtateJfcy a majority of 10 000. I make no complaint of the whig party, who were openly organised against Mr. Wright, jjt make no oomplaint of the antl-reoteri, who stood In ins sam# position. It is on thoss who prof?s*?d to support, but aeoretly stabbed, Mr. Wrigbt, that the publio vengeance will light: and I confess, that whan I reoall the loss wa have sustained in that great nnl good man, a dark, thiok gloom gathers ovar my heart, whioh is never dispelled except, for instant*, when i sea tha lightning of popular indignation soathlag and blasting his assassin*. (Cheers ) H* was defeated; the fall following, the canvass showed the Syraouse tioket in a minority of 35.000 There is thsr no hope or praspeot of suocess held out| by vain endeavors to patch up a hollow truee with the conservative forces New York Stat* must be oarried aa New York oity has been by tho regular nomination of an honest and capable oandidate, a inarmiw nnrruuu ui uauiuorikbiu priuuipim, uuu uii uuunsitating rslisnoe on the intelligence sad integrity of the demooratio masses. With these we need fear no adversaries ; let democracy itand now as she haa always stood ?for proteoting and elevating labor?not giving apeoial privileges to capital; let ber remember thac the laboring man la the main pillar of the American edifice ; hit arm defenda onr liberties ; bia vote direota and ooctroi a oar government; bia labor ia our wealth, and hia perfect protection and true dignity oonatitute ourpreudeat distinction. Honait labor ia with ua an order of noblllty, and we ahould resist, as the annihilation of our republican system, all attempts to debase and enslave it. Tha whole eoatlnent of Europe la now alive to thla great truth. Great Britain, France, Prussia, Italy, Hanover, and even Russia, are feeling the m'ghty movement, whloh, proceeding from America, is now freeing the serf and the slave from the shackles of bondage, and elevating him to the peerage of political and social equaHty with his fellow men. Shall the pattern republic, In view of her unrivalled proaperity at home and this encouraging imitation abread, now abandon the noble polioy which haa made her a sun in this firmament of freedom; and shall the Dsmocratie party, the breath of whose life Is liberty, lead the way in this degrading apostaoy T Whatever judgment may be rendered by the oitiaans of other sections, 1 teel that I ean answsr for the democrats of niy native oounty, that thsj will rejsot with scorn a suggestion so derogatory to the glory and honor of their past eareer. They will rally as one man In behalf of the glorious prlnotples of free trade, free labor, free soil, free speeoh, and free men, which not only promise constitutional liberty here, but emancipation to a continent across the water. When Mr. Van Buren had ooncloded, a tremendous and aponruneous "huzza!" was given by the members of the convention. The applause was unanimous and hearty, anJ the speaker resumed his seat evidently highly gratified at his reception. THE n (SOLUTIONS. Thkodssk Millkn, Ks<| , from the oommittes on resolutions, reported the loilowiog, which on motion or Tooias L. liod^eboom, Esq , and after being opposed by K. M'Clellan. E'ii-. andsuacainsd by Mr J P Beekman, wore adopted wiik but one dissenting voioe : Rnsolved, That all Impntatlona upon the democracy of thla State, none from wh?t quarter tkey may, that its patriotic masses are in favor ef the extension of slavery into territories now free, are bold inventions of open adversaries or seoret f^es; that vie re far d sm h extension at <it afita' y to the principles of natural justice, subversive of the tights anil interests of the free laboring classes of alt the Ststes. and at war with the polit y established by the fathers of the Republic, ?n the ordinance of 1787, fo<- the government of the ??. thweitern territory; a polioy, the wisjom ot which haa been proved and ilius tratad by the unprecedented growth and proaperity of the noble States north of tha Ohio river, and by tha intelllgenee, patriotism and energy of their population. Resolved, That our oonfldenoe remains unshaken in the wisdom and sound policy whioh originated and established the great financial measure of the demooratic party, den'mlnated the Independent Treasury; and we tender our thanks to the President for recommending, and to the democratic majority of the laat Congress for re-enacting and rsstoring,thls truly democratic and salutery measure, by which tbe people have becoms agaia voted, through their own agents, with tha oontrol of tbeir own money. Resolvsd, That while we profess a political faith whinh inculcates unyielding adherence to the rights of the States, and an uooompromlsing hostility to all tendon lilRB IU (ft OUUHUIIIIAWUU Ul JM7WBIB IU hUD IQUfrtil ijufuniment. we can lead no countenance to achemea calculated or dealgned to fritter away or jeopard the just Influence and suffrage of oor own commonwealth in bar relations with bar liatar States; and that with thaaa views, wa are led irr?Histlbly to approvo the resolution adopted by tba democratic state convention, in 1843, declaring tba settied policy of cha Htate, that delegates to national conventions should ba selected by State conventions, and not by Congressional districts Resolved, Tbat the administration of James K. Polk was elevated to power by the energies of tba democratic party, aroused to a mtuhty effort to secure the triumph of the true principlaa of the constitution; and that while we lender to the firit magiitrate of the nation the aiau ran' e of our cordial co operation in all honorable effn<t? to maintain thou principles, we cong> a'ulale our ftllom citizent un the iuciiiio/ thote taluiary m'aiurri oj c.im meictal and financial freedom which hit election hat achieved. Resolved, Tbat the lata democratic State contention held at (Idea on the ltith d?y of February last, called by a democratic legislative oaucus, duly authoriz -d as representatives of tba drmooraey of the State 01' New York, In pursuance of the time-honor# d usages of the republican party, waa regular in its orguoiznion, aod presented a middle and common ground upon whloh all who honestly and sincerely desired to promote the harmony and euocsasof the party and to heal Its dissensions could un.te? where all, without regard to any section, conld he represented, and the will of tha majority fairly and fully expressed, acaoidlng to democratic doctrines and usages. That said convention, comprising the representative* of the whol? State of New York, through the regular org&niiation into distriota and ooantiea, by the character of ita proceedings and the adoption of sound demccratio doctrines, in justly entitled to the approbation and conhdeuoe of tbe democracy of the State That wa regard Ihs delegates to the democratic national convention nominated at said State convention, as the only true, legitimate and regular repreaentatlv*a of the democrats of New York In that body, and we cannot for ft mnmint f?or or doubt thkt thav will be nromnt.lv ftri. mltted such Resolved, That we rroognlza the democratic State convention, called by the democrats legislative caucus, and to be bald at Utlca on tbe 13th of Septembsr nest, for tbe purp >se of nominating ele ctors of President and Vice President, and Stat" officers, as the regular convention of tbe demotratic party for thai parpose That, believing tbe harmony of the party will be most substantially promoted by deferrfhg tbe nossinatlon of electors for President and Vice I'resident until tbat time, and that the oall of said convention emanates from the only legitimate and regular source of power that is authorised to make It, we pledge ourselves to the eordlsl suppott of tha electors which shall than be pnt In nomination Resolved, That the war with Mexico was oommenced by the sot of tha Mexican government, and It, therefore, became tbe doty of our own to prosecute it with vigor to a successful termination?to obtain indemnity for tbe past and security for tha future That Its vigorous prosecution baa elicited our warmest approbation, and now tbat it baa apparently terminated, we congratulate our follow citizens on the result. Resolved, That the lace revolution in Kranoe, which has resulted in the overthrow of a monarchy, and the establishment of a provisional government on its rnins, containing the germ* of a future republic, and tha agitation aud excitement wbieb now pervades tho nation, of Kurope, awaken our wartneet aympathies and regards, and meet with a hearty and ready response in every American bosom That as republioans, fully realizing the great and Inestimable blessings and benefits of liberal and free institutions and a government controlled by the ptpnlar voioe, wa hail these glorious movements as infallible evidences and dear Indications of tha onward march of progress knd reform?as breaking tbe ohalns and fettore woieh have long borne down tbe oppressed sons ot foreign lands and distant olimea? as restoring thsnj te their Inalienable rights as men, and to that iii'sdoct cf thought and action which Uod has laip. anted in every human bosom, and as ex'emliog f?r and wide tue area ot liberty and equality. Tbat we court jaully hope an 1 expect that theee mov?in?nts will tend to prod'ios the establishment of governnientssimll*i to our own, and more congenial to the spirit of this enlightened age, atd tlie wlnhos, happiness, and prosparity ot the great masses o{ the people Tbo following resolutions were ofTereJ by Mr. McCi.XLi.aN, and adopted by tbe contention Resolved, 'that th' utility and p ilri?htn which hate rfttli'ngu.ifcrd the ad stmt traliin of Pretiitrnt Hulk ; th* 1 mccf?i i'? inf a ctirauvrt ana mai'nrn.n< r uj mt gr?u< fir in< tflrt ot <A? d-rn nrati c /mi'ty, in { Ar t rttemrnt *f thi financial and tariff palicy of th* General (f >vtrnmtnt ; th* vigor ?od ?uooe?* with which h? hu pro?.v outod the w?r with Mtxlco, *r? auiorg th? ouwurn of hl? admlaittiaUoa whJoh tattU* it to b? nmk*4 with r ----r s LD. nm vwa cm. tboeo of bla lllu<trlou? pradeo?Mori, Jackson and Van Bur?n, and they will aomininJ, u they deserve, th? sanpart of tha Auierloan peeple. Heeolved, That w? Tlew with satlafaetioa the triumph of democrats principles ; the flnanoial polley of the g?aeral noTemment In taking tba oustody and dlabnree niont ol ita own money, la oppoaltlon to tba olalas ot a national bank, la established , In tba adjustment of system ol tariff dutiei, tba principle of protaotloa la rejected, md tha revenue standard adopted, tba bill of 1846. rac gnlslng this principle racalvea tba aparoral af tba Ama-ioan people ; 'bat tba anti-debt policy of the Legislature if H4i It now n part of tba organlolaw of the Htata, public or?dit ia sustained and plated b?y?nd the h?x*rd of legislative Inteiferenoe ; that tha position of tha damoaratia party, both of tha State and nation. upon the achievement of theae great reaalta, la ona of proud pre-?inln?no?, and If we aretrae to onraelvea, f ilthful to our poaltlon, by union and harmony, we aau secure permenance to thoee prlaolplea ia all our futuro oonteats, with triumph and sucoees Taa Present Poalllon of England Relative tu tha other Powers or (tie World (Krom tba London Times, April 0 ] A great oountry cannot afford in thee* days to engage in little wars Thara ia warfara on every side threatening to break on tha world on toa mighty aaaala for Oreat Britain willingly to enter upon guerilU hostilities. It la tha hapa and expectation of every l?u*H?hman that the conflagration whioh appears to be eoiouldering on every part of Kurope may yet bo extincralsUol. The neeeaal ins of the timo, however, oomnui m to husband ourstreagth, and to maintain a firm p> > tionary altitudf nl horn'. Th* ttutti it p?it w\m hoi lilitilt can keund-.rtaken in a spirit of wantuawn in three of the. four i/uarten of the globe Arita iri now at peaoe Tha achievements of Lord Harding*, to which suoh glerious testimony waaborna last night, have prooured a tranquillity for British India, aueh as that vast empire hat not lately anjoyad. China, too, with a mode law/ Hum IH8IJ 10 rjcjlUt tmploy ment of any large farce Hlr II arry Smith hu been preaent at the termination of the dual ooDfltot with the Caffres. With the exoeptlon of the tedious end uselees biookadn of the sieve coast, Afrioa invites meMirn of precaution oh the part of the British government Our relationi with the United States were never en a mire amicable footing thin at preient. We are grieved, than, to-day, to have to annonaee that an expedition, consisting of thraa British ahlpa, under the command of (J#ptain Looh. haa baan directed against a portion of tha coast of C antral Amerioa What it ia that haa drawn thia armament to tha Mosquito coaat la but of little importance. Blewfislds and ita king ara but of little importanea to Great Britain, althougn their aoaaaiion to our alaye-trade polioy furniahed a paragraph for tha laat royal apeeoh. Besides tha expense of such aa expedition, which, with the experienoa of the lata Caffre war before na, we ara not inclined to undervalue, and the employment of a naval force which 1a wanted elsewhere, any act that would f;lva umbrage to the waatern world, wonld, juit now. be mpolitio aa well aa nnneotssary. Great Britain, whan oooaalon shall arlae, will alwaya ba found randy firmly to defend her rlghta and poaaaaalona In every quarter of the globe. There la, however, aa important difference between luoh defensive policy and wantonly oonrtlng a spirit of hostility from other powers, where neither the honor nor the Intereats of tha oountry ara oonoerned. If the sable aoverelgn of Moaqulto chooses te quarrel with hla neighbors, let him oail out the foroee of his Mosquito empire, ban a arriere ban, and do aa other potentates have dona under similar cironmatancea. Alexander the Great, Lonls XIV., and Napoleon BoaaKrte aoted thus , and his sooty majesty may fairly ba ft to follow the example ol his predecessors In the path of glory. Thus much is claar, that an annonnoament that Great Britain haa engaged in petty hostilities I In any quarter af the globe, will, at tha preaant moment, be reoetved with the profonndest dlaapproval throughout the oountry We havrjuit note other matteri to attend to than the Mmauito coast, and we hope to hear no more of thi? dwarfish war. City Intelligence. The Weatheb.?The weather was considerably cooler yesterday than it has been for several days paat, though the sky waa clear and the snn ahone most beautifully. About noon the wind ohanged to the eaat, end a heavy oloud from that dlreotion gave evident signs of foul weather; but lu a short time the wind ohanged mora southerly and the oloud dispersed. The evening waa clear, but the air continued to grow cooler, with pretty strong indications of the approaoh of unpleaaant weather Kims.?A fire was discovered on Monday night in the gnished with trifling damage. A fire was also discovered root of house No. 160 Madison street which waa extinabaut six o'olock yesterday morning in the house at tha [ oorner ot North Moore and Washington streets, which was also put out with trifling damage. Post Omca Exactness and Politeness ?Afew days ago a literary gentleman of thia ci'y, Mr. B? en coming home about dinner time, found that a pareel had been I left at his home by tha footman, which bore the appeari anoe of a Mrs , or something of that sort, and bore hie asae, (aet a very common one, and rather peculiarly palled) directions, bat wttto a diff?re?t christian n*me. Believing it to be ton matter lor translation, (for the gentleman alluded to la a well known translator) or elae a manuscript, the lender of whloh had milunderstood or forgotten tbe first name of Mr. B , the latter opened it, and to bla astonishment, found it to contain $3 ftOO In Treasury certificates of tbe loan of 1847, aent from tbe Department to another Mr B , In New York. This wu rather a more valuable remlttanoe than literary men ere In tbe habit of reoeivlnf. and Mr. B not liking tbe oharge thus thruat upon him, immediately, even at the Iossj of hia dinner, took an omnlbua, and taking a friend with him, proceeded at onoe to the poet ollloe; bat neither post neater. deputy poit maiter, or eaah er waa to bo foand about the office at tbia hour, (3K o'oloek Saturday afternoon,) and aa none of theae would likely bo there, and Mr. B. did not deaire to return the open parcel to an Irresponsible clerk, he waa compelled to keep it in charge until Monday. On arriving at the Poit office on Monday, be waa told that tbe FoatmMtar waa busy, and oould not be interrupted. After watting half an hour or more, he told tbe objeot of hla visit to tbe oashler, who took the paroel, showed it to tbe ruling power of the P O , returned, and alter requesting Mr B to endorse tbe hot of having opened the parcel thereon, banded him two oenta. (the amount paid to tbe poet nun by tbo servant,) and bid him " good morning. Thus the carelessness ol the postmaster or his assistants in the delivery of a valmble paekage it the wrong bouse, cost to a gentleman wboee time Is most valuable the loss of his dinner on Saturday, four stage rides, the oharge of a valuable paekage for two nights, an hoar loot at the poet offlae on Saturday ani Monday-and in re turn he may acknowledge the restoration of two oenta paid by his servant, without tbo courteous word of " 1 thank you for your trouble." Iriih OonmiJiRATioit.?A meeting of this body took place last evening at Mechanioe' Hall. A popular member of the Irish Republican Union who bad be?n present, was loudly called tor and forced upon thi ataad He proposed that the body should Iraturnlzf v th'.&* Republicans, at the great ni&os meeting to br held at Falmo's Opera House this ev-uiog, when R<b*tt Idmett, Ksq , will preside. A ooinc:iuee of three w?re appointed to arrange the preliminaries, with a vie* tool- " feet this object, whloh gave general si. iciwn ou t HIIOIIOU IUUU A UV uiowiu^ st. ' publicans, tblievnnmg, at Palmo'i, It u expected will be botb large and enthmlastio. Hociktt Lihihrv? The following gentlemen were yesterday elected Trus.eoa of the New York Society Library tor the enduing year : <i. C. Varplanok, W In?iis, A. R Rodgers, 1). Hubert, K. De Teyater, 8. C. Willisana, J. D.Ogden, J. Colt, J. Delefldld, J. ii. Cogswell, J Harvey, 0. Seymour, J. H. Titus, C. M. ueapp, C. A B hated Splcndid botih' st.?Our thanks sre doe to Captain Berry, of the atearaahip Houthernor, for magnificent how/uet, which be brought with him from the aoath, on his last trip It oame from the garden of Mr Sebrlng, of Charleston, and ia extremely bouutiful and fragrant. Ahkad or tnx Mail?We are agtjn Indebted to MoOregor V Iiostwlok for Albany papers, tts Houmtonic Railroad, In advancs of the mail. Also, to Messrs. Cloyes V Dennis, of the New Haven line, for Boston pa* pars. Th* Run Pavkm?*t in BaoowAT.?The committee of the Common Couaeil having completed the contrasts V with Mr Ruas on Kit J ay last, that gentleman Immediately made preparation* for the commencement of the work ; and early en Monday morning, with his whola force, began to take up the paving of the first block, between Warren and Chambers streets. At noon the entire block was oleared for astion, and witfc the aid of a plough, the compact foundation was torn up. Mr. Russ ha* a lorce of one haadred and forty men in the different departments of the work, and has determined, for its more speedy exeontien, not to remain idle for a "ingle hour, either night or dsy, and hat so arranged it that when the day men come off, those empleyed to work during the night go on, each gang numbering forty ; the flxty, engaged in rrepnring the stone, make up the total number. This will undoubtedly addmora to the appearance of Broadway than an v other imorovement possibly could, and mi to BMt with gmiitl approbation.? That portion of the work between (.'bunbiti mil R?a le streets hu been examined. and fouoJ to b?M firmly otmented u when first pat down, not King!" atone in the whole block being loom or baring fettled, which U on* of the strongest evidenoes of ita superiority ? Mr Rom contemplates finishing the work about the middle of Hopiember next, and Uroadway will than be the moat beautiful tborougf*r<) in the olty, at least 00 fir af that Improvement goes, and the necessity of *prinkliag, to keep the dust down, will he entirely obviated, the ftreet foaroely repairing to be swept more than one* In a month It If supposed that the day Ia not f?r distant when the olty authorities will apply to Mr. Kus* for another contract to oempleta Broadway fr >m the Battery to Colon Square, whicu having been don* will make it euperior, la point of pleasantness and beauty, to any street in the world. There are at preflect but two blocks ,in the whole eity. upon which th? public opinion has been formed, and though one of thtm was but a short time sloes pat down, the evident advantage and utility of that work waa plainly seen, and the wish for pleasant streets will not oeaa* to be expressed until all the piioclpil thorou?hfar?a in the oity are laid with the pavement edaotrd and patented by Mr. Ruse. The wbole ooat o' laying that part now in progress will b? thirty thousand lioliars, the Interest of whioh could be aaved by the trifling amount of labor required to knap the streets oleaned, and in proper oondttioo jd Ikstitvtk koa tki Ds*r ako Ddmn The qaartev- ' ly Anamination of the pupils took place at this Institnt* yestsrday at IK o'elook. Several niembera of the Boards of Common Council were present, andaaany ladies who had boon Invited from this olty, left in the cars that bad bsen provided for thm from ihe depot nanr the Paik. GkiTsanoa Joh* Youito jnd lady arrived in town lnal evening, and are staying al the Hon. Oe*. Foiaoa'sJ

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