Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 1, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 1, 1848 Page 1
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r. /; T FT Wfcota Ho. fOSft. ASPECT CP AFF1IE8 IN EUROPE. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE RECEIVED 11Y TUX STEAMSHIP A M E Ft I OA. Very Interesting Details. Tne Great Chartist (tamonKratlou-Tho Philoaoptiy ol ill* AOkir. [F'rrm the London Time*, April 15 ] The Par alana h'-o exorediogly cooo-rneu that w? hare let tL* tenth par* without a revolution. Thev are mrnnat prepared to be angry with u* for eo oul,? able a blln<ine?A to our own real lntrr??t.i 11 h natural, of eouri*. tha lU?y whe ?re oatlsfl >d with tha political inatitutione they have chosen themselves, ahoald wiah ota-rat* partake of their blaaaednaia Philanthropy, hotr. vtr.m generally ofllsioni, nod ecmetlmes even Tin<llrti*? I'h. V - 1-1 uswithgooj. If we do not accept demooracy from choi n will thrust tV precious gift on as, even to oar dia^u.t. Iu tho c ur?o of a few seatenees it ingeniously coatiivrsto my something unpleasant of eaeh olaai sncfrned in this political mistake. It sneers at the bluster and cowardice of ths Chartists, at m?etirgi w ioh sever go beyond memos. and conclusions invariably pacifta. The Er.gliah masses ra>bt aud disperse with equal facility, and tba only effect of the moot tremendous prepaiatlona ia that at snpper tine tba arremblrd myriads are anra to be again at their stupid fireriJ. e Bat while the populace betrays tills invi-riaale imbecility, ;he National will not lose its skit at the government, for hopt is still at the bottom of Its budget ' The only oiroutns'aBoa which ooaid on this ocoaslon cauie a Judgment to be suspended ia, that tha Eurflleb governnieut appears to h? ve lelf, or at least maniftsted. alarm and then, from describing the preparations made for last Monday, the Nmhtntl gradually proceeds to the oomfortabla ooncluxion that whether with regard to England or to Ireland, "such thlnga are ( ly delays ; a profoun lly social reform beoomes from oay to day a more urgent aaoemity for England, and the red ooata, on wbieh the counts so maoh, oaa only adjourn. no; prevent it " All t;?ls Is part o. the philosophy ofrevolutions, which in Kriirce appears ofeave acquired the neetsary character of a 0!"?<.h>ui.itlcal (olecce. N*thleg is more certain in that oouatry tb?u ttiat after a oertaln time everything will bu turned upiUa down, and woe te the man ??,ui>i<iu?ui>a' ?< ?? certainly be l?ft In the luroh. Le Var?iar analysed lb* S*rturb<tloaaof Urami?,*nd desarihad an invisible planet eyoad ; bat, raw atndant that he wai, ha had tha folly to Ml dowa at tha fa*t of a King wb.i had reigned tlx teen years 1'ha very Miniater who brought the loyal simpleton to tha a tap of tha throne, amlled in hit alaeve &t tke eiagnlarl'y o( the romantic r?%ueat. " Thareare," keaeya,"no faiv mathematicians or geomatrloiaBawho eiiterutn auah correal sentiment*. la fact, it la a rule with Fivooe to make a total ohanga In her system twioa, at leas', in an age. The aovarelgn, or whatever tha th<ng that retgas, la no aoon?r installed than ha aaaa tha phalanx of destruction drawn up against him. Daggers, rifits, iafrrual maahinas, Unltlmieta, rapublioana, lTb'llers, eeaap<ratora, im-utat, eoaiitlOBa, organisations of every Kind, aenrot or op?n, threaten hia exlatanoe or hie power. He is drivrn to ohey, before all thinga, the les'inot of stir-preservation Hence a desperate and un?irupul?ua caeaeirttlan, whloh la alwaya compelled by oireumstaneea. and wbieh in retura oontlnually provokes the attaok. The mora It restate, tha mora it deaervee to die lta tenacity of lira la only a fatal obatlnaoy. Its victories are onl? dalaya Tba cuiraaa oaly atavsa eff lta doom; and tha vardiat of tha oonrt that sends the aaaaasln ar tha libeller to prison only creates ona more who will ultima ely trinmph. Wa will not now attempt te explain bow U la that a nation can resolve Itaalf into two foreta ir.easaaaily oppoaed and mataally destructive. It i , however, qaita evMent that sush a Ballon can only mote by Ota aod starts After a euffloient interval, me of the loroes triumphs Tb?ra ensues a revolution, and France notes at ona flap a fifteen years' progrets Lat Fraaov continue to do to it aha pteasea. hut lat her not expect the same mode af aotion in" this eountry Wa avoid reaointion, and randar sedition abortive, ?5* by temporising and putting off tha aril day, but bj q AnBtinaaI mm >4 Arilinow AAtunlUnra mltk Inaf <4a?. ounda of the age The Rati*nil faintly alludes to a rule whloh It doaa not obserro, but wltbont which It oaanot expeotto aolve tha mystery of a nation ao different from ita own. "Tt# Chartist Association," it aaya, "for reasons which a foteigaer has neither tho means nor the ri([ht to judge, yielded bafore adiepley of force end an Imminent vlo\ lent struggle " A fore'gnsr," however, suffering tbii oenfeeerd inoepaoity of judgment, ought not to here M tinned et once that thesabmlsklen wee to military foroe. We are under no temptation to underrate the danger of that da?; bat we beg to assure the Nuional that the two real parties then enrolled and arrayed against one another were ten tbauaaad Chartists and two hnndred th<ra<aad oit sec*. We are not pretending that government oemmltted the romantio folly of leaving two political parlies to break one another'* heads in tha atioets It is very true that the known praaeaoe of aoldiera and treble raaks ef peliee averted the horrora of an uteleae collision. Hut litre wu a moral victory wrought that day u-hick the National teems /lad to forget. Tht mult which teih en tAe heart of tho country wnichrtanurei every peaceful citizen. and rendm " Chmrtiim" the Jact of tvo hund.ed Iheutand peace ful men in the metropolii alone, huidet a proportionate number in our great manufacturing I event haoinf turned out with great inconvenience and lomt li tleruk, to maintain the inititutioni of their eeun try ,'gaintt an intuiting threat of revolutionary r? elenoe? t an i eolent and outrageous mi ority. who had not even fought the r tun battle o nit own groundi, but had gone about to seek a tr'achernui alii ana e with a dieaffected yravincr on the ene hand, and a fo> eign republic en tf.o other. Tnose two hundred tkctuiand men did not coma forward to protect against legislative reform. Not ona - ef teem kolds himself committed sgatnat any one of "the six I'elnti or tho Charter " But?there ia no disguising ike matter?revolution walkid our ilrtito. A gang af deeperadiee, knowing how easily, how dextaraualy, or hew earnally, the ' cr the accident had been dona abroad, were minded to try iheir laok and to flab for a revolution in in* aueeia ci Lonaoa loij louna me water* all guarded. They fjnad not merely th* polio* id th* army, bat th* wAol* population, egaiast th*m la that w?s their disappointment and doom. It la thi* which take* tb* *?ent oat of th* category of dynast la or ariftoaratio *' stlaaolaa in which th* National batten* to awamp It Had the patple itotd aloof. or itill mora, had thoee Jire hnndr. d th?uiand hailed Ihi Chartiit itm<m>trati*n it i# vny panibte that both the police and the army might have faued of their duly, and the day hart teen lo,t a H?ppi|y there la no political pinion affirmed or denied io thi* event W* bar* oaly vindicated th* fr** aotion el th* Legislator*, whieh *ai quit* ready last night t* make tha Chartiet petition the aubject of a tan daja' debate, bad aot Mr.|7eargna 'Connor found John street a nor* convenient or nor* congenial sphere for hia elc,y irnee than St. Stephen'/. W* ihall hav* aur revoiuueu th* eame a* that we hav* had year by yaar for centarlee? th* aamo aa that whtoh baa effeoted a greater eoci-1 Improvement in thia country than either the revolution of 1789 or that of 1830. \Ve iktll ge en pro bally, extending and purifying the conttitutncy. We ehall nrnke more lawa than ever for th* p*opl*, for th* ma-' clpation of iaduatry and th* protaotion of tha poar. W* hall fl 1 the gulf that yawns hetweea poverty and wealth W* shall give to Iralaai the benefit of England's resoaroM ana her own. Doubtlm the vivxd march ofra v?l tion abroad will quicken our own pace at home ; and whatever actual baaeflta ar* th*r* attained will ahortly be naturalis*d in oar eoil But w* shall atill mora na luisiiy, acju*oiy, una laruj?not oy an Hiirniuoa? Itfmy anil tranoe, bat by the uniform and imnlunious notion of a!I partial In the State. f From the Parte Commerce, April 13 1 Will the whig mlniatry kaow how te yield in time to the precsare o( public opinion like their predecessors? Will to'y give refotm, without waiting te hare It natahed from them T We oannot say There are un-loubtsily araongat that ministry vary Intelligent and very liberal men; bat th?re are elto other*, and we mention particularly Loid Palmeraton, who have preserved All tbe prajudlors of the erietooracy ; end thej will preb-hly resiat a?y concession Did they not a few days Ijaek r?j >ot, with n brutality of Ungoage truly odioai, a mo:iou o! Mr. llama ralatlve te reaaetng ihe army and thanavy? In rain was It observed to them that the lLOtliah people, so orttelly tried by the lata arlsis, wanted tone alleviation from thalr burdens, aed that, in the present state of the raUtlona between England and Fiaaee, nothlug neoiesttated the maintenance of the fcasry military force* which weigh dewn the tax-payers ot Great Dilteln They would not listen to any reprr, mutation", aed Lord Pjlmtrston vented his aristocratic bile In Utter MMMM against tbe representatives of Interests If tbli unintelligent and haughty fraction should succeed In having their vlewi listened to in the council?if the R i'sell mintatry, misled by the illusions of the old whl& party, should not deelde on vialdtnir in tloie to the rnariiste. as Sir R Peel to th? ;*?nu If ihif do not of thMr own movment preaeat KigienJ with radioal reform, the reform will take ilac* pf t'aelf, without them and In ?plt? of than? will be < tf*ot?d uader the IrresUtible impalae of the popular will. The Tini'i cried oat lately, with reepeot to eone yb?d rueaiurei of political economy of the provisional g"T*runi?ot, "St flooratee, prey for Kraone !" Can we not, we. in oar tarn, cry oat, " St Sooratee, pray tor the ir.iuutry, for (he artl'.ocracy, end lor the royalty of F.aglnna !'? l?row the Le Monde d? Ropnbllcalo J Mow unlike ere the character* and diapoiltiona of netl'<ne ! H i* deoeltful and falthjena ia the mirror of history ! Thui. then. t&e light which we beheld gllmniArinit beyood the northernItoriaan wae, after all, only iiv.ur< r* Dorealls, and no real Ore ! No! London beat ita beneath tnn Igrnobleitlkfi of an Insolent arlito m r?n? ! Bn there. tell m how much lonaer la thla to be T ,>la<l we helteve ?h*t we are told concerning yon ?that the F.igll?h people, bitTi aa they m\y be, will never take ' ttae Initiative In any protfit banked bv armed loraa? .. < ru<hr<i beneath the weight of their hideout dUtreii, eQetvita'l. and alnoet biUiallivi, whit could they attempt with nnv chance of (ueoeaa ? The Kngllth nrl?toorany t? 10 powerful! The people watt patiently - their 1 *"d?re have declared that they await the death of Queen VlotorU to proolaiat the abolition of royalty. Bat they ?uu?t know that the power whiob. aooordlng to the eil<rei>iou of Paioal. nhanged the lace of ICngland 188 year* >40, ayuuet play tb* lime part now, and for good renion? Thl* U wbai iaeatd of yr.n, and thus Inen tii added to.iujury Oil, howev.-r, boa more than one we?l?p In Ht? **mory of wr.ith ; aooner or later, when the tine arrive (and no doubt It li Imminent) He will ?la.i? in the hand* of the people of Kngland the tnilrua nnt t?i:lrh ie to liberate thrm from elavery, I. b<t'ntr.r<<h ofaatrord. n miuktt or a paring itoDe 111 .tietnwhilfc 1*1 u? prerent them from falling aaleep [>! IiB ; let ue not ceaae to din their a?ra with the recent 11 11 " "* E NE aobUv?menta of Berlin ?nd Vltnca, which w*re bo far I behind tbem a few w*ski ago ; lat u? err shame upon the nation one* ao baoghty for eroncbing in the (last before Kirka and J? ffrejsus! Let us all oeriY on a rero | lutionary prnpagaLdiaui abroad, lot ua uk those who wonld dissuade us from the experiment, whether it la better allently to survey the preparations which an bow b?lng pratty oatenslbly organised against as, both in tbs miaou of Britain and on tba right bank of th? Rhine! Franos it ths davoted victim of all rstrogrsds antipathies, and ss much rancor and enmity js being accumulated against us that wemuet be on ourgnard If we do net effeotutlly assist the efforts of the Irish and ths English msleoatsnts,?If ws allow Italy blindly to eonAla its destines to Charles Albert,- If we tslerate ths des m\tion of ths Spaniah patriots,?if weenly support tba Polls by empty speeehes, we shall inlalllby wttnsss a new "holy allianoe" of dethroned or falling kings ageiflst the people of Knrcpe, who wonld be treated at rebels ! We are in the mid t ,of one of those rare and eolema rises given by God to nations ;?tbs shaken world Tactile tea on its base The people Impel it towards a luminous future, whilst the kltgt wish to drive it back into he darkness of the past Wnet is France about to do T If her example, if her ideas, If > er voice, if h*r prayers, oannot oomolete the victory of the people, let her break tba arms ol kings with her sword ! The kings will raise ories of ambition and conquest,?no matter, If the propie only respond with.shoots of disinters* edness and fraternity. ThsIlsaoTal of Aliens BUI. [From the London Times, April 13 ] Considerable misapprehension has, we believe, arisen In the minds of foreigners residing In this oouotry. as to the intended eperation of the * Removal of Allsna BUI." introduced into the Hoose of Lords on Monday last by the Marqnl* or Ltnsdowne. Ths ohjeot ef the proposed meieure Is simply to give to the fteoretary of State and the L"rd Lieutenant the power to remove from the united kingdom, by warrant under their hands respectively, aliens or disreputable charaeter, whose presence and con duct may be deemed dangeious to the peace and soeial order of th'ae realms. Under the sixth clause of this bill it is provided that foreigners who have been domiolled and ssttlsd In this soantry for the last seven years can not in any way bs affeoted by the aot. The ftensh Republic. The latest Intelligence from fans Is of the 14th nit. Th? ulantlAia nfllaavs r\t tKn Mnfinaiail flnavila Haw* generally 'Making, taiminated In favor of the republican candidates. La Liitrf states, that the Bank of Franc* ii about to l?sue small aotas of 36 and AO francs, to bi Mourad on the private property of Louli Philippe, of which tbn sale U to ba postponed until a mora favorable opportunity. 11 the Ktlifesand other Arab ohlcfs of tha province af Algiers, bad presented their homage to tba now Governor General, and made their submission to tha Frenoh Itepublio Tba Moniteur dtt Clubt announce* that citlsen LaeordaTa, a former J emit missionary. baa offered himself ae t oandldate for tka national repreeantation. and that ba proposes, if eleeted, to demand tha restoration of the ohnreh property, to the amount of 40 MO 000 francs, with the addition of 3 000,000 francs. The olnb of the school of nedioine has supported the preteuslsns of this candidate. The Mmiftur Jet Clube states, that citisen Juice Chevalier. president ef the Central Club for the Organisation of Labor, ba* proponed that the operatives throughout the republio eball subscribe each on* penny a day, which, (supposing that 14,000 0#0 persons should subscribe) would be sufficient to pay off the naiontl debt la fifteen years. This proposition was adopted una ntmously. On the Ith Instant, the students of the College Bourbon (new eailed the Lyces Corneilie) revolted against their masters, and marohed to the Hotel do Ville tc protest against a decision of the prooweur of the college, who declined to grant to the sen of M. Ouisot s prise he had recently Rained, la conseqnenoe of his relationship to the ex-minister. The students were hailed with acclamations by the populace oa the prooessioc pared. The Duchess de Montpensler is said to be the only on? if the prlnoeeses who hae saved h*r diamond*. Thoe< of the Princess de Jolnville, whlob, it Is said, cam* partly from the orownof Bragansa, are comprised in thi sequestration. it Is said that a well known sptenlator has offered tbi provisional government to rent tka park of Monoeaux the private property of Louis Philippe, at 100,000 franci a yeav (X4400) for the purpoee of fitting It up as a publU garden. In the stvla of Vaaxhall M. Cabal, the oonmuniet ludir.nd M. Conaiierant, the ehief if the Fourier i?ta, lun |N*t hopee of belnj elected to the national aaaembiy. They have both pat forth addreeaee remarkable for protaatationa in faTor ol paaoa and ordarj and It appaara that all their dlaaiplai ere equally oppoaad to vlolenoe or epoliation At th? Kit meeting of tba commuuiits aal their frienda, about 6000 in nam bar, Mr Owen waa preaento'i to tha aaaem bly by M. Cabat. Tha old Engliah aooialist waa reoeived with irraat enthuaiaera, and aeveral of the meeting aa lured him that,ilka htm, they were lor uaiiuc no other than moral force is th? end-avor to eatabliih their doo trioee M. Ledio Roilin haa leaned another oiroolar to the go ernment oommiaaariaa, which appear* in the Mmiteur tie impraeaaa on thoie pro-eonauia the duty, whioh hi deolaraa to be imperloua. of promoting by all tha meant in their power, the election of republican oandidatee. and of ooorae of oppoaing all who would favor menaroby in any form, cona ltntional er no?. Ha aliowa hia oone raUaariee to be oandidatee themaelvoa, bat forbida them to aae la thair own flavor tha inluenoe with whioh theii office inveata them. Vf e learn from Toulon, oo the 4th of April, that th< Mediterranean aquadrou haa received ordera to prepare tt pat to aaa. It will sail immediately after the eleotione and will, it la auppoaad, ormae on the ooaat of Italy. The oomporition of the army of the Aipa la announoed. The army la to conalat of throe divialona of Infantry a dlTialon of rivalry, a brigade of artillery, and one 01 englneera; the whole to be under tho command of Oen Bedeau. The provlaional government at the Frenoh republic haa juat given ordera lor the ipeedy removal of Abd-el Kader and hia anite to the oaalle of Pau The oomman der ef the enginaera ef that plaoe haa aent to a journa tho following, aa the aubatance of the ordera whioh h? haa received: "The peraona to ba with Adb-el Kader art three of hia brothera. hia brother-in-law, and three 01 tour near relatione. Eaoh of theae peraona haa a famil] eompoaed of one or two wivta and aeveral children, an4 aaoh family haa one or more aervanta. The whole nun bar will be at leaat 40 peraona M. Lamartlne haa reoeived from tho Mlnlateri of Spah and Ruaaia, reapaotiveiy, aaauranoaa of the moat rriendl) dlapoeitloma towarda the Frenoh republic. A conaiderablo number of peraona having applied li Paria for paaaporta for England laat week, the Krone! government being informed that tho object of meny o them waa to aid la tho Chartiat manlfeatatlona In Lon don and alee where, had cauaed [paa> porta to bo refuaed xoept in uiom OMN in which aatisfectory motlv** foi the journey could b* * signed. Warlike preparation* on a great soale continue both in respeot of land and aea teroe*. All tba regiment* o infantry aad oavalry la the deparunente ef tba nortt bare reo*lved order* to plae.- their battalion] and squad roaa on a war footing. The Matimtl states, In am artleli dated Toulen, the 4th ult , that the teat under thi oideraof Admiral Baudin, had b?en instructed to sail tb< moment after tbelr orewa should have voted for deput.ei to the N atk>nal Assembly. General Cavaignao having, la lately refuting the Mi aiatrjr of War, declared that be would oaly aooept it or sompalslon aa a matter of b*di*uoe,th* provisional icreramtat baa aeat a dispatch to tba General ordarini aim to aeoept the portNuilie. The prttfeet tot the abaorption of the railways by th? jtate i? not yet matared ; at itaat all tba member* of th< government have not ooma to aa agreemant upon it.? It will emaaate from the financier*, wbere the draft* it la now preparing, and will moat probably aooa tak< a definite farm, and b* praaentad to the railway com pautea. Tba 390,0*0 National Guard* war*, It la pretended mobilised a* a pieeaation In aa*e of war. Of the aotua army there are not mora thaa 100 000 men who ooulJ, lr oaae ef need, be marobed to tba frontiers The it Touloutt make* no mant'.oa oi the disturbances aaid to have oooorred la that city On th* 10th aad 11th, Trojea had bean the theatre ol e*rioaadiaordais. The National Guard waa oonitmtlj oa foot, aad a*Uision* had taken piaoe batwaaa them aad?tha workman, in wbioh several peraona wsra wounded on both aidae The commissary of tha government whoa* arbitrary prooaadings bad oeoasioned tba tumult waa obliged te raaign aad d?part for Pari*. H*imt wai the scene of similar riot* on the asm* day* A National Gaaid having b*an wounded in the head by a blow from a apade, his comradea obarired tba mob with fixed > bayoneta, aad wouadod aaversl Individuals more or l??i severely. Tba Patritte iti JHff.t annou?o?s that tr*nTiillHy bad been dUtarbad In tna department of leere m oonaeqaoac* of th* prsUaaion of tha Inhabitanta ol Autrana to *ut wood in a neighboring fosrst " Whor the ravelution of February oaaurrad " say* the Pafietr, ' the paopl* of Autrans r*oomm*ncsd their devastations, and a general keeper of the foroat having been Mat te make an iaqairy, waa aaaall*d aad 111-trsatsd by tb' peasantry Buoh aata eould not r*maln unpunished, and a magistrate, aeoompanied by a body of tr*opa. repaired to tha village during tha night of th* 0th ; at 3 o'clook, a m , tha hous** of th* loaders were surrounded, and n guard waa placad In th* obnroh to prevent the toesin Iron being rung Whllit the tour p*r*on* arretted wera interrogated, namerou* gretip* ?rri??d In tta? Tillage, Intuitu and proToeatiom war* offered to the oldie re, and whan tne detachment departed with the prieoner* tha to sain waa rang and the people cried, "To tha Orande Combe!" Tha Oranda Comb* i? a point of tha road, narrowed by ,?o at*ep rook* On reaching that ipat tha aoldier* ware a*i*lled with xtoaea, and aoma or than wonndad. A few men having been detached aa afearpihooUre, tha magittratea ad draiaad three aumtion* to tha people to claar the way On thair refutal tha aoldlara flrad ia th* air, but atonaa oontinnlng to ponr down npon them, they fired a ??oond oiley, Uklng aim, aad ehot fear or Ore ladlvldaaia The remainder diaperied, aad tha troop* aafeiy consulted thair four prlaoaan to Oreaoble." At Tonaarra, tba two oommiaaariaa having twtaa diaaoWad tha Mnal clpal Council, Ita member* ware frwioe re-elected by a mtjority of upward* of 000 oat of MO tot*r*, and the oommiaaariaa, esp-rieaclng tha moat obatinaU re?i?taaoe on tha part of that body, wara ultimately obliged to retire At D->la*, in the ialrad of Olaton, tha *e?rie?ti baring Incurred tha dUpleaaura of the aoantry paopla, ?nd not aonaldOrlng thamaaWa* mow in tha kowu, >bitndan <d thatr houaaa, and withdraw into the fort with th*ir fkmlllaa, laayiun thair homaa at <ba raaroy of the paaaantry who had tbraatan?d to plandar tha town and aat It on ire Order had baa a raatorad L in tha ialley* of La Barooaaa and La Naala, thaaka to \tha arraat of S4 indWldnala who had for mad part of tha VtnJa organiiad lor tha Mka of plandar and deraatatKo Tha ohiato, howerer, had aaeeped At Havre di(turV^caa h<d oecorred la aonaaquaooa af tha anioi \ ' > 0 / mn tin i mi 1 II >11 ii m > \ tv I. u NEW YORK, MONDAY palitv hating radaoed from -1 franca to 1 franc 60 c?nta the aliowanoe granted by tlie to? n aince the r<Tola'ton. to unemployed Ubureie The Nati"n*l Guard, aaalated by trospt ot the lire nnd a body of teamen. auoceeded apprehending the ringleader*, and order waa quickly reestablished Spain Aoeoun'a fro n Madrid urn of the 7th ultimo. It waa generally known th*t aooiher ipaurrectionary anoTeniaiit waa intended to be made at Madrid on the 14 alt.; the pfparatlona of tbt? government, whieh of eour>? waa not ignorant oi wiat waa known to alktba world, however, w?re on too formidibln aeole to be bearded by the a. anty r?ia?aot of the barricade men, aud their new adherenta, if any, du.icg the week, aud the attempt was not m?Je. i cere nave oa<111 a >iae dia'.nrbaucea r.t Valencia and Barcelona; bat th?y do not appear to hnve bean very itriona. General Joiiquim Armero bad barn appointed nenond in command, and M A. Ca;tro, p' litloal ohlef at Valencia; aud both ct them bad left Madrid for that olty. Tbe Xm imul tkji?"A correspondence haa boea o">mmunlo?ted to us thia evening. which annouanes tti t in the private end confidential councils he'd at Madrid, Christina ntui Naivati have reaolvrd to put their trust in the Carilets. an J to offer them their handa. The eftsrntial b tela of tbia allianoe 1* to bi the diwolution of the marriage of tbe 4'iatn, who will then bemarri?dt> tbe Count da Montemolln, who will be proclaimed Kins by right and bv faot la return, the s^n of Don Carlo* la to Insure to the throne of laiballa tho assistance ol bis partisan* agalnat all revolutionary at'.empte Nevertbrlena, the pr< Je?t is ?e foolish In the nrestnt stato of Spuln, that we give it with every ?e?ervo." State of Aflkiri In Dtnmurk. [From the London lim.-a, April 15 J The ro*uit of the colll?lon which h*s taken place at C?u, near Flcaaburg. in the Duoby of Sohlrnwip. botweeo the Vaabh army and tbe icnurgent* from Holateia, and other Garatan marawdera, rnflloient ly proven tut all that ia seoded to bring this Vuot'y question to a flnal Battlement is to leave the king of Denmark to (.ctt'.e bla own affsira with hi* own autJact* We entertain ro doubt that the sturdy little D?*iah army ct some 16 000 or 18,000 man ia mora than* ma'ch for any force tin disaffected party ia the duohlea oan muster; and in the flrat aeMoa which h*s takrn plica the Utter have been effectually defeated Tbe guooeai) of military opfrationa carried on in these duablsa and atill more if th >y ex tended t> Jutland sod the inlands of tin D?nl h m-?l> ?roby, depends very muoh upon the atirunt of naval rnpport to be given to the laud forces. In thia respect tti* Denes have a vast superiority, rot only over their immediate opponents, but aver tba German Confedera lien itself, it that body aoould be so ill-advieed an to take part In thia quarrel. Tbe coasts of the numerous inlet* and rivers of tba country, and mast of the places of strength or importance, may easily be approached and iiefended by aaa. and the Danes possess a eonsljarahl* flitllla of gan boats, most ably manned, and especially adapted to tbia specie* of warfare. If. ia haa>?> n.rt.l. Ik.t . J VI- * of Prussian soldier* baa actually advanced eoross the whole daeby ol Hoist 3in and taken possession of the city ot Keadsburg, lying on tbe confines ol the two duohi'* ?ud upon tba rirtr Elder. We know not by what ?u1 thorlty tbia military demonstration bm bwn mad*. It might. indoed, bo oompetent to tba German Diet to orr.'er the occupation of tba daeby of Holstein aa e portirn of iba territory ot the confadnra'ioa, after dun comnunloition with the sovereign of tba country. But it hen osiuradly not bean tba practice of tba German Diet to iiitorfero by force of arm* on bahalf of insurgenta. and 1. gain at tbair undoubted prlnoaand ruler is nutorioui that tbia advance of tba Prussian troopa is not an act of tba Germanio Diet, however It may be ap> proved by iha anarobioal assemblies new debating publio affaira at Frankfort or elaewhere The king of Prussia > bu aoted solely on hla oirn impulse, or rather on the Impulse of that aiolted popuUoe which now oontrola the I policy of bl* government' and ba affect* to put Into exo1 cution measures which tba Germanic Diet tiu not daoread. Wa might add mare?we might aay tbat at tbia 1 mom?nt no decree worthy of tbat name could ema! natelrom the Diet at Frankfort, which is itselfia tbe perk i>l?xlii*e of a revolution. Tba only jostand l?,:al oouts* ) *ould ba to abstain from any interference whieh it i* impossible to juatlfy by any tangible right or by the > principlea of international law. Bat wn apprehend that , Lhe matter will not reat here. In a few days the Danes 1 will have driven tbe Insurgents out of Sobleswig al'.o1 ..ether. The Duke of Ho.atein la not, wa presume, precluded by tbe military oooupatlon if a foreign army from re entering the capital of bia own ducby; and evm I if be were, it ia bat too probable th>t tbe name pretent alone wbiob bave taken tba Pruaitana to Rendaburg on r the frontier will take them beyond It Tbe psssage of tbe Eider by a rruaaian regiment, ia aa much an aot of 1 war again at Denmark aa tbe paaaage of tbe Tlciao by the Sardinian* was an aot of war rgaicut Auatria ; and the two caaea preaent a moat striking and deplorable I analogy?with tbia dlC rence, that tbe King of Sardinia as at lea*t espoused the weaker .and tbe King rT frtassta ha* taken oare to put hlirsell at tba brad of a sttoog oauie, to o:uah, aa be expects, a snail neighbor Ing power. We entertain atrong hopes that tbe power ef Den mark, though diminutive, will not *how itaalf unworthy 1 of Its aneteat dignity; and tbongh It unquestionably 1 utands little ohanee of driving heats of German sympathisers and federal armies out of tbs country, there is -very reasen to believe tbat no forces the Germans have at their disposal oan subdue Denmark. Jutland may be 1 ovsroome, though even there tbe nature of tbe country i* by no means favorable to ruch military ojeraUous 3ut tbs oitadtl of Danish power is in Its islands Zia1 land and tba neighbouring islands contain the largest > sbare of the aboriginal population of tbe realm Copen, hagen stands on the extremity of these insular ooasti whieb oommand tbe Sound. And tbe oaly successful attacks made upon it have been either by superior maritime power, or by th* passage of an army over the Lltr tie Belt and (he Great Belt, on the io*. at a time of year when those aims of the sea were oompletely frosan, as waa the oase when tbe King of Sweden Invaded the coun1 try ia 1647. It ia evident tbat no sunh attack can be made at his seaaon by the German confederation. Ontbe other hand, the Danes, titsldes providing tbe naval means I i-s -- ? ' v? iuch own uvience, ?n la conaiuon ra nu ai very nr none lijarlM oa the mercantile Intents'a of Northern > Germany. They on oloee the Baltio ageiort the riuep sian flag : thay My b'.ookado the Elbe ; and non? ot the r Piosaian porta ara ?afa from a coup it main. In the pr* I teat aspect of the affair* of Uarope w* hare no doubt that Dsnmatlc will be able to maintain her righta until inch time aa other events will place an honorable peacs i at her disposal ' At the same tlae the qaestioa la one whloh pre nuineatly admits of, ar rather call* for, mediation. The in> habitants of tha duehiea may ba more readily induced to > lay down their arma upon the recommendation of a d'.v 1 paaalonata adviser, than upon the oemmand of their Sovereign. The Oeriaanio Confederation, and especially Praaala and Hanover, may aee reason to pauae before P they commit themselves to an aet of violenoe which muft ao deeply a (feet their character In thia country, and 1 which may prove the oaoae ol formidable hostilities lo the ' North of Europe ; and the King of Denmark baa already i intimated hla readiness to aeeept the good office* of the British Crown. Our only fear i* that the offar will arrive ? too lata. Nothing ia more probable than that the Ger' man foreei have already oroaind that boundary which > hss been for Immemorial ages the terminus of the empire > of Germany, as of Home ; ?ud if so, the ewe can only be d*alt with as an unprovoked and unjustifiable invasion ot the Danish dominions > Nothing can be store indloative of the total absence of political authority and counael on the part of the E leading German governments than such a fetal determination. They know that inntnii proparaiioni f >r u ar ? art kring madt upon tht Viitulm, and nothing is mori prtb'llt than that Ihi summer will net ps<> uithout a CO .ten agttml the talottal S'Miet of Ruitia On tka f Hide of France, they may now raaelve assurances of goot" will, hot they ar* exposed at all moments of difliaul'y to aggression on the Rhine. But no'content wKh th?se eaatern and western dangers, wLloh are not lmaglnaiy they are tbruelii g theraaeivrs into it northern quarrel 1 attacking their nearest neighbor, causing the Hound ' ?n J perhaps the Elbe, to be shut against them. and alienating tbe good will and respto*. ol Knttland ? hen tbey night b? Most uiefnl to U'rmany A more sigosl uiipi ly of went ol judgment and prudence we never witI unaied than in thia non of the Otmin forces It threaten* to leave the entire body of Germeny, In oir* of war, without an ally or a sereeu ef defence, end this at I a oriels when, although the enthusiasm of the people i? considerably excited. the real structure of military enl political power ia unhappily shaken In every pari of ite 1 Confederation. Trie King of Denmark reigra mere re > rarely. In part at leaat o! his dominion!, than any German raonaroti now on the Ibroae Oar litest intelligence from Copenhagen are of the J?. and Rendsburgh of the ?tb alt: We tousw point out onee mora tha true peri tion oi tba affaira of thane countries, on which su'j'Ct aur readers are aware that for some yeai* pan. the (t?rn<n prens baa eicited the public mind to tha highest pltoh ef extravagance The Duchy of Holitein belongs to the German U< nfederetlon?'list ' of Sohleswig doea not ; and whilst the Kior of Denmark *->csdes to all the proposals current In Gsrmso* with reierenoe to the former Daohy, he nnnouneee hie In ten tion of governing the Utter *10 rdlng to the law* of the land, and not tha lawa of Germany. A revolution haa broken eat aacng the German inhabitant* of tboie Dnchles. That of Rotsteln will probably bo cecuple d a* a part of the confederation by thi 10th corps of th* Federal Army, chiefly consisting of Hanoverians; but lato Bahleswlg these troops have no right to penetrate The Danea, on tba other hand, announce that tbey are reaolved to tupport their King In maintaining hie undoubted authority in that peitiou of his dominions. With the resnlla oi _ny popular movement or re votutloi> whleh may occur in these Dunities, Kurope has little concern, and eertalnly no right to interfere. In Schieswlg the King of Prussia bat not a ahsdow of legal authority, although in a strange letter to tha Duke of Augurten burg heeeems to have aesumod it. But If the exoireaent and sympathy of the Germans or the German fjroes should load them to eroas tha Elder and enter 9ohleawlg, that would bean aet of war against the orown of Denmark, and Germany would have violated the neutrality and Independence of a foreign Stata as much as if a French army had antaret tha Rhenish Pro vinoes ? VVa linMrtlv AmmIm thftt mIiKap af th?i? AmtMitlODI may pinna* tha oontlaent Into all tba horror* of war; lint to avoid them Ra<opa rtqalr** the oontrol of a Arm, taaaparate, an4 'qultable diplamaejr, which can hardly ba bopad for whau tha power* nt Ror*rnm?nt ara ?'>?" ilooad in 10 many oounttla* to papular Impul**, and aararal ot tha old landmark* of tha world ara *wept away Tba lollawiif appaal he* bean ?ddra*a?d to tba Danifh nation by tba provisional gorarnaneat of 8c.hle*wl|(H.detain, la tha Danlah and Uarman lai|M|M:" Due*! tha petple of Copenh*i*n h*v* camrelled roar Ktuc, car Duke, to proclaim iha iacurporatioa of tlch'M? > with tha klu( dom of Dtumark ? it* dfftadslion lo a Dautth pioriacaiiad already ara Dmlah troop* inradiaf tha Darhr of ableewig la ofdar ta aiaeata thia arWaary aaaaure by Iii "W IHh .v' 'f~ IUbT' ' l:i A. Jt: rr~- ~~ MORNING, MAY 1 1848 f.-rc? of ? in?Jt Th*pri Tiiio'^if-)Ta-nnent i f the DncHin ol nnnieawig-rniiiei'i n la lea ivrn to rutn e the riglite of the well aa (hoar of our Dnke, ag? on a'l foreigu influence, aril leela lUell atrong.nhe r>ght which il det?ud?, by the wlio'e (fa-nun people. Dasea! the natioet) independence of the Djehy of 4chleawig r?ta on fim trratina. lt?f>rcib!e trauafannation into a Dtuiiah province la

a b.eich ofth a? ire?lifa The dceh'ee htve often anp orted yon like faithful *n f? 'era'ri ill tiuua of'larger Yob will commit an *ct of tw -f > J irjmtice if yen tow endeavor to violate and amihilate rtl' rii<litj. W# wiah culy to protect our own nationality, ami net to a"ack the independence ol foreign eonntrirj. Let the north of Sctiloawig. therefore, freely teclare wli*'hcr it w>ll be interpolated ? ipriTM.ce of the kingdom ifUe:im'.rk or follow the lie man uatien?and we, at all erenta, will off*r uo ppa laitinn to ita will We offer y .u lw>norah'-e alln-ce and a aovereigii peramally commi ti to both, a" lo g aa the liar brunch in lea in Denmark; but we wi:l U'.t tub xi t to aa uube :oiun.g domination ol the female lie ' Dane*! tli'ui whs! yru aie du i g We offer you free!y all t'lat jui ice iripi ea. aud II that it rrallv uaefu! to you. More tli nt .iay on cannot r. ccvsbut you will intherloae every tl'ing if you -oat'ii'ie ta pnrtue the path of violence, aa the very rxaieucnot ine I) ui <i kmgJuui will t'senbeendangered.? S i.ju d you beeoi.q i-rora on the bitt'e field?and thia will never happet, ao loig aa tietUMu ha u ti pu'aate on the continent nf fu o:"*-?vlnt would i uu gun Lut a deaolated and hoetile tetrit ry. ioalenhle lecuuitr. bur Jena. and nn annihilated trade I 11? we c i q'ter, who will then prevent ua from aaaignirg c i.'iditiona < hicb w ill g ve ui ampl? aemrity for the fatur* i g ii.*at iti y dit'et'a or e?cr.'ichiuenu? It >e n- t yat too late! the urintca a ill lace each oner?:he bittle. thn work ol de >tiuct<on h.s rot yet c?:>im?ncfil-we atill offer yen peace without fi^h it kUgtRLsa, Knnughieit. Prince cfSchleiwIg Ho'atein, It.? Tln> M\ T i'OHM DT, J EllUMkl!, TH. (Ji.siiAtJsr.*, Membrn <>l the Provisional Government. Itendibu'g, March 31, 18<J " Tba followiutc uuawar h?? been returned by the Prua *i*?n Kivutcmtat tu a n:> a n wlrol from Coaut PleMia hi* Diniih >u?ji>?ly'a m io later, at Berlin: " The uv?ij goed hit had the honor ,f receiving the not< wbirhvi.t'e Cnmt Pl'isfn. Krvoy Extraordinary and Ml utter PleripoWetiary <>l Irg V:;ijt?iy the K ?r of Denmark, h* addiessed to him rc?pe? ti.:# ih? tircdirg of Piusatau troops inti the Duchy of Jinlatein In r.iily to this document, the u'.derfigurd c'n rmly repea v li?t he ha? ahead v verbally atued to M. ihe Count rlesien giving him the .'Oi itien astu -"nee ihat the military me.uare 11 Tie.tion f?r f om h'TiitK ,1 chiracter hoitile to or ^gressivi agmait Denmnk, l>as only been t'k?n for the twn-loid par pose of proU'tng \ he tern tones ef the Germanic (,o? federation againtt ti violation by which they appeared thrrateecd aoilt^KU&rd in favor of a Germ*n and federal 8tite those e? tablitlird rights wbi li h-ve jest been to violer.tlv attacked b] a rer?ut art' I tbe D.nih government. Moved bv aieme o Mia duty wh'c . the npiri' r.s well aa the letter of the Fadera Pact impose n|i'?i him, mid strong in the adhesion of the na tioual wi'l. tbe Kins coald not. in presence of aa immiaen ?l uuer, he.?'f"le to tike, hi concert with Ilia Germm at lira. ih< initiative of a ik sition which will Without don>>t reality re r.eive t'le furuial nanuion of the Germaeic Confederation, am in which th\t ' onfedera'ion, by ita organ, the Diet, wil speedily declare her>ell bound to acquiesce " Prus>in. in niamu g this attitude, doei in no ?iae mia'aki t*>e ri?h a of sovereigaty which hit M^jsitv the King of Den invk toaaessea in hia quality as UuVe..f Schleswig Wolatein I hese rights .ire not tt>e less sacred intheeyeeof the Praisiai gore ninent than iu th"*e si the duchiea themselves Thi rruisian government isfirrn-y icsolved to reapact aad nam rain the ngh a of bjih partira, aad tha eventual Protest con ratued in this respect in the cote of >1. the Count Pleasen ap peari consequently ground ess " Resides, iu order to aiya a striking proof of hia pacific aen M.ientis a?d hit an.cere i!r?ire to rrm ive b) an amicable under s'a diu? all possibility nf an open rapture, the King hi* order ed .y?jjr v.m iVildaubruch t? proceed immediately to thi Kicg of Daomatk. to five hi* Dmsh Majesty. concerning thi motivaiaiid the object of thepolicrof the Prussian govern ment all eip-anatior* whiehthould appear moat fit te quiet tb< apprehens ana ol the t cu-t ol'Copenhagen a* to our intantiani and to eff-et nn aparotunition of viewi, the divergence o which no one c*n more bitterly deplore than the Kiag'* Cabi net. "Truit n? thntih;? ?t?p will be appreciated aa it deaerveeb' th; g-iveinment of hu Danish blajeaty, and that it will not r? mnn without some latif factory result, theunderaigned i* hip pr to be Rhle to profi' by this opportunity, and t* repeat to M the Conat I'leuen the assurance of his highlit couside atinn. ' Berlia, April 5 " "AMNIM. IntellfgeDOe irom Capanhsgen to tha Oth uU , state that on that day the King of Denmark left that capita l>y the steamer to join hie army. Hia Mnjeaty ha o >nToKcd the Danish 8t*i?e to meet at Rosklld on til 3Gih alt., foe tbi dUnuaalon of a constitution. MTtlri In Germany. [Prom the Loodon News, April 13 ] The minion of O'rm&a statesmen, in tbe present or' e's, in fuil of grave difficulties. There la at tail n?n?i -loturlly no paramount authority either in Germany, o any of the .State* composing it, npnn which men oan rel with ceDflJenoe The fata of Germany la aet upon tb rut of a die Almost every thing depend* npon th rooal sens* and patriotism of the members elected b; Prussia and Austria to represent them In tbe Germai Parliament, convoked in Frankfort for tbe ftrat of May If that lufimbly have any thing ot the Waipurgisnaah in Its comtHwiMon, the condition of Germany ia perilous The difllaulties r.r# partly political, partly economloal The irtter are, ptrhop*. after all, the more dlffloult ti d<ai with In ihfj exiutln^ arapanalon o* paraljsiac g*l authority, payment of taves ia all hot universal; refused. There is uot t?u exchequer in Germany that i not impoverished iu aooaequonce. Credit la destroyed peel* hn? disappeared; the public funds, mortgage! biila of exc.hanac?all are at nominal valuee About i week ego, tbe branoh of the house of Rotaohilda eats fa llsheJ in Frankfort Is understood to have refused to ilia nount a bill drawn by NT. Belmont, it> own agent at N?? Yorlt, on the hooae at Paris, payable la May ; to havrefused to advance 10 000 francs on the aeaurtty of thl bill for 76,000 francs, although II to Id per cent wai offered for the nscommoda ion. The failure of the ol< and respected house of gchaafhaus,at Cologne?whoei 4. .....J ?K.U llnkilUUfl k. anm. Win CAWVU ' HBWHiura 17 nwuio UllUiUUI Wl KBIIQ! ? bat compel.*d tb? manufacturers of Khenish Prussia who ha.l credits with tha firm, to throw out of employ mailt many thousands of laborers At Berlin, Vienna l,?ip*ic, Frankfort, May?no?, Manbelm, and Stuttgardt manufacturers have been obliged to dismiss their hand for want of work Interest on mortgages is being pali in no part of Germany The Jo 111 na! it Frankfort publishes the report of tbi Germanic d'et appointed to revise the federal eonstita Mop, in whioh the recommendation of the committee o fifty to have owe representative for every 80,000, inateai of for every 70,000, is adopted It ia also resolved tha if thn exciss of population of a State be 25 000 ove SO,000, for which one member is named, then it will bar a right to eleot a seoond representative ; and that ever; State having a population in number below SO,000, wil still have the right to el?ot a member. As for the eleo tlon of depctles to tbe constituent assembly, the ellgi blllty is not to be limited by disposition as to ocnsui creed or class. Any German who is not a minor has 1 right to elect and be elected ; nor is it necessary that hi should be a native of the State whioh h? is to represen in the assembly. The aifmbly it to be coivkti 10 a. it mcy meet for the Jirit time on Ike lit of M*y. Th< ocmmiasion annexes a table showing the number ol members to be elected by eaoh State, the total amour, of whiob will, according to the ceusus of 1813, amoun to 695 Of these Austria will send 190. Prussia 159 Bavaria 71, Wurtemberg 39, Hanover 30, Saxony 34 Bales 30, Hesse Darmstadt 12, Hessa Casael 11. Th lemalning 64 are from tbe smaller States. The tota populations represented by these 606 members 1 JO 104,39}. The report r>f the committee is followed b; tbe deeree of the Diet adopting it The committee of fifty at Fiankfort has published tw ?roeiam?t1ona to Germany, in which the reason* for th .Bpnuiujiiig v* vuo iurj;?iBineiuuij ma r??MU. mi ??ll ia the basla which It has adopted for its action Vh* last am?liberty of expresatng opinions freely, llher ;y of comclenca atiu oreuj,right of meeting, protrotioi of Individual liberty, independence of tribunals, and in tituttoa of trial by jary, protection for the workltn nlaaaes,Ju?t repartition of laxea. independence of parlat admlnlatrailoti. In order to Icanra these oontinuea lh< proclimatlou, the assembly haa decreed the general ar maaent ot the pTp'e vv.> muit also be armed againsi the external t uemv, and be prepared to repulse aggrts nion. The assembly haa admitted Hchlsswlgand Kaateri no4 Western l'ru?s>n iato the Qermaulc Confederation It baa abcliah'd the ach>ue of the division of Poland <Vbat*v*r may b? the consciences of this, German] ia atroag enough to aniwar for the Th? Droclama'ion than call'on the German people to p'oceen t? ihe work of (As eleetiimt, and not to retl until (A'j have created Qerminy u-.ti-d and free. Belgian*. Advices from Brawls are to the lith alt The Belgian advices announce that hla Majaaty hat a>aad the loilo*ing decree, authorising the payment oi the interest on the 8tat? loam: ? M vVe have authorise I our Minister of Finance to pay immediately, in Belgium, at the rata of 95 franoe W ceutimea, the Interest on the coupon* of the ire pel cent I ioana falling due the lit May proximo This do erae to take efffct Iron tne day of lta publication in thi it ntteur.'' In confarralty with Ih'aa inafruo'jnn* a public DOtice from tbe Treasury hid been leaned, to the effect thai -iioii >t:ter?e ou i?? five per Mat, and al?n oil the four-and-a-half p<r e?nt loan, weald In paid on that d*U at Bruseela and In the province* in antlc'pation ol lta b?ei'inio|t due The oprrmlona of the .iiioount bauk do not appear to have given the ratUfautiou nutlcipated from lta eatabIirhnn-nt. CcmpUinta are n ?>4e ngdnat tbe too re iriotlve policy by wfclch lta functions ate regulated Tba wliloh it waa expected to (Ire, and the bnueQtd to be derived, bad cot been realised, owing to tba want rf liberality on tha part of it* admlch'ratora Tbe account* from Bruasela mention, with reference to tha loan of forty million franca, that the aotual requirement! of tha government amount to fM,300#a? of which mm. deducting tha prevlons loan of the S<Uh of February, of twelve million*, there remalna a dell nlerc* of f4l S00 608 Mn thia turn Is included the iiuoant of fl 1 962 434 to meet f h? treasury bond* falling .lue on the 1 Mt ot September next, and the -.Jl'h of Keb 1S4!> The Chamber of Commerce had on tht* ?n> J?ct and tint of a |>ap?r cnrranoy, exprrued I'.rcng dieap probation of both It eon?t'ier* tba coniolldati ? of tree*ury bond* measure amounting to declaration ot partial bankruptcy, of only temporary nn.l diajuiaed utility. With raapeot to an ieaue of a paper currency the Chamber expraeee* It* belief that it woold prora rary ineflleaoieut remedy. The luTiber of operative* out of employment at the praiaat time ia Belgium l? estimated at not leaa than IS 000 Trad* waa in a moit proatrated etate Railway woikt bad wholly eeaeed anl the gla** mat u'aotorie* bavlrg oomplrted their order*, were now doing nothing, bavlag no ireeh order* to exeoute It wi>, however. *o far ?atl*faovory. that provisions were ch<ap of all kind* Pruaala. Wehavenewa from Berlin lo the 11th ult., whieh MhM 1: rennina tranquil. I'he D.^taat on the 4th hoT hi* b-en engaged in a new law of election; the pUn ia generally aco*ptable, hut for a<li?fraaohlf1nf eianee, ambtgncu* ia lUterma. It deprivM of tha auffragi all criminal*, all In the receipt rf public aim*, and tbosn who lira " by aervlae " and do do' po*^** n hou?>hjid ef their o*n. The Uite. ex oloaioa <e the objaotionabl* pirn Taepromiea of reform and equ?li*atlon of tha tax** by M. Hmnmu. 0 A, r ' * > ? ! ? (ERA I > Minister of Kinanoe, mad* In a cUar and sta'esmanlike speech, had. however, given unqualified satisfaction Tbe MlulnW of Foreign A IT lira baa stated his belief In the probability of an amicable settlement between Prussia and Denmark, relative to the disputed Duchies of Sohleswig and llolsteln. Some anilety prevails reepeoting the workmen of Berlin. Labor la beginning to fail, and the price of provisions Is increasing. At 4 o'olock. on the tfth Instant, a mob of about 300 workmen crossed the square of the palace Uking the direction of the Kneaigeretraes. They wanted to destroy a manufactory In tbia street, but were qiieted, and the night passed oQ? without disturbance It is the opinion of many professing knowledge of what the movements ef people are. that all is not yet finished, but that there will be another disturbance The radicals are not satisfied with the rovernment applying to the Diet foMnoney. They allowed the Diet to vote the electoral law; but, aocordlng to their notions. the government has OTerstepped th? mark by getting the State to guaranty the proposed loan. The meeting of the delegates of the town of Berlin han oome to a resslutlon. by a grett majority, to send a deputation to the Minister, for the purpose of protesting against the right nt adopting the propositions or the Sil, in regard to the elections, by the aseembled Diet of the Prussian representatives to the Gtrman Parliament ? A deputation waited on the Minister of Finance, to rnaeavor to persuade mm touMi tue i iown lands, in order to supply the workmen with labor. The trade* people of Berlin, and especially the working cU*se*shave already rhawn themselves to be greatly disaatlafled with the law introduced by the government Tor the regulation of the election*. They now ehow tbomaelvea in still greater force, in oppesition to the vote of oonfldenoe demanded by the Ministry, with re ?pect to the acta which it may be oallad upon to adopt , in the interval between the semion* of the Chamber* ? A great number of the member* of the Diet have exi pre*aed their de termination not to give tbat extent of power to the Ministry, and it ia probable, tbat when the 1 Chambers oom* toexpress an opinion on the subject, it ' will be found that the majority ia against it. t The account* from Silesia are moet unsatisfactory.-The greateit alarm prevail* among the resident noblei men and the landed proprietor* The atrocious *o*nen that wete enacted two year* put in Oalltcia by the peasant*, have been carried into etTeot in several dlatriots ? Bands of incendiaries have traversed the country, burn' Ing, maltreating, plllaginit, and destroying property of t every denomination The authorities of Ureslau have f been compelled to boh lout detachments of troop*, and 1 tree oorpi have been formed for general and individual protection There 1* every determination upon the ' part of the authorities to suppresa thene atr>cii?a . but . at the pre**nt moment a aort of peasant war i* rbgfng, \ and will probably extend to tho duohy of Poaea. Let I the congregated Poles of tbat province utile to put down tbi* poourge are they move for a more noble pur? pose! Their cause will thus reap additional aympathle* j The committee appointed by the Diet to consider the ! propriety of raising a new loan have drawn up an able repoit. It state* that the transition from an old to a new - sy*tem has disturbed pnblto order and commercial traneaotiona; that la many plaoe* the taxes ha 1 not been paid; and that the present revenue dees not oover tho urJinary expenditure. The prospect of a war, it I* added, must not be altogether lo*t light of, and Pruatla i must oontinue to make military preparations, not that ? t war is aotually impending, but because a country is b*st enabled to maintain pesos when it i* most able to e wage war. Besides, It ia urged, unforeseen oircuaif atanoes may arise to produce nostlliUss, even with the belt disposition to guard against them. The property, moreover, of private individual* is menaced on certain r points, and that property must be protected. It further >- sot* forth that government demand a* a maximum " twenty-fire million* of thaler*, chiefly for the purpose of - diminishing the misery of the lower olasses. and of npholding the interests of industry and agriculture. The ? committee decided unanimously tbat it would be adLl viiahle to authorl** government to ral*e extraordinary (j supplies, to the amount of IS millicn* of thalers, for the , internal and external defencc of the country ; and. moreover, to guaranty to government a further sum oi 15 million* lor the purpose of re-establishing public credit soil improving the prospects of oommerce, trade . and sgrioulture Altogether it la now officially stated J that Prussia r?qair?? 40 millions of thalara 11 Many of tha ptriom ohoaan by tba Diat aa delegates 1 to tha Frankfort convention are warmly objected la by 7 tha pnblio. Indeed, it ia expected that they will declina * to fill tha poati assigned to tliam. r Tha Ouehy of Poacn. a Tba Royal Cemmlisioaer in tha G.and Duoliy of Posen, M. Von WillUln, baa published a proclamation to t tha Inhabitants of that province. Ha aayi that tha Po, liah re-orgaolj*tlon of tba Grand Duchy, according to his Majesty's promise, ia just beginning, and that ha la n Intruated with power* to carry it out; ttia't the Polaa d? f ?lra a national govern meet and national (la Polish) con its y of j uatioa, and that thay shall hare both; also that the in x lereets of tho German inhnbi'ants of the province shall be taken caro of Hut be mak?s one aondition, vis . or)' d?r and legal authority must be re-established. The i proclamation conoludaa wlh the promise ot an amnaaty i. for all those rloteri who at once lay down their arms . and return to their respective hom?e The disturbed , position of the Grand Duchy of Poeen, thai officially eo, knowledged in. Mr. Wlllisen's proclamation, ia still fur? ther.eonQrmed by a numbir of letteis in the Berlin, Coi lojue aad Konigsberg papers j Mr. Hansemen, the new Mlniater of Finance, baa open ? ed a credit ef 100,000 dollara for the merohanta and mail nufaoturera of the distriot of Cologne, to be'used accordiog to the di action of a committee of merohanta, In glvia / * ten; ortty assistance to eommerolal and manatee. s ta ing houses wheae position night require and justify a loan. , Austria. j Our advicts fiom Vienna are to the 7th nit., Inclusive. ? Reform ia progressiag at Visnna slowly, but ateadily The olty had reaumed its wonted appearance, and but f lot the occasional excitement occasioned by the reoelpt j of intelligence fiom Italy and other parte of Germany, l harmeny might be considered to be folly restored, r The workpeople in Vienna, however, were In an *? i oited state; several had struck work, and oompaniet of f national guards were stationed to protect the building* 1 in progress, as threats had been made to demolish the work*. A run on the Savings Bank had taken plaoe, and on i the morning of tbe Sth, as early as six o'clock, many l porsons hal assembled at tbe doors. . The exchange on London was 11 florins higher than it t has been known for many years. i The Vienna correspondence of several German and > London journals states that Austria has declared war F againat Sardinia; but it would rather appear that no t fennel declaration has been made, and that the Auatrlan t government .has contested itself with sending passports to thq Sardinian, Tuscan, and Papal envoys. The Minister of Finanoe, Baron Vou Kubee, has resigied ; . and Count Kolowrel has also resigned the Presidency ) of the Council, which ha* been conferred, ad Interim, on ? the MlnUter of Foreign Affaire,Count Fiquelmont. Baron j von Kraua baa been appointed Minister of Finanoe, and the Ministry of War haa been latruited to Oeneral Z tnloi 0 * he government haa forbidden the exportation of gold t and aiiver ooln, and traveller! pawing the frontiers will s oot be allowed to take more than lOu florins in specie with them. The Archduke Lewi* who la very unpopular, and who wa* strongly opposed to the late oon> seaaiena made by the government. haa retired from public buaineaa. Count Monteoucull haa been despatched , to Lombardy, in the quality of Extraordinary Imperial v Commissioner, in order to attempt a pacifloeiion. The . eorretp jr.dence of several German and English journal? states that the Austrian government would not be in t disposed to reoognis* the independence of Lombardy, upon certain conditions These conditions would br, ) that the Lombards sheuld undertake tie p.iyment of a partton of thr Austrian national debt, should conolud* u favorable commercial treaty, Bod should agree to lurnish a contingent of troops in oertain cues Haw far . these reports er surmises uay be oorreet, remsins to W 1 seen. i The Arcbduke John, the head of the libsral party, had 9ft out for Krankfort, with tha expectation of belug eleoted Emperor of Oaimany. Affslra la Boheml*. I At an assembly ef the people held at Prague, a determination was oome to to add.ess a petition to the Emperor. which was to contain the following points: 1 The iadisioluble naioa of t.11 the c<unuies of the Crown , of Beheaia as reflt-.ds their interasl legisittiou. and a gniiran tf fur the close aaioa with the whme Amman monarchy. rerieet tqmiitT ai rignu oetweea trie ueruun ?*d Bohemian po, ulatieu iu all nmurs of iu*t uetion ud admiaiatratioa oI th? coanuy 2. A national representation bleed upon the ino?t aitenfeiJ aetle of franchise, sack lepraaaautioa to hare cjuuitid over all til* interests of the eiuntry, to pass all lawa aud impuiti A apecial uiinis.ry f r all the intcrnl sffiirs ol the eoaatry. Prague to be the ceotrt-piiat of anthontr for the Ylinistr?. 3. 'i lie prompt oigaoixUion of the nati >nal (Hard, aud iti couwlrte armamrnt. 4 Ths reform of the Uairenity. Reform ia the mode of infraction thi? reform to bt gi.uiied deGnitely, and not merely provisionally 5 All aa hcritiaa, bcth eiril and militt'T- to take the oatli to the canitunii id. l'nare appears to be m doubt bat that the girernmeut will at ono? accord all tfcase point* Four thousand muakata havj been distributed amongst the civic guard, who do duty In oommoa witb J the soldier*. Hungary. Wa have startling intelligence from Hungary. The Berlin ZeitungiHalt, of tbedth, announces, in t corrsspondence lr.'in IVsth, dated th* 31st, ih-J y tit, lam ktrielj ind'ptndant a*4 that Jhchiukr Strph-,. had h-tn iAurn King. A fealiog of atroug dlfconUinl had long existed at Peath, whloti baa at last rhown Itself At PreMbnrg. from whlao we have dates to iba J I, tbir nnDnuDcrmeni Ntini uov 10 ubt? crrn Known. 1 no Arei.duke Stephen bal returned on the SltttoFreieburg, with the decrei containing tho retractation of th>toyal r??olu ion mpeotlng tho independence tf the Hungarian Minletry All the member* of the Diet ?? embled to meet him on the border* of the river, and in the evening he announced the happy event in the Diet 1 Thegreateet joy prevailed, mod Prenburg wae lllumioi ted On the evening of the next day a deputation fr?m the Die* waited on the Aiohdnka to thank him in th< name of the nation lor the boon ha had obtained f)t th-m. From Bolisn, In Tyrol, we learn, nader date tb? 30tb of March, that the cilatel hid yielded to th? profielont) Government Lattrra from rerth, o. the lit of Aptll, wh'ch ha?" | r#aoh?d here confirm tha new* that Hu-.K?rjr i a? declared itr?lf Indapendant. It In feared that iht* Impor tant ?T?nt will be the (Ignal fir a civil war In fact, nu of population of nearly twelrn million*, the r^oa ol thi Magyar, whloh I* at (he pr??en' rao.r.rnt I ha dominant power, whloh An?tr' > toaa tlwayi treated wit. p collar titer, and wl.i<-h ' In po;a talon of tha Int. I (anoa, the tiahec, and U>< m >?t valuable portloa o.' tic landed propertj of the ocaatrr, dot* not aaownt tomor' ' x / * r # % sr. ii 9--41 9 Filw vwa Cum. tb?n fjur mllli' i of p?ppl? Tf-' SeiiToolc pnpilatlo o miiubera about lis ^.lllioci, and In rome onmitat* It amounts to nine tautba of the whole population. Th? Scl ivncittDK detest the Magver eu'borlry, end r? fupe to almit It The provinces of Dilmttiaaii Cmtia have >l ready op?nly neparated from Hang try, and are cndeavouriog to form them<elve* Into an independent 3ta'e The Venetian ltepubllc. The Provisional Government of ta? Venetian R^puMie decrees? "The flag of the Venetlai Republic it eoopoud of three roior* greea. white, and red : the green next the till, the white In the middle and the red at the end ; at the lop the yellow lion in a whi'e ground, bordered with the tbree oolirt. The threi ootors ommon to all the Italian flags signify th? lcall?n confederation ; the iioo U the pertiauUr lyinbol of one or the ItalUn 8-atee " THE PRESIDENT " (9'gned by the member* of the Provlaional Government ) Venice, Maroh aT, 1818 >' The Provisional Government of the Venetian Repuhlie decreea ihe following : ? " Instructions for the oomman'feraof th? fortreaieaand for the otptaina ef the porta leading to Venio* ' 1 On the arrival of a ship or steamer of war, under whatever flu, the captain of the port le to aend immedl atrly aloDgfl'le an armed boat with a flag of trues, to m< certain ns far as possible that theaaid ship or steamer belongs to the country ahe repre<:enta hirself belonging to, and that ahe haa no troops on board lor laadlog ; after whiob nntranea will bt> granted ' J. Tue effloer seath/ thi oaptain of tbi port will vk the oommtuder of th? snip whether he intenda an chorlng at Alboroni. Lido, or Oh loggia, or at any other of our porta; or whether hi Intenda proceeding f> Venice; on industlou oi any euoh intentions it will b? granted. ' 3 Suculd more than one ahlp or ateamer of war, or ahould several of Lloyd's stsameri together at a time, intend entering the harbor, in auoh oaae the offlcer of the armed boat aent by the oaptain or the port shall intimate to the commndara of ?uc.i ships or ateamara of AiifaiiU AV annht\9 ?f V alnvAnn AV Mouth of Lion*, till ths deoision of th* governing; which shall be Immediately aiked by the commander at the station ' 4. Should ships of war bearing the aim* flig wish to oome in on* a(t*r another at ?n;h a distance of time nor. sufficient for obtaining the spoataneoua decision* of goveromunt, in suoh oase entrauoa shall not be allowed to the seoond vessel, aid one will act purnutnt to Motion .1. ' 5. To vessels carrying tto >psof any country entrance will not b* permitted; but Intimation will be made to suoh vessels to keep irorn th? port, even by foroe, ahould they result; and a report tnereof shall bs made imcuediittly to the government "6 On tlij arrival of any chip of war with the Austrian fl g the (ill i?r sei>t by theoaptaiu of the port (hall inform tne commander of auch abip that the Venetian provinces have oonstituted themselves Into an indepen| dent republic, forming part of tha Italian confederation, and questions shall be put to thu oommoader of such ship about hii iutenilona as wall aa those of hia orew, leaving him soma time lor deoiding Should th* oominander of snoh (hip insist to enter hy foroe, ha (hull ba r-elited; and sLonld such commander hoiat oar tri colored tian or ths whl'e or truce fl?g, la aueh cess entiauoe will be grant-*.; but ho will b* obliged to anohor xt Aiberoni, Lido, or Cbioggla, Its. If, after having ant-red the port, tbe commander should intend pnoeeiing to Venlcs, ha will be opposed by faroe. " 7. Should vessels, arer beiog raoo^uiiid aa halongiog to our navy, arrive bearing our tri-oolored flag, aa- ' transe will be grant?d,anil they aball be obliged to anchor at Aiberoni. or Lodi, or Chloggla. tco. "8. Entrance is allowed to ahlpa of all nations after ? certalnlng that thara ara no troopa on board, in whiea cae? they shall b? considerad aa in aootion 6 " 9. Merchant vessels loaded with arms or ammunition shall menr at the ports cf Alberanl, Lido, Chioggia, and a report thereof shall be made to the government " 10kLastly, all ships arriving with troops or Italian pussengers, on their dsolailog that they are coming aa allies, their entrance will be ailoved; bat with all olvillty it shall be intimiu-d to them to remain at Aiberoni. Lido, or Chloggia, in order to mpirt to the govarnmtfbt previous to their proceeding to Venloa. " Vcnicc, March 29,1848." 8wltx<rland. Ths Federal Directory, alter deliberating upon th* diplomatic notes delivered by several representatives of (lerman Htatea, and among tnem from the Prussian Envoy. the laron da Syden, issued a decree on the 0th, declaring that all aasoeiaiiena and all aaaemblagaa in arma, of foreigners taking refuge in Swilairland, ara formally interdict* d In every part of the Helvetio eon federation. Ail associations of this nature mnit be immediately dissolved, under the penalty, on refusal, or Immediate expulsion of the persons who may belong to them. An uffloial communication of thia deoree waa ma4e to all the members of tbe (German diplomatic oorp*. 1 tad jr. All remains quiet at Roma. Tha Austrian ambassador obtained hia passport, and left Roma on the 20th March. The sntilainn of the Jesnlta had bean rtnnraeil hi tha I'ontlficlal government On the 39th of Minb a deputation of the oaeioi of Home hi*lB( waited on M Oallettl, minlsiter of polls*, to demand the dissolution of that order. the minister replied : "I am hippy to iafjia roe that, at the coaaeil held reeter diy, and on the proposition uf hi a Holmeea Pope Pioa IX himself, the diaperaion of that bodjr wai teaotred upoa Hia Holiaess, moreover, duec ed me to mahe haowaUat aorereiga resolution r Cardinal Castraoane waa inatruoted to oanmnnieat* this deolaion to the general of tha Jaeuita, M. Giovanni Roothaan, and Cardinal Viaardelll waa to take ohargo of the administration of the property belonging te the order. The report that a republic had bean proolalmed In Savoy proTea to hare been oorreot.but at the mm time ? l**rn that the new government had no aoonar bean proclaimed than It waa overthrown by the people themaelvea. It appaara 'hat the republioana, to the number of about I MO, arrived from France at Chambery on tha 3d inat, and immediately prooeeded to proolaim a republic, to plunder tha governor's house, and to commit varlom excesses. R?port hid greatly exaggerated Aeir numbers, and the anthoritiea, who wore wholly unsupported by troops. Had withdtit offering any resistance. During the day, however, the inhabitants were enabled to eompare their numbers with those of tha Invaders, and the oonssquenoe waa that at an early hour the following day the ohurch bells were rung. The townsmeo and peasants, armed with soythss and pitehforks, attacked the repablioan marauders, and speedily routed then with the loss of JO killed and 900 prisoners, among whom wore the leaders of the expedition. The 8ardlni an authorities were tneu iepia:ea in power, ua in* French prisoners wera lent baok to Kranoe, while the Savoyards were forwarded to their own hemee. The of the 3d, of Turin, publishes letter from the Duke of Perm* to the regency, In which, after promising the nmt liberal reforms, he reeoanienda Parma to return to her Mleglanoe The rogeaoy having acoepted these conditions, and reoommended them to the population, the authority of the dak* has been again reoognisad at Parma. Not 10 ia the reet of the duchy: for at FiaceoBi, the dnoal arma hare been pulled do*n and publicly burnt, a provisional government hes been proclaimed, and measure* have been Uken to demolish the citadel. Naples. A? mentioned io our laet, there has again been change ot ministry here The people, being dlsoontentud with the first constitution granted to them, or, more properly speaking, having oiscovered thit there was ne sincerity iu the promisaa made by the gorern> meot with respect to it, and that an attempt woukd be made to throw it aside altogether, demanded reforms from the King, which they declared to be more than ever necessary, now that they found they were to be bttrayel Oa the 4*h ult. the ministry had been oompleted, and was to consist as follows Carlo Trojs. President and Mlnirter of Public Instruction ; Colonel Vinctnij degli Uberti, Public Works; Marshes* Laiai Uragoncttt, Koielgn and Kcoleeiastical Affairs; OIot. Viguale, (Jrace end Justice; Conte Pietro Kerretti, Finance, Agriculture, aod Commeroe; and Brigsdiere IUffaele del Uuldloe, War Immediately upon their aooession to oSce a programme of the subjoined liberal and almost democratic measures was put foi ward I. The period fir the Pailiaosentarr sleetioes to be Aied ee soon as posnbla. J. The property qualification af ihs depatirs <o be dispensed with in tha rate af persons of uinid and edeeat ca. each as the members of the raricui pr fessions, and ihos who have dietiugimhed tbemseltts in commerce, scieacr, ait, or literatue 3 Ths property qualification of deputies to be ao more thaa that required fur electors. 4 The electoral aolleies to be invited to present a list of those petsons iu th?ir respective provinces whnm they may consider most w.irihy to be cslled to the Chamber of Peers, itbsim inreeded ihit fifty members ol the apper house shall |t>a ie'ec;ea id una wanier. J The King,'jy a id wuh the adTice uf Parliament, will Irjioe the cunstituliiu ol (lie upper home. I 4. Diplomatic n*?uu to be imtnedia'ely sent tn roceert | with the oilisr Stmei of (he formation of a national league 7 A laiga lonlint jnt of to ta placed atlhtd'tp ?al nf tb* Italian Leegtie, andt> depart iamediately by land aid a. S The national flif to ue boidtied with the liali'O tri-:olor !) Krr ymeinnt i be u.rl to ?e derate the aiming of the national |n irda ilroajhi ut the kicgdom l?. ' *oiinta'i>n?ri to be de*patcn;d tt orjuri) the neit 'ate or thiugnhrcuttoa: [lie pru?iaee?. It WH alao announced mat, in concert with h:a Mlr> latere, the king bad ordered out the reeerTS o( the armynod alao that a regiment ehould be aent immediately by to Leghorn, while another body of trec|* ebeuld b? daapatchod to lb* fro-.tier. An appeal had like w lea beeu made for ydiiuUry glfia ol moiey, hoiaea. mn.ea, lid otaar fappli**, In aid of the Italian ranao, toward* wta ch the kit g had KiTen lb" -xam, le of n contribution of 30 obotea hortcj troj? b a own a??ble. During the three or lour daya preceding the publication of the above pronra?nnia viriona J-monatra'i.-na had been made on tile part ol the populace; but tbara bad been no flfhttng. Atone time it waa reported " at an attempt would be ro ido to deetroy the royal arms at the Brltian eniba/ay. in a manner *ii?lar to ihat sno?d by the Austrian Mnbaaaalor, and the b-n dis* had, cnnafjuently, b"n guarded by the military patr^ia Lord Minto and tbe fleet arrt?ed on tha iat cf Ajiril. It w II be noticed ai a atngolar oironmatanee that in tn* new Vioiateriai icar.lfeeto no allutiJn whatever it inada to the atalra or Hicllr Tt>3 Nouvtlliiti, at Mtraellles, hu news from N iplaa, accordion to wbioh tha Karl of Miota h?? rriauted io that fttty, and publicly t??tiB. d hia dlMatlff icliou at th* ' resatll* " ooiiduot of th? Utntf, who, ?o fwa alia. ti?a tr?*oheto-.ialy withdrawn ill bis p rem it* Io tha !Mili*oa. and rfdoWaa ta trrnt th'm ?? robe!*. Tha p?opl? of Sicily, howaTtr, n^t b? pat down ao raatiy in bia M*j*aty suppotfta Th*y bar* d't-imlnad t > ibmw armrd corps on tha ooasta of < ?l?t?rla h It la pot*tb!a (tdda tho writ") will fcj au.Mpa'ifd ijj a leToiu'-iJj in N+pi*#, wfeara lu. > to pla are rqual.j ' tiaaparatad 1h? <)Upl*y ot mlltUry foroa in tba capital la raty Impoaio* 6m th* inhabitant*