Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1848 Page 1
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TH - BL ...M. Whola Ho. Mfe7. Nnlckn Atr*Ir?. [Corr^ponfl^nea of ?&? N. O. DMtt.l City ok Mkxico. April 18, 1818 ?D?v b?for? y??*rdiiv m h?il tl;e Dl'KKura ot witneaatDK th* taoat brilll?ot military display it hes ever baen our fortuoe to look upon. Kvery b-'hilder viewed it wi'h pride end aCmira I ion. and it inuit h?va b?on peculiarly gratif/ing to the r*flioient of ttii dWtlnguUhed bonora?the Hon Mr. Cl'lT>rd,our Peaoe Commtieioner?who arrived about 11 o'nlock. b?ving bmo eaoorted from Vera Cru* by C?pta Fjirchild'e a?d Kerr'e oomparlta ef Loalsinn* boras Ttis troop1" vr-ti formed on the m*4ouM I* the gerita and wi.-re composed of the Ceiro Unrdo Division, lion Smith?the brigade of cavtlry, Col. Fauntlero;?two battcri** of light artillery, one nnder tbe commncd of rupt. K. Taylor, and the othor under Lieut French?the 3d nnd 4th Kentucky volunteer*. Cole. Thompson end Williams?nil under the commend of M?jor G?n. Pattersou?aud numbering about & 000. Gene I'atter.'on end Marshall, with a r<iue<!ron ol cavalry, mrt Mr. Clifford nome diatance in a.ivanca ou th*s road. Ae tbey raachcd t'^e right ct the column. drawn tip in lin*. aaalute wee fired from the battery of Lirut Krenoh. and the cavalry band, (mounted) xaluted htm with their flourlshea. and playing "Hail Columbia," a* he patted them; nest, the HiU-a. with t.heir ahrill, vibrating trumpets. followed likewise.and so on each re;*im?nt, until the Hon. C"mmi?eioner pnna'd tha entire liua. The column tbon formed, and escorted htm to hia quartera In the city. Ttle waa an honot, of which any man or functionary In r ur ecun. try might well hs-ve been proud. Xae oid Cerro Oordo Division never loeked batter? never moved with more prroielon, ur never thowed to more advantage. 'I hia too, Is the g'.oiioua Division that never yet, us a body, or u reglmnat.oorapauy cr deUohment. has been checked a cii'g'a instant, by the enemy, at any poin: whatever, and h*a made the Meaicaim feel the effect* of' ita discipline and indomitable courage, throughout the whole of the oiopaigu. 'j'be cavalry brigade were aa clean aa now pint, and aa gay as peacocks in full feather. The light b?iterl?a preambled, in their order and discipline, a faithful portrait of " grlm-vicogei war," announcing in roverb?rating tonra the arrival of a mesaonger of peace. Tba Keiillfblin. ?nl>) Ifur.fnnbH *11 ....... .C their officers presented bit sword in salute, I could not help thinking cf bis conduct at <_ erro Oordo, while under a mo.it destructive lire, rallying bis command, calling ou^ to them ' Men, do your duty! Hemem'.fr 'Old Ksntuok!'" They really deserve great credit for tb" superior state of disoipllne to which tbey htvo already anivod in the short tim . they havo been in the service. Mr. Clifford, after arriving at his quarters, and the military h?ing dismissed, went with Gen. Butler to b!s quarters, accompanied by a Urge number of offl c?rs, nppareutly much gratified at the brilliant reception be received on his en if to tho "Halls cf the Monte2'iajs'1;" but at th* same time preserving that equanimity of feeliog and expression of counteaanoo indicative of a high u>ned gentleman, and one knowing and propeily extimaticg bis ewn abilities and position. The military commission for the trial of the persons ecgnged in the late burglary and murder in this city, In which two i'ffl.:ein of the -Jd Pennsylvania volunteers, Lleuts Hare and Mattisoo, are Implicated, commenoed its investigation yesterday. They had a meeting day boforj yofti.rday, and the day before, but did not precmd to business, on account of the ofib-er being abient who was detailed as J u.l^e Advooate. The following are the officers composing the court, as at present fully organised Col. M. V. Thompson, 31 regiment Kertuaky volunteers; Col. J W. Geaiy, 3d Pennsylvania voluntcerr; l.:eot. Col. J. W. Whiitteld, 34 Tennessee volunteers; Lieut Cel. A. II Gladden, Sou'b Carolina volunteers; Lieut. Cel. J C. Burnbim, New York volunteers; Mejor It ?wr.su. 1st regiment Pennsylvania volunteers: Mojor W. 1'. Ward,4th regiment Ktuiucky volunteers. The ease is on- of a very aggravated nature, and you will reo that the Court organized for this special Investigation is not only composed of rank, but persons of sound d'tcretion, judgment, and intelligence. I will report the proceedings in detail, and you will be regularly furnished with them Whatever maybe the result of tho trial, justice will be religltusly and striotly dealt out, and it the soused should be found guilty, they will have to undergo the sentence without regard to rank or position ; if they, or any portion of them, should be louna iunxceut, as a matter of oours* they will be restored to their former r*nk and position. There is a Kieat deal cf iadiputtion in the army, tut every person is anxious to Fee a fair, impartial investigation. Ta4*diy m^ralog wsiiad a current report of the atsa?elvn'.lon o thieo tiffin >n bv nfime rnhlian mitaida .!?? gates of the pity, but a thorough investigation proved it 10 be a humbug On Snaday i?ight there was a great alarm created in the olty by a hsavy lira of musketry in the eubarbs of tho city. It appears that a party of Mexican robbers occasionally enter the suburbs of that part of tbe oi'y fjr the purpuss of plunder ; end on this evening th.-y came in in foroe of 1A0-meeting a patrole of Ihs pol^o- ?u*rJ thi>y fired on them ?the sorgeaut in command of rho p*trole (six men) was driven baok some throe (quire* until he got goad cover in n boues, and n*T>t to his rffloor for roiuforsemeuta. The officer fiodmg tho rotten in too great a foroe for him, Asked a.#'st?DCft from tine of the Kentucky regiments, olosa by, who turned out fourcotnp?ql?a. As the guard and Keatuckie.ve approached, the robbers fired on them, two bails taklnat eff?et on the marines ; but the distance was ro great that thev only produced a slight oontuiion. As uoon as the officer of the guard got near enough, he di rortH six men to fire. The Kentuckians misapprehendin; the order, fired three or four volleys, hloh produced the a'arin la the city. The robbers fled, leaving two of their party dead in the road. We have received letters from Queretaro to the nth Inst There had not yet been a quorum of the Congress ?three Senators and fix Deputies bslng absent, i am folly satisfied. from my letters, that the real oause ct there not baring beon a quorum previous to this is on ec.-ouTit of th?ir not having any official lcformition of the action of the United States Senate on the treaty; however, I learn by my advices this evening from the interior, that the Deputies and Senators from the State of ru*hla will he in Queretaro on Monday next; and those ja?t elected from this State will set out on Monday next. Th's will make a quorum and some to spars, and tn?ri>fore we have every reason to believe that tho neit week will find the Mexican Congress acting on the treaty. So far as regards its fate, and tbe final result upon the Me*isan government, my lettnts in'orm me that but six Deputies ard two Senators are opposed to its ratification; bat, as I stated in my formsr letters mush depends upon the course Mr. Clifford pursues H? has now arrived, snd 1 am In hopss he will immediately l*y hi* doeuments before the Mexican government without talk or negotiation. I am oxce?dlogly sorry Mr Trist did not remain here longer. II i could have exereis*d a stronaerltflaerico in the ratification thai in) p?i-son the povernment onu'.d send here, nnd oar government o*rteinly made a great mistako In sending him homo a prisoner, at this particular junotnre. The news received a few days since will no doubt have some effect on tbn action of tho Mexioan Congress It will destroy all hopes of the Paredes or monarohloal party. I have established a dally oommunloition with Qieretnro, ond oeptctnl correepor dent, wall versed In Metlosn nflairs, at thtt plioe. I will en loavor to supply you with the latest intelligence from there, and the notion ,.r <k? Mavlnon PasiMuai am (hn (t-aaf* I s\ia!l asnil I* throuiih by extraordinary exprew, or go wl h it myself hi f?r mt Vara Crus. Tbcr* I* ro uiwi of iropor'aice or interest to you from 'ho Hint"* of Chlhuthna. Zicateoas, San Lais Totost. Ou4ii"Ja?V?, or Ouadslejara Everything appears to he q<ilet, ?xeept the enpoone^nrent'. of an engjgeuien' witu a small Am?ric*n f>rce 011 the frostier. This, however, wants confirmation. Year*, Muitawo. SANTA AUNA*H DKrARTHRK. f Tho following ii translated from tho Spanish side of the Kr<'? American of April II.) Vkra Cii'i, April 0,1848.?This unfortunate ohief arrived on tU? 1st Inst, at AntUua. an! on the Afh embarked for JAmnfcn. in tho vessel chartered by bim for thut purpose. lie ha* d<-part"4 ! and he carti** with hlni tho sjaipatlilps of blI noble htarts who ham over apprrciat?d the ncprli of thin yr*at man. anil whom trari tljw i:i Kr??t?r profusion when th?yr?lliot wlih what inntr*ti'.U'i? iii? sfrvicrs. toil*. vigilance, and ardent a?al, and renewed effort* hare been rewarded - all devoted to rai*e bis unhappy country from the abyss into which eh* has Me n plunged by thn unreasonable and insatiable i.vatice of enei2i*e bom and nouri?hel in her very bosom iltiWHor, tor tho present, we defer the discussion of n sutject n; p..infol, and shad limit O'irsaivea to a brief account of his arrival and departure, as we promised our i-i aders in our p ipsr of the 4th iutt. Two Ameriom officers and several private gentlemen, who ief the city on the evening of 'he l?t Inst, a short wbile *f(tr tbey had received iniellig'uca of the (J?ne ral's arrival, ware presented to the chief ne*t mnrnirs na<l wre received with hi* characteristic cordiality and courtesy, uud io much kinder manner thtn they hsd l. t?ii tn i.nneot We dctlre toadvis* tho nubile that with r?n*rd ?o nil they hear at present apcKeu to tha Drrjudirw ot S.tnU Anna, of which tha proof is not forthnjUiiaif, it would hi nu act of juitlca to a'isp?nd th?lr opinion until 6 mora favorable opportunity futvisbea brtlar mean* of information, making hold to ear, that no one will repent havlift at Jidud confounding hi* opinion* with those r.f rila and dtgradod aoula, wbo sicrlQoe averytbtaff, howaysr paored, not on tha altar of th*ir country, but, on the contrary, to furnish nourishment to their ruoiin and deiper.ite selfishness. Rut we will not b - led .vide from cur ftubjaot, and w? return to the narrative wbioh wa propone to ?lva. Tho gentlemen ultra.ly nioiiti^nsd, who enjoyed tba delightful honor of b?lr>K tlie flist to visit bl?K*c?ll?noy, were siT'ctiooately hiji\ courteously InTited lo yartalle of hn frugal brenkfast, whiutk tb^y enjoyed without pomp or para.'e, luxurlitiug in pleasant impressiona of which thay ooull never have drnaniod. and which wera grcaily incraa??d hy tba iU.hla deportment Mid ataiab'.o dimity of tha g>ner?l'e lady and bin young <Uuphi^?norita Oua(Ulup , and Mao by the unituru:ly gentlemanly behavior rt tha various individuals composing hi* privata retinue, whoto naraea wa regret our mamory will not permit us to present to our raadsrs. During tha repast, various toasts wara given, of which wa present those that fortunately reach#! us, together with tha response ot the oalebr.itf-d cbi?iinin. Captain Hssanon, always enthu'lsstlo aa felieltoui la his remarks whos* talent, wit and eduoation have been fo often dlepla> ad?wag lha n?t who tented tha Osneral, in tba tcllcwing: " To General Santa Anna?Tba great man of tha age, whose gi entuora, even lu adversity, will ba acknowledged by tha vhrds world I ?? ? ? TiUltmnn Ottt Anmm*n.lA? a# iU? aUlll... fPCirtM hh F.xc?lleney, t!i.-nnrr>?>, and i?j that fliw and rr?".lnte tens which couim froai tha heart, gave tha following:? "<?m?ral S?nt? Anna Tha Toiuatary rilta?th? Uriloiu people will rw?ll him la triumph. May h? *urriv? many long ?Hti to conicx uetr honor* upon hi* Mtira niTl I E NE JN Sennr Den Andres F Lara, of Cuba, than u?< and gave. in bia laoonlo and expressive stvlo: ? " To General Santa Anna: The head and the heart ?1 the Mexican republic; may the wishes cf all bis fiimds sjon be fulfilled." The toasts were immediately trarslated into Spanish i and thus oommunicatod to Sinta Anna by Senor Lara, ( and 'he Genera!, by tha aaoie means, with demonstrations of the moat delicate oourtesy and with hla peculiar 1 moderation and dignity, axprecsed hit satisfaction and gratitude, Biting: ? " To the Americas officers and American cltlians: ( From whose generosity 1 have r?c?We<i kindness and staution, even to the moment cf my departure. I pre- | aent my moat heartfelt expressions of gratitude " This toast waa translated from Spanish Into English, ( and waa tho last, with the exesption of the one given by Senor Lara to tha lady of Santa Anna. In tha midst of other slmit%r sentiment*, tha repaat passed away rapidly and delightfully, and tha party broke up with mutual expression* of sympathy and friendship. In tha evening a large number of visiters were prosentsd to the General ia Antigua, and all were caarmed . with their reception. May General Santa Anna And wherever he may go, th*t peace and happiness which he merits by hi>i worth and amiable qualities, and which his ilnoer* irleud* earnestly wish him, as well at all th>se devoid cf pr? judioes and party visws, who ar? oompa;?nt of judging 1 impartially. KXPKDIT10N TO TOVOCt. T.:p&Tf,. Tha party which leit the city of IViexloo for the pnrpese ol ascending to th? submit of this oeletrated volomo, wsb unsuooessful In the attempt. The Sl./r has txio following in regard to H. Tho expedition reached ha base otthe mountain on i'hurrdny cl^ht, the fourth day cut. Tha distance is about sixty five miles They commenced the ascent on K>'day. and reached the summit of vegetation at about six o'clock in the morning I an mgnc colore starting on tn? arosnt, t he party tncountered a tremendous snow ftorin, acc<"mpa>ied by h?ll, thunder and lightriDg. It wm difficult to fled wood, and but few Arcs oould be had. Tne continued to rage the next day, but the party pr-ixied on? the leaders mopping at abouto:e o'clook, Inroaaeiuenoe > of the severity of til* co!d, several ol iiie party becoming nearly exhausted. At thl* time they supposeI themselvei within about a thru sand feet of tho water of the mountain. Owing to tha depth of the snow, and the severity of the atorm, they were obliged to desist from ay further etforts to ascend' ta the summit on that day They would have renewed the attempt on tho following morning, had it not be?n (or the effects of the ratified tmoepbere ataueh a height, as well as of the wind and atorm upon their eyea. Home of the party ware nearly biladed, and their sufleringa were extreme. Several of them were obliged to descend from the mountain blindfolded, and have their horoea led by others. There was no serious accident that ooeurred, though the rldera wera several times in great danger from the difficulty of acoeudiug the cliffs with their horses. GENERAL CADWAT.I.AnEK.?MR TRIST. It is aaid that Brigadier Osneral Cadwallader has resigned his commission in the army. He left tha olty of Mexico for Vara Crux on the 8rh inn. Mr. Ti 1st left with an escort on tha same day. BUSTAMKNTE. The IllvaMrlona ex-l'residrnt of the Mczlonn republic was, at the last dates, In San I.tits Totosi, with a n >n- i Ierable force Many persons suspect lilm of disaffection to the government. FAREDK0. Nothing more soemi to have been lately untHettaken by tbla individual tor the advancement of Ills peculiar views. Tho Mexloan press, geuorally, la very severe upon htm?rome a'acrtlng that ha should bs treated as a traitor. FROM THE RIO GRANDE. [Krotn the N. O. l'.ctyuna, April J Bt the arrival of thesohoouer H L. S;ranton, Copt. Tab?r, from Brasos Santiago, we [have dates from Matatrorts of the 8th instant and Moateiey to the 'J9 th ult. There is but little news upon the Ulo Grande of much interest, the stirring toenes which have been enacted upon that line havlag given place to the utter aad insufferable dullness of a line of girrisona where a robbery or murder ia looked upon aa a great event. The prospect of peaoft. too. renJera the lifo cf Uie soldier upon the Sierra Madre line irksome in the extreme, and he sighs for the timo whoa tho peaceful " recall" shall be blown through the valleys of the Sierra, nad in the silent watches of the night thinks of home and its comforta. lie feels that tha bed of a soldier is not particularly downy?especially in ? prickly pear country, and that his pftth is strewn with anything but roses, though a lew rptree f prigs of bright laurel occasionally are found in the dargerons and rnlcous path to tame. Bnt to such Items or nnwi na thera Art'. The Munlc.ru (Jr.-rttrcf the 35th tilt. states that a report i? in circulation in that nttj that fcveral Amerioau merchants hnYo boon murdered n.-ar MszipU, but is usable to tra<;e It to any authentic scurce. The same paper states that the lft-.h infantry, who haT? been garrisoning the city, hnvo baen ordered ou' to Walnut Spr'njs Appropriate bon<wa were paid to the memory of John (iutnoy Adam*, at Monterey, by the 13'.h lofdutry, oa the -'J i ult A cannon wad fired everjr b*lt hour during thti day from the oitadel, and thirteen in the mo: nine, and twenty-nine atsUDdt. Oen. Wool hat ordered all the dcgi in the city ef Monterey to be killed. There will be many r tear shed among the blaok-eyed senoiitas at the destruction of their pete. Tftie pro* urn iamtt't pgainst the canine legions by th? commanding officer way well be called a general mis acre. Tho Gazette learns from its agent in Saltillo, who ha i ju*t arrived from 1'arras, that three Virginia volunteers tiad been murdered there u abort timo previous The perpetrators had been arrested. The new3 of tbe ratification of the treaty by nor Congress w*s receive! by Uen. Wool at Monterey on the 29th inst The Matamoras papers do not contain a word of interest. FROM THK I IRA/.OS. The U cited States steamship Telegraph, Capt W. H Folger, from Brazos Santiago, the 21st, briegs us files ot the Jbmric<m Hag as late as the 13th inet., bat they contain no news of interest here. The Telegraph reports having passed the United S'-ates steamship Massachusetts, from Vera Cros, In the river coming up. baring on b?ard a large number of troops returning from the army. It is the opinion of Cs.pt. K tbat Gen. Scott is not on board tb? Massachusetts. The Telegraph brought over thi following pawengers : Mr? Andersen, family and servant*, Mrs. Duval, tVm G'neer and lady, Lieut Charles C. Churchill, Sd Artillery, Smyth Clark, Samuel Samner, M H. Campbell, George W. Martin. Capt Geo W. MoCerren, Mr. Koowles, C. O Hale. C. D. George, Capt. Lcreoso Alomio. Albert Martin, Mr ltandoiph. George Conray, K Flint, Thomas Williams, George Taylor, and 43 on deck. FROM NEW MEXICO. [From the St Louis Republican, April 2.1.] A Santa Fe Republican, of the 18th of March, brought i In by a company of traders, osntaius some new items of news in relation to ths movements of the troops in that qnarter There had b"?en arrivals, during the week, of offl <,er?. merchants and others, from El Fast, Taos, am* Los Vegas The merchants were preparing aT expedi tton to the States, and ths officers were to attend a General Court Martial at Santa Fe. Major Walker's battalion, and Captain SldUfian's Chihuahua Hangers left El Paso on the 'Jftth ot February, and General Price, with the mala body of the ccmuand on the 1st March Oa? company of Colonel Kiston's battalion was left at Kl Paso to guard the provision trains U? Price did not anticipate any resistance at Chihuahua, and he ex pected to en'er that city on the 19.h or 30;h nit. A le'ter from Colonel NewDy, to oonmaud at Tacs. states that Major (Jilpin's battalion was encamped at the M<-.ro Pay matter* Spaldicg and Bodlne arrived from Soeorra an the 20th, to pay off th* troop*. Captain Jona?, who if ityled the famous " Yellow Flower of the Kore?t," reached thereat the fame time, and wi> appointed Provast Marshal. Captains Clarkson and Haley, with their oompinW, were etationod at San Klfs.irio. twenty mll-? bolow Kl Paso Meat. Ludwlg wr.s at Donana, to protect the town against the incursions of the Apaohes Horse t?aliog Is said to hare bean carried on to a considerable extent, some forty or flfty having already beer t?k?n; ar.d two or tfcroo Mexicans w?re whipped for th^ onar.e.but it did not Vring bnck the horses. Captain Haley had bien despitohed to Carigal, with seventy-five men. having or4rrs to destroy the town.as it had become n dm of tbir-ves Tha health of the troops was good. Ooly two death* had occurred at Kl Paso. Sergeant Smith,who captured Governor Arm'ja, and wa? afterwards confined to the Guard House, nad bs?n boaorably acqnitted of the chargns agilcst him The iotelli gmoe thnt Urrea wan approaching with 3 (too men. created quit* au exnltemcnt <n El l'aso. Order* were nt to Colonel Kaeton sni Mejor Walker to hasten forward their troops; the streeta leading to the Plus were blocked up by strong wills, and every thing prepared for battle. Bat Urrea was not to be toand In that direolioo. Lieut*. Mullowney and Ilcpb'rn, who had b?ei? tinder arrest for month previous, were r?leas6d on account of the exproted butle. Squire Collins, who was, wi'h others, oapturel by a pnrty of Mrxioans, and imprisoned at Chihuahua, an da his escape, and renohed El Paso on th? lit .M?r.*h. The entire force at K.I 1'aso amounted toabaut 1,400 men. NAVAL 1NTILLIOKNCI. The Hunker IUU Aurora says that the report which it published a few weeka ago, that the great ship Vermont was to be repaired and launehsd, has proved to be correct. Orders to this rff?et were 1-ecxired on Krlday, and workmen have already commenced operations. The Aurora says that the Vermont will require prslty exteraire repairs The foer naval steamships now building under authority of the act of Congress of Maroh 3, IH47, will be named as follows : -The one building at Klttery, Maine, the " Saranao the one at New York, the " H?o Jacinto the one at Philadelphia, tho ' Muequehannah j" and the one at Ooaport, Virginia, the * I'uwhatan. '-- fPatMng. ton Union. '*rkat Fir* in Trov?Thirty Houses I)k UTROYKn?.ftlUO,0(H) worth OF I'roPKRTY HkmTROYrn.?A Bra broke oat In the rtablei of Mecheniea' Hall, the old ?tage honta on River atreet, Troy, about nine o'clock. on Monday night. It tpread with great rapidity. All tha Troy ttagpa and atag* horaaa were dratroy. ad. Tha adjucnt butldiega wara aoon wrapped In flatnea, aad tha block frem Troy atreat to Congre<a utratt, on tbe e??t alda of River atraat-uot a houie waa left atanding It croraed River (traat Into tba large four atory building on tha wrat alda, oeoopUd by prodtioa and flour dealara, and awapt tv?ry thing to tha corner of Ferry atreat Thi> principal aufrerara are, Slpp?rly fc Wllklnp, Blgalow, Mor.ra *t Tnvlor, Hcwlaod, i KUla Ji Co . J. N. WllUrd, D. F Town, Vail, Haynar k i o? W K. Hag*, Ituaiell Sage, and many othera Tha Albany Fireman'a and Albany Insurance Coa. auTar to tb? amnuut of about each. Tha Tr ->j Mutual auffatg tba haavlaat In Troy Hla Honor the Mayor, John Taylor, WM ptMMt ?Kuchabttkir, id ! in* (ant. W I i EW YORK, WEDNESI llll liallinail U..liln>? Kou<iham> Ki:*i>y Nkw? Kmporii.'m,) Utica, April 30, 1H48. J The train of passage oars from Buffilo.whlah lefc hei it half | ait 12 o'clock, tbis afternoon, within a mi >f Ilerklmrr Tillage, when they cnm? In contact with freight train; and before either ecglneer had time to abi thf-m off, they struck and killed two men, mortal! wounding three or four more, and totally destroyed bol eoginm. doing k good tle?l of damage to the c?? Their Iocs of engine*, Jt" , will, probably, rea-ih $30,(tin both trail a wore running a: full epeed; and It'a a grc; wonder that there were not many more live* lost. M Chittenden (the conductor) and the engineers save th?mpelves, by jumping off a second be'ore they i>truo I conlJ only learn the oome of ono of the woundedwas 11. Smith, of Herkimer Tillnjc The water in the Kiie cannl bps been letting in sin< Saturday morning and this afternoon it i? entire; Blind. The packot boats oommeno* their r.gulir trlj bo-morrow mornlnf. W. H. C. We hav?? received eotae adiiHnntl partloulars In r< ferance to the accident on the Utioa and 8ch<?necta1 Kailiotd. on Sunday, a telegraph aocouut of which a pcared in the lljraU of Monday morning. The coll sion is taid to have been terrlflo. The do vn train wl< paeseDgers wa-J going at tho rate of about thirty mil per hour, and tue freight train going up at the rate twenty five miles. Whrn about one mile wrst of He Liner, they met, the engineers (< wing to a curve in tt road), only discovering their positions about .10 seoom before th oolUMon took placi. A paesonger who yes'.e d'vy morning arrived In town, toys the eorou?sion at the attending: scenes were past desoriptlon terrlbl Both the engines and soveral oars were entirely drro lished. Threo men were killed, one lying bruised ar dead b?neath the wrook; novertl more were mortal woun Jet!, while many recalrod contusions und other i juries whioh v/ould have been conaiJerod serious but f their comparison with the broken limbs and maugl< forms around tbum. The m*)lcg?nt. saved hli life 1 jumping dear through th* window cf the mall c? one instant hesitation would have sealed bis fat. for he had barely oleared the mail car, when tl box of the oar following ran cfT and completely in It, Oiling it, ocd oarrying everything away as went. The cane of one of the killed waa Willia Smith, a son of Nicholas F Smith, of Heikimer illsu the body weft no mangled that hia clothes wero al< tb enabled lus friends to rocogn:'*s him. The cam of the others were not ascertained. One of them wi s workman la an iron foundry at Utlca; his he was nearly severed from his body?tho third wus a fir man, and his body bod not boon recovered from kenes tbe rains when our informant left tbo H.'urm of the d tressing aooldent Of those mortally wounded, a mi named Welch, belonging to Lit le Mia, Las str.c? die as has also Hiram Howard, of J<ff?rson county, ai another sufferer, named Bennett, of Albany, 11-s in hopeless oondiMon, with both tbtgh* broken and a ten bie wound in the hack, caused by the point of a I?r iron rod. Altogether thfl aocl.lent has been Iho mc shocking tbat has ever occurred on the road. Further particulars are given by a correspondent wi tllg to the Albany Evening Journal from Little Fal April 30 th. He eays: The mail pesscuger train from t YVestcame in collision, atan atgl? in the road, with i up train ladon wl:h iflilreud iron?loth golug a< f: speed. On reaching there, a seen* w.is presented whii I cannot adequately describe. The two engine* w? lying tear eaoh other partly on the t&r.k, u mass ruins The tenders were demoli'hod.' Tbe engine < the up train bed completely revererd its position Su wu the momentum uud weight ot the iron, that it w thrown up oa end and fell backward on its tido. The first baggage car of the down train was in It manner raised on end, and fell at ri?ht an^las ?lth tl traok oa the south ride, breaking in pieces I ho (it paasengercar waatbiown two-thirds of its length in the teoond baggage car, In thebaokend of which w tbe post offloe, racking a complete wreak of bot h, a: scattering the Utters, tn.?.., in all directions, which we uttorwaru 'carefully gathered up by the mall agent ai the Herkimer pcatmaater. AH the pismnger oars w? more or less injured; three of wbich were new cars I longtog to the Albany and Scheneotady company, a j ust put on the read. Fragments of wood and iron, a he bsggege, were thrown in all dlreotioiia None ot t pieecngars who were in the cars were lrjurel, txo< very slightly. Mr. Wn. Bennett, of Albany, .14 Hamll'.ou stre bad his thigh broken and ?bolcl ,r dwl< cited. and n .\ Howard, of JeOersou county, who was standing on t hind p'atioim cf the second p.HSrng?r train, had bj leg? broken Mr Bennett was iu th? baggsgo car, I I ltt'vo, and was nearly butied bmeuth tho ruins, lio engineers jemped ftom thi engines and escaped wi slight injuries. Mr. Dygirt, tbo csprejs msesenger, i uiimed In the e.tprec^ .:?r, and nlmast miraculously < mp d with tl gtit injury. Mr. Chittenden, faihor cf I ocndujtor of the train, who was also in the bi-ggHgei ci was considerably bruised *utl unaided - Mr. <Joi u.lsik>n?r Beach, who wis atandlag on tile platform i b loir, car, and the canduttor, jumped ftom the cars I fore th? collision, and escaped injury Alt. Prl'ot, the ruperiutendent of tills eec'ion of t road, with his usual promptness, immediately repaired ttie place of the dis?et?r, accompanied by /Vi r direct Benton. Every atteuuoa was paid to tbe sufferers 1 the oompwiiy. Dr. H. W. DooliUls, of Jlerklm-r, 1 Orltfl'h. cf Mohnwk, and Drs L Green nod Brown, this village, (who accompanied Mr. I'rlest,) did nil tb madioal skill could uo for those injured. 1: is feart however, that Mr. Bennett and Mr. Howard will not si vive Tba Utica Giztt > estimates the loss to the compai at *13 000 to $U,U)0. In relation to tie two perso killed, tho fa:rile Beys: ? Mr. JinHB Welsh,of thin ci'.y, roou'.dor In Hijht Sc Co.'a Vulcan works, and Mr. Win, F. Smith, stage pi prietor at H:rklmrr, were either on the tank ol thu I oomotivo or the platform of the bsirpnK? car. Th were horribly mangled, the ioriner beibg torn from 1 li^wer jaw duvvn, to that his burnt could be ssen, a the latter hnviog his head cut Into and brains sca;ter on the read. Rock Sraino, (III ,) April 34,1843 Ft si I of Gen. Shislilt?Receptim Ay his Neighbore? L'tt.e Romance in Rial L'fe?Rtception in St. Lou ? G.nelo Tumpict. Not long since, Belleville wai honored with Tii from onr lellow oltizen, the gnllant Ganeral Shlel. now Governor of Tampioo ; and the way wa Fuok? did the bvs'nete, and the wny he greeted his old frlnnt is worth telling. "We cial-n the heroio Oeseral for o 4i lion,'' for Illinois has long been his adopted State, w Belleville his heme. His arrival opportunely happen tho evening before the adjournment of our Circi Court, and afforded opportunity t" a largo numb?r of o with ? small sprinkling of lrl?h, to take him by t hnnJ ; for I can awur? your readers that James shiel Is not leu regarded >y our ocmuiuuity as n oltijsneighbor, and friend. tnan the heroic (ieneril J?m flhield't, of the United States Army, 1* admired a: honored On Saturday, the 16th, be ftldressed a crowded ? sembly in the Court House ; at nlih' reaMrsd the r?l rations of the ladies?bless thtlr bright ^J'S and hup] bracts! in Kooebel's splendid saleon Nest dny, as good Christian should, lie attended religious worship iba Baptist churoh, where thanks ?nd prayers were < fered on his behalf ftud tkat of our oonntry, by the v nerftbie pastor ; and on Monday surrendered hiirmli the oomrailtee from 8t. Leuis to bs plsesd under tl authority and held oaptlve by the Corporation ai whole population of that great city. And now permit me to narrate a story that ha* s II tie of romance in it, but serves to illustrate the firon of this great world aronnd us, mistakenly called tl West. 8>me fifteen yesrs by-gone, two " youngsters" _we wending their way from (he ' Jfrsfjs" to the F-n W-e-st," as the folks near the Atlantic oall this gre central valley. One was a sl^nd^r youth, of irish d njent.with keen sparkling eyes, ?nd exuberant spirit*; tl other h native, 01 more grave ar.il sedate apeet. Thi had been school-fellors and with no other cnpltil tbi what ft vigorous Intelirot, moral prinoipl ?, and a got education affmled ; aud were directing tti?ic course the new and growicg State of Illioois. For some slxtei hundred miles, following thi meandering* of the rivei tbey were entire strangers to all otb*ri. One t. 'inil b way to Alten, which hud just conituruoed its career, at promised to be plscexf business and enterprise. Tl other, h?ving a letter of Introduction to tho Hen Ell ft Kane, then n Ssnator in Congress, midelils way (be ftneisnt village of Kaskaskia ll*r-i ho taught tl village eohool, while he pursued tho ctu ly of Uw In tl oflloe of his patron, Mr Kane. II < poss?s ed genim, ^ vaolty and an enthusiastic tompsrureent, and toon b came a favoihe with tho people. In 133ti he whs eWc ed to the legislature. Tho next year he removed Belleville, which still claims and honors him at it oil asn. Being elected bv the lesUlsture ns Auditor of tl State that arduous task dereiTad rn bitu fc J<fen??on our finances, whan bank a. treasury, eradif, *Tfiy thin *u wholly prostrate. The waaterly rep?rt, whioh w carried loco effect, relieved the treasury frrra Its wor embarrassment, and laid the foundation fi r retrierli our oredit, and preparing tba way for tba ultimata r demptfon of our debt. lit* next position waa that of Circuit Judge in this 11 trlot, and ona of our Buprame Jiiatioae. from whence I was removed to tha <J jneral L?nd OfHie In Waabinptc city. Such, In brief, ia tha history ot Ucn Jamo* Shield of tha VI S. army. And where, tbluk ye, ia hla early friend and aaeoclat John M Krum after occupying various positions wll honor, ia now mayor of Ht. Louis, tho king city of tb central valley, containing a popu'atlou of ?O,0W, <wid ( tha l?th Inst at hand ot the corporation, and on b*bi of thia population, pave tba band of veloome to hla lo mar omrade, now (isnerul Jamas HhieMs. And thara la nothing v?iy aingular or uncommon thia chnnge of fortune In tbla great region. A large pr portion 01 our dtstlnirnUho.l man In thia arrmt Valle have carved oat their own foitunea lu the e*?ne eplrlt nterprlse. Dronti and loungers c*oloI du It; but m< of honorable prlnclploe. *n?tRY end in lustry o*n ?u ceed in any p<-ofcetlon or bunlreM The new constitution of cnr State '>*? <?on? Into op ration with a treraen>lou? raejorlty. NeveVdid ? e?t mere politicians K?t Into a wor?n predicament then oIam ot that tribe <li'l la undertaking, rWndcstlnely, I oppose and counteract the wit! of the people. AN OM> RANGER. It I* Mill that blink ef three brtek building at tl corner of St. I'aul'e end Court etrente, Roc.hesUr, fo morly belonging to the relate of Wllllem \V Muiufcr baa been purchased with the view of removal theieto i k Roman Catbolio College now located In Oolo.

! ' " "ii ' k ftf KT t y jl& J. )AY MORNING, MAY 3, 1 General Tn? lor. [From tho New Orleans I'icsyune, April 27 ] Ths numerous mi?r?prts?atatlons of Can. T?y!or'? re opinions upon TiiwMons of publio policy, which have [? bum put ia circulation by persona who assumed to p?ak fiom cuthori'y, bovo ia tueed him to address a * Inter to Capt. Allison, his brother-in-law, In which be at takes occasion to speak more at large of political topics l_ thau he has hitherto done. Thin letter has boen banded ' us for publlcatim, und itdeflnes. once for all, the Uen:b er<ii'? position in regard to the Presidency, and the to* ; sues w hic.U lie at tde baso of party organization. ui It w.ll ho seen that Osneral Taylor reiterates what " has so often b?for.i been declared, that he is a whig, but 1 not hu ultra one He rr-jecs. in tho sternest terms, the J* ld*a of a President of ih? United Sto'es being the mere * Instrument of p?rty. He will not consent to take office " an u propaHuDdl/it He is for taking the constitution as a guile, rnther t)i%n the creeds el convention* or the j1* dinta of political clubs. He is for leaving to Coagrrrs '* tfco things wbinh belong to the legislative dej a-taieut, ?" and o infilling the K?eeutlv? to the matters entrueted to him by the conetitution. lie refuses to cbaDge his attie tu-'e towards the residency In any partloular?leaving lv it t) thos-j who obta<u*d his consent to bo a candidate p- for that ofHo? to do in the premises whit shall seem to ti Ibnnj best. th We regard this dftcunent as not only Interesting to Gen. *s Taylor's friends, but important to the public at large, as of nmuo jylug sound polltioal truths. Th* most momentous r- topic ?a?traccd la it is the relative positions and duties le of the legislative and onccutive departments. It must Js be aonoeded that tho Increasing Uaf?renoo pail by Cim> r grcss to t'oe will of tho exaautive has been regarded liy id many of our wisen1: statc'ra^n with iilarm, or I the Imle. piled obligatiou of the President to carry oat the views o- of a nominating convention has at timca seriously inid tcrfered with his indcpcodense and impaired his ability ly to do i?ood. It was never contemplated by the fraraera n- of the constitution that a PresNent should be tramor moiled by pledges or bound down to a p*rty manifesto ad which is generally drawn up with reference to acaiAy ' dental states oi public fetling. or topioi of transient ex,r; citemont; much less did it enter the mind of our revoo; lutionary patriots that Congress should In any wiaa be tio subiervloi'.t t.? tUe executive or oontrollod by the opito nlons of fch ooblast. In so far as the national Isglslt lature Is warped by the influence or ths persuasion of >m power, dees Congress fall from the dlgnidsd position ; >; assigned it by the constitution. at But wo shall not detain the reader with comment >fs upon a paper whloh will attract universal attention. Baton Ronuc, April 21, 1849. e_ Dear Sin?My opinions have recently beau so often tjl misconceived and misrepresented, thut I deem it due to jg. myself, if not ta my trlends. to make a brief exposition ^ of them upon tho topics to which you have called my (j. bllfllvk'u. ncj I have consented to the una of my name as a candidate i a I for the Presidency. I have frankly avowed my own diafj. | trust of ray lHnesi for that high station; but haying at ,,e the aolioita'.ion of many of my countrymen, taken my ,.t po.iltiou.aa u candidate, I do not feel at libarty to aurrenderthut position until my frienda manifest a wlah that I should retire from it 1 will then moat gladly do ao. 1 [?* have no puvato purposes in acoompish, no pirty pro{* j Mta to build up, no enemies to puatah?nothing to aerva but my country. ?'j 1 have b< en very often addressed by letter, and my Jij opiuioos have been Baked upon almost every queation 3 thut might occur to the wrltera as atfeoting the lntereata TC tf their country or their party. 1 have not ulwaya re?> sponded to these inquiries, for various reasons. 5|| I confess, whilst I have great cardinal principles which 3h wi'l regulate lay political life, 1 am not auftlciently la*6 miliar with all the minute details of political legislation to Rive solemn pledges to exert njr infltie.no*, if I were President, to carry out thia or defeat that ueaaure 1 10 have no conoeMaioiit. I bold no opinion which I would 'Mt not readily proclaim to my assembled countrymen; but >t0 era Je impressiona upon matters of policy, which may bo "? ri^hb to-diiy and wrong to-morrow, are, perhaps, not the nd boat tent of lltuess for cffl;e One who cannot he trusted r" without pledges cannot be conQdcd in merely on ac1,(1 count of thorn. !r? I will proceed, howsver, now to respond to your inquirioa. nrl First?I reiterate what I have oflcn said?I am a whig * "* but not au ultra whig. 11 eleoted, 1 would not be th< iaer? President of a pa~ty. I would endeavor to not 'P( independent of party domination. 1 should feel bound to ndoiiniater the {prominent untrammelled by party *' sohemea. 'r 8?.<:o.vn?The veto power. The power given by th? Y," ooneti'.u'ioa to the Kxecutive to interpoae his veto, is a 'th high conservative power, but in my opinion should jr' oe?er be exercised axoapt in oases ol clear violation tf tbe constitution, or mumfoat haste and want of consl^ u deration by Centre's. indsed, I have thought that for re* ninny years past tbe known opinions and wishes of the Kxecutive h ?ve exercised u-.uuoaud injurious iclluence IC upon the lrgtslativo deparfmsnt of tuo Government; *l?i and for this cause 1 bare thought our ayatem waa In JV duog*r of uuderg'.icg a great change from its true J11 theory. Tho personal opinions of the individual whe :u" may happen to occupy tho Kxscutive chair, ought not , to control the action of Congress upon questions of do do mrgtls Fclicy ; nor ought his objections to be interposed 10 Vhere qaestiona of constitutional power have been settl?J by the various departments of government, and acquiesced in by tbe people. f Third?Upoa the subjoot of ths tariff, the ourrescy, c' the improvement of our great hlghwaj a, rivers, lakes, 1 * an I harbors, the will of tho people, os expreaaed through I'1' their representative in Congress, ought to bo rospeotad lr and carried out by the Kxecutive. Fourth.?The Alexioan war. I sincerely rejoice at ? tha pro^pnot cf peace. My life has bean dovoted to Minn, yf t 1 look u,ion war at all timts ana under all circumsUnces a? a national calamity, to be i.voided tl . compatible with national honor. The principles of our government,*:> well an its true policy ara opposed to tUe subjugation of other nations and tho dismemberment ol e,y other coaatriM by con<|uest. In the laogu ge of the ? great Washington, 44 Way should wo quit our own to '; ? stand on foreign ground. ' In the Mexican war our n?" a IIojsI honor hai been vindicated, amply vindicated, and in dictating term* of peaco we may well afford to be for'uearirg, and evan magnanimous, to our fallen foe. ' These are ?uy opinions upon the subjects referred to by you ; and any roports or publication?, written or vert's bal.froa any source, differing in any essential particular from what is hero written, are unauthorised and uutruo. i (j? not know that I shall again write upon the subJs, ject of national politics. I shall engage in no schemes, >rg no co&binat.nns, no intrigue* If the Amerioan people hare not confidence In me they ou*ht not to give me their KitfTrages. If they do not, you know me well ur enough to believe me when I deolare 1 shall be content ? > I am too old a soldier to murjiur against such high anBa thorny. Z. TAYLOR, cd To Copt J. S Ali.iio*. it ur The I tu 11 mi Operiw is, Nfw Yor*, May lit, 18-W. k* Jambs G. Bk.nnf.tt, : Dkab Sir?It is with unfeigned regret that we notice "i the thst 1ms attended tho e(Torts of Siguori Ber.edettl and llossl to establish, t>t continue for the Qd remainder o{ the season, the performances of the Astor* placo Op'ra iratipt Tho arlstocraoy of New York, the "" lovers of rco'.o ly, and the patrons of innocent and In11 .?tru:ttve amusements, hove much to lament-for the W Opora, which h.n been a sourco of great delight to many . of our fel'ow-citiz^ns daring tho past winter, hti been abruptly brought to a clos? by a lack of liboraCy, an I a " want of antivity, of the right nature, on the part of Ita ' subscribers, ra?nag*rs. nnd ctta hft. ~? Cannot the musioal fashionables - the friends of Truffl, Benedottl, and Rossi -furnish tjia needy' The past 1(1 proves their foteblenrsi; and while ws regret thi* really uofortanato sut* of things, we at the stime titne would advise those who bare been loud Id their praise, but bsckwarl In their aid, to he content for the future with "e tho result that has arisen for watt, on their part, of a proper liberality, aad a right appreciation of the true r# merits of tho Opera. r' Lot all persons who wish to attend the Opant pay for tliclr tickets ; and if they desire one permanent or partioular box or scat, pay a suitable rent for the same, in addition to the prioe of admission. Tho Idea that an l'J Italian Opera cju be supported by three hundred snbscribers, at soven shillings a head per night, a partly. 3? filled parquette, and a half empty amphitheatre, is *? preposterous. A trial has been made, and a sad d?flfn clt-ccy has accrued, rufflalent, at least, to embarrass the '*< company and Its prrjeotor*. In trnt'i, it does seem that >'* the moneyed olroles of our city have all but declined to > snstaln tiie honor and reputation of the New York Opera Hons . Is not this the faot ? * Itespec'fullv yours. A SUBSCRIBER TO THE OPKRA, Who b?s worked htrd to sustain it. )0 rl - n ' i T 11 tl An \ (intit/iitifl A rin/i i 1\ TnT<\? rv* o ti n r> !l* htis been received ut the l> partment of Stat", in ,0 Washington, Trnm th? Ualleil S'.atea consul at Talcahnan*>, rhlli, of the d'ath* of th? following Afperlnnn.v Ti* : Jamrs Hml'.h, of tne oily of Sen York. at thi? hcepitilln tfcut port, on tlio 'JSth day <f Juae 1S47. Philip l'ierea, 18 rf l''?irbiY.?n, Ma4<ao^ui*tt*, at l.aad.i, In the vlclolty of tbnt pluce; *hnr? h? wa? cngiged 01 a mill*r, on the third day of Jti'.y, 1S47. y Infirniation ha* aim b*?n rec'trod froai the United X States rooeul at Taioahnano, Chili, of the death, in the hospital, at that port, of thn following named American fteamen, ? i: - J.tmea Durotoa, of Troy. N Y , dincharg,s' ed tr?in ivbvle-gbip N?wark of N'onlngton ; died on the J' J>th of h>bruary, IM47 I.iwrencs I) sintm, dlnrhsrKn ed from the whale-nhip t'rlton, ot Wurren, at which "> i>l?co it l? believed he lisU n*?d; died on the J J t day of , M?t. IH17. Warren Keith of tlerard, K.rle county, Pa., p- diftcbargnd from whale-ihlp Triad, of <?reenp?rt ; diud ? 7th day i f Augu>t, 1B17. >u ilf British B >Nr>iiot.t>krh in Mexico.?la (lie r- I5ritit.lt Hout>e of (,'ommons on the 7th nit , Mr. UaqviiiBT e?kod if h rMaj'My a government bad takin en measures to aeoura ihe il<hta ot British bondholder* o- in Moxlco.ln th? event of a ocsalon of territory to the j United State! of America' of I,ird Palmkkitow.-Hor M?j??ty'? governmrnt, a* be n believed ho explained on a lorae.- occulon, bad not o- i hithfrto thought it right *o iuteifere (tlUl.tily, ah b<twffn KCvoriimeEt end goTe?Bi?ut, with r??p?ot to the elnlraiefth* Brltlh h r ihc'der' la nuraorous foreign of T er?f>r? uo ittepn had b?*n tn'ren by ttie a British gnr^riinent upon th;- p jint to whloh the hoa to Rpiitl?m in referred But. nithongh, porhep.i, It ww no' ?<*?*Uy >!, *? r to the qMlNn. it ol nnm m |Mt th?t if * 8l?te g?*e to firHfrn ONlltQN or to docrndltore a motigei'.e iifoi Iti r?Tcune?, the 14 mortgage hppll?d equelly to the retetue* ot whatever ' portlou ot ttikt Nixie wlHnli fulfil', txutio; Mil tlie government if that oou!4 not, by pert cl of it* territory. In any degree detest or leescn the claim* of ?tra*g?r? upon Ita revenue#. HI. ? II ?!! will <mt ? I |I JW'.li m Iff ~>*rIERAJ 1848. Great Heeling of tlu Preii on the Subject of (lie t'nnrJi Hevolution. , [from the John Donkey, April J2 | Jt wai not nntil thh magnificent demonstration, that i I-'fknoe could be trnfjr 'falil to be free. We ?ll know the power of the vrefli In tills country, and tbrou?h'.ul ? the world?And the idea of establishing peu.nanontlj a republic or prima donne, without the oonr.'nt of '.ha ' Nfw York preen, wcu'd have beon absurd. Aoordinriy o both hemispheres have br?n on tip toe, (the first time , thit a hemisphere hue ever bjen seen ia that interesting position) und the eyue of tlie nswaboy* h?ve been in* ' teiitly filed upon tho in'v-inent, as b' lDg oalnulated to i deoidi their das'.iny. At length they may be re assured | ?the republic u established?Uie pieii u satisfied, and , Krsnoe I* free. The meeting was held on lut hen^man's dsy.ln Win I dust's private parlor, up stairs?so tUet it looked like a ( rt ij.ecti b!' thtnff, you ice, trom tho tint. The room had been tasteiiillr and gorgeously papered with the various ' metropolitan journals, and presented a variegated end r plotureique app*aranoe, morn easily Imagined than dei> ; orlbed. The Courier atnl Enquirer was overlaid bv the Tribune, the Exprnt was out up into small paragraphs, * and pasted around, here and them, as if eeoh artialo had c been endowed with a comical afilnity for the journal . from which It Bad been originally taken?the 7^ us Sun J datkenod tb*^Rte4?, wbUe the Sun itself failed to kIvo any lijjhi. TT?e Journal of Commerce had been oerefully 1 papered over o tat-hole in one corner of the room, but ( several boles keen mado in it, here end there, I through whioh nfw and then peeped a whisker, or whisk- ' ed a tail. Oa either Bids of the room, a gu? burner bed 1 b?en eroded, supported by a fill of tbn Jjhn Di,nkry ' und tbe Herald. Of course, the apartment was brii- I 1 II umuiy muuiumiuu. Various original and appropriate devices had be?n resortud to by the company, lo raise the moan* for pay- 1 lug tho bill, unJ al'O by th) landlord, to a?c<'Ttatn the probabilities la that respect. But ?h ttie it in unnecessary to Hire in detail, sinos the result was the same?wo got a good dinner. 1 The following was the bill of fur*: ? 1 ooooooocooooooouooooooooooooooooooooooooo o o ' | t iouf. | ; g Ox-tall?barley. S f7T? . I ; | Shad-Kried. g ? Ditto? Broiled. g O I g tOllTI. g o Potatoes?Beef Steak. o J 8 Dnnar. 2 o Ala?Whiskey Punch. ^ o ? J ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooocooooooo I It iu a few minutes after the appointed hour; the , oompany had all assembled, with a single illustrious ex- j ceptlon, and appetite was sharp set. Kvery ear wns i a-tlngle for the bell, and ev?ry eye was glued to the | door, (a very uncomfortable situation fee an eye to be plaoed in.) awaltlog the illustrious member who hid i been selected bv unanimous oonsent to preside. At j length he entered, a look of intense stupidity seated apon , his solemn oountenanoe, and bis ' fair large ears" gor- \ geously ornamented with knots cf blue, white and red j ribbon, tantefully deposed aocording to the new arrange- ; mnnt of the tricolor. His Beebe Cob tar was held t grace felly In his hand, aad his state eyo-glass, larger , than a breakfast plate, glistened and boamed in all the , rfTulgence of fresh-scoured brass. Such was the great > and good Jjhn Donkey, the patriarch of the American ; prefs. ( Appetite li your true dinner oeremony ; and, with \ > very little ado, the great man moved at once majestically te the head of the table and took his seat, supported , on either hand by Major Neah and Russell Jarvis. Tho company were all quickly Mated, and fell to committing such dreadful havoc upon the edibles that Windust, who herad the clatter, poked his head In to aoe what was i the matter. After tho cloth was removed, the following regular tMats were anaounoed by the president:? 1. The land we lire in, and the party that supports us , 2. The Tress Clang ?Never at a loss for leaders, ali though sometimes sorely put to it for subjects t 3 The Armr?More indebted for glory to our oo1 luuins than to its own. 4. The Navy? (Uianlt standing ) , A. Louis i'hilippe?A rt-j -.atea article, orowded oat i i and ordered to be distributed. , i (i The Monarchies of Europe -Stereotyped forms, , which the people are about to knock into pi, und send to i the dtivU J 7. The King of l'ruula? lie is making rather too free , with the shooting-itiok. i a. The Ladiee?Oar roost valued contributors. In ( all noble euturpriso* they are ever in advance of the , males I These toast* having baen drunk with vociferous apI plMM. the Vi-n.'UlCe president rf*i (with great difi Acuity) an! obarrvod that he had l'ing ago predicted | the French revolution, and It g?vo him peculiar pioa- | sure to lee that hi* friend Louio Philippe had taken the | matter su i[Uietly. 1 myself, (ooutiaued the president,) i ' entertain tartans thoughts of abdicating,? (marked seDsatlon) ?but not at present. (Hensation of re- | lief) No, gentlemen ; I hold that the duty of every , monarch, (and editors are the only monarch*.) ia to hold on m long m he can. The King uf the French behaved ( vtry hanUaomaiy, as all ,muat admit. Ha has retired on ) a comfortable competency, besides leaving the provition- t h1 government?all he had to leave th?m-his umbrtila . (the reign being over,) and a debt of eight hundred mil- t lions of francs. As to the arms of the royal family, it is | true that they did not seem to be very valuable; but . tbea it must be confessed that the royal legt hive proved , infinitely serviceable. For his own p?rt, ns every one ( might nee, ho was up to his ears In Frenoh republican- , ' lim. He was proudto avow himself a friend of the peo- \ pie; and while the proviMooal government numbered ' among its members a Ledru llollin, it oould never lack the services of a John L)onk<y. (Cheers ) Gentlemen, I give you, ns the future motto of the Press tiang ? l "LlBKBTT?Kitl'ALITT?F?ATKBNITV." | Mr. Oaillardkt said ue had alwnys been a republican , and a warm lriend of His Majesty I.aula Philippe. Having succeeded in suppressing a certain number of the Counter dei Eta's Unit, he was going over to France to j see what he could piek up there. He was almost oertain '-? a# tka Tnilariaa aAmaKn/t? mna( have bagged a grea: number of orders and decoration*, wbiob could now be piocur?dat extremely low prioes, nd, should tiling* take a diffiront torn, be would pro. b?bly be enabled to dispose of them at a good profit. He wished to part ou good terms wlih nil. He bad henceforth no with but for peace?and as large a piece as he ooald get. If his friend, Mr. Bennett did not like that, ho mlgbt help himself Mr. Btn*KTT replied that be bad always managed to help himself very well, and didn't entertain any t'?ars for the future As to the new motto of the French republic, Libe.ty, Equality, Fraternity, he did not exactly understand it. As to " liberty," Mr. Beach was at liberty to b.'at him In getting news?If he ooald; and Mr. McElrath was at litwrty to explain that contract with tho Common Council, the sooner the better. " {equality" he was strenuously opposed to. It was well known, bo'h lathis country and Kurope, that the Krw Y?rk Utiald had no equal?and be was (ally determined it never should bare "Fraternity" was something still more repulsive to bfs feeling*. He had erected the >- tier aid Buildings," on tha other side of tho way, although lie was uo mason; and the idea of a parcel ot sausage-makers, barbers, (alwayssaving and excepting Jem (irant.) ovster-ooeners and note shavers, daiming ' fra ternity " with bin, *u what he wouldn't submit to. j There wasn't a paste-boy in the Herald office who would , fraternize with auch a MI o( dolts aud vagabonds. , Mr. Ukkklky observed that he cam* proparad to mako a speech; bat, If the company wooll exsutehim until morning, he would be greatly obliged to them, a* ha had left the manuscript of it at the Tribune office, to be aet up aa the leader for the next morning. Aa he pre sumed they all took the Tribune., they couM road what he would hare (aid. Ha would, howerer, propose a sentiment:? , Profession and Praetioe?Th3 bran bread and beef- j steak of lire. t This sentini:nt bsiag duly honored (in oold water,) ? the President called upia (he Rev David Hala far along; a upon which the worthy divine folded hia hands meekly ? before him, raised hia eyea 'o beaven, and begged to f, enbstitute the following hymn : ? j. Oh Lord, dlreot the people's steps p My Tabornaole doors unto ; c That fifty dollars I may gat, a Whate'er the poor periormera do. r And should another leotare-room n Or theatre b> near by built, Ob may th' ungodly walls fall down, And all the owner's cash be spilt! 1 And teach me, Father, how to prey p Upon the sinful sons of men? I 8s that my substanos may increase t Forever more and mora?amen ! u This being sung with due soleniuity, the treat and goodjoh** Uomkk.v roie, and statu! that he had Jn<t re- a ceived a communication which it was Ms duty to lay at ? once before the aompany, and wblch n?edcd no com- C m^nt from him. Heroupun he laid on the tuble a rays- o terlous-looklug document, whioh being cautiously open- t d by Mr B-<acb, turned out to be the following neat o and appropriate sentiment, tent In by Mr. WlnduU : - " l n? rreai To E. WiNDt'iT, Dr. To rfianer* f ii 00 " buadrie* ,'H 00 |3l 00 R?fl*ivt<l payment, (Semper r*ratu*.)" Thin ?m raoelTed with feeling of profound dismay nn'l ln?*presfIble e'lip'taolin V.nwr Morm o.il Willi!, of the H?mr Journal, beggtd to b? ?x<*uwd Tor p inomeat?they would r?tnm directly Mr Ku'l-r e*ld n h* would willingly rit? Mr. Winditflt a pud in the A/i?- H mr for hi* *har?, and * youn^ gentleman with tawny I imperial and rqntRhy faca, who locked a? if he had j'i*t 1} beao ealifatad, aad hadn't got tha Mrrcury out of bin p *r p*l?d himself out through the lii'jhnla Ki- ri nally.tno Dill wan la11 on tha taina. ina a??eiuuijr .. p*r*?d is confusion, and rinl'hp.l up the baoli step* into m Ana ?tr?et, and hav* not ?1lcj been heard of 1.1 tl o Of a Ret.atio>h with Hra mt,.?Annexed ia ? an extract of a despatch rtxemd at the Navy b Depittmnnt, from Commodore Storer, cncimnniiog v United 8t?toR Mjtiadron on tha cca*t of Br.,* 1, datod U Iftth Kebroary, IMS ?" Mr. lUrailton, ?nr oo. eni at thli I1 place, Inform* ma that our relation* with thl* nov?rr>- h 1 m?nt t.iM tipnii tbe mott nuii<'abU tooting,and art* (qua'- r I) m? wi'h the party beaieglaR fie city; a perfect u?n- c I traiity oa the pait of oat oitUsai having beau main- '' I t*inaa. > I 1< I m*k.mgH ? mm m gg IIIIJ * LB. ? ? > ?. . ? filli W< Ocata. Foitok, May 1,1MB Rumination for the Pi eiiilenry ?Political Movementi >n Mma'htnetti. Voa have probably seen, ere thi* time, the manifesto at firth hjr the whig members of the Maasaohusetta .eglslature, In which Daniel Webfter is strongly reloirnj'ni'ed an the beat possible candidate that the ?hlgs la thi nation can seleot for the honor of belog lefjatel by the demooraoy next full?for that la pretty uuch all that a whig nomination has ever yet amounted o, or that it ever can amount to, in the nature of things, rhe whig* of the leglala'.ure are men of fair average intelligence; and, therefore, do not believe, nor expeot itheri to b?llove, the silly statement they have at leaat indoried. If they have not made It themeelvea, In juat ao nony wordii, namely,that Mr. Webater can be alaetad. I'he proceeding waa one of a series of blows aimed at lenry Clay, and Intended to put an end to the election if that gentleman, under which It ia feared tha whig arty niuit remain in tha dreary shades < f oppoaitlon ro break down Mr. Clay, and to get pomeseion of the nalonal government by running aoma " available" sol Iter, has lon? been the favorite plan of the conservative nrtion of tho M%aeachuacitta whig party. Thev know .hat under the reign of acme aucb pereon Mr. Webater vonld b- tho rrnl ruler, and that an tmmenae amount of ipoils would be at th?lr command, with which to work it once upon the vanity of the itch and the neceuitlea if ihe poor. Mr. Webster cannot be Prealdont, under any oondilion of nffa.li'*, ahort of the miraculous; and upon miraolee he hag llttio reliance, nnd hieaupportera and followers have nu more. But they know that be oan ba Secretary of State, if they elect a proper kind of oandldate for the Presidency, and auoceed in electing him Henoe tha pertinacity with which they Insist upon the nomination }f their leader. They are demanding the first plaoe for ilm, in tha hope of getting the eeoond, believing that ;he gr*at whiga will all award to him the came merit ;aat the Oreolan ohlefi saw in Thornlitoclea. after tha lefeat of tho Persians, when each thought himself en;ltled to the first plaoo, but gave tha aaoond to tho illustrious Athenian. They may meet with auccoss in thia jold movement, or rather they might, if there were any | shance of tho blundering and stupid party to whioh they tielong carrying tha nation. There are several things tvhich make in their favor, and whioh will enable them to carry thoir heads with a :;ood degree of highness The feeljcg which exists throughout the north against k slajoholdlug candidate, increases in strength In thla region with each auoeeedirg d.y, and the friends of Hr. Webiter oauae It to tell in his faver. Though not an kbolitlonist, he is no Mend of slavery?and then, he is a vhlg, and a northern whig, ot the straltest sect. Thla aat faot keeps the 'conscience" whigs in line, and prevents a rupture at heme?for tm long as Mr. Webster ia bold up as a oandldate tor the Presidency, no northern whig can make tha presidential nomination the ground for aavering his ronneotion with bis political friends, and do the subjoot, it wilt bo quite too late to nuke a split in the whig ranks here. Finally, there aro ardent and unwiflOvWlf MlMMHM W(llM whigs, vbo believe that by playing a bold game and daring everything, their favorite may get the nomination, and that he will run as wnll as any other man who is not the centre of some millions of radii of military glory. They go for audacity," well knowing that the great mass of mankind aro always Intimidated by the display of dashing luallties. and are reaJy, as the oannle Hoot raid he was, to take th? name side with the hangman. They believe, with M. VUlematn, that "nne des causes qui font que Jays uas involution )e parti Is plus violent grossit et pit-Jomlne, o'est qu'll a tons les lirhez pour rsorurs."? (I. e one of the causes which occasion that the moat violent pirty in a revolution increases and predominates, Is, that it kas all the oowards for recruits)?and there aro oowards not a few in the whig Tanks; and the mora ardent of the Websterites believe that it is time to have a revolution in thoir party, and to set about erecting barricades against the spread of ('lavism. The letter whioh wai written by Henry Wilson, one of our" oonaclence'' whigs, to the editor of the New York TrUunt, expresses the opinion of vory many of the writsi'j political brethern. The letter itself was nothing ?or rather it was simply contemptible, and the dt Astir en bat tone in which tue " .Vatick Cobbler'' spoke of Ueneral Taylor, reminded me strongly of Lord Kldon's ipplicotlon of the word "this fellow" to Napoleon, when 3onsiderJo|r la what light be should be held by the Kugllth government, when he had given himself up to It; jut it may bu lid I as useful, just as a rusty weather:ock Is useful in telling the direction of the wind. Mr. Wilson speaks in the name of the abolition whlgs, and 1 )o vert'y believe that the bclk of tbeoi wcuid go fbt sven Levi Woodbury rather than far General Taylor. Some of the principal whig presses in this elty, have all but said that they prefer a nothern democrat to a nothern whiff; and thn Boston Courier has unequivocally d'.o'.arcd that it will not support General Taylor, evsn If he should be nominated by the Philadelphia convention. Had Silas Wright lived (he would have received the support of thousands of Nsw Kngland whig* for tha I'recldeucy, if he bad wished it. Hla death yut an end to more than one soheme In whioh our whlga had mora >r less interest, and oomplioated the political game. The Uatlon 11'A g, the organ of tha " conscience" larty, is offered for sale, or to be given away, I don't enow whioh. No one bat an incurable madman would ake It, even as a gift. Chsrlsa Francis Adams is retorted to have left it, and his oonnezlon with it baa aken some $4,000 oat of bis pocket. Other whlga have bled in the same cause; and the opinion la beginning to >revail among them that a "cooaoienoe" Is altogether too upcnsive a tnlng lor men of the world to maintain, ?P'oially as their money, once paid in or oat, haa so n >re obanoe of being returned to them, In uj my, than baa a defunct sinner or bring regenerated. ths German Confederation. [From the I'ruseian State Gazette ] In tbe sitting of the United Diet on the 3d alt, the foj lOwigk |i;upuiuiuuB ?uvuiw?i? tuu vwvtv uio h* lemblyt ? We. William, by the grace of God, King of Praseia, fee. Send herewith oar royal greeting to oar faithful States In Diet aisembled. The Germanic Diet, on its sitting of the 80th alt., idopted the resolution to oall upon the Gsrmanlc federal government imm?di?tely to oommand in all their provinces appertaining to the German States system, th? lection of national representatives, by existing legitimate methods, or by the speedy Introdaotlon of sueh, which representatives should meet together within tha ihortest time possible, for tha purpose of Instituting tha 3ermanl3 constitutional administration bstween tha governments and the people. At the same time, the Germanic Diet has issued a provisional standard representation, aoeording to which Prussia is to send to the Germanic national representation 113 representatives fer tho provinces now appertaining to the Germanie Confederation. As it is Indispensab'y necessary that the (aid assembly jf German national representatives whieh, according to he above decision, will take place as soon as possible, ihouid not meot tegether without participation of Prusilan representatives, and slnoe It baa already been agreed ipon by several (German States that the sepresentatlves rho are to be delegated to the German national assemily shall be eleoted by the existing Chambers of tho itates, we hereby call upon our faithful delegates, nodes, burjhers and land owners of our provinces apperalniog to the (Germanic Confederation,forthwith to sleot 13 representatives for the meeting of the said German mtlonal assembly. These representatives, in accordance rith the relative population of the different provisoes, ire:? Brandenburg 19 Pcmerunla 11 Silesia 33 Saxony "> Westphalia It Rhenlah provlucs U6 In r>asa i V.>i fifovini,Ki at Priiiala tint PnMn. in nur. uanee of our patent of the H>th nit., shoold express &eir leelre to be Incorporated In the Qerrnanle Confederalon, we hereby ctll upon our ftlthfnl delegates cf the lobles, burners, and Und?d proprietors now In tk? Diet ssembled, to pro?e?d to the eleotion of a suitable no n>er of representatives for the Usrman National AssamIy, viz . for the province of rrussla 23, the province of 'often 13. Theco elections are dlstlnet in the Individnal rovlnces; they are to be valid by an absolute majority f votes, and run inolnde only the Inhabitants of the repectlve provinces. Further, we will not Impose any ettrictions upon our faithful State*, and will even comilt the mode of the election to their own judgment. If the assembly of the representatives of our people, /hich Is to be formed on the bad* of the new electoral ?w, should (which Is, however, not probable) meet ooner than the assembly of the German National Ren'ekentativws, we reserve to ourselves the power of tffector a union wi;h the same, for the suitable representaioa of our people at the German Natlenal Assembly, la cnordsnce wltn the change in our relations. If, In the constituency of the new German Federal Jministratlon. the formation of an upper house, conIstinK l'?rtly of members of the first Oeraaen States chambers, is to be rffeoted, we nhall for the carrying oat (this election (unlees. Indeed, another first Prussian Chamber should be formed for this purpose) sj>eoiallj loovoke our Couuoil of Lords Given at rotsdsm, April 3. 194*. (IMjined) l?lt(CDBRICK WILLIAM, i' AVirilANrtON COUNT ANKIUNOLD. BOKNEMAMN. ARNIM HAN8EMAN. VON RKVHi.R. in i, P.iiLi iik'i - An obviously well Inform J correspondent of th? Patriot nyi ?It appear* that ap?r? and correspondent ot th? bigbaat importance %< r be>n foond to the cabinet of tb? lata king at Nan lly ; and that a f.iw or thoae paper* vara Mat to M da amartlue, wish a view to Indnee blm to pa/ bandeame r for the whole. Vou know that NeulUy vat Invaded, hindered, and af'erwarda aet on fir* by a band of ufll ma from the neighboring village*. and it wai during bat expedition that a Rert'emeo, who appeared to ba ell aci'iMnted with tbe diatributioa of Hpartmanta la h* chv.cau, waa obterved by manv peraona entering On late k'pg'* cloeet, xtten^ed by a National Onard and ne cf the ??rvaqfa of th* hoo*e Oaa of my Inform _t? gW'? this a* a rutaor which require* oonormation, at another *tate* it ?r a fant, and even nam** tbe ladiidoal, who ia nn )nh?!>it?nt of NeoiUy, and baa bean >r tw ea'.y yenra one of the prateftt of tba d'Urleana. t is certain th*t a.I thn p.pera of the e* kin* are in tba an la if tbe provisional government. Ilia aeoret coreepoirirnoe *i'h 'he diplomatic agenta at the foreign onrta will be published, Kurop* will now know how ir ihn Napoleon of p*4t.e ia eniitlad to tha reepect ao DBg claimed tor hja w udom and bia bonaaty.