Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 4, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 4, 1848 Page 2
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hc.w YORK HERALD. Hartk-WMl Onrnar *r vmiimi ?Ml Iu*m M. jam hi uoHnon bie*iiict*. norKiifrn* i <Ti raw SOWlKV THiC.ATkIC, Bwwrrr.?Mabitana?L? 1 M (LLC CHATHAM TRKATIR, mml-National D?ritwcn?Mt Nxihdi'i Wirs?New Tobs Ai it J?? Blaca S.TID Sl'iAH t ME 'H INir'S H \LL.?Broadway, near Broom* treet? ChIHTT'i MimTBBLS?ETBIOriAW BUBLBS?UB DikiTOi k?. PANORAMA II ALL. Broarfwtr, >ni H??it?l meet? BaWVABD'I rA*"AAMA OF TBI Mississirrt MINEBVA ROOMS?Soutbbbb Habmoiiiits?It tori a? Smsine. fcc. MELODKON, Bowser?Etm or ai* Ain> Bilui SimM, PALMO'S OPERA HOUSE. Chambers street?8tatua*t a?d Illi'stbatsd PlCTCBBa. Hf? Twk, Thurtdajr, May i, 1848. 1'lM ClroUltM of tit* Htralil. May S, Wednesday 18.-J40 copies Annfitc lam la* VNk ^....^.147,193 " The pablieation of the HtrmU commnsoffd on Wednesday morning at 10 minatea past 3 o'olock, and finished at 7 o'olock. Prasldentlsd Preparations General Scott and other Candidates The approach of two conventions?the democratic at Baltimore, and the whig at Philadelphia? for the nomination of candidates at the 4 f n.n vumiu^ cirviiuu ivi * icpiutui, uno tausvu ? great deal of bustle and business in the way of preparatory movements. The whig members of the Massachusetts Legislature have just put forth the name of Daniel Webster as their first choice?giving, at the same time, their reasons for taking such a course, aad for their opposition to Mr. Clay, and all the other candidates in the field. Judge Woodbury, as a democratic candidate, has also been very recently put forward as second choice, by a convention of democrats in Illinois, and by the democratic members of the Legislature of Massachusetts as their first choice; and this movement on his behalf, has met with the support of several journals in various parts of the country.? We have already noticed, as a portion of all this bustle and preparation, the secret measures taken by the special supporters of Mr. Polk for his re-namination; and we now find the organ of the President, at Washington?the Union newspaper, under the control of Mr. Ritchie?coming out, in fact, for the re-nomination of Mr. Polk for the Presidency, by recommending the national convention at Baltimore, to re-unite upon the same or similar issues, as those which were the foundation of Mr. Polk's success at the last Presidential election. Two new devt-lopementB, also, of the political opinions of General Taylor, have been publisned, in which that distinguished man "decidedly indicates that he is moderately in favor of the principles which have heretofore marked the whig party? thus making, probably, about twenty letters from the hero of Buena Vista, besides the ehnnr* of two or three every week yet to come, until the 7th of June shall have passed away. Thus we go. The bustle and preparation for the next Presidency are heard in every quarter The noise, confusion and dust of a May day in New York are not more perplexing and contradictory than the bustle and confusion of the preliminary proceedings among the two great parties for the nomination of their candidates at the approaching general election. In addition to the movements which we have enumerated, we may now add that another and mighty effort is preparing to be made in this metropolis, and this region of country, in connection with the name of General Scott By the last accounts from Mexico, it appears that General Scott is on the point of leaving Vera Cruz, in a United States steamer, either for New Orleans or New York. We are not certain to which metropolis he will direct his course, though some accounts give us reason to think it probable that he is now already on the ocean, on his way to our city of New York, where he proposes to make his first landing on his return from Mexico, after a most glorious and triumphant campaign in that country?including, by the way, the putting an end to the proceedings of the extraordinary and laughable farce of that court OI luquirj. We understand, from the latest authority, that the political friends of General Scott, in the whig party in this city, and in the States of New York, New Jersey and New England, intend, upon his arrival here, to made one of the greatest efforts which has evrr been conceived, having for its object to make hi n, in some way, by hook or by crook, the candidate of the whig convention in Philadelphia, in preference to Mr Clay, or any others who may have been thought of. The steps taken by his friends to this end, in these regions, will turn out to be calm, wiBe> prudent, and probably successful. Hitherto, his name has been kept out of the political field, in order that all the stubble in the way might thoroughly exhaust itself by the natural process ol decay. Hitherto, Mr. Clay and General Taylor have been the only prominent whip candidates before the 'country; but the contention upon their respective merits has over-heated the supporters of each of them, to such an extent that it is now believed a third man may be adroitly brought into the field, who will probably outrun both of them. The nomination of Mr. Webster by the whig members of the Massachusetts Legislature, is readily nnderstood to be merely a mode of placing that gentleman in a prominent position before the party, in the movement which is intended to make General Scott the candidate of the whigs, and ultimately the President of the Union. We have no doubt, tnerefore, but that the supporters of General Scott among the whig ranks in this part of the country, will organize a very powerlul, and probably a very successful, movement in the General's favor, immediately on his arrival at New York or at New Orleans, whichever of the two cities he may land at. Thus stands the question in relation to Gen. Scott and the whigs. Many of those who now support General Taylor in this city, and who have been supposed to be exclus;vely his friends, were, it is well known, originally the supporters of Gen Scott as their first choice for the Presidency. We need not go further for a proof of this than to the revelations made on this subject by the Hon. Ogden Hoffman and othera, upon the organization of the recent Taylor movement Now, at the very first convenient opportunity, those friends of Gen. Taylor who have for their organ the Courier 4" Enquirer of this city, will all abdndon that great chieftain, should there appear to be any chance of bringing forward General Scott as the available candidate of the whig convention; and they will willingly aet aaide both General Taylor and Mr. Clay Theae politicians never had much confidence in General Taylor, but their personal relationa with General Scott are of such a character as would give them the complete contro of hia adminiatration Mr. Webster would be the master spirit among them; and hia nomination, aa well aa that of General Taylor, theugh apparently made aa hostile to the nomination of Mr. Clay, was really and 'ruly, at bottom, all done with the object of the ulterior nomination of General Scott. We ahould not be surprised. the^fore, from the recent movementa?Irom movementa now to be organized?from the character of the ncu who have organized them?ana from all the influence brought to bear upon the vonveution at Philadelphia?to eee General Scott receive from that body the whig nomination for the Presidency. Let who will be nominated by the democratic Baltimore convention, the recent numerous letters of General Taylor, besidea thoae yet to come, will have th?* effect of weakening hia chance* before the dcni<?crntic convention. That body will i have to tbr<>w tlienis,elvrs back upon aome one of th ir moat available candidate*, such as General Ctss. Juilge Woodbury, General S?m Houston, Mr. Buchtnan, or others. The chances among ail these names, are still favorable to Mr. Polk But no man can tell what a day or a week may bring forth. We therefore expect that upon the arrival of General Scott at New York or New Orleans, there will be a vaat preparation and a mighty demonatration made, of attachment and admira uvh?uui uniu{{ cunrcijr 10 ma spienaiu munary career, and the victories of the Mexican campaign alone, but springing up partly from the hopes of carrying him, by such demonstrations, to the Presidency. The recent developements made at the Court of Enquiry, and the correspondence with the War Department brought forward at Washington, may creat a laugh and a jeer among the critics and others; but we have no doubt that all these evidences of intellectual weakness on the part of General Scott will not injure the great popularity he (has undoubtedly acquired by the great military genius and capacity he has exhibited in that splendid series of triumphs from Vera Cruz to Mexico. The mere "fuss and feathers" of his quarrel with Mr. Marcy will not materially affect his popularity, any more than the story of the charge of fifty cents for patching his old pantaloons, has diminished the power or influence of the Secretary of War himself. General Scott would be a very formidable candidate against any of the democratic candidates, in spite of all the follies he may have fallen into, and all the silly letters he has written. We are not sure but that he might be backed against any man who could bs put forward. But we will take a aecond thought before we make up our minds on this point. At all events, if General Scott should be elected our nsxt President, his administration would be more interesting, curious and amusing to the newspaper press, than any which probably ever was witnessed in this country, with the sole and single exception of Captain Tyler's. Judging of General Scott from his alternations of contempt and of esteem for Mr. Tri9t?his many heroic deeds with the enemy in " front," and his laughable encounters with the "enemy in the rear," during the last few months?we think that probably he would be for giving us a new cabinet every six or seven weeks during his term of office. It is certain that such a principle of variety introduced into cabinet affairs at Washington, would be an admirable thing for the newspapers, and would increase the sale of extras beyond even the Mexican war or the French revolution. On second thought, we are, therefore, for this day, at least, decidedly in favor oi General Scott tor the next Presidency. Ireland Cutting thkGokdian Knot.?There is every indication, from the tone and spirit of the leading Eaglish journals in the confidence of the government, that the Gordian knot?the Irish difficulty?will soon be settled in a manner perfectly satisfactory, and without bloodshed. The fact is, there is only one wise and saf< course for the British government to pursue with regard to Ireland, which course she seemi now to intend to pursue, and that is?cast hei off, leave her to hsrself, let her alone, let hei manage herself and her own concerns, just ac she pleases It is well known and acknowledged, mat ireiana is no pront to England. men wonid it be worth her while to load and fire off a single gun, or to shed a single drop of blood, to retain the country against its will 1 The Eagliah seem to be rapidly baateuing to this wiae conclusion The only hindrance which stands in the way ol carrying out this just and peaceful plan of settling the Irish question, is the self interest ot ? very few lorda and capitalists in England, who are afraid they would lose their estates. Let them lose them. Would it be worth the while to see a country deluged with blood, to see civil war raging, to stir up all the fiends of bloodshed and rapine, who would be let loose by opposing them, in order to preserve the rent-rollt and incomes of a few men of title and capital1 We hope the English will see the right side ol the question, and give up the country, to save regenerate, and make itself prosperous, or t< plunge deeper in misery and ruin, as the case may be. It is highly probably that the nextaccounti from England will bring the intelligence of thii course being pursued, and the measure of repea so long regarded as a panacea being granted ai last, in all its fallness, to the Irish. Ardently dc we wish prosperity and happiness to that gene rous people; but we retain an opinion which wc have ever in some measure held, that no form ol government, even were it pure and immaculate, and administered by angela, could ever succeed in making men happy, in subduing and destroy' ing the evil pa-aiona and vices which make then unhappy, or in putting bread into their mouthi or money into their pockets, when they will no work with patient industry for it themselves. Musical Matters.?What is the reason thai none of our managers will attempt to get up e popular Italian Opera for the remainingfew weeki of the pleasant weather, previous to the people leaving town for the country 1 We have at thii moment in New York, materials sufficient tc construct a moat brilliant and successful open troupe, it there were any manager possessed oi enterprise and energy sufficient to make arrange* ments with them. There is Benedetti, Truffi Pico, Kapetti, Rossi, Beneventano, Vietti, Bis c&ccianti. and we Hn not Irnnur hnw manir nth era, all idling away their time, while they migh be entertaining crowded audiences with some o the exquisite master-pieces of Italian opera. I is whispered in some quarters, that some ot the late msnagers of the Astor Place Opera har< control over the masic, and that they wil not permit these operas to be performed in any other quarter. We don't know ho* this may be ; but we should think tha for a fair compensation, the holdara of the mu sic would be more willing to permit these operai to be performed than the contrary. We hop< that something may be done, either at the Broadway, the Bowery, or the Park In th? meantime, we intend to investigate the recem opera failure at the Astor Place Opera, and dea justly with all those concerned in that piece o humbug. To the subscribers to that concern the managers, both secret and open, yet ow< twenty ni ghts each. Wo were a subscriber foi tour seats, which make a demand on that con crn, in our favor, of eighty ticketa or eight) dollara We are determined to assertain, b) due process of law, whether the lashionablt managers of that concern can cheat us out o eighty dollars with impunity. We are, accor dingly, preparing to give directions to our law yer, Mr. Galbraiih, to commence an action a< law, to recover that amount fr?m the origina managers, and all their aiiiera and abettors, in eluding the proprietors of the Opera House, if ii is possible to reach them. We would also ad viae the tuhscribers to the Opera, to the numb'1 I of three hundred, tn mirmliU ??.. cert some legal measures, id order lo compel those proprietors of that egregious humbug to pay bark to them tome of the money out of which it proves they have been cheated. A groas and atrocious delusion was practised on the public t>y the recent Italian (>p>-ra?not by the artiste, not by theaiugers. cot by the muaicians, tor w? believe they are also loners We must endrnvoi to discover where the blunder or criminality should rest, and this we are determined to do. Vh? Frtneli Rtpnblle ud a Portion of tlM Amartcan Pwm. It is refreshing to see the almoat entire unanimity of opinion which characterises the press of the United States on the subject of the recent revolution in France, and the effort to establish a republic in that country. With comparatively few exceptions?and these of the most pettifogging and insignificant class?our public journals hail that revolution as the dawn of anew aay over the whole of Europe, and entertain full hope and confidence that France will pass the ordeal safely, and settle down in a republic similar to our own. This unanimity, however, is not to be wondered at; tor a careful and attentive perusal of the events and incidents of the three days, the character of the men who compose the provisional government, and the wisdom, moderation, and enlightened patriotism which have marked their conduct since they assumed the reins of government, are sufficient data on which any unprejudiced mind can form such conclusions. Those journals who look upon the matter in a different light, and keep up an eternal croak about anarchy, Fourierism, socialism, and probable bloodshed, know nothing of the real condition of France, or of the disposition aRd temperament of the French people. When we take into consideration the sudden, and we may say unexpected, transition of that country from a monar cny to a new order of things, preparatory to the formation of a republic, there haa, we venture to aay, been less trouble, riot, or disorder, than we had any right to expect, and much less than what we might anticipate in any other country simit larly situated. There are ardent men, infatuated with the wildest and most radical doctrines, there, as there are here, and there are socialists there, , as there are here, all of whom would desire to see their principles incorporated into the public institutions; but there are there, as there are here, a majority of sound men, of deep reasoners, of men of erudite learning, and sound thinkers, whose voices and judgment are more than sufficient to counterbalance the other class. The Southern French are k theoretical, poetical, and ardent?so are our i Southern Americans. The Northern French l are sound practical men, who will involve themselves with no new fangled doctrine, that leads they know not where. So are the people of our Northern States, and the equilibrium in both countries is sustained. As regards the idea that the socialists or Fourierites will exercise a controlling influence in France, it is all fudge. They can never reach beyond a certain point, and they will be confined within certain limits, by the good sense of the people at large, as they are in the United States. We have here one of the principal organs of the whig party, preaching and endeavoring daily to inculcate the doctrines of Fourier on the American people; yet the editor thereof speaks not for the whig party, but for himself and his half dozen enthusiasts, who, in a practical point of view, have neither weight nor influence on the community. The socialists, or Fonrierites, of Paris, have no more influence there, than the same class have here, neither are they numerically greater. They had but one organ previous to the revolution, and that was in a sickly and consumptive condition, ! with a circulation of hardly two thousand.? Since the oppressions were removed from the press, the circulation ot that, as well as of all o her French newspapers, increased, but not more than in the same ratio as did that of the 1 others. This is one of the reasons, and the weightiest one, includiBg its consequents?the reorganization of labor and other theoretical abstractions? which is put forth by the journals we allude 1 to, as the ground work for the belief that a repub. lie cannot be established in France, and that the French people are incapable of self-government. We deny the proposition wholly?we have 1 already shown that the socialists, or Fourierites, ire numerically hut small ?nrl ?/???? ??/i their influence more bo; while we affirm, on the other hand, that the people, the great mass of the people of France, are capable of self-govern* ment, and of appreciating the benefits and advantages of a republic, contrasted with the op( ^Tensions and burdens that have been imposed j. on them under a monarchy. We would not say that the French people at the time of the first | revolution were capable of self-government ? When that great event took place, it was a jump ?an electric jump, from the depths of despotism to the sunlight of liberty. Their vision was weak, and could not withstand the glare?they . reeled and fell. Far different, however, is their present situation. The reaction that occurred after the first revolution, brought with it calm and sober reflection; and in a few years the very men who took part in it, were capable of pointj. ing out the numerous rocks and shoala on which they drove the State, with as much accuracy ' and clear sightedness as the most unprejudiced foreigner. From that time to the revolution of July, 1830, the people grew in knowledge of their rights and of their strength; and between t that time and the present, a new race has sprung up, inheriting the spirit of their ancestors, and having for their guidance the past experience cf t their own country, and the career of the Unitrd i States, and in consequencc of the immense is i sue 01 me public press, an apt knowledge of po: litical matters, and, to a certain extent, of the i science of government. ' Under what more favorable auspices, there| fore, could any nation enter upon the great work of overthrowing a corrupt and despotic government, and forming for themselves a re> public 1 We certainly think that tht French ot the present day are as capable of establishing a republic, and of preserving and maintaining it, | as were the Americans after our revolution. t Their position is in a great many respects similar. They show equal devotion to order, equal ! devotion to liberty, and we see to as great an 5 extent, at least, the prevalence of the spirit of ' brotherhood, or fraternization, as they them1 selves express it. That the resnlt will be the ' same, the friends of liberty and humanity all 1 over the world fervently hope, and with those who are so given to predict that the experiment * in France will be a failure, the wish is father to * the thought, or they are lamentably deficient - in their knowledge of that people. The truth is that those papers on this side of I the Atlantic, who predict these results, take the cue from the London press, the writers for which see matters with a prejudiced vision Compare ' the accounts of the revolution, and the correspondence of he English press, with the letters r and correspondence which hnvr been putlis ed in the litrald. The oue distorts, and a vein of sneering and ill will prevail throughout; while in the other, facts are stated as ?h?-v n^nnrmX? ( there is no concealment or desire to conceal; and fair and unprejndiced conclusions, such as any liberal minded person would draw, are based on thoae facts. The very term democracy has a | horror for such people. They look upon the emancipated masses aa they would upon a tiger lust escaped from his cage, and flee from the 1 one as they would from the other, their fear lending speed to their h eela, ts it does prejudice to th?-ir views. We refer our readers to another letter of our Paris correspondent in this day's paper, which gives an exact and true picture of the state of hings in France at the last accounts. It is worthy of deep attention, and we are certain > that they will find nothing in it on which they can found a thought that there ia not a fair prospect of the republic being peaceably and firmly established in that country. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. fcuiwry. ? Congress has not adjourned over for the week, ? ae was anticipated. On the contrary, a larger 1 amount of bunness was transacted yesterday c than, perhaps, on any previous day during the 1 session. In the Senate, among other bills pissed, was one in favor of granting public lands for j the purpose of constructing a railroad connect- * lag the Mississippi river with the Northern t lakes at Chicago. Mr. Cass gave notice that he would to-day call up the bill authorising the enrolment of 20,000 volunteers. In the House, the select committee to whom was referred tha subject of Whitney's projected railroad to the Pacific ocean, reported favorably. The bill in favor of extending land bounties to promoted soldiers, was further discussed. A very large and enthusiastic meeting of sympathy with the republicans of Europe, was held at Baltimore yesterday, at which the Mayor presided. _____ THIftTUBTH CONOABU. FIRST BBSJION. Waihikuton, May 3, 1843. Senate. MEMORIAL! AND PETITIONS. Various saem oriels and petitions wars presented, received, and approvingly referred. ArrAisi or tocatan? paeiidcnt's message. It was moved to take up the President's message in relation to Yucatan. Mr- Haiuisoan moved that it bo referred to the eon- < m it tee on foreign relatione, which tu agreed to. > cibccit coubt or illinois. i Mr. W??TcoTT,of florid*. Introduced a bill for authorising the Circuit Court of lllinoia to bold a term at Chi- < oago, which wu reed a third time end paased. < WIDOW'! fkniioas i Mr. Cbittbrdbk, of Kentucky, moved to take np tbe < bill relating to the granting of the petition of widow*, 1 'or the payment of their p-naioni quarterly, and In favor < of granting a pension to the widow of Commodore Barney, which wae, on motion, read a third time and passed, i PENALTY roB ABDUCTING SLATES. < Mr. Butlbb, of 8. C , from the Committee on the Ju- I dioiary, reported a bill In favor of facilitating the re- ' oovery of fugitive alavee, and impoelng a penalty of one thoueand dollars for aiding to rescue any alavee from I the eervice of their owner* Mr. Bntler aleo preeented ? a report on the sutyeot, which was ordered to be print- I ed. It waa moved to print ten thousand extra eopies ? Adopted. rBOTKOTION to neobobs. Mr. Halb, of New Hampshire, submitting a reiolu tion, inatrueting the Committee on the Judtoiary to in- , quire and report whaHegialation waa neoeaaary to protect eolored cltiaen* in non-*laveholdlng itates, In tbe enjoyment ot their oonatitutlonal rights, fco , whioh was I adopted without debate. colonization society. | Mr. Underwood, of Kentucky, from the Committee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of the Colonisation 8ooiety. I A UBAtB BAILBOAD PROJECT. Mr. Douglass, of Illinois, moved to take up tbe bill in favor of granting pnblio lands for the purpose of oon- j struoting a railroad oonneotlng the Mississippi river with the Northern lakes at Chioago. An animated debate In reference to the subject. In which Mr. Douglass, Mr. Niles. ef Connecticut, Mr Bacby, of Alabama, Mr Crittesden, of Kentuoky, and Mr Benton participated. After aome further diiousslon, it waa paaaed by yeas 34, nays 11. thb voluktbkb bill. Mr. Cass gave notioe that he would move to take up

the Volunteer Bill to-morrow. On motion the Senate adjourned. Houae or Representatives. I The House ataembled at 11 o'clook. A. M , when It waa called to order by tbe Speaker. The Journal having i been read and approved, the routine buainess waa tranaaotad. whithey's bailboad. , Mr. McClbllard, of Michigan, from tbe Select Committee, to wbioh the subject bad been referred, reported , Favorably Whitney's railroad, propoeing to eonurot Lake Michigan with the Pacific. The report waa ordered to be printed. VIBOIRIA LARD WABBAltTS. Mr. Goooir, of Virginia, moved that the Committee of the Whole be discharged from the further consideration of Virginia land warranta. On this motion an Interesting debate took plaoe, in whioh the following gentlemen participated: Mr. Taylor, of Ohio; Mr. McCler uu, ox tuiDoiij mr, uouamir, 01 vermont; Mr noggin. and others The subject waa Anally referred back again to the Committee of tha Whole. 1xtbrsior or lard bounties. On motion of Mr. Kaufman, of Texaa, tba Hoaaa resolved Itself lata a Committee af tba Whola on tha atata of tha Union, Mr. Hililard of Alabama in tha ohalr, and i took ap the bill in faver of extending land bounties to promoted aoldlara Mr. John B. Thompson, of Kentucky, affered an amendment to tha bill, and prooeeded to apeak at some length in ita favor Mr. McClbbrard followed affirmatively. Tha debate waa continued by Mesera M?Cl**hahd, of Illinois, Mr. Embbbx, Mr. Bbowr. of Virginia, and Mr Lumfkin, of Georgia, after whion tha oommittee roie, reported prcgraaa, and adjourned. Balloon Aacanalon. WAfMiROTOR. May 3,1848. A grand balloon aacanaion eama off this afternoon at twenty minntea past five o'clock. An immenae aaaemblage waa preaent Tha wind waa light and tha balloon roae gracefully, and floated off toward the aouth oaat. Sympathy for tba French. Baltimobb, May S?10 P. M. An immente French pympatby meeting waa held tbia evening in Monument equate, Mayor Daviaa acting aa Preeident. It ia Intimated that there were thirty thousand persona present, and altogether tha largest meeting of the kind ever held in this city. The Hon. Judge L*grand and others delivered warm and glowing speeahA in honor of tha recent revolutiona ia Franoe and Germany. A band of mnaio waa In attendanoe, and diaooursed moat excellent mnaio. Great excitement and enthaaiaam prevailed, and the audleooe dlipersed ia the beat poaaible spirits. Going into thk Countkt.?May, the beautiful month of May, is round us and about us; and in a few weeks all the land will be covered with buds and blossoms; and then everybody will be thinking of going into the country to spend a few months of the coming summer. Yet there are few who can afford the luxury of escaping the heat of summer in the city, and of spending a brief period of time in the country; and it is a fact, that among those who can, there are still fewer who know how to d? it. In Europe, going into the country is an economical movement?they live in the fields, they stroll in the woods, and they wander around the wilds, without form, and in the commonest garments. In this country it is quite the reverse?those who go carry boxes and band-boxes tor finery and show-off at the Springs and watering places, and make themselves miserable in the hot and sultry days and nights, when they might be reclining in economical quarters, on the banks of streams, away from the throngs of idlers. What comfort can be expected at the Springs or on the tea shore, and similar places, in vast hotels, with little room, bad food, in the midst of wretched attendance and miserable vanityl It is no enjoyment of the country to spend the summer in uch places. We hope a change will soon come over the public teste in these matters, and that going into the country will be different to what it has been, RaroaM in England .?We may look with certainty soon for some radical and necessary reforms in the government and political institututions of England. The recent chartist demon, stration, as our readers are aware, was a comparative failure; but the cry of reform has been taken up by such men as Hume, Cobden, and others, sound practical men, who know not he word fail. This is a subject of congratulaion, and omens well for the cause of popular liberty. Some thirty or more members ol the House of Commons have recently enlisted themselves under this banner, in front of whom are Cobden and Hume, and the progress which they will make in the cause, will be closely and and eagerly watched We may preparn to re ftpiv* pltr^inplv inf?r?atinor on/1 imnnrunl in. telligence from that part of Europe by every arrival, for some time to come?intelligence of the the course of a moral and peaceable revolution, which will, before it ceaies, accomplish all that is necessary in the way of reform. News from Enaori.?There are two steamships now on their way to this eountry, each of which will bring several days later news from the old world. The Hermann was to have sailed on the 20th ult ; but as she was detained a litile by being obliged to put into Halifax to repair some damage to her machinery, she may have bean, and probably was, detained at Southampton a day or two. If she sailed on the twentieth, she is now fully due. At all events, the Cunard steamship now at sea, will be due at Boston, and will probably arrive there on Saturday next, with news t week later than that which we last f?ceived VfewMMl UMI MHwl. Bowiav Theatbk ?The bawflt of VliM Tnrnboll, laat enlng, wm jait tribaU to bar dlitiDgaiahed merit* m Jamsevif, At present the me?t papular upon oar board* ' rh? home wm wall filled, and bar reception wac both ordlal and onthusleatlc. Tha entertainment* oomaenoed with tba flrat act of " La Somntmbula," lo vhlch Mr*. 8?guin performed tha part of Amlna with ler uaual ability and tuaceaa She vu tffrotlvely (up IQftAH hv M? II . ..J u. n^mAmmmrn mm ; ?j ? am uwuui|iuu, IUH mi uaiuuw ? I ilvino. The grand ballet, for the first time here, entiled La Kleur dee Champa," suooeeded, Mies Turnbull akin# the priuoipal character. She wat warmly greeted >n making her appearanoe. and went through the part a a manner highly creditable. The new ballet want off rell. The numerous admirer* of the Seguin troupe will m gratified to learn that they have been re engaged for hree nightf longer at the Bowery. They will appear his evening In the new grand opera, for the first tim< n this city, entitled " Maritana," as played wi h sueh uooeas In Londen and the prinoipal theatres of Engand. The bill for the evening will be found highly atraotlve, and as this is positively the last week for the leason, of tha opera, the theatre will be crowded n'ghtly o excess. The entertainments will concinde with the >urlerque eitravagavsa of "La Chlselle." The entertrising manager and proprietor has engaged the talented isrvieea of Mr. Murdooh, who will appsar on Monday ivenLog, as will be duly announoed In the bills of the lay. Chatham Thbatbb.?There is no diminution In the tudlenoes at Ibis house, and now that the handsome improvements in the arrangement of the lobbies and >okss have been carried ont, every body Is seated oom" ortably and snugly, without experiencing the pressors rom without, which in crowded theatres is apt to mar he pleasure of the evening. Theatricals are oertalnly ooklng up in New York, when managers find it thus if oessary to enlarge their accommodations for tbe reception of their patrons. Chanfrau and the rost of the Chatham company are gaining laurels ty tbe houseful a the'r performance la "New York as it is." Wlnans Joe s a most capital }!ioo of acting. We must also give tfiss Denln bar share of praise; the whole piece is sort excellent. The agreeable variation of farce and irama which is given with it every evening, shows ;hat success do?a not make them oareless about inly entertaining their visiter*. Last night the aoghable farob of "Oar National Defences " was (ha first pleoe; it was acted in oapitai style, Mm. Joneiia her part of Adrian de Montgeron waa firstrate. This lady is truly a moat veraatila and accomplished actress. "My Neighbors Wife" was the seoond pieoe. After which, the popular glee of " Blow on" was lung In good atyle by Meaara Rae, Hamilton, and others. After this, the piece of the evening oame, and, as usual, passed off with great telat. ' Blaok Eyed Susan" wound ap the evening's amussments. To-night the same Mil Is to be repeated. Tmb Broadway.?Mr. Collins, last night, played the parta of Terenee O'Grady in" The Irish Post" and r?ldy in "Teddy the Tyler." In both of them be was szeellent and highly amusing. In his singing, howiver, Uea hi* forte and talent The expreaaloa he throws Into hia features In singing a ootnio song, la surprisingThe song itself la rendered a lively pieoe Of expreaaive acting. He appears sgain this evening. Miss Rose felbin, a charming actress, played in the "Married Rake" last evening, and performed her part in a manner to call down the applause of good judge*. Christy's Minstrels ?The brilliant success of these philosophers is still increasing, for since they recommenced their ccnoerts on Monday laat, they have had oro wued audiences About this rent paying time of the pear, there is muoh anxiety on the part of both landlords ?d tenants; the first about reoeivlng their oash, the laat about payiog It. To all suoh anxious mlnda we oan commend the concert of Chrlaty'a band; while listening to them they will snatch at least two or three houra calmness of mind, as their songs are a perfect Jotheon to all oare and anxiaty. Southern Harmonists.?These darkles are getting on rery well, and doing a good busineaa at the Minerva Rooms. They are well worthy of patronage, aa ihere la no humbug about them, but each member of the band ia a oapitai musician and vooallst, and tney are all 'fellows of infinite jest." They will perform every eve nlng this week. Mclodeon.?This bouse is filled nightly, and those wbo once visit It are ao well pleased, tnat they almost slwaya become steady patrons. The Virginia Minstrels, Miss Reyaaldson, and other lingers, are all capital In their respective branohes. Falxo's Opera House.?The statuary and illustrated pioturea at thla house, are got up with much care and at oontiilerable expense. They are well patronised. Count D'Orsat's paintings and statuettes are still on exhibition at Gothto Hall. There ia but one opinion expreased about them, and that is that they are Inimitable aa works of art, and also as faithful likenesses. Turks Island ?The bill to separate the Turks Islands from the Bab&tna government, sometime before the Legislature, passed that body a few weeks since. The event caused a good deal of rejoicing at Turks Island, and the bill was immediately forwarded to England for her majesty'* assent. Yucatan.?The documents accompanying the recent message of the President of ihe United States relative to Yucatan, are officially published ; but the most i/important papers have been already translated and furnished to the public through the columns of the Herald. Mails for ?uropk ?The steamer Sirah Sands, Captain Thompson, will leave this port at two o'clock, to-morrow afternoon, for Liverpool. City Intelligence. The Pbofoied New Street for Relieving Broadway.?The proposed new street for the relief of Broadway, baa eventually been fixed upon, and, Indeed, teems the only possible meaaa by wnioh relief may be afforded to that great and fashionable thoroughfare. We have seen a nap of the proposition, and have ao doubt but it will Drove the most desirable plan that could be adopted The plan, u proposed, will, by widening Trinity Place a space of thirty feet, up to Liberty itieet, make a most beautiful avenue. It ia alio propoeed then to open a new street, leading from Liberty to Folton street, of the tame width, where it will intersast with Church street, which, after having been widened s? aa to correspond with the street opened, would present a straight line from (be Battery to Canal street. The present condition of Broadway imperatively demands relief, and, without the promenade below tbe Park is entirely out off. Already are cereral new jobbing houses in operation la thel ower part of the street, and the natural consequence of suoh a business Is the total obstruction of the street, which, slnoe New York was incorporated, has been the fashionable promenade of the city. If the plan propoeed be carried out, the jobbing houses would be thrown upon the new street, and Broadway again present its social appearance. We would alio suggest that the stages should paes down Broadwaj and return by the new street, whloh w juld be tbe greatest relief, and avert the cntinusl danger to life, by their constant going to and fro, as is now the cise. Tbii would be a most excellent arrangement; and they might be allowed to re-enter Broadway at or above Vesey street, where the pressure ie not so great. At the present time, it is unsafe for ladies to promenade in Broadway below the Park ; than, the tide of vehicles passing one way only, that diffloulty would b? avoided. By the plan proposed, a street running almost parallel with Broadway would extend from the Battery to Canal street, and, intersecting witb Wooster street at that point, make a eentlnuous eourie to Forty-second street, the new street crossing Broadway at Union Square, bat making a straight thoroughfare through the heart of the olty, from one extremity to the other, and at the earn* time, one of the most pleasant for residences. It is needless to speak of the enhancement of the value of the property; and only about three hundred remonstrants are to be found on the whole line proposed. For a number of years, relief to Bieadway has been spoken of, and various plans have been proposed, not one of whioh so perlectly presented all the neoestary conveniences as that now propoied. We hope this matter will be promptly attended to and earrlad out; and the advantages which would aeorue thereby are inealoulable. Annual and Total Amounti roa Cleanino Streets rao?i 1838 to 1M7, Ikclusits?The following statistics carefully complied, will show the precise amount with whioh this city has been taxed for the put eleven years, for the single Item of cleaning streets, together with the names of those whs havs thus profligately sxpsnde d ths money of ths city : Cttlftr Manure Balance nm Cleaning. S?ld fur. jtpprnjtiialed. 'Jj*ceri. 1836,J $170 485 72 SIMM 68 ? J7bi9?4 Abraham I a t eld. 1117, 106 114 OS 47,71*0 86 111)11 73 Hllfi.ld k ?? riaa. 1831, 1469-,6 51 47 774 111 91 7f9 49 J. B.ru n 1139, 14) iO'i no 5# m 91 95 164 ok Bemaa fc (Jaee. 18.0, 149 91 6) 34 71171 111 218 91 W'i lift'n <iaj.e 1841, 149 16J 05 31 84 1 74 115 /9131 ' 1842. 131 ?>7 3> 44 ' 29 28 87 128 09 OaRf 8c Ward S43,? 73 303 52 16 813 il !,H 46 < 00 Wa>d k One, I8<4. 116 314 39 31, 9168 8,119 71 ()?ae k Bnkewcll 1845, 150 915 17 28 J ,a HI 122 594 3) B.ke.eli fc Sweet Itlft. hi ?!)Q 7Q 41.24 2 4Q 1I7 IO? Id ii?7,' lin.ci't IK 19 687 69 'lio'lVl 19 HiiVti & Oakley. $l, 9S.1M 39 * Uoic by cratract. Thui tt will bi imd that by tba grow Imposition of tboao to whom tba Intetait of the city baa bwn confined, on* million two hundred aid ninety nix thousand foar hundred and flfty-alx dollar* and thirty-aine oenta bar* been emended, an 1 the atreeta oonatantly kept In tba moat filthy condition. In the eltl'a of London and Paria, the manura taken from the atreeli nfl'jrda nearly, If not qnlt*, aufllciaat revenue to ka?p them in a proper etate, wlthon' an annrmnui tax of f 100,000 per year, aa if the oaaa in New York Various attemntl ha? hun m* Am In Vmr (ha dllv clean by contract, and but onoe in the time apecifWrt oould any enr.h arrangement be entered into, and In that Instance an estra appropriation of flty-aix thonaand four hundred and ?i*ty dollar* wae nece. arj, Hbova the amount for whioh tha manura 10I.1. In i ha year IR47 the nmo.mt, aa e>-en In tha table above, of one huodred and fifty thonaand threw huodared and a?v?nty-one d >ilara and eighty nioe ocnta, nearly (13 000 higher than aay of the pr?Tima yeare. and $2S o?0 more than any year alnca IHM waa oalied for and appropriate i to that department Thla la but one of the many tmpoaltlona praotiead upon the people by thoae who are elected to take oare of tlulr Intereata, in tha appointment of Improper and profligate oflloara The praaent Incumbent appealatothe oorpoation to aanetion luoh eoneommate?xtra?a?anoe; and faat appeal it only heard to be granted, with a fail - J-H knowledge of the improper eonttt of that offlemr, d tiring ?b? list jut, om of the mora frank and hon??t members of the Common Council, a weak or two since, offered a reeolution to remove him from the department; but a motion Immediately followed to lay it on the table, and, aa a matter of oonree. the majority ooneigned thejaat demand to the shades of oblivion. A n?w oorpora'ion will soon take the place of the pr?sent. but matters oaa only ntund as they now are, leaving this great olty wlth- ut a helmsman to guide th? financial d?p?rtm?nt; and a mora uv|iiuiauiv uuu wrviooeu kuup ui hiiaith w>U m<>81 proDnbly follow. "To tbe victors belong tbe spoils" The ilon In fully oarrled oat, and tb? only possible remedy, li for the y-oople to assert tbelr rights, tnl bant from power those who fatten upon the treasury or the city. We shall see what ateps will be taken with regard to thia matter, and hope the people will bear in mind, that there in more money expended directly from the olty treasury for the cleaning of the etreeta la New York, than from London and Pari* together. Mortilittof tub Citv.?The mortality of this city, agitated in tbe Herald of yeiterdiy, far exceeds tha', of any former year ainoe the year 180 J, when the returns of death were flrat made to the City Imp so tor, as will t? seen from the following table Jfe of IViftt of Dealht to Tear. Deatht. Population. Population. IBIS... 2.334 7J,770 1 lo 31.88 1816... a.167 96.373 1 to 46 49 1815... J 507 160 610 1 to 41 83 1610... 3.515 123,7(16 1 to 37 19 1825... 5 018 1(6,086 1 to 34 78 1830... 5,537 202 589 1 to 3197 1832... 10X9 325,0(0 ? (Cholera) isJi... ?682 244,000 _ (Cholera) 1835... 7.08a 270 089 1 to 40 87 1840... 8474 3 2,710 lto39 7? 1845... 10.851 *71,333 1 to 37 55 1817... 15,499 450.040 (Probable.) 1 to 14 93 (Typhoid.) Thus It will be seen that the year 1847, when tha typhoid fever was prevalent, In oonseqnenoe of the great influx of emigrants, presents the smallest ratio sinoe the year 1837, and tbe Increase haa been more than proportionate to the mortality. The mortality from fever daring the year was unusually great: not less than 3667 deaths having been registered from that cause. Daring tbe early part of the year, the fever of tbe typhoid character eeemtd confined entirely to newly arrived emigrants, anl to saoh persons as were in oonatant attendance upon and with them. The appreacb of eold weather, Instead of retarding the progress of this fatal malady, seemed to favor its prevalence, and those who were, In some Instances, never out of the city, were ita victims?especially la tbe low aad flithv sections of the city; bat the more healthy seotlons did not escape Its ravages Tha following table will show the number of deaths of the Bttives of the several kingdomaand repnb uoaoi mo wuriu, woioa ocourrea in this olty during the y?er: ? United States 10,370 Scotland. 140 Ergland.. 344 Germany 000 Wal?? 10 Holland 10 Franoe. ... 75 Sweden 7 Denmark 6 Switzerland.. . .... 11 Avittit 3 Italy 3 Spain 9 British Posi , N .A... 39 Prussia IS South America..... 1 Weat Iodise 31 Portugal. ? 1 Afrloa 1 Sicily 1 Poland 6 Isle of Man 1 Norway ......... 4 South Sea. 1 Saxony 1 Unknown 1S8 Ireland 3,813 Total 15 933 The table above presents th< moat astonishing fact, that the number of deatha among the native oitlasn* of the United State* exceeded that of the Iriah, among whom the typhoid fover mvla Its most fearful ravage*, 0 663, and 6 412 above all the others added together. The disparity between the daaths of malea and females 1* not *o great as uiual, the differenoe being 0,6-30 males to 7.203 females, of which entire number there were but 800 blacks .The disparity between the male* and famales or the black population li very alight, while that among the whites Is very great. At the preeent time, the number of whin females in the ci y ovar the malei is about 13,000 The reason of this great excess of death among mates has not as yet baen explained. The faot haa been attributed to the greater number of mala emigrants whleh arrive In tha city, but falls far abort of a satisfactory explanation, from tha faot that the number of mala deaths is far greater even among children, and area before birth. The following table will show the ratio to be leu In 1817 than any intermediate year sinoa 1837 : 1(37, the ratio wu as 1 to IS 87 1841, the ratio *u as 1 to 11.44 11)1, " " 1 to 13.69 1144, ' " 1 to 10.81 i8J9, " " 1 to It 34 11(9, " " 1 to 11.38 1(40, " " 1 to 13 *3 1S46, " " 1 to 11.K i841, " " 1 to 14.85 1147, * " 1 to 14.M 1043, " " 1 to 13.80 A law to the effeot that tha number of birtbs and marriage* in tha oity should be reported to the City Inspector, was passed several years sgo; but from the fret that it la left at the option of those whose duty It is to make uoh report, the matter haa been almoet entirely neglected, there.haviog been but 317 births, and 186 marrlrges reported to that officer during the year 1847?the whole number of births reported being laes than onethird of the nnmbn of still-born and premature That number would not probably be equal to the number of blrtha in a aingle ward; and the result U, the keeping from the pubUo eye Valuable and Important statiatlos. The number Of emigrants, ka.. in mnatutl* k.m In tome of the department* of the city government, which, by proper attention, would chow with the number of blrthe, the number of acoaasion* to the city population yearly, while the deductions by the dee tha would give el moat an accurate censu* ef the olty annually. The Weatheb.?The weather yesterday, Tery d'aegteeable la the morning, but perfectly delightful in the afternoon Toe a term whloh began on Monday night, w ntinued until about noon yesterday The wind then changed to tha northweet, and the elouia Immediately broke, leavlag a meet delightful afternoon The ran ahone brightly, nod the latter part of the day waa mora Ilka the weather of June than any thing elae. Tha evening gave promise of a pleaaant season to oome The Orrirt Beuoass ?City Hall la daily becoming more and more tbe theatre of bustle and excitement, as we approach the time, now nigh at band, when the present Common Council elaot will aasnme the rein* of office. Tbe cauouaea are becoming more frequent, and already the germs of dieoontent and seeds of dissension are sown, by some of the disappointed traffickers In patriotiem and politics We would egain remind tha new Baarda that their projit of reform la looked to with more than ordinary Interest; and that from the hour they enter upon their dutiea, should they commence wasting their time in the usual way,by dietributing tha apclla of office to their adherents, to the exclaslon of business in whloh the great public feel an interest, they will be called to account sooner th?a they anticipate. Sebious Accidbwt.?A very serious aocldent occurred yesterday afternoon, about aix o'clock, at tbe oorner of Chatham and Krankfort streets The old building* having been *old, the persona who had purohaaed them were takiiif them down. When the front* anil mh nf two of them fell, catching three men under the ruin*, tiro of whom were rescued without toy aerloua injury ? The other, by the name of McEUia, b?log oaught under heavy ptle of brlok* end timber, waa so perfeotly eruahel, thai when taken out he wu in a state of lne?n bUlty. Hie llmba are nearly all aalj to be broken, and there ia no poeeible hope for bli recovery. He wae oonveyed to the City Hospital. The falling of the building* was entirely the result of eooident, and la attributed to tit ro'.tenneee of the lumber of which they were oom posed. Died irr a Fit.?A publio porter, named Thomas Rwnassey, was seized with a fit at the oorner of Chatham and Mulberry streets. Offloer Baker, of the S.xth ward, Immediately procured a eart. for the purpose o( oonveylng the man to the station-houas, and there obtaining medical aid, but he expired while being taken to the police head quarters. The coroner wlU hold an inquest this morning upon the body of the deoeaaed. f Sporting Intelligence Trottiwo, To-Dat, at ths Union Course, L I.? Judging from the nature and quality of the aporU announced to oome off to-day at the Union Course, we antloipate the largtat attendance that has taken plaoe In this vicinity ainoe the long to be rem*mWed four mile day, last autumn, when the Jersey Fashion struck her odors to * Passenger from the South. The field of horiei for the ynm to day if unprecedented. The $1000 match between AJax and Cambridge Girl, will be a grand oonteat. Thli affair has oreatod a deal of latercet and excitement alnoe the winter month*, and largeamoanta of monej are now pending on the issue. We would advise all who are fond of and who patroniss the trotting course, a* also those who lend their Influence to enooarage the improvement and advanoemcnt of that most useful of creatures, the trotting horse, but who aeldoin witness their public performances. to attend the Union to day, when will be seen sueh develcp-mente of power and speed in the Amerioan trotter, a* will bear out the ftme he has universally inquired. and which will also mark out his future position. For particulars, see advertisement. Louiiiaka Raccs-Biwoamih Couasg ?Lait DATApril 24 ?Second Race.? For tbe universally interesting race, mile heats, hest three in Ave, there were but two entries, vis . Belle and Nonsense. To out tbe matter short and not weary the reader with a deserlption or this race, we will only fay tbat It was utter nonsens* to think j of beating Belle with tuoh an entry. The summary whloh wa append will tell the itary. Mokdat, April 24 ? Turss f200 -Mile heats?Bait three in Ave : D. F. Rentier's oh f. Belle, by Frank, out of Plea) une ; 3 y. o. KS lbs Ill I I. Van Leer's oh. g. Nonsecse, by Tettersall, out of Imp Leviathan : 4 y o ? 07 lbs. ..21 Time, 1 MX -1:5(1 1:5!?H. fl N O Picpfunt, April 36. % hi Fin* Art* ItiUii* Pauvtikoi -Oa? of tha mo*t bttaatlfal collactlotiN ot p?iLtiDR? ?ver cffaiad in thin ei'y, I* to bo aold, w? understand, at tha room* of F. Anoi hl, 410 Broadway. M< it of thaaa p*innnm ??m brought from I'aly, a<l in point of morlt and b??uty ara not aieall< d by ay in tbii oountry. Fur b??my of taxtur* tn?y are uoanrpaaaad Tbm in Nfirii la? tIi?i in tb? oity ol Ron*, and landneapai. That whteh lira-, attraom tha attention of tha l?lt?r, on entering th? atudlo, ii Titlan'a Magdalen The ptotnra raprnaenta tha character in mi attitnda of anppliaatton, with teara Odiiraln^ down har ehaaka. Tha faoe and arm* ara aa perfeot a* It la poa*ible to arrive at.ond theartlat, for thlailngle effort maritieli tha eneomlutn which baa b?en boatowad upon I him. Tha painting la old, but full of that Ufa li?a V beauty and expreaalon which artima generally ara mr\ Qnf ?a nAtflMt. nr u n+ nnakla . _i_. *.?_ J ? ?U? ' proper eipreieioo. Th? Virgin and iof?ut !? hIo a heautiful pro,111 -linn Thn mHhtt laoka the full exprea I Ion of the eye, and hrr featur'* generally would portend I paoaira diapoaitlon, though tha ?tjl? nod eolois are B exoelleot. rno infant Inckn not alugie point- 1'hn rye B |? no like unto 1 f?. with the p ny lul moil*. th?t la look- I tng npon It thn mind xlnv<at ooncelTea a reality in the painting before him Another, a re presentation of the H Hijuara Karate*. In Rome, la laid to be a graphic picture; H the palnMi g la gotten up Id H ie taate. and well inorita H th-praiae wbloh baa bee? bratowed upon It There are H aDout eighty painting! in tha oollnotlnr, and th?y are H wall wonky thn . ttentlon or the loveia of tha line art*, H being ?uoh aa ara rarely met with H Board ?f Miparvlun i. ' I Tha Board met laat erenlug, reoeivad aomi pMltlona ^B for th? orreetlon or taiM, and auditad a few (mall ^B bill*, and then ?djouru?4- IB