Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1848 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALI). f jj-Oi-WmI Corntr oT VulCon and Kmm? *ta, J ASKS UUHOOX UKMKl't, PKOrRIBTOB. AMU8> MtNTS THIS ICVKNIMO. BOWERY THtATHit, Bow?ry.?Mahtawa?*imhob | k Co _____ CH \TH A>* THK ATKf, C'h?tf-?n< ?? ?..? Hioi Win i?p 8?r *"av?-9ai>ah the Jkwk??? New Yoke At it '? - t *ILB ?AM. MECH INI1"'* H LL.? Bro*Hw*y urn Broom# ?fmChuiitt'i Mi*?tbbl?? Ethiopian Sineina?Buklk*<)L'( ! DtnciNtt. ke PANORAMA H ALL. Brt?dir*T. ant lliimi iomSlirriit i ru?iini or tii Mimuiru MINERVA ROOM?.?Souther* Haemoki>t?? Ethiomn Sineine. Ac. MELODEON, Bowtrv?-Etm or an and Bali as Fimina, PALMO'S OPERA HOUSE, Ch&inbtrt itrtet?StatuaI.r and illlllhath) PlCTlEIA. TEMPLE OF THE MUSKS. C?nt\ ?tr??t-lLLi ?t?at?d PlCTUHKt a!*l> NUtki pol'talf Ml 0trkl9 i New York. Friday, May 5, 1848. " Ik* Circulation of tfea Haralrt. Vij 4, Tburndsy IS 430 coplet. A?trr*c(Hlaliane latt w?ok... . .. ..... . .147,103 " The ^oMIoktinn of OS TkOrt day naming ?* 10 minntm before 3 o'clock, and fliuahed at 15 minute* past 7 o'clock Important Political Movement In South Carolina. As Monday, the twenty-second day of May, instant, approaches, every political movement of both the great parties becomes interesting. We have taken notice of a number of these movemeuts recently,particularly those that occurred in ihe northern and northwestern States. Until iecectly, few of th" same kind of movements have occurred in the South. Within the last few days, however, a very important movement has taken place in tieorgetown, S. C., which may lead to very important results in connection with the Baltimore convention. It eppears that at a meeting of the democratic party of the Georgetown district of that State, resolutions were passed in favor of the nomination of John C. Calhoun, and in opposition to the Wilmot proviso principle, as prominently put forward by John Van Buren and the ham-burners oi New York A del-gite was appointed at that meeting, and instructed to proceed t-> Baltimore, t?ke hie sent in the convention, and support Mr. Calhoun and his principles. Resolutions were ulao paused favorable to the general policy of Mr. Polk's administration. This meeting in South Carolina is an important event. No doubt the other Congressional districts of that State will take means to appoint delfgRtes, with siir ilar instructions, to the Baltimore convention. Oiher districts of other Southern States will follow the same movement. It indicates very broadly, that John C. Calhoun and his friends intend to take a very prominent part in thi proceedings of the Baltimore convention. If the Southern politicians move at all, they will move with great intellectual and moral force in that convention. The history and opposition of Mr. Calhoun, are well known during the last twenty years, to almost every politician of intelligence in the United States. On almost every important occasion he has shown himself in direct hostility to the policy and men who were formerly represented by Mr. Van Buren, of New York; and now, probably,more specially indicated by the movements of the barnburners ol the same State. At the Baltimore convention of 1814, there was a number of Calhoun j-i ...u~ i i urirguit s, w iu? oiuuu aiuui iruiii&uy luiiuccuon with the proceedings of that body?until the deieat of Mr. Van Buren's nomination was certain. When that event whs accomplished, they joined the convention, and aided in procuring the nomination and election ol Mr. J?u!k?but now they are certainly hostile to Polk. Such are some of the movements of the Calhoun party in the South. From the information now received from that State, it is evident that a great, united, and energetic effort will be made to reviv? the nomination ol Mr. Calhoun, and reinvigorate the dying elements of that vast confederacy of intelligent men, who have supported him for many years, and who are scatterad throughout the Union. here can be no doubt but that a very considerable portion ot the soutnern delegates to the Baltimore convention will be warmly imbued with the principles and views of Mr. Calhoun and his friends in South Carolina, particularly in reference to the Wilmot proviso, and those issues which have been put forward by John Van Buren and.his barnburners, of New York. The recent indications given out at the White House, and from some of the departments at Washington, that the Baltimore convention might be induced to admit John Van Buren and his barnburners, have no doubt sumuiaiea me soumern politicians to laKe tne field against the Wilmot proviso, which they appear to be doing. The influence of Mr. Polk is still very great in the convention. Ninety thou sand office holders, and the vast annual expenditure of fifty millions of dollars, will always give the man who controls such patronage a tremendous influence in any office holders' convention; but yet, among the Southern politicians,when the special institution of the South is concerned, all other considerations will be cast away as dross and dirt. The Calhoun party in the convention will endeavor to unite the Southern States in direct hostility to the Wilmot proviso and all its adherents. They will, therefore, vote agains' the admission of John Van Buren and his barnburners; and the debates and contentions springing from these points maybe very interesting and very important during the sitting of that body It will be seen, therefore, that the difficulties, a id issues, Bnd questions, all increase in the ranks of the democratic party, as the day for the assembling of their convention approaches Mr Calhoun's name is now directly added to the list of candidates, and his principles and views will have powerful supporters in the convention The catalogue of candidates is now somewhat numerou-, and may be slated as follows: Polk, Dallas, Buchanan, Benton, Cass, Van Bureo, Woodbury, Houston, ar.d Calhoun. hich one of these men will be the lucky one, or some name not yet noticed, Will depend on the efforts, preliminary movements, difcuss:ons, and debates which will agi'ate the convention more than anv HimiUr rnnv^nlwin m%>*? U.n ' ? 7 ouii v ? u^-ti o^uaicu in this c >untry. In this Slate, the old hunkers, as they are called, are bitterly opposed to the ad mmaion of the Wilmot proviso delegates. Mr. Edwin Croswell denounces thein in the severest language, and ev? n hints at abandoning Mr. J'olk, should his influence be used .o open \he door for these gentlemen at all. T>'ie old huuk ers in this Stale, thus tar, have shown some indications in favor of General Cass. They will unite, no doubt, with the Calhoun p~.rty in the South, and elsewhere, against the admission ol the Wilmot proviso delegates. What the upshot of the whole controversy will be, ia beyond the ken of man to determine. flCIIT rORRKM OMDKNCK r>F Loi'taPHILIITK.? The remarkable and atrocious letter written by tha ex-Kiog of France to his daughter the <|ueen of Belgium, will be found in another column of thia day'a Ihrmld. We give all we find of the plane it i? Mia tnnt me mnit curious pasaagea were expunged ; enough, however, i? published to pi ice the larnily of Louie Philippe in the category of the Borgia family of Rome We alao publish a letter trom Salvoody to th* King, in ord?r tc exhibit the utter '^aot of mftnlin'M in t irua<?t?r % < Politic* nd PMtrjr_Vr. Polk'i iBflnenc* Ik Every administration in the history of civilized governments, throughout the Christian world, and, we may add, also, the heathen and Hindoo, including the Mihometm, has been distinguished, it distinguished at all, for some remarkable influence upon the poetry and literature ot its own era. The old ballad maker, Homer, marked the history of the early wars of Greece. The reign of Augustus, in Rime, was celebrated by Virgil and Horace. Ferdusi, the celebrated Persian poet, shed the rays of his poetic light over some of the dynasties of his century, li&roun Al Raschid's administration of the early Arabian empire still breathes with all the vividness of its literature and poetry Comeille and Racine covered with rays of effulgence the dynasty of the Bourbons, and the era of Louis 14th. Queen Elizabeth's reign was glorified by the extraordinary genius of Shakspeare, and Charles II. and his age still live and shine in the verses of Hudihras. The distinguished dynasty of Mr o~u. r.?? 11..-L n: -i_ - i - * vik, iiuiu liuch xvivcr, in inc unnea oiaies, bids fair to be immortalized by the lines ol the American Hudibras, & lew of which we are enabled to give to our readers this morning, as they have issued from the obscure pens and presses of the metropolis of Washington. Every body remembers the great election ol General Harrison, and the wonderful campaign of politics and poetry which -commenced with the famous ballad of " Tippecanoe and Tylei too." The poetical genius who struck the key note in that famous song yet livea, and is kicking against the powers that be in Washington. The same spirit that produced that famouB sonj which exercised more influence in the electioi of General Harrison than ail the speeches an< addresses ot politicians, has again sounded iti lyre, with songs upon the administration of thi general government, and the dynasty now ii Washington. A specimen of these new son(i ol the day may be iound in our columns else where. Read and laugh?laugh and read. Thes< effusions are sharp, and witty, and eloquent, anc feeling, and heroic, and vulgar, and cutting, am severe, and everything in human nature, takei together, like a dose of medicine. Some o them may, perhaps, have appeared in print be fore; but not one of them, we believe, has evei travelled beyond the narrow neighborhood o Goose Creek, or the Tib?r. By proper encou r&gement, and a plentiful addition of misfortune, the author of these stanzas and songs may produce more effusions and higher efforts of poetic genius. The enquiry will naturally be made "who was the author of the famous Bong of Tippecanoe and Tyler too"! And who is the author of ih? present effusions? We can inform all enquirers that it is one and the same person. It appearc that he is a native of Pennsylvania, has follow' ed the sea, and was lately a lieutenant or cap tain in the United States Navy; but in consequence of having been found out by Mr. Polk to be actually the author of the famous Bong which elected General Harrison, some fault was found with his paat conduct, and a year ago he waa dismissed from the Navy without cause and without reason. Mr. Polk, however, in gratifying hia exquisite sense of political justice in dismissing from tha public survice the poet who gave birth to the famous song which gave the whigs trie victory in i?4u, nas perpetrated a deed which will perform essential service to political literature, and to the poetry of the approaching contest for the Presidency. All his tory demonstrates that misfortune ia the great element of poetry. Feed, clothe, regale a poet to the highest capacity of his appetite and person and he will become songless, useless, and barren as a waste ; but throw him, no matter whether right or wrong, upon the world, without profession, without & penny, without a cent in hit pocket, and immediately he will draw a draft 01 drafts upon his imagination and fancy, which will have an influence over the age, and shad a halo around the century in which they appeal1. Mr. Polk, by his policy, has furnished opportunities for the creation of heroes in the Mexican war by the dozen. The vast expenditure and immense sums of money required to carry out that heroic expedition, have aleo required the genius of finance in its fullest developement. He has, also, by this necessity, brought forth crowds of financiers, aided by Secretary Walker, the chief of the lot. In addition to thug giving an opportunity tor the creation of heroes and financiers, he has, moreover, in the case of the author of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too," brought himself up in a fresh place, like a duck from the bottom of a river, singing and quacking, and leading the*way to a new age of poetry and Pindarics. We desire our readers, therefore, to peruse those specimen passages which we present from the exhumed poet of the famous hard-cider cam?:? t_ .i_ :? r> : J. l .1.. lidlglJ. ill IliC UUIlliug I Iroiuciuni cictuuii, uic sime poetic genius, no doubt, will show itself as fresh and vigorous, and pungent and poetical in his verses as he is to-day, or as he was eight years ago, promising not only much interest to politicians, but a great deal to the lovera of poetry and humor. niweparsrs at Washinoton.?The newspapers published at Washington are lamentably wanting in efficiency, talent, power of intellect and intelligence. The journals published there are hardly worth half of the subscription price paid for them. They contain nothing of interest to the reader, not even giving the Washing ion intelligence ai an complete or interesting, aa many of the journal* in the large cities of the North caa testify. The reports of the debates i'i Congress are very nearly given up by them. It is only on some particular occasion that those newspapers give any account of the debates, and when they do furnish them, they most frequently borrow them from the official reports ol the Senate, which are most admirably got up on a new and efficient plan by Dn Houston, a gentleman with whose competency we are well acquainted, he having officiated in our establishment as a reporter for several years. In fact, to such a low ebb have the Washington journals reached, that the people of that city have actually to subscribe to a Baltimore paper, the .Vim, we believe, in order to get a brit-f and comprehensive compend of the most interesting news of the day. We think it would be a saving of money for all the Washington papers to suspend publication entirely. If the House of R-presentatives would only adopt the admirable system of reporting whic^ has been so successfully commenced by the Senate, we have every reason to eipect that the Washing, ton journals would expire, and save the little money and brains yet remaining. Neither does >ne rresiaeni or anmimstration require any journal at Washington. All important intelligence, of an official nature, first appears in New York, in Bpite ot all their efforts, and the vicinity of the Washington editors to the White House. On the whole, a more absurd, ridiculous and useless set of newspapers never existed than thoie of Washingto n. Koui'iH Niws.?If the Hermann sailed on her regular day, she is now due at this port, with five days later news Th* Britannia will be due at Boston on Sunday, with tm days later still. Sporting nt?lllg?nr?. Umeiv C?us??, l. I.?Tsottiho ?Ths match for f 1000. bstwtaa Ajsz and Cambridge Qltl, did oom* off, th? owa#rs orths fotasr paying forfeit The eontest ier ths purss, bewsvn, veil repaid for tbs dW?pyoUiUMB* Trail** won tbs aoosy. Ths rsforl to i IMTfft Foams* CoftkssroNDKNci of thi Hkrald. ?Some of our o itemporarie s have been puffing their special c >rre*pood?nocorrespondence, too, which in n a >y cafes appears to be all froth and fire, without any perception of the affairs iu Paris or throughout the Continent. We have not made many boaits of our foreign correspondence, but we believe the pub'ic can r**ly more on the accuracy of the foreign letters which Hre published in the Harold, than on those ot any other journal in New York. The accuracy and comprehensiveness ot the writers'of thesf letters in reference to the position of Paris and Berlin, and of the state of the revolution in both of these capitals, will compare well with those of any letters yet published by our cotemporaries. The letter of ourBerlin correspondent published yesterday, was most admirable, depicting in the most accurate and glowing terms the whole history of the revolution in Prussia, and the position of the governnaent, at the last accounts. Tne same may be said of our letters from Paris. From these and other sources, it will be perceived that we have higher hopes of the success of the French revolution, and also of the German movement, than many of our cotemportrifs. France and Germany, and we may add i Italy, are composed of very different materials to what they were at the close of the last century. The progress of intellectual improvement F for the last thirty years, in Europe, is amazing i Railroads, steam, and the electric telegraph have i accelerated the revolutionary ideas ot the age, r beyond what any person can form any concep ' tioa of who has not travelled over that region j of the world. We have no fears of the success : of the revolutionary movements in the countries j of Europe, nor do we despair even of England. i in spite of the insolence and tyranny of the old 1 aristocracy, both whig and tory. Miseris Succurrrre.?As men show that they are men by helping each other, so nations show that they are great by helping nations and people in distress. If the obligation is binding from one to one, how much more is it from thousands j towards thousands 1 j Yucatan is in distress?her cities are burned up by hordes of savage Indians?her people are I driven from their homes, to wander in nakedness and terror?a portion of civilization is threatened with savage extinction! Ought we to hesitate to Bend our ships and soldiers to her aid 1? The sight of them, the fame of them, would, without a blow struck, or a sword drawn, ecat1 tsr the Indians and disperse them, and restore thousands of ruined and wandering families to (heir homes. America would be blessed as her preserver. Yet we hesitate; the government hesitates ; Congress talks. Our ship* are idle in t le ports, and a civilized people are perishing ! " Bit dat qui cito dut," is a true proverb. It you ' give quickly. But what can be more contemptible than to propose to give?to talk of giving, and at last not to give any aid or any show of aid to a suffering people! Yet this ie precisely what we are doing, and the position we are holding towards Yucatan, our neighbor and ally! Wnat an opportunity of true greatness and magnanimity we have lost! Will Congress disgrace the nation by a moment's more delay 1 On its instant action depends whether we shall be called "henceforth a mercenary race of pedlars, or a noble, brave, generous, and magnanimous people, ready and not slow in extending aid and succor to the suffering and unfortunate. Thx English Aristocracy Coming to tux New World?We have understood through a variety o< channels from England, that the aris tecracy of that country, to the number probably of several thousands, who have heretofore Bpent their summers and autumns in France, Oer many and Italy, intend hereafter to withdraw from those parts of the world, and make their i visits to the United States by the steamers. It is even said in some letters from London, that a number of the leading members of the highect aristocracy in England afe coming out during the ensuing summer, in the steamers from Liverpool, to Bpend the summer and autumn in visiting and travelling over the United States; to sojourn at Saratoga and Niagara, and make themselves acquainted with the social habits and political institutions of this remarkable republic. We think this information is probably correct Europe hereafter will be a dangerous place for any Englishman to travel in, particularly if the i London newspaper press continues to calumnii a'e all the popular movements on the Continent, as it has done of late. From Paris all the English nobility and gentry have gone as fast ae they could get their traps together. The same will follow in Germany, and particularly in Italy. The hotels and fashionable watering places may therefore expect an a inundation of fashionables. Here everything is peaceable and quiet, and there is no one to disturb them in their political notions or social habits. Later from Cuba ?We learn from Capt. Hil ton of the schooner Sea, who arrived yesterday from Cardenas, that when he left, the 14th ult., the white inhabitants were hourly in anticipation of a general insurrection among the negroes The Governor was using great efforts to suppress any attempt, and had already imprisoned a number of blacks whom he suppoaed to be leaders in the disaffection. He also stationed troops upon many of the plantations in the neighborhood of the town. Mr. Blake, believed of New York, an engineer, was horribly murdered near rigawaa, about fifteen miles from Cardenas, on the 7th of April; he had gone to accompany a friend to the depot, and on his return was knocked from his horae, having his head nearly severed from his body, and his pockets rifled of their contents, lie has left a wife and child iu that city. Business generally was very inn-live; freights dull Melasses more firm hi Ij; a number ot the planters had finished grinding, and crops were reported rather light There had been but one fall of rain for three months, and mm; c-t tie were dying in consequence of the great drought. Doctoe V. Mott, Jr., in Palermo? Succbss of American Surgery?The laat time we heard of young Dr. Mott, was shortly after the commencement of the revolution in Sicily, when, in company with lorae twenty-fi?e others, he wus urging the people to assert their rights, and maintain them by force of arma. We heard of him at one time, tending the wounded and performing the moat daring feats of intrepidity and valor, acting in his pro<essional capacity, as well as in the military t'flice bestowed upon him by the people; also of his superintending the manufacture ?f a quantity of powder, nnd thereby enabling hia party to proceed in their undertaking. We now quote hia own word*:? " Ob the mornlag of the )2?h January, I went Into tb* streeta, and have been ???r slnae with the people, fighting for their glorlon* cam# How I have not lo?t my Ufa la to a mlra<le, when I calmly aurvey tlmm acenee of danger and horror tbrongh which I have patted Wa ara now cooling off, and am aappoaed to ba at peaoa; yet then actually exliU more daoger than at any other period rtace wa commenced The spirit of retaliation and revenge le ln<lnlged In to a fearful extent, , and tbera I* a general squaring of accounta; as yet, I here aeoapad A few weeks ?ioce, I flattered myself I , had bean ahot at, from tba fact of a ball (trlkiag the wall of a hoo*e abont foot ahead of me, which rebonndod and strnck my tbanlder. I cannot aay whether I waa tba Intan'lad victim, bnt sueh U the fact. Our atTalrs, however, btgln to brighten, and we may hope of seeing < ail qmai again; irio, anau 101a a graat daal or praotloa, ? ho i) of tha awrrd and of tba letlpal I h?r? Ju?t racalvad bit diploma from the commlttra, appointing ma furgton-ln-enlaf to tha at my, with rtnk of major. as i wall dlraotor and inapastor ganaral of lha boapltalc, , wlih a ?*lary of flftaan bundrad dollar* per year. Tomorrow, tha daolara gl?a ma o |i?blic dlnnar. Yon \ nhonld ??a tha? flnakiag around ma for plaeaain tha baa- , pltala, which I cadeavor to dlatriliuta equally among | tbaia Laat aranlag, eonmltta* of rilatra prananUd i ma with magnlflcant iwoM, wbieh onmplata* my ant , form. Lord Mlnto U (till hmra, with hi* flaot, wlthiog si mm cad promrlty I bar* gtlnad tha good *111 i Of fell, III ifctU IMMTN Ut kM| It, OVM If 1 ktTH t? I i th# vtsoot of My Ytofeoa lafWoity [i m # TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. Summary* Our telt-graphic despatches from Washington bring us the usual synopsis of Cougrcssional and other matter. In the Senile, Mr. Hannegan, from the Committee on Foreign Relations, reported a bill enabling the President to take military po?8tssion of Yucatan. No discussion on the merits of the bill took place; and it whs finally made the special order of the day for to-day. But little other business was transacted in this body. Ia the House, after the disposal of some other business, the Ten Regiment Bill, from the Senate, wAft nailed un. and referred to th* flnmmittee on Military Affairs. The Senate bill repealing a law reducing the number of generals, at the close of the war with Mexico, was t&k?n up and passed. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION. Senate. Washington, May 4, 18W. Numerous memorials and petition* were prfiiottl. military possession or yucatan. Mr. Hankeoan, of Indiana, chairmen of the Commit tae on Foreign Relation, reported a bill to enable th< President to take military possession of Yucatan. Mr Hannkoan moved to make the consideration o the bill tbe special order of the day for to-morrow. Mr. BADaEa,of North Carolina, thought tomorrow to be too early a day for a calm const deration of a sub ject of >0 muoh importance Mr. Calhoun expressed his deaire that a more die tan day might be fixed for the discussion of tbe bill jnat re ported Senators had no time to examine tbe subjoct He waa not diipoaed to press the poatponement, an< eapeoiaiiy ao if immediate action waa necessary. Bui was the oaae one of auoh extraordinary exigency that I a few days' delay might be fatal to the white inhabitaati of Yucatan? Mr halk,ofNew Hampshire, desired to know whethei the President bad answered a resolution adopted f?ui weeks since, requesting him to oommnnioate to the 8a nate, proposals from Yucatan for annexation to thi United Statea. Mr. Hannkoan said that tbe resolntlon refsrred t< other 8tatea of Mexloo east of the Sierra Madre, anc south of tbe Rio Grande. Mr. Hale said he reported the resolntlon, and that It embraced Vuoatan. Mr KoOT.of Mississippi, urged immediate aotion or tbe bill reported by Mr. Hanntgan, and complained thai Mr. Calbeuo always wanted delay, on important meaa urea of thla kind, though he was ready enough laat 8a. turday to discuss the merits of the President's message on the subj-ot. Mr. Calhoun said that he saw enough In the message to induoe great caution. He felt muoh, and would yield to none on the score of humanity and wss ready to grant rell-f in the largest aense, if it oould be dona consistent!} with our obligations to the constitution and with our duty to our own country. He said that the Pre*iden1 bimselr had been In no hurry. That the Senor Sierra the Yucatan minister, wrote to him on the 7ih of March "cmplalning of previous notes not having been answered If the President could take from the 7th of March to thif ' line, surely tbe 8enate might be allowed a few days foi deliberation on a subject which had been so suddenly pressed upon its consideration One wretched war. with all tb'4 past, attendant and prospective dlsaatrc ui consequences which have grown out of It, should mak* na careful bow we get into another. The first was preeip tated by haaty legislation. No time waa allowed loi calm deliberation. We now hare another oaae rsquiring grave deliberation and reflation, presented to us, upon wbioh our"immediate action is demanded. Mr. Foot briefly replied, and defended the adminla truilon and the Mexican war, its expediency and necessity. throughout. Mr Calhoun briefly rejoined. The debate was warm anu animated, being continued at much length by Mr Hale, Mr. Caas, Mr. Calhoun Mr Hannegan, Mr. Niles and othera. The bill war finally made the special order of the day for to morrow remuneration to com bii1dle. Mr. Sturgeon, of Pennsylvania, submitted a reao luwvu iuihuuuiii u? vuuiiuuin uu foreign neiauou* to inquire into the propriety of paying Commodore Biddle for hU services as acting Commissioner iu Chine, which ?u adopted. retired armt liit Mr. Jewesson Davis, of Mi*s , moved to take up the kill relative to the retired army list, whioh ?m agreed to. It ?m read twice and made the order of the daj for Monday next After the iransaotlon of hd? other Important buti

nets, the 8enate adjourned over till to morrow, Friday ilouee of fUprMentatlTU. The House convened at 11 o'clock, A. M. The journal waa read and approved The 8peaker announced the first thing in order to be report* from oommittees. Sundry bill* were then reperiod, which were read twioe, and referred to the Committee of the Whole. RIGHT! or MEMBERS A discussion was iutroduoed respecting the right ol mem be i to order documents printed, in whioh Mr Conger, of New York, Mr Rockwell, of Couneotlout, Mr Ja oob Thompson, ol Mississippi, with others, participated executive communications. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, moved that the House resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole on the State of thi Union, and take up sundry executive oommanioations which was ageed to. They were then read aud ordered to be printed. ten regiment bill. The House then took up the 8enuto bills. The firsi oalled up was the Ten Regiment Bill. M. Botd, ol Kentucky, moved to refer the bill to the Committee on Military Affairs. On this motion the yeaa and naya were demanded, and reaulted in the affirmative by a close vote. The resolution was then referred to the Committee on Military Affaira. REDUCTION Or GENERAL! The House then took up the amendment of the Senat* lo the bill to repeal tho act reapectlDg the reduotion ol the number of U nerala, serving in the war agalnat Mexico, at the conclusion ot peaee. The yeas aad nays were demanded on the same, and resulted in the affirmative by yeas 81, naya 60. MOUNT VERNON EITATE. TheSrEAKER presented a petition numerously signed, in favor of Congress making an appropriation for the purchase of tbe Mount Vernon estate on the Potomac,wtiich was duly referred to the appropriate committee. After the transaction of acme other business of no leading interest, on motion, the House adjourned over. Relief for Yucatan. Washington, May 4, 1848 The Chairman on foreign relations brought a bill into the Senate to-day authorising the PresidentFirst. to ooonpy Yucatan with tbe army and navy, to aastat tbe whitea against the Indiana. Seoond. tofuinuh, at his dlaoretlon arms, ordinance, ammunition, and other meana to the Ynoatanos, for their defence. Third, to replace the force that may thua be drawn from aervice in Mexioo by volunteers, If required. The bill was made the special order tor to morrow, and will doubt lets be passed befure adjournment. Departure or the Kx-Qlnlster of frsnesi Washington, May 4, 1848. M. Pageot, the late Frecoh mlnisur, and his isdy. left this forenoon for New York. Mr C?rs, British Chaige det Affaires, and tulle, were prsssnt at >he farewell oe The Balloon Aecenalon. Washington , May 4,1848. Wife, the aeronaut, having mad* a beautiful (toast, fleattd gently toward Priaoa (Jeorge'r county, where he deeoended in a very suo estful manner Tba langtb ol the voyage waa eight milee?fully long anongh fur the very small amount of patronage reoeivea. Skipping InUlllgtne*. Lkwei, Mb? 4.?(Correspondence i cleg aph News Room ) Ship fcliiabelh fm rhiledeitihia, went to?ea lait night; fhcauiz from raraunnh lor 1'hilaSeluhia and uin? mackerel ttihi. g ichrs fo' era, left Breakwater Harbor lait night; steamer Ha, pabanock arrived here earlt tn-e mornug lu xssist bark Ler?i t W'ten is now on ahnre.tide # i?i g o?e* her rails at high water; athr Sarah and Mary from Ph.ladelphia, for Plymonin wen; to eta last night; wind uoith, weaihar line. Church Street Improvement. Friend BamtKTT : - Thoee people who wnnt Church at!act carrier to the Battery, ask for too much. It will eost f 1 ."0(1 000 to do whut th?y a<k Home unhappy l< t sp>eulatnrs dews in Trinity ploo* and Thamea street, are moving earth ar.d heaven, and a large aeotlon of the other p'noe, to improve their property at the coat, of their neighbors, and are determined to force thii t reet tbr^ogh, > nd w.ll fail, because tbey go for too much; th*y will mutilate the 1< te in auoh a way at to le*ve noinir.g m which to boil.) respectable atorei; and will, is f?ot. not do a quarter the good tbey premise. Weat Broadway it already vary wide, and the cut to Dey or Courtlendt atreet would open a direct oommualtion with lower Or< etiwieh atreet, 6rh, f> h. 7th, Sih and 0th a venuea, by tba atreeta pouring into It, which yon wili perceive by ooBtulting a map of the city To contlnoe Church atreet in ita present width to Liberty or Reolor, and to continue College plao? to Dey atreet. ia all that ii really needed, or either one, for the prcaent: but at aoue day both will hare to be dene. A. B. C. Knavish Lawyer*. Ma. Eoitos? Your determination to expose the pettifogging lawyers, who make it a bustaea* to plek up oases againat the gentlemen of the presa, for alaadar, hat met the approval cf the whele oomn/unity. There la a pang of legal harpies tvhe prowl arosnd among the aerobantt, tolloitlng huameas, and offering to commence auita and obtain judgmenta on doubtful rlaime. aad look entirely to the dsfendanta for their coat* It la not aurpriaing that tbey often get some boaineae on these teraaa. They of oouree pooket the eoata on all their aucoetsful suits; and then when several yeara baveelapaed, and they taaoy the merchant cannot prove their agreement, or when he flnda out their Inoapaoity andreturea to give them more bualneaa, they tnrn round apon him and tax their long bill! of ceata an their unaueceaetul tuite. end aue htm for the fnll amount. Let the courta and reapecteble membert of the legal profottion watch theae aeouadrela. end let the morobantf bewara nf tham A SUFFERER. Political lntelll??nre. DlLKflATRi TO 7M? D* MOCK ATI* N*TiaffAL Co?T?K nan.? Dr. C. Humphrayi, (or th? 6th Oon<r**ilrn? 1 llitrlot, Maryland, J M. Comra*ndar, for tba 4th Coo irrational diftriat, South Carolina. Drlboatei to thc Whio National 0 xrrmoi ? W?j M. Cook hn? b-*ii appoia'fd to rapreaaat kba 3n d ;onf{r?Mlor.Kl district, Trnnenftta, in tile Philadelphia jon*?ntlon OaoAniZATiart or m* ComniraTicOT L*oi?i.atu*k.? r?? icut L'gmiatiir* w?? or*anla?d on Wadn??day by tb? api olntmai t ol l,al?y.tta 8 Foator. hi Jpaakar ol tho Hou**, ?i d l<'r*i)nis Huron, and John D ;andai>. Clark*. John C. Hollli'ar wan appointed clerk )f lb* Somta At CbarIa?toa. M C., oo tba J4th April, tb? operations in tba tologmpU* wlraa wan noaowwUy roiyaadod aa oftba prmlwwt of a tktwiot Men Tbeatrcal ud Hotlcal. Bowkrt Thkatbk.?The sew grand opera, entitled 'Maritana," wu performed h<-r? l??t eretiig, for the flrat time in thla eitjr, and b?for? a crowded house, it baa been got oat in a style of ma nlfl*enca - both ai r? ffnrdfl A.iatnma ioan*r? &n nffantiva anrf rn??rfitl era, and a full choir ot a d? to purport th* Sequin tmup? in rhe oborusts-wh'Cb <s highly or?rfitable to the t;>ste and enterprise of the munsger und proprietor of lbi? papular theatre. The eoeoa ia laid iu Madrid. The gorgeous appearance of the Spanish co?tume. to wblch the different leading porformeis w<-re a'.ttfad, showed tr much adran'.ago. and waa Dot the lonst at:ructi?e feature in the opera. The oprtiirg obnrus was grand, and ha i a thrilling tffeot Ufon the audi*uee M'S S'gum at M ri ana sung "sing, preUy maiden, sing," wl h exqu rite swretners and power of execution, which eliait-d the most rapturous applause In the romausa ''It wan a kn'gh'," which succeeded, ibe waa equally ?nd was greeted with resewd applause Mr Gardner performed the part of Don Cnj<ar de Bazan; Mr Seguin t i?t ot D >n Jose de Santarem, and Ml?s Liohtensteiu that of Lasirillo. The conoertad piece, "Piattj flliana, i t?U u?" and tho finale. ''Farewell my gallant Capt itu,'' In tba firnt act, drew forth the exquisite powers and execution of tba troupe, and the applause with which their efforts were reoelved continued lor some time after the curtain fell. In the second act, the prison scene, in the fortress, was admirably sustained bv Mr. Oardaer. as Don Catxir "Alas ! ihofo ch m*s," by I.azarilo, (MIm Liobtenstain,) *?? *ud)? with exquisite sweetness The gran 1 finale, In the B'COD'l act, by the whole troop#, led off by Mr? Segutn, end aooampanied'io tall chorus, ?u a magnificent and brilliant display of vocal power, which was bailed with enthuslusm by the audlenoe. The entire performance ol toe oew op?ra |>ues>d off moftt successfully. The st le of musio and singing, the sxoell'ot orch?sr< that supported the troupe aud oborts singers, altogether ni?ke th's new opera one of the bwi that hat been presentee aeie f<>r the sesson It will be repeated this evenkg, ?nd will draw a jam boose Chatham Theatbe ?Another orowsleJ house last night,*s usual; In cm scaroely toother wise,now* -Jays, as the tide of publia favor has eet so strongly down on the Chatham, that they are sure to go a head Mcse is as great a ftvorite as ever: and talkieg of this, we understand that a complimentary benefit is to be given blm sometime during the coming week The affair has been takoii in hand by a number of our most respectable oitlzen*, nnd it la probable that It will be a brilliant affair. Mr. Chaufrau deserves this compliment; be baa originated an entirely new eturacter on tt?stage, and has given amusement to thousands upon thrusand* since his first appearance as the indomitable Mos? Local pieoes, we presume, will hereafter be more common on the boards of our theatres, tbe experiment having worked so admirably; bat though they m?y be common. It does not follow tnat Chanfraus will appear with squai fseillty. The great orltiinal K 8 Chaufrau, we think, will always remain the unsurpassable Moeo ef the stegs. The performances last evening were very amusing?1' Our Nat obhI Defences." " Blaok Eyed Husao," and the other pieoes passing off well To-night the interesting drama of "Sarah, the Jewess," will be pei> formed; also <h? faroes of u Highways and Byeways." t the great * New York as It Is," and ' Unole Sam." A capital bill, traly . Chbutt's Mihstbels.?These revolutlcniiers of Ethiopian minstrelsy have kept the ball rolling pretty smartly this week, and in the language of commercial uien,''their goods are in great demand " The gentility | end refinement of their entertainments oommeud them highly to all who take pleasure in listening to elegant singing. It is surprising the fund of jokes nnd wittioisms taey have at OJinmand; and the best of thiin is. , th-y never get haokneyed or stale, as they vary both them and the rest of their urommme ever* evening. Sails Hahmoniits.?These darkles finish up th?ir ooncerts tbls evening. They bare bad a good ran h*re in New York, and eatabllshed themselves a* a first rate band of Ethiopian alt gars. We do not know to what part of the oountry they go next, but wherever it is, we are certain that suoh good singers and witty fellows will meet with success. Bantard's Panorama.?This great werk of Yankee perseverance end talent is certainly one of the wooders of the present oentury. Only think of a painting three miles in length, and showing upwards of twelve handled iniles of oountry! It was reserved for a mind like Banvard's to originate sneh an undertaking. We are glad to learn ti>at be is realising quit* a fortune by its exhibition, as Panorama Hall is orowded every evening. Mklodeow ?The orowded state of tbls pleasant plaoe of amusement every everting, is the beet assurance of its popularity. Mr White, the proprietor, manages affairs wall to give such universal satisfaction. The oompany attached to the house are all pleasing singers. I Palmo's OrtRA Hon*.?The illustrated pictures at tbls bouse are produoad with great brilliancy The dresses. Ico., are all new, and ot the costliest materials. Sails Brothers ?This band of Ethiopian Binders. who lately had suoh a suooeseful oareer at Convention Hall, in this city, have nearly concluded an equally aucoessful tour at the eastward They return to this city next week, and re commecce their pleasant coni eerts. Temple or the A^uasa ?At this house illustrated pictures, and the Metropolitan Minstrels divide the evening. Both entertainments are attractive. 1 Siohoba BiscAcrurti'a Concert ?The BtitonJftUi of the4th instant^says : There assembled an excellent ?uv<?uv? ? ?uo moiuuiuu on a ueBdttJ 6YtDlDg tu0 bill ?u an excellent one Tae selection! from Luola" were judicious, and the hearty applause they leotireil. told how muoh they wore admired. Slgnor Novelll , sang an aria from " Imelda de Lumber'axzi," an opers, by Donizetti, quite unknown to as It was fall ot pi< i MM demanding put facility of and for this reason was nut so appropriate to Novelli's powers ? His voloe is a fall and powerful organ, bat is not fitted to that light and airy mutln, which one of less body oould properly perform. We prefer Novelll in those parts whleh are free from florid ornament. Perelii's aria from " Sonnambula" was a oapital performance? particalarly the introductory movement. His floe sus tainlng power enables him to give tbia difficult aria with great effeot. Bignora Biecacoianti sung a rondo from faocinl's opera of" Regioa di Cipro" beautifully, it abounded in obarming little bits, which the rendered with a bewitching arohners. Her rondo from "Lucia'1 drew down * boisterous applause. 11 is one of har fioert 'Sorts. The duett from tfte same opera was well done > Stgnora BUcaoeianti plea-es us In "Luoia" more than any ibtngelse Tbe music is particularly adapted to her voice, and she seems to sing it with a perfect a;<pro elation of its scope and intent. Clijr Intelligence. Thi Wsather ?The weaiber ynterday was vary pleasant, the sky having been clear until a late hour in the afternoon, whan tha cicada rose and portended rain About aix o'clock there w?? a vary slight sprinkling cf ruin. The eloads still hung heavily, and tha wind changing to the east, a settled rain i? very likely to lollow, although it is by no means a sure omen. The most certain protraostloston have Mled of lata in their >wm vim uibuj uuotuimga 01 ins weather It la impoiaible to tell what* uay may bring forth. Fimc.?A lire broke oat, on Wednesday night, in the * ho?w No 10 Carolina street, which was extinguished with triflng damage The Doi.ica or thk Commom Council Repudiated? Tha Common Coutcil have been busily engaged daring thy past (aw weeks in .removing all those trom rfflce within their gift wbo were of a different oast of polltios Oa Wednesday night, all the clerks attached to the Alma House Commifiloner'a cffloe were removed, and othera appointed in their atead. The Alms House Commissioner, it is aald, baa repudiated their proceacings, and given orders oontrary to the ri solutions, as adopted by that body. Tha appointment of clerka to that ifllca has, heretofore, been Teated in the Commissioner, and thoae removed are of hia own appointment. Things begin to assume an appearance of oonfnsion, and it la likely th*re will be considerable pulling and hauling before the matter la Anally adjusted. There will be another special meeting thia evening, when it is probable the few remaining will have to travel from the aoenea of oflolal Ufa. PtaesTaiANisit.?Sunday List, O. N Christy and E. Pierce, of Christy's celebrated nairo minstrel tmujie, walked from Newark to Jersey City ferry In one hour and forty minnter PriBD en thk New Hitkk Root* ?We are again in debtsd to Mr Dannie, of the New Haven line, fer Boaton papers ahead of the mail. We reoeived the papera fct X paat A o'alaek yesterday afternoon; the train left Botton at 7 o'olook In the m?rnln|,ami thua m?de the run th.ouch in a little over ten horns. On the New Ha van road sixty two mile* war* run ovar In on* boar and flfcv minnt.K |n addition to thl* >p*ed the f?mnn? n*w **->m-r Coamndar* perform* the tr pfrom N*w H?v*n to Now Vork InsiJe of tour boar* Bud thirty minutes with ?BS? Ahkad op the Mail ?W* art indebted to Mr. McGregor, <f the Hou'?ten * liae,]for Albany paper* several hour* ahead of the mall. The Modbl Abtut* aqaiw.?The Indiotmeota foand by the Grand Jury, iomt time alnoe, seems to bava had only the fffoot to ?top tbo exhibition* of Modol Artiata that they m'ght begin anew. nnd*r atill greater certainty of auoctsf. In nearly all tbo plane* of exhibition, th* proprietor* of which wer* indicted, they ore now going nn, thongh under other prohaaarihips It la aatonlshlng that thl* thing ia c&untenanaad while there are ao many untried Indiotmente pending There iaaom* faalt somewhere. and It should be laid to the proper source Toor, miserable, and wretched creature*, who hav* thrown eff th* pride of their *ex, may now be *** , every evening, fathering around there miserable place*, aaaking an engag*ca< lit, whereby to add to th?lr mean* of living and no notice whatever I* taken of the matter. Died raoM hi* Injubib??Ooronar Walt*r? li'ld ao tnqueat at the City lloapitnl, upon th* body of John Msglnnif, a native ol Ireland ag?d 35 year*, who cum* to hi* death by tDjarlea aoeldaotally received by the filing of a t orMon (fa building at the corner of Chatham and Franklort atreeta; the detail* of which ocoarrtnoe were published yeaterday. Verdlot aaoerdingiy. Focnn if the Watib.?Th > Coronar waa railed to hold an iaqueit, likiwiaa. upon th* body of an unknown man, woo waa, yeatarday moml g, found floating In th* ICaat River, near tha loot of Walnut itreet. The d* c***d had baan a long time In th* water, and ootild not be reoognlaad H* waa drea*ed in a blue oloth frock coat, double breaatcd v*?t, and boota with Iron h-ei plate*. Verdiot, death by drowning. Lotc, Jeal*u*v, attn Huiciaa?Cor*ner Walter* wae called laat evecilng to hold an inqueat at No. 03 Cro*a Teat, upon tha body eta young lilthman, named Hugh Tlranan, who. in coniaquenca ?f becoming jealoua of hi* g?i,,oaa Louisa Mitchell, proourad a shilling* worth of laudanum, awallowed the fatal draught, and expired yeiterday from the effect* thereof; not, how*v*r, beforo he repented having committad th* r*sh act; and tha Idaa Of leaving hia Louiaa to th* keeping of hi* rival*. draw forth many tt4ra of d?*p tagret. Verdiot, death hy suicide by Uklng laudanum. Akotheb Mao Don A large dog, evidently In u rnbid state, yeeterd .y afternoon mad* Us appearance I In Mouth afreet, mmkl- g the p??di'*trlana run lu all dirac* tie**. Itwa* pamn*d by aeveral end fl.oily killed hy a i oai man, who knooaed it in the h*?d with one of hi* aart | rungi. Canat.Tou.s.?T?e Hyranunc nnd 0?w?go liar, O. W. Hodird It Co.. and proprtotaw, paH ?t Albany **4 Troy, '! flrit tweatj-toar bear* Of ea&al aovigatioa, U>? pruiat mioa, tko ?a* of |4,?0?, wbioh U tka UrgMt toll mr p?ld ky any mm Mac tkt tnt tor. -[ AJtoay E vwlaf Jomraol, Tuaotoy. -1 i l*W Intelligence. United Statki Oomhiiiihiii'i OrriCK. M*y 4? Bator* Uaorfia W. Morton. Etq ? Charge ?f Murdn The oam of CJraenwood the u<?.ta of tas brig Colonel T?jlo-, wt? resumed this moriiirg Hu<jH Lkk recalled?Witn??s bad ?*vrr*l conversetl n* wHh tha prisoner ; h? ??td to vrituam tb-?t if hi, vitopm, ?ntl the *t?w*rd wou'd it m 1 bis tri?nds, be did not care uoy thuu altout th- ot'.icr two ci?t>, ireani g i birl'S hu i John for ba could b >th?r tbi?iiV,? ?rn? quel'ion, a* they w?r* cot ou deck at the tine; he??o HiJ be would tell witn?cs wb?t to s?v * day or i wo b?r?re 11 y got in; he a*id th t wi tones would h tv? 10 tu- the o?puuu for u<a wages, id u' us'quence of witno-j being S ''li ; t?o or throe clays before lhey got into port, he told wl uess that he, witness, should comradlct all the captain would try, and '.her witness was to coutradiot tbe o?pi?tn in lelation to what bud occurred it the wheel ?ben the 03j>tiin gave orders to heave tbe veee.-l to ; ha id that no doubt wltnesa woul.i hare to take an oath, bat that would be only a matter of form, and he, witn-sa, need not wind it; witnesi answered biui, that ho would make all things right; said so iu ooustqueuce of what th- steward had told witness Q 'What did the steward tell you ! A. He told me that he ?nd tbe mate were sitting at the galley door together, as wi n?ss came up from the foreoastle, and sat down In the galley ; witness being unwell at tbe, he told the steward be wns oold und wanted to warm biuiself; the prisoner an J steward continued for atout fire minutes to talk to each other ; they wore not then talking of taking the vessel; they were talking of the captain ; witness did not pay much iitteotion to their conversation, and cannot rightly say whut it wm. The witness wss here directed to relate what it was the cooi had told him. Prisouer'4 oounsel interposed, nod tbe commissioner dei-lied that what the steward told witnees whs not evid nae Tbo witnees underwent u long or ta examination but nothing Was elicited to shake his direct testimony. Ai'jourued. Suranmc Court? Pr??*nt, Justices Klmoads, P-?ige and Kdw?rda?Tbe Court icet this morning, and aft -r hearing one or two unimportant motions, adjourned until Monday next. Circuit CouRT-Before Ju?g? Hurlbut-Cu?-j)??ii?r vs. Sluid..n and otk'r?? The examination of defeudimts' wl.Le-sei was proceeded with this morning; nothing matt rial transpired. Adjourned to this morning. SurtRioR Court?There was only one amall note case tried in thla Court. Common Plxas-Au action of replevin for an organ woa called on in thia Court, whioh occupied the day. It was of 110 interest except to tbe pettier. UifiTcn States Marshal's Office?Violation of the Paitrngcr Act-Louis Higgi> s, master of thi American ship Wuodside, from Liverpool, wjs arrestsd this mor nlng, and held to bnil in $700 for violation of tbe not of Congress of 22d February, 1847. by bringing ?nore pas cdkts thav tho aot allowed. This is the sixth case of the kiad within the last week. Court of Oknkkal Scssiona, May 8.?Before Recorder Soott, and Aldermen Franklin and Dodge ? Tiial for BurgUi y ?A young man by tbe name of William Jones, was called to trial at tbe opening oi tbe court, tb-ia morning, on an indiotroent for burglary in the the 1st degree, in having on 'he 11th of Fberuary laat, broken ioto iha pramiiea of \lr JjUo V. Brlgg*, No. 143 Duano etr et, wHh intent to ateel. On the part of tbe proaeout on it was aduuoed in evidence that Mr. Brigga havingdiscovered that ?n attempt had been made to enter hi* premise*, (a porter house.) on tbe night of the 8th of Febiunry, he resolved to sleep in the bulldiu*. for tbe purpose of d^teotmg th* robb>rs if possible; that about one o'clock in the morning of tbe 12 h February, he beard aome one at work at the door, and which waa aoon ouened and the f otstep-i of a p-reon heard; whereupon Mr Briggs immediately went down ctaira, when tbe burglar fled. ?m pursued by Mr. B who fired a pistol at the prisoner, who then surrendered and waa t.iken into custody by a policeman The chisel with which the pilsoner had opeued th* door he flung away in hia flight, and it waa picked up by the offloer, who heard it fall The accused waa armed with a formidable ' billy " The jury, without leaving their seats, found the accused guilty, and the oourt sentenced him to 10 years imprisonment in the State priaon. Nu other oauses being ready for trial, the court adjourned until to-morrow morning. Court Calkkdah fob this Dat? Superior Court? 19. 3J. 298,3. 6 9 11,31.89.89,04 102 105 to 111 inolusive, 114. 47. 50. I'M, 122, 123, 124. 13 135 to 13ti inolusive, 302| 137 to 154 inoluaive, 20 21. 165 to 160 inclusive, 168, l(>9, 170. Common Pleat?131to 145, 855 146, 147, 148, 149. Boston Common Pleas ?La Roy Sunderland vt Leonard B Tirrtll was tried. Thia was an action tor service* rendered, at the request ot the defendant, in getting up, preparing and arranging the scientific department of the defence of aomnambullam, on the trial of Albert J. Tirrell Verdiot for the plaintiff, for $51 42. J P. Bl*hop for the plain tiff; Kiohardaen & Hinds for the dotenaaut. Message of the Governor of Connactlcat. Governor Bissell, of Conn., delivered hia m-ssags ufiurc iun leifiBia ure uu um ou ioer, 1 n? uooumeQC 18 not very long It proposes to the legislature some modification ol the law aff oiiog the relation of debtor and creditor. Ooverner b says:?'" By the U? of the last teuton, the hom?ate?d oi the debtor, to the value of three hundred dollurs, is exempt from being taken on warrant or execution, for any debt whatever. The laws ho ye alto made a very liberal exemption of the personal eatate of the debtor It is alto provided, that no person hall be arretted, held to b?il, detained, or Imprisoned, noon prooeM mesne or final, founded upon contract merely. expressed ox implied. "Now Is It altogether oertain. that in our anxiety to protect the honest and unfortunate debtor, we have not thrown a shield around the dishonett aod fraudulent one? While we have been libeial to the debtor, is it quite sure that we have been just to the oredltor ? And haa not the effect of our legislation been to introduce a laxity ol principle in regard to tbe binding foice of engagements? No one will ooatend that a poor or unfortunate debtor should be imprisoned, when unable to fulfil bis engagements But oujht thereto be no relief against the fraudulent debtor, who places his pioperiy bryond the rca?h Of process, and set* his oreditois at defiance ? Some mode by which be may be compelled to dlsoiose on oath, and make dltoovery ot the property whioh he has fraudulently oonoealed or conveyed away f The existing lew on this subject Is oo.ifetsedly very impel feet, and hfl'ords little or no security agalnit the grossest iniquity and ftaud " In relation to the aohool fund, the meaeage *ay* that from " the report of the eommlteioner, it appear* that the fund amounta to $2,077 641 19 That daring the put year it haa divided among the dUtricta in the State, $ 116 1*26 80. That the number ot children between the agea of teor and aixteon, ia 87,61 J?dividend being 91 16 on rtota obild enumerated. It a Lao appear* that $126 760 46 ot the prinolpal ot tho fund, ha* been paid into the treaanry during the paat year, and which haa been reinvested." The Income of the prison for th? peat year ia $18,861, 88. The expenditure were $11 S48 -24, leaving a balance gained to the inatitutlon oi $1 604 64 * * * * It appeare by the report of' the Quarterraaater General that the expensee of the departm-nt for the paat year amount to (1.666 08 Of thiaaum $662 13 was paid for additional tent* and marquee*, rendered necessary by the law ef the laat session or the General Aaaembly. it alao appeare that there have b*en returned to the State arnenal during the year, 6 field pi'Oee, 107 rifl**, 4118 muskets. The au^geationa of the Quartermatter U-nerai reapedttog the condition ot theae arma i od the expediency of oleaning, repairing and rendering them fit for aervioe, will require your aiten'.ion The report of the Adjutant General will alao be laid bMore you It appear* that the number of the niliiia, embraced in the uniformed companies, whieh are organized under the law of th* laat awa.on, and who have done military duty in conformity to ita provision* ia 2666. The whole number reported to the Adjutant General u 8300 * ? The judicial expenaea of the year were $86 781 80, being $2 "20 06 more than in the preceding year la relation to tbe subject of alavery, the measage hold* th* following ianguige: ? Now it la undoubtedly true that the onnatitntienal rights of the slave-holding State*, in respeot to thie mattlf. are to h? mviriUft an^ nr?MrvAd InvinlAfa W? clearly bound by oar federal engagements not to attempt ?' y chang# In the adjul'.ad relation* of society, In ihosa Siwtos where alaverjr is already established, under the oonatltution Bat the resolutions la question take Bach higher ground. They imuom the principle, not that Cc agrees onghl not. hut that they eaonot. inhibit an institution, fundamentally unjust, and oppressive. and igalnat whloh tua christian world is lending np one united voloe, in any Slate l a ?a ter to be admitted Into the Ualon; and a Htate r-cently admitted, and in a manner not a little peculiar, it threatening remittance to ev-ry law of Congresa which doe* not oolrelde with It* enlightened views of oonstitu'ionel freed< m Tne principle aivaooed in these resolution* is not for the flrat list* asserted Upon the admission <>f Ylisaonriinio the (Jnion. in 1820, the Commonwealth of Virginia pat forth a deohratlon denying the legitimate rlgbt of Congress to prohibit ?l?very, 01 a condition of aim ling a new Siaie Into th? Union, or to impoee any other restriction no* necessary to guarantee to each State a republican form of a ?overnmailt. Mi'soori waa admitted a der what l? larm-d tha Mimuri Compromise ; the admiaaion being accompanied by a solemn d-clsration, that (with the exception ot the State then to be nlmitted) slavery should lorever remain interdicted In all tha terillory of the United 8t*:es north of thirty-six degrees and thirty ainntes of north latitude. Assuring a principle, the validity of which was then denied by the Mtata of Virginia, and ia now denied by the States of Taxas and Alanama. This is not the tima nor the occasion for entering npen aa extended dlicnssioa of this sutject. Indeed, su. h course would be hardly deoorous, aa tba General Aes*mbly. at the last session, by a vote nearly, if not quite uranimoas, paesed a resolution declaring " that it any territory should hereafter ba acquired by the United States or annexed thereto, whatever simh aot may ba, should oontaln an unalterable, fundamental artic.e or provision, whereby slavery or involuntary seivltude, except as a punishment for orime shall be forever excluded from tha territory acquired or annexed " I sea no evidenca, and shall be slow to believe, that the opinions of tba citiiens of tLla Ktata have undergone any change on this subject. It Is ona of momentous iutereat te the free Slates In the Union; and derive* at tbis junoiure, additional Importance from tba taot, that by the treaty, a aid to have bean entered Into with Maxloo, and rallied by the Senate, large portions of Mexican territory are oeded to tba United States And the South now Insist, aa a matter of right, net to be queatloned, that tbia entire territory aball b- a alave-hoiding terrl ioiy mnu mm nmw ?rr?kf? uui. ui u, until h* nlAVr* ho ding 8tata?. T?*m i? now a State, iin,l It ti Id the pawn of Congrec* hereafter to create font other Htate? out if Tiim territory. Now Mexico and California will makeeuoh o Stuff bere?fierto b? admitted into the 1 oion. There will then have heen created eeren now staiea. wbese ?gi'< K?tp population Uoon not t>xo*ed thrM nnndred tho??tnd. returning fourteen Seaator* to the CooftrcMof the United States, giving the *liro-holdinn |nt?r??t n fearful preponderance, and breaelna down tbo "h?oK? and talancee ot the on ititut on At.d he fra< Hti'ea are now toM that any inerin* any effort on th'lr pert tr> avert ?u?h a cetaetroptie, one so deadly t? ell their inte'eata, will be regarded a? a w.m. ton eggr?e*>?n on the ilu*it? of the Hctith. to he followed by aoia of retaliation tud rivli couvul?lon? The imitation o. th.H luijftl, ami thit oTtl* It foibo'lii to tha Ui'lon, ara ?oo*| tha hitter finite ot the M-xienn war. \ war nommenced in violation of tba oonitituted. progaouted for objreti wbiob cannot bo Tlndl'tuUi), and tar< mluatlng (If indead it ba taiml'iatad) la Mult* av-nt dUMtrona ta Um baal Istmata of owr oomnj a ckhii> *7