Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1848 Page 1
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m TT 1 Jtx Wkota R?. ?(UO THE CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN Gen. Scott and the Secretary of War. UIKtRiL ICOTY TO IKKETART M**CT. Mexico. KA 94,1848. 8m?On <be 16th luit., I r?o?W?d your two l?tt?r? of ? .... i ll.i.l. laa.iAil tkA n?...l in* mm u:nmo, too iiumruiik'ijr i~"?? " " i Order no. mj (a o^py ?nrtowd) devolving the oommand of tbe unj Id Mexico i.pon Mfjw Otneril Butler. A* th- oillrMvdetailed for the Court of Inquiry before which I id ordered to appear as a criminal. are not ktown 10 hove arrived 'n the country. I avail myselt of a moment's leienre to reoall tome of the neglects, disappointment], iejuriea and rebuke* which hay* been Intlloted upon me by the W?r Departmental oe my departure tro.n WafbiriRton. N..v 33, 1646. To me tbe business of recrimination, ho waver provoked, has evsr been ptinfui. In thia lumnarv, I shall, therefore, icdnlge In co waotonneas of language, but eoDflno myself to naked historical facts, leaving oonolu sionn to men of sepse and candor. In the huny ot preparation for Mexioo, only four days were allowed me at Washington?when twenty might havn beeu most advantageously employed in the great bureaus -three of the Chief ol Engineers, Chief of Ordnance. Chief Quartermaster, and Chief Commissary of 8ubM?t#>no?)?I handed toyon a written request that one ofihrreof our accomplished oaptains therein named, might be iippolnted Assistant Adjutant General, with the re ok of Major, for duty with ma in tbe Bald, and there wot> a vaoancy at tha time, for one. My request Jus vit been attended to, and thus I have had no ofll- I cer cf AOju'ant General's Department with ma in the campaigu C?n another instance be olted of denying to a Ueceral-in-Chie*. In the Held, at the head of a large I army, or even a small one, the selection of his ohiaf of the staff-ihat is, tha ohisf in the Department of Orders and Correspondence? Early Id the following January, I asksd that a General Ceurt Marti?l might be appointed, an the part ot th? President, for the trial of two officers (named by me) for oonduot each bad committed, that endangered, la a high degree, the sucosss of the impending osmpaign; and 1 specially referred to the anomtlous and fatal act of Ceneress (Mav -J'J 1830.) which prohibited me. as the accu s?r or prosecutor from ordering the oourt for the trial of the owes My application has never been notloed. This neglect, alone, ought early to hive admonished me that I ha J no hope of support at Washington, in any attempt I might make (against ocrtain officers) to maintain necessary dlsniplino in the army I was about to lead to the flsld. I left Washington highly flattered with the oonfldenoe and kindness the President had just shewn me in many long personal interviews on military matters For morn than two months my expressions of gratitude were dtily and fervent, uor were they muoh less emphatic toward the head of the Wa* Department Proceeding with c?al and oonfi lence in my most hazardous duties, 1 learn.-d, January 27, at the Brazos Santiago, that an attempt wm on foot to oreate a Lieutenant General to take coramtnd in the field over me. Shooked and distressed, I allowed of no relaxation in my eff orts to serve my country, resolved. for the short time I was likely to remain in commission, to be '-True as the dial (o the sun, Although it be not shlned upon " A yet greater outrage soon followed: failing to obtain an act for the eitisen Lieutenant General, a bill was pressed upon Cong! ess to authorise the placing a junior M?jor General jast appointed (the same individual) In command over all the old Mr-jor Generals then in front of th? enemy. I will not here trust myself to add a soldier's comment upon those attempts, but 1 may thank God that He did not allow them, or subsequent Injuries to break dewn, entirely, the spirit and abilities, (such as they are,) with which he bad endowed me. Foreeeing at Washington that, from the great demands of commerce, at the moment, it would be difficult, if not impassible, to take up, perhaps at any prioe, a sufficient numbtr ol vessels at New Orleans and Mobile to transport the regiments of my ezplditlon from the Rio Orande frontier to Vera Crus, 1 endeavored to impress upon the War Department the necessity of sending out, from the Northern and Eastern ports, oertain number of large ships, 1p ballast, in order that the expedition might not be tie ttjfel; and in view of *' tne fixed fact," the return of the vnroito at Vera Crux in the spring of the year?a delay rf a few weeks wss likely to prove a total defeat. In * paper transmitted to me?headed " Memorandum for tb* Quartermaster General," marked " War Department, December 16, '46 " and signed by th? Secretary, which 1 received January S?it is said : ? " lodipendently of this number of transports for troops and ordnance stores (from the North) there will be required say five ships far the transportation of the (surf) bouts now bei g prepared, besides which ten vessels must be taken up and sent oat in ballast (for troops) nolew stores caa be put on board, to make np the number [40] required by the Commandi&g General " 'J hr. dute of this memorandum, is December 16, more than three week* aflbar my requisition ana departure from Washington. Of not odo oi the " ten vesaela," in billaat, or with stores (leaving room for troopa) have 1 bnard ap to this day. Raiding upon tham, confidently, the einbaikatlon was delayed tn whole or in part, at the Brazos and Tampioo, from the 15th January to the tth March. lenving. it wai feared, not half the t*me needed for U>e reduction of Vera Crua end ita oettln before the retai n of the yellow fever. But half the surf boats came at all, nnd of tne selge train and ordnance stores, only about one halt* had arrived when the Mexioan fltga were replaced by those of the United States on those formidable places We suooeeded, at laat, in reaohing the point of attack, in the midst of frightful northers, by means, in great part,' of trudlng craft, email and haairdoue picked op accidentally at the Mraiaa and rtmpico; and when the army gota chore, lta science and valor had to tupply ail deficiencies in heavy guns, mortars and or I nance stores The first latter that I received from the Department, after entering the captured cliy, contained an elaborate rebuko (dated Feb ii) for having ordered Coloael Harney, 3J dragoons, 'o remain in the oommand of the oavalry with Mejor General Taylor, so as to leave Major Sumner, of the same regiment, the senior of that arm In my expedition. There waa no great difference in the number of oavalry companies with the two armies This rebuko was written with a complaoency that argu*d tlio highest professional experience in such matters, and could not bave been more oonfident in its tone, if dictated to the greenest general of the reoent appointments Yet, without the power of aeleotlng eom minders of particular corps, no General-in-Chief would venture to take upon himself the conduct of a oritioal campaign Suoh selections were always made by the Father of hi* country and the principal generals under him. S tn the ompaign of 1814. 1 myself sent away, against their wisb>a, three senior field <fllsers, of aa m iuy regiments, who were infirm, unlnstrnoied and inefficient. In laver of t ree juniors, and with the subsequent approbatlan of .Vnjor General Brown, on his joltlog me, ?ud the head cl the War Department. Both were well acquainted with the cuatoms of war io like o s*s ut home and abroad; and without that energy on my par:, It Is highly provable that no American cktlarn would ever have oitoi the battles of the Niagara without a *lgh for his country. I am happy, however, that before u word bad been reoelved fom the Dspartment, anJ, indeed, before it oould have had any knowledge of th? question, I had deolded to take with me the frank and g<Uant Colonel, and hop* soon to learn that be,and vary mtny other officers, have been rewarded with bre>.?< irr <hrir htffhlv dlstincnlshed services in the c.iinfwgn tint followed It wiii In reference to the same rebuke, that in *ckno?le?Kog yorfr communication I aald, frora Vara Cruz A|.ril fi: " 1 ivlnht vary well controvert the military principle* fo coiifl.lently laid down by the depirtment [Id tba letter o! the jj.l February;] but believing, that the praetioa ot the United States army, in tho two wars wltn Ureat Biluin, would bavo do weight, in the particular cava, I waive fu'ther reply, having ?t the moment no leiaura, and no Inclination-for controversy." Al.udmg to tha heavy disappointment*, in reipaot to trauaports siege train and oranance stores, than airealy ex|.ericnoed, 1 wrote to the department from Lohoa, Feb. Mi Perhapa no expedition waa ever so nnaosonntably dfltyed by no want of foresight, airarg.meut or energy on my part, as I drtre affirm--and unuer clreumstano. > '.hi most critical to tbls entire army ; for everybody relied upon, knew from the first. &a well as I knew, it w.juJiI >>o fatal to ua to attempt military operations on tbls cmi?t ?f er pr'battly, the first in April; and here we are at tl'o end of February Nevertheless, tlila ariny ii in heart, and crippled as I am in the means required and promised, 1 ah?|l go forward, and aspect to tak ? Vera Crr* and ita c i-tle in time to eacape, by pursuit the eueniy, the p-st lecce of the ooaat " TLa city ant oistl* w re oaptured Maroh'JS); and wi* li ahrur ono fourth cf the necessary m*ana for a road train (no lault of mine) the retreat, in pursuit of the enemy was vigorously con.mfneed, April 8 The battla cf Cerro O- soon followed, and we oocupi?d Jatapa and P-rnte where we were oblli<?d to wait for suppliea fro n V'ia Ciux In those positions I was mado to wnthe ni><ler another cruel ii appointment. ' In my four m.iinorir.l* to the departmant, on the further >i wnr uir .InuL Mexioo. written at aud dntn.l retpectiTely Oetober 37, Not 1] Ifl. ui 'l 31- (it. w*s only tntiiaated to me in the night of Nov??b?r in ibut I might prepare myself for the Held)?paper* in which I demonstrated that Vera Crui van the true ban of operation*, and that the enemy'a capital could not probably be reached frem ttw Hio Grande, I estimated that, after taking tnat great seaport, ' about 30,00* men," or '-an army of mora than 30 000 menf mav be needed : ? " 1. To lent, in the field end in painea, any aeoumulated fr.rc* in the way. 3, To garrison many important points !? the rear, to eeoure a free oemmunioatlon with Vera <-ni?, and 3, To maka distant detaehment*. in order to ga'her in, without long halt*, necessary sub Istence " Aad foreo I supposed, including Toltmteers, and aided by land and money bounllea, might be raised, in time, by adding ten or twelve new regiment! of regular*, and Oiling up ti.a ranks of tho old A bill wae Introduced for tailing ten additional regnlar regiments; and I, certainly, do not mean to charge the department with tha whole delay In psssing the bill tleough Congress. Out It was passed, February 11, If47, and under It. hy early in April, soma few thousand in*o hud been altnady raised and organised. My distress may h? ronetlvad by any soldier, on learning at JaUpa, April 37, that the whole of t'iat t'< roe had been tent under Biig Oea Cadwalader, to the Klo Orande frontier. |t iu my letter to the Department written tha day after, T r?i<i : I had ixpented that ' Detscbirrnta of the new regiments would, ns yon bad premised m?, begin to arrive In this month, and eontin u? to tollow perhaps in Juno " How many " [roluntaara] will re-engage, under tha aot approved Marah 3. (only reoeir*d two day* ago,) 1 know aot j probably bat I Lj - mtmsoamammmmmmmmmmnmmmm E NE J few. Ilenoe tha greater my disappointment caused by 'ending the n?w troops to tbe Rio Grande ; for beside ibeir keeping the road, in our present roar. op?n for many w??k?, by marches in successive detachments. 1 bad intended, m I advanced, to leave atrong garrisons in this place. (Jalapa,) in Perote and I'uebla, and to keep at the head o( tha movement, a foroe equal to any probable opposition It may now d?pend on thn number of "Id volunteers who may re-engage. and tbe Dumber of new troops that may arrive from the Br?so? in time, as alio, in aome degree, upon the advance of Mijor General Taylor, whether 1 ehdll find this army In strength to leave the garrisons and to oocupy the capital " I may add that only abont fifty individuals of tbe old volunteers re-engaged under the provisions of the aotof March 3; that tbe remainder were disoharged May 4 ; tha'Majnr Osmr^l Taylor made no movement in advance ot Haltillo, and that the uew regulars, Including Cadwalader's brigade, only began to come ap with me, at Puebla. in July, but not In sufficient number* till Allgust ft The next day, tha army oommenced Its advance uprn tba capital, with a little more than 10,000 effective m?n. It Is not extravagant to say that, if Brigadier General Cadwalader's ferees had not been diverted from mo to (ha Rln fl rand a t? hnr? Ha ?tfl mtdfi to loi*. without ADV benefit to Major Gene'al Taylor, muoh precious time, 1 might easily have tnkio tbia city in the month of Juno, and at one-fifth of the loo* sustained In August and September The enemy availed himself of my forced delay at Puebla, to treble, to orgauii* and disoipilws hia toreee, as also to ereot numerous and powerful defences with bitteries. Nearly all theae extraordinary preparations for our reception were made after the middle of Jahe. And It la known that the new* of the victory of Buena Vista reaohed Washington in time to couotermand Cadwalader'a orders for the Rio Grando, before his departure from New Orleans Two rifle companlea with him, received the countermand there, and joioed me early. I know that I had the misfortune to give offence to the Department by expressing myaelf, to the samo effect, from Jalapa, May 6 In a report of that date, I said: " The suhjeot of that Order (No. 136?old volunteers) baa given me long atid deep aolioitude. To part with so large and ao respectable a portion cf this army, in the middle of a country which, though broken in ita power, is not yet disposed to sue for peaoe; to provide for the return home of seven regiments, from this interior position, at a time when I And it quite difficult to provide transportation and supplies for the operating foroes which remain?and all thia without any prospeot of succour or re-inforoement, in, perhaps, the nvxt seven months, beyond some 300 army reoruita?present novelties utterly unkso-wn to any invading army before With the addition of ten or twelve thousand new levies In April or May?asked for, and until very recently expected?or even with the addition of two or thTee thousand new troope. destined for thia army, but suddenly, by the orders of the War Department diverted to the Rio Grande frontier?I might, notwithstanding the unavoidable cischarge of tho old volunteers?Mven regiments and two independent companies -adranoe with confidence upon the enemy's capital. I ahall, nevertheless. adranoe; but whether beyond Ptieblawill depend on intervening information and reflection. The general panic given to the enemy at Cerro Gordo still remaining, I think it probable that wa shall go to Mexioo; or, if the enemy recover from that, we must renew the consternation by another blow " Thus, like Cortex, finding myself lsoat?d and abandoned; and again, like him always afraid that the next ship or messenger might recall or farther eripple me, I resolved no longer to d?pend on Vera Cruz or houe, but to render my little army "a self-sustaining machine"? a 1 informed everybody, including the head of the War Department, and advanced to Puebla. It was in ref-ienae to the loregoiog sorious causes of complaint, and others, to be found in my reports at iiugs?particularly in nnpick io money lor ioa uinuurslog at*ff offlsara, olothing, and Mr. Trist. Commissioner ?that I oonoluded my report from Puebla, June 4, in these word*: ' Considering the many cruel disappointments and mortlt. cations 1 hare been made to feel alnce I left Washington, and the total want of aupport or ay m pa thy on the pur* of the War Department, which I have ao long experienced. I bag to ba re-called from thla army, the moment it may be safe for any peraon to ernbtrk at Vera Crna- which, 1 suppose, will be early In November Probably all field operatlona will bs or?r long before that time" Bat my next report (July 25) from Puebla, haa, no doubt, in the end, been deemed more unpardonable by the department. In that paper, after speaking oi the " happy change in ray relatione, both offloial and private, with Mr. Triat." I oontlnued: ? ' Slnoe about the 30th ultimo, (Jane) our intercourse haa been frrquentand ooidial, and 1 hare found him (Mr. T ) able, diaereet, oonrteoui and amiable. At home, it ao chanced, that we had but the slightest posaible acquaintance with each other. Henoe, more or less of reoiprooal prejudice ; and of the existence of his feeling* toward me, 1 knew (by private letter*) before we met, that at leaat a part ot tae cabinet had a full intlmaion. "Still, the pronounced misunderstanding between Mr. Triat andmya?lf oould not have occurred, but for other olroumstaBoes : 1 Hia being obliged to teod forward yoar letter of April 14, instead of delivering it in peraon, with tha explanatory trfpera which he desired to communicate ; 3 Hie bad health in May and June, which 1 ?m happy to say, has sow become good ; and 3 The extreme mystlAoation into which yoar letter-and particularly an Interline* tion?unavoidably threw me ' Sj far a* 1 am concerned, 1 am perfectly willing that all 1 have heretofore written to tha Department about Mr. Triet, should be suppressed. 1 make this declaration as dae to my present esteem for that gentleman; but ask no favor and desire none, at the hands of the Department. Justice to myself, however tardy, I shall take care to have done. ? ? 'I do not acknowledge the Justice of either of your rebukes contained in the letter of May 31, [in relation to Mr. Ti 1st and the prisoners at Cerro Gordo,] and, that I do not hero triumphantly vindicate myself, is not from the want of will, means or ability, but time "The first letter (dated Keb. 3J) reoeived from you, at Vera Crui, contained a censure, and 1 am now rebuked lor the unavoidable?nay wise, If it ha-i not been unavoidable?release, on parole, ot the prisoners taken at . ...? Ha./Ia _ ?KafA.A A?a ?? /? sv?r AAnaman^ailAH from government had reaobed th's army on account cf it* gallant oondnct in the capture of those prisoners [No such commendation has yet bean reoeived, Keb 1848 ] So, in regular procreation, I may?should tha same army gallantly bear me into the city of Mexioo, in toe nait tie or s?ven weeks ? which ii probable, if we ara not arrested by a peace or a truce?look to be dismissed from tbe service of my ooun'.ry! Vou will peroslve that I am aware (aa I have long been) of the dangers whiab bang oyer meat borne; but I too am a Mm of the United States, and wall know tbe obligations imposed, under all oirjumstanoes by an enlightened patriotism ' In respect to monay, I beg agtin to report that the V chief commissary (Captain Grayson) of this army, has not received a dollar from tho United States since we Nnded at Vera Crus, March 0. He now owes more than $i00,000. and is obliged to pnrohase on ci edit at great disadvantages The ohief quartermaster (Captain Irwiu) has received, perhaps $60,000, and labors under l<ke incumbrances. Both have "old drafts to small amounts, and borrowed largely of the Pay Department, which has received about half of the money estimated for. Consequently the troops have some four months pay due tbem. Our poverty, or the negleet ot the disbursing departments at home, ha? been made known, to our shame, in the papers of the Capital beta, tbaough a latter from Lient Col. Hunt, that was fonnd on tbe person of the speolal messenger from Washington. "The army is also suffsring greatly from the want of neoessary olothing -including blankets and great coa's The new troops (those who have last arrived), as destitute as tha others, ware first told that they would find abundant supplies at New Orleans; next, at Vera Crus and, finally, here; whereas we now have, perhips, a thousand hands engaged in making shoes anl (out of had materials and at high eost) pantaloons. These articles, about 3 000 pair of each, are abs< lately neoessary to cover the nakedness of tbe troops "Febrnaiy 'J8. off Lobos, I wrote to Brigadier Oeneral Brooke to direot tbe Quartermaster at New Orleans to s?nd me large supplies of clothing. March 14 QA. Otn. Brooke replied that the Qaartermaster at New Orleans had 'neither clothing nor shoes,' and ttant he war 'hartal that unless they have been sent to yon diraot, you will be mueh disappointed ' "Some small quantity of olothlng?perhaps one-Sfib of our wants-oame to Vera Crux from some quarter, and followed us to Jalapa and this place " It was that budget of papers that caused the blow of power, so long suspended, to fall on a devoted head The throe arrested officers, and he who bad endeavored to enforce a Decenary discipline against them, ara all to be placed together before the same oourt; the guilty, tha accuser and tb* accused, th j ii a go ana me prisoners. art aeaii wiin bubs .bok impartial justice! But there is ft discrimination wltn vengeance ! WhiU the parties are on trial?if the appealer is to he tried at all, which seem* doubtful?two are restored to their corpe?one of them with hie brevet rack and I rn deprived of my coanmn i! Therecao be but one etrp more In the ??me direction, thro* the rulas and trUoU* of war Into the Ore. and leave all ranks in the army free to engage In denunciation* arid a gene, ral scramble for precedence, authority and executive favor. The jtmnuneiumtntt, on the pare of my faction* junior* U most triumphant My raoali?ander the circumstances, ft severe punish ment before tiiftl- but to be followed by ft trial here, thfttmay run Into the autumn-and on matter* I am but partially permitted to know by the Department and my acouaers, 1?, very ingeniously, placed on two grounds:? I. My own request, meaning that of June 4, (quoted above, and there wft*no other before the Department,) which had been previously (July 19) acknowledged and rebnkingly declined; 3. The arrest of Brevet Msjor Oeneral Worth, for writing to the Department, "under the pretext and form of ?n appeal,"} an open letter, to be sent through me. in which I was giossly and falsely accused of "malice" and conduct unbecoming an officer and gentleman." in the matter of the General Order No. 340, on the lubjeet of puffirg letters, for the newspapers at home. On that second point, th? letter from the Department ol January 13, Is more than ingenlout: It is elberate, snbtle aaud profound?a professional dissertation, with the rare merit of teaohing principles until now wholly unknown to military codes and treatises, and ot oourse t? all mere soldiers, however great their experltnoe In the field. I have not, In thia place, time to do more than hint at the fatal consequences of the novel doctrine In question Acoordlng to the Department, any faotiousjaiaior may. at his pleasure, in the midst of the enemy, using' the pretest and form of aa appeal" against his commander? insult and outrage him to the groesest extent, though he be the 0?n?ral ln-Cnlef, and ohaiwed with the conduct oi the moat eritloal operations; and tkat oommaader nay e W YO VEW YORK, SATURDAY not anrdt the inolplent mutineer until ha (ball haye tlrst laid down bis own authority and submitted himself to trial, or ^ait at least until a distant period of leisure for a judicial examination of tb? appeal And this Is precisely the o?s* und->r consideration. Tbe Department, In its eagprne?e to condemn me. o >uld not tako tim? to learn of the experienced that the Oeneral. In-Chief who nnee submits to an on'raire fr. m a iunlor. must lav his nooount to (ulT r the I K* from *11 the vicieaa under him. nt least !o*n to a rank that may be supposed without influence, in high quarters. b?yond the ?rm; But thla would not be the woie mischief to the publle servioe Kven thegr-a'. nia?s el the spirited. Intelligent and w?Uaffected, amoPK hie brothers in arms, would toon vedaoe euoh commander to utter lmbeeillty by holding him in just scorn and contempt for hi* recreancy to liimselt and country. And are diaoipline and efficiency of no value in the flelJ ' But it was u >t my request of June 4, nor report No. 30 (of July US) so largely quoted tram shove, nor yet the appeal of one proriunciarf i that haa, at length, brought down upon me thla vlaitatlon, eo clearly predicted That appeal, no doubt, had ita merits?considering It came from an erratic brother? deaerter from the otner extreme?who, having just made his peace with the true faith, wan bound to aignallss apostacy by acceptable denunciations of one, from whom, up to Vera Crus. ha had profeised (and not without cauae) the highest oblig*tions (It was there he learned, from me. that 1 was doomed at Washington, and straightway the apostate began to seek, through a quarrel, the means of turning that knowledge to his own benefit) No. There waa (recently) still another element aasooiated in the work ? kept, as far as practicable, out of the letter of r?oall ; an Influence proceeding from the other arrested General ? who Is quite willing that It should generally be understood (*ad who shall galnaiy his algntfloant acquiescence ?) that all rewards and punishments in this army wrre from the first, to fallow his recommendations Tills, the more pewerful of pronunciadoi, wgataat No. 349, well knew at the time, as 1 soon knew, that he was j ustly obnoxious?not only to the animadversions of that order, but to other censures of yet a much graver character, In respect to thla Oeneral, the letter of recall ob aervea, parenthetically, but with an acumen worthy of more than "a hasty" notioe, that some of my specifications of bis mlsoenduet are hardly consistent with "your Trnvl official renort and commendations.'' 8temingly. this is* most just rebuke. But,-waiting for tbe trial*. 1 will b?re briefly state that, unfortuna'ely, I fallowed that General's own reports, written and oral; that my confilenoe, lent him In advanoe, had bean but very slightly shaken as early as the flrst week in Ootober j that up to that tine, from our entrance into this city, I had been at the desk ihut out from personal In trrcourse with my brother officers, and that it was not iill after that confinement, that tacts, oonduct and motives began to pour la upon me A word as to the 6th artiole of war. I can truly say that, in this and other communications, I have not designed the slightest disrespect to the Commander-inChief of the army and navy of the United States. No doubt he, like my sell, and all others, may fall into mietakes as to particular men ; and I cannot, having myielf been behind the eurtain, admit the legal Action that all sets of a secretary are the aots of the President Yet, in my defensive statements, I have offered no wanton disoonrtesy to the head of the War Department, althongh that functionary is not In the enumeration of the above mentioned article. Closing my correspondence with the department until after the approaching trial, 1 have the honor to remain, respectfully, Your most obed't ser ?'t, WINl'IKLD SCOTT. The Hon. Secretary of War, Washington, D. C. War utrihtmtitt, > Washington, April 31,1849 ) Si* It would not bs respectful to yon to pass unnoticed your extraordinary letter of the 24 h of Febrnary, nor just to myself to permit it to remain uuansivered on the files of this department. To attempt to dispel the delusions whloh you seem to have long pertinaciously cherished, and to cerreot the errors into which you have fallen, devolves upon me a duty whloh I must not deoline; but, in performing it, I mean to be as oaulious, as you profess to have been, to abstain from any " wanton disoonrtesy;" and I hope to be aiike successful. Your prudent respect tor the " 6th article of war" has Induced you to hold me ostensibly responsible for many things which you ars aware are not fairly ohargeable to me The devloe you have adopted to aeaaii the President, by aiming your blows ac the Secretary of War, does more credit to your ingenuity as an aooaser, than to your oharaatar aa a soldier. A premeditated contrivance to avoid responsibility does net indicato an Intention not to do wrong. The general aspect of your letter discloses an evident design to create a belief that you were drawn forth from your <iuiet position, in a bnreau of this department, aud assigned to the command of our armies in Mexloo, for the Durnose of halo* sacrificed: and that, to accomplish thin end, neglects, disappointments, 1bjuries, and re* bukes" " were Itflloted" on you. and tbe necessary moans of proieoutlDg tbe war with sucaess withheld or, in other word(, the government, alter preferring you to any other of the gallant generate within tbe range of its oholoo, had labored to irnitrate iU own plana, to bring defeat upon it* own armiea, and involve itself in rnln and ditgrate, for en ot j*ot so unimportant in its bearing npon public affairs. A oharge so entirely prt- j posterous, so utieily repugnant to all the probabilities of human conduct, ealls for ne refutation. For other purpose* than to oombat this fondly-cherished chimera, it is proper that 1 should notloe some of your specific '.illegations It is true that after yon were designated for the ohlef oiimmund of our armiea, the President waa d?slrous that your departure should not bo unnecessarily delayed; but you were not restricted, as you allege, to -'only four days" to make the neoesaary preparations at WashingIon You were not ordered away until you had reported that these preparations were so far completed that your presence here waa no longer required. Then, instead of going directly to Mexicr , you wsro permitted I at your own request to take a circuitous route through New York, and there to remain a few days. You stayed at New York nearly an entire week; and not until tbe I9th of Deoeutber (twenty-si* days after leaving Washington) did you reaoh Nsw Orleans, where you would have arrived in seven daya, if you had been required to take the dlreot route. Tbiaaolloited indulgence, by which your arrival at New Orleans was delayed nearly thiae weeks, is Incompatible with your allegation that you were allowed "only fonr days at Washington, where twenty might have been most a ivantag'ouslv employed." This complaint has relation to fact* within your own knowledge; error, therefore, is hardly reconcilable with any scltoltnde to be accurate. As this is your oponiog oharge against the War Department, and may be regarded as indicative of those whioh follow. I shall make the refutation of it still more oompl-te, for th.*purpose of showing with what recklessness you have performed the fnuotiona of an acouser, and how little reliance, in the present stale of your feelings, c in be placed on your memory Yon are the witaess by whom your allegation is to be disproved. On the day of your departure from Waahington, you left with me h paper, in yourown hand-writing, dated November 'J3, l?4i, with the following heading : " Notes suggesting topic* to be embraoed In the Secretary's instructions to General 8 , drawn up (in haste) at the request of tbe former." Kroui that papsr I extract the following paragraph : " I (the Secretary of War) am pleased to learn from yon (General Scott) that you have In a very few days already, through the general staff of the army here, laid a sufficient baais for the purposes with which you are charged, and that you now think it best to proceed at once to the south-west, in order to organic the largest number of troons that can be cb'atneJ in time for that most important expedition" (the expedition against Vera Crui). Here ii your most explicit admission, ibat yon represented to the Secretary of War before leaving Washington, ttrat arrangements were ?o far completed,that you thought it best to prcosed at onee to the army In Max loo, and yat yon make it year opening oherge against the department, that you were forced away to Mexioo before you had time for necsseary prepar*t">ns. I present the next eharga in your o?u language: " I banded to you a written request that one of three of our accomplisned captains. tbrrein earned, might be appointed aselstant adjutant general, with the rank of msjar, fo* doty w^h me in the field, and there wan a vacaooy,at the time, for one. ,Vly requsst has nsver been attvnied to. snd thus I bare had no officer of the Adjutant Uintral'H Department with uie in the campaign. Can another Instance be cited of denying to a general In-chief, in tha field at the >ie?d of a large army ?or even a until one?the seluntion of hie chi?f on tbetaff"; that Is, th* chief In the department of orders and correspondence ?" Ware the case precisely as you hare stated it to be. you have given too m uch prominence, as a matter of complaint, to tha President's refusal to be controlled, in Ills exercise of tha appointing power, by your wishes Had there been a vacancy such a* you mention lor "one of thn accomplished captains" you named, no on* knows bettor than you do that your request could not have beenaooeded to without departing from thn uuiform rule of selection f >r staff appointments, without violating the right of several offlo?r? to regular promotion, and offering an Indignity to all those who bell the position of assistant adjutants genersl with the rank of captain. The rule of regnlar promotion in the st*ff is ?s Inflexible, and haa been as uniformly observed, ss chut in the line. It must appear surprising th?t you. who were so deeply " shockeu and distressed" at the suggestion of appointing, by authority of, a " citizen lieutenant seneral." or veetiug the President with row or to devolve lh? command of the army ou a major general, without regard topiioiity In the date of hit ot>mml*?lon, should, in your Brat rf quart. b*ing eauigaed to oommana, aak the President to disregard the right* o( at) leaat fonr offlceri, as meritoMou* ai ''the three aocnmpiUhed" oaptaln* named by you The Prt ident'* view* oa thl? enbjont undoubtedly differ from your* Hla retard for the right* of offlom? I* not graduated by their rank Thoae of ciptnln* and major general* hay* equal yaloe la hla eatimation, and an equai el*iin to hia r??pect and protection. I cannot admit toat It la a juet ground of cenaure and rebuke ngainet the " hand of the War Department." that tha President .lid not lea flr, la order to gratify your feeling* of favoritism, to diaregard the claim* and violate the right* rf all tlia aaaiatant adjutant* ganaral of the rank cf captain, then in onmmlaaion. But, *o far a* it I* made a ground of complaint and reproof, thla I* no* the worat atpect of th? caae. You ar* entirely mistaken In tha naaeiti.n that th?re wm then a vaoaney la !*>* aojutant general'* *taff with the r?nk of major, to which either of the captain* recommended by yon could hare been properly appointed There we* no ?ueh vacancy. To *how the correctae** of thl* itatement. and to demonatrata your error, I appeal to the Army Regtatar and the record* of the A Ijatant Oenertl * Offio*. Your ml*tak* a* to an obvlou* faot lying within tha r?H* ot with whiah yoa in |D1Z x: 1 Jtl JHl Jl MORNING, MAY 6, 184 presumed to be familiar, baa excited leu surprise than the declaration, that by tbs non-compliance with jour request, you "have had no officer of the Adjutant General'* Department with me [you] in the oampaiim " Every officer of that department?at least eight?was, as vou well knew, subject to your command. Wh?n j <ju *rrlved In Mexico, tbero were with tbe army at leant Ave arsistaot adjutants general, all at your service. That you otiose to employ none of then at yonr headquarters, and detached from o'ber appropriate duties an olfloer to act an an a*?l*tant adjutant general m?v well imj rrnnrunu u ii iii^dk 10 inn n noin oi inn rtn into with you in Mexico, ?nd a caus* ct complaint; but certainly nut a complaint to emanate from yon against ib? War Detartmunt. Willing aa 1 am to prvsume, though unable to conoeive, that clrsumstanoes justified you In pulling ofr all the assistant adjutants general then with the Krmy, and in selecting au officer of the line to perform the duties of adjutant general at your headquarters. I waa mueh (uriirirad to learn from you that, when General Worth aeut to you one cf tlieae ' accompliihed Captalne," the first on your liat. under the belief that you denired his services as ?n acting assistant adjutant general, you deolined to employ him in that capacity; and I am still more surprised to perceive that yon have intde it a <li>tlnct ground of charge in your arraignment of the War Department, that you were not p*rmltt?d to have him as an assistant adjutant general at your headquarters Had you seleoted him instead of unother. a* you might have done, you would have been bereft of all pretext f ir oomplaint Though there was no vaa&uay in the Adjutant General's staff of the grade of | major, for whio 1 oulv you reoimmendnd the u aooompliahed oaptaine ? and to whioh, only, they were properly eligible?there waa a vaoanoy in it n: the rank of oaptaln. For this position you reoommended an effioer In General Wool's staff, then on the Chihuahua expedition. This offl ier was subsequently appointed assistant adjutant general with the rank of oaptain, as you desired, and has ever einoo been at the headquarters of that general. Thus it will be peroelved thut your request, so lar as It was proper anl reasonable, #m aotually complied with. The next speoldoation in the catalogue of charges preferred against mi, is that a oourt martial was not instituted by the Preeideut, for the trial of General Marshall aud Cuptaiu Montgomery, on your charges against the*. The offenoss imputed to thom were oertalnly not of an aggravated character. The one, as was alleged, had been Incautious In relation to a despatch under circumstances that might admit of its oorntng to the knowledge of the enemy, and the other had not oarried a despatch with as much expedition as you thought he might hnve done. As one was a general officer, a oourt to try him must have been composed ot officers of high rank. Before the order tor assembling It oould have reaohed Mexico, it was foreaeen that your command would be. at Vera Cruz, an<1 probably engaged in an active eiege of that olty. Oflloers oould not, therefore have been th?n sent from your ooluinn to Monturey or tbe Hio Grande, (where the eourt must have been held) without great detriment to the publio servloe. Hid you been deprived of several oflloers of high rank, at that oritloal period, by the order of the President, it would have afforded a better pretence for complaint than any ( e in your extended catalogue Hal the oourt bsen composed of offloers taken froai General Taylor's command, It would have still further have weakened his condition, already weak in oonsequenoe of the very large foree you had withdrawn from utm Subsequent events have proved that It was most fortunate the ['resident did not comply with your r* quest, for had he done so, some < ( the officers highest in rank, and moit conspicuous at Buenn Vista, might, at that oritloal junoture,have been separated from their oommandi, and engaged on a oourt at a distanoe from thai glorious scene of aoMon. It is not fanciful to suppose that their absence might have changed the fortune of that eventful day; and that, instead of rejololnff, as we now do, in a triumphant vio'ory ?among the most brilliant in the whole course of the war?welmight have had to lament a most disastrous defeat, sn the almost total losa of the whole firce you had left to sustain that frontier. No man has more reason th?n yourself to rejoioe that no order emanated from Washington, though requested by you, whioh would have further Impaired tbe efficiency of General Taylor's command In the crisis that then awaited him My letter cf the dUd ol February, conveying the Presld nt's views iu regard to your order depriving Colonel Harney of his appropriate command, is severely arraigned by you as offensive, both in manner and matter. The facts in relation to this case of alleged grievance are now bafore the publio, and a brief allusion to them will place the transaction In its true light Under your orders Col Harney bad brought seven companies of his regiment?the 3d dragoons?irom Monterey to tbe Bra tot, to be under your Immediate command ; and two others-being all or the regiment in Mexico?wero expected to fellow within a few days. In the midst of his high hop*s and ardent desiro for active service, you took from him the command of his own regiment, devolved it on one of his junior offioers, and ordered him back to General Taylor's line to look for what was not inappropriately denominated "an imaginary command." Outraged in his feelings and injured in his rights, he respectfully remonstrated ; bis appeal to your sense of justioe was unavailing. Neither to this gallant offloer nor to tbe President did you assign any sufficient or even p'ansible'reaaon for this extraordinary prooeeding. Tbe whole army, I believe, and tbe whole country, when the transaction beoama known, entertained but one opinion on iheaubjaot- and that was. that you had inflicted an Injury and an outrage upon a brave and meritorious officer. 8ush an act?almost the first on your assuming command?boded disastrous consequences to the public service, and devolved upon the President the duty of interposing to protect the lrjured offiaer. Thi< interposition jou huvs made a grave matter of accusation against tbe head of tbe War Department, and have characterized It as a ceneure and a rebuke It may imply both, and still, being merited, may leave yon without a pretence of oomplalnt. The President, tfcer alluding '.o hia duty to sustain the rights of the offloera, under your command, as well as your own right*, in formed you that he did not discover lu the case aa you had presented it, sufficient oauae for auch an order; that, In hla opinion, Col. Harney had a just oauae to omplaln; and that he hoped the matter had been reconaidered by you, ?nd the oolonel restored to his appropriate commaad. You* own subsequent course in this oue demonstrates the unreasonableness of your complaint, and vindicates the ooirectneis of the President's proceedings. You had really rebuked and oencured your own conduct; for even before you had rooeived tbe President's vi*ws, you had, as he hoped you would, reoonsldered tbo matter, become oonvinced of your error, reversed your own order, and reatored Colonel Harney to bis command; thua giving tbe strongest evidence in ftvor of the proptlety and correctness of all the President had done In tbe cane I give yeu too much oredit for steadiness of purpose, to suspeot that you retraoed your ste| s from mere caprice, or for any other cause than a oonviotinu that you had fallen in'o error After the matter had thus terminated, it appears unaccountable to me that you, who, above all others, should wiah it to p?<s into oblivion, have again oalled attention to it. by making It an item in your arraignment of tho War Department. You struggle in vain to vindicate your oourae in this case, by ruterring to your own acts In the otmpaign of 1814 You then sent away, aa you allege, against their wishes, 'three senior field offloera, of as many regiments who were Infirm, unlnstructed and inefficient, in favor of three juniors, and with the aubsrqtient approbation of Major General Brown, and the heaa of the War Department." This precedent does not, In my judgment, change the aspect of the present cue. Colonel Harney was not ''infirm, unlnstructed and inefficient;" yen did Dot asalgn, and In Jefarence to the known opinion of thf rmy and country, you did not venture to assign that reason for deposing bim I do not understand the force of your logical deduction, that becauie you. on a former occasion, had deprived officers under yon of their commands, for good and sufficient reaeona, with aubaaqtient approval, you may now, and at any time, do the aame thing without any reason whatever; and if the President interposes to corroct the procedure, you have a juat cau?e to complain of an indignity, and a right to arraiga the War Department. Aa your animadversion npon the tone of my letter Is probably a blow aimed at a much more eonspicueus object, to be reached through me, I ought nut, perhaps, to pass it without notioe. On revision of that letter, I o?nnot perceive that it is not entirely reapeofui in manner and UkEgnage Tbe views of the President are therein confl iently expressed, because they were confilently entertained It seemed to be admitted by you that ' if diotated to tbe greeneet general or the recent appointment!," the letter would not have been exceptionable I waa not aware that It was my duty to modify ami graduate my style, so as to meat, acoordlu^ to your fastldio'is views, the various degrees of greenness and ripeness of the generals to whom I am required to convey the ord? re ot the President ; and for any such defect in my onciti communications d?t? nnai'uiugj <u ?uor lo the dams letter, wherein you complain of being osnsured fer your course in relation to Col say:-" I em no* rebuked for the unavoidable?nay, wl*e. if It had Dot been unavoidable release on parole of the prisoners taken at Orro Gordo, even before onword of commendation from government had reached this at my on arc >unt of its gallant eondnct la tha capture of those prisoners." Aocilent alone?not any oversight, or negleot on my part?has given you the apparent advantage of the aggravation which you hare artfully thrown into lb<f charge. My letter commending yourself and the gallant army under your command lor the glorious achievement it i.erro Gordo, waa written and sent to yon on the l?ih of May?el?ven days before that whieh you ara pleased to consider as oontainiug a rebuke. But I meat the main ohargo with a positive denial. Vou never were rebuked for discharging the prisoners taken at Csrro Gordo. This issae can oe tried by the reoerd. All that was aver said on the autyect ia contained In tha following extract from my lsttsr of the 31st of May : ? " Your oouraa hitherto In relation to prisoner* of war, both men and oflcers, in <1lsoharKtng ibem on parole, has bean liberal and kind; but whether It ought to be still longer continued, or id some respects changed, has been under the confederation of tha President, and he has dlreotod ma to communioate to you his views on the subject He la not unaware of the great embarrassment their detention, or the sending of them to the United States, wr.uld occasion; b'lt an tar as relatea to tha cdiners, be thinks they should be detained until duly exchanged. In that cess, It will proiably bs fonnd expedient to sand them, or moat of thero, to the United States. You will not. therefore, except for soeolal reasons In particular oases, discharge the otlljere who mav bs taken prisoner!, but detain them with you or send them to tha United Sutes, as you shall deem most expedient " If I understand the fore > of terms, there la nothing In this language whloh, by (air interpretation, can be made to expreaa or imply a rebuke I oannet conceive that any mind, other than one of a diseased sensitiveness, over anxious to disoover censes far complaint andaconeatioa, eauld imagine that any thing like a rebuke waa contained la this extract; yet on tkli nnsubstsntlal baste aloae IERA 18. reata tha aharga, orcrtnd orer again presented, that you were rebuked by the War Depm tm?nt for discharging Ihp prisoners o.iptured at Cerro Gordo. If. In a oim wher? It was ?o easy to ha right and ao difficult to get wrong. you conld fall into auob an obrioua mistake, what may not ba expeated from you Id other mattara, wh*r? your perverted feelings have a fraar and a wider range ? Befnra considering your complaints for not having been auppllad with suflcient ma ma of transpirtation for the expedition against Vera Crai, I will notice your " four msmorials" to the War Department, In wbieh you demonstrated, aa v u atate. tbat "Vera < rua w?s tb? ti ue basis rf operation!, and that the enemy's oapltal oould not probably b? reached from the Rio Grande " I oaouot ilitoover the pertinency of your allaslon to these four memorial*, except It be to out forth a claim to tbe merit of originating the expedition against Vera Cms and of being the Urst to dlsnover that the moat practicable route to the city of Mexlio w?s from thnt point on the (Julf; but your known abhorrence for a ' pruriency of fam* not earned" ought to ahleld you from the suspicion of auoh an Infirmity. 1 am euro you are not ignorant of the faot?but if you are. It 1* nevertheless true?that the expedition against Vera Cruz hsd b?en for some time under consideration; that great pains had been taken to get information as to the defenoes of that oity, the strength of tb? osatle, and the difficulties wh'ch would nt^nd the dsfearoation of troops; that maps had been procured and carefully examined; that persons who had resided there, and bill cars of the army and navy, had been consulted on the aubj?ot, and the enterprise actually resolved on before the date of your first memorial, and before you were thought of to oonduct it. As early as the !).h of July, 1840. within two months after the deolaration of war, and before the m?lu body of troops raised f jr its prosecution had reached the scone of operations, oonslderate attention had beeu given to that subject On that 'ay, a letter from this department to <Jen. Taylor, thus alluded to a movement front Vera Crus into the Interior of the enemy's country: " If, from all the information whioh you may communicate to the department, as well as that derived from other souroes, it should appear that the difficulties and obstaoles to the oenduotlng of a campaign from the Rio Grande, the present baie of your operations, for any considerable distance Into the interior of Mexico, will be very great, the department will consider whether the main Invasion should not ultimately take place from some point ou the coast-say Tamolco. or some othsr point In the vicinity of Vera Crus Thii suggestion is made with a view to call your attention to it, and to obtain from you suoh information as you may be able to impart. Should It be determined that the main army should invade Mexloo at some other point than the Rio Urande ? ay the vicinity of Vera Crcs-a large and sufficient number of transport vessels oonld be plaoed at the mouth of the Rio Urande, by the timo the healthy season seta io?say early in November The main army, with all It* munitions, oould be transported, leaving a sufficient force behind to hold and occupy the Rio drande, and all the towns and provinoea which you may hive conquered before that time. In the event of aueh being the plan of ODeratlona, yonr opinion Is desired what Incresaed force, if aoy, will be required to carry It out with euocrss. We learn t hat tb* army could be dlserobarkod a few miles distant from Vera Crux, and readily Invest the town Id its rear, without coming wllhln the range of the guns of the fortress of San Juan d'UUoa. The town ceuld be readily taken by land, while the fortrees. being Invested bv land and sea. and all communication cut off must soon fall. From Vera Cruz to the city or Mexico there 1* a fine road, upon which the diligences or stage cnaohes run dally. The d istanse from Vera Crm to the olty of Mexico Is cot more than one-third of thit from the Ris Grande to the city of Mexico " The ro^eot was again brought Into view on the 13th of Oetober, in the s.imn year, and more particularly ou the 3-id of October, in letter* addressed to General Taylor. At the last date, the plan had been fo far matured that sev*ral officers of the statf and llae were indicated lor that service. This wu nearly a month before it wan determined to employ you with the army in any part of Mexico. It wu never contemplated here to strike at the olty ef Mexioo from the line ocoupled by General Taylor, or threugh any other, exoept that from Vera Crus. 11' the war was to be pushed to that extent, it required no elaborate demonstration?no profound military talents ? nothing more than oommon sagacity and very slight reflection on the subject, to see the propriety and the necessity of miking Vera Cruz the base of military operations. An alleged deficiency of mean* to transport the troop* In the expedition to Vera Cruz, seems to be most prominently presented, and most confidently relied on to tartain your charge against the War Department for neglecting this branoh of its duties. 1 issued, It seems to be admitted, the proper order, so far at the means of transportation were to be drawn from tbe north; but the allegation is that it was issued too late, aud was never executed. It was issued, at least, four days before you arrived at New Orleans on your way to the army. If promptly executed, It was a reasonable calculation that tiie ''ten vessels," alluded co In your letter, would have arrived in season to reoeive the troops as soon as you would oollect them from their remote and sccatteriog positions In the Interior of VIexioo, bring them to the sea coast, and prepare for their embaroation Whether an order for ships to be sent out In ballast, Issued the 15th of December, was or was not in season for the service they were designed for, depends up.m the time wheu the expedition oould be got resMly to tall. To determine this, a regard must be paid to what you required to he dona preparatory to the expedition, rather taan to what you may have aaid on that (nbjeot. A reference to two or three of your requisitions will show that no rational hope oould be entertained that the expedition would set forth before the middle or the last or he&ruary. you required as one item or the outfit one hundred and fort; surf-boats? nil to be constructed after you left Washington Though the dopartment urged a leM number, you Insisted on all. Yon estimated the expense of each at VJIIO; and putting the principal ship yards on the Atlantio coast in requisition, they might be constructed by the 1st of January. To show what reliance was to be plaoed on your oaloulation, I refer to the fact thst, theugh due regard to economy was had in procuring these boats, each cost on an average $960-nearly fivefold your estimate Conceding that you erred much less as to the time within whioh thsy could be constructed-nay mare, admitting th-y could have been ready by the 1st of January?am sooner yon did not expect tu-iy could b? m?de?by no rea sonable calculation could they have reached the coast of Mexico before the 1st of February. The expedition could not go forth without thsm. In your letter to me dated the J8ih of February, off Lobse, you state that but a sm<11 part or the transports engaged at New Or leans, under your orders of the USth December, iio , had arrived. aud " not one of the ten ordered by your (my) memorandum of the 16th of that month, and the whole were due at the Braios on the 16 h ot January." Having thus shown, by your own opinion, that under my order " the ten vessels " ought to have been at the Braios at Isast fifteen days before tha expedition oould have bsen ready to sail, I have vindicated myself from your oharge of having neglected my duty by not issuing that ord?r at an MUM date. If issued would have Involved a largely increased expenditure for demurrage, and resulted in no public benefit. But the graver part of this oharge is, that none of these "ten vessels" ever arrived. ' Relying (you say in the latter now under consideration) upon them (the t*n vessels) confidently, the embiroation was delayed in whole or in part at the Brasss and Tampico, from tha 19th of January to the 9ih ot Msuroh, leavlug, it was feared, not half the time needed for the reduction of Vera Crux and it< ess le before the return of the yellow fever." To whomsofvr the calamitous oonsequenoes of the non-arrival of these " ten vessels," and your " oruel disappointment" in rclatio n to them, are imputable he baa certainly involved hiniselt in a serious responsibility I hope to remove the whole of it from "the head or the War Department," and entertain some apprehensions that it will fall In part upon the commanding general of the expedition The execution of the whole of the most difficult branoh of duties appertaining to a military expedition?pro vldiag tor transportation?Is, by the distribution of the business in the War Department, allotted to the (Juar termaau-r uencru. ab an expedition against vara Crux had been reaolved en some time before you were aaeigued to take command of it, (Jeneral Ji>*up Ua i gone to New Orleana to b? Id the bout position to make the neoeaeary preparetlona for au?h an enterprise Kroiu iila greet knowledge an.I long experience in military affair*. not only In nia appropriate department, but aa a commander in the field, the government thought It fortunate tbnt you oould hftve tue advice and of ao able a counsellor Yoar auggeation that It might ba necessary to send ship* la ballast from thenottn for transport* was not neglected or unheeded by ma. Whether it would be ueoeaiary or not, depended, aooordlog to yoar aiutt-ment to me, upon the mean* of transportation wliioh could be procured at New Orleana, k.o. My first atap waa to write to the Qaarfbrmaeter Oeneial then at that place, for Information on that aubjaot. in my letter to him of the 11th of Deormber 1 a?U: ? " It la expected thnt most of the ves*el* In the aervlce of the qnartermaater'a department ean be used as transport* lor the expedition It will be neoesaary that the ilepartment here aheuld knew what portion ot the transportation ean b? furnished by the ordinary meana which the quartermaster's department han now under its control lor the purpose* of its expedition- 1 have to request that information on thia point abouli be furnlaned wttnout delay. ' Another point on which the department lealrea information la, what amount of meana of tr*naportati >n for aaah an expedition can bj furnished at New (Meina, Mobile, and in that quarter. "The espenae of procuring transports from the AtUntio oltlea will be exorbitant. Freight la very high, and moat of the good veaaela are engaged for th* ordinary purpose* of com mere* " It la Important to bear In mind that yon aaw thi* let tar on your flr?t arrival at N?w Orl??u? In writing to me from that place, L>?o*mb*r 31, you obterva: ' I h?va ?aan your letter (in tho hand* or Lieutenant Colonel Hunt) to tho Quarter Matter Ganeral, dated tha 11 th " Vou eould not miatake Ita cbj?ot, hacauM It wa* oi- arly exprea^ed. I a?ke<l dlatiootly, wh*t mean* oi treoaportalion for tba expedition eau ba farniahed at Now Orlean, kfl , and referred totheexpenie and dlfflaultv of procuring traniuorta from tha Atlantic eitiaa Vou could not, thrrtfori, but know that my courae aa to nandiag ?hipa ia ballaa'. from tV.a north would ba regulated by the lluartermaeter Oaaeral'i reply While waiting for thia information. and in ordr to prevent dalay, and be tare aot to deeerv* tba imputation ymi oa? c?t upon ma, I iaaua.l the ordar af tha 1.5th of Daoanbar, to wtiteh you refer, knowing that it oould ba modi fled and conformed to tha etljancaaef tho a*rvi*e, nocurling to the ant war which I ahoU'd r?ca1v? from <J*n eral Jetup? Hli reply la d.tad tha 37th of December, and in it he eayr " Tranarortatlon can be provided here for til the troop* that may > drawn from tha army under tha oommaad IMLLH?ULMLL I U_IL .. LLM LD. of Ura^ral Tdvlor, *nd for ?U th? onlntoo*, on loans* lorin >uu oiurr tupunea, wuion mi; ne umwa itnor from thia depot (?hn Braioi) or from Vew Orleans The publio traoaporta ? I mean thoae owned by the United Stat'i that o?n b? spared for tha contemplated operation*, it la estimated. will oarry three thouanad man with ill tbalr aupplina. Vessels can be chartered on favorable t#rm? for any additional tr*oapnrtation that may ba required " Thl* letter we* auhmitted to and raid by you as appear* from your endorsement tbaraon. Afcar r?tarring to ?ome othar matter* la tha lattar, you conclude your endorsement m follow* : " I reoommend th*t Brevet Major Gen Jeaup's suggestions ba adopted " Thia faot uhowa that tha lattar rroaivad your attention. Wh*n tbia lattar (whloh yon naw we* forwarded to the department) wh here reoejved showing that your apprehended dlfloalty In obt?inlD|| auffloitnt transportation at tha aouth wia unfounded. and that it could be provided In that quarter In Kreit abandunoa on favorable tarnu my order of the 15th of Deoember, ao far, and only to f*r as it related to sen ling out Taaaela In ballaat, was countermanded. It ia strange. Indeed, that, al':er you were made acquainted with the object of my Inquiries and Gen Jesup's Utter in reply to them, you ahould have looked for traaapert vsael* in ballaat from the Atlantlo oltlea. and atlll more strange that tbalr non-nrrlval ahould ba the proof you rely on to conviet ma of haTlng neglected my duty in thia lnatanoe. If in troth, yon delayed the expedition nearly two montha for three transport*. I am biamele** The responsibility ia It another quarter It oannot be laid that thia statement aa to the aufflclenoy of transport* to be obtained at the sou'h had an Implied reference to what I had ordered from the Atlantic oltlea. for my order waa then unknown to yourse f and the qiartermester general You ftr?t received a oepy of it several daya Kfur the date of Oen. Jeaup'a latter to me and of roar endorsement thereon [See yoar Utter to me or the lith January ] Resisted aa you were by " head winds," enveloped in ' frightful northers," and oppressed with complicated and perplexing duties In arranging and preparing tha expedition agalnat Vera Cruz, aorne tempore, rv bewilderment may be excused; but to charge the War Oapartmeot with your own mliappr*h?nttons and mletakea, la inoxousable. Mv reply to yonr aoousationa forces me to axpoae tome of your mia statements of faot. Yon allege that the expedition, for the want of the u ten veaeela," waa delayed from the 16th of January to the 9th of Maroh. You oertainly mean to be understand that on the lAth of January your troopa were ready to embark, and were /a. a..* tkL ... UWIMTVU IUI WMUW VI IUUBO UUi lull WM uvv ho ; and I ara Indebted to you for moat abundant proof to establish your Inaccuracy. The great body of your troop* for thn expedition waa drawn from General Taylor's oommand at Mont*rey, and in the Interior of Meiico ; and no part of them had reaohed either tho Bresos, or Tampioo -the points of emberoatlon?on the 16tn of January, la your letter of the 13th of that month to General Brooke, at New Orlsans. you Mid: "I have now to state that It is probable the troops I hare called for from General Taylor's immediate oommand to embark here (tbe Brazos) and at Tampioo, will not reach those points till late la the present month, (January,) say about the 25th " In ft letter to mo of tbe '2tlth January, you remark that General Butler responded to your oall for the troops with the utmost promptitude, and that General Worth made an admirable movement. ''Tbe head of hit division arrived with him at the mouth of tho Rio Grande the day beforo yesterday," (34th January). When the remainder oame up Is not stated; yet one of your "naked htatortoal facts" plaoos the whole command ?t the points of embaroatlon waiting for the '-ten vessel*" at least nine day* before the actual arrival of any part of them. But If they had been there, why should they nave been detained for thrse vessels! In the same latter?written but two days after the arrival cf the head of tbe flrat division, and probably before the other troops had oome up -yon say that ' the Quartermaster General, (Brevet Major General Jeaup, at New Orleans,) I find, has taken all proper measures with judgment and promptitude to provide everything depending on his department for the dsapatoh and suooess of my exoedition " If more waa wanted, cumulative proof might, be drawn from the same source ?your own correspondence?to show not only tbat tbls charge sgilnst mo has no foundation in truth, but that you oan have no apology for having preferred it After showing how unfortunate you have been In your speciflo oharges, I may with propriety meet those of a general and sweeping oharaeter with a less particular detail of proofs to show their groundlessness Though the 1 ten ve?sela" were not, for the very sufficient reasons I have assigned, sent out In ballast from the Atlantio cities, yet a very large number were sent thence with stores, supplies, and troops, to oo-operate In tha ? vna/tilinn la Oenerai Jeiup's latter to me of the 17 th inat, copy of which in lent herewith, he states that fifty-three ships, barks, brig*, and sahoonen. were sent from the north, end the department actually famished at New Orleans, Brazos, and Tumpioo, for the army, before It took up the line of maroh into the interior, one hundred and sixtythree vessels. I have alluded to the large number of surf boats, and the great difficulty of procuring them, as the cause of tbe delay in their arrival I here alio a similar reason to offer in reply to your complaint for not having seasonably received the il'ice train and ordnanoe supplies The delay is to be asoribad to the enormously large outfit you required. If It was necessary, and despatch was used in procuring It, no one is In fault. If too large, you certainly should uot regard as a reprehensible delay the time neoeMariiy taken up in preparing it. To show that It was large, rind required much time to procure it, I will select from many a single item. Yon demanded from eighty to one hundred thouaand ten-inch sheila, and forty or f.fty mortars of like calibre. This enormous quantity of sheila-abont four thousand tons? was mostly to be manufactured after yon left Washington All the fornaoa* in the ocuntry, willing to engage in the buslneaa, were aat to work ; but with the ntraos. diligence and despatoh, th? supply of this one article. ?r even two-thirds of it, having to be manufactured and transported to the seaboard from the fnrnaoes, (located in moat inatancea In the Interior of the country,) at a seaaon of the year when water oommuoloationa were obatrnoted by ice, oonld not be ready t? be aent forward to you in many months after your departure from Washington. Had yonr requisltioas been moderate -and undoubtedly more moderate ones would have sufficed ? they could have been furnished at a much earlier period Tho memorandum which you left " for the aiege train and ammunition therefor," was submitted to me by the Ordnanoe Department, on the 3tfth of November, with an intimation that it could not he oomplled with in season for the expedition to go lotward as early as you had contemplated. I endorsed upon it, " comply with tbe above aa far as praatloableand tbla order, I am satisfied, after full examination, waa falthfnlly executed. What coold be done at Washington, waa promptly iloae You had with you the Quartermaster General, with all tbe maans at the command of the War Department, and with unrestricted authority to do whatever you might require. He was under ycur supervision, nnd subject to your orders, able and witling to execute them You have never intimated that he, in any re pact, failed in his duty ; but, on the contrary, you have spoken in highly oommendatory terms if his effloient services. I hare already quoted your acknowledgment that he had Ukcn ail proper measures with judgment and promptitude to provide everything dep?nding on his 3 department for the despatch and sucoees of yonr expeifitinn In fin iuaiist nf man n vaii and tha nf tlit War Department, hit testimony, next to your own confession, is the bnt that can ba off-red to oorreot your misstatements and to refute jour oharge* In bis letter to me of the '2dof January, 1847, he sayi: "(General Scott left tor the Interior on th* 'i9ch ultimo, and I am taking aotlve meaiures t) hare everything dep 'n ling upon me ready for bin operation. Tbe quartermaster's department, I find, I* called upon to do a great deal that ahould bo done by other branohea of the staff So far an (Jen Scott'a operations go, I shall have everything done that ia nenessary, whether it belongs to my department or to other department* to do It " Vou bad with yo?, and subj?ot to your orders, not only the Quartermaster General, but offliera of the other ft*ff departments. They did not look to the War Department, but to yourself for directions; and It was your duty, and not mine, to aee that your requirement* were com oiled with. That they were so, to toe utmost praotieable extent, I hare no reason to donbt; but if they were no', the fault, if any, l? not with the War Department. You also gave the instructions in relation to providing the meaoa ot land transportation, and the offleen oha'gMd with that duty were und t your immediate oontrol; a?d If there Is bame any wti*re for any deflaioocy ia this respect, it cannot be imputed to the War Department Your whole correspontenoe with me, and tu* ft ff officers with you shows that you very properly took upon yourge If the whole charge of giving directions In thin matter In a letter to Captain Hettel, senior quartermaster at the Urasos, speaking on this subjsot of me land trsn'p rtation, whloh may be noede.l after the descent on ths enemy's coast n snr Vera Cms. you say: " I have already discussed and arranged witb y >ti the d.tall of the early land transportation train,'' he. On the 19th of March, you furnished General Jeeup with yoar estimates and directions on this subjeot The naff officers being with you, an 1 under your orders, n?Ihing further was, or properly ooul I b?. required or exptoted to emanata from Washingt n, beyond the supply of*; ?nj. tniR belnn JI' n V if you w?r<i JHippoiuieu la m not realizing ) our expectationa, yon h ive not a color- I able pretence for imputing blame to " the heaj of the War Dopartment " I Aa a juat g< oun 1 of com plaint, and matter of uoon tlon, you re?er to your deficiency of m-ana to mik* the I deareut.aaU to oaptur? the city of Vw? Crui and tha caatle of 8ao Juan d'UHa. and auama tbat tha ast?nt of I that deUoiency km the difference between what 70a re- I celved and what you required. It would be <i'iite > correct reaeonlrg to a*y, that what you had having I proved sufficient f'.r th? purpose. that differaaoe showed I tha extent of the errors in your eitimate. Tha truth I lie*, porhapa. between tha two eztremel. Yon bad 1. aa, I probably, than yon ahonl 1 hare ha 1, and yon required I much more than was neceaaary. That yon did not have H mor*. in -1 indeed, nil yon aakad for, I have already fl shown *?' not the fkolt of tha War Department. H (ten. Je?up waa with you at Vera Crui, law yonr mean*, and 1a capable of forming an eatlmate of their fl sufficiency. He ia, aa hi* letter herewith abowa, disposed to be Just, and even generous to your fame. To hia opinion on tha aobjeot, no well founded exception can be fl taken. He aays. in reference to your complaints on ae- H count of a deficient "apply of aarf-boat* aiege train, and H ordnance atotea: ?" Tne result *howa tbat he (General H Scott) had surf boat* and rtoree euough I* An<4 of the delay of which you oomplain. be Tally exonerate* tha War Department, and aacilbe* the whole to yoareelf, and to unavoidable asoident*. The imputation that you JH were deaignedy crippled In vonr meaua, ia a charge a? H preposteroae hi it i* unfounded. I am aware that the execution of acme of the many ar rangementa for the Vara Cm expedition wee obstruct fl ed and delayed by aooldeata, but they were auoh aa co??,

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