Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1848 Page 2
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ii~ -r?^ net MffxHty could not foreaaa, or hataan ?fv>ocy ooa- b trol TKn ??? not. howf rer, more thaa ooimIiIniIi 1 rval. brlnrlns into ?iew nil the taat di#c.u ti?a of th? \ ch e would b?v? e*p*ot<>d Wh?n your oom;>l*in'? on h ih Pu^j-rt ?i r>' firnt r?e?lT?d her-. cTlnrWi* ? they I did, 'bat you intended t? hold thj department reaponei- c Va fr?r every untoward event, the h.'nda of tho several l< bur'""" w?r? c?lled op hy mo t" ahow *cw they h?d ?*- h cut i-ha da'iee wM 'b bad bee? eonlM'd to th-tn.parti- ti rwl tU io regard to mattera r f>rr? to hy you ' h * ??id no<> the> or???n'?d of having >'o ? mII i t?ai ? v q<n>e<i or o^old hnve h?en ?*p?eiet ootivinci- in - m d I Ten ur? to ea* that, on ? full eiaaiiouth n, it "ill sat l?1y r any mind o|>en to eonvie ion ?that nil your com l-inle q to iar ? they tmpuiel blame to the War Dep,.rtm?nt or < an? o' ita hranehea are unfounded It wilt do much I more?it will show that great ipdustry prcmptn?s? on- t con.mon capacity, and extraordinary exertions. in tela- | lion to everytbicg cnoaotod with the war. have char- ' acttrUed the notion of each of these subord.nate d- part- i mrnta A* a eomm?ndation ju-tly merited by tbtae I pcttbI hr a coles of ibe d<pertix.ent. nm.il-d an they are 1 icdirectly by you, I iee no good reason for withholding I my t pioion, that an lostanoe cannot be found where ao much baa baen don*, and well done, in bo abort a time, by any limilar body cf offloert under limilar oironmatancaa A? you bare, hy implication, laid a heavy band upon tne bureau whioh la charged with the oneroua duMj? 1.?? anh nr.ura fnpTftlRln* anil ??nd ing forward the roomily and levies, 1 feel bound to affirm that you have drnr to that branch of the public service tha greatest irju"tlc*. No induitry fca* b*eu spared- do poatible effort omitted?to rai*e tba foroe# which ware authorised, and to *cud thou to thair d**tl natioa within the briafest practicable perird. Tha numerous orders Issued from tha Adjutant Gan'ral's cWca and iia voluminous ootrespondeuce on that eubjsot, will sustain ths assertion You have pressed with unwonted i?*l the charge in | relation to diverting the detacbmaDta of tha new ragj. me Lit* under Gen. Cadwallader'* oommand to the Braio?, and have indulged in the wildeit ("peculation# a* to the aad con**quences wbioh attended thii imputed error Assuming that my ordere diverted these troop*, or any other*, (an assertion which I rball controvert hereafter.) the circumstances justified the measure The crltlcul condition of G?n Taylor, according to ail accounts received here at that time, li itated in my letter to you cl tba J id or March. To show that tha department acted properly, though It incurred your reproof, it is naccasaty to recall (be faoti an th'y then appeared here. They are presented in the following extract from that letter : ' The information which has just reached ui in the shape of rumors, as to the situation of tlen. Taylor, and the foroes under bla oommand, baa exol'.ed the moat painful apprebenticni for their safety It li almost oertain that Santa Area ha* precipitated the laigi army he had collected at San Luis de Po'osi upon G*n. Taylor; and it may be that the general ha* not been able to meintsin the advanced position he had seen flt to mak>< at Agua Nneva, but has been obliged to fall back on Monterey. It is equally certain that a Mexican loroe has baan interposed b?t?a<D Monterey and the Rio Grande, an4 tbat it hx* interrupted the line of communication between th? two place*, an.l soiled large supplies which were on the tvay to (Jan. Taylor's army. " If the hostile lorca between tb? Hlo Grande andGea. Taylor's army is a* la' g-1 at report r?prasents it. our troop# low on that river may not be able to re-establish the line, nor will it. perhaps, be possible to plaee a force there sufficient for the purpose, in tima to prevent disastrous consequences to cm army, nnlesa aid ean be af I lorced trom tne troops under your immediate command " From on* or two thousand of the new recruits tor the ten regiments from this quarter will be on the way to the Braiis to the courss of three or four days. All the other lorces w ill be directed to that point. and every effort made to relieve Gen Taylor from hie critical situation Yon will have been fully apprised before this oan reaoh you of the condition of things m the valley of the Rio Grande, and at the headquarters cf Gen. Taylor, and have taken, I trust, suoh measures as the importance of the sutjeot requiies I need not urge upon you the fatal oonsequences which would result from any serious disaster whieh might befal the army under Gsa. Taylor, nor do I doubt that you will do what is in your power to avert suoh a calamity " The course puisued by tfe* War Department on that occasion, which you eonvert Into a charge, must, en revision. 1 think. commend itself to general apprcb itlon Had It been indifferent to the alarming condition of Gen Taylor's army, and forborne to une, at the earliest moment, the most energetic measures to guard against the fatal consequences of its deieat. then too probable, it would have deserved an arraignment as severe as that whicbyou have made against it for having done its duty lo that critical emergency When you first received th* reasons asslg led for tbe course adopted here, they appear to have Been satisfactory in your despa'oh or the 28 h of April, yu say:? ' Yesterday 1 learned by your letter ol th? x-id. and tbe Adjutant General's ot th? 2G.h utt . that all the recrul's of the re<ttui>ots ? some S.OOo raised or likely to be raised in ttmef'r tbis amy have been ordered to the Rio Grand*." You did not then lntimat* tbe sligh'est dissatisfaction?not even a pr?monitory symptom of that deep distress wltbuhicb. instantlv on vtr Triet's arrival in Mexico, you represent your??lf to have bees seized It is a coincidence not unworthy ot notice, that tbe letter containing your first condemnatory remark on this subject *as written on tb? day of the date of Mr. Trist's first note to yon, and only tbe day before your captious reply to it; and in both you assail the War Department. Your withering disappointment seems to have slumbered for ten deys, and then to have been aroused by tbe appearance of Mr Trist in Mexico and your quarrel with him If the order from tbe War Department had in faet "diverted" the foroes th? threatening aspect o( affair* on tbe Rio Grande; bur 1 am quite *ure it did not divert them No previa* order iroiu the department had de*igca>d any other place o' rendtivou* than the Brio for the troop* that were to join jour column It vat well umiei* ood before y< u itfc Washington. that all tbe troops tor both armies were to be *?nt to that plaoe. and there to felt und?r jou' command T?'? arrangement ?a? not. nor wa? it expected tiat it wou d be. h-rf e' aug*d. until you had p?netr?t?-t *o fir into tfce enemy'* oouatry auto render youreommu nioa'i d? with that place of general rend'urous difflouit ant dilatory, Y u lao complain that th? order was not counter- j mand-d |tthei? hud b?m *ueh an rrder Hnd it had | be-n countermand- d what wuu 4 have t>??n tbe oonrequ-nce ? The trops would bav>- gone forward from toe United St?te* und?r tbe former ordure of the department which would have tak?u th'tn to tt<e aame place Yon allege ihat'th" news of thevictoytf Buena Vial rencbed Washington in time to count-ruiaad Cad walaier'a order* lor the Rio Grande befur- bis departure j o N-w Orleans" I notice this a jecili at ion ot re gleot ot duty, to ahow tne extent to which >ou have carried yonr fault-{Indian, and tbe industry with which yom have searched for occasions to indulge it. Your assumption is, that the news of the victory o< Buena Vis'a should have aa'ii fi ?d tbe War Department j that Cadwalader's forces were not needed on the Rio Grande , and tbe omiesion to countermand, a* aeon as that new* wa? reo?ived. tbe orders to send them there, ! was a neglect deserving severe animadversion. How did I you act under similar circumstances ? With bftter mean* of information a* to the actual condition of the Rio Grande frontier, after the vietory of Buena Vis'a you did not deem It prudent, after I", ins forty one days in possession of tbe n?wi of that victory, to iasue posi tivarrderato remove a single man from that frontier ; ! yet you venture to censure m? for not having *ent the ( troop* away the moment the news reached Washington. You reoeived Information of that victory on or heron' the 14th of March, lor on tbat day you proclaimed it in ordeistoyour army Oathe-25ihof April, more than 1 forty da j* thereafter, y ;u issued an order t" the com manding ((Boer at the Brazos to embark for Vera Cruz ! " suc'i detachment* of the iiew regiment* as may hav | been ordered by the War Department to Taint Isabel;" \ but yen made it conditional with rctferenco to the rafety j of the l:ne of the Rio Gtande ; and st.id to that offlot r tbat you relied upon his " sound judgment to determine on the SDOt whether that lino wnnlrl nut hw Inn miinh M. 1 posed by the withdrawal of the troops in queetion.'' Th is it appears that you do not hesitate to impute neglect of duty to me, for not having adopted and acted ! on th j conclusion that the lino of the Hlo Grande was safe the moment 1 hoard of the victory of Buena Vista; but, when actinic ou the Mm* lubject, you nared not adopt that conclusion, nlthou^li you had bean in possesMuD of the name information forty-one day*. Your own conduct in this matter completely retutcs this charge 01 yours against the War Department. It does more: it r.hows how rash and inconsiderate you buTe been in selecting topics for attack. But the most serious consequences sire attributed to | the long delay ol these troops at the BrazM. For jour ! sake, 1 rinceiely hope thi se consequ* ncee are much ex- | *?geiated because I am quite c^nddeKt it will bj abown that you alona aie responsible for the delay The W. r Department d.d not-and it was proper that it should not?iiiue any ord?r la regard to the movement of the troop.-, after ti.eir arrival in Meiioo The ordtr fret* the d-partnient of the 30th ol April, making a division ' t of the new levies betoreon the two erlumns, does not \ * contradict this assertion, for these levies were then ! neatly wi.bln the United States; only portion* of them had then reached Mexico. Until this order took effect, the trcops at the Brazos, uad, ibdeed, on the llio Gran Je and with <>> nen.l Taylor, were under yrur entire anil unrestricted command. And, as to this matter, you were " under Bn misapprehension; for on tbe2dlh of April, belore you were informed what bad besn dene here to * - j enre the IUo Gracie line, you issued en order in relation to the iroops at the brans This place, you *ell | knew, rat the goueral rendezrou* of the new levies from the I niied States and before you s*il-d on your expe ditioo to Vera Cruz you were notified that tne Mexioaii army were advancing upon General Taylor To J-.ave 1 ;i*?ume I that you bad n t left at the Braios, with a view to meet any probable contingency, order* foi the prrper i disposition of the troops which were, or might b* sent I there, would have implied an opinlcn that you wanted i suitable qualifications for the high station which had ' boen ae* |in?d to you. These troop* were p <rt if your command, an I rubject to y '?ir orders; and if tbey iemain*d one rl?y at tbe j Brazo i.ft<-r it was thei? known that tbey eere not neeued on the Hio Grand line,and would ou serviceable with >cur column, the mult whs entirely yourowri and ' in nowise impu'able to the War D?p.irtin*nt If yi.ur ! opinion bj not eztiarugant?and > cu say it la not-that I but for the diversion of Gen C?d?alad?r'? fores fiocj j y u ana the' much precious time" iost ut th* l)r?z ,s, you 'might easily have t?k> n this city (Mexico) in the 1 month nf June, at one-fifth of the loss sustained in August and 8epteinb?r " you have indeed, a most tearful tceount to settle with your caunity uiiui. uuwetvr, dui rrgMro your pvruiKiiTP opinion* on Ihif ?utj*ct a* fniioif ul and wild Vou i<r?<atly over rati < at* tbe force whion landed at tba Brui mnnd ?ub?equ-nilyj<>in?d you kroin tbe liwt calonlation winch ran L>? mads from data in the Adjutant ocb?r.il' offl-a, the ntnubrr w?? much ! ?? man you imagine, an i did not piobohly c??d one tbou^mi i A? tin* rafuta flon ol your cb?rn? (ftiDtl the il'imrtorut foi divartli k tb?#? troop* i? in u? ?i>? impaired by tb? uum'ier, be it woie ot i ?*, It it not j hi pott hi, t to iti'jiire int > that m?tt'i But lU' i* i? a qoH*tioii ol a?riuu? impiit,U> wblon I ib nk tba roun i> win i-x,?oi you iu auwr. If t e#? n?w UtIm wbich l.?o ju.t ?Biar*il ibi'*?r ioe. woulil nam vuabied you 10 u*piure t.ie cry ?>l iu J?u?, wun a co parativmy to ? ?r>j did you. ai tli? very tuna y?u iiMOuvere.i in i tij?> w.r ? niiioti nnrilcd, >u'l would b i'f bvtn ?o u? lul i?i d lt<f liom >?ur aruiy (i trm liuira aa uiany vo u wb? Hid uaea ni?ny ni<-ii.b> iu i>?r?lc?, auJ w?r? ai you -knowlrdna ' mi'"table m difoi|iliu? and - fltotnii'.y," am) * ta i i.ad dUl.unum.e.1 Ibemu'lvaft V ra Cru* ? n OinojM*. ><! in tbr b?ar of p?> il. bad iio.mb, lb* ?id? ot jtmt ?. t. r*u tioopa ana merii'd a>. buauit- ( U hut ia the glory of tktM amortUi conflict*? 'he period of their engagement bud not explnd Vhen thus MDt kwuy, but one of (h? eeven reipraents *<1 less than thirty. and moot o! them had mora th?n r>rty-fl?r data to serve Aoccrding ta jour own opicioa. onmirred in by the department. th?y eould nave been K*Hy rrtaioed on your lto? ni oper*tioa* tilt the last iour i f their erwugemmt It not deemed exp?dt?ut to I nke tli?m o.i towMid* Mexico wtb vou, ihur s? ?io. ? <b t critical pt riid would b?v<- be.n ot inesi im?hle ?'u-i h i< irtbe p ?' a- J.<iapi ?? itop?rtMi:t wn l on > >n>L'joi>i il U in * et>iog op?n the ornniu ii?n>ii>ii V-ia Citi and >i ur beadl?i .rt? ra. whereby ruppiies, auimiuna. and recruits j >cuid t>e safely and expeditiously forwarded to you -lad thia been dona, you would uave bwi spared the rouble of InJitiug mauy items of gr *vaaco and comjlaiut* against the War Department lor having failed :o furnish them If you bad retained the twaive months' volunteers until the end ol their agreement - end no sufHcient reason baa yet keen sbown Tor their premature discharge?you n ight, for a Miion at least. have received without muoh obstruction, supplWi from the main depot on the Gulf; the army migbt have been strengthened by reinforcement* at an earlier period; nod many of tba revolting scenes of barbarity on the read iroin Vera Croi to Jalapa, in which so many Uvea of our fellow-cltiisns have boen sacrificed by the rathleas guerilleros. would not hare occurred. Another and still more lamentable calamity Is, I think, fairly to be ascribed to the early obstruction of this important lme of communication The brave and patriotic men who were burriad on to Mexloo, in email detaohments, in order to reinforce your army, were unexpectedly, but neoesairkly, detained at Vera Cruz, until the numbers there collected were suflloient to forco their wnv through the strong guerilla bands wbioh held the difficult passes on the Ja'ap* road While thus detained on that inhospitable ocest. in the sickly season, tbey were exposed to the attacks ef a wasting pestllsr.ee. more formidable, and, aa it unfortunately proved, more destructive than the Mexican aimy. When the unwelcome news of the premature dla charge of thia large body of volunteers was reoeived here, unacoompsnied by any explanation to show the necessity of the aot, it excited very general surprise and regret. Its oonsequences were at ouce foreseen ; bu: the stop bad been taken and could not be retraced. It was leudly condemned. Many did not believe that ? measure wbich appeared to be so unwise and so irju rious to the operations of the aimy, could have emanated from yoursell, but they were laaa charitable towards the I "resident and the Secretary of War. Both were denounood for what you had done; they were unscru pulously charged with weakness and Inoapaoity; with being actuated by hoatillty to yon, and a desire to aecure popularity with tte volunteers. Nor were theae bitter aaaanlta Intermitted, until it began to be anapeeted that they were miadireoted If you really regarded on the 6th of May, the augmen tation of jour forced aa being of snch vital importance. It ia almost aa difficult to account for the course taken to re-engage the volunteers, aa for their premature discharge. 1 am misled by information, on which 1 ought to rely, if many of theae volunteera would not have continued iu service, if proper meaanrea baa been taken at Jalapa, while they were indulging the hope of participating in further irium|h*. ami oi beinv Among those who would ?ujoy the enviable clietinctlnn of first entering aa victors the proud capital of the Mexioan republic. Though the euhjeot was there presented te their conalderation, no vigorous efforta seem to have been madeno attempt to form new companies-or to muster them into aervice, until this powerful inducement waa weak ened or withdrawn? uuiil ihey had been detached from a victcrioua army, as if no longer deemed worthy to be a purt of it aent siaty miJes towards their homes into c pestilential region, and tuere brought within the sympathetic influence of the sentiments whioh it waa natural that many should feel and manliest at the moment of em barking to return to their families and friends Con sidering the manner in which the President's order on this tubject was attempted to be exrouted, it is not strange that, among more than three thouaand patriotic volunteers, sent away by your order cfcbe 4th of May, only about "fifty individuals" were found willing to reengage You seem to have suddenly coicsited the notion of oonvertlng the army, "like Corttz," ' into a self sustaining machine;" and, to make the resemblance between yourself and the Spanish hero more complete, you indulged a dream of fancy, uutll you eeem to have adopted it aa a matter oi belief, that you were " doomed at Washington;" and you beoame, " like him,always atraid that the n?xt ship, or messenger might recall or further cripple" yiu it should not be foigotten, that the design of this uncountable military movement was first c> inaannioated to Mr. Trist, before you had given ?ny intimation of it to your g<>vernm?ht. and while under the perturbation of mind which hia unwelcome pretence m Mexico had produced Had you ouLfl-ied this extraiidlnary plan of a campaign to hiw liter the buppy change" in jour relations?after juu n?d digested bit ' farago ot insolence, conceit, and ario *ano?"?and alter be, too. mistaking notoriety lor fame, tiad sought to win it by disobeying the orders ot his government defying ita authority and assailing ita conduct? tbia aisiinguishing mar a of your confidence in turn would bave caus -d rnucn leas aurpriae. 'J bia nov?l conception, to suddenly adopted, was as suddenly carried out; your army wai, indeed, convetted " Into a self-sustaining maohine you disoharged the twelve mouttis vcluuteeis, and broke up your posts at Jjlapa, and on tbe way to year main depot, > resolv d," as you announced, no ionger to depend on Vera Crus or bonus" you put yourself beyond tbe reaeb of tbe supplies which bad been provided by tbe government, and rendered yourself in a great measure, lLaooesrible to tbe reciuito and levies (except in strong parties) which had bern raised to augment your command. In b 8 way you rendered unavailing lor a time at least, all that bad oeen or could be done by the assiduous and lneessint labors ot ibe War D-pftrimei>t iu all lis branches ; ai<d then you recklessly put lortb the groundless compUint of " a total want of support ml sympathy" ttom it Your letter of tbe j&th ot Jul*, which was not receiv ed at Washington uutil tbe 30:h of December last, abounds witb c<ni|laiuts against tbe department an<l reiersin SLroug terms to the wants and euffcriigs of tbe army at that lime Belore you veu'uied to mane it/ tbeu d'Sii'U e colUiiiou aground ot chHige 6g*tnsL ttiWar d*;>ai tm--ut >011 ought tonave recdlec ed ibat th>s till cicu* tell u.ou it ui ihe ni'de> ot your experiment ot raskiLg It 1 a srli-tuetamii.g mach ne'' and were tbe tnL u>mate fruits of that experiment. These sutf-i in^c n*ni? ui Ou it before your estimated period ot isolvtioi. fiotn ' Ver* ' r uz and nome" bad half expired Wh?n you bail de"ig iculy and unu*crss<<rily abandoned b >tb ?ud entered upou your self-sustaining position, "cut of! fiout all fU plies and reinforcements from b> m?. uot 1 perhaps late in November " by what pretence <>l justice do youcomplaiu ot the War d-partmaoifoi thedutras e \ you thus vilun^arily inflicted upon yourself and the gal ant army under your oommand! 8omethm< v?r\ different irom censure and reproof is dud for the eitraordtnary efforts win -h were su<-oe*sluily made to reach you with recruits and supplies lnyourstques tered situation, and to rescu* you from the embarrassments in whieh your ill-ju Jged measures b?d involved you. 1 bave brought into view this unaccountable movement of your?, with no purpose to make any comment on it as a military manure, but soley to show that tbe evils resulting from it are not just grouncs of accusation arainut the War llenjetment anrl thut the labored attempt to pervert them to ?ucb a purpose disclose* the Mamand with Which ;ou L?v? executed the assumed tuk of it? accuser. As you have indulged In the widest racge of speculation in regard to the alleged sinister m 11 v. and covert designs of other*, 1 feel lees reluctant to present my views as to the main obj?ct of your last communication Throughout the whole tf It, and particularly in the concluding part, yea manifest the utmost solicitude to plaoe yourself In the position of an injured and persecuted man With all the aid you c?n derive Irora dexterous strategy, you Kill be likely to fail In your at tempt, unless you caa have the full benefit of your high entering of some facta, and your forgetfulness of others, together wih ail jour fanciful conjectures aud surmises Your recall la, you assert, the lung suspended blow of power," which yon bad the sagacity clearly to predict it is somewhat remarkable, that ycur prediction* preceded the events which you imugine provoked that blow As early as the 34th of July, soon after "th> happy change in my (your) relations, both official ard private, with Mr. Trist,"yon looked, you say, "tob? dismissed from the service of my (tour) country .'' If your recall can be regarded as a dismissal, you are entitled to ail the credit 01 the fulfilment of your own eaily prediction In presenting in its trne light the President's conpllancs with your own request to be recalled, which you now denominate your dismissal, 1 may te obliged to stilp it of the embellishments yon have logenirutly thrown around it; though, in doing this, you may be d prlved of much upon which you depend lo sustain your claim to be considered a persrcu'ed men. As early an June you b'gged to he r> called. You alieg? tbat Ibis application w.is "rebuk.ngly declined" l'bls is not saying tho exto'. thing. Tbo reply tr> ycur request w.is, that it would be dtcided with exolus.v reference to the public geod. When that shall render it proper in bis [the President's] opinion to wltbdriw you fiom your preseot command. hi* determination to do so will be made known to you." This was not denial, bat a suspension of present action, aooompanled with an assuiauce of future action on the subject Your request vus still psnding; a legard to the public good then s:ood In the way of the immediate gratification ol your wishes; but the President pronrsed to act dlfinit'ly on the question when tbat obstacle should be removed JudgiDg from the state of things at the baadquaiters of ibe aimy in January, he concluded that 11 was ien.ov<d and that be ought no longer to require of yju relustant service as commanding general This certainly caunot he called personation or punishment I do not deem it prr per to cumraent on the state of things at the headquarters of the army, to whioh allusion is made in the letter granting yrur request; uor to expres* an opinion a* to the share of responsibility therMor, wbieb rests up on y< urseif or others; that matter Is, to a considerable ext?nt, involved in the investigations before the court of ioquiry now sitting in Mexico Your lequest to be re etliad. thus ultimately grunted, su prelaccd with una.In.r. imiiKlMa ..kl.h .,-u " notice. Dor hoiich 1 with nt ?xe<>a iw their gtousidlea* ami. If the ex losllicn baa gi*?u ofTence. y <u i ?ij only yourceif for lotraduulug o Jtuplalu'.a no entirely uufounded. The crowning outrage. a? yon r?^ar J it. ia the Fiuipl* fact that y ou. tnd ' the thrae arreatad tftl:er?,"are uli mbi " placed together before the Mime court-the in noc?nt and tbc guilty ?the accuaer and ibe acruaed ; the judge anl htt pritonera, are dealt with alike " ' Moat impartial jmtioe !" you axolaim And wby 1* It net impartial jua'loe ? Do what ground ot right oan you claim to 1 *?e your caee dtanriminated from tb?if? 1 It la Uuh you b??e aaauoied to be tbeir judge, aod have prououue?d ih?m guilty ; nn<l coinplaio and repine that the law* of the noui.try do not allow you, Ibatr aonuaar, to inatit.ute court to reglater your drcrae. But you ate not their rightful judge, although they were your pritonera Before that c urt you all aland on the anus level, and all bar* eijuul ng'it* Though >ou may h?ve the self aatiffying conviction that vou ara innocent and tliay are guilty, the government ooul I act up >n no auoH preeumpuon. Uy b couidk an aecuter, y. u did uo place your a< If beyon to? reaoh ot o,mg acnuaed ; ?nj unlce you are cl"tn<>d aitb '.ba immunity of iieapotic p< wer. and cbii claim tbr benefit of ibe maxim "t oa-. tb? K log can do no wrong." I fcnow n?t wby your eoo,iunt when u ad> tli- aunject Ot ob?r^f inmy tint b#) iuvt pit^4tndl by * onurt ot lM|uir), nor can I petoe v? wiki o'h*r or bet ter i'ktit v u na?e to complain of un I ar aign tb-t g vet ni**ut, than the other oflWra whom yi.a hire vi i u?*,t, ai d wb. ?? c???a with joura, weie referred to tiie a ne c urt It y ura u> a herd cxae, 'h'ir> ia not ie?? ao I' you cau r> gh fu ) O'Xupiaiii r f perarrui lou by tha go ven.m ut * * <n i 'y wiib i qd?l juatioa, and au t iju i| tleim 10 publio ajmpatuy. The charge* agiinit yon did not uttU fro* the government. nor did th*jr relate to a matter in which It could fee) uv peculiar lot?reat. Not balieylng Itimpoanibla for ?nu to do wrong or th-t yon wera exempt fmm all rf?p.iniibility fur w3?Unr yon might have done, the (iiTrrTimrDl doomed It proper. wh?n <-bargee were Pr? frrreJ ?galnat you coming from a tnuroe eotltled to reapeet, tn cauae ..hem to ? inveetigated Al the uaual aod miM> tt m>vte of prno"?dtrg th-y were referred to ennrt ot ti qutry Uotll y?>u nan ihow that iou enjoy 'he t bum finl D'al pri?il.g? to h?vp yonr offloial cooduot ?*?mpt from ell ?XHmioeiion ia any f rm wbat ever, you have no oaua* to complain of the course taken In r???rd to tan cbarg^a agalnit yon If your extraordinary preienalona are to derive any tuppr.rt from your dlMlnguiehed aervicea in the field, yon ought to be mindful that the three acouaed officers, put under arreet by you, have like olaimi tor diatlnKuiahe J ferric. On the pagea of Impartial hiatory.t'aeh nimn and their gallant deeda muat appear with jours; nod do monopoliaiDg olaimi. seeking malignant exolueionn" at the expenae of the " truth of hlatory," will be p-rmitiad to rob them of their fair ahare or the glory won by our gallamnrmy, while uoder youroommand. With your ana tilt upon tha oharaoter of your " erra uv uruiuvr, I BOM1 DQl lDlVITBiaaifi OUl 1 IHU81 WpH jour charge that he hu been favored for being political deeerter " to the true faith"?for signalising his apostacy by acceptable denunciation* of one " to whom be had formerly" profetsed (and not without oauie) the highest obligation* The toatont for not tending jonr charges *tr?io?t Brevet Major General Worth to the court of lnouiry, are set forth in my letter of the 13th of January, i regret they are no entirely unsatirftotory to yon, hut am consoled with the assuranoe that they are in other quarters more favorably received. The errors of your commentary on my letter have ariaen from your misapprehension of the text. The principle there laid down is of vital importance to subordinate officer*, and in no respect impair* the righta or the authority ol those in chief command. As the principle* whion you arraign are the creations of your own fenoy,and have no ocuntenance or supp.rt from my letter, I am in no way iosplioated by " the fatal consequences" you deduoe from them Whether legitimate or fanolful, they dc not disturb the positions laid down in my letter I cannot, however, but regard your solicitude for the support of discipline to be more ostentatious than pro found When a general at the head of an army of freemen, who do not lose their rights aa cltiasns by becoming soldiers, sett up pretention* to dictatorial powerwhen he contemns the authority of hi* government, and is muth more realy to oauaure than to exeouto its orders aad instruction*?wean ha denounces at an outrage and a punishment the attempt to submit hi* aot*. charged to be aa offence against a tu ordinate officer, to an invaatlgation in the mlldeat form?whan headministers an indignant reproof to hit tuperlor, for upholding the*acred right to appeal, upon which dependt the seourity and protection er all under bit command? suah a general eets an example of insubordinate oftnduct, of wide and withering influence upon sonnd military discipline. By extending my comments upon your letter, 1 might multiply proof* to show that your aocusstlens ageiust the heart cf the War Department are unjust-that your complai-ti arn unfounded?that the detignt imputed by you to the government, to embarrata your operation) impair your rightful authority aa commander, and to offer outrage and intuit to your feellngt, are all the mere creations of a distempere 1 fancy ; but ta do mora than 1 have done, would, in my judgment, be a work of supersrogotion. in conclusion, I may be permitted to *?y, that, as one of the Preiident's advisers, I had a full share in the responsibility of the act whioh at signed you to the command of our armlet in Mexioo I fait intereited. even more than naturally appertained to my official position, that suooess and glory sheuld signalize your operations It wts my duty to bring to your aid the efficient co-operation of the War Department. I never had a letllng that did not harmonise with the full and fair disoharge of this duty. 1 know it hat been taithfully performed. There are tome men for whom enough cannot be done to make them gratefhl or even jutt. unlaas acts of subserviency and personal devotedness are superadded. From you f expected bare justice, but have been disappointed. I have found yon my aocuter. In my vindication, I have maUf.U ? -1 ?- ?J " 1 ?? ? w ,.v? ww mwihifviu m ucmuiiTV uuvj ucu IX I Hive gone beyond it at any time, it has been done to repel unprovoked aggression. To your fame I have endeavored to be just. I haye been gratified with the many occasions I have bad to bear pnbiio testimony to yonr abilities and signal servioes as a military commander in the field It h*e been, and, under any change in our person*! relation*, if will continue to be. my purpose to be liberal in my appreciation of your distinguished military merits. I n respect to your errors and your faults, though I could not be b'.ind, I regret that you have not permitted me to be silent. I have the honor to be, very reep< otfully, yonr obedient servant, W L MARCY, Secretary of War. Major Gen. Winpiild Scott, U. 8. Army, Mexioo. TELEGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE. THIRTIETH CONGRESS. Senate. Washington, Mey 5, 1848. Mr. Allkh, of Ohio, aocordiug to nrevioua notioe. aak ed and obtained leave to bring In a bill relative to tbe publie lands, and for extending the tima for locating Virginia land variants, wbleh waa read the flrat and seooad times by unanimous consent, and referred to the Committee on the Public Lands Mr. Atchison, of Missouri, asked and obtained leave, according to previous notioe. to bring in a bill in reference to the publ<o lands, and tor the purpoee of grant ltig land in the State of Missouri, for the construction of a rallrotd Mr. Bkll, of Tennessee, asked and obtained leave, according to previoae notice, to briog in a bill authorizing tbe United Butee District Judge in Tennessee to bold a apeolai term, which was read twioe and referred to the Judiuiary Committee. Mr Halk. oi New Hampshire, moved to take up the resolution which be bad previously offered in favor of purebaMQi; tor the use of the Senate, five thousand c pit s of tbe resolutions, addressee, &e , published l>y o der of the H use, on the ocoaaion tf the death of the l?te John linej Adams. M. T,. li *- ' .... .v>n>i, v> imunno, ujotbu mj lay ice resolution on tlM table, on whiob motion the yeas and nays ??rc demanded, and resulted In the affirmative, by yeas 33 nays10

Mr JcHuipr. of Maryland. miv?d to take np the twolu>iun wbich he bad previously offered, calling upon tbe President to inform tbe Senate respecting (fillers serving in <be army -bow and when apcoln'ed, and whose nomi nations h?d not t eso sont la. The motion waa agreed to. and the resolution adopted Mr. Allen, of Obio, n.oved that the vote by which the SODate agreed to the resolution, be reconsidered. Mr Johnson esqu'red whether any Senators had failed to vote on the resolution. Mr. an.rn said that he had not to tad at all. Mr. Johnson enquired the objjet of tbe Senator or Ohio Id not voting Mr. Allen replied that he doubted the propriety and constitutionality of the resolution demanding nf the President bis reasons why nominations had not been pent in i Mr. Johnson said be h?d do objeotion to a reconsideration, it the Senator from Ohio desired to disooss the oon; stitutiooallty of the question Tbe vote having been reconsidered, the question rcourred on agreeing to s>ld ; resolution. | Mr Allen, of Ohio, opposed the rrsilntioa earnestly and z aiouslv He said that the Piesldent was suthoi nz*d by tbe Constitution to appoint officers during the recess of Corgr-ss whose commissions do not expire until tbeecdo: the following session, and Congress bas no | more power to ask tbe President why he does not nomi | nut tliem, tbnn the President bas power to ask the Senate why nominations pott;oned or rejeoted,are net conI firmed. On motion of Mr. Hanhoan, tbe (abj?ot was infor| mally laid aside. Mr IUnneoan moved that the bill authorising the I President to occupy Vuoatan with a military foroe, with a view af aidiuit the whites against the Indians, be taken . up, which was agreed to. Mr. H. then prooeeded to ad; diets the Senate, and spoke ably in support of the Bill < He said that England bad already interferred, and was obtaining a foothold in Yoeatan. He also charged that c,up;i?uu, tarougn cer agent, furnished arms and ammunition to the Indians, and ttirred them up to Insurrection and bloodshed Mr. Clayton followed, and argued the question briefly. as to tbe violation of the treaty, which probably ere tbU wan ratified. Tte principle* of the bill Involved a violation 01 tbe treaty, which wu a serioui matter. The bill .l"o violated the armletica. Mr Jk.kfr.rion Davis, of Mississippi, proposed a sub ?. i mboiiz'ng the Tresldent to senda portion of ovr lionj,g now in Mexico to Yucatan, and supply their placcs by new volunteers. Mr. tniTTERDKn, of Kentucky, oppoaed both the bill and the umendmrnt. A bill to raise more volunteers was already pending. He advocated caution in Inter faring wllti the affairs of other oeuntrie*. Ho was ready to go hs lar as any man In the oauie of humanity, but thought .7e ought to have a regard for the lives and health of our troopj, whom it was proposed to send to V'unatan Mr Foot*, of Mississippi, supported the measura, out and out, which he defended In oouneotion with the administration Without taking any question, the Senate adjourned over till Monday House of lie pre tentative*. The House convened at 11 A-M. The journal was read and approved The Speaker pieisnted a oommnnloaticn respecting tbe present of a portrait of Baron de Kalb, ot revolutionary fame, who was slain at th < tattle of Camden, from bis relatives, through Mr Walsh, American Consul at I'aris It waa, omnotion, referred to the Committee on the Library. Mr Holmki, cf New York, offered a revolution in favor of an alteration in the mileage law Objections were made Mr Stkphkis, of Georgia. ?ff?rsd resolutions declaratory of the Tai lor platform addresses - old/ack's letter as th* b s s, which lie* over. Mr Kockittu, of Connecticut, railed for the regular order ol business, whereupon the House a^nordlngly re solved it(*!( I 'to a Committee of the Whole on th* 8t?<e cf the Union,and |>roo?eded to take un tha ralvndar, and to oouudrr private bill*, Mr iUnfman, of Text*, In the cbnir; ?nJ after eome tlm? ipent therein, tli* committee ioi? and reported prorreii. The Houie adjourned till Mgturday (to-morrow) orning. Kitcmlve Flonr Sllili Oeitroycd by Fire Hi rr*i.o. May 6, 1H4H. Tbe fl urlng mill* at Klntee, Onto, belonging to Itai* 11 Haywood, of Buffalo, were entirely consumed by flro, on Suiiday night laet Tbe cn?t of the building wan f Aft < no I'be value oi the wheat and floor consumed wag >10 000. Fully iniiired Delegate* to the Baltimore Convention Aidant, May ft, 1818. The V.in Buren delegate* to the Hat iinore conventlen will hold a preliminary meeting, at the City Houl, New Voik, on the I8tn instant Haraata. Bt-rrALO M?y 6 ?R'0?ipte witbln the pea1 twenty, fon h?iiir? ?Fi- ui, 3 I1" M> ? ; wh?Ht, 30oio buohei*; i*orn, l 000 lo. Hal>? ?'f 4 otwi >ibl?. fl nr were ai?de a?. M 87)$ Wheal *?!? ? oi !>i 100 bu*tn In w?rr> made, innliidiuir Chicago at 9t)4 ?nd vlilau, with Gonnaught. at 11-it. l orn H Ire ol J ,000 bu*bel* were made at *7e, Th" u ?> K?' w?" tirm-r. Oad Bil^a of ft (MX) huebeli ?>r> mi'i> nt 33a Wtl kfy-Siln oi 9fto bbit, were made at lB>*c NEW YORK HERALD. 4 or t to-W act ConMr of r?lton and luua Ik. JANKI GORDON BBHHBTV, PROPRIETOR. Hi* Vnrfc. Stiurdajr, Nnf O. 1H48. AMUBKMKNTIJ THI8 CVKMNU BOWKRY THEATRE, Bowary.-mabita!?a-ma*a*iBLLOl. CHATHAM THEATRIC, Chathim ?{r.K-Mr Hoiband'* Ohoit?Ben thi Boatiwain?New Yoke A* It li ?Uiom Wat* and Bte Wat*. MECHANIC'S HALLj?Broadway, near Broom* *trc*i? Ch*i*tt'* Min*tb?l?? ftTMioriAN Sinoinu?Buble*?ue Uahcipx), fcc at 3 and 8 P. M. PANORAMA H ALL, Broadway, Mar !>? ? * ?w? f abtabd'* pa* "a am a or tu M lamairri, 3 and 7X p- M MELODEON, Bowarr?- Etmiohaw ars Ball a* ttmrnimm, PALMO'S OPERA HOUSE, Chamber* *tr*et? Statuary and 1lluitbatbd PlCTUBB*. temple of the m'uBES. Canal *tra*t-lllu*TEATBD PiCTDBE* AND MlTBOrOLITAK Ml ITEEL*. a b* Olrnlanon of tit* Herald* aa?y o, rnaay iv,u?'j copies. Iggrvgule lMae last weak. . .147,193 The publication of the Htruli comraeaood on Friday morning at 6 minntaa before S o'clock, Mid finished at 6 minutea paat 7 o'clock Lilt off Lttttri. In oonsrquenoe of the arrangement! preparatory to the qm of new type, we are unavoidably oompelled to defer the publioation of the list of letters remaining in the New York poat office, until Monday next. News from Europe. The Hermann is in her sixteenth, and the Britannia in her fourteenth day ; the newB by one or both of them, may reach us at any moment. Manifesto or tlu Whit* Room to the Baltimore Convention? i Prospect far General Taylor. We give in our columns this day an important document which we find in the Washinging Union oi last Thursday. It miy be termed the Manifesto of tub Whik House, furnishing the instructions and views of the President and his kitchen cabinet to the approaching Baltimore convention, to meet on the 221 iust.? This is a very important paper in the present crisis, and will have great effect upon the organization of the democracy, on its assembling in convention at Baltimore. One of the first points which strike the mind in this manifesto, is the resuscitation of the resolutions which were reported by Mr. Butler, ol New York, in 1844, to the then Baltimore con .VM.?VM} ?UU VTUIVU ntio paoocu vy mai uuuy almost unanimously, upon the nomination of Mr. Polk to the Presidency. After the usual declaration of opinions in relation to banks, the currency, internal improvements, the tariff, and other questians upon the policy which separate* the democracy from the whigs, attention was particularly called to the seventh resolution, which related to the efforts of the abolitionists and others, to induce Congress to interfere with the question ot slavery, or to take incipient steps in reference thereto. The revival of this par' I ticular resolution, and the recommending it I to the notice of the approaching convention would seem to indicate that the influence ot Edwin Croswell, of New York, and John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina, had succeeded in persuading the politicians of the White House into the belief that the admission of John Van Buren and the barnburners into the Baltimore convention would be contrary to the democratic creed, and would lead to great alarm and confusion in the subsequent action of the party Only a few weeks ago it was said there existed a very strong disposition in the White House, and among its special advisers, to let the barnburners into the Baltimore convention, with all the Wilmot proviso hanging about them. Intimations of such a purpose as this, existing at Washington, naturally produced * great excitement among the old hunkers at New York, and the nullifiers of South Carolina The friends of Mr. Calhoun, at the South, and the members of the party in New York, directed and drilled by Edwin Croswell, have been stirring themselves in relation to this business ever since; and the probability is that the joint influence, both ot remonstrances and threats, have induced the White House politicians at Washington to issue the present manifesto, showing that they have been at last compelled to resist the desire they entertained of admitting John Van Buren and his delegates into the Baltimore convention. The struggle, however, on the question of admitting these delegates, may be continued, with more or less effect, up to the very day of the meeting of the convention. Mr. Calhoun from the South, and Croswell from the North, are united together in opposition to the barnburners; and the chances are decidedly hostile te the hopes of John Van Buren, and to the whole pro viso movement. Besides showing the present situation of the Wilmot proviso question before the meeting of the convention, the manifesto also discloses other important views in relation to the new issues which have arisen in connexion with the Mexican war, and the treaty sent to that republic. On this last point, however, there is a very great deal of vagueness and uncertainty manifested. From the position Mr. Polk has assumed as regards Yucatan, and the probability that the treaty may be indefinitely delayed, or altogether defeated, in Mexico, we should not be at all surprised to see the Baltimore convention boldly assume the ground of the annexation of all Mexico to the Unitid States. In fact, this ground appears to be the only new issue left for the convention. The old isBueB of Texas and Oregon are settled, and nothing seemB now left to go upon but that of the aunexation of all Mexico; and if it should be necessary to adopt this broad question in order to ensure a democratic victory, we have no doubt the convention will do so. Another very important point disclosed in this manifesto is that relating to the one-term principle. This question of one term is left in just as indefinite a position as that of the annexation of nil r>r nf iinv nlkrr npur rtr iaan* The disclosures of this manifesto, as well as its concealments, appear to concur in the idea already put forth, that Mr. Polk, in spite of al| that has been said to the contrary, might become a candidate for re-nomination ; and we feel very sure, that if the convention should take him up under necessity, from its difficulty of deciding upon the claims ot the other candidates, he would consent to run a second time. There is nothing in the terms of the present article, or manifesto, which conflicts with such a view. Thus stands the matter at this moment, as connected with the Baltimore convention. From this manifesto of the Washington Union, which has evidently been prepared by the kitchen cabinet of the White House, with, it is probable, the concurrence, and at least with the knowledge, of the private secretary of the President, Mr Knox Walker, there can be very little doubt but that, if the opportunity is afforded?that is, if the treaty should be rejected or delayed?the annexation of all Mexico will be made one ot the new issues in the approaching contest for the Presidency. That issue, and the one term principle which was U ft open at the last Baltimore con veniion, will again be left in the same position by the present convention, thus leaving for Mr Polk n ch nee of re-nomiuation again, under the united unci hitter iiiflu??nrf>? of Calhoun nt thp South, and Cro?welI nt the North, by which John Van Buren, m,d th? barnburners of New York, will be rejected and prevented from sitting in the convention at Baltimore. This Utter ufldir, therefore, will anguine anew and highly important aspect. If John Van Bare a and the barnburners should be rejected on | the ground of their Wilmot proviso position | what will they do 1 We have every reason to believe they will not give up the ship so easily as some may imagine. No doubt they will organize a new democratic convention at Baltimore, and will take their ground boldly and recolutely for the whole Union, as tLey have already done for this State in New Yoik, and very probably they tcill nominate General Taylor for their candidate, a$ they did at Utica, a Jew months ago. Having done this, they will then trust to the chancre oi defeating the elaction of a Presi- , dent by the people's vote, and of carrying the three chief candidates into the House of Representatives; and in that body General Taylor would have as good a chance as any other nan As regards the whig convention in Philadelphia, we see very little prospect of General Taylor being taken up by that body. Mr. Clay or General Scott will, no doubt, be their choice.? All the fuss and noise made in this quarter, in favor of General Taylor, as is well known, is utter delusion and mere fanfaronade. But, by the nomination, and with the support of the barnburners ot New York, and those who sympathize with them throughout the Northern States, including, also, all who favor him from the whig and democratic ranks, both in the North and South, it is most probable that Gtn. Taylor would become a very formidable candidate among the lots which may be presented by the various parties. Thi Scott and Stare y Oorraspoiidenoi?AnotUsr Peppered Plat* of Soup* We give in our columns to-day, the famous Scott and Maroy correspondence, which recently created such aa uproar in Washington among the politicians there, and which will probably cause a great deal of observation and remark, of various kinds, among all parties throughout the country, during tne ensuing summer, i nis correspondence consists of only two letters; but if they are few in number, they make up in length sufficiently to satisfy any apt elite or any conscience. Th-y are the crowning and concluding epiBlles between General Scott and Secretary Marcy, and embrace all the complaints, annoyances, follies, and fatuity of the military man, on the one side, and all the smartness, ill-temper, sarcasm, eloquence and patching pretensions of the bitter Secretary, on the other side. These epistles are even more remarkable than the original hasty plate of Boup; they are more highly peppered, too, and therefore.will be probably better relished by all those readers, of every party, who like good cookery, either in the reading room or dining hall. These two letters are also full length portraits of the two distinguished individuals?each sell drawn. General Scott's letter is heavy, long,'tall, turgid, ill-tempered, courteous, heroic, Billy, and ridiculous, all mixed up together. Secretary Marcy's is even longer, more studied, much more bitter, ironical, sarcastic, pointed, energetic, eloquent, and much more successful. As a fighting man General Scott has his equal only in General Taylor; but as a writing man, ho has not the sense and piu dence of a school boy. Secretary Marcy, on the other hand, is a full grown Machiavelli, wiih all of the tartness and aome of the irony of Voltaire. Under such circumstances, therefore, it ianeffHleaa to nnv that (renaral Scott has been far less successful in his writing than he has been in his fighting, and that his campaign with Secretary Marcy has been by no means equal to the glory of his campaign with Santa Anna In fact, Secretary Marcy, clothed with his fiftycent-patched-pantaloons, has achieved a brilliant triumph over the conqueror of Mexico, the modern Hernando Cortez of American history, and the greatest military leader and the silliest letter writer of the age. It may be thought harsh and disagreeable, by the political friends of Gen Scott, who wish to make him President of the United States, to be told in plain language these fatal truths; but we are independent, and care no more for General Scott, or any other great man, than we do lor the newsboy who roars out, " Here's the Extra Herald, with a revolution in France!" We are forced to do justice, and will do justice to the great merits of Gen. Scott, while we cenaure him for his weakness, silliness, vanity, imbecility, and want ot all sagacity, in the common political affairs of life. Of Secretary Marcy we kaow at much as we do ot Gen. Scott. He is a trong-minded, clear-headed man, with little principle and less delicacy to prevent him from trying to aspire to the spoils of office, or the honors or emoluments of power. He is just ts exact and ccrtain about the mending ot his hreprhpa?nricn fiftv cents?ah he would h? nhrmt ripping up the weaknesses and indiscretions of Gen. Scott. Of thejustice of General Scott's cause, to a certain extent, we have to doubt. He was selected to take command in the campaign from Vera Crnz to Mexico, from ihe necessity of the case, and because Mr. Polk and his Cabinet dared not brave public opinion by refusing it to him; but there is no doubt that as soon as he set out on that expedition, Mr. Polk went to work to supersede him, if he could, by the nomination of Mr. Benton as LieutenanUGeneral. In the complaints put forth by General Scott, there seems to be much truth; yet he was wrong to notice it when he saw the attempt to supersede him was defeated by the interference of his friends in Congress. On the other hand, in the quarrel between the General and some of his subordinates, in relation to the publication of letters in the newspapers, and particularly in relation to General Pillow, laults t seem to have been committed on both sideB. General Pillow and his particular friends, no doubt, endeavored, by sending letters to be published in journals in the United States, to stand well with the people, evtn at the expense of truth and veracity. This seems to be the result of the investigation made by the Court of Inquiry; but General Scott did wrong in issuing the oraer.on that queftion, or in making such a tuss and noise about it, when it appears, oy the same enquiry, that he nad himself infringed upon the rules and articles of war, in relation to corresponding with newspapers. We have every reason to believe that some of the Utters published in this part of the country, extolling the military capacity of General Scott, were written with nis knowledge, and by his friends, in much the same i ....... T>..? ttaj uiai me x inunr iruriD ncic mmrn. a m i*is also great force in the remark of Secretary Marcy, that he was no more subservient in his intercourse with the War Department, and his superiors in the administration, than his subordinates were in their conduct to himself On the whole, therefore, the complaints ot General Scott against General Pillow and others, and also aga nst the administration, have just as much foundation as the complaints of General Pillow nyaiusi (leuerul Scott have. All the difficulties mnong these generols seem to h?ve arisen from the overweening vanity and conceit ol each, and the afoseuc ot all common sense, sagacity, coolness, and discretion, which appear to have jmarked in a higher drgree the military conduct of Generals Taylor, Wool, Smith, Shields, Quitman, and a few others, ol both armies. While, therefore, on a full review of this last edition of the soup correspondence, we can't but censure General Scott for this exhibition of his inconsistency and weakness, to the extent which he has shown it, we do not believe that the American people will deny lurn the great merit of the military talents which he displayed in the campaign from Vera Cruz to Mexico ; and we should not be surprised if, in the midst ot all this exhibition of weakness on his part, they were tp take him up in the whig convention, make him their c*n didatc, and elevate him to the Presidency, in spite of the letters ot S*cretary Marcy, ana any opposition that may Icoine from any quarter Vft it must be said that the quarreis ami exnihitions among our generals have tended very much to iiijure the whole military race, and cool down the testings of sympathy which the hrst heroic deeds ot General Taylor ?n the luo Grande excited?deeds which astonished the whole world at the time, until they were rivalled and made common by the achievements performed from Vera Crux to Mexico. - - * The CoffDiTiort or Iriuuid.?We perceive that the revolutionary movement in Ireland forma a topic for diacuaaion in Bome of the aewapapera, which will douhtleaa continue until we ahall receive aome conclusive intelligence aa to the reault of the preaent atruggle lor revolutionary principled, going on. in the island. By the latest accounta, it would appea that the government and the Irish people have joined issue, at least that portion of the masses that are favorable to eatabliahing a republic, aud a. total separation from England. We, in America, can form no adequate Idea of the misery and destitution that for years past have prevailed among the maaaes of the people there. It is gratuitous folly to taunt the Irish laborer with a disposition to idle, if he can proeure employment. The best evidence that can be adduced in refutation of such a charge, will be found in the fact that thousands of those poor people cross the Britiah Channel during the harveating months, preaentmg an appearance of squalid wretchedness and poverty which does not belong to any other people upon the face of the habitable globe; and it cannot ba questioned, if such a miss of misery could find employment at home, that they would notfgladlyffTatop there. The average daily pay of an Irish laborer who can get employment, ia from eight to ten pence British. Thiaaum, weekly, will scarcely support his family on the cheapest food that can be pro cured?the potato; and it was the failure of this crop alone that produced the famine in Ireland during the past year. Lord John Russell, the British minister, was warned of this failure in the early part of the preceding winter, and obstinately refused to bring in a timely measure of relief. The result was that famine began slowly and gradually to mow down its victims, until pestilential disease expedited the work of death; and while all this was going on, corn and the fat of the land were leaving for Liverpool; and now, side by side with this minister, are to be found the O'Connells, shamefully bartering the rights and liberties of a people to whom they owe the very bread they have fed upon tor so long a series of years. These O'Connells, in coquetting with the government, and obstructing the advance of liberal sentiments, would fain have it understood that thev represent the masses ; but this iB a fallacy. The electors are a limited constituency, consisting of the ?10 and a higher class of freeholders, who have been cut up a good deal since the introduction of Peel's measure of free trade, which has tended to de predate, a gooa aeai, me value ot land.? These very O'Connells, too, have reduced Conciliation Hall to the condition of a large begging hop, or depot,for the procurement of government places, pretty much upon the same plan as that of the French nobletie, whose corrupt Bale and bartering of places under the government, undoubtedly had a share in sowing the seeds and expediting, if not exclusively laying the foundation of, the French revolution. The masses of the Irish people, who see that land has been the great festering sore upon the body politic for years, will undoubtedly join the standard of revolution; and if the bugbear of repeal were granted to-morrow, it will only tend to retard the final overthrow oi British rule?provided the government cannot succeed in disarming the people, and effectually cnecking the revolutionary spirit. Indeed, if there were a parliament in College Green to-morrow, the same spirit of disunion and faction that has so long rocked the island to its very centre, would be carried in there, so that the fate of Ireland, just now, stands in equipoise in the scale. If the government yield repeal, it will be looked upon as an ominous sign ot fear, and will only sharpen the appetites of the people for further concessions. If they succeed in disarming the people, it will not be without bloodshed; so that a crisis has arrived. The jealous policy pursued towards Ir?land by the British government, has long been fully discussed; but where a safe medium of communication between England and the old and new world could be so easily effected, by establishing the terminus ot a railway at some of the southern ports of Ireland, the refusal to adopt so manifest an improvement tells very powerfully against the British government. Every year the British Channel and the coast of Wales are the scenes of shipwreck, and immense loss of life aud trea sure, which could be easily avoided by establish* ing a depot for the transit of all articles of commerce to and from the English markets, through Ireland, from the terminus of a railroad at some of the southern portB of Ireland, and giving that country some share in the benefits that must accrue therefrom. Unless somethiag is done?and effectually and liberally done, tco?provided the crisis is not already past, Ireland will ever remain " a thorn in the side" of England. With Ireland united, England possesses a power tha she could wield to her advantage to an unlimitted extent; and it is only to be wondered at, in this age, how blind the British government seem to be?how totally regardless of their own mterest?not to adopt proper measures to allow the sister island to participate in the advantages of that union of which we hear so much. But we have our fears, that like the closing scene in the drama that led the way to the French revolution, concessions from the British government will come " too late." Thk Morals of Royalty and Republicanism Contrasted?Louis Philippe and Madame Twttle.?Wc give in another column, this morning, several extracts from the National Police Gazette of this city, and also from the New VorkOlobe, gi ving an account of a most extraordinary and atrocioHs case, which give the condition of morals among certain classes of society in this republican land. According to these newspaper accounts, even with all the extenuating circumstances stated by the organ of the New York democracy, in favor of the woman Tuttle, the case presents a most extraordinary parallel in its atrocious morality to that which was represented in tha private letter of Louis Philippe, in the famous Spanish marriages. Ia fact, we don't know but that the Borgia morality of Louis Philippe's family has been extended and improved upon, in genius and scope, by the cas? which recent* ly originated in Maine and was completrd in New York The existence of such things in Leonard street, in New York, would hardly be believed by the community at larg'*, engaged in their usual avocations, and conducting their affiirs with their usual prudence. But it seems that such scenes occilr, and such practices exist, under the very eye of the police, in Leonard street, and are extenuated by the very organ of the democracy. Royal and republican morals, in some respects, approach each other in atrocity and infamy. Such houses as we have described would, in another age and in another country, be torn to pieces, and such practices reprehended by all respectable people; and we trust there are in this community some compunctious feelings of conscience on the subject. The moral and religious anniversary week is now approaching; here is a topic that might engage them from now to the day of judgment. Naval.?Commodore Perry left Sinai, Yuentaa, about the 10th ult., for the coast Bria Etnn, Oapt Nettle, the steamer Scourge, Capt. Taylor, and the schooner Bnnita, Lieut Blackburn, wrre at Tabasco on the 13 h ult. Tub Sarah Sands sailed punctually yesterday, for Liverpool, with twenty-eight passengers, and #260,600 in specie. i