Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1848 Page 1
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WMnaMaMHMiMMmii NEW I ? , . \Vbol4 No. 31>i>'4. HAl.F PAST SEVEN, A. M. HUV SPECIAL (iOVKHSMKJrr EXPRBSH. ONE WEEK LATER NEWS FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP BRITANNIA, AT BOIVOir. IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE. Great Excitement in France* MORE DISTURBANCE IN COLOGNE, THE DANISH TROUBLES. The General War in Europe. Another Defeat of the Austrians by the Italians. , ? The Chartist Agitation in England. MORE COMMERCIAL FAILURES. IRISH AFFAIRS.* Attempted Suicide of Tom Steele, the Agitator. State of the Markets, &c. <kc. &c. The special Post Office express, with the mails of the Britannia, reached this city at five o'clock this morning, in charge of Thomas Pomeroy, Esq., of the Boston Post Office, to whose energy we are indebted for the latest intelligence from Europe. The Britannia sailed from Liverpool 011 the 22d ult., and her news is one week later. r . It is important. There had been a battle between the Austrians and Italians in which the latter were victorious. The Chartists are still holding their meetings in London and in the provinces, and are arming in the north of Scotland. There has been a tremendous excitement in Paris. Not only the people but the provisional' government have been in a state of turmoil and trouble. The particulars will be given the Evening Edition of the Herahl. Intelligence is received of a regular organization of the chartist forces in Scotland. A public meeting has been held at Aberdeen, for the purpose of electing a delegate to the national convention, and measures were adopted for the enrolment of volunteers. Negotiations between the Prnssian Government and the house of Rothschild for a new loan arc annonnced to have totally failed. It is stated in the papejs from the Hague that the Governor General of the Dntch East Indies has been authorised to declare Menado, at Celebes, a free port. No amelioration has taken place in credit or commence mrougtioui i.uro|K\ The Croats have .?ct fire to the village of Citstel Nuova, containing 2000 inhabitants. The Croats f >rmed n cordon round it, and the villagers were all burned to death, uttering the most appalling shrieks. The whole of that part of Europe, says the | European Times, which skirts the Rhine, and borders on Frnnce, seems quiet disorganised.? The wildest radicalism ?has taken root in the Gi'and Duchy of Hadcn ; and the secret societies of Germans, Swiss, Hadcn .radicals, and French emissaries seem organising an armed in- , vasion. At Ilesse Camel the soldiers and the citizens are at violent issue, the military having attempted to restore their former reign of physical force. The Duke of Hesse Cassel lias expressed hi-s indignation at the outrages attempted by his plaids, whose dissolution as a regiment lie has ordered, and some of the culprits are to be tried by courts-marfial.. In Saxony a frightful ince.idiary insurrection sucnis to be going on, which the Government cannot succeed in putting down. In Alsace a complete insurrection of the peasantryexists. The troops have been attacked at Mormon! ior, and 15 were killed The rioters'were at length repulsed with great loss, an.I their leader raptured. Prince Metternich wan in London. The steamship I*iiit?*cl Slates hud not reached Liverpool on the 22d nit. The fteam ship Hermann arrived at Southampton from Bremen, on the 20th, on her homeward voyage to New-York, for whtch port she leaves Southampton on the 20th inst. The Hoscius hence had arrived at Liverpool. The Caledonia arrived out on the IH1I1 ult. Hut we annex the details of the news: Mprelnl Urnpntrhm to tl?r JlfW York Hrrnlil. Livkki'ooi., April 22,1.H18?fi A. M. I shall now, as usual, with the view of making my rnuUum in jtnrvo the more valuable to the people of America, furnish you the outlines and principal substance?the ttamim of occurrences that have taken place in the Kuro|>can world in the week, like the Britannia, about to leave us, and refer my renders to the more detailed accoiwits that, anon, will be HrraM-cd to them, for further particulars. (In the whole, there has been but a meager su|>ply of news since the departure of the America? meager in comparison with any other week since the 24th of February. In the first place, I must tell yon that the markets have varied so little sinae the date of my last despatch, (in which \ gave ti lull, though condensed I . YOR statement of them,) that I have scarcely :i >tiade ol improvement to announce. However, I may say however, in thf words of somebody, they don't | " mend worser." There is not the slightest improvement in cotton. Sales to consumers are to a very limited extent. This proves how wretchedly depressed trade is especially as prices are so moderate. During the week there has been a slight demand for the better classes, for export. Sales on Saturday, 4300, (500 for exportation); Monday, 6000, (2000 for ejcjfortation); Tuesday, 3500, (500 for exportation); Wednesday, 40(10, (1000 for exportation.) Rice is depressed. The sales, however, in Carolina are moderate, nt pricees quoted in my last. There is a falling off in tallow, 53s. is accepted for Y. c. Rosin still from 2s. 4d. to 2s. 6d. |>er cwt. A brisk demand for lard continues: nearly all that is offered is bought. There is, however, ade..i fiio ,,v iu i;,l n?r i in this article. .Sales have been large ut from 42a. to Ms. for kegs, and 38a. 6d. for barrels. The London Piires Current of the 18th says:? " Importer* of coloniul produce have exhibited, since our last, less anxiety to make sales. by submitting lesito the notice of the trade. Home buyers were, however, mora desirous to make purchases, and the bunines* transacted by private treaty has considerably exceeded those of the former week. It Is also encouraging to notice the fact, that the principal of the goods brought to public competition, during the ifreek. were disposed of Kor raw sugar, holders are enabled to procur better prices; and other articles generally maintain their quotations. Tea and rice, however, have again fallen in value, us stocks are unusually large.'' State or tlic Country. Ill the "rebelious" department, matters are almost at a stand still. Since the signal failure of the Chartist demonstration at the uncommon common, Kensington Common, the country has been wonderfully quiet; for their " Rebellion had bad luck.'' In Ireland too, " rebellion looks" have ceased to look " so giant-like." True bills were found against the traversers on Saturday last. Smith O'Hiien's trial will come on on the 13th May. The traversers will be allowed to appear l>y their attorneys. At Edinburgh there was a largely attended Chartist meeting, on the evening of the 17th. A deputation attended from Leith, said to be great in heraldic device. One lad carried a pole with an inverted crown at the ton; another had a flag with," The lion of Scotland has risen from his lair: beware whigs, beware!" The people disi?ersed cjuietly?neither the pensioners, who were lodged in the caatle, nor the H|>ecial services were rruuired. Tlie Irish anarchists have had their demonstration, in the shape of a soiree to the gentjemen who were ambassadors to the French republic, at which the usual amount of sedition and treason was spouted; and the redoubtable O'Brien plainly intimated that his friend O'Gorman, who is studying the theory of barricades in Paris, may return in time to reduce it to practice, in the event of the trial for sedition going against himself and his copatriots. At this meeting there was some show of fraternization between Young and Old Irelanders; and during the discussion at the Repeal Association on Monday, enoutrh was let out to show that a schism has bro- I ken out in that body. For the present, however, the np|?eal of the Messrs. O'Connell, una the threat to withdraw from Ireland with the ashes of their father, were successful, and for the present, at least, Conciliation Hall adheres to legal and constitutional agitation only. How long this will continue it problematical, but the vigorous proceedings now adopted by the government seem likely to render sedition too dangerous a game to be played with impunity. On Wednesday there was a meeting of several of the most influential merchants for the purpose of organizing an association to bring about a retrenchment in the national expenditure, and more equal taxation. Mr. K. Uladston, who was called to the chair, suid, he believed all parties saw the necessity of a change, although there were difl'ent opinions .is to what it should be. He accused the government of apathy lit res|>ecl to the commerciiH interests of the empire. Mr. J. Mulleneux thought the association would streifgtiicn the newly-formed lwrliaiiientarv party. It is intended to present a requisition to the Mayor, ' and shortly hold another public meeting in furtherance of the objects of the society. Von no donht will regret to learn that "Poor Tom Steele. O'C'onneH's -head pacificator." in the days when that crafty politician kept Ireland iu a state of constant agitation, hopeless of Lix country's regeneration, and worn out with anxiety on Iter behalf, attempted to shuffle off this mortal coil' by precipitating himself from Waterloo bridge into the Thame*, at seven o'clock last evening. At a few minutes before seven o'clock the unfortunate man was observed to alight from a club in Wellington street, and. having paid the driver his fare, he walked to the toll-gate, put down n penny piece, received his change, and passed on to the bridge. On arriving at the second recess from the Middlesex side, he stopped suddenly, took off his cap?the celebrated cap with which his friend O'Connell crowned him in by-gone days?and.mouuting the parapet.threw himself into the river. A gentleman who was crossing the bridge on the opposite side observed tin; whole occurrence at only a few paces' distance, but so rapidly did the unfortunate man effect his purpose.that it was found impossible to render hini any assistance. Happily a waterman was passing through the bridge in a small boat at the moment the unfortuuate man entered the water, and with a presence of mind that does him til" highest credit, he iuiu-cdiattly pulled towards him. and with some difficulty at length succeeded in getting him into his boat. The poor man was taken ashore at the Strand lane stairs, and thence conveyed to King's College Hospital, where he received all the attention his case required, from Mr. liurtou. the house surgeon of that institution. We understand tho clieif injury he lias sustained is the shock to his system ? ' A. Hi. <!..< II,. ,.r n>.. ir->m ....v -, ?? ...... >?<~v wftter. There con lx> no doubt that the veteran agitator had contemplated the rash act for Home hour? at least. an he had been occupied during the chief part of ( lie day in writing letters at I'eole's coffee-house. an establishment ho was in the habit of occasionally frequenting. Within hii< cap. which, as above stated. he placed on the bridge before he throw himself over, was a mall jiieec of paper sealed to the lining with black wax. on which was written?"Tom Steele, county of Clare. Ireland.-' That Torn Steele never, like OTounell and some others, made agitation a trade, may be gathered from the fact that, when lie camc of age. he entered on a beautiful estate lof Jt'15.000 or jEIO.OUO a year, in the county of Clare. Twenty years of amateur agitation brought him to the Insolvent Debtors1 Court, in Dublin, where he was opposed by the present member for Kunis. the O'Oorhaui Mahon Having taken the benefit of the act. ho came to Kngland. and has since been living upon an allowance out of his estate. Mr. Steele took high honors at Cambridge, and is a menilier of the senate of the University. It may not be generally known that it was Mr. Steele who proposed o'Conuell at the celebrated Clare election, from which arose the Catholic emancipation act." This is accordini/ to tlie account given in the Timet of tins sad affair. It is now 10 o'clock, and cur letters must l>c mailed before ha|f past 10. There is no sign of the steamer " United States." Ai.iiiona. Ireland. (Kroni tlio Liverpool Mail. April 22 ] Irish affairs are becoming a little more settled. Messrs. Meagher. O'Brin. and Mitchell, are preparing for their trials, which are expected to take place acout the 12th of May. and. in the. meantime, are exhausting their vocabulary of sedition The orators of the Repeal Association are quarreling among themselves, whilst their funds are also exhausted; here and there a ranting revolutionary priest denounces the union, and advised war and bloodshed; but he usual gels a rap on the knuckles from his superior Poor Tom Steele.O'Conuell's liead-paclflcator. has happily been rescued from an attempt to perpetrate self-destruction, but his mind, as well as his property. Is irrevocably gone. Drilling Is practised in many parts of the provinces, but the government in Dublin has evinced a determination to suppress these foolish and illegal demonstrations; pikes and flrc-anns also continue to sell well; whether they will ever be brought into use. or If used will not be more injurious to the purchasers than to those against whom they may be directed, are question* which we shall not take upon ourselves to decide [Krom the Kuropean Times. April 22. The deplorable state of Ireland, apparently on the - ?i..n ?- n.? .i. om . < WUVIUU'" J ..... attention of nil classes. In the wild ami tumultuous passions now evoked. It in scarcely to bo hoped that the ou 1 in exhortations of wisdom mul experience can bo listened to. The majority of the people of Ireland, now to a groat extent nrntcil. seem resolved upon *01110 desperate art. which will secure for tliera the accomplishment of their darling hopes. or plunge them still deeper Into the abyss of misery Whatever may be the issue of the impending struggle. no one ean doubt that a vast amount of misery will lie suffered by the middle and humbler classes. and however show the process of unlet and peaceful legislation might have lieen. I11 ameliorating their condition)). 11 a direct appeal to arms appears to us far more certain of bringing down accumulated troubles upon our highminded. but mis-guldcd fellow-subjects. The divergence between the repealers, headed by Mr. O'Connell, and the party led on by Mr Mitchell, becomes greater every itiy The O't onuells' manfully declare that they win take their stand upon upon, at the very nr film ultra, the Uttermost bounds of the law and constitution. and will adlinre to the counsels bequeathed to them by their father, to obtain repeal by |>oaccahle and constitutional means only If (lie association trasgresscs this line, the O'CounelU' will take no part In their proceedings France. Gulttnitiii says The exact amount of the debts of the civil U?t of Louis rhilippc, i? gow said to be nearly J ? Kit j7 NEW YORK, MONDAY ] 40.000.000. of which half in Jut-to individual*, and the other half to the Treasury Thette debt* ranuotbe <ll?charged at prenent, the private domain bring merely under ne<|UfHtration. and the question of a null* bring reserved for the decixlou of the National Awembly.? The ancient domainr privr represented an eatlmate of aw.000.000f The DucccMOr of Madame Adelaide, which ha* fallen to the Prinee de Joinvlllo and the Dune ue iYionipensier. in valued at wi.uuu.lAKir (testae* i!0,u00.000f. left to the I)uke de Nemours. The succession of the Prince de Conde. which came t<) the Duke d'Aumale. in estimated at 100.000.000f. On 8nnday last, 16th April, there was a demonstration at Paris, got up by tile most violent of the club* and Communist* .for the purpose of upsetting the provisional Government, or. ut all events, expelling M. Lamartine and other moderate members, who have hitherto sbcceedfd in preventing republicanism from running riot, saved the nation from a reign of blood and terror such as that which disgraced and ruined Die first revolution, and from a state of things desired by too many of the tlaming patriots and soi-diiant philosophers of the day. under which every thing shall belong to every body in general, anil nothing to any body in particular. Most happily the Natioual Guard* stood rtrin and presented so Imposing an attitude in defence of the Provisional government and public order, that the display passed off without any overt attempt, pretty much iu the same style as our own Chartist demonsration otr.Monday. the 10th lust , to which the movement bore very considerable resemblance. Yesterday, forty thousand troops of the line were to assemble in Paris, for the first time since the revolution, to fraternize with the National Guards and the people ; and if this be done cordially and with sincerity, the Provisional government may be considered safe against all attempts of its enemies, aud of the enemies of order aud the public peace. The Monitor of the 20th, contains a proclamation by the Provisional Government, of which we subjoin the substance. The republic lives by liberty and discussion. The clubs are for the republic a necessity?for the citizens a right. The government is pleased to see citizens assemble to discuss the highest questions of politics. The government protects the clubs. But that liberty may have its fruits, beware of giving cause of alarm, remember that alarm gives rise to contra-revolutionary reaction. If free discussion be a right discussion with arms in rmr linmls Is n ilnneer. it liiiiv become an oitnression. If the liberty of the clubs is one of the most inviolable conquosts of the revolution, armed clubs may compromise that liberty, excite worst passions. aud bring about civil war.'' It then interdicts the clubs from being armed during their deliberations. The Munitrur also publishes a decree granting an amnesty to all deserters frjui the sea aud land service, who may surrender within two months if within the French territory, and six months if out of France. The Moniteur publishes an important decree, levying a tax of one per cent 011 all incomes derived from movaable. immovable, or funded property. Lombardy. The report of tho capture of I'eacliicra by the troops of Charles Albert turns out to have been unfounded. Charles Albert mado a brisk attack upon the fortress, and was, it would appear from his own account, compelled to retreat by the Austriaus. The following is the official report by,Charles Albert, of his unsuccessful attack ou i'cscliiera :? " Headquarters, at Posiolongo. '* His Majesty, as general and chief of his army, wishing to drive the Austrian* completely from the right bank of the Mincio. ordered to-day au attack on Peschiera. ' The report that this garrison was composed partly of Italians, and that the remainder was completely demoralized, induced him to attempt an attack with the Held artillery only, sustained by the brigade of General Bes. After having got together eight obuviers. six pieces of battering cannon, and six pieces of field artillery, our brave artillery commenced with four batteries, covered with the trenches constructed the evening before, to attack the advanced works of the enemy on the right bank of the Mincio. The different companies of volunteers attacked Ihese works in flank, as well as thoso placed on the left bank of the river. The angles dismantled, announced that our infantry could advance-to the attack of the fortifications, and his Majesty appeared disposed to second the order of our troops, but. foreseeing that, even in case of success, these works, commanded by the enemy's artillery on the permanent fortifications of the citadel of I'eschiera. would have cost too much of our loldiers' blood, which would have been shed without a definite result, his Majesty resolved to renounce this attack; aud after having, for form suke. summoned the place to surrender, he ordered to resumo his first position to consult on more important affair.*. ' His Majesty has been extremely satisfied with the courage and skill of his artillery, the enthusiasm of his volunteers, and the order of his troops. His Majesty, always foremost in danger, remained several hours exposed to the tire of the enemy, with his sons and a numerous staff.r' The Ojiinione of Turin, of the 14th. given further par tirulars or tlie capture or tne powder magazines 01 reschlera. The Milanese did not succeed in carrying off the gunpowder* for 11 large body of troops lieing sent from the fortress, they hud only time to throw 11 pnrt into the water and to blow up the rest. They had to rctiro afterwards, and harrieaded themselves in Castelnuovo, wliieh they defended for a long time. They then eut their way through the enemy, regained the steamer, passed the night at Assisu. and returned to Desenzauo the next day. Official information from Venice, of the 14th. confirms a report that a body of volunteers, attacked by a more numerous force of Austrlans. had been obliged to retreat to Vlceuxa, where a large body of -crusaders" had arrived. The town is barricaded and well defended. as a precaution against attack. Advices from Udinc. of the 8th, announce that tho Austrlans who were on the Isonzo. nnd occupying the line of (ioritz. had been ordered to march immediately upon Trieste, which was menaced by the troops stationed in Istria and Dalmatia. who had all declared in favor of the Italians. Tho Patria. of Florence, of the 13th says. "The Austrians retired within the line of the Minclo have regained courage, and tight with fury. It i< of no UM to deceive ourselves, the war will l>e long and bloody. It is war to the death?a war of Spaniards against the Moors?of Greeks against Turks. The Patria contains a letter from Kerjara. dated the lltli. which says the affair under Mantua was favorable to the ricdniontcse. and that the Austrlans lost 8.000 killed, wounded and prisoners. Letters from Rome of the 11th. say that M. Corbelli had left Rome for the head quarters of the combined army, with a view < f establishing more strongly the k-uguu between the Italian sovereigns. Naples. The greatest enthusiasm prevails in the cause of the liberation of Italy, and numbers of volunteers are dally enrolling themselves to proceed on the Holy Crusade, against the Austrlans in Lomlmrdy. Ocueral Pepe is to command them. Austria. It was reported in Vienna on Sunday evening that a courier bad arrived from the seat of war in Italy, with intelligence of an important victory said to have been gained by Hadctzky Oreat apprehensions were entertained iu Vienna, iu consequence of a meeting of operatives, which was to have been held on Sunday last. The news of the ridiculous failure of the Chartist attempt in London arrived in Vienna on Saturday, and so inspirated the burghers composing the national guard, that they turned out in such force as to render any attempt hopeless on the part of the operatives to create an emrulr. The basis of the new Austrian constitution has just been published. It is as follows All the provinces are constituted into one body, with the exception of Hungary. Crotia. Nrlavonla. Slebeuliergen. and f.ir the present, the Italian provinces. The division of the empire shall r<>maiu a< it exists at present. The person of the Kmpcror is sacred and inviolable. The Kmperor has Aill power over the luinl and sea forces, and the right of making war or peace. Treaties of every description with foreign powers can only be made with the sanction of the two houses of Parliament. The attribute of merry and the right of bestowing rewards belong to the Kmperor. but mercy tion of the Parliament. Thf law* aro to )>e administered publiely in open court* qy verbal ploadinn-?. and trial to qo jury The judge* will ho appointed fur life. All project* of law* aro to ho proposed a* well a* sanctioned hy the Kinporor The Kmpcrur will assemble the Parliament annually, and he must oall then together at stated Interval* He ha* the right to prorogue and dissolve them Freedom of roligiow. speech. the press, petition, and pulilio mooting. Is jsr?nto?l to every citizen. subject to future laws. Kntiro liberty of runseienee and religion. The free exercise of religious worship I* accorded to all Christians and Jew*.? All citlxen* aro equal in the eye of the law. and every citixcn shall bo tried by hi* peers. The responsibility of th.i Ministers will Im? regulated by tinDiet. The legislative power is ill the hands of the Knidoror and the Diet. Two Houses of Parliament aro to be constituted. The qualification* for Member* of the Upper House aro birth and large landed property ; and they are to be nominated by the Kinporor. Member* of the lower house are to lie chosen from all classes, in order that every Interest may be represented. The two Houses have the power to project laws and receive petitions. Alt laws require the sanction of both Houses, particularly those relating to the expenditure, taxation, finance, and the sales of public property. A law will bo framed for the organisation of the national guard. The law of election is only provlsorial. and will bo settled hy the first Parliament.? Amendment* of the constitution can only be proposed by the Diet." The Austrian government has ordered the Jesuits to quite l.intx. This step na* given considerable satisfaction even to the Roman Catliolie population Den murk nnd llnlatrln. The accounts received from the continent tend to complicate the unfortunate events which have occurred in Holsteln and Schieswig. with regard to the nilsunderstanding at present existing between those duchies and their sovereign the King of Denmark, as well as to threaten the peaee of Kuropo The whole of the Oerman confederation la compromised by the injudicious first act of the King of Prussia, and arc called upon to take up arms against Denmark. On the side of Denmark no actual collision has taken place, except between the Danish troops and the Insurgent. Schieswig-Hoist einers The Danes landed under cover of their shlps-of-war. and after a sharp struggle -for the blood of both nations Is thoroughly roiue4?mceeedeU in routiug tboir opponent*, IRAL1 MORNING, MAY 8, 1848. nndattkiaf thcniselye* muter of the duchy. Oa th<> 1 "tM*?*?atrt. a IWrce battle wax fought uuar Klen?bur|(. ii>wWU tlie Daues, having a decided nupartnrity in numipr*. M well m in their cavalry and artillery. th? S?bk?riK-HoUteln army was defeated. and compelled to (vtjiMt toward* Rendaburg The Hoi itinera. 10.000 , stronfc retired on Bau from Kienshurg. diaiodged by the preparation* for a bombardment from the harbor, which *iw f>|l of Danixh gun-boat?. But the l)am>? come on in sua?rior numbers, and drove nil before them. de?pit? i? ntubborn resistance. Two liariuou regiment* were flmost annihilated, uud the killed oa eaeh ride were pore than 2000; 750 InrarnrBU were taken primmer* After their victory. the Dane* pushed southwards, and eptered Nchleawig at two In the morn I tiff of the lltli 'The Danish troops in Sehleiwig are now W.UOO.? The ftrufsinns remain on the HoUtein frontier. IncreitHlfor their numbers. The force now amount* to flOOO infantry. to wkieh will be added some cavalry, so that altogether this contsngent force, when concen. t-itei| in Holstein. will amount to about 10.00U men of all arms. t ormxpondence from Rendsburt; of the 14th instant mentiM* a report that a skirmish bad taken place at Windofcye and that forty Dana* had boen made prisoners The Danes had moved the greater part of the troop* which they had concentrated at Sclile*wig. amount!ng in all to #000 men. to Daunevlrke. at a distance of halt' a (iertAan mile from Schleswig. on the Kendburg *lde. On tlialSth Inst., the King of Denmark, escorted by two riiiiiaiinunN nf drnVonnii and mi?* of ntiirnmiiitrd nrrivori lit Sehleswlg from Klensburg. ami passed bin troops in refiow: but returned to Klensburg in the afternoon, The Danish troop* are saitl to bo commanded by (>?n Von Hedeuian. A tlajjc of truce, Kent to the U<iui*))Wt?rt<trH by the 1'russiau colonel Honin.is stated

to liav#Drought n reply that the Prussian troop* might act m khey please in the territory of Hoist ein. but that I if th<ttf-?ntercd the Schleswig. the King of Denmark wouIdMwtarc war. The Schleswig Holstainers are stated to be AUJurtcred at Scliestedt. and the Prussian lit Sorgbruclf' a place on the Schleswig Hide of the Elder, on the hvh road from lleudsburg to the town of SchlesA detachment of the Hamburg volunteers met another detachment of tin* same corps near Kckinfordo. during the night of the ltfth ult . and in their eonfu! sion tjwy flrcd on each other, killed one uau. and wounded flvo or Fix other*. Seviral battalions of Hanovarians. Brunswickers, and Oldeuburgers have entered Holstelu. and Home Prussian reinforcement* have also passed through Hamburg, on thiir way U) Rendsburg. A IMuiali ?loop of war appeared olT Swineniunde. on the 1: ,li lust., but lias hitherto committed no liostilitios. n though the alarm caused by her arrival has induced the authorities to remove the buoys from the chum ;1. and to close the harbor with a chain. II twain. Th< Cologne Gazette . of the lilth of April, quotes a letter W>m the Breslau Gazette, by a traveller, in which ho sajv ''that the accounts of tho movement of the troop* are uncertain and contradictory. The llussiau government is adopting every possible measure of defenc?,?nd with every forbearance. The military reinforu?giteut demanded by Princo Paskicwitsjh has arrived. aai set off for the frontiers. 100,000 are to follow, if nccuSty should require it. Warsaw is perambulated > by ptMrols. but it presents more of the life of a carnival than ,t>f a scone of war. Everywhere strains of Uvclyiiiuaic resound, because the Poles expect their jdelivcainco by Germany, and hope to secure it, by remaining quiet to the end.'' The Zn'lun/* i/aHc gives the following account front Margyrabowsun, the east frontier, of the 3d of April:? "The deputy of the Laudroth has just sent word to the chief resident of Prussia, that 300 pieces of Russiau cannon have just arrived at Raygrod. a small Polish towupn the main road from St. Petersburg to Warsaw, close to the Russian frontiers, aud which will probably paM alvug that causeway to Warsaw, while the troops will ftdvanoe further into the country, as it is evident such train of artillery must precede a very considerable body of men.'' The Bremen Zeitung, in a letter from Berll*, of the 10th April, oonflrms thin intelligence 4'-We learn from the kingdom of Poland that the entire army assembled in Lithuania has advanced and taken tll> it* quarters on the Prussian frontier*. Three hundred pieces of Russian artillery ar.i said to bo at Warw*. A Cracow journal, of tho 10th of April, says that tht total number of tro*pn now in Poland amounts to HO.000 men, which are tol be augmented to 200,000.? Other journals contradict these reports. Spain. Aceonnts from Madrid, of the 12th instant, state that tranquility coutlnu?d to prevail in the capital, but numerous arrests were being daily made. Mr. Bnlwer whs so shocked at the Arbitrary conduct pursued by General Narvacz. with respect to the Progressista party.that he thought It necessary to send In a friendly remonstrance. which lias been ungraciously received, and Kngiand is liflvortd with several columns of abuse in Modetudo papers. Kvery day adds to the violence of Narva**. Persons of all ranks and stations are daily sent out of Madrid on absurd suspicion of conspiracy. - and tanMied without trial, and frequantly eve it without any cause being given. The mere rcwutation of being u Progressista at heart is punished with deportation. Such scenes cannot last long. The Spauiards have shown great patience, but human endurance has its limits. Narvacz has established a reign of terror in Madrid of as atrocious a character as that established by Rosplerre during the first revolution. Parties are arrested without regard to age. class, or circumstances, and lodged in the criminal goal, where they are forced to associate with thieves and murderers, and are driven off, tied together in rows, to places on the sea coast, from whence they are transported either to Africa or the Phillipine Islands. The Duke and Duchess of Montpensier had removed from Vista Alegre to the Rueen's Palace, by the advice of the medical attendants of tho Duchess. The grand review which had been announced is postponed liiii die. The Gaceta publishes a decree authorising the Dank of St. Fernando to purchuse all the silver producc of the Spanish mines. It is said that the Duke Montpensler had advided the adoption of a more liberal system of government, which advice had so iritutud Narvacz and Christina that the Duke has been exiled to Seville for his palus. India and China. We have received intelligence from Calcutta to the 7th. and Bombay to the 15th of March. The pupers are alfnost wholly devoid of political intelligence. India in tranijuil throughout, and the Pnnjaub Is. if possible. more peaceful than the Company's dominions.? j most sickly to one of our healthiest States. Seventeen thousand troops continue to garrison the frontier of | tln> Indus The Governor of Bombay returned to the Prmidoucjr from his tour of inspection 011 the Ud of March. nnd wan about to leave on the 10th for the Ma! habubohwtir hills. Up will return about the end of ' April to receive hi* successor. Lord Falkland, and retire from India for good in tile beginning of May. The commercial Intelligence begin* to improve, and though money in scarce, confidence deficient, and transactions few. thworst in considered pa.it Our Uomhay advices states that the Bank Stocks continued low. and prices lmd further declined. Government securities had slightly advanced. Owing to the scarcity of money an advance had taken place, and Bank paper at six months' sight had been negotiated at Is 10,'jd to Is to 10?Bd; while for private bills with shipping documents Is lid to Is 11'4'may lie considered the rate. On Calcutta. Band of Bengal Post Bills had been negotiated at par. The quotations at ItOdays' sight Bank paper is 09'4 rs. On China for 00 days fight '20?l rs per 100 dollars. The market for cotton piece goods was steady, and fair prices wen- beldg paid. In bleached goods, too, a fair inquiry exists for shirting and jaeconuts of low quality, and an advance on previous rates for the former, of from "J to 4 annas per piece, has been established.? There was Dome advance in freights, and the last rates quoted were 4J5 to Liverpool, and ?4 15s to London ; and rhina 10 rs per candy, at which rate engagements were being made. Letters srom Calcutta informs us that '-the money market continues in much the same state as we wrote last; the terms on which loans are transacted arc n shade more favorable, but the security taken continues to be of the most frangible character, and of a value leaving large margin for errors of appraisement. In exports there has been a fair demand for staples, to be sent home as remittances instead of speculations?especially saltpetre. Sugar and indigo are loss inquired after now: rice In much the same state and silk too highly priced to permit extensive operations. The import market Is improving, cotton piece goods finding freer vent, and twist rising in demand. Freights are looking up There are reports of some speculation* in tonnage with an eye to a < hina war. and a lielief that government would Ik) ohligud to engage transports " More Mrrrnntllc h'nllures. Adams. II . Si Co . merchants. . Mauritius. Hrnaseh. F.. k Co Hamburgh. Dnlvaux. W., banker Mons. ICIIiott. W.. v Co., merchants (Lloyd's mrentsK . Hamhur/h. K.wald v I'ii., commission merchant* Hamburgh. Marburg. Klin*. banker Hamburgh. Heine. Jos.. & Son* HnmhnrKb. Ilnrne k Long, stockjobber* Hamburgh. Ileus* Ik CO.. merchant* Hamburgh. Iseliu. Win.. merchant* Havre. LiuisIK' Hrothcr* it Co., dealer in manufactured good* Hamburgh. Lavlson. Novae k. it Cm. merchant* Marseilles. Riley k Items ner. hanker* Magdeburg Sampson Brothers n Co . . .Hamburgh. Sender. W. K.. banker Frankfort. Siiley. ?-. general nierehnnt Perth. Slfcriwt. Jacob, merchant ami banker Vmsterdam. Tomleur. cowtractor Mon? Warburg. Klla* Ilatnburgh. Narkrti. London Monkt Markkt. April 21?Business ha* Income rather active in the London wawhomiM. Londoa I*. indeed, extremely full, owing to the Influx of Kngllph ami foreign refugee* from France; ami the shopkeeper* are enjoying the benefit of their prwence. There is no change in the rate of discount by the Bank of Kngland. but first class bills are discounted by private banks at per emit. Money continues nbunilant. but foreign paper is totully unnegotiable ut any rate of interest. In foreign exchange there may be noted a slight Improvement on Paris, so far as the rates at short, for three months paper was still not negotiable. The amount of notes of the Hank of Ktigland in actual circulation in the week ending Saturday. April N. including seven day* and other bills, was /lP.24fl.A01 an Increase during the week of f#60.<W4; the amount of gold and silver coin and bullion In the hand* of the bank. {14.002.418. a decrease of /flO*.43ft. I jUsoIs iu London, on Thursday, cloned at to;,, a?ex1 lower for money; liank Stock. 187 to 18V, Heduced Three per CenU.tlUS to X- Thru- and 11 quarter per Cent*, t?- 8i; InUi* SWx'k. --'V to tf'JU; India Uond*. 18*. to Uln premium; and Exchequer bill* 41? to 44*. premium. Livr.aroni. Coa.t Eichansk, April 2U.~So short an interval having elapaed between our tirst and aerond market* this week, the present being held a Jay out of course on acrount of to-morrow living Ciood Kriday. we have IV)w remark* to olfer. either ou the extent of the arrival* or the state of busine**. in tin- interniediate period; supported by the steady toue of other leading market* of the country, tlio general rate* of our last. upon a moderate auiouut of transaction*, appear to have been tirmly maintained. Influenced by a very slender attendance of buyer*, and eutire absence of extensive operation* in any article at our Corn Exchange till* morning, we have to report a very dull, listle** trade in all it* hearing*; generally speaking, however, there wa* no di*po*itiou. iu any instance, ou the part of holder* to submit to lower term*, but in an,.f .. ......i.?.i ...i i. .. ?_ i herence throughout to the full rate* of TuiniUy, which may iu all respects be repeated to-day. Tin* transaction* In wheat anil Hour were merely restricted to retail parcels ; the latter, notwithstanding, inclined slightly upwards, owing to the remaining stork of hoth Irish anil American being light, and the latter of prime quality becoming literally scarce- Indian corn aud corn meal, being still the most attractive articled of the trade, a few further parcels were purchased again today, the extreme rules of Tuesday last freely paid, and I in Home instances rather higher pricc* required. Livf.hi-.)0i. Cottow Maukvt, April 20 This week of fWc days has been panned without bringing ahollt any material change in our cotton market. Advices from America have arrived, shewing the receipts at New Orleans to be largely on the increase, and we shall therefore probably have a liberal import from that quarter for some time to come. These increased receipt*, howevdr. have not brought about any change in tho elstlinatcH of the aggregate crop, which in still reckoned to lie about 2.200,000 baled. At homo, and in the manufacturing dlstrictd. we arc not worde, perhaps rather the contrary, the low price of provision*, and the season of the year, having something to do with this more satisfied feeling in the country. As to tho price of cotton, it id for tho most part ad before. Fair, good fair, and good Orleans, and Mobiles also, are rather higher, being in demand for export, and are already becoming comparatively a scarce article, while the middling and low qualities are eadier to purchase. Kgyption and loug staple descriptions generally are heavy, and in dome instance* pressed on the market, and the large public sale of Sea Islands, upwards of <1000 bngs. advertised for this day. will probably also force that kind to a low figure. We have only to repeat, as before. that the relief to this market must come from a better state of things in the manufacturing districts. Without something of this kind, low as our prices now are. we must still drag on in the same dull and inactive manner. 500 American have beeu taken on speculation. 4!)!>0 American. 20 Surat. and 500 IVmn.ni for ex. port. Sales for tho weok 24.450 bales ?Geo. \V. Hull ACo. ADDITIONAL INTELLIGENCE. Evening Edition of the Herald. Additionul details of the news received l?y the Britannia will be given in the Evening Edition of the Herald, to be published at 2 o'clock thin after* noon. State of the Austrian Umpire. [From th? London Chronicle, April 16.1 The accounts which we receive From Vienna throw scanty light upon the actual jKisture of affairs in the Austrian Empire. We are inclined to hope the best from the men who oom|>ose the present administration, and we can hardly doubt that they are fully alive to the extremely critical situation in which the Imperial throne, and the whole fabric upon which it rests, are still placed. The removal from office of the unjiopiilur princes of the blood, who could hardly be expected to exchange nt once the notions of government entertained by soldiers and gentlemen uf the old school, for views of an opposite complexion ; and the advances which Count ilartig has been commissioned to make to insurgent Lombardy, improbable as it seems that those advances will lead to any satisfactory result, tend to confirm these anticipations. The Bohemians have been gratified by me appointment of a young captain-general, with two popular noblemen for his counsellors; the law relating to the press iiua rrcvivtu a i (inner rrm^Hiiuu ; inui i)y jury in to be introduced, and the oourts of law art' to be thrown open to the public. All this is well, u.s far an it goes. To allay irritation, to give way where concession is imperatively needed, to avoid every risk of a concussion, to ascertain the strength and weakness of their own position, and to bring the huge vessel, by slow degrees, to obey her helm, anu breast the waves amongst which she is rolling?such as we may suppose to be the immediate plan and pur|>ose of the Austrian cabinet. Right enough, no doubt. But we look for still higher aims, and a more comprehensive policy, from the men under whose superintendence Austria has entered upon the stage of transition, through which she must pass from trie old system to the new?a passage beset with dangers and involved in uncertainties. A rumor was abroad, a day or two ago, that the Hungarians had proclaimed the union dissolved, and elected the Archduke Stephen as their King. In these stirring days we have learnt to give rumor no more credit than she deserves, and we left the story to time and the electric telegraph to stamp it as authentic, or to withdraw it from circulation. We felt that the absolute truth or falsehood of the tale was, after all, of less importance than it seemed to be. Were it true, a clear-headed, determined statesman might yet undo what had been done, and convert matter of fact info matter of history; were it false, a lingering adherence to the traditions of the NIetternieh school might turn it, within no long time, into a truth. For Austria is now in the very crisis of a struggle to which, except in one or two instances, we in western Euro|>e are almost stranccrs?the war waged on the one side by the tendency to combine and centralize for administrative pur[>oses, on the other by flie ineradicable instincts of blood and race. With us the strife has generally been between unequal forces, anil the weakest has gone to the wall. Hut the battle ground on which the contest has been again and again renewed, in the sight of Europe and under the auspices of Kings and diplomats, lies within the Austrian territories. Races, unlike each other in the primary features which distinguish nation from nation, form the chequered mosaic on which Austria has raised her throne. Aliens by origin, they have acquired no affinity by association. It lias been remarked, that the great nobles, who possess estates in two or more of these countries, have invariably confined their interests and sympathies to one, remaining according to circumstances, Gallicians, Bohemians, or Hungarians, but rarely, if ever, exercising their political privileges beyond the limits of the province to which they especially attached themselves. The Imperial Government, on its part, neglecting the means adopted, with more or less success, by Prussia in the Grand Duchy of Posen, and by Denmark in Sleswic, has taken no pains to promote the amalgamation of the races, but has contented herself with drawing around them the iron network of a rigorous unbending ad mmistrehve system, which premea neaviiv on each without uniting hII into n whole. Perhaps, liaii she tried it, the task would have been too much for her. Such, at any rate, in the fart. During the thirty odd years ot peace which have elapsed since the treaty of Vienna, and under the stress of the arbitrary territorial arrangement* which have subsisted during tint period, the integral unity of the Empire has been weakened rather than invigorated, and wai never, |>erhnpn, in a more precarious state than immediately before the breaking out of the late revolution. We are, therefore, willing to hope that the shock which Austria has experienced from the dethronement of the great statesman who was her virtual sovereign, from the uprooting of her traditionary policy, and from the overthrow of that administrative system, which, such as it was, held her empire together, will not prove too violent to preclude the |>ossihility of a s|ieedy recovery. We may yet see her reaping the benefit of salutary and necessary reforms, growing in strength and wealth, developing her Intent resources, and playing a more prominent ami uscfuljwrt 111 the affairs of Euro|ie than she has ever done before. (>11 the other hand, we inay see the representative of the line ofHapsburg lay aside the imperial diadem for the archduke's hat and plume, and descend from the throne his ancestors filled iu the great council-hall of kings, to take his place on a lower tier, among the crowd of minor potentates?the crowned aristocracy of Europe. We may see llimnary unrepresented till now, save liy a monarch who took rank by a foreign title and mixed in European |s>litics, not as her constitutional king, but as the head 1 of a mighty house and sovereign of an alien State, < rise to claim for herseIf a separate seat and an in- I dependent voice in the assembly. Hut we do not I think it for her interest to do so; and we venture to recommend her to sit still and content herselt with securing the substance ot constitutional govern- < meat, which it now iu her jxwer to do. 1 ? -? ???^ NMnaMHaMMii Ti p A Hriff Two C?dM. Denmark. A letter arrived in the? eify by a merrMrtil* home, dated Hremen, April II, nays: " U i? confideiiily expected that the <'\ibiiuj{ difficulties between I W'limnrk. <tud Schleswig will be amicably arranged, throui^h the mediation of England At the Mine time tlie board of trade at Copenhagen have given the aamirance that private property at ijea, cv?-n in riiae of war, would be respected M:iim>nrg was occupied by Danish troops."? Charleston Merruri/, May 3. Knak. * ' . * The Berlin papers ot tli<> tidi contain the following panyjraph;?" During the siepe of Santera, (he v Circassians made an umxpeetrd wily at night and' cut oH one third ot the Kusmau army, including three generals and 150 officers. Schatnyl fought S like a lion." |PoUnd. The DreiJuufr Zi'itunK contains alao new* from Warsaw tip to the 1st iust. The Ktuperor haamada numerous and important concessions to the Jewum inhabitants of the kingdom of Poland, hoping there* by to detach them from the national cause Switzerland. A decree was issued on April tt, by the president and executive council of tfie Federal Director*, whereby they prohibit in the cantons the formation of any armed or organized corps. By a circular they also convoke the Diet for April 13. Italy. We learn that the basis on which the federative organization of Italy is proposed to he constituted by the sovereign* who now co-operate with the King of Sardinia, when the present war shall be brought to a conclusion, is aslollows:? The peninsula will be divided into six great States?1, Naples ; 2, Sicily; 3, Pontifical States ; 4, tlm L itiirrlnin nt l?!fritriu Grand Duchy of Tuscany anil some of the smaller duchies : 5, the Lombard o-Venetian States; ti, Sardinia. Tm population of these States will be as follows:?Naples, 6,500,000; Sicily, 2,050,000 ; Pontifical States, 3,000,000; Ktruria, 3,380,000; Lotnbardo-Venetian, 4,800,000; Sardinia, 4,700,000. A line of fortresses will defend these States upon tile Alps, upon the l'lain, and on the Appenines. A Diet will be held at Rome, under the presidency of the Pope, for the solution of great federal questions, in which each of these States will be represented by the same number of deputies. An Anglo-Repuhllenn View off the Kuropean ? Revolutions. (From the London Telegraph. Aprilfl2.] The agitation that pervades Europe does not spring solely from a desire of political change. liet us not deceive ourselves. The cause lie? deeper. In Lngland as in France, in France as in Germany, in Germany as in every other country where political convulsion has aroused the masses, a sentiment hums in the popular mind, which seeks a change of government merely as a means to an end. It is folly in the bureaucrats, and in those who pretend to be the instructors and leaders of the |>eople, to imagine that a simple desire of innovation has led to the fjreat moral upheaving of which we are the daily witnesses. It is not from any hatred to monarchy, as monarchy, from any dislike of ubstract aristocracy, from any love of change for the suke of change, or from any destructiveness alleged to be natural to the peopls, that the political excitement ot our day has taken its form, and communicated its pressure upon us. The revolution of 1H-W u strictly ond eminently ti torial revolution. Let our public men be warned. It is no longer snfe for ihein to deny, to qualify, or to palter with this mighty fact. The people of Euro|?e, and an increasing number of the people of L'ngland, dislike monarchies and aristocracies, and support democracy, for the great reason, paramount with those who suffer, mat under these ancient governments of the few, the many have become degraded and miserable. They have been morally stigmatized as unfit to rule themselves. They have been physically de pressed. I hey have been weighed down, pressed : down, mink down. Tliey do not eat bread like their fathers. Although they may have no desirr to divide the rich man h Inxuries, tlu-y have a very strong, a very natural, and an hourly increasing desire to share with the rent of (tod's creatures the necessaries of existen?e. The bureaucracy, after having fixed burdens upon their b*rfe* front which nothing but revolution can release them, have driven them into a slough of despfind?to sink or not?to live or to die?as chance may determine. Hence the idea which pervades the mass- ' >;s in nil countries, that democracy may lift them from the mire, ana give them, in addition to the great right of thinking and speaking, the still more essential right of living and eating. The hungry belly is the most furious and invincible of democrats. Let not our government and aristocracy, and our well-fed members of the upper strata of the middle classes, forget in their pride of victory this weighty truth. The "political history of hunger" would form the key to all the revolutions of the world, past, present, and to come; and he who would write that great book us it ought to be written, would derive from the present uneasy and alarming state of Great Britain,some most pregnant illustrations of the danger of trifling with the stomachs of the people, and or fostering a system by which the wealth of a few individuals is greatly augmented, while the numbers and the poverty or the poor arc augmented in a still more rapid ratio. No doubt the problem to be solved is one of excessive difficulty: but, difficult, or the reverse, we must not wonder if those who suffer should be somewhat clamorous for a solution, even although our political, social, and moral knowledge may not enable us to discover it. The tory Morning Chronicle, in its impression of Monday, states that it " has a religion which teaches it that the end of man's being, and the completion of his happiness, are not to be looked for in this world ?a fact which may be quite true in the sense in which a comfortable man would have the people believe it; but which is not at all incompatible with the truth, thnt if one man be happy in this world, iu so far as food, clothes, and shelter can contribute to his happiness, two men can be happy?and if two, then two thousand ; if two thousand, two millions, if two millions, then all mankind. Perfect happiness no man aspires to; but Christianity is not a religion oftoryism and exclusiveness, but of peace, equalitv, liberty, and fraternity. It is a democratic faith. The Chnmirle may affect to believe that the men who are anxious to make thisearth somewhat more. similar to henvati than the wars of monarchs and the exclusiveness of aristocrats have made it, huvo 110 liojM- of any future heaven ; but it has yet to learn the fact, that the great social revolution of our time is essentially n religions and a Christian revolution. It will not do for the upholders of the present system to raise the cry of atheism against those who have more exalteu ideas than they have of the destiny of man in this world The cry is worn out; and those against whom if is directed will treat it, ..... ..,.,1. ...?l .......r,, v. ill. u..rr,,*f ,?wl nitu !'? /. Those who, with the Morning Chronirlf, consider that "their conceptions are fulfilled?their instincts satisfied, it earth is made a place where good men may win heaven "?must ojien their minds Home day or other to the truth that "good men" cannot be found in hungry inen who offer their willing hand* to work, and find none to employ or teed them. It if* the problem of our day to transform these men, who are unfortunately the mass ot the laboring clauses, into the good and well-fed men, who shall have the serenity of mind necessa- i ry to enable them to cultivate their moral nature and to lit themselves for heaven. This serenity never can exist in the minds of those who are mffering from hunger, and who see their wives and children pining for food in a world of plenty. My the system of rendering men miserable, we not only deprive them of the comparative heaven that this world might be made, it men loved each olber; but we brutalize the heart of millions, sink them into degradation and vice, and unlit them for that superlative heaven, which is not held out to us as the compensation for misery, bat as the reward of welldoing. Were heaven the cont|ieiisation for misery iintf starvation, what would become of crowned, and mitred, and coronctted heads! What would become of even this complacent and comfortable writer in the Chroni rltf Hut the doctrine so zealously inculcated to tench contentment to the |*>or and the humble, in order that the rich may have more than a fair share of the bl?--xiiisz-< of this world, will not in fu tun* receive such implicit credence from the masses of mankind, as has hitherto been given to it. The I new revolution will uproot it. Emphatically we assert hiiiI re-assert it. The revolution of 1H48 i* both a am nil a nil a religious movement. ( 'hristinuify will give it strength; and, though ill-advised men, like our physical force chartists, may bring discredit upon the cause, the universality of the impulse throughout Europe should warn our .statesmen no longer to im|>ecle ita final and peaceful triumph I>s their bmnarring coercion, or their equally blundering attempts at legislation on the i>ld system. It must and will succeed; for its foundations are laid in the universal heart of humanity. Man's intelligence and man's faith?his knowledge of earth and his hope ot heaven?alike impel the thinking and peaceful democracy of no Jem Europe to make trial of a new system, which cannot, by any jKibbihility, be worse than the oUi.