Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1848 Page 2
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a?WImmMMk* a, ^iji- linn) n ac romp-nlc 1 ly their wlor-bear< r*. a>ieml4od in) tvoat of the ostrn.ii' At nine o clock ilie .li-tributiun ci th; colors c.irnin urttl Kach colonel ascended til platform succes- . iv. iy. an! was ad.lr. sed. In a short speech. by one ??r ; the other of the laeiulvis of tlii- provisional govern- , uii'ut. a lit r i he colors wore )>reK'Utcil tj him. and he mado a short -pcech m reply. The coloneU ! aud other oScera ihen retired and placed tli> unelvea at tUa head of their rt/iuKu. As lUejr pa-.-ed the different ier-ou>. they were loudly cheered, null -tiluted with cncj Of 1'iKt la G-arii A'auoualt." " Vi. : la hi- ( The colonels of the infantry were saluted witil particular favor, uud the sliouln ot J'ire la ligne!" j from the National Guard wero loud aud enthusiastic. Ju-t before the distribution of the colors the cereuio- j ny ot the fraternisation of the artny, the National (iuards. and the Garde Mohih. took place. As far a* I could see where I was placed, the whole affair appeared to be merely that they drew up aud saluted each other with the u?ual patriotic cries. The tiling o!T of .he trtMipt- coiuineuccd soon after 11 o'clock, aud it | will Rive you an idea of the vast number of which the> l consist, when 1 tell you thai it lias been RoiiiR ou in- ! eessantly from that time till the present time, and that It is not expected to be oTor till past 8 o'clock tlii.- j evening Thin day lias turned out more favorable than was expected. lu the morning there was a (treat Je.il of i heavy raiu. but toward* eleven o'clock the weather i cleared up. aud wilh the exception of occasional show er*. the day has been a flue one. This evening Paris hi to be brilliantly illuminated. ANOTHER ACCorvr. The appearance of the Boulevards wan all day most extraordinary A little after seven in the morning, the various legions of the National Guards begau to j take up their positions, the companies stretching three deep across the whole breadth of the wide thorough- ! fare Some of these corps were In a far more forward ' state of equipment than the re?t. many showing little of the panoply of war beyond the inevitable musket. I not a single man being unprovided with that weapon. 1 In fact, a lar greater number of National Guard* appeared without uniform than with it. Aw the rain oainc down heavily in the morning, the men toon got wet to the skin, but ther bore the iuflictlon?one of the neverest of the minor ill* of life that a Parisian can bo subjected to?with the greatest patience and good humor In addition to the regular legions of the Na- I tional Guard, the Guard Mobile, and several regiments : of the line, also took up position on the Boulevards.? : Krom the Uastilc to the Madeleine, upward* of three mile*, the whole distance was occupied by these three kinds of troop*. Ax the regiments of the line passed to their places, they were loudly cheered by the National Guards, and returned the compliment each time.t hough certainly not no energetically The Gimrd .Mobile also received them with acclamations, which were not very warmly responded to. Indeed.it was very generally remarked that the regular troops appeared to look alightingly at this new formed body ; and that both in the morning, aud afterwards in the course of the day, when they passed each other, the regiments of the lino, though tolerably cordial toward* the National Guards, were cool, if not contemptuous towards the Guard Mobile. Undoubtedly the appearance of this young corps was not verv much calculated to find favor witli their more experienced brother* in arms. They could not 'claim i kindred there, and hart- their claim allowed." Slightmade weak-looking, youthful to such an extent that dome appeared mere children. they gave the idea at first I of being a mere parody ou soldiers: hut a more length- ! ened examination impressed the critical spectator with a more favorable opinion of their capabilities. There I was a certain air of careless self-reliance about them ? an appearance of readiness to be up and doing-devilmay-care demeanor in the whole body that at last 1 forced the Arm conviction on the mind that these young fellows. these gamins ile Pari*, would soon bec?ine excellent soldiers; what they in fact might at first want in thews and sinews, they would make up in determination and a desire to distinguish themselves. The soldiers of the line, however, in their matter-of-fact notions did not look beyond the surface, and seemed to troat them but lightly. It is to be remarked, also, that the Ouard Mobile wore still without their uniform, which certainly in no small measure took from the effect of their appearance as a body of troops. In addition to the immense mass of arnted men thus occupying the Boulevards, there were two other elements in thi*/e<f which must not be omitted?one. the I immense crowd of person s that thronged the foot pave- I meat. more than one-half of whom were women, and the other the vast number who tilled the windows.looking on what passed below. The scene beneath was certainly a most curious one. At tlrst. the National Guards kept their ranks well enough; they amused themselves with singing the Marsrllaiit. the Chant Je Oirondim or listening to the bauds of the several lesions playing martial airs; but when two or three hours Lad been thus employed.they naturally became anxious to get some refreshment, and accordingly, in some mealure, broke their ranks and commenced a pretty sharp attack on the wares of a number of vivandiiret. and other dealers in eatable and drinkable matters, who were in attendance The officers, on their side, and the mora respectable men. went off in turn to the cajis. which must have reaped a good profit from the day's work A great number of the poorer National Guards .?.v .V ^nvv, .cuvc.vur "llll II 1IU*U (>H-W?.- 1.1 bread stuck on tbeir bayonet, of which act of foresight they must have been glad enough after so many hours' standing in the open air The ranks were not. in fact, resumed in a military manner, until toward# one o'clock, when the men stationed near the Madeleine began to more off. to pass before the provisional government at the %irc tie Triompht But. up to that hour, the friends of the National Guards went without ceremony to speak to them in the rauks.and sometimes even women might be seen similarly employed. All was apparent confusion, but everything. in reality, went on with the most perfect good humor, aud oven politeness ANOTHER ACCOUNT. Alas ! for all human hopes and wishes, the morning that ushered in this great gala day. thcfrlr pur trctllence of the republic, was black, wet. and dreary, offering in this respect a sad contrast to the universal good fortune that attended the fftr days under the late government; for ho beautiful in general was the weather on such occasions, that a fine day became synonymous in Franco with Louis Philippe's weather The rain commenced pouring down early in the night, and continued almost without interruption till it late hour in the morning In the afternoon, however, it cleared up. with occasional glimpses of sunshine: tc*> late, however. to remedy the dirty state of the streets, which in some quarters were actually covered with liquid mud. but what can damp the passion of the Krcneh people for milirary spectacles, or their ardor for pleasure ! Karly as the fete commenced. ?n my going at about eight in the morning. I found every one who could boast a uniform or sport a gun proceeding to his post? the legious of the National Guard forming tlieir battalions along the whole course of the boulevard*. the Hue ile la Nation. (Rue Koyale that was.) Place de la Republic (Place Concorde.) and up the Champs Klysees. iuterspersed in various parts with detaehenients of troop? of the line, the Garde Mobile, lhe cavalry of the National Guard and of tin. ?rmv nn.l nih?< Kvcrywhere " wax the tread of araed men." wive whore you caw eager knot* of the lower order*, with their wives and families, wending tiieir way towards the Barriere de li.toile. the principal theatre of the ceremonies of the day 1 say lower orders, because, in the flr?t part of the day the general ule-ence of genteel and respectable persons in the streets was somewhat remarkable probably partly on account of the very unpropitious state of the weather, and partly because the greater num>>cr of them were under arms. And yet everywhere the greatest order and regularity prevailed?not an accident nor the slightest disorder did 1 hear of?and every one seemed actuated by the very best spirit. At the Uarriere de I'Ktoile great preparations had been made: in front of the arch a spacious platform had been erected, up to which rail a broad flight of steps, and on either band it was flanked by large tribunes. On this platform it was that the members of the goverwmcnt received tli various commanding officers. and presented to each his respective colors. The tribunes wore filled by officers and gentlemen, ami in one of tbeiu a military band was placed, which enlivened the bearers by occasionally discoursing sweet music. Dchind. and towering high above this platform was another tribune covered over, and placed immediately underneath the Arch of Triumph, this was specially reserved for ladies, who were thus fortunately sheltered from the ruin. Shortly after nine o'clock the members of the provisional government arrived in private carriages, and escorted by cavalry. A salute of twenty-one guns announced their arrival and the commencement of the fete. The whole of the members of the government were present. Dupout (de I'Kurc.) their Venerable president; Lamartine. with his noble countenance und gallant bearing. Ledru Kollin. a man of detcruiineiP aspect and energy; Louis lilanc. with his brilliant eye. . and the other notabilities. Shouts of" Virr la Idftubliqut fiif It Gourrmrmenl i'rori'ioirc," welcomed their coming, and the waving of handkerchiefs , ami raising of hats added spirit to the scene. In front of the platform a crowd of staff officers and the difTc. rent colonels and chtfn ilr hatoilon hsd assembled, haeh of those destined to receive a banner mounted the steps of the platform, and whs presented by some inemlK-rs of the g m rnment with the colors of his regiment. color* that he w.v to defend with his life, and guard as his honor After receiving thc?c. each in I turn retired and proceeded, attended by his orderlies' and escort, to join his regiment wherever tint might I be During the progr.-' "I thi* ceremony minute gun* were eoDitnntly fire.! Ac you locked down tina venue of the Chain;* Kly?oe? from the Barriero do 1'Ktoile to tbe garden ofthc Tullerle*. the wh ile wa? one ma?* of bayonet*; and not only ther? but the boulevard", the quay*?'.here wi-ri mile* of bay,,netthat day in Pari*; and had the day been but flue, how ( lurQ:?; a *igbt w mid it not have been An it wa?. the upeetacle wa* more grand, more lmpo*ing tliau beautiful. When the color* bad been presented. tbe different j column* Ih kuii to move up. tlieir drum* beating ami band* playing and notwithstanding the dri/xling rain { that fell. Mie nii-n aung *toutly the varioua republican air* A* eaeb rami' tip they saluted the government a* they pa**ed an.I filing round the A:c de'friouiphe. returned cither by the Kaubourg St llonore or Chaiiip* Kljraee*. pro. ling by the Boulevard* throughout the town Artillery. eavalery. National Ouard*. troop* of the line, (turdis Mohilr\. tSjilir Urpilblicttint (u b >dv corre*ponding with the late Municipal (Juard* ) m are In-1 up eolunin after column. lugiou after legion till really il b?c*mr perfectly bewildering to look upon them Haviug long ag . forgotten the beginning of the proee*?ion you found it iuipo??ible to eouceive where It wa* to end and to an Kngli*hmen. nothing e->uld be more utterly a*t>ni*hltig than to witiic.-.? hundred* of thousand* ofarnird men turn out a* they did to-day (and that on a wet d:ij ) nil for the love of the thing I am confident I nin not exaggerating when I -ay that there wer.- nearly :i00 o mi m. n out to Uy for though it i* now u<4 far from five f M and th*- dwflling e inuBenerd about eleven \ d tb re ix. ?t? yet no proa peel to a term i oat Ion of their inarching by on the Boulevard*. The Pari* Mmitrnr of the 20th ult. puMlahe* the following proclamation, from which it will be aeen that the provisional government ha* thought it ueec-?*ry to warn the eluMat* ngain*t the danger of going too ftir In aeditlon ortreaaon ? r?<?CL*M?TIO* < It.ien The republic live* by publicity and dmj a Tha ciub* are for th? republic a nece??ity. L i. for the citlirns a right. Thug the prTiisirinal kori rn- f ni at congratulates itself on BtkdinfTb thi*TOftrcut I qiurtera 01 the iuctropol:i the c.tizeut a?<euib!ing 1.. | consult anions themselves ou the necewity of giving ! tn the republic an energetic. vigoruus. aud plentiful ! impulse The provision-it nOTernuiont protects the I clubs But iu order that their liberty, iu order that j the revolution be not stopped iu its glorious march. let : U;- guard, citiscu*. agauut all thai can keep uii scriouo 1 and permanent inquietude iu the public ui.uJ . let u.> remember that those inquietudes serve as in aliment I for cuuutcr-revoluiiouary column*, aud an an aid to ( the spirit of reaction. Let un. then, consider mcssurcF which, in protecting public security, will cut short these dangerous rumors, these caluuiuiou* alarms, it j free dhtcusclon Is a duty and a right, armed discussion is I a danger. It may become an oppression. If the li- J berty of the club* be one of the most inviolable conquests of the revolution, which the clubs will deliberate 1 in arms may compromise liberty itself.create the struggle of passions, and produce civil war itself. "t'itlaeus?The provisional government, faithful to its principles, desires security in the independence of its principles, it has already taken the proper measures to protect that security. It cannot choose that anus should be mixed with the deliberations. Our republic is uuiou and fraternity, and these sentiments exclude all idea of violence. The best safeguard of libertv if liberty. "(The members of the provisional government.)'' The papers contain uo news, aud. with the exception of the following curious extract, from a new paper. called the Jlurmblvr Rationale, and which lias the credit of beiug the organ of the re-actionary party, we timi ixitliiiiir in thit iniirti jIu urnrtli n?t runti u t# ?? "P V?..W, ?...n . Our readers will tlnd it difficult to believe that a Cumile dr Salut Public ran possibly exist at Haris: anil yet we ran certify that the following fact* are of the most rigorous exactitude. The journal La Communr dt Parii is installed at No. 10 Hue tie llivoli. in a vast edifice. which belonged to the civil lint of the Duchess d'Orleuns. On Suuday. whilst disquietude reigned in 1'aris. and whilst the National Guard paraded the city iu every direction, some men. of suspicious appearance, addressed exciting observations to the group*, and seemed anxious to plunge into a quarrel A respectable old man, who made some conciliating observations, was suddenly brutally seized bysome strange-looking men. in blue blouses, with a large floating sash of red cloth, and a cravat of the same OataT, ami dragged to No 10 llue ile ltivoli. A curious spectator followed the corligr. He witnessed all that we are about to relate, and his character and position, with the consideration he enjoys, do uot permit us to doubt his word. Oil arriving, he saw iu the iuterior of the hotel a garrison, with the same aspect, the same costume. Armed men. the musket iu the hand, were placed as sentinels at the gate of the hotel, in the court-yards, on the staircases, at the entry of the apartments. After passing an entresol guarded bv sentinels. our informant followed the old man and his carItgf, passed through a vestibule, and through some small saloons, crowded by armed men. and arrived iu an inimeuse saloon, spleudidly furnished. lie there saw u person of middle height, of about forty years of age. with a heard, of a brief and haughty manner of speaking, of a sombre and bilious physiognomy, who. unexpectedly surprised ill the midst of orders which he was giving to those arouud him. violently questioned the chief at the head of the rorlegt. This man replied: * Citixen Sobrier. I bring before you a tin perl. I believed it right to cause him to be arrested by your Monlagnards. because he appeared to me to be a reactionary Propagandist." - Give explanations thin iuHtant !' aaul (utile a So brier, in a theatrical tone. A person who, like our curious informant, had followed the cortege. stepped forward and explained the facts. Be brie!'.' cried citizen Sobrier energetically. The witness, agitated by the strange spectacle which surrounded him. hesitated and stammered. ' Well, begin!' cried the judge passionately. A public accuser endeavored to explain the motive of the arrest. The witness made a few simple observations in favor of the accused. The accused, in his turn, culmly protested, and declared that he had only employed words of conciliation. He then asked before what authority he had the honor to appear. Before the citizen chief of the Commune dr Paris.' answered Sobrier. The old man and the witness who deposed in his favor were then called on to give their names and addresses, nnd. after some protests of the accused. Sobrier exclaimed: Allons ! For this time be off with you. and do not begin the same work again.' Whilst this was passing in the large saloon. the windows of which open on the balcony of the Rue de Hivoli. strange scenes were occurring in the other rooms. For example, a voice cried from an adjoining room, to the armed men in the antc-cliambers, Montaguard ?one. two three?let them pass ! Moutagnard. an order to be executed.' Ifcc. As soon as the accuscd. having obtained a permission to pass, was set at liberty, our iuformaut. who was also obliged to demand a pass, heard the observation. We have frightened him terribly.1 Now we ask what is the authority of the citizen Sobrier? By whom is he delegated? What is this garrison of 30u men. in blue blouses and red sashes, whom lie calls his Montagnards. who protect all the approaches to the journal La Commune de Paris! In what times do we live?'" Appointment* by the French Government. [From the London Times. April 17.J Tlie Minister for Foreign Affairs has signed the following consular appointments :?M. Leon Favre. Consul-General at New York : M. Buquet. ditto at Amsterdam ; M. Castelnau. ditto at Havana; M. I'atorni. Charge de Affaires and Consul-General at Guatemala: M. Marcescheau. Consul-General and Charge de Affaires at Tunis; M. Lamieussens. Consul at Port Louis. Liombardy. The report of the capturo of Peschiera by the troops of Charles Albert turus out to have beeu unfounded. Charles Albert made a brisk attack upon the fortress, and was. it would uppcar from his own account, compelled to retreat by the Austrians. The following is the official report by Charles Albert, of his unsuccessful attack on Peschiera :? lli .iniii iHTrts. at Poziolongo. ' His Majesty, a< general and chief of his army, wishing to drive tho Austrian* completely from the right bank of the Mincio. ordered to-day an attack ou Peechiern The report that this garrison was composed partly >f Italians, and that the remainder was completely demoralized. induced him to attempt an attack with the Held artillery only, sustained by the brigade of General Bes. After having got together eight obuviers. six pieces of battering cannon, and six pieces of tleld artillery. our orave aruuery commenced witu four batteries. covered with the trencher constructed the evening before, to attack the advanced works of the enemy on the right bank of the Mincio. The different companies of volunteers attacked them- worlw in flank. as well as those placed on the left hank of the river. The angles dismantled, announced that our infantry could advance to the attack of the fortifications, and his Majesty appeared disposed to second the order of our troops, but. foreseeing that, even in case of success, these works, commanded by the enemy's artillery on the permanent fortifications of the citadel of Peschiera. would have cost too much of our soldiers' blood, which would have been shed without a definite result, his Majesty resolved to renounce this attack: and after having, fur form sake, summoned the place to surrender, he ordered to resume his first position to consult on more important affairs. His Majesty has been extremely satisfied with the courage and skill of hi* artillery, the enthusiasm of his volunteers, and the order of his troop*. ' His Majesty, always foremost in danger, remained several hours exposed to the fire of the enemy, with his sons and a numerous staff." The Opinione of Turin, of the 14tli. gives further particulars of the capture of the powder magazines of Peschiera. The Milanese did not succeed in carrying off the gunpowder, for a large body of troops being sent from the fortress, they had only time to throw a part into the water and to blow up the rest. They had lo retire afterwards, and barricaded themselves in Casteluuovo. which they defended for a long time. They then cut their way through the enemy, regained tinsteamer. passed the night at Assisa. and returned to Desenzauo the next day. Official information from Venice, of the 14th. confirms a report that a body of volunteers, attacked by a more numerous force of Austrlaus. had been obliged to retreat to Vicenia, where a large body of "crusaders" had arrived. The town is barricaded and well defended. as a precaution against attack .Advices from I dine, of the 8th. unnouncc that the Austrians who were on the 1 sonso. and ocrupyiug the line of (ioritsr.. had been ordered to march immediately upon Trieste, which was menaced by the troops stationed In Istria and Daluiatia. who had all declared in favor of the Italians. The 1'atria, of Florence, of the loth says: -The Austrians retired within the line of the Mincio. have regained courage, and tight with fury It is of no use to deceive ourselves: the war will lie long and bloody It In war to I In- ileal n ? a war or Spaniards ugaiust tinMoor*?<>f Greek* against Turk*. The /'atria contain* a letter from Kerrara. dated the 11 tli. e hlcli says the affair uuder Mantua ?k? favorable to the Pledmontesc. and that the Austria us lo*t 8.<K>0 killed, woundod and prisoner*. Letter* from Home of the 11th. say that M Corbelli had left Rome for the head quarters of the combined army, with a view of establishing more *trontrly the league between the Italian sovereign*. Bavaria. Mi'nk h. Arnil. li? King Louis had resolved, a- I* well known, to proceed, in the first Instance. to switzeriand. and afterward* to A*cbafTenburg. II wa* stated that it wa* the Royal intention to fetch the Counted* of Landxfeld and to take her to Aschaflenburg.? When thin wa* found to be the ease, several of the chief officer* in the service of King Louis declared their would sooner take their leave than accompany their Royal master on Mich an errand. The travelling carriage* were all packed?nay, some of them had even started. and relays had been ordered on the road.? King .Maximilian now spoke decidedly to hi* royal father. and at this juncture succeeded In producing a decisive lmpre**ion. King Louis will not go to Switxcrland ; fur although guaranties would be given for hi* return., under certain circumstance* it would be very problematical IVnplra. The greatest enthusiasm prevail* in the cause of the liberation of Italy, and numtars of volunteer* are daily enrolling themselves to proceed on the holy ctDsadc against the Austrian* In Lomhardy General I'epe i* to connuund them. Anitrla. It wa* reported in Vienna on Sunday evening that a courier had arrived from the neat of war in Italy, with intelligence of an important victory *aid to have been gained by Radctzkv, Great apprehensions were entertained in Vienna, in consequence of a meeting of operative* which wa* to have lieen held on Sunday last The news of the ridlrttlou* failure of the < hartist attempt in London arrived in Vienna on Saturday, and so inspirated the burgher* composing the national guard that they turned out in such force a* to render any attempt hopeless on the part of the operatives to create an rmnift. The basis of the new Austrian constitution ha* just been published. It Is as follows : ? All the provinces are constituted Into one body, with the exception of Hungary. Crotia. Sclavonla. Sic lienliertren. and. for the present, the Italian province* The division of the empire shall remain a* it exist* at present The person of the Kmperor is sacred and inviolable The t^nperor has full power over the laud and sea forces, and the right of making war or peace I Treaties of every description with foreign power* can orilv Im ?aJe with the taootioti of1 th? two houtM of Pait.-imrnt The attribute 6f nwrcy anl thr-rigfcf of heitowin# r< ward* belong to the Kuiperor but mercy ens not be extended to the ministers without the sunctinn of lhe I'arliameut. 'I'lie law* are to lie administered publicly in open court* by verbal pleading', aud trial to be by jury. The judges will bcappointod for life. All project* of law* are to bi' proposed a* well as sanctioned by the Emperor. The Emperor will assemble the Parliament annually, aud he must call them together at stated intervals. He hus the right to prorogue aud dissolve tUoui. Freedom of religion, -peoch. the press, petition, and public meeting. is granted to every citizen. .subject to future law*. Entire liberty of conscience aud religion. The free exercise of religious worship iii accorded to all Christians and Jews.? All citizens are enual in lh<t eve of the law mid everv citizen shall be tried by hi* peers. The responsibility of the Minister* will be regulated by the Diet. The legislative power is In the hands of the Kmperor and the Diet Two houiteM of Parliament are to be constituted. The qualifications for Members ?f the Upper House are birth and large landed property ; and they are to be nominated by the Emperor. Members of the lower house are to lie chosen from all classes, in order that every Interest may be represented. The two Houses have the power to project laws and receive petitions. All laws require the sanction of both houses, particularly those relating to the expenditure, taxation, finance, auil the sales of public property. A law will be framed for the organization of the national guard. The law of election is only provisorial. and will he settled by the first Parliament.? Amendments of the constitution can only be proposed by the Diet.'' The Austrian government ha4 ordered the Jesuits to quit Lint*. This step has given considerable satisfaction even to the Kotuan Catholic population. Important from Vienna. Vifnna. April 16. half-past 7. I am just informed that a courier from Italy is arrived at the palace, accompanied by an officer from the army, bringing news of a battle gained by Radetzky. from intelligence worthy of credit, which I have just received. I am apprehensive of a serious demonstration either to-uight or to-morrow. I am informed that orders have been given to pack up In the palace, and that the imperial family Is determined to retire from Vienna rather than shed blood. Vir.*?<a. Sunday. April 10. The mon.ster meeting of operatives promised for today has not taken place. In various parts of the city the National Uuard has been under arms during the day. and every precaution has been taken to preserve the public peace, which has not been disturbed. The new s of the ridiculous termination of the chartist meetin;; in London was received to-day. and has already had some effect in inspiring confidence in the respectable portion of the people. It is very important in the pre ,-ent state of public feeling, and will. I hope, produce rcry beneficial results. An address to the Burgher* from the " Juridische Politische-seroiu" has beeu pouted to-day on the walls; it is interesting as emanating from a club which took a very leading part in the revolution; It tells the burghers. You have been invited to-day to meet in masses. What do you want ? Who are the men who have called you together ? They would inflame your passions ami mislead you. Fellow-countrymen, the constitution is prepared, and will be published in a few days. The freedom of the press is granted. A numerous National Guard watches over your liberties ; your representatives are watchiug them in the German Parliament. An Austrian Parliament will soon assemble, to which all your wants and wishes can be referred. In that Parliament the Imperial pledges must be carried out by the Ministers. What more do you require ? What is to be gained by meeting in thousands ' It is your duty to see that order be preserved. Remember that disorder has ever been the grave of freedom; by it you may lose all and gain nothing. Countrymen .' we are on the good road of progress. Liberty and order for ever ! Auitria expects that every man will do his duty.' " Another address invites the people to beware of the " foreigners" who are inciting them to evil deeds. Hungary. Tho Colognr Gazette of the lt?th says :?'-Au engagement between Hungary and Russia, on and respecting the duchics of the Danube, is considered inevitable.? The independent Hungarian government seems resolved upon the speedy armament of the people, aud extensive warlike preparations. 300.000 fire arms have already been ordered at Vienna." Sweden. Stockholm. April 11.?All the Ministers who held portfolios at the commencement of tho Diet have resigned. and have been replaced as follows :? Count Gustav Spurre. Minister of Justice. Barou Gustav Niels Stjerneld, Minister of Foreign Affairs ; C. L. Von Hohenhausen. Minister of War : J. T. Klireustaui. Minister of Marine ; Anders Fetters Snndstromer, Minister of Finance ; Paul Uenberg. Minister of HelMon ; Niels Frederick Wallenstern. Councillor of State without portfolio : Ephraim Ountlier, Councillor of State, without the portfolio. The third post of importance in the Cabinet, which is still vacant, is said to be destined for Count Platen or Baron Tersmeden. All the ministers who havo resigned. have entered upon high official posts. Of the uew ministers we can only say that they are by no means men of tried political principles. It is said that an army of observation is to be placed at Schoncn. Denmark and llolsteln. The accounts received from the Continent tend to complicate the uufortunate events which havo occurred in Holstcin and Schleswig. with regard to the misunderstanding at present existing between the*e duchies and their sovereign, the King of Denmark, as well as to threaten the peace of Kurope. The whole of the Qerman confederation is compromised by the injudicious first act of the King of Prussia, and are called upon to take up arms against Denmark. On "the side of Denmark no actual collision has yet taken place, except between the Danish troops and the insurgent Schleswig-Holsteiners. The Danes landed under cover of their ships-of-war. and after a sharp struggle?for the blood of both nations is thoroughly roused?succeeded in routing their opponents, and making themselves masters of the duchy On the 10th ultimo, a tierce fc?>tl? <11 fought near Flonsburg. in which the Danes, having a decided superiority in numbers, a* well as in their cavalry and artillery, the Schleswig-Holstein army was defeated, and compelled to retreat towards Rendsburg. The Holsteiners. 10.000 strong, retired on ilau from Flensburg. dislodged by the preparations for a bombardment from the harbor, which was full of Dauish gun-boats. But the Danes come on in superior numbers, and drove all before them, despite a stubborn resistance. Two Oerinon regiments were almost annihilated, and the killed on each side were more than "JOOO; 750 insurgents were taken prisoners. After their victory, the Daues pushed southwards, and entered Schleswig at two in the morning of the 11th. The Danish troops in Schleswig are now 20,000.? The Prussians remain oil tlio Holstein frontier, in (-mixing their numbers. The force now amounts to HiRX) infantry, to which will be added Home cavalry, no that altogether this contingent forcc. when concentrated in Holstcin. will amount to about 10.000 men of all arms. Correspondence from Rondsburg of the 14th ultimo mentions a report that a skirmish had taken place at Windebye. and that forty Danes had been made prisoners. The Danes had moved the greater part of the troops which they hud concentrated at Schleswig. amounting in all to K000 men. to Danuevirke. at a distance of half a German mile from Schleswig. on the Kendsburg side. On the 13tli ult.. the King of i)enmark. escorted by two squadrons of dragoons anil one of cuirassier*, arrived at Schleswig from Klensburg. and passed his troops iu review; but returned to Klensburg in the afternoon. The Danish troops are said to lie commanded by (Jen Von Hcdcmun. A flag of truce, sent to the Danish quarters by the Prussian colonel Bonin.is stated to have brought a reply that the Prussian troops might act as they please in the territory of HoUtcin. but that if they entered Schleswig. the King of Denmark would declare war. The Schleswig Ilolnteiuers are stated to be i[Uartcred atHchestedt. and the Prussian at Sorgbruck. a place oil the Schleswig side of the Eider, on the high road from Kendsburg to the town of Schleswig. \ detachment of the Hamburg volunteers met another detachment of the same corps near Kckinforde. during the night of the 12th ult.. and iu their confusion they tired on each other, killed one man. aud wounded five or six other*. Several b.ittalions of Hanoverians. Brutiswickcr*. and Oldenburgers have entered Holsteln and untile Prussian reinforcements have also passed through Hamburg, on their way to Hendsburg A Danish sloop of war appeared off Swiucmundc. on the 12th ult., but has hitherto committed no hostilities. although tile alarm caused by her arrival has Induced the authorities to remove the buoys from the chuuuel. and to close the harbor with a chain. RniMla. The Cologne da:tilt . of the 13th or April, quotes a letter from the Brcslau 9aztilt. by a traveller, in which

he says "that the account* of the movement of the troops are uncertain and contradictory. The Russian government is adopting every possible measure of defence. and with every forb-arance. The military reinforcement demanded by Prince Pasklrwitsch has arrived. and set olf for the frontiers. 100.000 are to follow. If necessity should require it. Warsaw is perambulated by patrols, but it presents more of the life of a carnival than of a scene of war. Everywhere strains of lively music resound, because the Poles expect their deliverance by Germany, and h?pe to secure It. by re maining quiet to the end." The y.ritunt Hallr gives the following account froui Marjrgr?bow?on. tlie cast frontier, of the ;id of April:? Tin* deputy ?f the Laudrath has just Kent won! to the chief resident of PtumIii. Hint 300 piece* of Russian cannou have ju*t arrived at Itaygrod. a small Polish town on the main road from St Peter*burg to \Var*aw, close to the Kussiau frontier.*, mil which will probably pas" along that causeway to Warsaw, while the troops will advance further into the country, a* It I* evident *ueh a train of artillery ifust precede a very considerable body of men " The Hrrmrn Zritung. in n letter from llertin. of the loth April, eonflrm* thin intelligence. ' We learn from the kingdom of Poland that the elltire army assembled in Lithuania ban advanced and taken up it* quartern on the Prussian frontier*. Three hundred piece* of Russian artillery ar* raid to be at Warsaw A Craeow journal, of the loth of April. say* that the total number of troops now in Poland amount' to SO 000 men. which arc to1 he augmented to 900.000.? Other journal* contradict theft* report* ffpnlti. Account* from Madrid, of the 12th instant. state that tranquility continued to prevail in the capital, but numerous arre*t* were boiug daily made Mr llulwer was *o shocked at thr arbitrary conduct put sued by General Narvae*. with respect to the Progrcssista party.that he thought It necessary to send in a friendly remonstrance. which has been very ungraciously received, and hngland I* honored with several columns of abuse in the Modcrado papers. Kvery da* adds to the violence of Narvaec. Person* of all ranks and stations are dally sent out of Madrid on absurd suspicion* of conspiracy, and banished without trial, ami frequently even without any cause Wing given. The mere reputation of l<eing a Progrcssista at lo nrt is punished with deportation Such scenes cannot last long The Spaniards have shown great patience, hut human endurance has it* limits Narvae* ha* established a reign of terror n Madrid of m atrociou* a character a* that establish i -J!' m Ie4%y Robcupiorre daring the first revolution. Partly* :>ro* un^Vted without tcg.irJ to aje. ci.i*i. ; #'circuj* t a n c o 3. and iod^ud In the crimibal jail, win.ro they arc forced to ua*ociate vritii thieve* and murderer* and , are driven off. tied together in row*. to place* on the J sea coast. from whence they are transported either to : Africa or the I'iiillipine Island.; The Duke and Duchess of Montpcu.iier had reuio! red from Vista Ylcgre to the Queen'. r'ulace by the ad; rice of the medical attendant* of the Duchest Xhu gr.tud review which had been auuouuced ir ' postponed tini dir. The (iactta publishes a decree authorising the Bank ' of St. Fernando to purchase all the silver produce of the Spa mnii mine*. It i? said that the Duke Moutpcnsiur had advised the adoption of a more liberal system of government, which advice had so iritated Narv&ez aud Christina that the Duke has boeu exiled to Seville for hi* pains. We have received the Madrid papers of the 15th of I April. The Clamor Publico says that mi extraordinary courier reached Madrid on the previous day, with des' patches from the French provisionary government, demanding the immediate departure of the Duke of Montpenaier from the Spanish territories. It await*, it says, either coutlrmatiou or denial of the report from the Ministerial journals. The English Minister ha*, it it) *aid, transmitted to the government a second note, explicative of the first, of which the substance was given in the lettor of our Madrid correspondent a few days ago. The Hytildo announce* that the official recognition of Queen Isabella by the Court of Bavaria will be immediately published. There were some rumors of an expected rmtutr on the 1 lith. but no one irave credit to it. and it vru iri?n?. rnlly supposed to bo intended by Narvaez us an excuse for further arrest* General Manuel Coucha had set out for Yalladolid. where he is appainted captain-general. The notes of the Bauk of Sau Fernando were discounted on the morning of the 14th, at a loss of per cent. At two o'clock.tho depreciation was jttiil greater. It is asserted, that, in'order to coyer the expense* of the month of .March, the bauk has keen forced to advance the two first instalments for the month of April, and that besides this the Minister of War demands 4i millions for the outlays of the present month. All this, it is thought, will probably have the effect of ruining the bank. Commercial men were in a state of great alarm at Madrid. Bank notes had in several instances been refused as payment in the markets. India and China# We have received intelligence from Calcutta to the 7th. and Bombay to the lbth of March. The papers are almost wholly devoid of political intelligence. India l? tranquil throughout, and the Punjaub is. If possible. more peaceful than the Company'* dominions.? Scinde has all at once become transformed flrom our most sickly to one of our healthiest States. Seventeen thousand troops continue to garrison the frontier of the Indus. The Governor of Bombay returned to the Presidency from his tour of inspection on the 3d of March, and was about to leave on the 19th for the Mahabubohwur hilts. He will return about the end of April to receive his successor. Lord Falkland, and retire from India for good in the beginning of May. The commercial intelligence begins to improve, and though money is scarce, confidence deficient, and transactions few. the worst it considered past. Our Bombay advices state that bank stocks continued low, and prices hud further declined. Government securities had slightly advunced. Owing to the scarcity of money an advance had taken place, and bank paper at six months' sight had been negotiated at Is 10^d to Is 10sad: while for private bills with shipping documents Is lid to Is 11>4 may be considered the rate. On Calcutta. Bank of Beugal Post Bills had been negotiated at par. 1 in (juuimiuun HI OU uajn HI^UI unuii paper m vy'4 rs. Ou China for 00 days wight 200 rs per 100 dollars. The market for cotton pieoe goods was steady, and fair prices were being paid. In bleached goods, too, a fair inquiry exist* for shirting and jaconets of low quality, and an advance on previous rates for the former, of from 2 to 4 annas per piece, ha* been established.? There was some advance In freights, and the last rates quoted were ?5 to Liverpool, and X'4 15s to London : and China 10 rs per caudy. at which rate engagement.'* were being made. Letters srom Calcutta inform us that ' the money market continues in much the same state as we wrote last; the terms on which loans are transacted are a shade more favorable, but the security taken continues to be of the most trangible character, and of a value leaving large margin for errors of appraisement. In exports there has been a fair demand for staples, to be sent home as remittances instead of speculations?especially saltpetre. Sugar and indigo are less inquired after now; rice iu much the same state, and silk too highly priced to permit extensive operation. The import market is improving, ootton piece goods finding freer veut. and twist rising iu demand. Freights arc looking up. There are reports of some speculations in tonnage with au eye to a China war. and a belief that government would be obliged to engage transports.'' More Mercantile failures. Adams. H.. k Co.. merchants Mauritius. Braasch. ?..& Co Hamburgh. Oalvaux. W.. banker Mons. Elliott. W., fc Co.. merchants (Lloyd's agents) Hamburgh. Ewald k Co.. commission merchants Hamburgh. Harburg. Elias. banker Hamburgh. Heine. Jos., k Sons Hamburgh. Heme k Long, stockjobbers Hamburgh. Heuss k Co.. merchants Hamburgh. Iselin. Win., merchant Havre. Lausne Brothers k Co., dealer in manufactured goods Hamburgh. Lavison. Novaek. & Co.. merchants Marseilles. Riley k Keus.-ner. bankers Magdeburg. Sampson. Brothers k Co Hamburgh. Scager. W. F.. banker Frankfort. Sidey. . general merchant Perth. Sigrist. Jacob, merchant and banker Amsterdam Tondeur. contractor Mons. Warburg. Elias Hamburgh. Market*. London Monky Market, April 21?Business has become rather active in the London warehouses. Lon don is. inileed. extremely full, owing to the influx of English and foreign refugees from France; and the shopkeepers nre enjoying the benefit of their presence. There in no change in the rate of discount by the Bank of England. but first dims bills are discounted by private banks at per cent. Money continues abundant. hut foreign paper is totally unnegotiable at any rate of interest. In foreign exchange there may bo noted a slight improvement on Pari*, so far as the rates at short, for three mouths paper, was still not negotiable. On other chief customary places, no business done. The amnunt of notes of the Bank of England in actual circulation in the week ending Saturday. April 8. including seven days and other bills, was ? 19.248.501. an increase during the week of ?600.034; the amount of gold and silver coin and bullion in the hands of the bank. ?14.00-2.413. a decrease of ?008.435. Consols in London, on Thursday, closed at 82l? to?,', lower for money; Bank Stock. 187 to 189; Reduced Three per Cents. 80?, to ??; Three and a Quarter |>?r Cents. S1 )i to 8*2: India Stock. '227 to 229; India Bond*. 18s. to 21s. premium; and Exchequer bills 41a. to 44s. premium. Bamk of Enclamd. An Account, pursuant to tho Act 7th and 8th Vict., cap. 32. for the week ending Saturday, the 15th day of April. 1848. IMt'F. IiKPARTMEST. Note* issued ?27.165,470 Ooverament Debt.. .?11,015,100 Other Securities.... 2,'Jti4,900 Gold Coin and Bullion 11.231,101 Silver Bullion 1.931,*? ?27,165,170 $27,105,47" BANKINO DEfAHTMK>T. Proprietor*' C'n|iiUil.?14.553,l*W (loteminent SeenKest. 3,400,552 ritie* (including Public Deposits (in- Daad \\eight Au>hiding Exilic- nuity) ?l2.733,t>30 ouer. Saving* <UlierSocuriti**. . . , 12,I49,SX< I la uk h. Coiunii*- Note*. 8,968,930 doner* of Natioual C?W and Silver IKjlit, and Divl- Coin 30H,7M lend Account*).3(121,901 Other l>e|Hi*lu 11,960,902 Seven I my ami ijuht llill l.OM.TO ?M,051,177 i..'M,(Vil,l77 I.imhpool Cor.i Kxch.isuk, April JO.?So nhort an interval having elapiwd between our flmt and fucond market* thin week, the present being held a day out of course on account of to-uiorrow being Good Friday. | we have few remark* to offer, cither on the extent of I the arrival* or the *t*to of buslnc**. in the IntermcditkU) period; mipported by the iiteady tone of other leadiii|( market* of the couutry. the general rate* of our la*t. upon a moderate amount of trnn*artion*. appear to have Wen firmly main tallied. Influenced by a very slender attendance of buyer*, and entire absence of extuu*ivo operation* in any article at our Corn Kxchunge thi* morning, we liavo to report a very dull, lintlen* trade, in nil it* Waring*; generally speaking, however, there wa* no deposition. in any ln*tance, on the part of holder* to *ubmft to lower term*, but In anticipation of a revived demand next week, a firm adherence throughout to the full rate* of Tue*day, which may in all ro*|H!Ct* b? repeated to-day The transaction* in wheat and flour were merely ro*trlcted to retail parcel*; fhe latter, notwithstanding, inclined slightly upward*, owing to the reDinlnln^ xtorkof both Irish aud American being light, and the latter of prime <|iiality becoming literally *rarce. Indian corn and corn meal, being "till the nio*t attractive article* of the trade, a few further parcel* were piirclia*ed again today. the extreme ratvs of Tue*ilay la*t freely paid, and iu *ome Instance* rather higher price* required. Livrnrooi. Cotto* M*nx?:t. April 20.?Till* week of five day* ha* been pa**eil without bringing about any material change in our cotton market. Advice* from America have arrived. *howing the receipt* at New Orlean*to lie largely on the Increase, and we *hall there fore pfohamy nave a nnerai import from tnat quarter for dome time to come. These increased receipts. however. h?ve not brought about any change In the estimates of the o rrop. whirh in still reckoned to l>e alKiut 2 200 000 hale*. At home, iintl in the manufacturing districts. we are not worse, perhaps rather the contrary, the low price of provision*, and the season of the year, having something to <lo with thin more satisfied feeling in the country. An to the iirice of cotton, it I* for the most part an before. Fair, (food fair, and good Orleans, and Mobile* also, are rather higher, being In demand for export, and are already becoming comparatively a scarce article, while the middling and low qualities are easier to purchase. Egyptian and long staple descriptions geuerally are heavy, and in some instances pressed on the market, and the i large public sale of Sea Islands, upwards of .1000 bags, 1 advertised for this day. will probably also force that kind to a low figure. We have only to repeat, as Imfore. that the relief to this market must come from a better state of things In the manufacturing districts. Without something of this kind, low as our prices now are. we must still drag on in the nunc dull and inactive manner. MHi American have been taken on speculation. 4ftft0 American. 'JO Surat. and MtO I'ernam for export. Sales for the week 24.450 bales.? Geo. llolt 4' Co. [Circular of Messrs. [taring. Ilrothers k Co.] Lo<*no<<i. April 20?We confirm our advices or 14th Inst., to which we have little to add. Political matters in Franco and on tba continent romaln stIU In a moat unsettled state, and no on* ventures to prwUet i -jP- - - - - . p#e*y solution of tb? 4Wcultio? We har? had, jmv* h.ipv* sUgliif Jirmerrfone ia the product1 market*. m the home trade in n few In'tanm have bectl freer buyer*, but It ha* not exti nded to the manufacturing districts. where most product* are unprofitable, uud numbers of operative* unemployed. No later advice* from India or China. Cochineal?Sales confined to 70 baits Hond silver 4- a 4s od. bciug again about 2d lower. Cocoa and coffer remain neglected. No improvement iu our corn market; ludiau com a 24*; corn meal lis a lis Bd per bbl. Indigo?Nothing doing. Kor the salos to commence 9th May about 7000 chests declared, und iu Holland the Trading Company have advrrllsed 8.21.J chests for auction 22d and 20th May. llatber more doing iu Scotch pig iron, at 41s per ton. Linseed cakes about 10s lower; i.'l' 5m for best thin New Vork. Oil?Southern ?20 a ?'24. Linseed declined to 23s per cwt. Saltpetre?1.344 bags Beugal at auctiou to day Spices?1.000 bales Ceylon cinnamon rt ill be brought forward 20th Inst. Pimento has droit pud M , 1?>0 bags Kelliug yusterduy from 2.S,'d a 3*?d ; Sugar?Home use firmer. For export to St. Petersburg. about 1000 boxes "Floretes" Haruna Hold at 22s ad. That market Iius again improved, and sale* of white Havana at Ho. Tallow dull. Hough turpentine veiling at 7*. without tluding buyer.*. American spirits 35h a 34s Od. Rosin, without doinand. Li? ekpool. April 20?Iron?Business limited, and purchaser* act with great caution, uoouu buying to hold. as the general impression is that prunent rate* will not be maintained. All descriptions of manufactured a shade lower than laxt week. Scotch pig llrm at prune at rate*. Quotation* thin day?Scotch pig. in Glasgow ?2 2*; in LiverpoolJJt2 12s (id; com. bar ?1 J">s; l)r. bar A'8 15h; hoop x'U 5s; sheet ?\) 16s. all in Liverpool. The hardware trade at Birmingham, for home order*, appear* to be mending, but bu*iue** generally continue* to be marked by an extraordinary degree of depression. From Spain. Uerntany. aud the other great coutineutal market*, no order* have been received for Home time. Kvery thing i* a* gloomy a* can be imagined. In mo*t of the manufactories the muu are not working more than two or three days. Liverpool, April 20?Ashes?Demand for pot and pearl very limited, but former price* obtained, Coffee? The trade very reluctant to purchase, and prices very irregular Drysalteries?A few serous Caracca* indigo sold at previous rates, but thwo has been a very trifling inquiry for E. 1. Drysaltery articles, and?sale* are confined to 10 ton* of cutch aud 20 chests stiellac. without change. 000 bags saltpetre brought 31s to 32s 0d. and 500 bags of nitrate of soda 12s 9d per cwt. Little doing in brimstone, suuiac or argols; Rome cream of tartar sold at 03s to 03.; Gd. Dyewoods?Business limited; 160 tons iudircct logwood brought chiefly ?h to ?5 6s; 16 sapanwood. all faults, jt'9; and 20 barwood ?4 2* Od per ton. Hemp?No sales in Baltic or Am. Naval stores? No sale* turpentine, but prices unaltered; of Am. tar, 1.000 bbl* sold, price uot transpired; Am. rosin fluds buyers in small parcel* at 2s 4d to 2s 5d. Oils?SO tons olive at previous rates; nothing worthy of remark done in fish or seed; oil turpentine dull at last week's prices; sales of palm arc coullued to a few small lots, at about the quotations. Rice?120 tes Car. sold at 10s Od to 18* (id. Seed*?Sales 'JO hlids ft ml 60 tc* fair to goud Aui red clover at 35s to 37a. Spices?100 bag* black pepper brought '-!\d. and a email lot Pimento 3;,d. Sugar?A bettor deiuaud for all description!!, at an advance of Cd to Id per cwt. In foreign 180 cane*, 30 bbls brown Bahia. and 2.760 bag* brown and white Pcrnambuco, at some decline from former rated. Tallow? Rather lower; I' X C 53*. but stock extremely small. Tea?The few small sale* effected are at easier rate*. In tobacco no change in prices. Wool?Very little doing, and the arrivals continue small, except of JC 1, of which we have just received a good supply; a public sale ou Wednesday of 300 bales of this description went at a decline of 5 to 7J? per cent. Account* from most of the Yorkshire markets still very gloomy, but from Huddersfield they are rather better. Liverpool American Provision Market, April 20? A steady business done in Beef at full prices (76a90s) : good brands, new. scarce and much wanted, and would command rather higher rates. A good inquiry for old Pork, and sale* to a fair extent at about our quotations. Kor Bacon, a brisk demand at full prices. Hams without change. Cheese scarce aud in good demand, and higher price* may be expected for any parcels close at baud. At the large sale of Lard on Tuesday, importers again gave way about 6d to Is per cwt ; at this reduction the whole otferod was taken by consumers, and the arrivals since have been less weight than for some time back. Import in the week ending April 20, 8 bbls Pork, 341 boxes Bacon. 100 bbls aud 201 kegs Lard. PricesBacon?Dried and smoked, old. 15a30s per cwt. ; long middles, free from bone in salt. 50a56s; rib in, 42a53s3d; short, free from bone. 50 a 50s ; rib in. 40 a 52s 3d; shoulders 22a26*. Beef?Prime mess. tee. 3041bs 85aU2s 6d ; ord. 70aH3s: mess, per bbl 2001bs. 50a54* ; ord. 30 n 40s; prime 34a36s; ex India, per tierce. 3301bs, ?4 17 a jt'5 5s; half bbl. 100 lbs. 30u35*. Cheese?Am. fine, per cwt., 48a50s; mid. 42a46s; ord. 30a41s. Ham?smoked or dry in canvass, per cwt. 20a50s; casks,iu salt, not smoked. 24a 35s. Lard?Fine leaf in kegs. 43a40* ; do in bbls 41a43s ; ord. to mid. 38a40s ; inferior 30a30ss? Pork?bbl 200lbs, prime mess, new, 60a75s; old. 44a50s; mess.48a55s; prime. 30a45?. Tougues?Am. ox, in pickle, duty paid, dos, lOulO* ; pigs do do, cwt 15a25s; butter grease 40a45. American Lard is .again lower Is to Is Od per cwt; good quality having been sold for 38 to 41s, aud Hue. in kegs, 43 to 44s per cwt. At London a good demand for Bacon, and a fair business at steady rates; we quote siuged sides 60 to 64*. and scalded at 58 to 00s. Bale and tierce middles in steady demand at 56 to 00s for latter, and 56 to 02s for former. Lard in large supply, but as holders have reduced their rates. a fair business has been done at 50 in r.fiM far ki?trs. uml ;"?0 to .Mm for hhls All kind.4 nf llni'f anil Pork in good demand, and although suppliicg continue good, prices are well supported. Quotation* for ships' stores?India Beef. 130 to 12Ss por tee of 3361bs ; mess. 100 to 105s; Prime Men*. 00 to OS#; India Porlc. 140 to 145i< per U041l>s; and Prime Moss Pork. 80 to !K)s pur bbl. Cheese meets steady sale, and prices well supported. good 50 to 54s; inf. and mid. 42 to 4Hs. State or Tkadk.?Manchester. Thursday. April 20.?We have had but little doing this week, and buyers hare had a further slight advantage in both cloth and yarns. The news of the events in France having reached the United States, has caused a decided slackening in the orders that had been anticipated: Indeed, the orders by the last packet are unusually small. The continental buyers are quite luactive. and there seems no immediate prospect of anything else. The, silk trade is tolerably good, in comparison. Yarns are especially dull and depressed; 6>id per lb. it is said, has been taken for No. 20 water twist, of fair quality?a price hitherto tinkuown. Opera Movement* and Opera Swindling. We understand that a correspondence, which lately took place betweeu Mr. Simpson, of the Park Theatre, aud Siguor Beuedctti. of the Italian troupr. has resulted in nothing. Mr. Simpson proposed to enter into an engagement with Bcnedctti at the Park theatre, in order to bring out some of the operas played or prepared by the Italian company during the late season. Benedctti. ou his side, as we have learned, expressed a willingness to enter iuto the engagement; but as the music of the above operas was in the hands of the Astor Place Theatre manager*, it would be necessary to procure their consent, in order to get hold of the notes. Those persons, however, who retain possession of the music. denied the request; and thus the proposed arrangement has fallen through, from the refusal ofthese managers of the Astor Place Theatre to allow the use of the notes. This abrupt termination ?f such a negotiation is most unfortunate for the poor Italian vocalists, especially as by the inisnmuagomcut of the Astor Place concern, they have lost both time and money, since they have never yet lmJ tbe usual benefit* to which artists ore always entitled at the termination of a season. In fact, the conduct of tlio .tutor management is without excukc or apology. The subscriber* who contributed the original fund of j>i!0,000, and more, nt the coniiiicuceuient of the ncwon. have not only been swindled and cheated out of a fourth of tbe amount by the abrupt termlnntion of the Opera, but the poor vocalists. also, have come hi for their share of cheating, and for un apportionment of their vile return. Such con] duct in any capital of Kuropc would consign the perpetrators of it to iufuuiy and punishment of the severest kiud. Such shameful and impudent swindling upon the community would not have been tolerated in I'aris. even during the rtji'mc of th? rcigu of terror. We hope, therefore, the subscribers of the Opera and the vocalists will unite in resorting to legal means for obtaining redress for such injustice and fraud. In the meantime, we would advise the poor Italians, unsuccessful as they have been hitherto, to make an appeal to the public?to expose their grievances to the world, and to give a series of concerts at some of our public rooms or halls, with such music as they may have, or may be able to procure. We are persuaded, that in consideration of the injuries and ill-treatment they have sulfered from the codflsh aristocracy of New York, tbe generous and liberal miuded public of this metropolis would patronise such an attempt l>eyoiid what one can form a conception of. It would lend to a manifestation from the middling ami really respectable classes of New York, against the assumption and high claim* of an aristocracy who ran only pretend to be above others bccauae they possess more effrontery, dishonesty. and impudence. Stkamship Umtkd Sr.vres was xoen piling into Liverpool, by the Britannia, on the nfternoon of the 22d nit., making tlie passage inside of fourteen days. Site Was to have heen sheathed, we believe, at Liverpool, which, on her homeward imssagc, will make n difjjrenee of nt leant a day in her favor. She snils to-morrow for New York. Latkr from rut. La IYata.?By the way of Rio de Jnniero we are in the receipt of letters and pnpcrs from Montevideo to the 11th of March, and from Httenon Ayrcs to the 27th of February. There in no news of much consequence. Maii.s for LtJRoric.?The America will sail tomorrow for Halifax and Liverpool. The ll'erkly Hirahi for Kurope, will be ready at 9 o'clock in th; morning. Mull Kallnrri* The " slow " mall I* In somewhat a confused *tnte. We reeelvc occasionally Northern papers by the Western mall, and again Western by the Northern ? ChmrUtfn Couritr, May 4. | NEW YORK HERALD. North-H vit Corner of Kullon aud^Nuwu itt. JAMES GORDON BENNKTT, PROPRIETOR. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVEN I NO. 110WEKV THEATRE, Bowery?Jacob Leisi.er?(itAMu. father whitehead. CHATHAM THEATRE, Chatham itruot?T*i'Mfnm'? Daughter?Spirit or thi Waters?New Yore as It is? Nix thbCammam. MECHANICS' HALL, Broadway, near Broome?Christy's MiXKTHKL*? EtHIOPKAN SlNOIMO?Bl'III.IKlUI Da.noINO, (to. PANORAMA HALL, Broadway, near Iloujtua?Uamvard's Pa*aroma or the Mississippi. MELODEON, Bowery?Ethiopeah and Bai.lau Sinqi.xo. PALMO S OPERA HOUSE, Chamber* street?Illvstr atki> Pictures. Ifew York, Tueaday, May 9, 1848. ~? ? .. - - _ - s The Circulation of the Herald. inuj a, i/miy uua n.mj copieit. The publication of tho Herald commenced yeiiterday at 15 minutes before 4 o'clock, and fin lithe d at 30 minutes pant 7 o'clock. Tl?c New* from Guropv ^ProjptM or the Ureal Revolution. The arrival of a steamer at Boston on Sunday last, brought us another batch of European intelligence, giving us details in the progress of the great revolution in Kurope?one of the greatest revolutions that ever took place in the world. This intelligence was placed before the community in an Extra in the morning, and by an evening edition in the afternoon. The whole is combined with additional extracts and correspondence, in the sheet which we issue to-day, embracing everything of a general or particular character, politically, revolutionary, commercial and financial. The intelligence is deeply interesting. It covers about one week; but that week discloses most prominent features in the progress of this wonderful revolution?a revolution which embraces political, social, religious, and philosophical principles of the deepest foundation. All Europe is in a state of revolution, with the exception of Russia. Commencing in Italy, under the auspices of that extraordinary man, Pius the Ninth, it made Bome slight progress until it Klirilt fnrfK Itlro n vJnnnn %r% Po?ia nrtrl ? /*??? that great centre it has proceeded, till now it is in active operation in every capital of Europe. London, Berlin, Vienna, Paris, are in a state of extraordinary excitement. In the midst of their elections in France, the factions of Fourientes, or socialists, seem to hnve made an abortive attempt to bring on a reign of terror, by the destruction of the provisional government. Fortunately the attempt failed at the last accounts; but how long before similar attempts will be made with more success, no one can tell. The elections were also approaching at the last accounts, and great fears were entertained of additional difficulties. We hope, however, for the best. In Italy the war was raging between the King of Sardinia and the Austrians in Lombardy, with continued success to the Italians. This is the commencement of a general war in Europe, we very much fear. Charles Albert, the monarch of Sardinia, ha* been compelled by the Italian feelings of his troops, to declare war against Austria and to invade Lombardy. The King of Naples has been brought, by popular manifestations, into the same position. All the different powers and people of Italy seem to be united against Austria and the treaties of 1815 In Germany the same scenes of revolution, change, war, conflict, and disturbance, prevail. Vienna is just us much excited as Paris. Berlin and the towns on the Rhine appear to be no quieter, or in no greater state of repose. War in the north has broken out between the Danes and the Prussians, and a general war may break out all over Europe to-morrow. In England, Ireland and Scotland, notwithstand ing tlie failure of the chartist demonstration, the elements of revolution exist in the highest state of developement. In Scotland, a movement of a very ominous character has commenced. The chartists of the north are arming there, and history tells us that the Northmen', two centuries ago, were the principal agents in bringing about the old English Commonwealth; and who knows but that their descendants of the present day, may produce similar results before a year ha9 passed over our heads'? In England a new movement for the extension of the elective franchise, and other reforms, has oom" menced under the auspices of Hume and Cobdenf which will embrace all the free-trade party of the central counties. Ireland is in statu quo. In one view, all Europe, save and except Russia, is in a state of revolution, more radical and extraordinary than any that has taken place in the history ' of the world. It presents features similar to those ! of the old English or old French revolution, mixed ! up together in 11 new nnd singular way. Religion, ' philosophy, science, finance, all are affected. The * j first practical result of this extraordinary outbreak ' is beginning to be felt on the commercial and finan1 cial affairs of the old world. The public debts of j Europe, amounting to many thousands of millions j of dollars, the interest of which is paid annually by ! heavy taxes, will in a very short time be utterly re| pudiated and dishonored. Nothing can prevent 1 such a result. The commercial, financial, and ! banking establishments of I-Jurope, will fall in utter ! ruin. The political and social revolution will des! troy the whole fabric of pai>er money nnd commar1 cial credit of the old world. The ef]'ectd]will be. | felt in a severe degree by certain portions of the. commercial interests of this country, before many mouths shall have passed away. In fine, the war in Europe, which has now broken out in Italy and in the north of Germany, and presenting symptoms in other countries, is not u war of country against I country as much as it is a war of the rich against I the poor?of the exclusive classes, who have been I feeding (in the industrious lor ages, against the working and productive clauses of society, wlio an? determined to bear this state of things no longer. The example of the United States, where every citizen is as free as hid neighbor, and is as eligible to the highest offices, as any other of his countrymen, j lias been gradually sinking into the minds of the 1 people of Europe, and the revolution, in the midst ; of which they now are, is the result of the thoughtsand feelings prompted from this side of the Atlantic, and spread around by steam, rail roads and printing. They may pass through many scenes of murder, massacre, danger, scarcity, hunger and revolution, but they will ultimately reach comfort and competence. Monarchy nnd aristocracy, as they existed in the old world, are on their last legs. New Consul <ienek\t. of France in New York.?We see it stated in the Lotuton Timet of ' the 17th ult., that M. Loon Favre has been appoint! Consul General of France in the city of New York, l in place of M. l)e la Forrest, who has of course been removed. There will probably be other changes in the French consulates in this country. It will be recollected that soon after the news of the recent French revolution was received here, M. i Do In Forrest published a note from M. Lamartine, for the purpose of producing the impression that he had been retained in office by the provisional government. Our interpretation of that note was of a different description. We believed that the provisional government merely delayed the appointmont nf npu) ponsllls Until it Wllfi nlili? to fill tl...m properly. Th?? result has shown thai we were cor>rect. Yet wp do not part with M. Dp In Forrest without sonic regret. He hns, we believe, hern nil nminble and gentlemanly in,-in in his consulate, but rather weak nnd imbecile in soine thing*. If will he recollected that M. GnillHrdet?ex-editor of a French jonrnnl?was very savage with us because we intimated that such a change would take place. The ex-editor will, however, see that we judged more correctly than lie did. Apropon?The ex-editor, we understand, sailed yesterday fi>r llavre, and intends to be a thorough-going republican in France, and oteoursc, it |?ossiblc, to reach, the highest honors of the democracy. w? wish bllil success; for we entertain no bad feeling* against him?and ho|>e that he may soon return, art Minister of France to the United State*. I