Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1848 Page 1
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I# J. .. ' TH Whole No. OOV4. Installation of the Mayor and the New Cownon Council. THE MAYOR'S MESSAGE. Board of AMtrwn. I TERRIBLE EMEITE IN TIE HOTEL DE VILLE. The Board of Assistants in a State of Revolution. At twelve o'clock, the Hon. William F. Havemeyer, accompanied by the Hon. William V. Brady. appeared in the chamber of the Board of Aldermen. followed by the following gentlemen, member* elect of the uew Board:? If'ardt. H'ardi. 1.?Theodore R. Do Forrest, 10.? Nlel Gray. 'i.? J allien T. Llbby, 11.?Anion F. Hatfield, 3.?Robert Swurtwuut, 12. ?Thomas t'arnly. I. ? K'.duioud Fitxgerald, 13.?Thomas K. Downing, ft.?William Adauis, 14.?Denis Caroliu. b.?Frederick Kohler, 15.?Linus W. Stovens, 7.?MorriM Franklin, 10.?Washington Smith, (*. ? William J. McDcrinott, 17. ?C'larkson Crollur H.?Jacob L. Dodge, 18.? Moim Maynard, Jr. Mr. Buaoy rose and annouueed that he was prepared to perforin the last duties of hid office, in the administration of the oath of ottcs to William F. Havcnieyur. The oath was thon administered; after which Mr. llaveineyer took the cliair. Order being restored. his Honor the Mayor proceeded to administer the oath of office to the members of the Board of Aldermen elect. On motion of Aid. Smith, Aid. Grey took the chair, u nd the roll was called. On motion of Aid. Caotiut, the Board (then proceeded to ballot for President of the Board; Aid. Krnnklin having been nominated by Aid. Adams, and Aid. Grey, by Aid. Kohler. The ballots having been counted, it appeared that Morris Franklin received 10 votes, and Niel Grey received 8 votes. Morris Franklin having received tho greater number of vote.", was declared President of tho Board. President Franslin was then conducted to the chair by Aid. Maynaiid and Downing, after which he rose I i. "Oeutlomen?For this renewed evidence of your confidence in selecting me a* the President of this Board, I sincerely thuuk you; uud. iu the entering upon tho discharge of these duties. I can ouly pledge uiy bent exertions to conduct its proceedings iu such a manner an to expedite the public business. aud to promote the comfort of those to whom it has boon entrusted. And 1 ask. iu returu. that you will assist uio in do doing, by a punctual attendance upon the meetings of the Board, and a strict compliance with the rules of order we may establish. It has often been a cause of complaint, that much time in unnecessarily consumed in couscquence of a want of punctuality on the part of committee?; aud I call your attention to the fact, in the hop? that you will make such arrangements as to prevent any future complaint in reference to this subject. Wo have been entrusted, gentlemen, with the discharge of groat and important duties, involving tlio expenditure of large amounts of money to bo collected from tho groat body of tho people. It in. therefore, our bouudeu duty so to transact tlio public business as to alleviate, an far as possible, tho heavy burthens which uow rest upon them; for it is not only the rich who are called upon to contribute to this expenditure, but all classes of the community?either directly, or indirectly?aro interested iu this branch of our political economy, and are ontitled to a strict and faithful account at our hands of the trust committed to our care. 1 desire to uuite with you in endeavoring, as far as possible, to decreaso the ratio of taxation, and to carry out any measures of reform calculated to produce so desirable a result; for although we may have beeu selected iu reference to our party, political views; yet, if we valuo tho oaths which we have this day taken in the presence of God. and of our fellow mon. we are bound by evory obligation of duty to discard all considerations of that kind, and to legislate only for tho Seneral interest and the public good; and 1 cauuot oubt but that, by the aid of that Providence whose blessings wo are bound to invoke upon an occasion such as this, wo shall be enabled so to discharge our duties here, that at the expiration of our term of offlco, we shall receive the reward of an approvug conscience, and the animating response of well done, good and faithful servants.'' With this object for our polar tar. and with an honest endoavor on our parts, tho political year which we have now commenced will bo ooeupled to the comfort of our own minds, and to promote the cause of virtue and good order in our community; without which, in vain will be our efforts to produce those lasting reforms which arc required and expected at our hauds. Let us. then, gentlemen, as with tho heart of one man. lay aside our political prejudices and feelings; and, with a higher and more noble object iu view, cause this year to be remembered as among those which may be distinguished in the annuls of our history, for objects of benevolence, of virtue, and humanity. Then, indeed, will our works praise us, ami our laurels will remain pure and fragrant when the winter of death shall overtake us. anil our grey hairs beckon to tho grave." Aid. Smith and Hatfield were tbeu appointed a committee to wait on hi? honor the Mayor, and announce to him that the Board was organised, and ready for business Aid. Croltus and Fittgerfcld were then appointed a committee to wait upon the Board of Assistants, and iuform them of the readiness of the Board to proceed to business. Tho committees having performed the duties assigned them, were discharged. On motion of Aid. Adam*. David T. Valentine was appointed Clerk to the Board. On motion of Aid. Mavxahd, Jacob Hay* waa then appointed Sergcant-at-Arms of the Board. The following Message waa then received from the Mayor Mayor's Mfup. Mayor's Ocrim, ) New Yoke. May V, 1848. ) To thr Ilonorohlr the Common Council: Uritlkmeh?tirateful for the generous confidence of my fellow citiaens. which lias again called me to administer tho government of this great city. I nevertheless feel a profound sense of the arduous responsibilities of the trust; and shall esteem myself fortunate if I shall he able with my best eudeavors for the public service, and with the most indulgent construction of my acts, to justify the conOdenco which has been so liberally exteuded to me. A provision of the charter makes it the duty of the Mayor to communicate annually, and oftener if circumstances shall require, to the Common Council, on such topics as concern the welfare and prosperity of our city, and the proper administration of its afTairs. The financial condition of the city flrst demands our attention, and is exhibited in the following statement, mado up to the bth instant:? The permanent city debt redeemable from tho sinking fund May lith. 1848. was.as follows :? ft 1KT rent public buildiiif stock, redeemable IRSfi. $ftift,OOI) l*? ft " (ire loan stock, do ISftl. ftoo.oio 00 ft " city stocks of'20 aud?, do lKfto. 280,(100 (10 ft " IIro indemnity stoek, do MfiR. H7ft.OOO 00 ft " water loan stock, do 1H8H. 8,000,(11)0 ft) .1 " do do do 1*10. 3.900,(1110 00 ft " do do do 1*70. 8,000,(XW 00 ft " do do do IW0. I,.VM,(V>7 00 ft ' Cm ton water stoek, do 1MKI. 4HO.000 (Nt 7 " w ater loan stock, do 1852. W0,ai7 00 7 ? do do do 1*57. (W.4.MH IW ti " temporary water loan, lie.fors 1^50. ftt>XI33 U0 $M,6*i,7S3 00 LEM Amount of stocks and bonds held by tho commissioners of the sinking fund for the redeilip'n of the alxive $- tl'is 88'J imj muaiiee 111 irruiurj iu uiu credit of water fund. . .. 04.675 00 Balance of cash in bauk to credit of comuiiHHionem of MinKiiiK fund 32 *260 00 2,766.707 00 Total net debt to bo rodeomed by fitikiiiK fund $11,801,079 00 Kor the completion of water work* and payment of damages thero lit authority yet to issue water stuck to the auiouut of 20.000 00 Total mnount of tloht authorised and to be redeemed by the pinking fund <>11.011.070 00 There in in addition to the abore, a debt of $300,000 funded for the erection of alms house buildings, which is redeemable in annual instalments of $60,000, to Imi raised in the tuxes of each year, commencing in IMS and ending in 186H. The Hoard of Supervisors I* authorised by an act of the Legislature to raise by tax the following sums for city expenditures for the present year : Kor general city expenditures under the control of the city authorities, other tlin.ii for police, lamps ami gas $1,240,160 00 Kor police 479.IHK) 00 Kor lamps and gas 171.000 (H) Total fur city and county expenditures, subject to the control of the city authorities. and authorised to Ik- levied. . $1,890,160 00 Kloating debt redemption 60.000 00 C ommon schools 288.300 00 Deficiency of interest on elty debt 290.000 00 - $628,300 00 Deficiency of tax for 1847 00.000 00 Making for all purposes, for city and county $2,017.460 00 Kor State tax 124.000 00 Total tax to bo levied for city, county. and State $2,741,460 (Ml The rate of tax baaed upon the aggregate valuation of laot year will be $1 11 per $100, or 5 70 100 over that ol in?i. I The portion of lli? above Amount which I In applicable to the support of the clt* I government for the current year, it will I be perceived. Ik fl.H09.1fiO 00 I Add revenue* appropriated to ritjr e*penI Uiturea In reduction of tax fifl.300 00 E NE Total means for city government expenditure* > 1 Ui.V-l.'iU 00 Of which then- was expended mid paid out between Jan. tut aud the 5th inst 777.584 1*7 Leaving tor expenditure during th? remainder of the yi-ar, and to meet eliding contract* auil liabilities $1,177,896 OJ This amount will not Lte nu!Heiout to eorer expend, tures and liabilities which will accrue during the realdue of the year; and unless a more economical system of management be introduced In tliu several depart menu, aud contracts already authorised be suspended. a very large deficiency must necessarily ensue. The sum appropriated for -Alms-house" for the prosent year is lean by $64,400 00 than the actual ex pen ditureoflast year, while the expenditures of this department. from the 1st of Jauuary last to the prusent time, exceed those of last year, during the same period, in the sum of $U.600. The appropriation for "oleauiu;< streets" for this year is >10.000 less than the actual expenditure of 1847, while the expenditures of the present year to May 6. have been $16,'?14 08 larger tbun those of the corresponding period of last year. Tbe amount appropriated for new wharves aud piers is $8:? 000. of which the sum of $7,033 has been expended, and contracts have been entered into involving an addi tiouul expenditure of $67,680. making together tno urn of $ OA.'213. or within $10,787 of the amount appro, printed for thin account for tho entire year. Resolutions hare been pawed by the Common Council for building nnd extending other piers, estimated to eo?t $41,000. which, of courso, if carried into effect, would overrun the appropriation for the year the sum of $24,000. The excess of oxpendituro on these accounts over the menus provided, will be Increased by the cost of tb.< Runs pavement, under the contract recently authorised. and doubtless by excesses in other accounts and other expenses for which no provision has been made. 1 while it can hardly be anticipated that any saving will be ninde to counterbalance to any considerable extent the large debt which will be thus created. The estimates for the amount of tho taxes necessary to be laid, are derived from the heads of the several departments, and submitted to and revised by tho Common Council before the application to the Legislature for authority to assess them is made. If these estimates be made with proper care, the expenditure < should not exceed them?except in cases of &n extraordinary nature, which could not be anticipated. Thes? estimates are too frequently disregarded, and a debt is consequently incurred. Convinced that a tendency to improvidence?-at alt times sulHcieutly great?lias been much strengthened by this practice, I shall fcrl it my duty to withhold my approval from any measure calling for an appropriation which shall exceed the estimates. unless sudden or peculiar emergencies shall render a rigid adherence to this rule impracticable. The large and increasing burden which the aim.'* bouse department imposes on our citizens. renders it incumbent on you to institute a rigid iuquiry into it* affairs, with a view to improving its administration. The expenses of this department, exclusive Of salaries, for the year 1840. were $269,678 4tS The rcceipU from all sources were 30.007 1M Net expenses, exclusive of salaries.... $238,980 50 Tho salurics of Department Amounted to.. 40.309 31 Leaving the net expenses for 1845.... $270,349 81 The expenses of the Department, cxclusivc of salaries, for year 1846. were $290,313 71 Tlio receipts from h11 sources wcro 41.0211 *20 Net expense, exclusive of salaries. . . $240,201 61 The salaries of Department Amounted to.. 52.723 83 Leaving the net expenses for 1840.... $302,010 40 The Pipelines of tho Department for tho year 1847, exclusive of salaries, wcro.. . . $356,406 00 The rcceiptH from all sources were 37,748 00 Net expense, exclusive of salaries. . . $318,717 01 The salaries of Department amounted to.. 00.003 40 Leaving tho net expeuse for 1847. . . $370,081 37 Tho increase of expenditures for the year past is $77,000. It has been occasioned, in part. I>y an increase of the number of persons supported, and eight cents additional each per week in the cost of their support, and in part by a very large increase in expenditure for out-door poor. In a report furnished me by the commissioner of tho department, it is stated that tho amount distributed for this purpose within tho ycur past was $06,019 84, or nearly $30,000 more than the year previous; and also that such temporary relief was ufforded during January and February of this year to 44.572 persons, or about one-ninth of the whole population or this city. The system of distribution to outdoor poor, even if not founded on a false priuciplo. is so extremely liable to abuse, that iu all probability it will become ultimately impracticable. It may well be doubted whether the government cau safely undertake to grant relief to persons at their own houses, or at any other place than the public institutions, so impossible i? it to define and limit the eases in which assistance sha!l be granted?and so difficult is It to prevent a public charity which is not subjoct to any of the restraint* which apply to that dispensed at the almshouse, from becoming a stupendous abuse, creating extravagant n (iruuiiurc ou vuu purw ui mr ({UTi'nimriiv. nu<i mi'itim : to the indolent " incentives to idleness and beggar) The arbitrary discretion of an individual dispeii*iu : money not bii own, exposed to arts which may mislead and to solicitations which aro counteracted by no feel ingof interest or sense of practical responsibility, an I subjected to the influence of those who may seek popularity through the dispensation of the public bounty, cannot be a safe depository of such a power. It seeun to me that you should give this sulgcct an early and thorough investigation, with a view to a change of the system, or an effectual reform of its administration. Another though smaller source of the increased expenditures of this department. may bo found in the fact that while the inmates of the penitentiary have been reduced from 133U in 1845, toTliSi in 1847. the same number of officers have been retained, with salaries and allowances increased from $13,147 75 in 184,5. to $17.(W5 in 1847. It is probable that on examination, other instances of similar unnecessary expenditure would be discovered. The large annual cost of this department may also. In some measure be attributed to the want of attention on the part of somo of the officers, and consequent relaxation of discipline. During a recent visit to the public institutions I observed an inefficiency in the management of the penitentiary; that a considerable number of persons of both sexes were entirely unemployed?the grounds wero neglected?and no preparations for tilling thom were observable. Basket making, which had been introduced at the intsauce of the commissioner for the purpose of giving employment to the inmates, had been abandoned, as I was informed, in consequence of the want of efficient cooperation on the part of the keeper of that institution. Tho alms house proper and nursery being in process of removal tn|the new buildings on Ulackwell's and Randall's island, no opportunity was all'orded of forming a correct judgment of their condition. The two buildings and chapels authorized by a former administration to lie erected on Blackwcll's island for the accommodotion of the alius house proper. have been completed. An addition has likewise been made to the lunatic asylum, which, with the new mad house, now nearly finished, will furnish ample rnnm fnr fltii <*luuu nf N<ir,.rliinal? uru.ni wlw, >.<< v become a charge upon the city. The plan for tlin now alms liounc a* originally proponed, contemplated tho crcction on Blackwell'* inland to which the whole c*tahli?linicnt wa* to Ix; removed, of two additional building*?one an a workhoune ami tho other as a hospital for the rick. No measure* Lav# been taken for erecting theno buildingH; auil it lui? been determined by your prcdecennor* to retain the present aim* houne at Bellevue an a hospital for the nlek poor. It In presumed that ?ueh provinion will for some timo to roniv meet the emergencies of thin establishment. I would, however, reeommend that the original design be carried out by erecting additional buildings for the Aim* House on Handall'ii Islaud, where the nuriery building* are now located, and by appropriating the preaent building* on Maekwoll's Island for the purpose* of a work house. There ii still remaining of the amount which haw been authorised to be funded for the erection of the Alum Mouse buildingH. a couaiderable balance which may bu applied to this purpose. A work houne in an iiuportaut ami nocesaary adjunct to a well regulated Aim* House establishment. The *}>tematlc employment of able bodied pauper* not only tend* to diminUh tho burden of their support to the city, but discourage* a disposition to l>o maintained at the public, ezpenne. It likewise relieve* the uiagUtratea from tho neces*ity of committing to the penitentiary for vagrancy, In common association wltli felon*, many who, although temporarily helpless, from dlsenso or Intemperance, are yet untainted with crime. Larger ami better accommodation* for persons nick with the small no* arc also required. The building now used I* unsuitable for the purpose In it* prerent coudition, the separation of the *eze*. and of the virtuou* front the vlciou*. I* Ini r mnmr. i nui imuruiru iimi ? ui-w ionium* uiitm be erected by labor of the prisoner* nt muni I expense, and I trust tlint thin ?ultjoct will receive your immcdint??attention. The ordinance organising the aim* homo department. Mitxtilut. il hi the place of the five commissioner* who formerly acted, one commissioner with n sulary. and with the same power, who nhnuld devote hi* entire time to the *uperlndentcncc and direction of llio department. Thi* ordinance likewise provided for the appointment of the superintendent* liy the Common Council, the appointment of the *ul>ordlnatc* living vested in the commissioner. By an amendment of the ordinance the latter appointment* were conferred upon the cammittre of charity ntid alms, and linve l>een more recently assumed hy the Common Council. Uy depriving the commissioner of the selection of hi* own ofllci-r*. and practically exempting them from accountability to him. his power to enforce di*cipllne and economy must lie greatly weakened, If not destroyed. and the purpose* for which the ordinance wa* originally framed. mea*urahly frustrated. The ordinance also provide* that the affairs of each branch of the department should he conducted by a separate head or superintendent, under the direction of the commissioner, and not, a* formerly, hy the *uperlntendent of the almshouse, and require* that the bill* of supplies should be certified by the superintendent of the particular branch for which the supplies were purchased In most ease* this requirement I* literally complied with, hut In many Instance* the article* required are receipted for at the alm*-hou*c, and distributed from that place to the different institution*. To carry out the ordinance in It* spirit, the supplies should be purchased or contracted for with r?f?r?ao? to ???t> particular establishment, so thftt tbc f + W YO JW YORK, WEDNKSDA" expenditure* of each could bo kept separately and distinctly on the books of the comptroller If the accounts with kept ill this manner, and inoutlily returns made to that officer of the averaxe number of inmate* in ouch Institution. it would enable a comparison to be made of their relatiru expense. would tend to stimulate the exertions of the superintendents, and would con (luce tu a unite faithful mid economical administration of the affair* of the deportment* I would, therefore, present this subject to your serious consideration, with a view to such aineudmeuts of the ordinance as may secure results so desirable The systeui of police which was in operation previously to the year 1840 had long been the subject of general and just dissatisfaction It had failed to afford adequate protection to persons and property in the intimate and complex relations between individual*, which exist in a community like ours. The discussions engendered by a public evil, so constantly felt and so deeply coneeruiug every citizen, resulted in the adoption of the present system ; anil the experience of its operatiou for three years has euabled us to juilge how far it is capable of answering the important object.* for which it was instituted. The various municipal duties now assigned to the police were formerly entrusted to one hundred marshals. about twelve hundred watchmen, with twelve captains and twonty-four assistant captains, nine day policemen, tifly Sunday officers, about one hundred and fifty other functionaries, and about three huudred officers appoiuted specially to attend the polls at elections. Notwithstanding that fifteen huudred men were thus in the regular employment of the city, and three huudred in its occasional employment, tlic number who eould be collected with that facility and promptneaa which alouo could make them valuable lu a puclio emergency, was inconsiderable. The marshals derivod no regular compensation from the city, but were remunerated by fees for the execution of civil process, and for arrests and other special services in criminal cases. Their number was inadequate to the purposes of a police. Their time was. to a considerable extent, occupied by civil business. The mode of their coiiipt'iinttiiun uiu uut interest Liit'tu in me prevention of crime. but rather in itH commission. and sometimes wiik believed to load to au actual partnership with the criminaU whom it wax their duty to detect. To tlioso emergencies in which efficient and concentrated action is necessary to the preservation of public order, and the protection of the property and person* of individual*, they wore ntill less adapted; not merely from the smallncsH of their number, but because the attainment of theso public objects did not conduce to their emolument in the trade iuto which tin* proper function* of the municipal government had hoeu converted, and because they were not required to devote their time to such publie objects, nor were they organised for the purpose under a competent official head, responsible to liiin and subject to bin control. The watchmen wore employed only in the night, one half being on duty at a time, and all of theui attending during the day to their ordinary avocations. They did not possess general power* an policemen; were not engaged during the day in detecting or preventing offences. acquired no experience in that duty, or knowledge of the haunts of criminals or the indications of crime; and they could not be assembled with readiness or certainty, to act in auy emergency iu which their services might bo required. These causes also rendered them less competent to perform police duties in the night; their lalx>r during the day made them less active and vigilant; and the motives to diligence in the detection of offenders, were weakened by the consideration that they would be compelled to leave their business to attend the trial of any whom thoy might apprehend. The other officers, performing polieo duty, were but nine day policemen, and fif ty Sunday officers, lntruth.it cannot be said that auy thing having the character or deserving the name of n system of police existed. The cliaugo effected by tlio act adopted in 1845, was the organisation of a body of eight hundred men, *ubseouentlv increased to nine hundred, to take the places of the eighteen hundred before mployed regularly or occasionally whoshouM nil lie vested with police authorities. per! n the dull s uf watchmeu at night, with addn .?<-rs with the efficiency which arise from du -nee and exclusive devotion, and with a > tut accountability, and who should be employed ug the day. uudor the supervision and control ot iiipetcnt superior, in preserving order, protect!)) ividuals, and iu discovering and preventing oflV and should be capable of being easily and promptly centralcd in any emergency which might arise. The superior efficiency of this system is shown by the mere statement of its nature as compared with that by which It was preceded, and has been abundantly illustrated by experience. From a statement furnished me by the chief of police. it appears that from July 8th. 1845. to April loth. 1848. 67.011 arrests were made ; of which 1.77V were for felonies; 7.743 for petit larceny; 42.829for intoxication and disorderly conduct; 0.K45 for assault and battery; and 4.170 for vagrancy. It appears, also, that between Ilia saiue dotes. C.W7S tost children were restored to their parents; that front May 1st. 1H47. to April 15th. 184S, 14U fires were discovered and extinguished by policemen, and that from May 1st, 1840, to April 15tli, 1X4S. persons were rescued from drowning. The ItencfHs of the change are felt also in the exemption of our city from serious riots; iu the comparative Iufrcjuciicy of gross outragos on individuals, and of t'Xtensive robberies; in the preservation of goods at Qios: iu greater order and decorum iu public celebrations and oil occasions of public alarm, and generally in au increased security of the rights of person and property. So fully are these lieneflts recognised by the whole community, that the couiplaiuts of the inefficiency of the police, which were formerly so incessant and universal, are now seldom if ever heard. The cost of the system, which is the main objection urged against it. need nut. in my opinion, largely excoed that of the former system. The policeman is paid about twelve cents per day more than the watchman; and a numlft-r of policemen equal to one half that of the necessary watchmen?with the addition of a number whose compensation would equal that of the other officers dispensed with, ought to be sufficient to fulfil all the requisite duties. The number of policemen generally on duty at night is larger than that of the watchmen formerly on such duty, and even if tbe number of watchmen was sufficient four years ago, it would probably havo now become Inadequate and been increased. If. ou the other baud, the additional service as watchmen, now rendered by the policemen, be more than would be necessary if the old system were restored, a reduction of the service aud of the numbers would be equally practicable under the present system. In one respect there is a material difference unfavorable to the economy of the present system. The ployment of chancemcu in the place of tboae who fur any cause were absent from duty, and compensation was withheld from those who were thus absent The | number of policemen not on duty has formed one of 1 the inuin ground* of impeaching the efficiency of the system. This number wum stated by uiy predeeossor to average 87 a day for 3 mouth*, and it ttppcarx for the mouth ending on the lltli March, owing to causes peculiar to the season, to have been considerably larger. When the addition of one hundred policemen wan made, It was intended to supply the place of the average number absent by such increase, rather than by the employment of chanccmen. but the provision authorizing compensation to tie withheld from those who were absent, was omitted. I then regarded such a provision as a necessary luceutivo to tidelity. nud as a measure of just economy. The subsequent growth of this evil, until it threatens seriously to impair the efficiency of the system, while increasing its expense, and thus to weaken public confidence in its operation, has confirmed that opinion, and I recommend that a provision be adopted witholding pay from those who are not on actual duty, unless it shall be specially allowed by the Mayor lu cases in which the absence was consequent upon disease or injury contracted in the public service. I suggest also that the law la- amended so that a suspension, while it works a forfeiture of pay. shall not include exemption froiu duty. I desire again to call your attcution to the apprehension I expressed on the establishment of the system that the short term of office would l>e likely to involve it " In tho incessant strifes of parties, and preclude its agents from tho experience and independence which are ludispeusable to their usefulness. Although the term was subsequently extended, I still think the mischief has uot been entirely obviated, and I recommend that application be made to the Legislature for such amendments as will remedy this and the other defects to which ! have adverted. The law establishing the police makes it the duty of thi- policemen to report through the captains and assistant captains to the chief of police all violations of the corporation ordinances. In accordance with this requirement. It appears by a statement furnished by that officer that since 1st Inly. 1N4.V 14.41H complaints have been reported, which, with the exception of a few dismissed by the Mayor, have been sent to the Corporation attorney for prosecution. The facility with which these complaints arc dismissed, or settled by this officer, in the exercise of his own discretion, or at the Instance of the Alderman and Assistant Alderman, leads to a continuance or repetition of the violation of the ordinances, and thus discourages the policemen from fulfilling ati unpleasant duty in which they are not sustained by their superiors. One of tile most frcnucnt snliiorta nf coinnbiint is the Incumbrance of the itrr?t*. wharves auil pier* The ordinance confers on tho Aldermen and Assistant Aldermen. a* well as on tho Mayor and Street Commissioner. the power to give written permit" for on oh incumbrance* ; and although these permit' were intended only to suhservo an Immediate necessity, they haTe grown to be generally regarded u? conferring a right to the permanent occupation of tho puMic property, causing great Inconvenience to the citizens and injury (if the public intercut. The change In the police system has rendered the exercise of this power by the Aldermen and Assistant Aldermen unnecessary and Improper The provision of the ordinance conferring it ought to 1* repealed ; and this authority, except In rases falling properly under the supervision of the Street Commissioner, confined to the Mayor and Chief i>f Police, who under the present system, are responsible fur a faithful execution of the law, and who are Ix-tter able to judge of the circumstances requiring the exercise of this discretion. The enormous expenditure for cleaning streets, and the unsatisfactory manner In which the work has been performed, render It Imperative that means should be devised to secure greater efficiency and economy in this branch of the public service. In the years 1HW, 1H4II and 1H47, the cleaulng of the streets was done by day work under the Mipervtslon of officers of the city. In the year* 1H43, 1M44 and 1S46 It was done for a nart of each of these years in the suae manner and for a j IRK ? if MOKMIJNIG,: MAY 10, 18 part of each of those yearn by contract Although the contract system was tried under circumstance* which prevented its securing tho public favor, and perhaps prevented its being as successful as it might otherwise have been, the result iu respect to economy was such

liS ought, iu luy judgment. to induce you to tuuke alio tlier experiment with greater earn as to the mode of Hiving out the contract* and tho conditions necessary to ensure the efllcleucy of the service. The relative expense Incurred under the different modes of cleaning the strouts is illustrated by tho following statement :? Under Superintendent of Under Street liupcctort. Strceti. Collecting Manure In- ami trmuiyectort portinu rout and Hum athti, i/iirlr Stoeepini). (\irtinv. Uloicert. <tye, <j-c. IM2 $41.JUS Jjft VI9.H4:' 10 $ihUi; 75 $.W.fM7 ? I-1? M.U&I SO 4li 7? M.SWU 61 im, *>,mi 4a n.j.ir 07 ?,ou uu w.ym <i liruii trpriuliture. Keceiult. Nrl erucmlUurc. I'M J $131,957 + '< So *87,288 M!l IM? 16M. i.tu 7a ii7.ii/7' ^ 1K*7 1*1,069 58 i>,l>S7 09 160,371 H? 1843-For the xevi-u months lVom about 1st Jan. to Aug. 7, during which tho contract wan i n operation 28.309 00 I'll id iu tlual settlement of that contract iu 1840... .10,000 00-38,300 00 For the remaining 5 mou a under tho direction of tfar .SuiMiriuteudeut of Jrtreetx 44.094 52 Lohh receipts for manure.. 10.843 52 28,151 00 Net expenditure for tho year tM,4(S0 00 1844-Forthe period from Nov.11 to Dec. 31. during which the second coutract wax in operation 3,749 07 For the previoun period from Jam. 1. to Nov. 11, udder tho Superintend.108.3H0 73 Leu# rcceiptH for manure.. 31,994 08 77,372 05 Nett expenditure for tho year 81.122 02 1845 For the period from Jan. 1 to May 12. under the name contract, 36.156 10 For tho residue of the year under Sup't of Street*. .15.752 07 Less receipts for manure.28.308 82-77.443 25 Net expenditure for the year 112.599 35 Although thiH Ntateinent does not present the full comparative results of the different mode* of cleaning HtreetK. it doen show that, in tho year* in which the work wax in part done by contract, the expenditure wan much lexx than in tho years iu which It wan done entirely by agcntH of the corporation. The difference would undoubtedly have been more clearly exhibited if the coutract had continued during an entire year, but, ax it in, the net expenditure for 1843, during seven mouths of which the work wan done by contract, wax little more than two-fifth* of that of 1847, wheu it wax done in the other mode. Tho expenditure for cleaning iitreot* by day work during tho last year hax alarmingly increased; itx augmentation in the i>criod of a simile yeur from 1840 to 1847. being grcniter than iu the period of four yeurs from 1842 to 1840. This difference docs not occur to any extent in the sweeping of the streets and mrting the manure, whieli is done under the supervision of the street inspectors, but arises principally from tho increased payments for collecting and transporting coal ashes and garbage and heaping manure. and from horn blowers and manure inspectors, and from decreased receipts from the sale of manure, all of which are under the charge of the superintendent of street*. These facts require that, if the present mode of clcaniug streets should bo adhered to. measures should be taken to enforce a more thorough responsibility in tills department. Rut in my judgment we ought not to rest satisfied with the present system. The health of the city and tl.e comfort of its inhabitants are so dependent upon the cleanliness of the streets, and the failure to attain this important object has been so long the subject of geucral and just complaint, tiiat we ought not to tire In the effort to devise a better system. I recommend that proposals be immediately issued for separate contracts to clean tlio streets in each ward, with provision that payments from time to time shall not lie made, unless the bills for the work shall have been countersigned by tho alderman and assistaut of the ward. The object of dividing the contracts is to allow a more peneral competition?to render unnecessary the investment of large sums in conducting the business?and to bring the contracts within the means of a large number of persons. We have no power, according to the decision of the Supreme Court in the case of tho Mayor. <J-c. ads. Juttph Hritlon and othm, to mako a contract of a permanent character, and a contract extending over the entire city requires preparations disproportionate to so short a-period its a single year; while a contract for u ward could be undertaken by many persons without any material increase of their present facilities for thu business. The division of tho contracts would also tend to geueratu a salutary competition among the I large number who should enter the business, both as to efllclcuy and the economy with which it should bo done, aud the authority which the alderman and assistant would have to withhold their signature to the bills, on well founded complaint of the neglect of the contractors, would be calculated to secure the faithful performance of the work, and would bring the responsibility for it home to the immediate representatives of those who most obscrvo tho ucglect aud fuel its consequence. The expenditure, during the year 1847. for lighting t lilt fr.u.la nn.l ..nl.lln 1... il.lt..... tlM HI.".. ! i.uu lamps were supplied with gas and 7.7UO with oil. The | average cunt of supplying oil ami lighting. excluiiivc of other expenses, has been for the year pant. $12 lit for each lamp, while for 1840 it wax hut $10 43. The gas lights below Grand street aro 1405 in number, which are furnished by contract at a price fixed by the cost to the city of supplying and lighting the oil laiup*. and thoHe above (Jraud Htreet are also furnished by contract at $15 each. From inquiry of persons acquainted with the business. I am satisfld that the oil lamps could be better lighted by contract, and at an annual Having of at leant thirty thousand dollars a year; and I recommend that provisiou bo immediately made for issuiug proposals for furnishing and lighting the oil lamps by contract. The Croton aqueduct department, under it* present efficient management, is in a condition of steadily increasing prosperity The revenue from the 1st of May. 1S47. to the 1st of May. 1848. was fttSyMI 83. being ail excess over that of the previous year of $32,000 4v There are now iu use oue hundred and seventy-live miles of water pipes, with their numerous and necessary appendages. The introduction of the Croton water has attracted much attention to the construction of sewers, both from the increased necessity which it creates for drainage, and the increased facility which it gives for adapting them to the health ami comfort of our citizens. There are now iu use forty miles of sewers, ten of which have been built during the past year. The commission appointed to Investigate the subject of sewerage, and to prepare a detailed and uniform plan, are. as 1 ain informed, nearly ready to report. The condition of the pavement* in our principal thoroughfares has been the subject of much complaint. Kxperiments have been made of various inventions designed to secure greater durability and uniformity of surface, but hitherto without success, except iierhaps ill the case of the Russ pavement, lately introduced.? This pavement seems at the outset to present an even and permanent surface, and a contract has been recently made with the patentee to lay it down in Broadway between Chambers and Vesey streets, at an expense to the city of almut thirty thousand dollars The streets are underlaid by sewers, gas pipes, water pipes and their connections. It is frequently necessary to take up portions of the pavements in order to establish connections with these, or to repair or reflt them, and facility and economy iu doing so are essential, and in case of the bursting of a water pipe would be important. My observation of this pavement. now iu process of construction, does not lead me to think that this difficulty has Im'cii obviated by the provision made for that purpose. It seems to me. therefore, most wine not to extend the present experiment at the expense of the city, until experience shall satisfy us of the durability and economy of this kind of pavement, and of its adaptation to the necessities to which I have alluded. Upon enquiring Into the character of the contracts in the city inspector'* office, I found a considerable number for filling up lots in the suburbs of the city, which appeared to involve large expenditures It is the practice of the Common Council to refer petitions fur lining ii|> punaenpoi* 10 tne ciiy inspector, ny wtioin mey are Investigated ; Iflio approve* thew he pre*ent* ordinances for the performance of the work. which, without notice to the owner* or further examination, are passed. Contract* are subsequently made. In which the expense of the improvement* is Murnni by the city in lirlinlf the owner*, anil in nfterwards cnlfrctfil from them 80 large a discretion should not bo vested in any office. The practice i* liable to abu*e. anil may not only involve heavy advance* from the city treasury. but al*o subject the owner* to unnecessary and oppressive expense I recommend, therefore, that a ruin lie adopted requiring *uch ordinances, before their passage. to ho referred to n committee for examination and report The great expense* and delay* which havej attended the legal bu*ine** of tho corporation render it highly desirable that *uch amendment should be made in the ordinance relating to "the counsel." a* shall effectually exclude the large claims for extra charge* which have recently been presented, and *hall ensure greater promptitude in It* transaction It i* al*o desirnble that rooms should be provided for thi* officer in the public building*, where he may ho conveniently accessible to those whom It I* hi* duty to advise. Your predecessor* having adopted a resolution authorizing the comptroller to advertise for proposals to execute the printing and binding, and to furnish the stationery for both Itoard* of the Common Council, and for tho departments of the city government, it may be reasonably expected that the expense for these account* will be hereafter materially diminished. The title to the property sold for the payment of assessment* having been declared invalid by a recent decision of the Court of Appeal*, giving to the provl*ion of the law. which require* notice to owner* to redeem their property, a different construction from that under which tbe executive officer* both of the city and State hail acted during a long *orie* of years, application wa* made by your predoce**or* to the legislature for the passage of a law authorixing the corporation to fund an amount sufficient to repay the I?utc1wh none/, and ?Uo to resell tb? property fur [ERA 48. vuch tinm'MNUigiit Tliin litw paxxed una branch of tlui | legislature. but whs not brought up for consideration in thu other branch till the last iluy of the scsaiou. wli?n it faiiotl to receive tin- ueceaeary vote, in consc qui'ilfii uf tbu tliiu ulluudaufu of the uiciubur*. It will he necessary in accordance with thu eonditioii of the sale of Kuoli property, to return the purchase mutiny with interest, iu order to avoid suit-* which uiiKht otherwise bo brought for iti recovery; and to renew thu annlinatiou to thu leiridlature at an early day of tho eusuiug session. The property, on which th<?n?? assessments are still it lieu. has received tlif bent'tit of these improvements, and it in proper that tin* expense should tw paid by it, und not by a general tax upon other property, which bait already paid its assessments for the Maine or similar improvements The present mode of assessing personal property in partial in its operation?while Home of our eltliens are assessed for the full amount of their personal estate, others. residing here the greater part of the year, and engaged In active business. eKcape taxation by reading in the country during the muminer montlu. That such perMoiiM. in common with their fellow cltixemi, may bear their proportion of the expenses from which they derive equal benefit, it it recommended that measures be taken to change the time of assessing from May to January?and also to consider the whole subject with a view of securiug greater equality In the burdeus of taxation. The third section of tho "Act for the collection of taxes lu the city of New York.'' paused by the LogUlature April 18th. 1843, provides for the appointment by the Common Council of a receiver and deputy receiver of taxes at yearly salaries not to exceed respectively the sum of two thousand and fifteen hundred dollars, to hold theoe offices during the pleusure of the 1,'omuion Cou noil. By an ordinance of the Common Council passed June 17, 1843. the salary of the receiver was tlxed nt two thousand dollars, and that of tho deputy at twelve hundred dollars. An act passed by the Legislature April 11th. 184N, amendatory of the act of April 18, 1843. makes it the duty of the Board of Supervisors within twenty days thereafter, to appoint a receiver and deputy rccoivcr of taxes to hold their offices for four years unless removed for cause, and fixes the salary of the former lit two thousand dollars, and of the latter at fifteen hundred dollars. This change, by which the terms of these officers, and the compensation of one of them is materially increased. was not applied for by the Common Council, nor does It appear to be justified by any public necessity. IJuder such circumstances the increase of the burdens of our tax-payers to compensate an officer purely local, seems to uw au unwarrantable Interference by the Legislature. with the proper discretion of our immediate representatives. in it nuttier iti which our citizens are alone interested. I recommend that an application bit made for a repeal of the law. so far at leant an it withdraw* from tho Common Council n discretion as to the amount of compensation. I have received a communication from tho Judges of the Supreme Court, in reference ty the accommodation required by that court in thin city. Under the new constitution the number of terms held by it in this city is largely increased, for the benefit of our cltizeus, and additional rooms are necessary for the transartion of business. I understand that the attention of your predecessors was called to this subject, but no definite action was taken by them, under the idea, as I am informed. that tho expense of tho new arrangements ought not to be thrown upon the city. The Legislature. however, have recently passed a law which takes effect on tile 1st July next, making it the duty of tho Supervisors to provide such accommodations, and if they neglect to do mo. authorizing the sheriff to make the necessary provision at the expense of the city.? This consideration, as well as the great importance of the business pending in that court, will. 1 trust, Induce you to remove the reproach upon your city, of refusing to provide rooms for the sittings of additional tribunals, instituted iu consequence of our own complaints of the inadequacy of former ones to the administration of justice between our citizens. Tho immigration from the over populated countries of Kuropc. which our free institutions and our fertile and unoccupied soils had invited, has received a new impulse from the famine which has been recently added to the evils of uiisgovernmeut. The uuukber who have within the last year sought here a new home and a refuge from want and oppression, in scarcely less than 250.000. of which about 100,000 persons arrived at this port. The regulation!) recently projected in Canada will, if adopted, discourage direct immigration to it cannot bo doubted that the annual accession to our population of such persons in destined rapidly and largely to iucnw. and to form one of the most remarkable characteristic* of tbu age in which wo lire. Airide from thy vast increase of the productivo power of the country thus created, and the considerable addition* to it* capital from those who bring with them the accumulations of their former industry. the effect upon our foreign commerce, although loss observed, in by 110 uieaim unimportant. The passago money received from immigrants during the past year ban contributed more to the prosperity of our navigation than the freight from all our commerce with Europe. With a sagacious regard to an aspect of the times so peculiar, and so important as well to our citizens as to the immigrants, the Legislature of last year instituted a commissioner, whose duty it should be. by a proper application of the commutation and hospital moneys collected from immigrauts. to protect them against the frauds to which they were exposed, and the citixens of the various localities in our State, against the charge to which they might be subjected for the support of the sick or destitute. It caunot be doubted that the wice provision thus made for the efficient application of these funds to the objects for which they were received, has not only effected a humane purposo. but has relieved this city from great inconvenleuce and expense. In view of the importance of this great and growing interest, and its relations to the prosperity of our city, it caunot be doubted that the Commissioners of Kinigrntion wilt, in the discharge of their arduous and responsible duties, receive as they deserve your cordial and efficient co-operation. The succession of changes which has occurred in the administration of the city government, affords sufficient indication of the dissatisfaction of the people with the result of its action. The calls for reform and retrenchment. which have accompanied these frequent changes, have generally been answered by an increase of the expenditure, and au extension of the abuses, until the taxes imposed upon our citixeus have la-come oppressively burdensome. There is fault somewhere. It is in tho administration, or in the government itself, or in the citizens u|k>ii whom it op?ratcs. In my judgment the evil is to be ascribed to all these sources So far as I have been able to discover abuses of a merely administrative nature. I have endeavored to point them out; and 1 do not doubt that a tirin and faithful application to them of the remedies suggested, would make an iuint ?...i,,;? .... ? ? :..t?i ii*-? - .............. "... ......... i|hm i.r that a farther investigation on your part would nnal>lu you to discover and remedy others. The defect* in the structure of the municipal government are radical. They constat in the absence of all those divisions and limitations of power which experience has shown to lie absolutely indispensable to a wise and honest administration. In my message of May 13. IMS. to which I beg leave to refer you. I took occasion to discuss these defects, and recommended a revision of the city charter; a eonventlon for that purpose was afterwards held; but the instrument which it framed was rejected by the people, partly because lis provisions were not approved, and partly becausc of the short pvriod afforded for its examination before tliu election at which it was submitted. All necensary reforms in the charter can still be effected by an act of the legislature, approved and adopted by the people of this city, and one of the most important of these reforms, is. to a considerable extent, within your control. While the charter enjoined upon the Common Council the establishment of executive departments. it did not' as it should have done, itself organise these department*. Aud although' If they derive their existence from an ordinance which the i i.mm.>11 Council may at any time repeal, they cauuot have the independence and permanency which they should possess, or be efficient checks upon the * omuion < ouncil itself, yet they may in other respects realize the objects for which they were designed, and they ought without unnecessary delay to be organixed. It may well lie doubted whether a potential cause of unwise and extravagant expenditure does not lie still deeper than the abuses of administration, or the defects in the structure of the government. The dispellsatiou of the enormous patronage consequent upon the expenditure of a million and a half of dollars, and th? maintenance of a very large number of officers and dependents. subject to the arbitrary will of the Common Council for the time being distributed anew almost every year in the incessant fluctuations of party ascendancy. ami attracting as well the future expectants as the present possessors, create} an interest in favor of expenditure, which is very powerful and far more ae tive than the interest in favor of economy Although the influence of this interest in our municipal affairs would be much weakened by proper modifications of the charter, such an interest must, to some extent, always exist, and it is a misfortune peculiar to this city, that this interest is fur less here, than in other parts of the State, counteracted by the Interest in favor of economy. Nearly four-fifths of our taxes arc levied upon reiil estate, of whicli a vast migority of the electors own none They pay their taxes In the form of rent, but without ascribing that portion of the rent which is added to cover taxation, and the pressure of which they feel, to its real source. The conse<|Ucnc? is that they are not so sensitive to extravagance in expenditure, as , thev would lie. If thev realized th? iiiisz-hlnf t,h:?l. u I.. I fllet.? upon theni. It 1* in vnln to export effectual reform* no long n-< from superior nctlvlty. or any other cause. the Interest in favor of expenditure Ik stronger than the interest i:i favor of economy. Ami the truth eannot l>e too t'rv Iunitly or too strongly inculcated that taxation. In whatever form It I* apparently collected. must ultimate! r fall upon labor. and that, carried to the degree to which we I?eem to be rapidly approaching. It is a blight upon the Industry of a people. If we would have effectual reform and practical economy, those who nominally pay the taxes moat learn to acknowledge, and those from whom they are reiilly derived must learn to realize, thin Important and fundamental truth. W K HAVKMKYKtt After the reading of the communication. It wax referred to the appropriate committee, after that committee ?h*ll have been organised. The Board then adjourned until Monday evening uext, at 0 o'clock. ?1 WnOHMMMi LD. . I Prtcc Two Ctatfc Honr<l of Aldermen??No Uifanlw* lion? A LNafrwrflil Sfriit. Shortly after 1- o'eloek his Honor Mayor Havemnyer entered t>i< chamber of Huh lioard. and administered the until of office to Hi- following member*elect, ri? :? H'arJ*. H'arJi. I Joxoph Jamison, lo Wilson Small. - -Tiuiuthy K Itibbard. 11.?Jedediah Millar. 3. James K. Wood. l'i ? George K. Clark, 4 - Nathuu A Suttou. lit.?Wai W Kreani. 6 Al?xr H Scliulti. 14 ?John R. Past on. B ?Patrick lirenan, lj ? Joseph Uritton 7. ?Morgan Mur(?in. jun . 10 -( harle* Webb 8. - Robert P (jetty, 17 ? Oeorge H. Kraukllu, 9. ? Silas C. Herring. 18 Oeorge W Allertoa. Tlia Mayor having retired, the L'larlc having called the roll, tht* member of the ;td ward instantly ro?e id! moved that Mr. Morgaus (of th*i 7th ward) take tho chair uio Inn. Almost simultaneously Mr Webb moved that Wileon Small take thu chair At theiamo instant, as It were. Mr. Krankliu. of thu 17th ward. seconded the motion of Mr. Wood, and tho Clark called Mr. Morgan* to tha chair; whan Mr. kraain of tho lit til ward, callud for tha yuan and uays Tha ayee tail iio-o-o-o-m were accordingly givun In thn mean tiutw Mr. Morgans had taken possession uf tha chair, and tlia Clark decided iu hi* favor. Mr Hibhako protested against tha declillon of tho clxrk, and called for tha yeas aud uay*. Mr. Wkbh seconded tho motion. Mewir*. Wood, Clark and Jamison contended In favor of the decltiou or thu cUirk; and Mr. MorgMM attempted to ur a fair words relative to tha peculiar position In whleh Bit ni i placed, when Mr. Ilibhnrd. said? I cannot recognise that gentleman in the chair. M chairman /no If in. until the vote ha* bean taken." At thin Htage of thn proceedings, a committee, consisting of Aldermen Croliua and Kitigarald. entered the room, whan some of tho members told theu to KO | back; that they had not got ready for them, and other similar expressions; and before the committee from th? board of Alderman had well left the chamber, a long stove pipe, wliicli stretches across tho room, and had been tottoring for ?ouih time, at last came down upon tlio head* of tho crowded mass of spectators, covering their flnoly starched linen with a profusion , of soot; which circumstance created the utmoiit din order for some time. The democratic member* of th? board again protested against Mr. Morgana offlciatiuc aa ohairiuan pro. Inn., and insisted upon the clerk call ing the yean and nay*, and denied hio right to mak* any decision in the case?that he wan not /at auofleer of the Uoard ; that it wan Ilia duty to call the yeas und nays at the request of any member of the Board. Mr. Wouu moved that tho rule* of tho lust Board bn adopted for tile present. Mr. Wkhh replied that the motion waft out of order. Mr. liiHaAiiD called upon Mr. MorgauH to vacate th* chair und tuke hift own neat Thin not being done, Mr. Hibbard paid. " do I understand that the clerk refuse* to call the yeoa and nay*?" Mr. MoartA**?If that gentleman (alluding to tho member from the 2d ward) will put tho motion, ( will Mr. HinBAnn?You hare nothing to do with It. Mr. Fiikam?I cull upon Richard Scott to call tha ayes and noe*. Mr. Hiiidaiiu?If the clerk does not call the yeas and noes, I shall do It mysolf. After some further parleying, Mr. Hibbard loft his Heat, and walked behind the clerk's desk, when the room was thrown into the utmost possible confusion ? hisses on one aide, and cheers, and waving of hats on tho other, la which some of tho ex-oftlcials participated. A motion was made and seconded to adjourn, und Mr. Morgana declared the Board to be adjourned. Tho whig mem- , bors sloped, and left the room without a quorum, when Mr. Webb proceeded to take tho quostiou on a motion nominating Wilson Smllll to take tho chair. Nine members only answered, and consequently the farco terminated for tho present. T1IK CLOSING SCENES. After the organisation of the new Common Council, or at least partial organization. Hve stages, with four superbly caparisoned horses attached to each, appeared in front of the City Hail, to convey tha members of the old and new Common Council on an excursion to Haudall's Island, to visit the nursery department of the Alms House. At 2 o'clock thu line of procession moved off. and reached the island at I throe o'clock, where they were received with thren cneers by tnecniiurcn. Alter lutein# u general surv?y of the now building*, thev took their leave for Burnbuni's Mansion House. where, as had been arranged, a dinner was in waiting for them. The roads were in Ann order, ami ut qu>irter-pa.Mt four o'clock the stage* wero drawn up in front of the Mansion House A general brushing of coats then followed, when suddenly the ball announced the good things of life ready to be discussed. Aid. May nurd, the chairman of the committee of arrangements. stood at the door of the dining room, to prevent the ingress of those who had not been Invited, and these were not a few, who wished|to participate, without having been thought of in the general arrangement. , At Ave o'clock the conipauy was seated, and a general clatteriug of knives, forks and spoons commenced, '-j and the tou/tr a la tortur wus most voraciously devoured.. Scarce had that dish disappeared, when six other piogniflceut courses followed; to all of which ampla justice was done?l>esidcs which a dessert of fruits, lees, fcc., of the finest quality. The stomachs having bee a satisfied, so far as the eatables were eoneerned, the bottle made Its appearance, and from the quick succession of the popping of the corks, a goodly quantity was dispensed. and disappeared, appeared, and again dlsappeard, until some dosens of empty bottles gave evl- j dencc of a degree of mirth rarely enjoyed by the saga I fathers of the city, who indulged in sentiment and I joke until the night came on. The affair passed off I handsomely, and the emute in the Board of Assistants I seemed entirely forgotton in the general hilarity. I Then would have been the time for the settlement of tba , I difficulties of that body?the contentions drowned in I champagne, and a president pro Itm chosen. -rM At half past six o'clock, the table was deserted both ' by members and luxuries, the former seeking their >1 uouies. id MuniLRT. ana urouin 01 me pleasures of oeius iurwi. Theatrical and Mualcal. Bowknt Tiikatrk.?'-Jacob Leliler'' tu rcpeatoil lust evening to a tolerably well fllleil house. TbU plajr was well performed, and the various parts were veil i filled. Dyott, Marshall. Tilton, ( larke. Burke. Bellamy, all hare prominent part? Murdoch Alio the part of tha hero, and, a* wp have before remarked, hia elocution and reading were admirable; he gave the languaga. with ranch emphasis aud precision, and received eonHideralile applause The plot of thin piece may be briefly summed up ait follows:- Leister was a leading man among the people of New York in the latter end of tha 17th century, when the colony was ruled by officers appointed by the Knglish government. and who held on the reins in no slack manner. I.eisler's spirit revolted against this treatment of his couutrymen. and taking; advantage of James II.'s fall, he seiied the government of New York aud held the loyalists at bay. Filially, after n struggle, he was obliged to give in. and waa executed. Connected with this plot there is a love story aud a coinic character or two, and the dialogue I* patriotic, sentimental, aud jocular by turns It Is a well ronccived piece, and the way in which It is got up hy .Mr. Ilauililin is magnificent. The scenery, the tableaux of Indian scenery, fighting, ike . are all excellent; and were there but a little morn Interest In the story hcyoud the patriotism of Lelsler. we think it would Im? more attractive As it is. however, it is a creditable piece of composition, and was well acted. It will be repeated .this evening, aud we trust to see the housa crowded. In these piping times of republican fervor, such a piece is i^uite cougenial to the feelings of tha many. Chatham Theatre.?Another immense houso last night ; really we do uot see how Moso can ever get away from New \ ork. as lias been hlpted In some of the papers The complimentary l>en?fit which haa been mentioned, will come off soon, we trust. We thlulc that VIose must a<ljoiiru to the I'ark ou that evening. There will lie audience euough to fill it. To-uight. % most capital bill, for which, see the advertisement. Collins, the celebrated Irish comedian, and excellent vocalist, is a great card at the Broadway theatre. The houses are every night crammed, aud the audlenca testify their appreciation of hia great abilities by reiterated cheers Ilia songs of the "Widow Maehree," anil '-Bould Koldier Boy," would in themselves command ft full house. Christy's Minstrels.?The same story hero -crowded houses lots of laughter and applause, and all tha usual accompaniments of the rhristy concert* They are the Napoleons of negro minatrelly. To-night they sing as usual. Melooeon.?The genteel performances at this housa itiiikiiik in ijuiir a narvesi 10 me enierprisinjc manager su4 proprietor. It i* just the place for family parties. I'ii Mm On n? Horn?The '-Illustrated Picture*.'? are still the attraction here. Tin Sun k IIkothkhk. under the direction of <J. Uancki-r, open to-night at Wooeter. and Intend to (five four of their populxr Kthiopiaii concert* Th? Sable Brother* will open at the Vlelodeon in Boston. on Monday next, under an engagement of two week* Affair* on tmk Coast ok Af?ica ?Coninmntier Hope, of If. II. M. sloop" Bittern," Ht Prince's Inland la.?t. March In company with the U. S brt* " Boxer.'' reported thnt a short time previousho was at tag"* in th<' Bight of Berten with an American baric at anchor there?name unknown A* soon a* he (( 'apt. Hope) sailed in the ' Bittern.'? the hark wa." sold. her crew sent on shore and *h? escaped from the cua*t with a large cargo of *lave*. The crew of the hark were landed on the heacb in the evening nt l.a#os That same night a marauding party of native blacks came down from Bidagry, fop the purpose of attnekiug Lagos. hut falling in with th?? erew of the said liark. on the beach, and not knowlug them to be white men. they murdered every *ou| save one. who was providentially knocked down. an| escaped In the dark new. lie got on board a canoe anl was taken to Bidagry. and fed and clothed by the Kuglish merchants there This man stateil. that soon after he ha<l landed with his shipmates from the bark, and before they had limn to leave the beach, the natives attacked theui. and alt lie recollects afterward* WM ImHm thenicry for mercy. when he was himself knocked dowu sen* less. an<l in the darkness was left by the black* unnoticed. Moik* < J* ?\t. whig, was elected analderiuan. ii Vvi. on, vu Uw UttUat. H : J