Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1848 Page 2
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i 1 ?? i i | NEW YORK ?F#ALD.f North-Wiit t on.. . o^kulton and Num? ?U. JAMES GORDON BENHKTT, ritoruiKTon. AVrsfMRVTS TIH> EVRXIVC. BOWKRV nit.v r,i?. linory?J *0om Lkismck?Jac>. arrc. CHATHAM THEATRE. <'!mt!i?ra utmst?Mv XtlOHMll'i Wirr?Sri kit or rm Wat????N*w Vo?k a* It u?Chao? II C.IMK Af.AII ASirjF HALL. ItroAdwAj. nur Uruom*?Chkktv'i hiiratr kijh?erhiorkax Siioi:?c?Bvai.Kaqi'K Da^icuio. fco. PANORAMA hall Broadwtjr. uti Houston?Baxtaid'i paji ahoma or thr Huiiiairri. MELODEOX, Bowery?Ethiopian and Ballad Sinoino. PaLMO"S opera house, Chamber* itr?et?iLLvmATtu fictiia. New York, Wednesday, May 10, 1848. The Circulation of tile Herald. Tueaday May # 19.410 copied TU<? publication of the Herald commenced yeaterday at 15 minute* before 4 o'clock, and finished at 10 minute4 past 8 o'clock. More Jitwi from Kurope. The steamship Hermann, with four dttys later intelligence from Europe, is now in her fourteenth day. Defeat of tike Mexican Treaty?It* Result*. Farther accounts seein to strengthen the impression that the recent treaty with Mexico will be defeated by the government of that country, and that no treaty will ever receive the sanction of the Mexican representatives. The causes of this result may be various. It is well known that the treaty was framed under the auspices of certain English bankers in Mexico. The provisions of the treaty in which they were interested, were expunged by the Senate, at Washington; and hence exercises an influence in procuring its confirmation. Mr. Trist, also, was ordered home in disgrace, and the recent court marti:tl in Mexico may produce a conviction in the mind of that government, that the government at Washington disapproves of the conduct of the generals and the negotiators who made the treaty, and rely on the trial of the annexation of all Mexico. Whatever he the cause of the defeat of the treaty, it becomes more than probable we shall have none at all. In such case, what is to be done in Mexico] Will Mr. Polk cause the American army to evacuate that country, or will he await for any further developeinent of the future] The question will soon have to be decided either way. Great and National Revolution in this Country.?Whatever may be the final result of the present political revolution in Europe, or whatever may be the new modifications of society, both of the aris' tocracy and democracy in that region of the world, ihere is one result which is as certain as the light of day from the sun, aud that is, the destruction of all the existing financial and commercial systems and establishments of the old world, and of all connected with them elsewhere. The public debts of the governments of Europe; the existing system of banking in Europe and America; the great banking houses and large commercial establishments there, have all grown up together, during the last two centuries. The public debts and public securities of Europe have depended entirely upon quietness and peace, which permitted the revenue to be collected and poured into the coffers of the government. The revolutionary state of the world destroys now all the springs and sources of revenue, and consequently the public securities of all of them must go by the board?of England as well as of the others. It may h? n v#?nr nr twn K<?fnrp tKit r^anlf falrpu n1n/*P* hilt of the certainty of this result no man can entertain a doubt. All the commercial and financial systems connected with the great debt of England, will go to rnin; and as the revolution in politics progreases, so that in finance will follow. From this prospect in view, the merchants, bankers, traders, and others in the United States, ought to make their arrangements to change whatever may be necessary to change in connection with affairs in Europe. All those houses in this country which are involved in the European system o finance, must go by the board, a9 much as wa9 the case in the year 1837. South Carolina?Political Movement.?We mentioned some days ago, that a delegate to the Baltimore convention had been api>ointed at a public meeting at Georgetown, South Carolina, with instructions to oppose the " Wilinot proviso" and all who support it. We now see by the Charleston Mercury that this i? only a partial movement, and that the State of South Carolina did not participate in any such purpose at all. The Calhoun party in that State, it eems, refused to send a delegate at all to the Baltimore convention; but intend to keep aloof, and profit by the feuds and disturbances that take place in that body. No doubt, however, aoine delegates from that State will be at Baltimore; but they will depend altogether on the complexion of affairs at the time. This was the policy which they pursued four years ago. They kept aloof from the convention until they ascertained that Van Buren and General Cass were not to be nnniinntprr nnH then ?'nti>rrrl ?nH nrmmscrt tn sinv. port the I'olk party. The same j>olicy and the aame result will follow the approaching convention; but the chancea are even, looking at the present position of the barnburners of New York?so that the question is as important a one, probably, as the next Presidency itaelf. War jn Europb?The American Navy.?We have often called the attention of Congress and the public to the condition of the American navy, in the present crisis of the world. A European war seems to be almost certain, and that, in fact, within a few months. Such a war would certainly affect the commercial relations of all those countries which are at all connected with J-u rope. No one can turn his eye upon the history of the past, without acknowledging the necessity of a strong naval power, for the protection of the commercial and neutral relations of the United States. During the old European war, springing out of the revolution of 'H9, the commercial interests of the United States were insulted and sacrificed in every possible decree, owing to the want of a sufficient naval force. Now is the time for Congress to make preparations to increase, and modify, and organize the navy in such a manner as to preveni a repetition of such insults u[>on American commerce. Instead of squabbling about personal and political interest*, why do not men of intelligence and capacity occupy their time with more important affairs, and make preparation for that great crisis which is coming upon us from the revolutions going on in the old world ? Ttie Si-nscnniKiis to thk i.atk Italian Ophha.? Why do not the subscribers to the late 11 a 1 i n <>pera call a meeting, and make arrangements for ftome proceedings by which to ascertain l?y whose fault and folly the Opera has been sus|>cnded, in the way it has heen done, cheating flic subscribers out of a fourth part of the subscriptions paid 1 The impudence with which it has been suspended, in debt to the subscribers, and to almost every newspaper in the city, for advertising, without even attempting to give any sort of explanation, is a piece of swindling and audacity without parallel in the annals of society jn New York.? The establishment started under circumstances of honor and great advantages, with high support and abundant resourced. What has become of all these resources 1 I'nless some explanation is made, some account furnished, and some exposition given to the public, the only alternative is to believe that it was, from beginning to end, nothing but a premeditated swindling experiment. Why do not the subscribers speak out, meet together, and bring the knaves, whoever thuf are, tp an account 1 # ' ' ' ' . ^f^nc^T'Trrctunv" A*B DRAYATIC P&o?Lf^* A great problem in lif.- nod th2 drain i, is now pending before the audience of thi* Bowery Theatre, who, since the revolution in the m magem 'lit th it took place there, have become quite critical, and almojt the b?st p!iiloaophera in this city in th it line of art. A new pi ty on a a?*v subiect, by i i*>v i u.ior, u performing at th1* Bowery. It is written by Mr. ) Cornelius Mathews, who is considered by some as one of the fairest candidates for the fame of the American Shakspeare, as ranked by authors, as any pretender in any description of literature. The play is on an American topic, and the audiences, coming from all classes, will have to decide on this, whether Cornelius Mathews is the descendant of the legitimate Shakspeare or not. Another important question is also before the Bowery audience, and that is, the position of Mr. Murdoch, who is considered by his friends the rivul, if not the superior, of Forrest, and even, in some branches of the drama, of Kcmble himself.? The critics are ranged into two classes?one condemning, and the other supporting Mr. Murdoch? .U?. .K? * * ' ,1... mm theatre, must decide. So far as we have heard of Mr. Murdoch, he haa more taste and finer feeling than Forrest; but he warifs some of the energy and passion, almost " torn to rags," which distinguish the great Edwin, when played in theatrical style. Murdoch, therefore, seems to be a more accomplished actor, but a less energetic tragedian. He may surpass Forrest in some particulars, but he falls still behind him in deepest tragedy. Many still insist that Murdoch is better, more finished, superior, and even more classic, than Forrest, whose style of acting, at the best, is only of the tomahawk school of the Indian race. Let the discriminating audience who now crowd the Bowery, determine this important question. The West Indies.?A highly important crisis is impending over all the West India islands, but more particularly over those possessions which belong to the English, the French, and the .Spaniards. The interests of the British West Indies have been long since sacrificed, in order to gratify their rival of Ilindostan. This interest, centered in London, combined with the action of the fanatics in England, has destoyed the property of those islands. The new French republic now bids fair, by some intimations and decrees made, to bring about the same state of things in the islands making part of the colony there. In the French West India islands, no doubt, the slaves will soon be liberated and set free bv decrees to that effect, to be issued by the approaching National Assembly at Paris. Such a political colonial movement will soon reach Spain. It cannot be expected that the .Spanish peninsula will escape the great revolution which is now agitating all Europe alike. A revolution in Spain will first affect Cuba, and afterwards the other Spanish West Indies, where the slaves will be set free, and the destruction of all slave property follow. It appears there is no escape for Cuba and the French West India islands, unless they determine to take care of themselves. What will Cuba do ? What will be her policy 1 How will she be able to avert the threatening tempest, and the ruin which impends over all her interests T It is for Cuba herself to think and reflect well upon her course. That she will do so is almost certain. Taylor Meeting at Lafayette Hall.?a meeting was held last evening at Lafayette Hall, by a portion of the friends of General Taylor, for the purpose of celebrating the victory gained at the Rio Grande, at the commencement of the Mexican war. A report of this meeting will be found in our columns. It ought to be observed, however, that the meeting was called together by a club of the old Wall street whigs, who have associated themselves for the purpose of assuming the direction of the Taylor men in New York. In fact ' however, they only form a cliquc of the friends of General Taylor, and they enjoy no more influence and importance to make him President, than any other friends of a President who can light a hall, pay the expenses of the oil and gas, and engage a place to make speeches. The leaders of these cliqxut are merely the old broken down politicians of both the old parties, whigs and democrats, and their influence in any administration that may spring from General Taylor's elevation, ought not to be greater than any other clique. In this city we have a dozen rliqxu$, and the reason is, the effect of v ipuerai J ayior s popularity givt-s mnu i-ui-numgrment that he will be elected. M. Leon Favre, the newly appointed French consul general at New York, was a great commtrfant of Paris, possessing a great knowledge of everything relative to trade. lie is a brother of M. Leon Favre, who was celebrated in Lvona as an attorney, and who is now Secretary of the Ministry of Interior of Paris. From the Soith.?The Southerner, steamer, from Charleston, yesterday brought us papers from all the southern cities, one day ahead of the mail. To Captain Berry we have again to offer our acknowledgments for favors. L?ti:r from Brazil*.?An arrival at Baltimore has put us in possession of file* of the Rio Janeiro paper Corrrio Mrrcantil, up to the '20th March. We perceive that Mr. (iallutin's pamphlet on the subject of peacr with Mexico, in translated aud published in the Correio without comment!. The new Peruvian war steamer Rimac. Capt. Riestra. built In this city, arrived at Rio on the 24th of March, jn a parage of 51 day*. The steamer Todos on Santos arrived at Rio on the 24th March, bringing dates from Rio Grande to the 14th At that time the southern province* of Brazil were all in perfect quiet. The Provincial Assembly was installed on the 4tli. Later from Montevideo. ? Files of the Comcrcio del Plata to the 11th March, have been received at this office. Several numbers of the Britith Packct, published at Buenos Ayres, have come to hand. The U. S. frigate Brandywine was at Montevideo on the 14th of March. The brig Perry, Lieut. Tilton, was at Buenos Ayres on (lie 11th. They were expecting Baron (Jros from France, a special Minister to the Rosas government, and he and the Hon. Cnpt. Gore, from the PJn^lish government, who had arrived as far as Hio Janeiro, it was supposed, would enter into a new series of negotiations with Rosas. We suspect, however, that they will hnve been disappointed in any calculations made 011 the French Minister, as in the present changed condition of France, that government has other things to attend to besides diplomatizing in South America. Dittos Amu, March 11. 1948 On the 8tli inst., 11 fleet of eleven vemels, ten of which were bound to Kuropean ports. and one. the Mason Barney, to New York, made a rush from the Inner roads <?f this port, with most favorable prospects, having a durk night and fair wind. When about eighty miles down the river, the wind and tide became adverse, and the French steamer wa? noon in their midst, capturing eight out of the eleven, the Mason Barney among thain They were all brought hack to their anchorage nave one Kngll*h brig, which, having been previously warned ami her papers endorsed, wan ordered for Montevideo, and will nil arc the fate of the Kngllsh brig Fame and others Kaeh port of the Argentine territory in uow closely blockad"d and all at tempts to evade the French cruisers will be useless with a steamer constantly prepared for the rhaie There yet remain fifteen voxel* loaded for port* in Europe, including those returned on the 9th all smaller than the Mason Barney. Nothing more will be got out of Kuseenuda or Salado from this time The I,ucy Ann. having sailed some time lan moniii. gni out wuejy The fcngll'h brig Fwif ruptured by the French, fcut into Mnjitevideo nnd condemned. had unassorted cargo, worth jCS.OOO sterling The resell" recently captured nnd cent hack have the privilege of dlacharging their rargoen ami leaving in ballait; hut If any are caught in attempting to get out again. both vexael and cargo will Im? ronH-<Hted The French and Kngli'h MlllUtnri appointed to renew negociation* have not arrived, and it ix confidently thought their effort* will result a lu Hood. Oilfley and llowden The coneeaalon* which they intend a*king for will not t>e granted by Roea* In till* city all commerce in ntopped A retail trade only if doing The coaster* are all laid up Cart* and horxe* ditto But little produce come* from the interior and many of the distant flo*k* thi- *uminer will go unborn of their wool, i ? Anniversary Wetk II New fni ' tECOnO BAT. Kfw York Sunday fchaal I iiio?w?TMctyStcoiid AniilvrrMury. The numerou* Sunday school* ?luch rumpow the New I ork SunJay School U uutn uir. a tbr.r rf?|#rlnr rjoin* yorltrJay afternoon. and inarched in order to the p.aeon appointed for theut to meet in M-rtton*. tU at Citalic Garden; Dr Cheerer'* Cbi rcb, Cmon Square Central Presbyterian Church. Broome utrrrt, He* Mr HatAold'x Church. Broome ?tree?, Sprint ?treet Church, (late Dr PattonV.) and the OliTer >trrft Baptint Church After listening to addrcvxei at the plac.-> ab.tTe min tioncd. practising their by mu*. etc., tlnyariou? ?< Ii.k.u went forth iu procession. and assembled in a l?>Jj at Can tie Garden; and a very pretty ?ight pr< sented as they inarched through the various streets leading to the general reudeirou* The children bore their banners a* proudly as If they were parrying their national color*; the female teacher* far out-numbered those of the opposite sex. and the master and tnlsee* though somewhat impatient of restraint, were. on the whole, quite orderly, and with the exception of now and then one who would stray off to an apple stand they all kept iu liuu. and no reached the large enclosure at Castle Uardeu; here all care was taken to have an orderly entrance. and the Tast area was coou tilled, and presented an appearance which needs to be seen to l>e appreciated. The seats were all filled. those on the ground floor as well an iu the gallerie*. and when mo more seat* were to be lound. there were hundred* of persons, large and small, who were left to ramble al*<ut the premises, and eujoy the beautiful prospect of the bay and North River. The children were seated by school*, each diHtinguished from the others b) au appropriate banner; and thu* were a*?embled more than ten thousand young persons to celebrate their Sunday School Anniversary?a day to which the youngsters always look forward with lively hop** Three o'clock wiu the hour designated for the commencement of the exercise*, and at about that time i Lothian'* Bras* Band, which wa* engaged for the occasion, struck up a cheerful air. which pleated the children mightily. Considerable time intervened before the appointed officers took their seats upou the stag* and the ceremonies of the occasion were performed in the following order: " THE WAVING BANNER." [Hymn by the Children ] Now we raise our tuneful voice* In a new melodious song. While each youthful heart rejoices. To behold the gathering throng. Chobi**.? A* we lift our waving banner* To the brueie* soft and mild. May the tide of glad hoaanna* Flow from bo*om* uudoflled Ye who join our celebration. SweetCHt melodies employ; Bovr with u* In adoration. KUl'd with holy, heavenly joy. Chorus.?A* we lift. Sic. u. the gru&t. the boundless favor* We're permitted to record! May they quicken our endeavor* In the service of the Lord. Ciiori**.?Ah we lift, lie. Teachers kind, whose care unceasing All muftt honor and approve. Thank* for labors still increasing? Heaven reward your works of love. Chorus.?As wp lift, ke. Thanks to God for every blessing Which his bounteous band bestows; All on earth that's worth possessing. From that hand incessant flows. Chorus.?As we lift, he. A prayer was then offered by the Rev. Mr. Lord, of Harlem?after which, the children sung their second hymn, accompanied by the band. The music of this piece was given with a will by the thousands of young warblers. It was as follows:? With joyful hearts we sing The praises of our Saviour King, And high our voices raise; We bless the Lord that we were born. In school to meet each Sabbath morn, To chaunt our youthful lays. Another year has rolled around. And iu sweet union here we're found; To Ood the glory give. For all the means that he hath given. That we may learn the way to heaven, And with Him ever live. To Sunday school wo lovo to go. And while we dwell on earth below, Our Sunday school we'll bless. Dear teachers, too, we love them well, For they of heavenly tidings tell, And endless happiness. For us our Saviour shed his blood; He feeds our souls with heavenly food; He gives us life and breath. He sends his Spirit from above. To draw us with his cords of love. And save our souls from death. Our Heavenly Father we adore; His gracious presence we implore Upon our youthful band. Oh! that his word may make us wise And lead to bliss beyond the skies. To dwell at his right hand.'' Mr. Edwards, of Kngland. was then introduced to the children by Dr. Ferris, the president of the society. Mr. E. addressed the children in a speech of about 10 minutes' length. Hi* remarks were very happy and appropriate to the occasion, and were listened to with a irreat deal of attention by the audience. He told the children in a familiar manner about his connexion with the Sunday schools in his own country, and exhorted his young hearer* to cultivate a spirit of unity. .Mr. Touslev. of Canandaigua, next addressed the children. Mr. T. is the agent of the S. S. Union, having hi* field of labor in the we*torn part of New Vork. He showed in his remarks that he was used to children. He related pleasing anecdotes, carrying with them appropriate morals ; hut. notwithstanding the manner of the speaker was agreeable, the little folk* had begun to grow uneasy, and a general buiz began throughout the house, low at fir*t. but gradually increasing, until it became unite too loud to allow a hearing of the remarks of Mr. T.. who alluded goodnaturedly to the circumstauce. and concluded hU remarks. The next was the children's part to perform, which they did by tinging the following hymn, composed for them, the word* .by Her. Oeo. W. Uethune. D.D . and the music by Oeo. F. Hoot. It wa* entitled COME, LET t'S SI NO TO JEM'S. Come, let us sing to Jesus. While hearts and acccnts blendCome. let us sing of Jesus, The sinners' only friend. Hi* holy soul rejoices Amid the choirs above. To hear our youthfnl voice* Exulting in his love. Wo love to sing of Jesus. Who wept our path along ; We love to sing of Jesus, The tempted and the strong ; None who besought his healing. " He passed unheeded by ; And still retains his feeling For us above the sky. Wg love to sing of Jesus, Who died our souls to save ; We love to sing of Jesu*. Triumphant o'er the grave ; And In our hour of danger We'll trust his love alone, Who once slept in a manger, And now sit* on the throne Then let u* sing of Jesu*. While yet on earth we stay. And hope to sing of Jesus Throughout eternal day ; For those who here confess him. He will in heaven confess ; And faithful hearts that bless him, He will for ever bless. The benediction was pronounced by the Kev Mr. Johnson, of Jersey city, and the exercise* were closed. While the children were sealed in the garden, refreshments. iii the shape of cake*, were distributed amongst them, and it should be said, to their credit, that they diirinir thin limo n. <l#?rnrum that, in wnrthv of emulation by assemblage* of grown up children. When all wa* done. the xchools marched out in tb<>MiB<'orderly manner that ? ? observed by theui in entering the plaee of assembling. All wax good nature and orderly hilarity to the eud. aud a* the youthful bands marched through the street* on their return they were viewed with admiration by the occupant* of the houses and the pedestrians iu the street* through which they passed. It wa* observed that the beaux looked with especial interest upon the effort* made by the female teacher* to fulfil their arduoux duties And u their cheeks glowed and their eyvx sparkled in their anxiety to fulfil their trust, it wax cvidant that many a passing buck was inmost persuaded to take to Sunday school teaching in order that he might have such fellow laborers. Kveuing exercises of the society were held In Dr. Cone'* Church, Broome street. Rev [)r. Kerri*. presiding. Addresses were delivered by Rev. Dr. Bethune. of Philadelphia; Rev. Mr Kvcrtx of the Baptist Church In thi* city, and L. B. Touxley, of Canandaigua. Mr. Havens, the corresponding secretary. read an abstract of the yearly report; but in consequence of the absence of the Treasurer, the statement of the financial atTairx of the nocicty was not made known. Mr. Havens stated, in brief, that the incidental expenses of the society for the past year, bad been 2.070. ieav inn it in debt about >70. Jin alw nave *onic intcre*ting *tati*tic*. in reference to the uii**ionary labor performed at the Went. by the mifwiouaric* *ent out by the society. and by He pa rate Sunday school*. During the pant two yearn, the** missionaries barn established 39ft school*, which now contain 2.574 teacher* and 1R.0U5 scholar*. ami bare furnished many libraries. be*ide* ending clothing, and other necessaries, to the de?tittlte. There are now about 2.000.000 children respiring instruction, by mean* of the S S. Union. Hrtnrd of Foreign Mlaalona of the Prrihytrrtan Church. The annual meeting of thin association for the propagation of the gospel abroad, wa< held last evening in t ha Rutger'* Street Church, and attended iiy a very large audience. After an introductory prayer by the Rav Dr. Snodgrass. who presided, tho Rev J. Lowr.e read an abstract of the report* received from nil parti of the world where the mUsion* of the association are located. Annexed in the abtract :? Receipt*. |108.AM 3* ; expenditures. >100.1M <W ? Publication*?The Mi**ionary Chronicle. 8.400 copie* ; the foreign MI**louary. 1/i.OOU copies ; Annual Report of 1R47. 3600 copie* ; Letter* to Children. 7000 copies ; Letter* to Sabbath School*. 6000 copie* ; Ad<lrnM for tha Synod of New Jer*cy. 2-iO copie* Mi**ionarie* Mat out?five raini*ler*, two teacher*, and five femalta? tfciM ?f wfcr? >fi ih? ftrii of U4 tM I *! ?4?- v<aiu? vm- t?j vfc. Cbij*?w*. !? . I UMkiV, I ItvcU* ?ai 1 mk ItJuill. BlaitMn. wvaa iwillin oa?" fcrai. ow carprairr | feuarttag ?teoUM'.i|tk? lwt> ? b??-ta?r? iMk- mlOM hawa. wtih l4?irlMl?rt iltj irk'>itr< tbcit JO , church >n*aib*r?. to la MV?trrn Atrtr* un.- mlaulcr. on? tf?fk?r, anil <>i?? nativ* a-?i<taat at l*? ititwii taoitii lb# ftrwo , ?a* inini.i.'t ? vlonrona ; ?o? mi ntal>r at . rhurch at Moarorta, ?cho?>l? at all i?? ?lalit>n? ia Nurib lad.*. turn miaaiua* tkr Lol ?M AUababai. aa4 > arrukbabaU. Villi ght ?ta- | It,.a. , l*ritf-ltii Aaaariraa auj l*u satire miui?t?r? ' I|hl?ri Mlitr a?*utaate t?u prtatia* *?Ubli?hmriiU. truia ahu ll Jil 37o |?|M mrrr UiuW ll fuur lan.-uaga* , M-U-xnU M w?l af the ?tatioa? aith ?MI fbUam at whom lj? arc i?M.irUil Ujr the in><u-ion? j au<l about 47 U ar? Is -rb??U uTi high gra.ii- rburrbr* at mx viatica* lata <4 abirh raa??rw wrr* rccol* Jaring tin jaar la Slam. ua> aiawlrr. aaJ oar . W<eatiat? |irrarkw *ba U ala?i a pb y?w Ua la blaa. | thrrw uiluion* ibri ?tm, lawy.wJ Mafft- wtt>M niau) tatiua*. mar miaiMrr* ?a? phyainan. t*<> l??nr4iug *li'?4? aitb *atjr |>upil* priaiiag |>r<*?? at >ingjM. aitli a*-teilir I) pn fr.*u which 4 Ja> i** page, rr church al tor tb* Jm.iiur iui ui?trr al prrarat la tb? city at New 1 ork In Papal kiUMfM- ibrugli tb* afi ar; ?f tbr Maagrhral Moeia- ! Ua* of Kraac* aaJ (train aoar)'! rrmilteU f<>r tb* uppcrt i4 t?a?(rlui< <>r t utfMirtear* Mw??a? ? M! ?< ? illtwa. la ?i? flrld? .4 labor. | Vll American Ia4lan> ?Mim Africa .North ladia. , Smui. t hlua I a|>al t.ttrupv. an<l Ih? J?w-, atation* ?1. rtaiB?>l MltUlnn. M firrtrlirr 1 riaaa. M?k?rt. prtatara a< lo makm* witk Uwir ?l?w. lul brrtutu ruliwtr uf ualitr l?kurrr> not orJilsnl, arkuula at hwI i4 thai Ull?w. ekurrbr* 1m niuat of th? MiaauiH* TUf tati?ltr? uf ( ur<>|~ ?n ?i Ion* not I?rlv4r<l TUi- Mlowrd h; ri|>Uul<?; rriuiki Tkr Rri Uf Dtflilwll tllrll ilrllfHVll I IN) IUt<T>'?tlU( Stliircaa. lit* wan follow*! lu Ihr )>ul|>it by IIm> Kr? Ut> Irnwn III Murray Th? Kn Or M> ? trlrr cluaw^lka mmIiu|. ?il Ibr immU; w^trtir l Amartmnr mt Ik* KrangiUMl lr Wy. The mrmbvr* of tki* "?lr?J tnmiblrj It I o'rkurk. v<-?t<T l?jr uiurutuK la tkr M? i l>r l|iriR|rr < < kwr< k. Marrer >trrrt. whra Ike fiilliiaiiK |I ItlrBi g war? drftrd ofllrrr* fur tki' ru?uiu( > am I'ttudmi Hun J< ??'|ih < Murnbiowrr. LL I> f'irr Crrnirali- Rr* S S .krbiuurkrr I> l? Rrr l<ur L??u. I? 1) , R. ? Tk?au? u I> . Kn N at hall Hang* U I) . R?? I.IMI Iwkrr U l> Kf* l? l l.au?iii|C l> 1' Kfi ' liu i r.itli ;r li |i Ra? Alouto Whnlurk. Rw Thuaia* K H-<u4. LI D . Hrr K Kmrry li ti H*? L M < rawford l> l> Ke> VI 1) Kurd. Rr* H I) Muaary. M I) , Hon t jrua f Smith, and Hun Rrubvu Walworth Carrti/ii/ndtHg StcrtHty ? R*? ttoorgr Pirk I> I) Ho ot dmt IfrrrMnri K*? Sumi'l H < <>i 1) D . R*t John N M'I.mmI I) I) ; K>-? K L Taylor and Rrr Oorliaui L) \bb?tt Trtaiirrr? Rirhard T lltinri >.? } CoumtUort?R?? Win Pal too l> I) . Ret <?.'..rg?B I hmiT. I) I) Hri Robert Mairl l> l> K- ? II >1 Dwight. I) u ; R?r J 1' Durbin. U II Kn Kr-kltr Maxuu. U D ; R*t Ktepbrn IHin I) l? Rr* * \ Wright; It. v A H Van /and! K.* John M t r u He* T II Mkin u<-r |i I) K. ? / |l'add?rk l> P R'? W W Iwk; R.-* J?k* LHUa R. ? K f llatfleid R?v. John k'urJ; IUr T<?bia? N^irrr R*? H"lwrl Bottnn U..> 1.1,.. U i -? ..* k ... I K trial II <11 ler, K?| ; John Tappan. Uaq . i harle* Starr K?| I Thcimn Wilson Kxj Robert Patterson. K*?| Lowell j Holbrook, K*<| : Klulicr Howe ( hlld K-| I Hon Uabriel Adam*. and J W ( <>r->n M 1) The hociet_v then adjourned until I'liur-dar evt-mug nest, at 5 o'clock, preparatory to the general lueetiug to take place at the church of the Hev Ur Pott* In University Place, at 7 o'clock the wine evening New York Htalr (olonlsat Inn MorM) . Prnyer Reading of the aunual report Within the year. 443 emancipated slaves nailed foe Liberia and the number of emigrant* i? two hundred and eighty-five The report gave a glowing account of the progress of the republic of Liberia, and of the prospect* of the society. That republic, it appear*, *eek* to be annexed to the United State*, and the report favored the project. Unless $50,000 be raised thi* year, the *ociety will be encumbered with debt. Receipt* for the year. $5,560. Sum necessary to b? raised thi* year. $15,000. to provide for the equipment and emigration of 300 famine*, and their support for *ix mouth* after tliey reach Liberia. Rev. Mr. Piivmcr, formerly governor of Liberia, taid 1 that ho i* au old veteran in the cau*e of colonisation It U more than fifteen year* vince he couslderod himself a youth. Some time ago he wa* drawn wlthiu the Influence of the Colonisation Society, aud it Uto that providence that he owe* hi* appearauce before thi* meeting. He apprehended that few were acoualutcd with the rise and progress of thi* lociety. and be wa* *ure that a careful examination of it* principle* would ahow that no benevolent society in the country wa* entitled to more consideration. The *pcaker then traced the history and proceeding* of the society from its inception to tho present time, fhoma* Jefferson wa* the first to advocate the principle of colonisation, and urged that as we had successfully resisted the tyranny of Orcat Britain, we should extend freedom to the slave; and the legislature of his State. Virginia, unanimously called uuon the ('resident of tho Unitedi States to give hi* atteutlon to the subject. In conaequeuco. however, of the war* growing out of the French revolution, nothing could be done at that time. Finally, however, the project wa* revived, and in 1816. Dr. Finlay. of New Jersey, with a few other individual* met in Washington, for the purpose of devising a colonial system on tiie coast of Africa. On the fir*t of January. 1817, these persons organized, but the great difficulty was. could territory in Africa bp obtained for thin purpose ' Samuel J. Mil In went ah a pioneer, to (^certain whether such territory could bp procured, and ascertained that it could, but before he reached hit native land again, he died. The great object of the speaker in dilating on the incipiency of thin society, win to do uwuy with the impression which some person* hare formed, that it was designed to fasten the fetter* of the slave. Rpt. Dr. Bktiicive said he had great pleasure in meeting with the friends of colonization; but as he had already addressed one meeting, and was onJils way to address another, ho would be obliged to speak in the style of a parenthesis. Time he said, had changed the impressions which were formed of this society at the time when it was formed, and many of those who were most violent in denouncing it. are now to be found umong societies which seek to trample the holy Sabbath under foot, and which are the enemies of the glorious constitution of the United States. lie has heard that within twenty-four hours the exodus of the slave was over the ruins of the constitution of the United Sfates. Now. against such people as those, who proposed this resolution this society had to contend. Let the eyo be cast around and see the mighty * changes going q on in Kurope. But for his part, ho looked with more interest on the republic of Liberia, which is the only blace republic that had ever been established in the world. They loarned the principles of liberty In the.Unlted States; their foundation is cemented by the prayers of the American church, and he would not ?ay but that every despotic natiou in Kurope will perish before Liberia. Ho desired to define his position on this matter. He is a friend of the Colonixation Society, and a friend of the slave; but (Jod forbid that he should ever infringe the provisions of our glorious constitution What language has been addressed to us from different quarters? The child of the North who is taught to believe that labor, under Ood, is the prico of true liberty, has been told there is a subject on which he must not speak, and that Is liberty. Again we have been told that slavery is the foundation of liberty. He would not assent to thii proposition. There is an extremity in the Southern doctrine which he cannot subruitj to. Dr Ucthuuc then drew favorable pictures of Liberia, and the prospects which it offered|to the negro of the United States, without infringing upon the constitution ot the United States, or incurring the danger of promoting sedition or insurrection. American Anti-Slavery Society. This society celebrated its anniversary at the Taboruaclc yesterday morning, at 10 o'clock. On entering tlio building we observed a mammoth petition festooned around the interior, with a coil of about a hundred i. t _ 1.? lil>? ?|.A chartist petition, it contains any Punch or Tug-noac signature*. there is no telling, or whether Loril John ltuxncll and Quceu Victoria have honored it with their signs-manual. as they are reported to have done to tile chartist petition, is a question whii.h we cannot anHwcr one wav or the other. The exercise* were conimeuced by a prayer?after which. Samuel J. Mayne read a selection from the scriptures, which it was renresentod was appropriate to the awfully guilty condition of this couutry of our*. The annual report was then rend, from which we learn that there remains in the treasury of the society two dollars and fifty-ulne cents, cash. The meaning of the above-mentioned petition was explained; it is a memorial from the women of Scotland to thoae of America, on the subject of slavery. Thkodoxe P*a*r.a. of Boston, was the flrst speaker. After a few prefatory remarks, he said the institution of slavery was a contradiction to the constitution of the United States, to the declaration of independence, to tha precepts of Scripture, and to the instinct of human nature itself, which calls on inau to defend himself, and those depending on lilm. with any woapon which he can lay his hands upon This institution is our greatest sin. which more than all others retards the progress of the country. Between the slaveholders and the opumers of the institution, there is a struggle; and notwithstanding the slave holders have law'on their side, the Union will be In danger until it shall be put down. Some excuse may be made for the despots of Europe They have no charter that all men are created free. Yet we are told that we of the North have no business with the question of slavery, when the lives of our Senators are threatened In the Capitol?when the( apitol Itself is the slave mart of the country, where the holders of the slave rule the North But we have taken It up. and will not give it up till every vestige of It is swept from tha western world It is said that slavery is the key stone of liberty. It may |x> of tha liberty of South Carolina, where the expression came from That Is a remarkable State. They uhoq lo !?? ? i? i?? * < ?! itnuvia iuimkiuiu(( mc cicttlon of hou*e* of brick or etone; for, *ald they, If the lionoen are built of wood we run blow them up In ea*o of conflagration I wberea*. we could not no ea*lly <11*poxe of edllicex of*tone But thorp may bp a couflagratlon there yet, which they may not hp abln to ?top a* ?oon a.? they ploa*e. Thn Npeaker then glanced at tbp utrength of the abolition party. nnd compared It to that of thn party opposed to thpm, and *ald, beeauxe the numerical power of the former I* no email. many were Im-lined to look with Inxignlflranee on It; hilt he would weigh the etrengtli and principle* of both partlc*, and then the other party would appear rldleulou*ly email. Agalnnt thn prlnefplea of abolition, men are harmlexe, and Inxtitutiona exceedingly weak, and read* to be overturned (t la thoee principle* which brought our father* to thi* land, and which are now overturning the throne* of Europe. If the onatttutlon lUnl la the way of obuiitftfg frn> Jobi fur th? ?!avo. it oiuitbetern In pioccs or afnendad. f the tupreiuc court, the army, the nary, the Presi* tent, or til* Senate stood in the way. they too must be ovvtthrowa. The vlAers olweu urclchanginf ou this -ubjrct Every new Northern Stateembraces prohibition of slavery >n its constitution The HW changes ire going ou in Europe. Aud Kha.ll we. in this country, keep back ' He then referred to the abduction case at Wa?hiuglon.and said it must now be determined whether tiiere in legal slavery in the District of Columbia; and if tlirr* m. we ?hall know the way of getting rjj uf it. The Mood of the uiartyrii wait the Heed of the church, and tlie blood of those re-captured slaves will be the seed of treed 'Ut lie wait glad that one of those slaves was "*u?l by the President-glad that wheu these slaves ere sold the chieftain of tile Senate went into the car 10 frateruixe with the dealer. See in this a symbol of the time* The democratic President Is pledged to sluvery the Senate Is pledged to sluvery?the church is pledged to slavery, aud the representative of the church t ratrrniir* with the slave dealer, liut if the slave holder" have achieved a victory, truth will, as sure as there U a suu iu heaven, sweep uway President, Senate church, just so fur as may he necessary to ace-iuipllsh freedom Let us. howerer, feel that we have juatice and truth un our *ide?have patience and hid* our time Let us have no violence, for the victory of truth will yet lie wou. The itigns of the times favor us there i? a symbol of aucient strength?the Htatuu of llerrule* rising from hiM cradle anil strangling the ser ut . there in. too. the symbol of modern times?a xtai in- which stamps on the serpeut, which is slain, and that statue in peacefully looking up to heaveu?it is the statue of the infant Saviour. Krieiid Li'dtTU Mott. of Philadelphia. an elderly lady of the Society of Friend*, wiu the next itpeaker. \Ur said the advancement of knowledge and of progress In pleasant otject of contemplation. In ancient iiiu>'? it was the righteous man who held his way. and in later times the recommendation of the Apostles was in go uii Such too. were the declarations of the Saviour, lit coming to later time', we discover this law of pro(rvu It ha* been emphatic in the caite of those who have been engaged iu the work of benefitting man. Many prevent can. no doubt, look to the flrat efforts l peace reform anilthey.no doubt, remember the efforts of preventing offensive war; but the Saviour on the preseut Mount /ion. says: " I say unt i juu take not up the sword at all." The language of lie |.i-?ce reformer is to give a kiss for a blow, to return for evil And do we uot see the progress of these principle*' Was there ever a time when nations were prolific of high moral sentiment and religious principle as tin y are at preseut ' Truly, the law of proit res* U worthy of contemplation. Look at the temperance movement! Of old. it wan said you must use pirituoua drinks moderately; but the word* of the temperance incu of the present day. are " drink not at all Was it not said of old, away with your popery md yoar priests. and let us have iu lieu of theui the ruimtmit prie-ti ' What is the language of to-day ? 1'liou ulialt do thiue own thinking ?Ood is thy thinker. I. "ik at the pulpits now they are uot no small an they ere. nor so isolated, they arc large enough to hold ii> and frequently wouieu are m-cii in theui. (Ap Itiaiix- ) It in ten year* aince the apuakur attended .m ab> lition meeting ?t ?Inch a military few gatherI together in I'luladelidiia. to utter the aimpluat trui>uM Ura l tlx- declaration of the conveutiou f lttt What had been the labor* of KngUud pre<rinu*ly to tbat . but to arreat th<- tlave trade. But iu hat < uteutiou the great principle* of liberty wore utrr l aii i ahame to republican America, the luemburii err hunted duwu f<>r averting that mau should not )i>id mau in boudage in tin* laud of liberty?that no mau bad a right to put hi- fellow uian on the auction Mork It w.i not tb< u grnerally known that uian hud tH ii? U gal right over hi* fellow man?the people were i on the ?ul)j< t The ta?k which that convvnti n undertook ? a Herculean one. but look now at a hat the law ofpragrett ?aj< on thia subject' Look at thia petition' The law of proven* has awakened the nation to the roifiderati'ii of this nuhjcct. and the whole i untry now kuows that slavery ia wrong Ob rte the law >f progrt -? on the elforta in the anti-lavery eauae Look around.and aeahow the uuestion agltate? the church aud where the lialance will be found. | We hate got the pulpit aud the church on our aide, and ararce a legislature o| the differeut Statea that haa not "'inething t<> do with thia question. and. although the lave* are lucrcaauig in iiuuiImt and their territory in- < ereaaiug yet when w. perceive the effort* of freedom in the iild world and the manner In which it la viewed iu thia country, the future la full of hope Look at the law of progress in our own country Ten year* ago, I'ennayltania llall waa burned. Iiecauae whites aud blacka met together thee* and. in Independence Square now they hold amalgamation meeting* ' la not thia an evidence of progreta' Look at the preaent condition of the colored race Who it it that ridiculea ua 1 'for tuixiug with the blacka' Noue but thoae whoae aeorn ia deapiaed by all |f<H?d people Theae are the rvideucea of progreaa. and let thoae who might be Je uaca of the pre?elit day. proclaim liberty throughout the land Let thia be the jubilee that shall be raiaed, | and let ua hate i-oufldeui e that we -hall In- iuitruiuen tal in giving dellverence to thoae who are in chain*. But thia mutt be done by increased ekertlon on the part of the abolitionist* They mutt go and make pro- j great b* their faithfulueaa We are to enlltt the pul- . pit and the preta. and if we tee that a portion of the church can't be routed from itt apathy, we mutt touch : not toe unclean tlung If we suffer ourwlrn to tlumber. what will bo the mult' HrpablieiD America will be the last string hold of slavery in the world Wiiui.n Pmiliih. of BidWu. <u Introduced to the meeting. unl "ftiTfd a resolution. that, recognising the (inn'rfw of the cans.. for twenty y?tr> kc., the *oei*ty . deeiu* it a duty to sav that there in no exodu* for the ! lave except over the rulus of the present American . eliureh and the preseut America* t niun That resolution. he ?ai>l. a??erts very little ui<>r? than what the tieaker* had delivered. aud he would say amen from the bottom of his lie.irt to every riprrMlon of the approval of the cause of freedom for the last ten year* ' that had been uttered He accorded to all the preceding speaker* had *ald. The abolitionist* were the 1 tirot to *eek a dissolution of the I'nion. not from party cattwi. but becau?e duty impel* them to wrk that a* a preliminary uiva*ure to achieve human freedom Takii>K the experience of the pant, he >aw there wa? no salvation for the *lave but In the dissolution of the I'nion. There are only two form* through which the jM'ople in thi* rountry act?the State and the church We have tried the church and failed ? punting invective cannot reach it. Now he would axle if slavery wa* not atronger now than it wa* fifty year* ago: It number* proportionately about the *auic;but look at the estimated value of ilave* now, compared to what It wa* then. The estimated value then wa* fifty million*, aud at th.' pre?ent time it i* twelve hundred million of dollar* What ha* aUvery done in a political (late ? At the time of the revolution. all the State* were *lave-holding. and although the current ha* every where net for freedom, let u* *ce whether slavery ha* been gaining political strength At the time of formiug the constitution. *lavery begged, on her knee*, recognition, that she might be permitted to live a few year*. The article* of confederation did not recognlie slave* a* the ha*i* of property?they permitted no escaped'Nave to be recaiitured but slavery wa* admitted into the confederation ; and how I* *he now? She overshadows the laud, prostitute* the supreme court, assert* the Union wa* made to guaranty slavery, and to crui*e agaiust the world in defence of South Carolina'* stavcry He then traced the progress of slavery to the present tiino?the admission of slave State* Into the Union, and the escitemeut which i attended its discussion, and arrived at the conclusion that the political strength of slavery is much greater ! now than it was at any previous time in the L'n<t<-d State*. The liou ha* broken out of hi* rage, and iu- 1 stead of turning hiin back, the width of hi* range itin- [ creased He Concluded by saying that he had hopes , for the slave, not. however, through the constitution aud commended the spirit of the resolution to t he au- | ditory Kredkkick Doi'iilam, the refugee slave, said it wa* not without hositaney he rose to speak, aud would far rather remain a listener. He did u<>t hope to lie able to say nnything new or eloquent on the subject, indeed, It will be time enough to utter new truths wheu old one* are recogniicd. l-'or seventeen years the alio- 1 lltionist* had bccu working to establish the conviction , that a man is a man; that he belong* to no one but himself. In propagating thi> Iden. thi') have met all sorts of argumeut* from the Bible and the constitution, till at length we have arrived at the conclusion that a man I* not n m m and the principle ha* yet to he recognlxed. Some seventy men. the other day were of a dilfereut opinion; but they were arrested, and the *e- I Inel is known. I.lttle I* thought or said of It about as little is said of this a* there would be if seventy . hor*c* hail em-aped from Iholr matter* We hare *??? | Idea of manhood yet. If their *kin wa? not colored and their hair colored, the nation would rook with crle* ?Kaiu*t the tyranny that I* pra<ti*cd <<u thr ?l**c? Hut we do not *ee. In thi* vlrtuou* attempt to maM liberty, any oppremlon or tyranuy toward* man II'' then denounced Mr Hale. iu<nit"T of i ontjre*? tor the courae he took in that matter, and *aid that If it It coura^eou* aet to introdure a hill to protect property, no one ran consider it an aet of fanalici*m to protect the right* of man llow will th< ?c thin*-look In other , countrlc*?In Kngland' He wanted to *how how the American people would look abroad in thi* delectable ! busine** of kidnapping II* then referred to Punch'* portrait of Brother Jonathan which ap peared in that priut ooine time ago Thi* portrait of the United State* he oaid thu* drawn I* not an exaggeration hut the contrary aod fall* far *hort of the real *tate of thioir* He apokc of the al>.> lition of Maverv by th? provisional (orrrnno nt of Kranrc; and. *aid lie. talk of inflilel France and ' hri? tlan America; but he *ympathi?e* with thai infidelity which *trike* off the tMfro'a chain* an I again*! that Christianity which put* thera on In infld<l Iruier a ' negro i* a hi mi. hut ill Christian \mcrica lie ! a chat tel. lie pronounced northern men ?lareh>>ldrrv and the enenile* of the *larc. for they ha?c entered into a covenant again*t him and will not u?. the phy*><?al fore? . which they pontic** for III* freedom He h?? lieen fr?- ' <|iicntly denounced for *peaklng again*t the tui-ncan con*titutlon: hut he want* no one'* approbation who i< not willing to free the *U?c It ha* l...? n boa?U>4 that he w.i* treated with re*pect by th ah .in he af- ( terward* denounced; but when the cry l? Ibe I nion h* It I*, the church a* II I*, the con?litutl? n a* It I*, he will ever denounce tho?e who favor th'>?e prin rl|il<"n The Hon Honry < lay h?? idiiivl the free p., lored people to li'HTr the Unite.I sialic l.ul ahil right li?' he to Mjr no! He. the speaker ha? t< murk n?ht here a* ho ha*. and wo eoiorod folk* liar* ,|.-<-i,i, <i j *tay here, after long deliberation iiiltkr frtcn ) ?# e<> ioniiation may not trouble th.iu-elve. an; further about them Indeed. he thought there wa- ?ooie i?r" vidential dispensation in their Maying h?re. f?r It i* through the wrong.' of the ?I?to? tint Ihe people ace continually reminded of tyranny He then wrut luto the mean* of eboliiihliig "iarery. and ?ald that It could not be abolished until the constitution ?m aboii.hed Since hearing of the orenta in P?rl?. It occurred to him that the under-curreut inay roach horo. and bo h?. li0T0?. nftor all that ha? been ?aid ?e?in*l Vwrl'* that there i* a current of thi? kind hprp. which will bring down slavery. Some amateur Mincer* in the gallery ?aufr an abolition song. and the meeting then ailjour net. American and Wmlgn AntMtamf Waeletjr. Rot. Mr Oardner, a colored c.'rrgyuinn, do rered a prayer, and Mr. Lewi* Tappan nail the report of th? noelety for tho pant year The " Lueky family,' M they were termed, eompoeed 1 % 1 of fouf young blackt otic Of whom performed on th? pianoforte. whilst tli# others "tins to the ehoru? of ' Old Dan Tuckcr " entertained the audicnce with a song, ending with the word#? Hurrah, hurrah for cmancipution. S <on it will bless our happy nation Mr. Starwood, formerly Secretary of this aociety, was introduced, and apoke for half an hour in refeivui-e to the Wilraot proviso, which he explained at length nn attempt to evade which, he wax sure would be made by both tile whig and democratic parties within three weeks. He contended that Congress had tho power to make this proviso the law of the land, and to exclude slavery from being permitted in new territory, if it be not already excluded there; for accordiug to the com mon law of Kngland, and the abolition of slavery by Mexico, slavery cannot exist there. He reviewed the argument* In lavor of the institution of slavery, and the efforts of the South to extend it in the Mexican territory; allot" which be spoke against at length; aud concluded by hopiug that no one would vote in favor of a candidate who is not in favor of the Wilinot proviso. Dr. F. B. Dtortn. from Paris, next spoke in a broken manner against slavery, which, he said, is against human nature, aud require* laws contrary to human nature to sustain it. He referred to the condition of the slave, who produces all. and possesses none; and it is that which produced civil war in Home, aud other ancient lands. Our reporter was unable to catch the thread of the remainder of this gentleman's discourse. Hon. John P. Hale was introduced to the audience, and as soon as he ascended the platform he was greeted with the loudest applause, which, he said, was likely to embarrass him. so unaccustomed was he to receive a response to the sentiments he is in the habit of expressing in regard to slavery. He enquired where is the seat of government In the United States ? He never found it yet. The President says he is the servaut of the people; tl.e Secretaries say they are the servants of Ihawrvmit , ,f 11,..........1.. . 1.., . < I... ... 1 .U >HV w? ??v pvuuu , i/u* vuv JM ujjh; mv but* jjUYcrunient iu their constituent capacity. and It in to each constituent that wo must look for the government.? It in, therefore, to ourselves we must look for a conversion iu the matters of which we complaiu. It is useless to speak of the government ; elect dough-faces and you will have doJigh-faced representatives and a dough-faced government. Before Scott started to Mexico, he wus afraid of a Are in the rear. It in such a fire the people of New York require for their representatives. Here if* the place where reformation is to begin ; and the reflection ought to be brought homo to every one. that this is an individual matter. The principle that all men are croeted free and equal, in dead. He then referred to the general dislike for agitation. but he contended that agitution was essential to the promotion of good, af> much as the perpetual heating of the heart wax essential to the life of the physical system, or tho disturbing of the wuter near the temple by the angel ?f God. was so impart to them their JieaHng qualities. In allusion to the transactions'of the present day. he said he was convinced they stamp the nation as barbarous, and in this conviction he would remain us long as he lived, or until that catastrophe with which ho has been threatened. shall reach him. The war iu which we are now engaged was commenced for the purpose of extending slavery, and tho crisis is approaching in which states and nations will engage in a coutest of no common kind. Where will his auditors bo in this contest ? Will they bo on the side which our fathers took, or will they be on the side of slavery? Iu conclusion, he appealed to the Church to purge herself of the leaven of oppression, and if she would do so, it would not be left to such a poor politician as he is, to argue this question. But as long as she do not do so, it is iu vain to coutond against slavery, as long as it >1 uds a sanctuary in the Church. American Female Moral Reform and Uuai* dlan Soclcty. The fourteenth anniversary of this society was celebrated last eveniug at tho Buptist church in Stanton street. The exercises ou the occasiou were opened with prayer by the Kev. Mr. Brown, of Troy, who alluded to the gratifying c'rcumstauce that after making constant efforts for the last few years, they had succeeded in procuring the enactment of a law by the Legislature for the punishment of ubduction and seductlou. The treasurer s report was next read; but t coutaiued but few items of interest. S. B. llalliday next read au interesting abstract of the annual report. A letter from the Rev. Dr. Osgood, of Springfield, who was to have addressed the members and frienda of the Society, stating his inability to be present on this occasiou. in consequence of baring boen summoned to api>ear as a witness in ono of the courts at Boston, was then read ; at the conclusion of which tho Kev. Win W. Patten, of Hartford, Conn., rose and delivered an able and eloquont address. In which he alluded to the various difficulties which the Society had experienced in carrying out their wishes, during the few years which it had boen iu existenco ; he also spoke of the unwearied efforts which the Sooiety bad made in inducing the Legislature to pass an act making scduotion a criminal offence. He also pictured to the inlnd the effects of poverty on female virtue, and the want of charity generally towarda those who. whilo starvation was staring them in the faee. had become victims of seducers; and the Importance to the community at large to have asylums where such females as were driven to a stato of destitution mid ready for the suare of vllllans, could find a home. Mm- ItTMWi speaker, in tho course of his remarks, alluded to the works of Eugene Sue, as having afforded liiui a fund of information relative to tho existing tate of things amongst the down trodden masses of human beings, and especially the character of the temptations to which destitute females are subject. A n appropjiate hvmn, composed for the occasion, was then sung by the choir and congregation. The Kev. Mr. SrswcKii, from Westmoreland, next addressed the meeting, relative to the objects of the society. and the good which had already been, and would still be done, by carrying out the views for which It was organised. Convention of the SapeatntcndcnU of Insane Aijrluau. second oar. The medical superintendents of the several asylums for the relief of the insane in the United States, reassembled yesterday, at 9 o'clock, at the Astor House, in solemn convention, consisting of twenty representatives. besides the President, Or. Awl, of Ohio: Dr. Hrifhaiu. N>? Vnrk. VIa* Pmai<l?nt. tml Hr Kirk bridge. of Pennsylvania. an secretary. Several plansfof I lunatic asylum* wtw submitted, Including on* from Toronto. Canada Wc?t, to which the legislature of the United Province* hare granted a large endowment. 1 >r Bt-II offered a resolution relative to the treatment of violent patients, which wax laid over, on motion, till Thursday ; when the report on the comparative value of the different kinds of labor for patients, and the beat means of employment in winter, was introduced by Dr. Itockweil. of Vermont. Dr. R. wan evidently in favor of labor, yet preferred a library, as a means of contentment to the patient*, rather than the dangerous results likely to ensue from the possession of implement*. which in any paroxism might be applied to the propensity of each individual. Dr. Karl, of the Blooiuingdalc Asylum, differed from the theory of I.auric, who. to produce subjection, used in tho flnt Instance the shower bath, and In ca*e* of conflrmod obstinacy the douce Dr. Klrkbrldge. of Philadelphia, in hi* practice, avoided coercion entirely. Dr. Brigliani. of l tica. advocated the exercise of the body a* *ell as the 1111 nd Ur Hates. (,f Augusta. consii!?rcd that the natural bent of the mind should be consulted. *litie apportioning the labor ; while Dr*. Allon and Worthington of Kentucky advocated the bene tits of labor Dr Bell, of Massachusetts, agreed with the doctrine of occupation ; but in labor, he would apply it in reference to the temperament of the patient The doctor was opposed to entrusting luiiatlc patients with implement* of labor. He advorated tlx- principle of divesting patient* of the connection of idea*, and recommended any process that would develope new power* of the mind. advi*ing caution In the adoption of amusement*. Che**, the bowling alley, and such amu?cmcut*. are beneficial, a* producing thi* tendency, conferring on the mind and body active employment. Dr Konendcr. of Baltimore. agreed with the remark* of Dr* Bell and Klrkbrldge, but having made no experiment* in coercion, followed the system of persuasion and Arm admonition. To a |Ue?tion whet tier a colored man bad not killed two I?tim>u* In his asylum lie admitted the fact a* having occurred, but not while the man was employed in labor; it was effected by teariug an iron rail from a bed stead while under evident homicidal impulse* Dr Hrigham of the State l.unatlc Asylum, at Utlca, considered that the faculties of the mtnil required itlniulation. by lalior or some personal energy If dementati-'U Is atrophy tlie cure is, the xxercise of the organs of tlie brain anil he recomiiiende<l the adoption of school rooms The tabic was covered with lieautiftll specimens of fancy work elegantly carved and chased; such as paper cutter*, salad spoon*, tooth picks, manufactured by the inmate* of the asylum The*e article* exhibit In their execution, a neatness and finish of a superior order Several report* were called up which elicited long and interesting discussions, such a* the c< mpsratlve treatment of hospital and private practice in case* itf lunacy The report of the classification of Insanity. from Dr Karl, of the Rlotwingdal* A* yhim and another on the proper uun- I her of patients for ii*e Institute, being a subject* (.f deep consideration were temporarily poatpooed The report on the utility of night attendance and locking up >4 patient* was also deferred, in eoneminence of the absence of Dr i handler A paper on the vulijcct of detached c?tt?s? to asylum* was read, and nftposcd li* l?r Bell of Komerville, on the principle of lheir being probably distant from the oversight of the upennteti<tenl? by detached and sepmtod cottage* The report however, after sonic dlncuaaion, was accepted \n Invitation front Dr Wition. for the convention to visit the eitr hospital, was offered and accepted A report waa read on the relative value of fuel in heating b..spit sis. which from it* great IkkmUi .h.i ixbulrsl i.lirj.es we are unable tn file. iiil? h..??*?r fuUj **>? ! hy Dr Bell, of HoHwrTtllr i h?? to prn-ltM*1 ?n*??ry atin<Mpli?rr, rtthrr " I 1x4 ????f I" i?.ll?r????Wr Smoother r^|-.r?- <4 minor Important-* orrupl* I thr attention ,B.| .W|. r??i. n .4 tk* r?ar*ntlon until thrwr it rtnrk Tk* prnr*?*?tlBC? all tkro?*fc ?rn marknt I,, .1,1,1! f . >>l?rllr ?? l ?? wriif.: I. .Iiv to ^vr, m <* th" aa?l *oa.plirala<l Mih}rrta >4 tlx- lay ll aa latprnvtac or?aal?a on ahirh Ik# rirwa of npaaM> ?f t??M? Mf)ft*lf*4ltl> of lunatic My. la ike I'tlM r?a'<r4*?l lh? aiirat anl iiarfulnrta .4 tlwir r*ap?*tl** r?p*n?ar? la thr ?arton? an.I roiMlrtlng rtari tkai raair ??l<t thrir Irralmrnl, dla rt,a.M th*lr practir* rrrlpr.--al*.l th*lr thoorl*. an l (itr faavla'lal ?kI#nc* tkai uaift lit* ron?tltutlon ?f tk* laita-l KUIat thrra la *r*ryirt>rr* to l>* found from Mala* lo a pm?la(on itltaM* f?r that , lam <4 kaniati i n( ? , t-|.r> > ..f nat tir* a ?>*?t f ifta to a??. ran A?a-l la pokhr aympatkjr an aaylum haarftta >4 akirk tkrr ar?, uiih .|.(.lly un.v.n?<-lon?. TH# f???f*ll"ii (.r<"T?-.| to-morrow lo llu*liln( to vlalt lit* xataMUkmrnl ?f Dr MrOonnrll ami. on lli#lr r?l?rn. will vtatt tk* alma bona* Hlarkwell a Maad kr ('iWHmtn f>irr.?TW Hficti erf thr annual prorr-<hni?? <.f ilir l*iv?i?ytrrian H ard o| Ft r? ig i Miaatona ; N. Y Stale \ igi latter AxK'uimn ?U i, Mir K'Mirn<-nir inrrinig -wlu n w-- Mill jiye iq morrow, w J

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