Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 15, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 15, 1848 Page 1
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?("-.is* MM. m XT ' X Jtx . Whole- No. 50V' . AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. 02VB WEEK LATER. ARRIVAL () V THE STEAMSHIP CAMBRIA. IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE, ANOTHER BATTLE IN DENMARK. Taking of Schleswig by the Prussians* ! B l Occupation of Flensburg'. Sicily Declared Independent of Naples. MORE REPORTED BATTLES UKTWEEN THE AUSTRIAN AND ITALIAN FORCES. ALARMING STATE OF IRELAND. THE ELECTIONS IN FRANCE. State of the Parties. STABILITY OF THE REPUBLIC. ADDRESS OF THE AMERICAN MINISTER TO THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT. M. DE LAM ARTINE'S REPLY. State of the Markets. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF T1IE NEW TOES HERALD. &C> &c? The steamship Cambria, Captain Harrison, arrived yesterday morning from Liverpool, whence she suited on the 29th ult., and thus made the passage, including her stop at Halifax, in fourteen days and eighteen hours. Our papers and letters, from London as well as Liverpool, are to the 29th ult. inclusive. The news from the Continent of Europe continues to be of an exciting character. Arming in Ireland progresses with great rapidity and enthusiasm. The diminution of bullion in the Bank of England was exciting attention. It is not unlikely that a considerable sum had been sent to France and Holland, and also to Ireland, to meet any run arising out of the apprehension for the savings banks. Importations during the week were large from Calcutta, Madras, St. Helena, Port Philip, new ront, roriugai, wcbi inaies, Singapore, uape of Good Hope, Fernando Po, Cape Coast Castle, and St. Petersburgli. The cotton market was quiet during the week ending the 2!hh ult. The low and middling qualities were about one-eighth below the last quotations; but fair Upland continued to sell at 4^d; lair Mobile 4Jd. In the value of fair Orleans we note an advance to '4{d, the latter being required for export. The sales of the week are 30,940 bales, of which exporters have taken 5000. The adviceB from the manufacturing districts throughout England and Scotland, are, in some respects, more favorable than those previously received. There had been considerable business done in Manchester, especially in goods suitable for India, China, and the Levant, but at prices lower than the previous week. There is not much improvement in prospect, and the spinners and manufacturers are very heavy losers, notwithstanding the cheapness of the raw material. Yams are lower in price, and but little business doing. * All kinds of breudsiuffs arc in good demand, and prices had an upward tendency. The steamship United States will not leave Liverpool for New York until the 17th inst. There were no vessels in sight off Ilolyhend or the port on the 29th ult., although the wind was west. It is said that M. Lamartinc has concluded a treaty offensive and defensive between the French republic, Switzerland, the Italian States, and that portion of Germany represented in the Diet at Frankfort. Our London Correspondence. Lo!?do*, April 28. 1848?P. M. Summary of the Foreign Intelligence. Honor to vrhoin honor Is duo ! America. tho free, wild tho first to give a lister's hand to the young republic of France. Tho elcctrlo spark of liberty thrilled like magic through the heart of every citizen iu the United States, and the banner of tho United State* was the first to cutwino its glorious folds with tho tricolor, amidst the shouts of euthusinsm of n people whose fetters had just been severed asunder. America ho i repaid the debt sho owed to France, who was tho first torecogniio the independence of America. Honor, then, to the star-bespangled banner, ami let Mr Kush'ft speech and Liimartlnu's answer lead the way of my d<ispat-rhes, which are rich in important and interesting details. On Wednesday. 20th April, Mr. Rush presented to the provisional government tho Utters of recognition of tho French republic lio spoke as follows :? (iontlemcn:?I have the honor of presenting to yon a lotter lY'im the President of tho I nited Suites, which rotifers on uir tlir quality of envoy extraordinary ami minister plenipotentiary of tliut republic to tin mpublio of France. In predentin# this letter, it is my duty to express to you, nt the M?mc time, the sincere solicitude which the President feels for the prosperity of France, nnil I am directed to inform yon of his ardent ncslre to cultivate, with zeal and cordiality, between He* two repnldies, tho most friendly relations. wbieji will servo to rune lit their most precious reciprocal interest*. I ami also charged to declare tl.at the President approves of mv conduct in recoiftiiiing the French republic, when its existence was announced to tlie world in February hv the Provisional (lovemiuent. It was then three days after its ldrtli; at prexeut tins the thinl month of its existence. During that interval, when all Kuroiio has lieen agitated. und France exposed to the gravest trials nnd difficulties, the l'rovlsional (lovernment has succeeded iu ensuring to it the supreme IdessiBKS of tranquillity at home, and of peace abroad. History will take note of that immense work. I am doubly happy to again offer on this occasion my felicitations, since I run now do no with the iwscnt of my government and of my country. I may now again lie permitted to express my ardent wishes tluit when the Republic shall have passed from vonr hands, which have hitherto guided its destinies, into thnne of the National Assembly, that great l?*iy may crown iu labors by the establishment of institutions, ensuring to France the greatest pros|ierlty and the purest glory. M. I.amartine replied na followi? " Citizen Minister, the provisional government has charged me to represent it at this moment, to receive from your bands the first net of offirinl recognition ol the Frvneh republic. Fraaoe was the first to recognixc tlie iiide|"'i]dener of the American republic, i then young, Weak, and still contested, but which, under thefrtiitfnl influence of the democratic principle, was destined in half a century to increase to tho proportions of nearly a whole continent. My the re?trieti\c Justice of Providence, it Iihs belonged to the republic, and no to atTn it* ?ignatnre to th? certificate of Mrth of i French democracy in Europe. That. Kignaturo will bring good fortune to Iho republic. Notwithstanding tlic agitation* and emli;irra?*mont? iii*cpnrahlp rrom *uch aert*i??from the downfall of the government and the creation of iimtitntion* of quite a different character. from k> treat n dlaplaceitnan t of men and thing*, miy tn your fellow cltitcn* that every thing give* u? Hip a*Miranec that tlu ir good wlahea for I'ranec will ba MfianpHahcd, Mid that tlic rennblle will i*?uc atrong and great from our rev hie liand*. to |*?* *till ?tronger and greater into tlic hand* of the whole nation. tVlat Ki"'"1 ?" that confidence in, that the French people are henceforward rip" for their in*litntion*. What wan, tirty-tlve years back. only the Idea of the superior men of the nation, haji paaMil into lite lde.il and habit# of tin1, whole without exception. ( The republic which they wi*h for In thai which you have your- | Helve* founded?a pnUMtive republic. but connervatlve of the idem of jwoporty, mnnflfacturoa, commerce, prol.itv. liberty, and 1 the moral and religion* reeling of the citiien*. It is a republic of which the drat cry *M a orjr of geoeroaity, of fraternity?which buttered tn piece* the ami of vengeance and political raMtiuik? which proclaimed pMM, And which, in place of inacrlhiug on ita banner the futal word* of etaptiropriatlon and proscription, ha* inneribed there th? abolition or Uic |*iu of death and th?fr*torui. ye,. .. .VJ^H MWWWeWMBWMMWMBWfMi E NE i ty ui'utttiuim. These principles adopted, :n we hope they will bo, jy tlie National Assembly, itrcugltiencd by an invincible force, of nhieh each ciliicu has constituted himself, as you have seen, a roluntury soldier, concentrated in u strong ntpreaeutative unity of :overaiueut, will make tile Kreach republic Ulc glorious ?ialer of J if American republic; anil it uiuy be Haiti of the French people uid "f the American |voplu?what n man Jear to our two counl ies applied to them?that they are the republic! of the two world* Ah to tin* sentiments, whieli the French |ieoi>le return with aaimiliility and gratitude to the citizens, and to tlie government of the United States, I Khali express theui to you in a single word?every Frenchman ban for the American* the noart of Lafayette." THE FRENCH ELECTIONS. My last letter will have prepared you lor bad tidings from Paris. 1 am happy to nay that, coutrary togeueral expectation, and even to the astonishment of all. the elections have passed over most quietly Your Paris correspondent will doubtless give you a detailed account All the attempt* of the ultra communists have proved abortive?the grand demonstration in favor of the provisional government, of which 1 sent you an account in uiy last, seems to have settled the question, and the result of the general elections, which may be regarded as the true expression of public opinion, is in favor of all the moderate party The funds at the bourse have risen four per cent. Bank shares have risen nearly 200 francs since the result of the elections lias become pretty certain, and confidence is greatly restored. Machinations against the provisional government are still rumored; it was even reported that a plot was made to blow up the Hotel de Vitle. and an investigation has been set on foot In consequence.? The French people have shown themselves worthy of the freedom they no nobly attained. and thi> would-be ilirtator. Ledru Rollin, and bin satellites?Blangin and Ilia conspirators-- can only bit* their lips and conspire I subjoin the transactions on the Pari* Bourne, of yesterday. (Thursday.) which speak plainer thAn any other language. The Bourso of a great nation is the barometer of the Stat*, and speaks of flu* weather aud tempest, in a political sense, with infallible truth:? "Houhsk. Paris, Thursday, April 27.?The buoyancy in the market, wliiuh was so |>erceptihlu yesterday, in consequence of the rvsult of the Paris elections, continued to-day ill a Ter.v remarkshie manner. The Five I'er Cents have again'risen not less than If., closing at OPf.; and the Three I'er Cents 2f.Mo? at 47f. It will l? perceived that the advancu is considerably greater in the fives than in Comparison in Uie Three I'er Cents, the fonnr living considered lower than in tlie latter. A large amount of business was transacted in both, hut particularly in the Five i'er Cents, which closed at their highest quotation : the Threes, however, were, at ?ne moment quoted a franc higher than their elosiug price; Hank of France shares uuderwent great variations during the day; thoy opened at 1.373f? went up to l.MOf., then giving wav. fell t? 14N)f. rose agai n to 1,500f, Anally closing at l,4?f., or IW. lower tlian the day liefore. Kothsehild's Neapolitans remain as they were at t>3f.5iliclgian Fives were in demand, end closed at tki'^f. orSf. higher: aud ltoman, If. at 30Iff.; lions du Trusor wen- not negotiated all dav. Itailway shares were not so ttnn as the day before, many speculators l>eing anxious to realize the large profits arising from the lato advance. Some of Uie working lines, however, are in general somewhat higher. The Orleans doled at ftSUf., or jur. hotter; Bordeaux at XW.73c. or Sf.73c.: Havre at 2UK, or 2t'.!Wc.: Strasgurg at .'UOf.Wfl.. or lf.25c.; Rouen aro'15f. lower, at 4l0f.;;Vierion lOf. lower, at ISBOf.; Lyons 7f.50c. lower, at 3ttlf.7,V.; Northern mid Nantes :!f.74c. lower, at 3tl0f. und 34:{f..10o. French gold remains at 30f, and tho charge for a lUUf. note costs 4f. Tim final result of the French general elections will probably not bo known till late to night. I have given instructions for a telegraph if despatch to be Hent me immediately thoy are known, but it will probably arrive too lato for the Cambria. The following list will give you the Average state of the poll in all the arrandistnnenlt of Paris, with tho exception of the Faubourg St. Autoino, the classic ground of barricades?the lowest quartier of Paris, where Ledrtt Ro)Uq. Albert, Louis Blanc and Flocon, head tho list?there is )itt)o or no doubt but that all the members of the provisional government will 1>e returned; but all the moderates will lead the way. In the departments tho moderate candidates have in noarly every Instance carried the day. Here i? a criterion of the vote:? Lamurtinc. IW Uuchet 330 Uarrast 495 Pcupin 333 Dupout (do I'Kurv) 472 C'avaignao 32"* Marie- 471 Coquorel ,*M (iarnier Pages 4AS Schmit 310 Arago 4,\5 Ooudchaux 2H3 ljisteyrio (Ferdinand) 421 Jouvsncei 274 Ltuvivlsr 3tW (larnon 271 Itattide 3H3 Paseal 2GA I'reiniuux. 373 Changaruier 7.'i9 Iierxur 372 VeUii 244 Cornon 3t?S Pagnerre 237 Vttvin 304 Perdignier 22S) Wollowski 354 ik>KUwrry 229 lierauger (the Poet) 347 Rsourt,,,, 213 Ciraut 339 t'nuniiiieru lUT There in it curious fact connected with the ulootions. All the coal-porters, boatmen, and otlicr? residing at the Villette outside the Barriere St. Martin, voted for one caudidate only?Prince Louis Napoleon. The provisional government has given up tho idea of seizing on the railways. What do you say to the following tit-bit in the Constitulionnel of yesterday, under the head of Novrelln df la Cour ? " On Tuesday, thcro was * dejnner at the Petit Trianon, Ladies were invited 11. Ledru IMlin did tlie honors. Tliure win also a i>uit;-hunt at t'hantilly. and battues in the park of Atremout! According to report. Ledru Rollin is a jolly, rotund little follow, not averse to the golden juice of the grape, and a regular Cupid with the ladies. Arc we to wituess another Para aux cerfi. and to have a second Louis XIV. ' Out I must not trespass further on your Paris correspondent ; and now. adieu, belle Franco, and to the GENERAL STATE OF KITKOrE. Tho trump of war is sounding loud throughout Europe ; steeds are noighing. artillery trains rattle through the streets of many towns?bore and there red spots are iu the horizon from burning villages?many a brave man has bit the dust?many a one reaped glory?and many a wife and maiden has to weep a husband or lover ; but as yet the great war has not taken place, for until England, France, 'and Russia arc in the field, it it docs not deserve the name?mat* ca via !?and a carcful observer of tho state of the politicnl horizon in Kurope need not to be a Zoroaster to foretell that Mars U in the ascendant. THK WAR OF INDEPENDENCE IN ITALY. Tho rumored capture of Peschiora is not confirmed. The following account, derived from the most authent i r> annr^o will vivn vein u isinn. nf tint nnwuiit position of affairs in Lombardy. Tho Austrian general Nugent Una crossed tbo Ironzo at the bead of -30.000 regular troops, without auy oppoNition from General Zucchi, whom; heud-qnatters are at Paltna Nora. The exact spot where General Nugent crossed Is not given. hut it was probably between Gorz and Gradizka. hoth situated on the river, and on the high road from Vienna to I'alma Nova and Udine. Gorz was formerly a fortress, but the citadel now serves as a prison. Gradizka ia surrounded by high walls, and was formerly a fortress of the first class. The high road from Trieste to Venice passes about two miles below the town. Palma Nova, which is only two post stations from Gradizka. is already in tho Venetian territory. and was placed in a state of complete defence when occupied by the French troops. Tho fortification* form an oval, and conaist of nine bastions of massive stone, surrounded by twelve double trenchcs of great depth. A battle between the troops of (ionoral Nugent, and Zucchi'a crusaders maybe expected, to prevent tho fonnor forming a junction with ltadetzki under the walls of Verona.'' I am sorry to a.iy that disaensions have arisen between the King of Sardinia and the Milanese. "Great surprise^has been felt of late at the rather sudden inactivity shown by tho King of Sardinia in prosecuting the war against Austria?an inactivity which forms a striking contrast with his conduct at the commencement of tho campaign. Kor some time past the fact has been the subject of conversation at Milan, and various have been the comments made upon it. According to some. Charles Albert had become alarmed at tlli' formidable position of lladetzky; according to others. he was paralyzed by the threats of Kngland. while a third party maintained, that ou finding that the provisional government at Milan was disposed to form a republic, instead of placing, as he fondly expected, the crown of Lombardy upon hia own head, he had determined to withdraw from a conteat in which he had already loat character, und from which, even if successful, he could not hopo'to derive personal advantage.? The fact appears to be that the last guess is the uearest to the truth A difference has arisen between Charles Albert and the provisional government at Milan, of so serious a nature that It ia likely to have a very sinister effect 011 tho eventa of the war, iu as far as tho Interest* of Lomubardy are concerned. * Letters received from the head-quarters of General Gnzsaldo. and which are stated by the Conttm/toraneo to be official, state that the quarrel haa. within the lust few daya. assumed a charurter equally grave and unexpected. According to those letters. < buries Albert has writen to the provisional government at Milan, intimating, first, that he considers the^Minclo as the extreme boundary betweon Lombardy and Vonine ; in th? aooond ylace. that the Venetians having constituted themaelvos into a republic, it Is not hia intention toaet foot within their territory; and thirdly tlmt the Austrian*, having abandoned the Lombard territory, with the exception \ of Mantua and I'eschiora [Verona and l.egiiano.] lie considers that he has accomplished hi* misaion. lie- j siilea thla. he calla upon the proviaional government to | lose no time in making up their minds, and guarding the frontier* with Ihcir own troops, as he ia quite do- i termlned to retire as aoon a* the Lombard troop* ahall have taken possession of the positions which he at present occupies. From the Italian journals we learn that the Hcdmontese army consists of from 4ft.000 to 60.000 regular disciplined troops, all of them eager for the batII. Tim ri.rlil vvin.r <i f III., nrniv i? Ill 1.11. ti*(I l.v ? body of nix thousand volunteer*. some of whom have thrown themselves into tin- Tyrol to cut off all retreat. Tht> left wind of the Sardinian army is commanded l?y the Tuscan Oeneral. Kerrari. he having crossed the Po on the lHth with 8 (100 men. partly troop* of the line, partly volunteers. General Durando is udvanpiiig hy lorced marches. with sixteen battalion* of Itoinan and Swiss troop*, and two regiment* of cavalry. and was ex- | pppted to eros* thp Po on the 20th, hut It 1* not known wlipthcr he was to join General Zueclil in thp Venetian tprritory. to prevent General Nugent from joining Radetiky. or whether ho wn* to join the main ariny to give battle. The lipavy artillpry from Ilreseia ha* joined the army. Volunteer* tloek daily to thp Piedmontese standard. The head-quarters of the King are at Volta Mantovanna. The march of the 12.000 troop* promised hy the King of Naples hu* heen countermanded. According to a letter dated I'dine. 17th. at spvph in tho pTpnlng, Gpneral /ucchi had an affair witli the outposts of Marshal Nugent in the morning of that day. Thp general had gone out to reconnoitre ; the skirmish lasted four hours, with some loss on both side*. The village of Vlspo fpll a prpy to the flames. Two othpr village* In the Venetian tprri- j tory. Prlvano and Talmleco. wpro act Hre to In the night hy the Au*trian*. Count llartig. who was sent on a pacific mission from Vienna. I* with General Nugent. The po*ltion taken hy Hadetisky I* a *trong one. Ill* army, forty thousand strong, exclusive of the ; 30.(*>0 commanded hy (General Nugent, ami the garrisons of Verona, Mantua. Fc*eblera> and Lrgnano. in | W YO 'JEW YORK, MONDAY ? encamped within the quadrangle formed by those for- i tresses. According to accounts we have received, he is undecided between two plans, either to leave scanty i garrisons in Muntua and Verona, and draw up hi* ' troops in line of battle between the Minclo and the 1 1 Adige. so ax to keep up tile communication* between the two fortresses, or to throw some additional troops into Mantua, and to coucentrate ull hi* force* under the very walls of Verona, there to await the onslaught; ( and. in ease of defeat, to fall back on the Tyrol. The | last plan will, it iH thought.be adopted by the Marshal. Such is the position of the two armies. Since the above wan written, later advices have been received. The Kiug, it seems, is still inclined to give . battle. | i Milan, April JO. ! A despatch arrived here tiiis morning froui the head quarters of j the I'ieumontesc army. bringing the news of ail attack, directed by %!? King of Sardinia in j>criton, against the Austrians *tationed iu the neighborhood of Mantua. The Duke of Savoy, (the heir apparent to the Sardinian throne,) wm alto present at this affair. After a very warm cugageuicut, and in which the Pied* inont troop* displayed the greatest courage and bravery, the Austrian! were obliged to retire, aud shut tnciuHelves up in the for* tress. Anotlier attack was to be made on the fortress of Peschiera. Others supi?o*c that a pitched battle will be tirst fought witli th? army of ftadetzky. ?tatioued at Verona. Meanwhile the Piedmont army, in order the better to secutte the win do liue of the Miacio, are busily engaged iu fortifyiug the bridges of Uoito. Valeygio, Moyambans, &c. An engagement ha* likewise taken place between the Italian corps of General Zucchi aud the A us* triauN at Visco, a village situated on the frontiers of lllyria. The joutest lasted during four hours, but ultimately, though not without great difficulty, the Italians succeeded in caiiiiug |M>saession of the village. The Austrian* then retired in *oou order, itctUng tire in their retreat to Privano and Talmicco, two Venetian village.<. Twenty-four thousand Kouiau, Tum'au and Nea|>olilait trooiM (c?f which two-thirds arc troop* of the liue) have arrived in l<oml.ardy, where they will either join or act in concert with the Piedmontose army. More are expected from Naples, and it in Raid they u ill be commanded by General Pe|*\ who lately resided in Paris. Ther?? are likewise a considerable nuinl>er of free corps at <>*iigiia. mi Mm aide of MMtta, and In Mm Italian fnot One of iii? m o irps has lately snflsred a laarl oMi having last upwards of eighty men, iu an affair in which tlicy showed, notwithstanding, much bravery. As to the ouestion of our interior affairs in the principal towns, such as Milan. Venice, Turin, Genoa, Unilogne, Leghorn. Ike. two jiarties, perfectly distinct, may 1h? remarked, the constitutionalists and the republicans, both having different objects in view. The former desire to form a single State of Loinl?ardy. Piedmont, Venice, l'arma, and Modena, comprising nearly twelve millions of inhabitants, and with Charfes Albert as Klac The republicAiis, on the other hand, who an* in great numlierat Venice, aud even Ilol<?gua, are divided into two sections, the iitiitaire* and federalist#. both of whom, however, propose Pius IX. as Prssident "f Mm pnnd inHf npsklk a dsotaivo battle, it gained by Charles Albert, would give a great preponderance to the constitutional party, who desire the formation of all upper Italy into one State. The electoral law for the convocation of the a* IK'UIKIJ i-oiiriliuriim ?i I<<1UII<UI1I<, in j >!. no,, ov;, uj,, mK Hiaeutiim; of conn*', whatever part Milan nmv take, will uxercise a groat intluenee mi the rest of tin- north of Italy. M. M. Martini, Cauuti, Martauclli, llerchet, and other Italian patriots an' at present at Milan. M. CiloliortJ is expected from Paris, and prostrations aru being made for a demonstration in his honor. CHANOK OK DYNASTY IN SICII.Y. The following official document has boon published at Palermo:? " Tliu Parliament declares?I. Ferdinand Hourbon ami hi* dynasty arc for over fallen from the throne of Sicily. 2. Sicily shall govern herself constitutionally, fan J call to the throne an Italian prince, as soon as she shall ha\o refonnod her itatulo. " Dune ami resolved at Palermo, on tho 13th April. " The President of the Chamber of Common*, " Marquis of Torukaasa ; " The President of the Chamber of Peers, " Duke of Skr r aihfalco ; " Tho President of tho Kingdom, " Kt'gukro sktt1mo." The town was to be illuminated the throe nights following; on the 13th all tho bronze statuim of the house of llourbon were thrown down, and they will be cast into cannon. GERMANY. Like the chartist demonstration in London, the attempted outbreak at Vienna proved a failure. Austria is comparatively quiet, and too muoh occupied with her war in Italy to bo unruly at home. Some disturbances of a serious nature took place at Berlin; an attempt wan made to proclaim a republic, but the citizens turned out, and matters remain in statu quo.? Prussia is at opou war with Denmark. Oermuny. however, is in a very unsettled state; and as the geuoral elections for the Uormati Parliament come on in May?and the election of the head of the Diet will have to be made?no one oan foretell what will happen. Some serious disturbances have taken place in Hanover. but tranquillity is restored. Tho insurrection broke out at Hildosheim. A letter from Hanover of tho 19th, says:? TImj insurreetion at llildesheim, which threatened to produce most serious consequences to this and ncighlioriug State*, lias lieen hiippressed without bloodshed, through the prompt and energetic measures employed by the ministers, with the King's concurrence. It apiwars that the people and populace of that city, one of the largest ill the country, upon hearing of the arrest of Advocate Weiuhagen, llevr to arms, ami, rushing to the townhonse. broke in and soiled the Landrath (President of Kegency) with other of the officials, whom they carried off a* hostages, and nieuaoed with death, unless Weinhagsn was lils-rated. The tocsin was sounded, barricades were thrown up. houses pillaged, a provisional rogen. v formed, and preparations for defence undertaken. Cannon were procured from tho government store, and the people belrid joined by tlie burgher guard, bade defianeu to the government and its agents. In the meantime the ministers were not idle.? It was resohod, come what might, to enforce sulimission. and to restore the {tower of the legal authorities. Consequently a brigade of two thousand infantry was sjieedily despatched by rail >o tlie spot. These were followed during the night lijfc, four . squadrons, and eight Held pieces. These troops ruoeived orders not tu enter trio town ot lliiuustiiem, nut t<i taKc up a position outside, so as to prevent ingress or egress. The officer* commanding having executed these orders, lit ti v t* a. m. yesterday summoned the insurgents to surrender at discretion viitbin six Imnra, threatening to l?onibard the town in the event of refusal. Fortunately this rigorous measure was rendered unnecessary by the amieirancc of a tin* of truce, offering unconditional surrender, and tlie liberation of the imprisoned authorities; and in leu than an hour therefrom the troops entered the town peaceably; the population, including the burglier guard, were disarmed, unit the authorities were liberated and reinstated in office. A few ringleaders and pillagerj were arrested, aud measures adopted to prevent a recurrence hy cstablisliinn strong patrols and guard*. A* t punishment, the troops arc nuarterej on the inhabitant*, and will continue so for the present. It is difficult to riuscrilie the anxiety exeited by this outbreak, or iJir satisfaction produced by its prompt and bloodless termination. The mode iu which this alfair was conducted shows that, when governments and troops are resolute, active, and do their duly, Insurrections can l? easily <|UcHed. It also shows that the executive may depend upon its army, a rare occurrence in theso days. when soldiers are taught that it is nioru praiseworthy to abandon their colors, to deliver up their arms, and to break their oaths and allegiance. than to hold (Inn to their rauks, their duty, aud to all that they formerly held sacred." Hut the'most serious event that lias taken place was the attempt of tho revolutionary hands, joined by the (ierman Legion front Paris, to proclaim a republic In tho grand Duchy of Badon. The leader of this movement is flecker, an ex-member of thu Chamber of the States of Baden. The attempt has proved abortive. PRUSSIA AND DENMARK?FIERCE BATTLE AND LOSS OK I.IKE. Notwithstanding tho protest of Lord Palmerston. the king of Prussia, though he hesitated for a moment, was uuublo to withstand tho torrent of public opinion, and he sent a reply referring tho British minister to the Germanic Diet. His troops immediately crossed the Kider. and are at the present moment iu possession of Sebieswig, having driven out the Danes, who made a tierce aud obstinate resistence. 1 have received advices to the 25th ; another engagement followed : the Dunes evacuated Sebieswig. after i groat loss 011 both sides, and retired in good order. Tho question now arisos?Will Lorl Palmerston follow up his protest and doclare war to Germany Will 1 Itussia help the Danes ? If Carlo Alberto la beaten by , Itadetzki. will Franco enter Italy .' Like Damocles. Kuropc is on a couch with a sword bung by a single hair'ohova her head. 1 POLAND. The Courritr dt Cracovir. announces that at the in- | stisntion of the nrince-Govomor. n denotation of four of the principle magnates of Polnnd. headed by Krasin- ' ski. will present itself to the Kmperorat St. Petorsbnrg. 1 with tlio object of entreating for the re-cstablishment. nf the kingdom of Poland, a* it was previous to the revolution, and for taking all necessary steps that those parts not actually now forming a part, of Poland way lie also united together under tho Russian Crown. Of those parts, < iallicia and the Grand Duchy of I'oscn nre to lie understood as two. If tho Prince-Oovernor lie really tho person who has advised this step, the information 1s of great importance. From, Konigsherg. under date of the 17th April, we hear that three regiments of Kusviau Guards auine days since left St. Petersburg ; they will taku up their quartern for the present at liiK? Th? rumor according to which Russia would consent to the ruconatitution of the^kingiloni of Poland, acquires more probability. A letter iu the Hrrslaii f.'nzrttr of the 15th of April, states that "the Polish constitution is to bo re-established, and an independent king (the Grand Duke Constantinc, or Prince I.euchtenberg) proclaimed, who would demand the restitution of Galliaiaand Poaen. The following proclamation has been issued by the Central National Committoe of Poland :? " When, in tii? year lK4/">, in contravention of the most solemn t res tits, as if to fill up tho measure of crimes jsTjv'trnt.sl nn the l'"li?h paliou. the KcpntiHc nft^racvv, the last^rvmnant of ourindependent country, was abolished and Incorporated into Austria, th# PhIIhIi nation declared this aet to he the tinal partition of Poland, ami summoned Its |*>rpetrators before the tribunal of Europe an<l posterity? " Punishment soon followed the crime." "At the present moment, in IH4S, in the year of the emancipation of ualions, we receive official nnuoiineement of a new |mrtititii.n of Poland Mug in contemplation. Indeed, we could not lielieve if, had It not h#>en communicated to us hy autiinrlty. " Pnder the very dubious pretuuee that in c "f the" district* of the (Srand Duchy of I'osen, the Cenuan" are more numerous than [.the Poles, reactionary functionaries. * oblivions of the most sacred rights, unaMe to understand the spirit of otir time and its exinwiw. anxious only to retain their places, have, hv mi ii i .11 -|>ii i-iniin .vKiiimn 111 mi or m lIrrnian tiaiionaiuv. euiii|iriicd the higher nitthoritlfi* to irivr them n promise that such districts will h<- separated from the Duchy u( I'uneii unit ill with tin- Herman Confederation. "He declare iixmt solemnly, that, true to the whole tenor of our history, the I'ulish nation will, a* mum m it In nnies fn-f and independent, lea\e the free choice c.f government nationality t? tho-e portions of tlu'ir country which, from their continuity with other nations, went now "f a iloiii.tfnl and mixed character hut a? loll* as thin restoration of the whole nf independent Poland shall not have lieen accomplished, no Inn* wu shall rinmlcr the minimtion of any portioa <>f our eouutry a.? a new partition of Poland; unit we herewith enter our solemn |in>te?t Were the nation* nf Europe against no lawless mi a^t, anil arraign the originators and |>orpctr?t.irs of this scheme before the Justice of the pre Dent genoration anil posterity. (Signed) "JVhochowski, Jf. Miki.zynski. I/Aiink I'RI'si!?UW?KI, l.llHI.T. I'OTWOIIOWSKI, CAMIUS, Ml<HA07.KWSKI, STOMCBEKOMCI," Pojen, April 17th, 1H4M." SWICDKV. Adyiccs from Stockholm, the 14tli of April, we hear that the minority of the committee, conaintlng of members of the town* find country place*, lnis remitted to tho King mi address entreating him to present to the Diet at. present Kitting, n project for changing tho constitution. based upon the principle of general election* The King has repllud that lie hail already determined, with the unanimous consent of hi* miuiitom. to present immediately n project ha*ed upon general elections, without reference to different classes, merely keeping proper account of capacity and fortuue. Owing to the continued attack* directed against nw < nutn'ia RK E 10RNING, MAY 15, 184S i In-ill by the four orders of the Diet, the Swedish ministry have retired in a body. aud their resignation was accepted by the King The following is the programme uf tlie new ministry fount it A. lelSparre. inarslial i?f the kingdom. Justine; Baron Stierueld. Foreign Affair*; M. A. I' Sanstroeui. finances; M de Hohenliauseu. War ; M. U'Klirenatainm. Marine ; M Ocular. Public Worship and Public lustrurtion ; MMtiyllengrimat and Kaxa. ministers without portfolio*. ^Itcforui societies are springing up in all tho proriucefi. SWir/EUlUNtl.

An extraordinary courier left Coire (canton of thitirisons) on the dth. fur Berne, to inform tlie Diet that a strong body of Au*trlaus purposed forcing the Kngaddl pass above Chiavenua The grand council of Berne has been convoked for the Hth of May. No less than sixty-three project* uf law are on the order of day fur discussion. KNOLAND ANI? IKKI.A ND. Kngland is quiet?the signal failure of the t'liartist demo list ration on the loth, was a death blow, at least | for some time to come, to Chart lit movement* in Hug- , land. The good citixeu* of l.oudou are a* proud as turkey-cocks, at being special constable* fur three months, and having achieved a victory without bloodshed. The fund* are rising. The favorable turn uf the French elections has greatly contributed to this rile At the same time, small paragraphs like the following make many a merchant feel queer and uncomfortable:? Shtte ill Willie m .WunWiiufi/'. Everything commercial ami manufacturing is literally at n utaiul-still lien-. Nothing is lining on 'Chaujge, ami Kreat uumlsirs ill tie- inille and Workshop.* arc either wholly cloud or working only short time. About operative* are at present working short time, ami nearly the same nmnlier an- wholly out of employment. The opurntive population are not the princiiwl milTeri-r?: the ?liopkw|ier? and tra<lesinen generally are deeply (listn-ssed. and liuuilnnls know not how to turn for relief. The state of Ireland Is most alarming The whole country 1m armed; Dublin swnrms with troops, and I f'-ar, sooner or later, bloodshed will ousue. I say I four ?for though I share tho liberal feelings of nil true patriots. I doubt, if tho limitation will Huccued. famino, bloodshed. and misery will bo the result. I r?fer you to tho flies of pupers for fuller information. It was currently reported here to-day that Dublin had been declared iu a state of Biego; but I do not believe it. Dtrai.nr, April 24. Tli* story now, current amongst tho republican party in, that there will lie mi movement until the i'ld nf May next, tliu anniversary nf the outbreak in I7!H exactly half a century ago. My own belief, as 1 have often stateii, is. that there is no settleil design for an insurrection, that there is no organization for such an object, ami that there is no real ground for the alarm that exists on the subject. There Is disaffection enough, hut, up to this time, it Is gcuttercd ami disorganized. Messrs. Smith (Vltrien and Mcu^her have proceeded upon an agitation mission to the South previous to the trials, and it is quite likely that they will succeed in making a considerable commotion. Dithi.im, April The intellijflnoo from various parts of the country, received to. day. describes a very dangcrotiB state of excitement, and the agitation is hourly becoming more fonnldable and menacing. SPAIN. ('artist bands are becoming more numerous. (Jood Friday passed over quietly in the capital The Duke and Duchess of Montpensier had left for Aranjuez. I mentioned in a former letter that the duke and duchosB had been compelled to leave London. A new light has boon thrown upon the subject, though tho rumored plot to poison tho Queen of Spain has not boon confirmed. Lord Palmers ton having requested Mr. Bulwer to present a violent, almost insolent despatch to the Spanish government, beginning as follows :?' Sir. I have to rocommenil you to advise the Spanish government to adopt a legal and constitutionnl system"?tho Duke of Sotomngor very cooly returned the despatch to Mr. Bulwer. signifying that if ho sent another ho should not read it. At the same time ho replied to the F.nglish government, demanding Mr. llulwer's recall. The whole London press blame Lord 1'alinerston. and in a leading article, tho Timet couios out with tho following :? " The Infanta herself was driven to the** shores, and was entitled to ever)' murk of attuutlon that could lie offered to her. It is now notorious that the pretensions of Lord I'alinerstou wero such 11.1 I., in.In.... II... i >.... i _ ..i- w. ?...i i? i...?| i 1, this country and rcjuvir to lloliaiid. whilst a Dutch steamer was prepared to convey the royal exiles to the coast of S|iain; um\ when their Itoyal Ulghnestmt called to take leave of Queen Victoria at lluckingliam |?laee on the eve of their departure, they were not admitted, I>y thu advice of I.ord i'aluienton. who was ?ent for on the oi uiution. to thu honor of an audieuce. 'l'licy left England, therefore, astonished and irritated to no small degree at the usage which tho influence of a single minister coulil cause to be inflicted on their rank anil their misfortune*. Thus it was tlicy arrived in Sgiain; and It certainly was no difficult task to persuade Queen ImMI* tliat her sister had been received iu England with very little of tho consideration to which she was entitled. The effect has lieen what might be anticipated. Hut this was not all. Mr. Hulwor was recommended to follow up these heroic exploits, directed against fugitive princes, by a diplomatic demonstration against the cabinet, which had at any rate beaten the mob and the revolution in the streets of Madrid. In short, no means have, as it would appear. Iss'ii neglected, to render strangemunt and hostility ut the two courts and governments complete.' Lord Pahnerston is very unpopular. He has protested against Sardinia helping Lotnbardy. against Prussia Inking Sehlexwig. and this last act has made him the object of universal censure. Denmark ha<* laid nn embargo on all Prussian ves*el*. Prussian trade U eompletely stopped?two of thu Hamburg steamers have stopped running. Our Southampton Correspondence. SouthA.MFTON, April 28, 184S. Mavrnirnti of the Ormn Steamert. The steamship Hermann in detained here in consequence of ?omo trilling defect iu her machinery, which it ha* been deemed advisable to repair. She has about eighty passengers, and twelve camel* rcccntly arrived from Kgypt. will take passage in her. The object of my writing you i? to say. that yesterday large handbill* were circulated through Southampton. thu*:? THE STKAMJHIP CAMBRI A LIVERPOOL FOR NEW YORK On Saturday, Jlpril 29. AND HAS ROOM KOR rAtSKNUERS. A* this 1* evidently an unworthy and pettifogging proceeding on the part of the Cunard Company, I hopo you will take notice of it in your paper. The passengers held u meeting last night on board the Hermann. i. ml nuai...! .. I.. > 1 ? V,* ?U.. ..! I I . JI.WOVM ? lonuiutllill' tu.iv till] l.'BUl UilU limj UTW liarc room for passongers." Oar Irlah Correspondent. Di'RLiir, 27th April, 1848. State of Ireland, 4'c On Thursday evening last, after I hail po.?te<l my letter, several of the city club* met throughout Dublin. The Loril Lieutenant got afraid of such a simultaneous movement, and, in order to be prepared for tho worst, had all the troops under arms that night. ;'U0 of the marines wore ordered up from the two frigates stationed it Kingston, armed with cutlasses and boarding pikes; rockets were let off several times during tho night; detachments of 100 men each were thrown into the college, post office, and the custom house; while I(i s Kxcollency is not regardless of his own safety, on ilflrer and 200 cavalry and infantry being stationed at 111* Excellency's residence in the 1'ark Out notwithstanding all these precautions, the govcrumcut do not [ippear to consider their military strength sufficient. I ?r it is said they intend raising a strong Iwdy of Knglisli and Scotch militia?76 regiments Knglisli and 1.') Scotch, all of whom will be sent to Ireland. In Dublin, the military preparations are still progressing A wooden bridge is constructed to throw avross the canal at Portobello barracks, in rase the stone bridge should be cut down. On Thursday evening, a meeting of the repealers was held at the large room of the Hibernian Hotel, which v.as attended by a number of the Human I'atholic I'lergy and others. The meeting consisted, iu udditlou to the foregoing, of muchanics. and was densely crowded. Mr. ShinH l.awler made an address, and ; fter a few preliminary observations, said lie was sorry, fur their own sakes. that the names of the higher classes were not to the requisition which callcd them together. They were there that night to tell the government that they love peace, but that they would not submit any more to be trampled upon, lie then itated that he respected the great, talent and love of country of Joliu O'Connell. but he was not fit to take the mantle of Daniel O'Connell. He had greater confidence in the old Boroihme blood of Smith O'Brien. Mr. Lawlcr then proceeded to denounce Morgan John O'Connell; and the Rov. Owen O'Sullivan came forward and said he had signed a petition lately, but it was the last petition he would ever sign to the British Parliament In alluding to the declaration, signed by 20*1.000. The llev. gentleman said he would nut him pelf at the head of 2,000 Killorjhia men. and lie would m>011 roui tno 'jtMi.'HM) buck* Th# Repeal Association held their usual meeting on Monday last. which was numerously attended. Mr. I'. Delany. T. In the chair. Mr John OVonnell road a letter from Bishop French, enclosing Iho nldri'M which had been agreed to by the \*iociation, to be presented to the Queen. Ill* Lordship regretted that he rouhl not form one oft he deputation to present It to her Majesty. on account of hli age and infirmity. Mr. John O'Connell rrad an address to the people of Ireland. Mr. John Reynold*, M.P.. in the course of his speech stated his belief that repeal would lie obtained by the moral force policy of O'l'onncll. and that if any other course were adopted, all hope of a domestic Legislature would be at an end lie thought that the writings and speeches of the young Ireland party were the caunes which procured the "gagging bill,'1 ami that while some of that party were sincere, he believed the most of them to lie knaves and traitors In the course of his observations he spoke very strongly of the .Valinn newspaper; and gave it a? his opinion that Mr. Duffy, the proprietor, was only patriotic because it was a profitable speculation to him to lieso The latter observatlon the mem>wr<<|of the mcctingappcaredtodisapprovc of. The rent was announced at AMI Hs. 3d. VV'c have had a visit from the chartist meuiliers of the Convention, for the purpose, it is stated, of establishing a cordial understanding between repealers and the workmen in Kngland. j The ailjourned minting of th* Protestants of Progheda was held last week in the Mayoralty rooms, Thos North. Km], In the chair. After some discussion, a vote of loyalty to the Queen was agreed to. and the following resolution was carried unanimously : ? Resolved, Tliat c<'UnitI?ring the manner In which tlie llriti?h Purl lumen t U conntitutcd. Uw very nnant inflatory nature of it* enactment* for thin country, find of the mode in which titer are m*m r.?llv carried out. and tiki' deiiire which tin* ureftt t>ody of tlie |H>o|il?> hen* are daily exprc*??inK for a local management of the affair* of thin country, by ft body men deliberating iu their own vapitml, holding their owu property in inland, PWNMPVMHMMMrV1'1 [ERA I. an J twiug acquainted with the wauU, neoMaUia* ami reaouron uf the country, that we pntltiou both houses uf tliu linivriitl I'.irliu UK'Ut. to Uke tlw wiahei of thi' Irish people into tlioir immediate i ousidermtimi. and to .-uiict a luw which will give us a iouteatiu parliament. The majority of those preaent repudiated the charge uf having signed the declaration of conlideucu in ibu Lord < lurch don On the other hand, the Orange Society huvo been holding meetings On Saturday, the following evening, a meeting wan held in Whltefriar'* llall. at which the following Orange Lodges were represented by their offleerH and member* :? Nu?. Wi. 440. 605, 12.'I4, lOltf, Hi"-. WW, 1700. 1703. 170S, 17:iS, 17.')7. ISOS, 1810. 1S48. The following resolution was adopted, the (irand Mauler. the Karl of Knninkillen. in the chair :? Keiolvud, That we, the Oraugntaeu of Ituliliu, in cnnaeipietice of the lal?' ami malicious assertions repeatedly made by tlie retxalcrs. \c , that we would loin theui iu their ruckle** I. uiK*. ilo hereby declare ill kolialf of otirselve* .tud brethren generally tlir<>u?cli<>ut the United Kingdom, that wo ahall nut, however, reiuotodly lie identified of conneoted with any treasonable or seditious movement; and that we ar" determined to ai l and :i**iit the authorities in tlx) lawful execution ul their duties, in tho suppression "t anaivliy and revolution, and in HU|>|xirt of our sovereign, and the maintenance of the union between these kinxdoai Tho citizen club hold their (Irst mooting; in Cork on Wednesday wook. Theru was u largo attendance, amongst which, wore a number ot delegate* of the trade* Tho club recommund tho citizens to arm ' | quietly ax possible. to bo prepared for every contiugency. and to tako steps for tho nomination of representatives In tho council of 3<X) An address haw appoarod in tho paper*. from tho orangcincn of tho] city of Londonderry, to tho prote*tautaof l Utor. calling on thoin to unito and assist the government, in case of an emergency; while Mr Mitchell, in a very ablo letter to the protnstants, fanners, laborer*, and artizans, of the north of Iruland. after pointing out tho causu of all the grievance*, say* that it in not tho repeal of tho Catholic Emancipation Act. nor yet tho repeal of tho Union Act itself, that will euro all thin.? Nothing will euro it. wire the total overthrow of the aristocratic system of government, and the establishment of tho people's inalienable sovereignty. Wo must have Iruland out for certain pours, and nominee* of peer*, in College tireon. But Ireland for tho Irish?I MOm and spit upon repeal of the union. A declaration ofthu gentry merchants, and other* of Newry. in favor of a roturn to the anciont constitution of Iruland, ha* appeared in the Nru<i-y TrlrnrapK, and ha* received thu signal tiros of many gentlemen of iutluence and station hitherto considered thu most determined enemies of rupoal. Mr. Mitchell has put in his pleas to tho indictment found again*t him for seditious article* in the Unitrd Irishman. Tho travor*er has pleaded that ho Is not bound to answer the indictment. Inconsequence of the proceedings being irregular, by reason of imii of tho grand jury that found the bills beiug an aldermen of tho city of Dublin, and disqualified under the municipal act, thu other traverser having pleaded " not guilty. ' A national declaration, of which the following is a copy, is forthwith to bo scut through tho country for signatures :? Wo, the undersigned inhabitants of Ireland, believing that the Legislative Uuion between Oroat Britain and Ireland has proved detrimental to tho interests of all classes of Irishmen, hereby declaro our solemn conviction that its continuanco is n grievance, and that tho permanent peace and prosperity of this country, and the riirhts of nronertr therein, can onlv hn miciirml hv an immodiato repeal of that measure. and tho re-establishment of an Irish legislature ; and wo hereby Individually and collectively pledge ourselves to uko our best exertions for the attainment of that object. Being also thoroughly convinced of tho mischief of religious ascendancy. wo pledge ourselves at ull times to oppose any infringement of the right* of conscience, or exclusion from political powoi of any class of Irishmon on account of their religious faith. Samuel Kerguson. Thomas (ialway, i I'olman MO'I.oghluu, R. D. Ireland. ['Secretaries A. R. Stritch, J. B. Dillon. S A correspondent of the United Irishman states that he had a conversation with the privates, nou-commissioued officers and officers of the 4tttli regiment, when they all declared to him that in the event of au emrute taking place for tho purpose of obtaiuing a redress of the intolerable grievances, they stated they knew that a great portion of tho troops serving in Ireland would not tiro on tlioui. but at ail events the men of the 4Kth would not do so. three-fourths of theui being repealers. It is stated that in the proclaimed districts of Tlpperary, that none of the arms were given up to the police, but are now safely hid ready for any emergency. In l.lmorick. the people are making the best use of their arms they can. 1*000 men are uightly engaged in the pike exercise. A coffin a few days ago was brought into that city, and a woman weeping over it. When tho journey was finished, tho lid was removed, and not a Imdy, but a plentiful supply of arms was takeu out.? lu Cork it is feared that all preparations for the approaching struggle will be limited. The police are now taking down the names of all the ritle-shooting practitioners of that city. The accounts received from other I parts of the county are unanimous in sayiug that the pie are preparing aud practising their ritles w'here they have them. The Theatre Koyal has opened for a brief season.? Miss Helen Kaucett and Mr Leigh Murray of the Lyceum Theatre, are engaged. OB Monday they appeared in Romeo and Juliet; tho performance elided much praise. The house was densely crowded. TheCurragh April meeting commenced on Tuesday, and never was bettor racing witnessed In the ( urragh of Kildare. all tho racing being contested with much spirit. The accounts from Waterford state that the potato crop is In a forward state, and that agriculture Is in general progressing in all parts of tho county with the greatest rapidity, but owing to the wetness of the spring, the harvest will bo delayed considerably. The annual show of black cattle, sheep, horses, poultry, and farm implements, was opened on Tuesday last, iu the Dublin Society grounds. There was a great number of yearling bulls, which, however, were not as good as those exhibited|in former years. The yearling heifer class was very numerous, and the judges said they never saw before any thing to equal them. Altogether, tho stock exhibited gave great satisfaction. Tho accounts of the meetings in America have been received aud read with the greatest avidity by all classes H. V. H. vur r rikh Lurm|iuiiaciicr> Park, April 10. 1848. Marshal Nry?The French People?Their Cluht? Emrule?English Prtti? Thieri?Barrot?Electioni ? Communion?The Females?Approaching Review. To-morrow, will taku place the grand review of the two hundred thousand new National Guard*, and twenty-fivo thousand Ouurds Mobile. The former aro newly equipped and uniformed?all very elegantly, and even splendidly; while the latter are composed exclusively of blouses," and their uniforms preserve their character. Theao aro destined for service on the frontiers of France. Alroady. in squads of several thousands each, they have appeared upon the Champs F.lysees and other public grounds in Paris. accoin. panied by magnificent bands of music ; and their movements prove how readily tho French citizen can transform himself into the perfect and graceful soldier. The Arc Etoilo is selected as the spot at which tho Government Provisional are to present to the different legions their respective flags and to address the troops. The Arc du Triumph l'F.tolle is the proudest inonuMlt of the kind in the world. It is worthy of the conception of Napoleon, who first planted the seeds of liberty in F.uropo?ploughed the soil with his sword watered it with the blood of France?the harvest of which is now lieginniug to be gathered in the triumph of the people over corrupt courts, and the establishment of free institutions, and the regeneration of mankind. It Is proper that the Hag of the people, free and rejoicing, should be delivered at the place so commemorativu of the genius and glory of the first man which the world ever produced, into the keeping of those who are selected to defend the principles of liberty throughout F.urope. ami to aid in maintaining I the contest of freedom against despotism, now raging in the old world I have already seen hundreds of thousands assembled in ,1'aris perhaps more than a million?to witness thefUneralJobiiequics of the glorious dead; but from the extensive preparations, anil tho iuterest and glory of the occasion, there will be still the largest concourse of people ever assembled in Paris, to witness the imposing scenes of to-morrow \s if to add Interest to a scene so exciting agents paid by the dynasties overthrown, attempting to divide the Provisional Government, ami to bring the influence of some ambitious aspirants to act upon the masses, to overthrow their comuanions. an i meule was atleninle.l on Sunday last, ami In less thiiu two hour* more than two hundred thousand tnen wore under arm*, and In battle array; and to the enquiry of their Ocm-ral i ' Will you sustain the Kcpubllc and the (Jovernment!" there wan Mich an energetic response ami action, that truck terror Into tlie heart of every evil doer, and made the moat timid, even the Knglish. feel that nil wan *nf? in France, and that the Republic would he mniDtained No one net in France. can conceive, or be made to believe, how intelligent, respectable, and con tide rate are the masses of the French people; and how determined they are to maintain order, tranquillity. and a Arm ami liberal government. Ambitious and corrupt men find no favor, and are crushed instinctively by the force of public opinion The axe will not be raised in Krance; all thn masses are against it. There are more than a hundred clubs In I'aris; > and in all these clubs, this, among the thousand other questions, is publicly discussed In the presence of thousands of ladies and gentlemen, as spectators; and the sentiments of the noble-hearted l.amartlne timl almost a unanimous response. The students and the blue frocks accomplished the revolution, and the latter constitute the mass and thn vigor of the Parisian population; they want ordar with lil>erty;" they understand that the two are perfectly consistent: and they have formed themselves Into a body of National Ouards. uniformed themselves, and do duty, from HM)O0 to !?<).0<K> daily, at their owa expense, and without any manner of pecuniary compensation; and they make I'aris ?ven much tnora safe than it was under Louis Philippe. Theft has diminished nearly one-half, compared with former years, since the establishment of the republic. Men appear to feel more self-respect That self-respect is appealed to. both by the government and each other and mon produce a wonderfhl effect upon each other by their discussions, and the prompt correctives of friend to friend The Sabbath is much more respected than before: and there is a regeneration I going on in the social as well as political world Com- j ntuuism is publicly dUcu*?od iu thv club# of day LD. Price Two Cvnta. labirerj and a'l nth >r< iti p irnielo 11 elfirti uxp >jjd. > and t'u public rUliO'iit fuily i'H.'hwJ a^ituit It. It id it it in k'ra km a? it h in AmiricA ? iu'.j tin di<rutslini of it!l tll'M t >,>'.< t, w > ii mi :u wjll ai u?u, enter; mi I. ? -u tr illy. tli t fuin ill!i, oi' nil o m liti > n. wholly mil I dally a(iimt tli > >1 > :tr> it nil r.?pudiate Itt principle* I'ai IiIji of .1 dmiini of pro perty Ur -ilnti'd, mil iti inju iticu ,i;i I l> t I n.T>ot< po*edai forcibly mi l hi 11union ily by tli ? iiuioi iu I'arm.n in any otlur plwu in thu world of which i 1 ha?? any kn iwled{, Tu.i l?a<t*r< of th'u d>Jtrinu were at the h cvl of tlu em-u'.f on Sun J ly. an I tlmru wan a united uxprtKiion of tlij .Naiuuil clnrd? axaiimtth on if th? Outfjt Mobilii; an I nnu. woia-m ! an J children cried out ?'i tut In cuaHiuiiilll " I The very inan win carried th > flag*. when they I heard the ail Ireu of th.or lea Wrs. nutantly ncnt | a delegation to th* proviaionai K'lrerainjiit. to a?nurc thein of their an'ntaiu-<, ami mini idiately joined tin' guard* HUilaiiiin^ the government, and denouncing thu movement I.mnartiiiu niponil?il ill a maimer to exceed hiuuelf, uud by hu admirable manner restore.I conAdence, and threw thu veil of oblivion over hid colleague*, by assuring thu people of thu coulldcnro hu had iu the in and anklng the same coiiflduucu for theiu at their hand-i It I* not mippj?.td that mor? than one or two of hl< oolleagUeH favored the m nuiuent. which wad directed against Laiuartine himself and hiH influence. The lleltmornlll!/. ll lironl?in itliin ?ni?i>*rA.I alfnn.l h? ??*? r ? -rr-"j I member of Lite Knvornmnnt. .muring the people of I their union, and asking fur the Maine on the part of the latter l.edru Kolliu foresees that the National A?scinhly will be against extreme measures, and probably little under his influence ; and be seems to bo unowr, I under the preponderating influence which the noble i sentiments and conduct of Lamartlnn inspired in tbn community Uut I think he will be quite satisfied now, to dare himself in which Laruartine bm aided hint to the extent of his power, by throwing the Tell of charity and oblivion over him, and not seeming to know, or to believe, that there was not the most perfect harmony of sentiuiont among all the members of the government This movement has strengthened the government immensely, and given general assurance. Stocks rone at onee among that timid elan* of eltisena, and all felt that there wait evidence not to be mistaken, that the republic was safe and strong, aud quite capable of resisting both tho intrigue* and the wrong of the overthrown dynasties in France, and the prejudicial Influences of tile Kuglish press, and the manifestoes of the - autocrat of all the llussias.'' The whole power of the F.nglish press lately, bait been directed to create a panic in France, now the seed* of discord and disaffection, and diminish oonfldciice abroad in the republic ; and. if possible, to produce a counter rerolution For this purpose, the journals have not contented themselves with distorting such assurances an may have had a tendency to disturb the public j but they have been guilty of the most exaggerated representations, having 110 foundation except in the frightened or wicked brain of the authors. In witnessing ! the oonduct of the Knglish in France, I do not wonder at the contempt which is so universally felt In Kranoe for Knglish cowardice. No sentiment is stronger or more universal here than this. Fright seems to have been the most contagious of diseases, and the principal part of them rusliod out of Paris, as if thay were lieeing for dear life ; and Louis Philippe's voyage in tile Ashing boat?his counterfeit of himself and hi* language?his using an interpreter to understand French, is scarcely leas ludicrous, or more unworthy of his position, than the magnanimous and honorable bearing of the F'rench people is conspicuous. Tlie National Assembly will be chosen on the 33d I ...... ot??, ...... witniiui umurwr ut uumuniuu. t in Drm I men ill France, of all classes and grades. will bo selected. Tile famous poet.beranger.begged hard to be excused,but in vain, thn enthusiasm for bim wan too great l.amar | tint* will go into tilt- assembly, ami I think will be placed [at tho Ulead of the new conMtltutional government The friends of Thiers even struggled to make him a member, lie bus been no strongly In favor of a constitutional monarchy, that his recent convention la regarded with suspicion. M. O. llarrot stumbled over the t'.ouut de Paris and full. Of all the Teen in France, two only were decidedly for the overthrow of Loul* Philippe ; they will be members of the assembly. The celebrated I'Abbe Lacerdaise, the molt eloquent preacher in trance, who delivered the eulogy upon OTonnell. and M. foquerill. alio a very dlstluKulshed preacher, will bo chosen. Kxcept iiuch distinguished men, every candidate must pass the ordeal >>f appearing before the clubs, and promptly answering, extemporaneously, all the hundreds of question* that are formally put to hiin in writing by order of the club, and his answers are taken dowu in writing and published. These questions embrace not only hi* perKoual history, tho historv of his past opinions, but hi* present opinions upon the subjects affecting the political. financial, and social condition of France, and what would be his course in case the National Asaembly should be attacked or its decrees resisted. In addition. each member of the club has a right to question hiiu. aud the collision of intellect and of wit. aud ingenuity. is sometimes exceedingly interesting. All these questions are put and answered in the presence of thousands of both sexes, and he who has not a good ileal of intellectual muscle, had better be quiet upon these occasions, for there Is frequently as much danger to the author of the quest ion as to tho answerer. Tho canvass for the candidates has been conducted in the most orderly and respectable manner. In no instance has any newspaper referred to the private character of any man. and very seldom referred to the opinions of any one unfavorably by name. Tho great canvass haa been carried on face to faee with the candidate, always giving him a full opportunity to be heard with the most respectful attention. One of the nephewa of Napoleon will represent Corsica. The son of Marshal Nev will be in the assembly; to the memory of whose father, the provisional government has ordered a suitable monument to be erected. Thank* be to them for that ju?t tribute of the respect of France, and censure of his murderers. OBSERVER. Paul, April21, 1848. The Grand Htoiew. The 20th was tho day of day* at Pari*. Thero had been the 22d. with It* agitated C'bambor of Deputies. 1U Municipal (iuard. the thronged multitude, and its running light?the 23d with it* overthrow of Guizot, tho impeachment of Miniatera, Ita Ilegimcnta of the Lino, ita increasing multitude, and random discharge of musketry, ita barricade* and procession*?the 24th, with tho maaacs crowding all tho principal atreets and squares in tho city, bloody, and with drawn awords, tlxod bayonets, iron bara, club*, and deadly weapons of every description, breathing a juat retribution against the murderer* of their companiona. tho evening preceding, and crying -abai It Roi the same Ministry in vain attempting to abate the atorm?the abdication and flight of the King and hi* household?the entry of the Duchess d' Orleans and Compte do Paria into the chamber of Deputies, the overthrow of that body by the armed multitude, tho capture of tho Tuileries. the establishment of tlio Provisional Government, and the proclamation of tho Republic?tho 25th. given up to rejoicings and promenadea, with its more than ton thousand barricades and hundred* of thousands of people tilling tho street*, the embrace of surviving frienda and the congratulations of the assembled host, the movingof tlie dead and wounded, and the weeping of their tens of thousands of mourners and followers -the 27th, the "Baptism of Liberty," at the foot of the monument of July, with its 80.000 of Natiouul Guarda. and two hundred thousand of citizens?tho 4th of March, ' with its funeral pomp over the remains of the ' glorious dead," with ono to two hundred thousand National Guarda and citizens under arms, and it* half million of spectator*, its train of mourning carriages and chariots of flowers the nurutt* of the 17th of Mareh and l'ith of April, and the rally of the people to suppress them. In masses beyond computation or estimation, the hundreds of procession* to the Hotel do Ville. tiling otf before the Provisional Government, with their more than ten thousand banner*, embracing the flag of every civilized nation, and it* deputation of couutrymen I tearing aloft its flowing folds ; but it wan reserved for t he ?oth Inst to make the demonstration of all demonstrations of the power of Paris I had anticipated a great, fete, but was not prepared to see four hundred thousand men. soldier*, aruied. equipped, and uniformed with their hundreds of bands of music, covering many hundred* of acres of ground, and occupying. in platoons from fifty to one hundred uien abreast, ten miles of the broadest streets mid avenue* in Paria ; beside* more than ten mile* more of columns moving in other |?irt* of the city, preparing to march to the Bas vm*. ?nv ii;iiur*Tuua i"i nriiviuuiiii|?uu rriurii ing fruui the .'fir dr Triumph dr I' Ktoilr, about five I mile* dint nut. where thu mighty column filed off before I the Provisional (fovernineut. it in thu Urgent army I ever aniteiublcd at one place in France; ami probably I larger than any one army of the nine hundred thou. I nand allien wlio entered France to overthrow uu? uian I I ntood fur a long time beside one of the Imperial (iuard I of Napoleon lie told uae tiiat lie had ner?ed thirty fl four year* in the French army, and had nerved through I fourteen of Napoleon'* campaign*. he went to Moscow I with him. and of courne returned: he said Napoleon H ha<l never neen in one body no large au army. but. n.tid H he. "it would not be in thin condition if Napoleon wan H alive?Napoleon would not want any Provi*lonal Oo- H vernnient." He referred to the dlnclpllne of the troop* and the abnence of an I'litlre uniform of all. which there has not I time to effect, without unnece**ary expense. He naid he had nl.no nerved the lant thirty yearn in the llntrl dn hu alidri.'' the uniform of which he wore and where wh* yet neeii a reuiniint of that heroic baud which made the tour of Kurope. ami filled the world with astonishment and admiration. Before wituenning thin spectacle. I had no junt conception of the Iroponing effect produced by the presence, and pannage before me. of fmir hundred thounand troop*. under ariiK. with bayonetn fixed It required twelve hour* for thin army to pann one point. In platoon* of *uch great width. In the former part of tlio (lav the platoon* wi re not *o wide; but for the lant four hour*, and for the but mile and a half, through the Thamp* Ely*i en to the Arc de Triumph, the platoon* were near one hundred men abreant, advancing, and with two returning column*, one on each nlde of the advancing column, of forty to fifty abreant; the advancing column tilled, from Hide-walk to *ide-walk. that magnificent and mont npieudiil promenade, of twelve rodn wide, and the returning column* filled up the eijually elegant but narrower aide-walk*. Tree* of many year* growth are extended on each nlde of the principal promenade, the entire dlntance ; and the two nlde walk* are bounded by a forent, net and trimmed with the finent taste wires were extended from tree to tree, being tilled with light*, about tea iach?? ajiart. iu

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