Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 15, 1848, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 15, 1848 Page 2
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r mik'nj one and ft hn!f IR*i?s f>( Sluiwntlnti ! t i.|. each "'It1 KiirNtndfil by -??h a foren. Jittt 1 u -l lut > full leaf 'foiiktn.-' wiih myriad- of luiiii.iii le !- |ii'0UMl>ailiU( uuUcr il?-tilled Willi >urli uu ?.r ny of s-idiers lutulluuifo iu. Infantry, cavalry nn j burse with furty to fitly bauds < f mu. 10. each playing the ?lar*eillaise -iiltt?iin?HHl bjf lou i>f tli >u ami.- of git* ad torch lights ; and Urroundeil by ti n tunes tun I thousand of gaily dre-scd la ;ie?. and laughing ctailJti n. Willi cheer cheer, ecti >od and ri-ech ??,!. a- it were. from the bine sky of hoaveu with the splendor of a fall tnoon. ami the coruscation of a lioritou of st?r?- thin Moving forest of br.ght bayonets betwitin two forests of trees -the scene wan enchant- , I nieut?overpowering ? it could hardly be a reality?people* cie intoxicated with joy 1'aris was indeed in the i tlysiau Fields ; and powerless is language to convey 1 1 auy adei|Uat(> idea of l'arin nt that mouieut. It was ! necessary to be present?to understand the French I language, aud something of the character of the ' ptople?to see. and to bear, and to feel?to form an idea of the impression produced by ibis wonderful/i'.'r. The Are de 1 riumph dc l'Ktoileis the proudest monument in the work, commemorative of the great deeds of France and Napoleon It was conceived and commenced by Napoleon, and finished by Louis Philippe. Napoleon and his bride, Maria Louisa, rode through the Pari* It is 15'.2 feet high 1117 feet wide. and US feet I deep?itn central arch. hjjc from facade to facade. is WO feet high, aud 45 wide ; its t ra nsversal arch 6" feet high utid 25 wide ; the two front* and ends are orna- ' meuted with groups of figures and sculpture, emblema- j I tic of the era. the event*, and the men. amidst all l which Napoleon stands out prominent Its cost was i about two million* of dollars It is worth a voyage round the world to fee This monument, so elegantly < wrought from, aud oramented with, stone and marble, ' stands upon high ground at the west end of the city, just without the Barricre; the circular area upon which it stands, dividing the avenue ofthe i hauips - My sees from St Uermain. the most beautiful and spacious entry in!" Paris Thousands of travellers on foot only pass through this central arch daily, aud there they read the names of the immortal men whose deeds have immortalized the age ill which they lived ; and upon the facades, as they enter and leave, they may read the names of the places made memorable by French valur. Under this arrli. the cstrade. raised many feet high, sat the wives ot the members ofthe government, aud such others as were fortunate enough to receive a card ; in front and upnn each side, in front of the btc sat the officers of the government, of the courts, aome of whom were dressed in red robes : u gn*at number of generals among whom were Oudinot and Lamoriciere. the invalids who were not under arms, the delegates of the clubs, the wounded of February. 1848. delegates from the schools and Luxemburg, sic.?directly in front of all sat the provisional government, who arrived just before ten o'clock The colonels assembled in front, aud Aragoprocounced a short discourse, and the government delivered to each an elegantly wrought flag, for his regiment, which on receiving he swore to defend, amid the discharge of cannon, the cheers of spectators, aud the cries of fire la KrjinbHc "fitr U ftorrmmtnl Proviiiore." At half-past ten the troops commenced filing before the government, presenting their arms as they passed, crying, as before, and receiving in return the salutations of its members This mass of 4(H) 000 troops were till half-past ten o'clock ut 1 night in filing before the government?the column I i being continually under march, and till"d at the Uastile. I I us fast as it moved forward from that place of rondez- I vous Moro than seven-eights of these troops were I formed in Paris, and its suburbs, and constitute the dif- 1 ferent volunteer guards of the city, all newly enrolled I aud uniformed since the revolution?the rest were of ^ the line, from the different garrisons; and some guards t from Viueennes and Rouen The grand purpose of n a display ol force, aud a frateruizat ion between citizens, t the different guards, and troops of the line, was fully a accomplished. In this column was one platoon of t about fifty men. of Napuleon's Guard, commanded by s a soldier chief of an hundred and two years of age?he 1 supported himself by a cane in one baud, and flourish- i ed his sword in the other?he was in the dress of j that immortal guard ; and his trembling limbs c found support in the checrs of the multitude. With c this, and a few other exceptions, the column consist- u ed of young men. having a fine appearance ; and n resembling the young men of our own country s more than any people of whom I have any knowledge. I' The numbers of spectators, who can estimate? Paris t has a population of twelve or thirteen hundred thou- a sand, and how many there were from the surround- r ing hanlitus and villages present, no one can de- r tcrmine. But there were enough to prove that a great b> many people live in and about Paris. Very few Kug- s lishmeu were present; they would not be pleased with a the conversation of the pc*ple upon such an occasion j It is undoubtedly fortunate for Kngland. that a cliau- r nel. deep and wide, tlows between the two countries; t but peace is important for France and for Kurope. 1: Ideas arc doing more than French cannon to rcvolu- o tionize the old world, aud it costs vastly less to tran- s port them, especially since the invention of stcaui. Lamartine is a messenger of peace; and the demonstration of yesterday proves how strongly he exists in 1 the estimation of the people: he was cheered, by name, wherever he moved, but no other member of the government was thus honored. His principles the people have adopted, and all the attempts to curtail his power. i and diminish the effect of his influence, have met with j the most prompt aud overwhelming rebuke. In the evening, the illuminations were exceedingly 1 beautiful: and Paris was one grand drawing room of vast dimensions, aud a variety of company, sparkling with wit and wine. The day passed without any circumstance to m;ir the uninterrupted course of pleasures and scenes of gratification which the French understand so well how lo maintain: una mis grana jtte cannot iail to produce an imposing impression, both at home and abroad and to do much to convince the mrillittuO MM nrnoraot that the French republic lives in the affections , of the French people aud that they are prepared to defend it at every hazard OBSERVER. 1 Paris. April 26,1848. J The Electionj?Xational *1tttmhly?Division in the Provitionul Government?Struggle for Powei?A'ew Constitution?The English?Italy. 4'c. The elections hare engrossed much of the public at- i tention for the lagt few days. and they terminated last 1 night, at 12 o'clock, having commenced on the , morning of the 2.1d: but the result is not expectod to be known until the 28th. The number of votes polled will not compare with that in the United States. 1 think, compared with the population. [Here our correspondent makes a mistake, but ho corrects it afterwards ] The people are not yet accustomed to this quiet mode of obtaining pawer ; and therefore do not use the privilege they have fought for, so generally as an American would naturally expect. Tothose who have seen governments overthrown and others established, over barricades and blood, it must seem awkward to attempt the saino thiug by the simple deposit of a bit of paper. The made of t electioneering w.i? unique: bay* and women, in the ' streets, had papers to sell, and votes accompanied them: then, agaiu. there were young men. with large _ packages of votes, passing along tho streets, giving them to every person they met. There was no multitude? no struggle ?no excitement?no bringing out voters?no persuading of voters; and a stranger in l'aris would not have known that it was a public day. or that any thing unusual was taking place. It requires time to comprehend and realize that the.-e bits of paper make and unmake administrations and governments. and that they areas effectual as barricades and bayonets for that purpose, \gain. the people ar.1 not yet divided into political parties, and they have no means of concenrating public opinion upon candidate-: hence, the streets are full of different lists of names for tiiu members of the National Assembly; and as thirtyfour ar* cantaiued upon one piece of paper, it creates hesitation in the selection. But I immediately perceived, by an examination of the e there wa; a master spirit behind the neeuc. who had prepared a great number of lists with care, and for tii purpose of defeating the elcctim of Lamartine. and those of the provisional government who go with him. and of securing that of Lcdru Rollin. and the three other members of the government who go with him ; and they have been prepare I great skill fur that purpose The lists, with l.amartiue at their head, generally embrace the entire provisional government, so that there appears to me little d >ubt that Lcdru llollin Louis lilanc. Albert, nud Floe >n. are elected: n n.l I . I t I I..... I I . ber? also; but there had l.een n rumor. n* the caption of ' I the lint represent*. of the delegates of two hundred I clubs, in favor of a lint containing taforesaid f?ur iudu*. and tli" ro*t composed of workmen jr -nerally. I and if tbla wa^ adhered to fully, it will render tin- clue- ? tion of Lamartine almost doubtful There was a rally, i yesterday, in the paper* and otherwise, to break the effect of this, but with what result remain* to be seen.? < All with wh'iin I have conversed, mm to think that < Lamartine I.- so certain of an election, that it is hardly < worth while to trouble themnelve* to vote for liim I I think there ha* been n much greater effort to defeat i Lamarti u>' than is generally anticipated I jud/e from i the recent circular* of l,edru Kollin. who I* tiie mini*- * ter of the interior and ha? the management of the f preparation mid organixation of tin* election* through- f out France ; and the very ingenious device and arran- t gcmetil of the lists of rrtcj in 1'aris. tn accomplish thai i object But Lamaitilie ? il triumph. I believe, over i all device* Ledru Hollin I* at the head of the toeialist interest nnd i* evidently unwilling to be overshadowed t by the influence of Lamartine That there i* n division * of the provisional government of lo to 4 l.amartine v iiea ding the former and I,edru Roliin the latter then t 1* no longer any doubt ?bnt tint will not prevent thegovernuieut from performing it* function* 11 n<1 *afely J< I livering the government in the hand* of the assembly t neitiier doe* it. in my view, endanger the republic I That tiier.' will be a struggle in the National t onven- 1 tion. for both principle and power no reasonable man. < 1 presume, ever doubted and it may us well ari?e bu- t tweeu these two gentlemen, and their follower*, us in any other manner. for aught I cau see The crisis fir i France. I have ever considered, will be during the < existence of the national assembly, and the struggle t'> ' fraui a onstitution. and to elect the officer* to exc- i eutc its" I have no substantial fears that ? France will fiil even here or if she should fail in tiii- i first < apersuient. without blo idshed. that she will fail to maintain a republic I rom my impression* of the French people, the manse* nre abundantly Intelligent t honest and determined to nerforin well their onrt and ? to preaerre "nli-r and tranquillity Tb*w people, wli" ' underrate the IntclliKenrn and the love of order of the t French |?eople. innke n pri-at miatnke the difficulty will ?ri?e among the lending m*n of the country t nriaing from their different ?lewa of what rulltituUrr u republic. ami their coiite?t? for pliep >< 11 <1 power.? f 1 regret to adJ that my iuipre?aion is that much leu* i> undernlood of the priliclpland detail* of our const!- i tiitioo and firm of (foyertiment. among the leading t in> n of Kranci ?uch as will conatituti- the nationn nsaeuil'ty than is generally lltiJer?tood lobethrfmt ainngu" I her* la a prejudice fa Krmiiee ngainst what i? eell?d an upper bonne anil hence the objection to i ' house ard senate I h?re ha* b? > n no clcnrly iit I- > riitiol opinion In France upon thin point ; and cer tnlnly no manifestation of a diapotltlon to imprna* t the public mind with the Importance of two hous.? - I I eonsldeT that It is well cMablished thai the a?eemlily I will proclaim a republic ; but the form of government i beyond that I# a matter of entire uncertainty In all i ?,ur the upper houne b*a jcnerfclly l*uu ttllet wttb J 1 1 1 ' of?fttur.'? of tho throne, and In France it 1* < m?' hit? cully so?besides, France has nn Mntc* to elect u.itors llcr territory is small, and her government nil not be like that of the I nited >tate.< ?a geucrul [uii riimi-ul with limited |?ower*. and the country diide I inn States so I think?hut one ventral goterline ill sitting at Paris, to mauage the entire atfair* of the leneh nation. I regard it equally uneertain in what In executive will consist. There will be strong objec ii- t<> one man -and I am iucliud to think. iusu erable one-, unless two house* should be established. There is a disposition to break lip the life tenure of .lie bench; and that lint, indeed, for the time being. Seen already done by the provisional government, md several removals made Oive very httle at- , lention to nuy thing which appears in the Kngliah |i:iperH i u reference to France. Knglaud has neither the ability nor the disposition lo understand or to appreciate the French; and their jealousy, fright, and agitations at home have caused the columns of their . newspapers to be filled with libel* against the French, . rs they frequently are .-.Kuiiist us. It is remarkable. how little regard the leuding journals of England have for public veracity in reference to Franco or our own country. Hut they are stupidly ignorant of both. . Only a lew days since, the London Chrotiiclt stated ' that tve had but thirteen Mates in the L'uion I wonder if ever Kugland 1ms found out that she i had been twice whipped by these thirteen States, i lis the Chroniclt allegesWhen Canada shall have thrown oil the Knglisli yoke, and joined herself to us, j Kugland will then be made to comprehend, I presume, thai we have fourteen States. Witness the stupid and ridiculous conduct of the English, in attempting to | imitate the French people; and overturn a dynasty 1 which has ground the Kuglisli people to the earth for | centuries. F'ifty thousand Frenchmen, without any tvordsfthollt it. Wolllil hllVS DVuptllpmvl llln rrnrarnftim,! i while the Knglish were talking Tlic truth is. what I I remarked in a former letter, that the Knglish need n 1 master. "They are uot lit tod for self-government." They have a printer reverence for "My Lord." than for the right!) of mau aiul the independence of the conntry. I'hey are impudent when they control?,-iervile wlieu they obey -aud destitute of that loTe of liberty which ultimate* the American and the Frenchman; and 1 have seen nothing to change the opinion expressed in a previous letter, that the K.uglish are as fur from a republic a* we are from a monarchy. There are a few hundred Frenchmen in London, and the Knglish government is so much afraid of them that a law has been gravely discussed and passed, to drive them out of the country. This is about equal to the flight of the F.nglisli from Paris, and Louis Philippe's escape from France. Sicily has declared herself free of Ferdiuaud of Naples, and will choose her own sovereign Charles Albert has been following the Austrian*, and driving them out of Lomhardy and all upper Italy; but the Milanese Feem to have become jealous of him. and the news of to-day is. that he will retire. and leave the Mil# no eand Austriansto fight their own battles. Prussia. Austria, and all Germany seem to be going to hold a grand convention. All the countries upon the Khinc and Danube, and up to the dominions of him - of all the Russia*," seem to have revolutionized. There has been one grand melt* of revolutions; and the people have played with monarchies and kings as children do with toys and footballs. The Austrian constitution proposed, provides for two houses?one fifth part of the upper house to bo appointI'd by the Emperor, the other fourth to be taken from arge proprietors?the lower house lo be chosen by inirersal suirragu?the electors to be 24 years old. In Prussia the miui<try is attempting to force an electoral aw. less liberal, which has been successfully resisted >y the people. I cannot ascertain what kind of a go eminent they now have in either Austria. Prussia, lie German States, or in Holland. There seems to bo l peaceable anarchy among all. The people form heniselves into National Guards. anil maintain order: md the sovereigns seem to be walking about among he people without being molested. and to maintain :i embluuee of authority, and a nominal government? >ut. in fact, all Europe. Kngland and Hussia excepted, s under the immediate dictation and control of the icople. Spuin and Kngland have just had a violent orrespondence. In which the former has returned the orrespondeuce of the latter, and informed the British sinister that similar notes from him and Lord I'ulnerston shall be returned unopened. I have not often een a more violent and racy correspondence. Lord 'aimerston seeuis to be in favor of reform in ull eounries except his own. and (|ueeu Isabella thinks he may s well look at home. War is less threatening in Euope than when 1 last wrote. Russia has modified the emarkable manifesto of the Czar, and contented herelf with neutrality, and a recognition of Krench conuls, Stc.. Stc. The Emperor has moderated hid tone, nd come down from his high stilts. He is not preiared to tight all Europe, even to arrest the -plague" eferred to in his manifesto. Nicholas'* sober second bought, was the best, strong and absolute as he is; but le is taking the moat vigorous measures to control his iwn subjects, and to prevent an insurrection in Runic. I think he will be successful OBSERVER. Paris. Atril 27. 1S48. Jesuit of the Elections?Russia and Poland?The Bonapartes. 4-c. Lamartine is triumphant?he leads all others in 'aris. as far as the returns are known ; and Ledru Rolin has only one quarter of his number of votes, and is .he 34th and last candidate elected, if elected at all Albert. Louis Blanc and Klocon. his followers, are tiu 43d. 40th and 47th. and not elected. In Taris. Lamartine. Gamier rages. Dupont. (do l'Eure.) Armaud Marrast. Marie, Arago, (Kraucois.) Bethmunt. Duvevier. Berauger. the poet. Cremeux. Bergen Carnot. Ferdinand de Lasteyrie. Cocquerii (preacher.) Pen pin. Cavaignac. (Gen.) Buchez, Cormcrieu. Vavin. Wolowski. Corbon. Baatidc, (Jules.) Schinit. Paquerre. Aloreau [iarnon. Goudchaux. Recurt, DegoUsee, Guinard. Victor Hugo. Laineunais. Changarnicr. Ledru Roilin?are Llje members chosen, by existing returns. But as ihest constitute but a small minority of the entire vote, it may happen that some few of the la?t of the list aforesaid are defeated. In Rouen. Duclaeii. Buchez. t'lere ind Aumale, the vote tor Lamartine has b>-eu cqualU triumphant; and Nonnandie. too. intends to do herseli the honor of placing him highest on the list of candilates from that Department?the candidates of Ledru Roilin were thus delealed by 4 to 1. Handbills and rotes were there circulated under the following caption: Llste do Candidate a lu Representation natioualc arrateo par lei couiiteH de Seine et Oise et auceptuo par lc citoyeu ininistre de 1' lnterieur?Ces Candidal* ont unite? uo! sympainies ei nous Homines convaint/us. <ju ils ont uussi cellos du Ciouvememunt Provisoire"? :md the ' Comminsaire du Uouvcrnemont" was a candidate?but was go signally defeated, even uuder thik fraud upon tli?* voters?Ills rote is about 1 to 4 of tlir uceesi-ful candidate*. The masses who accomplished I he revolution, and have uiaintaiucd the laws in their "ull vigor over since. have defeated the attempts of the Minister of the Interior, notwithstanding his uneznmiled organization and boldness, and have, as far as u ard from, returned to the National Assembly the first neu in the country, true friends of the republic, and o the maintenance of a stable and honorable governneut. Stocks rose instantly, and extravagantly, on he reception of the news ; and France has a guarany. that great men. wise and good men. men who love >eace at home and abroad, will be placed in thu coun ,1s of the nation. \ our readers will be able to appreiiate the truth of my former remarks, on the uupopuarilyof socialism in France, and of iny former views if the intelligence and good character and conduct, generally. of the French people. Almost all the French uen and women, can both read ami write, ami I have lever seen newspapers more generally read and circuated among any of our people than in Paris ; they are low sold in tens of thousands in the streets, from one o two sous each, generally for one sous, and the houses if all classes are filled with them. Next to our wn. I have no knowledge of any people who equal the reuch for intelligence, and honorable bearing ; and roui the first moment, as yuu will have seen from mv ormer letters. 1 have had no doubt of their maintairng a republic. Thu programme of the most magnifieut fete ever yet seen in France,to ba hold on the 4th if .May. at the inauguration of tlio National Assembly, las been published. It is to be a representation of the nduRtry and arts of France, accompanied by nil tin uihtary ; the music, instrumental and vocal, male and male, of Paris and the neighboring villages. The ilace selected for this crowning event of civic glory < the Champs de Mars, a square ofllfty acres or more, overlooked by high embankments, and further distant. >y the high land of the surrounding country. The et<*s already given by the republic, are said to far ex el in magnificence and splendor any ever given by Louis 1'hilippe-and the joy fulness of the occasion, and l.'Hociations of ideas, add a charm to them, which a spi itod people cannot find under a monarchy. Russia has established tile Kingdom of Poland, as il listed before the revolution ; and has added thereto i.tllicia and Poson : the news is official, and was re eived last evening. The purpose of the Emperor must >e. to put forward Poland as a birr'or between his doninions and those of Western Europe.?ami in that nan ner to protect herself against the plague." Hus in. is making immense military preparations ; and the etes at I'aris will not have a tendency to diminish these treparation* ; j'et ( 'ranee will not make war The eleeions have expressed the sentiment of the French people ipon this, as well as many other subjects; and thelmnense confusion into which all the countries are t hrown y the revolutions within their own limits, actually ofVr a strong guaranty against a general European war tpain lias demanded of Kngl?nd the recall or Mr Bnlver. to whose correspondence I referred yon in a forner letter The Italian States and Austria are in a pecies of war. growing ont of the expulsion of tl.e att"r from Italy; and yet there is no head or stability mi' vttairmn government. nor imicn 10 " in:' i>i nw talian State*. ierdtnand of Vaplo* ha* responded to i>h dethronement by Sicily. by bombarding Meaalna 'rmnl? and Denmark are aendiug trjop* into tlio di* iitcd tcrr t >ry; and Kngland i* :?lt?*mt?tin? to mehate between them, with some prospect of aiicceas. .ngland and Hu?fia excepted. all Kurope has takfii no norm .11- stride in tUu march of liberal principles and uncesaion of power and right to the people. I do n >i efer to Spain. liecauao that race of men are incapable >f maintaining a free g ivrrnnient In the old world or now and a di 'poti-m or civil war Is the fate which Providence lia* marked out for the S|>anl?h race i'herefore. every revolution in a Sp.inl-h country is not v atep toward* the maintenance of free institution* ind a representative Kovornment. but an act of civil ivar which overthrow* one act of chieltaln* and csaldishca teinp irarily another to *hare thereafter the aine fate Whoever count* upon the permanent ea abli*hment of free Ixatitutlons In a Kpanlah country mow* little of the Spanish race or their qualification* or self-government Some of the descendant* of the Bonaparte" arc low In f'aria I,a*t evening. I met in a private party, he niece of Napoleon and hr,r two d (lighters The mo her ia the daughter of l.ucien Pone parte andh?reld t daughter the moil beautiful girl I have *eon In aria: *hei*ibgant and ought to a t a" did Pauline r her p .rtralt The young gentlemen C >mpeted for i r hand In the dance Place her at the b"fcd of the tench army hikI they will fight?flght and conquer "i. a* they did in the daya of her great undo. The l-rench people wnrahlp Bonaparte; and one that bear ii* name carries a pa**port through Krance. The neinory of Joaephine, too. la revered; *he w?a beloved ind her portrait ia found in avery part of Paria Bu Waria Louiaa wm not eaU-emed; neither ni ahe re, ' t ?WW? i|i? i i gnrdrd M having mt'-h inteUigiittii; <A? was al**jr? jealoiM of Jn'0|Thino Tlu> smalt ottnjro wllfte Bon.tpaile lirst vi-iU-J the fjlure empress of France. nud upon w Inch occasion it wan iiocct.-Miry fur Eugeue. the f.iture viceroy of Italy, to *leep iu a clumber over the .-table, is still rliou n to \.-i:c.aa addition ha* been made in the rear of I lie home. bat the entire front ami stable remain unchan^od Well may France love Napoleon. for lie did inure in the few year* of his reign, to iprrail the needs of intelligence througli Fiance and Eur.ipe, ami give glory to the nation, than all the kings that ever sal upou the French throne. Every part of France in marked by the footsteps of Napolanu; and every where the people worship his memory; they love tliu remnant of his guard, for his sake, and their faithful iiass to their emperor. W herever they moved, oven individually, iu the day of the Jf/e, they were cheered by the army and citizens. The mail in closed to-day. OBSERVER. Our Venetian I'orrrapondmrr. Venice, April 8, 1S4S. The Revolution in I'enice?The Declaration of the Republic? The Respect for the United States?Speech of the American Consul?The Enthusiasm for the ?huerican Republic?The ff'ar in Italy, <}c. cj-c. Tlin ?.n?t ft.rl il.rht !.- 1 - * . irevo mic *11 iiurruwillg l utcrest to the I.onibardo-Venetian territory, and will occupy an Important page iu tho annals of modern history. The storm which has been so louggathering, has burst at last, and overwhelmed In its fury the odious oppressors of this brave and generous people. The downfall of Metternioh?the hoary old reynard who for thirty years had trampled upon their destinies ?gave the tirst signal, which aroused the whole couutry a< one man. aud nerved it for a powerful and universal resistance. It was on the evening of the 19th March that the intelligence from Vlcnnu llrst reached the shores of Italy, that his gracious Majesty had deigned most generously (after a revolution) to grant to his beloved subjects a constitution"; and no one. who was not in their midst, can possibly figure to himself the mingled expressions of rage, indignation and diigust with which this imperial uuuouucemeut was welcomed by the Venetians. We will not accept it" ? Wo a?k no favors from the accursed Austrian*"? Dowu with the wretches"?" Drive them out of the country"?such were the cries and such the immutable determination of the entire population. The following day all business was suspended, and. with one accord, all shops wore closed; and the people, resolved to be free, rushed en maist upon the square of St. Mark, vowing to sacrifice their lives or tinish at once with their abhorred oppressors. The authorities were struck dumb with astonishment at this menacing attitude of tho hitherto peaceable Venetians; aud attempted to awe them by an insulting display of bristling bayonets. But this expedient of iuspiriug them with salutary terror, singularly lulled in its effect, aud served only to exasperate, to u still greater degree, the maddeued crowd, being, from their aquatic position, (in this respect different from all othur cities) totally destitute of arms, resistance seemed more than folly; but the enraged populace tore up the pavement t>f the l'lace St. Marc, with Herculean force broke the stones to pieces, and pelted their blond adversaries with unremitted vigor. Several discharges of musketry folInw.ui this IllAil iLtinoU- no.I ftu.. >. ..II? fi.ll llr..l...? many wounded. iu the middle of the square. The infuriated people cried aloud far anus, to revenge the assassination of their comrades; and the irritation euutinued increasing to the most fearful point. The civil governor. Count I'ullTy. seeing the total impossibility of restraining the popular movement, summoned the municipal council, and gave permission to establish instantly u National Guard, with the hope of preserving the public truuquillity. The sight of their fellow citizens, with white scarfs around their waists and sabres by their sides, produced the most instantaneous and salutary effect; but the civic guard themselves. having now procured several hundred muskets, were not less inclined than the mass, to evacuate the city of their odious masters. The day following, ati attack was made upon the far-famed arsenal; which, after the death of Colonel Marinovitch. the officer in command, was yielded without a struggle. From that moment the victory was no longer doubtful. The immense quautity of arms contained iu that well known repository, were distributed to the people, who. with a baud of music preceding them, inarched in triumph to the square of St. .Marc. The Count 1'aliTy. and the military commander of the city. General Zichy. beheld this imposing spectacle from their palace windows; and terrified at the menacing attitude of the victorious crowd, they iustautly signed a capitulation, declaring that all the imperial troops, amouuting to five thousaud. should be instantly sent back towards Vienna; and furthermore, that the civil and military government of Austria in Venice had ' ceased to exist!" The effect which this astouudiug intelligence produced upon the population. 1 leave you to imagine. At this juncture, a jurist of tuucli distinction, named Daniel Manin. (who for the last three months had been imprisoned by the government for demanding certain reforms, and who was now liberated by the people) appeared upon the Piacc St. Marc, bjrne upon the shoulders of the crowd; and having demanded silence, declared, that as the Austrian government no longer existed" among them he deemc l it advisable, in the name of the sovereign people, to proclaim that "Venice waj again a republic!" The popular enthusiasm here reached its acme. Long and prolonged cries of Viva San Marco. Viva la lie pub lie a. Vita Man in. rent the air. and aunouueed to the astonished Austrian* that their domination over these hallowed lagunes was forever at an end. So it was, that from the vilest and most odious oppression, the brave Venetians founu themselves suddenly in the enjoyment of the greatest of human bleasiuga. having obtained their political diseuthraiment solely by the awe with which their moral attitude inspired their oppressors, without having to shed one drop of their blood The republic having been proclaimed, joy and gladness beaming upon every countenance, a dense mass proceeded towards the American consulate, to testify their admiration for our government. Assembled beneath the windows, re-ileratcd and prolonged cries of "Long live the United States of America.'' Long live our sister republic."' arose from the joyous crowd, and these demonstrations increased tenfold when the con sul. accompanied by several of the national guard, appeared in their midst, bearing in one hand the (tag of the U nion. and in tbe other the tricolor with the winged lion, as an emblem of the fraternity which should ever exist between the two governments, based on they now were upon the same just and eternal principles. In responding to this outburst of a people's sympathy. Mr. Sparks thanked them for the kiud feelings they manifested for the government he had the honor to represent among tlieui. for the esteem they exhibited for him personally, and expresseda hope that, by their dignified and tranquil demeanor, they ini^bt give proofs to the world that they were capable of governing themselves, and that they comprehended the full import of the important stop they had taken. He assured them, in advance that when the intelligence had traversed the Atlantic, that the ancient queen of the Adriatic had thrown off the yoke of the stranger, and again proclaimed herself a republic, there would be one simultaneous outburst of joy from one extremity of the Union to the other. Jle wished them prosperity and happiness, and trusted they would never dement their capability of enjoying the blessings of free and enlightened institutions. Thcso words were received with immense satisfaction, and the crowd then quietly withdrew, giving vent to their joy iti prolonged cleats to the consul and to the American republic. The day following, tha imposing ceremony of consecrating the trioolorcd banner, by the patriarch of Ven.ce. took place in front of the church cf St. Mark. The Hrencli consul b'ing absent, ours was the only one of the corps who received an invitation to assist at this interesting spectacle. After tlie benediction, the national guard on service, amounting to between two and three thousand, were ordered to form into two lines, leaving a vacant space of forty feet in breadth, and extending from one extremity of the Place to the other. The geueral-iu-chief then gave the word of command %'tttenlion ! Honor, to the. Jlag oj the United Statu of . Iinrrica !?and in a moment, the entire body presented arms, and the dense mass of spectators burst forth in the most deafening shouts of applause, with cries ol Long live our sisier republic !" ilerc followed an interesting and moving spectacle. The people, of all olnsfos aud oond lions, soldiers and civilians, threw hemselves in the anus of the consul, embraced him. and kissing the star-spangled banner," pressed it to I heir heart- while many, with moistened eyes, reaching their hands through the dense crowd merely to touch it. coiddjunt but articulate, " J'iira it console !?viva gli Stati Uniti I!?viva la gran repuhlica !! r1 Had I not been an eye-witness of this touching scene, never could I have imagined so thrilling a proof of the great respect mid almost adoration with which our nation is regarded by this generous and noble-hearted people. In the evening, the theatre of the Venice was brilliantly illuminated a giorno, and tilled to overflowing, but only with Italian Iwauty and fashion, for by this time all the Austrian society had vanished, like the baseless iimnc mi a urenni. our 11:1 l:mii was again iiesitucil to receive, there. h continuation of thosaine spontaneous and fervent ovations ; fur no sooner had Mr. Sparks and his lady entered their Inge, than they w re greeted with the most enthusiastic ami prolonged applause, with repeated eric of "Long live the American repuhlic !" I assure ynu that far away from home, those genuine outbursts of aiYcction fur my country, froin a bravo and hitherto enrlaved p ople. who have been so long struggling for their liberty, and have triumphed at last. touched ine to the very heart, and tear* of Joy rolled involuntarily down my cheek. Noble rare! the blessing of the most High 1- with you. and. aided by the holy influence of the immortal l'ius. the brutal Austrian will be driven out from your beautiful plain', and nothing will remain of tlieui but the recollection* of their odious atrocities The surrounding provinces of Vlcenza. Jlovlgo, Udine, Padua. Belluno and i>n ?ano have all been evacuated. one by one. by the Austrian troops Provisional governments have been established in each, anil full adhesion has been given bv all to the Venetian republic. The provisional goveruiu nt wh ch lias been constituted by this city, composed of men of great capacity and worth, has given universal satisfaction, and the Immense strides which the c uintry has made within a week in the path of progress and amelioration, afford conclusive proofs of the brilliant airnir which is now opened before them. 'J lie day after tlie provisional government had born established, our consul, accompanied by nverai members of the civic guard, proceeded to the I'al 117.7.1 Nazlomlc. oil the Place St. Marc, and was received in audience in the ball of their deliberation.-. I-'roin what appears fnin the oflleial Gnzrt r. be j r ented himself before them as the representative of a republic to offer them his felicitations upon the new order of

things. Too far distant to watt for instructions. Ve took the first opportunity of presenting them hi* congratulations. convinced ibat hi* government would give their entire approbation to the step h had taken In the name of his country he wished them gr.mdcin and prosperity an I weleom?d the Venetian republic oick again as n eh. r -hid si-ter of our great and glo rl'ius family 'I he I'mshlent ' r .lunln responded In 1 few chosen and legant word* assuring our C inml of the great satisfaction it had given the provlslona government to receive so promptly the spont ineom good wishes of an ' inerlcan republican lie looked up in it as a happy augury, as a forerunner of those lose and Indissoluble links of fraternity which will one day unite their republic to ours. Imnd* which originate in the tendered mutual sympathy, and from that common love of liberty which has reudured the 1,11 ^mWjfSmkrnmgm" I .1? I p?4pl? nf tko I'ttHed Stfttes to grant and hnpr>y.'' '!% Ooii-ul then withdrew, accompanied by t*n member* of tlio provisional government. Tho guard presented uruis. aud erics of *'?'.? la Krjiublica degli Stan Unit)!'' grveted him as he parsed out. The apparently e?<y rictory which th? Venetians gained over the "white coat*" (lid uot induce them lor a moment to relax their ardor in Hiding to expel lb fill entirely from the territory. The contents of their arsenal, consulting of many thousand* of excellent muskets, tield pieces, and every material of war in the greatest quantity, wore immediately expedited and distributed throughout all tho provinces. At this moment the whole country la up in arms as one man. and the poor, half starved, demoralised army of Metiernich. of which there are about 60,000 shut up in the two fortresses of Verona and Mantua, have the bitter alternative before them of either capitulating with disgrace, or being literally cut to mince meat in their attempt to retreat. The King of Sardiuia is advancing, in person, at the head of a formidable army of 00,000 well disciplined troops. Home. Naples and Tuscuuy are sending thousands of picked young men; and from every portion of tho Lombardo Veneto, hordes of "crusaders " are rushing on towards Verona,all buoyant with animation, and each one cheered with the hope of being able to exclaim?-' I have killed an Austrian ! ? A joyous band of 600 of theso "crusaders" left Venice, this day, for the seat of the war, by way of Padua and Vicensa. At 10 o'clock they assembled on the Square of St. Marc, and after a review, entered the dome of their patron saint to receive tho parting benediction of their beloved Patriarch. Each one wore a black felt hat. a iHtmani, with a long black plume, and a white scarf across the breast, on which was worked a red cross. At their head marched four Capucine monks to atTord them in the hour of danger the comforts of religion, and two guardian angels of the softer sex, ou?< of whom dressed tastefully in black velvet, with hat and feather, a la Calabrcse. bore the mounted by the croM, while the other in the costume of the ' Fille du Regiment" tapped on the solemn drum, the signal for departure. A nobler band of youth, inspired with more high souled zeal and love of country were never enrolled in a crusade. Among the number were many lineal descendant* of the ancient doges of Venice, who, after so long having wept over the fallen fortunes of their cherished republic, were now only too happy to take up arms against the abhorred Austrian, and revenge the manes of their ducal ancestors for the tyranny and 'degradation under which they have writhed for thirty years. The names of Morenigo. Contarini, Giustiniuni, Uritti, Dandolo. Morosini. I'isani and Zenoare not dead, but like the glorious old winged Lion of St. Mark, they have only been sleepiug the deep sleep through the long and dreary night of Austrian despotism. Adieu I?Vou will hear from me again at Berlin, and 1 hope from that quarter to be able to give you many interesting details of the melo-dramaor tragedy which is soon to bo played upon the plains of unhappy Poland. R. F. B. Our PraMlan Correspondence. Bkrlin, April 24,1848. Jlffairs til Prussia?The Prospect of a General War on the Continent?Split between the Bourgeoise and Working Classes in Berlin, 4*r., 4*c., 4"cThe events of the IStb and 10th of March have proved that it was easy enough to overturu the Prussian system of military absolutism, but every day that has elapsed since then, shows how difficult It is to get clear of its ruins. The Prussian monarchy was like the whitened sepulchre described in scripture, outwardly fair and goodly to look on, but rotten and corrupt within. The hidden sores that had festered in obscurity for the last thirty years, are uow brought forth to public view, and the nation stands aghast at the discovery, lustead of a well-filled treasury, an enlightened government, au efficient army, and a united people, we find the finances in u state of complete dilapidation, weakness and disorder in every branch of the administration, the troops mutinous and demoralized, and the different provinces, nay, even the various classes of citUens. rising in open arms against the authorities and against each other. It is now more than a month since the revolution, and yet the country is far from being tranquilized: it rontiniiAH. in fiict. in a. horflwrinir unon Aimrnnv The Diet met ou the 2d April, anil was dissolved again on the loth, after giving its adhesion to the convoking of a National Convention, and passing a vote of confidence in tho new ministry. As 1 predicted in my loot, Count Arnim had been already displaced to make room for Camphauson. a banker of Cologne and one of the most popular men in the country, aqd the King had retired to Potsdam, leaving the new Premier to settle ever^r thing his own way. Whether the task is above his powers, or whether there are any underhand influences at work. I will not pretend to say; at any rate. up to the present time, his success has not equalled even tho most reasonable anticipations. Although a new man. he proceeds on the old Prussian system of silencc and sccresy, and no one appears to know what he it really about. Perhaps ho means to burst upon the astonished world with some wonderful and unexpected stroke of genius; if so, it is high time to set about it. before the tremendous "too late''is sounded into his cars, as it was into those of his master. Most of all, a loan is wanted for at present the exchequer is as empty a? a beggar's wallet; and money being the tiervui rerum, the last act of the defunct Diet was authorizing the ministry to raise forty millions ol ihalers --with all convenient speed" ; but the question in. where are they to come from? All the great Makers are half ruined, the little ones quite, the whole trading community is panic-stricken, funds have gone down like the thermometer at Christmas, railroad shares are uo better than so much waste paper?in a word. chao> is come again, and poace and plenty are winging their way across the Atlantic. En attendant, the Danes and the Germans have come to loggerheads in llolstein, the Poles and Prussians ditto in I'oanania. u black cloud is gathering on tho Western frontier, the Emperor of Russia is concentrating his hosts of Cossacks on the banks of the Vistula, all Europe is at sixes and sevens, and the people are beginning to get impatient, and to ask, what uext? Unless all the signs in the political horizon are deceptive. we are on the eve of a great and sanguinary struggle?a war of extermination, more destructive than any since the time of Attila. As yet. hostilities have only commenced on the Elder and in Lombardy. but so much combustible matter has accumulated throughout Europe, that a mere spark will be sufficient to produce an explosion. A strong democratic spirit prevails in the South of Germany; in fact, a German republic was proclaimed only the other day in the duchy of Baden; and whether this manifestation succeeds or not, it is likely to afford the French that pretext for interfering which they have long been anxiously looking forward to. in order to re-possoss themselves of the provinces torn from them by the treaties of 1814 aud 181V In tho East. Prussia is impelled by collision in that quarter 1b inevitable.ami whatever the issue may be.a new state of things must bo the final reHilt. You will recollect Napoleon's prophecy, that In fifty years Europe would be either republlcau or CosMck; thin question is on the point of being decided, and ths West will again meet the North in mortal conflict. If the Oermans are defeated, tin inroad of the Muscovites will be the consequence; the French will come to the assistance of their neighbors, and what between friends and enemies the whole country will be turned into a field of battle; if successful, the restoration of Poland must follow; but the inherent antipathy of the Slavonic rare to the Teuton is such, that it is doubtful whether Germany will reap much benefit from the change. It is even to be feared that the Poles and Russians may settle their differences amicably, and then turn their united strength against the Germans, who are more obnoxious to both those nations than they are to each other. This is an awkward dilemma to be placed ill. and a sort of instinctive presentiment that such would be the result of a war has probably contributed more than any other circumstance to prevent It from brenking out ere now. For the moment, a hollow truce prevails; but the sword is half unsheathed and ready to leap from the scabbard at a minute's notice. The split between the bourgeoisie and the working classes, which has been developed by the late revolution iu France, is no less perceptible in these parts, though not to quite so alarming an extent The lower orders, who have had all the fighting, are determined not to be choused out of the spoils of victory. Popular meetings are held almost every day; processions of operatives are seen marching through the streots In threatening array, and a more equitable remuneration of labor is insisted on. and in some casns enforced by open violence. All these proceedings are viewed with the utmost anxiety by those who have property at stake, and the fear and distrust they display only tend to exasperate the people and to widen the breach between them. t&Thc elections will tako place in the first week of May. and on the 22d of the same month the National Assembly is expected to meet. It will be the task of that body to frame a constitution for Prussia on those broad and liberal foundations that are required by the exigencies of the times, and to adopt such measures as may enable her to ride out tho tempest that assails her on all sides. A. B. Berlin, April 24. 1849. Xtw Pruitian Minister to the United Statu?IVill there he a German Republic}?Admittance of I he Herald in Germany. 1 have to inform you that Baron Vou Tlonni, who was formerly in the United States. Is appointed as Minister Plenipotentiary and Knvoy Extraordinary to reside In Washington, and will leave here in about six weeks, and will have full powers to make a treaty with our government As to affairs there, there will be a republic, from Vienna to the Rhine. within a few years, but there will yet be a great deal of fighting, and England will do all in her power to prevent Germany from being independent but in vain. Ourcountry will reap great advan Germany will nutTer. as prices will he very low, and our money iilfalrs In great confusion The Nrw York llrrnhl will now be permitted to be rend all OTcr Germany, and no longer prohibited. Pro. positions are now making by all tliu reading rooms and clubs to get it regularly in future. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS or the UVBNTI IN BVROra. The Steamship Hermann. Tins steamship was advertised to sail on the 20th, tlien the 22nd, then the 25th, nnd now the South linpton correspondent of the Timti snyf? " The Ilerni inn, Captain Cmbtree, for New York, has not yet taken her departure, nor is it likely she will Mart for some d.iyn to eotne, it h iving been deemed requisite to clli-et some adjustment of her machinery." f Extract from the O S. N. Co. Agent's Letter ] Koi'Tiiampto*. April iM. 1S48. You will be sorry to learn that the Hermann will not probably leave this before Saturday, the 6th of May. ii i' mm in Tkt Mnpoa^blUty of dMpatohioi th? ihlp. in an unwMrorthy condition, w?f too great either lnr Captain Crabtree or myself to assume or sanction It 1* hoped onr conduct will be appreciated by the public, and that they, like our present pu?*eugi r.?. will tool assured our ship* will uut bo scut to sea at the remotest risk of their safety. We hare thUB far only lout four pause rigors, who iiare left us from necessity and not from choice. This shows the great confidence placed in our ships by the large number of passengers who remain by the tcksel, although offered the refunding of their passage money. The Hteamihlp Unite ft Status. (From the Liverpool Albion.] On Saturday afternoon the new steamship United States, under the command of Caj>t. Hack staff, arrived at Liverpool, from New York, after a successful trip across the Atlantic of thirteen days and fifteen hours. The interest of the spectators was particularly excited by the fact that she is the first American steamer, propelled by paddle-wheels, that has entered the Mersey. As she steamed .-teadily up the river, which wub almost calm, her large form was seen to advantage. She displayed at the head of the foremast the British ensign, and on the |>eak of the mizen the American ensign.? The United States is a fine looking vessel, the hull being formed more after the style of the New York packet ships than the model adopted in the construction of British steamers. She is built very full both fore and aft, which gives the vessel great length of flooring and increased buoyancy. She has a neat billet-head, richly gilded, and a round stern, which is arched with elegantly carved work, also gilded, on a white ground. She has three musts, bar* rigged. * * * * * * Besides stowage for 860 tons of coal, there is room lor 800 to 1000 tons of freight. She has ample accommo dation for 100 cabin passengers. The saloon is w feet long, and fitted up with two rows of dining tables. Ncwtpaper Postage In Knglniirt. It was sonic time since reported in the papers, and afterwards contradicted, that newspapers, by having a penny stamp 011 them, may contain any remarks or writing 011 the paper of the newspaper, without further charge. We nave the best authority for saying, that newspapers may go to any part of the country, if written all over, provided they have a jwnriy stamp on them. Important from France. _ After the extraordinary excitement in the Parisian capital, incidental to the prodigious display of troops and National Guards which took place last week, our neighbors have subsided into a calm.? Not fewer than 40,000 armed men assisted at the recent great spectacle of national fraternization ; and this demonstration and the introduction of a considerable body of troops of the line into the capital, have concurred in maintaining tranquillity. The provisional government did not fail to seize this grand opportunity once more, by means of a public proclamation addressed to the people, to the National Guards, and to the army, to enforce its opinions. It declared that " order was guarantied ; the security and independence of the national representation secured j" and gave the assurance that " family and property are sacred; industry is free; credit revives; specie, buried by distrust, re-appears ; labor, the property of the ope rauve, is created oy government, suitouiiucu uy institutions protective of the rights of the poorest and the weakest. Fraternity will not be a mere ceremony; it will be the law." IIow far these declarations are in accordance with the passing occurrences, our readers can determine. On Sunday the great event of the elections immediately followed the spectacle of the Thursday previous; and fortunately all the apprehensions entertained of great disturbances during the progress of this formality have been falsified. The voters have performed their duties in Paris without any interruption of the public neace; indeed, the quietness which prevails, anu the paucity of actual voters, compared with the number of real electors, would argue an indifference of public spirit, ratherthan any vehement degree of patriotism,one way or the other. As the returns would ouly be complete on Friday, in Paris, we shall have scarcely time to form a deliberate opinion of the general result of this election, upon which depends the future happiness of France and the general peace of the world. In the meantime, great complaints are made of tho open bribery and corruption inseparable front universal suffrage. Stringent endeavors have been made by the authorities to prevent an abuse of the elective franchise: but a* many voters have each procured, with apparent facility, no fewer than seven or eight tickets, entitling them to vote as many times, and as the provisional government is charged with using secretly undue influence through the army, and Louis Blanc and Albert, through their pensioned ouvriers unemployed, the purity of election is not altogether immaculate or free from suspicion. The provisional government continues its most extraordinary system of arbitrary decrees. Notwithstanding its first pledge. u that no system of taxes should be imposed by the provisional government; that it belonged to the national delegates to decide this point, and that an opposite conduct on its part would imply the boldost usurpation?in spite of this, a decree has been issued, abolishing the tax on salt, which is to tako effect on the 1st January next, uiany months after the Natloual Assembly shall have met together. In lieu of this unquestionably obnoxious and mischievous impost, tbey have imposed a tax on tho rent of apartment*, fee., and also a tax of one per cent on all mortgage moneys, whether on funds or on the land, either held in trust, or waiting the judgment of the law eourts. Beides this serious income tax aimed to be levied on property, the provisional government seems resolved to put it out of the power of their successors, whoever they may be. to restore matters to the ante i/uo in any department. The judges have been removed from their offices, undor the pn-tence of tlieir having administered the law slncc 1830 with a monarchical bins incompatible with republican views. Tho provisional government has also passed a decree definitely abolishing slavery in all the colonies and possessions of the French republic The decree is to take effect two months after its publication in tho colonios. An indemnity is to be granted to the slave owners, the amouut and form of which is to be fixed by the National Assembly. All traffic In slaves is to be interdicted between proprietors from the date of the publication of the decree, and measures to be taken to prevent the introduction of free laborers from Senegal, as at present contemplated by England from tho western coast of Africa. Now. with these decrees issuing daily, one after tho other, scarcely leaving us breathing time to discuss the merits or demerit* of any one of them, wo cannot but ask ourselves, by whnt authority the provisional government ventures upon such swooping changes ; and whether such arbitrary ordinances are in accordance with uny principle of representative government, and with their own declared principles of action ? The provisional government seem apparently resolved, coute qui eoute, to pass certain decrees, so as to render re-action a work of utter impossibility. As we anticipated, the railways in actual work throughout France have been appropriated by the State, and the owners of the shares arc to be reimbursed in Ave per cent stock, valued at the average price of the lost six months, the shares being nppraitii'd upon the same principle. Tho unfinished liues will no doubt be seized upon also, but the terms of indemnification will be different, owing to the unequal position of the funds and property of tho respective companies. By our latest accounts it would appear that the provisional government has come to tho wise determination to disperse the German bands of marauders who are hovering on the Rhenish frontiers. Tho alleged reason Is. "because of Its liability to cause unoa?iness to the German States and to commit the republic in war with its neighbors." If tho provisional government will persevere in this policy for France, she may yet be saved. As far as we can collect from the confused accounts we receive of tho elections throughout France, attended as they have been with tho most wholesale bribery and corruption, and even violence, we think the new Assembly will bo decidedly republican. but rather of a moderate than of an ultra character. Lamartino appears to have received the unanimous vote of all parties. Dupont de l'Kure, Marrust, Arago. Marie. Gamier Pages. Bothmont. Carnot. and Cremieiix. rank after him. MM. Cormcnln. Bora tiger, (the poet) Lammenais. come next. Albert stands 25tli on the list of tho second arrondissement. MM. LedruRollin. Flocon. and Louis Ulanc are much lower in the list, but their return is said to be ccrtain. Odillon Harrot, 1,'Horbetto. Vavin, and Quouittc. son of the conventionalist, liavo been elected in the department of the Aisne. Ail the coal-porters, boatmen, kc., in Paris, voted for Prince Louis Nap*loon. The French army now comprises 537.000 men. and has greatly Increased since the revolution. In the provinces great discontent provails. and the sciiemes of the ultras to overthrow tho government still causod apprehension in Paris. A plot to blow up tho Hotel de Vllle. and to make the republic more democratic than is meditated by the provisional government, has been detected, and a judicial Inquiry is now in progress into the alleged conspiracy, which. It is said, will compromise some parsons in high station. The National Guards would doubtless preserve order, should any such horrible schemes bo anticipated. Till: t,ATKWT lNTf:i,UOEN< K. The Paris papers of the 2?th nit., confirm our previous report that, the eight moderate members of the provisional government will bo at the top of the list of the thirty-four deputies elected for Paris, while the four members of a more violent tendency, will bo nearly at the bottom of It. The elections In the departments were, on the whole, of a similar character. n'l...... r.,.,. .,,.,,,...1 ,..i f..?fi it,,.i ih? niir. i?n? .v..... i?i? "? ><vii>->op?iiii> itur miplit iiiiiki> an ultempt to disxolve the Chamber by force; but up to the moment when our despatch left Paris, every thing w?i trnn<]nil. The government km however, fully prepared to meet liny danger that might present Itself. Another account says that the election return*, from the sections a* w*ll a* from the departmonts. continue to be moat satisfactory to those who desire to see the moderate party, represented In the provisional govcrntnent by M. I.amartine. prevail In almost every arrondlssement In Pari* M. I.amartine and the moderate party In the government head the lists, and throughout the departments the commissaries of M. Ledru Tlollinareat a great discount. The Intelligence had produced a very sensible improvement In the money ina.'ket It was reported that M. Albert had gone over from Rollin's to Lamartlne'a party in the Cabinet, and that M. Lcdru Kollln waa only waiting for the meeting of the National Assembly to resign his post as Minister, without waiting for a dismissal. The War In Denmark* The Schleswie territory ha* been the poene of trwther notion between the Dane* and the Free Corps. The hand* of I'riiHHinn and other volunteer*, whieti hnve cronned the Eider, eunie into collinion with the I)nnen on the highway between Kiel nnd Kckenfordo. in the wood of Scnnellniirker, on the morning o( the 21st; nnd after a battle Of X y I "iwr?i n mm "m, i. fiv? hours duration, tji?< Ki** Corps war* drive# nuck, with the loss bt twenty killed and fifty wounded, but to what extent tiie Danes suffered, us our advices reach us from Hamburgh, is not known correctly. About H()0 men iu all were engaged 111 the action, bUj)j>ort .'d by u Miiali body ot cavalry and a couple of held piece*. The regular troops of the Confederation, Prussian and llanoverian, do not appear t? have been engaged in this affair, which appears to have been piovoked by the rash, undisciplined courage of the raw volunteers from various parts of Uermany, who, accordingly, have sutlered a defeat. The Danes, as we expected, have exercised their rights as belligerents^ and have laid an embargo on all I'russian, aiecKienourg, unu uanovenan ?-nipa in the port of Copenhagen. The vesseIs of Hamburgh and Lubeck are only respected so long as they abstain from joining in any attack on Denmark. The inconsiderate students of Germany, who have been taken prisoners by the Danes, ar.* now expiating their folly in cold and hunger 011 board a Danish man-of-war in the harbor of Copenhagen. The order for the advance of the Prussian troops, which had been snspended, was expected at Kiel on the 21st, to be carried into execution in a few days. The Prussian consulates have issued notices, warning all vessels ol that Hug of the danger which they incur by proceeding to the North Sees. Unauthentic rumors have been circulated in London ot an adjustment of the dispute, and the Germans complain of the barbarous mode of warfare adopted by the panes in stopping commerce; but they forget their own unjustifiable commencement of the war. Chevalier Bunsen, the Prussian Envoy in London, and Mr. Orla Lehman, who represents his Danish Majesty, have exchanged a not over civil correspondence. The disposition of Russia in the quarrel still remains a profound mystery. It is probable that she is waiting until the navigation is open, when she may support her views by corresponding vigor. Altona, Monday, April 24?Noon. Tho train from Rendsburg has brought Intelligence of tUe taking of the town of Schleawig by the troopa of the Confederation, alter an engagement which lasted from 3 o'clock in the afternoou of Kaster Sunday. until lllo'clock at night. The fortification called the Dannevirk, on which the Danish artillery was placed, won taken by the Prussians at the point of the bayonet, after the battery had been silenced by thu field pieces of tho llannoTerian contingent. Schleswig then fell into the hand* of the Confederation. The conflict wan a bloody one. the Dane* haying a strong position, and doing great execution with their artillery and riUoineu before it was carried. The Danes had from 10,000 to 12,000 men; the foroe of the Confederation was the greatest, but it was not all engaged; four Prussian regiments of the truard and line formed the bulk of the attacking army. The loan of the Prussian!), so far an can be gathered from the unathenticatud accounts, is about 300 men killed and wounded, principally of the 2d and 20th regiments. LTp to Monday morning 116 wounded had been brought into the Rendsburg hospital. That of the Danes U not yet known, but probably, from having fought comparatively under cover, it is not so great. That the Danes fought well Is freely acknowledged; they retire I fighting from point to point, and held out till the last. One of those accidents that confound the best calculations rendered the mines, which had been relied on as one of the means of defence, useless. The waters of the Schlci, an inlet of the sea rather than a river, at the head of which Schleswig la built, rose to an unusual height. In consequence of a continued east wind, and enterid the excavations. The fortified work or dam called the.Dannerirk was the main defence of the Danes, and w^en this was carried, the fight seems to have been for some time a battle of artillery, in which the houses of the suburbs were muoh injured, and several set on fire. Hamburgh, Monday, April 24?10 P. M. A telegraphic despatch, just roceived at Altona. announces the entry of the German troops into Flensburg, on which town they advanced, after taking possession of Schleswig, without opposition. Aiiatrin. In Vienna tranquillity prevailed; exertions were in progress to reinforce the army in Lombardy: but the various distant provinces of Austria were all in a state of considerable excitement. The Bank of Vienna decided, on the 21stt to send off one million of florins (?100,000) to Linz, another to Brunn, a third to Open, and a fourth to Prague, for the assistance of commerce, and especially the manufacturing districts, the stoppage of the manufactories having deprived thousands of workmen of subsistence. Prussia. In Prussia public attention is absorbed in the Schleswig-Holstein war, and the approaching elections were not expected to pass off peaceably. Switzerland. Advices from Berne to the 17th have been received. The Diet had a secret sitting on the 14th, upon the demand of the Kina of Sardinia^that the Swiss confederation should march 30,000 men into Lombardy, and keep a reserve of 20,000 on the frontier. A committee was appointed on this, whose report was expected to be presented on the 17th. At the date of the last accounts this report had not been presented. The -War In Italy. In Lombardy the scene of war has not materially changed during the week. The army of Charles Albert, after having been repulsed before Pescbiera, which up to the last accounts had not been taken, continues to maintain its position on the banks ot the Mincio, the king s head quarters being at Volta; the main body of the troops continue on the right bank of the river. There is evidently a nuuse in the courage of Charles Albert. The Milan Gaztttt, not a bad authority on such a point, although very little to be relied upon respecting the real incidents of the war, hints now that the Mincio is the limit separating Lombardy from the Venitian provinces, and that having driven the Austrians out of Lombardy, the mission ot the Sardinian envoy, and of the king, would terminate when Peschiera and Mantua have fallen. On the 19th an attempt was made to surprise the advanced posts of the latter fortress. The king advanced to the ditches, but the garrison kept itself rigorously within the walls, and four men of the % beseigers were killed. On the following day, the bulletin goes on to say, the head quarters will be changed to Volta, "probably to commence a new attempt on the Mincio." By the official accounts from Kadetsky, through Vienna, to the 15th, his position was unaltered; and he seemed little to apprehend any success of the Piedmontese against Peschiera. He assures the minister of war, that as soon as the corps stationed at Isonzo shall have joined him, he would resume operations; indeed, a letter of the 19th. from Pontafel. states that the corps reached Palma Nuova on tne 18th. On that day skirmishes had taken place, in which the Austrians were victorious?taking possession of Prevano, Valvasane, and Codroips. Reinforcements were coming down the passes towards Udine, and the steamers of the Austrian Lloyds are armed, and placed at the disposal of Count Nugent. The fortunes of Charles Albert appear to have received a check, which only an effort of great courage can repair. Inactivity will be almost as fatal to his army as a defeat. It is a critical moment for his fame. Tho news of the intention of the King of Sardinia to abandon the war of independence. riither than consent to tho establishment of n republic in Lombardy. in confirmed. A dispatch arrived at Milan on the 20th, from tho headquarters of the Piedmontese army, bringing tho new* of an attack, directed by the King of Sardinia in person, against tho Austrians stationed in the neighborhood of Mantua. The Duke of Savoy (tho hoirapparont to the Sardinian throne) was also present at this afTair. After a very warm engagement, and In which tho Piedmont troop* displayed the greatest j courage and bravery, tho Austrians were obliged to re- ' tire, and shut themselves up in the fortress. Another attack was to be made on the fortress of Peschiera. The Piedmont army, in order the better to secure the whole line of the .Mincio. are busily engaged in fortifying tho bridges of Ooito, Valegglo, Moyambano. fcc. An engagement has likewise taken place between the Italian corps of General Xucchi and tho Austrian* at Visco. a village situated on the frontiers of Illyria. The contest lasted four hours, but ultimately, though not without ureal difficulty, the Italian* succeeded in training p >n?o*nion ?f tlir village. Terrible Sctiim In linden. The accounts from Baden nre most deplorable.? The insurgents intimated that they wished to capitulate to the force sent against them, hut would treat with none hut the General in cornmnnd. Lieutenant (lenernl (intern advanced froin Schlicrtfen, which the insurgents had evacuated, to (randern, which they occupied, and the General stcpt from the ranks to parley with the rcbela. It mil t he remembered that General Gagem wan the leader in the movement for reform in Germany, and the prime mover of the Preparatory Assembly at Frankfort. The chivalrous warrior exhorted the # rebels to obey the voice of the law,and not to marthe Jevclopcmcnt of liberty by subversive tendencies, iiul recommended peace and conciliation. They refused to listen to his counsels, and, ns he retired, he was treacherously shot at, and mortally wound d by three balls. The troops, exasperated to see their chief thus basely slaughtered, fell upon the inoirgcnfs, completely routed them, leaving a great number of dead upon the field. 1 hi' troops kept up ihe pursuit, and encountered another nartv, headed t?y Struvc, which they nlso nltacked and routed, when night came on nnd put a stop to the engagemeat. The troops, waieh were ol Baden and H Hesse Oassel, had not one man killed, but twenty were wounded. The rebels suffered greatly. The provisional government ol France will nowdis,terse these armed bands. AfTnlra In fllrlly, In Sicily the House of Commons met on the 13th, nnd after some preliminary discussion whether it would be expedient to call to the thron - an Italian Prince from thr* families of Tuscany or >avoy, it was at length finally decreed, amidst enihusiastic Hpplalis>>, that Ferdinand Houibon and nis dynasty h id for ever f?lien faun the throne of >icily, and iliat Sicily tli.tll govern herself const i- H tutioually, and call to the throne nn Italian Prince, is soon as she shall have reformed her itatuto. A great feeling was evinced hi favor of a republic, "should Providence stnile on Italy." Palcinig

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