Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 16, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 16, 1848 Page 1
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TH Whole No. 5100. U\ OVUULANU KYPRKSS. HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM MEXICO. The Progress of the Peace Negotiation. Internal Commotion in Mexioo. REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS OF THE PEOPLE. THE AMERICAN ARMY. Departure of General Scott for New York. ARRIVAL OF DISTINGUISHED OFFICERS AT NEW ORLEANS. &C. &C. &C. [From tho New Orleans Picayune Extra, May 8.] Tlio U. S. steamship Now Orleans. Captain Kdwartl Aulil. arrived on Sunday eveuing from Vera Cruz, having nailed thence 011 Wednesday, the 3d iniit. The ship made capital passages both going and oolnlug. <?en. Suott and suite left the city of Mexico on the 22d ult.. and arrived at Vera Cruz, on Sunday, tho 30th. He immediately embarked on the brig St. Petersburg for New York, under a salute from Fort Conception.? He was waited upon by the commander of the floet, nnd recoiled a salute from tho flag ship Cumberland. On Monday, tho 1st, the St. Petorsburgh was towed to sea by the pro|>ellor Thompson. In pussiug tho store ship Relief and the frigate Cumberland, their rigging was manned, and three cheers given tho old hero. On the 3d inst.. the general exchanged visits with Coia. Perry, and was saluted by tho flag ship Cumberland. Among tho passengers on the New Orleans, a list of whom will bo found below, were General Pillow and staff. General Towson, Ooneral Cushing and staff, Col. Belknap. Col. Childs. Col. Duncan, Col. Withers, and a large number of officers. So desperate at one time was thought tho chance of bringing together a quorum of Congress, that the President had determined to oxcludo tho States of New Mexico. i. iiiuuHiiuii ana i uchiuu in estimating me representation, no that a smaller number may constituc a quorum. Subsequent events led him to believe that a quorum coulil be obtalnod, and the President reconsidered his determination. Pirn en gem hi/ t/ir .Veto Orltatu.?Major <!oil I'illow and stuff; Coil. Tovrtor; (.nn. ' 'nulling ami stuff; Col. Childs: Col. llclknup: Col. Randal. Cot Dunuau; Col. Withers; Col. Watson and servant; Major Cr.iHifleldafcpt. linger Capt. Swasoy; ("apt. Toiilmiu, Am t Quar.i rmiwt^PLapt. llrown; ('apt. Sibley, 3tli Infautry; C apt. A squish: Lieut. Marshall, 5th Tcnu. Volunteers; Ijeut. Miivn, Louisiana Volunteers; Liout. W. IS. Gray, Michigan Volunteers; Lieut. A. J. McCallen and servants, lull Infantry; l.ieut. McElroy; Liout. (!. W. day, !)th Infantry: Lieiu. S. C. Klilftley; Lieut. Kaius, A. L>. C.; Lieut. Augur. A. U. C.; Iiieut. Kipley, A. IJ. ('.; l.iouu Twliing, Massachusetts Regiment; Liout. Stoever. 11th Infantry; Lieut. W. 11. liuii, 10th lnfautry; Dr. Korniquiit; Mr. anil Mrs. Walker; John Brldgland, tJ. M. [).; J. Iluliroea. Q. M. I).; Wm. r,. Jackson. Q. M. D.; II. llunter, <J. M. I>.; II. J. I'erry; Mr. Van Klock; James Jewell; J. C. Clelanu and sou, <it*tomhuuM>; J. F. Uershelot, Customhouse; Charles Maton; Mr. IH) Haven. [Correspondence of the Picayune.] Citv of Mexico, April 26. 1848.?(ten. Pillow left hore on Sunday, the 22 d instant, with ail escort of Louisiana Mounted .Men, under command of Captains Kairchild and Ker. The night bafore he left, he was serenaded by the splendid band of the 2d Infantry, und tiie next morning a large nutnborof officers accompanied him some distance on the road. The Court ol luqulry left on the 24th. In my last letter 1 stated that Gen. Butler was to review the volunteers in thu city on the 23d instant. The review was far more extensive than I was informed it would be, and came oil on the plain frontiug Molinodel Hey. The divisions of Generals Worth and I'inow. mc lormcr consisting oi nvc regiments mi hifnntry of the old lino, n squadron of horse. and CtltMl Dunran'o battery, now commanded by Lieut. Hunt, aiul the latter of the nix regiment* of Kentucky. Tennessee and Indiana volunteers, were reviewed, and the line, when extended, wan over a mile in length Thii in the largest review that has been had during the war and all present confessed it was the most magnificent .military displayed they had everhehefd. A melancholy interest was added to the spectacle, by the display ol the torn and battered colors of the 4th. 5th and Ctl) regiments of Infantry, as they marched by the Generalin-chief. On thn ?4th. the fine division of General Smith was reviewed by the General-in-chief, and its maneuvering elicited the admiration of every military uian present. These reviews were in anticipation ol the possibility of a forward movement being soon re. quired: aud you will perceive by the enclosed general order, that the inspection of all the troops in auii about the city is ordered on the 30th instant: UKAIMJI'ARTVaS Ahmy (if MliXICO, ) [olaill75.J mkxico, April -4. 1MI| \ I. Tin' truepi in the city of Mexieo, at .San Angel. Tacubuv.t, Chapultopeo, and Molino ilul Hey, will bo luusterud and lo?|ecte<J on the 30th init. The ivgular troops will lie uiustere>l by their respective reiti. mental commanders?detached ponipanion by company cowman, ders: the volunteer* at Sun Angel, by such staff officers at Uajoi <;?n. Patterson's headquarters a* ho may designate; tiio .'Id and 4th regiment* Kentucky Volunteers, in the city, by Brevet Majoi K. I', Ttuchanan, actinic Inspector General, and Captain K. K. S Canby, Assistant Adjutant tieneral. respectively ; Uw 3d and 411 regiments Tennessee, and SUi Indiana Voluntoers, at Molino del Rev. by ('aptains Cady, titJi Infantry. W. Chapman, 3th Infantry, ?n<i II. Alvord. 4th infantry, respectively. The several officers designated to muster the troops will refei nil cases on which they may desire information, to I,lout. Colonel llitrbt-ork. acting I us|iector General, and receive Ids instruction! accordingly. The duplicate "mnster roll "will be forwarded by the Inspuc, torn to the Adintant lienor*! I'nited States Ariu\. and the " urns t?T and pay rutli*" fur tho (?y department, to I'aymaator A. I> Slmrt. i i'avmaster A. I). Stouart, and 1st Lieut I*. V. Hagner, ur? announced a-t the chief of tin- |wy anil ordnance departments mtli thin ariny, respectively. All order* relative to their du|>artinciiU hy them, in tho name and by tho authority of the command' UK general, will Ik: obeyed and re?i?>cted accordingly. lJy order of Majtir (Jen. llutlor: I* THOMAS, Aw't Adj'tUeueral. In my last letter I stated that Col. Withers, of the ( tli Infantry, had gone home on leave. I have learned ailico that he ha* tendered hi* resignation. The letter of your (^ucretaro correspondent. of the 23<1 inst.. which i send you. is full of interest. ami some of hia information in important. The extracts froui tho menace of Rosa to the members of Congress now al t^ueretaro. show that Prut y Pena fully realize* the dangerous poiition of the nationality of thn country should the treaty not be ratified in season?and nlsc shows an energetic dotenuination to spare no effort to bring about peace. The passage in the conclusion of the message quoted by your correspondent, in which Rosa sav*? ' and in order not to Incur the terrible re^ sponsiliiiity of losing the nationality of the country the executive will dictate extraordinary measures which he never would have adopted if circumstance) were not so very difficult and dangerous''?I presum< refers to the intention of the ('resident to decree that in consequence of the condition of Yucatan, and othci States, arining from the war. a certain number (lesi than the constitutional quorum) shall form a quorum It is probable he will have to resort to this measure, ai it is understood here that several Congressmen. wh< ;irc not willing to oppose the treaty by a direct vote intend to defeat it by breaking the quorum, whenevei the question is put. The paragraph in the letter relative to the serrmn o| the Padre Sanchez is at this moment very important it was xapposcd. that lu consequence of the amend incuts mul^v bv the Senate of the United States to th( i'lausc* of the treaty relating to the recognition of the Mexican church, in the territory propone;! to be celled to uk. that the clergy would oppose tlu> ratification ol the treaty, or at leant require that. tha dame be rein serted. Not ?o. however.6 Your correspondent if right in representing the Padre Sandier as the organ of the clergy. and a (treat minority of them favor tin ratitiration of the treaty as it stands. The clergy ol this city, fearing the inability of Pena y Pena to rais< the forced loan of $150,000 to $200,000 in l^ncrutnro for the purpose, of assembling Congress, and support log the <iovcrumcnt. (which, when translated, meani for the purpose of hribiug the refractory Congress Mien 1 held meetings in the Cathedral to-day and yes lerd iy. over which the bishop presided, for the pur. pose of discussing the propriety or expediency of ad vancing tli- sum required by I'ciia y Pen*, and to-daj they resold I upon loaning the money from the fundi /if tin- church. I understand the whole sum will In sent to Qu. ietaro to-morrow These fact*, to my mind settle theqiitfsti'iu as to whether the treaty will be ra. titled or not, in the affirmative The Individual referred to as having been baptisei with mi much pump at Qucretaro. and who had tin Jiouor of having Pena y Pena stand at the bnptlsina font as his god fat her. is. without a doubt, the Lieut <) Sullivan I have already spoken of as having re.signed h n commission In the ;id Infantry and gone tc <4ucret?ro t<> join the ?nemy. He is not a legal de sertor. but all the dishonor of moral guilt will evei attach itself to his name The ' ommissiouers will not lenve for (juerrtari nntli the J'.Mli or 30th iyst. In the mean time tin troop* winch are to form the escert are being inspect ed daily, and are being prepared to present a Hue ap pvarnnce, in point of clothing and equipments. A few officers from the train from Orizaba, undei command of (apt. Howe, ramein inadvance to-day. am) the train is npcctcd to arrive to-morrow or the daj after. It Is reported in town to-day that there is a quorum of f ;<>ngress at Qucretaro. but I cannot trace It to an authentic source. ({neat, urii, April 2ft. 184# The Secretary of tin Treasury expresses himself as follows in relation t< ? lie fin villi Inn n nf lIVHKkl In 4. '.'I H I I M >0 wllii'll will bl mployrd <?*clu*lvi>ly by thi* (fovorinnont. to pay thf nrrcKmry* in a**rniblin|r lif* pfncrnl con ( roHX. and for It* aupport in thi? rity fur two month*: "Ynti will poiri'lT* wording to th?? litnl advlroa rmMI?h*<l in thi |H|?'r? <>f tl?' <*i?i>t?nl. how ahi.rt n liino then- remain" for na to rn ti(y lli? (mily of jx-oof, rvlphrsu>i] tatwmn our rei'iihlio ami lh< I nltwl ?t?tc?rf America. In order that that treaty *h<>ul<t he < ? rhitnid'il ut N .ifliin?i?in on tin* LM of Juni', it in tliu it ilimild !? rttitifil lit th? Inu-flt. on th?- l.'ith of May in'nt, and ilniiht if it can to lioiM- if Co?(ivaa ilora not get toevther lmtn"ili atoly. A mnltitud# of unfortunate circmuataui'M nave prevent ed, until now, * r?-tinlon of CftngrMn, anil the prliii'limf one liai hwn tli* want of mou?y to rive to tin- Snnatora and lUpnliea f., their HIM I HW?r\ want* in tlrfa capital, Government liaa iiuole lb area teat effort* to nealiie thia mini, but without mirceat, and hav in* expended all ita rewmrura. Ilia Excellency tbi> President ha* In order to facilitate the meeting ?.f t'ongreaa, r?*olvcd that al the capitalist* anil |*r?on* of cany circum?tanc*? in thU oity, ahall ( E NE i to aiwiit the ({ovurument, under the title uf a luftn. advance ? mif*. tieient amount uf inouej to |?) for two month* the iwr diem u> the Suuatoni and Deputieeot thu general Congress. Once a miu- I mm liaa been anaeuibled, I ungreaa will dictate the neceuuir} law* tu create audi fund* and re*oiirve?a? the government may want to ojulinue it* cxi*tence." He conclude* thu*.? " Ilia Exoellency the Prvxident, think* that tlie salvation uf the Keimblie imperatively demauiU the prompt meeting of (.'outrun*, aud in order not to incur the U'rrible ree|?>naibilltjr of luiiug the I nationality of the country, the Executive will dictate extraordinary inoiuure*, ?Inch he never would have adopted if oircutnataace* were not no very difficult and danguroua. (JoU and Liberty! KIM A.'" Tho priest Sanchez. tho clergy* organ. In one of lii* HemioiiH. preached on Friday night Inst, tho -lxt in*t., (Good Friday) iu the church of Sauta Clara, at which the greater part of the member* of the adminUtration. uml of the members of CongroN* that ia about to uieot, were preaent. mid. "(Jentleuieu?Th? only way to nave the Republic, and in pardoniug thu injuriua you have received?to prove youraelf ('urlatlaui. 1* to make peace.'' Yuitarday au Americau officer, a deiwrtar of the 3d liiiaiiirj ol me nue, was bapuscu iu mis cnj ?nu t;ruat pomp, lie had for hii<godfather the President of the republic. Peuu y Pena. Cnx or Mexico. April 'S!< 1848.?I wrote you yesterday. aud enclosed a translation of a letter from your ; Queretaro correspondent, containing highly important information. Lest my communication may miscarry, I now send you the original letter. Our commissioners hare not yet received an answer to their communication to the government at Querctnro relative to the escort. General Butler, a day or two since, wan requested by the Mexican government to allow some Mexican troops to enter this city to tako possession of a quantity of army clothing left lu one of the convents when the Mexican army evacuated the city.? General Butler, instead of granting the request, seized the clothing. It would not now be suprising if the Mexican government wore to ask the urms taken in tho different actions to be returned. It would be in keeping with tho modest request in relation to the clothing. The mail is in from Quoretaro. and should there be a letter from your correspondent I will endeavor to forward it by tho Mexican Vera Crux mail, which leaves hero at 10 o'clock to-night, an hour from hence. Mexico. April 27. 9,'j r. m.?I have just received a letter from your Queretaro correspondent of tho very latest date, aud hasten to give you a rough trauslation: Qi krktaro. April 25. 1848.?The preparatory union of Congress hare retaken their usual course, and few of the Deputies are wanting for a quorum. Querctaro. politically speaking, presents a most animated aspect, and nothing is talked of but peace. In every quartor there are warm discussions upon this grand question. The most veliemedt party for war is. without doubt, tho army, but it has fallen so low in public estimation, aud is so numerically weak, that it is doubtful if they can get up a pronunciamenlo, as it was publicly rumored here within the last few days they would. Attention ! To-morrow there is to be a meeting of the officers of artillery. The object of tho meeting is not positively known. Some say that it is t? deliberate upon tho possibility of sending reinforcements to Gen. Landero ; others say the meeting is called to prououuee against tho Government, who have effected a loau to pay tho doputios and senators their ptr diem for tho last two months, aavl who have done nothing for tho army. It wait rumoured to-day that tho American Commissioners would be hero this aftornoon. Tho Charge d\1ffaire$ of Franco, Monsieur lo Marquis do Uennepont. is hero. Gen. Landcro is. as you are awaro. the general who signed tho capitulation of Vera Crux and tho castlc of San Juan de llloa. THE MEXICAN CONGRESS. (From tho American Star of April 25.] The editor of El Eco del Comercio. one of tho deputies who left tho city yesterday for Querotaro. says there are sixty-four members iu attendance, and thai ' by tho last of the week there will bo soveaty-slx. If so. wo sue uot why Congress may not organize by Monday or Tuesday. The same pspur says Messrs. Sevier and Clifford will leave to-morrow or tho next day, escorted by a small cavalry force, instead of by a division. It pronounces the story that they were going to threaten the government as false--th> ir only object being to prosent the treaty to the Mctican government. 1 El Progreso. at Quoretaro, of Thursday last, has an elaborate article on tho subject of the probable assemblage of Congress. Its character will be understood 1 front the last paragraph :?" We have seen from vari' ous extracts from the doings of their sessions, that, in i eonscquonco of some Deputios and Senator* having been excused, on different pretences, from attending to their duties, it has been determined to summon?and 1 they have been summoned accordingly- the respective 1 substitutes, in order to obtaiu a quorrn. to install tho Cbamtiers. and proceed immediately to the consideration of the treaty signed at ( audalupe." The editor of El Progreto then goes into a loug argument to show that this eannot be done, inasmuch as the Deputies cannot lie callod upon except by a decree from the ' Chamber1 to which they belong, and then only in case 1 the exeunt* of the principal in pronounced sufficient l>y 1 the name body. We fh all not follow the editor, but would direct the attention of our reader* to the main fact upon which he animadverts, an evincing a dispositiou on the part of the Deputies present to lecure the 1 attendance of the constitutional number. [Krom the American Star of April 27 ] "Three deputies from Puebla have arrived in this city, who. we uuderstaud. will not proceed to l{uer?t.iro i until the Sth of uext month, on account of their not r being able to obtaiu seats in the diligence."?Afonitor of h\iday. ' If seat* in the stage cannot by any possibility be had. is there not such a thing as obtaining private conveyance. The Queretaro diligence goes three time" a week?so it would seum that the seats in it were all > taken up to the 5th of May. The Amcricau coinmis1 slouers will probably leave in a day or two. and we presume would have no objection to the Puebla deputies taking advantage of their escort. If this fails, we t'eel confident that our patriotic coteinporary of the Monitor will see that they are conveyed to Queretaro in some way or other. Thoir presence may be necessary | to enable him to keep his word about that quorum on Monday next. El Progrtito, of the '.JOth ult. has the following, (translated by the Frtt American :) " Wo learn from a good (ource that an express arriv1 ed yesterday in this city from Mexico, bringing the '' alarming news that the two Commissioners from Washington, Messrs. Clifford and Sevier, were on the eve of leaving Mexico for this city, for the object of intimat' ing to our government, that in case the treaty should 1 not be ratified, aa modified by the President and Senate of the United States, before the 10th of May next, hos' tllitles would immediately re-commence." The same paper censures the Cabinet for not haviug ' taken measures to continue tlie war. It Is now rovidljr inrtld ia mmm ofthtMoiui 1 papers that the President, IVnay Pena. will assume the 1 responsibility of ratifying the treaty, should he not obtain a quorum of Congress to act upon it in season. This simple assertion indicates the fears which are entertained on the suljjoct. ' lu thoJ'r? -tmeriean of the 29lh we find the follow' ing translation of a letter to the .4rco Jr?'?, written from Mexico at the last hour r ' Letters have just been received from tiueretaro by ' several'respectable houses in this city, and all agree in saying that the treaty will not be ratified by the 2d day 1 of June. Kight days ago seven delegates were wanting ' to coustitutc a quorum in the House. At present fif teen are wanting. Many more show a disposition to r Tim nnoiiillnir onlnlim uninnir tlia r American officers in that there will be no peace, ami it |x said that the Aincricau troops are making preparation* to march on (^ucretaro ax noon an it is ascertained that Congress will not meet. Jarauta in iu the department of itucretiiro, together with an active guerrillf ro named Vega. mid I'aredes. and in recruiting soldiers to ' oppose tlie Americans a* soon as the armistice is broken. ' and the time Is not far off when this will occur I THE SPECIAL COMMISSION. i fKrom the American Star of the 'J4th April ] The case of Licutouant Isaac Hare was disposed of r yesterday, hut of course the finding is not known Lieutenant Mathison. of the same regiment, one of thu arrested whose names we have before given, was cleared of the charges preferred, but a nollr protri/ui i was entered, and he was again remanded to prison. Another officer of the army. Lieut. T. B. Tllden. of - the I'd infantry, whom the State ovidetice Implicates in the matter, has been also arrested. The case of Lieut. Dutton will commence, we hear, r on Monday next. ? Major A. D. Stewart, the senior Paymaster in the t field. Col. Ilandal being ordered to New Orleans, will we understand, assume the duties of that office at once. TttE TREATY. I F.I Proqretn. at (^ucrctaro. has a long editorial in opposition to the treaty, intended to show the loss which I Mexico suffers by It It says: ' Though the L'nited States offer tis f 'JO .000 fHW. they take about $50,000 000 from us " It urges various reasons why the treaty > should not be ratified, and amongst other things says the government is checkmated?placed in a position r where it can neither make tieaee (there beine no ( 011. gre*s) nor war El Prmerrto. as our readers know, in > the organ of the revolutionist* or the wnr party. It in a journal of limited circulation. and has hut little influence Many of it* articles are so personal and llbel that were it. not fur the (treat liberty which the press In Mexico ha* enjoyed *lnco it* occupation by r the American troop*. It would long since hare craned I to be published FOR QVFRKFA HO. Knur deptltie* left the cltv for Qucrctaro yesterday morning. and three more will leave during the week. Monday next I* the Jut of May. the day 011 which, according to the Ero. a quorum will be in attendauee.-* Slnr. April 27. MKSSR*. .HF.VIKR AND CLIFFORD. The Hon. Messrs. Sevier and f'lifford have heen Invited. within a few days past, to various entertainments. They received invitation* from (ieneral Butler and Senors llargous and K.millo Vo**. Night before last. Messrs Sevier and ( llfford gave a sup|ier to the I American generals, at which the Mexican (.ieneral I). Ignacfo Mora v Vlllamil was present. Senor Ham y Taniarl* was ni*o Invited to he present, but. from mo' tlve* of delicacy and patriotism, which were appreciated by the American ministur*. he wai compelled to decline the invitatiori - - Art Comrrcio. | COl.ONRI. KINNKY. We negleded to mention the arrival of the colonel , yesterday He i* still riding Selim. and a* fast a* ever, i for he came front I'uebla here In one day ?Star (Mm , 1 rn) jipril 117, IV Y 0 SEW YORK, TUESDAY) ItKVOU'TlO.NAHV .MOVEMENT IN SAN LUIS?OK.NERAL. PAKE DBS. In the h\te American of the 28th. wo And the following article -extracted, we prelum*, from the American Mai --which is of manifest importance : ' New rerolutionary movements appear to be breaking out in San LiUi*. in conHequeuce of tho prcneuce of Parede* in that city. According to the corrcapoudcnce of the Monitor, under date of the 12th. the people were in a tail condition, and nothing like a restoration of public order wan looked for uutil he xhould |u?v.i fit., nil w M>. t ho ?li.. 11*1. .xt >,.V. ...U .l.KKl.l.l 111" 1IHI VI UCBII.J last week) one of the revolutionists. named Triconi*. made an effort to surprise thu fortress of Ouadaloupe, creating uiuoh alarm among tlu- population. Thu blow wan warded off. though that circumstance left thu citizens lu a state of 110 great security. Out or two regiments of thu Notloual Hoards at Vunado. a place to thu north of thu city, had been disarmed To complete tho disgraces of the day. the agitators compelled Tricunis to leave immediately, for the purpose of uniting with liustainente's division at Dolores Hidalgo. The Monitor't correspondout thinks much of this disturbance is to be attributed to the recent attempt of thu government of San Luis to apprehend D. lguacio Klores. who went to Rio Verde for thu purpose of inducing thu troops of Romery to desert. Klores ffud and concealed himself. Another reauon assigned in thu neglect and inefficiency of thu Statu authorities In pursuing 1'aredus. when it was well known what houses hu oocupiod. Still nothing was done. Ouu of the pure monarchists had gonu to Zacatecas to treat with Aiapudia. but thu parties did not muut. In tho moautlme a rubulliou had broken out at Siera (Jorda. On tho 9th a party from Dorotnw du la Kuunto attaoked a band of miserablo revotturs uuar Terranuova, In San Luis, killed eight or nine, wounded several, and took nineteen prisoners, who were takuu to the prison at San Luis. There was another party of these malcontents at thu hacienda of Jofre, advancing upon Santa Maria del Rio. and still another of five or six hundred mnru at llenuelas. in Uuajuanto and adjoining Dolores. These revolutionary movements in the State of San LuU. and on the limits of oue or two adjaceut States, certainly do not look well for the peace of that portion of the Republic. Thu Puros, nearly overthrown ax they are. have a perfect understanding with the friends of Paredus. This political combination appears to be too much for the Oovuuor and Coiumandautu General of thu Statu. They both exhibit an astonishing indifference and apathy on the subject. The administration of Sa? Luis has, iu this whole affair of I'arcdex. neglected to discharge its duty to the people of that powerful State, to the interests of peace and to the Supreme Uovurnment. All the officers, civil and military, have exhibited an amazing waut of energy and declHiou. The result in, that insubordination prevails In various sections of tho Department, and prouuueiamientos are n>c to bu tho order of tile day. it would not surprise us to learn that Paredes aud Bustameilte had united their forced and bid detlance to the Government of Sau Luis, if uot to tho Supreme Government itself." MAZAI'lL. [From the American Star of April 22.] A loter lu the Monitor of a recent date from Mazapil. states that tho mine, at that place. ha* been occupied by about five hundred Americans siuco the oth ult.. who have taken uo notice of the armistice, notwithstanding the protosts sout to Gen. Wool, with a communication from the geuoral-in-cliief, at tho capital, for warded by express. ?tMxnuu. Advices from this country to the 18th ult., represent the Indians as committing groat excesses on the whitos. A deputation of flvo friars had beeu sent out to treat with them, but were unsuccessful. Two deputies from Tlaxcala havo repaired to Quuretaro. TIIE BATTLE AT SANTA CltUZ DE ROSAl.ES. [From tho American Star of April 26th.] The Official Krgister of Durnngo contains a commu nlcation from the Minister of War to Trias, late Governor aud Comnmndaiite General of Chihuahua, stating that he is at liberty [the reader will remember thai he was sent to Chihuahua from Rosales after the battle oy ui'n. i rice, j no snys mo rrovisionai rrusmcni. 1111 moment it wait known tho American troops were ad vancing upon ChihuAhua. determined that reparatioi should be made in caao of disaster. It watt therefore agreed with the American commander-in-chief Hint i any Mexican should be captured, they should not b< held a* prisoners, nor warlike ?t<J|es and munitions ti be considered as'lawful prize. Sen. Trias is thorefori But at liberty, the trains, he. are to bo restored, and at tho editor of the Regitter remarks. ' there Is only thi lost that will be felt, that of the brava men wbo fell al Rosalos." LADRONES. [From tho American Star ] Ladronn* are all about us. committing their depreda tions in broad day as well as in the night. An Arnerican was beset by several of them yesterday near th? Plaza de Toros, who took his horse, saddle, spurs. 1110uey. Jitc. One or more of them were taken yesterdu) and carried before the Governor. They owued up in regard to the theft, and probably expect to get oil The Americans ut Kio Frio took three ladrones the other day. who were shot. It Is stated that they disclosed the hiding-place of the whole baud. Tho stage which left the city yesterday was attackcil by ten or fifteen ladrones. One was killed mid auotliei wounded by the American guard which accompanied the diligence. The ladrones were dressed like gentlemen. mounted upon superb horses. On Friday morning last, the diligence from this citj was robbed near Perote by two ladrones. armed with 11 knife each. There were eleven passengers in tin stage. Two to eleven ! Tho latter could not havt been Americans. CAUGHT AT LAST. A few weeks ago we advertised a reward for a sum ol money stolen from the (iran Seciedad. The mone] belonged to Boyden b Co. Yesterday Auguste Koyei was arrested on the charge of taking it. and he confessed it; $1400 of the money was found deposited in n merchant's safe in Fspirituo Santo. MURDER OF AM AMERICAN SOLDIER. Private George Kalor. of Captain Fairchild's company of Louisiana Mounted Men, in noiiipany with twe of his comrades, about a mile and a half from this city ou the Orizaba road. Mas shot dead by one of a party of Mexicans, said to have been about twenty strong.? Vera Cruz Free American. Jlpril 30. HERR ALEXANDER, THE MAGICIAN. Ilerr Alexander has gone to Guanajuato and San Luis to charm the Seuoritas in these opulent cities ? The papers in those States will, of course, do tho fair thing by the llerr. who is really a miracle?an enigma In other words, a magician.? American Star, Jlpril -'6. MOVEMENTS OF TRAINS. [From the Vera Cruz Free American of April 30 ] A train arrived yesterday front Jalapa. commanded by Capt. Clendinning. assistant ((uartermastcr. uiul escorted by a company of Texan rangers. We understand that Major Chevalie, bearer of de spatchcn, arrived yesterday from the city or .Mexico. A tmin will leave thin city this morning for the city of Mexico. ARMY INTKt.UOKNCK, The I'nitedState* steamship Fashion. ('apt. Morgau, wax to leave New Orleans on tho 7th inst.. for Bra*o? Santiago with government stored and the following panncngers: Mi\jor R. G. Bealc. Mrs. Kastland and twn children; Joneph Greou. Mr*. I'antly, W. i\ Wallace. J. C. Slocum. The Court of Inquiry nt New Orleiuw. [Krom the N. O. Picayune, May s.J The court of inquiry met at tha St. Charlen Hotel in thin city thin mo{ning with cloned doom, and adjourned until to-morrow morning, when varioun witnenneii now in thin city will be examined We undcrntauil that the member* of the court will leave the city on the loth or lltli by the way of the river, to hold a sennioti in Frederick. Mil., where tliey will adjourn about the 2Dth innl.. unless nomething unexpected should turn np ill tha meantime. Intereatliig from Yueatni>? I.a I'alria of New Orleans has later advice* frotn Vueatan than befi>re published The pa pern continue to give deplorable account* of the situation of the white inhabitant* Jacinto I'at. the principal chief of the revolted In(llann. han been negotiating with the government, but in charged with duplicity and treachery in the bunincn*. While Pat in negotiating and offering to lay down hi? arm* for certain stipulated Indemnities and personal connidemtionn. Cecllio h'.Hi. another chief, is desolating the country by bin barbaritien. The Government has gone so far as to direct all the Indians imprisoned on account ?f insurrections to be set at large, and all criminal prosecution against Indians for the same offence to 1m- discontinued On the 13th of April there was an action between about .'KM) Indian's of Khi's division and the Vucatocos. The latter were successful, routing the Indians and killing 73 and wounding more. This success, so far from giving them hope and spirit, only awakened fears lent the Indiann should come down upon them in greater torce. and. as usual, avenge their slaughtered brethren The Yucatccon appear totally u .armed. HellglonM Infringe lire. MfTiiopisr (. o?r?i.N?:Mt:K.?The General Conference of the Mathodint Kpiscopal Church in now in session at nttstuirgn. i'? unthciith instant. the romniltteo on MtMlnnii reported in favor of <>ric>tnixintc i?n annual eonfurence on the Pacific count, to bo called the On Hon and California Conference, anil that it be recognised us (>0011 an practicable. n.? an inteifrni portion of the >1. K Church. Rev. Mr. (Mry, wln> ha* speut a number of year* in Oregon, inadc a statement in reference to the moral and religion* utatc of the emigrants in that territory. The greatest settlements."' said lie. " are in the valley of the Willamette, which is from 2"> to 30 mile* wide, anil from 2<XI to 300 in length. A perfect garden spot," Raid Mr. (1,, ' exceeding in beauty and fertility, any part of our own country that I have ever seen. It Is capable of sustaining a very birge population. The Methodist missionaries are laboring in that valley with ?cal and Home success Our ntemlier* are ncattercd through all portions of that country, and we hare there more minister* and a larger membership than all other religious denomination'' The community look to the Methodist church mainly for religion* i Instruction, and the population 1* rapidly Increasing In California, so far an the speaker was aware, there In not one minister of the gospel of any denomination The Sabbath there I* desecrated by hArse-racing. gambling, and kindred vice* The speaker supposed that one year would b? sufficient for h bishop to visit Oregon. preside at an annual conference, and return The expense of going is about fSOO, and the same for retaining," IRK I (MORNING, MAY|il6, 184 Another General In the Hfl<l. Horn: ok UtrHt'.ti:%TtruK?. May 13, 184S Sin?In April last I addressed a lutter to Ot-noral Worth. asking his opinion* in regard to the various c[U?'?tioiin which divide the two great parties of thin country. In reply 1 received thu following letters, which I furui.sli you tor publication, believing that they will be read with iutnreHt by the country at law, und eapcoiully by the party of which the gallant General in ho dUtiiiguUhed a member. I aiu. Kir. very respectfully. your obedient servant. r . n uu *t nun . Tactbava (Mexico), April l'ith, 1S4H. Mv DkarSih Your favor of the INth ultiinv reached me lust evening Tin* return courier leaves in a few , hours; ami ax another opportunity will uot probably occur in the next two weeks, I hope you will excuse I uie for substituting the enclosed copied of replieN to two other frieuds, as answers, in part. to the inquiries you have addressed to me. To umny communications on ' the name subject from citizens of different States, these are the only auswers. other titan simple acknowledgments of civility, that I have felt at liberty to make. In each case the writer was already named?or looked to be named a member of the democratic convention, to muet in May. To that extent these replies embody, distinctly and truly, my sentiments and opinions. In respect to the additional poluts presented by yourself. 1 shall ujw as distinctly and truly answer. 1st. ' Graduation and reduction of the price of public lutda." 1 would vote any reduction necessary to place farms j within the reach of industrious hona tide settlers or 1 emigrants, regarding the early occupation and cultiva' tion of the public domain as the richest public treasure; hoping still to see an annual surplus over and | above expenses of administration?as surveys. Miles, , Sic.?carried to the public treasury, to be appropriated. ! aiming other national objects, to the improvement of our great lakes and rivers, to the extont of constitutional permission. It is my settled eonvictlon. that within twenty years the coninieroe of the great lakes and western rivers will reach a magnitude far exceeding and ever thereafter taking the Utad of. that fiowiug to and from the Atlantic; and when our lines of communication with the points now attained ou the Pacific are once established and opened to the enterprise of our poople, there will hardly be fouud a term of comparison. We shall exhibit the extraordinary spectacle, under nur free and glorious institutions, of clutching and controlling the commerce of Kurope with one baud, anil the riches of China with the other. 1 speak of riches; but the fulfilment of our high political and social destiny is tho prominent and grand consideration. -d. " The voto power ?" This I regard as the tribunitial power, csscntiulty democratic, popular, aud conservative; placed by the constitution in the hands of tho Chief Magistrate, to represent, in his person, the absolute sovereignty of the people; and it must be an extraordinary abuse, of which we have had uo example, that would induce me to vote any change or alteration. I have supposed that the constitution only looked to its exercise in the oase of hasty or unconstitutional legislation, or (an insupposable case) fraudulent or treasonable legislation. > lid. ' Tho right of the people of the different sections of our Uuion to carry their property'' [of whatever kind or complexion] ' to. and participate iu, the territory about to be acquired from Mexico," [or acquired from any oilier power on this continent.] I cannot suppose to be seriously questioned. When the acquired territory shall be admitted iuto the sisterhood of States, it will be for the admitted States to determine ail things relating to their own social condltiou. Congress, in its recognition of these views, will doubtless ever recur 10 me principles 01 mat great landmark? tho Missouri compromise?to guide its decision I remain, ujy dear sir. your friend and obedient servant, W. J. WORTH. Hon. K. W. Bowdon, M. C., Washington. D.C. I'. S.?May it not bo well doubted whether tho public domain and the Post Office Department are legitimate, or other than incidental sources of revenue.' our policy being to people the former and to make the latter (as it was designed) a convenience to the whole country, by the rapid transmission of intelligence. If 9 either defrays its own expenses, will not the national * objects bo fulfilled, aside from surplus for other great 1 national olyects? W. J. W. f The following are tho luttors referred to above:? ! Taci'bata, Mexico, March 12. 1848. > 'Mr Dka.ii Sir?Your friendly and obliging letter of s the 3d ultimo, reached me yesterday. < I have never had a party tie or association, in any > partisan sense; nor over failed, in social and familiar ? Intercourse, on proper occasions, freely and frankly to utter such opinions as I may have entertained ou <[UCHtiyux of general political interest to my country. As a soldier, I have held it unbecoming to mingle iu party trite or take part in local politics. God forbid that we should ever, even seemingly, witness a union hi tbi' ballot box ami the cartridge box. I am now thirty-Uve yearn In n profession alT< inline r few opportunities to master acquirements necessary to I civil station. I believe myself to be a respectable soldier. aocl further make uo pretentions In that quali ty my government and countrymen have generously rewarded me. The country has from whom to choose. illustrious aud experienced statesmen front either of i the great parties : ('ass. Dallas. Uuehauan. on the one side; the brave and honest Taylor or ('lay, on the I other; and ('alhoun. perhaps, between the two?all men with large experience in the civil affairs and civil policy of government. Infinitely better our victories, r however brilliant, had never been achieved, than that i the pul'lic mind should become distempered and vi tiated by mere military distinctions. i Of several letters received, kindred to your own. I have not permitted myself to reply to but one. and that only in courtesy to the manifest sincerity of an honest ' (although mistaken) friend. In the same regard and r spirit, seeking no concealment of my opiuions. I send you a copy, confidential, as was the original; and remain, Uespectfnlly. your friend. ^ W J. WORTH. Hon. Eliiha Lkoluh, of Indiana. Wushiugtoa. D.C. CiTy or Mexico, Jan. 10,1848. ? Mv iikah Sir,?In acknowledging your favor of Nov 12th, it is due to candor to say. that I am not aware of ' ever having entertained a desire for preferment out of my own profession, probably because of conscious want of qualification, and distaste for the means whereby preferment is usually nttaincd. I The subjects you pay me the compliment to present, are of high national concern and interest, in rcspcct to which my humble opinions are equally unimportant and unintlucutinl; and it is only in courtesy to a generous. although'unknown friend, that, with these remarks I proceed to answer your interrogatorie*. rii.:? 1st. " What are your views of the Mexican war, and I uo you oeiieve it mi uiijuxi one: [ Wur, ever to be dflplored. should bo avoided so long iiH tuny be consistent with nutioual honor, and national rights. In my opinion, there ban been no war in our history (aiwayii excepting that for independence, which stand* out. and will through all time, a by itself). nor in that of any other people, commenced under greater provocation, or waned with higher humanity Regarding. then, thin war an eminently jout. , I sincerely hope it may be the pleasure of governments sustained by the people, to prosecute it with vigor, , until ample satisfaction for indignities. and full indemnity for sacrifices. be received. -d. Are you in favor of, or opposed to, tlie chartering a United States Uank."' When tho question was agitated a* a measure of financial and political expediency, I looked no further Into the subject than to keep lflyseif informed generally on matters of public interest. During its struggles for i a recliarter. and when writhing and reeling undor the blows of the patrUit President Jackson, my judgment was instructed that such an institution, however wisely restricted or cautiously guarded, must, of necessity, have within itself elements dangerous to uublic and private virtue, if not to the appropriate and healthful action of government So the people seeiu to have regarded ami decided the question; and H is difficult to conceive a state of affairs to tempt any sane, or excuse any honest man, in the effort to give it vitality again." ,'ld. " Aro you in favor of the present independent * treasury."' i | Decidedly in favor of the principle?of its working in ' 'respect to economy and convenience, in receipt and disbursement of the public moneys, uninfortned?although under the impression that, in those respects, (its machinery) modifications may be desirable, and if so. that the wisdom of Congress will apply the remedy. 4th. ' Do you favor, or oppose. the distribution of the proceeds of the sale* of the public land* among tho diilereut State*.'" Were I in a position to vote, or exercise personal influence, oppose it to the uttermost. However honeitly designed, it is difllcult to imagine n scheme fraught with graater evil, ?r more ingeniously devised to corrupt individuals and masses?States and ( oogress Besides, will not such a d isposition of the proceeds operate a fraudulent stewardship of ti?e great trust confided to government for the general good? 6th. " Are you in favor of, or opposed to, the tariff of IS46?" Absence, since the passage of that act. has deprived me of the opportunity of informing myself, by observation. or by communion with others, as ts> its practical operation. As a general principle of political economy, applicable to our institutions and circumstance!. I should hope to see a tariff for revenue, critically adjusted to the various interests and rights of every part of the country, limited strictly to the mean* necessary to an economical administration of the affair! of the country, including every pioper and constitutional internal improvement protection regarded as purely incidental trusting, nevertheless, to see the day. and that not remote, when trade will be free and unfettered; when no interest of our couutry will need, or desire, aught of proteetio'n against foreign competition. I have thus, my dear sir. In a plain way. frankly answered your question*. truthfully. If not satisfactorily < 'ordially reciprocating your kind cupresldona of perI sonal regard. believe me, very respectfully. your obedient servant, \V. J WORTH, .loiiirii Nii.i.. F.nq,. < hambersbnrg, Pa. An iris. or rather a double iris. with all the colors of a rainbow, appeared yesterday. about II o'clock A. M? encircling the sun. There were Home white and detached clouds visible, but no rain, or even a sprinkle, and the beams of the sun were brightly shed upon the earth We want i;ain ranch, and a thunder shower we have been expecting for three days ? Savannah Gfof i gian, IERA s. Loiter and Important fmm Venezuela. Hy the arrival ol' th?* bark J. A. Jewurun, Cap!Vinal, we art* able to give the following interesting letter from our correspondent at Curacoa. It gives a minute, stud an impartial account of the difficulties in Venezuela :? I'uRtcot, April 20th, 1S48 Since I last wrote you. tho state of affair* in Venom la is much altered for tho worse. Ou tho Oth iustant. (Juneral I'iuango wan defeatvd near Coro by tho government troops, and himself severely wounded and taken prUoncr. lie died on the 8th. two days after, from tho neglect of (Jen. Valero, the commanding officer of Vtonegas' troops,having been east into prison. and there I allowed to linger without either sustenance or medieal assistance a sad end indeed for one of the bravest and i molt patriotic spirits that tho revolution of Venezuela called into tho service of her country in the dark hour of her struggles against Spain. But little more than two months have elapsed since he left this for Maracaibo. where, organizing a force, he marched thence upon, and succeeded in capturing Coro. which place he left to meet the enemy as thoy were advancing.but being deceived.he was drawn into a delile. froui both sides of which ho was assaulted?yet nothing daunted, theyattackod the enemy with tho utmost daring?losiug most of his officers with about 100 men Monagos troops lost In killed, were 300 men?making a loss on both sides of about 400 killed?uothing but Piuango being wounded prevented his gaining the day; hut. when falling from his horse, he was assisted to remount, and being unable to retain his seat, his troops were seized with consternation and Hed. part going hv lftnd to \fiLrAt*aihn. wliilu ntlinrx omhiirktMl in thn vox sels of war laying of La Vela, from whonco they set wvii for Maracaibo. The number of troops engaged on both sides worn 011c thousand night hundred, of which Pinango had night hundred. Tho following (lay the troops of Government entered Coro, whicli ban since pronounced against tho ' prouunciamento." Scarcely had tho breath left the body of General Penango when it wax tossed into a colliu, face dowuward?kicked and otherwise much attuned by tho soldiers of Valero.? Munagas in now ia Coro. The number of his force 1 do not know, an It ia variously estimated from 3001) toSOOO men ; and hi* intentions are to march on Maracaibo. Oil the 24th of April, about noon, there appeared oil this harbor thu fleets of government from I't. Cabello? conflicting of one brig of about 150 torn*, (bearing the broad pennant of the Commander?one Garcia, formerly " Captain del Puerto," in l.aguayra) two topsail and two fore and aft schooners. all under one hundred tons?they were all alive with men destined for Coro. for which place they sailed in the morning, having laid oir and on for some hours, while Guzman and Juan Chrisostoino Kurtado landed, in the hopes of clTcctiug a loan of tifty thousand dollars, in which thuy failed, aud embarked in the evenlug. Guzman being desirous of having an interview with Gen. Monagos. (while on shore, (iuzman reported himself ai having boon appointed Minister to the Court of St. James, and J. C. Kurtado as his secretary; a inorc miserable character than the latter could not have been selected.) it is supposed to endeavor to heal up tho differences now existing in that eountry; but he will fail, as General M. can never forgot, still loss forgive, the generosity of l'aez towards him in the revolutions of '&) and '35. Monagas is leaving behind him much dissatisfaction; his soldiers robbing and plundering wherever they pass, and should he succeed in planting himself (as ho may suppose) tlrmly in the Presidential chair, he will fiud very shortly after a re-action.? This will, indeed, be dradful; for the union of the Monagas and Liberal parties has only been for tho former to carry out his views, and the latter to plunder. Whcu that is over, then a serious outbreak may take place of the blacks against the whites; and we may well fear for the rehearsal of the fearful scenes of St. Domingo. I hardly think, however, that Maru ..,;n >... ....-iiu TT I I I OU.-.UJ .O.AU..CU, On the lstli instant, another disturbance took place iu Caracas ?11 of tho member* of tbe Congress bad, the day before, brought forward, and urged a general amnesty act, which passed a first reading. The people bearing of it. and Larrazabal having circulated some of his vile holttins, they repaired in large numbers to the Congress.where they were only pacified by an assurance from some of the members that the subject should be dropped. This was done, and Congress has now adjourned, after passiug one of the most extraordinary laws for the issue of five million of papers, to b? redeemable in a term of years, which paper issue the law compels all to receive In payment for debt, or to be debarred sueing in the court in case of refusal. This will be a heavy blow, and sonic, if not all the Minister.* have protested against it. Congress lias also giveu further extraordinary power, ninety days, to the Executive. and uo doubl ere this dispersed, probably one bait' never to return. This body seeuied in all their actions to have been ci>wed from fear Jose H. (tarda escaped from the country some tew weeks ago, and left this about the lBth, for St. Thomas - lie. with others, on a commission to purchase arins. &o..?all of whom are sanguine, and I agree with them iu thinking that, though a twelve-months may elapse. I'aez must eventually be successful. In the meantime the country must suffer all tbe horrors of a civil war. It is to be hoped that Government have long ere this despatched the vessels of war to sustain Mr. Shields, and look after American interests ; for at this moment?after our Mexicau war?we can make an impression that may prove of vast service to our government for the future. Mr. Shields' house was entered, a few nights agi>. betweeen 10 and 11 o'clock, by five armed soldiers, who were no doubt after plunder, but who wure discovered. Thi>v h(kWPVi>r nml th>>ra ia now n inmr.l Ir^t.t there lit night. Mr. S. hi\s gained for himself and hi* country a respect wliich It is highly important ut this time should Ito regarded with attention by our cabinet at Washington. Col. Bedford Wilson, the British Consul (teneral.has had leave of absence for noar twelve months past, and intends shortly to leave the country; but 1 doubt if he will, as Mr. Kiddell. the Vice Consul of I.a I iuayra. who Is to act for Col. Wilson during the latter's absence, has been unable to lind any one, as yet. to take his place from among the British residents of l.aguayra. This looks ominous, and shows something of the unkind feelings existing towards theiu both, even by their own countrymen. NA.VIKKKK. * Police Intelligence. Jt Good .Inpointmrnt.?Mayor llavemeyer yesterday appointed John Maguis, Captain of the lit>1 ward po. lice, to till the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Jaines Mctiruth. who was elected a police Justice at the last charter election. Jtrrrtl of a Policy Dealer.?Officer Orosett, one of tho persevering officers attached at the lower police, arrested. yesterday, a man called Arriu O Bills, on a warrant issued by Justice Osborne, wherein ho stands charged with selling lottery policies to a Muck man by the name of Henry Stewart, which game be bus been enrryhig on for sometime past at No. XI West St. It is almost time that the police of the 1st ward paid some attention to the large number of policy gambling shops located iu that ward. On being taken before Justice Osborne he was detained for a further hearing. Altering Pawn Tirkttt.?Officer Lown. of the 3th ward, arrested yesterday afternoon a genteel looking young man by the name of James Jack, son of < olonil Jack, formerly of Philadelphia, on a charge of negotiating 3 pawn tickets for a young man by the name of George Kox. and obtaining a loan of $U thereon, from James Moylen. keeper of a junk shop at No. lti'J West Broadway, under the following oircuinstances:? It appears from the testimony taken before the Justice, that a few days ago Jack called upon Moyleu and sold him a pawn ticket for ? carpet pawned for $7. for which Movlan gave The uext day Jack and Kox called again upon thw complainant, and wished him to uiirehiuie II Dawn tickets, which lie refused to do: but they were short ot fund*. lie gave them 'SO 011 account on till' :t tickets. while mi their face the amount was X>; for this money thus loaned on the tickets Jauk gave a receipt. stating the amount rttcfiicii,and signed a fictitious name to said receipt. I'pon the complainant applying at the pawn office for the property it was discvered tliat tin* faro of the ticUntu had bm>n altered A coat pawned for fl w^s altered to a carpet, and :i figure .'I placed on the other wide of the 1 making it $13. The other ticket was a coat. $5; thin was altui*d toclocK: and the third ticket wan for a vtwt. In for j $1 'J5. altered to a desk, and the 1 altered t? >H. making | the ticket app<>ar to be 'J.'i Jhw? the fraud wan , committed, and the money obtained from Moylen l?y Jack and ,Kox. under a false token. On being din. covered by'the complainant yesterday, they both tri?>d to make their escape, and i>'ox succeeded. but Jack was caught and brought to the police nfHce. and committed to prison for a further hearing lining* btfor* Jutlicr Timpian.?At the watch returns yesterday ii|ornitlg< iefore Justice Tiiup*on, officer l.eeland. of the third ward, brought l?ef?>re the justice, quite a neat little formed woman, with a thin, pale face, of equal features, by the name of Itehecca Black, on a charge made hy her huxhand. who said wai too familiar with other men. and a drunkard hesides, Mjioistiiati:.?Well. Dlack. what contplant hare you to make against your wife ' Black. -Well Judffo. tny wifo lias been good enough for some time past; but lately she has got so bad. that she drive* me to distraction The first thing that drew her away was these here model artliena in ' ha in tiers street ; she goes painted up. and . your honor, she puts i on these light things, what do-you-call-em. that shows I all her shape, and then she rides a hor?e on one leg | It was only last night. Judge, that I came home when she and another woman had two men in the room, and , because I spoke about It. they beat me and kicked me j out of my room ; thin I think is too bad I am a hardJ working man. and wants to live respectable: she is nothing more nor less than a common prostitute, and I want to send her on the iiland. Maohtaatk.?I cannot send her on the island for being a nrostltute. while she Im* ii l>iisikAn.l voiir l?'?t way will ho to obtain a divorce, if *he is a* had ivs jfou i ropresvnt her to ho. for If I n?>n<l her up. she ran hp got ; "IT again in a fnw hours that la. If she has money; ami If not. I don't thi nk it justice t?> punish the poor, when the rich ran Ro free on the same ?*Iiar?f?'? However. :?* I nee you are In trouble. I will look her U|> In prison fi?r a few days. anil see what reformation we fan make I commitment was then made out. and Rrbtco* rnuv?yed to prison, who all this time refused to say a : word. Charge of Perjury.? John Snitfen. auctioneer, is not i the John Sniffln arrested on Kriday. charged with perj wy , p ld! Price Two C?trtB> j Marine Affair*. Sr?*m?nif I'iiihi Statu We have alreu'ly ret'urruJ to tbu lucceeaful trip iim lo by Him itUjttiinhlp 1 (Tutted Stuten, ami tak<> plmuure in publishing the folowing letter from I'ttptain IUrk?talf bur cuuiuiaujer, to Captain < lmrk'i II Marnball, of thin city, one of her ' owr uith :? LivKarooL. April 'HI, 184H. i <' II MtltUtU, r.Hal. Dear Sir You will have hoard, pvr Uritunuia, of tny * safe arrival off the floating light. Wo anchored off (reorge's (lock, lit 4 H M. on tbe?.!'.?d. makingour passagw I from Sandy Hook in thirteen day* and twenty hour*. | It In with the liveliest feeling* of pleasure I have to j inform you of the good i(ualltie* or the ship ; there never wan a better *ea-boal afloat. either in a gain or iu a dull buavy *ea after She in perfectly i-a<y Our pa**age wm mom like winter than I have often found it iu January Our pa**enger* during the passage fretfuently remarked the eosy mauuer iu which tlu< ship would get over the *ea iu heavy weather ; iu fact, every person on board wan delighted with tier performance. Mr. Cryder often remarked that he had b??u in fifty i different vessel* of all kind*, from a Baltimore tehoouer to the flnevt Kugllah Hteamer, but uevor wait In a vessel to perfectly easy In all her movetneuta. The ship in worthy of all praise; the engine* reflect tin* j greatest credit on the builder*, ,\le**r* Secor k Co. I The day wo arrived wc could have started for Now York without *topning or touching the engine*; in tb? j heavient weather, when mlining with a heavy nea abeam you could not observe that the engtlle would givo an eighth of an inch either way with the rolling of tin* sliip. I could have made my paMage somewhat shorter by crowding a little harder, but 1 had made up my mind to go safe (oven if I wan a little longer than tho public expected.) and uothing could tempt me from tho courHe 1 had laid down. 1 am extremely sorry to ray I have been obliged to put pff ray day of nailing on account of not being abln to get in the graving dock an early a* expected, tho dock committee having given the steamer Niagara tho preference, and nhe in not here yet from Scotland Wo sali on the 17th of May, and have every prospect of ? go A number of pannnugern. Kvery thing han gone molt harmonloualy; I barn not had to une a cross word.'q^ have I hoard one used. during the pannage ; officer* and men hare done tlwir duty, a* men iuterented ip the well doiug of this noblo nliip ; they have my nincore thank* one aud all. I enclone an abstract of the log, by which you will seo we had no great ej|ance for a very *hort pannage. . We have oonnumud about 40 toun of coal per day, having all the ntcam we could une without the u?e of blower*, exoept tho last day or two of her pa**age; when in Minooth water the engineer thought ho would try them and touch her up a bit. We are now discharged aud I shall put In 40 ton* of coal to-day, to put the ship iu right trim for graving duck ; we ihall make aa eiiori in nm ui on uexi i nursaay, or rnatj &i 111 a word, over sinco I laft New York everything buy gono on to my perfoct satisfaction. Moat respectfully, WM. O HACKSTAFK. Tho following is an abstract from her log-book: 1 abstract from 1.011 or the unitkd state*. April U?Took departure from Sandy Hook at 4 P. M., wind light from Westward " 10?Commending with ploasant weather, smooth sea?din Unco run to noon 313 mllea?eouraa East. " 11?Begin with breeze from the Eastward?dlstanco milos, course N. H5 K. Spokw the nhjj^Hsury Clay from Liverpool. Latter part p?Bnt. " 12?Strong Dreeze from the N- E. attended with a heavy sea?distance 185 miles, course N. 84 22 E. Latter part blowing heavy from E. N. E. '1 ?ship working perfectly easy. f " 13?Strong gale from the Eastward- - heavy sea running- 159 miles, course S. 84 21 E.?ends with heavy squalls of rain and hail ? 14 Wind barkiug to tlio W. N. W . blowing heavy set fore anil main topsails, close reefed ?distance Ut miles -N 67 30 K ?end with heavy squalls of rain, an ugly cross sea running. j " 15?Wind ranting to the N. W. with heavy squall* J ?closo reefed topsail and foresail set?ship making fine weather-distance run 264? end* 1 more moderate?courso N. 04 41 E. " 16?Weather more moderate, still a heavy swell from tho Northward? distance260; course N. 0180 K " ' 17?Moderate breezes from tho Eastward with heavy old swell?distance run 240 miles; course N. 61 62 E. " 18--Begin with fresh breeze from the North, through the night heavy squall with rain and hull rnuirh mi>il on iligt.jinfit rnn 'Hn nitlwM: N 67 3o"K. " 10 All tlies* 24 bourn strong bree?es from the N. N. W ship 11 ii'lwr tlom reefed for* and inaiu. topsails. milking flue weather if It, frtllag puny and making an water- distance run 'Mi miles; N 7ft ft6 K " 20?-Morn moderate and sea getting smoother, wind N. N. K. distance run 265 milen, N. 7ft 56 K. " 21 ?Wind N. N. K.. weather pleasant. a heavy Dwell from N. K ; at 7 A M mad* Mizen Head, at merldiau paused Cap* Clear?distance run 200 miles; N . 84 22 L ' 22?Kresh breeze from N K.?meridian took pilot on board o(T I'oint Lynus, at 4 P. M . anchored off George's i'ier Head. Hirer Mersey ? ail right and safa- have not had occasion to pump during the whole pasiage. The ship has proved herself a tine sea boat, and the engines have done their duty with ease and perfect satisfaction to the engineers and captain; in |fact every thing Um gone on like clockwork. The passengers were delighted with her perfortp unees, us will be seen by the following card which they published : ? Steamship I/kithd Statm, off Liverpool,* April 22d, 1H4H < We. the undersigned passenger* who have so (MM* santly and harmoniously crossed the Atlantic in ? short passage from New York, would do injustice to our feelings were we to withhold the expression ?f entirw satisfaction at the performance of this first American n?r<?uiri which uiin uicrcu port 01 i.iv?rpuui. i ub ship. powerful, commodious, ami remarkably Many under all tlii? diversified circumstance* of a sea voyage, propelled by two engine* of great strength aud power, in not excelled by any steamship afloat The proprietors have achieved a great improvement in the science of steam navigation. and catonot fall of receiving an undivided ?upport from all who know the ship. To the officer* and engineer* we desire to cipre** our high satisfaction for the vigilance and capability they have manifested during our pannage; and we tak? leave of laptain iiackstaff with sentiment* of gratitude for his kiud and assiduous attention*, knowing that no recommendation of our* can add to the confidence with which hi* former nautical reputation ha* inspired tho commercial and travelling community. Albany, May 13, 1848. The Von Burnt Dtlefptur*. Preston Kin#, of St. Lawrence, is in thin city, ' on his way to the Baltimore convention. It i? stated that John Van Buren arrived here to-day from New York. Several of the leading Van Buren delegates from the interior are also in town to-day. It looks like a preliminary meeting of these gentlemen, who are doubtless preparing themselves lor a struggle of no ordinary interest. What the upshot of this business will lie, no man can now determine, with any degree of accuracy. If there were any "foregone conclusions," or if the Polk delegates had determined to admit the barnburners into the convention, the public would have known it before this time. I think the secret , would have lieen wormed out of Mr. Van Buren in Moinv sliiiiMV A* i! irf nil hi? fri#?nHn rpmoin fectly ignorant of the intentions of the Southern delegates. No disclosure* will he made, no compromise* will fx- offered, until after the Baltimore convention in convened. 1'ntil that time, I feel authorized to state that the position and the designs of th<- pro-slavery portion of the convention 1 will bp enveloped in mystery. I have consumed with several of the Van Huren , delegates to-d;?y, and I linil that a number of them (in case they are excluded from (In- convention) will insist upon the nomination of ftaneral Zachary Tuylor. Some of the ablest men in the delegation have absolutely determined ro adopt this course, ami I announce it lis a fact of great importance. I have heard aomc powerful reasons in favor of this 1 course. Among these reasons arc the following:? that if, after the Van Buren delegation is excluded l from the convention, they proceed ft) nominate . lienerai Taylor as their candidate tor the President, they ntny |M>ssibly succeed in electing him; and if they do nominate him, they will certainty (Mill a vote four times larger than they could poll for any other man; they will thus acquire a certain. degree of power and iutluence, which may force. the conservatives to abandon their |H>sitiou. It will at least prove conclusively that the Van Huren. men hold the balance of power in their hands: it y will show the South that this party is too formidable to be contemned. % The Com mere* of France. i he runs .mmunir publi?hf* the return* o| fh.? export* and import* tor the fir*t quarter ot WW. The inmort* exceed by rather more tlmiv tow millions of metrical quintal*, tho*?> of the oom'spondinu period of 1847. There i*. howet^r, a tailing off in the export*, atKUonsequeotly ** the movement of navigation The nunriwNi ut French vessels <'H\|\l<\yert *'?* I,'"*) le?>\^ui ill the first threti WVuuitiN of 1847. J

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