Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1848 Page 1
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r m iW. HBywrnpp m wi 1 IIJ Whole No. 5104. ( nirrnl Wool Tlinnkn of (.'ongrrM 4>itiU<tlon 1 NiippllMl by tHr N. V. U gitlaturr. |K.X tract ol <1 letter to the Washington I uion. dated Monterey. March 24. 1S4H.J I have read with surprise und mortification. that a I resolution had been introduced ill the lower hoU*? .of a CongreHH, offeriuc the thank* of Coui?re<n aUll * K?'1' e medal to Generals Taylor, Scott. ituitmau, Worth. Smith, and other*, leaving out. however, the uauie of the gallant General Wool. Why I* thin Ian we point to a general in the army, necoud in command. *! who linn performed a more gallant part, or rendered . more distinguished services during the war with Mexi- ( co Not ouc. Trace the hintory of thin untiring and iudefatigabie general, from hU Hpeedy organization of the volu'j- .. teers of the Weateru State*, until he had accomplished ' his wonderful march to I'arras. Mexico ; and we uuu n no parallel to his energy aud indomitable perseverance tu the history of the war. View him. while intrusted H with the command of live thousund troops, nearly all ' l aw volunteers, whom he. in an almost incredibly short g period. prepared by his wholesome discipline for the great content at Buena Vista. which was near at hand. ( This great work was assigued to him by the commander-in-chief ; and. though it cost him sleepless nights and days of toil?and though, before the battle, it call- ^ ed down upon his head the anathemas of the wild and a undisciplined troous under his command?he yet proved himself et| ual to the great trust con titled to him. aft the result most triumphantly show*. 11 in high moral character. frank and undisguised manner, and strict adhu- . I'cnce to duty, exerted their natural influence upon (| tlume around him. The good and virtuous emulated, r while others feared, his example. Thus were his pa- , triotic efforts crowned with success; and hence the eulogium of General Taylor, when he says the success , at Bueua Vista was. iu a great Measure, owing to the . discipline instilled in the troops by Gen. Wool. j Having glanced at his services previous to the battle at Buena Vista, let me now ask whether any general. , second in command in tho field, has iu any battle per- , formed such distinguished services as lion. Wool did in that action ? He was permitted by Gen. Taylor to . select the field of battle, aud to make disposition of the troops to meet the enemy. This, of itself, will, on the Mg? of history, immortalize his name. Such conduct lias thrown imperishable renown upon a name yet no- , bier. The achievement of the independence of our country was chiefly attributable to the sagacity of ? Washington in the seloction of his positions aud the arrangement of his troops, so as to conceal his own * weakness aud present his strongest front to the , enemy. . It is not the dare-devil courage ?f a Putnam, nor . the phrenzicd zeal of a Murat. that makes the gene- , nil ; but the cool, self-possessed, brave inau, whose , judgment never forsakes him. aud who, at a glance. . comprehends the exact stato of uffairs, ijuick to profit by his advantages, and prepared for every exigency. , How was it with General Wool during this eventful battle, when the active operations of the field were , entrusted to him by the heroic chief. General Taylor ? aim aud collected, yet full of (Ire and energy, ho was *i\ H.? unnn tn nil nnptii r\f fltnf hlnodv Hi?M rilli lllf hitlllT und thither, now oucouraging those who were dispirited in the unequal context, and now urging up fresh troops to supply the places of those that had fallen.? The fate of the" army?of all that had been gained by the victories of Palo Alto, of Hesaco de la Pal ma, and of Monterey, hung by a thread. The left wing of the gallant little army .was turned. Santa Anna hurried up his glittering thousands to attack the centre, tlieu iu command of old Zack. who was equal to any emergency. The critical moment had arrived. The cloud of defeat seemed for a time to lower over that gallant leader and his noble band. It was then that the same voice that had. years before, urged two hundred devoted patriots up the declivitous heights of Queenston, and planted the American banner on the very battery of the enemy, was heard in burning language. rallying and urging up our weary and disheartened troops to the support of General Taylor. The united efforts of these two great generals saved the fate of the day. and shed imperishable glory on the American army. Such were the services of General Wool at Buena Vista. During the whole day of the 2;id he was exposed to the enemy's tire. Hundreds fell around him. yet the same providence that protected Washington, during his struggle for independence, shielded the gallant Wool, and he escaped unhurt. How has be been rewarded for such gallantry and devotion to his country's honour ' By a resolution which is in itself a censuro and an insult?by making an invidious distinction ! Why. ero this, has he not beeu brevetted ? In his report of that battle, General Taylor speaks of the conduct of General Wool in the highest terms. And yet his heart is stung by the knowledge that juniors have been promoted over his head ; and others, not more deserving than himself, are complimented and honoured, while he is forgotten. Those less patriotic might murmur at such treatment, but General Wool, devoted to the interests of his country, will toil on. Although "the powers that be" may Withhold from him the reward which is his due, a just and generous people will accord to him honor and glory ; and his heroic conduct will form a bright page in his country's history ' P.S. We have just received a copy of the armistico, which puts a stop to all our hopes and operatious. General Wool was about to move on Zaratecas. [Resolutions of thanks were adopted by the late legislature of New York, in honor of General Wool? the only ones which passed during the session. A sword, with suitable emblems and devices, is to be presented to him].?Union. , The Court of Inquiry. [From the N. O. Delta, 10th instant.] This body held its sessions yesterday in oue of thu parlors of the St. Charles Hotel. The members of the * court. Oeneral Pillow and his Aids? Lieuts. Kaius and Ripley?Colonel Duncan, and Captain Kidgely. Judge ( Ad vocate, and the witnesses to be examined, were I | present. The appearance of the gallaut and distinguished members of the court impressed us with much respect. The presiding judge. General Towsou. is a venerable, frank, and honest-looking officer, of stalworth proportions, a little bent with age. and with a head whitened by the snows of more than three-score winters. The General wore his uniform and gold epauteuos. un ills rigni sai me pieasam una uncilectual looking Brigadier General Caleb lushing. ? dressed in full white, and wearing very line and well u, brushed moustaches. which ntm xtill to retain the ? oriental-crescent twist they received in China. General Cushing's face is highly expressive. His toweriuk and finely developed forehead, bright and piercing eyes. and general expression of restrained shrewdness, impress the observer with a high opinion of bin intelligence.whilst bis easy.self possessed air evinces that expo, rience of the world and refinement of manner* which are acquired by long and prominent public services. (Jeneral Cusliing looks quite young, and appears not much worn by his military cervices. Col. Belknap, who sat on the right of (ion. Towson. is a stout, hearty, blunt-looking soldier, of prompt and ready address, and honest, open expression of countenance. Capt. Itidgely. the Judge Advocate, is a remarkably plain. unsoldier. farmer looking officer, who very faithfully illustratcs the idea of a singed cat," having a remarkably intelligent, shrewd, and sagacious wind, under a very homely exterior (ten. Pillow is a middle-sued man, square-built, of easy carriage, and rather preposscsning countenance. He has a pleasant snrile. and rather an -j amiable expression, a little dashed with the cool shrewd- j ness of tho practised lawyi-r. Col. Duncan is on oddlooking fish. He has but little of the shop about him h ?looking more like a lounging man of ease, a doctor v in easy practice.or an attorney who waits on Providence, 0 than a servant of grim visaged war," and ail adept t in tho use of those horrid instruments of destruction. * "the loud-mouthed cannon." The Colonel is small and h thin, having scarcely physical strength, we should t think, to preserve long in their full vigor tho smartish o little whiskers that still linger under his ears. His h haad, however, indicates a fine intellect, and his man- o ners evince great self-command. Lieut. Kuins. one of h Iten I 11111 w n muff, in ll one. lilllui'UllH', l n 1 cu t^cn l ,| looking young officer, with the manly bearing ii ml sol- k dierly carriage peculiar to tlie rlivit of West Point,? e He is one of the best Informed nnil most scientific p young men in the army Devoted to geological and to- ? pographical pursuit*, he has not been idle during his p active career in Mexico, but has made many uxplora- y ti<ins into tin' physical peculiarities of that interesting '] Country, and collected mauy valuable specimens which n he intends to present to his Main-, (West I'oiut) t l,ieut. Kipley. (Jen. Pillow's other aid. is a bold, dc- n cided young soldier. The proceedings of the court were marked by n quiet listlessness. betokening an approach n to the termination of its labors, and a very general t fagging out of all those who have had to share in its |, tedious ncss. I, Arrkst (ik Rohiikks.?A telegraphic despatch ^ whm received at the Police ()ffiee, Boston, on Tneu- h day evening last, stating that three of the persons 0 concerned in the robbery of the steamboat Bradford u Durfec. at Bristol. H I., of a package containing w fti.lMHi in hills of the Providence banks, have been ar- s rested. Their names are K. P. Kidder. Kdward Baxter, n t H Klchard Kiernon Two were arrested in Trovi jen nnd one in Worcester. They were detected In < following manner : the wife of Kiernon keeps a ? onnei store in Providence. A fifty dollar bill was 0 given to her by one of hep customers in pay for a bon- ? net. Being unable to change it she handed over to ? hor husband, who produced bill* answering to those B stolen. Kiernon was arrested, and his house searched, t which resulted In tlnding about $iiOO of the mi-sing h money We have refrained from publishing the par- t ticiil:ii'h before, at t lie reauewt of the police officers, but i, UN they wore received yontorilay from a public source, * no harm can now result in their being mailt' known.? n Button Timrt, IMA init. SinottlarCoincidknc ks.?Of the various cnndi- n dates for I ho Presidency of the two grout parties. throe li woro born in Now Hampshire, to wit: (as*. Woodbury ii and Webster; and throe in Virginia, to wit: Clay. Tay- u lor and Scott. They wore all. too, In both State*. Ixirn i c within a circle of le*s than a hundred miles. Weli*tcr , l' wu* born in Concord, Com in Kxoter. and Woodbury li In Kranolstown. In Virginia. ( lay whs born in llano- ( vor. Taylor In Orange, about fifty mile* from (lay's c birth-place, and Scott In Dinwiddle, about the nmo I dlstanco from Manovor. It is an Intending fket, I' which is not generally known, that three of the Prodi- ' 1 dent* of the United State* were born In one county, i (Went moral and) Virginia, and one of the poorest counties in the State. New Hampshire has not been far | t behind Virginia in her contributions to the galaxy of ! ' our distinguished men There are no losa than ?eTen i ' members of the present Senate who were born in that ? Statt.-ti. 0. Dilta. f j V ~> ' I rxu" V1*:1 v.' '? wwwtXfaffigailWl E NE jnj I'ltuly l*twteii tlx- \\ lillex of * ucutan aiirt 1 Hit- Indian*. J Translated from N O. I .a I'atria. 10th inst | W t* traiiblato the following ireuty, between (lit* ndiun chief I?aI uiiti liarbaiYiaiio'sroiiimissioners, ; ltd by it n will l?- seen tliat some hopes may l?e ( ntertained of jieace in unfortunate Yucatan. The editor of Isi Pntna makes the following i-murks on the subject of litis treaty:?" It will be | L-t'U thut the government of Yucatan liavtt made all lie concessions required Ijy the Indians. We believe, ! lOWfver. that this treaty, by itself. will uot lie sufficient i> terminate the war. for the laying down of their arm* y the southern Indiaus Ua matter of little importance j hilst the eastern Indians (who will uot. |>robahly. i jllow the example of thu southern one*) eontiuue ; ommitting their horrid depredations, under the coin- 1 land of their sanguinary chief 4 hi Nevertheless, he interval of which this treaty will afford the outhern portion of Yucatan, will give an opportunity o their government to obtain aid. with which to put a top to the horrid outrages which the Indians arecomlittiugiu the laud. Tray heaven that lome end may e put to these awful occurrences. The treaty which is annexed was ratified by the Governor llarbachauo auil the Chief I'at. ou the liild Ipril, at the village of Tocul. The following are the rticles :? In the holy names of God the Father. God the Son. lid God the Holy Gho*t?Amen. Wo the undersigned, the curate, I). Jose Canute 'ela and the chief civil oflicor, D. Kelipe Kosado. comuissioned by his excellency the Governor. Don Miguel i larbachauo, and those ol' equal rank, nominated by lie priucipal cbicf of the Indian aborigines. Don Jainto 1'at. whose names are likewise attached, viz :? 'bro 1). Manuel Meso Vales, and Captains Don Jose daria l'at. Don Francisco Cob. Don l'antaleon Uh, D. uan Junto Vaiu. and lieutenants Don Jacinto Manga'' .lid Don Juan Jose Guerrero, are all assembled in this own of Tzucacab, thin 19th day of April. 184S. with be important object of maturely considering the due ueaus of putting an end to a war which occasions niuual dangers, damages and ruin, to all hero in the peliiisula of Yucatan, where our Lord tho Almighty has een fit to place us and look on us with au equal eye ; >nd taking into due consideration all that concerns he welfare and utility of our Christian neighbors, so .s to allow them to retire to the care of their respeeive interests, properties and families, as God may disiobo. Therefore, before llis Gracious Majesty, and the aid chief Don Jacinto Tat being present, as also capainsD. Apolinaui Zel. D. I'edro Uaak, I). Joso Beniti I'itorin. D Juan May. 1). Saturnio Kodrigucs, D. 'rancisco Sanchez. D. Juan Jacinto l'at and I). Doroeo Pout, we do voluntarily and unanimously si|?n and leliver the following truths and resolutions, which are ,o bo perpetual, viz :? Ahthi.h I.?From now henceforth and forevarmore he personal tax is to be abolished from the whites, as rell as Indians, it being distinctly understood that, he personal tax to which we allude is that one which ras imposed by the law ordaining a certain tax of this lature to be paid by all Yucatecos. between the ages >f eighteen and seventy years. Aiit. 2.?lu the same spirit as the preceding aricle, tho price of the act of baptism is to remain .lways fixed at three rials, and that of marriage at ten ials. for whites, as well as Indians, and for all Yucaecos. Akt. 3.?In like manner it is established, that he wild lands can be cleared for the purpose of cultiation, or that ranchos can be established on those nnds called common, and on the waste lands without layiug rent, and that from now henceforth no rent Is o be collected for said lauds. Those lauds already urveyed and measured, but the titles to which are not ,s yet issued by government, shall remain unappreciated in order that the population may have this rcource for the obtaining of a subsistence ; it being the >art of tho government to restore whatever value it nay have received on account of these lands. Aiit. 4.?By this article it is agreed that the Indians hull have restored to them 2600 uiuskeU which were ukun from tlicm before thu outbreak, the governor, larbachauo. being answerable for the due return of hem. And. moreover, the Indian* are to be allowed to etaiu all arms and other effects in their present, to be theirs for ever, and never to be reclaimed >n any account. Art. 6.?Kxpresses the very great confidence the ndians feel in the present governor. Barbachano. aud heir persuasion that he is the only man they can fully ely on to carry out the treaty; and on that account le is by this treaty appointed perpetual governor of i*ucatan during his life-time, and should any dissatisiiction be felt towards him. thu Indian* pledge theuielveg to retain him in office. Art. 0.?In thin article Don Jacinto Pat acknowledges Seuor Barbachano as governor, and he (Jacinto 'at) is appointed chief of all the Indian captains of fucatan. He pledges himself to co-operate with tlorernor Burhachauo in producing harmony among the owns, and that equal justice shall be administered. Abt. T.? Provides that all servant* iu debt shall lie ibsolved from said debt, and that all route under this lead whether they have taken up arms or not. as all Ifucatecos arc to benefit by it; but whatever debts may m? contracted hereafter will have to be satisfied by peronal services, if not paid otherwise. Art. 8.?Provides for the abolition of all cxcise duies ou spirituous liquors iu Yucatan, Art. b.?Provides that as soon as this treaty shall lave been sigued by (lovernor Bnrbachano, the belli:erent Indians will retire to their fast nesces.only leavng a sufficient number in each village to preserve orler and re-establish peace and tranquillity in them. The above articles were agreed on between the comuissionersof His Kxcellency.Governor Barbachano.and hose of the chief. Don Jacinto Pat. with their iccrearies. kc. Tot'RNAMKVr IN CoM'MBM, S. (A correnponlent of tin- Charleston Mercury, writing from Co unibia. S. C., gives the following accout of a rare bit f amusement which took place there on oil the 12th nst. We have recently had a most novel aud intersting Hight?one full of amusement and innocent rereatlon. Several young gentlemen of this place, and roui the lower section of the State, gratified a large ssemblage on the race course, with a display of the inest specimens of horsemanship. Yesterday afterloon the tournament and tilt, which had been spoken f in Columbia for some time previous, took place. Tint entlemen. dressed iu appropriate costume, were deignated by the titles, ami rode in the order, following; 1. Knight of the Crescent Mr. Oreen. 2. K night of Warsaw " Kraser. :i. Knight of Mellvillc " Stark. 4. Kuight of Villina Bayuard 0. Knight of St. Andrew ' Lowndes. 0. Knight of Krnstein " Donaldson. 7. Master of Havenswood " Howell. P. Knight of the Palmetto " (loodwyn. ?. Knight of Sagra " Hey ward. 0. Knight of St John's ' Porcher. 1 Knight of Palmyra " B. Green 2. Knight of the Congaree Hampton. 3. Knight of the Thistle " Izard. 4. Knight of Cordova " Taylor 5. Knight of Richland " (iibWes. 6. Knight of Malta ' Trer.evant. 7. Knight of the Chase " Howell. S. Knight of the Course " Butler. 0. Knight Templar " Bruer. 0. Knight of the Ocean ' J. (ioodwyn. 1. Knight of the Wntercc Hale. A cord was extended from the Judges' stand to the ouse immediately opposite, erected by the Club for isiter*, and which affords so tine a view to those fond f the sports of the turf. On this cord, at equal disance from each house, rested a hook, from which was uspended a small ring, to which each young knight, ince in hand, directed his attention; his object being i) disengage the ring with the point of his lance witliut removing the hook. The gallaries of the Club louse were thronged with spectators. The lower one ecupied by gentlemen, and the upper tilled with the eauty of Columbia; who, by the way. were elegantly raised in Taney costumes. The noble and fearless teeds, unrestrained by the no less fearless riders, dash<1 forward with lightning spaed, a* the gallant knights, romptcd to this trial of skill by ambition to win the mile of approbation ami to wenr the wreath of roses repared by the hand of beauty, bid them onward. Secrnl attempt'' were made before the ring was carried, "lie Knights of K.rnstein. of the Congaree. of Richland. nd perhaps one or two other*, once nncceeM in tlie rial. The Knights of Sagra. of St. John, <.<f Viilina. n3 tli.? Knight of th<> Course, mom fortunate. twice arricd It. and were greeted with the applause cf the .hn1<111I1I1<<I multitude; but it was left to the Knight of he Thistle alone thrice to liear it in triumph on hi* ance, and to be proclaimed victor lie wa* crowned y the herald, anil led into the presence of the ladies, 'here again the herald proclaimed the Knight of the i"hlNtle victor, and when- lie Delected und crowned hi* eautiful queen The hull room* were then thrown pen, and all were merry until midnight. Aaiongthe ?any handsome fancy dresses worn hy the ladien. w<> rere particularly pleased with the costume of a fair ultana. whose beautiful face ami tine figure won the diniration of all. We had the Indie* of a hy gone ago -the nio<b<Nt and interesting (Quakeress. who iih<<<I the thee and thou" with a* much ea*<< as though it hud < lways lieen familiar The room abounded with an ndlcNfl variety of dresses, and a hIiow of lovely faced. 1 'hleh would furnish a thome for a vi<ry long letter, but , re have already trespassed too much 011 your patience, nd must close. A sumptuous entertainment closed he evening do pleasantly spent and long to be rentcmered. Vour reader*, perhaps. may not be pleaded with he description. but *< clone by .Haying, that onr enjoy- j lent wa* do great, that whenever and aD often an the rone T* repeated, we shall alwayD Im< delighted again to , ceupy the poDitlon of k guest. CrKoROtA Baptist Convf.ntion. ? TIm* annual j neeting of the (i^oiyiit Baptist Convention wuh eld at Oriflin. commencing on the 5th and terminatng on the Hth Inst. The number of dclegateD was unsuaily large The Southern BftptlDt Publication Solely held it* tirDt anniverNary at the Dame time and lace, and give* promise of great usefulness. The loard of Foreign Ml'slon* of the Southern BaptiDt onvention wa* represented by itD correDponding seretary. Rev Jan 11. Taylor, of Virginia, and that of )omeDtie Mission* by its corr<'Dponding Decretary, II Uolmn *? ..# 1UI <-< < .. .. ... ? ? runnan nrpuOIICan. 2th init. Pka< k Prospects.?'The Wiisliinfftnn Union of lie 19th Innt., contradict* tho report that letter* hare >o?n rocoiv??i at tho seat of government from our ^omnilssioner* in Mexico. giving unfavorable account* if the prospect of the ratification of tho treaty of leaoe. 1 .. rfr.iL W YC ?W YORK, SATURDAY Important from Jnmnlrn and Port nu Prlnct. [From the N. C). Picayune. May 12.) The schooner Stranger, ( apt. Tofoey, arrived yesterday trom Kingston, having sailed thence on the :i4)tti ult. As the Stranger was coining out of port, she met a schooner hound in, having011 board one huudred and forty refugees from Port au Prince. Our last accounts from Port au Prince represented that the news from France hud caused great excitement there; now we have the results. The following is from the Jamaica Iki/kitch, of the 29th ult.:? " Pour ac Phinck.?This unfortunate country ha> ugaiu become the arena of a sauguinary scene. Wi learn from respectable authority, that the black popu latiou have risen m mailt against the iuhabitautH ol color, and were committing awful ravuges among them The causes of the outbreak we are unable to ascertaiu but it supposed to be a dissatinfaetiou of the browns tc be governed by the preseut President The Britisl merchants resident at Port au Prince eugaged the bri|i tiueeu Victoria, which happeued fortunately t?t be there, and Kent through the British Consul, to the coin modore on this station, requesting the immediate pre sence of a man-of-war. to protect British subjects and their iutorevtK. There wiut a Freuuh vessel of war at Port-au-Trince. and wu are informed that her uresenct tended in a great degree to quell the outbreak whiel took place, but which, notwithstanding, was of a mos serious nature. The l?ueen Victoria anchored at Mnrant Bay 01 Thursday lust, and the Captain came forthwith to I'or Koyal to deliver his despatches to the Commodore. 1 was said that the number of person* killed In one da; exceeded two hundred." Heri, the pianist, wan in Kingston on the 30th. Hi advertises for sale his piano," being about to return ti the United States. A smart shock of an earthquake was felt in the towi of Kaliuouth on the 21st ult., at about a quarter past o'clock. A. M. It was of brief duration, not lastini more than a few seconds, and its undulating inotioi appeared to be from nearly east to west. The following is from last evening's Courier, being ai extract from a letter ti- a commercial house :? Hayti has again been the scene of bloodshed am murders. We learn that the brigautine Qucon Vic toria, (of Trinidad.) Capt. Tucker, from Port-au-Prince bound to Hamburg, with a cargo of coffee, &c., put lnti Moraut Bay on Thursday last to purchase stores, ai uone could be procured at Port-au-Princu. in couse quencoof the stato of matters at that placs; and tha ('apt. Tucker reports that lia has brought despatche from the British Consul there to Com. Bennet. on thi station, requesting that a vessel of war should be iin mediately sent to Port-au-Prince, where a serious dis turbance had takun place?a large number (some sa; upwards of a hundred) of the colored population hav ing been massacred by their black brethren. Tli cause of this outbreak has uot been fully mentioned but it is said that the lives of people of color were daii; being sacrificed in large numbers. This determinatioi on the part of the blacks to exterminate the brown had been brewing for a long time, in fact since the ty raut Noulouque has been prusideut; and it is now beiui realized with a vengeance that none but savages wouli be guilty of committing. The coiumodoro. were loarn. has been unable to com ply with tho requisition of her Britannic Majesty' Consul at Port-au-Princo, there not being a singl vessel of war at Port Royal at this moment, exooptini tho guard and storcships. which arc useless in thel present state. It is certainly a cause of much regret that this Islant should be left so dostitutc of vessels of war as it is a present. It has been said that we can have no poxsi bio cause for alarm; but who chu toll what a rnnuicn might produco The proneut outbreak in Hayti where the presence of a man-of-war. to protect Brltinl in to rents, would be of much service, in a sufflclen proof why I'ort lloyal should not be, as she now it<. don titute of at leant one available vessel of war. t? be uhoi in cases of emergency. Who knows how many inm cent beiugs have, by this time, been sacrificed to merciless mob ??who. had protection been afforded b one of her Majesty's vessels, would have bern enable tn save themselves, and their families, from the gcuem massacre, which, we are told, was going on in that ur fortunate country. The Alarm. Daring, and Vixen are, it is said, cruizin oil the island of Cuba, and it is not kuown when the will return to Port Koyal. We hope, when this intelligence reaches Euglam that the admiralty will see the necessity of having larger number of vessels of war on this station than u present. Knglaud seems, as has been said, truly t have forgotten her colonies, and evidently cares littl or nothing about their prosperity, when she leave them so unprotected, and at the mercy of otlie nations. Internal Improvement. The internal improvement of our country, in tit early, steady, and successful prosecution of whic we have already become proudly distinguishe among nations, is of such momentous consequent' that all intelligent and patriotic minds should he and properly aref interested in the subject ; so I asl the insertion ot a few remarks upon it in tli< columns of your widely extended journal. It will be conceded tnat the development of tin vast and interminable resources of our new an< growing " world" has become of universal interes to the civilized world ; nor is it likely to be dispute) that, in aid of the industrial habits and pursuits o our people, consistent with, and demanded by thei proverLial enterprise of character, railroads, ca nals, artificial |harbors and basins, where natur< has not provided them and points out their neces sity, are the obvious means promotive of that end Science and experience suggest and prove them ti in- what we want to secure?a Speedy, safe, am cheap intercommunication throughout and witli tin most distant parts of our most favored land; aye and as intimately connected with our " conmioi defence." as a nation, against possible a^ressioi Iiy a foreign toe. Strange, (hen, il is?moat unwise and unpatriotic i seems?that what is of such national interest shouli lie attempted, l>y the whigs. to he made the test o party !?and that, apparently, they would have us the people, conclude they nre the exponents, "pn I'rrrl/cncr," of principles in the uniform practice o which all our democratic Presidents (heretofore have evinced their enlightened wisdom and com prehensive patriotism, for forty years, until now continuously. The wliigs mean, of course, to emulate the ex amnle of those distinguished sages and statesmen and in that, and all other good works, democrat! will cheerfully accept their co-operation. Hut, to the immediate cause which has promptec this communication : I, like others, have receivei much information of late, on the subject, and f wan more; nor do I know any such ready mean* of pro curing a si>ccdv, wide-cast, requisite information, as by asking, for reference and distribution, tin more extended publication of reports made to Con gress by several of the officers of our army.? I would especially instance the able report of Colonel John .T. Abert, of the Corps of Topograpliica engineer*, "on the commerce of the western river*, am ot' the lakes." It wax required from Unit di*tin|(ui*ho( officer, by a resolution of the Senate, anil it i* very tie xlrable that fto able aud no condensed an exposition o no many and xueh important fact* l>e at ouco cprcat lie fore the country. True, a large edition of it ban al ready been printed by Congress. audit haR been circu lated through the columns of the Courier turf Enquir rr ; but 1. among others. hare no copy loft to refer to anil to study ; mid being dure the people. In being en lightened, would be amply compensated; mny I now de fire it* yet more extensive circulation, by mi addition* order of Congress to print ' for. In my judgment, do cuuicnta of this kind are of value to all classes of tin people. It would be of great value, also, to have print ed with it the Senate document 41. 2d session JjMtl Congrem?for it contains a statement of appropriation! for the construction and repair of roads, and for tin improvement of harbors and riverain the I' nlted States showing, as far as practicable, the ainouut expended in each State. These two documents exhibit the matter of harboi and river improvements iu all their great bearings upoi the country. The first shows the importance and extent of tin subject : the second, that practical action of our go vernment to which I liavo before referred, under vari ous administrations. On that point the judgment of a President certalnU may be inferred from his separate official acts; but 11 does not exactly follow that his " veto" upon a parti, cular measure, l>eeause of local, or other olyectloiiabl* features, is proof of his repugnance to the general prin ciple of the measure. Unfortunately, it ia too often construed otherwise; ami because a lYmidout may have rtfused bis name t< a bill for some particular harbor or road, he is at oner set down and quoted as inimical to tke general principle and power of the general government, in favor ol harbor and river improvements. A reference to document 44. to which I have alluded, and which I wish called for, will enable your readers to correct this error. They will then see what each President has approved. Kach work Is so described that it will be rccogmxed; each year is given. s? that the cannot be mistaken; and the State Wing als< given, the geueral diffusion of whatever benefit these works may confer?local, as well as general?will readily he ascertained and understood. The two summary statements, at the end of the documeut. indicate, at s glauce the aggregate amount expended in each State or territory, with the years in which the appropriations were made. And now I confidently appeal to this aforesaid document In proof that the system of road, harbor and river improvements, originated with the great democratic party of the country, and Invariably received the support of that party. under every and all it* administrations, witli the nolo ami dingle exception ol President Polk. It commenced with Thomas Jefferson. Wlio will deny hi* democracy ? It was continued and extended throughout the administration of the pure, vlrt*ius. enlightened Madison, a universally admitted jui>t exponent of constitutional law. an<l one of the mint devoted democrats of the couutry. It was further extended under Mr Monro*?honest James Monro*? another Virginia democrat and patriot. The recently departed -the venerable and most intellectual John tjuincy Adam*, whose loug Ufe wa? irk r MORNING, MAY 20, 184 spent iu the service of his country -hi* did not halt ill the march of his predecessor^ ,Nw in this respect he trod in their footstep*. nor would lie. l?y omitting their practice, cast reproach upon their ju.itly honored names. as violators of the sacred count)lulion of their country. I ts well known and publicly avowed democratic tolldeucics, lived no peu of thin day to illustrate. Under General Jackson ?the democrat, par excellence, nest to Jefferson ? the system took au unusually wide range. More and larger appropriations for rivers, roads and harbors, were made by I ougress and approved i by him. than under all previous administrations Not that he departed from old principles, and couforinu<4 to i uew ouiv but that the importance of our great lakes, i and of our immense ureal western rivers.(?inland ?eas," most appropriately termed by au illustrious statenf man.) became more generally known ; the heretofore lliddeu resources of the country were measurably dinclosed; and. keeping pace with the times and their exi igencies. Andrew Jackson, regarding the full and speedy ..< #1....... I. ...II. I ? r portaut element uf uationnl prosperity, (lid not tiud i cause to stop the progress of thu predestined and in-, evitablu improvement* of hi* country. Ilo saw that already they were deserving of national care. 1 President Van Buren's democracy, we presume, will i not bo questioned; and he, stoudily treading in the > ! footsteps of his illustrious predecessor," gave like i ! sanction in the matter. t (General Harrison died too soon to give us any evii dence. as President, of what his convictions of official i ! duty would have dictated. His Immediate successor, t I John Tyler, an avowed democrat aud strict Virginia t i constructionist, also approved of extensive appropria1 I tlons for harbors, rivers, and roads True, he sunt back one bill on these matters; hut it needs ouly to is read bis message to perceive that his objections were j to a particular case. From this brief review of the practice, in this particul I lar, of all previous ailminist ratsons. it would seem that D no former President had constitutional scruples to pre{ vent his co-operatiou with Congress, when that body i were inclined, in furtherance of the people's wishes and docided interests, to appropriate money to legitii mate objects of public expenditure ; and such Jelforson, Ike.. Ike., have provcu that they thought are appro1 priations, that Mr. President Polk seeuie determined to prevent. Ho w<Ald enforce a new exercise of prerogative?en3 join a now rule?enforce a new practice, regardless of n that which for forty years has uninterruptedly ob tained ; In fact, that he alone is right, and all his pret decossors wrong ! for if his peculiar reasoning on the s constitution be correct, then surely wore JetTersqji. Mas dison. Monroe. Ailams. Jackson. Van Huron. Tyler-all, all. violators of the constitution. Let the country determine and give verdict accordingly. t That he may be. and is sincere, we do not for a - moment mean to question ; but President Polk has. in is our opinion, advanced and endorsed a puerile aud imi, practicable notion?applicable, if over, only to thoiu1 fant eonditiou of the country, before the great lakes i wore known, or even their borders settled ; before the s groat rivers of the country, in all their immense rarni locations, were explored ; before the power of steam, in * its almost omnipotence, was even applied, by laud or 1 by water. " He has, however, taken a determined stand, contrary - to the action of the great fathers of the democratic s party. He has abandoned their school, in this respect, c and. impliedly, would cast reproach upon their tiuie< honored names, as violators of the constitution, which r they. ?s ho. woro sworn to support. Reckless of the great national interests of millions of 1 men. and millions of uiouey, ho would anchor this t country with the dead-weight of an impracticable and - rusty notion of forty years ago!?forty years behind t the times ! Meanwhile, a new world is in sight; and , whoever, in this age. stands still, in fact retrogrades. It is clear Mr. Polk has mo wish or expectation aguin t to navigate the ship of State ; but rather to moor her >- safely in snug harbor. Klse, would he now aud then i take an observation; for, in a long voyage we could not crawl 'long shore. Who, in suuh a chance, would i take a river pilot, who never saw the radiant sun sudy denly immersed, and lost to sight, in the expanded J sea. and knew why it sunk, and would rise again ? il lie bus chosen his time to declinc further I- pilotage?given us abundant notice ; so let I us look out for our wants ; aud to drop all iiiciii|Miur, i ui | u in- ii uemocrucjr in so lar uei' hind the age an to Ih> content with a fresh-water sailor an a leader? What part of the country, what ! party, or section of a party, would Not our oppo11 uents, tho whig*, for they profess to require that their t leader be up to the time*. Will the democrats? They ? will not allow a cast of reproach upon the great and >' good departed apostles of their party hy any such act " of theirs, as would be implied were they again to trust r the destinies of their country to a President who would throttle the great principle* of the party in its system of progressive improvement, morally, mentally and physically. The spirit of the age and times is onward and up4 ward, hivI will have art ion J INLAND SKAS. e '> The Emigrant Drpot. k To THE DniTOR OF TIIK HkKAI.D? e The people of the Kifth ward, we have no doubt, properly appreciate the opinion of your sliip-fever-proof g communication writer of Tuesday last. Me thinks it j time that the needless agitatiou about the landing of , emigrants at the foot of Hubert Bt.. should be restrain, ed ; we think if persisted in. it has hardly began. His J. argument is, because we have been imposed upon for ' the last fifteen years, by allowing tilth of evory descripr tlon, both foreign and domestic, aud of a quality to sicken a buzzard, that we can and will take anything e that may be sent us. Perhaps he is not aware that h there i* a point beyond which forbearance is no longer a virtue. We arc a peaceable, well disposed, law and order ^ loving people, and suffer much loss and great lnconvc. uience from the neglect of those who are placed above * us in power; but we are men. and have the feelings s common to men. who are bound, by every tie. to pro? tect themselves and families from pestilence aud death. 1 In tho immediate neighborhood where the proposed 1 depot is to bo, there is probably from one thousand to fifteen hundred men employed in their various avocaI lions, very many of whom are engaged in the foundries. | machine and steam engine building, each and every . one of whom is liable at any moment to be seized witli ship fever, which in almost certain death, anil wlio would leave their wive* and children helpless If it in absolutely necessary for tin to have a pestlf lence thrust upon us. we prefer to have the yellow ) instead of the ship fever. We can guard against that for a while, and then the front will kill it ; but shlpfcvcr is relentless. aud will rage without impediment ' through heat and cold. If it in unsafe to have such a deposit In other wards, and at Astoria, it is unsafe in " the Fifth. and ought to l>e located beyond the populous : parts of the city ; there are mauy place* which are far * preferable for both emigrant aud citizen between 30th and 40tlj streets. and to which theru is no reasonable 1 objection We have, likewise, some respect for the | opinion freely expressed by nearly one hundred of the I moKt respectable and talented physicians of our city, who have given it in writing above their signatures, and to which we would refer those who are doubtful. \ It is true there are two or theree persons in the immediate neighborhood who expect to profit by such a " place, by supplying those who bang around such places, and whocxpect in this way to reap lienellt. We do not wish the emigrant the harm such persons I do. and therefore would have them land where they 1 would bo by themselves till ready to proceed into the 1 interior, or find a suitable place of residence here. A REAL FIFTH WARDER, f And Friend of the People. Mexican Item*. [Froui the Veracruz Free American. May 3 ] Wo learn from the Monitor of the 27th ult.. that the \mcrican commissioner* were to leave on that day for I ({ueretaro. with an escort of lifty men A coikiuc|? . left the city of Mexico on the !Jtitli ult.. with $>1,050,000. I lor Vera < ruz The duties on this sum amount to vlK.000 The diligence whleli arrived on the 27lh ult. at Mexico from I'ucbla was followed by roMiers ; but two Americano, who accompanied it. having tired on i tliein, they look Might. Col. Don Juau Ignacio < llrambila has been murdered by a sergeant named Vas leriano Vlllnueva. un the tttli ult.. at Durango. A letter to the Monitor. dated San Juan del Itio. April iCJd. II...I ..f II... i 1..-I t-i , , ... .. ...(MM,.,,.. | condition, mill infested with robbers. who commit do- . r predations with im|>unity In the fart-of the authorities, i In th<! course of ono month several Hacinirlns have beeu ! dufhtUtcd. 1 ylKRKTAHO. f.?> Drtalot. of the 22d of the preneut mouth, in its | leading iirtirlc. demonstrates that the perfidious conduct of Judas to our Saviour reproduce* itxclf in the r modern politic* of our country, to which we have been I the victim*. The foreigner calling himself our friend has caused us all the evil which was in his power to do. i and this was authorised by our own debility. Our public men. concealed under the mask of hypocrisy, have always flattered the heads of the government, and have contributed to their ruin and crimes; while pretendi ing to be the partisans of those in power, they have i attacked them and displaced them What benefits have we derived from these intrigues' A (funeral d?' mornliiation. principally among the public officers, both civil and military An orderly government can hardly find persons in whom to place confldcncc. and has sometimes to search for them among the youth of tin country, in preference to corrupted and perverse i old age; and if necessity compels to use these. It has ; the affliction of being obliged to choose the less dccolt> fill, with the assurance, in advance, tlint in the hour of danger, if they do not prove to be treacherous, they will at least aluindon it. How can the republic prosper with such men? It is miraculous that it still exists; I i but if the perfidy, which had become an endemic in- | tirmity among us, is not substituted by loyalty, it will, i i ! beyond doubt, soon be buried under Its own ruins 1 These perfidious Individuals will then repent their evil ! deeds, us Judas repented of his sin; but it will lie too late, and they will be the victims of their own machinations " Krom the snmc paper ot the 2tlth tilt we learu that a portion. $1400. of the money robbed some time ago. at the Wran Soeledad establishment, was ' found deposited in the house of a merchant, in I allc del Kspiritu Santo, and that the rohbur. named Augusto Koyer. lias been apprehended. i Tho St. Louift Un rillr publinhen a communication from JflliTnon county detailing the particulars of a 1 murder lately committed on an Inland in the Mixid*slppl. An altercation took nlaco between Aaron | Jonea, an old and eatimabie nitixen. and a man by the ' nam* of Jacob Jone*. in which the latter atrack the hmrtHk an oar. cau?ing Ma death Instantly Joneit i > in arrested, and lodged in jail at Waterloo, 111. iera: 8. City lntelllgencr. , Tin: Wr.ATii'r* The weather yeaterday was much warmer tliun it had Mam been UuriiiK the spring The sky was clear all Jay. and the wiud being low the lay was oppressive. Thn thermometer stood. in the Herald office. at noon, at 84 degree*, and at It O'clock at night, at 7(i degreos. In the afternoon there wait, for a time, indication* of a storm froiu the west, but the cloud* dispersed, and the night was clear, with every prospect of increased heat of the weather Thk Cnotok Rkskkvoik?There are few of our pubtic work* more attractive, or that would more fully repay the visiter, thau the < roton reservoir, situated at Forty second street The hiatory of the ('roton and its introduction into this city, is familiar to every citi*en . but there are many who have uot seen the receiving reservoir It contains two separate chambers The capacity of the work is suited so as to contain 160 millions of imperial gallons, and it will deliver at the rate of 'JO millions of gallons in the twenty-four hours There are an abundance of perch, sunliah. goattish. and other freshwater tun in the reservoir These must make their way through the pipes, and iiiauy of them are of good size and quality The work is kept in excellent order and cleauiiness. and is daily visited by several tourist*, en pauant through our city, a* one of the object* of public attraction that abouud in thin populous city and suburbs. Those who wish to see the immediate source through which our pure and crystal Croton (lows Into every house almost ill the city of New Vork. after its passage of 40,li miles, would be gtatitled by a visit to this atupendous temperance punch bowl <iai in tiik Park.?The Common Council having, a few weeks since, passed a resolution to light the I'ark witli gas. aud already ha* the work of laying the pipes heguu. There has. f?r some time been any quantity of gas in that place, especially where such resolution*, are passed, though not the kind calculated to enlighten thoso who called or passed through. Thk Health ok thk Citv.?The city is now said to be unusually healthy, generally, and very little con>...rlr>? ..vlutj Til.. u..?f I,..,- will ..-.i... i,i.. ..!>. V.M ... nn,uiK<nwuoi I" "J." * thin desirable state to ono of dUeaso, for in many parts of tin* city tho heat of ono day's huu. acting upoii tho tilth In tho streets, has caused an extremely offensive ami foul atmosphere, which can only tcml to the encouragement of sickness. Now l?i the tiinc to cleanse the city, and prepare for tho more unhealthy season which is rapidly approaching. In tho principal streets, the sprinklers aruat. work, which produces a pleasantness that tho more private ouos are deprived of. Then) am quite it number oases of ?hip fever in the city, but that number is small in comparison to what it wan during the winter. As pure air and clcaulineaa are nenemtory to the extermination of this disease. too much care cannot be taken during tills extreme warm weather to use every precaution to guard against its spread. Awmko Posr* in Bkoadway.?But a short time since the corporation compelled the removal of all the wooden awning-posts in Broadway, no doubt for the purpose of giving to that thoroughfare a more genteel appearance, and to obviate th? miserable nuisance of hanging signs upon the outer edge of the iiidcwalk. Iron posts were substituted, and already these posts may be seen boxed in as a tree, and signs painted on the boxing. Thus is the law obviated, and there is 110 means to reach the aggressors without a distinct ordinance by tho Common Council. Skiuol'S Accident.?A serious accident, which miraculously did not prove fatal, occurred while the assemblage was departing from the Centrevillc track last evening. Mr. Archibald Greaves, of this city, fell while attempting to roach the top of an omnibus, and the wheels of the heavy vehicle passed over hit limbs and body, from liis left foot to his right shoulder, woundiug him dreadfully. Tho unfortunate sufferer was con veyed in a carriage to tho house of Mr. Snedeker, about six miles from Brooklyn, and the best medical aid of the neighborhood, and also from this city, was early in attendance. Police Intelligence. Chargt of stealing a Watch.?Officer Whaleti, of the Otli ward arrested yesterday a suspicious looking fellow, called Bernard Sherlock, on suspicion of haviug stolon a gold lever watch and chain, valued at $100, the property of Joseph Gonnis, residing at No. Cherry street. Justice Timpson locked him up for triaf. Swindling a Countryman.?A countryman, by the j name of Samuel II. Halsey. arrived ill town yesterday afternoon, and while uassimr uii wan accosted by u yellow fellow, who persuaded him to accompany hiui into the next street. up au alloy-way. for tliu purpose. as lie stated, of deciding a bet; on ruf lining, at llrst. to go. a white man then stepped up. and said he would go along too. and an a further inducement to the countryman, the uegro Haid he would give him ?>2 for his trouble; and thinking he might as well earn for a very little trouble, agreed to go. Ah noon as they got into the alley, the gate wax pushed to. and a pack of cards shown by another negro, who wanted liiin to bet on a certain card. This heiwould not agree to do atflrst; but after a little persuasion from the white man. he drew out his pocket book to but $ll). '"><1 displayed a roll of bank bills, amongst which wan one of $50. This was seized upon by the white man in au instant, and drawn from the others, who said bet thin ; and at the same time handed it to the uegro. who gave one grand flourish with the cards, and while the groen countryman was standing with his mouth opeu, wondering at the inipudcuco. the nagro cleared himself with the $50 bill; the white man then said to the countryman, "the rascal has ran olT with of my money, also": yes. said the countryman. - its too bad to see how the critter did it." ' Yes." said the white man. who was trying to console him.-it is too bad. that's a fact, but he's gone now; you may bet yourllfu on that.'' The reader must rccollect that this white man was an accomplice of the negroes. This manner of swindling countrymeM who visit the city, is called "burning," and if this trick was introduced into the play called " New York as it is.'' it would add one more feature of real life. A black fellow, Uutcher Joe, a kind of " king pen" or head devil amongst the ' burners," with another negro, was arrested by Capt. Magnes on suspicion of having done the job; but on being confronted with the couutrymaii. before Justice Timpson, they were both discharged, as the countryman declared they were not the same negroes who coaxed him up the alley and stole his $5o. It appears there are atill some green countrymen yet in the world, who assist these - burners" to make a living. The Krc licit Ariny. The Prttte litis another article demanding a reduction of the army. It .nays:? " Klve huudred and thirty-seven thousaud men ! Such is the amount of the present effective force of France as given by the Monilrur tin I'Jirmrt, which adds, 'The Urst revolution bad only 150.000 regular troops when it entered on the campaign against Kurope in coalition against it.' How. when Kuro|w was banded against us, 150.000 men were sufficient to defon.l 111.. i f. I i i, >> 1 In,l?.......I...,. ..I ? ? , 1.141V Kurope is revolutionary auil revolutionised -when Europe. happily for us, in condemned to an impossibility to form such a coalition?at present. when kings ami nations make but one common bed. although a separate ou<>?when wo am defended by the impregnable barrier of a free prefix and freedom of speech, we ronuire fl.17.000 men ! Ah long as we pan hold a pen we shall attack such an error, which exposes us to the gravest danger?that of war in our streets, in consequence of the ruin of our finances, under the pretext of defending ottr frontiers and our honor against aggressions which do not menace them. Mind that you are. do yon not see that with a public debt which already demands not less than iiW,363,000f of your revenue, you are not rich enough to pay every year, in view of the improbable risk of a war. an insurance premium which exceeds 360millions.and.with the navy, amounts to 500 millions ! Half a milliard! Blind that, you are. do you not see that tlx* great question of thi' preneut and of the future is that of labor that the i|Uentioti of war ought to go and join the inquisition and so many other questions to which history serves as a Rcpulahro .' Why war ' Are not wars of religion for ever extinct in Kurope ' Are wars of succession to be dreaded, when kings fall ' Are wars of frontiers amongst lhe iiiiiiiImt of probabilities, when Kurope is furrowed In every direction by railways, when all the barriers between nations tend to subside, when every river is covered with steamboats and pacific flag* ? Itliud that you are. do you not see that for the last JO years the old world lias given way to a new one. that the Held of battle Is no longer the same f On the new l.attlc-lleld it is not the musket and cannon which reign, but taxes and credit?the word free trade replaces that of conquest. Conquests were the victories of war free trade and its consequences urn the victories of peace. It Is no longer the blood of the soldier that flows. but the sweat of the workman." Mlaorllaneoua. On Thursday, at 'J o'clock, P.M., the thermometer in State street. Boston, indicated n temperature of HO llOiTi'i 4 The Ric h inn ml (I'ii.) Republican, of the 11th instant, state* that a recent census of Staunton gives Its population a* IM/ifi This calculation embrace* th?? inmate* <>f the Lunatic Axyluui. wbu amount to -".Si nml of tha Deaf. I)umt> ami lilluil Asylum. who amount to Ho Staunton in a summer resort of increasing popularity. It in said that in tho parixhes of Saint Joseph and Saint Francois. county of Dorchester. Canada Kast. many farmers lmve made .1,000 to 6.000 pounds of inaple sugar each, and that in these two parishes alone 300- 1 000 pounds, at least, have been made. An old man named McMillan, and his three sons, are routined In thejail of Saline county.Mo., awaiting their trial for murder The court commenced It* session on the 1st Instant , and it was supposed that the old man j and one of the xons would be found guilty of the crime The commissioners named in the act for erecting a State Lunatic Asylum near llarristmrgh. I'a . are preparing to commence this deslraLle work during the present summer Henry L. Low, formerly a tutor, has been appointed professor of language*, and Joseph M. Clarke, tutor, in Uenera College An opposition boat has bean started at llufralo. to run agaiait the lake combination The Newark cotton mills run twenty looms, aach throwing off .'M) yards of cloth per day. making an aggregate of 3.1100 yards per week. It is said that several marble quarries have been ra- I 1 rently opened in Talladega eounty. Alabama, and that competent judges have pronounced It to be the tlnest which has yet been found in America Some of the iiuarrie* furnish white, and others variegated marbla, finely adapted for mantels, furniture, kc. L J mmmmmmm p? i mm; LD. P?ic? Two ( inl*. Law liiUIUj(?iic?. Si hm? >ii i in 111 Uttforn Jint I llurlbut.KiiinoD<J<< II mi hdrtal'il" lit I /if iHilllf.) nj Hhiti/i H'ttkfi , bi0U%ht firfHi' thr limit on a IKri/ 11/ huh rut rotput Wnkur wax about a fortnight ago committed to tli.i city prixoa uy JuHtu'i- l.athro|> tor going on board oiik of tliw Liverpool parki'U without fioennA, to solicit Hiuigrantat o go to a ri'rtain hoarding hoimi. in violation of th? villainm iiiw. :i nanaes corpus lias l?een issueil at lit instaucw of tin* special Justices of tlii- late police court, uiiil tin' release of Waker suught fur mi two ground* h irst that the net is and ctulini'iiimorn subject* than oue; ninl secondly. only out* of tho subjects ; is embraced in the titl? In contravention of tho constltution. ami therefore thu act is unconstitutional and void, ami tin- cumuiitineut illegal Mr L. U Sheppard was hi.'ar<l at considerable length in support of the discharge of Wuker. ami Mr Dudley Kiel J In reply. The easo is postpoued till to-morrow. thin morn iug. when Mr D (Iraham will cloM thu argument against thu constitutionality of the act tl*i rKi> Sr atks Maiuhai.'* Of f u' May 10 Altrmpt at Revolt Three sailors. two of them named Wood Held and Richardson. the third name not known, were arrested thin morning and committed for examination for an attempt to create a ruvolt on board the schooner Shylock, lying opposite Staten Island. J'oi'Kr of tifNr.KAi. Sf??ioN?, May ltf.? Before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Dodge and Hatfield Jouas II. Phillips. Esq.. Assistant District Attorney. Pita of (Juilly Kllzabftth (ialftley indicted for a grand larceny, in having stolcu $a.r> from James Haley, on bring arraigned at the opening of court this morning. pleaded guilty and was sent to the State priaou fur tin. term of 2 years John Abel indicted, for stealing $-'> from < nsper Krcnstien. also, pleaded guilty, and was sent to tho Penitentiary for three mouths. Trial for Hitrglary.?Thomas .1 (ill upon t William Darlington, was thcu called to trial on an indictment charging him with having in the month of December. 1S44. broken into the store of John llutchius. and sto lcn therefrom cloth, vestings. kc., valued at $10*2. On the part of the prosecution, it was shown, in eridencu. that the prisoner, about the lime the burglary was committed, sold to Hugh Monahau a quantity of cloth, which was subsequently identified by Mr llutciiiui< as his property; that Hugh Mouahan was also arrested on account of the guilds having beeii found in his possession, and was tried and acquitted Kor the defence, the prisoner's counsel contended that tho indictmeiit in this case came under the statute of limitations, which provides that it should have been found within three years after tho commission of the ofl'onco ; unless it could l#e proved that the prisoner had not been a resident of the State during that period, which fact the prosecution being unable to show, the jury, under the eharge of the court, found the prisoner not guilty, and he was discharged John Johnson was next called to trial on a oharge of stealing a gold watch, valued at $l'SJ, the property of James A. Downs. Kroui the evidence adduced, it appeared that the watch was stolen from on board the steamboat Knickerbocker, where the owner was employed, and that the watch was subsequently recovered from the prisoner. The jury found the accused guilty of a petit larceuy ouly. and the Court sentenced him to 0 months imprisonment in the penitentiary Trial of Ilteifiil Voter!.?David Clark was nest placed at the bar for trial on a charge of having illegal ly voted in tlie 7tu ward at tin? lust charter election. Tho prosecution failed to sustain tUu iudictmeut. and I lie jury accordingly rendered a verdict of not guilty. Stephen 1). r'lnch was next tried for illegal voting in tlu? Utli ward, at the last charter election,lie having at the time hut recently removed Into the city from Westchester county. The jury found him guilty, hut recommended him to the mercy of the Court. The primmer pleaded intoxication and ignorance ax an excuse for committing the offence, on which account, and his previous good character, the Court sentenced hint to five days imprisonment only in the city prlsou. John Welsh was also tried and found guilty of having voted illegally ill the 1st ward, at the last election, and the Court sentenced him to three month* imprisonment in the penitentiary. Trial for (Jrand l.arrtny.?Frederick W. Froemlng, a young German, wan then tried on ? charge of steal iug $115 from I'eter Gherkin. In the course of the trial it appeared in evidence that the prisoner slept in the same room with complainant, and while the latter wu asleep, the accused abstracted from his pockets tho money in question; that on arresting and searching i the prisoner, the purse belonging to Mr Gherkin, containing *1S. was found in his possession, which he acknowledged having stolen, for the purpose of proouriug a si'it of clothes to get married In. The jury without leaving their seats, found the prisoner guilty, and tile Court xeutcuced him to be imprisoned in the State prison for 2 years. Ji not htr trial for Grand Larceny.?George P. Shaw was then called to trial, on an indictment for stealing $>llHlfrom Henry Voglit On examining the first witness for the prosecution, it appeared that the prisoner went to a bank with a note or clieck, for the purpose of getting it cashed, and got the money, but forgot to leave the note or check, whereupon he was arrested for larceny. At this stage of tho trial, the prosecution abandoned the case, and the jury, under direction of the Court, acquitted the accused. The < ourt then adjourned. Ki ami mat io* or 'ahtkm .?The examination of Benjamin N. Carter, oil a charge of poisoning his wife, with Intent to murder, took place, says the lintton Timu. in Gloucester, on Wednesday. We have received from the ofllce of the Gloucester Tiltgraiih, an extra, containing the evidence which was introduced, and which corresponds In its main features with the statements heretofore made in relation to the alfalr. The testimony was stroug as to the guilt of the prisoner, but uo provocation was shown which could have induced the perpetration of such an act The principal witness against the prisoner was his own wife, who detailed the circumstances under whieh the supposed poison was administered, aud the suffer ings produced. She testified very fairly towards her husband, declaring that they had lived happily together for the past three or four years. Mrs. Carter was, however, a second wile, and there appears to have been some want of cordiality towards her on the part of some members of the prisoner's family- his children leaving home soon utter the marriage. It was proved ou the examination, that the prisoner purchased arseuic oil the very dav of the siionoseil atleuint to nniann an.I I hat arsenic wax found in th? bowl from which his wife ?t?. Cartor was bound over in <fUUU* bond.*, to the C. IV Court, to be held at Ipswich. The following evidence ix from the wife of the prisoner :? Mm y .in it Curler railed.?A in wife of Benj N. Carter Mr. Carter cauie hoinc at half pant N o'clock on the night of the 2d of May; he asked me where the milk wax he Kent home in the morning; I told him it wax in the back rooui on the xhelf. lie said he wait almost starved, and asked me if there were any cracker* iu the house; I told him there were none, but I had some xoft breadr lie said he wauted cracker*; it rained very hard, and he xaid " take your umbrella and go acroxx the street and get nouie;" he gave me ninepence, and I went. When I returned, there wax a howl anil spoon on my side of the table, (the vide where I always sit ) The bowl wax ready when I came in; he desired me to eat; I told him I wax not hungry; he urged inu, aud I thought I would not refuse him; he began to eat. aud I took a cracker and went to eating; after 1 commenced eating, he xaid thia milk ia good; I thought it did not lante very nice but did not ray xo to hiiu; I had nearly eaten my cracker, and then stopped: I theu took up my xpoon. aud when t took it up there wax iu it nearly halt' a spoonful of a white Mibxtauce; I put it down again, and whether he Raw me or not, I cannot tell, hut lie went immediately to the hark door; I looked up to the window, and he wati in the back door, looking directly through the window on the table which was standing in the floor; he came in; I removed the bowl ami saw it white substance on the sides of my bowl, he came ;inil sat down; he said, I feel dreadfully; I told him he had better go up stairx. lie said not then; hu would sit tln-rca while, pcrhapx lie would fell better. I thought hi' was going to liavu a lit. and as I wax alone I called Mr. I.awler; when he eauie down. I said. Mr l.awler, Mr. ? arter ix nick; I wish you would help get him up stairx; I then sat down; I felt dreadfully: I thought, what have I been taking f My stomach and my throat were burning; I felt very badly; 1 sat a moment: I then remembered I had Men u white substance in tin- bowl; I took my lamp and went down stairs I took the bowlx and placed them on the same table where they were before, I had preriouxly put them on a dresser; I took a coffee cup and took the bowl I ale from and put the milk in the coffec cup, and then I saw a white suhxtanrc iu the bottom of the bowl; I should think there was a great spoonful; 1 then look a grain it my ti ngerx and found it Wax gritty; I then put tile bowl upon the same dresxer; I then began to feel very badiy: my stomach wax burning, and I went up stairx aud sat down; I thought I might lie agitated, but found I grew wor<e and worse I then took iiiv lamp to see if could sec anything out of the way, I saw nothing; I thought of his clothe*, I went to hi* pocket where I found iu bin pants u white paper; I took tin' paper and went down stair*; I undid the package and tlirre found this white substance, 1 oompared thia with the contents of the bowl and thought tliey wcr? alike; 1 then said to myself. what i'an this be ' I thought how had I felt; I am a sick woman, 1 thought I must ask Mr l.awler to come down he came down, I said I am sorry to disturb you but i should like to make a friend of you; I don t know hut what I am poisoned; I told him to look at the bowl?he did so; be *aid in- did not ku<>w what it was. thought it was not very good; I said, what do ynu think is iu this paper ? he did not know, did not call Mrs. I. she was unwell; I did the paper up and gave it to Mr. L that night; I did it up as it was lulore. A Rkvoh tiovinr Don.?A big. ugly looking dog, of n yellow color, was seen seated on the steps of the platform at the great distribution of colors on the day of the demonstrations in f'aris. close below the feet of the members of the provisional government The history of this dog is curious, lie remained at the side of his matter during the lighting of the memorable llth of February, and was wounded by a shot in the leg. and a cut of a sabre in the shoulder, and also one of his front paws was crushed, by Wing trod upon by a horse ?f one of the municipal guard He limps ever since. His master was killed in the fight, and when the people afterwards rushed. In triumph, to install the government at the Hotel do Vllle. he went along witb them and entered with the crowd. There he has staid ever since. He has, iu consequence of his adventures, l>een called by the uumc of Barricade." aud now answers to it. The Republican tiuard. of the Hotel do Villa, witnesses of the heroic prowess of this hero of the '24th. have adopted him iuto the regiment as the if dog, and he follows it everywhere.

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